(19)
(11)EP 3 268 142 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/47

(21)Application number: 16708188.4

(22)Date of filing:  07.03.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B21B 1/16  (2006.01)
B21B 38/00  (2006.01)
B21B 15/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2016/054828
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/142354 (15.09.2016 Gazette  2016/37)

(54)

METHOD OF OPERATION OF A ROLLING MILL

VERFAHREN ZUM BETRIEB EINES WALZWERKS

MÉTHODE D'OPÉRATION D'UN LAMINOIR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 10.03.2015 US 201514643952

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.01.2018 Bulletin 2018/03

(73)Proprietor: Primetals Technologies Germany GmbH
91052 Erlangen (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • LING, Yun
    Shrewsbury, MA 01545 (US)
  • RICHES, Paul Barry
    Paxton, MA 01612 (US)

(74)Representative: Metals@Linz 
Primetals Technologies Austria GmbH Intellectual Property Upstream IP UP Turmstraße 44
4031 Linz
4031 Linz (AT)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1- 2 720 136
DE-A1- 3 636 785
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention concerns a method of operation of a rolling mill for rolling a billet,
    • wherein the billet is rolled in the rolling mill to a rod, said rod exiting the rolling mill with a finishing temperature,
    • wherein sections of the rod are cooled down in a cooling bed.


    [0002] In rolling mills of the above-mentioned type, billets are rolled to rods. Downstream of the rolling mill, shears are arranged. By means of the shears, the rolled rod is cut into sections of predetermined length. The total length of the rolled rod usually is determined by the initial length of the billet, taking into consideration the reductions in cross-section occurring in the rolling stands of the rolling mill. Additionally, sections separated by crop cuts within the rolling mill are taken into account. The accumulated length of the rod which has at a certain point of time exited the rolling mill usually is determined by the circumferential speed of rolls of the last rolling stand of the rolling mill, also taking into account the relationship between the speed of the rod exiting the last rolling stand and the circumferential speed of the rolls of the last rolling stand. For detecting the head end of the rolled rod, a hot metal detector for detecting presence of hot metal is used.

    [0003] The method of the state of the art is complicated and inexact. In the state of the art, the predetermined length is determined such that the real length of the sections of the rod after cutting off the sections is larger than the minimum length which is the lowest permitted length. The additional length reduces the productivity and efficiency of the rolling mill.

    [0004] It is an object of the present invention to provide a method of operation for a rolling mill for rolling a billet which minimises the oversize over the minimum length.

    [0005] DE 27 20 136 A1 discloses a method of operation of a rolling mill for rolling a billet to a wire. The rolling mill comprises a final or last roll stand. Downstream of the last roll stand there is arranged a rotating shears. Between the last roll stand and the rotating shears a laser measurement device is arranged. By means of the laser measurement device the real speed of the wire is detected. Further the speed of the final roll stand is detected. The difference between these two speeds is calculated and used for correcting the set speed of the rotating shears.

    [0006] DE 36 36 785 A1, which forms the basis of the preamble of claim 1, discloses a method of operation of a rolling mill for rolling a billet, wherein the billet is rolled in the rolling mill to a rod, said rod exiting the rolling mill with a finishing temperature. There are provided cutting commands to a rear shears arranged downstream of the rolling mill for cutting the rod in sections of predetermined length. The sections of the rod are cooled down in a cooling bed. The final section of the rod may have a subsection which is lower than a basic length and has to be cut away. The length of the final section may be determined by using a laser measurement device.

    [0007] The object of the present invention is achieved by a method of operation according to claim 1. Preferred embodiments of the inventive method are claimed in claims 2 to 11.

    [0008] According to the present invention, a method of operation of the above-mentioned type is augmented by
    • detecting by means of a rear laser measurement device arranged downstream of the rolling mill the head end and the speed of the rod,
    • integrating the detected speed of the rod, thereby determining an instantaneous length of the rod,
    • providing, in dependency on the determined instantaneous length of the rod, cutting commands to a rear shears arranged downstream of the rolling mill for cutting the rod in sections of predetermined length.


    [0009] According to the invention, therefore, on the one hand by means of the rear laser measurement device the real and actual speed of the rod is detected. By integrating said speed, therefore, the instantaneous length of the rod can be determined with high accuracy. The instantaneous length of the rod is the length which at a certain point of time has passed the measuring point of the laser measurement device. On the other hand, by the laser measurement device also the presence of the rod can be detected. Therefore, the head end of the rod can be detected. A hot metal detector is no longer required.

    [0010] In a preferred embodiment of the method of operation, when determining the cutting commands, a thermal shrinkage of the sections of the rod due to the difference between a finishing temperature and a normal temperature is taken into account. Therefore, an higher accuracy in the determination of the predetermined length can be achieved.

