(19)
(11)EP 3 254 509 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 15701986.0

(22)Date of filing:  02.02.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 56/00(2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2015/052101
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/124220 (11.08.2016 Gazette  2016/32)

(54)

CALCULATING TIMING OFFSET IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS

BERECHNUNG VON TIMING-VERSÄTZEN IN DRAHTLOSEN KOMMUNIKATIONEN

CALCUL DE DÉCALAGE DE SYNCHRONISATION DANS DES COMMUNICATIONS SANS FIL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.12.2017 Bulletin 2017/50

(73)Proprietor: Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (publ)
164 83 Stockholm (SE)

(72)Inventors:
  • ERIKSSON, Erik
    S-581 12 Linköping (SE)
  • HESSLER, Martin
    S-581 12 Linköping (SE)
  • YILMAZ, Osman
    FI-02420 Jorvas (FI)

(74)Representative: Brann AB 
P.O. Box 3690 Drottninggatan 27
103 59 Stockholm
103 59 Stockholm (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 498 542
US-A1- 2004 246 923
  
  • ALCATEL-LUCENT: "RACH-less Handover in synchronized networks", 3GPP DRAFT; R2-072655_RACH-LESS_HANDOVER_IN_SYNCHRONIZ ED_NETWORKS, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. TSG RAN, no. Orlando; 20070625 - 20070629, 22 June 2007 (2007-06-22), XP050603109, [retrieved on 2007-06-22]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] This relates to a wireless mobile communications network, and in particular to a method for allowing a device to obtain timing information relating to a base station in the network.

BACKGROUND



[0002] In order for a device in a wireless mobile communications system to be able to transmit signals that can be received by a base station in the network, it is often necessary for the device to transmit signals at specific times. The base station typically allocates specific time slots in which it can receive signals transmitted by devices, and so it is necessary for the devices to transmit those signals at times that take account of the time taken for the signal to propagate from the device to the base station.

[0003] Typically, there is a synchronization mechanism, by which a device can determine this propagation delay, and establish a value for a transmission time offset, so that it transmits its signals at times that ensure that the signals are received by the base station within the correct time window.

[0004] However, the synchronization mechanism takes a certain period of time, and requires messages to be exchanged between the device and the base station.

[0005] In some situations, it is advantageous for the device to be able to send messages with very low latency. For example, a sensor device may be configured so that it sends an alarm message when certain conditions are detected. Because the conditions are rare, the sensor device may not remain actively connected to the network. However, when the alarm conditions are detected, the alarm message should be sent with low latency and high reliability.

[0006] In "RACH-less Handover in synchronized networks ", 3GPP Tdoc R2-072655, a method to determing the timing advance for a Target eNB during a handover from a Source eNB is disclosed.

SUMMARY



[0007] According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of operation of a user equipment device in a cellular communications network according to claim 1.

[0008] According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a user equipment device according to claim 8.

[0009] According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of operation of a base station according to claim 11.

[0010] According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a base station according to claim 13.

[0011] According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a computer program product, comprising a computer-readable storage medium containing instructions for causing a device to perform a method according to the first or third aspect.

[0012] This allows the device to send a message to the base station without first needing to perform a synchronization procedure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0013] 

Figure 1 shows a part of a communications network.

Figure 2 shows a device from the network of Figure 1.

Figure 3 shows a base station from the network of Figure 1.

Figure 4 shows the timing of signals in the network of Figure 1.

Figure 5 is a flow chart, illustrating a method performed in a device.

Figure 6 illustrates a step in the method of Figure 5.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0014] Figure 1 illustrates a part of a communications network 10, comprising three base stations 12, 14, 16, and a user equipment (UE) device 20.

[0015] The base stations 12, 14, 16 provide coverage for devices in their respective cells, and are typically connected to a core network of the communications network 10, allowing those devices to establish connections to other compatible devices.

[0016] The device 20 is able to connect to the base station in whose coverage area it is located, but may also be able to detect signals transmitted by other base stations. The device 20 may take the form of a portable communications device such as a cellular phone, but may also take the form of a user device that is generally intended to remain in a fixed location, or may take the form of a device that automatically connects to the network when it has data to send. For example, a sensor may be provided at a fixed location, with the intention that it should transmit an alarm message, or sensor data, either at fixed time intervals or when an alarm condition is detected.

[0017] Figure 2 shows the form of the device 20. Specifically, the device 20 includes a communications module 22 and a data processing and control unit 24. The data processing and control unit 24 includes a processor 26 and a memory 28. The processor 26 performs data processing and logical operations, and the memory 28 stores working data and program instructions for causing the processor to perform the methods described herein. The communications module 22 generates signals in a suitable form for transmission in accordance with a suitable communications standard, and also receives signals that have been transmitted in accordance with a suitable communications standard, and extracts data from the received signals.

[0018] Figure 3 shows the form of the base station 12, although it will be appreciated that the base stations 14, 16 are of generally similar form. Thus, the base station 12 includes a communications module 32 and a data processing and control unit 34. The data processing and control unit 34 includes a processor 36 and a memory 38. The processor 36 performs data processing and logical operations, and the memory 38 stores working data and program instructions for causing the processor to perform the methods described herein. The communications module 22 generates signals in a suitable form for transmission in accordance with a suitable communications standard, and also receives signals that have been transmitted in accordance with a suitable communications standard, and extracts data from the received signals.

