(19)
(11)EP 3 246 532 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
03.03.2021 Bulletin 2021/09

(21)Application number: 17167343.7

(22)Date of filing:  20.04.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F01D 21/04  (2006.01)
F01D 25/24  (2006.01)

(54)

LINER SYSTEM FOR A FAN CASING

AUSKLEIDUNGSSYSTEM FÜR EIN BLÄSERGEHÄUSE

SYSTÈME DE REVÊTEMENT INTÉRIEUR POUR UN CARTER DE SOUFFLANTE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 19.05.2016 US 201615159467

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.11.2017 Bulletin 2017/47

(73)Proprietor: Rolls-Royce Corporation
Indianapolis, IN 46225 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Heeter, Robert
    Noblesville, Indiana 46062 (US)
  • Unton, Timothy
    Avon, Indiana 46123 (US)
  • Engebretsen, Eric
    Zionsville, Indiana 46077 (US)
  • Rivers, Jonathan
    Indianapolis, Indiana 46236 (US)

(74)Representative: Rolls-Royce plc 
Intellectual Property Dept SinA-48 PO Box 31
Derby DE24 8BJ
Derby DE24 8BJ (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 952 695
US-A- 5 267 828
US-A1- 2013 189 095
GB-A- 2 524 320
US-A1- 2011 076 132
US-A1- 2015 023 780
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure relates generally to a liner system for a turbine engine, and more particularly, to a fan track liner panel for mounting to a casing of such an engine.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] The statements in this section merely provide background information related to the present disclosure and may not constitute prior art.

    [0003] Turbine engines for powering aircraft conventionally include an engine, which drives a fan. The fan includes a number of radially extending fan blades mounted on a fan rotor enclosed by a generally cylindrical fan casing. EP2952695A1, GB2524320A, US2011/076132A1, US2015/023780A1 and US2013/189095A1 disclose known fan casing arrangements.

    [0004] Although rare, a fan blade off event can occur, for example due to a foreign body, such as a bird, striking a fan blade and resulting in at least part of a fan blade becoming detached. Accordingly, the casing around the fan is designed to withstand the high energies caused by an impact of the detached portion of a fan blade.

    [0005] Conventionally, a fan track liner made up of a number of panels is provided within the casing around and adjacent the tips of the fan blades. The fan track liner panels can be designed to be cut or rubbed away by the blade tips.

    SUMMARY



    [0006] The present invention provides a liner system for a fan casing of a turbine engine as set forth in claim 1.

    [0007] Providing a liner system configured to be mechanically fastened directly to the casing eliminates the need to manufacture integral hooks or other coupling mechanisms from which a panel may be suspended thereby minimizing/eliminating design complexity, manufacturing time, manufacturing cost of the casing, and adding weight to the turbine engine. This reduces the casing manufacturing time and weight. Bolting the liner system directly to the casing also eliminates the need to adhesively bond the liner panels to the casing, thereby reducing the risk of damaging the casing when performing what can be a difficult and time consuming removal of a liner panel, and allowing the casing wall to be thinner, which reduces the cost and weight of the casing. In the disclosed system, the robustness of the fan track liner panel is improved since at least a portion of the panel is fully supported or backed by the casing. Additionally, the time required to replace a liner system that is bolted through the casing is greatly reduced.

    [0008] These and other features and advantages of this disclosure will become apparent upon reading the following specification, which, along with the drawings, describes preferred and alternative embodiments of the disclosure in detail.

    DRAWINGS



    [0009] This disclosure will be further described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

    Fig. 1 is a partially cut away view of an example of a turbine engine having a liner system according to the present disclosure;

    Fig. 2 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of an example of the liner system shown in Fig. 1;

    Fig. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of an example of a liner system according to another form of the present disclosure; and

    Fig. 4 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of an example of a liner system according to the present disclosure during a blade off event.



