(19)
(11)EP 3 251 405 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.09.2021 Bulletin 2021/38

(21)Application number: 15879847.0

(22)Date of filing:  28.12.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04L 1/08(2006.01)
H04W 28/18(2009.01)
H04L 1/18(2006.01)
H04W 48/08(2009.01)
H04L 1/00(2006.01)
H04W 72/04(2009.01)
H04L 25/03(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
H04L 25/03866; H04L 1/0045; H04L 1/08; H04L 1/1896; H04L 1/0042
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2015/006490
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/120949 (04.08.2016 Gazette  2016/31)

(54)

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ACCOMMODATING SPECIFIC USER EQUIPMENTS

SYSTEME UND VERFAHREN ZUR AUFNAHME VON SPEZIFISCHEN BENUTZERGERÄTEN

SYSTÈMES ET PROCÉDÉS POUR HÉBERGER DES ÉQUIPEMENTS D'UTILISATEUR SPÉCIFIQUES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.01.2015 US 201562108652 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.12.2017 Bulletin 2017/49

(73)Proprietor: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
Sakai City, Osaka 590-8522 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • YAMADA, Shohei
    Osaka 590-8522 (JP)
  • UEMURA, Katsunari
    Osaka 590-8522 (JP)
  • KATO, Yasuyuki
    Osaka 590-8522 (JP)
  • TSUBOI, Hidekazu
    Osaka 590-8522 (JP)

(74)Representative: Müller Hoffmann & Partner 
Patentanwälte mbB St.-Martin-Strasse 58
81541 München
81541 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2010/146617
JP-A- 2014 082 676
WO-A1-2014/109566
US-A1- 2015 181 533
  
  • MEDIATEK INC: "Discussion on potential solutions for physical channels for Rel-13 MTC UE", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-144122 DISCUSSION ON POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS FOR PHYSICAL CHANNELS FOR REL-13 MTC UE_V2, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06 , vol. RAN WG1, no. Ljubljana, Slovenia; 20141006 - 20141010 5 October 2014 (2014-10-05), XP050875407, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Meetings_3GPP_ SYNC/RAN1/Docs/ [retrieved on 2014-10-05]
  • ALCATEL-LUCENT ET AL: "Coverage enhancement for physical data & control channels", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-144076 - REL-13 MTC - CE PHY DATA & CTRL CHANNELS V04, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; F , vol. RAN WG1, no. Ljubljana, Slovenia; 20141006 - 20141010 5 October 2014 (2014-10-05), XP050875370, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Meetings_3GPP_ SYNC/RAN1/Docs/ [retrieved on 2014-10-05]
  • ALCATEL-LUCENT ET AL: "Coverage enhancement for RACH", 3GPP DRAFT; R2-140726 - RACH MESSAGES V0.1, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE , vol. RAN WG2, no. Prague, Czech Republic; 20140210 - 20140214 9 February 2014 (2014-02-09), XP050792016, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Meetings_3GPP_ SYNC/RAN2/Docs/ [retrieved on 2014-02-09]
  • 'Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Physical channels and modulation (Release 12)' 3GPP TS 36.211 V12.4.0 December 2014, XP055462659
  • None
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present disclosure relates generally to communication systems. More specifically, the present disclosure relates to systems and methods for accommodating specific user equipments.

Background Art



[0002] Wireless communication devices have become smaller and more powerful in order to meet consumer needs and to improve portability and convenience. Consumers have become dependent upon wireless communication devices and have come to expect reliable service, expanded areas of coverage and increased functionality. A wireless communication system may provide communication for a number of wireless communication devices, each of which may be serviced by a base station. A base station may be a device that communicates with wireless communication devices.

[0003] As wireless communication devices have advanced, improvements in communication capacity, speed, flexibility, low complexity and efficiency have been sought. However, improving communication capacity, speed, flexibility, low complexity and efficiency may present certain problems.

[0004] For example, wireless communication devices may communicate with one or more devices using multiple connections. However, the multiple connections may only offer limited flexibility and efficiency. As illustrated by this discussion, systems and methods that improve communication flexibility and efficiency may be beneficial.

[0005] MEDIATEK INC: "Discussion on potential solutions for physical channels for Rel-13 MTC UE", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-144122 DISCUSSION ON POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS FOR PHYSICAL CHANNELS FOR REL-13 MTC UE_V2, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06, vol. RAN WG1, no. Ljubljana, Slovenia; 20141006 - 20141010 5 October 2014 (2014-10-05), XP050875407, discusses possible solutions for physical data and control channel design for Rel-13 MTC device and for UEs in coverage enhancement mode.

[0006] WO 2014/109566 A1 discloses a method and an apparatus for reducing the amount of upper layer signals, the method and the apparatus comprising: defining a new identifier for transmitting an upper layer signal for user equipment in a specific mode; and transmitting the upper layer signal by means of scrambling by using the new identifier, transmitting along with an error detection sign by using the new identifier, transmitting by using a user equipment-specific reference signal by using the new identifier, or transmitting based on control information transmitted by using the new identifier. ALCATEL-LUCENT ET AL: "Coverage enhancement for physical data &control channels",3GPP DRAFT; R1-144076 - REL-13 MTC - CE PHY DATA & CTRLCHANNELS V04, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT(3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DESLUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; F, vol. RAN WG1, no. Ljubljana, Slovenia; 20141006 - 20141010 5 October2014 (2014-10-05), XP050875370, discusses considerations on coverage enhancement for PDSCH, PUSCH, EPDCCH, PHICH and PUCCH.

[0007] ALCATEL-LUCENT ET AL: "Coverage enhancement for RACH",3GPP DRAFT; R2-140726 - RACH MESSAGES V0.1, 3RDGENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILECOMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG2, no. Prague, Czech Republic; 20140210 - 20140214 9February 2014 (2014-02-09), XP050792016, discusses aspects of the RACH, namely preamble transmission, RAR, Message 3 and Message 4, in the RACH process.

Summary of Invention



[0008] The problem is solved by the teachings of the independent claims. Further embodiments are defined in the dependent claims. The invention is defined by the appended claims. References to embodiments which do not fall under the scope of the claims are to be understood as examples useful for understanding the invention.

[0009] One aspect of the present disclosure discloses a method by a user equipment (UE), comprising: determining a repetition level; determining a initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator based on the repetition level; generating the scrambling sequence; and applying the scrambling sequence for a Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH), wherein the repetition level is associated with the PDSCH and determined by a Radio Resource Control (RRC) configuration.

[0010] Another aspect of the present disclosure discloses a method by an evolved Node B (eNB), comprising: determining a repetition level; determining a initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator based on the repetition level; generating the scrambling sequence; and applying the scrambling sequence for a Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH), wherein the repetition level is associated with the PDSCH and determined by a Radio Resource Control (RRC) configuration.

[0011] Yet another aspect of the present disclosure discloses a user equipment (UE), comprising: a processor; and memory in electronic communication with the processor, wherein instructions stored in the memory are executable to: determine a repetition level; determine a initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator based on the repetition level; generate the scrambling sequence; and apply the scrambling sequence for a Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH), wherein the repetition level is associated with the PDSCH and determined by a Radio Resource Control (RRC) configuration.

[0012] Yet another aspect of the present disclosure discloses an evolved Node B (eNB), comprising: a processor; and memory in electronic communication with the processor, wherein instructions stored in the memory are executable to: determine a repetition level; determine a initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator based on the repetition level; generate the scrambling sequence; and apply the scrambling sequence for a Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH), wherein the repetition level is associated with the PDSCH and determined by a Radio Resource Control (RRC) configuration.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0013] 

[Fig. 1] Figure 1 is a block diagram illustrating one configuration of one or more evolved Node Bs (eNBs) and one or more user equipments (UEs) in which systems and methods for accommodating specific user equipments may be implemented.