    [0011] Usually, the billet is heated in an oven arranged upstream of the rolling mill from an initial temperature to a rolling temperature. In a further preferred embodiment of the present invention,
    • by means of a laser measurement device arranged upstream of the oven, a length of the billet prior to heating in the oven is detected,
    • by means of a laser measurement device arranged downstream of the oven, a length of the billet after heating in the oven is detected,
    • by using the detected lengths of the billet prior to and after heating in the oven in combination with said initial temperature and said rolling temperature a coefficient of thermal expansion is determined, and
    • said coefficient of thermal expansion is taken into account when determining the expected thermal shrinkage of the sections of the rod.


    [0012] Due to this embodiment, the predetermined length can be calculated with a smaller tolerance. The lengths of the billet are the total lengths of the billet prior to and after heating in the oven.

    [0013] Preferably,
    • when feeding said sections of the rod to said cooling bed, by means of the rear laser measurement device actual lengths of the sections of the rod are detected,
    • after cooling said sections of the rod in said cooling bed actual lengths of the sections of the rod are detected by measurement, and
    • for subsequent billets the predetermined length is adapted in dependency on a set length, said actual lengths prior to cooling in said cooling bed and said actual lengths after cooling in said cooling bed.


    [0014] Said actual lengths of said sections of the rod after cooling in the cooling bed may be detected, for example, by a downstream laser measurement device.

    [0015] The laser measurement device may be arranged upstream of the rear shears. Preferably, however, the laser measurement device is arranged downstream of the rear shears. Due to this arrangement, the actual length of the respective sections of the rod may be detected immediately after separating said sections from the remainder of the rod very precisely. Possible errors in length may be detected instantaneously and correction may be provided for the next cutting operation.

    [0016] Preferably, when determining the cutting commands, a calculated total length of the rod is taken into account. By this, there may be for example a change to a reduced predetermined length in due time. This may be necessary if otherwise, i.e. without reducing said predetermined length, a significant remaining length of the rolled rod would remain which may not be used otherwise and therefore would have to be scrapped. The total length of the rod may be determined in a conventional manner, for example as mentioned above.

    [0017] Usually, the billet is rolled first in a front section of the rolling mill from an initial cross-section to an intermediate product which has an intermediate cross-section. Then, the intermediate product is rolled in a rear section of the rolling mill from the intermediate cross-section to a final cross-section. The final cross-section is the cross-section of the rolled rod. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention additionally it is provided,
    • that the head end and the speed of the intermediate product are detected by a front laser measurement device arranged between said front section and said rear section of the rolling mill,
    • that the detected speed of the intermediate product is integrated, thereby calculating the total length of the intermediate product, and
    • that the total length of the intermediate product is taken into account when determining the total length of the rod.


    [0018] Due to this embodiment, the total length of the rod determined by calculation can be determined very accurately.

    [0019] Usually, the intermediate product is cropped at its head end and at its tail end by means of a front shears arranged between the front section and the rear section of the rolling mill. In this case, the total length of the intermediate product preferably is the total length of the intermediate product in its cropped state.

    [0020] The front laser measurement device may be arranged upstream of the front shears. Preferably, however, the front laser measurement device is arranged downstream of the front shears. Due to this embodiment, the actual length of the cropped intermediate product can be detected very accurately.

    [0021] Preferably, cutting commands for cropping the intermediate product are triggered on the one hand by the detection of the head end of the intermediate product by the front laser measurement device and on the other hand based upon an instantaneous length of the intermediate product determined by integrating the speed of the intermediate product detected by the front laser measurement device in combination with an expected total length of the intermediate product determined by calculation. Due to this embodiment, the cropping of the head end and of the tail end of the intermediate product may be achieved very precisely. The expected total length of the intermediate product may be determined from the length of the billet taking into account the total reduction in cross-section achieved in the front section of the rolling mill.

    [0022] The features, properties and advantages of the present invention will be understood more easily by the following description of preferred embodiments which are explained in combination with the drawings. In the attached drawings:
    FIG 1
    shows a rolling mill,
    FIG 2
    shows a billet prior to rolling in cross-section,
    FIG 3
    shows a rod after rolling in cross-section, and
    FIG 4
    shows an intermediate product in cross-section.


    [0023] As shown in FIG 1, a rolling mill comprises a plurality of rolling stands 1. The rolling stands 1 may be configured, as shown in FIG 1, alternately as horizontal rolling stands and vertical rolling stands. A billet 2 shall be rolled in the rolling mill of FIG 1. A billet 2 is a rolling product prior to rolling in the rolling mill. It usually has a rectangular or circular cross-section, the width of the product and the height or thickness of the product being roughly equal. For example, a billet 2 may have, as shown in FIG 2, a width in the range between 100 and 150 mm and a height or thickness also in the range between 100 and 150 mm. The width of the product and the height or thickness of the product may be equal. This is, however, not necessarily the case.

    [0024] The billet 2 is rolled in rolling stands 1 of the rolling mill step-by-step to a rod 3. A rod 3 is a product after being rolled in the rolling mill, i.e. which has exited the last rolling stand 1 of the rolling mill. The rod 3 may have a rectangular or circular cross-section, the width of the rod 3 and the height or thickness of the rod 3 being in the same order of magnitude. For example and as shown in FIG 3, the billet 2 may be rolled to a rod 3 whose width is in the range between 8 and 30 mm and whose height also is in the range between 8 and 30 mm. The width and the height of the rolled rod 3 may be equal. This is, however, not necessarily the case.

