(19)
(11)EP 3 264 629 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/46

(21)Application number: 17166437.8

(22)Date of filing:  18.01.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04B 7/06(2006.01)
H04W 84/04(2009.01)
H04W 88/08(2009.01)
H04L 12/24(2006.01)
H04B 7/04(2017.01)
H04W 88/02(2009.01)
H04B 7/0417(2017.01)
H04W 72/04(2009.01)

(54)

METHOD FOR DETERMINING RANK INDICATION RI BIT NUMBER, BASE STATION, AND TERMINAL

VERFAHREN ZUR BESTIMMUNG DER RANGANGABE(RI)-BITANZAHL, BASISSTATION UND ENDGERÄT

PROCÉDÉ POUR DÉTERMINER UN NOMBRE DE BITS D'INDICATION DE RANG, STATION DE BASE ET TERMINAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.01.2018 Bulletin 2018/01

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
13871792.1 / 2930969

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • Zhang, Hongping
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • Lei, Dong
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • Guo, Yi
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • Wu, Qiang
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Maiwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH 
Elisenhof Elisenstraße 3
80335 München
80335 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 523 498
WO-A1-2012/141634
  
  • MEDIATEK INC: "Discussion on UE MIMO capability for CA", 3GPP DRAFT; R4-104299, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG4, no. Jacksonville; 20101115, 9 November 2010 (2010-11-09), XP050499492, [retrieved on 2010-11-09]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to communications technologies, and in particular, to a method for determining a rank indication RI bit number, a base station, and a terminal.

BACKGROUND



[0002] With the development of a mobile communication system, a long term evolution network (long term evolved, LTE for short) has become a mobile communication network studied by various manufacturers in the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3rd generation partnership program, 3GPP for short) organization actively. An objective of the LTE is to provide a low-cost network that can reduce a time delay, increase a user data rate, and increase system capacity and coverage. With the growth of data services, a multi-input multi-output (multi-input multi-output, MIMO for short) technology, as a new technology, is introduced into an LTE system. The application of the MIMO technology makes space become a resource that can be used to improve performance. Two communication parties using the MIMO technology can use multiple antennas at a transmitting end to send signals independently, and receive and restore original information at a receiving end by using multiple antennas at the same time, so that radio channel capacity is increased exponentially. On condition that bandwidth is not increased, spectrum utilization can be increased exponentially. In the MIMO technology, according to channel quality indicator (channel quality indicator, CQI for short) report configuration information sent by a base station, a user equipment (user equipment, UE) needs to report parameters indicated by the configuration information to the base station, for example, a CQI of a radio channel, and a rank indication (rank indicator, RI for short). The base station performs adaptive modulation and coding based on the CQI and the RI that are reported by the UE, so as to adapt to a radio condition. The RI is the number of MIMO layers suggested by the UE according to the radio condition (informally, the number of data channels suggested to be used for data transmission).

[0003] However, how a base station and a UE perform adaptive modulation and coding/decoding based on a correct RI separately to use a MIMO function normally is a problem to be solved in the industry.

[0004] Document 3GPP contribution R4-104299 discloses a discussion on UE MIMO capability for CA.

[0005] Document WO2012/141634A1 discloses a method and a device for determining a number of MIMO layers.

[0006] Document EP2523498A1 discloses an user equipment, a base station and a method in mobile communication system.

SUMMARY



[0007] The invention is defined by the independent claims. Advantageous embodiments are described in the dependent claims. While several embodiments and/or examples are disclosed in this description, the subject matter for which protection is sought is strictly and solely limited to those embodiments and/ or examples encompassed by the scope of the appended claims. Embodiments and/or examples mentioned in the description that do not fall under the scope of the claims are useful for understanding the invention. The present invention provides a method for determining a rank indication RI bit number, a base station, and a terminal, so that a MIMO function can be normally used between a base station and a UE based on a correct RI.

[0008] In a first aspect, a method for determining a rank indication RI bit number is provided, where the method includes:

obtaining, by a terminal, indication information from a base station; and

determining, by the terminal, maximum number of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) layers according to the indication information and band combination of the terminal, wherein the band combination is an information element signaled by the terminal to the base station as part of the access capability, wherein the band combination is a combination of frequency bands which indicates the MIMO capability of the terminal in different frequency bands and the MIMO capability is a maximum number of supported MIMO layers of the terminal;

wherein if the band combination comprises at least two times the same band, the maximum number of the MIMO layers is a maximum value of the maximum numbers of supported MIMO layers that are indicated by the frequency band.



[0009] With reference to the first aspect, in a first possible implementation manner, the method further comprising: determining, by the terminal, a rank indication bit number based on the maximum number of the MIMO layers.

[0010] In a second aspect, a method for determining a RI bit number is provided, where the method includes:

determining, by a base station, maximum number of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) layers according to band combination of a terminal, wherein the band combination is an information element signaled by the terminal to the base station as part of the access capability, wherein the band combination is a combination of frequency bands which indicates the MIMO capability of the terminal in different frequency bands and the MIMO capability is a maximum number of supported MIMO layers of the terminal;

wherein if the band combination comprises at least two times the same band, the maximum number of the MIMO layers is a maximum value of the maximum numbers of supported MIMO layers that are indicated by the frequency band;
sending to the terminal, by the base station, indication information indicating the maximum number of the MIMO layers.



[0011] In a third aspect, a base station is provided, where the base station includes:

a determining module configured to determine maximum number of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) layers according to band combination of a terminal, wherein the band combination is an information element signaled by the terminal to the base station as part of the access capability, wherein the band combination is a combination of frequency bands which indicates the MIMO capability of the terminal in different frequency bands and the MIMO capability is a maximum number of supported MIMO layers of the terminal;

wherein if the band combination comprises at least two times the same band, the maximum number of the MIMO layers is a maximum value of the maximum numbers of supported MIMO layers that are indicated by the frequency band; and
a transmitting module configured to send to the terminal indication information indicating the maximum number of the MIMO layers.



[0012] In a fourth aspect, a terminal is provided, where the terminal includes:

a receiving module configured to obtain indication information from a base station; and

a determining module configured to determine maximum number of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) layers according to the indication information and band combination of the terminal, wherein the band combination is an information element signaled by the terminal to the base station as part of the access capability, wherein the band combination is a combination of frequency bands which indicates the MIMO capability of the terminal in different frequency bands and the MIMO capability is a maximum number of supported MIMO layers of the terminal;
wherein if the band combination comprises at least two times the same band, the maximum number of the MIMO layers is a maximum value of the maximum numbers of supported MIMO layers that are indicated by the frequency band.



[0013] With reference to the fourth aspect, in a first possible implementation manner, the determining module is further configured to determine a rank indication bit number based on the maximum number of the MIMO layers.

[0014] Technical effects of the method for determining a rank indication RI bit number, the base station, and the terminal that are provided by the present invention are: The base station sends indication information to the terminal, so that the terminal determines, according to the indication information, the bit number occupied by the RI, so that the base station side and the terminal side agree on a basis for determining the bit number occupied by the RI. Therefore, when the UE reports the RI, the UE and the base station agree on understanding of the bit number occupied by RI information, thereby ensuring that a MIMO function can be normally used between the base station and the UE based on a correct RI.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0015] 

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating a principle of an embodiment of a method for determining a rank indication RI bit number according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic flowchart of an embodiment of a method for determining a RI bit number according to the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a schematic flowchart of another embodiment of a method for determining a RI bit number according to the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a schematic signaling diagram of still another embodiment of a method for determining a RI bit number according to the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a schematic signaling diagram of still another embodiment of a method for determining a RI bit number according to the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a schematic signaling diagram of still another embodiment of a method for determining a RI bit number according to the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a schematic signaling diagram of still another embodiment of a method for determining a RI bit number according to the present invention;

FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of a base station according to the present invention;

FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a base station according to the present invention;

FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of a terminal according to the present invention;

FIG. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a terminal according to the present invention;

FIG. 12 is a schematic physical structural diagram of an embodiment of a base station according to the present invention; and

FIG. 13 is a schematic physical structural diagram of an embodiment of a terminal according to the present invention.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0016] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the following clearly and completely describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the described embodiments are a part rather than all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

[0017] It should be understood by persons skilled in the art that the accompanying drawings are merely schematic diagrams of an exemplary embodiment, and modules or processes in the accompanying drawings are not necessarily required in implementing the present invention.

