(19)
(11)EP 3 268 593 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 16765507.5

(22)Date of filing:  11.03.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F02B 33/38  (2006.01)
F02D 23/00  (2006.01)
F16H 3/66  (2006.01)
F02B 39/04  (2006.01)
F02B 39/10  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2016/022121
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/149123 (22.09.2016 Gazette  2016/38)

(54)

PACKAGED ELECTRICAL ASSIST ASSEMBLY FOR SUPERCHARGED POWER PLANT

VERPACKTE ELEKTRISCHE HILFSANORDNUNG FÜR EINE AUFGELADENE KRAFTANLAGE

ENSEMBLE D'ASSISTANCE ÉLECTRIQUE CONDITIONNÉ POUR GROUPE MOTOPROPULSEUR SURALIMENTÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.03.2015 US 201562133038 P
21.12.2015 US 201562270336 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.01.2018 Bulletin 2018/03

(73)Proprietor: Eaton Corporation
Cleveland, OH 44122 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • McCLELLAN, Sara Rose
    Kalamazoo, Michigan 49001 (US)
  • SCHROCK, David James
    Marshall, Michigan 49068 (US)
  • SMITH, Brian Thompson
    Royal Oak, Michigan 48067 (US)
  • TSOURAPAS, Vasilios
    Northville, Michigan 48168 (US)

(74)Representative: Schwan Schorer & Partner mbB 
Patentanwälte Bauerstrasse 22
80796 München
80796 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2014/165233
GB-A- 2 390 871
US-A1- 2004 237 949
US-A1- 2010 071 673
US-A1- 2011 131 983
WO-A1-2014/165233
JP-A- 2010 500 506
US-A1- 2007 137 626
US-A1- 2010 155 157
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present teachings generally include electrically assisted variable speed systems for use in conjunction with a power plant and a super charger that provides increased air pressure to the power plant.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Energy efficient engines of reduced size are desirable for fuel economy and cost reduction. Smaller engines provide less torque than larger engines. To increase the torque capacity available from smaller engines, boosting systems have been developed for boosting the air pressure at the engine intake to increase the torque available from the engine. Conventional boosting systems can include superchargers.

    [0003] US 2007/137626 A1 relates to a packaged boost system for a power plant according to the preamble of claim 1. WO 2014/165233 A1 relates to a supercharger system, wherein the sun gear is coupled to a shaft which is coupled via a semi-flexible coupling member to the input shaft of the rotor of the supercharger.

    SUMMARY



    [0004] The invention relates to a packaged boost system for a power plant as defined in claim 1.

    [0005] A variety of additional aspects will be set forth in the description that follows. The aspects can relate to individual features and to combinations of features. It is to be understood that both the forgoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory only and are not restrictive of the broad inventive concepts upon which the examples disclosed herein are based.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0006] 

    Figure 1 is an example of a schematic system layout of a hybrid boosting system including a supercharger and a packaged electrical assist assembly incorporated into an air intake system of an engine, which example is not part of the invention.

    Figure 2 is a schematic front end view of the hybrid boost system presented in Figure 1.

    Figure 3 is a schematic system layout of a second example of a hybrid boosting system including a supercharger and a packaged electrical assist assembly incorporated into an air intake system of an engine, which example is not part of the invention.

    Figure 4 is a schematic system layout of a third example of a hybrid boost assembly incorporated into an air intake system of an engine, which example is not part of the invention.

    Figure 5 is a schematic front end view of the hybrid boost assembly presented in Figure 4.

    Figure 6 is a schematic system layout of a fourth example of a hybrid boost assembly incorporated into an air intake system of an engine, which example is not part of the invention.

    Figure 7 is a schematic front end view of the hybrid boost assembly presented in Figure 6.

    Figure 8 is a schematic system layout of an embodiment of a hybrid boost system including a packaged boost assembly in accordance with the principles of the present invention incorporated into an air intake system of an engine.

    Figure 9 is a perspective view of a structural arrangement of the packaged boost assembly shown in Figure 8.

    Figure 10 is a side view of the packaged boost assembly shown in Figure 9.

    Figure 11 is a cross-sectional view of the packaged boost assembly shown in Figure 9, taken along the line 11-11 in Figure 10.

    Figure 12 is a cross-sectional view of the packaged boost assembly shown in Figure 9, taken along the line 12-12 in Figure 10.

    Figure 13 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the brake portion of the packaged boost assembly view of Figure 11.

    Figure 14 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the power transmission portion of the packaged boost assembly view of Figure 11.

    Figure 14A is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the power transmission portion of the packaged boost assembly view of Figure 11, but with an alternate pulley arrangement shown.

    Figure 15 is a perspective view of a ring gear unit of the packaged boost system shown in Figure 9.

    Figure 16 is a perspective view of a carrier unit of the packaged boost system shown in Figure 9.

    Figure 17 is a system layout showing an example system in accordance with the principles of the present disclosure incorporated in which any of the hybrid boost assembly configurations shown in Figures 1-16 may be utilized.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0007] Various embodiments and examples will be described in detail with reference to the drawings, wherein like reference numerals represent like parts and assemblies throughout the several views.

