(19)
(11)EP 3 254 633 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 17174264.6

(22)Date of filing:  02.06.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61B 17/68  (2006.01)

(54)

SCREW ANCHOR ASSEMBLY

SCHRAUBANKERANORDNUNG

ENSEMBLE D'ANCRAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 08.06.2016 KR 20160071012

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.12.2017 Bulletin 2017/50

(73)Proprietor: Kyungpook National University Industry-Academic Cooperation Foundation
Daegu 41566 (KR)

(72)Inventor:
  • KIM, Kyoung Tae
    Suseong-gu Daegu (KR)

(74)Representative: Weickmann & Weickmann PartmbB 
Postfach 860 820
81635 München
81635 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2006 235 410
US-A1- 2012 265 258
US-A1- 2008 221 624
US-B1- 6 290 701
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] The present invention relates to a screw anchor assembly having a structure capable of increasing fixation power for fixing a spinal bone and facilitating surgery.

    [0002] US 2012/265258 A1, US 2006/235410 A1 and US 2008/221624 A1 each disclose a screw anchor assembly used in pedicle screw fixation, the screw anchor assembly comprising: a screw having screw threads defined on a circumferential surface; and a screw anchor having a first end and a second end, an accommodating part defined by anchor screw threads on an inner surface of the screw anchor and having one end to receive the screw, and a locking step extending in a radial direction from the first end of the screw anchor, wherein the accommodating part is adapted to flexibly expand when the screw is screw-coupled to the screw anchor. There, the screw anchor is expanded by inserting and fastening the screw itself, but without using an additional expanding member before inserting the screw.

    [0003] Generally, for spinal conditions, an indirect therapy method using physical therapy and a direct therapy method in which a separate fixation device is installed at a damaged spinal segment to correct and fixate the spine are performed. That is, although physical therapy is performed when a spinal disease is not severe, therapy is performed using a separate spinal fixation device when a disease related to a cervical vertebra, a thoracic vertebra, a lumbar vertebra, a sacrum, and an intervertebral disc, which constitute the spine, is severe.

    [0004] To return a damaged spinal segment to a normal functioning state and then fixate and stabilize the corrected spinal segment in order to prevent movement thereof, a commonly installed spinal fixation device includes a pedicle (sacrum) screw that is inserted into a pedicle or a sacrum of a vertebra at a predetermined angle and to a predetermined depth, a spinal rod disposed at one side of a spinal segment , and a fixation cap or a coupling and engaging part configured to connect and engage the spinal rod with the pedicle screw. To treat a damaged spinal segment, first, the pedicle screw is inserted and fixed to a pedicle or a sacrum of a vertebra in an appropriate position and direction, the spinal segment is corrected to the normal state using the spinal rod, the spinal rod and the pedicle screw are fixed using the fixation cap or the coupling and engaging part, and then treatment is finished.

    [0005] Nowadays, due to an increase in the elderly population, the use of screw fixation in treating patients with severe osteoporosis has increased. However, in a case of conventional screw fixation (Korean Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 10-2006-0133857), after screw fixation is performed, bone melting, which is referred to as a halo phenomenon, i.e., bone cavitation, may occur over time near a screw fixed to a bone. Due to this, loosening of the screw may occur. Consequently, because around half of patients who undergo screw fixation may later develop adjacent segment degeneration caused by the screw fixation and require revision surgery, a physical and economic burden may be placed on the patients.

    [0006] In this case, a larger screw may be inserted into an area at which the screw loosening occurs, the bone near the screw may be filled with cement or the like, or an allograft bone plug may be inserted therein. However, it is difficult to reliably secure fixation power for fixing the screw to the bone by the above.

    SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE



    [0007] To solve the above problems, the need for a screw anchor assembly that does not cause loosening of a screw after the screw is in place and fixed into the bone.

    [0008] It is an objective of the present disclosure to provide a screw anchor assembly that can be applied to screws of any length so that a surgery is facilitated and that has an increased contact area with a spinal bone and sufficient pullout strength so that a screw is reliably in place and fixed, and the physical toll can be reduced, along with lowering the cost of surgery. while also employing a method of using the screw anchor assembly in pedicle screw fixation.

    [0009] Objectives of the present disclosure are not limited to that mentioned above, and other unmentioned objectives will be clearly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art from the description below.

