(19)
(11)EP 3 263 122 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 16755812.1

(22)Date of filing:  18.02.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61K 38/45  (2006.01)
A61P 27/16  (2006.01)
A61K 38/17  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2016/001646
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/137162 (01.09.2016 Gazette  2016/35)

(54)

PEPTIDE FOR PREVENTING HEARING LOSS, AND COMPOSITION COMPRISING SAME

PEPTID ZUR VERHINDERUNG VON HÖRVERLUST UND ZUSAMMENSETZUNG DAMIT

PEPTIDE POUR PRÉVENIR LA PERTE DE L'AUDITION ET COMPOSITION LE COMPRENANT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 27.02.2015 KR 20150028410

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.01.2018 Bulletin 2018/01

(73)Proprietor: Gemvax & Kael Co., Ltd.
Daejeon 305-510 (KR)

(72)Inventor:
  • KIM, Sang Jae
    Seoul 135-947 (KR)

(74)Representative: Inspicos P/S 
Kogle Allé 2
2970 Hørsholm
2970 Hørsholm (DK)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-B2- 1 093 381
KR-A- 20130 041 896
KR-A- 20130 004 949
  
  • SHAW V E ET AL: "Current status of GV1001 and other telomerase vaccination strategies in the treatment of cancer", EXPERT REVIEW OF VACC, FUTURE DRUGS, LONDON, GB, vol. 9, no. 9, 1 September 2010 (2010-09-01), pages 1007-1016, XP008178626, ISSN: 1476-0584, DOI: 10.1586/ERV.10.92 [retrieved on 2014-01-09]
  • WANG J ET AL: "A PEPTIDE INHIBITOR OF C-JUN N-TERMINAL KINASE PROTECTS AGAINST BOTH AMINOGLYCOSIDE AND ACOUSTIC TRAUMA-INDUCED AUDITORY HAIR CELL DEATH AND HEARING LOSS", JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, THE SOCIETY, WASHINGTON, DC, US, vol. 23, no. 24, 17 September 2003 (2003-09-17), pages 8596-8607, XP001176757, ISSN: 1529-2401
  • KIM, BO HYUNG: 'Presbycusis: Review for its Environmental Risk Factors' THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY vol. 49, no. 10, 01 January 2006, pages 962 - 967, XP055477453
  • ARAUJO, GUSMAO DE ET AL.: 'The Potential Use of Melatonin for Preventing Cisplatin Ototoxicity: an Insight for a Clinical Approach' ADVANCES IN OTOLARYNGOLOGY vol. 2014, 01 January 2014, pages 1 - 8, XP055477455 DOI: 10.1155/2014/185617
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

[Technical Field]



[0001] The present invention relates to a peptide for use in treating and preventing hearing damage and a pharmaceutical composition including the peptide for the same use, and more particularly, to a telomerase-derived peptide for use in treating and preventing hearing damage due to an ototoxic drug and a pharmaceutical composition for use in treating and preventing hearing damage which includes the peptide.

[Background Art]



[0002] The anatomy of an ear is divided into the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear, and the inner ear consists of the cochlea responsible for hearing, vestibule and semicircular canals that are responsible for a sense of equilibrium, and the vestibulocochlear nerve connected thereto.

[0003] Hearing damage results from damage to one of the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear or multiple parts thereof. There are four types of hearing damage. The first most common type is sensorineural hearing loss that occurs as a result of loss of or damage to auditory cells (hair cells) in the cochlea constituting the inner ear. The second type is conductive hearing loss that occurs when there is a problem with the outer ear or the middle ear, resulting in sound not being conducted adequately to the inner ear. The third type is mixed hearing loss that occurs when sensorineural and conductive hearing losses are both present. The fourth type is auditory neuropathy that occurs when there is a problem with the auditory nerve transmitting a sound signal to the brain.

[0004] The term ototoxicity refers to a symptom of the inner ear due to a therapeutic agent or a chemical, i.e., dysfunction of the peripheral organ and nervous tissue responsible for hearing and vestibular function and a degenerative change in tissue cells.

[0005] Aminoglycoside antibiotics and platinum-based anticancer drugs exhibit fetal nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity by repeated administration, and, in most cases, nephrotoxicity is often reversible, but ototoxicity is permanent. Due to these toxicities, highly effective drugs cannot be prescribed primarily unless drug administration effects are significant enough to withstand the side effects of aminoglycoside antibiotics and platinum-based anticancer drugs. The mechanism of apoptosis by ototoxic drugs has gradually become discovered, and attempts to prevent hearing loss by protecting hair cells using a method such as neutralization of reactive oxygen species (ROS), suppression of apoptosis-inducing enzymes, anti-inflammation, treatment with a neurotropic substance, and the like, and research thereon have been conducted. However, due to difficulties in the toxicity of a drug itself and a method of delivering the drug to the inner ear, clinical application thereof is insignificant. Ototoxicity due to an aminoglycoside antibiotic progresses while the drug is absorbed into the inner ear and accumulated in hair cells of the inner ear.

[0006] Furosemide is a type of diuretic that promotes diuretic action and is used in patients with congestive heart failure, renal edema, hepatic edema, hypertension, and the like. It has been reported that furosemide exhibits a strong diuretic action and is used even for pre-eclampsia, ascites, and peripheral vascular edema, but when administered in a large amount or for a long period of time, the drug causes electrolyte imbalance and acute hypotension. In addition, furosemide has been reported to cause auditory disorders, tinnitus, or hearing loss.

[0007] In addition, several risk factors capable of causing ototoxicity are known. Generally, it is known that, as a dose of an ototoxic drug increases and a period of use of the drug increases, the possibility of ototoxicity becomes high, but the degree of ototoxicity is affected by ages of patients (in particular, 65 years or older), an ototoxic drug administered in combination, previous ototoxic drug use, previous exposure to noise, existing hearing and balance disorders, kidney dysfunction, liver function, pyrexia, hypovolemia, bacteremia, and the like.

