(19)
(11)EP 3 265 341 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
01.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/27

(21)Application number: 16706653.9

(22)Date of filing:  26.02.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60P 1/04(2006.01)
B60P 1/28(2006.01)
B60P 1/16(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2016/054173
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/142194 (15.09.2016 Gazette  2016/37)

(54)

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING THE MASS OF A LOAD IN A TIPPER BODY

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUR BESTIMMUNG DER MASSE EINER LAST IN EINEM KIPPERKÖRPER

PROCÉDÉ ET SYSTÈME PERMETTANT DE DÉTERMINER LA MASSE D'UNE CHARGE DANS UN CORPS DE BENNE BASCULANTE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 06.03.2015 GB 201503865

(43)Date of publication of application:
10.01.2018 Bulletin 2018/02

(73)Proprietor: Hyva Holding BV
2408 AK Alphen aan den Rijn (NL)

(72)Inventors:
  • BALDYS, Marek
    1072 NC Amsterdam (NL)
  • HERTOG, Maarten
    3581 BL Utrecht (NL)
  • BIEMOND, Jacob
    2411 LH Bodegraven (NL)

(74)Representative: Haseltine Lake Kempner LLP 
Redcliff Quay 120 Redcliff Street
Bristol BS1 6HU
Bristol BS1 6HU (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 364 877
WO-A1-87/02128
GB-A- 2 046 957
US-A- 5 742 228
EP-A2- 2 781 403
AU-A4- 2009 100 034
US-A- 4 988 974
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The invention relates to a method and system for determining the mass of a load in a tipper body of a tipper.

    [0002] A tipper truck, sometimes referred to as a dump or dumper truck, is a vehicle that is typically used in the construction industry for transporting aggregate (e.g. gravel or sand). The tipper typically comprises an engine, a driver cab and a trailer. The trailer usually has a trailer chassis or frame with a tipper body, in the form of an open-top cuboidal container, pivotably mounted thereto. A hydraulic cylinder is provided between the frame and the tipper body and can be extended to pivot the tipper body to a tipping position in which the load is emptied from the body. The cylinder can be retracted to lower the tipper body. It should be appreciated that this is merely one form of tipper truck and other types do exist.

    [0003] It is important that the tipper body is not overloaded as this may make the tipper truck unsafe to drive. It is known to load a tipper body with only a certain number of "scoops" of aggregate in order to prevent the tipper body from being overloaded. However, this is not a particularly accurate method of preventing overloading. It is also known to drive a loaded tipper vehicle onto vehicle weighing scales in order to weigh the load. Whilst this arrangement may be accurate, in many circumstances it may not be convenient or indeed possible to use vehicle weight scales.

    [0004] WO87/02128 discloses a vehicle load monitoring system for a tipping vehicle which both provides the driver with useful information during loading to enable them to ensure compliance with legal limits on certain load parameters, and checks on various vehicle variables before or during tipping to inhibit the occurrence of situations in which the vehicle may become unstable, e.g. when parked on an incline.

    [0005] It is therefore desirable to provide an improved method and system for determining the mass of a load within a tipper body.

    [0006] According to an aspect there is provided a method of determining the mass of a load in a tipper body of a tipper, the tipper comprising a tipper body pivotably moveable with respect to a frame with a hydraulic cylinder disposed therebetween and actuatable to pivot the tipper body, the method comprising: receiving at least one pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder at an angular position of the tipper body and at least one angular positional parameter relating to the angular position of the tipper body at the said angular position; and determining a mass parameter relating to the mass of a load in the tipper body based on at least the at least one pressure parameter and the at least one angular positional parameter. The mass parameter may be determined based on at least the at least one pressure parameter, the at least one angular positional parameter and the position of the centre of gravity of the tipper body. The position of the centre of gravity may be along a longitudinal axis of the tipper body. The position of the centre of gravity may be based on an empty tipper body.

    [0007] The method may comprise pivoting the tipper body away from a resting position and during the movement of the tipper body: monitoring a pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder to generate a plurality of pressure parameters; and monitoring an angular positional parameter to generate a plurality of corresponding angular positional parameters; and determining the mass parameter relating to the mass of a load in the tipper body based on at least the plurality of pressure parameters and the plurality of angular positional parameters.

    [0008] According to an aspect there is provided a method of determining the mass of a load in a tipper body of a tipper, the tipper comprising a tipper body pivotably moveable with respect to a frame with a hydraulic cylinder disposed therebetween and actuatable to pivot the tipper body, the method comprising: receiving a first pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder at a first angular position of the tipper body and a first angular positional parameter relating to the angular position of the tipper body at the first angular position; receiving a second pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder at a second angular position of the tipper body and a second angular positional parameter relating to the angular position of the tipper body at the second angular position; and determining a mass parameter relating to the mass of the load in the tipper body based on at least the first pressure parameter and the first angular positional parameter and the second pressure parameter and the second angular positional parameter. The method allows the mass of the load within the tipper body to be determined quickly and accurately, irrespective of the distribution of the mass within the tipper body. It will be appreciated that more than two angular positional parameters and two pressure parameters may be used. For example, three angular positional parameters and three pressure parameters could be used. Further, a much larger number (e.g. 50) of corresponding angular positional parameters and pressure parameters could be used.

    [0009] The term "angular positional parameter" covers any measurable parameter from which the angular position and/or tip angle of the tipper body can be determined. Thus the angular positional parameter does not have to be generated by directly measuring the angular position of the tipper body. For example, the angular positional parameter could be generated by measuring another factor such as the inclination angle of the hydraulic cylinder, the length of the hydraulic cylinder, or the vertical distance between the frame and the lower surface of the tipper body.

    [0010] The term "pressure parameter" covers any measurable parameter from which the pressure of the hydraulic fluid within the hydraulic cylinder can be determined.

    [0011] The first and second pressure parameters may be generated by a pressure sensor which measures the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder. The pressure sensor may be mounted to the hydraulic cylinder. The pressure sensor could be mounted within a port provided in the hydraulic cylinder. In other embodiments the pressure sensor may be provided within a fluid line connected to the hydraulic cylinder. The pressure sensor could be an electronic pressure arranged to generate an electronic pressure signal, the value of which is related to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder.

    [0012] The first and second angular positional parameters may be generated by a position sensor. The first and second angular positional parameters may be generated by an inclination sensor. The inclination sensor may measure the inclination of the hydraulic cylinder. The inclination sensor may be mounted to the hydraulic cylinder. The inclination sensor may measure the inclination of the hydraulic cylinder in a plane perpendicular to the pivot axis of the cylinder (i.e. the fore-aft inclination). The inclination sensor may measure the inclination of the tipper body. The inclination sensor may be mounted to the tipper body. The first and second angular positional parameters may be generated by a rotary position sensor. The rotary position sensor may measure the angular position of the hydraulic cylinder about a pivot axis of the hydraulic cylinder. The rotary position sensor may measure the angular position of the tipper body about the pivot axis of the hydraulic cylinder. The mass parameter may be mathematically calculated based on at least the first pressure parameter and the first angular positional parameter and the second pressure parameter and the second angular positional parameter. The position sensor, such an inclination (or tilt) sensor or a rotary position sensor, may be electronic and may be arranged to generate an electronic signal, the value of which is related to the angular position of the tipper body.

