(19)
(11)EP 3 255 120 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.10.2019 Bulletin 2019/41

(21)Application number: 17174599.5

(22)Date of filing:  06.06.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C09K 11/77  (2006.01)
H01L 33/50  (2010.01)

(54)

LIGHTING DEVICE HAVING A PHOTOCONVERSION LAYER

BELEUCHTUNGSVORRICHTUNG MIT FOTOUMWANDLUNGSSCHICHT

DISPOSITIF D'ÉCLAIRAGE AYANT UNE COUCHE DE PHOTOCONVERSION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.06.2016 KR 20160071732

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.12.2017 Bulletin 2017/50

(73)Proprietor: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
Gyeonggi-do 17113 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • KIM, Dongchan
    17113 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • KIM, Yisu
    17113 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • LEE, Byoungduk
    17113 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • CHO, Yoonhyeung
    17113 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • JU, Yongchan
    17113 Gyeonggi-do (KR)

(74)Representative: Mounteney, Simon James 
Marks & Clerk LLP 15 Fetter Lane
London EC4A 1BW
London EC4A 1BW (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2011/097137
WO-A2-2016/009450
US-A- 5 882 548
WO-A1-2015/166006
US-A- 4 089 799
US-A1- 2015 071 319
  
  • WANG S H ET AL: "A new synthesis route for perovskite-type iodides", JOURNAL OF THE LESS-COMMON METALS, ELSEVIER-SEQUOIA S.A. LAUSANNE, CH, vol. 149, 15 April 1989 (1989-04-15), pages 55-61, XP024075439, ISSN: 0022-5088, DOI: 10.1016/0022-5088(89)90469-4 [retrieved on 1989-04-15]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

1. Technical Field



[0001] Embodiments of the present invention relate to a lighting device, and more particularly, to a lighting device having a photoconversion layer.

2. Discussion of Related Art



[0002] Lighting devices may be used in a variety of applications. For example, lighting devices may be used for indoor or outdoor lighting, stage lighting, or decorative lighting or as a backlight unit (BLU) of a liquid crystal display (LCD) used in portable electronic devices such as mobile phones, camcorders, digital cameras, and personal digital assistants (PDA).

[0003] As an example, a lighting device for use as a backlight unit of a liquid crystal display may include white-light emitting devices that emit white light. White light may be emitted by a combination of blue light-emitting diodes (LED) and yellow phosphors or quantum dots, by a combination of blue LED and green/red phosphors or quantum dots, or by a combination of ultraviolet (UV) LED and blue/green/red phosphors or quantum dots.

[0004] A lighting device comprising a perovskite-type CsTml3 compound is described in Wang S.H. et al., Journal of the Less-Common Metals, 149 (1989), pp. 55-61. A lighting device comprising a perovskite-type bivalent europium-activated fluoride, for example CsCa0.95-xMgxEu0.05F3, is described in US 4089799.

SUMMARY



[0005] One or more embodiments of the present invention include a lighting device having a photoconversion layer.

[0006] According to one or more embodiments of the present invention, the lighting device includes a light source and a photoconversion layer including a perovskite compound represented by Formula 1, as defined in claim 1. The perovskite compound absorbs at least part of the light emitted from the light source and emits light having a different wavelength range from the absorbed light:

        <Formula 1>     [A][B][X]3



[0007] In Formula 1, A is at least one monovalent organic cation, at least one monovalent inorganic cation, or any combination thereof, B is at least one divalent inorganic cation, and X is at least one monovalent anion, as defined by the features of the invention set out in claim 1.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0008] The above and other features of the present invention will become more apparent by describing in detail embodiments thereof, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIGS. 1 and 2 are schematic views illustrating structures of lighting devices according to embodiments of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0009] Embodiments of the present invention will be described below in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. In this regard, the embodiments may have different forms and should not be construed as being limited to the embodiments of the present invention described herein.

[0010] Although the terms "first" and "second" may be used herein to describe various elements, components, regions, and/or layers, these elements, components, regions, and/or layers should not be limited by these terms.

[0011] According to embodiments of the present invention, the lighting device includes a light source and a photoconversion layer including a perovskite compound represented by Formula 1. The perovskite compound absorbs at least part of the light emitted from the light source and emits light having a different wavelength range from the absorbed light.

        <Formula 1>     [A][B][X]3



[0012] As used herein, the term "perovskite compound" refers to a compound having a perovskite crystal structure. A perovskite crystal structure refers to a 3-dimensional (3D) crystal structure that corresponds with the crystal structure of CaTiO3.

[0013] In Formula 1, A is at least one monovalent organic cation, at least one monovalent inorganic cation, or any combination thereof, as defined in claim 1. For example, A may be one monovalent organic cation, one monovalent inorganic cation, a combination of at least two different monovalent organic cations, a combination of at least two different monovalent inorganic cations, or a combination of at least one monovalent organic cation and at least one monovalent inorganic cation.

[0014] In the present invention, in Formula 1, A is (R1R2R3C)+, (R1R2R3R4N)+, (R1R2R3R4P)+, (R1R2R3R4As)+, (R1R2R3R4Sb)+, (R1R2N=C(R3)-NR4R5)+, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloheptatrienium, a substituted or unsubstituted nitrogen-containing 5-membered cyclic monovalent cation, a substituted or unsubstituted nitrogen-containing 6-membered cyclic monovalent cation, Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, Fr+, or any combination thereof.

[0015] R1 to R5 may be each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium (-D), -F, -CI, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, or -N(Q1)(Q2),

[0016] At least one substituent of the substituted cycloheptatrienium, the substituted nitrogen-containing 5-membered cyclic monovalent cation, and the substituted nitrogen-containing 6-membered cyclic monovalent cation may be selected from a deuterium, -F, -CI, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, or -N(Q3)(Q4).

[0017] Q1 to Q4 may be each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, or a C6-C60 aryl group.

[0018] For example, R1 to R5 may be each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium (-D), -F, -CI, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C20 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C20 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C20 aryl group, or -N(Q1)(Q2),

[0019] At least one substituent of the substituted cycloheptatrienium, the substituted nitrogen-containing 5-membered cyclic monovalent cation, and the substituted nitrogen-containing 6-membered cyclic monovalent cation may be selected from a deuterium, -F, -CI, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C20 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C20 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C20 aryl group, or -N(Q3)(Q4).

[0020] Q1 to Q4 may be each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C2-C20 alkenyl group, a C2-C20 alkynyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, or a C6-C20 aryl group.

[0021] As used herein, the phrases "nitrogen-containing 5-membered cyclic" and "nitrogen-containing 6-membered cyclic" refer to an organic cyclic group including at least one nitrogen (N) and at least one carbon (C) atom as ring-member atoms.

[0022] For example, the "nitrogen-containing 5-membered cyclic" group may be an imidazole, a pyrazole, a thiazole, an oxazole, a pyrrolidine, a pyrroline, a pyrrole, or a triazole, and the "nitrogen-containing 6-membered cyclic" group may be a pyridine, a pyridazine, a pyrimidine, a pyrazine, or a piperidine. However, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.

