(19)
(11)EP 3 280 177 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.05.2019 Bulletin 2019/21

(21)Application number: 16305995.9

(22)Date of filing:  01.08.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04W 28/18  (2009.01)
H04W 84/12  (2009.01)
H04W 52/24  (2009.01)
H04W 28/26  (2009.01)
H04W 52/04  (2009.01)

(54)

CONTROL METHOD AND CONTROL SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING ACCESS POINTS IN A WIRELESS NETWORK

STEUERUNGSVERFAHREN UND STEUERUNGSSYSTEM ZUR STEUERUNG VON ZUGANGSPUNKTEN IN EINEM DRAHTLOSEN NETZWERK

PROCÉDÉ ET SYSTÈME DE CONTRÔLE POUR COMMANDER DES POINTS D'ACCÈS DANS UN RÉSEAU SANS FIL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.02.2018 Bulletin 2018/06

(73)Proprietor: Alcatel Lucent
91620 Nozay (FR)

(72)Inventors:
  • Gacanin, Haris
    2018 Antwerpen (BE)
  • Rostami, Soheil
    2018 Antwerpen (BE)

(74)Representative: D'Halleweyn, Nele Veerle Trees Gertrudis et al
Arnold & Siedsma Bezuidenhoutseweg 57
2594 AC The Hague
2594 AC The Hague (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 3 048 846
US-A1- 2011 170 437
US-A1- 2015 208 426
US-A1- 2006 025 150
US-A1- 2015 045 076
  
  • DEMIRCI ILHAN ET AL: "Gap-free load balancing algorithms in wireless LANs using cell breathing technique", 2014 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCED NETWORKS AND TELECOMMUNCATIONS SYSTEMS (ANTS), IEEE, 14 December 2014 (2014-12-14), pages 1-6, XP032745417, DOI: 10.1109/ANTS.2014.7057249 [retrieved on 2015-03-09]
  • MOHAMED ESAM ET AL: "Cooperative Game Strategy for IEEE 802.11s Mesh WLAN Power Management", ICC 2011 - 2011 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMMUNICATIONS - 5-9 JUNE 2011 - KYOTO, JAPAN, IEEE, PISCATAWAY, NJ, USA, 5 June 2011 (2011-06-05), pages 1-5, XP031908403, DOI: 10.1109/ICC.2011.5962639 ISBN: 978-1-61284-232-5
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Field of Invention



[0001] The field of the invention relates to wireless networks. Particular embodiments relate to a control method and control system for controlling access points in a wireless network.

Background



[0002] Radio Resource Management (RMM) is concerned with controlling co-channel interference (CCI), radio resources, and other radio transmission related characteristics in wireless networks, such as Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs).

[0003] In high-density infrastructure based wireless networks, for example a 802.11 WLAN, RMM has been identified as a pivotal element to improve overall user experience within the WLAN. However, RMM is a challenging task, especially in the context of unplanned deployments with multiple interfering neighboring Access Points (APs).

[0004] Employing an efficient RRM is of importance for minimizing CCI, which is one of the most significant causes of poor performance, coverage and capacity in WLANs.

Summary



[0005] The present invention is defined by independent claims, to which reference should now be made. Further enhancements are characterized by the dependent claims.

[0006] The object of embodiments of the invention is to provide a control method and a control system for controlling access points in a wireless network such that CCI within the wireless network is lowered and coverage within the wireless network is improved. Embodiments of the invention aim to provide a control method and control system which lower CCI in the wireless network and improve capacity while maintaining fairness with regard to the quality of experience for all users in the wireless network, across different access points.

[0007] According to a first aspect of the invention there is provided a control method for controlling a plurality of access points in a wireless network wherein the plurality of access points are operable on a plurality of communication channels. The control method comprises the steps of:
  • obtaining from each access point of the plurality of access points at least one traffic parameter, the at least one traffic parameter being representative for a traffic load of the respective access point;
  • identifying from said plurality of access points a target access point having a highest traffic load, based on said obtained at least one traffic parameter;
  • defining for each access point of the plurality of access points a corresponding interference threshold; and
  • setting a transmit power of the target access point to a target transmit power and assigning to the target access point a target communication channel from among the plurality of communication channels, such that an interference at any one access point of the plurality of access points is lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point.


[0008] Embodiments of the invention are based inter alia on the insight that by identifying the target access point having the highest traffic load from the plurality of access points, this target access point can be prioritized within the wireless network as compared to access points having lower traffic loads. By setting the transmit power of the target access point to a target transmit power and by assigning to the target access point a target communication channel overall CCI in the wireless network can be reduced and coverage of the wireless network can be improved. Moreover, by prioritizing setting a target transmit power and assigning a target communication channel of the target access point having the highest traffic load and thus potentially the highest number of users connected to the access point, the wireless network can be controlled in a fair manner in that a quality of experience of users is improved in an efficient manner. In addition, by setting a transmit power of the target access point to a target transmit power and assigning to the target access point a target communication channel from among the plurality of communication channels, such that an interference at any one access point of the plurality of access points is lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point, the target access point can be controlled, without causing an interference violation at other access points of the wireless network. Furthermore, by obtaining from each access point of the plurality of access points at least one traffic parameter, the at least one traffic parameter being representative for a traffic load of the respective access point, the control method can be carried out without any interaction with user devices which might be connected to any one of the plurality of access points in the wireless network.

