(19)
(11)EP 3 255 199 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 15880979.8

(22)Date of filing:  23.11.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
D06F 39/08(2006.01)
D06F 37/12(2006.01)
D06F 23/04(2006.01)
D06F 37/26(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2015/095295
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/124037 (11.08.2016 Gazette  2016/32)

(54)

WATER DRAINAGE CONTROL MECHANISM FOR WASHING MACHINE INNER DRUM, AND WASHING MACHINE

WASSERABLAUFSTEUERMECHANISMUS FÜR WASCHMASCHINENINNENTROMMEL UND WASCHMASCHINE

MÉCANISME DE COMMANDE DE VIDANGE D'EAU POUR TAMBOUR INTERNE DE MACHINE À LAVER, ET MACHINE À LAVER


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 04.02.2015 CN 201510059570

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.12.2017 Bulletin 2017/50

(73)Proprietor: Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co., Ltd.
Shandong 266101 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LV, Peishi
    Qingdao Shandong 266101 (CN)
  • YANG, Lin
    Qingdao Shandong 266101 (CN)
  • WANG, Lingchen
    Qingdao Shandong 266101 (CN)
  • TIAN, Yun
    Qingdao Shandong 266101 (CN)
  • CHENG, Baozhen
    Qingdao Shandong 266101 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Gangjin
    Qingdao Shandong 266101 (CN)

(74)Representative: Ziebig & Hengelhaupt Patent- und Rechtsanwaltskanzlei PartG mbB 
Leipziger Straße 49
10117 Berlin
10117 Berlin (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 103 898 708
CN-A- 104 805 642
CN-U- 204 298 645
CN-Y- 2 614 216
GB-A- 2 242 444
CN-A- 104 593 990
CN-A- 105 040 359
CN-U- 204 608 402
CN-Y- 200 955 100
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to the field of washing machines, and in particular relates to a discharge control mechanism for an inner tub of a washing machine and the washing machine.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] In an existing pulsator washing machine, water-permeable holes are formed on an inner tub, and the inner tub serving as a washing tub is communicated with an outer tub serving as a water containing tub. While water filled between side walls of the inner tub and the outer tub is not engaged in washing, it's only water within the inner tub that really participates in washing, which results in great waste of water resources. In addition, too much water between the inner and outer tubs can also reduce the concentration of detergent/washing powder in the washing liquid. Meanwhile, as water flows into and out of the inner tub and the outer tub frequently there between, the area between the sidewalls of the inner tub and the outer tub becomes a space hiding contaminants after long-term use, and scale from tap water, free substances from the washing powder, cellulose from clothes, organics from the human body and dust and bacteria carried by the clothes are very liable to be retained between the sidewalls of the inner tub and the outer tub. Molds are generated and bred as a large number of contaminants accumulating within the washing machine after a long time of use which cannot be removed effectively. If such contaminants invisible to a user are not removed, the bacteria will adhere to the clothes and contact the human body after washing next time, thereby causing the problem of cross infection.

    [0003] Patent 200420107890.8 relates to a full-automatic washing machine, which mainly includes a box body, a washing and dewatering tub, a water containing tub and a driving device, wherein the water containing tub is installed outside the washing and dewatering tub and is fixedly connected with the box body. A sealing device is arranged between the bottom surface of the inner wall of the water containing tub and the bottom surface of the outer wall of the washing and dewatering tub, and a sealing cavity is formed in the sealing device. The outer sidewall of the washing and dewatering tub is provided with no through hole; the bottom of the washing and dewatering tub is provided with a discharge hole communicated with the sealing cavity; a first discharge hole communicated with a discharge pipe is formed on the water containing tub; and a drain valve is arranged on the discharge pipe. The water containing tub is fixedly connected with the box body through a hanger rod. One end of the hanger rod is connected with the inner wall on the upper end of the box body, and the other end of the hanger rod is connected with the outer wall of the water containing tub. After a long time of operation, however, abrasion and water leakage are likely to occur due to long-term operation of the sealing structure; and the service life can be shortened greatly in the case of poor water quality and high sand content, thus losing functions that it should have. Moreover, the washing machine is not suitable for use in situations with large washing capacity, thus resulting in poor reliability. GB2242444A relates to a washing machine having a washing and dehydrating inner tub rotatably mounted in an outer tub.

    [0004] In view of the foregoing, the present disclosure is proposed.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] An object of the present disclosure is to overcome the shortcomings of the prior art, and provide a discharge control mechanism for an inner tub of a washing machine to control water discharge of the inner tub.

    [0006] Another object of the present disclosure is to overcome the shortcomings of the prior art, and provide a washing machine with the discharge control mechanism described above, without water between the inner tub and an outer tub during washing.

    [0007] To achieve the objects, the present disclosure adopts the following technical solutions.

    [0008] A washing machine comprises: an inner tub (100) of which a side wall is imperforate type under an upper part of the inner tub (100), an outer tub (200), an outer tub and a discharge control mechanism for the inner tub of the washing machine, without water between the inner tub and an outer tub during washing, wherein a discharge hole is formed at the bottom of the inner tub, and the discharge control mechanism is capable of blocking the discharge hole and is arranged at the bottom of the outer tub; the discharge control mechanism at least comprises a valve plug capable of stretch and contraction such that, during water intake and washing, the discharge control mechanism is configured to control the first discharge hole to be closed by moving the valve plug upward to close the discharge hole so that there is no water between the inner tub and the outer tub; and during draining and dewatering, the discharge control mechanism is configured to control the first discharge hole to be opened by moving the valve plug downward to open the discharge hole, characterized in that a location of the discharge control mechanism is configured to correspond to a location of the first discharge hole by a locking structure arranged at the bottom of the outer tub and locking the inner tub so that it cannot rotate.

    [0009] The valve plug includes a stretchable and contractible valve rod and a sealing sleeve which is sleeved on the valve rod and stretchable and contactable along with stretching and contracting of the valve rod; preferably the sealing sleeve is in the shape of a corrugated pipe.

    [0010] A mounting hole for the discharge control mechanism is formed at the bottom of the outer tub; the valve rod is arranged in the mounting hole, and the sealing sleeve is an elastic structure. The sealing sleeve is connected to the valve rod at one end, and connected to the mounting hole at the other end.

    [0011] The top of the valve rod is an elastic structure, or the sealing sleeve extends toward the top of the valve rod to at least cover a part of the top of the valve rod, and at least extends to the interior of the discharge hole when the top of the valve rod corresponds to the discharge hole.