[0023] For example, in Formula 1, A may be (R1R2R3C)+, (R1R2R3R4N)+, (R1R2R3R4P)+, (R1R2R3R4As)+, (R1R2R3R4Sb)+, (R1R2N=C(R3)-NR4R5)+, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloheptatrienium, a substituted or unsubstituted imidazolium, a substituted or unsubstituted pyridinium, a substituted or unsubstituted pyridazinium, a substituted or unsubstituted pyrimidinium, a substituted or unsubstituted pyrazinium, a substituted or unsubstituted pyrazolium, a substituted or unsubstituted thiazolium, a substituted or unsubstituted oxazolium, a substituted or unsubstituted piperidinium, a substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinium, a substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolinium, a substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolium, a substituted or unsubstituted triazolium, Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, Fr+, or any combination thereof,
R1 to R5 may be each independently selected from:

a hydrogen, a deuterium, -F, -CI, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, or a C1-C20 alkoxy group;

a C1-C20 alkyl group and a C1-C20 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, -F, -CI, -Br, -I, or a hydroxyl group;

a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a biphenyl group, or a terphenyl group;

a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a biphenyl group, and a terphenyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, -F, -CI, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, or a C1-C20 alkoxy group; and

-N(Q1)(Q2).



[0024] At least one substituent of the substituted cycloheptatrienium, at least one substituent of the substituted imidazolium, at least one substituent of the substituted pyridinium, at least one substituent of the substituted pyridazinium, at least one substituent of the substituted pyrimidinium, at least one substituent of the substituted pyrazinium, at least one substituent of the substituted pyrazolium, at least one substituent of the substituted thiazolium, at least one substituent of the substituted oxazolium, at least one substituent of the substituted piperidinium, at least one substituent of the substituted pyrrolidinium, at least one substituent of the substituted pyrrolinium, at least one substituent of the substituted pyrrolium, and at least one substituent of the substituted triazolium may be selected from:

a deuterium, -F, -CI, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, or a C1-C20 alkoxy group;

a C1-C20 alkyl group and a C1-C20 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, -F, -CI, -Br, -I, or a hydroxyl group;

a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a biphenyl group, or a terphenyl group;

a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a biphenyl group, and a terphenyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, -F, -CI, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, or a C1-C20 alkoxy group; and

-N(Q3)(Q4).



[0025] Q1 to Q4 may be each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a biphenyl group, or a terphenyl group.

[0026] In some embodiments of the present invention, in Formula 1, A may be (R1R2R3R4N)+, (R1R2R3R4P)+, (R1R2R3R4As)+, (R1R2R3R4Sb)+, Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, Fr+, or any combination thereof.

[0027] R1 to R4 may be each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, -F, - Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, or -N(Q1)(Q2).

[0028] Q1 and Q2 may each be independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, or a C1-C20 alkoxy group.

[0029] In some embodiments of the present invention, in Formula 1, A may be (R1R2R3R4N)+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, or any combination thereof,

[0030] R1 to R4 may each be independently selected from a hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -CI, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, or -N(Q1)(Q2).

[0031] Q1 and Q2 may each be independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, or a C1-C20 alkoxy group.

[0032] In some embodiments of the present invention, in Formula 1, A may be (NH4)+, (PH4)+, (AsH4)+, (SbH4)+, (NF4)+, (PF4)+, (NCl4)+, (PCl4)+, (CH3NH3)+, (CH3PH3)+, (CH3AsH3)+, (CH3SbH3)+, ((CH3)2NH2)+, ((CH3)2PH2)+, ((CH3)2AsH2)+, ((CH3)2SbH2)+, ((CH3)3NH)+, ((CH3)3PH)+, ((CH3)3AsH)+, ((CH3)3SbH)+, ((CH3CH2)NH3)+, ((CH3CH2)PH3)+, ((CH3CH2)AsH3)+, ((CH3CH2)SbH3)+, (CH2N2H4)+, (C7H7)+, (NH3OH)+, (NH3NH2)+, ((CH2)3NH2)+, (CH(NH2)2)+, (C3N2H5)+, (NC4H8)+, ((NH2)3C)+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, or any combination thereof. However, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.

[0033] In Formula 1, B is at least one divalent inorganic cation. For example, B in Formula 1 may be one divalent inorganic cation, or a combination of at least two different divalent inorganic cations.

[0034] In the present invention, B comprises Tm+2; and La2+, Ce2+, Pr2+, Nd2+, Pm2+, Eu2+, Gd2+, Tb2+, Ho2+, Er2+, Yb2+, Lu2+, Be2+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Ra2+, Pb2+, Sn2+, or any combination thereof.

[0035] In Formula 1, X is at least one halide anion, for example, -F, -CI, -Br, or -I. For example, X in Formula 1 may be at least one halide anion or a combination of at least two different halide anions.

[0036] In some embodiments of the present invention, X in Formula 1 may be an iodide ion (-I). However, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.

[0037] As an example, the perovskite compound of Formula 1 may be selected from [CH3NH3][PbnTm(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][PbnTm(1-n)][I]3, [Rb][PbnTm(1-n)][I]3, [K][PbnTm(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TmnSr(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TmnMg(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TmnCa(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TmnBa(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TmnEu(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TmnYb(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TMnLa(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TMnCe(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TMnPr(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TMnNd(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TMnPm(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TMnGd(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TmnTb(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TmnHO(1-n)][I]3, [CH3NH3][TMnEr(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnSr(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnMg(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnCa(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnBa(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnEu(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnYb(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnLa(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnCe(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnPr(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnNd(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnPm(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnGd(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnTb(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnHo(1-n)][I]3, [Cs][TmnEr(1-n)][I]3, or any combinations thereof. In some embodiments of the present invention, n is a real number satisfying the condition of 0 < n < 1. For example, n may be a real number satisfying the condition of 0 < n ≤ 0.6. In some embodiments of the present invention, n may be a real number satisfying the condition of 0.001 ≤ n ≤ 0.6. In some embodiments of the present invention, n may be a real number satisfying the condition of 0.05 ≤ n ≤ 0.4.

[0038] The perovskite compound of Formula 1 absorbs at least part of the light emitted from the light source. The light source is not limited to a particular type of light source, and thus the light source may be any type of light source. For example, the light source may be a light source that may emit light by applying an external voltage. In some embodiments of the present invention, the light source may be a fluorescent lamp, a light-emitting diode (LED), an organic LED, a quantum dot light-emitting diode (QLED), or any combination thereof. For example, the fluorescent lamp may include a cold cathode fluorescent lamp (CCFL) and/or an external electrode fluorescent lamp (EEFL). However, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.

[0039] The light source may emit blue light (e.g., light having a wavelength range of from about 420 nm to about 490 nm) or UV light (e.g., light having a wavelength range of from about 300 nm to about 420 nm). For example, the light source may be a blue light-emitting diode emitting blue light, or a UV light-emitting diode emitting UV light. However, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.

