(19)
(11)EP 3 260 493 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 16884775.4

(22)Date of filing:  15.12.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C08L 67/02(2006.01)
C08K 3/08(2006.01)
C08G 63/183(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2016/109994
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/121223 (20.07.2017 Gazette  2017/29)

(54)

PBAT RESIN COMPOSITION

PBAT-HARZZUSAMMENSETZUNG

COMPOSITION DE RÉSINE PBAT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 11.01.2016 CN 201610018916

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.12.2017 Bulletin 2017/52

(73)Proprietor: Kingfa Sci. & Tech. Co., Ltd.
Guangzhou, Guangdong 510663 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHAO, Wei
    Guangzhou Guangdong 510663 (CN)
  • YUAN, Renxu
    Guangzhou Guangdong 510663 (CN)
  • TANG, Meijun
    Guangzhou Guangdong 510663 (CN)
  • JIAO, Jian
    Guangzhou Guangdong 510663 (CN)
  • XIONG, Kai
    Guangzhou Guangdong 510663 (CN)
  • ZHONG, Yuke
    Guangzhou Guangdong 510663 (CN)
  • YANG, Hui
    Guangzhou Guangdong 510663 (CN)
  • MAI, Kaijin
    Guangzhou Guangdong 510663 (CN)
  • GUO, Zhilong
    Guangzhou Guangdong 510663 (CN)
  • DONG, Xueteng
    Guangzhou Guangdong 510663 (CN)
  • ZENG, Xiangbin
    Guangzhou Guangdong 510663 (CN)

(74)Representative: Wibbelmann, Jobst 
Wuesthoff & Wuesthoff Patentanwälte PartG mbB Schweigerstrasse 2
81541 München
81541 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 102 002 214
CN-A- 105 838 039
US-A1- 2003 232 958
CN-A- 104 312 106
US-A- 4 250 078
US-A1- 2013 018 130
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a field of modification of macromolecule materials, and specifically relates to a PBAT resin composition with good color stability.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Poly(butyleneadipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) is a copolymer of butylene adipate and butylene terephthalate, with characteristics of both PBA and PBT. Poly(butyleneadipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) contains a flexible aliphatic chain and a rigid aromatic chain, and thus it has high tenacity and high-temperature resistance. Owing to a presence of ester bond, the PBAT is enabled to have biodegradability, being a very active degradable material in the present biodegradable plastic research and one of the best degradable materials in market application.

    [0003] However, PBAT also has following defects, for example, a PBAT resin turns yellow easily after soaking in hot water, having poor color stability in resistance to boiling water aging, affecting an appearance of the material. Color-stabilized PBAT compositions are known from US2013018130.

    [0004] The present invention surprisingly finds by research that in the PBAT resin, by adding an iron-containing compound, the prepared PBAT resin composition has obviously improved color stability in resistance to boiling water aging.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] A purpose of the present invention is to provide a PBAT resin composition. The prepared PBAT resin composition has obviously improved color stability in resistance to boiling water aging by adding a trace amount of iron element into the composition.

    [0006] The present invention is realized by following technical solutions:
    a PBAT resin composition, characterized in that, it comprises following components:
    1. (a) poly(butyleneadipate-co-terephthalate);
    2. (b) iron element;
    wherein, based on a total weight of the PBAT resin composition, a weight content of the iron element is 1ppm-500ppm.

    [0007] The weight content of the iron element in the present invention is measured by a microwave digestion-ICP-OES method: 0.1g of a smashed sample is weighed and put into a microwave digester; 5ml of nitric acid is added so as to fully immerse the sample, followed by dropwise adding 1.0ml of hydrogen peroxide slowly; after reacting for 2 minutes, the digester is covered and sealed with a lid and put into a microwave digestion furnace for digestion; after the furnace is cooled to room temperature, a solution in the digester is filtered with a 0.45µm-filter membrane followed by being transferred to a volumetric flask, and then is diluted to 50ml with distilled water and measured by an ICP-OES.

    [0008] The poly(butyleneadipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) resin in the prior art is a copolymer of butylene adipate and butylene terephthalate, which turns yellow easily after soaking in hot water. A main reason of turning yellow is that an aromatic structure thereof reacts in a hot and humid condition and generates a new conjugated structure. By research, the present invention finds that by adding an iron-containing compound into the PBAT resin and controlling the content of the iron element in a range of 1ppm-500ppm in the composition, a speed of reaction can be postponed, so that the prepared PBAT resin composition has obviously improved color stability in resistance to boiling water aging.

