(19)
(11)EP 3 257 960 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 16748936.8

(22)Date of filing:  12.02.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C22C 38/00(2006.01)
C22C 38/04(2006.01)
C21D 8/00(2006.01)
C21D 6/00(2006.01)
C22C 38/02(2006.01)
C21D 8/12(2006.01)
C21D 3/04(2006.01)
H01F 1/18(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2016/000744
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/129291 (18.08.2016 Gazette  2016/33)

(54)

GRAIN-ORIENTED ELECTRICAL STEEL SHEET AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

KORNORIENTIERTES ELEKTRISCHES STAHLBLECH UND VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG DAVON

TÔLE MAGNÉTIQUE À GRAINS ORIENTÉS ET SON PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.02.2015 JP 2015026385

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.12.2017 Bulletin 2017/51

(73)Proprietor: JFE Steel Corporation
Tokyo 100-0011 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • UESAKA, Masanori
    Tokyo 100-0011 (JP)
  • WATANABE, Makoto
    Tokyo 100-0011 (JP)
  • TAKAJO, Shigehiro
    Tokyo 100-0011 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2013/046716
JP-A- 2004 292 834
JP-A- 2012 214 902
JP-A- 2013 072 116
JP-B2- 2 861 702
JP-A- 2000 144 249
JP-A- 2012 012 666
JP-A- 2013 057 119
JP-A- 2014 196 558
US-A1- 2013 098 508
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The disclosure relates to a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet with iron loss being reduced by performing magnetic domain refining treatment by thermal strain on its surface.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Grain-oriented electrical steel sheets that contain Si and whose crystal orientation is (110)[001] orientation have excellent soft magnetic property, and so are widely used as various iron core materials in a commercial frequency domain. An important property required here is iron loss typically expressed as W17/50 (W/kg), that is, a loss in the case of magnetization to 1.7 T at a frequency of 50 Hz. This is because the use of a material with a low W17/50 value can significantly reduce no-load loss (energy loss) in an iron core of a transformer. Hence, the need to develop a material with low iron loss has been increasing every year.

    [0003] Methods known to be effective in reducing iron loss in a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet include Si content increase, sheet thickness reduction, crystal orientation improvement, application of tension to the steel sheet, smoothing of the steel sheet surface, grain refinement of secondary recrystallized microstructure, and magnetic domain refining. Methods of magnetic domain refining include a heat resistant magnetic domain refining method of forming a groove or embedding a non-magnetic substance in the steel sheet surface, and a non-heat resistant magnetic domain refining method of introducing thermal strain into the steel sheet by a laser or an electron beam.

    [0004] For example, JP S55-18566 A (PTL 1) proposes a non-heat resistant magnetic domain refining technique of irradiating a steel sheet after final annealing with a laser to introduce a high dislocation density region into the surface layer of the steel sheet.

    [0005] Magnetic domain refining technology using laser irradiation has since been improved to enhance the iron loss reduction effect by magnetic domain refining (for example, JP S63-083227 A (PTL 2), JP H10-204533 A (PTL 3), and JP H11-279645 A (PTL 4)).

    [0006] However, the non-heat resistant magnetic domain refining method of introducing linear thermal strain into the steel sheet surface by laser irradiation has a problem of widely damaging an insulating coating around a heat-affected zone and significantly decreasing insulation property when using steel sheets in a stacked state.

    [0007] In view of this problem, the following techniques of repairing the steel sheet whose insulating coating is damaged by laser irradiation are proposed to improve insulation property: the application of an organic coating in JP S56-105421 A (PTL 5); the application of a semi-organic coating in JP S56-123325 A (PTL 6); and the application of an inorganic coating in JP H04-165022 A (PTL 7). JP 2 861 702 B2 (PTL 8) relates to an insulating film treatment solution of organic solvent group having alkoxide and grains of diameter ranging 10 to 100nm respectively contained therein applied to the surface of a finally annealed steel sheet, wherein this steel sheet is then heated to its temperature range of 200 to 800 deg.C. US 2013/098508 A1 (PTL 9) relates to an grain oriented electrical steel sheet that suppresses the content of Cr in the grain oriented electrical steel sheet to 0.1 mass % or less; sets the coating weight of a forsterite coating, in terms of basis weight of oxygen therein, to at least 3.0 g/m2 and thickness of an anchor portion as a lower portion of forsterite coating to 1.5 µm or less; and controls setting the magnitude of deflection of a test specimen having length: 280 mm to at least 10 mm when the forsterite coating is provided on only one surface thereof and at least 20 mm when forsterite coating and the tension coating are provided on the surface. JP2000144249 also discloses grain-oriented electrical steel sheets and methods to manufacture them.

    CITATION LIST


    Patent Literatures



    [0008] 

    PTL 1: JP S55-18566 A

    PTL 2: JP S63-083227 A

    PTL 3: JP H10-204533 A

    PTL 4: JP H11-279645 A

    PTL 5: JP S56-105421 A

    PTL 6: JP S56-123325 A

    PTL 7: JP H04-165022 A

    PTL 8: JP 2 861 702 B2

    PTL 9: US 2013/098508 A1


    SUMMARY


    (Technical Problem)



    [0009] With the aforementioned various techniques, given that laser irradiation after the formation of a ceramic base film and an insulating coating damages the coating, a step of applying an insulating coating again after the laser irradiation step is newly required. The addition of such a step inevitably results in higher manufacturing cost. Besides, in the case of applying an insulating coating again, the proportion of the components other than the iron component increases. This lowers the stacking factor when using the steel sheet as an iron core, and degrades its performance as an iron core material.

    (Solution to Problem)



    [0010] We repeatedly studied an ideal magnetic domain refining technique that does not damage the coating by magnetic domain refining treatment by thermal strain to prevent a decrease in insulation property and stacking factor.

    [0011] As a result, we discovered the following: By uniformly forming, on the steel sheet surface, the ceramic base film that firmly adheres to the steel substrate, evaluating the adhesion of the steel sheet surface by a scratch test from the coil immediately before magnetic domain refining treatment, and selecting a material suitable for the magnetic domain refining treatment, a decrease in insulation property due to insulating coating damage can be prevented, and a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet having excellent magnetic property is obtained with no need for re-coating after laser irradiation.

    [0012] The disclosure is based on the aforementioned discoveries.

    [0013] In detail, a method for manufacturing a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet according to claim 1 and a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet according to claim 2 are provided herewith.