[0019] Figure 4 illustrates the situation with which the method is concerned. Thus, Figure 4 shows a signal 40 being transmitted on the downlink, that is, from a base station such as the base station 12, at a time Tt. In this illustrated example, the transmitted signal is an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexed signal with a symbol duration of Td.

[0020] Figure 4 then shows the same signal 42 being received on the downlink, at a device such as the device 20. In this illustrated situation, the propagation delay, that is, the time taken for the radio signal to travel the distance between the transmitter and the receiver, is indicated as PD.

[0021] Figure 4 then shows a signal 44 being transmitted on the uplink, that is, from a device such as the device 20. In this illustrated example, the signal 44 contains a data component 46 and a cyclic prefix 48. The cyclic prefix 48 repeats a part of the data component 46. This has the effect that, provided that the signal is received within a certain time window, it can be successfully demodulated, even if it is not received at precisely the intended time. In this example, the ideal reception time for the uplink receiver, that is the base station, to receive the signal is at a time T0 later than the time at which it transmitted the signal 40. The effect of the cyclic prefix is that the signal can be successfully demodulated, provided that it is received in the base station within a window preceding the ideal reception time, where that window has a duration equal to the cyclic prefix length, CP.

[0022] Thus, the reception window starts at the time (Tt + T0 - CP) and ends at the time (Tt + T0).

[0023] Figure 4 also shows, indicated by the reference numeral 50, the signal that was transmitted on the uplink, being received at the receiving node such as the base station 12.

[0024] Again, there is a propagation delay of PD between the timing of the transmitted signal 44 and the received signal 50.

[0025] The time window 52 is the time window within which the signal 50 must be received, in order to be successfully demodulated.

[0026] The device 20 knows the time at which it receives the signal on the downlink, and it knows that the signal on the uplink must be received within the specified time window after the signal was transmitted on the downlink.

[0027] It therefore sets a transmission time offset, or timing advance, T1, such that it transmits signal 44 at a time (T0 - T1) after it receives the signal 42 in the downlink. The selected value of T1 must therefore compensate both for the propagation delay of the downlink signal and the propagation delay of the uplink signal, which may be assumed to be equal.

[0028] Therefore, the signal 50 on the uplink is received at the base station at the time (Tt +PD + T0 - T1 + PD), and T1, must be set such that this is within the reception window from the time (Tt + T0 - CP) to the time (Tt + T0).

[0029] Thus, it is necessary for the transmission time offset, or timing advance, T1, to be in the range from 2*PD to (2*PD + CP).

[0030] Figure 5 is a flow chart, illustrating a method performed in a device such as the device 20.

[0031] In step 70, the device determines that it has data to send to the base station. For example, in the case of a sensor, this may be because the sensor is programmed to report measurement values at predetermined intervals. Alternatively, it may be because an alarm condition has been detected, and it is necessary to send an alarm message to the base station. The alarm message may also include the measured parameter values that gave rise to the alarm condition.

[0032] In step 72, the device determines that it should use an estimated value for a transmission time offset. For example, if the data to be transmitted is not time-critical, it may be considered more efficient to perform a synchronization process, in order to be certain that the data is transmitted with the correct timing.

[0033] In some embodiments, the process for estimating a value for the transmission time offset is only used within a certain predetermined time period after the device last received a timing advance command from the base station. That period may start at a time later than the time at which the device last received the timing advance command from the base station. In some embodiments, the process for estimating the value for the transmission time offset is only used if the received signal strength of one or multiple downlink signals exceeds a predetermined threshold value.

[0034] In some embodiments, the process for estimating a value for the transmission time offset is used only when explicitly signalled by the serving base station, for example on initial configuration of the device or when setting up a bearer for a special type of service. The process may also be triggered by other factors such as a device moving into a specific area or identifying a service performed by the device that may require short latency.

[0035] In some embodiments, the process for estimating a value for the transmission time offset may be used in dependence on the type of data to be transmitted. For example, high priority data may be sent over a channel using an estimated timing advance, while lower priority data triggers a random access procedure to gain uplink synchronization.

[0036] The method is then concerned with a situation in which the device requires access to the base station, without being synchronized on the uplink. In some embodiments, this uses an uplink timing estimate that is based on an assumption of propagation delay reciprocity. That is, the propagation delay on the downlink is the same as the propagation delay on the uplink. This implies that the device 20 can base its estimate of the transmission time offset (uplink timing advance) on measurements that it makes on the downlink.

[0037] In practice, the effective cyclic prefix duration sets an upper limit on the timing error that can be handled in the receiving device, such as the base station in this example. In this context, the term "effective cyclic prefix duration" refers to the part of the length of the cyclic prefix that is not needed for dealing with multipath propagation. That is, one function of the cyclic prefix is to allow a receiving device to handle signals that are received over a multipath, for example with an echo. Provided that the cyclic prefix is longer than the longest received echo, the remaining part of the cyclic prefix, the effective cyclic prefix duration, provides a margin within which a timing error can be handled.

[0038] If the base station serves a small cell, then the maximum propagation delay to any device within the cell will be small, and so the device can know the actual propagation delay to within a small margin. It can then set its transmission time offset so that, with the propagation delay, the signal is received at the base station within the required time window.