[0040] In some embodiments of the present invention, the light source of the lighting device may emit blue light, and the photoconversion layer may include a perovskite compound that absorbs the blue light emitted from the light source and emits light having a different wavelength range from that of the blue light.

[0041] For example, the light source may emit blue light, and the photoconversion layer may include a perovskite compound that absorbs the blue light and emits yellow light (e.g., light having a wavelength range of from about 540 nm to about 620 nm). Thus, the lighting device may emit white light as a result of the combination of the blue light emitted from the light source and the yellow light emitted from the perovskite compound.

[0042] In some embodiments of the present invention, the photoconversion layer may be a thin film layer. The thin film layer may be a monocrystalline laminate including the perovskite compound that emits yellow light.

[0043] In some embodiments of the present invention, the photoconversion layer may be a thin film layer. The thin film layer may be a nanostructure that is less than about 500 nm in thickness and includes the perovskite compound that emits yellow light. The nanostructure may be in the form of particles, for example, nanoparticles, nanorods, nanowires, nanotubes, branched nanostructures, nanotetrapods, nanotripods, or nanobipods. These nanostructures may be surrounded by, for example, at least one ligand or matrix resin. The ligand or matrix resin may increase stability of the perovskite nanostructure and protect the perovskite nanostructure from harmful external conditions, such as high temperature, high strength, external gas, and/or moisture.

[0044] For example, the ligand may be a molecule having an amine group (e.g., oleylamine, triethylamine, hexylamine, or naphthylamine) or a polymer thereof, a molecule having a carboxyl group (e.g., oleic acid) or a polymer thereof, a molecule having a thiol group (e.g., butanethiol, hexanethiol, or dodecanethiol) or a polymer thereof, a molecule having a pyridine group (e.g., pyridine) or a polymer thereof, a molecule having a phosphine group (e.g., triphenylphosphine) or a polymer thereof, a molecule having a phosphine oxide group (e.g., trioctylphosphine oxide) or a polymer thereof, a molecule having a carbonyl group (e.g., alkyl ketone) or a polymer thereof, a molecule having a benzene ring (e.g., benzene, or styrene) or a polymer thereof, or a molecular having a hydroxyl group (e.g., butanol, or hexanol) or a polymer thereof.

[0045] The matrix resin may include, for example, epoxy resin, silicon epoxy resin, silicon resin, polystyrene resin, (meth)acrylate resin, or any combination thereof. However, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.

[0046] In some embodiments of the present invention, the light source of the lighting device may emit blue light, and the photoconversion layer may include a first perovskite compound that absorbs the blue light and emits green light (e.g., light having a wavelength range of from about 490 nm to about 570 nm) and a second perovskite compound that absorbs the blue light and/or green light and emits red light (e.g., light having a wavelength range of from about 570 nm to about 680 nm). Thus, the lighting device may emit white light as a result of the combination of the blue light emitted from the light source, the green light emitted from the first perovskite compound, and the red light emitted from the second perovskite compound.

[0047] In some embodiments of the present invention, the light source of the lighting device may emit blue light, and the photoconversion layer may include a monofilm in which first and second perovskite compounds emitting green light and red light, respectively, are substantially uniformly dispersed. The first perovskite compound and the second perovskite compound may both be in the form of a nanostructure.

[0048] In some embodiments of the present invention, the light source of the lighting device may emit blue light, and the photoconversion layer may include a first layer including a first perovskite compound that absorbs the blue light and emits green light; and a second layer including a second perovskite compound that absorbs the blue light and/or green light and emits red light. The first layer may be arranged to receive at least part of the blue light emitted from the light source, and the second layer may be arranged to receive the blue light emitted from the light source and passed through the first layer and/or light emitted from the first layer. The first and second layers may be separate thin films. Each of the thin films may be a monocrystalline laminate including the perovskite compound or a nanostructure including the perovskite compound.

[0049] In some embodiments of the present invention, the light source may emit UV light, and the photoconversion layer may include a perovskite compound of Formula 1 that absorbs the UV light emitted from the light source and emits light having a different wavelength range from that of the UV light.

[0050] For example, the light source of the lighting device may emit UV light, and the photoconversion layer may include a first perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and emits blue light, a second perovskite compound that absorbs the UV and/or blue light and emits green light and a third perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light, blue light, and/or green light, and emits red light. The lighting device may emit white light as a result of the combination of the blue light emitted from the first perovskite compound, the green light emitted from the second perovskite compound, and the red light emitted from the third perovskite compound.

[0051] In some embodiments of the present invention, the light source of the lighting device may emit UV light, and the photoconversion layer may include a monofilm in which a first perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and emits blue light, a second perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and/or blue light and emits green light, and a third perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light, blue light, and/or green light, and emits red light are substantially uniformly dispersed. The first perovskite compound, the second perovskite compound, and the third perovskite compound may all have a nanostructure.

[0052] In some embodiments of the present invention, the light source of the lighting device may emit UV light, and the photoconversion layer may include a first layer including a first perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and emits blue light and a second perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and/or blue light and emits green light and a second layer including a third perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light, blue light, and/or green light, and emits red light. The first layer may be arranged to receive at least part of the UV light emitted from the light source, and the second layer may be arranged to receive the UV light emitted from the light source and passed through the first layer and/or light emitted from the first layer. The first layer may be a thin film. The thin film of the first layer may be a nanostructure including the first and second perovskite compounds. The second layer may be a thin film. The thin film of the second layer may be a monocrystalline laminate including the third perovskite compound or a nanostructure including the third perovskite compound.

[0053] In some embodiments of the present invention, the light source of the lighting device may emit UV light, and the photoconversion layer may include a first layer including a first perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and emits blue light; and a second layer including a second perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and/or blue light and emits green light, and a third perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light, blue light, and/or green light and emits red light. The first layer may be arranged to receive at least part of the UV light emitted from the light source, and the second layer may be arranged to receive the UV light emitted from the light source and passed through the first layer and/or light emitted from the first layer. The first layer may be a thin film. The thin film of the first layer may be a monocrystalline laminate including the first perovskite compound or a nanostructure including the first perovskite compound. The second layer may be a thin film. The thin film of the second layer may be a nanostructure including the second and third perovskite compounds.

[0054] In some embodiments of the present invention, the light source of the lighting device may emit UV light, and the photoconversion layer may include a first layer including a first perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and emits blue light, a second layer including a second perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and/or blue light and emits green light and a third layer including a third perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light, blue light, and/or green light, and emits red light. The first layer may be arranged to receive at least part of the UV light emitted from the light source. The second layer may be arranged to receive the UV light emitted from the light source and passed through the first layer and/or light emitted from the first layer. The third layer may be arranged to receive the UV light emitted from the light source and passed through the first and second layers, the light emitted from the first layer and passed through the second layer, and/or light emitted from the second layer. The first layer, the second layer, and the third layer may each be a thin film. The thin films of the first, second and/or third layers may be a monocrystalline laminate including the corresponding first, second or third perovskite compound. The thin films of the first, second and/or third layers may be a nanostructure including the corresponding first, second or third perovskite compound.