    General System Description



    [0008] With reference to Figure 17, an example boosting system 100 is illustrated. The boosting system 100 is configured to increase the boost pressure provided to an engine 102. In certain examples, the engine 102 can include a gasoline engine having an intake manifold 104 and a throttle 106. The boosting system 100 is also depicted including a supercharger 108. The supercharger 108 is positioned along an air intake of the engine 102. The supercharger 108 is powered by a hybrid drive system 120. The hybrid drive system 120 is configured to use torque mechanically transferred from the engine 102 (e.g., from the engine crankshaft) to drive the supercharger 108, and is also configured to use torque generated from an electric motor/generator 122 having an output shaft 123 to provide torque to the supercharger 108. The electric motor/generator 122 can be powered by a battery 124 when functioning as an electric motor, and can be used to charge the battery 124 when functioning as a generator 122. In certain examples, the electric motor/generator 122 can interface with an electronic controller that controls operation of the electric motor/generator 122 in both the generating state and in the motoring state. The hybrid drive system 120 can further include a gear set such as a planetary gear set 126 that allows torque to be transferred between the supercharger 108, the electric motor/generator 122 and the crankshaft of the engine 102. In certain examples, a clutch 128 can be provided for selectively coupling the planetary gear set to the engine and for decoupling the planetary gear set from the engine.

    [0009] Referring still to Figure 17, the boosting system 100 can include an intercooler 130 for cooling the intake air provided to the intake manifold 104. The boosting system 100 also includes a bypass line 134 that bypasses the supercharger 108. Flow through the bypass line 134 is controlled by a valve 136 that can open flow, close flow or proportion flow. In the depicted example, the throttle 106 is positioned between the supercharger 108 and the engine 102 such that the throttle 106 is positioned downstream from the supercharger 108. In other examples, the throttle can be positioned upstream from the supercharger 108.

    [0010] In certain examples, the hybrid drive system 120 can be configured to provide the boosting system with various functions and can be operated in various modes. In certain examples, the hybrid drive system 120 can be provided with a brake 167 for applying a braking force to the rotors of the supercharger 108 such that the rotors of the supercharger 108 are prevented from rotating. In such an example, with the supercharger brake open, the electric motor/generator 122 can be operated to vary the speed of the supercharger 108 to control and vary the boost rate based on the operating condition of the engine. This mode can be referred to as a variable speed boost mode. In this mode, torque from the electric motor/generator 122 can be used to boost the speed of the supercharger to a rate that is higher than can be achieved mechanically via torque from the engine crankshaft. In this mode, the electric motor/generator 122 can be operated as a generator and used to slow the speed of the supercharger to a speed slower than what would be provided mechanically via the gear ratio between the crankshaft and the supercharger input shaft. In this case, excess charge air is reduced and the battery can be recharged. In an engine start/stop mode, the supercharger brake can be locked and the electric motor 122 can provide torque to the engine for starting. With the supercharger brake locked, the system can be operated in a brake regeneration mode in which the electric motor/generator 122 is operated as a generator and is used to recover energy associated with braking (i.e., torque from the crankshaft is transferred to the motor/generator thereby slowing the engine during braking). With the supercharger brake locked, the boosting system can be operated in a torque assist mode in which the electric motor 122 is operated as a motor and is used to provide supplemental torque to the engine. With the supercharger brake locked, the hybrid drive system 120 can also be operated in an alternator mode in which the electric motor/generator functions as a generator and uses torque from the engine to charge the battery. It will be appreciated that further details relating to example hybrid drive systems that can be incorporated into the present boosting system are disclosed in United States Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 11/776,834; United States Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 61/776,837; PCT Application No. PCT/US2013/003094; and PCT

    Example Configurations



    [0011] Figures 1-7 illustrate example configurations of the hybrid drive system 120, which do not form part of the invention. For each of the disclosed systems, the electric motor 122, supercharger 108, and brake 167 can be placed in the previously described operational modes to increase engine performance. Those modes are the variable speed mode, the engine start/stop mode, the brake regeneration mode, the torque assist mode, and the alternator mode.

    [0012] Each of the example configurations includes the supercharger 108. The supercharger 108 includes intermeshed rotors 150 positioned within a supercharger housing 152. Timing gears can be provided for transferring torque between the rotors 150 and for ensuring that the rotors 150 rotate at the same speed. An input shaft 154 can supply torque to one of the rotors 150. In certain examples, the supercharger 108 can be a Roots-type supercharger that has a fixed air displacement for each rotation of the rotors 150. An example supercharger with Roots-type rotors is disclosed at United States Patent No. 7,488,164 that is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety.

    [0013] As shown, each of the configurations also includes the planetary gear set 126 which includes a sun gear 156, a carrier 158 that carries planetary gears 160 that surround and intermesh mesh with the sun gear 156, and a ring gear 162 that surrounds and intermeshes with the planetary gears 160. The ring gear 162, the carrier 158 and the sun gear 156 all can rotate about a common axis of rotation 165. Each of the disclosed hybrid drive systems 120 further includes the brake 167 (e.g. a clutch style brake) for selectively braking at least one of the rotor shafts (e.g., the input shaft 154), as explained further herein.