    [0013] The mass parameter may be empirically determined based on at least the first pressure parameter and the first angular positional parameter and the second pressure parameter and the second angular positional parameter. The mass parameter may be expressed as the mass of the load. The first angular position may be different from the second angular position. Both the first angular position and the second angular position (or all of the measured angular positions) may be no greater than 5°, or no greater than 10°, or no greater than 15°, or no greater than 20°. Both the first angular position and the second angular position (or all of the measured angular positions) may be greater than 0°. In both the first angular position and the second angular position (or in all measured angular positions) the tipper body may be pivoted away from a resting position.

    [0014] The method may further comprise actuating the hydraulic cylinder to cause the tipper body to move from the first angular position to the second angular position. The method may further comprise actuating the hydraulic cylinder to cause the tipper body to move from a resting position to the first angular position. The hydraulic cylinder may be actuated in response to an operator using an operator input device such as a control lever. Alternatively, the hydraulic cylinder may be automatically actuated.

    [0015] The method may further comprise: receiving an operator input to commence an automatic weighing operation; automatically actuating the hydraulic cylinder to cause the tipper body to move from a resting position to the first angular position; automatically actuating the hydraulic cylinder to cause the tipper body to move from the first angular position to the second angular position; and automatically actuating the hydraulic cylinder to cause the tipper body to move from the second angular position to the resting position.

    [0016] The distribution of the load in the tipper body may remain substantially constant between the first angular position and the second angular position.

    [0017] The method may further comprise displaying the mass parameter. The mass parameter may be displayed on a screen.

    [0018] According to an aspect there is provided a weighing system for determining the mass of a load in a tipper body of a tipper, the tipper comprising a tipper body pivotably moveable with respect to a frame with a hydraulic cylinder disposed therebetween and actuatable to pivot the tipper body, the system comprising: a mass determining module arranged to: receive at least one pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder at an angular position of the tipper body and at least one angular positional parameter relating to the angular position of the tipper body at the said angular position; and determine a mass parameter relating to the mass of a load in the tipper body based on at least the at least one pressure parameter and the at least one angular positional parameter. The mass determining module may be arranged to determine the mass parameter based on at least the at least one pressure parameter, the at least one angular positional parameter and the position of the centre of gravity of the tipper body.

    [0019] The system may further comprise a mass determining module arranged to: monitor a pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder to generate a plurality of pressure parameters during movement of the tipper body away from a resting position; and monitor an angular positional parameter to generate a plurality of corresponding angular positional parameters during movement of the tipper body away from a resting position; and determine the mass parameter relating to the mass of a load in the tipper body based on at least the plurality of pressure parameters and the plurality of angular positional parameters.

    [0020] According to another aspect there is provided a weighing system for determining the mass in a tipper body of a tipper, the tipper comprising a tipper body pivotably moveable with respect to a frame with a hydraulic cylinder disposed therebetween and actuatable to pivot the tipper body, the system comprising: a mass determining module arranged to: receive a first pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder at a first angular position of the tipper body and a first angular positional parameter relating to the angular position of the tipper body at the first angular position; receive a second pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder at a second angular position of the tipper body and a second angular positional parameter relating to the angular position of the tipper body at the second angular position; and determine a mass parameter relating to the mass of a load in the tipper body based on at least the first pressure parameter and the first angular positional parameter and the second pressure parameter and the second angular positional parameter.

    [0021] The system may further comprise a pressure sensor arranged to measure the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder and generate the first and second pressure parameters.

    [0022] The system may further comprise a position sensor for generating the first and second angular positional parameters relating to the angular position of the tipper body at first and second angular positions of the tipper body respectively. The position sensor may comprise an inclination sensor. The inclination sensor may be arranged to measure the inclination of the hydraulic cylinder. The inclination sensor may be arranged to measure the inclination of the tipper body. The position sensor may comprise a rotary position sensor. The rotary position sensor may be arranged to measure the angular position of the hydraulic cylinder about a pivot axis of the hydraulic cylinder. The rotary position sensor may be arranged to measure the angular position of the tipper body about the pivot axis of the hydraulic cylinder.

    [0023] The mass determining module may be arranged to mathematically calculate the mass parameter. The mass determining module may be arranged to empirically determine the mass parameter.

    [0024] The system may further comprise: an input device arranged to receive an operator input to commence an automatic weighing operation; and a hydraulic cylinder control module arranged to: upon commencement of an automatic weighing operation: automatically actuate the hydraulic cylinder to cause the tipper body to move from a resting position to the first angular position; automatically actuate the hydraulic cylinder to cause the tipper body to move from the first angular position to the second angular position; and automatically actuate the hydraulic cylinder to cause the tipper body to move from the second angular position to the resting position.

    [0025] The system may further comprise a display arranged to display the mass parameter. The display may comprise a touch-screen which comprises the input device.

    [0026] According to a further aspect there is provided a tipper comprising: a tipper body pivotably moveable with respect to a frame; a hydraulic cylinder disposed between the frame and the tipper body and actuatable to pivot the tipper body; and a weighing system in accordance with any statement herein for determining the mass of a load in the tipper body. The pressure sensor may be mounted to the hydraulic cylinder. The inclination sensor may be mounted to the hydraulic cylinder. The inclination sensor may be mounted to the tipper body. The tipper may be a tipper vehicle. The input device may be located within the cab of the vehicle. The display may be located within the cab.

    [0027] According to yet a further aspect there is provided a hydraulic cylinder assembly comprising: a hydraulic cylinder having at least one pivot axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the cylinder; and at least one inclination sensor coupled to the hydraulic cylinder such that it is capable of generating a fore-aft inclination parameter relating to the inclination of the cylinder in a plane perpendicular to the pivot axis.

    [0028] At least one end of the hydraulic cylinder may be provided with an eye which defines the pivot axis. The hydraulic cylinder assembly may further comprise a pressure sensor coupled to the hydraulic cylinder such that it is capable of generating a pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder.

    [0029] The invention may comprise any combination of the features and/or limitations referred to herein, except combinations of such features as are mutually exclusive.

    [0030] Embodiments of the invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Figure 1 schematically shows a perspective view of a tipper truck;

    Figure 2 schematically shows a side view of the tipper truck of Figure 1 without the tractor;

    Figure 3 schematically shows a weighing system for weighing the load in the tipper body of the tipper truck;

    Figure 4 schematically shows a tipper truck with the tipper body in a resting position;

    Figure 5 schematically shows a tipper truck with the tipper body in a first angular position; and

    Figure 6 schematically shows a tipper truck with the tipper body in a second angular position; and

    Figure 7 schematically shows an alternative tipper truck.