    [0010] Although the drawings represent embodiments of the present disclosure, the drawings are not necessarily to scale and certain features may be exaggerated in order to illustrate and explain the present disclosure. The examples set forth herein are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the disclosure in any manner.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0011] An example of a turbine engine 10, such as a gas turbine engine, as shown in Figure 1, includes a core 12 which drives a rotary fan 14 having a plurality of circumferentially spaced fan blades 16 thereabout. The core 12 is mounted by struts 18 to a casing 20. The casing 20 is arranged around the core 12 and the fan blades 16. The casing 20 forms a containment zone A as indicated in an area around and near the fan blades 16. The casing 20 is formed of a high strength ductile material and the containment zone A is particularly suited to withstand the high energies caused by an impact of a detached portion of a fan blade during a blade off event. The casing 20 has an inlet 22 and an exhaust nozzle 24 and forms a duct around the fan 14. In use, air is drawn in via the inlet 22 and compressed by the fan 14. Some of the compressed air is fed into the core 12 which includes further compressor stages, a combustor, and a turbine which drives the fan 14. The rest of the air, so called bypass air, is directed around the core 12 to the exhaust nozzle 24. Thrust is provided by both the exhaust from the core 12 and the bypass air from the fan 14. In other examples, other forms of turbine engines, such as a combustion turbine in the form of a turbojet, a turbofan, a turboprop, an afterburning turbojet, or any other form of rotational propulsion system having fan blades may be depicted.

    [0012] The turbine engine 10 of Fig. 1 includes a liner system 30 according to the present disclosure. The liner system 30 includes a fan track liner panel 32 that is positionable axially within a casing 20 and radially outward of the rotatable fan 14 and fan blades 16. The liner system 30 includes a plurality of fan track liner panels 32 which are arranged circumferentially and axially along an inner surface 21 of the casing 20. The plurality of fan track liner panels 32 cooperate with each other during use to form a continuous barrier within the containment zone A between the fan blades 16 and the casing 20.

    [0013] Figures 2, 3, and 4 each show an enlarged cross-sectional view of the containment zone A of Fig. 1 and the liner system 30 according to varying forms of the present disclosure. The fan track liner panel 32 shown in Fig. 2 includes a body 34 that extends a length L of the fan track liner panel 32 from a fore portion 36 of the fan track liner panel to an aft portion 38 of the fan track liner panel 32. The fore portion 36 is configured to be collapsible to function during a blade off event, while the aft portion 38 is configured to have compressive strength in order to withstand impacts during operation. The fan track liner panel 32 is configured to be directly secured to the casing 20 by a fastener 40 that extends through at least part of the body 34 and entirely through the casing 20 within the blade containment zone A such that the aft portion 38 of the fan track liner panel 32 abuts an interior surface 21 of the casing 20 while the fore portion 36 of the fan track liner panel 32 extends away from the casing 20 thereby defining a cavity 50 between the interior surface 21 of the casing 20 and a surface 37 of the fore portion 36 of the fan track liner panel 32. When the fan track liner panel 32 is installed in the casing 20, the fore portion 36 of the liner panel 32 is positioned toward the casing inlet 22 upstream of the aft portion 38 that is positioned toward the exhaust nozzle 24.

    [0014] The fan track liner panel 32 further includes an abradable layer 46. The abradable layer 46 is layered along the body 34 and extends the length L of the fan track liner panel 32. That is, the abradable layer 46 extends from the fore portion 36 to the aft portion 38 of the fan track liner panel 32. Alternatively, the abradable layer 46 may extend along only a portion of the length L of the fan track liner panel 32. The abradable layer 46 is designed to be cut or rubbed away by the tips of the fan blades 16. Providing such an abradable layer 46 allows the fan blades 16 to cut a track in the fan track liner panels 32, thereby minimizing gaps between the fan blades 16 and the inner surface 21 of the casing 20 and minimizing air leakage around the tips of the blades 16. The abradable layer 46 also allows the fan blades 16 to cut into the fan track liner panel 32 when the blades 16 become elongated due to centrifugal forces resulting from the rotation of the fan 14.

    [0015] The body 34 may be formed of a lightweight, stiff material such as foam, phenolic honeycomb, or an aluminum honeycomb. As shown in Fig. 2, the body 34 includes a seam 39. In other examples, the seam can be multiple cooperatively operating seams 39.

    [0016] The seam 39 divides the fore portion 36 and the aft portion 38 of the fan track liner panel 32. The seam 39 is configured to act as a mechanical fuse that is designed to fail or separate so the fore portion 36 can move independently from the aft portion 38 during a blade off event, as shown in Fig. 4. A first end 52 of the seam 39 of the fan track liner panel 32 is configured to, and in Fig. 2 does, abut the interior surface 21 of the casing 20. Dividing the fore portion 36 and the aft portion 38 such that the first end 52 of the seam 39 is backed up to the casing 20 allows the height of the fore portion 36 to be maximized. The first end 52 of the seam 39 can act as a pivot point when the fan track liner panel 32 is struck with an object, such as a detached fan blade or fan blade fragment 17 during a blade off event, as shown in Fig. 4. Positioning the first end 52 of the seam 39 directly against the casing 20 improves the movement and dynamic response of the fore portion 36 during a blade off event due to the similarity in thickness and stiffness of the body 34 on both sides of the seam 39.