[0018] The present document describes various aspects with reference to a terminal and/or a base station.

[0019] The terminal refers to a device providing voice and/or data connectivity for a user, and may be a wireless terminal or a wired terminal. The wireless terminal may be a handheld device with a wireless connection function or another processing device that is connected to a wireless modem, which is a mobile terminal communicating with one or more core networks through a radio access network. For example, the wireless terminal may be a mobile phone (or referred to as a "cellular" phone) and a computer with a mobile terminal. For another example, the wireless terminal may be a portable, pocket, handheld, computer-embedded, or vehicle-mounted mobile apparatus. For still another example, the wireless terminal may be a mobile station (English: mobile station), an access point (English: access point), or a user equipment (English: user equipment, UE for short). For ease of description, the foregoing terminals are collectively referred to as UEs in each of the embodiments of the present invention.

[0020] The base station may be a device that communicates with the wireless terminal through one or more cells on an air interface in an access network. For example, the base station may be a base transceiver station (English: base transceiver station, BTS for short) in the GSM or CDMA, a NodeB (English: NodeB) in the WCDMA, an evolved NodeB (evolutional Node B, eNB or e-NodeB for short) in the LTE, or a base station in a subsequently evolved network, which is not limited in the present invention.

[0021] The embodiments of the present invention mainly describe a method for determining, by a base station and a UE, a bit number occupied for sending a RI. Before describing the method for determining a RI bit number in the embodiments of the present invention, in order to make solutions in the embodiments of the present invention clearer, some basic concepts in RI reporting are defined:

[0022] In a MIMO technology, a UE needs to report a RI to a base station, so that the base station performs adaptive modulation and coding according to the RI, so as to adapt to a radio condition. When the UE reports the RI, the UE performs coding according to a certain bit number occupied by the RI and sends the RI to the base station, and the base station performs decoding according to the bit number to obtain the RI.

[0023] A MIMO capability of a terminal is a superordinate concept of the maximum number of supported MIMO layers of the terminal, and the MIMO capability is configured based on different scenarios of inter-band carrier aggregation (Carrier Aggregation, CA for short)/intra-band contiguous CA/intra-band non-contiguous CA/non-CA.

[0024] In a 3GPP Release 8/9 version, if port configuration of an antenna is not considered (that is, the base station has 8 ports by default), when the maximum number of MIMO layers is 2, the bit number occupied by a RI is 1 bit; when the maximum number of MIMO layers is 4, 2 bits are occupied; and when the maximum number of MIMO layers is 8, 3 bits are occupied. Accordingly, the UE determines the bit number occupied by the RI and performs coding, and accordingly, the base station determines the bit number of the RI and performs decoding. The maximum number of MIMO layers supported by the UE is determined by a Category (UE category) of the UE. Although the UE may support different bands (bands), the UE has a same MIMO capability (that is, the maximum number of MIMO layers supported by the UE at all supported bands is the same). In other words, in the Release 8/9 version, the foregoing MIMO capability is at a UE level. For example, if a Category value of the UE is 5, the corresponding maximum number of MIMO layers is 4, and the bit number occupied by the RI and corresponding to the maximum number of MIMO layers 4 is 2, the UE may determine that when sending the RI to the base station, the RI occupies 2 bits for coding.

[0025] In a 3GPP Release 10 version, a band combination (band combination) information element is newly introduced in an access capability of the UE, and the information element may indicate the MIMO capability of the UE at different bands, and the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is corresponding to different bands is different. That is, the MIMO capability is at a band level (Note: In Release 10, a band combination parameter and a category parameter both exist in the access capability of the UE). The bit number occupied by the RI is relevant to the maximum number of MIMO layers that the UE supports at a band at which a current serving cell is located. For example, if the maximum number of MIMO layers that is indicated by the band combination of the UE is 8, the bit number occupied by the RI and corresponding to the number of MIMO layers 8 is 3, and the UE performs coding according to that the RI occupies 3 bits.

[0026] The foregoing terminal category (UE category) is a part of the UE access capability, and the band combination (band combination) is also a part of the UE access capability. The UE access capability further includes a version number of the UE. The UE access capability is a static capability, and when the UE is powered on, the UE access capability is sent to a mobility management entity (mobility management entity, MME for short) for storage. When the UE initiates radio resource control (radio resource control, RRC for short) connection setup, the base station acquires the UE access capability from the MME.

[0027] The following describes in detail a method for determining a RI bit number, and improvement solutions at a base station side and a terminal side in the embodiments of the present invention.

Embodiment 1



[0028] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating a principle of an embodiment of a method for determining a rank indication RI bit number according to the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a schematic flowchart of an embodiment of a method for determining a RI bit number according to the present invention. The method in this embodiment is performed by a base station, and a UE is referred to as a terminal in the embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, the method includes:
201. A base station determines indication information according to a correspondence between a terminal and the base station and a multi-input multi-output MIMO capability of the terminal, where the indication information includes information used by the terminal for determining a bit number occupied for sending a RI.

[0029] In the embodiment of the present invention, the bit number occupied by the RI when the UE side sends the RI is determined by the UE according to the indication information sent by the base station. In this step, the base station determines the indication information according to the correspondence between the terminal and the base station, and the MIMO capability of the terminal.

[0030] Optionally, the base station may determine the indication information according to the following manner: when the terminal matches the base station, determining the indication information based on a multi-input multi-output MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category of the terminal or a MIMO capability indicated by a band combination of the terminal.

[0031] Optionally, the base station may also determine the indication information according to the following manner: when the terminal does not match the base station, determining the indication information based on a MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category of the terminal.

[0032] In the foregoing two alternative manners, a meaning of the "match" is: for example, a 3GPP Release version of the base station is the same as that of the terminal (for example, both a type of the base station and a type of the terminal are a Release 10 version), and then it is said that the base station matches the terminal. If the Release version of the base station is different from that of the terminal (for example, the type of the base station is the Release 10 version, while the type of the terminal is a Release 8 version), and then it is said that the base station does not match the terminal. For another example, whether the base station matches the terminal may be reflected by capabilities of the two. For example, the UE has a band combination capability, and the base station can perform decoding correctly, which also indicates that the base station matches the UE.

[0033] An example is provided below to illustrate that the base station determines indication information according to whether the base station matches the terminal:

[0034] For example, if the base station matches the terminal, and both are of the Release 10 version, the base station may determine the indication information based on the terminal category or band combination. If the base station matches the terminal, and both are of the Release 8/9 version, the base station may determine the indication information based on the terminal category.

[0035] For another example, if the base station does not match the terminal, such as that the base station version is earlier than or later than the terminal version, the base station may determine the indication information based on the terminal category. Optionally, when the base station version is later than the terminal version, or the base station version is the same as the terminal version, the base station and the terminal may determine the bit number based on the terminal category separately, and the base station does not need to send the indication information to the terminal. In addition, the later or earlier in the version may be determined according to the Release 10 version. For example, if the base station is of the Release 10 version or a later version, and the terminal is of a Release 9 version or an earlier version, the base station version is later than the terminal version. In this case, it may also be said that the base station is a base station of a later version, and that the terminal is a terminal of an earlier version.

