(19)
(11)EP 3 270 610 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 16771283.5

(22)Date of filing:  21.03.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04R 1/10(2006.01)
H04R 3/12(2006.01)
H04R 29/00(2006.01)
H04R 5/033(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2016/076892
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/155528 (06.10.2016 Gazette  2016/40)

(54)

METHOD FOR DETECTING HEADSET STATUS, AND TERMINAL

VERFAHREN ZUR ERKENNUNG DES HEADSET-STATUS UND ENDGERÄT

PROCÉDÉ DE DÉTECTION D'ÉTAT DE CASQUE, ET TERMINAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 27.03.2015 CN 201510142549

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.01.2018 Bulletin 2018/03

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.
Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHEN, Haitao
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • YANG, Wentao
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • YANG, Yongxiang
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Pfenning, Meinig & Partner mbB 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Theresienhöhe 11a
80339 München
80339 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 178 280
CN-A- 101 232 743
CN-A- 102 638 742
US-A1- 2013 279 724
WO-A1-2008/000304
CN-A- 102 365 875
US-A1- 2012 281 845
US-A1- 2013 345 842
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to detection technologies, and in particular, to an earphone status detection method and a terminal.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Currently, mobile devices have gradually replaced conventional audio and video playback devices such as an MP3 and an MP4 and become main options for playing music and videos by consumers. However, as mobile devices become miniaturized, light, and thin in design, there is a higher design requirement for low power consumption. Therefore, multiple policies for reducing power consumption emerge. For example, different software policies are selected according to whether an earphone is in an in-position state (that an earphone is in an in-position state refers to a state in which the earphone is worn on an ear of a person), to achieve an objective of power consumption reduction.

    [0003] In the prior art, whether an earphone is in an in-position state is detected by providing a built-in capacitive sensor in the earphone. When an earphone comes close to an ear of a person, the ear of the person causes a capacitance of a capacitive sensor to change. As a distance between the earphone and the ear of the person shortens, the capacitance of the capacitive sensor becomes larger. When the ear of the person is in direct contact with the earphone, the capacitance of the capacitive sensor reaches a maximum value. A processor determines whether the earphone is in position by using a capacitance sent by the capacitive sensor.

    [0004] In the foregoing solution, a built-in capacitive sensor needs to be provided in an earphone. Therefore, the additionally added hardware increases costs of the earphone, and increases complexity of a circuit design of the earphone. Consequently, how to simply and quickly detect an in-position state of an earphone is a problem that needs to be resolved urgently.
    EP2178280A1 relates to a wireless electronic arrangement arranged to position the wireless electronic arrangement in an operational mode. The wireless electronic arrangement is arranged to be connected to an earphone arrangement arranged to be in an active state or an non-active state. The wireless electronic arrangement comprises an electric signal generator arranged to generate a second electric signal to be sent over the earphone arrangement. The wireless electronic arrangement further comprises a measuring arrangement adapted to make at least one measurement on the second electric signal to determine a second value indicating a second acoustic impedance of the earphone arrangement. The wireless electronic arrangement furthermore comprises a control unit arranged to compare the second value with a first value indicating a first acoustic impedance stored on a memory unit and based on the comparison to determine the state of the earphone arrangement. The control unit is then arranged to change operational mode of the wireless electronic arrangement based on the determined state of the earphone arrangement.
    US2012281845A1 discloses a method for determining an impedance of an electroacoustic transducer. The electroacoustic transducer is to be arranged in an ear channel of an ear of a user. According to the method, an output signal is supplied to the electroacoustic transducer and an input signal indicating an impedance of the electroacoustic transducer in response to the supplied output signal is determined. A filtered output signal is generated by filtering the output signal with a bandpass filter having a predetermined frequency range. A filtered input signal is generated by filtering the input signal with a bandpass filter having the predetermined frequency range. Based on the filtered output signal and the filtered input signal the impedance of the electroacoustic transducer is determined for the predetermined frequency range.
    US2013279724A1 discloses that a detector located on or near an ear piece may automatically detect whether a left or right ear or neither ear is wearing the ear piece. A signal mixer may automatically apply a correct configuration to signals transmitted to or from the ear piece according to whether the left or right ear or neither ear is determined to be wearing the ear piece.

    SUMMARY



    [0005] The above problems are solved by the subject-matter according to the independent claims. In view of this, embodiments of the present invention provide a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status and a terminal, to simply and quickly detect an
    earphone status.

    [0006] According to a first aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status, where the method is applied to a terminal, the terminal includes a processor, an earphone connector, and a first detection unit, the earphone connector includes a first audio output end, a second audio output end, and a third audio output end, the first audio output end is configured to connect to a first audio input end of an externally connected first earphone, the second audio output end is configured to connect to a second audio input end of an externally connected second earphone, the third audio output end is configured to connect to a second audio input end of the first earphone and a first audio input end of the second earphone, and the method includes: disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone; after the processor disables the path for outputting the audio signal to the second earphone, detecting, by the first detection unit, an electrical signal of the first audio output end and an electrical signal of the third audio output end; determining, by the first detection unit, a first frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the first earphone according to the electrical signal of the first audio signal end and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end; and determining, by the first detection unit according to the first frequency value, whether the first earphone is in an in-position state.

    [0007] In a first possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the method further includes: stopping, by the processor, audio output to the first earphone if the first earphone is in an out-of-position state.

    [0008] With reference to the first aspect or the first possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a second possible implementation manner of the first aspect, before the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone, the method further includes: determining, by the processor, whether an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone; and if an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone, performing, by the processor, the step of disabling a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone.

    [0009] According to the second possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a third possible implementation manner of the first aspect, after the processor determines that an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone, and before the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone, the method further includes: determining, by the processor, whether an audio source of the audio signal is being switched; and if the audio source of the audio signal is being switched, performing, by the processor, the step of disabling a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone.

    [0010] According to any one of the possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a fourth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the terminal further includes a second detection unit, and the method further includes: disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the first earphone; detecting, by the second detection unit, an electrical signal of the second audio output end and an electrical signal of the third audio output end; determining, by the second detection unit, a second frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of a front sound cavity of the second earphone according to the electrical signal of the second audio signal end and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end; and determining, by the second detection unit according to the second frequency value, whether the second earphone is in an in-position state.

    [0011] According to the fourth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a fifth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the method further includes: stopping, by the processor, audio output to the second earphone if the second earphone is in an out-of-position state.

    [0012] According to any one of the possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a sixth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the terminal further includes: a first audio decoder configured to output an audio signal to the first earphone, a second audio decoder configured to output an audio signal to the second earphone, and a switching switch, the first audio decoder includes a fourth audio output end, a fifth audio output end, and a GND terminal, the second audio decoder includes a sixth audio output end, a seventh audio output end, and a GND terminal; the fourth audio output end is connected to the first audio output end, and the seventh audio output end is connected to the second audio output end; the switching switch includes a first input end, a second input end, an output end, and a control end, and the switching switch is configured to: under control of a control signal that is input by the control end, connect the output end of the switching switch to either of the first input end and the second input end of the switching switch; the fifth audio output end is connected to the first input end of the switching switch, the GND terminal of the first decoder and the GND terminal of the second decoder are connected to the second input end of the switching switch, and the output end of the switching switch is connected to the third audio output end; and the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone includes: inputting, by the processor, a first control signal to the control end of the switching switch, to control the first input end of the switching switch and the output end of the switching switch to connect to each other.

    [0013] According to the sixth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a seventh possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the switching switch further includes a third input end, the switching switch is specifically configured to: under control of a control signal that is input by the control end, connect the output end of the switching switch to one of the first input end, the second input end, and the third input end of the switching switch, and the sixth audio output end is connected to the third input end of the switching switch; and the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the first earphone includes: inputting, by the processor, a second control signal to the control end of the switching switch, to control the third input end of the switching switch and the output end of the switching switch to connect to each other.

    [0014] According to any one of the possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in an eighth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the terminal further includes a first audio decoder configured to output an audio signal to the first earphone, and the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the first earphone includes: controlling, by the processor, the first audio decoder to be disabled.

    [0015] According to the eighth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a ninth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the terminal further includes a second audio decoder configured to output an audio signal to the second earphone, and the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone includes: controlling, by the processor, the second audio decoder to be disabled.

    [0016] According to any one of the possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a tenth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the stopping, by the processor, audio output to the first earphone or the second earphone if the first earphone or the second earphone is in an out-of-position state includes: if the first earphone or the second earphone is in an out-of-position state, performing, by the processor, search to determine whether a preset application program list includes a currently running application program; and if the preset application program list includes the currently running application program, pausing the currently running application program.

    [0017] According to the tenth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in an eleventh possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the preset application program list includes a game application program or a video application program.

    [0018] According to any one of the possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a twelfth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the stopping, by the processor, audio output to the first earphone or the second earphone if the first earphone or the second earphone is in an out-of-position state includes: if the first earphone or the second earphone is in an out-of-position state, detecting, by the processor, whether the terminal is in a call state; and if the terminal is in a call state, ending a call or switching a call to a speaker mode.

    [0019] According to a second aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a terminal, where the terminal includes: a processor, an earphone connector, a first detection unit, a first audio decoder, and a second audio decoder, the earphone connector includes a first audio output end, a second audio output end, and a third audio output end, the first audio output end is configured to connect to a first audio input end of an externally connected first earphone, the second audio output end is configured to connect to a second audio input end of an externally connected second earphone, the third audio output end is configured to connect to a second audio input end of the first earphone and a first audio input end of the second earphone, the first detection unit is separately connected to the first audio output end and the third audio output end, the first audio decoder outputs an audio signal to the first earphone by using the first audio output end and the second audio output end, the second audio decoder is connected to the second audio output end and the third audio output end to output an audio signal to the second earphone, and the terminal includes: the processor, configured to disable a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone; and the first detection unit, configured to detect an electrical signal of the first audio output end and an electrical signal of the third audio output end, where the first detection unit is further configured to: determine a frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the first earphone according to the electrical signal of the first audio signal end and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end, and determine, according to the frequency value of the low-frequency resonant point, whether the first earphone is in an in-position state.

