(19)
(11)EP 3 246 535 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/30

(21)Application number: 17172062.6

(22)Date of filing:  19.05.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F01D 25/24(2006.01)

(54)

TURBINE VANE GUSSET

TURBINENLEITSCHAUFEL MIT VERSTEIFUNGSRIPPEN FÜR DIE DECKBANDSCHIENEN

AUBE DISTRIBUTRICE DE TURBINE AVEC DES RAIDISSEURS POUR LES RAILS EXTÉRIEURS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 20.05.2016 US 201615160216

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.11.2017 Bulletin 2017/47

(73)Proprietor: United Technologies Corporation
Farmington, CT 06032 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • BERGMAN, Russell J.
    Windsor, CT Connecticut 06095 (US)
  • JACQUES, Jeffrey Michael
    East Hartford, CT Connecticut 06118 (US)
  • BELOTTO, Daniel
    Palm Beach Gardens, FL Florida 33418 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2015/187164
US-A1- 2004 213 673
FR-A1- 2 953 252
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] A gas turbine engine typically includes a fan section, a compressor section, a combustor section and a turbine section. Air entering the compressor section is compressed and delivered into the combustion section where it is mixed with fuel and ignited to generate a high-energy exhaust gas flow. The high-energy exhaust gas flow expands through the turbine section to drive the compressor and the fan section.

    [0002] Components in the path of the high-energy gas flow through the turbine section experience high temperatures and pressures. The gas path through the turbine section is typically defined by blade outer air seals proximate a rotating airfoil and static vane stages. Cooling air is supplied to components exposed to the high-energy gas flow. Seals are provided between the blade outer air seals and platforms of the vane stages to contain the cooling air and prevent leakage into the gas path. Seals that are not seated properly or fail to accommodate relative movement between components may enable some cooling air to escape into the gas path and reduce engine efficiency. Moreover, poor sealing can enable high-energy gas flow to leak past the seals, thereby further affecting engine efficiency.

    [0003] US 2004/0213673 A1 discloses a prior art turbine vane in accordance with the preamble of claim 1.

    [0004] FR 2 953 252 A1 discloses a prior art distribution sector for a turbine.

    [0005] WO 2015/187164 A1 discloses a prior art turbine vane outer diameter support.

    SUMMARY



    [0006] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a turbine vane as set forth in claim 1.

    [0007] In another embodiment, the forward end includes a forward leg extending transverse to the outer platform and the first radius of the first gusset begins at the forward leg.

    [0008] Another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments includes a mounting hook that extends forward of the forward leg for supporting the turbine vane.

    [0009] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, the aft end includes an aft leg extending transverse to the outer platform and the elliptical curve ends at the aft leg.

    [0010] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, the first radius is within a range between 9.525 and 10.795 mm (0.375 and 0.425 inches).

    [0011] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, the first radius is 10.16 mm (0.400 inches) .

    [0012] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, the elliptical curve includes a major diameter between 40.005 and 41.275 mm (1.575 and 1.625 inches) and a minor axis between 19.685 and 20.955 mm (0.775 and 0.825 inches).

    [0013] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, the elliptical curve includes a major diameter of 40.64 mm (1.600 inches) and a minor diameter of 20.32 mm (0.800 inches).

    [0014] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, the elliptical curve includes a major axis that is oriented at an angle relative to an engine longitudinal axis between 40 and 50 degrees.

    [0015] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, the transition from the forward end to the aft end is between 3.81 and 5.08 mm (0.150 and 0.200 inches) above an interior surface.

    [0016] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, the transition from the forward end to the aft end is 4.445 mm (0.175 inches) above an interior surface.

    [0017] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, the elliptical curve includes a major diameter four times the first radius. The elliptical curve includes a minor diameter two times the first radius. The elliptical curve includes a major axis that is oriented at an angle relative to an engine longitudinal axis at 45 degrees.

    [0018] In another aspect, a gas turbine engine includes a turbine section including a case disposed about an engine centerline axis. A vane is supported within the case. The vane corresponds to the vane according to the first aspect of the present invention.

    [0019] According to an aspect of the invention, a second gusset is disposed at the second side. The first gusset includes a first thickness and the second gusset includes a second thickness that is different than the first thickness.