[Fig. 2] Figure 2 is a flow diagram illustrating one implementation of a method for generating a scrambling sequence by a UE.

[Fig. 3] Figure 3 is a flow diagram illustrating one implementation of a method for generating a scrambling sequence by an eNB.

[Fig. 4] Figure 4 illustrates various components that may be utilized in a UE.

[Fig. 5] Figure 5 illustrates various components that may be utilized in an eNB.


Description of Embodiments



[0014] A method for by a user equipment (UE) is described. The method includes determining a level, determining a initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator based on at least the level, generating the scrambling sequence, and applying the scrambling sequence for a Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH). The level may be determined based on at least Transmission Time Interval (TTI) bundle size for the PDSCH. The level may be determined for the UE with a predefined category. The UE with a predefined category may receive system information which is included in system information block type 1A which is different from system information block type 1 and transmitted by using TTI bundling.

[0015] A method by an evolved Node B (eNB) is also described. The method includes determining a level, determining a initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator based on at least the level, generating the scrambling sequence, and applying the scrambling sequence for a Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH). The level may be determined based on at least Transmission Time Interval (TTI) bundle size for the PDSCH. The level may be determined for user equipments (UEs) with a predefined category. The UEs with a predefined category may receive system information which is included in system information block type 1A which is different from system information block type 1 and transmitted by using TTI bundling.

[0016] A user equipment (UE) is also described: The UE includes a processor and memory in electronic communication with the processor. Instructions stored in the memory are executable to determine a level, determine a initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator based on at least the level, generate the scrambling sequence, and apply the scrambling sequence for a Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH). The level may be determined based on at least Transmission Time Interval (TTI) bundle size for the PDSCH. The level may be determined for the UE with a predefined category. The UE with a predefined category may receive system information which is included in system information block type 1A which is different from system information block type 1 and transmitted by using TTI bundling.

[0017] An evolved Node B (eNB) is also described. The eNB includes a processor and memory in electronic communication with the processor. Instructions stored in the memory are executable to determine a level, determine a initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator based on at least the level, generate the scrambling sequence, and apply the scrambling sequence for a Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH). The level may be determined based on at least Transmission Time Interval (TTI) bundle size for the PDSCH. The level may be determined for user equipments (UEs) with a predefined category. The UEs with a predefined category may receive system information which is included in system information block type 1A which is different from system information block type 1 and transmitted by using TTI bundling.

[0018] 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE) is the name given to a project to improve the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) mobile phone or device standard to cope with future requirements. In one aspect, UMTS has been modified to provide support and specification for the Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA) and Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN).

[0019] At least some aspects of the systems and methods disclosed herein may be described in relation to the 3GPP LTE, LTE-Advanced (LTE-A) and other standards (e.g., 3GPP Releases 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and/or 13). However, the scope of the present disclosure should not be limited in this regard. At least some aspects of the systems and methods disclosed herein may be utilized in other types of wireless communication systems.

[0020] A wireless communication device may be an electronic device used to communicate voice and/or data to a base station, which in turn may communicate with a network of devices (e.g., public switched telephone network (PSTN), the Internet, etc.). In describing systems and methods herein, a wireless communication device may alternatively be referred to as a mobile station, a UE (User Equipment), an access terminal, a subscriber station, a mobile terminal, a remote station, a user terminal, a terminal, a subscriber unit, a mobile device, etc. Examples of wireless communication devices include cellular phones, smart phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), laptop computers, netbooks, e-readers, wireless modems, etc. In 3GPP specifications, a wireless communication device is typically referred to as a UE. However, as the scope of the present disclosure should not be limited to the 3GPP standards, the terms "UE" and "wireless communication device" may be used interchangeably herein to mean the more general term "wireless communication device."

[0021] In 3GPP specifications, a base station is typically referred to as a Node B, an eNB, a home enhanced or evolved Node B (HeNB) or some other similar terminology. As the scope of the disclosure should not be limited to 3GPP standards, the terms "base station," "Node B," "eNB," and "HeNB" may be used interchangeably herein to mean the more general term "base station." Furthermore, one example of a "base station" is an access point. An access point may be an electronic device that provides access to a network (e.g., Local Area Network (LAN), the Internet, etc.) for wireless communication devices. The term "communication device" may be used to denote both a wireless communication device and/or a base station.

[0022] It should be noted that as used herein, a "cell" may be any communication channel that is specified by standardization or regulatory bodies to be used for International Mobile Telecommunications-Advanced (IMT-Advanced) and all of it or a subset of it may be adopted by 3GPP as licensed bands (e.g., frequency bands) to be used for communication between an eNB and a UE. It should also be noted that in E-UTRA and E-UTRAN overall description, as used herein, a "cell" may be defined as "combination of downlink and optionally uplink resources." The linking between the carrier frequency of the downlink resources and the carrier frequency of the uplink resources may be indicated in the system information transmitted on the downlink resources.

[0023] "Configured cells" are those cells of which the UE is aware and is allowed by an eNB to transmit or receive information. "Configured cell(s)" may be serving cell(s). The UE may receive system information and perform the required measurements on configured cells. "Configured cell(s)" for a radio connection may consist of a primary cell and/or no, one, or more secondary cell(s). "Activated cells" are those configured cells on which the UE is transmitting and receiving. That is, activated cells are those cells for which the UE monitors the physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) and in the case of a downlink transmission, those cells for which the UE decodes a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH). "Deactivated cells" are those configured cells that the UE is not monitoring the transmission PDCCH. It should be noted that a "cell" may be described in terms of differing dimensions. For example, a "cell" may have temporal, spatial (e.g., geographical) and frequency characteristics.

[0024] The systems and methods described herein may enhance the efficient use of radio resources in Carrier aggregation operation. Carrier aggregation refers to the concurrent utilization of more than one component carrier (CC). In carrier aggregation, more than one cell may be aggregated to a UE. In one example, carrier aggregation may be used to increase the effective bandwidth available to a UE. In traditional carrier aggregation, a single eNB is assumed to provide multiple serving cells for a UE. Even in scenarios where two or more cells may be aggregated (e.g., a macro cell aggregated with remote radio head (RRH) cells) the cells may be controlled (e.g., scheduled) by a single eNB. However, in a small cell deployment scenario, each node (e.g., eNB, RRH, etc.) may have its own independent scheduler. To maximize the efficiency of radio resources utilization of both nodes, a UE may connect to two or more nodes that have different schedulers. The systems and methods described herein may enhance the efficient use of radio resources in dual connectivity operation. A UE may be configured multiple groups of serving cells, where each group may have carrier aggregation operation (e.g., if the group includes more than one serving cell).

[0025] Instead of having lots of features in a UE, the system and method described herein may enhance the accommodation of UEs with new type or new category which have limited features (e.g. specific UEs). Especially, such UEs may be efficient for Machine-Type Communications (MTC), but it is noted that it is not limited to MTC use case. The provision of Machine-Type Communications (MTC) via cellular networks is proving to be a significant opportunity for new revenue generation for mobile operators. "Low cost & enhanced coverage MTC UE for LTE" in Release 12 specified a low complexity LTE device for MTC with Bill of Material cost approaching that of an Enhanced General Packet Radio Service (EGPRS) modem using a combination of complexity reduction techniques. However, results from the study indicated that further complexity reduction of LTE devices for MTC can be achieved if additional complexity reduction techniques are supported.

[0026] In addition, the study in Release 12 concluded that a coverage improvement target of 15-20 dB for both Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) and Time Division Duplex (TDD) in comparison to normal LTE footprint could be achieved to support the use cases where MTC devices are deployed in challenging locations, e.g. deep inside buildings, and to compensate for gain loss caused by complexity reduction techniques.