    [0020] In a first possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the processor is further configured to stop audio output to the first earphone if the first earphone is in an out-of-position state.

    [0021] With reference to the first aspect or the first possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a second possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the processor is further configured to determine whether an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone; and that the processor is configured to disable a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone is specifically: the processor is configured to: if an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone, disable the path for outputting the audio signal to the second earphone.

    [0022] According to the second possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a third possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the processor is further configured to determine whether an audio source of the audio signal is being switched; and that the processor is configured to disable a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone is specifically: the processor is configured to: if an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone, and the audio source of the audio signal is being switched, disable, by the processor, the path for outputting the audio signal to the second earphone.

    [0023] According to any one of the possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a fourth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the terminal further includes a second detection unit, and the second detection unit is separately connected to the second audio output end and the third audio output end; the processor is further configured to disable a path for outputting an audio signal to the first earphone; the second detection unit is configured to: after the processor disables the path for outputting the audio signal to the first earphone, detect an electrical signal of the second audio output end and an electrical signal of the third audio output end; and the second detection unit is further configured to: determine a frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the second earphone according to the electrical signal of the second audio signal end and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end, and determine, according to the frequency value of the low-frequency resonant point, whether the second earphone is in an in-position state.

    [0024] According to the fourth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a fifth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the processor is further configured to stop audio output to the second earphone if the second earphone is in an out-of-position state.

    [0025] According to any one of the possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a sixth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the terminal further includes a switching switch, the first audio decoder includes a fourth audio output end, a fifth audio output end, and a GND terminal, the second audio decoder includes a sixth audio output end, a seventh audio output end, and a GND terminal, the fourth audio output end is connected to the first audio output end, and the seventh audio output end is connected to the second audio output end are connected; the switching switch includes a first input end, a second input end, an output end, and a control end, and the switching switch is configured to: under control of a control signal that is input by the control end, connect the output end of the switching switch to either of the first input end and the second input end of the switching switch; and the fifth audio output end is connected to the first input end of the switching switch, the GND terminal of the first decoder and the GND terminal of the second decoder are connected to the second input end of the switching switch, and the output end of the switching switch is connected to the third audio output end; and
    the processor is further configured to input a first control signal to the control end of the switching switch, to control the first input end of the switching switch and the output end of the switching switch to connect to each other.

    [0026] According to the sixth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a seventh possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the switching switch further includes a third input end, the switching switch is specifically configured to: under control of a control signal that is input by the control end, connect the output end of the switching switch to one of the first input end, the second input end, and the third input end of the switching switch, and the sixth audio output end is connected to the third input end of the switching switch; and the processor is further configured to input a second control signal to the control end of the switching switch, to control the third input end of the switching switch and the output end of the switching switch to connect to each other.

    [0027] According to any one of the possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in an eighth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the processor is further configured to control the first audio decoder to be disabled.

    [0028] According to the eighth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a ninth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the processor is further configured to control the second audio decoder to be disabled.

    [0029] According to any one of the possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a tenth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, that the processor is further configured to stop audio output to the first earphone if the first earphone is in an out-of-position state is specifically: the processor is further configured to: if the first earphone or the second earphone is in an out-of-position state, perform search to determine whether a preset application program list includes a currently running application program; and if the preset application program list includes the currently running application program, pause the currently running application program.

    [0030] According to the tenth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in an eleventh possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the preset application program list includes a game application program or a video application program.

    [0031] According to any one of the possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a twelfth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, that the processor is further configured to stop audio output to the first earphone if the first earphone is in an out-of-position state is specifically: the processor is further configured to: if the first earphone or the second earphone is in an out-of-position state, detect whether the terminal is in a call state; and if the terminal is in a call state, end a call or switch a call to a speaker mode.

    [0032] The embodiments of the present invention provide the method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status and the terminal. The method includes: disabling, by a processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to a second earphone (currently, an earphone status of the second earphone is not detected); detecting electrical signals of a first audio output end and a third audio output end of a first earphone; and determining a frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the first earphone according to the electrical signals of the first audio signal and the third audio signal end, and determining, according to the frequency value of the low-frequency resonant point, whether the first earphone is in an in-position state. In this way, only the electrical signals of the first audio signal and the third audio signal need to be detected, and it may be determined, according to changes of the electrical signals, whether the earphone is in position. Therefore, a status of the first earphone can be simply and quickly detected.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0033] To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention or in the prior art more clearly, the following briefly describes the accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments or the prior art. Apparently, the accompanying drawings in the following description show some embodiments of the present invention, and a person of ordinary skill in the art may still derive other drawings from these accompanying drawings without creative efforts.

    FIG. 1 shows a simplified model in which an earphone is in an in-position state;

    FIG. 2 is a drive circuit diagram of a conventional earphone;

    FIG. 3 is a flowchart of a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a connection among an earphone connector, a first detection unit, a first earphone, and a second earphone;

    FIG. 5 is a flowchart of a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to another embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 6 is a flowchart of a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to still another embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 7 is a flowchart of a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to still another embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 8 is a flowchart of a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to still another embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 9 is a diagram of a connection relationship among a first detection unit, a second detection unit, an earphone connector, an externally connected first earphone, and an externally connected second earphone when both statuses of the left earphone and the right earphone are detected;

    FIG. 10 is a diagram of a detailed connection relationship among a first audio decoder, a second audio decoder, a switching switch, an earphone connector, a first earphone, and a second earphone;

    FIG. 11 is a drive circuit diagram of an earphone whose earphone status is detected according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 12 shows a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to still another embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 13 shows a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to still another embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 15 is a schematic structural diagram of a terminal according to another embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of a terminal according to
    still another embodiment of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0034] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the following clearly describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the described embodiments are a part rather than all of the embodiments of the present invention.

    [0035] For ease of understanding, the following several concepts are described first before describing the embodiments provided in the present invention. An earphone mentioned in the embodiments of the present invention refers to the left earphone or the right earphone configured for audio playback, and the earphones may include in-ear earphones and head-mounted earphones. An earphone status may include two types: a state in which an earphone is worn on a human ear, and a state in which an earphone is not worn on a human ear. For ease of description, the state in which an earphone is worn on a human ear is briefly referred to as an in-position state, and the state in which an earphone is not worn on a human ear is briefly referred to as an out-of-position state.

    [0036] FIG. 1 shows a simplified model in which an earphone is in an in-position state. As shown in FIG. 1, the simplified model includes a human ear model 11, an ear canal 12, a front sound cavity 13 of an earphone, and a built-in loudspeaker 14 of the earphone. When the earphone is in an in-position state, the front sound cavity 13 of the earphone is airtight space enclosed by the human ear model 11 and the built-in loudspeaker 14 of the earphone. When the earphone is in an in-position state (the front sound cavity of the earphone is airtight), a frequency value f0 of a low-frequency resonant point ranges from 500 Hz to 950 Hz; when the earphone is in an out-of-position state (the front sound cavity of the earphone is open), the frequency value f0 of the low-frequency resonant point is 2000 Hz or higher.

    [0037] As can be known from the foregoing description, when an earphone status changes, a frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the earphone obviously changes. As electrical components such as a capacitor and an inductor are included in the earphone, a change of the frequency value of the low-frequency resonant point causes a resistance of the electrical component to change, and a change of the resistance causes an electrical signal to change. In this way, an earphone status can be quickly detected by detecting a change of an electrical signal passing through the earphone. The electrical signal may include a voltage signal and a current signal.

    [0038] FIG. 2 is a drive circuit diagram of a conventional earphone. As shown in FIG. 2, audio digital interfaces on a baseband processor and an audio codec are briefly described in the drive circuit diagram. The audio digital interfaces on the baseband processor and the audio codec are designed in correspondence with each other, and the audio digital interfaces include data input DIN, data output DOUT, clock BCLK, sampling/frame rate WCLK, MCLK, SDA, SCL, and the like. MCLK may be used for reset (or may not be used), and SDA and SCL are configuration interfaces of the audio codec, and are used to configure common information such as an address.

    [0039] A DOUT interface on the baseband processor outputs an audio signal from the baseband processor to the audio codec, and the audio codec decodes the audio signal to obtain a decoded audio signal, and drives the left earphone and the right earphone to play the decoded audio signal.

    [0040] A sound signal collected from the outside (for example, collected by using a microphone, where sound collection is unrelated to the present invention and is not shown in the figure) is first coded by the audio codec to obtain an audio signal, and the audio signal is output from a DOUT pin of the codec to a DIN pin of the baseband processor, so that the baseband processor further performs processing to form a signal that may be processed by an application processor (not shown in the figure).

    [0041] That the processor determines whether there is audio output in this specification refers to whether an audio signal is output from the baseband processor.

    [0042] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to an embodiment of the present invention. The method is applied to a terminal, and the terminal includes a processor, an earphone connector, and a first detection unit.

    [0043] It should be noted that, in the method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status provided in this embodiment of the present invention, the terminal may detect only a status of a first earphone, and the first earphone may be the left earphone or the right earphone. In this way, only a detection unit configured to detect the first earphone may be added, and an actual circuit structure is simple and can be easily implemented. Assuming that the left earphone is detected according to initial settings, a user may be prompted: "If an earphone needs to be used to listen to audio, preferentially use the left earphone", so that a detection result is more accurate and credible.

    [0044] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a connection among an earphone connector, a first detection unit, a first earphone, and a second earphone. As shown in FIG. 4, an earphone connector 41 includes a first audio output end 411, a second audio output end 412, and a third audio output end 413. The first audio output end 411 is configured to connect to a first audio input end 421 of an externally connected first earphone 42, the second audio output end 412 is configured to connect to a second audio input end 432 of an externally connected second earphone 43, the third audio output end 413 is configured to connect to a second audio input end 422 of the first earphone 42 and a first audio input end 431 of the second earphone 43, and the first detection unit 44 is separately connected to the first audio output end 411 and the third audio output end 413.