    [0009] If the content of the iron element in the PBAT resin composition is too high, the PBAT resin presents a color of greyish-green, which affects an appearance. If the content of the iron element is too low, after the PBAT is aged in boiling water for 24 hours and 48 hours, the color changes severely and a variation of b-value is more than 2. Therefore, based on the total weight of the PBAT resin composition, the weight content of the iron element is preferably 10ppm-250ppm, more preferably 30ppm-80ppm.

    [0010] The poly(butyleneadipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) resin in the present invention can be synthesized by conventional methods in the art.

    [0011] Particularly, a weight content T% of butylene terephthalate unit in the poly(butyleneadipate-co-terephthalate) resin is 35wt%-65wt%. When T% is less than 35wt%, an obtained product is too soft to be used. When T% is more than 65wt%, the product is too hard to be used.

    [0012] Particularly, a melt index of poly(butyleneadipate-co-terephthalate) resin is 8g/10min-25g/10min in a standard of GB/T 3682-2000 under a condition that temperature is 190°C and a load is 5kg. If the melt index is less than 8g/10min, energy consumption during processing is relatively high, resulting in being unable to make full use of a capacity of a molding equipment. If the melt index is higher than 25g/10min, the processing of product is unstable.

    [0013] A route of acquiring the iron element in the present invention is by means of adding an iron-containing compound directly into the synthesized poly(butyleneadipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) resin.

    [0014] The iron-containing compound is selected from one or more of the group consisting of ferric oxide, ferroferric oxide, ferrous oxide, ferrous sulfate, ferric sulfate, ammonium ferric sulfate, ammonium ferrous sulfate, ferrous nitrate, ferric nitrate, ferrous chloride, ferric chloride, ferric oxide and ferroferric oxide.

    [0015] According to different needs of use, the PBAT resin composition of the present invention further comprises other promoters, such as antioxidant, light stabilizer, impact modifier, flame retardant, fluorescent brightener, lubricant, plasticizer, antistatic agent, release agent, pigment and the like. Based on 100 parts by weight of the PBAT resin, an addition of other promoters can be 0-10 parts by weight according to needs.

    [0016] The antioxidant is selected from one or more of the group consisting of hindered amine antioxidant, hindered phenols antioxidant or phosphites antioxidant. It can be specifically listed as one of or a mixture of two or more of 1010, 168, 1076, 445 and 1098.

    [0017] The light stabilizer is a hindered amine light stabilizer, specifically listed as one of, or a mixture of two or more of UV-944, UV-234, 770DF, 328 and 531.

    [0018] The impact modifier is PTW or a block copolymer of styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene (SEBS), or a mixture thereof.

    [0019] The flame retardant is one of or a mixture of two or more of red phosphorus, OP1240 and OP1230.

    [0020] The fluorescent brightener is bis(triazinylamino-stilbene) or titanium dioxide, or a mixture thereof.

    [0021] The lubricant is one of or a mixture of two or more of talcum powder, ethylene bis stearamide (EBS), erucamide, zinc stearate and silicone oil.

    [0022] The plasticizer is one of or a mixture of two or more of glycerol, citric acid, tributyl citrate, epoxidized soybean oil and the like.

    [0023] The antistatic agent is a permanent antistatic agent, specifically listed as one of or a mixture of two or more of PELESTAT-230, PELESTAT-6500 and SUNNICO ASA-2500.

    [0024] The release agent is one of or a mixture of two or more of silicone oil, paraffin, white mineral oil and Vaseline.

    [0025] The pigment is one of or a mixture of two or more of carbon black, black masterbatch, titanium dioxide, zinc sulfide, phthalocyanine blue and fluorescent orange.

    [0026] Compared to the prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effects:
    By adding the iron-containing compound into the PBAT resin and controlling the content of the iron element in a range of 1ppm-500ppm in the composition, a speed of reaction of aromatic structure in the PBAT resin under a hot and humid condition can be postponed, so that after the prepared PBAT resin composition is aged in boiling water for 24 hours and 48 hours, the variation of b-value is less than 2. The PBAT resin composition has obviously improved color stability in resistance to boiling water aging.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT



    [0027] The present invention will be further described below by way of specific implementations, and the following embodiments are preferred implementations of the present invention, but the implementations of the present invention are not limited by the following embodiments.