[Disclosure]


[Technical Problem]



[0008] Therefore, in the present study, the efficacy and safety of a telomerase-derived peptide were evaluated in an ototoxicity-inducing animal model. Through experiments, an effect of the telomerase-derived peptide on preventing hearing loss and damage to the inner ear due to ototoxicity was verified, and this indicates that the damage to the inner ear is caused by stresses such as an ototoxic drug, noise, and hypoxia and a final mechanism of damage to hair cells is apoptosis by ROS, and thus the telomerase-derived peptide may protect the inner ear from being damaged and also have an effect of recovering from damaged inner ears. Accordingly, since the present invention may be applied to recovery and treatment of damaged inner ears, it may be expected to be a great help to hearing loss treatment without side effects.

[Technical Solution]



[0009] To achieve the objective of the present invention, one aspect of the present invention may provide a composition for use in treating and preventing hearing loss, the composition including a peptide comprising an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, a peptide having 80% or more sequence homology to the amino acid sequence, or a fragment thereof, wherein the homologous peptide and the fragment have an effect of treating hearing loss.

[0010] In the composition for use according to one aspect of the present invention, the fragment may be a fragment consisting of three or more amino acids. In the composition for use according to one aspect of the present invention, the hearing loss may be caused by administration of an ototoxic drug or ototoxic drug treatment.

[0011] In the composition for use according to one aspect of the present invention, the ototoxic drug may include one or more drugs selected from the group consisting of salicylates, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, diuretics, chemotherapeutic agents, quinines, mucosal protective drugs, and anticancer drugs.

[0012] In the composition for use according to one aspect of the present invention, the antibiotics may be aminoglycoside-based antibiotics, and the anticancer drugs may be platinum-based anticancer drugs.

[0013] In the composition for use according to one aspect of the present invention, the aminoglycoside-based antibiotics may include kanamycin, and the platinum-based anticancer drugs may include cisplatin or carboplatin.

[0014] In the composition for use according to one aspect of the present invention, the diuretics may include furosemide.

[0015] In the composition for use according to another aspect of the present invention, the hearing loss may include hearing loss and tinnitus according to degenerative changes in a peripheral organ and nervous tissue of the inner ear.

[0016] According to still another aspect of the present invention, the composition may be a pharmaceutical composition.

[0017] According to yet another aspect of the present invention, the composition may be a food composition.

[Advantageous Effects]



[0018] According to the present invention, a composition for use in effectively protecting against hearing loss can be provided. Thus, the composition for use according to the present invention can be applied to the treatment and prevention of hearing loss, and, in particular, can be used to treat hearing loss due to an ototoxic drug.

[0019] In addition, a peptide for use according to the present invention, which is a peptide having a sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 (PEP1), a peptide having a sequence with 80% homology to the above-described sequence, or a fragment thereof, has an effect of treating and preventing hearing loss.

[Description of Drawings]



[0020] 

FIG. 1 illustrates images of hair cells at an apical turn, a middle turn, and a basal turn of cochlear tissue of an ototoxic animal model administered kanamycin.

FIG. 2 illustrates image of hair cells at an apical turn, a middle turn, and a basal turn of cochlear tissue of animal models administered kanamycin and PEP1 in combination.

FIG. 3 is a graph showing results of comparison between the counted number of hair cells of a kanamycin-administered group and the counted number of hair cells of a group administered kanamycin and PEP1 in combination, at an apical turn, a middle turn, and a basal turn, wherein the counted number is expressed as percentage.

FIG. 4 illustrates hematoxylin & eosin (H&E) staining images of frozen cochlear and ampullar tissue sections of an ototoxic animal model administered kanamycin.

FIG. 5 illustrates H&E staining images of frozen cochlear and ampullar tissue sections of an animal group administered kanamycin and PEP1 in combination.

FIG. 6 illustrates graphs showing a degree of hearing loss of each of a kanamycin-administered group and a group administered kanamycin and concentration-based PEP1 through an auditory brainstem response (ABR) test according to frequency bands.

FIG. 7 illustrates images of hair cells of cochlear tissue samples of a control without PEP1 and groups treated with PEP1 according to concentration twice daily for 2 weeks.

FIG. 8 illustrates H&E staining images of frozen cochlear and ampullar tissue sections of a control without PEP1.

FIG. 9 illustrates H&E staining images of frozen cochlear and ampullar tissue sections of each experimental group administered PEP1 according to concentration.

FIG. 10 is a protocol graph showing drug administration and ABR test schedules of an experiment performed at schedules D1 and D3 using an ototoxic animal model administered kanamycin, which is an ototoxic drug, and furosemide.

FIG. 11 illustrates graphs showing measurement values of frequency-dependent hearing changes through an ABR test of ototoxic animal models including PEP1-administered Experimental Group 1, dexamethasone-administered Experimental Group 2, and saline solution-administered Control 1, according to the schedule of Experiment D1, i.e., prior to the administration of an ototoxic drug, on day 7 after the drug administration, and on day 14 after the drug administration.

FIG. 12 illustrates graphs showing measurement values of frequency-dependent hearing changes through an ABR test of ototoxic animal models including PEP1-administered Experimental Group 3, dexamethasone-administered Experimental Group 4, and saline solution-administered Control 2, according to the schedule of Experiment D3, i.e., prior to the administration of an ototoxic drug, on day 7 after the drug administration, and on day 14 after the drug administration.

FIG. 13 illustrates graphs comparatively showing ABR test measurement values of frequency-dependent hearing changes of PEP1-administered Experimental Groups 1 and 3 as ototoxic animal models according to the schedules of Experiments D1 and D3, respectively, i.e., prior to the administration of an ototoxic drug, on day 7 after the drug administration, and on day 14 after the drug administration.

FIG. 14 illustrates confocal scanning microscope images acquired by observing the viability of hair cells at basal, mid, and apex of the cochlea after performing biopsy on ototoxic animal models including PEP1-administered Experimental Group 1, dexamethasone-administered Experimental Group 2, and saline solution-administered Control 1, respectively, according to the schedule of Experiment D1.

FIG. 15 illustrates confocal scanning microscope images acquired by observing the viability of hair cells at basal, mid, and apex of the cochlea after performing biopsy on ototoxic animal models including PEP1-administered Experimental Group 3, dexamethasone-administered Experimental Group 4, and saline solution-administered Control 2, respectively, according to the schedule of Experiment D3.

