(19)
(11)EP 3 284 436 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 15889294.3

(22)Date of filing:  28.07.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61C 7/28(2006.01)
A61C 7/30(2006.01)
A61C 7/14(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2015/007854
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/167414 (20.10.2016 Gazette  2016/42)

(54)

ORTHODONTIC BRACKET

KIEFERORTHOPÄDISCHE KLAMMER

BRACKET ORTHODONTIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 15.04.2015 KR 20150053458

(43)Date of publication of application:
21.02.2018 Bulletin 2018/08

(73)Proprietor: Biocetec Co., Ltd
Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-130 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • KOO, Hong Sik
    Seoul 150-096 (KR)
  • YOON, Sung Hee
    Seoul 137-875 (KR)

(74)Representative: Nederlandsch Octrooibureau 
P.O. Box 29720
2502 LS The Hague
2502 LS The Hague (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-U- 201 642 385
JP-A- 2015 042 297
KR-B1- 100 320 027
US-A- 4 149 314
US-A1- 2008 241 782
JP-A- 2007 252 926
KR-A- 20070 070 169
KR-B1- 100 675 673
US-A1- 2007 072 143
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to an orthodontic bracket, more particularly to an orthodontic bracket having a cover.

    Background Art



    [0002] Malalignment of the teeth or malocclusion (misalignment between the maxillary arch and mandibular arch) may be caused by, among other things, abnormal development of the teeth themselves, bad habits during infancy and childhood such as sucking on the thumb, etc., and bad eating habits. Since malalignment or malocclusion may cause much discomfort in everyday life and may lower self-esteem in the context of social relationships, various orthodontic devices are being used to treat dental malalignment or malocclusion. One such orthodontic device is the bracket, which is adhered and affixed to a tooth and connected with a wire.

    [0003] From among the types of orthodontic brackets, the self-ligating bracket is a type that does not require a ligation operation. Since the self-ligating bracket does not entail the inconvenience of mounting a ligature to the orthodontic bracket, the time required for the procedure can be reduced, and since there is no food residue retained on the ligature or on the orthodontic bracket because of an installed ligature, the oral cavity can be kept in a more hygienic state.

    [0004] CN 201 642 385 U discloses an orthodontic bracket having a body for adherence to a tooth, a cover coupled to the body and allowing rotational and linear movement of the cover, and an elastic member for pressing the cover into a locked state. The body has a guide part with a guide recess, and a body locking part for latching with a cover locking part of the cover. The cover further has a hinge part with a hinge protrusion for insertion into the guide recess to enable linear and rotational movement.

    Technical Problem



    [0005] To address the issues described above, an aspect of the present invention aims to provide an orthodontic bracket that is convenient to use.

    [0006] Other objectives of the present invention will be more clearly understood from the embodiments of the invention set forth below.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0007] The invention pertains to an orthodontic bracket as defined in claim 1 and dependent claims 2-13 thereof. In particular, the invention pertains to an orthodontic bracket comprising: a body configured to be adhered to a tooth; a cover coupled to the body such that the cover is capable of linear and rotational movement; and an elastic member configured to press the cover to maintain a locked state of the cover, wherein the body comprises a guide part and a body locking part, the guide part having a guide recess, the body locking part configured to latch onto the cover, the cover comprises a hinge part and a cover locking part, the hinge part having a hinge protrusion configured to be inserted into the guide recess to enable linear and rotational movement, the cover locking part configured to be latched onto the body locking part, and wherein one end of the guide recess is open in a direction of the body locking part.

    [0008] An orthodontic bracket according to an aspect of the invention may include: a body configured to be adhered to a tooth; a cover coupled to the body such that the cover is capable of linear and rotational movement; and an elastic member configured to press the cover to maintain a locked state of the cover, where the cover may be locked onto the body while pushing on a wire to keep the wire in place in the body.

    [0009] An orthodontic bracket according to an aspect of the invention can include one or more of the following features. For example, the body can include a body locking part on which the cover may be latched, a guide part that guides the cover, and a wire insertion part into which the wire may be inserted, while the cover can include a cover locking part that may be latched onto the body locking part and a hinge part that may be coupled to the guide part.