[0009] According to a preferred embodiment, setting the transmit power of the target access point to a target transmit power comprises determining a maximum transmit power for each communication channel of the plurality of communication channels, such that the interference at any one access point of the plurality of access points is lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point.

[0010] By determining a maximum transmit power to be set as the transmit power of the target access point, a coverage of the target access point may be enlarged along with a capacity of the target access point, and a quality of experience of users connected to the target access point may be improved. Because the target access point has the highest traffic load as compared to other access points in the wireless network, maximizing the transmit power of the target access point, while keeping the interference at any one access point of the plurality of access points lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point will have a beneficial effect on the overall quality of experience of users within the wireless network.

[0011] According to a preferred embodiment, assigning the target communication channel comprises assigning a communication channel for which the determined maximum transmit power is highest.

[0012] Maximum transmit powers of access points may vary from one channel to another. By assigning to the target access point the communication channel for which the determined maximum transmit power is highest, the capacity and coverage of the target access point can be optimized.

[0013] According to a preferred embodiment, assigning the target communication channel comprises assigning a communication channel on which a sensed interference by the target access point is lowest.

[0014] When for example the determined maximum transmit power on a first communication channel is equal to the determined maximum transmit power on a second communication channel, assigning from the first and second communication channel as a target communication channel the communication channel on which a sensed interference by the target access point is lowest, leads to a preferred target transmit power and target communication channel for the target access point, while keeping the interference at any other access point of the plurality of access points at an acceptable level.

[0015] According to a preferred embodiment, defining for each access point of the plurality of access points a corresponding interference threshold comprises defining the corresponding interference threshold based on the traffic load of the respective access point.

[0016] By determining for each access point the corresponding interference threshold based on the traffic load of the respective access point, a fair management of interference levels may be reached. For example, determining for an access point with a high traffic load a low interference threshold may be more beneficial for overall quality of experience of users in the wireless network as compared to determining for an access point with a low traffic load a low interference threshold. An amount of traffic load that is managed by an access point is a fair variable to determine an acceptable level of interference for said access point.

[0017] According to a preferred embodiment, the control method comprises estimating the interference at said any one access point based on at least one of a path loss and a received signal strength indicator at said any one access point.

[0018] According to a preferred embodiment, the steps of identifying an access point having a highest traffic load, defining for each access point of the plurality of access points a corresponding interference threshold, setting a transmit power of the target access point to a target transmit power and assigning to the target access point a target communication channel are executed iteratively at least until a target transmit power has been set for, and a target communication channel has been assigned to each access point of the plurality of access points.

[0019] When the steps of identifying the access point having a highest traffic load, defining for each access point of the plurality of access points a corresponding interference threshold, setting a transmit power of the target access point to a target transmit power and assigning to the target access point a target communication channel have all been carried out, these steps can be repeated for the remaining access points of the plurality of access point in the wireless network. During a first iteration of the above described steps the access point with the highest traffic load was selected to be the target access point, during a second iteration of the above described steps the access point with the second highest traffic load can be selected to be the target access point, etc.

[0020] The skilled person will understand that the hereinabove described technical considerations and advantages for device embodiments also apply to the below described corresponding method embodiments, mutatis mutandis.

[0021] According to a second aspect of the invention there is provided a control system for controlling a wireless network comprising a plurality of access points being operable on a plurality of communication channels. The control system comprises:
  • an obtaining unit for obtaining from each access point of the plurality of access points at least one traffic parameter, the at least one traffic parameter being representative for a traffic load of the respective access point;
  • an identifying unit for identifying from said plurality of access points a target access point having a highest traffic load, based on said obtained at least one traffic parameter;
  • a threshold defining unit for defining for each access point of the plurality of access points a corresponding interference threshold;
  • a transmit power setting unit for determining a target transmit power and setting a transmit power of the target access point to the target transmit power; and
  • a communication channel assigning unit for determining a target communication channel and assigning to the target access point the target communication channel from among the plurality of communication channels. The target transmit power and target communication channel are determined such that an interference sensed by any one access point of the plurality of access points is lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point.


[0022] According to a preferred embodiment, the transmit power setting unit is configured for determining a maximum transmit power for each communication channel of the plurality of communication channels such that the interference at any one access point of the plurality of access points is lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point.

[0023] According to a preferred embodiment, the communication channel assigning unit is configured for determining the target communication channel to be a communication channel for which the determined maximum transmit power is highest.

[0024] According to a preferred embodiment, the communication channel assigning unit is configured for determining the target communication channel to be a communication channel on which a sensed interference by the target access point is lowest.