    [0017] The seam 39 can be formed to extend substantially perpendicularly from the interior surface 21 of the casing 20. Substantially perpendicularly meaning within +/-5 degrees from perpendicular. Alternatively, the seam 39 may be positioned between 5 and 35 degrees from perpendicular to the casing. A second end 54 of the seam 39 aligns with a notch 48 in the abradable layer 46. The notch 48 in the abradable layer 46 can act as a separation point when, for example, the fan track liner panel 32 is struck with a detached fan blade fragment 17 during a blade off event, as shown in Fig. 4. The seam 39 can be positioned directly upstream of the fastener 40. The first end 52 of the seam may start at the point through which the fastener 40 passes, or may be spaced apart from the fastener 40 a predetermined distance, for example up to 3.8 to 4 centimeters from the centerline of the fastener opening, toward the fore portion 36. An area around the fastener 40 may be reinforced with a supportive material 41 to increase stiffness of the fan track liner panel 32 near the seam 39 in comparison to other areas of the fan track panel.

    [0018] The fastener 40 may be a plurality of fasteners spaced along a length of the aft portion 38 of the fan track liner panel 32 such that the aft portion 38 abuts and is supported by the interior surface 21 of the casing 20. Alternatively, the fastener 40 extending through the casing 20 in the blade containment zone A can be located at the front of the aft portion 38 proximate the seam 39 while the fore portion 36 and the back of the aft portion 38 are indirectly attached to the casing 20, for example by coupling or fastening to hooks that extend from the casing 20, such that the aft portion 38 abuts and is supported by the interior surface 21 of the casing 20. The fastener 40 may be a nut and bolt combination. The nut may be a threaded nut or a captive nut. The fastener 40 passes through the casing 20 within the blade containment zone A, which in the past has been avoided due to the risk of the casing 20 cracking around the fastener holes upon impact of a detached portion of a fan blade. The ductile material of the casing 20 along with the impact absorption of the body 34 of the liner system 30 of the present disclosure reduces the risk of cracks forming in the casing 20.

    [0019] As shown in Fig. 2, the nut can be embedded in the body 34 as a potted insert 42. Here, the fastener 40, a bolt, is inserted into and through the casing 20 from outside of the casing 20, or an "out-to-in" configuration. The fastener 40 extends entirely through the thickness of the casing 20 wall into the potted insert 42 embedded in the body 34. In this way, the fastener 40 extends only partly through the body 34. The fastener 40 secures the aft portion 38 of the fan track liner panel 32 to the casing 20 such that the aft portion 38 abuts the interior surface 21 of the casing. Alternatively, as shown in Fig. 3, the fastener 40 may be inserted through a cavity 44 defined in the body 34 that is configured to receive the fastener 40 or bolt. Once inserted through the cavity 44, the fastener 40 is passed through or into the casing 20 from inside to outside of the casing 20, as an "in-to-out" configuration. Here, a nut is coupled to the bolt to secure the aft portion 38 of the fan track liner panel 32 directly to the casing 20. In this way, the fastener 40 extends entirely through the wall of the casing 20 and partly through the body 34. Alternatively, the hole formed in the casing 20 that receives the fastener 40 may be threaded or include a threaded insert into which the fastener 40 may be threaded after being passed through the body 34.

    [0020] As shown in Fig. 2, the fore portion 36 of the fan track liner panel 32 defines a containment cavity 50 between the interior surface 21 of the casing 20 and a surface 37 of the fore portion 36 of the fan track liner panel 32. The containment cavity 50 is configured to receive and contain an object, such as a detached fan blade fragment 17 during a blade off event.

    [0021] Figure 4 shows an example of operation of the fan track liner panel 32 during a blade off event. The various embodiments discussed in the present disclosure can exhibit the same functionality. When an object, such as a detached fan blade fragment 17 strikes the fore portion 36 of the fan track liner panel 32 of Fig. 2, the seam 39 acts as a mechanical fuse, failing or separating in a predesigned and controlled fashion. The fore portion 36 pivots at the first end 52 of the seam 39 as the second end 24 of the seam or the notch 48 separates. The pivoting motion allows the fore portion 36 of the fan track liner panel 32 to move into the containment cavity 50, thereby making a path for the detached fan blade fragment 17 to enter the containment cavity 50. The detached fan blade fragment 17 may then be trapped behind the fore portion 36 to prevent the detached fan blade fragment 17 from damaging the rest of the turbine engine 10.