FIG. 16 is a graph showing quantitative analysis results of a ratio of normal hair cells of basal, mid, and apex of the cochlea after performing biopsy on ototoxic animal models including PEP1-administered Experimental Group 1, dexamethasone-administered Experimental Group 2, and saline solution-administered Control 1, respectively, according to the schedule of Experiment D1.

FIG. 17 is a graph showing quantitative analysis results of a ratio of normal hair cells of basal, mid, and apex of the cochlea after performing biopsy on ototoxic animal models including PEP1-administered Experimental Group 3, dexamethasone-administered Experimental Group 4, and saline solution-administered Control 2, respectively, according to the schedule of Experiment D3.

FIG. 18 is a graph showing quantitative and comparative analysis results of a ratio of normal hair cells of basal, mid, and apex of the cochlea after performing biopsy on PEP1-administered Experimental Groups 1 and 3 as ototoxic animal models according to the schedules of Experiments D1 and D3, respectively.


[BEST MODE]



[0021] Although the present invention allows for various changes and numerous embodiments, particular embodiments of the present invention will now be described in more detail. However, it is not intended to limit the present invention to particular modes of practice. In the description of the present invention, certain detailed explanations of related art are omitted when it is deemed that they may unnecessarily obscure the essence of the invention.

[0022] A telomere is a genetic material that is repeatedly present at an end of a chromosome and is known to prevent damage to the corresponding chromosome or binding thereof to other chromosomes. When a cell divides, the length of the telomere gradually decreases, and, when cell division occurs a certain number of times or more, the telomere becomes very short, and the cell stops dividing and dies. In contrast, it is known that, when telomeres are lengthened, lifespan of the cells is extended. For example, it is known that, in cancer cells, telomerase is secreted to prevent the telomeres from being shortened, and thus the cancer cells do not die and can continuously propagate. The inventors of the present invention verified that a peptide derived from telomerase is effective in suppressing angiogenesis, thus completing the present invention.

[0023] A peptide disclosed in the present specification may include peptides having 80% or more sequence homology, 85% or more sequence homology, 90% or more sequence homology, 95% or more sequence homology, 96% or more sequence homology, 97% or more sequence homology, 98% or more sequence homology, and 99% or more sequence homology. In addition, the peptide disclosed in the present specification may include a peptide having a sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or fragments thereof, and peptides in which one or more amino acids, two or more amino acids, three or more amino acids, four or more amino acids, five or more amino acids, six or more amino acids, or seven or more amino acids are modified.

[0024] In one embodiment of the present invention, an amino acid modification refers to a change in physical and chemical properties of peptides. For example, amino acid changes, to improve thermal stability of peptides, change substrate specificity, change the optimum pH, and the like, may be performed.

[0025] In addition, the peptide having a sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, the fragment thereof, or the peptide having 80% or more sequence homology to the above-described peptide sequence, for use according to one embodiment of the present invention has low intracellular toxicity and high in vivo stability. In the present invention, the peptide with SEQ ID NO: 1 is a telomerase-derived peptide and a peptide consisting of 16 amino acids as follows.

[0026] The peptide shown in SEQ ID NO: 1 is as shown in Table 1 below. In Table 1 below, "name" is used to distinguish peptides from each other. In one embodiment of the present invention, the peptide shown in SEQ ID NO: 1 refers to a whole peptide of human telomerase. According to another embodiment of the present invention, the peptide having a sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, the fragment thereof, or the peptide having 80% or more sequence homology to the above-described peptide sequence includes a synthetic peptide obtained by selecting and synthesizing peptides at corresponding positions from among peptides included in telomerase. SEQ ID NO: 2 denotes an amino acid sequence of whole telomerase.
<Table 1>
SEQ ID NO.NamePosition on telomeraseSequenceLength
1 pep1 [611-626] EARPALLTSRLRFIPK 16 aa
2   [1-1132]

 
1132 aa
     

 
 


[0027] Kanamycin used in experiments of the present invention is an aminoglycoside-based antibiotic. Only 3% of a dose of an aminoglycoside is absorbed into the stomach, and thus the aminoglycoside is administered via injection, and the administered drug is mostly excreted via urine through glomerular filtration. In the case of renal failure, a secretion amount of aminoglycoside decreases and the drug is excessively accumulated in perilymph of the inner ear, and thus ototoxicity, like nephrotoxicity, is likely to occur. In particular, kanamycin is a drug with toxicity to the cochlea which destructs outer hair cells at a basal turn of the cochlea at an early stage together with neomycin, amikacin, sisomycin, and livodomycin, and, as kanamycin continues to be administered, a destruction site thereof expands to an apical turn.

[0028] Furosemide used in experiments of the present invention is a diuretic used to treat hypertension or edema by removing moisture and salts unnecessarily accumulated in the body. It has been reported that, in a case in which a high dose of furosemide is used or furosemide is used in a patient with hypoproteinemia or the like, or when furosemide is used in combination with other ototoxic drugs, tinnitus, hearing damage, or hearing loss occurs.

[0029] Dexamethasone used in experiments of the present invention is a synthetic corticosteroid drug and used as an anti-inflammation agent or an immunosuppressant. Dexamethasone is used for the treatment of various types of inflammatory diseases and as an immunosuppressant therefor, and is effective with respect to tinnitus, hearing loss, vestibular abnormalities. However, it has been reported that, when an excess amount of dexamethasone is administered, the drug excessively inhibits immune action, and causes severe side effects in patients with mycotic infection diseases in the eyes or the ears.

[0030] The auditory brainstem response (ABR) test used in experiments of the present invention to identify hearing loss is an accurate hearing test in which brainwaves from the nerve center of the brain are averaged, which can be obtained by auditory stimulation, and a threshold value of hearing is determined. As the threshold value increases, this indicates hearing loss is more severe.

[0031] According to one embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a pharmaceutical composition including, as an active ingredient, a peptide having an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, a peptide having 80% or more sequence homology to the amino acid sequence, or a fragment thereof for use in treating hearing loss.

[0032] In the composition for use in the treatment of hearing loss, according to one embodiment of the present invention, the content of the peptide having an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, the peptide having 80% or more sequence homology to the amino acid sequence, or the fragment thereof may range from 0.01 g/L to 1 kg/L, in particular, 0.1 g/L to 100 g/L, more particularly, from 1 g/L to 10 g/L. However, when a difference in effects according to dose is shown, the content thereof may be appropriately adjusted. When the content of the above-listed peptide is within the above-described ranges or less, not only it is sufficient to exhibit desired effects of the present invention, but also both stability and safety of the composition may be satisfied, and it may be appropriate in terms of effects relative to costs.