    [0010] The body locking part can include a locking protrusion and a cover holder recess, the cover holder recess formed on the inside of the locking protrusion and configured to receive a portion of the cover inserted therein; the guide part can include a guide recess; the hinge part can be inserted into the guide recess in a manner that enables linear and rotational movement; and the cover locking part can be inserted into the cover holder recess and latched onto the locking protrusion.

    [0011] The locking protrusion can include a latching protrusion, and the cover locking part can include a latching recess into which the latching protrusion may be inserted.

    [0012] In the cover holder recess, an elastic member insertion recess can be formed, into which the elastic member may be inserted.

    [0013] The hinge part can include a rotation recess configured to hold the guide part and enable the cover to rotate.

    [0014] The body locking part can include a locking protrusion slope, and the cover can move downward along the locking protrusion slope when the cover is coupled with the body.

    [0015] The guide recess can be formed in a sloping fashion. Also, a guide recess can be formed in each of the left and right sides of the guide part.

    [0016] An auxiliary elastic member can additionally be included, which may be configured to elastically press the cover, and the guide part can have an auxiliary elastic member insertion recess formed, into which the auxiliary elastic member may be inserted.

    [0017] The cover can include a cover top surface and a cover sloped surface, and when the cover is coupled to the body, the cover sloped surface can contact the body locking part to stop the progress of the cover.

    [0018] In any one of the cover top surface and the cover sloped surface, a cover recess can be formed in intaglio.

    [0019] The guide part can have a smaller width than the body and can be arranged at the center of the body, whereas the cover can have the same width as the body.

    [0020] The hinge part can cover the entire guide recess. Also, the cover locking part can cover a side surface of the body locking part.

    Advantageous Effects



    [0021] An embodiment of the present invention can provide an orthodontic bracket that is convenient to use.

    Description of Drawings



    [0022] 

    FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 are perspective views illustrating an orthodontic bracket in a locked state according to an embodiment of the invention.

    FIG. 3 is a side-elevational view of the orthodontic bracket illustrated in FIG. 1.

    FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the orthodontic bracket across line AA in FIG. 1.

    FIG. 5 through FIG. 7 are perspective views illustrating the body of the orthodontic bracket illustrated in FIG. 1.

    FIG. 8 is a side-elevational view of the body illustrated in FIG. 5.

    FIG. 9 is a perspective view illustrating an elastic member and an auxiliary elastic member.

    FIG. 10 and FIG. 11 are perspective views illustrating the cover of the orthodontic bracket illustrated in FIG. 1.

    FIG. 12 is a rear-elevational view of the cover illustrated in FIG. 10.

    FIG. 13 is a diagram illustrating the cover coupled to the body in an orthodontic bracket according to an embodiment of the invention.

    FIG. 14 through FIG. 18 are diagrams sequentially illustrating a process by which the cover may be locked to the body in an orthodontic bracket according to an embodiment of the invention.

    FIG. 19 is a perspective view illustrating an orthodontic bracket according to another embodiment of the invention.

    FIG. 20 is a side-elevational view of the orthodontic bracket illustrated in FIG. 19.


    Detailed Description of Embodiments



    [0023] As the invention allows for various changes and numerous embodiments, particular embodiments will be illustrated in the drawings and described in detail in the written description. However, this is not intended to limit the present invention to particular modes of practice, and it is to be appreciated that all changes, equivalents, and substitutes that do not depart from the technical scope of the appended claims are encompassed in the present invention. In the description of the present invention, certain detailed explanations of the related art are omitted when it is deemed that they may unnecessarily obscure the essence of the present invention.

    [0024] The terms used in the present specification are merely used to describe particular embodiments, and are not intended to limit the present invention. An expression used in the singular encompasses the expression of the plural, unless it has a clearly different meaning in the context. In the present specification, it is to be understood that the terms such as "including" or "having," etc., are intended to indicate the existence of the features, numbers, steps, actions, components, parts, or combinations thereof disclosed in the specification, and are not intended to preclude the possibility that one or more other features, numbers, steps, actions, components, parts, or combinations thereof may exist or may be added.

    [0025] Terms such as "first", "second", "upper", "lower", "auxiliary", etc., can be used in describing various elements, but the components are not to be limited by such terms. The terms are used only to differentiate one element from another.