    [0012] The sealing sleeve extends toward the top of the valve rod to completely cover the top of the valve rod. Preferably a first end of the sealing sleeve is a closed structure sleeved on the top of the valve rod, and a second end of the sealing sleeve is in sealed connection with the mounting hole.

    [0013] A barrier capable of blocking the discharge hole at the bottom of the inner tub is arranged at the top of the valve rod.

    [0014] The discharge control mechanism further comprises a fixed base, which is fixed to an outer surface of the bottom of the outer tub; a slideway for the valve rod is arranged at the center of the fixed base; and the valve rod is arranged in the slideway.

    [0015] A mounting hole for the discharge control mechanism is formed at the bottom of the outer tub; the discharge control mechanism further includes a fixed shell, which is matched with the mounting hole, and the valve plug is located in the fixed shell. A lower end of the fixed shell or the lower end of the mounting hole is in sealed connection with the second end of the sealing sleeve. The fixed shell is fixed directly to the bottom of the outer tub or the fixed shell is fixed to the bottom of the outer tub through the fixed base.

    [0016] An outer edge of the first end of the sealing sleeve extends outward to form a turnup; after the valve plug moves downward and the discharge hole is opened, the turnup is lapped on the upper end of the fixed shell or the mounting hole; and a leakage port communicated with a discharge pipeline of the washing machine is provided at the lower part of the fixed shell.

    [0017] An outer edge of the first end of the sealing sleeve extends outward to form a third end, the third end is in sealed connection with the fixed shell or the upper end of the mounting hole. The extension part is an annular seal ring that is stretchable and contractible along with stretching and contracting of the valve rod; and preferably, the annular seal ring is provided with a corrugated bend along a radial direction.

    [0018] A spring is sleeved outside the slideway of the valve rod; the spring is located between the barrier of the valve rod and the fixed base, with one end of the spring being in contact with the barrier, and the other end being in contact with the fixed base; and when the valve rod moves downward, the spring is compressed.

    [0019] The lower end of the valve rod is connected with a linear reciprocating motor, or the lower end of the valve rod is connected with a rotary motor through a connecting rod structure; and the motor is mounted in a housing. The housing is provided with an installation part fixed to the bottom of the outer tub.

    [0020] A plurality of axial bulges is uniformly distributed on the inner wall of the slideway along a circumferential direction, and the top of the bulge are in contact with the external surface of the valve rod.

    [0021] After adopting the technical solution of the present disclosure, the following beneficial effects are achieved:
    1. 1. In the present disclosure, there is no washing water between the inner tub and the outer tub, resulting in the characteristic of water conservation. And during draining and/or dewatering, the discharge hole is opened, and the washing water in the inner tub and impurities such as dirt and sand from the clothes are discharged via the discharge hole at the lower part to the outer tub, and water in the clothes is discharged via the discharge holes at the upper part of the inner tub to the outer tub during dewatering, and directly discharged out of the washing machine via a discharge port and a discharge pipe at the bottom of the outer tub. Thus achieving quick draining and good draining and contamination discharging effect.
    2. 2. The discharge control mechanism of the present disclosure can effectively control opening and closing of the first discharge hole, so that the bottom of the inner tub is sealed during water intake and washing, there is no water between the inner tub and the outer tub. And it has good sealing performance to avoid water leakage of the outer tub, and is simple in structure to facilitate control, and reliable in operation and highly safe.


    [0022] Specific embodiments of the present disclosure are further described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0023] 

    Fig. 1 is an installation structure diagram of a discharge control mechanism of the present disclosure.

    Fig. 2 is an installation structure exploded view of the discharge control mechanism of the present disclosure.

    Fig. 3 is an enlarged view at A of Fig. 1.

    Fig. 4 is a sectional exploded view of the discharge control mechanism of the present disclosure.

    Fig. 5 is an enlarged view at B of Fig. 1.

    Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of an assembly relation between a valve rod and a slideway.



    [0024] Reference signs: 100 - inner tub, 101 - inner tub body, 102 - bottom of inner tub, 103 - inner tub flange, 104 - balance ring, 105 - first discharge hole, 106 - second discharge hole, 200 - outer tub, 201 - first mounting hole, 202 - bottom of outer tub, 203 - outer tub discharge hole, 204 - second mounting hole, 300 - locking structure, 301 -locking hole, 302 - locking rod, 303 -fixed base, 304 - slideway, 305 - fixed shell, 306 - seal ring, 307 - sealing sleeve, 308 - first end, 309 - second end, 310 - third end, 320 - boss, 321 - spring, 322 -connecting rod, 323 - cam, 324 - rotary motor, 325 - guide rail, 326 - bulge, 327 - nut, 328 - housing, 329 - installation part, 400 - discharge control mechanism, 401 - valve rod, 402 - sealing sleeve, 403 - barrier, 404 - first end, 405 - second end, 406 - third end, 407 - fixed base, 408 - slideway, 409 - fixed shell, 410 - turnup, 411 - leakage port, 412 - discharge pipe, 413 - spring, 414 - connecting rod, 415 - cam, 416 - rotary motor, 417 - housing, 418 - installation part, 419 - bulge, 420 fastening bolt.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



    [0025] As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, a water-saving washing machine includes an inner tub 100 and an outer tub 200. An inner tub body 101 has no leakage holes communicated with the outer tub 200. A first discharge hole 105 is formed at the bottom of the inner tub, and second discharge holes 106 are formed in a circle at the upper part of the inner tub 100. During washing, the first discharge hole 105 is closed, and water is only contained within the inner tub 100, and there is no water between the inner tub 100 and the outer tub 200. After the end of washing, the first discharge hole 105 is opened, and washing water in the inner tub is discharged via the first discharge hole 105. During dewatering, the inner tub 100 rotates, and water released from clothes rises along the wall of the tub under the action of a centrifugal force, is discharged from the inner tub via the second discharge holes 106 at the upper part of the inner tub to the space between the inner tub and the outer tub, and then is drained via an outer tub discharge hole 203 of the outer tub 200. In this way, during washing, the washing water is only retained in the inner tub 100 and there is no water between the inner tub and the outer tub, resulting in the characteristic of water conservation. And during draining and/or dewatering, the first discharge hole 105 is opened, and the washing water in the inner tub and impurities such as dirt and sand from the clothes are discharged via the first discharge hole 105 at the lower part to the outer tub, and water in the clothes is discharged via the second discharge holes 106 at the upper part of the inner tub to the outer tub during dewatering, and directly discharged out of the washing machine via a discharge port and a discharge pipe at the bottom of the outer tub. Thus achieving quick draining and good draining and contamination discharging effect.