[0055] In some embodiments of the present invention, thicknesses of layers in a photoconversion layer and a mixed ratio of at least two perovskite compounds in a photoconversion layer are not specifically limited, and may be determined to be in an appropriate range based on desired optical characteristics of the lighting device.

[0056] The perovskite compound represented by Formula 1 may emit light having a variety of wavelength ranges by appropriate control of A, B, and X in Formula 1. For example, [CH3NH3][Tm0.4Eu0.6][I]3 and [Cs][Tm0.42Eu0.53][I]3 may emit red light, [CH3NH3][Tm0.2Eu0.8][I]3 and [Cs][Tm0.23Eu0.77][I]3 may emit green light, and [CH3NH3][Tm0.05Eu0.95][I]3 and [Cs][Tm0.05Eu0.95][I]3 may emit blue light. However, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.

[0057] At least one layer in the photoconversion layer including a perovskite compound represented by Formula 1 may be prepared by depositing and heat-treating an A-containing precursor and a B-containing precursor onto a substrate (e.g., a target region of the substrate where the at least one layer is to be formed).

[0058] In the A-containing precursor and B-containing precursor, A and B may be the same as those defined in conjunction with Formula 1.

[0059] For example, A of the A-containing precursor may be selected from halides of A (e.g., (A)(X1)), and B of the B-containing precursor may be selected from halides of B (e.g., (B)(X2)(X3)). In the halides represented by (A)(X1) and (B)(X2)(X3), A and B may be the same as those defined herein, and X1 to X3 may each be independently selected from F-, Cl-, Br-, or I-.

[0060] In some embodiments of the present invention, at least one layer in the photoconversion layer including a perovskite compound represented by Formula 1 may be formed by depositing an A-containing precursor and a B-containing precursor onto a substrate and at substantially the same time performing thermal treatment (e.g., by a one-step method).

[0061] In some embodiments of the present invention, at least one layer in the photoconversion layer including a perovskite compound represented by Formula 1 may be formed by depositing an A-containing precursor and a B-containing precursor onto a substrate to form a precursor-containing layer and then thermally treating the precursor-containing layer (e.g., by a two-step method).

[0062] In some embodiments of the present invention, a layer(s) in the photoconversion layer including a perovskite compound represented by Formula 1 may be formed by depositing a mixture of the corresponding perovskite compounds onto a substrate and thermally treating a resulting structure.

[0063] In some embodiments of the present invention, at least one layer in the photoconversion layer including a perovskite compound represented by Formula 1 may be formed by depositing a mixture of the perovskite compound incorporated in a matrix resin onto a substrate and drying or thermally treating a resulting structure.

[0064] The thermal treatment to form the at least one layer in the photoconversion layer may be performed, for example, in a temperature range of from about 50°C to about 800°C for from about 1 minute to about 48 hours. However, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.

[0065] In some embodiments of the present invention, the lighting device may include a barrier film on at least one surface of the photoconversion layer to prevent contact between the photoconversion layer and oxygen or moisture. The photoconversion layer including the barrier may increase the stability of the perovskite compound.

[0066] For example, the barrier film may be on a light-incident surface of the photoconversion layer (e.g., a surface receiving light emitted from the light source) and/or a light-emitting surface of the photoconversion layer (e.g., a surface through which light is emitted from the photoconversion layer). In some embodiments of the present invention, the barrier film may surround the entire photoconversion layer.

[0067] The barrier film may include, for example, polyester, polycarbonate, polyolefin, a cyclic olefin copolymer (COC), polyimide, or any combination thereof.

[0068] The barrier film may further include an inorganic coating film in the form of a monofilm or multilayered film. An inorganic material in the inorganic coating layer may include an inorganic oxide, for example, silica, alumina, titania, zirconia, or any combination thereof. The inorganic coating layer may inhibit permeation of oxygen or moisture, and thus may increase the ability of the barrier film to block oxygen and/or moisture.

[0069] The photoconversion layer may be arranged to receive at least part of the light emitted from the light source. For example, the photoconversion layer may be arranged to directly receive at least part of the light emitted from the light source without intervening layers between the light source and the photoconversion layer. However, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto. For example, the lighting device may include an additional element between the light source and the photoconversion layer.

[0070] For example, the light source and the photoconversion layer may be in direct contact with one another. Thus, light emitted from the light source may be substantially instantly incident into the photoconversion layer.

[0071] In some embodiments of the present invention, the light source and the photoconversion layer may be separated from one another. For example, the light source and the photoconversion layer may be spaced from one another, with an additional element between the light source and the photoconversion layer. The additional element may be between the light source and the photoconversion layer, and the light source and the photoconversion layer may face each other. The additional element may be on a traveling path of light emitted from the light source and traveling toward the photoconversion layer.

[0072] For example, the additional element may be a light guide plate, a diffuser plate, an optical sheet for increasing optical characteristics such as luminance, a reflective film for reflecting light emitted from the light source to increase an efficiency of light emitted to outside the lighting device, or any combination thereof.

[0073] For example, the optical sheet may be a prism sheet, a microlens sheet, a brightness enhancement sheet, or any combination thereof. However, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto. Examples of the optical sheet may include any optical sheets having a desired function.

[0074] In some embodiments of the present invention, a light guide plate, a diffuser plate, a prism sheet, a microlens sheet, a brightness enhancement sheet, a reflective film, or any combination thereof may be between the light source and the photoconversion layer. The light guide plate, the diffuser plate, the prism sheet, the microlens sheet, the brightness enhancement sheet, the reflective film, or any combination thereof between the light source and the photoconversion layer may be arranged on a traveling path of light emitted from the light source toward the photoconversion layer.

[0075] In some embodiments of the present invention, a light guide plate, a diffuser plate, a prism sheet, a microlens sheet, a brightness enhancement sheet, a reflective film, or any combination thereof may be arranged above the photoconversion layer.

[0076] For example, the lighting device may include a diffuser plate above the light source. In this case, the photoconversion layer may be arranged between the light source and the diffuser plate or may be arranged above the diffuser plate. The diffuser plate and the photoconversion layer may be spaced from one another or may be in direct contact with each other.

[0077] In some embodiments of the present invention, the lighting device may include an optical sheet, in addition to the diffuser plate. When the lighting device includes a diffuser plate and an optical sheet, the lighting device may have a stack structure of, for example, a light source/ photoconversion layer/ diffuser plate/ optical sheet, a light source/ diffuser plate/ photoconversion layer/ optical sheet, or a light source/ diffuser plate/ optical sheet/ photoconversion layer. The elements in each of the stack structures may be stacked in the stated order. However, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.

[0078] In some embodiments of the present invention, the lighting device may include a light guide plate. The light guide plate may be arranged above the light source or at a side of the light source. The photoconversion layer may be arranged between the light source and the light guide plate or above the light guide plate. The light guide plate and the photoconversion layer may be spaced from one another or may be in direct contact with each other.

[0079] In some embodiments of the present invention, the lighting device may include a diffuser plate and/or an optical sheet above a surface of the light source, in addition to the light guide plate. For example, a diffuser plate and an optical sheet may be arranged in the stated order above the light guide plate. In this case, the photoconversion layer may be arranged between the light source and the light guide plate, between the light guide plate and the diffuser plate, between the diffuser plate and the optical sheet, or above the optical sheet.