    [0014] In the specific example shown at Figures 1-2, a portion of the hybrid drive system 120 is configured as a packaged electrical assist assembly 121 which interfaces with an independent supercharger 108 and the engine 102. In such an example, the electric motor/generator 122 is shown integrated with the ring gear 162, wherein the drive shaft 123 (e.g., a rotation member) of the electric motor/generator 122 is coupled directly to the ring gear 162 and is rotatable about the common axis 165 with the ring gear 162. The hybrid drive system 120 also includes a belt 168 that transfers torque from a pulley 170 coupled to the crankshaft 171 of the engine 102 (e.g., either directly or via clutch 128 through the front end accessory drive) to a pulley 172 coaxially aligned with the axis of rotation 165. The pulley 172 is coupled to and rotates in unison with the carrier 158 about the axis 165.

    [0015] The sun gear 156 is coupled to a drive shaft 155 which is in turn coupled to a pulley 174 and the brake 167. The pulley 174 is coupled to a belt 178 that transfers torque from the pulley 174 to the supercharger input shaft 154 via a pulley 176 mounted to the input shaft 154. As configured, the rotors 150 of the supercharger 108 are prevented from rotating when the brake 167 is activated. When the brake 167 is activated, the shaft 154 is prevented from rotating by the brake 167 such that pulley 174, belt 178, pulley 176, and sun gear 156 are also prevented from rotating. As the pulley 176 is coupled to the input shaft 154 of the supercharger, the supercharger rotors 150 are prevented from rotating when pulley 176 is prevented from rotating. When the brake 167 is activated, the electric motor 122 is able to transfer torque directly to the engine 102, and vice-versa, via pulleys 170, 172 and belt 168.

    [0016] In the example shown, the electric motor 122, planetary gear set 126, brake 167, and pulleys 172, 174 form the single packaged electrical assist assembly 121, and can thus be used in conjunction with various supercharger 108 and engine 102 configurations. By providing these components of the hybrid drive system 120 together, a smaller overall form factor can result such that the system can be installed in compartments with relatively low available installation volume. As such, existing power plant designs can be adapted with minimal design changes to accept the assembly 121 in forming the hybrid drive system 120. The assembly 121 can also be used in retrofit applications, wherein the hybrid drive system 120 is formed by adding the assembly 121 to an existing engine 121 and by providing a separate supercharger 108, if not already provided.

    [0017] By braking at least one of the rotor shafts, the sun gear is also braked. In one example, the brake 167 can be configured to ground at least one of the rotor shafts to the supercharger housing 152. In one example, the brake 167 can be configured to ground the rotor shaft to an end portion of the supercharger housing that defines an inlet of the supercharger and encloses the brake. In the depicted example, the brake 167 is positioned at an end of the supercharger housing 152 that is opposite from the end of the supercharger housing at which the planetary gear set, the timing gears and the electric motor/generator are mounted.

    [0018] A second example of the hybrid drive system 120 is shown at Figure 3. As many of the concepts and features are similar to the first example shown in Figures 1-2, the description for the previous example is hereby incorporated by reference for the second example. Where like or similar features or elements are shown, the same reference numbers will be used where possible. The following description for the second example will be limited primarily to the differences between this example and previously described example. The example shown in Figure 3 is different from the example shown in Figure 1 in that the brake 167 is positioned at an end of the supercharger housing 152 that is opposite from the end of the supercharger housing at which the pulley 176 is mounted. Thus, the supercharger rotors 150 can be braked directly rather than via shaft 155, pulleys 174, 176, and belt 178 in this example. In this example, the electric motor 122, planetary gear set 126, and pulleys 172, 174 form the single packaged electrical assist assembly 121.

    [0019] A third example of the hybrid drive system 120 is shown at Figures 4-5. As many of the concepts and features are similar to the previous examples shown in Figures 1-3, the description for the previous examples are hereby incorporated by reference for the third example. Where like or similar features or elements are shown, the same reference numbers will be used where possible. The following description for the third example will be limited primarily to the differences between this example and previously described examples. The third example is different from the previous examples in that the planetary gear set 126 is mounted to the supercharger 108 such that the supercharger output shaft 154 is connected to the sun gear 156, the carrier 158 is connected to the engine 102 via pulleys 170, 172 and belt 168, and the ring gear 162 is connected to the electric motor output shaft 123 via pulleys 174, 176 and belt 178. It is noted that the ring gear can be configured with an integral pulley. Similar to the second example, the example shown in Figures 4-5 also includes the brake 167 mounted to the supercharger 108. Although many of the major components of the hybrid drive system 120 are located on the supercharger 108, this third example does have the advantage of reduced form factor as a result of the electric motor 122 being independent and separately mounted from the supercharger 108. As the motor 122 and supercharger 108 are connected through drive belt 178, each of the motor 122 and supercharger 108 can be mounted to the engine 102 or within the engine compartment in a manner that is most space efficient.

    [0020] A fourth example of the hybrid drive system 120 is shown at Figures 6-7. As many of the concepts and features are similar to the previous examples shown in Figures 1-5, the description for the previous examples are hereby incorporated by reference for the third example. Where like or similar features or elements are shown, the same reference numbers will be used where possible. The following description for the fourth example will be limited primarily to the differences between this example and previously described examples. The fourth example is similar to the third example with the exception that an idler gear 172 is placed between the ring gear 162 of the planetary gear set 126 and the electric motor 122. As with the third example, this fourth example does have the advantage of reduced form factor as a result of the electric motor 122 being independent and separately mounted from the supercharger 108. As the motor 122 and supercharger 108 are connected through drive belt 178, each of the motor 122 and supercharger 108 can be mounted to the engine 102 or within the engine compartment in a manner that is most space efficient.