    [0020] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, the first radius is within a range between 9.525 and 10.795 mm (0.375 and 0.425 inches).

    [0021] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, the elliptical curve includes a major diameter between 40.005 and 41.275 mm (1.575 and 1.625 inches) and a minor axis between 19.685 and 20.955 mm (0.775 and 0.825 inches).

    [0022] In another embodiment according to any of the previous embodiments, the elliptical curve includes a major axis that is oriented at an angle from relative to an engine longitudinal axis between 40 and 50 degrees.

    [0023] Although the different examples have the specific components shown in the illustrations, embodiments of this disclosure are not limited to those particular combinations. It is possible to use some of the components or features from one of the examples in combination with features or components from another one of the examples.

    [0024] These and other features disclosed herein can be best understood from the following specification and drawings, the following of which is a brief description.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0025] 

    Figure 1 schematically shows an embodiment of a gas turbine engine.

    Figure 2 is a cross section of an embodiment of a turbine section.

    Figure 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of a turbine vane embodiment.

    Figure 4 is a top view of the example turbine vane embodiment.

    Figure 5 is a partial view of one side of the example turbine vane embodiment.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0026] Figure 1 schematically illustrates an example gas turbine engine 20 that includes a fan section 22, a compressor section 24, a combustor section 26 and a turbine section 28. Alternative engines might include an augmenter section (not shown) among other systems or features. The fan section 22 drives air along a bypass flow path B while the compressor section 24 draws air in along a core flow path C where air is compressed and communicated to a combustor section 26. In the combustor section 26, air is mixed with fuel and ignited to generate a high pressure exhaust gas stream that expands through the turbine section 28 where energy is extracted and utilized to drive the fan section 22 and the compressor section 24.

    [0027] Although the disclosed non-limiting embodiment depicts a two-spool turbofan gas turbine engine, it should be understood that the concepts described herein are not limited to use with two-spool turbofans as the teachings may be applied to other types of turbine engines; for example a turbine engine including a three-spool architecture in which three spools concentrically rotate about a common axis and where a low spool enables a low pressure turbine to drive a fan via a gearbox, an intermediate spool that enables an intermediate pressure turbine to drive a first compressor of the compressor section, and a high spool that enables a high pressure turbine to drive a high pressure compressor of the compressor section.

    [0028] The example engine 20 generally includes a low speed spool 30 and a high speed spool 32 mounted for rotation about an engine central longitudinal axis A relative to an engine static structure 36 via several bearing systems 38. It should be understood that various bearing systems 38 at various locations may alternatively or additionally be provided.

    [0029] The low speed spool 30 generally includes an inner shaft 40 that connects a fan 42 and a low pressure (or first) compressor section 44 to a low pressure (or first) turbine section 46. The inner shaft 40 drives the fan 42 through a speed change device, such as a geared architecture 48, to drive the fan 42 at a lower speed than the low speed spool 30. The high-speed spool 32 includes an outer shaft 50 that interconnects a high pressure (or second) compressor section 52 and a high pressure (or second) turbine section 54. The inner shaft 40 and the outer shaft 50 are concentric and rotate via the bearing systems 38 about the engine central longitudinal axis A.

    [0030] A combustor 56 is arranged between the high pressure compressor 52 and the high pressure turbine 54. In one example, the high pressure turbine 54 includes at least two stages to provide a double stage high pressure turbine 54. In another example, the high pressure turbine 54 includes only a single stage. As used herein, a "high pressure" compressor or turbine experiences a higher pressure than a corresponding "low pressure" compressor or turbine.

    [0031] The example low pressure turbine 46 has a pressure ratio that is greater than about five. The pressure ratio of the example low pressure turbine 46 is measured prior to an inlet of the low pressure turbine 46 as related to the pressure measured at the outlet of the low pressure turbine 46 prior to an exhaust nozzle.

    [0032] A mid-turbine frame 58 of the engine static structure 36 is arranged generally between the high pressure turbine 54 and the low pressure turbine 46. The mid-turbine frame 58 further supports bearing systems 38 in the turbine section 28 as well as setting airflow entering the low pressure turbine 46.