[0080] In some embodiments of the present invention, the lighting device may include a reflective film that reflects light. The reflective film may be arranged between the light source and the photoconversion layer, or above the photoconversion layer. The reflective film and the photoconversion layer may be spaced from one another or may be in direct contact with each other.

[0081] In some embodiments of the present invention, the lighting device may include a light guide plate and a reflective film, in addition to the photoconversion layer. In this case, the light guide plate may be arranged between the photoconversion layer and the reflective film. However, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.

[0082] FIGS. 1 and 2 are schematic views illustrating structures of lighting devices according to embodiments of the present invention.

[0083] Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, in lighting devices 10 and 20, light sources 121, 122, 123, and 220, and photoconversion layers 110 and 210 may be arranged such that that light emitted from the light sources 121, 122, 123, and 220 may be incident onto the photoconversion layers 110 and 210.

[0084] In the lighting device 10, the light sources 121, 122, and 123 may be arranged below the photoconversion layer 110, and thus light emitted upwards from the light sources 121, 122, and 123 may be incident onto the photoconversion layer 110.

[0085] In the lighting device 20, the light source 220 may be arranged at a side of the photoconversion layer 210. The lighting device 20 may include an additional element, for example, a light guide plate 230. The light guide plate 230 may increase the efficiency of the light emitted from the light source 220 onto the photoconversion layer 210.

[0086] A lighting device according to embodiments of the present invention may be used for a variety of purposes. For example, a lighting device according to some embodiments of the present invention may be used as a backlight unit (BLU) of a liquid display device, for indoor or outdoor lighting, stage lighting, or decorative lighting. However, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.

[0087] A lighting device and a liquid crystal display (LCD) according to some embodiments of the present invention will be described in more detail below with reference to the following examples; however, embodiemtns of the present inveniton are not lmited thereto.

[Examples]


Example 1



[0088] CH3NH3I, TmI2, and EuI2 were co-deposited on a glass substrate in a mole ratio of about 1: 0.2: 0.8 to form a precursor-containing layer including CH3NH3I, TmI2, and EuI2, followed by thermal treatment at about 100°C for about 15 minutes to form a first layer including (CH3NH3)(Tm0.2Eu0.8)I3 with a thickness of about 40 nm. Next, CH3NH3I, TmI2, and EuI2 were co-deposited on the first layer in a mole ratio of about 1: 0.4: 0.6 to form a precursor-containing layer including CH3NH3I, TmI2, and EuI2, followed by thermal treatment at about 100°C for about 15 minutes to form a second layer including (CH3NH3)(Tm0.4Eu0.6)I3 with a thickness of about 40 nm, thus forming a photoconversion layer.

Example 2



[0089] Csl, TmI2, and EuI2 were co-deposited on a glass substrate in a mole ratio of about 1: 0.23: 0.77 to form a precursor-containing layer including Csl, TmI2, and EuI2, followed by thermal treatment at about 150°C for about 30 minutes to form a first layer including (Cs)(Tm0.23Eu0.77)I3 with a thickness of about 40 nm. Next, Csl, TmI2, and EuI2 were co-deposited on the first layer in a mole ratio of about 1: 0.42:0.58 to form a precursor-containing layer including Csl, TmI2, and EuI2, followed by thermal treatment at about 150°C for about 30 minutes to form a second layer including (Cs)(Tm0.42Eu0.58)I3 with a thickness of about 40 nm, thus forming a photoconversion layer.

Comparative Example 1



[0090] A solution including InP/ZnS (λem 530 nm) quantum dots was spin-coated on a glass substrate at a speed of about 3,000 rpm for about 20 seconds to form a first layer having a thickness of about 40 nm. Next, a solution including InP/ZnS(λem 650 nm) quantum dots was spin-coated on the first layer at a speed of about 3000 to 4000 rpm for about 30 seconds to form a second layer having a thickness of about 40 nm, thus forming a photoconversion layer.

Evaluation Example 1



[0091] A full width at half maximum (FWHM) of each of the photoconversion layers of Examples 1 and 2 and Comparative Example 1 was measured using an ISC PC1 spectrofluorometer. Photoluminescent (PL) spectra of the photoconversion layers were analyzed. The results are shown in Table 1.

[0092] Lighting devices including the photoconversion layers of Examples 1 and 2 and Comparative Example 1, respectively, were manufactured with a blue light-emitting diode as a light source. Color reproduction rates of the lighting devices including the photoconversion layers of Examples 1 and 2 and Comparative Example 1 relative to the standard National Television System Committee (NTSC) color reproduction rate were evaluated. The results are shown in Table 1.
[Table 1]
ExampleCompound in photoconversion layerEmission colorFWHM (nm)Color reproduction rate (%)
Example 1 (CH3NH3)(Tm0.2Eu0.8)I3, green ∼28 121
(CH3NH3)(Tm0.4Eu0.6)I3 red ∼30
Example 2 (Cs)(Tm0.23Eu0.77)I3, green ∼23 132
(Cs)(Tm0.42Eu0.58)I3 red ∼30
Comparative Example 1 InP/ZnS quantum dot green ∼40 105
InP/ZnS quantum dot red ∼50


[0093] From the result of Table 1, the perovskite compounds in the photoconversion layers of Examples 1 and 2 were found to have a narrower FWHM, compared with the photoconversion layer of Comparative Example 1 including the semiconductor quantum dots, indicating that the photoconversion layers of Examples 1 and 2 may provide a LCD with a more accurate color reproduction rate, compared to the photoconversion layer of Comparative Example 1.

[0094] According to some embodiments of the present invention, a lighting device having a photoconversion layer including a perovskite compound represented by Formula 1 may provide a more accurate color reproduction rate in a liquid crystal display (LCD).

[0095] It should be understood that embodiments described herein should be considered in a descriptive sense and not for purposes of limitation. Descriptions of features or aspects within each embodiment should typically be considered as available for other similar features or aspects in other embodiments.

[0096] While one or more embodiments have been described with reference to the figures, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the scope of the appended claims.


Claims

1. A lighting device comprising:

a light source; and

a photoconversion layer comprising a perovskite compound represented by Formula 1, the perovskite compound absorbing at least part of the light emitted from the light source and emitting light having a different wavelength range from a wavelength range of the absorbed light:

        <Formula 1>     [A][B][X]3

wherein, in Formula 1,

A is (R1R2R3C)+, (R1R2R3R4N)+, (R1R2R3R4)+, (R1R2R3R4As)+, (R1R2R3R4Sb)+, (R1R2N=C(R3)-NR4R5)+, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloheptatrienium, a substituted or unsubstituted nitrogen-containing 5-membered cyclic monovalent cation, a substituted or unsubstituted nitrogen-containing 6-membered cyclic monovalent cation, Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, Fr+, or any combination thereof,

R1 to R5 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium (-D), -F, -CI, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, or -N(Q1)(Q2),

at least one substituent of the substituted cycloheptatrienium, the substituted nitrogen-containing 5-membered cyclic monovalent cation, and the substituted nitrogen-containing 6-membered cyclic monovalent cation is selected from a deuterium, -F, -CI, - Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, or -N(Q3)(Q4), and

Q1 to Q4 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, or a C6-C60 aryl group,

B comprises Tm2+; and

La2+, Ce2+, Pr2+, Nd2+, Pm2+, Eu2+, Gd2+, Tb2+, Ho2+, Er2+, Yb2+, Lu2+, Be2+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Ra2+, Pb2+, Sn2+, or any combination thereof, and

X is at least one halide anion.


