(19)
(11)EP 3 244 100 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 16735042.0

(22)Date of filing:  06.01.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F16J 15/3204  (2016.01)
F16J 15/3256  (2016.01)
F16J 15/34  (2006.01)
F16J 15/16  (2006.01)
F16J 15/3264  (2016.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2016/050186
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/111303 (14.07.2016 Gazette  2016/28)

(54)

SEALING DEVICE

DICHTUNGSVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF D'ÉTANCHÉITÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 08.01.2015 JP 2015002202

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.11.2017 Bulletin 2017/46

(73)Proprietor: NOK Corporation
Tokyo 105-8585 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • YAMAGUCHI Yoshihisa
    Fukushima-shi Fukushima 960-1102 (JP)
  • HYAKUTAKE Hideharu
    Fukushima-shi Fukushima 960-1102 (JP)
  • SAKANO Yuya
    Fukushima-shi Fukushima 960-1102 (JP)

(74)Representative: TBK 
Bavariaring 4-6
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- H02 113 173
US-A1- 2013 175 763
JP-U- H0 357 563
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a sealing device concerning a sealing technique. A sealing device according to the present invention is used, for example, as an oil seal for rotation in fields of an automobile-related industry and multipurpose machinery.

    Description of the Conventional Art



    [0002] Conventionally, there has been known a sealing device 101 having a structure in which a seal lip 102 fitted on a non-rotating housing 51 side is slidably brought into contact with an axial-direction end surface 103a of a seal flange 103 on a rotating shaft 61 side as shown in FIG. 4A. As shown in FIG. 4B, the axial-direction end surface 103a of the seal flange 103 is provided with a screw groove 104 that provides a fluid pumping action due to centrifugal force at a time of rotation of the rotating shaft 61, and the seal lip 102 slidably comes into contact with the axial-direction end surface 103a provided with the screw groove 104.

    [0003]  In the sealing device 101 described above, the seal flange 103 rotating in conjunction with the rotating shaft 61 and provides a fluid shaking-off action due to centrifugal force, and the screw groove 104 provides the fluid pumping action due to centrifugal force at the time of rotation of the rotating shaft 61. Thus, the sealing device 101 can prevent the sealed fluid on the inner side A of the device from leaking to the outer side B of the device through the contacting portion between the seal lip 102 and the seal flange 103.

    [0004] In a sealing device disclosed in Patent Document 2, a screw groove having an asymmetrical cross-section for prevention of rotational leakage in either of two directions are disclosed.

    [0005] In a sealing device disclosed in Patent Document 3, a hydrodynamic pumping groove is formed in a flange portion of a rotatable member that is fixed to a shaft. A sealing lip sealingly engages with the flange portion.

    PRIOR ART DOCUMENT


    Patent Document



    [0006] 

    Patent Document 1: JP 2014-137129 A

    Patent Document 2: JP H02 113173 A

    Patent Document 3: US 2013/175763 A1


    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION


    Problem to be Solved by the Invention



    [0007]  However, the following functional improvements are demanded for the conventional sealing device 101 described above.

    [0008] In other words, in the case of the sealing device 101 described above, at the time of rotation of the rotating shaft 61, the seal flange 103, rotating in conjunction with the rotating shaft 61 provides the fluid shaking-off action due to centrifugal force and the screw groove 104 provides the fluid pumping action due to centrifugal force, as described above. Thus, it is possible to prevent the sealed fluid on the inner side A of the device from leaking to the outer side B of the device. However, when the rotating shaft 61 stops rotating, the centrifugal force disappears, and both of the actions described above stop working. This may cause the sealed fluid to travel along the screw groove 104 and pass through the contacting portion, thereby leaking to the outer side B of the device (causing so-called occurrence of static leakage).

    [0009] As shown in FIG. 5A in an enlarged manner, in the sealing device 101 described above, a cross section of the screw groove 104 is formed into a triangle shape (isosceles triangle with a groove opening portion being a base). Thus, by combining the seal lip 102 with the screw groove 104 as shown in FIG. 5B, a space c having a relatively large cross-sectional area is formed between an inner surface of the screw groove 104 and the seal lip 102. This relatively large space c serves as a leakage path, and leads to occurrence of static leakage.

    [0010] The present invention is made by taking into consideration of the points described above, and an object of the present invention is to provide a sealing device that can prevent occurrence of static leakage. The sealing device includes a combination of a seal lip and a seal flange, each of which being slidably brought into contact with each other, the seal flange having a screw groove in an axial-direction end surface.

    Means for Solving the Problem



    [0011] The present invention defines a sealing device according to the claim 1.