    [0028] Iron-containing compounds used in the present invention are commercially available.

    [0029] A synthesis method of a PBAT resin:
    a metric amount of terephthalic acid and 1, 4- butylene glycol were put into a reaction kettle, with the temperature being increased to 220-240°C for reaction until the terephthalic acid was completely reacted. A metric amount of adipic acid was put into the reaction kettle followed by the reaction being continued at 180-220°C until the adipic acid was completely reacted. Suitable amounts of catalyst and stabilizer were added. A pressure inside the reaction kettle was decreased below 50Pa within 30-60 minutes. The reaction was performed at 220-260°C until a specified viscosity was reached, and then a stirring was stopped and high-purity nitrogen was injected to the reaction kettle. The PBAT resin was obtained by extruding the resin from the reaction kettle and prilling. By changing an addition of terephthalic acid and adipic acid, PBAT resins with different contents of butylene terephthalate unit can be obtained.

    [0030] In particular, the content of butylene terephthalate unit was measured by 1H NMR, with deuteriochloroform being a solvent and TMS being an interior standard. A result was calculated according to the following formula:

    wherein: T% represents the content of butylene terephthalate unit;

    S8.1 represents an absorption peak area at 8.1ppm in a 1H NMR spectrum;

    S2.3 represents an absorption peak area at 2.3ppm in the 1H NMR spectrum.


    Embodiments 1-20 and Comparative Embodiments 1-2:



    [0031] According to formulas shown in Table 1, PBAT resin, iron-containing compounds and other promoters such as antioxidant 1010, erucamide, light stabilizer UV-944, impact modifier PTW, flame retardant OP 1240, titanium dioxide as fluorescent brightener, talcum powder as lubricant, tributyl citrate as plasticizer, antistatic agent PELESTAT-230, silicone oil as release agent and carbon black 50L as pigment, were mixed evenly and put into a single screw extruder. After being extruded at 170°C-210°C and prilled, the compositions were obtained. Data of performance tests is shown in Table 1.

    Performance evaluation method:



    [0032] 
    1. (1) color: spherical particles after prilling were employed and directly tested via a DC-P3 full-automatic colorimeter produced by Beijing Xingguang Color-Measurement Instrument Co., ltd.
    2. (2) a weight content of the iron element was measured by following method: 0.1g of a smashed sample was weighed and put into a microwave digester; 5ml of nitric acid was added so as to fully immerse the sample, followed by dropwise adding 1.0ml of hydrogen peroxide slowly; after reacting for 2 minutes, the digester was covered and sealed with a lid and put into a microwave digestion furnace for digestion; after the furnace was cooled to room temperature, a solution in the digester was filtered with a 0.45µm-filter membrane followed by being transferred to a volumetric flask, and then was diluted to 50ml with distilled water and measured via Agilent Technologies 700 Series ICP-OES.








    [0033] In particular, b0 represents a b-value before boiling water aging, b24 represents the b-value after boiling water aging for 24 hours, and b48 represents the b-value after boiling water aging for 48 hours. b0-b24 represents a difference value between the b-value before boiling water aging and the b-value after boiling water aging for 24 hours. b0-b48 represents a difference value between the b-value before boiling water aging and the b-value after boiling water aging for 48 hours. The smaller an absolute value of the difference value is, the better a color stability of the composition in resistance to boiling water aging can be.

    [0034] It can be seen from Table 1 that, when the content of the iron element in the PBAT composition is 1-500ppm, after the PBAT composition is aged in boiling water for 24 hours and 48 hours, a variation of b-value is less than 2. It indicates that the composition has good color stability in resistance to boiling water aging. When the content of the iron element is less than 1ppm in Comparative Embodiment 1 and the content of the iron element is more than 500ppm in Comparative Embodiment 2, the variation of b-value is more than 2. It indicates a relatively poor color stability of the composition in resistance to boiling water aging.