    [0026] In the present disclosure, a discharge control mechanism 400 for controlling the first discharge hole 105 to be opened/closed is arranged at the bottom of the first discharge hole. During water intake and washing, the discharge control mechanism 400 controls the first discharge hole 105 to be closed. During draining and dewatering, the discharge control mechanism 400 controls the first discharge hole 105 to be opened. Furthermore, a locking structure 300 is added to the bottom of the inner tub 100. The discharge control mechanism 400 is fixedly arranged on the outer tub 200, and the first discharge hole 105 is formed on the inner tub 100. During dewatering, the inner tub rotates, and when the first discharge hole 105 needs to be closed by the discharge control mechanism 400, they may be not necessarily at the same location, and the locking structure 300 first positions the inner tub such that the locations of the first discharge hole 105 and the discharge control mechanism 400 correspond to each other, and then lock the inner tub 100, and the discharge control mechanism 400 blocks the first discharge hole 105. The locking structure 300 can also effectively prevent the inner tub 100 from rotating when the washing machine is performing water intake and washing, and prevent the discharge control mechanism 400 for controlling the first discharge hole 105 to be opened/closed, at the bottom of the first discharge hole from failure.

    [0027] Figs. 3 and 4 show the discharge control mechanism 400 for the inner tub of the washing machine of the present disclosure, wherein the first discharge hole 105 is formed at the bottom of the inner tub 100, and the discharge control mechanism 400 is mounted at a position at the bottom of the outer tub 200 corresponding to the first discharge hole 105. The discharge control mechanism 400 at least includes a stretchable and contractible valve plug, which is fixed in a circumferential direction and stretchable up and down along an axial direction of the inner tub. When the valve plug moves upward and blocks the first discharge hole 105, the first discharge hole 105 is controlled to be closed. When the valve plug moves downward and separates from the first discharge hole 105, the first discharge hole 105 is controlled to be opened.

    [0028] A second mounting hole 204 for the valve plug is formed at the bottom of the outer tub 200, and the second mounting hole 204 is in a sleeve shape. The valve plug includes a stretchable and contractible valve rod 401 and a sealing sleeve 402 which is sleeved on the valve rod and stretchable with the valve rod. The valve rod is arranged in the mounting hole, and the sealing sleeve is an elastic structure. The sealing sleeve is connected to the valve rod at one end, and connected to the mounting hole at the other end.

    [0029] A barrier 403 capable of blocking the discharge hole is arranged at the top of the valve rod 401, and preferably the valve rod 401 is a T-shape structure.

    [0030] The top of the valve rod is an elastic structure, or the sealing sleeve extends toward the top of the valve rod to at least cover a part of the top of the valve rod, and at least extends to the interior of the discharge hole when the top of the valve rod corresponds to the discharge hole. Preferably, the sealing sleeve extends toward the top of the valve rod to completely cover the top of the valve rod. A first end 404 of the sealing sleeve 402 is a closed structure sleeved on the top of the valve rod 401, and a second end 405 of the sealing sleeve 402 is in sealed connection with the second mounting hole 204. Preferably, the sealing sleeve 402 is in the shape of a corrugated pipe. The valve rod 401 drives the sealing sleeve 402 to move upward to the first discharge hole 105, and the barrier 403 squeezes the second end of the sealing sleeve 402 to tightly contact the first discharge hole 105, thereby blocking the first discharge hole 105. Preferably, the upper surface of the barrier 403 is an upward bulging spherical structure to achieve good sealing effect. The sealing sleeve is made of an elastic material, and is a rubber sleeve for example.

    [0031] The discharge control mechanism 400 further includes a fixed base 407, which is fixed to an outer surface of the bottom of the outer tub 200, and the center of the fixed base 407 is bent upward and/or downward to form a slideway 408 for the valve rod 401. The fixed base 407 is threaded connected and fixed to the outer side of the bottom of the outer tub 200 through bolts, screws or the like. The slideway 408 for the valve rod 401 is arranged at the center of the fixed base 407 and the valve rod 401 can slide up and down in the slideway 408 to control opening and closing of the first discharge hole 105 of the inner tub.

    [0032] As shown in Fig. 6, the slideway 408 is sleeve-like, having an inner diameter slightly greater than the outer diameter of the valve rod 401 with a clearance there between. The clearance should not be very small so as to ensure the valve rod 401 can slide freely in the slideway 408, and the clearance should not be very large so as to ensure the moving direction of the valve rod 401 does not deflect too much. A plurality of axial bulges 419 are uniformly distributed on the inner wall of the slideway 408 along a circumferential direction, and the tops of the bulges 419 are in linear contact with the surface of the valve rod 401. As such, the plurality of bulges 419 function to orient the valve rod 401 to ensure the valve plug is aligned to the first discharge hole and avoid swaying, and also reduce the contact area and friction, so that the valve rod 401 slides freely in the slideway 408.

    [0033] The discharge control mechanism 400 further includes a fixed shell 409. The fixed shell 409 is sleeve-like and disposed within the second mounting hole 204 and matched with the second mounting hole 204. The valve plug is arranged in the middle part of the fixed shell 409. The second end 405 of the sealing sleeve 402 is in sealed connection with the lower end of the fixed shell 409 or the lower end of the second mounting hole 204. The fixed shell 409 is fixed directly to the bottom of the outer tub 200 or the fixed shell 409 fixed to the bottom of the outer tub 200 through the fixed base 407.

    [0034] Preferably, the upper end of the second mounting hole 204 is bent inward to form a bend, and the lower end of the fixed shell 409 is bent outward to form a bend. The fixed shell 409 projects into the second mounting hole 204, with the upper end of the fixed shell 409 abutting against the bend at the upper end of the second mounting hole 204, and the lower end of the second mounting hole 204 abutting against the bend at the lower end of the fixed shell 409. And the second end 405 of the sealing sleeve 402 is squeezed between the lower end of the second mounting hole 204 and the bend at the lower end of the fixed shell 409 to achieve sealing and avoid water leakage therefrom.

    [0035] An outer edge of the first end 404 of the sealing sleeve 402 extends outward to form a turnup 410, the diameter of which is greater than the diameter of the fixed shell 409. After the valve plug moves downward and the discharge hole is opened, the turnup 410 is lapped on the upper end of the fixed shell 409 or the second mounting hole 204. When the valve plug moves downward and separates from the first discharge hole 105, water in the inner tub 100 immediately flows out downward. After flowing to the upper end, i.e. the first end 404, and the turnup 410 of the valve plug, the water is directed by the turnup 410 and spread to the periphery of the valve plug, which to avoid the water flow directly rushes into the fixed shell and causes impact on the discharge control mechanism. When the valve plug is located at the lowest position, the turnup 410 is lapped on the upper end of the fixed shell 409 or the second mounting hole 204, which can prevent impurities such as lint in the water flow from entering the fixed shell to obstruct stretching and contracting of the valve plug.