    [0012] Specifically, a sealing device according to the present invention includes a seal lip fitted on a non-rotating housing side and a seal flange on a rotating shaft side, the seal lip being configured to be slidably brought into contact with an axial-direction end surface of the seal flange, the axial-direction end surface of the seal flange including a screw groove providing a fluid pumping action at a time of rotation. In such a sealing device, the screw groove includes an inner surface including an inner-peripheral side slope and an outer-peripheral side slope, and the inner surface further includes a groove bottom portion having an arcuate cross section connecting both the slopes to each other.

    [0013] The cross section in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the screw groove is formed into a substantially isosceles triangle with the groove opening being the base.

    [0014] In the sealing device according to the present invention, the screw groove providing the fluid pumping action basically has a triangular cross section, and also includes an inner surface partially including a groove bottom portion formed into an arcuate cross section. Therefore, a cross-sectional area of an opening of the screw groove is reduced in comparison with a case where the groove bottom portion formed into the arcuate cross section is not provided and only the triangular cross section is provided. Thus, when the seal lip is combined with the screw groove, a size of a space (cross-sectional area of the opening) formed between the inner surface of the screw groove and the seal lip is reduced, thereby reducing a size of a leakage path, and making the sealed fluid hard to flow.

    [0015] In the present invention, a very small space is still formed between the inner surface of the screw groove and the seal lip. However, surface tension of the sealed fluid (oil) prevents the sealed fluid from entering the inside of the seal, which makes it possible to almost completely prevent static leakage.

    [0016] A radius of curvature of an arc shape of the groove bottom portion having an arcuate cross section is preferably set to be greater than a groove depth of the screw groove.

    Effect of the Invention



    [0017] According to the present invention, the sealing device includes the combination of the seal lip and the seal flange, each of which being slidably brought into contact with each other, the seal flange having the screw groove in the axial-direction end surface. In such a sealing device, occurrence of static leakage can be prevented. In addition, the sealing device can prevent the sealed fluid from leaking not only at the time when the rotating shaft is rotating but also at the time when the rotating shaft is at rest.

    BRIEF EXPLANATION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0018] 

    FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of main portions of a sealing device according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 2 is a diagram for describing a screw groove provided on the sealing device.

    FIG. 3A is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the screw groove, and FIG. 3B is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a state where a seal lip is combined with the screw groove.

    FIGS. 4A and 4B are diagrams showing a conventional example. FIG. 4A is a cross-sectional view of main portions of a sealing device according to the conventional example, and FIG. 4B is a diagram for describing a screw groove provided on the sealing device.

    FIG. 5A is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the screw groove, and FIG. 5B is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a state where a seal lip is combined with the screw groove.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0019]  Next, an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

    [0020] FIG. 1 shows a cross section of main portions of a sealing device 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0021] The sealing device 1 according to the embodiment is a sealing device having a structure in which a seal lip 24 fitted on a non-rotating housing 51 side slidably comes into contact with an axial-direction end surface 13a of a seal flange 13 on a rotating shaft 61 side. Furthermore, the sealing device 1 is a sealing device (oil seal for engine) that seals sealed fluid (oil) on an inner side (oil side) A of the device so that the sealed fluid does not leak to an outer side (atmosphere side) B of the device between a housing (seal housing) 51 and a rotating shaft 61 inserted into a shaft hole 52 provided in the housing 51. In addition, the sealing device 1 includes a combination of a lip seal member 21 fitted on an inner circumference of the shaft hole 52 of the housing 51 with a slinger 11 fitted on an outer circumference of the rotating shaft 61. The lip seal member 21 is provided with the seal lip 24 described in the first aspect, and the slinger 11 is provided with the seal flange described in the first aspect as a flange portion 13.

    [0022] The slinger 11 is made of a rigid material such as metal, and integrally includes a sleeve portion 12 fixed (fitted) on an outer circumferential surface of the rotating shaft 61 and the outward flange portion 13 provided on one end portion (end portion on the inner side of the device) of the sleeve portion 12 in an axial direction. In addition, a screw groove 15 is provided in the end surface 13a on the outer side of the device which is the other end surface of the flange portion 13 in the axial direction, the screw groove 15 providing an effect of pushing the sealed fluid back toward the outer peripheral side (inner side A of the device) by a fluid pumping action due to centrifugal force at the time of rotation of the rotating shaft 61. An arrow e indicates a rotational direction of the rotating shaft 61.