    [0025] As shown in FIG 1, an oven 4 is arranged upstream of the rolling mill. In the oven 4, the billet 2 is heated from an initial temperature TA1 to a rolling temperature TA2. The initial temperature TA1 essentially is the ambient temperature. In most cases it is in the range between -20 °C and +50 °C. Usually it is between 0 °C and 30 °C. The rolling temperature TA2 usually is about 900 °C.

    [0026] The billet 2 is hot rolled in the rolling mill. The rolled rod 3 exits the rolling mill having a finishing temperature TE1. Downstream the rolling mill a shears 5 is arranged. The shears 5 downstream of the rolling mill is designated in the following as rear shears. The rear shears 5 may be configured as flying shears, i.e. as shears travelling together with the rod 3 during cutting the rod 3. By means of the rear shears 5 the rod 3 is divided in sections 6 of predetermined length L0. It is possible that the predetermined length L0 can adopt a single value exclusively, for example 60 m. Alternatively, it is possible that the predetermined length L0 can adopt one of several values, for example 60 m or 72 m.

    [0027] Downstream of the rear shears 5 a cooling bed 7 is arranged. The sections 6 of the rod 3 are delivered to the cooling bed 7 and cooled down there. Usually, the sections 6 are cooled down to a final temperature TE2 essentially corresponding to the ambient temperature.

    [0028] Downstream of the rolling mill a laser measurement device 8 is arranged. The laser measurement device 8 downstream of rolling mill in the following is designated as rear laser measurement device. The rear laser measurement device 8 is able to detect both the presence of the rod 3 and the actual speed v of the rod 3. Due to its ability to detect the presence of the rod 3, the rear laser measurement device 8 therefore is able to detect the head end of the rod 3 (i.e. its beginning) . The rear laser measurement device 8 provides a identification signal for detecting of the head end of the rod 3 to the control device 9. It further provides the speed v of the rod 3 to a control device 9. The control device 9 usually controls the whole rolling mill. In particular, the control device 9 determines, based upon the detected speed v of the rod 3, an instantaneous length L of the rod 3. The determined instantaneous length L of the rod 3 is the length of the rod 3 which at a certain point of time has passed the rear laser measurement device 8. In dependency on the determined length L of the rod 3 the control device 9 transmits cutting commands S to the rear shears 5. The rear shears 5, based upon the respective cutting command S, cuts the rod 3 und therefore creates a new section 6. The cutting commands S serve the purpose to cut the rod 3 into its sections 6.

    [0029] The cutting commands S are triggered by the control device 9 taking into account the distance of the rear laser measurement device 8 from the rear shears 5, a reaction time of the rear shears 5, the speed v of the rod 3 and the predetermined length L0 (or the presently selected value of the predetermined length L0, if the predetermined length L0 can adopt several possible values). They are triggered such that the sections 6 have the desired length L0.

    [0030] When deciding whether a cutting command S shall be outputted, in a preferred embodiment the control device 9 additionally takes into account an expected thermal shrinkage of the sections 6 of the rod 3. The thermal shrinkage results from the difference between the finishing temperature TE1 and a normal temperature. The normal temperature usually is in the range between 10 °C and 30 °C. In most cases it is about 20 °C.

    [0031] Preferably and as shown in FIG 1, upstream of the oven 4 there also is a laser measurement device 10. By means of this laser measurement device 10 a length l1 of the billet 2 prior to heating the billet 2 in the oven 4 is detected. Further and as also shown in FIG 1, downstream of the oven 4 there also is a laser measurement device 11. By means of the laser measurement device 11 a length l2 of the billet 2 after heating the billet 2 in the oven 4 is detected. By means of these two laser measurement devices 10, 11, there may be detected each the head end of the billet 2, the speed of the billet 2 and the tail end of the billet 2. By integrating the respective speed, therefore, the control device 9 may determine the respective length l1, l2. The control device 9 further knows the initial temperature TA1 and the rolling temperature TA2. The control device 9 may therefore, by using the detected lengths l1, l2 of the billet 2 prior to and after heating in the oven 4, in combination with the initial temperature TA1 and the rolling temperature TA2, determine a coefficient of thermal expansion for the rod 3. The control device 9 further knows the finishing temperature TE1 and the normal temperature. The control device 9 may, therefore, by using the coefficient of thermal expansion, determine the expected thermal shrinkage of the sections 6 of the rod 3.

    [0032] In order to further optimise the operation of the rolling mill, prior to cooling in the cooling bed 7 by means of the rear laser measurement device 8 actual lengths L1 of the sections 6 of the rod 3 are detected. The lengths L1 are detected while feeding the sections 6 of the rod 3 to the cooling bed 7. The rear laser measurement device 8, therefore, is preferably arranged downstream of the rear shears 5.