    [0045] It should be noted that, the first detection unit 44 may be disposed in a manner that the first detection unit 44 is directly connected to the first audio output end 411 and the third audio output end 413, or may be disposed in a manner that the first detection unit 44 is connected to any points on a path connected to the first audio output end 411 and a path connected to the third audio output end 413, as long as it is ensured that detected electrical signals are the same as electrical signals detected on the first audio output end 411 and the third audio output end 413.

    [0046] The method 300 includes the following steps.

    [0047] Step 301: A processor disables a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone.

    [0048] Step 302: The first detection unit detects an electrical signal of the first audio output end 411 and an electrical signal of the third audio output end 413, where the electrical signal may include a voltage signal and a current signal.

    [0049] Step 303: The first detection unit determines a first frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the first earphone 42 according to the electrical signal of the first audio signal 411 and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end 413.

    [0050] It should be noted that, the first detection unit determines an impedance value R1 of the earphone according to the electrical signal of the first audio signal 411 and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end 413, and obtains the frequency value f01 of the low-frequency resonant point according to a correspondence between the impedance value R1 and the first frequency value.

    [0051] Step 304: The first detection unit determines, according to the first frequency value, whether the first earphone 42 is in an in-position state.

    [0052] It should be noted that, the first detection unit includes a first detection circuit and a first processing unit, the first detection circuit is configured to perform step 302, and the first processing unit is configured to perform step 303 and step 304.

    [0053] Generally, when the earphone is in an in-position state (a front sound cavity of the earphone is airtight), a frequency value f0 of a low-frequency resonant point ranges from 500 Hz to 950 Hz; when the earphone is in an out-of-position state (the front sound cavity of the earphone is open), the frequency value f0 of the low-frequency resonant point is 2000 Hz or higher.

    [0054] It should be noted that, the processor disables the path for outputting the audio signal to the second earphone, so that an independent loop is formed on the first earphone (as shown in FIG. 4, when the first earphone and the second earphone work simultaneously, loops formed on the first earphone and the second earphone partially overlap), to prevent the loop formed on the second earphone from affecting the loop formed on the first earphone. Therefore, after the detection operation is completed, the path for outputting the audio signal to the second earphone needs to be enabled immediately, to ensure that the first earphone and the second earphone can simultaneously work normally.

    [0055] According to the method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status provided in this embodiment of the present invention, a processor disables a path for outputting an audio signal to a second earphone (currently, an earphone status of the second earphone is not detected); detects electrical signals of a first audio output end and a third audio output end of a first earphone; and determines a frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the first earphone according to the electrical signals of the first audio signal and the third audio signal end, and determines, according to the frequency value of the low-frequency resonant point, whether the first earphone is in an in-position state. In this way, only the electrical signals of the first audio signal and the third audio signal need to be detected, and it may be determined, according to changes of the electrical signals, whether the earphone is in position. Therefore, a status of the first earphone can be simply and quickly detected.

    [0056] FIG. 5 is a flowchart of a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to another embodiment of the present invention.

    [0057] Optionally, the method 300 further includes:
    Step 505: The processor stops audio output to the first earphone if the first earphone is in an out-of-position state.

    [0058] If the first earphone is in an out-of-position state, it indicates that the first earphone is not used by a user, and it is useless to input audio to the first earphone. Therefore, the processor stops in a timely manner audio output to the first earphone, to effectively reduce electricity consumed by audio output to the first earphone.

    [0059] FIG. 6 is a flowchart of a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to still another embodiment of the present invention.

    [0060] Optionally, before step 301, the method 300 further includes:
    Step 601: The processor determines whether an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone; if an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone, perform step 301.

    [0061] It should be noted that, the processor may periodically start determining whether an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone, or may start in real time determining whether an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone, or may detect start of a preset application program to trigger starting determining whether an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone. A specific manner may be set according to an actual requirement, and is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0062] FIG. 7 is a flowchart of a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to still another embodiment of the present invention.

    [0063] Optionally, after the result in step 601 is that the processor determines that an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone, before step 301, the method 300 further includes:
    Step 701: The processor determines whether an audio source of the audio signal is being switched; if the audio source of the audio signal is being switched, perform step 301.

    [0064] It should be noted that, whether the audio source is being switched refers to switching from a currently played audio source to a next audio source. This operation may be performed after a user touches a switching key, or may be automatically switching to a next audio source after a currently played audio source ends.

    [0065] Optionally, an audio playback application program reports information such as playback start, playback completion, and playback content in an audio playback process, and the processor determines, according to the obtained information, whether an audio source is being switched.

    [0066] According to the method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status provided in this embodiment of the present invention, an opportunity of switching an audio source is detected, and an earphone status is detected in a process of switching the audio source. In this way, normally playing the audio source by a user is not affected, and earphone status detection is already completed without being perceived by the user, thereby greatly improving user experience of the terminal.

    [0067] FIG. 8 is a flowchart of a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to still another embodiment of the present invention. The terminal further includes a second detection unit 45, and the second detection unit is separately connected to the second audio output end 412 and the third audio output end 413.

    [0068] FIG. 9 is a diagram of a connection relationship among a first detection unit, a second detection unit, an earphone connector, an externally connected first earphone, and an externally connected second earphone when both statuses of the left earphone and the right earphone are detected.

    [0069] It should be noted that, in FIG. 9, the first detection unit 44 and the second detection unit 45 are separate hardware. Actually, the first detection unit 44 and the second detection unit 45 may also be combined into one detection unit. When the first detection unit 44 and the second detection unit 45 are combined into one detection unit, a connection line for connecting to the third audio output end 413 may be omitted, thereby simplifying the circuit.

    [0070] It should be noted that, in the method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status provided in this embodiment the present invention, the terminal may detect statuses of the first earphone and the second earphone sequentially. In this way, a user does not need to be prompted in advance with an earphone that is preferentially used for audio playback. Regardless of either earphone used by the user for audio playback, the terminal can complete detection of statuses of the first earphone and the second earphone.

    [0071] This embodiment of the present invention is implemented based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 3, and only content different from that of FIG. 3 is described in detail herein. For other content, refer to a related description in FIG. 3, and details are not described herein again. As shown in FIG. 8, the method 300 further includes the following steps.

    [0072] Step 801: The processor disables a path for outputting an audio signal to the first earphone 42.

    [0073] Step 802: The second detection unit detects an electrical signal of the second audio output end and an electrical signal of the third audio output end.

    [0074] Step 803: The second detection unit determines a second frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the second earphone according to the electrical signal of the second audio signal end and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end.

    [0075] It should be noted that, the second detection unit determines an impedance value R2 of the earphone according to the electrical signal of the second audio signal 412 and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end 413, and obtains the frequency value f02 of the low-frequency resonant point according to a correspondence between the impedance value R2 and the second frequency value.

    [0076] Step 804: The second monitoring circuit determines, according to the second frequency value, whether the second earphone is in an in-position state.

    [0077] It should be noted that, the second detection unit includes a second detection circuit and a second processing unit, the second detection circuit is configured to perform step 802, and the second processing unit is configured to perform step 803 and step 304.

    [0078] It should be noted that, the processor disables the path for outputting the audio signal to the second earphone, so that an independent loop is formed on the first earphone (because as shown in FIG. 9, the second audio input end of the first earphone is connected to the first audio input end of the second earphone), to prevent the loop formed on the second earphone from affecting the loop formed on the first earphone. Similarly, the processor disables the first earphone for the same purpose. In this way, when the first earphone or the second earphone is detected, the other earphone cannot work normally.

    [0079] Therefore, after the first detection unit or the second detection unit completes the detection operation, the path for outputting the audio signal to the second earphone or the first earphone needs to be enabled immediately, to ensure that the second earphone and the first earphone can work normally.

    [0080] According to the method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status provided in this embodiment of the present invention, an earphone to be detected does not need to be specified in advance, and both statuses of the first earphone and the second earphone are detected. In this way, a more accurate detection result can be provided.

    [0081] Optionally, the method 300 further includes:
    Step 505: The processor stops audio output to the second earphone if the second earphone is in an out-of-position state.

    [0082] If the second earphone is in an out-of-position state, it indicates that the second earphone is not used by a user, and it is useless to input audio to the second earphone. Therefore, the processor stops in a timely manner audio output to the second earphone, to effectively reduce electricity consumed by audio output to the second earphone, achieving an effect of further saving electricity.

    [0083] FIG. 10 is a diagram of a detailed connection relationship among a first audio decoder, a second audio decoder, a switching switch, an earphone connector, a first earphone, and a second earphone. In the diagram of the detailed connection relationship, a connection relationship among the first audio decoder, the second audio decoder, and the switching switch is added based on the connection manner in FIG. 9. Only content different from that of FIG. 9 is described in detail herein. For other content, refer to a related description in FIG. 9, and details are not described herein again.

    [0084] It should be noted that, FIG. 10 is the diagram of the detailed connection relationship among the first audio decoder, the second audio decoder, the switching switch, the earphone connector, the first earphone, and the second earphone when both the first earphone and the second earphone need to be detected. When only the first earphone is detected, content related to third input of the switching switch may be omitted.

    [0085] As shown in FIG. 10, the terminal further includes: a first audio decoder 101 configured to output an audio signal to the first earphone, a second audio decoder 102 configured to output an audio signal to the second earphone, and a switching switch 103, the first audio decoder includes a fourth audio output end 1014, a fifth audio output end 1015, and a GND terminal, the second audio decoder includes a sixth audio output end 1026, a seventh audio output end 1027, and a GND terminal; the fourth audio output end 1014 is connected to the first audio output end 411, and the seventh audio output end 1027 is connected to the second audio output end 412.