    [0026] A bracket 100 according to an embodiment of the invention described below can be coupled with a wire W having any of a variety of diameters, where the diameter of the wire can be selected as needed from various options. Also, a wire can be selected for use from wires of a maximum diameter, a minimum diameter, and intermediate diameters in consideration of the size and purpose, etc., of the bracket 100, where the cross section of the wire can have a circular, elliptical, polygonal, or any of a variety of shapes.

    [0027] Certain embodiments of the present invention are described below in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the description of the invention with reference to the accompanying drawings, the same or corresponding elements may be rendered the same reference numeral, regardless of the figure number, and redundant descriptions may be omitted.

    [0028] FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 are perspective views illustrating an orthodontic bracket 100 in a locked state according to an embodiment of the invention. FIG. 3 is a side-elevational view of the orthodontic bracket 100 illustrated in FIG. 1. FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the orthodontic bracket 100 across line AA in FIG. 1.

    [0029] Referring to FIG. 1 through FIG. 4, an orthodontic bracket 100 according to an embodiment of the invention may be a self-ligating bracket and includes a body 110 that is secured to a tooth, a cover 160 that is coupled in a manner that allows linear and rotational movement with respect to the body 110, and an elastic member 150 and an auxiliary elastic member 152 that press the cover 160 upwards from an inner side of the cover 160. Since the cover 160 pushes a wire (not shown) by way of rotation to keep the wire in place within the wire insertion part 126 of the body 110, the orthodontic bracket 100 according to this embodiment allows convenient use, even in the case of irregular teeth alignment, as the cover 160 can close and push on the wire.

    [0030] The cover 160 may have the same width as the body 110, in effect completely covering the upper portion of the wire (not shown) and preventing foreign substances from entering between the body 110 and the cover 160. Also, since the cover 160 is pressed upwardly by the elastic member 150 and auxiliary elastic member 152, when in a coupled state with the body 110, the cover 160 can be kept locked in a stable manner, and the cover 160 can be prevented from becoming detached from the body 110.

    [0031] The body 110 and the cover 160 can be formed from the same material and by the same manufacturing method, such as by plastic injection molding or ceramic sintering, for example. The elastic member 150 and the auxiliary elastic member 152 can be fabricated using an elastic material (for instance, metal or plastic, etc.).

    [0032] Below, a description is provided of the body 110 of an orthodontic bracket 100 according to this embodiment, with reference to FIG. 5 through FIG. 8.

    [0033] FIG. 5 through FIG. 7 are perspective views illustrating the body of the orthodontic bracket illustrated in FIG. 1, and FIG. 8 is a side-elevational view of the body illustrated in FIG. 5.

    [0034] Referring to FIG. 5 through FIG. 8, the body 110 may be adhered to a tooth (not shown) and may be coupled with the cover 160 to secure the wire (not shown). The body 110 includes a body locking part 112, a wire insertion part 126, and a guide part 130.

    [0035] The body locking part 112, for maintaining the locked state between the body 110 and the cover 160, may include a cover holder recess 114 and a locking protrusion 118.

    [0036] The locking protrusion 118 may protrude in a Γ shape from an upper end of the body 110. On the inner side of the locking protrusion 118, a pair of latching protrusions 120 may be formed. When the cover 160 is coupled to the body 110, the latching protrusions 120 may be inserted into the latching recesses 176 of the cover 160. At the center of a latching protrusion, a sloping protrusion 116 may be formed.

    [0037] A locking protrusion slope 122 may be formed at a front end of the locking protrusion 118. The locking protrusion slope 122 may have a particular angle of inclination, so that when the cover 160 is coupled to the body 110, the cover 160 can slide over the locking protrusion slope 122 and enter the guide part 130 of the body 110 in a stable manner (see FIG. 13). The inclination angle of the locking protrusion slope 122 can be formed the same as or almost the same as the inclination angle of a guide recess 136 of the guide part 130. Also, when the cover 160 is removed from the body 110, the locking protrusion slope 122 may allow a tool (not shown) to be readily inserted into the cover recess 172 formed in the cover 160 (see FIG. 1).