    [0036] A leakage port 411 is provided at the lower part of the fixed shell 409, and a discharge pipe 412 is arranged at the leakage port 411 and connected to a discharge pipeline of the washing machine. As the sealing sleeve 402 is sleeved on the valve rod 401, and the second end 405 of the sealing sleeve 402 is sealed to the fixed shell 409, the water flow cannot be entirely blocked by the turnup 410 from entering the space between the fixed shell 409 and the sealing sleeve 402. With the leakage port 411, the water in the space can be discharged via the leakage port 411 to the discharge pipeline of the washing machine, thereby being drained out of the washing machine.

    [0037] Preferably, an outer edge of the first end 404 of the sealing sleeve 402 extends outward to form a third end 406, which is in sealed connection with the fixed shell 409 or the upper end of the second mounting hole 204. The extension part is an annular seal ring that can stretch and contract along with stretching and contracting of the valve rod. Preferably, the annular seal ring is provided with a corrugated bend along a radial direction. The sealing sleeve between the extended third end 406 and the first end 404 can seal the space between the fixed shell 409 and the sealing sleeve 402, to avoid water flow enters the space between the fixed shell 409 and the sealing sleeve 402. In this case, the sealing sleeve between the second end 405 and the first end 404 can be omitted. However, it is preferred to provide the sealing sleeve between the second end 405 and the first end 404, in order to ensure safety or prevent failure of the sealing sleeve between the third end 406 and the first end 404. In this case, the leakage port 411 does not need to be provided at the lower part of the fixed shell 409 since the space between the fixed shell 409 and the sealing sleeve 402 is sealed.

    [0038] A spring 413 is sleeved outside the slideway 408 of the valve rod 401. The spring 413 is located between the barrier 403 of the valve rod 401 and the fixed base 407, with one end of the spring 413 being in contact with the barrier 403, and the other end being in contact with the fixed base 407. When the valve rod moves downward, the barrier 403 presses the upper end of the spring to move downward, so that the spring 413 is compressed. Moreover, the restoring force of a spring 321 can also drive the valve rod 401 to move upward. Furthermore, the compression amount of the spring can be set so that an upward force is also provided to the valve rod 401 when the discharge control mechanism 400 abuts against the first discharge hole 105.

    [0039] The lower end of the valve rod 401 is connected with a linear reciprocating motor, and movement of the linear reciprocating motor drives the valve rod 401 to stretch and contract, or the movement of the linear reciprocating motor drives the valve rod 401 to move downward, and the restoring force of the spring 413 drives the valve rod 401 to move upward; or the lower end of the valve rod 401 is connected with a connecting rod 414, which is connected to a cam 415, and the cam 415 is connected with a rotary motor 416. The linear reciprocating motor or the rotary motor is mounted in a housing 417 to protect the motor and avoid water splashing to the motor to cause electric leakage, a fire and the like. The housing 417 is provided with an installation part 418 which is fixed to the bottom of the outer tub, or the housing 417 and the slideway 408 are integrally formed, i.e. the lower end of the slideway 408 is bent outward and then bent downward to form the housing 417.

    [0040] Fig. 5 shows the locking structure 300 for the water-saving inner washing tub without a hole of the present disclosure, wherein a locking hole 301 not communicated with the inner tub is formed at the bottom of the inner tub 100. The locking structure 300 is mounted at the bottom of the outer tub. The locking structure 300 at least includes a stretchable and contractible locking rod 302 which is fixed circumferentially. During washing and rinsing, the locking rod 302 moves upward and projects into the locking hole 301, and the inner tub 100 is locked and cannot rotate, to avoid failure of the discharge control mechanism 400. During dewatering, the locking rod 302 moves downward and separates from the locking hole 301, and the inner tub can rotate to dewater the clothes. When the bottom of the inner tub 100 needs to be sealed, the locking rod 302 moves upward and projects into the locking hole 301 so that the inner tub 100 is locked, and the discharge control mechanism 400 blocks the first discharge hole 105. When the inner tub 100 needs to rotate, the locking rod 302 moves downward and separates from the locking hole 301 so that the inner tub can rotate, and the locking rod 302 does not affect rotation of the inner tub 100.

    [0041] The locking structure 300 is arranged at the bottom of the outer tub 200 and corresponds to the position of the locking hole. The locking structure 300 further includes a fixed base 303 for the locking rod 302. The fixed base 303, which is an annular structure, is fixed to the outer surface of the bottom of the outer tub 200, and the center of the fixed base 303 is bent upward to form a slideway 304 for the locking rod 302. The fixed base 303 is threaded connected and fixed to the outer side of the bottom of the outer tub 200 through bolts, screws or the like. The center of the fixed base 303 is bent upward to form the slideway 304 for the locking rod 302. The locking rod 302 can slide up and down in the slideway 304 to control locking and releasing of the inner tub.

    [0042] The slideway 304 has an inner diameter slightly greater than the outer diameter of the locking rod 302 with a clearance there between. The clearance should not be very small so as to ensure the locking rod 302 can slide freely in the slideway 304, and the clearance should not be very large so as to ensure the moving direction of the locking rod 302 does not deflect too much. A plurality of axial bulges 326 are uniformly distributed on the inner wall of the slideway 304 along a circumferential direction, and the tops of the bulges 326 are in linear contact with the surface of the locking rod 302. As such, the plurality of bulges 326 function to orient the locking rod 302 to ensure the locking rod is aligned to the locking hole and reduce swaying, and also reduce the contact area and friction, so that the locking rod 302 slides freely in the slideway 304.

    [0043] A sleeve-like first mounting hole 201 is formed at the bottom of the outer tub 200. The locking structure 300 further includes a fixed shell 305, which is sleeve-like and arranged within the first mounting hole 201 and matched with the first mounting hole 201. The locking rod 302 is arranged in the fixed shell 305. A sealing structure is arranged between the first mounting hole 201 and the fixed shell 305, and a sealing structure is arranged between the fixed shell 305 and the locking rod 302. The sealing structures can ensure water leakage does not occur at the first mounting hole 201.

    [0044] Preferably, the upper end of the first mounting hole 201 is bent inward to form a bend, and the lower end of the fixed shell is bent outward to form a bend. The fixed shell 305 projects into the first mounting hole 201, the upper end of the fixed shell 305 abutting against the bend at the upper end of the first mounting hole 201, with a sealing structure such as an elastic sealing ring arranged there between, and the lower end of the first mounting hole 201 abutting against the bend at the lower end of the fixed shell, with a sealing structure such as an elastic sealing ring arranged there between.