 
2. A lighting device according to claim 1, wherein A is (R1R2R3R4N)+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, or any combination thereof,
R1 to R4 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, -F, -CI, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, or -N(Q1)(Q2), and
Q1 and Q2 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, or a C1-C20 alkoxy group.
 
3. A lighting device according to claim 1, wherein A is (NH4)+, (PH4)+, (AsH4)+, (SbH4)+, (NF4)+, (PF4)+, (NCl4)+, (PCl4)+, (CH3NH3)+, (CH3PH3)+, (CH3AsH3)+, (CH3SbH3)+, ((CH3)2NH2)+, ((CH3)2PH2)+, ((CH3)2AsH2)+, ((CH3)2SbH2)+, ((CH3)3NH)+, ((CH3)3PH)+, ((CH3)3AsH)+, ((CH3)3SbH)+, ((CH3CH2)NH3)+, ((CH3CH2)PH3)+, ((CH3CH2)AsH3)+, ((CH3CH2)SbH3)+, (CH2N2H4)+, (C7H7)+, (NH3OH)+, (NH3NH2)+, ((CH2)3NH2)+, (CH(NH2)2)+, (C3N2H5)+, (NC4H8)+, ((NH2)3C)+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, or any combination thereof.
 
4. A lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein X is an iodide ion (I-).
 
5. A lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the light source is a fluorescent lamp, a light-emitting diode (LED), an organic light-emitting diode (OLED), a quantum dot light-emitting diode (QLED), or any combination thereof.
 
6. A lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the light source emits blue light or ultraviolet (UV) light.
 
7. A lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the light source emits blue light, and
the photoconversion layer comprises a perovskite compound that absorbs the blue light and emits yellow light.
 
8. A lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the light source emits blue light, and
the photoconversion layer comprises:

a first perovskite compound that absorbs the blue light and emits green light; and

a second perovskite compound that absorbs the blue light and/or green light and emits red light.


 
9. A lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the light source emits blue light, and
the photoconversion layer comprises:

a first layer comprising a first perovskite compound that absorbs the blue light and emits green light; and

a second layer comprising a second perovskite compound that absorbs the blue light and/or green light and emits red light.


 
10. A lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the light source emits UV light, and
the photoconversion layer comprises:

a first perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and emits blue light;

a second perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and/or blue light and emits green light; and

a third perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light, blue light, and/or green light, and emits red light.


 
11. A lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the light source emits UV light, and
the photoconversion layer comprises:

a first layer comprising a first perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and emits blue light and second perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and/or blue light and emits green light; and a second layer comprising a third perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light, blue light, and/or green light, and emits red light, or

a first layer comprising a first perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and emits blue light; and a second layer comprising a second perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and/or blue light and emits green light, and a third perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light, blue light, and/or green light, and emits red light.


 
12. A lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the light source emits UV light, and
the photoconversion layer comprises:

a first layer comprising a first perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and emits blue light;

a second layer comprising a second perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light and/or blue light and emits green light; and

a third layer comprising a third perovskite compound that absorbs the UV light, blue light, and/or green light, and emits red light.


 
13. A lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein the photoconversion layer is in direct contact with at least one surface of the light source; or
the light source and the photoconversion layer are separated from one another.
 
14. A lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 13, further comprising a light guide plate, a diffuser plate, a prism sheet, a microlens sheet, a brightness enhancement sheet, a reflective film, or any combination thereof between the light source and the photoconversion layer.
 
15. A lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 14, further comprising a light guide plate, a diffuser plate, a prism sheet, a microlens sheet, a brightness enhancement sheet, a reflective film, or any combination thereof above the photoconversion layer.
 


Ansprüche

1. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung, die Folgendes umfasst:

eine Lichtquelle; und

eine Photokonversionsschicht, die eine Perowskitverbindung umfasst, die durch die Formel 1 dargestellt wird, wobei die Perowskitverbindung mindestens einen Teil des von der Lichtquelle emittierten Lichts absorbiert und Licht mit einem von einem Wellenlängenbereich des absorbierten Lichts verschiedenen Wellenlängenbereich emittiert:

        <Formel 1>     [A][B][X]3

wobei in Formel 1

A Folgendes ist: (R1R2R3C)+, (R1R2R3R4N)+, (R1R2R3R4P)+, (R1R2R3R4As)+, (R1R2R3R4Sb)+, (R1R2N=C(R3)-NR4R5)+, ein substituiertes oder unsubstituiertes Cycloheptatrienium, ein substituiertes oder unsubstituiertes stickstoffhaltiges 5-gliedriges cyclisches einwertiges Kation, ein substituiertes oder unsubstituiertes stickstoffhaltiges 6-gliedriges cyclisches einwertiges Kation, Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, Fr+ oder eine beliebige Kombination davon,

R1 bis R5 jeweils unabhängig voneinander ausgewählt sind aus Wasserstoff, Deuterium (-D), -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, einer Hydroxylgruppe, einer substituierten oder unsubstituierten C1-C60-Alkylgruppe, einer substituierten oder unsubstituierten C2-C60-Alkenylgruppe, einer substituierten oder unsubstituierten C2-C60-Alkinylgruppe, einer substituierten oder unsubstituierten C1-C60-Alkoxygruppe, einer substituierten oder unsubstituierten C6-C60-Arylgruppe oder -N(Q1)(Q2),

wobei mindestens ein Substituent des substituierten Cycloheptatrieniums, des substituierten stickstoffhaltigen 5-gliedrigen cyclischen einwertigen Kations und des substituierten stickstoffhaltigen 6-gliedrigen cyclischen einwertigen Kations ausgewählt ist aus Deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, einer Hydroxylgruppe, einer substituierten oder unsubstituierten C1-C60-Alkylgruppe, einer substituierten oder unsubstituierten C2-C60-Alkenylgruppe, einer substituierten oder unsubstituierten C2-C60-Alkinylgruppe, einer substituierten oder unsubstituierten C1-C60-Alkoxygruppe, einer substituierten oder unsubstituierten C6-C60-Arylgruppe oder -N(Q3)(Q4),

wobei Q1 bis Q4 jeweils unabhängig voneinander ausgewählt sind aus Wasserstoff, Deuterium, einer Hydroxylgruppe, einer C1-C60-Alkylgruppe, einer C2-C60-Alkenylgruppe, einer C2-C60-Alkinylgruppe, einer C1-C60-Alkoxygruppe oder einer C6-C60- Arylgruppe,

B Tm2+ umfasst und

La2+, Ce2+, Pr2+, Nd2+, Pm2+, Eu2+, Gd2+, Tb2+, Ho2+, Er2+, Yb2+, Lu2+, Be2+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Ra2+, Pb2+, Sn2+ oder eine beliebige Kombination davon und

X mindestens ein Halogenidanion ist.