    [0033] Airflow through the core airflow path C is compressed by the low pressure compressor 44 then by the high pressure compressor 52 mixed with fuel and ignited in the combustor 56 to produce high speed exhaust gases that are then expanded through the high pressure turbine 54 and low pressure turbine 46. The mid-turbine frame 58 includes vanes 60, which are in the core airflow path and function as an inlet guide vane for the low pressure turbine 46. Utilizing the vane 60 of the mid-turbine frame 58 as the inlet guide vane for low pressure turbine 46 decreases the length of the low pressure turbine 46 without increasing the axial length of the mid-turbine frame 58. Reducing or eliminating the number of vanes in the low pressure turbine 46 shortens the axial length of the turbine section 28. Thus, the compactness of the gas turbine engine 20 is increased and a higher power density may be achieved.

    [0034] The disclosed gas turbine engine 20 in one example is a high-bypass geared aircraft engine. In a further example, the gas turbine engine 20 includes a bypass ratio greater than about six, with an example embodiment being greater than about ten. The example geared architecture 48 is an epicyclical gear train, such as a planetary gear system, star gear system or other known gear system, with a gear reduction ratio of greater than about 2.3.

    [0035] In one disclosed embodiment, the gas turbine engine 20 includes a bypass ratio greater than about ten and the fan diameter is significantly larger than an outer diameter of the low pressure compressor 44. It should be understood, however, that the above parameters are only exemplary of one embodiment of a gas turbine engine including a geared architecture and that the present disclosure is applicable to other gas turbine engines.

    [0036] A significant amount of thrust is provided by the bypass flow B due to the high bypass ratio. The fan section 22 of the engine 20 is designed for a particular flight condition -- typically cruise at about 0.8 Mach and about 10,668 m (35,000 feet). The flight condition of 0.8 Mach and 10,668 m (35,000 ft.), with the engine at its best fuel consumption - also known as "bucket cruise Thrust Specific Fuel Consumption ('TSFC')" - is the industry standard parameter of pound-mass (lbm) of fuel per hour being burned divided by pound-force (lbf) of thrust the engine produces at that minimum point.

    [0037] "Low fan pressure ratio" is the pressure ratio across the fan blade alone, without a Fan Exit Guide Vane ("FEGV") system. The low fan pressure ratio as disclosed herein according to one non-limiting embodiment is less than about 1.50. In another non-limiting embodiment the low fan pressure ratio is less than about 1.45.

    [0038] "Low corrected fan tip speed" is the actual fan tip speed in ft/sec divided by an industry standard temperature correction of [(Tram °R)/(518.7°R)]0.5 (where °R = K x 9/5). The "Low corrected fan tip speed", as disclosed herein according to one non-limiting embodiment, is less than about 350.52 m/s (1150 ft/second).

    [0039] The example gas turbine engine includes the fan 42 that comprises in one non-limiting embodiment less than about twenty-six fan blades. In another non-limiting embodiment, the fan section 22 includes less than about twenty fan blades. Moreover, in one disclosed embodiment the low pressure turbine 46 includes no more than about six turbine rotors schematically indicated at 34. In another non-limiting example embodiment the low pressure turbine 46 includes about three turbine rotors. A ratio between the number of fan blades 42 and the number of low pressure turbine rotors is between about 3.3 and about 8.6. The example low pressure turbine 46 provides the driving power to rotate the fan section 22 and therefore the relationship between the number of turbine rotors 34 in the low pressure turbine 46 and the number of blades 42 in the fan section 22 disclose an example gas turbine engine 20 with increased power transfer efficiency.

    [0040] Gas turbine engines designs are seeking to increase overall efficiency by generating higher overall pressure ratios. By achieving higher overall pressure ratios, increased levels of performance and efficiency may be achieved. However, challenges are raised in that the parts and components associated with a high pressure turbine require additional cooling air as the overall pressure ratio increases.

    [0041] Referring to Figure 2 with continued reference to Figure 1, the core flow path C through the turbine section 28 is comprised of an outer surface 64 and an inner surface 65 that is defined along several adjacent components. In the disclosed example turbine section 28, the gas path surfaces 64 and 65 are defined by fixed turbine vanes 66 that are interspersed with rotors 68 that rotate about the engine longitudinal axis A. A blade outer air seal (BOAS) 70 is disposed radially outward of each of the rotating airfoils 68 to define the outer surface 64 of the gas path. Seals 72 are provided between the fixed turbine vanes 66 and the BOAS 70.