    [0086] If earphone status detection needs to be performed on only the first earphone, the switching switch 103 includes a first input end 1031, a second input end 1032, a control end 1034, and an output end 1035, and the switching switch 103 is configured to: under control of a control signal that is input by the control end, connect the output end of the switching switch to either of the first input end and the second input end of the switching switch.

    [0087] The fifth audio output end 1015 is connected to the first input end 1031 of the switching switch 103, the GND terminal of the first decoder 101 and the GND terminal of the second decoder 102 are connected to the second input end 1032 of the switching switch 103, and the output end 1035 of the switching switch 103 is connected to the third audio output end 413.

    [0088] Optionally, the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone includes: inputting, by the processor, a first control signal to the control end 1034 of the switching switch 103, to control the first input end 1031 of the switching switch and the output end 1035 of the switching switch 103 to connect to each other.

    [0089] Optionally, if earphone status detection needs to be performed on both the first earphone and the second earphone, the switching switch 103 further includes a third input end 1033, the switching switch 103 is specifically configured to: under control of a control signal that is input by the control end, connect the output end of the switching switch to one of the first input end, the second input end, and the third input end of the switching switch, and the sixth audio output end 1026 is connected to the third input end 1033 of the switching switch 103.

    [0090] The disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the first earphone includes: inputting, by the processor, a second control signal to the control end of the switching switch, to control the third input end of the switching switch and the output end of the switching switch to connect to each other.

    [0091] Optionally, the terminal further includes a first audio decoder configured to output an audio signal to the first earphone, and the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the first earphone includes: controlling, by the processor, the first audio decoder to be disabled.

    [0092] Optionally, the terminal further includes a second audio decoder configured to output an audio signal to the second earphone, and the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone includes: controlling, by the processor, the second audio decoder to be disabled.

    [0093] It should be noted that the first audio decoder and the second audio decoder may be separate decoders, or may be integrated in a same audio decoder. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0094] It should be noted that, the first detection unit and the second detection unit may be two subunits of an integrated detection unit, or the first detection unit and the second detection unit may be separate detection units. The first detection unit and the second detection unit may be designed as separate hardware in the terminal, or may be used as one functional module and integrated into other hardware of the terminal, for example, may be integrated into a power amplifier, or may be integrated into a decoder, or may be integrated into a processor.

    [0095] It should be noted that, if the power amplifier in the terminal is driven by a voltage, the voltage is constant. Therefore, the detection unit may detect only a current signal, and does not need to detect a voltage signal, where this constant voltage value is used as a voltage value. If the power amplifier in the terminal is driven by a current, the current is constant. Therefore, the detection unit may detect only a voltage signal, and does not need to detect a current signal, where this constant current value is used as a current value.

    [0096] FIG. 11 is a drive circuit diagram of an earphone whose earphone status is detected according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 11, the detection unit is integrated into a power amplifier, and statuses of the left earphone and the right earphone need to be detected. Detection pins (sense+, sense-) are separately added to the power amplifier connected to the left earphone and the right earphone. The detection pins are configured to receive detected electrical signals, and the detection unit integrated in the power amplifier determines, according to the electrical signals received by the detection pins, whether an earphone is in position.

    [0097] FIG. 12 shows a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to still another embodiment of the present invention. This embodiment of the present invention is implemented based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, and only content different from that of FIG. 8 is described in detail herein. For other content, refer to a related description in FIG. 8, and details are not described herein again. The method 300 further includes:
    Step 1205: If the first earphone or the second earphone is in an out-of-position state, the processor performs search to determine whether a preset application program list includes a currently running application program.

    [0098] Step 1206: If the preset application program list includes the currently running application program, pause the currently running application program.

    [0099] Optionally, the preset application program list includes a game application program or a video application program.

    [0100] It should be noted that the preset application program list may store an audio-related application program, that is, an audio playback application program starts at the same time when the application program runs.

    [0101] According to the method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status provided in this embodiment of the present invention, the processor performs search to determine whether a preset application program list includes a currently running application program, and if the preset application program list includes the currently running application program, the processor determines that no user uses the application program, and directly pauses the currently running application program. In this way, power consumption of the terminal can be further reduced.

    [0102] FIG. 13 shows a method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status according to still another embodiment of the present invention. This embodiment of the present invention is implemented based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, and only content different from that of FIG. 8 is described in detail herein. For other content, refer to a related description in FIG. 8, and details are not described herein again. As shown in FIG. 13, the method 300 further includes:
    Step 1305: If the first earphone or the second earphone is in an out-of-position state, the processor detects whether the terminal is in a call state.

    [0103] Step 1306: If the terminal is in a call state, end a call or switch a call to a speaker mode.

    [0104] According to the method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status provided in this embodiment of the present invention, the processor detects whether the terminal is in a call state; and if the terminal is in a call state, the processor determines that a user may not be on a call or a user takes off an earphone and wants to use a speaker mode, and the processor ends the call or switches the call to a speaker mode. In this way, if the call is ended according to a product design, power consumption of the terminal can be further reduced. If the call is switched to a speaker mode according to a product design, a user can conveniently switch a call between an earphone mode and a speaker mode only by taking off the earphone. Therefore, user experience of the terminal is effectively improved.

    [0105] The terminal provided in this embodiment of the present invention may be a tablet computer, a mobile phone, an MP3, an MP4, or the like; or may even be a wearable device or the like.

    [0106] The terminal includes: a display screen, a memory, a processor, and a bus system.

    [0107] The display screen may be a suitable apparatus such as a cathode ray tube (CRT, Cathode Ray Tube) display screen, a liquid crystal display (LCD, Liquid Crystal Display), or a touch display screen (Touch Display Screen), and receives an instruction by using the bus system so that the display screen displays a graphic user interface.

    [0108] The memory may include a RAM or a ROM, or any irremovable storage medium, or a removable storage medium, and is configured to store a program that can execute this embodiment of the present invention or data of this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0109] The processor is configured to execute the program stored in the memory in this embodiment of the present invention, and the processor and another apparatus may communicate with each other by using the system bus.

    [0110] The memory and the processor may also be integrated into a physical module applied to this embodiment of the present invention, and the physical module stores and runs a program that implements this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0111] The components of the terminal are coupled by using the bus system, and the bus system may further include a power source bus, a control bus, a status signal bus, and the like in addition to a data bus. However, for purpose of clear description, various buses are marked as the bus system in the figure.

    [0112] FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention. The terminal further includes: an earphone connector 41, a first detection unit 44, a first audio decoder 101, a second audio decoder 102, and a processor 142. The first detection unit is separately connected to a first audio output end and a second audio output end. For a connection relationship among the earphone connector, a first earphone, and a second earphone, refer to FIG. 4, and details are not described herein again. The first audio decoder outputs an audio signal to the first earphone by using the first audio output end and the second audio output end. The second audio decoder is connected to the second audio output end and the third audio output end to output an audio signal to the second earphone. The processor 142 is connected to the first audio decoder 101 and the second audio decoder 102.

    [0113] The processor 142 is configured to disable a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone.

    [0114] The first detection unit 44 is configured to: after the processor 142 disables the path for outputting the audio signal to the second earphone, detect an electrical signal of the first audio output end and an electrical signal of the third audio output end.

    [0115] The first detection unit 44 is further configured to: determine a frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the first earphone according to the electrical signal of the first audio signal end and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end, and determine, according to the frequency value of the low-frequency resonant point, whether the first earphone is in an in-position state. The in-position state refers to a state in which an area of a front sound cavity of the earphone is less than a first threshold.

    [0116] It should be noted that, for a detailed processing process, refer to the descriptions in the embodiments corresponding to FIG. 3 and FIG. 4, and details are not described herein again.

    [0117] According to the terminal provided in this embodiment of the present invention, the processor first disables the path for outputting the audio signal to the second earphone (currently, an earphone status of the second earphone is not detected); detects electrical signals of a first audio output end and a third audio output end of the first earphone; and determines a frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the first earphone according to the electrical signals of the first audio signal and the third audio signal end, and determines, according to the frequency value of the low-frequency resonant point, whether the first earphone is in an in-position state. In this way, only the electrical signals of the first audio signal and the third audio signal need to be detected, and it may be determined, according to changes of the electrical signals, whether the earphone is in position. Therefore, a status of the first earphone can be simply and quickly detected.

    [0118] Optionally, the processor 142 is further configured to stop audio output to the first earphone if the first earphone is in an out-of-position state.

    [0119] It should be noted that, for a detailed processing process, refer to the description in the embodiment corresponding to FIG. 5, and details are not described herein again.

    [0120] If the first earphone is in an out-of-position state, it indicates that the first earphone is not used by a user, and it is useless to input audio to the first earphone. Therefore, the processor disables in a timely manner the path for outputting audio to the first earphone, to effectively reduce electricity consumed by audio output to the first earphone.

    [0121] Optionally, the processor is configured to:
    determine whether an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone; and if an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone, disable the path for outputting the audio signal to the second earphone.

    [0122] It should be noted that, for a detailed processing process, refer to the description in the embodiment corresponding to FIG. 6, and details are not described herein again.

    [0123] Optionally:
    the processor is further configured to determine whether an audio source of the audio signal is being switched.

    [0124] That the processor is configured to disable a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone is specifically: the processor is configured to: if an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone, and the audio source of the audio signal is being switched, disable, by the processor, the path for outputting the audio signal to the second earphone.

    [0125] It should be noted that, for a detailed processing process, refer to the description in the embodiment corresponding to FIG. 7, and details are not described herein again.

    [0126] According to the terminal provided in this embodiment of the present invention, an opportunity of switching an audio source is detected, and an earphone status is detected in a process of switching the audio source. In this way, normally playing the audio source by a user is not affected, and earphone status detection is already completed without being perceived by the user, thereby greatly improving user experience of the terminal.

    [0127] FIG. 15 is a schematic structural diagram of a terminal according to another embodiment of the present invention.

    [0128] Optionally, the terminal further includes a second detection unit 45, and the second detection unit 45 is separately connected to the second audio output end and the third audio output end.