    [0031] Figures 1 and 2 show a tipper truck 1, sometimes referred to as a dump truck, comprising a tractor 2 and a trailer 4. The trailer 4 has a trailer chassis or frame 6, and a tipper body 8 is pivotably mounted thereto. The tipper body 8 is pivotably mounted to the chassis 6 about a transverse axis 10 that is located at the rear of the chassis 6. The tipper body 8 is in the form of a cuboidal container having an open top. The rear panel (or door) 12 of the tipper body 8 is hinged at its upper edge and can be locked and unlocked such that it can be opened to allow the contents of the tipper body 8 to be emptied. A hydraulic cylinder 14 is provided that is pivotably attached at a lower end to the front of the chassis 6 and pivotably attached an upper end to the front of the tipper body 8. The hydraulic cylinder 14 can be extended (as in Figure 1) to pivot the tipper body 8 about the axis 10 to a fully tipped position in which, with the rear panel 12 unlocked, any load within the tipper body 8 is emptied onto the ground. The tipper body 8 can be lowered back to the resting position under its own weight, thereby causing the cylinder 14 to retract. Since the lower end of the hydraulic cylinder 14 is pivotably fixed to the chassis 6 and the upper end of the hydraulic cylinder 14 is pivotably fixed to the tipper body 8, there is a fixed relationship between the inclination angle α of the cylinder 14 relative to the chassis, and the tip angle θ of the tipper body 8 relative to the chassis 6.

    [0032] The tipper truck 1 further comprises a hydraulic actuation system 20 for actuating the hydraulic cylinder 14. The hydraulic actuation system 20 comprises an oil tank 22, a pump 24 and a valve assembly 26 that are connected with fluid lines to form a fluid circuit. A pilot system (not shown) is also provided for switching the valve assembly between various configurations. The valve assembly 26 is provided with a port that is hydraulically connected to the hydraulic cylinder 14 with a fluid line 28. The valve assembly 26 can be switched between a number of configurations in order to operate the hydraulic cylinder 14. In a bypass configuration of the valve assembly 26, with the pump 24 running, hydraulic fluid is circulated by the pump 24 from the tank 22, through the valve assembly 26 back to the tank 22. In order to extend the hydraulic cylinder 14 to pivot the tipper body 8 to a fully tipped position (as in Figures 1 and 2), the valve assembly 26 is switched to a raising configuration in which the pump 24 pumps hydraulic fluid from the tank 22 into the hydraulic cylinder 14, thus causing it to extend. When the hydraulic cylinder 14 has been sufficiently extended (either fully extended or extended by the desired amount), the valve assembly 26 is returned to a bypass configuration in which, with the pump 24 running, hydraulic fluid is circulated from the tank 22 through the valve assembly 26 back to the tank 22. In the bypass configuration of the valve assembly 26 the fluid line 28 is closed and therefore the cylinder 14 remains in the extended configuration. In this embodiment, the hydraulic actuation system 20 is provided with an automatic knock-off which automatically switches the valve assembly 26 to the bypass configuration when the hydraulic cylinder has been fully extended. The automatic knock-off is in the form of a switch which the body of the hydraulic cylinder 14 triggers when it reaches the fully extended position. The valve assembly 26 is also provided with a pressure relief bypass valve. If the pressure of the hydraulic fluid in the valve assembly 26 exceeds a threshold (which may be due to an excessively heavy load in the tipper body 8) the hydraulic fluid is diverted to the tank 22, rather than being pumped into the hydraulic cylinder 14. This is a safety feature provided to prevent excessively heavy loads from being lifted. In order to lower the hydraulic cylinder 14, the pump 24 is shut off and the valve assembly 26 is switched to a lowering configuration. In this configuration, the fluid line 28 is opened and the cylinder 14 retracts under the weight of the tipper body 8 with the hydraulic fluid being returned to the tank 22.

    [0033] As will be described in detail below, the tipper truck 1 is provided with a weighing system which allows the load within the tipper body 8 to be weighed.

    [0034] Figure 3 shows the weighing system 40 for weighing the load (i.e. determining the mass) within the tipper body 8. The weighing system 40 comprises a pressure sensor 42 for measuring the pressure of the hydraulic fluid, such as oil, within the hydraulic cylinder 14 and an inclination (or tilt) sensor 44 for measuring the inclination (i.e. the tilt angle) of the hydraulic cylinder 14 in a plane perpendicular to the lower pivot axis 30. The lower pivot axis 30 of the cylinder 14 is defined by the axis of the eye 32 by which the cylinder 14 is pivotably mounted to the chassis 6. Similarly, the upper pivot axis 34 (which is parallel to the lower axis 30) is defined by the axis of the eye 36 by which the cylinder 14 is pivotably mounted to the tipper body 8. The pressure sensor 42 is an electronic pressure transducer that is installed within a port provided in the outer wall of the cylinder 14. The pressure sensor 42 is thus fixed to the hydraulic cylinder 14 and is exposed to the hydraulic fluid within the cylinder 14. The pressure sensor 42 is arranged to generate an electronic signal which is representative of the detected hydraulic pressure (i.e. the pressure of the hydraulic fluid). Thus, the hydraulic pressure within the cylinder 14 can be determined from the electronic signal generated by the pressure sensor 42. The inclination sensor 44 is mounted to the outer surface of the hydraulic cylinder 14 and is positioned such that it can measure the fore-aft (i.e. forwards/backwards) inclination of the hydraulic cylinder 14 in a plane perpendicular to the pivot axis 30. The inclination sensor 44 is arranged to generate an electronic signal which is representative of the inclination angle α. In this embodiment, with the truck chassis 6 horizontal, the inclination angle α of the hydraulic cylinder 14 can be determined from the electronic signal generated by the inclination sensor 44. Due to the fixed relationship between the inclination angle and the tip angle, the electronic signal generated by the inclination sensor 44 also relates to the tip angle θ (i.e. with the truck chassis 6 horizontal the tip angle θ can be determined from the electronic signal generated by the inclination sensor). It should be appreciated that in other embodiments the inclination sensor 44 could be mounted directly to the tipper body 8 such that it can measure the tip angle of the tipper body 8.

    [0035] The weighing system 40 further comprises a weighing module 50 (or mass determining module), a cylinder control module 52 and a touch-screen display 54. The pressure sensor 42 and the inclination sensor 44 are connected to the weighing module 50 by appropriate cabling such that the weighing module 50 can obtain the signals generated by the sensors 42, 44. It should be appreciated that in other embodiments the sensors 42, 44 could be wirelessly connected to the weighing module 50. The weighing module 50 is configured such that it can determine (such as by calculation) the mass of the load within the tipper body 8 based on signals received from the sensors 42, 44. The cylinder control module 52 is coupled to the hydraulic actuation system 20 of the tipper truck 1 (via the pilot system) so that it can automatically actuate the hydraulic cylinder 14 to pivotably move the tipper body 8 upon commencement of a weighing operation. The cylinder control module 52 may be connected either wired or wirelessly to the hydraulic actuation system 20 to control the pump 24 and/or the valve assembly 26 via the pilot system.