[0027] The general objective is to specify a new UE in LTE that also allows for enhanced coverage compared to existing LTE networks and low power consumption, with the following detailed objectives. It may be to specify a new low complexity UE category/ type for MTC operation in any LTE duplex mode (full duplex FDD, half duplex FDD, TDD) based on the Rel-12 low complexity UE category/type supporting the following additional capabilities. It may be to reduced UE bandwidth of 1.4 MHz (i.e., 6 Physical Resource Blocks (PRBs)) in downlink and uplink. It may be a bandwidth reduced UEs should be able to operate within any system bandwidth. It may be frequency multiplexing of bandwidth reduced UEs and non-MTC UEs should be supported. It may be that the UE only needs to support 1.4 MHz RF bandwidth in downlink and uplink. The present disclosure relates especially to how low complexity, bandwidth reduced and/or coverage enhanced UEs (e.g, specific UEs, MTC UEs) can be accommodated in current and future LTE system.

[0028] Various examples of the systems and methods disclosed herein are now described with reference to the Figures, where like reference numbers may indicate functionally similar elements. The systems and methods as generally described and illustrated in the Figures herein could be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different implementations. Thus, the following more detailed description of several implementations, as represented in the Figures, is not intended to limit scope, as claimed, but is merely representative of the systems and methods.

[0029] Figure 1 is a block diagram illustrating one configuration of one or more evolved Node Bs (eNBs) 160 and one or more user equipments (UEs) 102 in which systems and methods for accommodating specific UEs may be implemented. The one or more UEs 102 may communicate with one or more eNBs 160 using one or more antennas 122a-n. For example, a UE 102 transmits electromagnetic signals to the eNB 160 and receives electromagnetic signals from the eNB 160 using the one or more antennas 122a-n. The eNB 160 communicates with the UE 102 using one or more antennas 180a-n.

[0030] It should be noted that in some configurations, one or more of the UEs 102 described herein may be implemented in a single device. For example, multiple UEs 102 may be combined into a single device in some implementations. Additionally or alternatively, in some configurations, one or more of the eNBs 160 described herein may be implemented in a single device. For example, multiple eNBs 160 may be combined into a single device in some implementations. In the context of Figure 1, for instance, a single device may include one or more UEs 102 in accordance with the systems and methods described herein. Additionally or alternatively, one or more eNBs 160 in accordance with the systems and methods described herein may be implemented as a single device or multiple devices.

[0031] The UE 102 and the eNB 160 may use one or more channels 119, 121 to communicate with each other. For example, a UE 102 may transmit information or data to the eNB 160 using one or more uplink channels 121 and signals. Examples of uplink channels 121 include a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) and a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH), etc. Examples of uplink signals include a demodulation reference signal (DMRS) and a sounding reference signal (SRS), etc. The one or more eNBs 160 may also transmit information or data to the one or more UEs 102 using one or more downlink channels 119 and signals, for instance. Examples of downlink channels 119 include a PDCCH, a PDSCH, etc. Examples of downlink signals include a primary synchronization signal (PSS), a cell-specific reference signal (CRS), and a channel state information (CSI) reference signal (CSI-RS), etc. Other kinds of channels or signals may be used.

[0032] Each of the one or more UEs 102 may include one or more transceivers 118, one or more demodulators 114, one or more decoders 108, one or more encoders 150, one or more modulators 154, one or more data buffers 104 and one or more UE operations modules 124. For example, one or more reception and/or transmission paths may be implemented in the UE 102. For convenience, only a single transceiver 118, decoder 108, demodulator 114, encoder 150 and modulator 154 are illustrated in the UE 102, though multiple parallel elements (e.g., transceivers 118, decoders 108, demodulators 114, encoders 150 and modulators 154) may be implemented.

[0033] The transceiver 118 may include one or more receivers 120 and one or more transmitters 158. The one or more receivers 120 may receive signals from the eNB 160 using one or more antennas 122a-n. For example, the receiver 120 may receive and downconvert signals to produce one or more received signals 116. The one or more received signals 116 may be provided to a demodulator 114. The one or more transmitters 158 may transmit signals to the eNB 160 using one or more antennas 122a-n. For example, the one or more transmitters 158 may upconvert and transmit one or more modulated signals 156.

[0034] The demodulator 114 may demodulate the one or more received signals 116 to produce one or more demodulated signals 112. The one or more demodulated signals 112 may be provided to the decoder 108. The UE 102 may use the decoder 108 to decode signals. The decoder 108 may produce one or more decoded signals 106, 110. For example, a first UE-decoded signal 106 may comprise received payload data, which may be stored in a data buffer 104. A second UE-decoded signal 110 may comprise overhead data and/or control data. For example, the second UE-decoded signal 110 may provide data that may be used by the UE operations module 124 to perform one or more operations.

[0035] As used herein, the term "module" may mean that a particular element or component may be implemented in hardware, software or a combination of hardware and software. However, it should be noted that any element denoted as a "module" herein may alternatively be implemented in hardware. For example, the UE operations module 124 may be implemented in hardware, software or a combination of both.

[0036] In general, the UE operations module 124 may enable the UE 102 to communicate with the one or more eNBs 160. The UE operations module 124 may include one or more of a UE scrambling control module 126, a UE bundling control module 128, and a UE repetition control module 130. In some implementations, the UE operations module 124 may include physical (PHY) entities, Medium Access Control (MAC) entities, Radio Link Control (RLC) entities, packet data convergence protocol (PDCP) entities, and an Radio Resource Control (RRC) entity.

[0037] The UE operations module 124 may provide the benefit of scrambling the physical channel (e.g., PDSCH, PUSCH) efficiently. The UE scrambling control module 126 may include a scrambling sequence generator. A scrambling sequence generator may be initialized at the start of each subframe, where the initialization value of cinit may be determined based on a level (e.g., repetition level, TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE), Radio Network Temporary Identifier (RNTI) associated with the physical channel (e.g., PDSCH, PUSCH) transmission, and/or a physical layer cell identify.

[0038] The initialization value of cinit may depend on the transport channel type according to

where

nRNTI

may correspond to the RNTI associated with the physical channel (e.g., PDSCH, PUSCH) transmission. L may be the level (e.g., repetition level, TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE) associated with the physical channel (e.g., PDSCH, PUSCH) transmission and/or the RNTI. Up to two codewords can be transmitted in one subframe, i.e.,



[0039] • In the case of single codeword transmission, q is equal to zero.

[0040] For each codeword q, the block of bits

, where

may be the number of bits in codeword q transmitted on the physical channel in one subframe, may be scrambled prior to modulation, resulting in a block of scrambled bits

according to

where the scrambling sequence

may be given by the following pseudo-random sequences. The scrambling sequence generator may be initialized at the start of each subframe. The pseudo-random sequences may be defined by a length-31 Gold sequence. The output sequence c(n) of length MPN, where

, is defined by





where NC=1600 and the first m-sequence may be initialized with



[0041] . The initialization of the second m-sequence is denoted by

with the value depending on the application of the sequence.

[0042] The UE operations module 124 may provide information 148 to the one or more receivers 120. For example, the UE operations module 124 may inform the receiver(s) 120 when or when not to receive transmissions based on the RRC message (e.g, broadcasted system information, RRC connection reconfiguration message), MAC control element, and/or the DCI (Downlink Control Information).

[0043] The UE operations module 124 may provide information 138 to the demodulator 114. For example, the UE operations module 124 may inform the demodulator 114 of a modulation pattern anticipated for transmissions from the eNB 160.

[0044] The UE operations module 124 may provide information 136 to the decoder 108. For example, the UE operations module 124 may inform the decoder 108 of an anticipated encoding for transmissions from the eNB 160.

[0045] The UE operations module 124 may provide information 142 to the encoder 150. The information 142 may include data to be encoded and/or instructions for encoding. For example, the UE operations module 124 may instruct the encoder 150 to encode transmission data 146 and/or other information 142.