[0036] The base station determines, according to whether the base station matches the terminal, to calculate, based on which MIMO capability, the bit number occupied by the RI, and sends the indication information to the terminal, so that the base station and the terminal have a determination basis for determining the RI, and both the base station and the terminal calculate the RI bit number according to the determination basis. In this way, it can be ensured that the RI bit quantities determined by the base station and the terminal are the same, so that the base station can understand the RI sent by the terminal, thereby ensuring normal implementation of a MIMO function between the two.

[0037] 202. Send the indication information to the terminal, so that the terminal determines, according to the indication information, the bits occupied for sending the RI.

[0038] The base station sends the determined indication information to the UE, where the indication information is used by the terminal to determine the bit number occupied by the RI, that is, the base station ensures, by using the indication information, that the bit quantities occupied by the RI and determined by the UE and the base station are the same.

[0039] As described in 201, the base station may determine the indication information based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal, or determine the indication information based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal. The basis for determining the indication information is different, and then the sent indication information may also be different. For example, indication information determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category is different from indication information determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination. In addition, the base station may use information in multiple manners as the indication information:

[0040] Optionally, the indication information determined by the base station may include: CQI report configuration information. Specifically, given the indication information of this type, the following two alternative manners may be adopted:

[0041] A first manner is: when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, the base station may send first CQI report configuration information to the terminal, so that the terminal determines the bit number according to the first CQI report configuration information; or
when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal, second CQI report configuration information is sent to the terminal, so that the terminal determines the bit number according to the second CQI report configuration information.

[0042] For example, the first CQI report configuration information may be CQI report configuration information of a 3GPP Release 10 or later version, and the second CQI report configuration information may be CQI report configuration information of a 3GPP Release 10 or earlier version.

[0043] An advantage of this manner is that implementation is relatively simple, where different bases for determining the RI bit number may be indicated by sending CQI report configuration information of different versions.

[0044] Optionally, the base station may also determine the indication information according to the capability of the terminal (for example, the base station may determine, according to a terminal version in an acquired terminal capability, that the terminal is of a later version). It is also possible that the terminal is of a later version, but the UE capability acquired by the base station has no combination (the UE capability does not support a band combination). In this case, even if the base station sends CQI report configuration information of a release 10 or later version to the UE, the UE determines the bit number still according to the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category category, and the base station also determines the bit number according to the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category category.

[0045] A second manner is: when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, carrying first information in the CQI report configuration information, where the first information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal; when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal, not carrying the first information in the CQI report configuration information, where the CQI report configuration information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal; or
when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal, carrying second information in the CQI report configuration information, where the second information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number according to the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category.

[0046] For example, in the second manner, the first information or the second information may use a bit to indicate information. For example, "0" may be used to indicate the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category, and "1" may be used to indicate the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination. If the base station selects to determine, based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category, the bit number occupied by the RI, "0" may be sent to serve as the second information. If the base station selects to determine, based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination, the bit number occupied by the RI, "1" may be sent to serve as the first information.

[0047] The implementation manner of the second manner is relatively flexible, and an indication of a different basis for determining the RI bit number is relatively obvious, so that the base station may select different manners flexibly.

[0048] Optionally, the indication information determined by the base station may include: CA indication information.

[0049] Specifically, given the indication information of this type, the base station may send the CA indication information to the terminal, where the CA indication information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number according to the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal.

[0050] Optionally, the indication information sent by the base station to the terminal may directly be the bit number occupied by the RI sent by the terminal.

[0051] In this case, after the base station itself determines, according to the correspondence between the terminal and the base station (for example, whether the base station matches the terminal), to determine the indication information based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category or the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination, the base station itself calculates, according to the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category or band combination, the bit number occupied by the RI, and sends the bit number to the UE, and the UE can directly encode the RI according to the bit number for sending.

[0052] A difference between this manner and the previous manner lies in that, in the previous manner, the UE selects a Category or a band combination according to the indication information, and then the UE determines, according to a finally determined Category or band combination, the bit number occupied by the RI, while in this manner, the UE performs coding directly according to the bit number occupied by the RI and delivered by the base station, where the bit number occupied by the RI is obtained by the base station by calculation and directly sent to the UE. An advantage of the manner of directly sending the bit number is: processing at the terminal side is simplified greatly, and the terminal side may directly encode the RI according to the bit number after receiving the bit number, and does not need to calculate or determine the RI bit number. In addition, processing at the base station side may also be simplified to a certain extent, because the base station side also needs to determine the RI bit number when decoding the RI. If the bit number is sent to the UE directly, the indication information does not need to be designed additionally.

[0053] Optionally, when the base station itself calculates the RI bit number, the following case may occur: When the bit number is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, if a band combination currently used by the terminal includes a band that appears at least two times, the bit number corresponding to the band is determined based on a maximum value of the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by the band, thereby ensuring that the base station and the terminal calculate the RI bit number based on a determined determination basis.

[0054] Optionally, before sending the indication information to the terminal, the base station determines the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal; or after sending the indication information to the terminal, the base station determines the bit number based on the correspondence between the terminal and the base station.

[0055] In addition, the base station itself also determines, based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category or the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination, the bit number occupied by the RI, and when receiving the RI reported by the UE, the base station performs decoding according to the bit number to obtain the RI. Because the base station and the UE determine, based on the same basis, the bit number occupied by the RI, that is, the determination bases are the same, the base station and the UE have a same determination result on the bit number occupied by the RI, thereby ensuring correct decoding of the RI by the base station and normal implementation of the MIMO function. The base station in this embodiment determines, according to the foregoing manner, the bit number occupied by the RI, and sends the indication information to the terminal, where a sequence for performing the two actions is not limited in the embodiment of the present invention.

[0056] By determining the RI bit number according to the method in this embodiment, it may be ensured that the base station and the terminal side agree on understanding of the bit number occupied by the RI. For example, in a current standard protocol, the base station can learn a version number of the UE, but the UE cannot learn a version number of the base station; and therefore, when a UE of a Rel-10 or later version accesses a base station of Rel-8/9, the UE may report a band combination and a category simultaneously, but determines the bit number occupied by the RI according to the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by the band combination. However, the base station of an earlier version Rel-8/9 cannot recognize a band combination information element newly introduced in Rel-10, and can only determine the RI bit number according to the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is corresponding to a Category value of the UE. Therefore, the base station and the UE have different understanding of the bit number occupied by the RI. For example, the Category value reported by the UE is filled with 5, and the corresponding maximum number of supported MIMO layers is 4 layers, but the band combination reported by the UE indicates that the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is corresponding to a current band is 8 layers. In this case, when encoding the RI, the UE determines, according to the band combination, that the RI occupies 3 bits; however, when performing decoding, the base station considers, according to the Category value, that the RI occupies 2 bits, resulting in that the base station obtains an incorrect value by decoding, and cannot correctly obtain the RI reported by the UE, so that the MIMO function between the base station and the UE cannot be used normally. By using the method in this embodiment, because actually both the base station and the terminal determine the RI bit number according to the indication information, it can be ensured that the base station correctly decodes the RI sent by the terminal, and the MIMO function can be normally used between the base station and the UE based on a correct RI.

Embodiment 2



[0057] FIG. 3 is a schematic flowchart of another embodiment of a method for determining a RI bit number according to the present invention. The method in this embodiment is performed by a UE, and as shown in FIG. 3, the method includes:
301. A terminal receives indication information sent by a base station, where the indication information includes information used by the terminal for determining a bit number occupied for sending a RI.

[0058] A UE receives the indication information sent by the base station, where the indication information is used to determine the bit number occupied by the RI. The base station instructs the UE to determine, according to the indication information, the bit number occupied by the RI, and also indicates that the base station itself determines, according to the indication information, the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0059] The indication information may have multiple forms, for example, bit "0" or "1" may be used for indication, and the bit number occupied by the RI and determined by the base station may also be directly used as the indication information.