[0025] According to a preferred embodiment, the threshold defining unit is configured for defining the corresponding interference threshold based on the traffic load of the respective access point.

[0026] According to a preferred embodiment, the control system comprises an interference estimating unit for estimating the interference at said any one access point based on at least one of a path loss and a received signal strength indicator at said any one access point.

[0027] According to a preferred embodiment, the at least one traffic parameter comprises an amount of received and sent packets of the respective access point.

[0028] According to a further aspect of the invention, there is provided a computer program comprising computer-executable instructions to perform the method, when the program is run on a computer, according to any one of the steps of any one of the method embodiments disclosed above.

[0029] According to a further aspect of the invention, there is provided a computer device or other hardware device programmed to perform one or more steps of any one of the embodiments of the method disclosed above.

[0030] According to another aspect there is provided a data storage device encoding a program in machine-readable and machine-executable form to perform one or more steps of any one of the embodiments of the method disclosed above.

Brief description of the figures



[0031] The accompanying drawings are used to illustrate presently preferred non-limiting exemplary embodiments of devices of the present invention. The above and other advantages of the features and objects of the invention will become more apparent and the invention will be better understood from the following detailed description when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 illustrates schematically an embodiment of a control method for controlling a plurality of access points in a wireless network according to the invention;

Figure 2 illustrates schematically a further embodiment of a control method for controlling a plurality of access points in a wireless network according to the invention; and

Figure 3 illustrates an embodiment of a control system for controlling a plurality of access points in a wireless network according to the invention.


Description of embodiments



[0032] Figure 1 illustrates a control method 100 for controlling a plurality of access points in a wireless network wherein the plurality of access points are operable on a plurality of communication channels. It is assumed that the wireless network is a WLAN comprising J access points (APs), represented by APj, j ∈ {1,.., J} which are competing for H non-overlapping communication channels wherein h ∈ {1,..., H}. In addition it is assumed that the WLAN is centrally controllable or manageable by a control system 300, as illustrated in Figure 3, or management center, respectively, wherein the control system 300 or management center can control all APs 361, for example via TR181.

[0033] The control method comprises a first step 110 obtaining from each access point 361 of the plurality of access points at least one traffic parameter, the at least one traffic parameter being representative for a traffic load of the respective access point. The at least one traffic parameter may comprise an amount of received and sent packets of the respective access point. Based on the obtained traffic parameter, the second step 120 of identifying from said plurality of access points a target access point having a highest traffic load can be performed. Each APj can be prioritized based on their traffic ratio Tj, j ∈ {1,.., J}, which is representative for a traffic load of APj, wherein the traffic ratio can be calculated as

j ∈ {1,.., J}, wherein Lj, j ∈ {1,.., J} represents a summation of sent and received packets in APj. Based hereon, the AP with highest traffic ratio can be selected as APi = arg max Ti, wherein APi is identified as the target access point.

[0034] In step 140 a target transmit power will be set for the target access point and a target communication channel will be assigned to the target access point, without causing an interference violation to other APs on any of the available communication channels.

[0035] In order to do this, first one has to perform step 130 of defining for each access point of the plurality of access points a corresponding interference threshold, such that step 140 can be performed such that an interference at any one access point of the plurality of access points is lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point.

[0036] Interference at any one AP can be determined or calculated in different ways. For example, from a respective AP the corresponding RSSI can be collected at any moment, which is representative for an interference experienced at the respective AP. Another way to calculate an interference experienced by a particular APk will be described below.

[0037] In the assumption that the locations of the APs in a WLAN are static for a period of time, pathlosses between APs on each of the available communication channels are fixed for that same period of time. Therefore, pathlosses between any arbitrary pair of APs on each of the available communication channels can be calculated during network initialization or network deployment, as follows.

[0038] A pathloss from APj to APk over a channel CHh can be represented as

Moreover, pathlosses can be calculated between APs by differentiating transmit power and monitoring RSSI between APs as:

wherein

represents a transmit power of APj over channel CHh during network initialization and

represents the RSSI at APk received from APj transmitting on CHh with transmit power

. As mentioned earlier, when the pathlosses between APs on different communications channels are calculated during network initialization or network deployment, they are assumed to stay fixed for a period of time, and they can be used to quickly estimate RSSIs without the need of retrieving RSSI parameters from the respective AP. Moreover, RSSI of APj at APk over CHh can be estimated as

Furthermore, and more into detail an overall CCI sensed by APk on CHh can be calculated as



[0039] In this formula

is the total neighbors interference on CHh at APk, which is a part of interference that originates from other sources than the APs in the wireless network. The total neighbors interference can for example be captured by a device carrier sensing mechanism and reported to the control system which overlooks the wireless network. The total neighbors interference is energy which can be detected at radio level on a particular communication channel from IEEE or non-IEEE sources. Depending on the requirements and preferences of a specific WLAN

can be taken into account or can be neglected when calculating CCI.