    [0022] Referring now to Fig. 3, an example of a liner system 30 according to another form of the present disclosure is provided. The fan track liner panel 132 shown in Fig. 3 includes a first body 133 and a second body 134. The first and second bodies 133, 134 are separated by a seam 139. The first body 133 and the second body 134 are layered between a first surface 160 and a second surface 162. The first surface 160 is positioned to face away from the casing 20 and the second surface 162 positioned to face toward the casing 20. The second surface 162 includes a first portion 163 along the first body 133 and a second portion 164 along the second body 134. The first body 133 is secured to the casing by a fastener 40 extending through the casing 20 in the blade containment zone A such that the first portion 163 of the second surface 162 is contiguously aligned with the casing 20 in parallel with a surface 21 of the casing 20, and the second body 134 projects away from the casing 20 toward the rotatable fan 14 and fan blades 16 to form a cavity 50 between the second portion 164 of the second surface 162 and the surface 21 of the casing 20.

    [0023] As discussed elsewhere, the bodies 133, 134 may be formed of a rigid, material such as foam, phenolic honeycomb, or an aluminum honeycomb. The first body 133 and the second body 134 may be formed from a continuous piece of material and therefore the first and second bodies 133, 134 are designated as such for clarity, or the first and second bodies 133, 134 may be formed of two distinct pieces of material. In another example, the two bodies 133, 134 may be formed of entirely different materials.

    [0024] Additionally, as discussed elsewhere, the fastener 40 may be a nut and bolt combination or any other suitable fastener known in the art. The bolt may be passed from the outside of the casing 20 to the inside of the casing 20 to be coupled with either a free nut or a nut embedded in the first body 133 as a potted inset. Alternatively, the fastener 40 may be passed through a cavity 44 defined in the first body 133 from inside the casing 20 through to the outside of the casing 20 where the fastener 40 may be coupled with a nut, a captive nut, a rivetless nutplate, a swage nut, or other suitable securing device. Alternatively, as discussed elsewhere, the fastener 40 may be coupled with a threaded insert in the casing 20.

    [0025] The first surface 160 may be an abradable material. Alternatively, the abradable material may be layered onto the first surface 160 to create an additional layer between the bodies 133, 134 and the fan blades 16. As discussed elsewhere, the abradable material is a layer designed to be cut or rubbed away by the fan blades 16. The abradable material may be added to the fan track liner panel 132 after the fan track liner panel 132 is installed into its position within the casing 20, such as, for example, when the fasteners 40 are inserted through the fan track liner panel 132 and the casing 20 from inside the casing 20 in an "in-to-out" configuration due to the need for the cavities 44 to be uncovered to receive the fasteners 40. After installation of the fan track liner panel 132, the abradable layer may be added or installed. Additionally, a filler material may be added to take up volume behind the abradable layer.

    [0026] The first surface 160 includes a first portion 173 and a second portion 174. The first portion extends along the first body 133 and the second portion 174 extends along the second body 134. A notch 148 separates the first and second portions 173, 174 of the first surface 160. As shown in Fig. 3, the notch 148 is aligned with the seam 139.

    [0027] The seam 139 is configured to be positioned substantially perpendicularly to the surface 21 of the casing 20 and can be immediately adjacent to the fastener 40 in the first body 133 that is closest to the second body 134.

    [0028] The seam 139 is configured to act as a mechanical fuse and the notch 148 is configured to act as a separation point when the second portion 174 of the first surface 160 is struck by an object, such as a detached fan blade fragment 17 during a blade off event, as shown in Fig. 4. When the detached fan blade fragment 17 comes in contact with the second portion 174 of the first surface 160, the force exerted by the fragment 17 causes the second body 134 to move toward the casing 20, thereby allowing the cavity 150 to accept the detached fan blade fragment 17.