    Claims

    1. A PBAT resin composition, characterized in that, it comprises following components:

    (a) poly(butyleneadipate-co-terephthalate);

    (b) iron element;

    wherein, based on a total weight of the PBAT resin composition, a weight content of the iron element is 1ppm-500ppm, measured by a microwave digestion-ICP-OES method: 0.1g of a smashed sample is weighed and put into a microwave digester; 5ml of nitric acid is added so as to fully immerse the sample, followed by dropwise adding 1.0ml of hydrogen peroxide slowly; after reacting for 2 minutes, the digester is covered and sealed with a lid and put into a microwave digestion furnace for digestion; after the furnace is cooled to room temperature, a solution in the digester is filtered with a 0.45µm-filter membrane followed by being transferred to a volumetric flask, and then is diluted to 50ml with distilled water and measured by an ICP-OES.
     
    2. The PBAT resin composition according to claim 1, wherein based on the total weight of the PBAT resin composition, the weight content of iron element is 10ppm-250ppm, preferably 30ppm-80ppm.
     
    3. The PBAT resin composition according to claim 1, wherein a weight content T% of butylene terephthalate unit in the poly(butyleneadipate-co-terephthalate) resin is 35wt%-65wt%.
     
    4. The PBAT resin composition according to claim 1, wherein a melt index of the poly(butyleneadipate-co-terephthalate) resin is 8g/10min-25g/10min in a standard of GB/T 3682-2000 under a condition that temperature is 190°C and a load is 5kg.
     
    5. The PBAT resin composition according to claim 1, wherein the iron element is derived from an iron-containing compound which is selected from one or more of the group consisting of ferric oxide, ferroferric oxide, ferrous oxide, ferrous sulfate, ferric sulfate, ammonium ferric sulfate, ammonium ferrous sulfate, ferrous nitrate, ferric nitrate, ferrous chloride and ferric chloride.
     
    6. The PBAT resin composition according to claim 1, wherein the PBAT resin composition further comprises other promoters which are one or more of antioxidant, light stabilizer, impact modifier, flame retardant, fluorescent brightener, lubricant, plasticizer, antistatic agent, release agent and pigment.
     
    7. The PBAT resin composition according to any of claims 1-6, wherein after the PBAT resin composition is aged in boiling water for 24 hours and 48 hours, a variation of b-value - measured as described in the present specification - is less than 2.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. PBAT-Kunststoffzusammensetzung, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie die folgenden Bestandteile umfasst:

    (a) Poly(butylenadipat-co-terephthalat);

    (b) Eisenelement;

    wobei, bezogen auf das Gesamtgewicht der PBAT-Kunststoffzusammensetzung, ein Gewichtsgehalt des Eisenelementes 1 ppm - 500 ppm ist, gemessen durch eine Mikrowellen-Digestions-ICP-OES-Methode: 0,1 g einer zerschlagenen Probe wird eingewogen und in einen Mikrowellen-Digester eingebracht; 5 ml Salpetersäure werden zugegeben, sodass die Probe vollständig eintaucht, gefolgt von tröpfchenweiser Zugabe von 1,0 ml Wasserstoffperoxid, langsam; nach Umsetzung über 2 Minuten wird der Digester abgedeckt und mit einem Verschluss versiegelt und in einen Mikrowellen-Digestionsofen zur Digestion eingebracht; nachdem der Ofen auf Raumtemperatur abgekühlt ist, wird eine Lösung in dem Digester mit einer 0,45 µm-Filtermembran filtriert, gefolgt von Übertragen in einen volumetrischen Kolben, und dann verdünnt auf 50 ml mit destilliertem Wasser und gemessen durch ein ICP-OES.
     
    2. PBAT-Kunststoffzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, worin, bezogen auf das Gesamtgewicht der PBAT-Kunststoffzusammensetzung, der Gewichtsgehalt des Eisenelementes 10 ppm - 250 ppm ist, vorzugsweise 30 ppm - 80 ppm.
     
    3. PBAT-Kunststoffzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Gewichtsgehalt T% an Butylenterephthalat-Einheit in dem Poly(butylenadipat-co-terephthalat)-Kunststoff 35 Gew.-% - 65 Gew.-% ist.
     
    4. PBAT-Kunststoffzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, worin der Schmelzindex des Poly(butylenadipat-co-terephthalat)-Kunststoffs 8 g/10 min - 25 g/10 min in einem Standard von GB/T 3682-2000 ist, unter einer Bedingung, dass die Temperatur 190°C ist und die Last 5 kg ist.
     