[0033] The composition for use according to one embodiment of the present invention may be applied to all animals including humans, dogs, chickens, pigs, cows, sheep, guinea pigs, or monkeys.

[0034] As the composition for use according to one embodiment of the present invention, a pharmaceutical composition including a peptide having an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, a peptide having 80% or more sequence homology to the amino acid sequence, or a fragment thereof is provided. The pharmaceutical composition for use according to one embodiment of the present invention may be administered orally, intrarectally, percutaneously, intravenously, intramuscularly, intraperitoneally, intramedullary, intradurally, subcutaneously, or the like.

[0035] A preparation for oral administration may be a tablet, a pill, a soft or hard capsule, a granule, powder, a liquid preparation, or an emulsion, but the present invention is not limited thereto. A formation for parenteral administration may be an injection, a dripping agent, a lotion, an ointment, a gel, a cream, a suspension, an emulsion, a suppository, a patch, or a spraying agent, but the present invention is not limited thereto.

[0036] The pharmaceutical composition for use according to one embodiment of the present invention may include an additive such as a diluent, an excipient, a lubricant, a binder, a disintegrant, a buffer, a dispersant, a surfactant, a colorant, a flavoring, a sweetener, or the like according to need. The pharmaceutical composition for use according to one embodiment of the present invention may be prepared using a method commonly used in the art.

[0037] The active ingredient of the pharmaceutical composition for use according to one embodiment of the present invention may vary depending on ages of subjects to which the active ingredient is to be administered, gender, body weight, pathologic conditions and severity, administration route, or determination of prescribers. Determination of a suitable dose based on these factors may be within the range known by those of ordinary skill in the art, and a daily dose of the pharmaceutical composition may range, for example, from 10 ng/kg/day to 100 g/kg/day, in particular, from 0.1 µg/kg/day to 10 g/kg/day, more particularly, from 1 µg/kg/day to 1 g/kg/day, even more particularly, from 2 µg/kg/day to 100 mg/kg/day. When a difference in effects according to dose is shown, the daily dose may be appropriately adjusted. The pharmaceutical composition for use according to one embodiment of the present invention may be administered once to three times daily, but the present invention is not limited thereto.

[0038] As the composition for use according to one embodiment of the present invention, a food composition including, as an active ingredient, a peptide having an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, a peptide having 80% or more sequence homology to the amino acid sequence, or a fragment thereof is provided.

[0039] A preparation of the food composition for use according to one embodiment of the present invention is not particularly limited, and may be, for example, a tablet, a granule, powder, a liquid preparation, a solid preparation, or the like. Each preparation may be prepared by formulating ingredients commonly used in the art in addition to the active ingredient or appropriately selecting and mixing the ingredients by one of ordinary skill without undue difficulty according to the purpose of use. In addition, when used simultaneously with other raw materials, the ingredients may have a synergistic effect.

[0040] Terms used in the present specification are provided only to describe particular embodiments, and are not intended to limit the present invention. Terms that do not mention whether the noun is singular or plural are not intended to limit the number, but indicate that the mentioned noun exists in either a singular or plural form. The terms "including," "having," and "comprising" are interpreted as open terms (i.e., including, but not limited thereto).

[0041] Referring to a range of the values is an easy way to avoid individually mentioning each separate value within the range, and, unless otherwise stated herein, each separate value is incorporated in the present specification as if it is individually mentioned herein. The limit values of all the ranges are within the ranges and may be independently combined.

[0042] All the methods mentioned herein may be performed in a suitable order unless otherwise indicated or clearly contradicted by the context. The use of any one embodiment and all embodiments or exemplary languages (e.g., "such as") is intended to more fully describe the present invention and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention unless it is within the claims. Any language in the specification should not be interpreted such that any unclaimed elements are essential to the practice of the present invention. Unless otherwise defined, technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which the invention pertains.

[0043] Exemplary embodiments of the present invention include the best mode known to inventors to implement the present invention. Variations of the exemplary embodiments may be obvious to those of ordinary skill in the art after reading the foregoing description. The inventors of the present invention expect that one of ordinary skill in the art appropriately uses such variations, and expect that the present invention is carried out in a manner different from that described herein. Thus, the present invention includes equivalents to and all modifications of the subject matter of the invention mentioned in the appended claims, as is permitted by the patent laws. In addition, all possible combinations of the aforementioned elements are included in the present invention within all possible variations when stated in a contrary manner or unless clearly contradicted by the context. Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to exemplary embodiments thereof, it will be well understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that various changes in form and details can be made without departing from the scope of the invention defined by the following claims.

[0044] Hereinafter, configurations and effects of the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to examples and experimental examples. However, these examples and experimental examples are provided only for illustrative purposes to aid in understanding the present invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

[MODE OF THE INVENTION]


Example 1: Synthesis of peptide



[0045] A peptide of SEQ ID NO: 1 (hereinafter, referred to as "PEP1") was prepared according to a generally known solid-phase peptide synthesis method. In particular, peptides were synthesized by Fmoc solid phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) using ASP48S (Peptron, Inc., Daejeon, Korea) by coupling amino acids one by one from the C-terminal. The first amino acid used at the C-terminus of each of the peptides, which was attached to a resin, is as follows:

NH2-Lys(Boc)-2-chloro-trityl resin

NH2-Ala-2-chloro-trityl resin

NH2-Arg(Pbf)-2-chloro-trityl resin



[0046] All amino acids used in the peptide synthesis were protected by Trt, Boc, t-butylester (t-Bu), 2,2,4,6,7-pentamethyl dihydro-benzofuran-5-sulfonyl (Pbf), or the like, whereas the N-terminus was protected by Fmoc, and the residues were all removed in acid. For example, the amino acids were as follows:
Fmoc-Ala-OH, Fmoc-Arg(Pbf)-OH, Fmoc-Glu(OtBu)-OH, Fmoc-Pro-OH, Fmoc-Leu-OH, Fmoc-Ile-OH, Fmoc-Phe-OH, Fmoc-Ser(tBu)-OH, Fmoc-Thr(tBu)-OH, Fmoc-Lys(Boc)-OH, Fmoc-Gln(Trt)-OH, Fmoc-Trp(Boc)-OH, Fmoc-Met-OH, Fmoc-Asn(Trt)-OH, Fmoc-Tyr(tBu)-OH, Fmoc-Ahx-OH, Trt-mercaptoacetic acid.