    [0021] An embodiment of the hybrid drive system 120, which forms part of the invention, is shown at Figures 8-12, wherein the system 120 includes a packaged boost assembly 121 composed of the supercharger 108, the brake 167, planetary gear set 126 and pulleys 172, 174 combined into a single package. A schematic representation of the system 120 and assembly 121 is presented at Figure 8 while Figures 9-12 show an example of a structural arrangement of the packaged boost assembly 121.

    [0022] As many of the concepts and features are similar to the previous examples shown in Figures 1-7, the description for the previous examples are hereby incorporated by reference for the embodiment. Where like or similar features or elements are shown, the same reference numbers will be used where possible. The following description for the embodiment will be limited primarily to the differences between this embodiment and previously described examples.

    [0023] The embodiment is operationally similar to the example shown at Figure 4, but with the brake 167 moved to a location that is between the supercharger 108 and the planetary gear set 126. The planet gear set 126 is arranged such that the ring gear 162 remains coupled to the pulley 174, the carrier 162 is coupled to the pulley 172 and the sun gear 156 is coupled to a drive member associated with the supercharger 108 and the brake 167. However, the embodiment differs in that the relative positions of the pulleys 172, 174 are reversed.

    [0024] With reference to Figures 9-12, a structural arrangement of the packaged boost assembly 121 is presented. As shown at Figure 9, the packaged boost assembly 121 includes a supercharger section 108 including a supercharger housing 202, a brake section 169 including a brake housing 204, and a power transmission section 127 including a transmission housing 206. As shown, the brake housing 204 is bolted to the supercharger housing 202 via a plurality of fasteners 208 and is additionally bolted to the transmission housing 206 via a plurality of fasteners 210. Fasteners 208, 210 can be any type of suitable mechanical fastener, for example, screws that engage with threaded apertures within the housings 202, 204, and/or 208 or bolts and nuts. Although the supercharger housing 202, brake housing 204, and transmission housing 206 are shown as being separate housings, other arrangements exists. For example, the brake housing 204 could be integrated into the supercharger housing 202 or the transmission housing 206. The supercharger housing 202, brake housing 204, and transmission housing 206 could also be defined within a single housing structure as well. One benefit to providing separate housings 202, 204, 206 is that various combinations of superchargers 108, brake sections 169, and transmission sections 127 can be assembled to meet a particular application without requiring the build-up of a customized or specific arrangement that might be required where a single housing for the entire assembly 121 is provided.

    [0025] With continued reference to Figure 9, it can be seen that the pulleys 172, 174 are arranged immediately adjacent to each other at one end of the transmission housing 2-206. This arrangement is enabled by the specific configuration of the transmission section 167 and results in a compact structure of the packaged boost assembly 121 with a significantly reduced footprint.

    [0026] Referring to Figure 10, it can be seen that the supercharger section 108 includes a pair of rotors 150 housed within a rotor cavity 212 of the supercharger housing 202, wherein one of the rotors 150 is supported by a shaft 153 while the other of the rotors 150 is supported by a shaft 154. Each of the shafts 153, 154 can be supported by bushings 180 and bearings 182. Timing gears 184 may also be provided on the shafts 153, 154 to ensure appropriate timing between the rotors 150. The supercharger housing 202 and the brake housing 204, as configured, define a gear chamber 214 within which the bearings 182 and timing gears 184 can be housed and lubricated. Seals 186 may be provided to ensure working fluid passing through the rotor chamber 214 does not enter into the gear chamber 212 and to ensure that lubricant within the gear chamber 212 does not pass into the rotor cavity 214.

    [0027] With continued reference to Figure 10, the brake section 167 includes a shaft 216 that extends into the gear chamber 214. The shaft 216 is mechanically coupled to the rotor shaft 154. Many suitable means exist for coupling the shafts 216, 154 together. In the example shown, the shafts 216, 154 are coupled together via a mounted flange member 218 and a pin 220 that extends through the flange member 218 and the timing gear 184 associated with shaft 154. In an alternative arrangement, the shafts 154 and 216 can be configured as a single shaft extending through the supercharger housing 202 and the brake housing 204.

    [0028] Referring to Figure 11, an enlarged view of the brake section 167 is shown. In addition to forming a portion of the gear chamber 214, the brake housing 204 also forms a brake chamber 222 in combination with a brake end plate 226 that is positioned between the brake and transmission housings 204, 206. The brake shaft 216 extends from the gear chamber 214, through the brake chamber 222, and into a gear chamber 228 of the transmission housing and is supported by a pair of bearings 230. Seals 232 may be provided to isolate the brake chamber 222 from the gear chambers 214, 228.

    [0029] In one aspect, the brake shaft 216 is provided with a step 216a against which a brake rotor subassembly 234 can be mounted to the shaft 216. The interface between the brake rotor 234 and the shaft 216 can be any interface which prevents relative rotation of the two components such that a braking force can be transmitted from the rotor 234 to the shaft 216. One suitable example is a splined connection in which the rotor 234 can slide along the length of the shaft 216 but is prevented from rotating relative to the shaft 216.