[0046] The encoder 150 may encode transmission data 146 and/or other information 142 provided by the UE operations module 124. For example, encoding the data 146 and/or other information 142 may involve error detection and/or correction coding, mapping data to space, time and/or frequency resources for transmission, multiplexing, etc. The encoder 150 may provide encoded data 152 to the modulator 154.

[0047] The UE operations module 124 may provide information 144 to the modulator 154. For example, the UE operations module 124 may inform the modulator 154 of a modulation type (e.g., constellation mapping) to be used for transmissions to the eNB 160. The modulator 154 may modulate the encoded data 152 to provide one or more modulated signals 156 to the one or more transmitters 158.

[0048] The UE operations module 124 may provide information 140 to the one or more transmitters 158. This information 140 may include instructions for the one or more transmitters 158. For example, the UE operations module 124 may instruct the one or more transmitters 158 when to transmit a signal to the eNB 160. The one or more transmitters 158 may upconvert and transmit the modulated signal(s) 156 to one or more eNBs 160.

[0049] The UE bundling control module 128 may control a TTI bundling operation. The UE repetition control module 130 may control a repetition operation.

[0050] The eNB 160 may include one or more transceivers 176, one or more demodulators 172, one or more decoders 166, one or more encoders 109, one or more modulators 113, one or more data buffers 162 and one or more eNB operations modules 182. For example, one or more reception and/or transmission paths may be implemented in an eNB 160. For convenience, only a single transceiver 176, decoder 166, demodulator 172, encoder 109 and modulator 113 are illustrated in the eNB 160, though multiple parallel elements (e.g., transceivers 176, decoders 166, demodulators 172, encoders 109 and modulators 113) may be implemented.

[0051] The transceiver 176 may include one or more receivers 178 and one or more transmitters 117. The one or more receivers 178 may receive signals from the UE 102 using one or more antennas 180a-n. For example, the receiver 178 may receive and downconvert signals to produce one or more received signals 174. The one or more received signals 174 may be provided to a demodulator 172. The one or more transmitters 117 may transmit signals to the UE 102 using one or more antennas 180a-n. For example, the one or more transmitters 117 may upconvert and transmit one or more modulated signals 115.

[0052] The demodulator 172 may demodulate the one or more received signals 174 to produce one or more demodulated signals 170. The one or more demodulated signals 170 may be provided to the decoder 166. The eNB 160 may use the decoder 166 to decode signals. The decoder 166 may produce one or more decoded signals 164, 168. For example, a first eNB-decoded signal 164 may comprise received payload data, which may be stored in a data buffer 162. A second eNB-decoded signal 168 may comprise overhead data and/or control data. For example, the second eNB-decoded signal 168 may provide data (e.g., PUSCH transmission data) that may be used by the eNB operations module 182 to perform one or more operations.

[0053] In general, the eNB operations module 182 may enable the eNB 160 to communicate with the one or more UEs 102. The eNB operations module 182 may include one or more of an eNB scrambling control module 194, an eNB bundling control module 196, and an eNB repetition control module 198. The eNB operations module 182 may include PHY entities, MAC entities, RLC entities, PDCP entities, and an RRC entity.

[0054] The eNB operations module 182 may provide the benefit of scrambling the physical channel (e.g., PDSCH, PUSCH) efficiently. The eNB scrambling control module 194 may include a scrambling sequence generator. A scrambling sequence generator may be initialized at the start of each subframe, where the initialization value of cinit may be determined based on a level (e.g., repetition level, TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE), RNTI associated with the physical channel (e.g., PDSCH, PUSCH) transmission, and/or a physical layer cell identify.

[0055] The initialization value of cinit may depend on the transport channel type according to

where

nRNTI

may correspond to the RNTI associated with the physical channel (e.g., PDSCH, PUSCH) transmission. L may be the level (e.g., repetition level, TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE) associated with the physical channel (e.g., PDSCH, PUSCH) transmission and/or the RNTI. Up to two codewords can be transmitted in one subframe, i.e.,



[0056] In the case of single codeword transmission, q is equal to zero. ns is a slot number (0 through 20) in one radio frame.

[0057] For each codeword q, the block of bits

, where

may be the number of bits in codeword q transmitted on the physical channel in one subframe, may be scrambled prior to modulation, resulting in a block of scrambled bits

according to

where the scrambling sequence

may be given by the following pseudo-random sequences. The scrambling sequence generator may be initialized at the start of each subframe. The pseudo-random sequences may be defined by a length-31 Gold sequence. The output sequence c(n) of length MPN, where

, is defined by





where NC =1600 and the first m-sequence may be initialized with



[0058] • The initialization of the second m-sequence is denoted by

with the value depending on the application of the sequence.

[0059] The eNB operations module 182 may provide information 190 to the one or more receivers 178. For example, the eNB operations module 182 may inform the receiver(s) 178 when or when not to receive transmissions based on the RRC message (e.g, broadcasted system information, RRC connection reconfiguration message), MAC control element, and/or the DCI (Downlink Control Information) .

[0060] The eNB operations module 182 may provide information 188 to the demodulator 172. For example, the eNB operations module 182 may inform the demodulator 172 of a modulation pattern anticipated for transmissions from the UE(s) 102.

[0061] The eNB operations module 182 may provide information 186 to the decoder 166. For example, the eNB operations module 182 may inform the decoder 166 of an anticipated encoding for transmissions from the UE(s) 102.

[0062] The eNB operations module 182 may provide information 101 to the encoder 109. The information 101 may include data to be encoded and/or instructions for encoding. For example, the eNB operations module 182 may instruct the encoder 109 to encode transmission data 105 and/or other information 101.

[0063] The encoder 109 may encode transmission data 105 and/or other information 101 provided by the eNB operations module 182. For example, encoding the data 105 and/ or other information 101 may involve error detection and/or correction coding, mapping data to space, time and/or frequency resources for transmission, multiplexing, etc. The encoder 109 may provide encoded data 111 to the modulator 113. The transmission data 105 may include network data to be relayed to the UE 102.

[0064] The eNB operations module 182 may provide information 103 to the modulator 113. This information 103 may include instructions for the modulator 113. For example, the eNB operations module 182 may inform the modulator 113 of a modulation type (e.g., constellation mapping) to be used for transmissions to the UE(s) 102. The modulator 113 may modulate the encoded data 111 to provide one or more modulated signals 115 to the one or more transmitters 117.

[0065] The eNB operations module 182 may provide information 192 to the one or more transmitters 117. This information 192 may include instructions for the one or more transmitters 117. For example, the eNB operations module 182 may instruct the one or more transmitters 117 when to (or when not to) transmit a signal to the UE(s) 102. The one or more transmitters 117 may upconvert and transmit the modulated signal(s) 115 to one or more UEs 102.

[0066] The eNB bundling control module 196 may control a TTI bundling operation. The eNB repetition control module 198 may control a repetition operation.

[0067] It should be noted that one or more of the elements or parts thereof included in the eNB(s) 160 and UE(s) 102 may be implemented in hardware. For example, one or more of these elements or parts thereof may be implemented as a chip, circuitry or hardware components, etc. It should also be noted that one or more of the functions or methods described herein may be implemented in and/or performed using hardware. For example, one or more of the methods described herein may be implemented in and/or realized using a chipset, an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC), a large-scale integrated circuit (LSI) or integrated circuit, etc.

[0068] Figure 2 is a flow diagram illustrating one implementation of a method 200 for generating a scrambling sequence by a UE 102.