[0039] However, if the cell is larger, such that the propagation delay is large compared to the effective cyclic prefix, it is necessary to use a better value for the transmission time offset.

[0040] In this illustrative example, it is assumed that the device 20 is able to detect signals from at least two base stations along a respective "line of sight". In this context, a "line of sight" is defined as the propagation condition that a radio signal moves straight from the transmitter to the receiver, e.g. even if this radio path passes through a wall etc. The following example also assumes that the base stations of the cellular network transmit synchronized (positioning) reference signals. Further, it is assumed here that the radio network transmits a node specific maximum propagation delay parameter relating to a set of positioning reference signals.

[0041] Then, in step 74 of the method shown in Figure 5, the device detects one of the synchronized reference signals transmitted by the base station to which the device wishes to transmit data, that is, its serving base station. The synchronized reference signal has a known timing, relative to the timing of the window within which any signal transmitted by the device 20 must be received by the base station.

[0042] In step 76 of the method shown in Figure 5, the device detects one of the synchronized reference signals transmitted by at least one other base station. As mentioned above, it is assumed that the reference signal transmitted by the or each other base station was transmitted at exactly the same time as the detected signal transmitted by the serving base station.

[0043] In step 78, a value for the transmission time offset is then set, based on these detected reference signals. More specifically, in one embodiment, the value for the transmission time offset is set based on a difference between the arrival times of the signals.

[0044] Figure 6 illustrates a situation in which a device 20 detects signals transmitted by a first, serving, base station BS1 and by a second base station BS2. In this illustrated example, the device 20 detects the signal transmitted by the serving base station BS1 after a propagation delay D1, and detects the signal transmitted by the second base station BS2 after a propagation delay D2. However, the device 20 typically has no way to determine the values for D1 and D2. Rather, the device 20 is able to measure a value for the time difference DRS2 between the times at which the device 20 detects the signals transmitted by the serving base station BS1 and the signal transmitted by the second base station BS2. Therefore, DRS2 = (D2 - D1).

[0045] Further, it is assumed here that the device 20 has a value for at least one node specific maximum propagation delay parameter PDmaxi, which effectively sets the size of the cell served by the base station BS1, relative to other base stations. Thus, in this case the device 20 has a value for a parameter PDmax2, which effectively sets the size of the cell served by the base station BS1, relative to the base station BS2.

[0046] In some embodiments of the invention, the value of PDmaxi is configured by the device 20 using system broadcast information. In other embodiments, the value is configured to the device using dedicated signaling, e.g. using RRC or MAC control signaling. In other embodiments the device calculates a value of PDmaxi when it receives a timing advance command from the base station when it is operating in synchronized mode. In some embodiments, the device calculates a value of PDmaxi based on a current measurement of the time difference DRS2 and a currently configured timing advance. In some embodiments the device may calculate a value before going into discontinuous reception mode, that is, the mode in which it may need to send data without first performing synchronization.

[0047] In this situation, the device 20 sets a value for its transmission time offset T1 based on the cyclic prefix duration, CP, which is assumed to be the required transmission time offset when there is zero propagation delay, and based on the time difference DRS2 and the node specific maximum propagation delay parameter PDmaxi.

[0048] Specifically:



[0049] Although, in this specific example, the term CP is used, referring to the cyclic prefix duration, the value for the transmission time offset can be calculated using a modified term that takes account of the fact that it is not possible to have zero propagation delay, and to provide a margin for timing errors. However, in many cases, a reasonable value of this term will be close to the cyclic prefix length.

[0050] Thus, more generally, the value for the transmission time offset T1 can be calculated as:

where CP" = CP + Δ, and Δ is a suitable correction factor.

[0051] In a situation in which the device 20 detects signals transmitted by the first, serving, base station BS1 and by multiple second base stations BSi, it detects the signal transmitted by the serving base station BS1 after a propagation delay D1, and detects the signals transmitted by the second base stations BSi after respective propagation delays D1. The device 20 then measures multiple values for the time differences DRSi between the times at which the device 20 detects the signals transmitted by the serving base station BS1 and the signals transmitted by the respective second base station BSi. Therefore, DRSi = (Di - D1).

[0052] In this situation, the measurement that provides the minimum time difference is used. That is:



[0053] Again, the term CP can be replaced by (CP+ Δ), as above.

[0054] If the device is unable to detect any other base station, for example it is unable to detect signals from any other base station with a signal strength above a predetermined threshold, then the method does not provide a useful result and is automatically deactivated.

[0055] If, for some reason, the measurements are in error, such that they would produce a negative value for the timing offset, the use of the "max" function ensures that the calculation produces a timing offset of CP (or (CP+ Δ)), as a worst case.

[0056] Thus, in these illustrated examples, the value for the transmission time offset is set based on a predetermined baseline time offset and on the timing difference between the detected timing signals from the serving base station and one other base station.

[0057] In some embodiments, the value for the transmission time offset is set based in part also on the path loss with which the device 20 receives the signals from the serving base station, and optionally also from at least one other base station, using the feature that, in general terms, the path loss between a base station and a receiving device will increase with the distance of the device from the base station.

[0058] Having set the value for the transmission time offset, in step 80 the device transmits the required data to the serving base station. The signal transmitted to the serving base station may additionally include a demodulation pilot for use by the serving base station, but it is not necessary for the device to perform a synchronization procedure.