    [0042] High-energy exhaust gases flowing through the turbine section 28 can induce axial forces on the static turbine vanes 66 such that some of the seals 72 may be compressed while others are unseated. Seals 72 that are unseated do not contain the cooling air and create an undesired pathway for cooling air to the core flow path C. Some relative movement between the static turbine vane 66 and the BOAS 70 is required and therefore the seals 72 are provided to accommodate this relative movement due to thermal expansion and other operating parameters that occur during engine operation. However, there is a limit to the movement the seals 72 can accommodate and still contain the cooling air.

    [0043] The example turbine vane 66 includes features to prevent bending and maintain the seals 72 in their desired orientation to provide and contain the cooling air through the turbine section 28. The example turbine vane 66 includes an upper platform 76 and a lower platform 78. An airfoil 80 extends between the upper and lower platforms 76, 78 within the core flow path C. The upper platform 76 includes features that correspond with seals 72 between adjacent BOASs 70. The upper platform 76 includes a forward rail 90 and an aft rail 92. The forward rail 90 includes a hook 94 that engages a portion of a turbine case 62 to support the turbine vane 66. A gusset 96 is provided between the forward rail 90 and the aft rail 92 to maintain the forward and aft rails 90, 92 in position and prevent deformation that can cause misalignment of the seals 72.

    [0044] Referring to Figures 3, 4 and 5 with continued reference to Figure 2, the example stator turbine vane 66 includes a first side 82 spaced circumferentially apart from a second side 84. The turbine vane 66 also includes the forward rail 90 and the aft rail 92. Extending forward from the forward rail 90 is the hook 94 that engages a portion of the turbine case 62 to hold the turbine vane 66 in a desired orientation.

    [0045] A first gusset 96 is provided on the first side 82 and a second gusset 98 is provided on the second side 84. The gussets 96, 98 maintain the orientation of the forward rail 90 and the aft rail 92 against the bending forces generated by the high energy exhaust gasses and other loads that are encountered by the stator turbine vane 66 during engine operation.

    [0046] The first gusset 96 is shown by way of explanation and includes a curvilinear surface 104 that includes a first radius portion 106 followed by a substantially flat or straight portion 110 that transitions into an elliptical curve 108. The second gusset 98 includes a similarly shaped curvilinear surface and therefore the description for the first gusset 96 is also applicable to the second gusset 98.

    [0047] The shape of the first gusset 96 is defined along the curvilinear surface 104 and includes the elliptical curve 108 that transitions from a portion just forward of the aft rail 92 toward the forward rail 90. The gusset 96 prevents bending of the aft rail 92 to maintain the position of the seals 72.

    [0048] In this example, the first portion 106 transitions from the forward rail 90 at a simple radius. In one example embodiment, the radius is within a range between 9.525 and 10.795 mm (0.375 and 0.425 inches). In another example embodiment, the radius is 10.16 mm (0.400 inches).

    [0049] The elliptical curve portion 108 is defined by a curved portion of an ellipse having a major diameter 112 that is between about 40.005 and 41.275 mm (1.575 and 1.625 inches) and a minor axis 114 between about 19.685 mm and 20.955 mm (0.775 inches and 0.825 inches). The major axis of the ellipse is disposed at an angle 118 relative to a line parallel to the engine axis A. In one example embodiment, the angle 118 is approximately 45 degrees. In another example embodiment, the example angle is between about 40 degrees and 50 degrees.

    [0050] The elliptical curved portion 108 follows a line that is generated by a curve defined by focal points 120 along the major axis 116. Focal points 120 are part of an ellipse and are disposed along the major axis 116 that is disposed at the angle 118 relative to a line parallel to the engine axis A.

    [0051] The curved linear elliptical line provided by the gusset 96 prevents bending of the aft rail 90 such that the seals 72 are maintained in their desired orientation and prevent the leakage of cooling air between components.

    [0052] A flat surface 110 disposed between the radius 106 and the elliptical curve 108 is disposed at a height 122 above an interior surface 124. The interior surface 124 is disposed between the first and second gussets 96, 98. In one example, the height 122 is between about 3.81 mm and 5.08 mm (0.150 inches and 0.200 inches). In another example embodiment, the height 122 is 4.445 mm (.175 inches).