[0040] Interference at an AP can be calculated or estimated as described above. Depending on the specific type, set-up and requirements of the wireless network, an interference threshold can be defined. Preferably, defining for each access point of the plurality of access points a corresponding interference threshold in step 130 comprises defining the corresponding interference threshold based on the traffic load of the respective access point. For example, an interference threshold Trj can be defined as being dependent on a traffic load or traffic ratio Tj of APj: Trj = TjI, j ∈ {1,.., J}, wherein I is the interference threshold level if Tj = 1. Herein, I can be determined in a similar way as can be done in cognitive radio networks. As will be elaborated on below, assuming a worst case scenario where interfering APs are located extremely close to a receiving AP. The receiving AP can only detect an RF signal if its received power is greater than a received sensitivity. Furthermore the receiving AP can only extract error-less stream if its received SNR is greater than a minimum acceptable SNR according to the standard , being - 91dbm - 81dbm corresponding to lowest data rate). The specific approach to determine I depends on chip set's sensitivity which may have different values. For example with a sensitivity of -110 dBm, the acceptable interference in the entire WLAN, regardless of the amount of APs, can be estimated as: I ≤ - 110 dBm + 91 dBm = -19dBm.

[0041] Preferably in step 140, setting the transmit power of the target access point, to a target transmit power comprises determining a maximum transmit power for each communication channel of the plurality of communication channels, such that the interference at any one access point of the plurality of access points is lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point. Moreover in step 140, assigning the target communication channel may comprise assigning a communication channel for which the determined maximum transmit power is highest.

[0042] In other words transmit power

with i being the index of the target access point, is set to a maximum possible over all available communication channels CHh, h ∈ {1,..., H}, provided that

j ∈ {1,.., J}, h ∈ {1,..., H}. Each AP may have different power levels that can be achieved, based on the specify type or model of the AP.

[0043] As a result of the above described method steps, a set of (CHh,



) for h ∈ {1,..., H} is obtained. In other words, for every communication channel available to the target access point APi, a maximum transmit power

is determined and a corresponding interference

is calculated.

[0044] From this set, the target transmit power and target communication channel for the target access point can be determined. Preferably, the target transmit power and target communication channel for the target access point APi are determined by assigning as target communication channel the channel CHh with highest transmit power



[0045] Alternatively, or In the event that different communication channels have identical

the communication channel which has the least interference can be assigned:



[0046] Figure 2 illustrates an embodiment of the control method 200 according to the invention, which is similar to the method of Figure 1 with the difference that in the method of Figure 2, steps 120, 130 and 140 are repeated until no access points in the wireless network remain without an allocation of a transmit power and communication channel. To accomplish this, the control method 200 of Figure 2 further comprises a step 150 in which is checked whether all access points in the wireless network have been assigned a transmit power and communication channel.

[0047] Figure 3 illustrates a control system 300 for controlling a wireless network 360 comprising a plurality of access points 361 being operable on a plurality of communication channels. The control system 300, may be configured to perform the steps of the control methods of Figure 1 and Figure 2 in accordance with the above given description in view of Figure 1 and Figure 2. The control system 300 comprises:
  • an obtaining unit 310 for obtaining from each access point 361 of the plurality of access points at least one traffic parameter, the at least one traffic parameter being representative for a traffic load of the respective access point 361;
  • an identifying unit 320 for identifying from said plurality of access points a target access point having a highest traffic load, based on said obtained at least one traffic parameter;
  • a threshold defining unit 330 for defining for each access point of the plurality of access points a corresponding interference threshold;
  • a transmit power setting unit 340 for determining a target transmit power and setting a transmit power of the target access point to the target transmit power; and
  • a communication channel assigning unit 350 for determining a target communication channel and assigning to the target access point the target communication channel from among the plurality of communication channels. The target transmit power and target communication channel are determined such that an interference sensed by any one access point 361 of the plurality of access points is lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point.


[0048] Although the above described control method and control system can be applied to any wireless network, the control method and control system according to the invention are particularly suited for controlling access points in high-density WLANs.

[0049] According to preferred embodiment, the control method assigns maximum power and any one of non-overlapping channels to each AP in WLAN, jointly with the objective of minimizing CCI to other AP in the WLAN based on their traffic load. The described method not only minimizes overall CCI in the WLAN but also improves the capacity thereof by selecting higher transmission power for APs in the WLAN. Traffic load of each AP is taken into consideration to maintain fairness in the quality of experience across all user devices connected to different APs in the WLAN. This is done by assigning higher transmit power to the target access point and reducing the CCI that user devices of the target access point may experience. Due to absence of sophisticated mechanisms to mitigate the interference on the family of IEEE 802.11, RRM is highly dampened; and that is main reason for introducing a semi-persistent method that can be conducted for example every 15-20 minutes in a periodic manner.