    [0033] Furthermore, after cooling in cooling bed 7, actual lengths L2 of the section 6 of the rod 3 are detected by measurement. For detecting the actual lengths L2, there may be provided, as shown in FIG 1, an additional laser measurement device 12. The laser measurement device 12 in the following is designated as downstream laser measurement device 12. For example, when delivering the cooled down sections 6 from the cooling bed 7, by means of the downstream laser measurement device 12 the head end, the tail end and there-between the speed of the corresponding sections 6 may be detected and provided to the control device 9. The control device 9 may then, based upon these values, determine the corresponding length L2. Consequently, the control device 9 can adapt the predetermined length L0. Adaption is done in dependency on a predetermined set length L* for the sections 6, on the actual lengths L1 of the sections 6 prior to cooling down in cooling bed 7 and of the actual lengths L2 of the sections 6 after cooling down in cooling bed 7. The adapted predetermined length L0 is used for subsequent billets 2 when cutting the rod 3 into sections 6.

    [0034] In many cases the predetermined length L0 may adopt two or three values, wherein the values are a multiple integer of a predetermined basic value. For example, the length L0 may preferably be 72 m = 6x12 m but may be shortened alternatively to 60 m = 5x12 m. The inverse procedure is equivalently possible. Further, it may be the case that the predetermined length L0 additionally may adopt an additional third value, for example 84 m = 7x12 m or 48 m = 4x12 m. If the predetermined length L0 may adopt two or three values, the control device 9 takes into account a total length of the rod 3 when determining the cutting commands S. The total length of the rod 3 is the length which is expected for the rod 3 in total. It is a valued determined by calculation. In particular, the control device 9 may based upon the determined total length of the rod 3 in combination with the possible values for the predetermined length L0 determine at which point of time a change from one of the permitted values for the predetermined length L0 to another of the permitted values for the predetermined length L0 shall be implemented.

    [0035] As mentioned initially and as shown in FIG 1, the rolling mill comprises several rolling stands 1. In many cases the rolling stands 1 are grouped to two or three groups of rolling stands 1. Subsequent groups are separated by a gap. In the respective gap, a laser measurement device 13, 14 may be provided. In the embodiment of FIG 1, there are three groups of rolling stands 1 and correspondingly two laser measurement devices 13, 14. The laser measurement devices 13, 14 are designated in the following as first and second front laser measurement devices 13, 14. This language is used in order to distinguish them from the rear laser measurement device 8.

    [0036] In the following, a preferred method of operation is explained in which the second front laser measurement device 14 is integrated in the method of operation of the rolling mill. The first laser measurement device 13 may be integrated in a similar way.

    [0037] The rolling stands 1 upstream of the second front laser measurement device 14 are designated in the following as front section of the rolling mill. The rolling stands 1 downstream of the second front laser measurement device 14 are designated in the following as rear section of the rolling mill. The billet 2 is rolled in the front section of the rolling mill from an initial cross-section - for example of the cross-section of 150 mm x 150 mm mentioned above - to an intermediate product 15. In the rear section of the rolling mill the intermediate product 15 is rolled to a final cross-section, i.e. the cross-section of the finished rod 3.

    [0038] As shown in FIG 4, the intermediate product 15 has a cross-section which is somewhere between the initial cross-section of the billet 2 and the final cross-section of the rolled rod 3. For example and as shown in FIG 4, the intermediate product may have an intermediate cross-section of 50 mm x 50 mm. It may, however, alternatively have another cross-section.

    [0039] The intermediate product 15 is above and in the following designated as intermediate product in order to use language different from the yet unrolled billet 2 and from the finished rod 3. The intermediate product 15 is, however, not a product of its own. It is just a product which for a short time and temporarily exists while the billet 2 is rolled to the finished rod 3. In particular, the intermediate product 15 after rolling in the last rolling stand 1 of the front section is fed directly and immediately - without buffering or storing - at once to the first rolling stand 1 of the rear section.

    [0040] The head end and the speed v' of the intermediate product 15 are detected by the second front laser measurement device 14 and provided to the control device 9. The control device 9 integrates the detected speed v' of the intermediate product 15 and therefore determines a total length L' of the intermediate product 15. By using the total length L' of the intermediate product 15, the control device 9 determines the expected total length L of the rod 3. In particular, the control device 9 knows the reductions in cross-section occurring in the rolling stands 1 of the rear section of the rolling mill. The control device 9, therefore, is able to determine the expected total length L of the rod 3 by taking into account the reductions in cross-section and using the total length L' of the intermediate product 15.

    [0041] Usually, in the gap between the front section and the rear section of the rolling mill, shears 16, 17 are arranged. The shears 16, 17 are designated in the following as front shears in order to distinguish them from the rear shears 5. By using the front shears 16, 17, the intermediate product 15 is cropped at its head end and its tail end. The front shears 16, 17 may be configured as flying shears. The respective front laser measurement device 13, 14 preferably is arranged downstream of the respective front shears 16, 17. The respective front laser measurement device 13, 14 therefore is able to detect the total length L' of the intermediate product 15 in its cropped state. This length is the total length L' of the intermediate product 15 used for determining the total length L of the rod 3.