    [0129] The processor 142 is further configured to disable a path for outputting an audio signal to the first earphone.

    [0130] The second detection unit 45 is configured to: after the processor disables the path for outputting the audio signal to the first earphone, detect an electrical signal of the second audio output end and an electrical signal of the third audio output end.

    [0131] The second detection unit 45 is further configured to: determine a frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the second earphone according to the electrical signal of the second audio signal end and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end, and determine, according to the frequency value of the low-frequency resonant point, whether the second earphone is in an in-position state.

    [0132] It should be noted that, for a detailed processing process, refer to the descriptions in the embodiments corresponding to FIG. 8 and FIG. 9, and details are not described herein again.

    [0133] According to the terminal provided in this embodiment of the present invention, an earphone to be detected does not need to be specified in advance, and both statuses of the first earphone and the second earphone are detected. In this way, a more accurate detection result can be provided.

    [0134] Optionally, the processor is further configured to stop audio output to the second earphone if the second earphone is in an out-of-position state.

    [0135] If the second earphone is in an out-of-position state, it indicates that the second earphone is not used by a user, and it is useless to input audio to the second earphone. Therefore, the processor stops in a timely manner audio output to the second earphone, to effectively reduce electricity consumed by audio output to the second earphone, achieving an effect of further saving electricity.

    [0136] FIG. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of a terminal according to still another embodiment of the present invention.

    [0137] Optionally, referring to FIG. 9, the terminal further includes: a first audio decoder configured to output an audio signal to the first earphone, a second audio decoder configured to output an audio signal to the second earphone, and a switching switch, the first audio decoder includes a fourth audio output end, a fifth audio output end, and a GND terminal, the second audio decoder includes a sixth audio output end, a seventh audio output end, and a GND terminal; the fourth audio output end is connected to the first audio output end, and the seventh audio output end is connected to the second audio output end.

    [0138] Referring to FIG. 10, if earphone status detection needs to be performed on only the first earphone, the switching switch includes a first input end, a second input end, an output end, and a control end, and the switching switch is configured to: under control of a control signal that is input by the control end, connect the output end of the switching switch to either of the first input end and the second input end of the switching switch.

    [0139] The fifth audio output end is connected to the first input end of the switching switch, the GND terminal of the first decoder and the GND terminal of the second decoder are connected to the second input end of the switching switch, and the output end of the switching switch is connected to the third audio output end.

    [0140] The processor is configured to input a first control signal to the control end of the switching switch, to control a third input end of the switching switch and the output end of the switching switch to connect to each other.

    [0141] The processor is further configured to input a second control signal to the control end of the switching switch, to control the first input end of the switching switch and the output end of the switching switch to connect to each other.

    [0142] Optionally, referring to FIG. 10, if earphone status detection needs to be performed on both the first earphone and the second earphone, the switching switch further includes a third input end, the switching switch is specifically configured to: under control of a control signal that is input by the control end, connect the output end of the switching switch to one of the first input end, the second input end, and the third input end of the switching switch, and the sixth audio output end is connected to the third input end of the switching switch.

    [0143] The processor is further configured to input a second control signal to the control end of the switching switch, to control the third input end of the switching switch and the output end of the switching switch to connect to each other.

    [0144] The processor is further configured to control the first audio decoder to be disabled.

    [0145] The processor is further configured to control the second audio decoder to be disabled.

    [0146] It should be noted that the first audio decoder and the second audio decoder may be separate decoders, or may be integrated in a same audio decoder. This is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0147] Optionally, that the processor is further configured to stop audio output to the first earphone if the first earphone is in an out-of-position state is specifically: the processor is further configured to: if the first earphone or the second earphone is in an out-of-position state, perform, by the processor, search to determine whether a preset application program list includes a currently running application program; and
    if the preset application program list includes the currently running application program, pause the currently running application program.

    [0148] Optionally, the preset application program list includes a game application program or a video application program.

    [0149] It should be noted that the preset application program list may store an audio-related application program, that is, an audio playback application program starts at the same time when the application program runs.

    [0150] According to the terminal provided in this embodiment of the present invention, the processor performs search to determine whether a preset application program list includes a currently running application program, and if the preset application program list includes the currently running application program, the processor determines that no user uses the application program, and directly pauses the currently running application program. In this way, power consumption of the terminal can be further reduced.

    [0151] Optionally, that the processor is further configured to stop audio output to the first earphone if the first earphone is in an out-of-position state is specifically: the processor is further configured to: if the first earphone or the second earphone is in an out-of-position state, detect, by the processor, whether the terminal is in a call state; and if the terminal is in a call state, end a call or switch a call to a speaker mode.

    [0152] According to the terminal provided in this embodiment of the present invention, the processor detects whether the terminal is in a call state; and if the terminal is in a call state, the processor determines that a user may not be on a call or a user takes off an earphone and wants to use a speaker mode, and the processor ends the call or switches the call to a speaker mode. In this way, if the call is ended according to a product design, power consumption of the terminal can be further reduced. If the call is switched to a speaker mode according to a product design, a user can conveniently switch a call between an earphone mode and a speaker mode only by taking off the earphone. Therefore, user experience of the terminal is effectively improved.

    [0153] The hardware of the terminal in this embodiment of the present invention may be configured to execute the procedures of the methods used by a terminal to detect an earphone status shown in FIG. 3 to FIG. 11. A specific working procedure thereof is no longer described in detail, and for details, refer to the descriptions in the method embodiments.

    [0154] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that all or some of the steps of the method embodiments may be implemented by a program instructing relevant hardware. The program may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium. When the program runs, the steps of the method embodiments are performed. The foregoing storage medium includes: any medium that can store program code,
    such as a ROM, a RAM, a magnetic disk, or an optical disc.


    Claims

    1. A method used by a terminal to detect an earphone status, wherein the method is applied to the terminal, the terminal comprises a processor, an earphone connector (41), and a first detection unit (44), the earphone connector (41) comprises a first audio output end (411), a second audio output end (412), and a third audio output end (413), the first audio output end (411) is configured to connect to a first audio input end (421) of an externally connected first earphone (42), the second audio output end (412) is configured to connect to a second audio input end (432) of an externally connected second earphone (43), the third audio output end (413) is configured to connect to a second audio input end (422) of the first earphone (42) and a first audio input end (431) of the second earphone (43), and the method comprises:

    disabling (301), by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone;

    after the processor disables the path for outputting the audio signal to the second earphone, detecting (302), by the first detection unit (44), an electrical signal of the first audio output end and an electrical signal of the third audio output end;

    determining (303), by the first detection unit (44), a first frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the first earphone according to the electrical signal of the first audio signal end and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end, wherein the determining, by the first detection unit, a first frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the first earphone according to the electrical signal of the first audio signal end and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end comprises: determining, by the first detection unit, an impedance value (R1) of the first earphone according to the electrical signal of the first audio signal end (411) and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end (413), and obtaining the first frequency value of the low-frequency resonant point according to a correspondence between the impedance value and the first frequency value; and

    determining (304), by the first detection unit (44) according to the first frequency value, whether the first earphone is in an in-position state;

    wherein before the disabling (301), by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone, the method further comprises:

    determining (601), by the processor, whether an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone;

    wherein after the processor determines (601) that an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone, and before the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone, the method further comprises:

    determining (701), by the processor, whether an audio source of the audio signal is being switched from a currently played audio source to a next audio source; and

    if an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone, and if the audio source of the audio signal is being switched from the currently played audio source to the next audio source, performing, by the processor, the step of disabling a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone.


     
    2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the method further comprises: stopping (505), by the processor, audio output to the first earphone if the first earphone is in an out-of-position state.
     
    3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the terminal further comprises a second detection unit (45), and the method further comprises:

    disabling (801), by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the first earphone;

    detecting (802), by the second detection unit (45), an electrical signal of the second audio output end and an electrical signal of the third audio output end;

    determining (803), by the second detection unit (45), a second frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of a front sound cavity of the second earphone according to the electrical signal of the second audio signal end and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end; and

    determining (804), by the second detection unit (45) according to the second frequency value, whether the second earphone is in an in-position state.


     
    4. The method according to claim 3, wherein the method further comprises: stopping, by the processor, audio output to the second earphone if the second earphone is in an out-of-position state.
     
    5. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the terminal further comprises: a first audio decoder (101) configured to output an audio signal to the first earphone, a second audio decoder (102) configured to output an audio signal to the second earphone, and a switching switch (103), the first audio decoder comprises a fourth audio output end, a fifth audio output end, and a GND terminal, the second audio decoder comprises a sixth audio output end, a seventh audio output end, and a GND terminal; the fourth audio output end is connected to the first audio output end, and the seventh audio output end is connected to the second audio output end;
    the switching switch comprises a first input end (1031), a second input end (1032), an output end (1035), and a control end (1034), and the switching switch is configured to: under control of a control signal that is input by the control end, connect the output end of the switching switch to either of the first input end and the second input end of the switching switch;
    the fifth audio output end is connected to the first input end of the switching switch, the GND terminal of the first decoder and the GND terminal of the second decoder are connected to the second input end of the switching switch, and the output end of the switching switch is connected to the third audio output end; and
    the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone comprises: inputting, by the processor, a first control signal to the control end of the switching switch, to control the first input end of the switching switch and the output end of the switching switch to connect to each other.
     
    6. The method according to claim 5, wherein the switching switch further comprises a third input end (1033), the switching switch is specifically configured to: under control of a control signal that is input by the control end, connect the output end of the switching switch to one of the first input end, the second input end, and the third input end of the switching switch, and the sixth audio output end is connected to the third input end of the switching switch; and
    the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the first earphone comprises: inputting, by the processor, a second control signal to the control end of the switching switch, to control the third input end of the switching switch and the output end of the switching switch to connect to each other.
     
    7. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the terminal further comprises a first audio decoder configured to output an audio signal to the first earphone; and
    the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the first earphone comprises: controlling, by the processor, the first audio decoder to be disabled.
     