[0060] 302. The terminal determines, according to the indication information, the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0061] After receiving the indication information, the UE determines, according to the indication information, the bit number occupied by the RI. For example, if the UE receives "0" sent by the base station (indicating that a MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category is selected), accordingly, the UE determines to select the Category as a basis to determine the RI bit number. Alternatively, if the indication information sent by the base station and received by the UE is the bit number occupied by the RI (the bit number is determined by the base station and sent to the UE directly), the RI is encoded directly according to the bit number for sending.

[0062] When sending the RI, the UE encodes, according to the bit number, the RI sent to the base station.

[0063] In the method for determining a rank indication RI bit number in this embodiment, the terminal determines, according to the indication information sent by the base station, the bit number occupied by the RI, so that the base station side and the terminal side agree on a basis for determining the bit number occupied by the RI. Therefore, when the UE reports the RI, the UE and the base station agree on understanding of the bit number occupied by RI information, thereby ensuring that a MIMO function can be normally used between the base station and the UE based on a correct RI.

[0064] In the following embodiments, several specific examples are used to describe a manner in which a base station and a UE determine a RI bit number, where indication information in a part of the embodiments is specifically used by the UE to select a determination basis, and determine, according to the determination basis, the bit number occupied by the RI, while in other embodiments, the indication information is directly the bit number occupied by the RI and determined by the base station according to the determination basis. The determination basis herein refers to a MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category of the terminal or a MIMO capability indicated by a band combination of the terminal.

Embodiment 3



[0065] Indication information in this embodiment includes CQI report configuration information of different versions. That is, a base station sends CQI report configuration information of different versions to a UE as the indication information, and the UE can know, according to the CQI report configuration information of the different versions, that a MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category or a MIMO capability indicated by a band combination need to serve as the determination basis for determining a bit number occupied by a RI.

[0066] FIG. 4 is a schematic signaling diagram of still another embodiment of a method for determining a RI bit number according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 4, the method may include:
401. A base station determines a determination basis used to determine a bit number occupied by a RI.

[0067] The base station may select a determination basis in multiple manners, for example, the base station may determine a determination basis according to a correspondence between a terminal and the base station.

[0068] Optionally, when the terminal matches the base station (the base station can learn a version of the UE), the base station selects to determine indication information based on a MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category of the terminal or a MIMO capability indicated by a band combination of the terminal. When the terminal does not match the base station, the base station selects to determine the indication information based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal.

[0069] For example, for a base station of a Release 8/9 version, because the base station does not support a band combination manner introduced in a Release 10 version, the base station selects the terminal category Category as the determination basis. For example, when the base station matches the terminal, both the terminal and the base station are of the Release 8/9 version, the UE Category is certainly selected as the determination basis. When the base station does not match the terminal, the terminal is of the Release 10 version, but the base station does not support the band combination manner, the UE Category is also selected as the determination basis.

[0070] For another example, for a base station of the Release 10 version, when the base station matches the terminal, both the terminal and the base station are of the Release 10 version, and the base station may select the Category or band combination manner. When the base station does not match the terminal, the UE is of the Release 8/9 version. Because the UE version is earlier and does not support the band combination manner introduced in the Release 10 version, the base station also selects the terminal category Category as the determination basis.

[0071] 402. The base station sends the indication information to the UE according to the determined determination basis.

[0072] The indication information is information used to determine the bit number occupied by the RI. The indication information in this embodiment is specifically information used by the terminal to determine to select which determination basis. After the determination basis is determined, the UE determines, according to the determination basis, the bit number occupied by the RI. The indication information in this embodiment is CQI report configuration information of different versions.

[0073] For example, if the determination basis determined by the base station is the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination (band combination) of the UE, the base station sends first CQI report configuration information to the UE, where the first CQI report configuration information is, for example, CQI report configuration information of the Release 10 version or a later version, and the CQI report configuration information of the Release 10 version specifically refers to an information element cqi-ReportConfig-r 10.

[0074] If the determination basis determined by the base station is the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category (Category) of the UE, the base station sends second CQI report configuration information to the UE, where the second CQI report configuration information is, for example, CQI report configuration information of a version earlier than Release 10. The CQI report configuration information of a version earlier than Release 10 specifically refers to an information element cqi-Report-Config (without a version suffix).

[0075] Optionally, two air interface messages may carry the indication information, that is, the CQI report configuration information. For example, it may be a radio resource control (Radio Resource Control, RRC for short) connection setup message (RRC Connection Setup) or an RRC connection reconfiguration message (RRC Connection Reconfiguration) sent by the base station to the terminal. The RRC connection setup message is sent by the base station when the UE enters a connected state from an idle state. The RRC connection reconfiguration message is sent by the base station when the UE is in the connected state. In specific implementation, the indication information may also be carried in another message and sent to the UE, and for example, the indication information is sent independently by using a certain message.

[0076] 403. The UE selects, according to the received indication information sent by the base station, a determination basis to be used.

[0077] The UE in this embodiment is capable of selecting, according to CQI report configuration information of different versions sent by the base station, a determination basis to be used. That is, the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the UE or the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination is selected as the determination basis.

[0078] For example, if the indication information received by the UE is the first CQI report configuration information, where the first CQI report configuration information is, for example, CQI report configuration information of the Release 10 version or a later version, the UE selects the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination as the determination basis. If the indication information received by the UE is the second CQI report configuration information, where the second CQI report configuration information is, for example, CQI report configuration information of a version earlier than Release 10, the UE selects the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category as the determination basis.

[0079] 404. The UE determines, according to the determined determination basis, the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0080] If the UE selects the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category Category as the determination basis, the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is corresponding to a Category value (Category1-5) is used to calculate the bit number occupied by the RI. If the UE selects the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination as the determination basis, the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination is used to calculate the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0081] 405. The UE encodes the RI according to the bit number.

[0082] 406. The UE sends the RI to the base station.

[0083] 407. The base station determines, according to the determined determination basis, the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0084] 408. The base station uses the bit number to decode the RI when receiving the RI sent by the UE.

[0085] The embodiment of the present invention does not limit an execution sequence of the foregoing 407 and 408. For example, 408 in which the base station decodes the RI according to the bit number is performed after step 406, but 407 in which the base station determines, according to the determination basis, the bit number occupied by the RI may just be performed before step 408, and is not necessarily performed after step 406. For example, the base station may also perform step 407 after determining the determination basis in 401, and before sending the indication information in 402 (which is just used as an example, and the step may also be performed at other time in specific implementation).

[0086] In the method for determining a rank indication RI bit number in this embodiment, the terminal determines, according to the indication information sent by the base station, the bit number occupied by the RI, so that the base station side and the terminal side agree on a basis for determining the bit number occupied by the RI. Therefore, when the UE reports the RI, the UE and the base station agree on understanding of the bit number occupied by RI information, thereby ensuring that a MIMO function can be normally used between the base station and the UE based on a correct RI.

Embodiment 4



[0087] Indication information in this embodiment also includes CQI report configuration information, but some new information is introduced in the CQI report configuration information, for notifying a UE which determination basis is to be selected.

[0088] FIG. 5 is a schematic signaling diagram of still another embodiment of a method for determining a RI bit number according to the present invention. In this embodiment, steps same as those of the embodiment in FIG. 4 are not repeated. As shown in FIG. 5, the method may include:

501. A base station determines a determination basis used to determine a bit number occupied by a RI.

502. The base station sends indication information to the UE according to the determined determination basis.



[0089] The indication information in this embodiment is information newly added in the CQI report configuration information, and there are multiple manners used by the base station to send the indication information according to different determined determination bases:

[0090] For example, if the determination basis determined by the base station is a MIMO capability indicated by a band combination (band combination) of the UE, the base station carries first information in the CQI report configuration information sent to the UE, where the first information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal. If the determination basis determined by the base station is a MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category (Category) of the UE, the base station does not carry the first information in the CQI report configuration information sent to the UE, where the CQI report configuration information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal.