    [0042] The respective front laser measurement device 13, 14 may - analogously to the rear laser measurement device 8 - be used for detecting the presence of the intermediate product 15. The beginning of the detection of the intermediate product 15, therefore, preferably triggers a cutting command for cropping the intermediate product 15. Furthermore, with high precision the instantaneous length of the intermediate product 15 - i.e. the length which at that time has passed the respective front laser measurement device 13, 14 - may be detected. In combination with the known or measured length l2 of the billet 2, therefore, with high precision there may be determined at which point of time the tail end of the intermediate product 15 will pass the respective front shears 16, 17. Consequently, by using the respective front laser measurement device 13, 14, the cropping of the tail end of the intermediate product 15 may be triggered with high precision. The corresponding cutting commands S' may be output by the control device 9 to the respective front shears 16, 17 at the appropriate points of time.

    [0043] As shown in FIG 1, additionally to the rear laser measurement device 8 a hot metal detector 18 is provided downstream of the rolling mill. The hot metal detector 18, however, is not essential to the present invention.

    [0044] In short, therefore, the present invention concerns the following subject matter:
    A billet 2 is rolled in the rolling mill to a rod 3, said rod 3 exiting the rolling mill with a finishing temperature TE1. By means of a rear laser measurement device 8 arranged downstream of the rolling mill, the head end and the speed v of the rod 3 are detected. The detected speed v of the rod 3 is integrated.

    [0045] Thereby an instantaneous length L of the rod 3 is determined. In dependency on the determined instantaneous length L of the rod 3 cutting commands S to a rear shears 5 arranged downstream of the rolling mill are provided for cutting the rod 3 in sections 6 of predetermined length L0. Said sections 6 of the rod 3 are cooled down in a cooling bed 7.

    [0046] The present invention has many advantages. Most importantly, the sections 6 of the rolled rod 3 may be cut more precisely than in the state of the art to the predetermined length L0.

    [0047] The present invention was explained above by a plurality of preferred embodiments. The present invention is, however, not restricted to these embodiments. Variations can be found easily by the person skilled in the art without deviating from the scope of the present invention which shall be defined solely by the attached claims.

    list of reference signs



    [0048] 
    1
    rolling stands
    2
    billet
    3
    rod
    4
    oven
    5
    rear shears
    6
    sections of the rod
    7
    cooling bed
    8
    rear laser measurement device
    9
    control device
    10
    laser measurement device upstream of the oven
    11
    laser measurement device downstream of the oven
    12
    downstream laser measurement device
    13, 14
    laser measurement devices
    15
    intermediate product
    16, 17
    front shears
    18
    hot metal detector
    l1, l2
    length of billet
    L0
    predetermined length
    L
    instantaneous length of the rod
    L'
    total length of the intermediate product
    L1, L2
    actual lengths of sections
    L*
    set length of sections
    S, S'
    cutting commands
    TA1
    initial temperature
    TA2
    rolling temperature
    TE1
    finishing temperature
    TE2
    final temperature
    v, v'
    speeds



    Claims

    1. Method of operation of a rolling mill for rolling a billet (2),

    - wherein the billet (2) is rolled in the rolling mill to a rod (3), said rod (3) exiting the rolling mill with a finishing temperature (TE1),

    - detecting by means of a rear laser measurement device (8) arranged downstream of the rolling mill the head end and the speed (v) of the rod (3),

    - integrating the detected speed (v) of the rod (3), thereby determining an instantaneous length (L) of the rod (3),

    - providing, in dependency on the determined instantaneous length (L) of the rod (3), cutting commands (S) to a rear shears (5) arranged downstream of the rolling mill for cutting the rod (3) in sections (6) of predetermined length (L0),

    - cooling down said sections (6) of the rod (3) in a cooling bed (7).


     
    2. Method of operation according to claim 1,
    wherein when determining the cutting commands (S), a thermal shrinkage of the sections (6) of the rod (3) due to the difference between said finishing temperature (TE1) and a normal temperature is taken into account.
     
    3. Method of operation according to claim 2,

    - wherein the billet (2) is heated in an oven (4) arranged upstream of the rolling mill from an initial temperature (TA1) to a rolling temperature (TA2),

    - wherein, by means of a laser measurement device (10) arranged upstream of the oven (4), a length (l1) of the billet (2) prior to heating in the oven (4) is detected,

    - wherein, by means of a laser measurement device (11) arranged downstream of the oven (4), a length (l2) of the billet (2) after heating in the oven (4) is detected,

    - wherein, by using the detected lengths (l1, l2) of the billet (2) prior to and after heating in the oven (4) in combination with said initial temperature (TA1) and said rolling temperature (TA2), a coefficient of thermal expansion is determined, and

    - wherein said coefficient of thermal expansion is taken into account when determining the expected thermal shrinkage of the sections (6) of the rod (3).