    (Advantageous Effect)



    [0014] It is thus possible to provide an electrical steel sheet having excellent iron loss property without an additional step for repair, because the insulation property of the steel sheet surface is not damaged by magnetic domain refining treatment by thermal strain. It is also possible to provide a transformer having low energy loss, because an insulating coating need not be applied again and so the stacking factor when using the steel sheet as a transformer iron core is high.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0015] In the accompanying drawings:

    FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating the relationship between the critical damage shear stress τ and the coating damaged part area ratio a; and

    FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating the influence of the critical damage shear stress τ and heat-affected width w on coating damage.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0016] One of the disclosed embodiments is described in detail below.

    [0017] The chemical composition of a slab for a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet used in this embodiment may be basically such a chemical composition that enables secondary recrystallization. In the case of using an inhibitor for inhibiting normal grain growth during secondary recrystallization, for example, Al and N are added in appropriate amounts when using a AlN-based inhibitor, and Mn and Se and/or S are added in appropriate amounts when using a MnS/MnSe-based inhibitor. Both inhibitors may be used together. Preferable contents of Al, N, Mn, S, and Se in this case are, in mass%, Al: 0.01% to 0.065%, N: 0.005% to 0.012%, Mn: 0.005% to 1.0%, S: 0.005% to 0.03%, and Se: 0.005% to 0.03%.

    [0018] An inhibitorless grain-oriented electrical steel sheet in which the contents of Al, N, S, and Se are limited may be used in this embodiment. In such a case, the contents of Al, N, S, and Se are preferably limited to, in mass ppm, Al: 100 ppm or less, N: 50 ppm or less, S: 50 ppm or less, and Se: 50 ppm or less.

    [0019] The basic components and optionally added components of a preferable slab for a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet in this embodiment are described in detail below. In the following description, "%" and "ppm" with regard to a steel sheet denote mass% and mass ppm, unless otherwise noted.

    C: 0.10% or less



    [0020] C is added to improve hot rolled sheet microstructure. If the C content is more than 0.10%, it is difficult to reduce C to 50 ppm or less at which magnetic aging does not occur during the manufacturing process. The C content is therefore 0.10% or less. The lower limit is not particularly limited, as a material not containing C can still be secondary recrystallized.

    Si: 2.0% to 4.5%



    [0021] Si is an element effective in enhancing the electrical resistance of the steel and improving iron loss. If the Si content is less than 2.0%, the iron loss reduction effect is insufficient. If the Si content is more than 4.5%, workability decreases significantly, and magnetic flux density decreases, too. The Si content is therefore in the range of 2.0% to 4.5%.

    Mn: 0.005% to 1.0%



    [0022] Mn is an element necessary for achieving favorable hot workability. If the Mn content is less than 0.005%, the effect of adding Mn is poor. If the Mn content is more than 1.0%, the magnetic flux density of the product sheet decreases. The Mn content is therefore in the range of 0.005% to 1.0%.

    [0023] In addition to the aforementioned basic components, the following elements may be contained as appropriate as magnetic property improving components.

    [0024] At least one selected from Ni: 0.03% to 1.50%, Cr: 0.01% to 0.50%, Sn: 0.01% to 1.50%, Sb: 0.005% to 1.50%, Cu: 0.03% to 3.0%, P: 0.03% to 0.50%, and Mo: 0.005% to 0.10%

    [0025] These elements are all useful for improving hot rolled sheet microstructure and improving magnetic property.

    [0026] If the Ni content is less than 0.03%, the magnetic property improving effect is low. If the Ni content is more than 1.50%, secondary recrystallization is unstable, and magnetic property degrades. The Ni content is therefore preferably in the range of 0.03% to 1.50%.

    [0027] If the Cr content is 0.01% or more, the interface between the ceramic base film and the steel substrate portion is rough, and thus increases in strength. If the Cr content is more than 0.50%, magnetic flux density decreases. The Cr content is therefore preferably in the range of 0.01% to 0.50%.

    [0028] Sn, Sb, Cu, P, and Mo are each an element useful for improving magnetic property. If the content of each of these components is less than the aforementioned lower limit, the magnetic property improving effect is low. If the content of each of these components is more than the aforementioned upper limit, the development of secondary recrystallized grains is inhibited. The content of each of these components is therefore preferably in the aforementioned range.

    [0029] The balance other than the components described above is Fe and incidental impurities mixed in the manufacturing process.

    [0030] The slab having the chemical composition described above is heated and hot rolled according to a conventional method. Alternatively, the slab may be directly hot rolled without heating, after casting. In the case of a thin slab or thinner cast steel, it may be hot rolled and then subjected to the subsequent steps.

    [0031] After the hot rolling, the hot rolled sheet is optionally hot band annealed. For high development of Goss texture in the product sheet, the hot band annealing temperature is preferably in the range of 800 °C to 1100 °C. If the hot band annealing temperature is less than 800 °C, band texture in the hot rolling remains, making it difficult to realize homogenized primary recrystallized microstructure and inhibiting the development of secondary recrystallized grains. If the hot band annealing temperature is more than 1100 °C, the grain diameter after the hot band annealing is excessively coarse, making it difficult to realize homogenized primary recrystallized microstructure.

    [0032] Following this, the hot rolled sheet is cold rolled either once, or twice or more with intermediate annealing performed therebetween, to obtain a cold rolled sheet having final sheet thickness.

    [0033] The cold rolled sheet is then subjected to primary recrystallization annealing (decarburization annealing), to obtain a decarburization annealed sheet. After this, an annealing separator is applied to the surface of the decarburization annealed sheet, and the decarburization annealed sheet is subjected to final annealing for the purpose of secondary recrystallization and forsterite base film formation.

    [0034] The decarburization annealing is performed in the temperature range of 800 °C to 900 °C for 60 s to 180 s.

    [0035] The final annealing is performed in the temperature range of 1150 °C to 1250 °C for 5 h to 20 h.

    [0036] The forsterite base film is formed as a result of the reaction between SiO2 formed in the decarburization annealing and MgO in the annealing separator. The forsterite base film remains in the product sheet, and its interface structure significantly influences the bonding force between the coating including the tension coating and the steel substrate. SiO2 reacts with MgO while moving from inside the steel substrate toward the surface in the temperature range of 950 °C or more during the final annealing.