    [0036] The touch-screen display 54 is connected to both the weighing module 50 and the cylinder control module 52. The touch-screen 54 serves as an operator input device by which an operator can commence a weighing operation, and also serves as a display which can display the mass of the load in the tipper body 8 determined by the weighing module 50. In this embodiment the touch-screen display 54 is installed in the dashboard of the tractor 2 such that it is easily accessible and visible by an operator. However, in other embodiments it could be located externally, or it could be in the form of a wireless hand-held device (e.g. a smartphone or a tablet). If the touch-screen 54 is provided by a portable wireless device, such as a smartphone or tablet, it could also incorporate the weighing module 50 and the cylinder control module 52 and could communicate wirelessly with the sensors 42, 44 and hydraulic control system 20.

    [0037] A weighing operation will now be described with reference to Figures 4, 5 and 6.

    [0038] Before commencing a weighing operation the tipper truck 1 is driven to a location where the chassis 6 is substantially horizontal. Initially, the tipper body 8 containing a load 16 (such as sand) is in a resting position (Figure 4). In the resting position of the tipper body 8 it rests on the chassis 6 of the trailer 4 such that the load is transferred directly to the chassis 6. Therefore, in the resting position no load is transferred through the hydraulic cylinder 14. As shown in Figure 4, the load 16 may be unevenly distributed such that the centre of gravity of the load does not coincide with the centre of the tipper body 8. In order to commence a weighing operation in which the load 16 within the tipper body is weighed (i.e. the mass of the load is determined) an operator presses the appropriate button on the touch-screen display 54. In response to this, the cylinder control module 52 communicates with the hydraulic actuation system 20 to automatically actuate the hydraulic cylinder 14 to extend it. This causes the tipper body 8 to be pivoted about the axis 10 from the resting position to a first angular position (Figure 5). In this embodiment, the first angular position is approximately a 5° tip angle with respect to the horizontal chassis 6. Of course, the tip angle could be less than this. In the first angular position, since the tipper body 8 is pivoted away from the chassis 6, load is transferred through the hydraulic cylinder 14 which pressurises the hydraulic fluid within the cylinder 14. At the first angular position, the weighing module 50 registers the value of the pressure signal generated by the pressure sensor 42 (first pressure parameter) and registers the value of the inclination signal generated by the inclination sensor 44 (first angular positional parameter). The first pressure parameter relates to the pressure of the hydraulic fluid within the cylinder 14. The weighing module 50 may calculate the actual hydraulic pressure in MPa, but this is not essential. The first angular positional parameter is based on the inclination of the cylinder 14, but due to the fixed relationship between the cylinder 14 and the tipper body 8, it also relates to the tip angle (i.e. the angular position of the tipper body 8). The hydraulic cylinder 14 is then automatically actuated to further extend the hydraulic cylinder 14. This causes the tipper body 8 to be pivoted about the axis 10 from the first angular position to a second angular position (Figure 6). In this embodiment the second angular position is approximately a 10° tip angle with respect to the horizontal chassis 6. At the second angular position, the weighing module 50 registers the value of the pressure signal generated by the pressure sensor 42 (second pressure parameter) and registers the value of the inclination signal generated by the inclination sensor 44 (second angular positional parameter). The hydraulic cylinder 14 is then automatically actuated (e.g. by opening a valve) to return the tipper body 8 to the resting position (Figure 4). It should be noted that the general distribution of the load within the tipper body 8 remains substantially constant between the resting position (Figure 4), the first angular position (Figure 5) and the second angular position (Figure 6) (i.e. the load does not move within the tipper body 8).

    [0039] The weighing module 50 uses the first pressure parameter, the first angular positional parameter, the second pressure parameter and the second angular positional parameter to determine the mass of the load within the tipper body 8. The mass determined may be expressed in kilograms or tonnes, for example. The mass of the load within the tipper body 8 is then output to the display 54 such that it can be viewed by an operator. The weighing module 50 may either mathematically calculate the mass of the load, or it may determine the mass empirically using a database or look-up table. In certain embodiments, an alert is output to the display 54 (or other display) if the determined mass exceeds a threshold value.

    [0040] In order to be able to determine the mass, the weighing module 50 may be calibrated for the specific tipper truck 1. For example, the body length and weight of the tipper body 8 may be programmed into the weighing module 50. Further values may also be programmed into the weighing module such as the distance between the pivot axis 10 of the tipper body 8 and the lower pivot axis 30 of the cylinder 14, and the distance between the pivot axis 10 of the tipper body 8 and the upper pivot axis of the cylinder 14. These values, and others, such as the position of the centre of gravity of the empty tipper body, may be used to determine the mass of the load.

    [0041] The weighing module 50 may make various assumptions in order to determine the mass of the load. For example, the weighing module 50 may assume that the chassis 6 is horizontal. In other embodiments the weighing module 50 may make an assumption regarding the height of the centre of gravity of the load within the tipper body.

    [0042] If the chassis 6 is not horizontal, the weighing system 40 may be able to determine the inclination angle of the chassis 6, and may use this value to correct for any inclination. For example, the chassis 6 may be provided with an inclination sensor arranged to generate a signal indicative of the inclination angle. In other arrangements, the signal generated by the inclination sensor 44 attached to the hydraulic cylinder 14 may be used to determine the inclination angle of the chassis 6. For example, with the tipper body 8 in the resting position (Figure 4), the signal generated by the inclination sensor 44 may be used to calculate the inclination angle of the chassis 6 based on the known inclination angle of the hydraulic cylinder 14 with the chassis 6 horizontal.

    [0043] In order to improve the accuracy of the mass of the load determined by the weighing module 50, a third set of values (i.e. a third pressure parameter and a third angular positional parameter) may be determined at a third angular position of the tipper body 8, and these values may be used by the weighing module 50. In yet other embodiments, a much larger set of values may be used to determine the mass of the load within the tipper body 8. For example, the tipper body 8 may be pivoted from a resting position towards a fully tipped position and the weighing module 50 may continuously sample/monitor (or receive) the pressure parameter (e.g. the output from the pressure sensor) and the angular positional parameter (e.g. the output from the inclination sensor). The weighing module 50 may use these sampled sets of values to determine the mass of the load. Once the weighing module 50 has determined the mass this may be output on the display 54. Thus, the weighing module 50 may use a large number (for example 100) sets of values of the pressure parameter and the angular position parameter in order to determine the mass. Of course, it should be appreciated that any other parameters may also be used in addition to the pressure parameter and the angular positional parameter in order to determine the mass of the load.

    [0044] In another embodiment the weighing module 50 may use a single pressure parameter and a single angular positional parameter at a single angular position (e.g. with the tipper body 8 just lifted away from the chassis) to determine the mass parameter. The weighing module 50 may also receive (or be pre-programmed with) the position of the centre of gravity of the tipper body 8 in order to determine the mass parameter. In this arrangement, it may be assumed that the load within the tipper body 8 is evenly distributed. The position of the centre of gravity may be along the longitudinal axis of the tipper body. The position of the centre of gravity may be for the tipper body 8 when empty, or it may be estimated when full, for example.