[0091] For another example, if the determination basis determined by the base station is the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category (Category) of the UE, the base station carries second information (for example, "01" or "b") in the CQI report configuration information sent to the UE, where the second information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number according to the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category.

[0092] Likewise, the indication information may be carried in an RRC connection setup message or an RRC connection reconfiguration message.

[0093] 503. The UE selects, according to the received indication information sent by the base station, a determination basis to be used.

[0094] The UE in this embodiment is capable of selecting, according to different manners in which the base station sends basis indication information, a determination basis to be used. That is, the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the UE or the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the UE is selected as the determination basis.

[0095] For example, if the CQI report configuration information received by the UE carries first information, where the first information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, the UE selects the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination as the determination basis. Alternatively, if the CQI report configuration information received by the UE does not carry the first information, the UE selects the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category as the determination basis.

[0096] For another example, if the CQI report configuration information received by the UE carries second information, where the second information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number according to the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category, the UE selects the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category as the determination basis.

[0097] 504. The UE determines, according to the determined determination basis, the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0098] 505. The UE encodes the RI according to the bit number.

[0099] 506. The UE sends the RI to the base station.

[0100] 507. The base station determines, according to the determined determination basis, the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0101] 508. The base station uses the bit number to decode the RI when receiving the RI sent by the UE.

[0102] In the method for determining a rank indication RI bit number in this embodiment, the terminal determines, according to the indication information sent by the base station, the bit number occupied by the RI, so that the base station side and the terminal side agree on a basis for determining the bit number occupied by the RI. Therefore, when the UE reports the RI, the UE and the base station agree on understanding of the bit number occupied by RI information, thereby ensuring that a MIMO function can be normally used between the base station and the UE based on a correct RI.

Embodiment 5



[0103] Indication information in this embodiment includes carrier aggregation (Carrier Aggregation, CA for short) indication information. That is, a UE may determine, according to CA indication information sent by a base station, to select a terminal category manner or a band combination manner as a determination basis. The CA indication information may include CA configuration information and CA release information, where the CA configuration information is configuration information instructing the UE to add a secondary serving cell, and the CA release information is configuration information indicating that a last secondary serving cell is deleted.

[0104] FIG. 6 is a schematic signaling diagram of still another embodiment of a method for determining a RI bit number according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 6, the method may include:
601. Both a base station and a UE select a MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category of a terminal as a determination basis.

[0105] In this embodiment, before CA is configured, both the UE and the base station may use, by default, a MIMO capability corresponding to a Category value (Category1-5) to calculate a bit number occupied by a RI.

[0106] It should be noted that, in embodiments of FIG. 4 and FIG. 5, before the base station sends indication information to the UE, both the base station and the UE may select, by default, the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal as a determination basis. After the base station sends the indication information, the UE and the base station calculate, according to a determination basis corresponding to the indication information, the bit number occupied by the RI. That is, a manner in this step may be applicable to any embodiment of the present invention.

[0107] 602. The base station sends CA configuration information to the UE.

[0108] The base station can recognize a UE version. If the base station recognizes that the UE is a terminal of a Release 10 version, which is a later version, the base station may send the CA configuration information to the UE, instructing the UE to communicate by using a carrier aggregation manner. The CA configuration information is the indication information sent by the base station to the UE.

[0109] The CA configuration information may be carried in an RRC connection reconfiguration message, and the CA configuration information may specifically be an information element relevant to secondary serving cell addition SCell Addition.

[0110] 603. The base station determines to use a MIMO capability indicated by a band combination of the terminal as the determination basis.

[0111] When the base station recognizes the version of the UE and sends the CA configuration information to the UE, the base station itself selects to use the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal as the determination basis, because the UE is a terminal of a later version and can support the band combination manner.

[0112] 604. The UE selects, according to the received indication information sent by the base station, a determination basis to be used.

[0113] For example, if the CA indication information received by the UE is the CA configuration information, the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination is selected as the determination basis.

[0114] 605. The UE determines, according to the determined determination basis, the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0115] 606. The UE encodes the RI according to the bit number.

[0116] 607. The UE sends the RI to the base station.

[0117] 608. The base station determines, according to the determined determination basis, the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0118] 609. The base station uses the bit number to decode the RI when receiving the RI sent by the UE.

[0119] Optionally, after the UE receives the CA configuration information sent by the base station in 602, regardless of whether the base station sends CA release information subsequently, that is, regardless of whether the UE configures the CA or does not configure the CA subsequently, the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination keeps being used as the determination basis, until a connection between the UE and the base station is released or the UE is handed over to another base station.

[0120] Optionally, after the UE receives the CA configuration information sent by the base station in 602, if the UE receives the CA release information sent by the base station, the UE may select, according to the CA release information, the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category Category as the determination basis, and the base station uses the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category as the determination basis after sending the CA release information to the UE. That is equivalent to the following: If the CA is configured, both the base station and the UE use the band combination manner to determine the bit number occupied by the RI, and if the CA is not configured, both the base station and the UE use the Category to determine the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0121] In the method for determining a rank indication RI bit number in this embodiment, the terminal determines, according to the indication information sent by the base station, the bit number occupied by the RI, so that the base station side and the terminal side agree on a basis for determining the bit number occupied by the RI. Therefore, when the UE reports the RI, the UE and the base station agree on understanding of the bit number occupied by RI information, thereby ensuring that a MIMO function can be normally used between the base station and the UE based on a correct RI.

Embodiment 6



[0122] Indication information in this embodiment includes a determined bit number occupied by a RI. That is, a base station itself obtains, according to the determined determination basis, a bit number occupied by a RI, and uses the bit number as indication information to be sent to a UE directly. The UE does not need to select a determination basis, but encodes the RI according to the bit number directly.

[0123] FIG. 7 is a schematic signaling diagram of still another embodiment of a method for determining a RI bit number according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 7, the method may include:

701. A base station determines a determination basis used to determine a bit number occupied by a RI.

702. The base station determines, according to the determined determination basis, the bit number occupied by the RI.

703. The base station sends the determined bit number occupied by the RI to a UE.



[0124] The basis indication information may be carried in an RRC connection setup message or an RRC connection reconfiguration message.

[0125] 704. The UE determines, according to the indication information, the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0126] The UE may directly use the bit number sent by the base station as the bit number occupied by the RI and determined by the UE itself.

[0127] 705. The UE encodes the RI according to the bit number.

[0128] 706. The UE sends the RI to the base station.

[0129] 707. The base station uses the bit number to decode the RI when receiving the RI sent by the UE.

[0130] In the method for determining a rank indication RI bit number in this embodiment, the terminal determines, according to the indication information sent by the base station, the bit number occupied by the RI, so that the base station side and the terminal side agree on a basis for determining the bit number occupied by the RI. Therefore, when the UE reports the RI, the UE and the base station agree on understanding of the bit number occupied by RI information, thereby ensuring that a MIMO function can be normally used between the base station and the UE based on a correct RI.

Embodiment 7



[0131] A method for determining a RI bit number in the following case is described in this embodiment: Assuming that both a base station and a UE use the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by a band combination to determine a bit number occupied by a RI, the UE may report the band combination and the corresponding maximum number of supported MIMO layers when reporting to the base station. Generally, the reported band combination has only one band, and therefore the maximum number of supported MIMO layers is the number of layers corresponding to the band. However, a special case is: a current band combination of the UE includes a band that appears at least two times.