[0069] The UE 102 may determine 202 a level (e.g., repetition level, TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE and/or a type of UE). The level may be per physical channel, transport channel and/or RNTI. For low complexity UEs, due to reducing the number for antenna port and/or reducing maximum transmission power, a plurality of downlink or uplink transmissions for one data transmission may be required to compensate such a reduced capability. Furthermore, the plurality of downlink or uplink transmissions for one data transmission may be used for a coverage enhancement feature. For the plurality of transmissions for Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH), Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH), Enhanced PDCCH (EPDCCH), and/or Physical Uplink Control Channel (PUCCH), a repetition may be used. For the plurality of transmissions for Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) and/or Physical Uplink Shared Channel (PUSCH), Transmission Time Interval (TTI) bundling may be used.

[0070] When TTI bundling is configured, the parameter TTI bundle size (e.g., TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE) provides the number of TTIs of a TTI bundle. TTI bundling operation relies on a Hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) entity for invoking the same HARQ process for each transmission that is part of the same bundle. Within a bundle HARQ retransmissions are non-adaptive and triggered without waiting for feedback from previous transmissions according to TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE. The HARQ feedback of a bundle is only transmitted (e.g., HARQ feedback for PDSCH) or received (e.g., HARQ feedback for PUSCH) for the last TTI of the bundle (i.e., the TTI corresponding to TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE), regardless of whether a transmission in that TTI takes place or not (e.g. when a measurement gap occurs). A retransmission of a TTI bundle is also a TTI bundle.

[0071] The level may be TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE. A set of values of TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE may be associated with the level. For example, Level#1 (e.g., L = 1) may be for TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE = 4. Level#2 may be for TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE = 8. For another example, Level#1 may be for TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE = 4 through 7. Level#2 may be for TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE = 8 through 32. A level may be a repetition level. For example, Level#1 may be for 4 times repetition. Level#2 may be for 8 times repetition.

[0072] A level may be a type of UEs. UEs may be categorized into a few types. For example, Type 1 UE (e.g., L = 1) may be categorized into existing category (e.g., category (0) through (13)). Type 2 UE may be a bandwidth reduced UE. Type 2 UE may support a certain level's repetition and/or bundling (e.g., for coverage compensation or coverage enhancement). The Type 2 UE may be categorized into category (-1). Additionally, the Type 3 UE may be defined. The Type 3 UE may support a higher level's repetition and/or bundling. Namely, the Type 3 UE may support more times repetition or larger size bundling than the Type 2 UE. The Type1 UE may be configured with system information which is included in System Information Block Type1 (SIB1). The Type 2 UE and/or the Type 3 UE may be configured with system information which is broadcasted and/or included in System Information Block TypelA (SIB1A) which is different from SIB1 and transmitted by using TTI bundling or repetition.

[0073] The level may be determined based on one or more of TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE, a repetition level and a type of the UE 120. The level may be determined based on RRC configurations which are broadcasted as system information or signaled via dedicated signaling. The level may be determined additionally or alternatively based on Reference Signal Received Power (RSRP), Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI), and/or Reference Signal Received Quality (RSRQ) based on cell-specific reference signal (CRS) or other reference signals.

[0074] The UE 102 may determine 204 a initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator for a PDSCH transmission and/or for a PUSCH transmission. As described in Figure 1, the initialization value of cinit may be determined based on a level (e.g., repetition level, TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE), RNTI associated with the physical channel (e.g., PDSCH, PUSCH) transmission, and/or a physical layer cell identify. For example, the following initialization value may be used. L may be the level (e.g., repetition level, TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE) associated with the the physical channel (e.g., PDSCH, PUSCH) transmission and/or the RNTI.



[0075] For another example, the RNTI may be defined for the level. For example, for the Type 1 UEs, RNTI values may be presented in Table 7.1-1 and their usage and associated Transport Channels and Logical Channels are presented in Table 7.1-2.
Table 7.1-1: RNTI values.
Value (hexa-decimal)RNTI
0000 N/A
0001-003C RA-RNTI, C-RNTI, Semi-Persistent Scheduling C-RNTI, Temporary C-RNTI, TPC-PUCCH-RNTI and,TPC-PUSCH-RNTI (see note)
003D-FFF3 C-RNTI, Semi-Persistent Scheduling C-RNTI, Temporary C-RNTI, TPC-PUCCH-RNTI and TPC-PUSCH-RNTI
FFF4-FFFC Reserved for future use
FFFD M-RNTI
FFFE P-RNTI
FFFF SI-RNTI
Table 7.1-2: RNTI usage.
RNTIUsageTransport ChannelLogical Channel
P-RNTI Paging and System Information change notification PCH PCCH
SI-RNTI Broadcast of System Information DL-SCH BCCH
M-RNTI MCCH Information change notification N/A N/A
RA-RNTI Random Access Response DL-SCH N/A
Temporary C-RNTI Contention Resolution (when no valid C-RNTI is available) DL-SCH CCCH
Temporary C-RNTI Msg3 transmission UL-SCH CCCH, DCCH, DTCH
C-RNTI Dynamically scheduled unicast transmission UL-SCH DCCH, DTCH
C-RNTI Dynamically scheduled unicast transmission DL-SCH CCCH, DCCH, DTCH
C-RNTI Triggering of PDCCH ordered random access N/A N/A
Semi-Persistent Scheduling C-RNTI Semi-Persistently scheduled unicast transmission (activation, reactivation and retransmission) DL-SCH, UL-SCH DCCH, DTCH
Semi-Persistent Scheduling C-RNTI Semi-Persistently scheduled unicast transmission (deactivation) N/A N/A
TPC-PUCCH-RNTI Physical layer Uplink power control N/A N/A
TPC-PDSCH-RNTI Physical layer Uplink power control N/A N/A


[0076] P-RNTI is Paging RNTI. C-RNTI is Cell RNTI. M-RNTI is MBMS RNTI. RARNTI is Random Access RNTI. SI-RNTI is System Information RNTI. C-RNTI is Cell RNTI. TPC-PUCCH-RNTI is Transmit Power Control-Physical Uplink Control Channel-19-RNTI. TPC-PUSCH-RNTI is Transmit Power Control-Physical Uplink Shared Channel-RNTI
For the Type 2 and/or Type 3 UEs, RNTI values may be determined based on the level. For example, a value of P-RNTI for Level#1 (e.g., for the Type 1 UE) is FFFE and a value of P-RNTI for Level#2 is FFFC. For another example, RNTI may be defined as
L × (RNTI for the Type 1 UEs)

[0077] • A value of RA-RNTI for Level#1 (e.g., for the Type 1 UE) is 0001 and a value of RA-RNTI for Level#2 is 0002. Then, The initialization value of cinit may be defined as the following.



[0078] The UE 102 may generate 206 the scrambling sequence. The UE 102 may apply the scrambling sequence to decode the PDSCH and/or to encode the PUSCH. For each codeword q, the block of bits

, where

may be the number of bits in codeword q transmitted on the physical channel in one subframe, may be scrambled prior to modulation, resulting in a block of scrambled bits

according to

where the scrambling sequence

may be given by the following pseudo-random sequences. The scrambling sequence generator may be initialized at the start of each subframe. The pseudo-random sequences may be defined by a length-31 Gold sequence. The output sequence c(n) of length MPN, where

, is defined by





where NC=1600 and the first m-sequence may be initialized with



[0079] • The initialization of the second m-sequence is denoted by

with the value depending on the application of the sequence.

[0080] Figure 3 is a flow diagram illustrating one implementation of a method 300 for generating a scrambling sequence by an eNB 160.

[0081] The eNB 160 may determine 302 a level. As described in explanations in Figure 2, the level may be determined based on one or more of TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE, a repetition level and a type of the UE 120. The level may be signaled via dedicated signaling to the UE 120. The level may be determined additionally or alternatively based on information informed by the UE 120.

[0082] The eNB 160 may determine 304 a initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator for a PDSCH transmission and/or for a PUSCH transmission. As described in Figure 1, the initialization value of cinit may be determined based on a level (e.g., repetition level, TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE), RNTI associated with the physical channel (e.g., PDSCH, PUSCH) transmission, and/or a physical layer cell identify. For example, the following initialization value may be used. L may be the level (e.g., repetition level, TTI_BUNDLE_SIZE) associated with the the physical channel (e.g., PDSCH, PUSCH) transmission and/or the RNTI.