    [0029] Referring again to Fig. 4, yet another form of the present disclosure provides a fan track liner panel 232 that includes a body 234 layered between a first surface 260 and a second surface 262. The first surface 260 is configured to face away from the casing 20 and the second surface 262 is configured to face toward the casing 20. A seam 239 is positioned between a first end 236 of the fan track liner panel 232 and a second end 238 of the fan track liner panel 232. The seam 239 extends through the body 232 from the first surface 260 to the second surface 262. The fan track liner panel 232 is configured to be secured to the casing 20, such as by a fastener 40 extending through the casing 20 in the blade containment zone A such that a portion of the second surface 262 between the seam 239 and the second end 238 of the fan track liner panel 232 is in continuous contact with a surface 21 of the casing 20.

    [0030] As discussed elsewhere, the body 234 may be formed of a lightweight, stiff material such as foam, phenolic honeycomb, or an aluminum honeycomb. The body 234 may be formed of a continuous piece of material or may be formed of multiple pieces of material.

    [0031] Additionally, as discussed throughout the present disclosure, the fastener 40 may be a nut and bolt combination or any other suitable fastener known in the art. The bolt may be passed from the outside of the casing 20 to the inside of the casing 20 to be coupled with either a free nut or a nut embedded in the first body 133 as a potted inset. Alternatively, the fastener 40 may be passed through a cavity 44 (shown in Fig. 3) defined in the body 234 from inside the casing 20 through to the outside of the casing 20 where the fastener 40 may be coupled with a nut or other suitable securing device.

    [0032] The first surface 260 may be an abradable material or layer. As discussed above, the abradable material is a layer designed to be cut or rubbed away by the fan blades 16. The abradable material may be added to the fan track liner panel 232 after the fan track liner panel 232 is installed into its position within the casing 20, or may be included on the fan track panel 232.

    [0033] It is to be understood that the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments and variations to provide the features and advantages previously described and that the embodiments are susceptible of modification as will be apparent to those skilled in the art.


    Claims

    1. A liner system (30) for a fan casing (20) of a turbine engine (10), the liner system comprising:

    a fan track liner panel (32, 132, 232) positionable axially within the casing arranged around a rotatable fan (14) and forming a blade containment zone (A), the fan track liner panel positionable radially outward of the rotatable fan;

    the fan track liner panel comprising:

    a body (34, 234) extending a length (L) of the fan track liner panel from a fore portion (36) of the fan track liner panel to an aft portion (38) of the fan track liner panel; the liner system characterised in that the fore portion is divided from the aft portion by a seam (39, 139, 239) in the body to enable the fore portion to separate and move independently from the aft portion during a blade off event;

    the liner system further characterised in that the aft portion of the fan track liner panel is configured to be directly secured to the casing by a fastener (40) extending through only the aft portion of the body and at least partially through the casing within the blade containment zone such that the aft portion of the fan track liner panel abuts an interior surface (21) of the casing, and the fore portion of the fan track liner panel extends away from the casing to define a cavity (50) between the interior surface of the casing and a surface (37) of the fore portion of the fan track liner panel.


     
    2. The liner system of claim 1, wherein the fastener is a plurality of fasteners spaced apart along a length of only the aft portion of the fan track liner panel.
     
    3. The liner system of claim 1 or 2, wherein the fastener is a bolt used in conjunction with a nut.
     
    4. The liner system of claim 3, wherein the nut is embedded in the body of the fan track liner panel as a potted insert (42).
     
    5. The liner system of claim 3 or 4, wherein the body defines a cavity (44) configured to receive the bolt.
     
    6. The liner system of any one of the previous claims, further comprising an abradable layer (46) layered along a surface of the body extending the length of the fan track liner panel from the fore portion to the aft portion of the fan track liner panel.
     
    7. The liner system of any one of the previous claims, wherein the seam is configured to act as a mechanical fuse designed to fail in a predesigned and controlled fashion during the blade off event.
     
    8. The liner system of claim 7, wherein a first end (52) of the seam is configured to abut the interior surface of the casing, and wherein the first end of the seam is configured to act as a first pivot point during the blade off event.
     
    9. The liner system of claim 7 or 8, wherein the seam is configured to extend substantially perpendicularly from the interior surface of the casing to a second end (54) of the seam, the second end configured to separate by failure at the seam during the blade off event.
     
    10. The liner system of any one of claims 7 to 9, further comprising an abradable layer layered along a surface of the body extending along the length of the fan track liner panel, the abradable layer defining a notch (48), wherein the notch aligns with a second end (54) of the seam, and wherein the notch is configured to act as a separation point.
     