[0050] To cope with extensive CCI in already deployed WLAN, embodiments of the invention exploit two degrees of freedom; maximum transmit power allocation and assigning any one of non-overlapping channels to each AP. Ignoring one of them may degrade quality of experience of users significantly, especially in the case of high-density WLAN due to the limited number of available non-overlapping channels.

[0051] Prior art control methods not only seem to ignore joint channel and maximum power allocation to APs, but also do not consider a traffic load of APs in the wireless network, which leads to an unfair channel assignment. On the contrary, embodiments of the invention prioritize APs based on for example their average load by assigning a higher transmit power level to highly-loaded APs as well as protecting them against interference of other less-loaded APs by reducing its interference threshold.

[0052] The proposed control method and control system limit the overall interference in wireless networks, more particularly in ultra-dense WLANs. This is achieved by assigning a higher transmit power to APs with a higher traffic load and allowing APs with higher traffic load to cause a higher amount of interference to APs with a lower traffic load within the WLAN, wherein the APs with higher traffic load will receive less interference from other APs within the WLAN.

[0053] A person of skill in the art would readily recognize that steps of various above-described methods can be performed by programmed computers. Herein, some embodiments are also intended to cover program storage devices, e.g., digital data storage media, which are machine or computer readable and encode machine-executable or computer-executable programs of instructions, wherein said instructions perform some or all of the steps of said above-described methods. The program storage devices may be, e.g., digital memories, magnetic storage media such as a magnetic disks and magnetic tapes, hard drives, or optically readable digital data storage media. The embodiments are also intended to cover computers programmed to perform said steps of the above-described methods.

[0054] The functions of the various elements shown in the figures, including any functional blocks labelled as "processors", "units" or "modules", may be provided through the use of dedicated hardware as well as hardware capable of executing software in association with appropriate software. When provided by a processor, the functions may be provided by a single dedicated processor, by a single shared processor, or by a plurality of individual processors, some of which may be shared. Moreover, explicit use of the term "processor", "unit" or "controller" should not be construed to refer exclusively to hardware capable of executing software, and may implicitly include, without limitation, digital signal processor (DSP) hardware, network processor, application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), field programmable gate array (FPGA), read only memory (ROM) for storing software, random access memory (RAM), and non volatile storage. Other hardware, conventional and/or custom, may also be included. Similarly, any switches shown in the FIGS. are conceptual only. Their function may be carried out through the operation of program logic, through dedicated logic, through the interaction of program control and dedicated logic, or even manually, the particular technique being selectable by the implementer as more specifically understood from the context.

[0055] It should be appreciated by those skilled in the art that any block diagrams herein represent conceptual views of illustrative circuitry embodying the principles of the invention. Similarly, it will be appreciated that any flow charts, flow diagrams, state transition diagrams, pseudo code, and the like represent various processes which may be substantially represented in computer readable medium and so executed by a computer or processor, whether or not such computer or processor is explicitly shown.

[0056] Whilst the principles of the invention have been set out above in connection with specific embodiments, it is to be understood that this description is merely made by way of example and not as a limitation of the scope of protection which is determined by the appended claims.


Claims

1. Control method for controlling a plurality of access points in a wireless network wherein the plurality of access points are operable on a plurality of communication channels, the control method comprising the steps of:

- obtaining (110) from each access point of the plurality of access points at least one traffic parameter, the at least one traffic parameter being representative for a traffic load of the respective access point;

- identifying (120) from said plurality of access points a target access point having a highest traffic load, based on said obtained at least one traffic parameter;

- defining (130) for each access point of the plurality of access points a corresponding interference threshold;

- setting (140) a transmit power of the target access point to a target transmit power and assigning to the target access point a target communication channel from among the plurality of communication channels, such that an interference at any one access point of the plurality of access points is lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point.


 
2. Control method according to claim 1, wherein setting the transmit power of the target access point to the target transmit power comprises determining a maximum transmit power for each communication channel of the plurality of communication channels, such that the interference at said any one access point of the plurality of access points is lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point.
 
3. Control method according to claim 2, wherein assigning the target communication channel comprises assigning a communication channel for which the determined maximum transmit power is highest.
 
4. Control method according to claim 2 or 3, wherein assigning the target communication channel comprises assigning a communication channel on which a sensed interference by the target access point is lowest.
 
5. Control method according to any one of the previous claims, wherein defining for each access point of the plurality of access points the corresponding interference threshold comprises defining the corresponding interference threshold based on the traffic load of the respective access point.
 
6. Control method according to any one of the previous claims, comprising estimating the interference at said any one access point based on at least one of a path loss and a received signal strength indicator at said any one access point.
 
7. Control method according to any one of the previous claims, wherein the steps of identifying the target access point having the highest traffic load, defining for each access point of the plurality of access points the corresponding interference threshold, setting the transmit power of the target access point to the target transmit power and assigning to the target access point the target communication channel are executed iteratively at least until the target transmit power has been set for, and the target communication channel has been assigned to each access point of the plurality of access points.
 