    [0030] In the example shown, the brake section 167 additionally includes a brake coil 236 that is spaced away from a surface of the brake rotor subassembly 234. Taken together, the brake coil 236 and rotor 234 form an electromagnetic brake assembly. This type of brake assembly can be utilized in any of the disclosed embodiments herein. Similarly, other types of brake mechanisms 167 can be utilized for each of the disclosed embodiments for example, clutch-type brakes, pneumatic brakes, and hydraulic brakes. The brake coil 236 is mounted to the brake end plate 226 via fasteners 238 such that the coil 236 is held in a fixed position within the brake chamber 222. When the brake coil 236 is energized, a braking force is imparted onto the brake rotor subassembly 234. As the brake rotor subassembly 234 is mounted to the shaft 216, this braking force is transmitted to the shaft 216. To maintain the desired spacing between the brake rotor 234 and the coil 236, a spring shim 239 may be provided that exerts a force onto the bearing 230 which in turn pushes the rotor 234 towards the brake coil 236 and against the step 216a. A shim 240 may be provided between the step 216a and the rotor 234 to ensure proper relative positioning of the rotor 234 relative to the coil 236. In the example shown, the brake housing 204 is provided with a site window 268 that allows for the measurement and verification of the assembled and desired air gap between the rotor 234 and coil 236.

    [0031] Referring to Figure 12, it can be seen that the brake shaft 216 extends into the transmission housing 206 where the planetary gear set 126 resides. The sun gear 156 is attached to an end of the brake shaft 216 via a snap ring 242. Located about the sun gear is a carrier shaft 157 which retains the planetary gears 158a that orbit about the sun gear 156. In the example shown, the planetary gears 158 are provided as a plurality of gears 158a, each of which is supported by an axle 158b with needles 158c therebetween. The axles 158b are secured to the carrier shaft 157. Referring to Figure 16, it can be seen that the carrier 158 includes a carrier head 159 integrally formed with the carrier shaft 157. The carrier head 159 includes aperture pairs 159a for receiving the planet gear axles 158b and apertures 159b through which the planet gears 158a extend to contact the teeth of the ring gear 162a and the teeth of the sun gear 156. In one example, oil orifices are cross-drilled in the planet axles to provide lubrication to the planet needle bearings. In some examples, ball bearings may alternatively be utilized. In the embodiment shown, three planet gears 158 are provided, however, other numbers of gears may be used, for example, four, five, or six gears.

    [0032] At the other end of the carrier shaft 157, the pulley 172 is attached via a hub 244 and fasteners 246. The carrier shaft 157 is supported by a pair of bearings 248 which are in turn supported by a hollow ring gear shaft 162. Accordingly, the carrier shaft 157 is rotatable within the ring gear shaft 162.

    [0033] The ring gear shaft 162 is provided with an integral ring gear 162a at one end and is secured to the pulley 174 at an opposite end via hub 250 and fasteners 252. Referring to Figure 15, it can be seen that the ring gear shaft 162 defines a hollow interior 162d and includes an enlarged head portion 162b to accommodate the ring gear 162a which has a larger internal diameter than the main portion 162c of the shaft 162. Notably, the ring gear shaft 162 and a portion of the pulley 174 extend within the interior space defined by the pulley 172. This construction allows for the pulleys 172, 174 to be located in close proximity to each other, thus resulting in a lower total axial length of the boost assembly 121. The ring gear shaft 162 is supported by a pair of bearings 254 which are in turn supported by the transmission housing 206 to allow the ring gear shaft 162 to be rotatable with respect to the housing 206. In the embodiment shown, the bearings 248, 254 are ball bearings, but other bearing types may be used.

    [0034] The transmission part 127 can include additional components, such as seals 256 and 258 which close off the chamber 228 from the open front end of the housing 206 by creating a seal against the rotating shafts 158, 162. Retainer 260 and snap ring 262 may be respectively provided to hold the seals 256, 260 in the proper position and to protect the seals from the hubs 244, 250. The seals 256, 260 are also configured to allow for bi-directional relative rotation of the shafts 157, 162. Springs 264, 266 may also be provided to retain the bearings 254 and 248 in the desired position against shoulders provided in the respective shafts. A snap ring 268 may also be provided to hold bearing 230 in position on the shaft 216. In the example shown, the interior 228 of the transmission housing 206 may be filled with a lubricant and permanently sealed, wherein the lubricant is for lubricating the planet gear assembly 126 and bearings 248, 254. In alternative designs, lubricant can be circulated through the transmission housing interior 228.