    11. The liner system of any one of claims 7 to 10, wherein the seam is configured to be positioned directly upstream of the fastener.
     
    12. The liner system of any one of claims 7 to 11, wherein the seam is configured to be immediately adjacent to the fastener.
     
    13. The liner system of any one of the previous claims, wherein the cavity is configured to receive a detached fan blade fragment (17).
     
    14. The liner system of any one of the previous claims, wherein the body is layered between a first surface (160) and a second surface (162), the first surface configured to face away from the casing and the second surface configured to face toward the casing; and the seam (139) positioned between a first end of the fan track liner panel and a second end of the fan track liner panel, the seam extending through the body from the first surface to the second surface.
     
    15. The liner system of any one of the previous claims, wherein the body comprises a first body (133) and a second body (134) separated by the seam (139), wherein the aft portion is defined by the first body and the fore portion is defined by the second body, the first body and the second body layered between a first surface (160) and a second surface (162), the first surface configured to face away from the casing and the second surface configured to face toward the casing, the second surface including a first portion (163) along the first body and a second portion (164) along the second body;
    wherein the first body is configured to be secured to the casing by the fastener extending through the casing in the blade containment zone such that the first portion of the second surface is contiguously aligned with the casing in parallel with a surface of the casing; and
    wherein the second body is configured to project away from the casing toward the rotatable fan to form the cavity between the second portion of the second surface and the surface of the casing.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Auskleidungssystem (30) für ein Fangehäuse (20) eines Turbinentriebwerks (10), wobei das Auskleidungssystem umfasst:
    eine Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte (32, 132, 232), die axial innerhalb des um einen drehbaren Fan (14) angeordneten Gehäuses positionierbar ist und eine Schaufelberstschutzzone (A) bildet, wobei die Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte radial außerhalb des drehbaren Fans positionierbar ist; wobei die Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte umfasst:

    einen Körper (34, 234), der sich über eine Länge (L) der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte von einem vorderen Abschnitt (36) der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte zu einem hinteren Abschnitt (38) der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte erstreckt; wobei das Auskleidungssystem dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass der vordere Abschnitt durch eine Naht (39, 139, 239) im Körper vom hinteren Abschnitt getrennt ist, um zu ermöglichen, dass sich der vordere Abschnitt während eines Blade-Off-Ereignisses unabhängig vom hinteren Abschnitt trennt und bewegt;

    wobei das Auskleidungssystem ferner dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass der hintere Abschnitt der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte konfiguriert ist, um durch ein Befestigungselement (40), das sich durch nur den hinteren Abschnitt des Körpers und zumindest teilweise durch das Gehäuse innerhalb der Schaufelberstschutzzone erstreckt, direkt am Gehäuse so befestigt zu sein, dass der hintere Abschnitt der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte an einer Innenfläche (21) des Gehäuses anliegt und der vordere Abschnitt der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte sich vom Gehäuse weg erstreckt, um einen Hohlraum (50) zwischen der Innenfläche des Gehäuses und einer Oberfläche (37) des vorderen Abschnitts der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte zu definieren.


     
    2. Auskleidungssystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Befestigungselement eine Vielzahl von Befestigungselementen ist, die entlang einer Länge nur des hinteren Abschnitts der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte voneinander beabstandet sind.
     
    3. Auskleidungssystem nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das Befestigungselement ein Bolzen ist, der in Verbindung mit einer Mutter verwendet wird.
     
    4. Auskleidungssystem nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Mutter als vergossener Einsatz (42) in den Körper der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte eingebettet ist.
     
    5. Auskleidungssystem nach Anspruch 3 oder 4, wobei der Körper einen Hohlraum (44) definiert, der konfiguriert ist, um den Bolzen aufzunehmen.
     
    6. Auskleidungssystem nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend eine abreibbare Schicht (46), die entlang einer Oberfläche des Körpers geschichtet ist, der sich über die Länge der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte vom vorderen Abschnitt zum hinteren Abschnitt der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte erstreckt.
     
    7. Auskleidungssystem nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Naht konfiguriert ist, um als mechanische Sicherung zu wirken, die so ausgelegt ist, dass sie während des Blade-Off-Ereignisses in einer vordefinierten und kontrollierten Weise ausfällt.
     
    8. Auskleidungssystem nach Anspruch 7, wobei ein erstes Ende (52) der Naht konfiguriert ist, um an der Innenfläche des Gehäuses anzuliegen, und wobei das erste Ende der Naht konfiguriert ist, um als erster Drehpunkt während des Blade-Off-Ereignisses zu wirken.
     