[0059] The signal transmitted in step 80 can be transmitted with a power that is set based on a degree of uncertainty in the value of the transmission time offset. This degree of uncertainty could for example depend on the time from last time alignment and/or the number of "other base stations" used in calculating the transmission time offset correction. When time alignment is performed, the device has a value for the transmission time offset that is assumed to be acceptably accurate. The longer the time since this was performed, the higher probability that the device has moved and that the value is no longer accurate. Also, it is possible to move to locations at which the actual propagation delay changes, but the measured time difference is unchanged. If additional "other base stations" are used, that possibility is reduced.

[0060] Timing errors risk the possibility of inter-symbol interference between transmissions received by the base station, due to the loss of orthogonality between them. Therefore, when there is a higher degree of uncertainty in the calculation of the value of the transmission time offset, there is a greater risk of this interference, and so the transmission power is reduced to reduce the effects of this interference.

[0061] Additionally, in some embodiments, the device can report the measured time difference. In addition, in some embodiments the device reports to the base station statistics relating to failed transmissions that occur when it is using an estimated value of the transmission time offset. In some embodiments the base station estimates the timing errors experienced when using estimated values of the transmission time offset. In such embodiments, the base station can determine whether, and when, to configure devices to use the process for setting the transmission time offset value, based on such reports from devices. In some embodiments the base station forwards statistics about estimated TA to an Operations and Maintenance node, which can itself make decisions about the use of the process, based on these statistics.

[0062] In the examples of the method described above, the value for the transmission time offset is set based on information relating to timing signals obtained from the serving base station and at least one other base station.

[0063] In some embodiments, it may be possible to obtain a value for a timing advance for a serving base station, using available timing advance information, for example timing advance information relating to one of the other base stations.

[0064] For example, one example of this is when there is a split, or separation, between the uplink and the downlink. For example, a device might have an uplink connection through one cell (for example a small cell, to allow critical data to be transmitted), and a downlink connection through a different cell (for example a macro cell, providing a best-effort service). In this case, assuming that the two cells are synchronized on their downlink, provided that the device knows the timing advance information relating to one of the cells, it can estimate the timing advance within the other cell based on the timing difference between signals that it receives on the downlink from the two cells. In this case, receiving one downlink signal sample from each cell would be sufficient for the timing advance estimation.

[0065] There is thus described a method by which the device can obtain useful timing information, such that it may be possible to transmit data to a serving base station without first performing an uplink synchronization procedure.

[0066] It should be noted that the above-mentioned embodiments illustrate rather than limit the invention, and that those skilled in the art will be able to design many alternative embodiments without departing from the scope of the appended claims. The word "comprising" does not exclude the presence of elements or steps other than those listed in a claim, "a" or "an" does not exclude a plurality, and a single feature or other unit may fulfil the functions of several units recited in the claims. Any reference signs in the claims shall not be construed so as to limit their scope.


Claims

1. A method of operation of a user equipment device in a cellular communications network, comprising:

detecting (74) a timing signal from a serving base station;

obtaining timing information from at least one other base station, comprising detecting (76) a timing signal transmitted by the at least one other base station;

setting (78) a value for a transmission time offset (T1) based on measuring a timing difference, D2 - D1, between the detected timing signals from the serving base station and the at least one other base station, subtracting the timing difference, D2 - D1, from a maximum propagation delay parameter, PDmaxi, and adding a cyclic prefix, CP; and

transmitting (80) signals to the serving base station using the set value for the transmission time offset (T1).


 
2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein setting (78) the value for the transmission time offset (T1) further comprises:

detecting a timing signal from a plurality of other base stations;

determining, for each of the plurality of other base stations, a respective timing difference between the detected timing signal from the serving base station and the detected timing signal from the other base station; and

determining a maximum one of said respective timing differences, and

wherein the subtracting of the timing difference, D2 - D1, from the maximum propagation delay parameter, PDmaxi, comprises subtracting the determined maximum one of said respective timing differences.


 
3. The method as claimed in claim 1 or 2, further comprising obtaining a value for the maximum propagation delay parameter, PDmaxi, by one of:

receiving the value for the maximum propagation delay parameter, PDmaxi, in a broadcast message;

receiving the value for the maximum propagation delay parameter, PDmaxi, in a dedicated signaling message; or

calculating the value for the maximum propagation delay parameter, PDmaxi.


 
4. The method as claimed in any of the preceding claims, further comprising setting the value for the transmission time offset (T1) to whichever is the greater of the CP, and the value obtained by measuring the timing difference, D2 - D1, between the detected timing signals from the serving base station and the at least one other base station, subtracting the timing difference, D2 - D1, from the maximum propagation delay parameter, PDmaxi, and adding the cyclic prefix, CP.
 
5. The method as claimed in any of the preceding claims, further comprising setting said value for the transmission time offset (T1), and transmitting (80) the signals to the serving base station using the set value for the transmission time offset (T1), in response to determining that data to be transmitted has a high priority and/or using the set value for the transmission time offset (T1), only within a predetermined time period after receiving a timing advance command and/or only when explicitly signaled by the serving base station and/or only when the device is able to detect timing signals from at least a predetermined number of other base stations with a signal strength at least equal to a predetermined signal strength.
 