    [0053] The first gusset 96 includes a first thickness 100 and the second gusset 98 includes a second thickness 102. The thickness 100 and the thickness 102 are different. In an example embodiment, the first thickness 100 is between about 3.505 mm (0.138 inches) thick and the second thickness 102 is about 1.778 mm (0.070 inches) thick.

    [0054] Accordingly, the example stator turbine vane 66 includes features for reducing bending moments that can disrupt seals that prevent the leakage of cooling air to the core gas flow path C.

    [0055] Although an example embodiment has been disclosed, a worker of ordinary skill in this art would recognize that certain modifications would come within the scope of this disclosure. For that reason, the following claims should be studied to determine the scope and content of this disclosure.


    Claims

    1. A turbine vane (66) for a gas turbine engine (20) comprising:

    an outer platform (76) including a first side (82) and a second side (84), the first side (82) spaced circumferentially apart from the second side (84), the outer platform (76) further comprising a forward rail (90) and an aft rail (92), the first side (82) including a first gusset (96) extending between the forward rail (90) and the aft rail (92), the turbine vane (66) including a second gusset (98) disposed at the second side (84);

    an inner platform (78); and

    an airfoil (80) extending between the outer platform (76) and the inner platform (78), wherein the first gusset (96) defines a first radius (106) beginning at the forward rail (90) that transitions into an elliptical curve (108) toward the aft rail (92),

    characterised in that:
    the first gusset (96) includes a first thickness (100) and the second gusset (98) includes a second thickness (102) that is different than the first thickness (100).
     
    2. The turbine vane (66) as recited in claim 1, wherein the forward rail (90) includes a forward leg extending transverse to the outer platform (76) and the first radius (106) of the first gusset (96) begins at the forward leg.
     
    3. The turbine vane (66) as recited in claim 2, including a mounting hook (94) that extends forward of the forward leg for supporting the turbine vane (66).
     
    4. The turbine vane (66) as recited in any preceding claim, wherein the aft rail (92) includes an aft leg extending transverse to the outer platform (76) and the elliptical curve (108) ends at the aft leg.
     
    5. The turbine vane (66) as recited in any preceding claim, wherein the first radius (106) is within a range between 9.525 and 10.795 mm (0.375 and 0.425 inches).
     
    6. The turbine vane (66) as recited in any preceding claim, wherein the first radius is 10.16 mm (0.400 inches).
     
    7. The turbine vane (66) as recited in any preceding claim, wherein the elliptical curve (108) includes a major diameter (112) between 40.005 and 41.275 mm (1.575 and 1.625 inches) and a minor axis (114) between 19.685 and 20.955 mm (0.775 and 0.825 inches).
     
    8. The turbine vane (66) as recited in any preceding claim, wherein the elliptical curve (108) includes a major diameter (112) of 40.84 mm (1.600 inches) and a minor diameter (114) of 20.32 mm (0.800 inches).
     
    9. The turbine vane (66) as recited in any preceding claim, wherein the elliptical curve (108) includes a major axis (116) that is oriented at an angle (118) relative to an engine longitudinal axis (A) between 40 and 50 degrees.
     
    10. The turbine vane (66) as recited in any preceding claim, wherein the transition from the forward rail (90) to the aft rail (92) is between 3.81 and 5.08 mm (0.150 and 0.200 inches) above an interior surface (124).
     
    11. The turbine vane (66) as recited in any preceding claim, wherein the transition from the forward rail (90) to the aft rail (92) is 4.445 mm (0.175 inches) above an interior surface (124).
     
    12. The turbine vane (66) as recited in any preceding claim, wherein the elliptical curve (108) includes a major diameter (112) four times the first radius (106), wherein the elliptical curve (108) includes a minor diameter (114) two times the first radius (106), and wherein the elliptical curve (108) includes a major axis (116) that is oriented at an angle (118) relative to an engine longitudinal axis (A) at 45 degrees.
     