    [0037] The composition of internal oxides formed in the surface of the decarburization annealed sheet is mainly SiO2, but contains a small amount of Fe2SiO4. Fe2SiO4 is in the form of a thin film, and suppresses the diffusion of oxygen from the surface only in its surroundings. Hence, a high proportion of Fe2SiO4 tends to cause the formation of a non-uniform internal oxidation layer and lead to a coating failure.

    [0038] We accordingly studied the influence of Fe2SiO4 on the coating formation. As a result, we discovered the following: when the compositions of the internal oxides are analyzed by infrared reflection spectroscopy to measure a peak Af of Fe2SiO4 appearing at the position of about 1000 cm-1 and a peak As of SiO2 appearing at the position of about 1200 cm-1, a peak ratio Af/As of 0.4 or less is effective in forming a favorable forsterite base film. It was also discovered that if there is no Fe2SiO4 at all, the steel sheet is excessively nitrided in the final annealing, and the decomposition of a nitride such as AlN is suppressed or a new nitride forms. This causes the normal grain growth inhibiting capability to deviate from an appropriate range, and lowers the degree of preferred Goss orientation of the secondary recrystallized grains. Therefore, Af/As is preferably 0.01 or more.

    [0039] To set Af/As to 0.4 or less (and preferably 0.01 or more), oxidizability of atmosphere P(H2O)/P(H2) in the decarburization annealing step is set to the range of the following expression depending on the Si concentration ([Si] mass%) of the steel sheet:



    [0040] When SiO2 in the surface layer of the decarburization annealed sheet has a complex shape such as dendrites, SiO2 moves toward the surface of the steel sheet by quick viscous flow during the final annealing. When SiO2 has a spherical shape, on the other hand, SiO2 moves toward the surface by slow diffusion in the steel. If the movement of SiO2 to the surface delays, the interface between the formed forsterite base film and the steel substrate roughens, as a result of which the coating adhesion of the final annealed sheet is improved. Thus, the spherical shape of SiO2 of the internal oxides in the decarburization annealed sheet is more advantageous for improving coating adhesion. Moreover, a larger diameter of the spherical oxide is likely to contribute to better coating adhesion, given that the diffusion of SiO2 during the final annealing delays more when SiO2 has a larger diameter.

    [0041] We studied this point, and found out that coating adhesion is improved by setting the mean diameter of SiO2 measured by removing an iron component portion by slow electropolishing from the surface to the depth of 500 nm, extracting it by a replica method, and conducting TEM observation, to 50 nm or more. The mean diameter of SiO2 is preferably 75 nm or more and 200 nm or less.

    [0042] To set the mean grain diameter of SiO2 to 50 nm or more, it is preferable to limit the heating rate from 500 °C to 700 °C to 20 °C/s or more and 80 °C/s or less in the case where the Si content is less than 3.0%, and to 40 °C/s or more in the case where the Si content is 3.0% or more, in order to adjust the diffusion of Si from inside the steel sheet in the decarburization annealing step.

    [0043] We further discovered that adding, to the annealing separator, one or more metal oxides selected from CuO2, SnO2, MnO2, Fe3O4, Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and TiO2 which gently release oxygen at least between 800 °C and 1050 °C so that the total content of the added metal oxides is 2.0% to 30% is effective in improving coating adhesion. Oxygen released from such an annealing separator during the final annealing inhibits the decomposition and diffusion of SiO2. This roughens the interface between the forsterite base film formed by the final annealing and the steel substrate, and improves adhesion. If the metal oxide content is more than the upper limit, metal remains in the steel as an impurity. Accordingly, the metal oxide content needs to be in the range of 30% or less. The metal oxide content is preferably in the range of 5.0% to 20%.

    [0044] During the final annealing, in the temperature range of 950 °C to 1100 °C, the movement of SiO2 toward the surface is relatively fast, whereas the forsterite forming reaction is slow. We thus discovered that, by making the duration necessary for passing through the temperature range of 950 °C to 1100 °C 10 hours or less to initiate the forsterite forming reaction before SiO2 completely moves to the surface, the interface between the forsterite base film and the steel substrate roughens and so the adhesion between the forsterite base film and the steel substrate portion is improved.

    [0045] It is effective to perform flattening annealing for shape adjustment, after the final annealing. In this embodiment, an insulating coating is formed on the steel sheet surface before or after the flattening annealing.

    [0046] This insulating coating is such a coating that can apply tension to the steel sheet for iron loss reduction. Examples of the tension-applying insulating coating include an inorganic coating containing silica and a ceramic coating by physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, or the like.

    [0047] In this embodiment, after the formation of the tension coating, a sample subjected to non-heat resistant magnetic domain refining treatment is sorted by critical shear stress measurement (scratch test) described in JIS R 3255. In the scratch test, the coating is deformed while being pressed by a moving indenter, and the pressing load applied is increased continuously until the coating becomes unable to follow the deformation of the substrate. The minimum load at which a coating fracture occurs, called critical load Lc, is measured by checking the damaged position of the coating and the load from optical microscope observation. Here, the critical damage shear stress τ acting on the interface between the forsterite base film and the steel substrate is calculated by the method described in JIS R 3255, to evaluate the adhesion between the forsterite base film and the steel substrate portion.

    [0048] When non-heat resistant magnetic domain refining treatment is performed, shear stress acts between the ceramic base film and the steel substrate portion. This shear stress breaks the interfacial bond and, when extended cracking reaches the surface, the coating peels off and is damaged.

    [0049] We accordingly researched the relationship between the shear stress and the coating damage, and as a result discovered that, by selecting a material whose critical damage shear stress τ is 50 MPa or more as the coating material irradiated with a laser, an electron beam, or a plasma flame, not only the coating damage can be prevented, but also the decrease in coating tension as a result of the breaking of the bond between the ceramic base film and the steel substrate portion can be suppressed. The critical damage shear stress τ is further preferably 100 MPa or more. The upper limit of τ is about 200 MPa.

    [0050] After sorting the sample, the non-heat resistant magnetic domain refining treatment is performed by irradiation with a laser, an electron beam, or a plasma flame.

    [0051] Here, by increasing the power of the laser, electron beam, or plasma flame applied, the strain introduced into the steel substrate portion is increased, with which a greater magnetic domain refining effect can be expected. However, if the shear stress between the ceramic base film and the steel substrate portion increases due to the increased power, the interfacial bond is more likely to break.