6. The method as claimed in any of the preceding claims, further comprising reporting the set value for the transmission time offset (T1) to the serving base station.
 
7. The method as claimed in any of claims 1 to 6, further comprising:
transmitting the signals to the serving base station with a power that is determined based on an uncertainty in the set value for the transmission time offset (T1).
 
8. A user equipment device (20), for use in a cellular communications network, the user equipment device (20) being configured to:

detect a timing signal from a serving base station (BS1);

obtain timing information from at least one other base station (BS2), comprising detection of a timing signal transmitted by the at least one other base station (BS2);

set a value for a transmission time offset (T1) based on measurement of a timing difference, D2 - D1, between the detected timing signals from the serving base station (BS1) and the at least one other base station (BS2), subtraction of the timing difference, D2 - D1, from a maximum propagation delay parameter, PDmaxi, and addition of a cyclic prefix, CP; and

transmit signals to the serving base station (BS1) using the set value for the transmission time offset (T1).


 
9. The user equipment device (20) as claimed in claim 8, wherein determination of the value for the transmission time offset (T1) further comprises:

detection of a timing signal from a plurality of other base stations;

determination of, for each of the plurality of other base stations, a respective timing difference between the detected timing signal from the serving base station (BS1) and the detected timing signal from the other base station; and

determination of a maximum one of said respective timing differences, and

wherein the subtraction of the timing difference, D2 - D1, from the maximum propagation delay parameter, PDmaxi, comprises subtraction of the determined maximum one of said respective timing differences.


 
10. The user equipment device (20) as claimed in claim 8, further configured to set the value for the transmission time offset (T1) to whichever is the greater of the CP, and the value obtained by measurement of the timing difference, D2 - D1, between the detected timing signals from the serving base station (BS1) and the at least one other base station (BS2), subtraction of the timing difference, D2 - D1, from the maximum propagation delay parameter, PDmaxi, and addition of the cyclic prefix, CP.
 
11. A method of operation of a base station in a cellular communications network, comprising instructing a user equipment device to:

detect (74) a timing signal from said base station;

obtain timing information from at least one other base station, comprising detection (76) of a timing signal transmitted by the at least one other base station;

set (78) a value for a transmission time offset (T1) based on measurement of a timing difference, D2 - D1, between the detected timing signals from said base station and the at least one other base station, subtraction of the timing difference, D2 - D1, from a maximum propagation delay parameter, PDmaxi, and addition of a cyclic prefix, CP; and

transmit (80) signals to said base station using the set value for the transmission time offset (T1).


 
12. The method as claimed in claim 11, further comprising instructing said user equipment device by means of one of: a broadcast message or dedicated signaling.
 
13. A base station (12) for use in a cellular communications network, the base station (12) being configured to instruct a user equipment device (20) to:

detect a timing signal from said base station,

obtain timing information from at least one other base station, comprising detection of a timing signal transmitted by the at least one other base station;

set a value for a transmission time offset (T1) based on measurement of a timing difference, D2 - D1, between the detected timing signals from said base station and the at least one other base station, subtraction of the timing difference, D2 - D1, from a maximum propagation delay parameter, PDmaxi, and addition of a cyclic prefix, CP; and

transmit signals to said base station using the set value for the transmission time offset (T1).


 
14. The base station as claimed in claim 13, wherein the instructing said user equipment device (20) is performed by means of one of: a broadcast message or dedicated signaling.
 
15. A computer program product, comprising a computer-readable storage medium containing instructions for causing a user equipment device (20) to perform a method as claimed in any of claims 1 to 7 or a base station (12) to perform a method as claimed in any of claims 11 to 12.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zum Betreiben einer Benutzerausstattungsvorrichtung in einem Zellularkommunikationsnetzwerk, Folgendes umfassend:

Erfassen (74) eines Timing-Signals von einer bedienenden Basisstation;

Erhalten von Timing-Informationen von mindestens einer anderen Basisstation, das Erfassen (76) eines Timing-Signals umfassend, das von der mindestens einen anderen Basisstation übermittelt wird;

Festlegen (78) eines Werts für einen Übermittlungszeit-Versatz (T1), basierend auf einem Messen einer Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, zwischen den erfassten Timing-Signalen von der bedienenden Basisstation und der mindestens einen anderen Basisstation,

einem Subtrahieren der Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, von einem maximalen Ausbreitungsverzögerungsparameter, PDmaxi, und einem Addieren eines zyklischen Präfix, CP; und

Übermitteln (80) von Signalen an die bedienende Basisstation unter Verwendung des festgelegten Werts für den Übermittlungszeit-Versatz (T1).


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Festlegen (78) des Werts für den Übermittlungszeit-Versatz (T1) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

Erfassen eines Timing-Signals von einer Vielzahl von anderen Basisstationen;

Bestimmen, für jede von der Vielzahl von anderen Basisstationen, einer jeweiligen Timing-Differenz zwischen dem erfassten Timing-Signal von der bedienenden Basisstation und dem erfassten Timing-Signal von der anderen Basisstation; und

Bestimmen der maximalen von den jeweiligen Timing-Differenzen, und

wobei das Subtrahieren der Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, von dem maximalen Ausbreitungsverzögerungsparameter, PDmaxi, das Subtrahieren der festgelegten maximalen von den jeweiligen Timing-Differenzen umfasst.