     
    4. Method of operation according to claims 1, 2 or 3,

    - wherein, when feeding said sections (6) of the rod (3) to said cooling bed (7), by means of the rear laser measurement device (8) actual lengths (L1) of the sections (6) of the rod (3) are detected,

    - wherein after cooling said sections (6) of the rod (3) in said cooling bed (7) actual lengths (L2) of the sections (6) of the rod (3) are detected by measurement, and

    - wherein for subsequent billets (2) the predetermined length (L0) is adapted in dependency on a set length (L*), said actual lengths (L1) prior to cooling in said cooling bed (7) and said actual lengths (L2) after cooling in said cooling bed (7).


     
    5. Method of operation according to claim 4,
    wherein said actual lengths (L2) of said sections (6) of the rod (3) after cooling in the cooling bed (7) are detected by a downstream laser measurement device (12).
     
    6. Method of operation according to claim 5,
    wherein said downstream laser measurement device (12) is arranged downstream of the rear shears (5).
     
    7. Method of operation according to any of the preceding claims, wherein, when determining the cutting commands (S), a calculated total length of the rod (3) is taken into account.
     
    8. Method of operation according to claim 7,

    - wherein the billet (2) is rolled in a front section of the rolling mill from an initial cross-section to an intermediate product (15) which has an intermediate cross-section,

    - wherein the intermediate product (15) is rolled in a rear section of the rolling mill from the intermediate cross-section to a final cross-section,

    - wherein the head end and the speed (v') of the intermediate product (15) are detected by an front laser measurement device (13, 14) arranged between said front section and said rear section of the rolling mill,

    - wherein the detected speed (v') of the intermediate product (15) is integrated, thereby calculating the total length (L') of the intermediate product (15), and

    - wherein the total length (L') of the intermediate product (15) is taken into account when determining the total length of the rod (3).


     
    9. Method of operation according to claim 8,
    wherein the intermediate product (15) is cropped at its head end and at its tail end by means of a front shears (16, 17) arranged between the front section and the rear section of the rolling mill, and wherein the total length (L') of the intermediate product (15) is the total length of the intermediate product (15) in its cropped state.
     
    10. Method of operation according to claim 9,
    wherein the front laser measurement device (13, 14) is arranged downstream of the front shears (16, 17).
     
    11. Method of operation according to claim 9 or 10,
    wherein cutting commands (S') for cropping the intermediate product (15) are triggered on the one hand by the detection of the head end of the intermediate product (15) by the front laser measurement device (13, 14) and on the other hand based upon an instantaneous length of the intermediate product (15) determined by integrating the speed (v') of the intermediate product (15) detected by the front laser measurement device (13, 14) in combination with an expected total length of the intermediate product (15) determined by calculation.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Betriebsverfahren eines Walzwerks zum Walzen eines Rohlings (2), wobei

    - der Rohling (2) im Walzwerk zu einem Stab (3) gewalzt wird und der Stab (3) das Walzwerk mit einer Endtemperatur (TE1) verlässt,

    - Detektieren mittels einer hinteren Lasermessvorrichtung (8), die stromabwärts des Walzwerks angeordnet ist, des Kopfendes und der Geschwindigkeit (v) des Stabs (3),

    - Integrieren der detektierten Geschwindigkeit (v) des Stabs (3), wodurch eine Ist-Länge (L) des Stabs (3) bestimmt wird,

    - Bereitstellen in Abhängigkeit von der bestimmten Ist-Länge (L) des Stabs (3) von Schnittanweisungen (S) zu einer hinteren Schere (5), die stromabwärts des Walzwerks angeordnet ist, um den Stab (3) in Abschnitte (6) einer vorgegebenen Länge (L0) zu schneiden, und

    - Abkühlen der Abschnitte (6) des Stabs (3) in einem Kühlbett (7) .


     
    2. Betriebsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei
    dann, wenn die Schnittanweisungen (S) bestimmt werden, eine thermische Schrumpfung der Abschnitte (6) des Stabs (3) aufgrund der Differenz zwischen der Endtemperatur (TE1) und einer Normaltemperatur berücksichtigt wird.
     
    3. Betriebsverfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei

    - der Rohling (2) in einem Ofen (4), der stromaufwärts des Walzwerks angeordnet ist, von einer Anfangstemperatur (TA1) zu einer Walztemperatur (TA2) erhitzt wird,

    - mittels einer Lasermessvorrichtung (10), die stromaufwärts des Ofens (4) angeordnet ist, eine Länge (11) des Rohlings (2) vor dem Erhitzen im Ofen (4) detektiert wird,

    - mittels einer Lasermessvorrichtung (11), die stromabwärts des Ofens (4) angeordnet ist, eine Länge (12) des Rohlings (2) nach dem Erhitzen im Ofen (4) detektiert wird,

    - unter Verwendung der detektierten Längen (11, 12) des Rohlings (2) vor und nach dem Erhitzen im Ofen (4) in Kombination mit der Anfangstemperatur (TA1) und der Walztemperatur (TA2) ein Wärmeausdehnungskoeffizient bestimmt wird und

    - der Wärmeausdehnungskoeffizient berücksichtigt wird, wenn die erwartete thermische Schrumpfung der Abschnitte (6) des Stabs (3) bestimmt wird.