    8. The method according to claim 7, wherein the terminal further comprises a second audio decoder configured to output an audio signal to the second earphone; and
    the disabling, by the processor, a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone comprises: controlling, by the processor, the second audio decoder to be disabled.
     
    9. A terminal, wherein the terminal comprises: a processor, an earphone connector (41), a first detection unit (44), a first audio decoder (101), and a second audio decoder (102), the earphone connector (41) comprises a first audio output end (411), a second audio output end (412), and a third audio output end (413), the first audio output end (411) is configured to connect to a first audio input end (421) of an externally connected first earphone (42), the second audio output end (412) is configured to connect to a second audio input end (432) of an externally connected second earphone (43), the third audio output end (413) is configured to connect to a second audio input end (422) of the first earphone (42) and a first audio input end (431) of the second earphone (43), the first detection unit (44) is separately connected to the first audio output end (411) and the third audio output end (413), the first audio decoder (101) outputs an audio signal to the first earphone by using the first audio output end and the second audio output end, the second audio decoder (102) is connected to the second audio output end and the third audio output end to output an audio signal to the second earphone, and the terminal comprises:

    the processor, configured to disable a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone; and

    the first detection unit (44), configured to detect an electrical signal of the first audio output end and an electrical signal of the third audio output end, wherein

    the first detection unit (44) is further configured to: determine a frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the first earphone according to the electrical signal of the first audio signal end and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end, and determine, according to the frequency value of the low-frequency resonant point, whether the first earphone is in an in-position state,

    wherein the first detection unit (44) is further configured to determine a frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the first earphone according to the electrical signal of the first audio signal end and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end comprises: the first detection unit (44) is further configured to determine an impedance value (R1) of the first earphone according to the electrical signal of the first audio signal end (411) and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end (413), and obtain the first frequency value of the low-frequency resonant point according to a correspondence between the impedance value and the first frequency value;

    wherein the processor is further configured to determine whether an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone;

    wherein the processor is further configured to determine whether an audio source of the audio signal is being switched from a currently played audio source to a next audio source; and

    wherein the processor is configured to disable a path for outputting an audio signal to the second earphone is specifically: the processor is configured to: if an audio signal is output to the first earphone and the second earphone, and the audio source of the audio signal is being switched from the currently played audio source to the next audio source, disable, by the processor, the path for outputting the audio signal to the second earphone.


     
    10. The terminal according to claim 9, wherein the processor is further configured to stop audio output to the first earphone if the first earphone is in an out-of-position state.
     
    11. The terminal according to claim 9 or 10, wherein the terminal further comprises a second detection unit (45), and the second detection unit (45) is separately connected to the second audio output end and the third audio output end;
    the processor is further configured to disable a path for outputting an audio signal to the first earphone;
    the second detection unit is configured to: after the processor disables the path for outputting the audio signal to the first earphone, detect an electrical signal of the second audio output end and an electrical signal of the third audio output end; and
    the second detection unit is further configured to: determine a frequency value of a low-frequency resonant point of the second earphone according to the electrical signal of the second audio signal end and the electrical signal of the third audio signal end, and determine, according to the frequency value of the low-frequency resonant point, whether the second earphone is in an in-position state.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren, das durch ein Endgerät verwendet wird, um einen Kopfhörerstatus zu erkennen, wobei das Verfahren auf das Endgerät angewandt wird, wobei das Endgerät einen Prozessor, einen Kopfhöreranschluss (41) und eine erste Erkennungseinheit (44) umfasst, wobei der Kopfhöreranschluss (41) ein erstes Audioausgabeende (411), ein zweites Audioausgabeende (412) und ein drittes Audioausgabeende (413) umfasst, wobei das erste Audioausgabeende (411) konfiguriert ist, um mit einem ersten Audioeingabeende (421) eines extern verbundenen ersten Kopfhörers (42) verbunden zu werden, wobei das zweite Audioausgabeende (412) konfiguriert ist, um mit einem zweiten Audioeingabeende (432) eines extern verbundenen zweiten Kopfhörers (43) verbunden zu werden, wobei das dritte Audioausgabeende (413) konfiguriert ist, um mit einem zweiten Audioeingabeende (422) des ersten Kopfhörers (42) und einem ersten Audioeingabeende (431) des zweiten Kopfhörers (43) verbunden zu werden, und das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    Deaktivieren (301), durch den Prozessor, eines Pfades zum Ausgeben eines Audiosignals an den zweiten Kopfhörer;

    nachdem der Prozessor den Pfad zum Ausgeben des Audiosignals an den zweiten Kopfhörer deaktiviert, Erkennen (302), durch die erste Erkennungseinheit (44), eines elektrischen Signals des ersten Audioausgabeendes und eines elektrischen Signals des dritten Audioausgabeendes;

    Bestimmen (303), durch die erste Erkennungseinheit (44), eines ersten Frequenzwertes eines Niederfrequenzresonanzpunktes des ersten Kopfhörers gemäß dem elektrischen Signal des ersten Audiosignalendes und dem elektrischen Signal des dritten Audiosignalendes, wobei das Bestimmen, durch die erste Erkennungseinheit, eines ersten Frequenzwertes eines Niederfrequenzresonanzpunktes des ersten Kopfhörers gemäß dem elektrischen Signal des ersten Audiosignalendes und dem elektrischen Signal des dritten Audiosignalendes Folgendes umfasst: Bestimmen, durch die erste Erkennungseinheit, eines Impedanzwertes (R1) des ersten Kopfhörers gemäß dem elektrischen Signal des ersten Audiosignalendes (411) und dem elektrischen Signal des dritten Audiosignalendes (413), und

    Erhalten des ersten Frequenzwertes des Niederfrequenzresonanzpunktes gemäß einer Entsprechung zwischen dem Impedanzwert und dem ersten Frequenzwert; und

    Bestimmen (304), durch die erste Erkennungseinheit (44) gemäß dem ersten Frequenzwert, ob sich der erste Kopfhörer in einem Zustand in Position befindet;

    wobei das Verfahren vor dem Deaktivieren (301) eines Pfades zum Ausgeben eines Audiosignals an den zweiten Kopfhörer durch den Prozessor ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    Bestimmen (601), durch den Prozessor, ob ein Audiosignal an den ersten Kopfhörer und den zweiten Kopfhörer ausgegeben wird;

    wobei das Verfahren, nachdem der Prozessor bestimmt (601), dass ein Audiosignal an den ersten Kopfhörer und den zweiten Kopfhörer ausgegeben wird, und vor dem Deaktivieren eines Pfades zum Ausgeben eines Audiosignals an den zweiten Kopfhörer durch den Prozessor ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    Bestimmen (701), durch den Prozessor, ob eine Audioquelle des Audiosignals von einer aktuell abgespielten Audioquelle zu einer nächsten Audioquelle geschaltet wird; und

    wenn ein Audiosignal an den ersten Kopfhörer und den zweiten Kopfhörer ausgegeben wird, und wenn die Audioquelle des Audiosignals von der aktuell abgespielten Audioquelle zu der nächsten Audioquelle geschaltet wird, Durchführen, durch den Prozessor, des Schrittes des Deaktivierens eines Pfades zum Ausgeben eines Audiosignals an den zweiten Kopfhörer.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst: Anhalten (505), durch den Prozessor, von Audioausgabe an den ersten Kopfhörer, wenn sich der erste Kopfhörer in einem Zustand außer Position befindet.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das Endgerät ferner eine zweite Erkennungseinheit (45) umfasst und das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    Deaktivieren (801), durch den Prozessor, eines Pfades zum Ausgeben eines Audiosignals an den ersten Kopfhörer;

    Erkennen (802), durch die zweite Erkennungseinheit (45), eines elektrischen Signals des zweiten Audioausgabeendes und eines elektrischen Signals des dritten Audioausgabeendes;

    Bestimmen (803), durch die zweite Erkennungseinheit (45), eines zweiten Frequenzwertes eines Niederfrequenzresonanzpunktes eines vorderen Tonhohlraums des zweiten Kopfhörers gemäß dem elektrischen Signal des zweiten Audiosignalendes und dem elektrischen Signal des dritten Audiosignalendes; und

    Bestimmen (804), durch die zweite Erkennungseinheit (45) gemäß dem zweiten Frequenzwert, ob sich der zweite Kopfhörer in einem Zustand in Position befindet.


     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst: Anhalten, durch den Prozessor, von Audioausgabe an den zweiten Kopfhörer, wenn sich der zweite Kopfhörer in einem Zustand außer Position befindet.
     