    [0010] To solve the above objectives, the present invention provides a screw anchor assembly according to claim 1.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0011] The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present disclosure will become more apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art by describing exemplary embodiments thereof in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    FIG. 1 is a view illustrating a process in which a screw anchor assembly is fixed within a spinal bone according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    FIG. 2 is a view illustrating a state in which the screw anchor assembly is separated into a screw anchor and a screw according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    FIG. 3 is a view illustrating a state in which the screw anchor and the screw of the screw anchor assembly are coupled according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a screw anchor of a screw anchor assembly according to another embodiment of the present disclosure;

    FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a screw anchor of a screw anchor assembly according to still another embodiment of the present disclosure; and

    FIG. 6 is a flowchart of a method of using a screw anchor assembly in pedicle screw fixation according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS



    [0012] Advantages and features of the present disclosure and a method of achieving the same should become clear through embodiments described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. However, the present disclosure is not limited to the embodiments disclosed below and may be realized in various other forms. The present embodiments make the disclosure of the present disclosure complete and are provided to completely inform one of ordinary skill in the art to which the present disclosure pertains of the scope of the disclosure. The present disclosure is defined only by the scope of the claims. Like reference numerals refer to like elements throughout.

    [0013] Terms used herein are for describing the embodiments and are not intended to limit the present disclosure. In the specification, a singular expression includes a plural expression unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. The terms "comprises" and/or "comprising" used herein do not preclude the existence or the possibility of one or more additional elements, steps, and operations other than those mentioned.

    [0014] A screw anchor assembly according to an embodiment of the present disclosure will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 3. FIG. 1 is a view illustrating a process in which the screw anchor assembly is fixed within a spinal bone according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 2 is a view illustrating a state in which the screw anchor assembly is separated into a screw anchor and a screw according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 3 is a view illustrating a state in which the screw anchor and the screw of the screw anchor assembly are coupled according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

    [0015] Referring to FIGS. 1 to 3, the screw anchor assembly according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes a screw anchor 30 and a screw 10.

    [0016] The screw anchor 30 is a member that is inserted into a predetermined area of a spinal bone prior to the screw 10 instead of the screw 10 being immediately inserted into the area, and allows the screw 10 to be inserted into an accommodating part therein so that fixation power for fixing the screw 10 to the spinal bone is reinforced. For this, the screw anchor 30 has an accommodating part 50 formed therein and is configured to accommodate the screw 10 in a longitudinal direction.

    [0017] Anchor screw threads 40 are formed on an inner surface that defines the accommodating part 50 of the screw anchor 30, the anchor screw threads 40 may be screw-coupled to screw threads 20 of the screw 10, which will be described below, and the screw 10 may be accommodated in the screw anchor 30 by such screw coupling. Damage to the screw anchor 30 and/or the screw 10 can be prevented when the screw 10 is inserted into the screw anchor 30 by screw coupling because pitches of the anchor screw threads 40 may be the same as pitches of the screw threads 20.

    [0018] A locking step 60 may be formed at one end of the screw anchor 30, which is a part at which the coupling between the screw 10 and the screw anchor 30 begins (refer to D in FIG. 1), and the locking step 60 may be formed to extend from the one end of the screw anchor 30 outward or in a radial direction. In this way, the screw anchor 30 is not drawn into an insertion space in a spine even when the screw anchor 30 is inserted into the insertion space in the spine and the screw 10 is screw-coupled to the screw anchor 30 because the locking step 60 is present at the one end of the screw anchor 30. Consequently, the screw anchor 30 including the locking step 60 is fixed at an intended area and serves as an anchor.

    [0019] In addition, a part of the locking step 60 that is in contact with the spine may be roughened, or a protrusion or some other kind of engagement structure may be formed at the part of the locking step 60 in contact with the spine. Accordingly, a frictional force or locking force between the locking step 60 and the spine may be increased, and the role of the locking step as an anchor may be further strengthened.

    [0020] Due to the presence of the locking step 60, fixation of the screw anchor assembly to a spinal bone is semi-permanent, and the fixation power is increased in comparison to a conventional case. Thus, a revision surgery recurrence decreases, and a physical and economic burden on a patient is reduced.

    [0021] Also, the other end of the screw anchor 30, which is the opposite side of the one end thereof, may be open and have an opening A formed therein. As the opening A is formed in this manner, the screw 10 may pass through the opening A and protrude from the screw anchor 30 when the screw 10 is fixed to the spine through the screw anchor 30. That is, as illustrated in FIG. 3, even when a length F of the screw 10 is longer than a length E of the screw anchor 30, the length of the screw 10 does not need to be worried about much because the screw 10 can be fixed to the spine by being accommodated in the screw anchor 30. Accordingly, pedicle screw fixation can be promptly and conveniently performed.