    [0052] We accordingly researched the relationship between the power of the laser or the like applied and the critical damage shear stress τ, and as a result discovered that it is preferable to introduce thermal strain so that the heat-affected width w is in a range satisfying the following Expressions (1) and (2). Here, the heat-affected width w, that is, the width of the region in which the thermal strain is introduced, is measured by visualizing and identifying the magnetic domain structure by, for example, the Bitter method using a magnetic colloid. We also discovered that, to improve iron loss, it is preferable to introduce thermal strain in such a range that also satisfies the following Expressions (3) and (4):









    [0053] To adjust the heat-affected width w to the range satisfying Expressions (1) and (2), it is necessary to set the power to the range of 5 to 100 (J/m) in the case of laser irradiation, the power to the range of 5 to 100 (J/m) in the case of electron beam irradiation, and the power to the range of 5 to 100 (J/m) in the case of plasma flame irradiation. To adjust the heat-affected width w to the range also satisfying Expressions (3) and (4), it is preferable to set the power to the range of 10 to 50 (J/m) in the case of laser irradiation, the power to the range of 10 to 50 (J/m) in the case of electron beam irradiation, and the power to the range of 10 to 50 (J/m) in the case of plasma flame irradiation.

    [0054] The irradiation interval and the irradiation direction when performing laser irradiation, electron beam irradiation, or plasma flame irradiation may be according to a conventional method.

    EXAMPLES


    (Example 1)



    [0055] Steel containing C: 0.065%, Si: 3.4%, and Mn: 0.08% was obtained by steelmaking, and made into a steel slab by continuous casting. The steel slab was then heated to 1410 °C, and hot rolled to obtain a hot rolled sheet with a sheet thickness of 2.4 mm. The hot rolled sheet was then hot band annealed at 1050 °C for 60 s, subjected to primary cold rolling to an intermediate sheet thickness of 1.8 mm, and, after intermediate annealing at 1120 °C for 80 s, warm rolled at 200 °C to obtain a cold rolled sheet with a final sheet thickness of 0.23 mm. Following this, the cold rolled sheet was subjected to decarburization annealing also serving as primary recrystallization annealing at 820 °C for 80 s in an oxidizing wet H2-N2 atmosphere. Subsequently, an annealing separator having MgO as a main component, to which Cr2O3 was added in the proportion changed in the range of 0% to 40%, was applied to the surface of the steel sheet and dried. After this, the steel sheet was subjected to final annealing including: secondary recrystallization annealing with the time for heating from 950 °C to 1100 °C being changed in the range of 5 h to 15 h; and purification treatment at 1200 °C for 7 h in a hydrogen atmosphere.

    [0056] From the product sheet obtained in this way, 2 sets of 10 test pieces with a width of 100 mm were collected at 10 locations in the steel sheet width direction, for each condition. For 1 set, iron loss W17/50 was measured by the method described in JIS C 2556, and a mean value was calculated. For the other set, critical damage shear stress τ was measured by the method described in JIS R 3255. With these iron loss measurement and coating adhesion measurement methods, the measurement values deteriorate in the case where the iron loss and the coating adhesion vary in the width direction. Hence, the evaluation of the iron loss and coating adhesion including their variations is possible. The scratch needle used when measuring the critical shear stress by the method described in JIS R 3255 had a spherical head of 1 mm R. The needle was moved at a rate of 10 mm/s, and the length of 500 mm was changed in the range of 1 N to 20 N. The hardness of the steel substrate under the coating, which is necessary for the calculation of τ, was measured by Vickers hardness measurement after removing the coating by chemical polishing.

    [0057] Further, each test piece already subjected to the magnetic property measurement was subjected to magnetic domain refining treatment of linearly applying laser light in the direction orthogonal to the rolling direction under the condition of an interval of 5 mm in the rolling direction and a heat-affected width of 150 µm, to obtain a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet that was magnetic domain refining treated. The iron loss W17/50 of the steel sheet after the magnetic domain refining treatment was measured by the method described in JIS C 2556, and a mean value was calculated. The appearance of the coating after the laser light irradiation of the steel sheet was then visually inspected.

    [0058] Table 1 shows the obtained results.

    [Table 1]



    [0059] 
    Table 1
    No.Heating time from 950 to 1100 °C (h)Additive amount of Cr2O3 (mass%)Magnetic property before magnetic domain refiningMagnetic property after magnetic domain refiningCoating peelCritical damage shear stress τ (MPa)Remarks
    B8 (T)W17/50 (W/kg)B8 (T)W17/50 (W/kg)
    1 8 0 1.88 0.95 1.88 0.92 Occurred 10 Comparative Example
    2 8 1 1.90 0.94 1.90 0.90 Occurred 20 Comparative Example
    3 8 2 1.91 0.88 1.91 0.76 Not occurred 110 Example
    4 8 15 1.93 0.85 1.93 0.72 Not occurred 140 Example
    5 8 30 1.90 0.89 1.90 0.77 Not occurred 100 Example
    6 8 40 1.91 0.89 1.91 0.87 Occurred 40 Comparative Example
    7 5 15 1.91 0.86 1.91 0.72 Not occurred 130 Example
    8 10 15 1.90 0.89 1.90 0.78 Not occurred 70 Example
    9 15 15 1.89 0.91 1.89 0.89 Occurred 20 Comparative Example


    [0060] As is clear from Table 1, each material with critical damage shear stress τ of 50 MPa or more had no coating peel, and had excellent iron loss.

    (Example 2)



    [0061] Steel containing C: 0.070%, Si: 3.2%, and Mn: 0.1% was obtained by steelmaking, and made into a steel slab by continuous casting. The steel slab was then heated to 1410 °C, and hot rolled to obtain a hot rolled sheet with a sheet thickness of 2.4 mm. The hot rolled sheet was then hot band annealed at 1050 °C for 60 s, subjected to primary cold rolling to an intermediate sheet thickness of 1.9 mm, and, after intermediate annealing at 1120 °C for 80 s, warm rolled at 200 °C to obtain a cold rolled sheet with a final sheet thickness of 0.23 mm. Following this, the cold rolled sheet was subjected to decarburization annealing also serving as primary recrystallization annealing at 840 °C for 100 s in an oxidizing wet H2-N2 atmosphere. Subsequently, an annealing separator having MgO as a main component, to which 10% Cr2O3 was added, was applied to the surface of the steel sheet and dried. After this, the steel sheet was subjected to final annealing including: secondary recrystallization annealing; and purification treatment at 1200 °C for 7 h in a hydrogen atmosphere.