    5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei das Endgerät ferner Folgendes umfasst: einen ersten Audiodecoder (101), der konfiguriert ist, um ein Audiosignal an den ersten Kopfhörer auszugeben, einen zweiten Audiodecoder (102), der konfiguriert ist, um ein Audiosignal an den zweiten Kopfhörer auszugeben, und einen Schaltschalter (103), wobei der erste Audiodecoder ein viertes Audioausgabeende, ein fünftes Audioausgabeende und ein GND-Endgerät umfasst, wobei der zweite Audiodecoder ein sechstes Audioausgabeende, ein siebtes Audioausgabeende und ein GND-Endgerät umfasst; wobei das vierte Audioausgabeende mit dem ersten Audioausgabeende verbunden ist und wobei das siebte Audioausgabeende mit dem zweiten Audioausgabeende verbunden ist;
    wobei der Schaltschalter ein erstes Eingabeende (1031), ein zweites Eingabeende (1032), ein Ausgabeende (1035) und ein Steuerende (1034) umfasst und der Schaltschalter für Folgendes konfiguriert ist: unter der Steuerung eines Steuersignals, das durch das Steuerende eingegeben wird, Verbinden des Ausgabeendes des Schaltschalters mit einem von dem ersten Eingabeende und dem zweiten Eingabeende des Schaltschalters; wobei das fünfte Audioausgabeende mit dem ersten Eingabeende des Schaltschalters verbunden ist, wobei das GND-Endgerät des ersten Decoders und das GND-Endgerät des zweiten Decoders mit dem zweiten Eingabeende des Schaltschalters verbunden sind, und wobei das Ausgabeende des Schaltschalters mit dem dritten Audioausgabeende verbunden ist; und
    wobei das Deaktivieren, durch den Prozessor, eines Pfades zum Ausgeben eines Audiosignals an den zweiten Kopfhörer Folgendes umfasst: Eingeben, durch den Prozessor, eines ersten Steuersignals an das Steuerende des Schaltschalters, um das erste Eingabeende des Schaltschalters und das Ausgabeende des Schaltschalters zu steuern, um sie miteinander zu verbinden.
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Schaltschalter ferner ein drittes Eingabeende (1033) umfasst, wobei der Schaltschalter insbesondere für Folgendes konfiguriert ist:

    unter der Steuerung eines Steuersignals, das durch das Steuerende eingegeben wird, Verbinden des Ausgabeendes des Schaltschalters mit einem von dem ersten Eingabeende, dem zweiten Eingabeende und dem dritten Eingabeende des Schaltschalters, und wobei das sechste Audioausgabeende mit dem dritten Eingabeende des Schaltschalters verbunden wird; und

    wobei das Deaktivieren, durch den Prozessor, eines Pfades zum Ausgeben eines Audiosignals an den ersten Kopfhörer Folgendes umfasst: Eingeben, durch den Prozessor, eines zweiten Steuersignals an das Steuerende des Schaltschalters, um das dritte Eingabeende des Schaltschalters und das Ausgabeende des Schaltschalters zu steuern, um sie miteinander zu verbinden.


     
    7. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei das Endgerät ferner einen ersten Audiodecoder umfasst, der konfiguriert ist, um ein Audiosignal an den ersten Kopfhörer auszugeben; und
    wobei das Deaktivieren, durch den Prozessor, eines Pfades zum Ausgeben eines Audiosignals an den ersten Kopfhörer Folgendes umfasst: Steuern, durch den Prozessor, des zu deaktivierenden ersten Audiodecoders.
     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, wobei das Endgerät ferner einen zweiten Audiodecoder umfasst, der konfiguriert ist, um ein Audiosignal an den zweiten Kopfhörer auszugeben; und
    wobei das Deaktivieren, durch den Prozessor, eines Pfades zum Ausgeben eines Audiosignals an den zweiten Kopfhörer Folgendes umfasst: Steuern, durch den Prozessor, des zu deaktivierenden zweiten Audiodecoders.
     
    9. Endgerät, wobei das Endgerät Folgendes umfasst: einen Prozessor, einen Kopfhöreranschluss (41), eine erste Erkennungseinheit (44), einen ersten Audiodecoder (101) und einen zweiten Audiodecoder (102), wobei der Kopfhöreranschluss (41) ein erstes Audioausgabeende (411), ein zweites Audioausgabeende (412) und ein drittes Audioausgabeende (413) umfasst, wobei das erste Audioausgabeende (411) konfiguriert ist, um mit einem ersten Audioeingabeende (421) eines extern verbundenen ersten Kopfhörers (42) verbunden zu werden, wobei das zweite Audioausgabeende (412) konfiguriert ist, um mit einem zweiten Audioeingabeende (432) eines extern verbundenen zweiten Kopfhörers (43) verbunden zu werden, wobei das dritte Audioausgabeende (413) konfiguriert ist, um mit einem zweiten Audioeingabeende (422) des ersten Kopfhörers (42) und einem ersten Audioeingabeende (431) des zweiten Kopfhörers (43) verbunden zu werden, wobei die erste Erkennungseinheit (44) separat mit dem ersten Audioausgabeende (411) und dem dritten Audioausgabeende (413) verbunden ist, wobei der erste Audiodecoder (101) ein Audiosignal an den ersten Kopfhörer ausgibt, indem das erste Audioausgabeende und das zweite Audioausgabeende verwendet werden, wobei der zweite Audiodecoder (102) mit dem zweiten Audioausgabeende und dem dritten Audioausgabeende verbunden ist, um ein Audiosignal an den zweiten Kopfhörer auszugeben, und das Endgerät Folgendes umfasst:

    den Prozessor, der konfiguriert ist, um einen Pfad zum Ausgeben eines Audiosignals an den zweiten Kopfhörer zu deaktivieren; und

    die erste Erkennungseinheit (44), die konfiguriert ist, um ein elektrisches Signal des zweiten Audioausgabeendes und ein elektrisches Signal des dritten Audioausgabeendes zu erkennen, wobei

    die erste Erkennungseinheit (44) ferner für Folgendes konfiguriert ist: Bestimmen eines Frequenzwertes eines Niederfrequenzresonanzpunktes des ersten Kopfhörers gemäß dem elektrischen Signal des ersten Audiosignalendes und dem elektrischen Signal des dritten Audiosignalendes, und Bestimmen, gemäß dem Frequenzwert des Niederfrequenzresonanzpunktes, ob sich der erste Kopfhörer in einem Zustand in Position befindet,

    wobei die erste Erkennungseinheit (44) ferner konfiguriert ist, um einen Frequenzwert eines Niederfrequenzresonanzpunktes des ersten Kopfhörers gemäß dem elektrischen Signal des ersten Audiosignalendes und dem elektrischen Signal des dritten Audiosignalendes zu bestimmen, Folgendes umfasst: die erste Erkennungseinheit (44) ist ferner konfiguriert, um einen Impedanzwert (R1) des ersten Kopfhörers gemäß dem elektrischen Signal des ersten Audiosignalendes (411) und dem elektrischen Signal des dritten Audiosignalendes (413) zu bestimmen und den ersten Frequenzwert des Niederfrequenzresonanzpunktes gemäß einer Entsprechung zwischen dem Impedanzwert und dem ersten Frequenzwert zu erhalten;

    wobei der Prozessor ferner konfiguriert ist, um zu bestimmen, ob ein Audiosignal an den ersten Kopfhörer und den zweiten Kopfhörer ausgegeben wird;

    wobei der Prozessor ferner konfiguriert ist, um zu bestimmen, ob eine Audioquelle des Audiosignals von einer aktuell abgespielten Audioquelle zu einer nächsten Audioquelle geschaltet wird; und

    wobei der Prozessor konfiguriert ist, um einen Pfad zum Ausgeben eines Audiosignal an den zweiten Kopfhörer zu deaktivieren, insbesondere Folgendes ist: der Prozessor ist für Folgendes konfiguriert: wenn ein Audiosignal an den ersten Kopfhörer und den zweiten Kopfhörer ausgegeben wird, und die Audioquelle des Audiosignals von der aktuell abgespielten Audioquelle zu der nächsten Audioquelle geschaltet wird, Deaktivieren, durch den Prozessor, des Pfades zum Ausgeben des Audiosignals an den zweiten Kopfhörer.


     
    10. Endgerät nach Anspruch 9, wobei der Prozessor ferner konfiguriert ist, um Audioausgabe an den ersten Kopfhörer anzuhalten, wenn sich der erste Kopfhörer in einem Zustand außer Position befindet.
     
    11. Endgerät nach Anspruch 9 oder 10, wobei das Endgerät ferner eine zweite Erkennungseinheit (45) umfasst und die zweite Erkennungseinheit (45) separat mit dem zweiten Audioausgabeende und dem dritten Audioausgabeende verbunden ist;
    wobei der Prozessor ferner konfiguriert ist, um einen Pfad zum Ausgeben eines Audiosignals an den ersten Kopfhörer zu deaktivieren;
    wobei die zweite Erkennungseinheit für Folgendes konfiguriert ist: nachdem der Prozessor den Pfad zum Ausgeben des Audiosignals an den ersten Kopfhörer deaktiviert, Erkennen eines elektrischen Signals des zweiten Audioausgabeendes und eines elektrischen Signals des dritten Audioausgabeendes; und wobei die zweite Erkennungseinheit ferner für Folgendes konfiguriert ist: Bestimmen eines Frequenzwertes eines Niederfrequenzresonanzpunktes des zweiten Kopfhörers gemäß dem elektrischen Signal des zweiten Audiosignalendes und dem elektrischen Signal des dritten Audiosignalendes, und Bestimmen, gemäß dem Frequenzwert des Niederfrequenzresonanzpunktes, ob sich der zweite Kopfhörer in einem Zustand in Position befindet.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé utilisé par un terminal pour détecter un état de casque, dans lequel le procédé est appliqué au terminal, le terminal comprend un processeur, un connecteur de casque (41) et une première unité de détection (44), le connecteur de casque (41) comprend une première extrémité de sortie audio (411), une deuxième extrémité de sortie audio (412) et une troisième extrémité de sortie audio (413), la première extrémité de sortie audio (411) est configurée pour se connecter à une première extrémité d'entrée audio (421) d'un premier casque connecté extérieurement (42), la deuxième extrémité de sortie audio (412) est configurée pour se connecter à une deuxième extrémité d'entrée audio (432) d'un deuxième casque connecté extérieurement (43), la troisième extrémité de sortie audio (413) est configurée pour se connecter à une deuxième extrémité d'entrée audio (422) du premier casque (42) et une première extrémité d'entrée audio (431) du deuxième casque (43), et le procédé comprend :

    la désactivation (301), par le processeur, d'un chemin pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au deuxième casque ;

    après que le processeur désactive le chemin pour délivrer en sortie le signal audio au deuxième casque, la détection (302), par la première unité de détection (44), d'un signal électrique de la première extrémité de sortie audio et d'un signal électrique de la troisième extrémité de sortie audio ;

    la détermination (303), par la première unité de détection (44), d'une première valeur de fréquence d'un point résonant de basse fréquence du premier casque en fonction du signal électrique de la première extrémité de signal audio et du signal électrique de la troisième extrémité de signal audio, dans lequel la détermination, par la première unité de détection, d'une première valeur de fréquence d'un point résonant de basse fréquence du premier casque en fonction du signal électrique de la première extrémité de signal audio et du signal électrique de la troisième extrémité de signal audio comprend : la détermination, par la première unité de détection, d'une valeur d'impédance (R1) du premier casque en fonction du signal électrique de la première extrémité de signal audio (411) et du signal électrique de la troisième extrémité de signal audio (413), et l'obtention de la première valeur de fréquence du point résonant de basse fréquence en fonction d'une correspondance entre la valeur d'impédance et la première valeur de fréquence ; et