    9. Auskleidungssystem nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, wobei die Naht konfiguriert ist, um sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht von der Innenfläche des Gehäuses zu einem zweiten Ende (54) der Naht zu erstrecken, wobei das zweite Ende konfiguriert ist, um sich durch Versagen an der Naht während des Blad-Off-Ereignisses zu trennen.
     
    10. Auskleidungssystem nach einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 9, ferner umfassend eine abreibbare Schicht, die entlang einer Oberfläche des Körpers geschichtet ist, der sich entlang der Länge der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte erstreckt, wobei die abreibbare Schicht eine Kerbe (48) definiert, wobei die Kerbe an einem zweiten Ende (54) der Naht ausgerichtet ist und wobei die Kerbe konfiguriert ist, um als Trennpunkt zu wirken.
     
    11. Auskleidungssystem nach einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 10, wobei die Naht konfiguriert ist, um direkt stromaufwärts des Befestigungselements positioniert zu sein.
     
    12. Auskleidungssystem nach einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 11, wobei die Naht konfiguriert ist, um unmittelbar neben dem Befestigungselement zu liegen.
     
    13. Auskleidungssystem nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Hohlraum konfiguriert ist, um ein abgelöstes Fanschaufelfragment (17) aufzunehmen.
     
    14. Auskleidungssystem nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Körper zwischen einer ersten Oberfläche (160) und einer zweiten Oberfläche (162) geschichtet ist, wobei die erste Oberfläche konfiguriert ist, um vom Gehäuse weg zu zeigen, und die zweite Oberfläche konfiguriert ist, um dem Gehäuse zugewandt zu sein; und die
    Naht (139) zwischen einem ersten Ende der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte und einem zweiten Ende der Fanspur-Auskleidungsplatte positioniert ist, wobei sich die Naht durch den Körper von der ersten Oberfläche zur zweiten Oberfläche erstreckt.
     
    15. Auskleidungssystem nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Körper einen ersten Körper (133) und einen zweiten Körper (134) umfasst, die durch die Naht (139) getrennt sind, wobei der hintere Abschnitt durch den ersten Körper definiert ist und der vordere Abschnitt durch den zweiten Körper definiert ist, wobei der erste Körper und der zweite Körper zwischen einer ersten Oberfläche (160) und einer zweiten Oberfläche (162) geschichtet sind, wobei die erste Oberfläche konfiguriert ist, um vom Gehäuse weg zu zeigen, und die zweite Oberfläche konfiguriert ist, um dem Gehäuse zugewandt zu sein, wobei die zweite Oberfläche einen ersten Abschnitt (163) entlang des ersten Körpers und einen zweiten Abschnitt (164) entlang des zweiten Körpers umfasst;
    wobei der erste Körper konfiguriert ist, um an dem Gehäuse durch das Befestigungselement befestigt zu sein, das sich durch das Gehäuse in der Schaufelberstschutzzone erstreckt, so dass der erste Abschnitt der zweiten Oberfläche parallel zu einer Oberfläche des Gehäuses an dem Gehäuse angrenzend ausgerichtet ist; und
    wobei der zweite Körper konfiguriert ist, um vom Gehäuse weg in Richtung des drehbaren Fans vorzustehen, um den Hohlraum zwischen dem zweiten Abschnitt der zweiten Oberfläche und der Oberfläche des Gehäuses zu bilden.
     


    Revendications

    1. Système de chemisage (30) destiné à un carter de soufflante (20) d'un moteur à turbine (10), le système de chemisage comprenant :

    un panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante (32, 132, 232) pouvant être positionné axialement à l'intérieur du carter agencé autour d'une soufflante rotative (14) et formant une zone de confinement de pale (A), le panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante pouvant être positionné radialement vers l'extérieur de la soufflante rotative ;

    le panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante comprenant :

    un corps (34, 234) s'étendant sur une longueur (L) du panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante à partir d'une partie avant (36) du panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante jusqu'à une partie arrière (38) du panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante ; le système de chemisage étant caractérisé en ce que la partie avant est divisée à partir de la partie arrière par un joint (39, 139, 239) dans le corps pour permettre à la partie avant de se séparer et de se déplacer indépendamment de la partie arrière durant un événement de détachement de pale ;

    le système de chemisage étant en outre caractérisé en ce que la partie arrière du panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante est conçue pour être directement fixée au carter par un dispositif de fixation (40) s'étendant uniquement à travers la partie arrière du corps et au moins partiellement à travers le carter à l'intérieur de la zone de confinement de pale de sorte que la partie arrière du panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante vienne en butée contre une surface intérieure (21) du carter, et la partie avant du panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante s'étende en s'éloignant du carter pour définir une cavité (50) entre la surface intérieure du carter et une surface (37) de la partie avant du panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante.