    [0062] From the product sheet obtained in this way, 2 sets of 10 test pieces with a width of 100 mm were collected at 10 locations in the steel sheet width direction. For 1 set, critical damage shear stress τ was measured by the method described in JIS R 3255. For the other set, magnetic domain refining treatment of linearly applying an electron beam in the direction orthogonal to the rolling direction was performed to obtain a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet that was magnetic domain refining treated. The appearance of the coating after the electron beam irradiation of the steel sheet was then inspected using an optical microscope, and the area ratio a of the electron beam irradiation part and the coating damaged part was measured by image analysis.

    [0063] FIG. 1 illustrates the result of studying the relationship between the critical damage shear stress τ and the area ratio a of the electron beam irradiation part and the coating damaged part.

    [0064] As illustrated in FIG. 1, the value of a decreased with an increase of τ, and there was almost no coating damage when τ was 50 MPa or more.

    (Example 3)



    [0065] Steel containing C: 0.070%, Si: 3.2%, and Mn: 0.1% was obtained by steelmaking, and made into a steel slab by continuous casting. The steel slab was then heated to 1410 °C, and hot rolled to obtain a hot rolled sheet with a sheet thickness of 2.4 mm. The hot rolled sheet was then hot band annealed at 1050 °C for 60 s, subjected to primary cold rolling to an intermediate sheet thickness of 1.9 mm, and, after intermediate annealing at 1120 °C for 80 s, warm rolled at 200 °C to obtain a cold rolled sheet with a final sheet thickness of 0.23 mm. Following this, the cold rolled sheet was subjected to decarburization annealing also serving as primary recrystallization annealing at 840 °C for 100 s in an oxidizing wet H2-N2 atmosphere having oxidizability of atmosphere of P(H2O)/P(H2) = 0.40. Subsequently, an annealing separator having MgO as a main component, to which 10% Cr2O3 was added, was applied to the surface of the steel sheet and dried. After this, the steel sheet was subjected to final annealing including: secondary recrystallization annealing; and purification treatment at 1200 °C for 7 h in a hydrogen atmosphere.

    [0066] From the product sheet obtained in this way, 2 sets of 10 test pieces with a width of 100 mm were collected at 10 locations in the steel sheet width direction. For 1 set, critical damage shear stress τ was measured by the method described in JIS R 3255. For the other set, magnetic domain refining treatment of linearly applying an electron beam in the direction orthogonal to the rolling direction was performed to obtain a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet that was magnetic domain refining treated. Here, the heat-affected width formed by electron beam irradiation was changed in the range of 50 µm to 400 µm. The appearance of the coating after the electron beam irradiation of the steel sheet was then visually inspected.

    [0067] Table 2 shows the obtained results. Moreover, FIG. 2 summarizes the obtained results. In FIG. 2, the double circle mark indicates that no change was observed in the coating, the circle mark indicates that a trace which appeared to be coating damage was observed in a part, and the cross mark indicates that more coating damage than the above was observed.

    [Table 2]



    [0068] 
    Table 2
    No.Critical damage shear stress τ (MPa)Heat-affected width w (µm)Magnetic property after magnetic domain refmingCoating peelRemarks
    B8 (T)W17/50 (W/kg)
    1 35 50 1.91 0.87 Not occurred Comparative Example
    2 35 100 1.91 0.85 Occurred Comparative Example
    3 35 200 1.91 0.83 Occurred Comparative Example
    4 35 300 1.91 0.83 Occurred Comparative Example
    5 35 400 1.91 0.82 Occurred Comparative Example
    6 47 50 1.91 0.87 Not occurred Comparative Example
    7 47 100 1.91 0.84 Occurred Comparative Example
    8 47 200 1.91 0.82 Occurred Comparative Example
    9 47 300 1.91 0.82 Occurred Comparative Example
    10 47 400 1.91 0.81 Occurred Comparative Example
    11 55 50 1.91 0.78 Not occurred Example
    12 55 100 1.91 0.76 Not occurred Example
    13 55 200 1.91 0.78 Not occurred Example
    14 55 300 1.91 0.81 Occurred Comparative Example
    15 55 400 1.91 0.81 Occurred Comparative Example
    16 80 50 1.91 0.78 Not occurred Example
    17 80 100 1.91 0.77 Not occurred Example
    18 80 200 1.91 0.76 Not occurred Example
    19 80 300 1.91 0.77 Not occurred Example
    20 80 400 1.91 0.81 Occurred Comparative Example
    21 127 50 1.91 0.77 Not occurred Example
    22 127 100 1.91 0.74 Not occurred Example
    23 127 200 1.91 0.73 Not occurred Example
    24 127 300 1.91 0.73 Not occurred Example
    25 127 400 1.91 0.72 Not occurred Example
    26 150 50 1.91 0.77 Not occurred Example
    27 150 100 1.91 0.73 Not occurred Example
    28 150 200 1.91 0.72 Not occurred Example
    29 150 300 1.91 0.72 Not occurred Example
    30 150 400 1.91 0.71 Not occurred Example


    [0069] As shown in Table 2 and FIG. 2, in the case where the critical damage shear stress τ and the heat-affected width w satisfied the following Expressions (1) and (2), no coating damage occurred, and excellent magnetic property was obtained:





    [0070] Further, in the case where the critical damage shear stress τ and the heat-affected width w satisfied the following Expressions (3) and (4), better results were obtained:




    (Example 4)



    [0071] Steel containing C: 0.065%, Si: 3.4%, and Mn: 0.08% was obtained by steelmaking, and made into a steel slab by continuous casting. The steel slab was then heated to 1410 °C, and hot rolled to obtain a hot rolled sheet with a sheet thickness of 2.4 mm. The hot rolled sheet was then hot band annealed at 1050 °C for 60 s, subjected to primary cold rolling to an intermediate sheet thickness of 1.8 mm, and, after intermediate annealing at 1120 °C for 80 s, warm rolled at 200 °C to obtain a cold rolled sheet with a final sheet thickness of 0.23 mm. Following this, the cold rolled sheet was subjected to decarburization annealing also serving as primary recrystallization annealing at 820 °C for 50 s to 150 s in a wet H2-N2 atmosphere, while changing oxidizability of atmosphere P(H2O)/P(H2) in the range of 0.02 to 0.6 as shown in Table 3.