    5. PBAT-Kunststoffzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Eisenelement abgeleitet ist von einer eisenenthaltenden Verbindung, die ausgewählt ist aus einem oder mehreren der Gruppe, bestehend aus Eisen (III)-Oxid, Ferroferricoxid, Eisen (II)-Oxid, Eisen (II)-Sulfat, Eisen (III)-Sulfat, Ammoniumeisen (III)-Sulfat, Ammoniumeisen (II)-Sulfat, Eisen (II)-Nitrat, Eisen (III)-Nitrat, Eisen (II)-Chlorid und Eisen (III)-Chlorid.
     
    6. PBAT-Kunststoffzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die PBAT-Kunststoffzusammensetzung weiterhin umfasst andere Promoter, die eine oder mehrere von Antioxidans, Lichtstabilisator, Schlagzähmodifizierer, Flammenschutzmittel, Fluoreszenzaufheller, Schmiermittel, Weichmacher, antistatisches Mittel, Freisetzungsmittel und Pigment.
     
    7. PBAT-Kunststoffzusammensetzung nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 - 6, wobei nachdem die PBAT-Kunststoffzusammensetzung in kochendem Wasser über 24 Stunden und 48 Stunden gealtert wurde, die Abweichung des b-Wertes - gemessen wie beschrieben in der vorliegenden Beschreibung - weniger als 2 ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Composition de résine de PBAT, caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend les composants suivants :

    (a) du poly(butylèneadipate-co-téréphtalate) ;

    (b) un élément de fer ;

    dans laquelle, par rapport à poids total de la composition de résine de PBAT, une teneur pondérale de l'élément de fer est comprise entre 1 ppm et 500 ppm, mesurée selon une méthode de digestion par micro-ondes-ICP-OES : 0,1 g d'un échantillon écrasé est pesé et placé dans un digesteur à micro-ondes ; 5 ml d'acide nitrique sont ajoutés de manière à immerger complètement l'échantillon, suivi de l'ajout goutte à goutte de 1,0 ml de peroxyde d'hydrogène lentement ; après réaction pendant 2 minutes, le digesteur est couvert et scellé avec un couvercle et placé dans un four de digestion à micro-ondes pour la digestion ; une fois le four refroidi à température ambiante, une solution dans le digesteur est filtrée avec une membrane filtrante de 0,45 µm, puis transférée dans une fiole jaugée, puis diluée à 50 ml avec de l'eau distillée et mesurée par une ICP-OES.
     
    2. Composition de résine de PBAT selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle, par rapport au poids total de la composition de résine de PBAT, la teneur pondérale en élément de fer est comprise entre 10 ppm et 250 ppm, de préférence entre 30 ppm et 80 ppm.
     
    3. Composition de résine de PBAT selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle une teneur pondérale T % de motif téréphtalate de butylène dans la résine de po-ly(butylèneadipate-co-téréphtalate) est comprise entre 35 % en poids et 65 % en poids.
     
    4. Composition de résine de PBAT selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle un indice de fluidité à chaud de la résine de poly(butylèneadipate-co-téréphtalate) est comprise entre 8 g/10 min et 25 g/10 min selon une norme GB/T 3682-2000 à condition que la température soit de 190 °C et qu'une charge soit de 5 kg.
     
    5. Composition de résine de PBAT selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'élément de fer est dérivé d'un composé contenant du fer qui est choisi parmi un ou plusieurs composés du groupe constitué par l'oxyde ferrique, l'oxyde ferroferrique, l'oxyde ferreux, le sulfate ferreux, le sulfate ferrique, le sulfate ferrique d'ammonium, le sulfate ferreux d'ammonium, le nitrate ferreux, le nitrate ferrique, le chlorure ferreux et le chlorure ferrique.
     
    6. Composition de résine de PBAT selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la composition de résine de PBAT comprend en outre d'autres promoteurs qui sont une ou plusieurs substances parmi un antioxydant, un agent anti U.V., un agent antichocs, un ignifugeant, un azurant fluorescent, un lubrifiant, un plastifiant, un agent antistatique, un agent de démoulage et un pigment.
     
    7. Composition de résine de PBAT selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans laquelle après vieillissement de la composition de résine de PBAT dans de l'eau bouillante pendant 24 heures et 48 heures, une variation de la valeur b - mesurée comme décrit dans la présente spécification - est inférieure à 2.
     






    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description