    [0023] Meanwhile, the lip seal member 21 includes an attachment ring 22 made of a rigid material such as metal and fixed (fitted) on an inner circumferential surface of the shaft hole 52 of the housing 51, and a rubber-like elastic body 23 attached (vulcanization bonded) to the attachment ring 22. The rubber-like elastic body 23 includes the seal lip (end-surface lip) 24 slidably brought into contact with the end surface 13a on the outer side of the device of the flange portion 13 in the slinger 11 and an oil collecting lip 25 not in contact with the slinger 11, these lips, being integrally provided in the rubber-like elastic body 23. In addition, a dust lip 26 slidably coming into contact with the outer circumferential surface of the sleeve portion 12 in the slinger 11 is incorporated into the rubber-like elastic body 23. The oil collecting lip 25 is disposed on the outer side B of the device with respect to the seal lip 24, and the dust lip 26 is disposed further on the outer side B of the device with respect to the oil collecting lip 25.

    [0024] The seal lip 24 is disposed on the inner side A of the device and is provided diagonally toward an outside in a radial direction such that a diameter of the seal lip 24 gradually increases from a base end portion 24a thereof to a top end portion 24b. In addition, the inner circumferential surface of the top end portion 24b is in contact with the end surface 13a of the outer side of the device of the flange portion 13. Furthermore, a predetermined interference (contact surface pressure) is set in the contact, and accordingly the seal lip 24 is elastically in contact with the end surface 13a of the outer side of the device in the flange portion 13 with the predetermined interference by the inner circumferential surface of the top end portion 24b of the seal lip 24.

    [0025] As shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B, which show details of the screw groove 15 that provides the fluid pumping action described above, the screw groove 15 basically has a triangle shape of an isosceles triangle with a groove opening portion being a base, in cross section in a direction perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the screw groove 15. In other words, the screw groove 15 includes an inner-peripheral side slope 15a having a straight shape in cross section and an outer-peripheral side slope 15b also having a straight shape in cross section. In addition, a vertex portion of the triangle is a groove bottom portion 15c having an arcuate cross section (R shape) formed so as to smoothly connect both the side slopes 15a and 15b. With this configuration, as compared with the case of the screw groove 104 only having a triangular cross section as shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B, the screw groove 15 shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B is set to have a cross-sectional area (cross-sectional area of the opening) smaller than that of the screw groove 104 shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B under a condition where a groove width w is constant and a groove opening angle θ is constant (for example, 113 degrees).

    [0026] A size of the groove bottom portion 15c having an arcuate cross section is set, for example, such that the groove opening angle θ is 130° ± 5°, a groove depth d is 0.10 mm ± 0.05 mm, and a radius of curvature R of the arc shape is approximately 0.30 mm ± 0.05 mm. As a result, the radius of curvature R of the arc shape is set to be greater than the groove depth d.

    [0027] In the sealing device 1 having the configuration described above, the top end portion 24b of the seal lip 24 is in contact with the end surface 13a of the outer side of the device of the flange portion 13. In this state, when the rotating shaft 61 rotates and the flange portion 13 rotates in a driven manner, the flange portion 13 rotates rotating in conjunction with the rotating shaft 61 provides the fluid shaking-off action due to centrifugal force, and the screw groove 15 provides the fluid pumping action due to centrifugal force. Thus, it is possible to prevent the sealed fluid on the inner side A of the device from passing through the contacting portion between the seal lip 24 and the flange portion 13 and leaking to the outer side B of the device.

    [0028] Furthermore, when the rotating shaft 61 is at rest, the sealed fluid tends to travel along the screw groove 15 and leak. However, the inner surface of the screw groove 15 partially includes the groove bottom portion 15c having an arcuate cross section as described above, the cross-sectional area of the screw groove 15 is set to be small, and the cross-sectional area of the leakage path is set to be small accordingly. Thus, the sealed fluid is hard to leak. In addition, since a very small space c (FIG. 3B) is also formed between the inner surface of the screw groove 15 and the seal lip 24 in the embodiment, which may lead to a concern of leaking of the sealed fluid through the space c. However, in the very small space c, the sealed fluid (oil) sticks in the vicinity of the space c due to surface tension. Thus, the sealed fluid hardly flows within the screw groove 15. Thus, it is possible to almost completely prevent static leakage.

    [0029]  Therefore, for the reasons described above is possible to prevent occurrence of the static leakage while maintaining the sealing performance at the time of rotation.

    [0030] In order to enhance the effect of the sealed fluid (oil) sticking in the vicinity of the space c due to surface tension, it is possible to employ a configuration that increases the surface area by using, for example, a shot blasting method or the like to provide a mat-finished portion on the inner surface of the screw groove 15 or the surface of the seal lip 24, each of which forms the vicinity of the space c.