 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, ferner das Erhalten eines Werts für den maximalen Ausbreitungsverzögerungsparameter, PDmaxi, durch eines der Folgenden umfassend:

Erhalten des Werts für den maximalen Ausbreitungsverzögerungsparameter, PDmaxi, in einer Rundsendenachricht;

Erhalten des Werts für den maximalen Ausbreitungsverzögerungsparameter, PDmaxi, in einer dedizierten Signalisierungsnachricht; oder

Berechnen des Werts für den maximalen Ausbreitungsverzögerungsparameter, PDmaxi.


 
4. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner das Festlegen des Werts für den Übertragungszeit-Versatz (T1) auf den höheren des CP, und den Wert umfassend, der durch das Messen der Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, zwischen den erfassten Timing-Signalen von der bedienenden Basisstation und der mindestens einen anderen Basisstation, das Subtrahieren der Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, von dem maximalen Ausbreitungsverzögerungsparameter, PDmaxi, und das Addieren des zyklischen Präfix, CP, erhalten wird.
 
5. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner das Festlegen des Werts für den Übertragungszeit-Versatz (T1) und das Übermitteln (80) der Signale an die bedienende Basisstation umfassend, wobei der festgelegte Wert für den Übertragungszeit-Versatz (T1) verwendet wird, als Reaktion auf das Festlegen, dass zu übermittelnde Daten eine hohe Priorität haben, und/oder wobei der festgelegte Wert für den Übertragungszeit-Versatz (T1) verwendet wird, ausschließlich innerhalb eines vorgegebenen Zeitraums nach Erhalten eines Timingvorlaufbefehls und/oder nur, wenn dies ausdrücklich von der bedienenden Basisstation signalisiert wird und/oder nur, wenn die Vorrichtung dazu in der Lage ist, Timing-Signale von mindestens einer vorgegebenen Anzahl anderer Basisstationen mit einer Signalstärke zu erfassen, die mindestens einer vorgegebenen Signalstärke entspricht.
 
6. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner das Berichten des festgelegten Werts für den Übertragungszeit-Versatz (T1) an die bedienende Basisstation umfassend.
 
7. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, ferner Folgendes umfassend:
Übermitteln der Signale an die bedienende Basisstation mit einer Stärke, die basierend auf einer Unsicherheit in dem festgelegten Wert für den Übertragungszeit-Versatz (T1) bestimmt wird.
 
8. Benutzerausstattungsvorrichtung (20) zur Verwendung in einem Zellularkommunikationsnetzwerk, wobei die Benutzerausstattungsvorrichtung (20) dazu konfiguriert ist, dass:

sie ein Timing-Signal von einer bedienenden Basisstation (BS1) erfasst;

sie Timing-Informationen von mindestens einer anderen Basisstation (BS2) erhält, das Erfassen eines Timing-Signals umfassend, das von der mindestens einen anderen Basisstation (BS2) übermittelt wird;

sie einen Wert für einen Übertragungszeit-Versatz (T1) festlegt, basierend auf dem Messen einer Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, zwischen den erfassten Timing-Signalen von der bedienenden Basisstation (BS1) und der mindestens einen anderen Basisstation (BS2), dem Subtrahieren der Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, von einem maximalen Ausbreitungsverzögerungsparameter, PDmaxi, und dem Addieren eines zyklischen Präfix, CP; und

sie Signale an die bedienende Basisstation (BS1) übermittelt, unter Verwendung des festgelegten Werts für den Übermittlungszeit-Versatz (T1).


 
9. Benutzerausstattungsvorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Bestimmen des Werts für den Übermittlungszeit-Versatz (T1) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

Erfassen eines Timing-Signals von einer Vielzahl von anderen Basisstationen;

Bestimmen, für jede von der Vielzahl von anderen Basisstationen, einer jeweiligen Timing-Differenz zwischen dem erfassten Timing-Signal von der bedienenden Basisstation (BS1) und dem erfassten Timing-Signal von der anderen Basisstation; und

Bestimmen einer maximalen von den jeweiligen Timing-Differenzen, und

wobei das Subtrahieren der Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, von dem maximalen Ausbreitungsverzögerungsparameter, PDmaxi, das Subtrahieren der festgelegten maximalen von den jeweiligen Timing-Differenzen umfasst.


 
10. Benutzerausstattungsvorrichtung (20) nach Anspruch 8, die ferner dazu konfiguriert ist, dass sie den Wert für den Übermittlungszeit-Versatz (T1) auf den höheren des CP, und den Wert festlegt, der durch das Messen der Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, zwischen den erfassten Timing-Signalen von der bedienenden Basisstation (BS1) und der mindestens einen anderen Basisstation (BS2), das Subtrahieren der Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, von dem maximalen Ausbreitungsverzögerungsparameter, PDmaxi, und das Addieren des zyklischen Präfix, CP, erhalten wird.
 