[0132] In this case, if the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by the band (band) each time is different (a current standard protocol supports implementation of this by a terminal manufacturer), this embodiment specifies that a maximum value of the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by the band that appears at least two times is selected as the determination basis. For example, if the band combination includes band1(a) and band1(b), the number of MIMO layers that is indicated by band1(a) is 4, and the number of MIMO layers that is indicated by bandl(b) is 8, 8 is selected as the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by the whole band combination.

[0133] If the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by the band each time is the same, the same number of MIMO layers is selected as the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by the whole band combination. In this case, the same number of MIMO layers may also be understood as the maximum value of the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by the foregoing band that appears at least two times. For example, if the band combination includes band1(a) and band1(b), the number of MIMO layers that is indicated by band1(a) is 4, and the number of MIMO layers that is indicated by band1(b) is 4, 4 is selected as the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by the whole band combination.

[0134] The case described in this embodiment is applicable to any other embodiment of the present invention.

Embodiment 8



[0135] FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of a base station according to the present invention, where the base station may perform a method according to any embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 8, the base station in this embodiment may include an indication information determining unit 81 and an indication information sending unit 82.

[0136] The indication information determining unit 81 is configured to determine indication information according to a correspondence between a terminal and the base station and a multi-input multi-output MIMO capability of the terminal, where the indication information includes information used by the terminal for determining a bit number occupied for sending a RI.

[0137] The indication information sending unit 82 is configured to send the indication information to the terminal, so that the terminal determines, according to the indication information, the bit number occupied for sending the rank indication RI.

[0138] Further, the indication information determining unit 81 is specifically configured to: when the terminal matches the base station, determine the indication information based on a multi-input multi-output MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category of the terminal or a MIMO capability indicated by a band combination of the terminal; or when the terminal does not match the base station, determine the indication information based on a MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category of the terminal.

[0139] Further, the indication information determining unit 81 is specifically configured to determine the CA indication information as the indication information, where the CA indication information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number according to the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal.

[0140] Further, the indication information determining unit 81 is specifically configured to determine the bit number that is occupied by the RI sent by the terminal, as the indication information.

[0141] Further, the indication information determining unit 81 is specifically configured to: when the bit number is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, if a band combination currently used by the terminal includes a band that appears at least two times, determine, based on a maximum value of the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by the band, the bit number corresponding to the band.

[0142] FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a base station according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 9, an indication information determining unit 81 in the base station may selectively include the following units: a first determining subunit 811, a second determining subunit 812, and a third determining subunit 813.

[0143] The first determining subunit 811 is configured to: when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, determine first CQI report configuration information as the indication information.

[0144] The second determining subunit 812 is configured to: when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal, determine second CQI report configuration information as the indication information.

[0145] The third determining subunit 813 is configured to: when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, determine to carry first information in the CQI report configuration information, where the first information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal; or
when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal, determine that the CQI report configuration information instructs the terminal to determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal; or
when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal, determine to carry second information in the CQI report configuration information, where the second information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number according to the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category.

[0146] Further, the base station may further include a RI bit determining unit 83, configured to: before the indication information is sent to the terminal, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal; or after the indication information is sent to the terminal, determine the bit number based on a correspondence between the terminal and the base station.

[0147] The base station in this embodiment sends the indication information to the terminal, for determining the bit number occupied by the RI, so that the base station side and the terminal side agree on a basis for determining the bit number occupied by the RI. Therefore, when the UE reports the RI, the UE and the base station agree on understanding of the bit number occupied by RI information, thereby ensuring that a MIMO function can be normally used between the base station and the UE based on a correct RI.

Embodiment 9



[0148] FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of a terminal according to the present invention, and the terminal may perform a method according to any embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 10, the terminal in this embodiment may include an indication information receiving unit 1001 and a RI bit determining unit 1002.

[0149] The indication information receiving unit 1001 is configured to receive indication information sent by a base station, where the indication information includes information used by the terminal for determining a bit number occupied for sending a RI.

[0150] The rank indication RI bit determining unit 1002 is configured to determine, according to the indication information, the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0151] Further, the RI bit determining unit 1002 is specifically configured to select, according to the indication information received by the indication information receiving unit, to determine the bit number based on a multi-input multi-output MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category or a MIMO capability indicated by a band combination.

[0152] Further, the RI bit determining unit 1002 is specifically configured to: when the indication information receiving unit receives the CA indication information sent by the base station, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination.

[0153] Further, the RI bit determining unit 1002 is specifically used for the RI bit determining unit, and is further configured to: when the bit number is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, if a currently used band combination includes a band that appears at least two times, determine, based on a maximum value of the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by the band, the bit number corresponding to the band.

[0154] Further, the RI bit determining unit 1002 is further configured to: before the indication information receiving unit receives the indication information sent by the base station, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category.

[0155] Further, the indication information receiving unit 1001 is specifically configured to receive the bit number occupied by the RI and sent by the base station; and the RI bit determining unit 1002 is specifically configured to use the bit number received by the indication information receiving unit as the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0156] FIG. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a terminal according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 11, based on the structure shown in FIG. 10, the RI bit determining unit 1002 may selectively include the following units: a first determining subunit 1003, a second determining subunit 1004, and a third determining subunit 1005.

[0157] The first determining subunit 1003 is configured to: when the indication information receiving unit receives first CQI report configuration information sent by the base station, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination.

[0158] The second determining subunit 1004 is configured to: when the indication information receiving unit receives second CQI report configuration information sent by the base station, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category.

[0159] The third determining subunit 1005 is configured to: if the CQI report configuration information sent by the base station and received by the indication information receiving unit carries first information, where the first information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal; or
if the received CQI report configuration information sent by the base station does not carry the first information, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category; or
if the received CQI report configuration information sent by the base station carries second information, where the second information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number according to the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category.

[0160] The terminal in this embodiment receives the indication information sent by the base station, for determining the bit number occupied by the RI, so that the base station side and the terminal side agree on a basis for determining the bit number occupied by the RI. Therefore, when the UE reports the RI, the UE and the base station agree on understanding of the bit number occupied by RI information, thereby ensuring that a MIMO function can be normally used between the base station and the UE based on a correct RI.

Embodiment 10



[0161] FIG. 12 is a schematic physical structural diagram of an embodiment of a base station according to the present invention, where the base station may perform a method according to any embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 12, the base station in this embodiment may include a processor 1201 and a transmitter 1202.

[0162] The processor 1201 is configured to determine indication information according to a correspondence between a terminal and the base station and a multi-input multi-output MIMO capability of the terminal, where the indication information includes information used by the terminal for determining a bit number occupied for sending a rank indication RI.

[0163] The transmitter 1202 is configured to send the indication information to the terminal, so that the terminal determines, according to the indication information, the bit number occupied for sending the RI.

[0164] Further, the processor 1201 is specifically configured to: when the terminal matches the base station, determine the indication information based on a multi-input multi-output MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category of the terminal or a MIMO capability indicated by a band combination of the terminal; or when the terminal does not match the base station, determine the indication information based on a MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category of the terminal.

[0165] Further, the indication information includes channel quality indicator CQI report configuration information. The processor 1201 is specifically configured to: when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, determine first CQI report configuration information as the indication information; and when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal, determine second CQI report configuration information as the indication information.

[0166] Further, the indication information includes CQI report configuration information. The processor 1201 is specifically configured to: when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, determine to carry first information in the CQI report configuration information, where the first information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal; or when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal, determine not to carry the first information in the CQI report configuration information, so as to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal; or when the indication information is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal, carry second information in the CQI report configuration information, where the second information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number according to the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category.

[0167] Further, the indication information includes carrier aggregation CA indication information. The processor 1201 is specifically configured to determine the CA indication information as the indication information, where the CA indication information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number according to the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal.