    la détermination (304), par la première unité de détection (44) en fonction de la première valeur de fréquence, si le premier casque est dans un état en position ;

    dans lequel, avant la désactivation (301), par le processeur, d'un chemin pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au deuxième casque, le procédé comprend en outre :
    la détermination (601), par le processeur, si un signal audio est délivré en sortie au premier casque et au deuxième casque ; dans lequel, après que le processeur détermine (601) qu'un signal audio est délivré en sortie au premier casque et au deuxième casque et avant la désactivation, par le processeur, d'un chemin pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au deuxième casque, le procédé comprend en outre :

    la détermination (701), par le processeur, si une source audio du signal audio est commutée d'une source audio actuellement lue à une source audio suivante ; et

    si un signal audio est délivré en sortie au premier casque et au deuxième casque et si la source audio du signal audio est commutée de la source audio actuellement lue à la source audio suivante, l'exécution, par le processeur, de l'étape de désactivation d'un chemin pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au deuxième casque.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le procédé comprend en outre : l'interruption (505), par le processeur, d'une sortie audio vers le premier casque si le premier casque est dans un état hors position.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le terminal comprend en outre une deuxième unité de détection (45), et le procédé comprend en outre :

    la désactivation (801), par le processeur, d'un chemin pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au premier casque ;

    la détection (802), par la deuxième unité de détection (45), d'un signal électrique de la deuxième extrémité de sortie audio et d'un signal électrique de la troisième extrémité de sortie audio ;

    la détermination (803), par la deuxième unité de détection (45), d'une deuxième valeur de fréquence d'un point résonant de basse fréquence d'une cavité sonore frontale du deuxième casque en fonction du signal électrique de la deuxième extrémité de signal audio et du signal électrique de la troisième extrémité de signal audio ; et

    la détermination (804), par la deuxième unité de détection (45) en fonction de la deuxième valeur de fréquence, si le deuxième casque est dans un état en position.


     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le procédé comprend en outre : l'interruption, par le processeur, d'une sortie audio vers le deuxième casque si le deuxième casque est dans un état hors position.
     
    5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le terminal comprend en outre : un premier décodeur audio (101) configuré pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au premier casque, un deuxième décodeur audio (102) configuré pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au deuxième casque, et un commutateur de commutation (103), le premier décodeur audio comprend une quatrième extrémité de sortie audio, une cinquième extrémité de sortie audio et une borne GND, le deuxième décodeur audio comprend une sixième extrémité de sortie audio, une septième extrémité de sortie audio et une borne GND ; la quatrième extrémité de sortie audio est connectée à la première extrémité de sortie audio et la septième extrémité de sortie audio est connectée à la deuxième extrémité de sortie audio ;
    le commutateur de commutation comprend une première extrémité d'entrée (1031), une deuxième extrémité d'entrée (1032), une extrémité de sortie (1035) et une extrémité de commande (1034), et le commutateur de commutation est configuré pour : sous le contrôle d'un signal de commande qui est appliqué en entrée par l'extrémité de commande, connecter l'extrémité de sortie du commutateur de commutation à l'une ou l'autre de la première extrémité d'entrée et la deuxième extrémité d'entrée du commutateur de commutation ;
    la cinquième extrémité de sortie audio est connectée à la première extrémité d'entrée du commutateur de commutation, la borne GND du premier décodeur et la borne GND du deuxième décodeur sont connectées à la deuxième extrémité d'entrée du commutateur de commutation, et l'extrémité de sortie du commutateur de commutation est connectée à la troisième extrémité de sortie audio ; et
    la désactivation, par le processeur, d'un chemin pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au deuxième casque comprend : l'application en entrée, par le processeur, d'un premier signal de commande à l'extrémité de commande du commutateur de commutation, pour commander la première extrémité d'entrée du commutateur de commutation et l'extrémité de sortie du commutateur de commutation pour les connecter entre elles.
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le commutateur de commutation comprend en outre une troisième extrémité d'entrée (1033), le commutateur de commutation est configuré spécifiquement pour : sous le contrôle d'un signal de commande qui est appliqué en entrée par l'extrémité de commande, connecter l'extrémité de sortie du commutateur de commutation à l'une parmi la première extrémité d'entrée, la deuxième extrémité d'entrée et la troisième extrémité d'entrée du commutateur de commutation, et la sixième extrémité de sortie audio est connectée à la troisième extrémité d'entrée du commutateur de commutation ; et
    la désactivation, par le processeur, d'un chemin pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au premier casque comprend : l'application en entrée, par le processeur, d'un deuxième signal de commande à l'extrémité de commande du commutateur de commutation, pour commander la troisième extrémité d'entrée du commutateur de commutation et l'extrémité de sortie du commutateur de commutation pour les connecter entre elles.
     
    7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le terminal comprend en outre un premier décodeur audio configuré pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au premier casque ; et
    la désactivation, par le processeur, d'un chemin pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au premier casque comprend : la commande, par le processeur, du premier décodeur audio pour être désactivé.
     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le terminal comprend en outre un deuxième décodeur audio configuré pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au deuxième casque ; et
    la désactivation, par le processeur, d'un chemin pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au deuxième casque comprend : la commande, par le processeur, du deuxième décodeur audio pour être désactivé.
     
    9. Terminal, dans lequel le terminal comprend : un processeur, un connecteur de casque (41), une première unité de détection (44), un premier décodeur audio (101) et un deuxième décodeur audio (102), le connecteur de casque (41) comprend une première extrémité de sortie audio (411), une deuxième extrémité de sortie audio (412) et une troisième extrémité de sortie audio (413), la première extrémité de sortie audio (411) est configurée pour se connecter à une première extrémité d'entrée audio (421) d'un premier casque connecté extérieurement (42), la deuxième extrémité de sortie audio (412) est configurée pour se connecter à une deuxième extrémité d'entrée audio (432) d'un deuxième casque connecté extérieurement (43), la troisième extrémité de sortie audio (413) est configurée pour se connecter à une deuxième extrémité d'entrée audio (422) du premier casque (42) et une première extrémité d'entrée audio (431) du deuxième casque (43), la première unité de détection (44) est connectée séparément à la première extrémité de sortie audio (411) et la troisième extrémité de sortie audio (413), le premier décodeur audio (101) délivre en sortie un signal audio au premier casque en utilisant la première extrémité de sortie audio et la deuxième extrémité de sortie audio, le deuxième décodeur audio (102) est connecté à la deuxième extrémité de sortie audio et la troisième extrémité de sortie audio pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au deuxième casque, et le terminal comprend :

    le processeur configuré pour désactiver un chemin pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au deuxième casque ; et

    la première unité de détection (44) configurée pour détecter un signal électrique de la première extrémité de sortie audio et un signal électrique de la troisième extrémité de sortie audio, dans lequel

    la première unité de détection (44) est configurée en outre pour : déterminer une valeur de fréquence d'un point résonant de basse fréquence du premier casque en fonction du signal électrique de la première extrémité de signal audio et du signal électrique de la troisième extrémité de signal audio, et déterminer, en fonction de la valeur de fréquence du point résonant de basse fréquence, si le premier casque est dans un état en position,

    dans lequel la première unité de détection (44) est configurée en outre pour déterminer une valeur de fréquence d'un point résonant de basse fréquence du premier casque en fonction du signal électrique de la première extrémité de signal audio et du signal électrique de la troisième extrémité de signal audio comprend : la première unité de détection (44) est configurée en outre pour déterminer une valeur d'impédance (R1) du premier casque en fonction du signal électrique de la première extrémité de signal audio (411) et du signal électrique de la troisième extrémité de signal audio (413), et obtenir la première valeur de fréquence du point résonant de basse fréquence en fonction d'une correspondance entre la valeur d'impédance et la première valeur de fréquence ;

    dans lequel le processeur est configuré en outre pour déterminer si un signal audio est délivré en sortie au premier casque et au deuxième casque ;

    dans lequel le processeur est configuré en outre pour déterminer si une source audio du signal audio est commutée d'une source audio actuellement lue à une source audio suivante ; et

    dans lequel le processeur est configuré pour désactiver un chemin pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au deuxième casque est spécifiquement : le processeur est configuré pour : si un signal audio est délivré en sortie au premier casque et au deuxième casque, et la source audio du signal audio est commutée de la source audio actuellement lue à la source audio suivante, désactiver, par le processeur, le chemin pour délivrer en sortie le signal audio au deuxième casque.


     
    10. Terminal selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le processeur est configuré en outre pour interrompre une sortie audio vers le premier casque si le premier casque est dans un état hors position.
     
    11. Terminal selon la revendication 9 ou 10, dans lequel le terminal comprend en outre une deuxième unité de détection (45), et la deuxième unité de détection (45) est connectée séparément à la deuxième extrémité de sortie audio et la troisième extrémité de sortie audio ;
    le processeur est configuré en outre pour désactiver un chemin pour délivrer en sortie un signal audio au premier casque ;
    la deuxième unité de détection est configurée pour : après que le processeur désactive le chemin pour délivrer en sortie le signal audio au premier casque, détecter un signal électrique de la deuxième extrémité de sortie audio et un signal électrique de la troisième extrémité de sortie audio ; et
    la deuxième unité de détection est configurée en outre pour : déterminer une valeur de fréquence d'un point résonant de basse fréquence du deuxième casque en fonction du signal électrique de la deuxième extrémité de signal audio et du signal électrique de la troisième extrémité de signal audio, et déterminer, en fonction de la valeur de fréquence du deuxième point résonant de basse fréquence, si le deuxième casque est dans un état en position.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description