[0047] 2-(1H-benzotriazole-1 -yl)-1,1,3,3 -tetamethylaminium hexafluorophosphate (HBTU)/ N-hydroxybenzotriazole (HOBt)]/4-methylmorpholine (NMM) was used as a coupling reagent. Fmoc was removed using 20% piperidine in DMF. Each synthesized peptide was detached from the resin and the protective groups of the residues were removed using a cleavage cocktail [trifluoroacetic acid (TFA)/triisopropylsilane (TIS)/ethanedithiol (EDT)/ H2O=92.5/2.5/2.5/2.5].

[0048] Each peptide was synthesized by repeating a process of reacting a corresponding amino acid with a solid support to which a starting amino acid with a protective group bound thereto was bound, followed by washing with a solvent, and then deprotecting. The synthesized peptide was detached from the resin and purified with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and then it was identified by MS whether the peptide was synthesized or not, followed by lyophilization.

[0049] As a result of performing HPLC on the peptide used in the present embodiment, the purity of all the peptides was 95% or more.

[0050] A process of preparing the peptide PEP1 will now be described in detail as follows.
  1. 1) Coupling
    8 equivalents of the protected amino acid and HBTU (8 equivalents)/HOBt (8 equivalents)/NMM (16 equivalents) as a coupling reagent were dissolved in DMF and added to NH2-Lys(Boc)-2-chloro-trityl resin, and then a reaction was allowed to occur therebetween at room temperature for 2 hours, and the reaction product was washed with DMF, MeOH, and DMF in this order.
  2. 2) Fmoc deprotection
    20% piperidine in DMF was added to the resulting product, a reaction was allowed to occur therebetween at room temperature twice for 5 minutes, followed by washing with DMF, MeOH, and DMF in this order.
  3. 3) Reactions of 1 and 2 were repeated to thereby prepare NH2-E(OtBu)-A-R(Pbf)-P-A-L-L-T(tBu)-S(tBu)-R(Pbf)L-R(Pbf)-F-I-P-K(Boc)-2-chloro-trityl resin as a peptide backbone.
  4. 4) Cleavage: The synthesis-completed peptide resin was treated with a cleavage cocktail to separate the peptide from the resin.
  5. 5) Cooling diethyl ether was added to the obtained mixture, and then the resulting mixture was centrifuged to precipitate the obtained peptide.
  6. 6) After purification with Prep-HPLC, the molecular weight was identified by LC/MS, and the resultant was frozen to be prepared as powder.

Example 2: Confirmation of effect of PEP1 on hearing loss due to ototoxic drug


Preparation of experimental animals and injections



[0051] For an experiment, C57/BL6 mice (4-week-old to 6-week-old, body weight of 15 g to 25 g, male) were prepared. As an ototoxic drug, kanamycin in the form of kanamycin sulfate was dissolved in saline solution at a concentration of 40 mg/ml was prepared as a preparation for 800 mg/kg injection administration, and the peptide synthesized according to Example 1, i.e., PEP1, was prepared as a preparation for injection administration by dissolving 100 mg of PEP1 in 10 ml PBS.

Classification of experimental groups administered ototoxic drug and ototoxic drug and PEP1



[0052] Kanamycin, which is an ototoxic drug, and the peptide according to the present invention, i.e., PEP1, were administered to the prepared experimental animals after dividing the animals into experimental groups.

Experimental Group 1: kanamycin 800 mg/kg S.C (subcutaneous injection) + saline 0.1 ml/10 g mice I.P. (intraperitoneal injection)

Experimental Group 2: kanamycin 800 mg/kg S.C + PEP1 10 mg/kg I.P.

A dose for each experimental group was injected twice daily for 14 days.


Biopsy



[0053] Three weeks after the experiment started, the mice were euthanized, and then blood samples were collected therefrom, the mice were subjected to perfusion fixation with 4% paraformaldehyde (pH 7.4) diluted with 0.1 M phosphate buffered saline, and an organ (the temporal bone) was extracted from each mouse.

[0054] To observe an overall structure of the cochlea and the vestibule, the mice were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde (pH 7.4) at 4°C for 24 hours, and then maintained in 0.135M EDTA for three days to allow decalcification to occur. Tissue blocks were made using an optical cutting temperature compound (OCT compound) as an embedding agent for freezing and then stored at -80°C and made in slide forms, followed by H&E staining.

[0055] To quantitatively analyze the temporal bone on the left side, a whole mount of the cochlea was prepared. The cochlear bony labyrinth was cautiously separated from the cochlear membranous labyrinth using a micro-instrument and a microscope and the apical turn and the basal turn were separated. Each of a side wall with the stria vascularis and a basilar membrane region of the cochlea was separated and then fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde. The resultants were reacted with 0.3% Triton-X for 1 hour, and then Alexa 488 phalloidin and 1% bovine serum albumin (BSA) were prepared. Alexa 488 phalloidin dissolved in methanol and 1% BSA were mixed in a ratio of 1:100. The resulting mixture was dispensed into the tissue samples and a reaction was allowed to occur in a shaker for 1 hour, followed by washing and fixing with 4% paraformaldehyde. A droplet of a vector was dropped onto a slide glass and the separated tissue was mounted thereon, and then fixed with a cover glass. All cochlear tissue samples and renal tissue samples of controls and experimental groups were observed using a confocal microscope under the same intensity conditions.

Perform auditory brainstem response (ABR) test



[0056] An ABR test was performed before injection, 1 week after injection, 2 weeks after injection, and 3 weeks after injection. Hearing was evaluated using negative stimuli of 4 kHz, 8 kHz, 16 kHz, and 32 kHz and, in ABR, the smallest stimulus intensity showing waveform #5 was determined as a threshold. Prior to drug administration, baseline hearing was measured in all the groups, and measurement was performed after anesthetizing each group via intraperitoneal injection of isoflorane.