    [0035] The configuration of the packaged boost assembly 121 provides additional advantages. For example, each of the pulleys 172, 174 can be easily removed and replaced with different sized pulleys, thereby allowing the packaged boost assembly 121 to be readily reconfigured for different drive ratios. This is illustrated at Figure 14 where different diameter pulleys 172, 174 are provided and at Figure 14A where same diameter pulleys 172, 174 are provided. Additionally, because the brake 167 is positioned upstream of the supercharger 108 in a bolt-on fashion, the supercharger 108 can also be easily replaced with a different unit having a different displacement or design while retaining the existing transmission assembly 127. Furthermore, the generally axisymmetric design of the packaged boost assembly 121 allows for the unit to be installed at any rotation angle about the shafts without the gears being starved for lubrication while dynamic stresses due to shifts of the Center of Mass of the unit are minimized. Yet another benefit of the disclosed configuration is the compact nature of the unit in both the axial direction and in the radial dimension resulting in a smaller unit diameter, which allows for the unit to be mounted closer to the engine. The mounting location of the unit is thus not dependent upon needing to package a large integrated unit. The unit can also be remote mounted relative to the electric motor. The design can also be adapted to existing alternator or motor generator technology as there is no need for a custom or high speed motor to assist the boost assembly. The assembly 121 also does not require lubrication or cooling from an external source. Yet another advantage of the disclosed design is that the pulley 174 is centered over the bearings 254 in the radial direction which results in minimized bending of the shaft 162, which in turns minimizes bearing reaction force. The disclosed design also places the pulleys 172, 174 in close proximity to the bearings 248, 254 in the axial direction which also minimizes bending and bearing reaction forces as well.

    [0036] In one arrangement, the packaged boost assembly 121 is configured in a "normally closed" brake configuration, meaning that the brake assembly is engaged to prevent rotation of shaft 156. This configuration places the supercharger 108 in a locked state such that no boost is provided until activation of the assembly 121 when current is not being applied to the coil 136. This configuration allows for potential fuel economy advantages in that the assembly 121 is unpowered when boosting is not needed in cases where the engine can run in a naturally aspirated mode in a fuel economy type mode. This configuration also provides a safety benefit in that the supercharger 108 is automatically disabled if the brake assembly shorts or loses power. Additionally, this configuration does not result in the loss of alternator functionality due to brake failure and instead only results in the loss of boost from the supercharger. The modular brake design also allows for easier change in electrical architecture (e.g. 12V/24V/48V) without requiring major unit redesign. In one example, simple brake "on-off" (i.e., no slipping) brake controls can be used due to variable speed functionality of the system to allow for targeting of a zero differential speed across the brake.

    [0037] Although the packaged boost assembly 121 is provided with power transmission components in the form of pulleys 172, 174, other power transmission components may be utilized, for example, gears and cogs which can drive other gears and cogs associated with the motor 122 and engine 102 directly or with, for example, a chain. Additionally, although reference is made herein to an internal combustion engine 102, the disclosed packaged boost assembly 121 is usable with other types of power plants 102 that may or may not be associated with a vehicle. For example, the packaged boost assembly 121 could be used in conjunction with a fuel cell and/or could be used in conjunction with a power generator set.


    Claims

    1. A packaged boost system for a power plant (102), comprising:

    a. a supercharger (108) housing a pair of Roots-type rotors (150) operably coupled to a supercharger input shaft (154);

    b. a brake assembly (169) having a brake (167) operably coupled to a brake shaft (216), the brake being configured to provide a braking force on the brake shaft when a current is applied to the brake, the brake shaft being coupled to the supercharger input shaft;

    c. a planetary gear set (126) including a sun gear (156), a ring gear (162) and a carrier (158) that carries planetary gears, the carrier, the sun gear and the ring gear being configured to rotate about a central axis of the planetary gear set, wherein the sun gear is coupled to the brake shaft;

    d. a first power transmission component (172) operably coupled to the carrier, the first power transmission component being configured to engage with a power input (171) of the power plant; and

    e. a second power transmission component (174) operably connected to the ring gear, the second power transmission component being configured to engage with an electric motor (122),
    characterized in that the brake assembly is housed in a brake housing (204) mechanically coupled to the supercharger housing (152, 202), wherein the planetary gear set is housed in a transmission housing (206) mechanically coupled to the brake housing, and wherein the brake (167) is located between the supercharger and the planetary gear set.


     
    2. The packaged boost system of claim 1, wherein:

    a. the first and second power transmission components are first and second pulleys (172, 174) and the power plant is an internal combustion engine (102);

    b. the first pulley (172) is configured to engage with a front end accessory drive (170) of the internal combustion engine via a first drive belt (168); and

    c. the second pulley (174) is configured to engage with the electric motor (122) via a second drive belt (178).


     
    3. The packaged boost system of claim 1, wherein the first power transmission component (172) is operably coupled to the carrier (158) via a first shaft and wherein the second power transmission component (174) is operably coupled to the ring gear (162) via a second shaft, wherein the first shaft is at least partially disposed within the second shaft.
     
    4. The packaged boost system of claim 3, wherein the second shaft is supported by ball bearings (254) located between the second shaft and an interior wall of the transmission housing (206) and wherein the first shaft is supported by ball bearings (248) located between the first shaft and the second shaft.
     
    5. The packaged boost system of claim 4, wherein the first shaft extends beyond the second shaft.
     
    6. The packaged boost system of claim 5, wherein the first power transmission component is a first pulley (172) and the second power transmission component is a second pulley (174).
     
    7. The packaged boost system of claim 6, wherein a portion of the first pulley (172) overlaps with a portion of the second pulley (174).
     
    8. The packaged boost system of claim 6, wherein the second pulley (174) is radially aligned with a first bearing located between the second shaft and an interior wall of the transmission housing (206).
     
    9. The packaged boost system of claim 6, wherein the first pulley (172) and the second pulley (174) have equal diameters.
     
    10. The packaged boost system of claim 6, wherein the first pulley (172) and the second pulley (174) have different diameters.
     