    [0038] The cover holder recess 114, which is a recess formed by the locking protrusion 118, corresponds to the portion into which the cover locking parts 174 of the cover 160 may be inserted. The cover holder recess 114 may be formed along the entire width of the body 110 and may have a substantially quadrilateral shape. The width (see reference numeral a of FIG. 8) of the cover holder recess 114 may be formed somewhat larger than the thickness of the cover locking parts 174 of the cover 160. Because of this, the cover locking parts 174 inserted into the cover holder recess 114 can be made capable of a certain degree of upward movement when an elastic force is applied by the elastic member 150 or auxiliary elastic member 152.

    [0039] The sloping protrusion 116 may be formed on the inner side of the cover holder recess 114. The sloping protrusion 116, which is a sloping surface located at the center on the inner side of the locking protrusion 118, may not only reinforce the strength of the locking protrusion 118 but may also be inserted between the cover locking parts 174 of the cover 160, when the cover 160 is coupled to the body 110, to prevent the cover 160 from becoming separated.

    [0040] In one side of the cover holder recess 114, an elastic member insertion recess 117 may be formed. The elastic member 150 may be inserted into the elastic member insertion recess 117 with a portion protruding outwards.

    [0041] The wire insertion part 126, which is a recess formed in the center of the body locking part 112 and guide part 130, may be formed along the entire width of the body 110. While an example is presented in which the cross section of the wire insertion part 126 has a quadrilateral shape, various other shapes, such as circular and elliptical shapes among others, can obviously be used. The wire insertion part 126 can be formed greater than the maximum diameter of a wire that can be used for the bracket 100, so that the wire can be inserted into the wire insertion part 126.

    [0042] The guide part 130 may couple with the cover 160 to provide guidance enabling the linear and rotational movement of the cover 160. The guide part 130 can be formed in a sloped configuration with respect to the adhesion surface 144 of the body 110, allowing the cover 160 to be readily coupled to the guide part 130, which is located lower than the locking protrusion 118. Of course, the guide part 130 can also be formed parallel to the adhesion surface 144.

    [0043] The width of the guide part 130 may be formed smaller than that of the body 110. Because of this, when the cover 160 is coupled to the guide part 130, the guide part 130 may be located between the cover locking parts 174 of the cover 160 (see FIG. 2).

    [0044] The guide part 130 may protrude upward from a guide lower slope surface 132 and may include a pair of guide recesses 136, a guide upper slope surface 138, and an auxiliary elastic member insertion recess 142.

    [0045] The guide recesses 136 may be recesses formed with an inclination angle at the left and right sides of the guide part 130 and can have one end (entrance) open to allow the cover locking parts 174 of the cover 160 to be inserted therein and the other end closed to limit the movement of the cover locking parts 174. The cover locking parts 174 may be capable of linear movement or rotational movement while inserted in the guide recesses 136. The guide recesses 136 may be formed symmetrically in both sides, i.e. the left and right sides, of the guide part 130, so that the cover 160 can be supported in a stable manner.

    [0046] The guide upper slope surface 138 may correspond to the upper surface of the guide part 130 and may have the same angle of inclination as the guide recesses 136. The guide upper slope surface 138 may be connected with the guide lower surface 140, which corresponds to the lower surface of the body 110.

    [0047] In the center of the upper part of the guide part 130, auxiliary elastic member insertion recess 142 may be formed. The auxiliary elastic member 152 may be inserted into the auxiliary elastic member insertion recess 142 with a portion protruding upwards (see FIG. 4).

    [0048] The body 110 may include an adhesion surface 144 that is formed in a flat shape and is adhered to a tooth. The adhesion surface 144 can have several protrusions (not shown) formed for increased adhesion and can obviously be formed in various other shapes, such as a curved shape, etc., instead of a planar shape.

    [0049] FIG. 9 is a perspective view illustrating an elastic member 150 and an auxiliary elastic member 152.

    [0050] Referring to FIG. 9, the elastic member 150 and the auxiliary elastic member 152 may be shaped as bars of specified lengths, where the auxiliary elastic member 152 can be formed somewhat longer compared to the elastic member 150. When the cover 160 is coupled to the body 110, the elastic member 150 and the auxiliary elastic member 152 may elastically press the cover 160 upward to both maintain a firmly locked state and prevent the cover 160 from becoming detached from the body 110.

    [0051] The elastic member 150 and the auxiliary elastic member 152 can be fabricated, among other things, from a material having elasticity (e.g. plastic or metal), and can be shaped not only in bar-like shapes but also in various other shapes such as coil springs, etc.