11. Verfahren zum Betreiben einer Basisstation in einem Zellularkommunikationsnetzwerk, die eine Benutzerausstattungsvorrichtung zu Folgendem anweist:

Erfassen (74) eines Timing-Signals von der Basisstation;

Erhalten von Timing-Informationen von mindestens einer anderen Basisstation, das Erfassen (76) eines Timing-Signals umfassend, das von der mindestens einen anderen Basisstation übermittelt wird;

Festlegen (78) eines Werts für einen Übermittlungszeit-Versatz (T1), basierend auf dem Messen einer Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, zwischen den erfassten Timing-Signalen von der Basisstation und der mindestens einen anderen Basisstation, dem Subtrahieren der Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, von einem maximalen Ausbreitungsverzögerungsparameter, PDmaxi, und dem Addieren eines zyklischen Präfix, CP; und

Übermitteln (80) von Signalen an die Basisstation unter Verwendung des festgelegten Werts für den Übermittlungszeit-Versatz (T1).


 
12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, ferner das Anweisen der Benutzerausstattungsvorrichtung durch eines der folgenden Mittel umfasst: eine Rundsendenachricht oder dediziertes Signalisieren.
 
13. Basisstation (12) zur Verwendung in einem Zellularkommunikationsnetzwerk, wobei die Basisstation (12) dazu konfiguriert ist, dass sie eine Benutzerausstattungsvorrichtung (20) zu Folgendem anweist:

Erfassen eines Timing-Signals von der Basisstation;

Erhalten von Timing-Informationen von mindestens einer anderen Basisstation, das Erfassen eines Timing-Signals umfassend, das von der mindestens einen anderen Basisstation übermittelt wird;

Festlegen eines Werts für einen Übermittlungszeit-Versatz (T1), basierend auf dem Messen einer Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, zwischen den erfassten Timing-Signalen von der Basisstation und der mindestens einen anderen Basisstation, dem Subtrahieren der Timing-Differenz, D2-D1, von einem maximalen Ausbreitungsverzögerungsparameter, PDmaxi, und dem Addieren eines zyklischen Präfix, CP; und

Übermitteln von Signalen an die Basisstation unter Verwendung des festgelegten Werts für den Übermittlungszeit-Versatz (T1).


 
14. Basisstation nach Anspruch 13, wobei das Anweisen der Benutzerausstattungsvorrichtung (20) durch eines der folgenden Mittel durchgeführt wird: eine Rundsendenachricht oder dediziertes Signalisieren.
 
15. Computerprogrammprodukt, das ein computerlesbares Speichermedium umfasst, das Anweisungen enthält, um eine Benutzerausstattungsvorrichtung (20) dazu zu veranlassen, ein Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7 auszuführen, oder eine Basisstation (12) dazu zu veranlassen, ein Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 11 bis 12 auszuführen.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de fonctionnement d'un dispositif d'équipement utilisateur dans un réseau cellulaire de communications, comprenant :

la détection (74) d'un signal de synchronisation provenant d'une station de base de desserte ;

l'obtention d'informations de synchronisation provenant d'au moins une autre station de base, comprenant la détection (76) d'un signal de synchronisation transmis par l'au moins une autre station de base ;

le réglage (78) d'une valeur pour un décalage de temps de transmission (T1) sur la base de la mesure d'une différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, entre les signaux de synchronisation détectés provenant de la station de base de desserte et de l'au moins une autre station de base, de la soustraction de la différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, d'un paramètre de retard de propagation maximal, PDmaxi, et de l'ajout d'un préfixe cyclique, CP ; et

la transmission (80) de signaux à la station de base de desserte à l'aide de la valeur réglée pour le décalage de temps de transmission (T1).


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le réglage (78) de la valeur pour le décalage de temps de transmission (T1) comprend en outre :

la détection d'un signal de synchronisation provenant d'une pluralité d'autres stations de base ;

la détermination, pour chacune de la pluralité d'autres stations de base, d'une différence de synchronisation respective entre le signal de synchronisation détecté provenant de la station de base de desserte et le signal de synchronisation détecté provenant de l'autre station de base ; et

la détermination d'une différence maximale desdites différences de synchronisation respectives, et

dans lequel la soustraction de la différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, du paramètre de retard de propagation maximal, PDmaxi, comprend la soustraction de la différence maximale déterminée desdites différences de synchronisation respectives.


 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant en outre l'obtention d'une valeur pour le paramètre de retard de propagation maximal, PDmaxi, par l'un :

de la réception de la valeur pour le paramètre de retard de propagation maximal, PDmaxi, dans un message de diffusion ;

de la réception de la valeur pour le paramètre de retard de propagation maximal, PDmaxi, dans un message de signalisation dédié ; ou

du calcul de la valeur pour le paramètre de retard de propagation maximal, PDmaxi.


 
4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre le réglage de la valeur pour le décalage de temps de transmission (T1) à la valeur la plus élevée parmi les CP, et de la valeur obtenue par la mesure de la différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, entre les signaux de synchronisation détectés provenant de la station de base de desserte et de l'au moins une autre station de base, la soustraction de la différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, du paramètre de retard de propagation maximal, PDmaxi, et l'ajout du préfixe cyclique, CP.
 
5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre le réglage de ladite valeur pour le décalage de temps de transmission (T1) et la transmission (80) des signaux à la station de base de desserte à l'aide de la valeur réglée pour le décalage de temps de transmission (T1), en réponse à la détermination selon laquelle les données à transmettre ont une priorité élevée et/ou à l'aide de la valeur réglée pour le décalage de temps de transmission (T1), uniquement dans une période de temps prédéterminée après la réception d'une commande d'avance de synchronisation et/ou uniquement lorsqu'elles sont explicitement signalées par la station de base de desserte et/ou uniquement lorsque le dispositif est capable de détecter des signaux de synchronisation provenant d'au moins un nombre prédéterminé d'autres stations de base avec une intensité de signal au moins égale à une intensité de signal prédéterminée.
 