    [0045] In the embodiment described above the hydraulic cylinder 14 is automatically actuated by the cylinder control module 52 to move the tipper body 8 between a resting position, a first angular position and a second angular position. However, in an alternative embodiment the hydraulic cylinder 14 could be actuated by an operator using standard controls. For example, the operator may press a button on the display 54 to commence a weighing operation. The display 54 may then instruct the operator to move the tipper body 8 to a first angular position. When this has been done the operator may press a button on the display 54, causing a first pressure parameter and a first angular positional parameter to be registered by the weighing module 50. The display 54 may then instruct the operator to move the tipper body 8 to a second angular position. Again, when this has been done the operator may press a button on the display 54, causing a second pressure parameter and a second angular positional parameter to be registered by the weighing module 50. The weighing module 50 may then determine the mass of the load and output this to the display 54.

    [0046] In another embodiment, after the operator has pressed a button to commence a weighing operation, the cylinder 14 may be automatically actuated, or actuated in response to an operator controlling a lever, and the pressure signal and the inclination signal may be continuously monitored and registered by the weighing module 50. The weighing module 50 may then use the monitored signals, such as by obtaining a number of pairs of values, to determine the mass of the load.

    [0047] It has been described above that the angular positional parameter is generated by an inclination sensor attached to the hydraulic cylinder 14. However, other suitable sensors could be used. For example, an inclination sensor could be attached to the tipper body 8 to measure the angular position of the tipper body. Further, a rotary position sensor could be used to measure the amount of rotation at either the pivot axis 10 of the tipper body 8, or the lower or upper pivot axes 30, 34 of the hydraulic cylinder 14. The signals generated by these sensors can all be related to the angular position of the tipper body (either with respect to the chassis 6 or horizontal). Further, a linear position sensor could be used to monitor the length of the hydraulic cylinder 14. Such a sensor could include a Hall effect sensor, for example. The signal generated by the linear position sensor could again be used to determine the angular position of the tipper body 8. In another arrangement, a distance sensor could be provided to measure the vertical distance between the frame and the lower front edge (i.e. the raised edge) of the tipper body 8. Such a sensor would generate an angular positional parameter as the output of the sensor relates to the angular position of the tipper body 8.

    [0048] As opposed to providing the pressure sensor 42 in a port in the wall of the hydraulic cylinder 14, the pressure sensor could be provided in the fluid line 28 connecting the valve assembly 26 to the cylinder 14. In essence, the pressure sensor 42 could be provided at any suitable position in the hydraulic system where it can detect the hydraulic pressure within the cylinder 14.

    [0049] It should be appreciated that the system could be used with any suitable type of tipper truck in which a tipper body 8 can be pivoted or moved by a hydraulic cylinder. For example, as shown in Figure 7, the tipper truck 1 may comprises a tractor 2 having a frame 6 with a hydraulic cylinder 14 connected between the frame 6 and the tipper body 8. The tipper truck 14 further comprises a drawbar 11 that is pivotably connected at a first end to the frame 6 at a first pivot axis 10 and at a second end to the tipper body 8 at a second pivot axis 11. In order to pivot the tipper body 8 from a resting position (not shown) to the fully tipped position (Figure 7), the hydraulic cylinder 14 is extended which causes the tipper body 8 to pivot clockwise (in Figure 7) with respect to the frame 6 about the pivot axis 10, and with respect to the drawbar 9 about the pivot axis 11. It should also be appreciated that in order to measure the angular position (i.e. tip angle) of the tipper body 8 the inclination angle of the drawbar 9 could be measured since there is a fixed relationship between this angle and the tip angle (and the inclination angle of the hydraulic cylinder 14).

    [0050] The weighing system 40 may be one of many intelligent systems that the tipper truck 1 is provided with and could therefore be combined with any suitable system for providing information regarding the tipper vehicle and/or the load carried by the tipper body. If multiple intelligent systems are provided, they may share the same display or processors, for example.

    [0051] Some aspects of the above-described apparatus, system and methods, may be embodied as machine readable instructions such as processor control code, for example on a non-volatile carrier medium such as a disk, CD- or DVD-ROM, programmed memory such as read only memory (Firmware), or on a data carrier such as an optical or electrical signal carrier. For some applications, embodiments of the invention will be implemented on a DSP (Digital Signal Processor), ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) or FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array). Thus the code may comprise conventional program code or microcode or, for example code for setting up or controlling an ASIC or FPGA. The code may also comprise code for dynamically configuring re-configurable apparatus such as re-programmable logic gate arrays. Similarly the code may comprise code for a hardware description language such as Verilog TM or VHDL (Very high speed integrated circuit Hardware Description Language). The code may be distributed between a plurality of coupled components in communication with one another. Where appropriate, embodiments may also be implemented using code running on a field-(re)programmable analogue array or similar device in order to configure analogue hardware.


    Claims

    1. A method of determining the mass of a load (16) in a tipper body (8) of a tipper, the tipper comprising a tipper body (8) pivotably moveable with respect to a frame with a hydraulic cylinder (14) disposed therebetween and actuatable to pivot the tipper body (8), the method comprising:

    receiving at least one pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder (14) at an angular position of the tipper body (8) and at least one angular positional parameter relating to the angular position of the tipper body (8) at the said angular position; and

    determining a mass parameter relating to the mass of a load (16) in the tipper body (8) based on at least the at least one pressure parameter and the at least one angular positional parameter.


     
    2. A method according to claim 1, wherein the mass parameter is determined based on at least the at least one pressure parameter, the at least one angular positional parameter and the position of the centre of gravity of the tipper body (8), and optionally wherein the method further comprises:

    pivoting the tipper body (8) away from a resting position and during the movement of the tipper body (8):

    monitoring a pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder (14) to generate a plurality of pressure parameters; and

    monitoring an angular positional parameter to generate a plurality of corresponding angular positional parameters; and

    determining the mass parameter relating to the mass of a load (16) in the tipper body (8) based on at least the plurality of pressure parameters and the plurality of angular positional parameters.


     
    3. A method according to any preceding claim, wherein the or each pressure parameter is generated by a pressure sensor (42) which measures the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder (14), optionally wherein the pressure sensor (42) is mounted to the hydraulic cylinder (14).
     
    4. A method according to any preceding claim, wherein the or each angular positional parameter is generated by a position sensor, and optionally wherein the position sensor comprises an inclination sensor (44).
     
    5. A method according to any preceding claim, wherein the mass parameter is:

    a) mathematically calculated based on the at least one pressure parameter and the at least one angular positional parameter; or

    b) empirically determined based on the at least one pressure parameter and the at least one angular positional parameter.


     
    6. A method according to any preceding claim, wherein the method comprises:

    receiving a first pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder (14) at a first angular position of the tipper body (8) and a first angular positional parameter relating to the angular position of the tipper body (8) at the first angular position;

    receiving a second pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder (14) at a second angular position of the tipper body (8) and a second angular positional parameter relating to the angular position of the tipper body (8) at the second angular position; and

    determining the mass parameter relating to the mass of the load (16) in the tipper body (8) based on at least the first pressure parameter and the first angular positional parameter and the second pressure parameter and the second angular positional parameter.