    [0052] Below, a description is provided of the cover 160 of an orthodontic bracket 100 according to this embodiment, with reference to FIG. 10 through FIG. 12.

    [0053] FIG. 10 and FIG. 11 are perspective views illustrating the cover 160 of the orthodontic bracket 100 illustrated in FIG. 1, and FIG. 12 is a rear-elevational view of the cover 160 illustrated in FIG. 10.

    [0054] Referring to FIG. 10 through FIG. 12, the cover 160 may include a hinge part 162, a cover top surface 168, a cover sloped surface 170, and cover locking parts 174.

    [0055] The hinge part 162 may be coupled to the guide part 130 in a manner that allows linear and rotational movement and may include a pair of hinge protrusions 164 formed symmetrically. The pair of hinge protrusions 164 may be face each other with a particular interval in-between. Between the hinge protrusions 164, a rotation recess 166 may be formed in intaglio. The hinge protrusions 164 may be inserted into the guide recesses 136 of the guide part 130 to undergo linear movement or rotation movement. The hinge protrusions 164 may have a frustoconical shape, but this is merely given as an example, and the present invention is not to be limited by the shapes of the hinge protrusions 164.

    [0056] The rotation recess 166, which is a recess formed in intaglio between the hinge protrusions 164, may hold a portion of the guide part 130 to enable a rotation of the cover 160.

    [0057] The cover top surface 168 and the cover sloped surface 170 may be surfaces that are exposed to the exterior and may be formed continuously with respect to each other. Referring to FIG. 1 through FIG. 4, the cover top surface 168 may be located parallel to the adhesion surface 144 of the body 110, while the cover sloped surface 170 may have an inclination angle in an opposite direction to the locking protrusion slope 122. In the cover sloped surface 170, an intaglio cover recess 172 may be formed. The cover recess 172 may correspond to the recess into which a tool (not shown) such as a set of tweezers may be inserted when the cover 160 is removed from the body 110.

    [0058] In the cover sloped surface 170, a pair of cover locking parts 174 may be formed. The pair of cover locking parts 174 may be formed in a left-right symmetrical configuration with a particular interval in-between. A cover locking part 174 may have its front end formed in a circular shape and may have a latching recess 176 formed in intaglio in its upper surface.

    [0059] The cover locking parts 174 may be the portions that are inserted into the cover holder recess 114 of the body locking part 112, and into the latching recesses 176 formed in the upper surfaces, the latching protrusions 120 may be inserted. Because of this, the cover locking parts 174 may not easily become detached from the cover holder recess 114.

    [0060] Below, a description is provided of the coupling between the body 110 and the cover 160 of an orthodontic bracket 100 according to this embodiment, with reference to FIG. 1 through FIG. 4 as well as FIG. 13.

    [0061] FIG. 13 is a diagram illustrating the cover 160 coupled to the body 110 in an orthodontic bracket 100 according to an embodiment of the invention.

    [0062] Referring to FIG. 1 through FIG. 4 and FIG. 13, in order to couple the cover 160 with the body 110, the cover top surface 168 of the cover 160 may be arranged parallel to the guide recesses 136 of the body 110, after which the hinge protrusions 164 may be inserted into the guide recesses 136. Here, since the locking protrusion slope 122 of the locking protrusion 118 is formed with an inclination, the side 178 of the cover 160 can slide over the locking protrusion slope 122 to be readily coupled in place. When the hinge protrusions 164 are completely inserted in the guide recesses 136, the cover 160 can rotate and maintain a completely open state (see FIG. 14).

    [0063] The elastic member 150 and auxiliary elastic member 152 can be inserted in the elastic member insertion recess 117 and auxiliary elastic member insertion recess 142, respectively, before or after the cover 160 is coupled. FIG. 13 provides an example in which the elastic member 150 is inserted before the cover 160 is coupled whereas the auxiliary elastic member (not shown) is inserted afterwards.

    [0064] Below, a description is provided of the operation of an orthodontic bracket 100 according to this embodiment, with reference to FIG. 14 through FIG. 18.