[0168] Further, the processor 1201 is further configured to: before the indication information is sent to the terminal, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category of the terminal; or after the indication information is sent to the terminal, determine the bit number based on the correspondence between the terminal and the base station.

[0169] Further, the processor 1201 is specifically configured to determine the bit number that is occupied by the RI sent by the terminal, as the indication information.

[0170] Further, the processor 1201 is further configured to: when the bit number is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, if a band combination currently used by the terminal includes a band that appears at least two times, determine, based on a maximum value of the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by the band, the bit number corresponding to the band.

[0171] The base station in this embodiment sends the indication information to the terminal, for determining the bit number occupied by the RI, so that the base station side and the terminal side agree on a basis for determining the bit number occupied by the RI. Therefore, when the UE reports the RI, the UE and the base station agree on understanding of the bit number occupied by RI information, thereby ensuring that a MIMO function can be normally used between the base station and the UE based on a correct RI.

Embodiment 11



[0172] FIG. 13 is a schematic physical structural diagram of an embodiment of a terminal according to the present invention, where the terminal may perform a method according to any embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 13, the terminal in this embodiment may include a receiver 1301 and a processor 1302.

[0173] The receiver 1301 is configured to receive indication information sent by a base station, where the indication information includes information used by the terminal for determining a bit number occupied for sending a rank indication RI.

[0174] The processor 1302 is configured to determine, according to the indication information, the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0175] Further, the processor 1302 is specifically configured to select, according to the indication information received by the receiver, to determine the bit number based on a multi-input multi-output MIMO capability indicated by a terminal category or a MIMO capability indicated by a band combination.

[0176] Further, the indication information includes CQI report configuration information. The processor 1302 is specifically configured to: when the receiver receives first CQI report configuration information sent by the base station, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination; and when the receiver receives second CQI report configuration information sent by the base station, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category.

[0177] Further, the indication information includes CQI report configuration information. The processor 1302 is specifically configured to: when the CQI report configuration information sent by the base station and received the receiver carries first information, where the first information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal; or when the CQI report configuration information sent by the base station and received by the receiver does not carry the first information, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category; or when the received CQI report configuration information sent by the base station carries second information, where the second information is used to instruct the terminal to determine the bit number according to the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category.

[0178] Further, the processor 1302 is specifically configured to: when the receiver receives the CA indication information sent by the base station, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination.

[0179] Further, the processor 1302 is further configured to: when the bit number is determined based on the MIMO capability indicated by the band combination of the terminal, if a currently used band combination includes a band that appears at least two times, determine, based on a maximum value of the maximum number of supported MIMO layers that is indicated by the band, the bit number corresponding to the band.

[0180] Further, the processor 1302 is further configured to: before the receiver receives the indication information sent by the base station, determine the bit number based on the MIMO capability indicated by the terminal category.

[0181] Further, the receiver 1301 is specifically configured to receive the bit number occupied by the RI and sent by the base station. The processor 1302 is specifically configured to use the bit number received by the receiver as the bit number occupied by the RI.

[0182] The terminal in this embodiment receives the indication information sent by the base station, for determining the bit number occupied by the RI, so that the base station side and the terminal side agree on a basis for determining the bit number occupied by the RI. Therefore, when the UE reports the RI, the UE and the base station agree on understanding of the bit number occupied by RI information, thereby ensuring that a MIMO function can be normally used between the base station and the UE based on a correct RI.

[0183] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that all or a part of the steps of the method embodiments may be implemented by a program instructing relevant hardware. The program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium. When the program runs, the steps of the method embodiments are performed. The foregoing storage medium includes: any medium that can store program code, such as a ROM, a RAM, a magnetic disk, or an optical disc.


Claims

1. A method, comprising:

obtaining (301), by a terminal, indication information from a base station; and

determining (302), by the terminal, maximum number of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) layers according to the indication information and band combination of the terminal, wherein the band combination is an information element signaled by the terminal to the base station as part of the access capability, wherein the band combination is a combination of frequency bands which indicates the MIMO capability of the terminal in different frequency bands and the MIMO capability is a maximum number of supported MIMO layers of the terminal;

wherein if the band combination comprises at least two times the same band, determining, by the terminal, the maximum number of the MIMO layers according to the indication information and according to a maximum value of the maximum numbers of supported MIMO layers that are indicated by the frequency band.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
determining, by the terminal, a rank indication bit number based on the maximum number of the MIMO layers.
 
3. A method, comprising:

determining (201), by a base station, maximum number of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) layers according to band combination of a terminal, wherein the band combination is an information element signaled by the terminal to the base station as part of the access capability, wherein the band combination is a combination of frequency bands which indicates the MIMO capability of the terminal in different frequency bands and the MIMO capability is a maximum number of supported MIMO layers of the terminal;

wherein if the band combination comprises at least two times the same band, determining, by the base station, the maximum number of the MIMO layers according to a maximum value of the maximum numbers of supported MIMO layers that are indicated by the frequency band;

sending (202) to the terminal, by the base station, indication information for determining the maximum number of the MIMO layers.


 
4. A terminal, comprising:

a receiving module (1001) configured to obtain indication information from a base station; and

a determining module (1002) configured to determine maximum number of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) layers according to the indication information and band combination of the terminal, wherein the band combination is an information element signaled by the terminal to the base station as part of the access capability, wherein the band combination is a combination of frequency bands which indicates the MIMO capability of the terminal in different frequency bands and the MIMO capability is a maximum number of supported MIMO layers of the terminal;

wherein if the band combination comprises at least two times the same band, the determining module (1002) is configured to determine the maximum number of the MIMO layers according to the indication information and according to a maximum value of the maximum numbers of supported MIMO layers that are indicated by the frequency band.


 
5. The terminal according to claim 4, wherein the determining module is further configured to determine a rank indication bit number based on the maximum number of the MIMO layers.
 
6. Abase station, comprising:

a determining module (81) configured to determine maximum number of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) layers according to band combination of a terminal, wherein the band combination is an information element signaled by the terminal to the base station as part of the access capability, wherein the band combination is a combination of frequency bands which indicates the MIMO capability of the terminal in different frequency bands and the MIMO capability is a maximum number of supported MIMO layers of the terminal;

wherein if the band combination comprises at least two times the same band, the determining module (81) is configured to determine the maximum number of the MIMO layers according to a maximum value of the maximum numbers of supported MIMO layers that are indicated by the frequency band; and

a transmitting module (82) configured to send to the terminal indication information for determining the maximum number of the MIMO layers.


 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren, umfassend:

Abrufen (301) von Angabeinformationen durch ein Endgerät von einer Basisstation; und

Bestimmen (302) einer maximalen Anzahl von Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang-, MIMO-, Schichten durch das Endgerät gemäß den Angabeinformationen und einer Bandkombination des Endgeräts, wobei die Bandkombination ein Informationselement ist, das vom Endgerät als Teil der Zugangsfähigkeit an die Basisstation signalisiert wird, wobei die Bandkombination eine Kombination von Frequenzbändern ist, welche die MIMO-Fähigkeit des Endgeräts in unterschiedlichen Frequenzbändern angibt, und die MIMO-Fähigkeit eine maximale Anzahl von unterstützten MIMO-Schichten des Endgeräts ist;

wobei, wenn die Bandkombination wenigstens zweimal dasselbe Band umfasst, die maximale Anzahl von MIMO-Schichten durch das Endgerät gemäß den Angabeinformationen und gemäß einem Maximalwert der maximalen Anzahlen von unterstützten MIMO-Schichten bestimmt wird, die durch das Frequenzband angegeben sind.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:
Bestimmen einer Rangangabe-Bitnummer durch das Endgerät basierend auf der maximalen Anzahl von MIMO-Schichten.
 