6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre le signalement de la valeur réglée pour le décalage de temps de transmission (T1) à la station de base de desserte.
 
7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, comprenant en outre :
la transmission des signaux à la station de base de desserte avec une puissance qui est déterminée sur la base d'une incertitude dans la valeur réglée pour le décalage de temps de transmission (T1).
 
8. Dispositif d'équipement utilisateur (20), destiné à être utilisé dans un réseau cellulaire de communications, le dispositif d'équipement utilisateur (20) étant configuré pour :

détecter un signal de synchronisation provenant d'une station de base de desserte (BS1) ;

obtenir des informations de synchronisation provenant d'au moins une autre station de base (BS2), comprenant la détection d'un signal de synchronisation transmis par l'au moins une autre station de base (BS2) ;

régler une valeur pour un décalage de temps de transmission (T1) sur la base de la mesure d'une différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, entre les signaux de synchronisation détectés provenant de la station de base de desserte (BS1) et de l'au moins une autre station de base (BS2), de la soustraction de la différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, d'un paramètre de retard de propagation maximal, PDmaxi, et de l'ajout d'un préfixe cyclique, CP ; et

transmettre des signaux à la station de base de desserte (BS1) à l'aide de la valeur réglée pour le décalage de temps de transmission (T1).


 
9. Dispositif d'équipement utilisateur (20) selon la revendication 8, dans lequel la détermination de la valeur pour le décalage de temps de transmission (T1) comprend en outre :

la détection d'un signal de synchronisation provenant d'une pluralité d'autres stations de base ;

la détermination, pour chacune de la pluralité d'autres stations de base, d'une différence de synchronisation respective entre le signal de synchronisation détecté provenant de la station de base de desserte (BS1) et le signal de synchronisation détecté provenant de l'autre station de base ; et

la détermination d'une différence maximale desdites différences de synchronisation respectives, et

dans lequel la soustraction de la différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, du paramètre de retard de propagation maximal, PDmaxi, comprend la soustraction de la différence maximale déterminée desdites différences de synchronisation respectives.


 
10. Dispositif d'équipement utilisateur (20) selon la revendication 8, en outre configuré pour régler la valeur pour le décalage de temps de transmission (T1) à la valeur la plus élevée parmi les CP, et la valeur obtenue par la mesure de la différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, entre les signaux de synchronisation détectés provenant de la station de base de desserte (BS1) et de l'au moins une autre station de base (BS2), la soustraction de la différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, du paramètre de retard de propagation maximal, PDmaxi, et l'ajout du préfixe cyclique, CP.
 
11. Procédé de fonctionnement d'une station de base dans un réseau cellulaire de communications, comprenant le fait de donner des instructions à un dispositif d'équipement utilisateur pour :

détecter (74) un signal de synchronisation provenant de ladite station de base ;

obtenir des informations de synchronisation provenant d'au moins une autre station de base, comprenant la détection (76) d'un signal de synchronisation transmis par l'au moins une autre station de base ;

régler (78) une valeur pour un décalage de temps de transmission (T1) sur la base de la mesure d'une différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, entre les signaux de synchronisation détectés provenant de ladite station de base et de l'au moins une autre station de base, de la soustraction de la différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, d'un paramètre de retard de propagation maximal, PDmaxi, et de l'ajout d'un préfixe cyclique, CP ; et

transmettre (80) des signaux à ladite station de base à l'aide de la valeur réglée pour le décalage de temps de transmission (T1).


 
12. Procédé selon la revendication 11, comprenant en outre le fait de donner des instructions audit dispositif d'équipement utilisateur au moyen de l'un : d'un message de diffusion ou d'une signalisation dédiée.
 
13. Station de base (12) destinée à être utilisée dans un réseau cellulaire de communications, la station de base (12) étant configurée pour donner des instructions à un dispositif d'équipement utilisateur (20) pour :

détecter un signal de synchronisation provenant de ladite station de base,

obtenir des informations de synchronisation provenant d'au moins une autre station de base, comprenant la détection d'un signal de synchronisation transmis par l'au moins une autre station de base ;

régler une valeur pour un décalage de temps de transmission (T1) sur la base de la mesure d'une différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, entre les signaux de synchronisation détectés provenant de ladite station de base et de l'au moins une autre station de base, de la soustraction de la différence de synchronisation, D2 - D1, d'un paramètre de retard de propagation maximal, PDmaxi, et de l'ajout d'un préfixe cyclique, CP ; et

transmettre des signaux à ladite station de base à l'aide de la valeur réglée pour le décalage de temps de transmission (T1).


 
14. Station de base selon la revendication 13, dans laquelle le fait de donner des instructions au dispositif d'équipement utilisateur (20) est effectué au moyen de l'un : d'un message de diffusion ou d'une signalisation dédiée.
 
15. Produit de programme informatique, comprenant un support de stockage lisible par ordinateur contenant des instructions pour amener un dispositif d'équipement utilisateur (20) à mettre en œuvre un procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7 ou une station de base (12) pour mettre en œuvre un procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 11 et 12.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Non-patent literature cited in the description