    [0045] The sealing structure between the first mounting hole 201 and the fixed shell 305 is a round-shaped seal ring which is arranged between the first mounting hole 201 and the fixed shell 305. The sealing structure between the fixed shell 305 and the locking rod 302 is a sealing sleeve 307 that can stretch and contract along with stretching and contracting of the locking rod. A first end 308 of the sealing sleeve 307 is in sealed connection with the fixed shell 305, and a second end 309 thereof is in sealed connection with the locking rod 302. Preferably, the first end of the sealing sleeve 307 is arranged between the upper end of the fixed shell 305 and the bend at the upper end of the first mounting hole 201, so that the sealing sleeve with elasticity achieves sealing; and the second end of the sealing sleeve is in sealed connection with the locking rod 302, thus avoiding that water in the outer tub enters the fixed shell to cause damage to the locking structure 300 and result in water leakage. Preferably, the sealing structure is the sealing sleeve 307 in the shape of a corrugated pipe, being stretchable, non-permeable to water in itself, and capable of achieving sealing. The sealing sleeve is made of an elastic material, and is a rubber sleeve for example.

    [0046] The first end 308 of the sealing sleeve 307 is in sealed connection with the upper end of the fixed shell 305, and the second end 309 of the sealing sleeve 307 extends axially to form a third end 310, which is in sealed connection with the lower end of the fixed shell 305. The extension part is a sealing sleeve that can stretch and contract along with stretching and contracting of the locking rod, and is preferably in the shape of a corrugated pipe. The extended sealing sleeve provides secondary sealing effect. Even if a problem occurs in the sealing described above, the extended sealing sleeve can also achieve further sealing function, thus improving the safety and avoiding water leakage.

    [0047] Preferably, the fixed shell 305 is connected at the lower end to the fixed base, and then the fixed base is connected to the outer tub; the third end 310 of the sealing sleeve is located between the lower end of the fixed shell 305 and the fixed base; and the lower end of the fixed shell 305 and the fixed base squeeze the third end 310 to achieve sealing.

    [0048] A boss 320 is provided at the upper part of the locking rod 302, and the second end 309 of the sealing sleeve is connected to the boss. The inner diameter of the second end 309 is slightly greater than the outer diameter of the locking rod 302. A side face of the second end 309 is tightly contact with the boss 320, and then they are fixed through a fastening nut 327. The boss 320 and the fastening nut 327 squeeze the second end 309 to achieve sealing.

    [0049] A spring 321 is sleeved outside the slideway 304 of the locking rod 302. The spring 321 is located between the boss 320 of the locking rod 302 and the fixed base 303, with one end of the spring 321 being in contact with the boss 320, and the other end being in contact with the fixed base 303. When the locking rod 302 moves downward, the boss 320 presses the spring 321 to move downward, so that the spring 321 is compressed. Moreover, the restoring force of the spring 321 can also drive the locking rod 302 to move upward.

    [0050] The lower end of the locking rod 302 is connected with a linear reciprocating motor, and movement of the linear reciprocating motor drives the locking rod 302 to stretch and contract, or the movement of the linear reciprocating motor drives the locking rod 302 to move downward, and the restoring force of the spring 321 drives the locking rod 302 to move upward; or the lower end of the locking rod 302 is connected with a connecting rod 322, which is connected to a cam 323, and the cam 323 is connected with a rotary motor 234. The linear reciprocating motor or the rotary motor is mounted in a housing 328 to protect the motor and avoid water splashing to the motor to cause electric leakage, a fire and the like. The housing 328 is provided with an installation part 329 which is fixed to the bottom of the outer tub 200. The installation part 329 can be threaded connected and fixed, together with the fixed base 303 and the lower part of the fixed shell 305, to the bottom of the outer tub 200 through bolts, screws or the like.

    [0051] When the locking rod 302 contracts to the lowest position, the top end of the locking rod 302 is lower than or flush with the internal surface of the bottom of the outer tub. Preferably, when the locking rod contracts to the lowest position, the top end of the locking rod is flush with the internal surface of the bottom of the outer tub. This can avoid that the locking rod 302 interferes with the inner tub 100 during rotation of the inner tub 100, to damage the locking rod 302 or the inner tub 100.

    [0052] The locking hole 301 is formed in an inner tub flange 103, and the inner tub flange 103 is provided with a smooth groove on each of two sides of the locking hole 301 respectively to form a guide rail 325; or the guide rail 325 is a separate structure with a smooth groove formed on the guide rail 325, and the locking hole 301 is located in the middle of the groove. When the inner tub 100 rotates at a speed lower than a set rotating speed, the locking rod 302 is controlled to move upward and come into contact with the guide rail 325. Due to the action of the spring 321, the locking rod 302 still tends to move upward, and the inner tub rotates to generate friction with the guide rail 325 and the locking rod 302. When the locking hole 301 moves to the position of the locking rod 302 and corresponds to the locking rod 302, the locking rod moves upward and projects into the locking hole 301 to achieve positioning and locking of the inner tub 100.

    [0053] Described above are only preferred embodiments of the present disclosure, and it should be noted that to those of ordinary skill in the art, various modifications and improvements may also be made without departing from principles of the present disclosure, and these modifications and improvements should also be encompassed within the protection scope of the present disclosure.


    Claims

    1. A washing machine comprising:

    an inner tub (100) rotatable around a vertical axis, a side wall of which is imperforate under an upper part of the inner tub (100), an outer tub (200) and a discharge control mechanism (400) for the inner tub (100) of the washing machine, without water between the inner tub (100) and the outer tub (200) during washing, wherein

    a first discharge hole (105) is formed at the bottom of the inner tub (100), and the discharge control mechanism (400) is capable of blocking the discharge hole (105) and is arranged at the bottom of the outer tub (200);

    the discharge control mechanism (400) at least comprises a valve plug capable of stretch and contraction such that, during water intake and washing, the discharge control mechanism (400) is configured to control the first discharge hole (105) to be closed by moving the valve plug upward to close the discharge hole (105) so that there is no water between the inner tub (100) and the outer tub (200); and

    during draining and dewatering, the discharge control mechanism (400) is configured to control the first discharge hole (105) to be opened by moving the valve plug downward to open the first discharge hole (105), characterized in that

    a location of the discharge control mechanism (400) is configured to correspond to a location of the first discharge hole (105) by a locking structure (300) arranged at the bottom of the outer tub (200) and locking the inner tub (100) so that it cannot rotate.