    [0022] Any material that is not harmful to the human body may be used as a material of the screw anchor 30. Although a plastic material such as polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) may be used, development using calcium phosphate is planned nowadays, and any of polyether ether ketone (PEEK), a bone material, a bone substitute material, which is a material that is transformed into a bone over time, or an artificial bone may be used. Because the screw anchor 30 is formed with the above material, the screw anchor 30 is expanded and widened during a process in which the screw 10 is inserted thereinto. Accordingly, the screw anchor 30 may fill the insertion space in the spine and a coupling force with the spine may be increased, thereby improving fixation power for fixing the screw 10.

    [0023] When an outer shape of the screw anchor 30 is examined, the screw anchor 30 may have a constant width from the one end to the other end, or may extend with a width gradually narrowing from the one end to the other end, e.g. tapered. The proposed gradual narrowing of the width facilitates that the screw anchor 30 can be easily inserted into the spine. However, the outer shape of the screw anchor is not limited to the above-described outer shapes, and may have any shape as long as the screw anchor can be easily inserted into the spine.

    [0024] Further, after the screw anchor 30 is inserted in a predetermined area of the spine, instead of the screw 10 being immediately inserted into the accommodating part 50 of the screw anchor 30, an expanding member is inserted into the accommodating part 50 of the screw anchor 30 so that the screw anchor 30 is expanded and an outer surface of the screw anchor 30 is attached to an inside of the spine. The inserted expanding member is removed after being inserted in this manner, and then the screw 10 is inserted into the accommodating part 50 of the screw anchor 30.

    [0025] The screw 10 is a type of screw having the screw threads 20 formed in the longitudinal direction. The screw 10 is inserted into the screw anchor 30 by screw coupling and expands the accommodating part 50 of the screw anchor 30. Thus, the screw anchor 30 may be fixed to a spinal bone. As a result, the fixation of the screw anchor 30 fixes the screw 10 to the spinal bone and allows the spine to maintain a desired shape.

    [0026] As described above, damage to the screw anchor 30 and/or the screw 10 may be prevented when the screw 10 is inserted into the screw anchor 30 by screw coupling because the pitches of the screw threads 20 and the anchor screw threads 40 may be the same.

    [0027] Any material that is not harmful to the human body may be used as a material of the screw 10. Although a plastic material such as PMMA may be used, development using calcium phosphate is planned nowadays, and any of PEEK, a bone material, a bone substitute material, which is a material that is transformed into a bone over time, or an artificial bone may be used.

    [0028] As illustrated in FIG. 1, pedicle screw fixation is performed using the screw anchor assembly including the above-described screw anchor 30 and screw 10. Specifically, to treat a damaged spinal segment, first, the screw anchor 30 is inserted and fixed to a pedicle or a sacrum of a vertebra in an appropriate position and direction, and a driver (not illustrated) is used to screw-couple the screw 10 to the accommodating part 50 of the inserted screw anchor 30.

    [0029] The screw anchor assembly according to an embodiment of the present disclosure has been described above. Hereinafter, a screw anchor assembly according to another embodiment of the present disclosure will be described with reference to FIG. 4. FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a screw anchor of a screw anchor assembly according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.

    [0030] Unlike the screw anchor assembly according to the above-described embodiment of the present disclosure, the screw anchor assembly according to another embodiment of the present disclosure may include a locking part B formed along an entirety of or a part of an outer surface of a screw anchor 70. The locking part B may be a protrusion or a plurality of protrusions having an inclined surface, and the inclined surface of the (respective) locking part may be inclined toward another end of the screw anchor 70. Also some other kind of engagement structure may be provided as locking part B. In this way, due to the locking part B being formed at the outer surface of the screw anchor 70, a frictional coefficient and a contact area or a locking force between the screw anchor 70 and a bone surface may be increased, and sufficient pullout strength may be obtained. As a result, a screw 10 inserted into the screw anchor 70 can be prevented from falling out of a bone.

    [0031] The screw anchor assemblies according an embodiment and another embodiment of the present disclosure have been described above. Hereinafter, a screw anchor assembly according to still another embodiment of the present disclosure will be described with reference to FIG. 5. FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a screw anchor of a screw anchor assembly according to still another embodiment of the present disclosure.