     
    2. Système de chemisage selon la revendication 1, ledit dispositif de fixation étant une pluralité de dispositifs de fixation espacés le long d'une longueur d'uniquement la partie arrière du panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante.
     
    3. Système de chemisage selon la revendication 1 ou 2, ledit dispositif de fixation étant un boulon utilisé en conjonction avec un écrou.
     
    4. Système de chemisage selon la revendication 3, ledit écrou étant incorporé dans le corps du panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante sous la forme d'un insert encapsulé (42).
     
    5. Système de chemisage selon la revendication 3 ou 4, ledit corps définissant une cavité (44) conçue pour recevoir le boulon.
     
    6. Système de chemisage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre une couche abradable (46) posée le long d'une surface du corps s'étendant sur la longueur du panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante à partir de la partie avant jusqu'à la partie arrière du panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante.
     
    7. Système de chemisage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, ledit joint étant conçu pour agir en tant que fusible mécanique créé pour rompre d'une manière prédéfinie et régulée durant l'événement de détachement de pale.
     
    8. Système de chemisage selon la revendication 7, une première extrémité (52) du joint étant conçu pour venir en butée contre la surface intérieure du carter, et ladite première extrémité du joint étant conçue pour agir en tant que premier point de pivot durant l'événement de détachement de pale.
     
    9. Système de chemisage selon la revendication 7 ou 8, ledit joint étant conçu pour s'étendre sensiblement perpendiculaire à partir de la surface intérieure du carter jusqu' à une seconde extrémité (54) du joint, la seconde extrémité étant conçue pour se séparer par rupture au niveau du joint durant l'événement de détachement de pale.
     
    10. Système de chemisage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 9, comprenant en outre une couche abradable posée le long d'une surface du corps s'étendant le long de la longueur du panneau de chemisage pour voie de soufflante, la couche abradable définissant une encoche (48), ladite encoche s'alignant avec une seconde extrémité (54) du joint, et ladite encoche étant conçue pour agir en tant que point de séparation.
     
    11. Système de chemisage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 10, ledit joint étant conçu pour être positionné directement en amont du dispositif de fixation.
     
    12. Système de chemisage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 11, ledit joint étant conçu pour être immédiatement adjacent au dispositif de fixation.
     
    13. Système de chemisage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, ladite cavité étant conçue pour recevoir un fragment de pale de soufflante détaché (17).
     
    14. Système de chemisage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, ledit corps étant posé entre une première surface (160) et une seconde surface (162), ladite première surface étant conçue pour faire dos au carter et ladite seconde surface étant conçue pour faire face au carter ; et ledit joint (139) étant positionné entre une première extrémité du panneau de chemisage pourvoie de soufflante et une seconde extrémité du panneau de chemisage pourvoie de soufflante, le joint s'étendant à travers le corps de la première surface jusqu'à la seconde surface.
     
    15. Système de chemisage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, ledit corps comprenant un premier corps (133) et un second corps (134) séparés par le joint (139), ladite partie arrière étant définie par le premier corps et ladite partie avant étant définie par le second corps, ledit premier corps et ledit second corps étant posés entre une première surface (160) et une seconde surface (162), ladite première surface étant conçue pour faire dos au carter et ladite seconde surface étant conçue pour faire face au carter, la seconde surface comprenant une première partie (163) le long du premier corps et une seconde partie (164) le long du second corps ;
    ledit premier corps étant conçu pour être fixé au carter par le dispositif de fixation s'étendant à travers le carter dans la zone de confinement de pale de sorte que la première partie de la seconde surface étant alignée de manière contiguë avec le carter en parallèle avec une surface du carter ; et
    ledit second corps étant conçu pour faire saillie en s'éloignant du carter vers la soufflante rotative pour former la cavité entre la seconde partie de la seconde surface et la surface du carter.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description