     
    2. The washing machine according to claim 1, wherein the valve plug comprises a valve rod (401) capable of stretch and contraction and a sealing sleeve (402) which is sleeved on the valve rod (401) and stretchable and contactable along with stretching and contracting of the valve rod (401); and preferably the sealing sleeve (402) is in a shape of a corrugated pipe.
     
    3. The washing machine according to claim 2, wherein a mounting hole (201) for the discharge control mechanism (400) is formed at the bottom of the outer tub (200); the valve rod (401) is arranged in the mounting hole (201), and the sealing sleeve (402) is an elastic structure; the sealing sleeve (402) is connected to the valve rod (401) at one end, and connected to the mounting hole (201) at the other end.
     
    4. The washing machine according to claim 2 or 3, wherein a top of the valve rod (401) is an elastic structure, or the sealing sleeve (402) extends toward the top of the valve rod (401) to at least cover a part of the top of the valve rod (401) and at least extends to an interior of the first discharge hole (105) when the top of the valve rod (401) corresponds to the first discharge hole (105).
     
    5. The washing machine according to claim 4, wherein the sealing sleeve (402) extends toward the top of the valve rod (401) to completely cover the top of the valve rod (401); and preferably a first end of the sealing sleeve (402) is a closed structure sleeved on the top of the valve rod (401), and a second end of the sealing sleeve (402) is in sealed connection with the mounting hole (201).
     
    6. The washing machine according to any one of claims from 1 to 5, wherein a barrier (403) capable of blocking the discharge hole (105) at the bottom of the inner tub (100) is arranged at the top of the valve rod (401).
     
    7. The washing machine according to any one of claims from 1 to 6, wherein the discharge control mechanism (400) further comprises a fixed base (407), the fixed base (407) is fixed to an outer surface of the bottom of the outer tub (200); and a slideway (408) for the valve rod (401) is arranged at a center of the fixed base (407), and the valve rod (401) is arranged in the slideway (408).
     
    8. The washing machine according to any one of claims from 1 to 7, wherein the mounting hole (201) for the discharge control mechanism (400) is formed at the bottom of the outer tub (200); the discharge control mechanism (400) further comprises a fixed shell (409) which is matched with the mounting hole (201), the valve plug is located in the fixed shell (409); a lower end of the fixed shell (409) or a lower end of the mounting hole (201) is in sealed connection with the second end (405) of the sealing sleeve (402); and the fixed shell (409) is fixed directly to the bottom of the outer tub (200) or fixed to the bottom of the outer tub (200) through the fixed base (407).
     
    9. The washing machine according to any one of claims from 5 to 8, wherein an outer edge of the first end (404) of the sealing sleeve (402) extends outward to form a turnup (410); after the valve plug moves downward and the discharge hole (105) is opened, the turnup (410) is lapped on an upper end of the fixed shell (409) or the mounting hole (201); and a leakage port (411) communicated with a discharge pipeline of the washing machine is provided at a lower part of the fixed shell (409).
     
    10. The washing machine according to any one of claims from 5 to 8, wherein an outer edge of the first end (404) of the sealing sleeve (402) extends outward to form a third end (406) which 2 is in sealed connection with the fixed shell (409) or an upper end of the mounting hole (201); an extension part is an annular seal ring that is stretchable and contractible along with stretching and contracting of the valve rod (401); and preferably, the annular seal ring is provided with a corrugated bend along a radial direction.
     
    11. The washing machine according to any one of claims from 1 to 10, wherein a spring (413) is sleeved outside the slideway (408) of the valve prod (401); the spring (413) is located between the barrier (403) of the valve rod (401) and the fixed base (407), and one end of the spring (413) is in contact with the barrier (403), and the other end is in contact with the fixed base (407); and when the valve rod (401) moves downward, the spring (413) is compressed.
     
    12. The washing machine according to any one of claims from 1 to 11, wherein the lower end of the valve rod (401) is connected with a linear reciprocating motor, or the lower end of the valve rod (401) is connected with a rotary motor (416) through a connecting rod structure (414); and the rotary motor (416) is mounted in a housing (417), the housing (417) is provided with an installation part (418), the installation part (418) is fixed to the bottom of the outer tub (200).
     
    13. The washing machine according to any one of claims from 1 to 12, wherein a plurality of axial bulges (419) are uniformly distributed on an inner wall of the slideway (408) along a circumferential direction, and the tops of the axial bulges (419) are in contact with an external surface of the valve rod (401).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Waschmaschine, umfassend:

    eine Innenwanne (100), die um eine vertikale Achse drehbar ist und deren eine Seitenwand unter einem oberen Teil der Innenwanne (100) unperforiert ist, eine Außenwanne (200) und einen Abflusssteuermechanismus (400) für die Innenwanne (100) der Waschmaschine, ohne Wasser zwischen der Innenwanne (100) und der Außenwanne (200) während des Waschvorgangs, wobei

    ein erstes Abflussloch (105) an dem Boden der Innenwanne (100) ausgebildet ist und der Abflusssteuermechanismus (400) das Abflussloch (105) verschließen kann und an dem Boden der Außenwanne (200) angeordnet ist;

    der Abflusssteuermechanismus (400) zumindest einen Ventilkegel umfasst, der sich dehnen und komprimieren kann, so dass während des Wasserzulaufs und des Waschvorgangs der Abflusssteuermechanismus (400) dazu konfiguriert ist, das erste Abflussloch (105) dazu zu steuern, geschlossen zu sein, indem er den Ventilkegel nach oben bewegt, wodurch dieser das Abflussloch (105) so schließt, dass sich kein Wasser zwischen der Innenwanne (100) und der Außenwanne (200) befindet; und

    während der Entleerung und des Wasserablaufs der Abflusssteuermechanismus (400) dazu konfiguriert ist, das erste Abflussloch (105) dazu zu steuern, geöffnet zu sein, indem er den Ventilkegel nach unten bewegt, wodurch dieser das erste Abflussloch (105) öffnet, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    eine Position des Abflusssteuermechanismus (400) dazu konfiguriert ist, durch eine Verriegelungsstruktur (300), die an dem Boden der Außenwanne (200) angeordnet ist und die Innenwanne (100) so verriegelt, dass sie sich nicht drehen kann, einer Position des ersten Abflussloches (105) zu entsprechen.


     
    2. Waschmaschine nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Ventilkegel umfasst: eine Ventilstange (401), die sich dehnen und komprimieren kann, und eine Abdichtmanschette (402), die auf die Ventilstange (401) aufgesetzt ist und beim Dehnen und Komprimieren der Ventilstange (401) dehnbar und komprimierbar ist;
    und vorzugsweise die Abdichtmanschette (402) eine Form eines Wellrohres aufweist.
     