     
    4. Betriebsverfahren nach den Ansprüchen 1, 2 oder 3, wobei

    - dann, wenn die Abschnitte (6) des Stabs (3) dem Kühlbett (7) zugeführt werden, mittels der hinteren Lasermessvorrichtung (8) Ist-Längen (L1) der Abschnitte (6) des Stabs (3) detektiert werden,

    - nach dem Kühlen der Abschnitte (6) des Stabs (3) im Kühlbett (7) Ist-Längen (L2) der Abschnitte (6) des Stabs (3) durch Messung detektiert werden und

    - für nachfolgende Rohlinge (2) die vorgegebene Länge (L0) abhängig von einer Soll-Länge (L*), den Ist-Längen (L1) vor dem Kühlen im Kühlbett (7) und den Ist-Längen (L2) nach dem Kühlen im Kühlbett (7) angepasst wird.


     
    5. Betriebsverfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei
    die Ist-Längen (L2) der Abschnitte (6) des Stabs (3) nach dem Kühlen im Kühlbett (7) durch eine stromabwärts angeordnete Lasermessvorrichtung (12) detektiert werden.
     
    6. Betriebsverfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei
    die stromabwärts angeordnete Lasermessvorrichtung (12) stromabwärts der hinteren Schere (5) angeordnet ist.
     
    7. Betriebsverfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei dann, wenn die Schnittanweisungen (S) bestimmt werden, eine berechnete Gesamtlänge des Stabs (3) berücksichtigt wird.
     
    8. Betriebsverfahren nach Anspruch 7, wobei

    - der Rohling (2) in einem vorderen Abschnitt des Walzwerks von einem anfänglichen Querschnitt zu einem Zwischenprodukt (15), das einen Zwischenquerschnitt besitzt, gewalzt wird,

    - das Zwischenprodukt (15) in einem hinteren Abschnitt des Walzwerks vom Zwischenquerschnitt zu einem endgültigen Querschnitt gewalzt wird,

    - das Kopfende und die Geschwindigkeit (v') des Zwischenprodukts (15) durch eine vordere Lasermessvorrichtung (13, 14), die zwischen dem vorderen Abschnitt und dem hinteren Abschnitt des Walzwerks angeordnet ist, detektiert werden,

    - die detektierte Geschwindigkeit (v') des Zwischenprodukts (15) integriert wird, wodurch die Gesamtlänge (L') des Zwischenprodukts (15) berechnet wird, und

    - die Gesamtlänge (L') des Zwischenprodukts (15) berücksichtigt wird, wenn die Gesamtlänge des Stabs (3) bestimmt wird.


     
    9. Betriebsverfahren nach Anspruch 8, wobei
    das Zwischenprodukt (15) bei seinem Kopfende und seinem rückwärtigen Ende mittels einer vorderen Schere (16, 17), die zwischen dem vorderen Abschnitt und dem hinteren Abschnitt des Walzwerks angeordnet ist, zugeschnitten wird, und wobei die Gesamtlänge (L') des Zwischenprodukts (15) die Gesamtlänge des Zwischenprodukts (15) in seinem zugeschnittenen Zustand ist.
     
    10. Betriebsverfahren nach Anspruch 9, wobei
    die vordere Lasermessvorrichtung (13, 14) stromabwärts der vorderen Schere (16, 17) angeordnet ist.
     
    11. Betriebsverfahren nach Anspruch 9 oder 10, wobei
    die Schnittanweisungen (S') zum Zuschneiden des Zwischenprodukts (15) einerseits durch die Detektion des Kopfendes des Zwischenprodukts (15) durch die vordere Lasermessvorrichtung (13, 14) und andererseits auf der Grundlage einer Ist-Länge des Zwischenprodukts (15), die durch Integrieren der Geschwindigkeit (v') des Zwischenprodukts (15), die durch die vordere Lasermessvorrichtung (13, 14) detektiert wird, bestimmt wird, in Kombination mit einer erwarteten Gesamtlänge des Zwischenprodukts (15), die durch Berechnung bestimmt wird, ausgelöst werden.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de fonctionnement d'un laminoir pour laminer une billette (2),

    - dans lequel la billette (2) est laminée dans le laminoir sous forme de tige (3), ladite tige (3) sortant du laminoir à une température de finition (TE1),

    - l'extrémité de tête et la vitesse (v) de la tige (3) étant détectées au moyen d'un dispositif de mesure à laser arrière (8) agencé en aval du laminoir,

    - la vitesse (v) détectée de la tige (3) étant intégrée, déterminant ainsi une longueur instantanée (L) de la tige (3),

    - des instructions de découpe (S) étant fournies, en fonction de la longueur instantanée (L) déterminée de la tige (3), à une cisaille arrière (5) agencée en aval du laminoir pour couper la tige (3) en sections (6) de longueur prédéterminée (L0),

    - lesdites sections (6) de la tige (3) étant refroidies sur un lit de refroidissement (7).