 
2. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei A (R1R2R3R4N)+, K+, Rb+, Cs+ oder eine beliebige Kombination davon ist,
R1 bis R4 jeweils unabhängig voneinander ausgewählt sind aus Wasserstoff, Deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, einer Hydroxylgruppe, einer C1-C20-Alkylgruppe, einer C1-C20-Alkoxygruppe oder -N(Q1)(Q2) und
Q1 und Q2 jeweils unabhängig voneinander ausgewählt sind aus Wasserstoff, Deuterium, einer Hydroxylgruppe, einer C1-C20-Alkylgruppe oder einer C1-C20-Alkoxygruppe.
 
3. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei A (NH4)+, (PH4)+, (AsH4)+, (SbH4)+, (NF4)+, (PF4)+, (NCl4)+, (PCl4)+, (CH3NH3)+, (CH3PH3)+, (CH3AsH3)+, (CH3SbH3)+, ((CH3)2NH2)+, ((CH3)2PH2)+, ((CH3)2AsH2)+, ((CH3)2SbH2)+, ((CH3)3NH)+, ((CH3)3PH)+, ((CH3)3AsH)+, ((CH3)3SbH)+, ((CH3CH2)NH3)+, ((CH3CH2)PH3)+, ((CH3CH2)AsH3)+, ((CH3CH2)SbH3)+, (CH2N2H4)+, (C7H7)+, (NH3OH)+, (NH3NH2)+, ((CH2)3NH2)+, (CH(NH2)2)+, (C3N2H5)+, (NC4H8)+, ((NH2)3C)+, K+, Rb+, Cs+ oder eine beliebige Kombination davon ist.
 
4. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei X ein Iodidion (I-) ist.
 
5. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei die Lichtquelle eine Leuchtstofflampe, eine Leuchtdiode (LED), eine organische Leuchtdiode (OLED), eine Quantenpunkt-Leuchtdiode (QLED) oder eine beliebige Kombination davon ist.
 
6. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die Lichtquelle blaues Licht oder ultraviolettes (UV) Licht emittiert.
 
7. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Lichtquelle blaues Licht emittiert und
die Photokonversionsschicht eine Perowskitverbindung umfasst, die das blaue Licht absorbiert und gelbes Licht emittiert.
 
8. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Lichtquelle blaues Licht emittiert und
die Photokonversionsschicht Folgendes umfasst:

eine erste Perowskitverbindung, die das blaue Licht absorbiert und grünes Licht emittiert; und

eine zweite Perowskitverbindung, die das blaue Licht und/oder das grüne Licht absorbiert und rotes Licht emittiert.


 
9. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Lichtquelle blaues Licht emittiert und
die Photokonversionsschicht Folgendes umfasst:

eine erste Schicht, die eine erste Perowskitverbindung umfasst, die das blaue Licht absorbiert und grünes Licht emittiert; und

eine zweite Schicht, die eine zweite Perowskitverbindung umfasst, die das blaue Licht und/oder das grüne Licht absorbiert und rotes Licht emittiert.


 
10. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Lichtquelle UV-Licht emittiert und
die Photokonversionsschicht Folgendes umfasst:

eine erste Perowskitverbindung, die das UV-Licht absorbiert und blaues Licht emittiert;

eine zweite Perowskitverbindung, die UV-Licht und/oder blaues Licht absorbiert und grünes Licht emittiert; und

eine dritte Perowskitverbindung, die UV-Licht, blaues Licht und/oder grünes Licht absorbiert und rotes Licht emittiert.


 
11. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Lichtquelle UV-Licht emittiert und
die Photokonversionsschicht Folgendes umfasst:

eine erste Schicht, die eine erste Perowskitverbindung umfasst, die das UV-Licht absorbiert und blaues Licht emittiert und eine zweite Perowskitverbindung, die UV-Licht und/oder blaues Licht absorbiert und grünes Licht emittiert; und eine zweite Schicht, die eine dritte Perowskitverbindung umfasst, die UV-Licht, blaues Licht und/oder grünes Licht absorbiert und rotes Licht emittiert, oder

eine erste Schicht, die eine erste Perowskitverbindung umfasst, die das UV-Licht absorbiert und blaues Licht emittiert; und eine zweite Schicht, die eine zweite Perowskitverbindung umfasst, die das UV-Licht und/oder das blaue Licht absorbiert und grünes Licht emittiert, und eine dritte Perowskitverbindung, die UV-Licht, blaues Licht und/oder grünes Licht absorbiert und rotes Licht emittiert.


 
12. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Lichtquelle UV-Licht emittiert und
die Photokonversionsschicht Folgendes umfasst:

eine erste Schicht, die eine erste Perowskitverbindung umfasst, die das UV-Licht absorbiert und blaues Licht emittiert;

eine zweite Schicht, die eine zweite Perowskitverbindung umfasst, die das UV-Licht und/oder das blaue Licht absorbiert und grünes Licht emittiert; und

eine dritte Schicht, die eine dritte Perowskitverbindung umfasst, die UV-Licht, blaues Licht und/oder grünes Licht absorbiert und rotes Licht emittiert.


 
13. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12, wobei die Photokonversionsschicht in direktem Kontakt mit mindestens einer Oberfläche der Lichtquelle steht; oder
die Lichtquelle und die Photokonversionsschicht voneinander getrennt sind.
 
14. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 13, die ferner eine Lichtleiterplatte, eine Diffusorplatte, eine Prismenfolie, eine Mikrolinsenfolie, eine Helligkeitsverbesserungsfolie, eine reflektierende Folie oder eine beliebige Kombination davon zwischen der Lichtquelle und der Photokonversionsschicht umfasst.
 
15. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 14, die ferner eine Lichtleiterplatte, eine Diffusorplatte, eine Prismenfolie, eine Mikrolinsenfolie, eine Helligkeitsverbesserungsfolie, eine reflektierende Folie oder eine beliebige Kombination davon über der Photokonversionsschicht umfasst.
 