    3. Waschmaschine nach Anspruch 2, wobei ein Befestigungsloch (201) für den Abflusssteuermechanismus (400) an dem Boden der Außenwanne (200) ausgebildet ist; die Ventilstange (401) in dem Befestigungsloch (201) angeordnet ist und die Abdichtmanschette (402) eine elastische Struktur ist; die Abdichtmanschette (402) an einem Ende mit der Ventilstange (401) verbunden ist und an dem anderen Ende mit dem Befestigungsloch (201) verbunden ist.
     
    4. Waschmaschine nach Anspruch 2 oder 3, wobei ein Oberbereich der Ventilstange (401) eine elastische Struktur ist oder
    die Abdichtmanschette (402) sich in Richtung des Oberbereichs der Ventilstange (401) erstreckt, um zumindest einen Teil des Oberbereichs der Ventilstange (401) abzudecken, und sich zumindest bis zu einem Innenbereich des ersten Abflussloches (105) erstreckt, wenn der Oberbereich der Ventilstange (401) dem ersten Abflussloch (105) entspricht.
     
    5. Waschmaschine nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Abdichtmanschette (402) sich in Richtung des Oberbereichs der Ventilstange (401) erstreckt, um den gesamten Oberbereich der Ventilstange (401) abzudecken;
    und vorzugsweise ein erstes Ende der Abdichtmanschette (402) eine geschlossene Struktur ist, die auf den Oberbereich der Ventilstange (401) aufgesetzt ist, und ein zweites Ende der Abdichtmanschette (402) in abgedichteter Verbindung mit dem Befestigungsloch (201) steht.
     
    6. Waschmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei eine Sperre (403), die zum Blockieren des Abflussloches (105) an dem Boden der Innenwanne (100) in der Lage ist, an dem Oberbereich der Ventilstange (401) angeordnet ist.
     
    7. Waschmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei der Abflusssteuermechanismus (400) ferner umfasst: eine unbewegliche Basis (407), wobei die unbewegliche Basis (407) an einer äußeren Oberfläche des Bodens der Außenwanne (200) befestigt ist; und eine Gleitführung (408) für die Ventilstange (401) in einer Mitte der unbeweglichen Basis (407) angeordnet ist und die Ventilstange (401) in der Gleitführung (408) angeordnet ist.
     
    8. Waschmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei das Befestigungsloch (201) für den Abflusssteuermechanismus (400) an dem Boden der Außenwanne (200) ausgebildet ist; der Abflusssteuermechanismus (400) ferner eine unbewegliche Hülse (409) umfasst, die auf das Befestigungsloch (201) abgestimmt ist, der Ventilkegel sich in der unbeweglichen Hülse (409) befindet;
    ein unteres Ende der unbeweglichen Hülse (409) oder ein unteres Ende des Befestigungsloches (201) in abgedichteter Verbindung mit dem zweiten Ende der Abdichtmanschette (402) steht; und die unbewegliche Hülse (409) direkt an dem Boden der Außenwanne (200) befestigt ist oder über die unbewegliche Basis (407) an dem Boden der Außenwanne (200) befestigt ist.
     
    9. Waschmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 8, wobei sich eine Außenkante des ersten Endes (404) der Abdichtmanschette (402) nach außen erstreckt, um einen Saum (410) auszubilden;
    der Saum (410) sich, nachdem sich der Ventilkegel nach unten bewegt hat und das Abflussloch (105) geöffnet ist, an ein oberes Ende der unbeweglichen Hülse (409) oder des Befestigungsloches (201) anlagert; und ein Leckanschluss (411), der mit einer Abflussleitung der Waschmaschine kommunizierend verbunden ist, an einem unteren Teil der unbeweglichen Hülse (409) bereitgestellt ist.
     
    10. Waschmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 8, wobei sich eine Außenkante des ersten Endes (404) der Abdichtmanschette (402) nach außen erstreckt, um ein drittes Ende (406) auszubilden, das in abgedichteter Verbindung mit der unbeweglichen Hülse (409) oder einem oberen Ende des Befestigungsloches (201) steht; ein Erweiterungsteil ein ringförmiger Dichtungsring ist, der beim Dehnen und Komprimieren der Ventilstange (401) dehnbar und komprimierbar ist;
    und vorzugsweise der ringförmige Dichtungsring in einer radialen Richtung mit einem Wellbogen ausgestattet ist.
     
    11. Waschmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, wobei eine Feder (413) in einer Hülse außerhalb der Gleitführung (408) der Ventilstange (401) angeordnet ist; die Feder (413) sich zwischen der Sperre (403) der Ventilstange (401) und der unbeweglichen Basis (407) befindet und ein Ende der Feder (413) in Kontakt mit der Sperre (403) steht und das andere Ende in Kontakt mit der unbeweglichen Basis (407) steht; und die Feder (413) zusammengedrückt wird, wenn sich die Ventilstange (401) nach unten bewegt.
     
    12. Waschmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, wobei das untere Ende der Ventilstange (401) mit einem linearen Hubkolbenmotor verbunden ist oder das untere Ende der Ventilstange (401) über eine Verbindungsstangenstruktur (414) mit einem Drehmotor (416) verbunden ist; und der Drehmotor (416) in einem Gehäuse (417) montiert ist, das Gehäuse (417) mit einem Installationsteil (418) versehen ist, der Installationsteil (418) an dem Boden der Außenwanne (200) befestigt ist.
     
    13. Waschmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12, wobei eine Mehrzahl von axialen Ausbuchtungen (419) auf einer Innenwand der Gleitführung (408) in einer umlaufenden Richtung gleichmäßig verteilt sind und die Oberseiten der axialen Ausbuchtungen (419) mit einer externen Oberfläche der Ventilstange (401) in Kontakt stehen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Machine à laver comprenant :

    une cuve intérieur (100) pivotant sur un axe vertical, dont une paroi latérale est perforée sous une partie supérieure de la cuve intérieure (100), une cuve extérieure (200) et un mécanisme de commande d'évacuation (400) pour la cuve intérieure (100) de la machine à laver, sans eau entre la cuve intérieure (100) et la cuve extérieure (200) pendant le lavage,

    un premier orifice d'évacuation (105) étant formé au fond de la cuve intérieure (100), et le mécanisme de commande d'évacuation (400) étant en mesure de bloquer l'orifice d'évacuation (105) et étant disposé au fond de la cuve extérieure (200) ;

    le mécanisme de commande d'évacuation (400) comprenant au moins un bouchon de vanne en mesure de s'étirer et de se contracter de telle sorte que, pendant l'admission d'eau et le lavage, le mécanisme de commande d'évacuation (400) est conçu pour commander la fermeture du premier orifice d'évacuation (105) en déplaçant le bouchon de vanne vers le haut pour fermer l'orifice d'évacuation (105) de telle sorte qu'il n'y a pas d'eau entre la cuve intérieure (100) et la cuve extérieure (200) ; et

    pendant l'évacuation et l'essorage, le mécanisme de commande d'évacuation (400) étant conçu pour commander l'ouverture du premier orifice d'évacuation (105) en déplaçant le bouchon de vanne vers le bas pour ouvrir le premier orifice d'évacuation (105), caractérisé en ce qu'

    un emplacement du mécanisme de commande d'évacuation (400) est conçu pour correspondre à un emplacement du premier orifice d'évacuation (105) par une structure de verrouillage (300) disposée au fond de la cuve extérieure (200) et verrouillant la cuve intérieure (100) afin qu'elle ne puisse pas pivoter.