    [0072] Part of the decarburization annealed sheet obtained in this way was collected, and the ratio Af/As between a peak Af of Fe2SiO4 and a peak As of SiO2 was measured from its infrared reflection spectrum. Internal oxides extracted by electropolishing from the depth of 0.5 µm from the surface were observed at 20 locations within the area of 5 µm2 by TEM, and the mean grain diameter of spherical SiO2 was measured. Subsequently, an annealing separator having MgO as a main component, to which CuO2, SnO2, MnO2, Fe3O4, Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and TiO2 were added in the proportion changed in the range of 0% to 25%, was applied to the surface of the steel sheet and dried. After this, the steel sheet was subjected to final annealing including: secondary recrystallization annealing with the duration for raising the temperature from 950 °C to 1100 °C being 8 h; and purification treatment at 1200 °C for 7 h in a hydrogen atmosphere.

    [0073] From the product sheet obtained in this way, 2 sets of 10 test pieces with a width of 100 mm were collected at 10 locations in the steel sheet width direction, for each condition. For 1 set, iron loss W17/50 was measured by the method described in JIS C 2556, and a mean value was calculated. For the other set, critical damage shear stress τ was measured by the method described in JIS R 3255.

    [0074] Further, each test piece already subjected to the magnetic property measurement was subjected to magnetic domain refining treatment of linearly applying laser light in the direction orthogonal to the rolling direction with an interval of 5 mm in the rolling direction, to obtain a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet that was magnetic domain refining treated. The iron loss W17/50 of the steel sheet after the magnetic domain refining treatment was measured by the method described in JIS C 2556, and a mean value was calculated.

    [0075] The appearance of the coating after the laser light irradiation of the steel sheet was then visually inspected.

    [0076] Table 3 shows the obtained results.

    [Table 3]



    [0077] 
    Table 3
    No.P(H2O)/P(H2)Af/AsSiO2 mean grain diameter (nm)Additive elementAdditive amount (mass%)Magnetic property after magnetic domain refiningCoating peelCritical damage shear stress τ (MPa)Remarks
    B8 (T)W17/50 (W/kg)
    1 0.02 0 45 CuO2 15 1.80 1.13 Occurred 30 Comparative Example
    2 0.05 0.001 54 CuO2 15 1.91 0.77 Not occurred 55 Example
    3 0.3 0.01 66 CuO2 15 1.92 0.76 Not occurred 70 Example
    4 0.5 0.1 75 CuO2 15 1.92 0.73 Not occurred 120 Example
    5 0.55 0.4 69 CuO2 15 1.90 0.75 Not occurred 90 Example
    6 0.58 0.6 72 CuO2 15 1.88 0.89 Occurred 20 Comparative Example
    7 0.6 0.9 90 CuO2 15 1.87 0.91 Occurred 20 Comparative Example
    8 0.5 0.09 63 - 0 1.89 0.88 Occurred 35 Comparative Example
    9 0.3 0.03 30 SnO2 15 1.86 0.95 Occurred 25 Comparative Example
    10 0.3 0.02 45 SnO2 15 1.89 0.85 Occurred 40 Comparative Example
    11 0.3 0.03 57 SnO2 15 1.90 0.78 Not occurred 60 Example
    12 0.3 0.03 69 SnO2 15 1.92 0.77 Not occurred 75 Example
    13 0.3 0.05 78 SnO2 15 1.91 0.73 Not occurred 110 Example
    14 0.3 0.07 87 SnO2 15 1.92 0.72 Not occurred 120 Example
    15 0.3 0.05 76 MnO2 15 1.92 0.72 Not occurred 120 Example
    16 0.3 0.05 79 Fe3O4 15 1.91 0.73 Not occurred 120 Example
    17 0.3 0.05 77 Fe2O3 15 1.92 0.73 Not occurred 130 Example
    18 0.3 0.05 79 Cr2O3 15 1.92 0.72 Not occurred 120 Example
    19 0.3 0.05 81 TiO2 15 1.92 0.73 Not occurred 110 Example
    20 0.3 0.05 77 Cr2O3 15 1.94 0.71 Not occurred 140 Example
    TiO2 15
    21 0.3 0.05 79 Cr2O3 25 1.91 0.82 Occurred 30 Comparative Example
    TiO2 25
    22 0.3 0.05 80 MnO2 3 1.93 0.71 Not occurred 140 Example
    Fe3O4 15
    23 0.3 0.07 105 Cr2O3 10 1.91 0.73 Not occurred 140 Example
    TiO2 10
    24 0.3 0.11 196 Cr2O3 10 1.90 0.77 Not occurred 85 Example
    TiO2 10
    25 0.3 0.15 238 MnO2 10 1.85 1.05 Occurred 20 Comparative Example
    Fe3O4 10


    [0078] As is clear from Table 3, with an appropriate Af/As ratio of the decarburization annealed sheet, SiO2 grain diameter, and additive in the annealing separator, no coating peel occurred, and excellent iron loss was obtained.


    Claims

    1. A method for manufacturing a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet comprising a steel substrate, a ceramic base film, and an insulating coating, the method comprising:

    hot rolling a steel material containing C: 0.10 mass% or less, Si: 2.0 mass% to 4.5 mass%, Mn: 0.005 mass% to 1.0 mass%, optionally Al: 0.065% mass% or less, optionally N: 0.012% mass% or less, optionally S: 0.03% mass% or less, optionally Se: 0.03% mass% or less and optionally at least one selected from Ni: 0.03% to 1.50% mass%, Cr: 0.01% to 0.50% mass%, Sn: 0.01% to 1.50% mass%, Sb: 0.005% to 1.50% mass%, Cu: 0.03% to 3.0% mass%, P: 0.03% to 0.50% mass%, and Mo: 0.005% to 0.10%, the balance being Fe and incidental impurities,
    to obtain a hot rolled sheet;

    optionally hot band annealing the hot rolled sheet at a temperature in the range of 800 °C to 1100 °C;

    thereafter cold rolling the hot rolled sheet either once, or twice or more with intermediate annealing performed therebetween, to obtain a cold rolled sheet having a final sheet thickness;

    thereafter performing decarburization annealing in a temperature range of 800 °C to 900 °C for 60 s to 180 s that also serves as primary recrystallization annealing on the cold rolled sheet, to obtain a decarburization annealed sheet;

    thereafter applying an annealing separator having MgO as a main component, to a surface of the decarburization annealed sheet;

    thereafter final annealing the decarburization annealed sheet in a temperature range of 1150 °C to 1250 °C for 5 h to 20 h;

    performing insulating coating treatment on the decarburization annealed sheet after the final annealing, and

    thereafter performing non-heat resistant magnetic domain refining treatment to form a magnetic domain refining region having a thermal strain portion by irradiation with a laser, an electron beam, or a plasma flame having a power in the range of 5 to 100 J/m, wherein the following conditions (1) to (6) are satisfied:

    (1) in the decarburization annealing, oxidizability of atmosphere represented as a ratio of a partial pressure of H2O indicated as P(H2O) to a partial pressure of H2 indicated as P(H2) is set to a range of the following expression depending on a mass content of Si indicated as [Si] of the steel material

    such that oxides in an internal oxidation layer formed as a surface of the decarburization annealed sheet, upon measuring a peak Af of Fe2SiO4 and a peak As of SiO2 in an infrared reflection spectrum of the internal oxidation layer, have compositions satisfying a peak ratio Af/As of 0.4 or less;

    (2) in the decarburization annealing, a heating rate from 500 °C to 700 °C is limited to 20 °C/s or more and 80 °C/s or less in the case where [Si] is less than 3.0 %, and is limited to 40 °C/s or more in the case where [Si] is 3.0 % or more, such that
    spherical silica at a depth of 0.5 µm from a surface of the internal oxidation layer has a mean diameter of 50 nm to 200 nm;

    (3) one or more metal oxides selected from CuO2, SnO2, MnO2, Fe3O4, Fe2O3, Cr2O3, and TiO2 are added in an amount of 2 mass% to 30 mass% to the annealing separator;

    (4) a duration for raising the temperature from 950 °C to 1100 °C during the final annealing is 10 hours or less

    (5) before performing non-heat resistant magnetic domain refining treatment, critical damage shear stress τ between the base film and the steel substrate is 50 MPa or more, the critical damage shear stress τ being measured according to JIS R 3255; and

    (6) after performing non-heat resistant magnetic domain refining treatment, a heat affected width w in the sheet is 50 µm or more and (2τ + 150) µm or less, the heat affected width w being a width of the thermal strain portion in the magnetic domain refining region.


     
    2. A grain-oriented electrical steel sheet obtainable by the process of claim 1, comprising:

    a steel substrate;

    a ceramic base film; and

    an insulating coating.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines kornorientierten Elektrostahlblechs umfassend ein Stahlsubstrat, eine Folie auf Keramikbasis und eine Isolierbeschichtung, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Warmwalzen eines Stahlmaterials, enthaltend C: 0,10 Massen-% oder weniger, Si: 2,0 Massen-% bis 4,5 Massen-%, Mn: 0,005 Massen-% bis 1,0 Massen-%, optional Al: 0,065 % Massen-% oder weniger, optional N: 0,012 % Massen-% oder weniger, optional S: 0,03 % Massen-% oder weniger, optional Se: 0,03 % Massen-% oder weniger und optional mindestens eines, ausgewählt aus Ni: 0,03 % bis 1,50 % Massen-%, Cr: 0,01 % bis 0,50 % Massen-%, Sn: 0,01 % bis 1,50 % Massen-%, Sb: 0,005 % bis 1,50 % Massen-%, Cu: 0,03 % bis 3,0% Massen-%, P: 0,03 % bis 0,50 % Massen-% und Mo: 0,005 % bis 0,10 %, wobei der Rest Fe und zufällige Verunreinigungen sind,

    um ein warmgewalztes Blech zu erhalten;

    optional Warmbandglühen des warmgewalzten Blechs bei einer Temperatur im Bereich von 800 °C bis 1100 °C;

    danach Kaltwalzen des warmgewalzten Blechs entweder einmal oder zweimal oder öfter, mit dazwischen durchgeführtem Zwischenglühen, um ein kaltgewalztes Blech mit einer endgültigen Blechdicke zu erhalten;

    danach Durchführung von Entkohlungsglühen in einem Temperaturbereich von 800 °C bis 900 °C für 60 s bis 180 s, das auch als primäres Umkristallisationsglühen am kaltgewalzten Blech dient, um ein entkohlungsgeglühtes Blech zu erhalten;

    danach Aufbringen eines Glühseparators, aufweisend MgO als Hauptbestandteil, auf eine Oberfläche des entkohlungsgeglühten Blechs;

    danach Schlussglühen des entkohlungsgeglühten Blechs in einem Temperaturbereich von 1150 °C bis 1250 °C für 5 h bis 20 h;

    Durchführung einer Isolierbeschichtungsbehandlung auf dem entkohlungsgeglühten Blech nach dem Schlussglühen, und

    danach Durchführen einer Behandlung zur Verfeinerung nicht hitzebeständiger magnetischer Domänen zur Bildung eines Verfeinerungsbereichs magnetischer Domänen mit einem thermischen Spannungsanteil durch Bestrahlung mit einem Laser, einem Elektronenstrahl oder einer Plasmaflamme mit einer Leistung im Bereich von 5 bis 100 J/m, wobei die folgenden Bedingungen (1) bis (6) erfüllt sind:

    (1) beim Entkohlungsglühen wird die Oxidierbarkeit der Atmosphäre, dargestellt als ein Verhältnis eines Partialdrucks von H2O, angegeben als P(H2O), zu einem Partialdruck von H2, angegeben als P(H2), auf einen Bereich des folgenden Ausdrucks in Abhängigkeit von einem Massengehalt an Si, angegeben als [Si], des Stahlmaterials

    eingestellt, so dass Oxide in einer inneren Oxidationsschicht, die als eine Oberfläche des entkohlungsgeglühten Blechs gebildet wird, nach Messung eines Spitzenwerts Af von Fe2SiO4 und eines Spitzenwerts As von SiO2 in einem Infrarot-Reflexionsspektrum der inneren Oxidationsschicht Zusammensetzungen aufweisen, die ein Spitzenwertverhältnis Af/As von 0,4 oder weniger erfüllen;

    (2) beim Entkohlungsglühen wird eine Erwärmungsrate von 500 °C auf 700 °C auf 20°C/s oder mehr und 80°C/s oder weniger in dem Fall begrenzt, in dem [Si] weniger als 3,0 % beträgt, und auf 40 °C/s oder mehr in dem Fall begrenzt, in dem [Si] 3,0 % oder mehr beträgt, so dass
    sphärisches Siliciumdioxid in einer Tiefe von 0,5 µm von einer Oberfläche der inneren Oxidationsschicht einen mittleren Durchmesser von 50 nm bis 200 nm aufweist;