    [0032] Referring to FIG. 5, a surface of a screw anchor 80 is roughened and includes a roughened outer surface C. Although the roughening is illustrated as being performed on only a part of the surface in FIG. 5 which is indeed a suitable solution, the entire surface of the screw anchor 80 can be roughened. Due to the roughened outer surface C, a frictional coefficient between the screw anchor 80 and a bone surface is increased, sufficient pullout strength is obtained, and fixation power of the screw anchor 80 is improved.

    [0033] As mentioned above, conventionally, there is a problem in that revision surgery is required due to loosening of a screw over time after screw fixation is performed. However, by using the above screw anchor assembly according to the present disclosure, fixation of the screw 10 to the bone is reliably secured, and the conventional problem can be solved. Also, due to the opening A formed at other ends of the screw anchors 30, 70, and 80, pedicle screw fixation can be performed regardless of a length of the screw 10. Thus, the surgery is facilitated.

    [0034] The screw anchor assembly according to the invention has been described above. Hereinafter, a method of using the screw anchor assembly in pedicle screw fixation will be described with reference to FIG. 6. FIG. 6 is a flowchart of a method of using a screw anchor assembly according the invention in pedicle screw fixation.

    [0035] Referring to FIG. 6, the method includes inserting a screw anchor into a predetermined area of a spine (S10), inserting an expanding member into an accommodating part defined by an inner surface of the screw anchor so that the screw anchor is attached to an inside of the spine by the expanding member being inserted into the accommodating part and expanding the accommodating part (S20), and inserting a screw into the accommodating part of the screw anchor after removing the inserted expanding member, wherein a locking step is formed at one end of the screw anchor into which the screw is inserted so that the screw anchor is not drawn into an insertion space in the spine (S30).

    [0036] In the inserting of the screw anchor into the predetermined area of the spine (S10), the screw anchor 30 is inserted into a predetermined problem area of the spine.

    [0037] In the inserting of the expanding member into the accommodating part so that the screw anchor is attached to the inside of the spine by the expanding member being inserted into the accommodating part defined by the inner surface of the screw anchor and expanding the accommodating part (S20), before the screw 10 is inserted into the accommodating part 50 of the screw anchor 30, the expanding member is inserted into the accommodating part 50 of the screw anchor 30 to expand the screw anchor 30 and allow an outer surface of the screw anchor 30 to be attached to the inside of the spine. Accordingly, the inside of the screw anchor 30 is expanded, and the screw anchor 30 can be attached to an inner surface of the spine.

    [0038] In the inserting of the screw into the accommodating part of the screw anchor after removing the inserted expanding member, wherein the locking step is formed at the one end of the screw anchor into which the screw is inserted so that the screw anchor is not drawn into the insertion space in the spine (S30), the screw 10 is inserted into the accommodating part 50 of the screw anchor 30 after removing the inserted expanding member, and here, the locking step 60 is present at the one end of the screw anchor 30 so that the locking step 60 is locked at a spinal segment near the insertion space in the spine and the screw anchor 30 is not drawn into the insertion space.

    [0039] According to the invention, a screw anchor assembly that can be applied to screws of any length so that surgery is facilitated and that has an increased contact area with a spinal bone and sufficient pullout strength so that a screw is reliably fixed and a physical and economic burden is not placed on a patient, is provided.


    Claims

    1. A screw anchor assembly used in pedicle screw fixation, the screw anchor assembly comprising:

    a screw (10) having screw threads (20) defined on a circumferential surface;

    a screw anchor (30, 70, 80) having a first end and a second end;

    an accommodating part (50) defined by anchor screw threads (40) on an inner surface of the screw anchor (30, 70, 80) and having one end to receive the screw (10);

    a locking step (60) extending in a radial direction from the first end of the screw anchor (30, 70, 80); and

    an expanding member adapted to be inserted into the accommodating part (50) for flexibly expanding the accommodating part (50),

    wherein the accommodating part (50) is adapted to flexibly expand when the screw (10) is screw-coupled to the screw anchor (30, 70, 80) after the expanding member has been removed.
     
    2. The screw anchor assembly of claim 1, wherein the second end of the screw anchor (30, 70, 80) has a through-hole opening (A), and the through-hole opening (A) is connected to another end of the accommodating part (50).
     
    3. The screw anchor assembly of claim 2, wherein the screw (10) and the screw anchor (30, 70, 80) have dimensions such that, when the screw (10) is fixed to a spine through the screw anchor (30), the screw (10) passes through the accommodating part (50) and the through-hole opening (A), and protrudes therefrom.
     