    [0065] FIG. 14 through FIG. 18 are diagrams sequentially illustrating a process by which the cover 160 may be locked to the body 110 in an orthodontic bracket 100 according to an embodiment of the invention. Incidentally, FIG. 14 through FIG. 18 are cross-sectional views of the bracket 100, but the hatching for the body 110 and the cover 160 have been omitted.

    [0066] Referring to FIG. 14, with the hinge protrusions 164 positioned at the ends opposite the entrances of the guide recesses 136, the cover 160 can be rotated to maintain a completely open state. Here, the elastic member 150 may protrude from the cover holder recess 114, and the auxiliary elastic member 152 (not shown in FIG. 14) may also partially protrude from the guide part 130.

    [0067] Referring to FIG. 15 and FIG. 16, the cover 160 may be pushed up from the state shown in FIG. 14 following the direction of the arrow marked in FIG. 15, whereby the wire W may be positioned below the cover 160. Although it can be difficult to insert a wire W into the wire insertion part 126 in the case of irregular teeth alignment, pushing the cover 160 along the diagonal direction of the arrow marked in FIG. 16, in a bracket 100 according to the present embodiment, makes it possible to couple the cover 160 with the body 110 while at the same time inserting the wire W into the wire insertion part 126.

    [0068] In FIG. 16, when the cover 160 is pressed downward in the direction of the arrow, the cover locking parts 174 may slope and/or rotate downward, with the inner surface of the cover 160 and the guide part 130 of the body 110 in contact with each other, and may move in the direction of the latching protrusions 120 of the body locking part 112, resulting in the configuration shown in FIG. 17.

    [0069] Referring to FIG. 17, the downwardly pressed cover 160 may have the cover locking parts 174, which correspond to the front end of the cover 160, entering the cover holder recess 114. Here, the elastic member 150, which protrudes while located in the cover holder recess 114, may be pressed and elastically by the cover 160, and likewise the auxiliary elastic member 152 may also be pressed and elastically by the cover 160. Also, the wire W may be downwardly pressed by the cover 160 to be completely inserted in the wire insertion part 126. Referring to FIG. 17, it can be seen that the entrance to the wire insertion part 126 is completely covered by the side 178 of the cover 160.

    [0070] Referring to FIG. 18, if the external force is removed after the cover locking parts 174 of the cover 160 are completely inserted in the cover holder recess 114, the cover 160 may be pressed upwardly due to the elastic recovering forces of the elastic member 150 and auxiliary elastic member 152. Thus, the cover 160 may rise, and the latching protrusions 120 of the locking protrusion 118 may be inserted in the latching recesses 176 of the cover locking parts 174, so that the locked state may be maintained. Also, the sloping protrusion 116 of the cover holder recess 114 may be inserted in the space between the pair of cover locking parts 174 to prevent the cover 160 from becoming separated.

    [0071] In this way, the elastic member 150 and auxiliary elastic member 152 may elastically press the cover 160 to maintain a locked state and prevent the hinge protrusions 164 of the cover 160 from leaving the guide recesses 136. Although the bracket 100 according to the present embodiment is described above as including an elastic member 150 and an auxiliary elastic member 152, another embodiment of the invention can include the elastic member 150 only without including the auxiliary elastic member 152. Also, the present invention is not to be limited by the positions of the elastic member 150 and auxiliary elastic member 152. For example, a bracket according to another embodiment of the invention can include only the elastic member 150 without including the auxiliary elastic member 152, where the elastic member 150 can be inserted in the auxiliary elastic member insertion recess 142 illustrated in FIG. 4 instead of the cover holder recess 114.

    [0072] Referring to FIG. 4 and FIG. 18, when the cover 160 is inserted in and completely coupled to the body 110, the elastic forces of the elastic member 150 and auxiliary elastic member 152 may cause the cover 160 to be separated upward by a particular gap from the body 110, while the elastic member 150 and auxiliary elastic member 152 may be elastically deformed by the cover 160.

    [0073] To release the coupling of the cover 160 and body 110, the procedures illustrated in FIG. 14 through FIG. 18 may be performed in a backward sequence. Here, as there is a cover recess 172 formed in the cover sloped surface 170 of the cover 160, the cover 160 can be readily removed by inserting a set of tweezers, etc., into the cover recess 172 and pushing backwards.