     
    7. A method according to claim 6, wherein the first angular position is different from the second angular position, and optionally wherein:

    a) both the first angular position and the second angular position are no greater than 10°;

    b) both the first angular position and the second angular position are greater than 0°; and/or

    c) in both the first angular position and the second angular position the tipper body (8) is pivoted away from a resting position.


     
    8. A weighing system (40) for determining the mass of a load (16) in a tipper body (8) of a tipper, the tipper comprising a tipper body (8) pivotably moveable with respect to a frame with a hydraulic cylinder (14) disposed therebetween and actuatable to pivot the tipper body (8), characterised in that the system comprises a mass determining module arranged to:

    receive at least one pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder (14) at an angular position of the tipper body (8) and at least one angular positional parameter relating to the angular position of the tipper body (8) at the said angular position; and

    determine a mass parameter relating to the mass of a load (16) in the tipper body (8) based on at least the at least one pressure parameter and the at least one angular positional parameter.


     
    9. A system according to claim 8, wherein the mass determining module is arranged to:

    a) determine the mass parameter based on at least the at least one pressure parameter, the at least one angular positional parameter and the position of the centre of gravity of the tipper body (8); and/or

    b) mathematically calculate the mass parameter or empirically determine the mass parameter.


     
    10. A system according to claim 8 or 9, further comprising one or more of:

    a) a mass determining module arranged to:

    monitor a pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder (14) to generate a plurality of pressure parameters during movement of the tipper body (8) away from a resting position; and

    monitor an angular positional parameter to generate a plurality of corresponding angular positional parameters during movement of the tipper body (8) away from a resting position; and

    determine the mass parameter relating to the mass of a load (16) in the tipper body (8) based on at least the plurality of pressure parameters and the plurality of angular positional parameters; and

    b) a pressure sensor (42) arranged to measure the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder (14) and generate the or each pressure parameters.


     
    11. A system according to any of claims 8-10, further comprising a position sensor for generating or each angular positional parameter relating to the angular position of the tipper body (8), optionally wherein:

    a) the position sensor comprises an inclination sensor (44), the inclination sensor (44) being arranged to measure the inclination of the hydraulic cylinder (14) or the inclination of the tipper body (8); or

    b) the position sensor comprises a rotary position sensor, the rotary position sensor being arranged to measure the angular position of the hydraulic cylinder (14) or the tipper body (8) about a pivot axis (10) of the hydraulic cylinder (14).


     
    12. A system according to any of claims 8-11, wherein the mass determining module is arranged to
    receive a first pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder (14) at a first angular position of the tipper body (8) and a first angular positional parameter relating to the angular position of the tipper body (8) at the first angular position; and
    receive a second pressure parameter relating to the hydraulic pressure within the hydraulic cylinder (14) at a second angular position of the tipper body (8) and a second angular positional parameter relating to the angular position of the tipper body (8) at the second angular position; and
    determine the mass parameter relating to the mass of the load (16) in the tipper body (8) based on at least the first pressure parameter and the first angular positional parameter and the second pressure parameter and the second angular positional parameter.
     
    13. A tipper, optionally a tipper vehicle, comprising:

    a tipper body (8) pivotably moveable with respect to a frame;

    a hydraulic cylinder (14) disposed between the frame and the tipper body (8) and actuatable to pivot the tipper body (8); and

    a weighing system (40) in accordance with any of claims 8-12 for determining the mass of a load (16) in the tipper body (8).


     
    14. A tipper according to claim 13 when appended to claim 10, wherein:

    a) a pressure sensor (42) is mounted to the hydraulic cylinder (14);

    b) an inclination sensor (44) is mounted to the hydraulic cylinder (14); or

    c) an inclination sensor (44) is mounted to the tipper body (8).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Bestimmen der Masse einer Ladung (16) in einem Kipperkörper (8) eines Kippers, wobei der Kipper einen Kipperkörper (8) umfasst, der in Bezug zu einem Rahmen mit einem dazwischen angeordneten Hydraulikzylinder (14) verschwenkbar beweglich ist und dazu betätigt werden kann, den Kipperkörper (8) zu verschwenken, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    Empfangen mindestens eines Druckparameters in Bezug zum Hydraulikdruck innerhalb des Hydraulikzylinders (14) in einer Winkelposition des Kipperkörpers (8) und mindestens eines Winkelpositionsparameters in Bezug zur Winkelposition des Kipperkörpers (8) in der Winkelposition; und

    Bestimmen eines Masseparameters in Bezug zur Masse einer Ladung (16) im Kipperkörper (8) auf Grundlage mindestens des mindestens einen Druckparameters und des mindestens einen Winkelpositionsparameters.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Masseparameter auf Grundlage mindestens des mindestens einen Druckparameters, des mindestens einen Winkelpositionsparameters und der Position des Schwerpunkts des Kipperkörpers (8) bestimmt wird und wobei das Verfahren optional ferner Folgendes umfasst:
    Verschwenken des Kipperkörpers (8) von einer Ruheposition weg und während der Bewegung des Kipperkörpers (8):

    Überwachen eines Druckparameters in Bezug zum Hydraulikdruck innerhalb des Hydraulikzylinders (14), um mehrere Druckparameter zu erzeugen; und

    Überwachen eines Winkelpositionsparameters, um mehrere zugehörige Winkelpositionsparameter zu erzeugen; und Bestimmen des Masseparameters in Bezug zur Masse einer Ladung (16) im Kipperkörper (8) auf Grundlage mindestens der mehreren Druckparameter und der mehreren Winkelpositionsparameter.


     
    3. Verfahren nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der oder jeder Druckparameter von einem Drucksensor (42) erzeugt wird, der den Hydraulikdruck innerhalb des Hydraulikzylinders (14) misst, optional wobei der Drucksensor (42) am Hydraulikzylinder (14) montiert ist.
     
    4. Verfahren nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der oder jeder Winkelpositionsparameter von einem Positionssensor erzeugt wird und optional wobei der Positionssensor einen Neigungssensor (44) umfasst.
     
    5. Verfahren nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei Folgendes für den Masseparameter gilt:

    a) er wird auf Grundlage des mindestens einen Druckparameters und des mindestens einen Winkelpositionsparameters mathematisch berechnet oder

    b) er wird auf Grundlage des mindestens einen Druckparameters und des mindestens einen Winkelpositionsparameters empirisch bestimmt.


     
    6. Verfahren nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst: Empfangen eines ersten Druckparameters in Bezug zum Hydraulikdruck innerhalb des Hydraulikzylinders (14) in einer ersten Winkelposition des Kipperkörpers (8) und eines ersten Winkelpositionsparameters in Bezug zur Winkelposition des Kipperkörpers (8) in der ersten Winkelposition;
    Empfangen mindestens eines zweiten Druckparameters in Bezug zum Hydraulikdruck innerhalb des Hydraulikzylinders (14) in einer zweiten Winkelposition des Kipperkörpers (8) und eines zweiten Winkelpositionsparameters in Bezug zur Winkelposition des Kipperkörpers (8) in der zweiten Winkelposition; und
    Bestimmen des Masseparameters in Bezug zur Masse der Ladung (16) im Kipperkörper (8) auf Grundlage mindestens des ersten Druckparameters und des ersten Winkelpositionsparameters und des zweiten Druckparameters und des zweiten Winkelpositionsparameters.
     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei sich die erste Winkelposition von der zweiten Winkelposition unterscheidet und optional wobei:

    a) sowohl die erste Winkelposition als auch die zweite Winkelposition nicht größer als 10° ist;

    b) sowohl die erste Winkelposition als auch die zweite Winkelposition größer als 0° ist; und/oder

    c) der Kipperkörper (8) sowohl in der ersten Winkelposition als auch in der zweiten Winkelposition von einer Ruheposition weg verschwenkt ist.