    11. The packaged boost system of claim 3, wherein the supercharger input shaft, the brake shaft, the first shaft, and the second shaft are coaxially aligned.
     
    12. The packaged boost system of claim 3, wherein the second shaft and the ring gear (162) are integrally formed as a single component.
     
    13. The packaged boost system of claim 3, wherein the first shaft and the carrier (158) are integrally formed as a single component.
     
    14. The packaged boost system of claim 1, wherein the supercharger input shaft (154) and the brake shaft (216) are coupled together by a pin (220) extending through a timing gear (184) coupled to the supercharger input shaft and through a flange member (218) associated with the brake shaft.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem für ein Triebwerk (102) mit:

    a. einem Kompressor (108), der ein Paar von Rotoren (150) vom Roots-Typ aufnimmt, die wirkungsmäßig mit einer Kompressoreingangswelle (154) gekoppelt sind;

    b. einer Bremsenbaugruppe (169) mit einer Bremse (167), die wirkungsmäßig mit einer Bremswelle (216) gekoppelt ist und ausgebildet ist, um die Bremswelle mit einer Bremskraft zu beaufschlagen, wenn die Bremse mit einem Strom beaufschlagt wird, wobei die Bremswelle mit der Kompressoreingangswelle gekoppelt ist;

    c. einem Planetengetriebesatz (126) mit einem Sonnenrad (156), einem Hohlrad (162) sowie einem Träger (158), welcher ein Planetengetriebe trägt, wobei der Träger, das Sonnenrad und das Hohlrad ausgebildet sind, um sich um eine zentrale Achse des Planetengetriebesatzes zu drehen, wobei das Sonnenrad mit der Bremswelle gekoppelt ist;

    d. einer ersten Kraftübertragungskomponente (172), die wirkungsmäßig mit dem Träger gekoppelt ist und für einen Eingriff mit einem Krafteingang (171) des Triebwerks ausgebildet ist; und

    e. einer zweiten Kraftübertragungskomponente (174), die wirkungsmäßig mit dem Hohlrad verbunden ist und zum Eingriff mit einem elektrischen Motor (122) ausgebildet ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Bremsenbaugruppe in einem Bremsgehäuse (204) aufgenommen ist, welches mechanisch mit dem Kompressorgehäuse (152, 202) gekoppelt ist, wobei der Planetengetriebesatz in einem Getriebegehäuse (206) aufgenommen ist, welches mechanisch mit dem Bremsgehäuse gekoppelt ist, und wobei die Bremse (167) zwischen dem Kompressor und dem Planetengetriebesatz angeordnet ist.


     
    2. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei:

    a. es sich bei den ersten und zweiten Kraftübertragungskomponenten um eine erste und zweite Rolle (172, 174) handelt und es sich bei dem Triebwerk um einen Verbrennungsmotor (102) handelt;

    b. die erste Rolle (172) zum Eingriff mit einem stirnseitigen Nebenaggregatantrieb (170) des Verbrennungsmotors über einen ersten Antriebsriemen (168) ausgebildet ist; und

    c. die zweite Rolle (174) zum Eingriff mit dem elektrischen Motor (122) über einen zweiten Antriebsriemen (178) ausgebildet ist.


     
    3. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die erste Kraftübertragungskomponente (172) wirkungsmäßig mit dem Träger (158) über eine erste Welle gekoppelt ist, und wobei die zweite Kraftübertragungskomponente (174) über eine zweite Welle wirkungsmäßig mit dem Hohlrad (162) gekoppelt ist, wobei die erste Welle mindestens teilweise in der zweiten Welle angeordnet ist.
     
    4. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei die zweite Welle von Kugellagern (254) abgestützt ist, die zwischen der zweiten Welle und einer Innenwand des Getriebegehäuses (206) angeordnet sind, und wobei die erste Welle von Kugellagern (248) abgestützt wird, die zwischen der ersten Welle und der zweiten Welle angeordnet sind.
     
    5. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei sich die erste Welle über die zweite Welle hinaus erstreckt.
     
    6. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei es sich bei der ersten Kraftübertragungskomponente um eine erste Rolle (172) und bei der zweiten Kraftübertragungskomponente um eine zweite Rolle (174) handelt.
     
    7. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem gemäß Anspruch 6, wobei ein Abschnitt der ersten Rolle (172) mit einem Abschnitt der zweiten Rolle (174) überlappt.
     
    8. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem gemäß Anspruch 6, wobei die zweite Rolle (174) radial bezüglich eines ersten Lagers ausgerichtet ist, welches zwischen der zweiten Welle und einer Innenwand des Getriebegehäuses (206) angeordnet ist.
     
    9. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem gemäß Anspruch 6, wobei die erste Rolle (172) und die zweite Rolle (174) gleiche Durchmesser aufweisen.
     
    10. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem gemäß Anspruch 6, wobei die erste Rolle (172) und die zweite Rolle (174) unterschiedliche Durchmesser aufweisen.
     
    11. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei die Kompressoreingangswelle, die Bremswelle, die erste Welle und die zweite Welle koaxial ausgerichtet sind.
     
    12. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei die zweite Welle und das Hohlrad (162) integral als eine einzelne Komponente ausgebildet sind.
     