[0083] For another example, the RNTI may be defined for the level. For example, for the Type 1 UEs, RNTI values may be presented in Table 7.1-1 and their usage and associated Transport Channels and Logical Channels are presented in Table 7.1-2.

[0084] For the Type 2 and/or Type 3 UEs, RNTI values may be determined based on the level. For example, a value of P-RNTI for Level#1 (e.g., for the Type 1 UE) is FFFE and a value of P-RNTI for Level#2 is FFFC. For another example, RNTI may be defined as



[0085] • A value of RA-RNTI for Level#1 (e.g., for the Type 1 UE) is 0001 and a value of RA-RNTI for Level#2 is 0002. Then, The initialization value of cinit may be defined as the following.



[0086] The eNB 160 may generate 306 the scrambling sequence. The eNB 160 may apply the scrambling sequence to decode the PDSCH and/or to encode the PUSCH. For each codeword q, the block of bits

, where

may be the number of bits in codeword q transmitted on the physical channel in one subframe, may be scrambled prior to modulation, resulting in a block of scrambled bits

according to

where the scrambling sequence

may be given by the following pseudo-random sequences. The scrambling sequence generator may be initialized at the start of each subframe. The pseudo-random sequences may be defined by a length-31 Gold sequence. The output sequence c(n) of length MPN , where

, is defined by





where NC=1600 and the first m-sequence may be initialized with



[0087] • The initialization of the second m-sequence is denoted by

with the value depending on the application of the sequence.

[0088] Broadcasted system information may be periodically transmitted at the RRC layer. For each transmission of system information (e.g., logical channel) at the RRC layer, HARQ operation may be performed at the MAC layer. HARQ operation may include TTI bundling. Repetition control for PDSCH, PUSCH, PDCCH, EPDCCH, PUCCH, and/or PRACH may be performed at the PHY layer. Data and/or RRC control information is mapped to logical channels. The MAC entity may be responsible for mapping logical channels for uplink onto uplink transport channels. The MAC entity may be responsible for mapping the downlink logical channels to downlink transport channels.

[0089] For the Type 2 and/or Type 3 UEs, new physical channel may be introduced. For example, PDSCH, PUSCH, PDCCH, EPDCCH, PUCCH, and PRACH above may be referred to as MTC-PDSCH, MTC-PUSCH, MTC-PDCCH, MTC-EPDCCH, MTCPUCCH, and MTC-PRACH respectively. For another example, PDSCH, PUSCH, PDCCH, EPDCCH, PUCCH, and PRACH above may be referred to as PDSCH for type 2 UE, PUSCH for type 2 UE, PDCCH for type 2 UE, EPDCCH for type 2 UE, PUCCH for type 2 UE, and PRACH for type 2 UE respectively. For yet another example, PDSCH, PUSCH, PDCCH, EPDCCH, PUCCH, and PRACH above may be referred to as PDSCH with TTI bundle size X, PUSCH with TTI bundle size X, PDCCH with repetition level X, EPDCCH with repetition level X, PUCCH with repetition level X, and PRACH with repetition level X, respectively, where X is a integer.

[0090] Figure 4 illustrates various components that may be utilized in a UE 402. The UE 402 described in connection with Figure 4 may be implemented in accordance with the UE 102 described in connection with Figure 1. The UE 402 includes a processor 1381 that controls operation of the UE 402. The processor 1381 may also be referred to as a central processing unit (CPU). Memory 1387, which may include read-only memory (ROM), random access memory (RAM), a combination of the two or any type of device that may store information, provides instructions 1283a and data 485a to the processor 1381. A portion of the memory 1387 may also include non-volatile random access memory (NVRAM). Instructions 483b and data 485b may also reside in the processor 1381. Instructions 483b and/or data 485b loaded into the processor 1381 may also include instructions 1283a and/or data 485a from memory 1387 that were loaded for execution or processing by the processor 1381. The instructions 483b may be executed by the processor 1381 to implement one or more of the methods 200 and 400 described above.

[0091] The UE 402 may also include a housing that contains one or more transmitters 458 and one or more receivers 420 to allow transmission and reception of data. The transmitter(s) 458 and receiver(s) 420 may be combined into one or more transceivers 418. One or more antennas 422a-n are attached to the housing and electrically coupled to the transceiver 418.

[0092] The various components of the UE 402 are coupled together by a bus system 1389, which may include a power bus, a control signal bus and a status signal bus, in addition to a data bus. However, for the sake of clarity, the various buses are illustrated in Figure 4 as the bus system 1389. The UE 402 may also include a digital signal processor (DSP) 1391 for use in processing signals. The UE 402 may also include a communications interface 1393 that provides user access to the functions of the UE 402. The UE 402 illustrated in Figure 4 is a functional block diagram rather than a listing of specific components.

[0093] Figure 5 illustrates various components that may be utilized in an eNB 560. The eNB 560 described in connection with Figure 5 may be implemented in accordance with the eNB 160 described in connection with Figure 1. The eNB 560 includes a processor 1481 that controls operation of the eNB 560. The processor 1481 may also be referred to as a central processing unit (CPU). Memory 1487, which may include read-only memory (ROM), random access memory (RAM), a combination of the two or any type of device that may store information, provides instructions 583a and data 585a to the processor 1481. A portion of the memory 1487 may also include nonvolatile random access memory (NVRAM). Instructions 583b and data 585b may also reside in the processor 1481. Instructions 583b and/or data 585b loaded into the processor 1481 may also include instructions 583a and/or data 585a from memory 1487 that were loaded for execution or processing by the processor 1481. The instructions 583b may be executed by the processor 1481 to implement one or more of the methods 300 and 500 described above.

[0094] The eNB 560 may also include a housing that contains one or more transmitters 517 and one or more receivers 578 to allow transmission and reception of data. The transmitter(s) 517 and receiver(s) 578 may be combined into one or more transceivers 576. One or more antennas 580a-n are attached to the housing and electrically coupled to the transceiver 576.

[0095] The various components of the eNB 560 are coupled together by a bus system 1489, which may include a power bus, a control signal bus and a status signal bus, in addition to a data bus. However, for the sake of clarity, the various buses are illustrated in Figure 5 as the bus system 1489. The eNB 560 may also include a digital signal processor (DSP) 1491 for use in processing signals. The eNB 560 may also include a communications interface 1493 that provides user access to the functions of the eNB 560. The eNB 560 illustrated in Figure 5 is a functional block diagram rather than a listing of specific components.

[0096] The term "computer-readable medium" refers to any available medium that can be accessed by a computer or a processor. The term "computer-readable medium," as used herein, may denote a computer- and/or processor-readable medium that is non-transitory and tangible. By way of example, and not limitation, a computer-readable or processorreadable medium may comprise RAM, ROM, EEPROM, CD-ROM or other optical disk storage, magnetic disk storage or other magnetic storage devices, or any other medium that can be used to carry or store desired program code in the form of instructions or data structures and that can be accessed by a computer or processor. Disk and disc, as used herein, includes compact disc (CD), laser disc, optical disc, digital versatile disc (DVD), floppy disk and Blu-ray(registered trademark) disc where disks usually reproduce data magnetically, while discs reproduce data optically with lasers.

[0097] It should be noted that one or more of the methods described herein may be implemented in and/or performed using hardware. For example, one or more of the methods described herein may be implemented in and/or realized using a chipset, an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC), a large-scale integrated circuit (LSI) or integrated circuit, etc.