Statistical processing



[0057] Threshold values according to each frequency obtained as a result of the ABR test were added up, and statistical significance of the hearing threshold of each of Experimental Groups 1 and 2 was confirmed using a Mann-Whitney test.

[0058] The number of undamaged hair cells according to cochlear sites of the basal turn, the middle turn, and the apical turn was added up, and statistical significance of the number of hair cells of each of Experimental Groups 1 and 2 was confirmed using a Mann-Whitney test.

Analysis of biopsy results



[0059] As a result of observation of hair cells at the basal turn, the middle turn, and the apical turn of the cochlea through biopsy, overall damage to hair cells in all the sites was observed in Experimental Group 1 (see FIG. 1). In contrast, no damage to hair cells was observed in all the sites in Experimental Group 2 (see FIG. 2).

[0060] In addition, as a result of counting the number of hair cells in biopsy, a statistically significant (* denotes p<0.001) greater number of hair cells was confirmed at the middle turn and the basal turn of the cochlea in Experimental Group 2 than in Experimental Group 1 (see FIG. 3).

[0061] In addition, as a result of H&E staining results of frozen cochlear and ampullar tissue sections obtained in biopsy, in Experimental Group 1, loss of cochlear hair cells was observed, normal ampullar sensory epithelium disappeared, and vacuolization considerably occurred (see FIG. 4). In contrast, it was observed in Experimental Group 2 that normal cochlear hair cells and normal ampullar sensory epithelium were conserved (see FIG. 5).

Analysis of ABR test results



[0062] As a result of observation of changes in hearing over time after drug administration through an ABR test, the threshold value increased over time in Experimental Group 1, while a change in the threshold value was insignificant over time in Experimental Group 2 (see FIG. 6). A difference in the results of the two groups was statistically significant (* denotes p<0.001).

Example 3: Confirmation of the presence or absence of ototoxic hearing loss according to administration of PEP1


Preparation of experimental animal and injection for each experimental group



[0063] For an experiment, C57/BL6 mice (4-week-old to 6-week-old, body weight of 15 g to 25 g, male) were prepared. To administer PEP1 according to concentration, PEP1 synthesized using the method according to Example 1 and a saline solution as a control were prepared. PEP1 was prepared by setting a baseline concentration of 10 mg/ml as 1 solution unit. The control and groups administered PEP1 according to concentration were prepared as follows:

Experimental Group 3: Control, administered saline solution (physiological saline 10 ml)

Experimental Group 4: administered 0.1 mg/kg of PEP1 (1 solution unit 1 ml + PBS 9 ml)

Experimental Group 5: administered 1 mg/kg of PEP1 (10 solution units 1 ml + PBS 9 ml)

Experimental Group 6: administered 10 mg/kg of PEP1 (100 solution units 1 ml + PBS 9 ml)

Experimental Group 7: administered 100 mg/kg of PEP1 (PEP1 100 mg + PBS 10 ml)

A dose of 0.1 ml/10 g (weight of mouse) per one time was intraperitoneally injected at the concentration of each experimental group. Injection was performed twice (9 am and 5 pm) daily for 7 days.


Biopsy



[0064] Two weeks after the start of an experiment, animal groups were euthanized and samples for biopsy were collected using the method as in Example 2.

Analysis of biopsy results



[0065] As a result of observation of hair cells at the basal turn, the middle turn, and the apical turn of the cochlea through biopsy, no damage to hair cells of the cochlea was observed in all the experimental groups (see FIG. 7).

[0066] In addition, as a result of observation of H&E stained cochlear and ampullar tissue obtained as frozen sections in biopsy, in Experimental Group 3 as a control, both cochlear hair cells and ampullar hair cells showed normal findings (see FIG. 8). As a result of observation of cochlear tissue sections of Experimental Groups 4 to 7 administered PEP1 according to concentration, no damage to the structure of the cochlea was observed (see FIG. 9).

Example 4: Confirmation of effect of PEP1 on hearing loss due to two types of ototoxic drugs and comparison thereof with existing drugs


Preparation of experimental animal model



[0067] For an experiment, an ototoxic animal model was prepared by intraperitoneally administering 1000 mg/kg of kanamycin to C57/BL6 mice (5-week-old, body weight of 15 g to 25 g, female) and injecting 100 mg/kg of furosemide thereinto within 30 minutes.

Classification and preparation of Experimental Groups administered experimental target materials and repeated experiment



[0068] 24 ototoxic animal models were classified into experimental groups and a control as follows and an experiment was carried out. The experimental name was indicated as D1 (See FIG. 10).

[0069] Experimental Group 1: 8 ototoxic animal models administered 10 mg/kg of PEP1 via subcutaneous injection on day 1, day 2, and day 3, respectively, after administration of kanamycin and furosemide

[0070] Experimental Group 2: 8 ototoxic animal models administered 15 mg/kg of dexamethasone via subcutaneous administration on day 1, day 2, and day 3, respectively after administration of kanamycin and furosemide

[0071] Control 1: 8 ototoxic animal models administered saline solution on day 1, day 2, and day 3, respectively after administration of kanamycin and furosemide

[0072] In addition, to evaluate experimental results (i.e., a difference in effects according to administration time of an experimental substance) after administering an ototoxic drug to ototoxic animal models and taking more time for the ototoxicity to progress, 24 ototoxic animal models were classified into experimental groups and a control and an experiment was carried out. The experimental name was indicated as D3 (see FIG. 10).

[0073] Experimental Group 3: 8 ototoxic animal models administered 10 mg/kg of PEP1 via subcutaneous injection on day 3, day 4, and day 5, respectively after administration of kanamycin and furosemide

[0074] Experimental Group 4: 8 ototoxic animal models administered 15 mg/kg of dexamethasone via subcutaneous administration on day 3, day 4, and day 5, respectively after administration of kanamycin and furosemide

[0075] Control 2: 8 ototoxic animal models administered saline solution on day 3, day 4, and day 5, respectively after administration of kanamycin and furosemide

Perform ABR test



[0076] An ABR test was performed prior to administration of kanamycin and furosemide (day 0), on day 7 after the administration, and on day 14 after the administration (The test was performed in the same manner for both Experiments D1 and D3). Hearing was evaluated using negative stimuli of 8 kHz, 16 kHz, and 32 kHz, and, in ABR, the smallest stimulus intensity showing waveform #5 was determined as a threshold. Prior to drug administration, baseline hearing was measured in all the groups, and measurement was performed after anesthetizing each group via intraperitoneal injection of isoflorane.