     
    2. Machine à laver selon la revendication 1, le bouchon de vanne comprenant une tige de vanne (401) en mesure de s'étirer et de se contracter et un manchon d'étanchéité (402) qui est emmanché sur la tige de vanne (401) et est étirable et contractable parallèlement à l'étirement et à la contraction de la tige de vanne (401) ;
    et le manchon d'étanchéité (402) étant de préférence en forme de tuyau ondulé.
     
    3. Machine à laver selon la revendication 2, un orifice de montage (201) pour le mécanisme de commande d'évacuation (400) étant formé au fond de la cuve extérieure (200) ; la tige de vanne (401) étant disposée dans l'orifice de montage (201), et le manchon d'étanchéité (402) étant une structure élastique ;
    le manchon d'étanchéité (402) étant raccordé à la tige de vanne (401) à une extrémité et raccordé à l'orifice de montage (201) à l'autre extrémité.
     
    4. Machine à laver selon la revendication 2 ou 3, une partie supérieure de la tige de vanne (401) étant une structure élastique, ou le manchon d'étanchéité (402) s'étendant vers la partie supérieure de la tige de vanne (401) pour au moins recouvrir une partie de la partie supérieure de la tige de vanne (401) et s'étendant au moins vers un intérieur du premier orifice d'évacuation (105) lorsque la partie supérieure de la tige de vanne (401) correspond au premier orifice d'évacuation (105).
     
    5. Machine à laver selon la revendication 4, le manchon d'étanchéité (402) s'étendant vers la partie supérieure de la tige de vanne (401) pour recouvrir complètement la partie supérieure de la tige de vanne (401) ; et une première extrémité du manchon d'étanchéité (402) étant de préférence une structure fermée emmanchée sur la partie supérieure de la tige de vanne (401), et une deuxième extrémité du manchon d'étanchéité (402) étant raccordée de façon étanche à l'orifice de montage (201).
     
    6. Machine à laver selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, une barrière (403) en mesure de bloquer l'orifice d'évacuation (105) au fond de la cuve intérieure (100) étant disposée sur la partie supérieure de la tige de vanne (401).
     
    7. Machine à laver selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, le mécanisme de commande d'évacuation (400) comprenant en outre une base fixe (407), la base fixe (407) étant fixée sur une surface extérieure du fond de la cuve extérieure (200) ; et une glissière (408) pour la tige de vanne (401) étant disposée sur un centre de la base fixe (407), et la tige de vanne (401) étant disposée dans la glissière (408).
     
    8. Machine à laver selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, l'orifice de montage (201) pour le mécanisme de commande d'évacuation (400) étant formé au fond de la cuve extérieure (200) ; le mécanisme de commande d'évacuation (400) comprenant en outre une bague fixe (409) qui correspond à l'orifice de montage (201), le bouchon de vanne étant situé dans la bague fixe (409) ;
    une extrémité inférieure de la bague fixe (409) ou une extrémité inférieure de l'orifice de montage (201) étant raccordée de façon étanche à la deuxième extrémité (405) du manchon d'étanchéité (402) ; et la bague fixe (409) étant fixée directement au fond de la cuve extérieure (200) ou fixée au fond de la cuve extérieure (200) par le biais de la base fixe (407).
     
    9. Machine à laver selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 8, un bord extérieur de la première extrémité (404) du manchon d'étanchéité (402) s'étendant vers l'extérieur pour former un élément retourné (410) ;
    après que le bouchon de vanne s'est déplacé vers le bas et que l'orifice d'évacuation (105) est ouvert, l'élément retourné (410) étant rabattu sur une extrémité supérieure de la bague fixe (409) ou sur l'orifice de montage (201) ;
    et un orifice de drainage (411) communiquant avec une conduite d'évacuation de la machine à laver étant fourni sur une partie inférieure de la bague fixe (409).
     
    10. Machine à laver selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 8, un bord extérieur de la première extrémité (404) du manchon d'étanchéité (402) s'étendant vers le l'extérieur pour former une troisième extrémité (406) qui est raccordée de façon étanche à la bague fixe (409) ou à une extrémité supérieure de l'orifice de montage (201) ;
    une partie d'extension étant un joint d'étanchéité annulaire qui est étirable et contractable parallèlement à l'étirement et à la contraction de la tige de vanne (401) ;
    et le joint d'étanchéité annulaire étant fourni de préférence avec une courbure ondulée dans une direction radiale.
     
    11. Machine à laver selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, un ressort (413) étant emmanché à l'extérieur de la glissière (408) de la tige de vanne (401) ; le ressort (413) étant situé entre la barrière (403) de la tige de vanne (401) et la base fixe (407), et une extrémité du ressort (413) étant en contact avec la barrière (403), et l'autre extrémité étant en contact avec la base fixe (407) ; et le ressort (413) étant comprimé lorsque la tige de vanne (401) se déplace vers le bas.
     
    12. Machine à laver selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, l'extrémité inférieure de la tige de vanne (401) étant raccordée à un moteur linéaire alternatif, ou l'extrémité inférieure de la tige de vanne (401) étant raccordée à un moteur rotatif (416) par une structure avec bielle (414) ; et le moteur rotatif (416) étant monté sur un boîtier (417), le boîtier (417) étant fourni avec une partie d'installation (418), la partie d'installation (418) étant fixée sur le fond de la cuve extérieure (200).
     
    13. Machine à laver selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 12, une pluralité de bombements axiaux (419) étant distribués uniformément sur une paroi intérieure de la glissière (408) dans une direction circonférentielle, et les parties supérieures des bombements axiaux (419) étant en contact avec une surface extérieure de la tige de vanne (401).
     




    Drawing




















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description