8. Control system (300) for controlling a wireless network comprising a plurality of access points being operable on a plurality of communication channels, the control system comprising:

- an obtaining unit (310) configured to obtain from each access point of the plurality of access points at least one traffic parameter, the at least one traffic parameter being representative for a traffic load of the respective access point;

- an identifying unit (320) configured to identify from said plurality of access points a target access point having a highest traffic load, based on said obtained at least one traffic parameter;

- a threshold defining unit (330) configured to define for each access point of the plurality of access points a corresponding interference threshold;

- a transmit power setting unit (340) configured to determine a target transmit power and setting a transmit power of the target access point to the target transmit power; and

- a communication channel assigning unit (350) configured to determine a target communication channel and assigning to the target access point the target communication channel from among the plurality of communication channels;

wherein the target transmit power and target communication channel are determined such that an interference sensed by any one access point of the plurality of access points is lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point.
 
9. Control system according to claim 8, wherein the transmit power setting unit is configured to determine a maximum transmit power for each communication channel of the plurality of communication channels such that the interference at said any one access point of the plurality of access points is lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point.
 
10. Control system according to claim 9, wherein the communication channel assigning unit is configured to determine the target communication channel to be a communication channel for which the determined maximum transmit power is highest.
 
11. Control system according to claim 9 or 10, wherein the communication channel assigning unit is configured to determine the target communication channel to be a communication channel on which a sensed interference by the target access point is lowest.
 
12. Control system according to any one of the claims 8 to 11, wherein the threshold defining unit is configured to define the corresponding interference threshold based on the traffic load of the respective access point.
 
13. Control system according to any one of the claims 8 to 12, further comprising an interference estimating unit configured to estimate the interference at said any one access point based on at least one of a path loss and a received signal strength indicator at said any one access point.
 
14. Control system according to any one of the claims 8 to 13, wherein the at least one traffic parameter comprises an amount of received and sent packets of the respective access point.
 
15. A computer program product comprising computer-executable instructions for performing the method of any one of the claims 1-7, when the program is run on a computer.
 


Ansprüche

1. Steuerungsverfahren zum Steuern einer Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten in einem drahtlosen Netzwerk, wobei die Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten auf einer Vielzahl von Kommunikationskanälen betreibbar ist, wobei das Steuerungsverfahren die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

- Erhalten (110) von mindestens einem Verkehrsparameter von jedem Zugangspunkt der Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten, wobei der mindestens eine Verkehrsparameter repräsentativ ist für eine Verkehrslast des jeweiligen Zugangspunkts;

- Identifizieren (120) eines Zielzugangspunkts mit der höchsten Verkehrslast aus der Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten basierend auf dem erhaltenen mindestens einen Verkehrsparameter;

- Definieren (130) einer entsprechenden Störschwelle für jeden Zugangspunkt der Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten;

- Einstellen (140) einer Sendeleistung des Zielzugangspunkts auf eine Zielsendeleistung und Zuweisen eines Zielkommunikationskanals aus der Vielzahl von Kommunikationskanälen an den Zielzugangspunkt in der Art, dass eine Störung an einem beliebigen Zugangspunkt der Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten niedriger ist als die entsprechende Störschwelle des beliebigen Zugangspunkts.


 
2. Steuerungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Einstellen der Sendeleistung des Zielzugangspunkts auf die Zielsendeleistung das Bestimmen einer maximalen Sendeleistung für jeden Kommunikationskanal aus der Vielzahl von Kommunikationskanälen in der Art umfasst, dass die Störung an dem beliebigen Zugangspunkt der Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten niedriger ist als die entsprechende Störschwelle des beliebigen Zugangspunkts.
 
3. Steuerungsverfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Zuweisen des Zielkommunikationskanals das Zuweisen eines Kommunikationskanals umfasst, für den die bestimmte maximale Sendeleistung am höchsten ist.
 
4. Steuerungsverfahren nach Anspruch 2 oder 3, wobei das Zuweisen des Zielkommunikationskanals das Zuweisen eines Kommunikationskanals umfasst, auf dem eine durch den Zielzugangspunkt erfasste Störung am niedrigsten ist.
 
5. Steuerungsverfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Definieren der entsprechenden Störschwelle für jeden Zugangspunkt der Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten das Definieren der entsprechenden Störschwelle basierend auf der Verkehrslast des jeweiligen Zugangspunkts umfasst.
 
6. Steuerungsverfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, das das Abschätzen der Störung an dem beliebigen Zugangspunkt basierend auf mindestens einem Pfadverlust und einem Indikator für die Empfangssignalstärke an dem beliebigen Zugangspunkt umfasst.
 
7. Steuerungsverfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Schritte des Identifizierens des Zugangspunkts mit der höchsten Verkehrslast, des Definierens der entsprechenden Störschwelle für jeden Zugangspunkt der Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten, des Einstellens der Sendeleistung des Zielzugangspunkts auf die Zielsendeleistung und des Zuweisens des Zielkommunikationskanals an den Zielzugangspunkt mindestens so lange iterativ ausgeführt werden, bis für jeden Zugangspunkt der Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten die Zielsendeleistung eingestellt und der Zielkommunikationskanal zugewiesen wurde.
 