    13. A gas turbine engine (20) comprising;
    a turbine section (28) including a case (62) disposed about an engine centerline axis (A); and
    a turbine vane (66), as recited in any preceding claim, supported within the case (62).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Turbinenleitschaufel (66) für ein Gasturbinentriebwerk (20), umfassend:

    eine äußere Plattform (76), die eine erste Seite (82) und eine zweite Seite (84) beinhaltet, wobei die erste Seite (82) in Umfangsrichtung von der zweiten Seite (84) beabstandet ist, wobei die äußere Plattform (76) ferner eine vordere Schiene (90) und eine hintere Schiene (92) umfasst, wobei die erste Seite (82) eine erste Versteifungsrippe (96) beinhaltet, die sich zwischen der vorderen Schiene (90) und der hinteren Schiene (92) erstreckt, wobei die Turbinenleitschaufel (66) eine zweite Versteifungsrippe (98), die an der zweiten Seite (84) angeordnet ist, beinhaltet;

    eine innere Plattform (78); und

    ein Schaufelprofil (80), das sich zwischen der äußeren Plattform (76) und der inneren Plattform (78) erstreckt, wobei die erste Versteifungsrippe (96) einen ersten Radius (106) definiert, der an der vorderen Schiene (90) beginnt und der in eine elliptische Kurve (108) in Richtung zur hinteren Schiene (92) übergeht,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:
    die erste Versteifungsrippe (96) eine erste Dicke (100) beinhaltet und die zweite Versteifungsrippe (98) eine zweite Dicke (102) beinhaltet, die sich von der ersten Dicke (100) unterscheidet.
     
    2. Turbinenleitschaufel (66) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die vordere Schiene (90) einen vorderen Schenkel beinhaltet, der sich quer zur äußeren Plattform (76) erstreckt, und der erste Radius (106) der ersten Versteifungsrippe (96) an dem vorderen Schenkel beginnt.
     
    3. Turbinenleitschaufel (66) nach Anspruch 2, beinhaltend einen Montagehaken (94), der sich vor dem vorderen Schenkel erstreckt, um die Turbinenleitschaufel (66) zu stützen.
     
    4. Turbinenleitschaufel (66) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die hintere Schiene (92) einen hinteren Schenkel beinhaltet, der sich quer zur äußeren Plattform (76) erstreckt, und wobei die elliptische Kurve (108) an dem hinteren Schenkel endet.
     
    5. Turbinenleitschaufel (66) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der erste Radius (106) innerhalb eines Bereichs zwischen 9,525 und 10,795 mm (0,375 und 0,425 Zoll) liegt.
     
    6. Turbinenleitschaufel (66) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der erste Radius 10,16 mm (0,400 Zoll) beträgt.
     
    7. Turbinenleitschaufel (66) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die elliptische Kurve (108) einen Hauptdurchmesser (112) zwischen 40,005 und 41,275 mm (1,575 und 1,625 Zoll) und eine Nebenachse (114) zwischen 19,685 und 20,955 mm (0,775 und 0,825 Zoll) beinhaltet.
     
    8. Turbinenleitschaufel (66) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die elliptische Kurve (108) einen Hauptdurchmesser (112) von 40,84 mm (1,600 Zoll) und einen Nebendurchmesser (114) von 20,32 mm (0,800 Zoll) beinhaltet.
     
    9. Turbinenleitschaufel (66) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die elliptische Kurve (108) eine Hauptachse (116) beinhaltet, die in einem Winkel (118) relativ zur Triebwerkslängsachse (A) zwischen 40 und 50 Grad ausgerichtet ist.
     
    10. Turbinenleitschaufel (66) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Übergang von der vorderen Schiene (90) zur hinteren Schiene (92) zwischen 3,81 und 5,08 mm (0,150 und 0,200 Zoll) über einer Innenfläche (124) liegt.
     
    11. Turbinenleitschaufel (66) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Übergang von der vorderen Schiene (90) zur hinteren Schiene (92) 4,445 mm (0,175 Zoll) über einer Innenfläche (124) liegt.
     
    12. Turbinenleitschaufel (66) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die elliptische Kurve (108) einen Hauptdurchmesser (112) beinhaltet, der viermal so groß wie der erste Radius (106) ist, wobei die elliptische Kurve (108) einen Nebendurchmesser (114) beinhaltet, der zweimal so groß wie der erste Radius (106) ist, und wobei die elliptische Kurve (108) eine Hauptachse (116) beinhaltet, die in einem Winkel (118) relativ zu einer Triebwerkslängsachse (A) von 45 Grad ausgerichtet ist.
     