     
    8. Wiegesystem (40) zum Bestimmen der Masse einer Ladung (16) in einem Kipperkörper (8) eines Kippers, wobei der Kipper einen Kipperkörper (8) umfasst, der in Bezug zu einem Rahmen mit einem dazwischen angeordneten Hydraulikzylinder (14) verschwenkbar beweglich ist und dazu betätigt werden kann, den Kipperkörper (8) zu verschwenken, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das System ein Massebestimmungsmodul umfasst, das für Folgendes angeordnet ist:

    zum Empfangen mindestens eines Druckparameters in Bezug zum Hydraulikdruck innerhalb des Hydraulikzylinders (14) in einer Winkelposition des Kipperkörpers (8) und mindestens eines Winkelpositionsparameters in Bezug zur Winkelposition des Kipperkörpers (8) in der Winkelposition; und

    zum Bestimmen eines Masseparameters in Bezug zur Masse einer Ladung (16) im Kipperkörper (8) auf Grundlage mindestens des mindestens einen Druckparameters und des mindestens einen Winkelpositionsparameters.


     
    9. System nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Massebestimmungsmodul für Folgendes angeordnet ist:

    a) zum Bestimmen des Masseparameters auf Grundlage mindestens des mindestens einen Druckparameters, des mindestens einen Winkelpositionsparameters und der Position des Schwerpunkts des Kipperkörpers (8); und/oder

    b) zum mathematischen Berechnen des Masseparameters oder empirischen Bestimmen des Masseparameters.


     
    10. System nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, ferner ein oder mehrere der folgenden Elemente umfassend:

    a) ein Massebestimmungsmodul, das für Folgendes angeordnet ist:

    zum Überwachen eines Druckparameters in Bezug zum Hydraulikdruck innerhalb des Hydraulikzylinders (14), um mehrere Druckparameter zu erzeugen, während sich der Kipperkörper (8) von einer Ruheposition wegbewegt; und

    zum Überwachen eines Winkelpositionsparameters, um mehrere zugehörige Winkelpositionsparameter zu erzeugen, während sich der Kipperkörper (8) von einer Ruheposition wegbewegt; und

    zum Bestimmen des Masseparameters in Bezug zur Masse einer Ladung (16) im Kipperkörper (8) auf Grundlage mindestens der mehreren Druckparameter und der mehreren Winkelpositionsparameter; und

    b) einen Drucksensor (42), der dazu angeordnet ist, den Hydraulikdruck innerhalb des Hydraulikzylinders (14) zu messen und den oder jeden Druckparameter zu erzeugen.


     
    11. System nach einem der Ansprüche 8-10, ferner einen Positionssensor zum Erzeugen des oder jedes Winkelpositionsparameters in Bezug zur Winkelposition des Kipperkörpers (8) umfassend, optional wobei:

    a) der Positionssensor einen Neigungssensor (44) umfasst, wobei der Neigungssensor (44) dazu angeordnet ist, die Neigung des Hydraulikzylinders (14) oder die Neigung des Kipperkörpers (8) zu messen; oder

    b) der Positionssensor einen Drehpositionssensor umfasst, wobei der Drehpositionssensor dazu angeordnet ist, die Winkelposition des Hydraulikzylinders (14) oder des Kipperkörpers (8) um eine Schwenkachse (10) des Hydraulikzylinders (14) zu messen.


     
    12. System nach einem der Ansprüche 8-11, wobei das Massebestimmungsmodul für Folgendes angeordnet ist:

    zum Empfangen eines ersten Druckparameters in Bezug zum Hydraulikdruck innerhalb des Hydraulikzylinders (14) in einer ersten Winkelposition des Kipperkörpers (8) und eines ersten Winkelpositionsparameters in Bezug zur Winkelposition des Kipperkörpers (8) in der ersten Winkelposition; und

    zum Empfangen mindestens eines zweiten Druckparameters in Bezug zum Hydraulikdruck innerhalb des Hydraulikzylinders (14) in einer zweiten Winkelposition des Kipperkörpers (8) und eines zweiten Winkelpositionsparameters in Bezug zur Winkelposition des Kipperkörpers (8) in der zweiten Winkelposition; und

    zum Bestimmen des Masseparameters in Bezug zur Masse der Ladung (16) im Kipperkörper (8) auf Grundlage mindestens des ersten Druckparameters und des ersten Winkelpositionsparameters und des zweiten Druckparameters und des zweiten Winkelpositionsparameters.


     
    13. Kipper, optional ein Kipperfahrzeug, Folgendes umfassend:

    einen Kipperkörper (8), der in Bezug zu einem Rahmen verschwenkbar beweglich ist;

    einen Hydraulikzylinder (14), der zwischen dem Rahmen und dem Kipperkörper (8) angeordnet ist und dazu betätigt werden kann, den Kipperkörper (8) zu verschwenken; und

    ein Wiegesystem (40) nach einem der Ansprüche 8-12 zum Bestimmen der Masse einer Ladung (16) in einem Kipperkörper (8) .


     
    14. Kipper nach Anspruch 13, wenn abhängig von Anspruch 10, wobei:

    a) ein Drucksensor (42) am Hydraulikzylinder (14) montiert ist;

    b) ein Neigungssensor (44) am Hydraulikzylinder (14) montiert ist; oder

    c) ein Neigungssensor (44) am Kipperkörper (8) montiert ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de détermination de la masse d'une charge (16) dans un corps de benne basculante (8) d'une benne basculante, la benne basculante comprenant un corps (8) de benne basculante mobile de manière pivotante par rapport à un châssis avec un vérin hydraulique (14) disposé entre eux et pouvant être actionné pour faire pivoter le corps (8) de benne basculante, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    recevoir au moins un paramètre de pression relatif à la pression hydraulique dans le vérin hydraulique (14) à une position angulaire du corps (8) de benne basculante et au moins un paramètre de position angulaire relatif à la position angulaire du corps (8) de benne basculante à ladite position angulaire ; et

    déterminer un paramètre de masse relatif à la masse d'une charge (16) dans le corps (8) de benne basculante sur la base de l'au moins un paramètre de pression et/ou de l'au moins un paramètre de position angulaire.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, le paramètre de masse étant déterminé sur la base de l'au moins un paramètre de pression, de l'au moins un paramètre de position angulaire et/ou de la position du centre de gravité du corps (8) de benne basculante, et éventuellement le procédé comprenant en outre les étapes consistant à :

    faire pivoter le corps (8) de benne basculante à l'opposé d'une position de repos et pendant le mouvement du corps (8) de benne basculante :

    surveiller un paramètre de pression relatif à la pression hydraulique dans le vérin hydraulique (14) pour générer une pluralité de paramètres de pression ; et

    surveiller un paramètre de position angulaire pour générer une pluralité de paramètres de position angulaire correspondants ; et

    déterminer le paramètre de masse relatif à la masse d'une charge (16) dans le corps (8) de benne basculante sur la base d'au moins la pluralité de paramètres de pression et la pluralité de paramètres de position angulaire.