8. Steuerungssystem (300) zum Steuern eines drahtlosen Netzwerks, das eine Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten umfasst, die auf einer Vielzahl von Kommunikationskanälen betreibbar sind, wobei das Steuerungssystem Folgendes umfasst:

- eine Einholungseinheit (310), konfiguriert zum Erhalten von mindestens einem Verkehrsparameter von jedem Zugangspunkt der Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten, wobei der mindestens eine Verkehrsparameter repräsentativ ist für eine Verkehrslast des jeweiligen Zugangspunkts;

- eine Identifizierungseinheit (320), konfiguriert zum Identifizieren eines Zielzugangspunkts mit der höchsten Verkehrslast aus der Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten basierend auf dem erhaltenen mindestens einen Verkehrsparameter;

- eine Schwellen-Definitionseinheit (330), konfiguriert zum Definieren einer entsprechenden Störschwelle für jeden Zugangspunkt der Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten;

- eine Sendeleistung-Einstellungseinheit (340), konfiguriert zum Bestimmen einer Zielsendeleistung und zum Einstellen einer Sendeleistung des Zielzugangspunkts auf die Zielsendeleistung; und

- eine Kommunikationskanal-Zuweisungseinheit (350), konfiguriert zum Bestimmen eines Zielkommunikationskanals und Zuweisen des Zielkommunikationskanals aus der Vielzahl von Kommunikationskanälen an den Zielzugangspunkt;

wobei die Zielsendeleistung und der Zielkommunikationskanal derart bestimmt werden, dass eine durch einen beliebigen Zugangspunkt der Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten erfasste Störung niedriger ist als die entsprechende Störschwelle des beliebigen Zugangspunkts.
 
9. Steuerungssystem nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Sendeleistung-Einstellungseinheit konfiguriert ist zum Bestimmen einer maximalen Sendeleistung für jeden Kommunikationskanal aus der Vielzahl von Kommunikationskanälen in der Art, dass die Störung an dem beliebigen Zugangspunkt der Vielzahl von Zugangspunkten niedriger ist als die entsprechende Störschwelle des beliebigen Zugangspunkts.
 
10. Steuerungssystem nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Kommunikationskanal-Zuweisungseinheit konfiguriert ist zum Bestimmen des Zielkommunikationskanals als Kommunikationskanal, für den die bestimmte maximale Sendeleistung am höchsten ist.
 
11. Steuerungssystem nach Anspruch 9 oder 10, wobei die Kommunikationskanal-Zuweisungseinheit konguriert ist zum Bestimmen des Zielkommunkationskanal als Kommunikationskanal, auf dem eine durch den Zielzugangspunkt erfasste Störung am niedrigsten ist.
 
12. Steuerungssystem nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 11, wobei die Schwellen-Definitionseinheit konfiguriert ist zum Definieren der entsprechenden Störschwelle basierend auf der Verkehrslast des jeweiligen Zugangspunkts.
 
13. Steuerungssystem nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 12, das darüber hinaus eine Störungs-Abschätzungseinheit umfasst, konfiguriert zum Abschätzen der Störung an dem beliebigen Zugangspunkt basierend auf mindestens einem Pfadverlust und einem Indikator für die Empfangssignalstärke an dem beliebigen Zugangspunkt.
 
14. Steuerungssystem nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 13, wobei der mindestens eine Verkehrsparameter eine Menge von empfangenen und gesendeten Paketen des jeweiligen Zugangspunkts umfasst.
 
15. Computerprogrammprodukt, das computerausführbare Anweisungen zum Durchführen des Verfahrens aus einem der Ansprüche 1-7 umfasst, wenn das Programm auf einem Computer ausgeführt wird.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de commande pour commander une pluralité de points d'accès dans un réseau sans fil dans lequel la pluralité de points d'accès peut fonctionner sur une pluralité de canaux de communication, le procédé de commande comprenant les étapes consistant à :

- obtenir (110) à partir de chaque point d'accès de la pluralité de points d'accès au moins un paramètre de trafic, le ou les paramètres de trafic étant représentatifs d'une charge de trafic du point d'accès respectif ;

- identifier (120) parmi ladite pluralité de points d'accès un point d'accès cible ayant la charge de trafic la plus élevée, sur la base dudit ou desdits paramètres de trafic obtenus ;

- définir (130) pour chaque point d'accès de la pluralité de points d'accès un seuil d'interférence correspondant ;

- établir (140) une puissance d'émission du point d'accès cible sur une puissance d'émission cible et affecter au point d'accès cible un canal de communication cible parmi la pluralité de canaux de communication, de telle sorte qu'une interférence en l'un quelconque des points d'accès de la pluralité de points d'accès soit inférieure au seuil d'interférence correspondant dudit point d'accès.