    Description of Reference Numerals



    [0031] 

    1 Sealing device

    11 Slinger

    12 Sleeve portion

    13 Flange portion (seal flange)

    13a End surface of outer side of device (axial-direction end surface)

    15 Screw groove

    15a Inner-peripheral side slope

    15b Outer-peripheral side slope

    15c Groove bottom portion

    21 Lip seal member

    22 Attachment ring

    23 Rubber-like elastic body

    24 Seal lip

    24a Base end portion

    24b Top end portion

    25 Oil collecting lip

    26 Dust lip

    51 Housing

    52 Shaft hole

    61 Rotating shaft

    c Space

    A Inner side of device

    B Outer side of device




    Claims

    1. A sealing device (1) comprising:

    a seal lip (24) fitted on a non-rotating housing side (51);

    a seal flange (13) on a rotating shaft side (61);

    the seal lip (24) being configured to be slidably brought into contact with an axial-direction end surface (13a) of the seal flange (13), and

    a screw groove (15) providing a fluid pumping action at a time of rotation, and disposed in the axial-direction end surface (13a) of the seal flange (13);

    wherein the screw groove (15) includes an inner surface including an inner-peripheral side slope (15a) and an outer-peripheral side slope (15b),

    a cross section in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the screw groove (15) is formed into a substantially isosceles triangle with the groove opening being the base, and the inner surface further includes a groove bottom portion (15c) having an arcuate cross section connecting both the slopes (15a, 15b) to each other,

    characterized in that

    a radius (R) of curvature of an arc shape of the groove bottom portion (15c) having the arcuate cross section is set to be greater than a groove depth (d) of the screw groove (15).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Dichtungsvorrichtung (1) mit:

    einer Dichtlippe (24), die auf einer nicht-drehenden Gehäuseseite (51) montiert ist;

    einem Dichtungsflansch (13) auf einer Drehwellenseite (61);

    wobei die Dichtlippe (24) konfiguriert ist, so dass sie gleitend mit einer Axialrichtungsendfläche (13a) des Dichtungsflansches (13) in Berührung bringbar ist, und

    einer Spiralnut (15), die während einer Drehung eine Flüssigkeitspumpwirkung bereitstellt und in der Axialrichtungsendfläche (13a) des Dichtungsflansches (13) angeordnet ist;

    wobei

    die Spiralnut (15) eine Innenfläche mit einer innenumfangsseitigen Schräge (15a) und einer außenumfangsseitigen Schräge (15b) aufweist,

    ein Querschnitt in einer Richtung senkrecht zu der Längsrichtung der Spiralnut (15) als ein im Wesentlichen gleichschenkliges Dreieck geformt ist, wobei die Nutöffnung die Basis ist, und die Innenfläche ferner einen Nutbodenabschnitt (15c) mit einem bogenförmigen Querschnitt aufweist, der die beiden Schrägen (15a, 15b) miteinander verbindet,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    ein Krümmungsradius (R) einer Bogenform des Nutbodenabschnitts (15c) mit dem bogenförmigen Querschnitt eingestellt ist, so dass er größer ist als eine Nuttiefe (d) der Spiralnut (15).


     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif d'étanchéité (1) comprenant :

    une lèvre de joint d'étanchéité (24) montée sur un côté de boîtier non rotatif (51) ;

    une bride de joint d'étanchéité (13) sur un côté d'arbre rotatif (61) ;

    la lèvre de joint d'étanchéité (24) étant configurée pour être amenée en contact, de manière coulissante, avec une surface d'extrémité dans la direction axiale (13a) de la bride de joint d'étanchéité (13), et

    une rainure de vis (15) fournissant une action de pompage de fluide au moment de la rotation, et disposée dans la surface d'extrémité dans la direction axiale (13a) de la bride de joint d'étanchéité (13) ;

    dans lequel la rainure de vis (15) comprend une surface interne comprenant une inclinaison latérale périphérique interne (15a) et une inclinaison latérale périphérique externe (15b),

    une section transversale dans une direction perpendiculaire à la direction longitudinale de la rainure de vis (15) est formée sensiblement selon une forme de triangle isocèle avec l'ouverture de la rainure qui est la base, et la surface interne comprend en outre une partie inférieure de rainure (15c) ayant une section transversale arquée raccordant les deux inclinaisons (15a, 15b) entre elles,

    caractérisé en ce que :
    un rayon (R) de courbure d'une forme d'arc de la partie inférieure de rainure (15c) ayant la section transversale arquée, est déterminé pour être supérieur à une profondeur de rainure (d) de la rainure de vis (15).


     




    Drawing


















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description