    13. Gasturbinentriebwerk (20), umfassend:

    einen Turbinenabschnitt (28), der ein Gehäuse (62) beinhaltet, das um eine Triebwerksmittellinienachse (A) angeordnet ist; und

    eine Turbinenleitschaufel (66) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, die innerhalb des Gehäuses (62) gelagert ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Aube de turbine (66) pour un moteur à turbine à gaz (20) comprenant :

    une plate-forme extérieure (76) comportant un premier côté (82) et un second côté (84), le premier côté (82) étant espacé circonférentiellement du second côté (84), la plate-forme extérieure (76) comprenant en outre un rail avant (90) et un rail arrière (92), le premier côté (82) comportant un premier gousset (96) s'étendant entre le rail avant (90) et le rail arrière (92), l'aube de turbine (66) comportant un second gousset (98) disposé au niveau du second côté (84) ;

    une plate-forme intérieure (78) ; et

    un profil aérodynamique (80) s'étendant entre la plate-forme extérieure (76) et la plate-forme intérieure (78), dans laquelle le premier gousset (96) définit un premier rayon (106) commençant au niveau du rail avant (90) qui se transforme en une courbe elliptique (108) vers le rail arrière (92),

    caractérisé en ce que :
    le premier gousset (96) comporte une première épaisseur (100) et le second gousset (98) comporte une seconde épaisseur (102) qui est différente de la première épaisseur (100).
     
    2. Aube de turbine (66) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le rail avant (90) comporte une jambe avant s'étendant transversalement à la plate-forme extérieure (76) et le premier rayon (106) du premier gousset (96) commence au niveau de la jambe avant.
     
    3. Aube de turbine (66) selon la revendication 2, comportant un crochet de montage (94) qui s'étend vers l'avant de la jambe avant pour supporter l'aube de turbine (66).
     
    4. Aube de turbine (66) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans laquelle le rail arrière (92) comporte une jambe arrière s'étendant transversalement à la plate-forme extérieure (76) et la courbe elliptique (108) se termine au niveau de la jambe arrière.
     
    5. Aube de turbine (66) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans laquelle le premier rayon (106) se situe dans une plage comprise entre 9,525 et 10,795 mm (0,375 et 0,425 pouce).
     
    6. Aube de turbine (66) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans laquelle le premier rayon est de 10,16 mm (0,400 pouce).
     
    7. Aube de turbine (66) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans laquelle la courbe elliptique (108) comporte un diamètre principal (112) compris entre 40,005 et 41,275 mm (1,575 et 1,625 pouce) et un axe secondaire (114) compris entre 19,685 et 20,955 mm (0,775 et 0,825 pouce).
     
    8. Aube de turbine (66) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans laquelle la courbe elliptique (108) comporte un diamètre principal (112) de 40,84 mm (1,600 pouce) et un diamètre secondaire (114) de 20,32 mm (0,800 pouce).
     
    9. Aube de turbine (66) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans laquelle la courbe elliptique (108) comporte un axe principal (116) qui est orienté selon un angle (118) par rapport à un axe longitudinal du moteur (A) entre 40 et 50 degrés.
     
    10. Aube de turbine (66) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans laquelle la transition du rail avant (90) au rail arrière (92) se situe entre 3,81 et 5,08 mm (0,150 et 0,200 pouce) au-dessus d'une surface intérieure (124).
     
    11. Aube de turbine (66) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans laquelle la transition du rail avant (90) au rail arrière (92) est de 4,445 mm (0,175 pouce) au-dessus d'une surface intérieure (124).
     
    12. Aube de turbine (66) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans laquelle la courbe elliptique (108) comporte un diamètre principal (112) de quatre fois le premier rayon (106), dans laquelle la courbe elliptique (108) comporte un diamètre secondaire (114) de deux fois le premier rayon (106), et dans laquelle la courbe elliptique (108) comporte un axe principal (116) qui est orienté selon un angle (118) par rapport à un axe longitudinal de moteur (A) à 45 degrés.
     
    13. Moteur à turbine à gaz (20), comprenant :

    une section de turbine (28) comportant un carter (62) disposé autour d'un axe central de moteur (A) ; et

    une aube de turbine (66), selon une quelconque revendication précédente, supportée à l'intérieur du carter (62) .


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description