Biopsy



[0077] On day 14 after administration of kanamycin and furosemide, mice on which the ABR test was completed were euthanized, and then otic capsules were extracted therefrom and a degree of damage to hair cells was observed using a confocal scanning microscope.

Statistical processing



[0078] Hearing threshold values measured in the ABR test and values of hair cells of each group measured in biopsy were statistically processed and significance thereof was confirmed. In this case, an ANOVA test was used.

Analysis of ABR test results



[0079] In experiment D1, as a result of observation of frequency-based hearing changes according to administered drugs, PEP1-administered Experimental Group 1 showed a smaller hearing threshold value measured on day 14 after administration of kanamycin and furosemide than that of saline solution-administered Control 2. In particular, a statistically significant difference was shown at 32 kHz (p=0.008, see FIG. 11).

[0080] In experiment D3, as a result of observation of frequency-based hearing changes according to administered drugs, PEP1-administered Experimental Group 3 showed a smaller hearing threshold value measured on day 14 after administration of kanamycin and furosemide than that of saline solution-administered Control 2 and dexamethasone-administered Experimental Group 4. In particular, statistically significant differences were shown at 8 kHz and 16 kHz (p=0.014, see FIG. 12).

[0081] As a result of observation of frequency-based hearing changes according to administration time of PEP1 by comparing experiment D1 with experiment D3, no significant difference in hearing threshold values measured prior to administration of kanamycin and furosemide, on day 7 after the administration, and on day 14 after the administration was shown (see FIG. 13).

Analysis of biopsy results



[0082] In Experiment D1, as a result of observation of the viability of hair cells at basal, mid, and apex of the cochlea through biopsy performed on day 14 after administration of kanamycin and furosemide, overall damage to hair cells at basal, mid, and apex of the cochlea was observed in saline solution-administered Control 1, and normal hair cells were observed in PEP1-administered Experimental Group 1 and dexamethasone-administered Experimental Group 2 (see FIG. 14).

[0083] In Experiment D3, as a result of observation of the viability of hair cells at basal, mid, and apex of the cochlea through biopsy performed on day 14 after administration of kanamycin and furosemide, overall damage to hair cells at basal, mid, and apex of the cochlea was observed in saline solution-administered Control 2, while normal hair cells were observed in PEP1-administered Experimental Group 3 and dexamethasone-administered Experimental Group 4 (see FIG. 15).

[0084] In Experiment D1, as a result of quantitative analysis of the viability of hair cells, the percentage of normal hair cells of PEP1-administered Experimental Group 1 at basal, mid, and apex of the cochlea was higher than that of saline solution-administered Control 1, and such a difference was statistically significant at mid and basal of the cochlea (p=0.006). In addition, the percentage of normal hair cells of PEP1-administered Experimental Group 1 was higher than that of dexamethasone-administered Experimental Group 2 (see FIG. 16).

[0085] In Experiment D3, as a result of quantitative analysis of the viability of hair cells, the percentage of normal hair cells of PEP1-administered Experimental Group 3 at basal, mid, and apex of the cochlea was higher than that of saline solution-administered Control 2, and such a difference was statistically significant at mid and basal of the cochlea (p=0.011). In addition, the percentage of normal hair cells of PEP1-administered Experimental Group 3 was higher than that of dexamethasone-administered Experimental Group 4 (see FIG. 17).

[0086] As a result of analysis of the percentage of normal hair cells according to administration time of PEP1 by comparing Experiment D1 with Experiment D3, the percentage of normal hair cells according to biopsy performed on day 14 after administration of kanamycin and furosemide did not show a significant difference (see FIG. 18).

[0087] In summary of the results of examples, from the experiment of Example 2, it can be confirmed that PEP1 prevents hearing loss and damage to hearing-related organs and tissue from a drug that causes hearing loss, and, from the experiment of Example 3, it can be confirmed that PEP1 prevents hearing loss and is not ototoxic to auditory organs according to administration thereof, thus being safe. In addition, from the experiment of Example 4, it can be confirmed that, when PEP1 is administered, the peptide functions to protect hearing from ototoxic hearing loss caused when two or more types of ototoxic materials are administered, and, in particular, a case, in which PEP1 is administered, exhibits a more excellent effect of preventing or alleviating hearing loss symptoms than that in a case in which dexamethasone known as an existing agent for alleviating hearing loss symptoms is administered.

[0088] In conclusion, it can be confirmed that a composition including PEP1 prevents or alleviate hearing loss, has no toxicity when administered, and may be used as a pharmaceutical composition for the treatment and prevention of hearing loss, which is more effective and safer than existing drugs, to treat and prevent hearing loss.

<110> GEMVAX & KAEL CO., LTD. KIM, Sang Jae

<120> A peptide for preventing hearing damage and composition comprising thereof

<130> OF16P039PCT

<150> KR 10-2015-028410
<151> 2015-02-27

<160> 2

<170> PatentIn version 3.2

<210> 1
<211> 16
<212> PRT
<213> Homo sapiens

<400> 1

<210> 2
<211> 1132
<212> PRT
<213> Homo sapiens

<400> 2










Claims

1. A composition for use in treating and preventing hearing loss, the composition comprising a peptide comprising an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, a peptide having 80% or more sequence homology to the amino acid sequence, or a fragment thereof, wherein the peptide having 80% or more sequence homology to the amino acid sequence and the fragment have an effect of treating hearing loss.
 
2. The composition for the use of claim 1, wherein the fragment comprises a fragment consisting of three or more amino acids.
 
3. The composition for the use of claim 1, wherein the hearing loss is caused by administration of an ototoxic drug or ototoxic drug treatment.
 
4. The composition for the use of claim 3, wherein the ototoxic drug comprises one or more drugs selected from the group consisting of salicylates, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, diuretics, chemotherapeutic agents, quinines, mucosal protective drugs, and anticancer drugs.
 
5. The composition for the use of claim 4, wherein the antibiotics are aminoglycoside-based antibiotics, and the anticancer drugs are platinum-based anticancer drugs.
 