Revendications

1. Dispositif d'éclairage comprenant :

une source de lumière ; et

une couche de photoconversion comprenant un composé perovskite représenté par la formule 1, le composé perovskite absorbant au moins une partie de la lumière émise par la source de lumière et émettant une lumière ayant une plage de longueurs d'onde différente de la plage de longueur d'onde de la lumière absorbée :

        <Formule 1>     [A][B][X]3

où, dans la formule 1,

A est (R1R2R3C)+, (R1R2R3R4N)+, (R1R2R3R4P)+, (R1R2R3R4As)+, (R1R2R3R4Sb)+, (R1R2N=C(R3)-NR4R5)+, un cycloheptatriène substitué ou non substitué, un cation monovalent cyclique azoté à 5 chaînons substitué ou non substitué, un cation monovalent cyclique azoté à 6 chaînons substitué ou non substitué, Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, Fr+, ou l'une quelconque de leurs combinaisons,

chacun de R1 à R5 est indépendamment choisi parmi l'hydrogène, le deutérium (-D), -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, un groupe hydroxyle, un groupe alkyle en C1 à C60 substitué ou non substitué, un groupe alcényle en C2 à C60 substitué ou non substitué, un groupe alcynyle en C2 à C60 substitué ou non substitué, un groupe alcoxy en C1 à C60 substitué ou non substitué, un groupe aryle en C6 à C60 substitué ou non substitué, et -N(Q1)(Q2),

au moins un substituant du cycloheptatriène substitué, du cation monovalent cyclique azoté à 5 chaînons substitué, et du cation monovalent cyclique azoté à 6 chaînons substitué est choisi parmi le deutérium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, un groupe hydroxyle, un groupe alkyle en C1 à C60 substitué ou non substitué, un groupe alcényle en C2 à C60 substitué ou non substitué, un groupe alcynyle en C2 à C60 substitué ou non substitué, un groupe alcoxy en C1 à C60 substitué ou non substitué, un groupe aryle en C6 à C60 substitué ou non substitué, et -N(Q3)(Q4), et

chacun de Q1 à Q4 est indépendamment choisi parmi l'hydrogène, le deutérium, un groupe hydroxyle, un groupe alkyle en C1 à C60, un groupe alcényle en C2 à C60, un groupe alcynyle en C2 à C60, un groupe alcoxy en C1 à C60, et un groupe aryle en C6 à C60,

B comprend Tm2+ ; et

La2+, Ce2+, Pr2+, Nd2+, Pm2+, Eu2+, Gd2+, Tb2+, Ho2+, Er2+, Yb2+, Lu2+, Be2+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Ra2+, Pb2+, Sn2+, ou l'une quelconque de leurs combinaisons, et

X est au moins un anion halogénure.


 
2. Dispositif d'éclairage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel A est (R1R2R3R4N)+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, ou l'une quelconque de leurs combinaisons,
chacun de R1 à R4 est indépendamment choisi parmi l'hydrogène, le deutérium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, un groupe hydroxyle, un groupe alkyle en C1 à C20, un groupe alcoxy en C1 à C20, et -N(Q1)(Q2), et
chacun de Q1 et Q2 est indépendamment choisi parmi l'hydrogène, le deutérium, un groupe hydroxyle, un groupe alkyle en C1 à C20, et un groupe alcoxy en C1 à C20.
 
3. Dispositif d'éclairage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel A est (NH4)+, (PH4)+, (AsH4)+, (SbH4)+, (NF4)+, (PF4)+, (NCl4)+, (PCl4)+, (CH3NH3)+, (CH3PH3)+, (CH3AsH3)+, (CH3SbH3)+, ((CH3)2NH2)+, ((CH3)2PH2)+, ((CH3)2AsH2)+, ((CH3)2SbH2)+, ((CH3)3NH)+, ((CH3)3PH)+, ((CH3)3AsH)+, ((CH3)3SbH)+, ((CH3CH2)NH3)+, ((CH3CH2)PH3)+, ((CH3CH2)AsH3)+, ((CH3CH2)SbH3)+, (CH2N2H4)+, (C7H7)+, (NH3OH)+, (NH3NH2)+, ((CH2)3NH2)+, (CH(NH2)2)+, (C3N2H5)+, (NC4H8)+, ((NH2)3C)+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, ou l'une quelconque de leurs combinaisons.
 
4. Dispositif d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel X est un ion iodure (I-).
 
5. Dispositif d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel la source de lumière est une lampe fluorescente, une diode électroluminescente (LED), une diode électroluminescente organique (OLED), une diode électroluminescente à points quantiques (QLED), ou l'une quelconque de leurs combinaisons.
 
6. Dispositif d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel la source de lumière émet une lumière bleue ou une lumière ultraviolette (UV).
 
7. Dispositif d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel la source de lumière émet une lumière bleue, et
la couche de photoconversion comprend un composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière bleue et émet une lumière jaune.
 
8. Dispositif d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel la source de lumière émet une lumière bleue, et
la couche de photoconversion comprend :

un premier composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière bleue et émet une lumière verte ; et

un deuxième composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière bleue et/ou la lumière verte et émet une lumière rouge.


 
9. Dispositif d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel la source de lumière émet une lumière bleue, et
la couche de photoconversion comprend :

une première couche comprenant un premier composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière bleue et émet une lumière verte ; et

une deuxième couche comprenant un deuxième composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière bleue et/ou la lumière verte et émet une lumière rouge.


 
10. Dispositif d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel la source de lumière émet une lumière UV, et
la couche de photoconversion comprend :

un premier composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière UV et émet une lumière bleue ;

un deuxième composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière UV et/ou la lumière bleue et émet une lumière verte ; et

un troisième composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière UV, la lumière bleue et/ou la lumière verte et émet une lumière rouge.


 
11. Dispositif d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel la source de lumière émet une lumière UV, et
la couche de photoconversion comprend :

une première couche comprenant un premier composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière UV et émet une lumière bleue et un deuxième composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière UV et/ou la lumière bleue et émet une lumière verte ; et une deuxième couche comprenant un troisième composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière UV, la lumière bleue et/ou la lumière verte et émet une lumière rouge, ou

une première couche comprenant un premier composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière UV et émet une lumière bleue ; et une deuxième couche comprenant un deuxième composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière UV et/ou la lumière bleue et émet une lumière verte, et un troisième composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière UV, la lumière bleue et/ou la lumière verte et émet une lumière rouge.


 
12. Dispositif d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel la source de lumière émet une lumière UV, et
la couche de photoconversion comprend :

une première couche comprenant un premier composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière UV et émet une lumière bleue ;

une deuxième couche comprenant un deuxième composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière UV et/ou la lumière bleue et émet une lumière verte ; et

une troisième couche comprenant un troisième composé perovskite qui absorbe la lumière UV, la lumière bleue et/ou la lumière verte et émet une lumière rouge.


 
13. Dispositif d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 12, dans lequel la couche de photoconversion est en contact direct avec au moins une surface de la source de lumière ; ou
la source de lumière et la couche de photoconversion sont séparées l'une de l'autre.
 
14. Dispositif d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 13, comprenant en outre une plaque guide de lumière, une plaque de diffuseur, une feuille de prismes, une feuille de microlentilles, une feuille amplifiant la brillance, un film réfléchissant, ou l'une quelconque de leurs combinaisons, entre la source de lumière et la couche de photoconversion.
 
15. Dispositif d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 14, comprenant en outre une plaque guide de lumière, une plaque de diffuseur, une feuille de prismes, une feuille de microlentilles, une feuille amplifiant la brillance, un film réfléchissant, ou l'une quelconque de leurs combinaisons, au-dessus de la couche de photoconversion.
 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description