     
    3. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, le ou chaque paramètre de pression étant généré par un capteur de pression (42) qui mesure la pression hydraulique dans le vérin hydraulique (14), éventuellement le capteur de pression (42) étant monté sur le vérin hydraulique (14).
     
    4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, le ou chaque paramètre de position angulaire étant généré par un capteur de position, et éventuellement le capteur de position comprenant un capteur d'inclinaison (44).
     
    5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, le paramètre de masse étant :

    a) calculé mathématiquement sur la base de l'au moins un paramètre de pression et de l'au moins un paramètre de position angulaire ; ou

    b) déterminé empiriquement sur la base de l'au moins un paramètre de pression et de l'au moins un paramètre de position angulaire.


     
    6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    recevoir un premier paramètre de pression relatif à la pression hydraulique dans le vérin hydraulique (14) à une première position angulaire du corps (8) de benne basculante et un premier paramètre de position angulaire relatif à la position angulaire du corps (8) de benne basculante à ladite première position angulaire ;

    recevoir un second paramètre de pression relatif à la pression hydraulique dans le vérin hydraulique (14) à une seconde position angulaire du corps (8) de benne basculante et un second paramètre de position angulaire relatif à la position angulaire du corps (8) de benne basculante à la seconde position angulaire ; et

    déterminer le paramètre de masse relatif à la masse de la charge (16) dans le corps (8) de benne basculante sur la base au moins du premier paramètre de pression et du premier paramètre de position angulaire et du second paramètre de pression et du second paramètre de position angulaire.


     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 6, la première position angulaire étant différente de la seconde position angulaire, et éventuellement :

    a) la première position angulaire et la seconde position angulaire n'étant pas supérieures à 10° ;

    b) la première position angulaire et la seconde position angulaire étant toutes deux supérieures à 0° ; et/ou

    c) dans la première position angulaire et dans la seconde position angulaire, le corps (8) de benne basculante étant pivoté à l'opposé d'une position de repos.


     
    8. Système de pesée (40) pour déterminer la masse d'une charge (16) dans un corps (8) de benne basculante d'une benne basculante, la benne basculante comprenant un corps (8) de benne basculante mobile de manière pivotante par rapport à un châssis avec un vérin hydraulique (14) disposé entre eux et pouvant être actionné pour faire pivoter le corps (8) de benne basculante, caractérisé en ce que le système comprend
    un module de détermination de masse conçu pour :

    recevoir au moins un paramètre de pression relatif à la pression hydraulique dans le vérin hydraulique (14) à une position angulaire du corps (8) de benne basculante et au moins un paramètre de position angulaire relatif à la position angulaire du corps (8) de benne basculante à ladite position angulaire ; et

    déterminer un paramètre de masse relatif à la masse d'une charge (16) dans le corps (8) de benne basculante sur la base de l'au moins un paramètre de pression et/ou de l'au moins un paramètre de position angulaire.


     
    9. Système selon la revendication 8, le module de détermination de masse étant conçu pour :

    a) déterminer le paramètre de masse sur la base de l'au moins un paramètre de pression, de l'au moins un paramètre de position angulaire et/ou de la position du centre de gravité du corps (8) de benne basculante ; et/ou

    b) calculer mathématiquement le paramètre de masse ou déterminer empiriquement le paramètre de masse.


     
    10. Système selon la revendication 8 ou 9, comprenant en outre :

    a) un module de détermination de masse conçu pour :

    surveiller un paramètre de pression relatif à la pression hydraulique dans le vérin hydraulique (14) pour générer une pluralité de paramètres de pression pendant le mouvement du corps (8) de benne basculante à l'opposé d'une position de repos ; et

    surveiller un paramètre de position angulaire pour générer une pluralité de paramètres de position angulaire correspondants pendant le mouvement du corps (8) de benne basculante à l'opposé d'une position de repos ; et

    déterminer le paramètre de masse relatif à la masse d'une charge (16) dans le corps (8) de benne basculante sur la base d'au moins la pluralité de paramètres de pression et la pluralité de paramètres de position angulaire ; et/ou

    b) un capteur de pression (42) conçu pour mesurer la pression hydraulique dans le vérin hydraulique (14) et générer le ou chaque paramètre de pression.


     
    11. Système selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 10, comprenant en outre un capteur de position pour générer le ou chaque paramètre de position angulaire relatif à la position angulaire du corps (8) de benne basculante, éventuellement :

    a) le capteur de position comprenant un capteur d'inclinaison (44), le capteur d'inclinaison (44) étant conçu pour mesurer l'inclinaison du vérin hydraulique (14) ou l'inclinaison du corps (8) de benne basculante ; ou

    b) le capteur de position comprenant un capteur de position rotatif, le capteur de position rotatif étant conçu pour mesurer la position angulaire du vérin hydraulique (14) ou du corps (8) de benne basculante autour d'un axe de pivotement (10) du vérin hydraulique (14) .


     
    12. Système selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 11, le module de détermination de masse étant conçu pour
    recevoir un premier paramètre de pression relatif à la pression hydraulique dans le vérin hydraulique (14) à une première position angulaire du corps (8) de benne basculante et un premier paramètre de position angulaire relatif à la position angulaire du corps (8) de benne basculante à la première position angulaire ; et
    recevoir un second paramètre de pression relatif à la pression hydraulique dans le vérin hydraulique (14) à une seconde position angulaire du corps (8) de benne basculante et un second paramètre de position angulaire relatif à la position angulaire du corps (8) de benne basculante à la seconde position angulaire ; et
    déterminer le paramètre de masse relatif à la masse de la charge (16) dans le corps (8) de benne basculante en se basant sur au moins le premier paramètre de pression et le premier paramètre de position angulaire et le second paramètre de pression et le second paramètre de position angulaire.
     
    13. Benne basculante, éventuellement véhicule à benne basculante, comprenant :

    un corps (8) de benne basculante mobile de manière pivotante par rapport à un châssis ;

    un vérin hydraulique (14) disposé entre le châssis et le corps (8) de benne basculante et pouvant être actionné pour faire pivoter le corps (8) de benne basculante ; et

    un système de pesée (40) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 12 pour déterminer la masse d'une charge (16) dans le corps (8) de benne basculante.


     
    14. Benne basculante selon la revendication 13 lorsqu'elle dépend de la revendication 10,

    a) un capteur de pression (42) étant monté sur le vérin hydraulique (14) ;

    b) un capteur d'inclinaison (44) étant monté sur le vérin hydraulique (14) ; ou

    c) un capteur d'inclinaison (44) étant monté sur le corps (8) de benne basculante.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description