6. The composition for the use of claim 5, wherein the aminoglycoside-based antibiotics comprise kanamycin, and the platinum-based anticancer drugs comprise cisplatin or carboplatin.
 
7. The composition for the use of claim 4, wherein the diuretics comprise furosemide.
 
8. The composition for the use of claim 1, wherein the hearing loss comprises hearing loss and tinnitus according to degenerative changes in a peripheral organ and nervous tissue of the inner ear.
 
9. The composition for the use of any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the composition is a pharmaceutical composition further comprising a pharmaceutically acceptable additive.
 
10. The composition for the use of any one of claim 1 to 8, wherein the composition is a food composition.
 
11. A peptide for use in treating and preventing hearing loss, the peptide comprising a peptide comprising an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, a peptide having 80% or more sequence homology to the amino acid sequence, or a fragment thereof, wherein the peptide having 80% or more sequence homology to the amino acid sequence and the fragment have an effect of treating hearing loss.
 


Ansprüche

1. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung und Prävention von Gehörverlust, wobei die Zusammensetzung ein Peptid umfasst, das eine Aminosäuresequenz der SEQ.-ID Nr. 1 umfasst, ein Peptid, das 80 % oder mehr Sequenzhomologie zu der Aminosäuresequenz aufweist, oder ein Fragment davon, wobei das Peptid 80 % oder mehr Sequenzhomologie zu der Aminosäuresequenz aufweist, und das Fragment eine Wirkung bei der Behandlung von Gehörverlust zeigt.
 
2. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Fragment ein Fragment umfasst, das aus drei oder mehr Aminosäuren besteht.
 
3. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Gehörverlust durch Verabreichung eines ototoxischen Arzneimittels oder durch eine Behandlung mit einem ototoxischen Arzneimittel verursacht wird.
 
4. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 3, wobei das ototoxische Arzneimittel ein oder mehrere Arzneimittel umfasst, die aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Salicylaten, nichtsteroidalen entzündungshemmenden Arzneimitteln, Antibiotika, Diuretika, chemotherapeutischen Arzneimitteln, Chininen, die Schleimhaut schützenden Arzneimitteln und krebshemmenden Arzneimitteln ausgewählt sind.
 
5. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Antibiotika Aminoglykosid-basierte Antibiotika sind, und wobei die krebshemmenden Arzneimittel platinbasierte krebshemmende Arzneimittel sind.
 
6. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Aminoglykosid-basierten Antibiotika Kanamycin umfassen, und die platinbasierten krebshemmenden Arzneimittel Cisplatin oder Carboplatin umfassen.
 
7. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Diuretika Furosemid umfassen.
 
8. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Gehörverlust Gehörverlust und Tinnitus nach degenerativen Veränderungen in einem peripheren Organ und Nervengewebe des Innenohrs umfasst.
 
9. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, wobei die Zusammensetzung eine pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung ist, die ferner einen pharmazeutisch annehmbaren Zusatzstoff umfasst.
 
10. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, wobei die Zusammensetzung eine Lebensmittelzusammensetzung ist.
 
11. Peptid zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung und Prävention von Gehörverlust, wobei das Peptid ein Peptid umfasst, das eine Aminosäuresequenz der SEQ.-ID Nr. 1 umfasst, ein Peptid, das 80 % oder mehr Sequenzhomologie zu der Aminosäuresequenz aufweist, oder ein Fragment davon, wobei das Peptid 80 % oder mehr Sequenzhomologie zu der Aminosäuresequenz aufweist und das Fragment eine Wirkung bei der Behandlung von Gehörverlust zeigt.
 


Revendications

1. Composition pour son utilisation dans le traitement et la prévention d'une perte de l'audition, la composition comprenant un peptide comprenant une séquence d'acides aminés de SEQ ID NO : 1, un peptide ayant une homologie de séquence de 80 % ou plus avec la séquence d'acides aminés, ou un fragment de celle-ci, dans laquelle le peptide présentant une homologie de séquence de 80 % ou plus avec la séquence d'acides aminés et le fragment ont un effet de traitement de la perte de l'audition.
 
2. Composition pour son utilisation selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le fragment comprend un fragment consistant en trois acides aminés ou plus.
 
3. Composition pour son utilisation selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la perte de l'audition est provoquée l'administration d'un médicament ototoxique ou d'un traitement médicamenteux ototoxique.
 
4. Composition pour son utilisation selon la revendication 3, dans laquelle le médicament ototoxique comprend un ou plusieurs médicaments sélectionnés dans le groupe consistant en les salicylates, les anti-inflammatoires non stéroïdiens, les antibiotiques, les diurétiques, les agents chimiothérapeutiques, les quinines, les médicaments muco-protecteurs, et les médicaments anticancéreux.
 
5. Composition pour son utilisation selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle les antibiotiques sont des antibiotiques à base d'aminoglycoside, et les médicaments anticancéreux sont des médicaments anticancéreux à base de platine.
 
6. Composition pour son utilisation selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle les antibiotiques à base d'aminoglycoside comprennent la kanamycine, et les médicaments anticancéreux à base de platine comprennent le cisplatine ou le carboplatine.
 
7. Composition pour son utilisation selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle les diurétiques comprennent le furosémide.
 
8. Composition pour son utilisation selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la perte de l'audition comprend une perte de l'audition et des acouphènes en fonction des modifications dégénératives dans un organe périphérique et le tissu nerveux de l'oreille interne.
 
9. Composition pour son utilisation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, dans laquelle la composition est une composition pharmaceutique comprenant en outre un additif pharmaceutiquement acceptable.
 
10. Composition pour son utilisation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, dans laquelle la composition est une composition alimentaire.
 
11. Peptide pour son utilisation dans le traitement et la prévention de la perte de l'audition, le peptide comprenant un peptide comprenant une séquence d'acides aminés de SEQ ID NO : 1, un peptide ayant une homologie de séquence de 80 % ou plus avec la séquence d'acides aminés, ou un fragment de celle-ci, dans lequel le peptide présentant une homologie de 80 % ou plus avec la séquence d'acides aminés et le fragment ont un effet de traitement de la perte de l'audition.
 




Drawing






























REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description