[0098] Each of the methods disclosed herein comprises one or more steps or actions for achieving the described method. The method steps and/or actions may be interchanged with one another and/or combined into a single step without departing from the scope of the claims. In other words, unless a specific order of steps or actions is required for proper operation of the method that is being described, the order and/or use of specific steps and/or actions may be modified without departing from the scope of the claims.

[0099] It is to be understood that the claims are not limited to the precise configuration and components illustrated above. Various modifications, changes and variations may be made in the arrangement, operation and details of the systems, methods and apparatus described herein without departing from the scope of the claims.


Claims

1. A method by a user equipment, UE, (102, 402) comprising:

receiving repeated Physical Downlink Shared Channel, PDSCH, transmissions;

determining a repetition level (202);

determining an initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator based on the repetition level, and based on a Radio Network Temporary Identifier, RNTI (204), associated with the PDSCH transmissions;

generating the scrambling sequence by initializing the scrambling sequence generator with use of the initialization value (206); and

decoding a codeword of the repeated PDSCH transmissions based on the scrambling sequence, wherein

the repetition level is associated with the repeated PDSCH transmissions and determined by a Radio Resource Control, RRC, configuration.


 
2. The method of claim 1, wherein the repetition level is determined for the UE with a coverage enhancement.
 
3. The method of claim 2, wherein the UE with the coverage enhancement receives system information which is included in system information block, which is different from system information block type 1 and which is transmitted by using TTI bundling.
 
4. A method by an evolved Node B, eNB, (160, 560) comprising:

determining a repetition level (302);

determining an initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator based on the repetition level, and based on a Radio Network Temporary Identifier, RNTI (304), associated with Physical Downlink Shared Channel, PDSCH, transmissions;

generating the scrambling sequence by initializing the scrambling sequence generator with use of the initialization value (306);

scrambling a codeword of repeated PDSCH transmissions based on the scrambling sequence; and

transmitting the repeated PDSCH transmissions, wherein

the repetition level is associated with the repeated PDSCH transmissions and determined by a Radio Resource Control, RRC, configuration.


 
5. The method of claim 4, wherein the repetition level is determined for user equipments, UEs, (102, 402) with a coverage enhancement.
 
6. The method of claim 5, wherein the UE with the coverage enhancement receives system information which is included in system information block, which is different from system information block type 1 and which is transmitted by using TTI bundling.
 
7. A user equipment, UE, (102, 402) comprising:

a processor (1381); and

memory (1387) in electronic communication with the processor, wherein instructions (1283a) stored in the memory, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to carry out the following steps:

receive repeated Physical Downlink Shared Channel, PDSCH, transmissions; determine a repetition level;

determine an initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator based on the repetition level, and based on a Radio Network Temporary Identifier, RNTI, associated with the PDSCH transmissions;

generate the scrambling sequence by initializing the scrambling sequence generator with use of the initialization value; and

decode a codeword of the repeated PDSCH transmissions based on the scrambling sequence, wherein

the repetition level is associated with the repeated PDSCH transmissions and determined by a Radio Resource Control, RRC, configuration.


 
8. The user equipment of claim 7, wherein the repetition level is determined for the UE with a coverage enhancement.
 
9. The user equipment of claim 8, wherein the UE with the coverage enhancement receives system information which is included in system information block, which is different from system information block type 1 and which is transmitted by using TTI bundling.
 
10. An evolved Node B, eNB, (160, 560) comprising:

a processor (1481); and

memory (1487) in electronic communication with the processor, wherein instructions (583a) stored in the memory, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to carry out the following steps:

determine a repetition level;

determine an initialization value for a scrambling sequence generator based on the repetition level, and based on a Radio Network Temporary Identifier, RNTI, associated with Physical Downlink Shared Channel, PDSCH, transmissions;

generate the scrambling sequence by initializing the scrambling sequence generator with use of the initialization value; and

scramble a codeword of repeated PDSCH transmissions based on the scrambling sequence

transmit the repeated PDSCH transmissions, wherein

the repetition level is associated with the repeated PDSCH transmissions and determined by a Radio Resource Control, RRC, configuration.


 
11. The evolved Node B of claim 10, wherein the repetition level is determined for user equipments, UEs, (102, 402) with a coverage enhancement.
 
12. The evolved Node B of claim 11, wherein the UE with the coverage enhancement receives system information which is included in system information block, which is different from system information block type 1 and which is transmitted by using TTI bundling.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren von einem Nutzerendgerät, UE, (102, 402), aufweisend:

Empfangen wiederholter Übertragungen eines gemeinsam genutzten physikalischen Downlink-Kanals, PDSCH;

Bestimmen einer Wiederholungsebene (202);

Bestimmen eines Initialisierungswerts für einen Generator für Scrambling-Sequenzen, basierend auf der Wiederholungsebene und basierend auf einer temporären Funknetz-Kennung, RNTI, die mit den PDSCH-Übertragungen verbunden ist (204);

Erzeugen der Scrambling-Sequenz, indem der Generator für Scrambling-Sequenzen unter Verwendung des Initialisierungswerts initialisiert wird (206); und

Decodieren eines Codeworts der wiederholten PDSCH-Übertragungen basierend auf der Scrambling-Sequenz, wobei

die Wiederholungsebene mit den wiederholten PDSCH-Übertragungen verbunden und durch eine Konfiguration der Funkressourcensteuerung, RRC, bestimmt ist.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Wiederholungsebene für das UE mit einer Abdeckungsverbesserung bestimmt wird.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei das UE mit der Abdeckungsverbesserung eine Systeminformation empfängt, die in einem Systeminformationsblock enthalten ist, der von einem Systeminformationsblock Typ 1 verschieden ist, und die unter Verwendung einer TTI-Bündelung übertragen wird.
 
4. Verfahren von einer Evolved-Node B, eNB, (160, 560), aufweisend:

Bestimmen einer Wiederholungsebene (302);

Bestimmen eines Initialisierungswerts für einen Generator für Scrambling-Sequenzen, basierend auf der Wiederholungsebene und basierend auf einer temporären Funknetz-Kennung, RNTI, die mit Übertragungen eines gemeinsam genutzten physikalischen Downlink-Kanals, PDSCH, verbunden ist (304);

Erzeugen der Scrambling-Sequenz, indem der Generator für Scrambling-Sequenzen unter Verwendung des Initialisierungswerts initialisiert wird (306);

Verwürfeln eines Codeworts wiederholter PDSCH-Übertragungen basierend auf der Scrambling-Sequenz; und

Übertragen der wiederholten PDSCH-Übertragungen, wobei

die Wiederholungsebene mit den wiederholten PDSCH-Übertragungen verbunden und durch eine Konfiguration der Funkressourcensteuerung, RRC, bestimmt ist.


 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Wiederholungsebene für Nutzerendgeräte, UEs, (102, 402) mt einer Abdeckungsverbesserung bestimmt wird.
 
6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei das UE mit der Abdeckungsverbesserung eine Systeminformation empfängt, die in einem Systeminformationsblock enthalten ist, der von einem Systeminformationsblock Typ 1 verschieden ist, und die unter Verwendung einer TTI-Bündelung übertragen wird.
 
7. Nutzerendgerät, UE, (102, 402), aufweisend:

einen Prozessor (1381); und

einen Speicher (1387) in elektronischer Verbindung mit dem Prozessor, wobei im Speicher gespeicherte Anweisungen (1283a), wenn sie vom Prozessor ausgeführt werden, den Prozessor veranlassen, die folgenden Schritte auszuführen:

Empfangen wiederholter Übertragungen eines gemeinsam genutzten physikalischen Downlink-Kanals, PDSCH;

Bestimmen einer Wiederholungsebene;

Bestimmen eines Initialisierungswerts für einen Generator für Scrambling-Sequenzen, basierend auf der Wiederholungsebene und basierend auf einer temporären Funknetz-Kennung, RNTI, die mit den PDSCH-Übertragungen verbunden ist;

Erzeugen der Scrambling-Sequenz, indem der Generator für Scrambling-Sequenzen unter Verwendung des Initialisierungswerts initialisiert wird; und

Decodieren eines Codeworts der wiederholten PDSCH-Übertragungen basierend auf der Scrambling-Sequenz, wobei

die Wiederholungsebene mit den wiederholten PDSCH-Übertragungen verbunden und durch eine Konfiguration der Funkressourcensteuerung, RRC, bestimmt ist.