    13. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei die erste Welle und der Träger (158) integral als eine einzige Komponente ausgebildet sind.
     
    14. Gepacktes Verstärkungssystem gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Kompressoreingangswelle (154) und die Bremswelle (216) mittels eines Stifts (220) gekoppelt sind, welcher sich durch ein mit der Kompressoreingangswelle gekoppeltes Steuerrad (184) und durch ein mit der Bremswelle assoziiertes Flanschbauteil (218) erstreckt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Système de suralimentation conditionné pour un groupe motopropulseur (102) comprenant :

    a. un compresseur d'alimentation (108) logeant une paire de rotors de type Roots (150) couplés de manière opérationnelle à un arbre d'entrée de compresseur d'alimentation (154) ;

    b. un ensemble de frein (169) ayant un frein (167) couplé de manière opérationnelle à un arbre de frein (216), le frein étant configuré pour fournir une force de freinage sur l'arbre de frein lorsqu'un courant est appliqué sur le frein, l'arbre de frein étant couplé sur l'arbre d'entrée de compresseur d'alimentation ;

    c. un ensemble d'engrenages planétaires (126) comprenant un planétaire (156), une couronne (162) et un support (158) qui porte les engrenages planétaires, le support, le planétaire et la couronne étant configurés pour tourner autour d'un axe central de l'ensemble d'engrenages planétaires, dans lequel le planétaire est couplé à l'arbre de frein ;

    d. un premier composant de transmission de puissance (172) couplé de manière opérationnelle au support, le premier composant de transmission de puissance étant configuré pour se mettre en prise avec une entrée de puissance (171) du groupe motopropulseur ; et

    e. un second composant de transmission de puissance (174) raccordé de manière opérationnelle à la couronne, le second composant de transmission de puissance étant configuré pour se mettre en prise avec un moteur électrique (122),
    caractérisé en ce que l'ensemble de frein est logé dans un boîtier de frein (204) mécaniquement couplé au boîtier de compresseur d'alimentation (152, 202), dans lequel l'ensemble d'engrenages planétaires est logé dans un boîtier de transmission (206) mécaniquement couplé au boîtier de frein et dans lequel le frein (167) est positionné entre le compresseur d'alimentation et l'ensemble d'engrenages planétaires.


     
    2. Système de suralimentation conditionné selon la revendication 1, dans lequel :

    a. les premier et second composants de transmission de puissance sont des première et seconde poulies (172, 174) et le groupe motopropulseur est un moteur à combustion interne (102) ;

    b. la première poulie (172) est configurée pour se mettre en prise avec un entraînement d'accessoire d'extrémité avant (170) du moteur à combustion interne via une première courroie d'entraînement (168) ; et

    c. la seconde poulie (174) est configurée pour se mettre en prise avec le moteur électrique (122) via une seconde courroie d'entraînement (178).


     
    3. Système de suralimentation conditionné selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le premier composant de transmission de puissance (172) est couplé de manière opérationnelle au support (158) via un premier arbre et dans lequel le second composant de transmission de puissance (174) est couplé de manière opérationnelle à la couronne (162) via un second arbre, dans lequel le premier arbre est au moins partiellement disposé dans le second arbre.
     
    4. Système de suralimentation conditionné selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le second arbre est supporté par des roulements à billes (254) positionnés entre le second arbre et une paroi intérieure du boîtier de transmission (206) et dans lequel le premier arbre est supporté par des roulements à billes (248) positionnés entre le premier arbre et le second arbre.
     
    5. Système de suralimentation conditionné selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le premier arbre s'étend au-delà du second arbre.
     
    6. Système de suralimentation conditionné selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le premier composant de transmission de puissance est une première poulie (172) et le second composant de transmission de puissance est une seconde poulie (174).
     
    7. Système de suralimentation conditionné selon la revendication 6, dans lequel une partie de la première poulie (172) recouvre une partie de la seconde poulie (174).
     
    8. Système de suralimentation conditionné selon la revendication 6, dans lequel la seconde poulie (174) est radialement alignée avec un premier roulement positionné entre le second arbre et une paroi intérieure du boîtier de transmission (206).
     
    9. Système de suralimentation conditionné selon la revendication 6, dans lequel la première poulie (172) et la seconde poulie (174) ont des diamètres égaux.
     
    10. Système de suralimentation conditionné selon la revendication 6, dans lequel la première poulie (172) et la seconde poulie (174) ont des diamètres différents.
     
    11. Système de suralimentation conditionné selon la revendication 3, dans lequel l'arbre d'entrée de compresseur d'alimentation, l'arbre de frein, le premier arbre et le second arbre sont alignés de manière coaxiale.
     
    12. Système de suralimentation conditionné selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le second arbre et la couronne (162) sont formés de manière solidaire sous la forme d'un seul composant.
     
    13. Système de suralimentation conditionné selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le premier arbre et le support (158) sont formés de manière solidaire sous la forme d'un composant unique.
     
    14. Système de suralimentation conditionné selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'arbre d'entrée de compresseur d'alimentation (154) et l'arbre de frein (216) sont couplés par une broche (220) s'étendant à travers un pignon de synchronisation (184) couplé à l'arbre d'entrée de compresseur d'alimentation et à travers un élément de bride (218) associé avec l'arbre de frein.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description