     
    2. Procédé de fonctionnement selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel, lors de la détermination des instructions de découpe (S), un retrait thermique des sections (6) de la tige (3) lié à l'écart entre ladite température de finition (TE1) et une température normale est pris en compte.
     
    3. Procédé de fonctionnement selon la revendication 2,

    - dans lequel la billette (2) est chauffée, dans un four (4) agencé en amont du laminoir, d'une température initiale (TA1) à une température de laminage (TA2),

    - dans lequel une longueur (11) de la billette (2) avant chauffage dans le four (4) est détectée au moyen d'un dispositif de mesure à laser (10) agencé en amont du four (4),

    - dans lequel une longueur (12) de la billette (2) après chauffage dans le four (4) est détectée au moyen d'un dispositif de mesure à laser (11) agencé en aval du four (4),

    - dans lequel un coefficient d'expansion thermique est déterminé à l'aide des longueurs détectées (11, 12) de la billette (2) avant et après chauffage dans le four (4), en combinaison avec ladite température initiale (TA1) et avec ladite température de laminage (TA2), et

    - dans lequel ledit coefficient d'expansion thermique est pris en compte lors de la détermination du retrait thermique attendu des sections (6) de la tige (3).


     
    4. Procédé de fonctionnement selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3,

    - dans lequel les longueurs réelles (L1) des sections (6) de la tige (3) sont détectées au moyen du dispositif de mesure à laser arrière (8) lors de l'introduction desdites sections (6) de la tige (3) sur ledit lit de refroidissement (7),

    - dans lequel les longueurs réelles (L2) des sections (6) de la tige (3) sont détectées par mesure après refroidissement desdites sections (6) de la tige (3) sur ledit lit de refroidissement (7),

    - dans lequel, pour les billettes (2) suivantes, la longueur prédéterminée (L0) est adaptée en fonction d'une longueur définie (L*), desdites longueurs réelles (L1) avant refroidissement sur ledit lit de refroidissement (7) et desdites longueurs réelles (L2) après refroidissement sur ledit lit de refroidissement (7).


     
    5. Procédé de fonctionnement selon la revendication 4,
    dans lequel lesdites longueurs réelles (L2) desdites sections (6) de la tige (3) après refroidissement sur le lit de refroidissement (7) sont détectées par un dispositif de mesure à laser aval (12).
     
    6. Procédé de fonctionnement selon la revendication 5,
    dans lequel ledit dispositif de mesure à laser aval (12) est agencé en aval de la cisaille arrière (5).
     
    7. Procédé de fonctionnement selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel, lors de la détermination des instructions de découpe (S), une longueur totale calculée de la tige (3) est prise en compte.
     
    8. Procédé de fonctionnement selon la revendication 7,

    - dans lequel la billette (2) est laminée dans une section avant du laminoir, d'une section transversale initiale à un produit intermédiaire (15) présentant une section transversale intermédiaire,

    - dans lequel le produit intermédiaire (15) est laminé dans une section arrière du laminoir, de la section transversale intermédiaire à une section transversale finale,

    - dans lequel l'extrémité de tête et la vitesse (v') du produit intermédiaire (15) sont détectées par un dispositif de mesure à laser avant (13, 14) agencé entre ladite section avant et ladite section arrière du laminoir,

    - dans lequel la vitesse détectée (v') du produit intermédiaire (15) est intégrée, calculant ainsi la longueur totale (L') du produit intermédiaire (15), et

    - dans lequel la longueur totale (L') du produit intermédiaire (15) est prise en compte lors de la détermination de la longueur totale de la tige (3).


     
    9. Procédé de fonctionnement selon la revendication 8,
    dans lequel le produit intermédiaire (15) est raccourci à son extrémité de tête et à son extrémité arrière au moyen d'une cisaille avant (16, 17) agencée entre la section avant et la section arrière du laminoir, et dans lequel la longueur totale (L') du produit intermédiaire (15) est la longueur totale du produit intermédiaire (15) à l'état raccourci.
     
    10. Procédé de fonctionnement selon la revendication 9,
    dans lequel le dispositif de mesure à laser avant (13, 14) est agencé en aval de la cisaille avant (16, 17).
     
    11. Procédé de fonctionnement selon la revendication 9 ou 10,
    dans lequel les instructions de découpe (S') pour raccourcir le produit intermédiaire (15) sont déclenchées d'une part par la détection de l'extrémité de tête du produit intermédiaire (15) par le dispositif de mesure à laser avant (13, 14) et d'autre part main sur la base d'une longueur instantanée du produit intermédiaire (15) déterminée en intégrant la vitesse (v') du produit intermédiaire (15) détectée par le dispositif de mesure à laser avant (13, 14), en combinaison avec une longueur totale attendue du produit intermédiaire (15) déterminée par calcul.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description