 
8. Nutzerendgerät nach Anspruch 7, wobei die Wiederholungsebene für das UE mit einer Abdeckungsverbesserung bestimmt wird.
 
9. Nutzerendgerät nach Anspruch 8, wobei das UE mit der Abdeckungsverbesserung eine Systeminformation empfängt, die in einem Systeminformationsblock enthalten ist, der von einem Systeminformationsblock Typ 1 verschieden ist, und die unter Verwendung einer TTI-Bündelung übertragen wird.
 
10. Evolved-Node B, eNB, (160, 560), aufweisend:

einen Prozessor (1481); und

einen Speicher (1487) in elektronischer Verbindung mit dem Prozessor, wobei im Speicher gespeicherte Anweisungen (583a), wenn sie vom Prozessor ausgeführt werden, den Prozessor veranlassen, die folgenden Schritte auszuführen:

Bestimmen einer Wiederholungsebene;

Bestimmen eines Initialisierungswerts für einen Generator für Scrambling-Sequenzen, basierend auf der Wiederholungsebene und basierend auf einer temporären Funknetz-Kennung, RNTI, die mit Übertragungen eines gemeinsam genutzten physikalischen Downlink-Kanals, PDSCH, verbunden ist;

Erzeugen der Scrambling-Sequenz, indem der Generator für Scrambling-Sequenzen unter Verwendung des Initialisierungswerts initialisiert wird; und

Verwürfeln eines Codeworts wiederholter PDSCH-Übertragungen basierend auf der Scrambling-Sequenz;

Übertragen der wiederholten PDSCH-Übertragungen, wobei

die Wiederholungsebene mit den wiederholten PDSCH-Übertragungen verbunden und durch eine Konfiguration der Funkressourcensteuerung, RRC, bestimmt ist.


 
11. Evolved-Node B nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Wiederholungsebene für Nutzerendgeräte, UEs, (102, 402) mit einer Abdeckungsverbesserung bestimmt wird.
 
12. Evolved-Node B nach Anspruch 11, wobei das UE mit der Abdeckungsverbesserung eine Systeminformation empfängt, die in einem Systeminformationsblock enthalten ist, der von einem Systeminformationsblock Typ 1 verschieden ist, und die unter Verwendung einer TTI-Bündelung übertragen wird.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé par un équipement utilisateur, UE, (102, 402) comprenant :

recevoir des transmissions répétées de canal partagé de liaison descendante physique, PDSCH ;

déterminer un niveau de répétition (202) ;

déterminer une valeur d'initialisation pour un générateur de séquence de brouillage sur la base du niveau de répétition, et sur la base d'un identificateur temporaire de réseau radio, RNTI, (204), associé aux transmissions PDSCH ;

générer la séquence de brouillage en initialisant le générateur de séquence de brouillage en utilisant la valeur d'initialisation (206) ; et

décoder un mot de code des transmissions PDSCH répétées sur la base de la séquence de brouillage, dans lequel

le niveau de répétition est associé aux transmissions PDSCH répétées et déterminé par une configuration de commande de ressource radio, RRC.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le niveau de répétition est déterminé pour l'UE avec une amélioration de couverture.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel l'UE avec l'amélioration de couverture reçoit des informations système qui sont incluses dans un bloc d'informations système, qui est différent du bloc d'informations système de type 1 et qui est transmis en utilisant le groupement TTI.
 
4. Procédé par un nœud B évolué, eNB, (160, 560) comprenant :

déterminer un niveau de répétition (302) ;

déterminer une valeur d'initialisation pour un générateur de séquence de brouillage sur la base du niveau de répétition, et sur la base d'un identificateur temporaire de réseau radio, RNTI, (304) associé à des transmissions de canal partagé de liaison descendante physique, PDSCH ;

générer la séquence de brouillage en initialisant le générateur de séquence de brouillage en utilisant la valeur d'initialisation (306) ;

brouiller un mot de code de transmissions PDSCH répétées sur la base de la séquence de brouillage ; et

transmettre des transmissions PDSCH répétées, dans lequel

le niveau de répétition est associé aux transmissions PDSCH répétées et déterminé par une configuration de commande de ressource radio, RRC.


 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le niveau de répétition est déterminé pour des équipements utilisateurs, UE, (102, 402) avec une amélioration de couverture.
 
6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel l'UE avec l'amélioration de couverture reçoit des informations système qui sont incluses dans un bloc d'informations système, qui est différent du bloc d'informations système de type 1 et qui est transmis en utilisant le groupement TTI.
 
7. Équipement utilisateur, UE, (102, 402) comprenant :

un processeur (1381) ; et

une mémoire (1387) en communication électronique avec le processeur, dans lequel les instructions (1283a) stockées dans la mémoire, lorsqu'elles sont exécutées par le processeur, amènent le processeur à exécuter les étapes suivantes :

recevoir des transmissions répétées de canal partagé de liaison descendante physique, PDSCH ;

déterminer un niveau de répétition ;

déterminer une valeur d'initialisation pour un générateur de séquence de brouillage sur la base du niveau de répétition, et sur la base d'un identificateur temporaire de réseau radio, RNTI, associé aux transmissions PDSCH ;

générer la séquence de brouillage en initialisant le générateur de séquence de brouillage en utilisant la valeur d'initialisation ; et

décoder un mot de code des transmissions PDSCH répétées sur la base de la séquence de brouillage, dans lequel

le niveau de répétition est associé aux transmissions PDSCH répétées et déterminé par une configuration de commande de ressource radio, RRC.


 
8. Équipement utilisateur selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le niveau de répétition est déterminé pour l'UE avec une amélioration de couverture.
 
9. Équipement utilisateur selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'UE avec l'amélioration de couverture reçoit des informations système qui sont incluses dans un bloc d'informations système, qui est différent du bloc d'informations système de type 1 et qui est transmis en utilisant le groupement TTI.
 
10. Nœud B évolué, eNB, (160, 560) comprenant :

un processeur (1481) ; et

une mémoire (1487) en communication électronique avec le processeur, dans lequel les instructions (583a) stockées dans la mémoire, lorsqu'elles sont exécutées par le processeur, amènent le processeur à exécuter les étapes suivantes :

déterminer un niveau de répétition ;

déterminer une valeur d'initialisation pour un générateur de séquence de brouillage sur la base du niveau de répétition, et sur la base d'un identificateur temporaire de réseau radio, RNTI, associé à des transmissions de canal partagé de liaison descendante physique, PDSCH ;

générer la séquence de brouillage en initialisant le générateur de séquence de brouillage en utilisant la valeur d'initialisation ; et

brouiller un mot de code de transmissions PDSCH répétées sur la base de la séquence de brouillage,

transmettre les transmissions PDSCH répétées, dans lequel

le niveau de répétition est associé aux transmissions PDSCH répétées et déterminé par une configuration de commande de ressource radio, RRC.


 
11. Nœud B évolué selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le niveau de répétition est déterminé pour les équipements utilisateurs, UE, (102, 402) avec une amélioration de couverture.
 
12. Nœud B évolué selon la revendication 11, dans lequel l'UE avec l'amélioration de couverture reçoit des informations système qui sont incluses dans un bloc d'informations système, qui est différent du bloc d'informations système de type 1 et qui est transmis en utilisant le groupement TTI.
 




Drawing




















Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description