    (3) ein oder mehrere Metalloxide, ausgewählt aus CuO2, SnO2, MnO2, Fe3O4, Fe2O3, Cr2O3 und TiO2, werden in einer Menge von 2 Massen-% bis 30 Massen-% dem Glühseparator zugesetzt;

    (4) eine Dauer für die Erhöhung der Temperatur von 950 °C auf 1100 °C während des Schlussglühens beträgt 10 Stunden oder weniger

    (5) vor der Durchführung einer Behandlung zur Verfeinerung nicht hitzebeständiger magnetischer Domänen beträgt die Schubspannung für kritische Schäden τ zwischen dem Basisfilm und dem Stahlsubstrat 50 MPa oder mehr, wobei die Schubspannung für kritische Schäden τ gemäß JIS R 3255 gemessen wird; und

    (6) nach der Durchführung einer Behandlung zur Verfeinerung nicht hitzebeständiger magnetischer Domänen beträgt eine wärmebeeinflusste Breite w im Blech 50 µm oder mehr und (2τ + 150) µm oder weniger, wobei die wärmebeeinflusste Breite w eine Breite des thermischen Dehnungsanteils in der magnetischen Domänenverfeinerungsregion ist.


     
    2. Kornorientiertes Elektrostahlblech, erhältlich nach dem Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, umfassend:

    ein Stahlsubstrat;

    eine Folie auf Keramikbasis; und

    eine Isolierbeschichtung.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de fabrication d'une tôle d'acier magnétique à grains orientés comprenant un substrat d'acier, un film de base céramique et un revêtement isolant, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    laminer à chaud un matériau en acier contenant C : 0,10 % en masse ou moins, Si : de 2,0 % en masse à 4,5 % en masse, Mn : de 0,005 % en masse à 1,0 % en masse, éventuellement Al : 0,065 % en masse ou moins, éventuellement N : 0,012 % en masse ou moins, éventuellement S : 0,03 % en masse ou moins, éventuellement Se : 0,03 % en masse ou moins et éventuellement au moins un sélectionné parmi Ni : de 0,03 % à 1,50 % en masse, Cr : de 0,01 % à 0,50 % en masse, Sn : de 0,01 % à 1,50 % en masse, Sb : de 0,005 % à 1,50 % en masse, Cu : de 0,03 % à 3,0 % en masse, P : de 0,03 % à 0,50 % en masse et Mo : de 0,005 % à 0,10 %, le restant étant constitué de Fe et d'impuretés fortuites, pour obtenir une tôle laminée à chaud ;

    éventuellement recuire à chaud la tôle laminée à chaud à une température dans la plage de 800 °C à 1 100 °C ;

    puis laminer à froid la tôle laminée à chaud une fois, ou deux fois ou plus avec un recuit intermédiaire effectué entre elles pour obtenir une tôle laminée à froid ayant une épaisseur de tôle finale ;

    puis effectuer un recuit par décarburation dans une plage de températures de 800 °C à 900 °C pendant 60 s à 180 s qui sert également de recuit de recristallisation primaire sur la tôle laminée à froid afin d'obtenir une tôle recuite par décarburation ;

    puis appliquer un séparateur de recuit ayant du MgO comme composant principal à une surface de la tôle recuite par décarburation ;

    puis effectuer un recuit final de la tôle recuite par décarburation dans une plage de températures de 1 150 °C à 1 250 °C pendant 5 h à 20 h ;

    effectuer un traitement de revêtement isolant sur la tôle recuite par décarburation après le recuit final, et

    effectuer ensuite un traitement d'affinage de domaine magnétique non résistant à la chaleur pour former une région d'affinage de domaine magnétique ayant une partie de contrainte thermique par irradiation avec un laser, un faisceau électronique ou une flamme de plasma ayant une puissance dans la plage de 5 à 100 J/m, dans lequel les conditions suivantes (1) à (6) sont satisfaites :

    (1) dans le recuit par décarburation, l'oxydabilité de l'atmosphère représentée par un rapport d'une pression partielle de H2O indiquée par P(H2O) à une pression partielle de H2 indiquée par P(H2) est réglée dans une plage de l'expression suivante en fonction d'une teneur massique de Si indiquée par [Si] du matériau en acier :

    de sorte que les oxydes dans une couche d'oxydation interne formée comme surface de la tôle de recuit par décarburation, lors d'une mesure d'un pic Af de Fe2SiO4 et d'un pic As de SiO2 dans un spectre de réflexion infrarouge de la couche d'oxydation interne, aient des compositions satisfaisant à un rapport de pics Af/As de 0,4 ou moins ;

    (2) dans le recuit par décarburation, un taux de chauffage de 500 °C à 700 °C est limité à 20 °C/s ou plus et à 80 °C/s ou moins dans le cas où [Si] est inférieur à 3,0 %, et est limité à 40 °C/s ou plus dans le cas où [Si] est de 3,0 % ou plus, en sorte que
    la silice sphérique sur une profondeur de 0,5 µm d'une surface de la couche d'oxydation interne ait un diamètre moyen de 50 nm à 200 nm ;

    (3) un ou plusieurs oxydes métalliques sélectionnés parmi CuO2, SnO2, MnO2, Fe3O4, Fe2O3, Cr2O3 et TiO2 est ou sont ajoutés en quantité de 2 % en masse à 30 % en masse au séparateur de recuit ;

    (4) une durée pour augmenter la température de 950 °C à 1 100 °C au cours du recuit final est de 10 heures ou moins,

    (5) avant d'effectuer le traitement d'affinage de domaine magnétique non résistant à la chaleur, l'effort de cisaillement τ établissant un dommage critique entre le film de base et le substrat d'acier est de 50 MPa ou plus, l'effort de cisaillement τ établissant un dommage critique étant mesuré selon la norme JIS R 3255 ; et

    (6) après avoir effectué le traitement d'affinage de domaine magnétique non résistant à la chaleur, une largeur w affectée par la chaleur dans la tôle est de 50 µm ou plus et de (2τ + 150) µm ou moins, la largeur w affectée par la chaleur étant une largeur de la partie de contrainte thermique dans la région d'affinage de domaine magnétique.


     
    2. Tôle d'acier magnétique à grains orientés susceptible d'être obtenue par le processus de la revendication 1, comprenant :

    un substrat d'acier ;

    un film de base céramique ; et

    un revêtement isolant.


     




    Drawing








    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description