    4. The screw anchor assembly of one of claims 1 to 3, wherein a locking part (B, C) is defined on an outer surface of the screw anchor (70, 80).
     
    5. The screw assembly of claim 4, wherein the locking part (B) is a plurality of protrusions having an inclined surface.
     
    6. The screw assembly of claim 5, wherein the inclined surface is inclined toward the second end of the screw anchor (70).
     
    7. The screw anchor assembly of claim 4, wherein the locking part (C) has a roughened outer surface.
     
    8. The screw anchor assembly of one of claims 1 to 7, wherein a material of the screw anchor (30, 70, 80) is made of any one of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), calcium phosphate, polyether ether ketone (PEEK), and a bone material.
     
    9. The screw anchor assembly of one of claims 1 to 8, wherein a material of the screw (10) is made of any one of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), calcium phosphate, polyether ether ketone (PEEK), and a bone material.
     
    10. The screw anchor assembly of one of claims 1 to 9, wherein a part of the locking step (60) has a roughened surface.
     
    11. The screw anchor assembly of one of claims 1 to 10, wherein at least one protrusion is disposed on the locking step (60).
     
    12. The screw anchor assembly of one of claims 1 to 11, wherein the screw anchor (30, 70, 80) extends with a width gradually narrowing from the first end to the second end.
     
    13. The screw anchor assembly of one of claims 1 to 11, wherein the screw anchor has a constant width from the first end to the second end.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Schraubenanker-Anordnung, welche bei einer Fixierung einer Pedikelschraube verwendet wird, wobei die Schraubenanker-Anordnung umfasst:

    eine Schraube (10) mit Schraubengewinden (20), welche an einer Umfangsfläche definiert sind;

    einen Schraubenanker (30, 70, 80), welcher ein erstes Ende und ein zweites Ende aufweist;

    einen Aufnahmeteil (50), welcher durch Ankerschraubengewinde (40) an einer inneren Fläche des Schraubenankers (30, 70, 80) definiert ist und ein Ende zum Aufnehmen der Schraube (10) aufweist;

    eine Verriegelungsstufe (60), welche sich in einer radialen Richtung von dem ersten Ende des Schraubenankers (30, 70, 80) erstreckt; und

    ein Ausdehnungselement, welches dazu eingerichtet ist, in den Aufnahmeteil (50) eingesetzt zu werden, um flexibel den Aufnahmeteil (50) auszudehnen, wobei der Aufnahmeteil (50) dazu eingerichtet ist, sich flexibel auszudehnen, wenn die Schraube (10) an den Schraubenanker (30, 70, 80) schraubgekoppelt wird, nachdem das Ausdehnungselement entfernt worden ist.


     
    2. Schraubenanker-Anordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das zweite Ende des Schraubenankers (30, 70, 80) eine Durchgangsloch-Öffnung (A) aufweist und die Durchgangsloch-Öffnung (A) mit einem weiteren Ende des Aufnahmeteils (50) verbunden ist.
     
    3. Schraubenanker-Anordnung nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Schraube (10) und der Schraubenanker (30, 70, 80) derartige Abmessungen aufweisen, dass wenn die Schraube (10) an einer Wirbelsäule durch den Schraubenanker (30) befestigt ist, die Schraube (10) durch den Aufnahmeteil (50) und die Durchgangsloch-Öffnung (A) hindurchtritt und davon vorsteht.
     
    4. Schraubenanker-Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei ein Verriegelungsteil (B, C) an einer äußeren Fläche des Schraubenankers (70, 80) definiert ist.
     
    5. Schraubenanordnung nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Verriegelungsteil (B) eine Mehrzahl von Vorsprüngen ist, welche eine geneigte Fläche aufweisen.
     
    6. Schraubenanordnung nach Anspruch 5, wobei die geneigte Fläche in Richtung des zweiten Endes des Schraubenankers (70) geneigt ist.
     
    7. Schraubenanker-Anordnung nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Verriegelungsteil (C) eine aufgeraute äußere Fläche aufweist.
     
    8. Schraubenanker-Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei ein Material des Schraubenankers (30, 70, 80) aus einem beliebigen aus Polymethylmethacrylat (PMMA), Calciumphosphat, Polyetheretherketon (PEEK) und einem Knochenmaterial hergestellt ist.
     