3. Verfahren, umfassend:

Bestimmen (201) einer maximalen Anzahl von Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang-, MIMO-, Schichten durch eine Basisstation gemäß einer Bandkombination eines Endgeräts, wobei die Bandkombination ein Informationselement ist, das vom Endgerät als Teil der Zugangsfähigkeit an die Basisstation signalisiert wird, wobei die Bandkombination eine Kombination von Frequenzbändern ist, welche die MIMO-Fähigkeit des Endgeräts in unterschiedlichen Frequenzbändern angibt, und die MIMO-Fähigkeit eine maximale Anzahl von unterstützten MIMO-Schichten des Endgeräts ist;

wobei, wenn die Bandkombination wenigstens zweimal dasselbe Band umfasst, die maximale Anzahl der MIMO-Schichten durch die Basisstation gemäß einem Maximalwert der maximalen Anzahlen von unterstützten MIMO-Schichten bestimmt wird, die durch das Frequenzband angegeben sind;

Senden (202) von Angabeinformationen zum Bestimmen der maximalen Anzahl von MIMO-Schichten durch die Basisstation an das Endgerät.


 
4. Endgerät, umfassend:

ein Empfangsmodul (1001), das zum Abrufen von Angabeinformationen von einer Basisstation konfiguriert ist; und

ein Bestimmungsmodul (1002), das zum Bestimmen einer maximalen Anzahl von Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang-, MIMO-, Schichten gemäß den Angabeinformationen und einer Bandkombination des Endgeräts konfiguriert ist, wobei die Bandkombination ein Informationselement ist, das vom Endgerät als Teil der Zugangsfähigkeit an die Basisstation signalisiert wird, wobei die Bandkombination eine Kombination von Frequenzbändern ist, welche die MIMO-Fähigkeit des Endgeräts in unterschiedlichen Frequenzbändern angibt, und die MIMO-Fähigkeit eine maximale Anzahl von unterstützten MIMO-Schichten des Endgeräts ist;

wobei das Bestimmungsmodul (1002) so konfiguriert ist, dass es, wenn die Bandkombination wenigstens zweimal dasselbe Band umfasst, die maximale Anzahl der MIMO-Schichten gemäß den Angabeinformationen und gemäß einem Maximalwert der maximalen Anzahlen von unterstützten MIMO-Schichten bestimmt, die durch das Frequenzband angegeben sind.


 
5. Endgerät nach Anspruch 4, wobei das Bestimmungsmodul ferner zum Bestimmen einer Rangangabe-Bitnummer basierend auf der maximalen Anzahl der MIMO-Schichten konfiguriert ist.
 
6. Basisstation, umfassend:

ein Bestimmungsmodul (81), das zum Bestimmen einer maximalen Anzahl von Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang-, MIMO-, Schichten gemäß einer Bandkombination eines Endgeräts konfiguriert ist, wobei die Bandkombination ein Informationselement ist, das vom Endgerät als Teil der Zugangsfähigkeit an die Basisstation signalisiert wird, wobei die Bandkombination eine Kombination von Frequenzbändern ist, welche die MIMO-Fähigkeit des Endgeräts in unterschiedlichen Frequenzbändern angibt, und die MIMO-Fähigkeit eine maximale Anzahl von unterstützten MIMO-Schichten des Endgeräts ist;

wobei das Bestimmungsmodul (81) so konfiguriert ist, dass es, wenn die Bandkombination wenigstens zweimal dasselbe Band umfasst, die maximale Anzahl der MIMO-Schichten gemäß einem Maximalwert der maximalen Anzahlen von unterstützten MIMO-Schichten bestimmt, die durch das Frequenzband angegeben sind; und

ein Sendemodul (82), das zum Senden von Angabeinformationen zum Bestimmen der maximalen Anzahl von MIMO-Schichten an das Endgerät konfiguriert ist.


 


Revendications

1. Procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

obtenir (301), par un terminal, une information d'indication auprès d'une station de base ; et

déterminer (302), par le terminal, un nombre maximum de couches à entrée multiple sortie multiple (MIMO) selon l'information d'indication et une combinaison de bandes du terminal, la combinaison de bandes étant un élément d'information signalé par le terminal à la station de base dans le cadre de la capacité d'accès, la combinaison de bandes étant une combinaison de bandes de fréquences qui indique la capacité MIMO du terminal dans différentes bandes de fréquences et la capacité MIMO étant un nombre maximum de couches MIMO prises en charge du terminal,

si la combinaison de bandes comprend au moins deux fois la même bande, le procédé comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à déterminer, par le terminal, le nombre maximum des couches MIMO selon l'information d'indication et selon une valeur maximale des nombres maximums de couches MIMO prises en charge qui sont indiqués par la bande de fréquences.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à :
déterminer, par le terminal, un nombre de bits d'indication de rang sur la base du nombre maximum des couches MIMO.
 
3. Procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

déterminer (201), par une station de base, un nombre maximum de couches à entrée multiple sortie multiple (MIMO) selon une combinaison de bandes d'un terminal, la combinaison de bandes étant un élément d'information signalé par le terminal à la station de base dans le cadre de la capacité d'accès, la combinaison de bandes étant une combinaison de bandes de fréquences qui indique la capacité MIMO du terminal dans différentes bandes de fréquences et la capacité MIMO étant un nombre maximum de couches MIMO prises en charge du terminal,

si la combinaison de bandes comprend au moins deux fois la même bande, le procédé comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à déterminer, par la station de base, le nombre maximum des couches MIMO selon une valeur maximale des nombres maximums de couches MIMO prises en charge qui sont indiqués par la bande de fréquences ; et

envoyer (202) au terminal, par la station de base, une information d'indication pour déterminer le nombre maximum des couches MIMO.


 
4. Terminal, comprenant :

un module de réception (1001), configuré pour obtenir une information d'indication auprès d'une station de base ; et

un module de détermination (1002), configuré pour déterminer un nombre maximum de couches à entrée multiple sortie multiple (MIMO) selon l'information d'indication et une combinaison de bandes du terminal, la combinaison de bandes étant un élément d'information signalé par le terminal à la station de base dans le cadre de la capacité d'accès, la combinaison de bandes étant une combinaison de bandes de fréquences qui indique la capacité MIMO du terminal dans différentes bandes de fréquences et la capacité MIMO étant un nombre maximum de couches MIMO prises en charge du terminal,

si la combinaison de bandes comprend au moins deux fois la même bande, le module de détermination (1002) étant configuré pour déterminer le nombre maximum des couches MIMO selon l'information d'indication et selon une valeur maximale des nombres maximums de couches MIMO prises en charge qui sont indiqués par la bande de fréquences.


 
5. Terminal selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le module de détermination est en outre configuré pour déterminer un nombre de bits d'indication de rang sur la base du nombre maximum des couches MIMO.
 
6. Station de base, comprenant :

un module de détermination (81), configuré pour déterminer un nombre maximum de couches à entrée multiple sortie multiple (MIMO) selon une combinaison de bandes d'un terminal, la combinaison de bandes étant un élément d'information signalé par le terminal à la station de base dans le cadre de la capacité d'accès, la combinaison de bandes étant une combinaison de bandes de fréquences qui indique la capacité MIMO du terminal dans différentes bandes de fréquences et la capacité MIMO étant un nombre maximum de couches MIMO prises en charge du terminal,

si la combinaison de bandes comprend au moins deux fois la même bande, le module de détermination (81) étant configuré pour déterminer le nombre maximum des couches MIMO selon une valeur maximale des nombres maximums de couches MIMO prises en charge qui sont indiqués par la bande de fréquences ; et

un module d'émission (82), configuré pour envoyer au terminal une information d'indication pour déterminer le nombre maximum des couches MIMO.


 




Drawing





























Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description