 
2. Procédé de commande selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le réglage de la puissance d'émission du point d'accès cible sur la puissance d'émission cible comprend la détermination d'une puissance d'émission maximale pour chaque canal de communication de la pluralité de canaux de communication, de telle sorte que l'interférence audit point d'accès quelconque de la pluralité de points d'accès soit inférieure au seuil d'interférence correspondant dudit point d'accès quelconque.
 
3. Procédé de commande selon la revendication 2, dans lequel l'affectation du canal de communication cible comprend l'attribution d'un canal de communication pour lequel la puissance d'émission maximale déterminée est la plus élevée.
 
4. Procédé de commande selon la revendication 2 ou 3, dans lequel l'affectation du canal de communication cible comprend l'attribution d'un canal de communication sur lequel une interférence détectée par le point d'accès cible est la plus basse.
 
5. Procédé de commande selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la définition pour chaque point d'accès de la pluralité de points d'accès du seuil d'interférence correspondant comprend la définition du seuil d'interférence correspondant sur la base de la charge de trafic du point d'accès respectif.
 
6. Procédé de commande selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant l'estimation de l'interférence au niveau dudit point d'accès quelconque en fonction d'au moins un parmi une perte de chemin et un indicateur d'intensité de signal reçu au niveau dudit point d'accès.
 
7. Procédé de commande selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les étapes d'identification du point d'accès cible ayant la charge de trafic la plus élevée consistent à définir pour chaque point d'accès de la pluralité de points d'accès un seuil d'interférence correspondant, établir la puissance d'émission le point d'accès cible à la puissance d'émission cible et attribuer au point d'accès cible du canal de communication cible, sont exécutées de manière itérative au moins jusqu'à ce que la puissance d'émission cible soit définie et que le canal de communication cible soit affecté à chaque point d'accès de la pluralité de points d'accès.
 
8. Système de commande (300) pour commander un réseau sans fil comprenant une pluralité de points d'accès pouvant fonctionner sur une pluralité de canaux de communication, le système de commande comprenant :

- une unité d'obtention (310) configurée pour obtenir, à partir de chaque point d'accès de la pluralité de points d'accès, au moins un paramètre de trafic, le ou les paramètres de trafic étant représentatifs d'une charge de trafic du point d'accès respectif ;

- une unité d'identification (320) configurée pour identifier parmi ladite pluralité de points d'accès un point d'accès cible ayant la charge de trafic la plus élevée, sur la base dudit ou desdits paramètres de trafic obtenus ;

- une unité de définition de seuil (330) configurée pour définir pour chaque point d'accès de la pluralité de points d'accès un seuil d'interférence correspondant ;

- une unité de réglage de la puissance d'émission (340) configurée pour déterminer une puissance d'émission cible et pour régler une puissance d'émission du point d'accès cible à la puissance d'émission cible ; et

- une unité d'attribution de canal de communication (350) configurée pour déterminer un canal de communication cible et attribuer au point d'accès cible le canal de communication cible parmi la pluralité de canaux de communication ;

dans lequel la puissance d'émission cible et le canal de communication cible sont déterminés de telle sorte qu'une interférence détectée par l'un quelconque des points d'accès de la pluralité de points d'accès soit inférieure au seuil d'interférence correspondant dudit point d'accès quelconque.
 
9. Système de commande selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'unité de réglage de la puissance d'émission est configurée pour déterminer une puissance d'émission maximale pour chaque canal de communication de la pluralité de canaux de communication de telle sorte que l'interférence audit quelconque des points d'accès de la pluralité de points d'accès soit inférieure au seuil d'interférence correspondant dudit point d'accès quelconque.
 
10. Système de commande selon la revendication 9, dans lequel l'unité d'attribution de canal de communication est configurée pour déterminer le canal de communication cible comme étant un canal de communication pour lequel la puissance d'émission maximale déterminée est la plus élevée.
 
11. Procédé de commande selon la revendication 9 ou 10, dans lequel l'unité d'attribution de canal de communication est configurée pour déterminer le canal de communication cible comme étant un canal de communication sur lequel une interférence détectée par le point d'accès cible est la plus basse.
 
12. Système de commande selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 11, dans lequel l'unité de définition de seuil est configurée pour définir le seuil d'interférence correspondant sur la base de la charge de trafic du point d'accès respectif.
 
13. Système de commande selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 12, comprenant en outre une unité d'estimation d'interférence configurée pour estimer l'interférence au niveau dudit point d'accès quelconque en fonction d'au moins un parmi une perte de chemin et un indicateur d'intensité de signal reçu au niveau dudit point d'accès.
 
14. Système de commande selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 13, dans lequel le ou les paramètres de trafic comprennent une quantité de paquets reçus et envoyés du/au point d'accès respectif.
 
15. Progiciel informatique comprenant des instructions exécutables par ordinateur pour exécuter toutes les étapes de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, lorsque le progiciel est exécuté sur un ordinateur.
 




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