    9. Schraubenanker-Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, wobei ein Material der Schraube (10) aus einem beliebigen aus Polymethylmethacrylat (PMMA), Calciumphosphat, Polyetheretherketon (PEEK) und einem Knochenmaterial hergestellt ist.
     
    10. Schraubenanker-Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, wobei ein Teil der Verriegelungsstufe (60) eine aufgeraute Fläche aufweist.
     
    11. Schraubenanker-Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, wobei wenigstens ein Vorsprung an der Verriegelungsstufe (60) angeordnet ist.
     
    12. Schraubenanker-Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, wobei sich der Schraubenanker (30, 70, 80) mit einer Breite erstreckt, welche sich von dem ersten Ende zu dem zweiten Ende graduell verjüngt.
     
    13. Schraubenanker-Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, wobei der Schraubenanker eine konstante Breite von dem ersten Ende zu dem zweiten Ende aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble d'ancrage à vis utilisé dans la fixation de vis pédiculaire, l'ensemble d'ancrage à vis comprenant :

    une vis (10) ayant des filets de vis (20) définis sur une surface circonférentielle ;

    un ancrage à vis (30, 70, 80) ayant une première extrémité et une seconde extrémité ;

    une partie de réception (50) définie par des filets de vis d'ancrage (40) sur une surface intérieure de l'ancrage à vis (30, 70, 80) et ayant une extrémité destinée à recevoir la vis (10) ;

    un épaulement de verrouillage (60) s'étendant dans une direction radiale à partir de la première extrémité de l'ancrage à vis (30, 70, 80) ; et

    un élément d'expansion adapté pour être inséré dans la partie de réception (50) pour étendre de manière flexible la partie de réception (50),

    dans lequel la partie de réception (50) est adaptée pour s'étendre de manière flexible lorsque la vis (10) est couplée par vissage à l'ancrage à vis (30, 70, 80) après le retrait de l'élément d'expansion.


     
    2. Ensemble d'ancrage à vis selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la seconde extrémité de l'ancrage à vis (30, 70, 80) a une ouverture de trou traversant (A), et l'ouverture de trou traversant (A) est reliée à une autre extrémité de la partie de réception (50).
     
    3. Ensemble d'ancrage à vis selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la vis (10) et l'ancrage à vis (30, 70, 80) ont des dimensions telles que, lorsque la vis (10) est fixée à une colonne vertébrale par l'intermédiaire de l'ancrage à vis (30), la vis (10) traverse la partie de réception (50) et l'ouverture de trou traversant (A) et fait saillie à partir de celui-ci.
     
    4. Ensemble d'ancrage à vis selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel une partie de verrouillage (B, C) est définie sur une surface extérieure de l'ancrage à vis (70, 80).
     
    5. Ensemble de vis selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la partie de verrouillage (B) est une pluralité de saillies ayant une surface inclinée.
     
    6. Ensemble de vis selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la surface inclinée est inclinée vers la seconde extrémité de l'ancrage à vis (70).
     
    7. Ensemble d'ancrage à vis selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la partie de verrouillage (C) a une surface extérieure rendue rugueuse.
     
    8. Ensemble d'ancrage à vis selon l'une des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel un matériau de l'ancrage à vis (30, 70, 80) est constitué de l'un quelconque du polyméthacrylate de méthyle (PMMA), du phosphate de calcium, du polyétheréthercétone (PEEK) et d'un matériau osseux.
     
    9. Ensemble d'ancrage à vis selon l'une des revendications 1 à 8, dans lequel un matériau de la vis (10) est constitué de l'un quelconque du polyméthacrylate de méthyle (PMMA), du phosphate de calcium, du polyétheréthercétone (PEEK) et d'un matériau osseux.
     
    10. Ensemble d'ancrage à vis selon l'une des revendications 1 à 9, dans lequel une partie de l'épaulement de verrouillage (60) a une surface rendue rugueuse.
     
    11. Ensemble d'ancrage à vis selon l'une des revendications 1 à 10, dans lequel au moins une saillie est disposée sur l'épaulement de verrouillage (60).
     
    12. Ensemble d'ancrage à vis selon l'une des revendications 1 à 11, dans lequel l'ancrage à vis (30, 70, 80) s'étend avec une largeur se rétrécissant progressivement de la première extrémité à la seconde extrémité.
     
    13. Ensemble d'ancrage à vis selon l'une des revendications 1 à 11, dans lequel l'ancrage à vis a une largeur constante de la première extrémité à la seconde extrémité.
     




    Drawing





















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description