    [0074] Below, a description is provided of an orthodontic bracket 100 according to another embodiment of the invention, with reference to FIG. 19 and FIG. 20.

    [0075] FIG. 19 is a perspective view illustrating an orthodontic bracket 200 according to another embodiment of the invention, and FIG. 20 is a side-elevational view of the orthodontic bracket 200 illustrated in FIG. 19.

    [0076] The elements of an orthodontic bracket 200 according to this embodiment are mostly the same as those of the orthodontic bracket 100 of the previously described embodiment, with the exception that the compositions of the guide part 230 of the body 210 and the hinge part 262 of the cover 260 are different.

    [0077] The composition of the body 210 may be generally the same as that of the body 110 of the orthodontic bracket 100 according to the previously described embodiment, but the shape of the guide part 230 may be different. The guide part 230 may be formed with a smaller width than the width of the body 210, instead of being the same. In the left and right sides of the guide part 230, guide recesses may be formed, which are not shown in the drawings. The guide recesses may be the same as those of the orthodontic bracket 100 according to the previously described embodiment, and as such, are not described again in detail here.

    [0078] The cover 260 may include a hinge part 262 that couples to the guide part 230 in a manner that enables movement and rotation, providing substantially the same function as the hinge part 162 of the orthodontic bracket 100 according to the previously described embodiment. However, the hinge part 262 may be formed somewhat longer to completely cover the guide recesses formed in the left and right sides of the guide part 230. The hinge part 262 can completely cover the guide recesses of the guide part 230 both when the cover 260 is locked onto the body 210 and when the lock is released. This can prevent the entry of foreign substances into the guide recesses.

    [0079] Similarly, the cover locking parts 274 of the cover 260 can also be formed with somewhat thicker sides to prevent the entry of foreign substances into the cover holder recess 214.

    [0080] While the present invention is described above using certain embodiments of the present invention, the person having ordinary skill in the art would understand that the invention can be modified and altered in various ways without departing from the scope of the present invention recited in the claims below.


    Claims

    1. An orthodontic bracket (100) comprising:

    a body (110) configured to be adhered to a tooth;

    a cover (160) coupled to the body such that the cover is capable of linear and rotational movement; and

    an elastic member (150) configured to press the cover to maintain a locked state of the cover,

    wherein the body (110) comprises a guide part (130) and a body locking part (112), the guide part having a guide recess (136), the body locking part configured to latch onto the cover (160),

    the cover (160) comprises a hinge part (162) and a cover locking part (174), the hinge part having a hinge protrusion (164) configured to be inserted into the guide recess (136) to enable linear and rotational movement, the cover locking part (174) configured to be latched onto the body locking part (112), characterized in that

    one end of the guide recess (136) is open in a direction of the body locking part (112).


     
    2. The orthodontic bracket of claim 1, wherein the guide recess (136) is formed in each of a left and a right side of the guide part (130), and
    the cover (160) includes a pair of the hinge protrusions (164) facing each other.
     
    3. The orthodontic bracket of claim 1, wherein the guide recess (136) is formed in a sloping fashion.
     
    4. The orthodontic bracket of claim 1, wherein the body locking part (112) comprises a locking protrusion (118) and a cover holder recess (114), the cover holder recess configured to receive a portion of the cover (160) inserted therein, and
    the cover locking part (174) is inserted into the cover holder recess (114) and latched onto the locking protrusion (118).
     
    5. The orthodontic bracket of claim 4, wherein the locking protrusion (118) comprises a latching protrusion (120), and the cover locking part (174) comprises a latching recess (176) configured to receive the latching protrusion inserted therein.
     
    6. The orthodontic bracket of claim 4, wherein the cover holder recess (114) has an elastic member insertion recess (142) formed therein, the elastic member insertion recess configured to receive the elastic member (150) inserted therein.
     
    7. The orthodontic bracket of claim 1, wherein the body locking part (112) comprises a locking protrusion slope, and
    the cover (160) moves downward along the locking protrusion slope when the cover is coupled with the body (110).
     
    8. The orthodontic bracket of claim 1, further comprising:

    an auxiliary elastic member (152) configured to elastically press the cover (160),

    wherein the guide part (130) has an auxiliary elastic member insertion recess formed therein, the auxiliary elastic member insertion recess (142) configured to receive the auxiliary elastic member (152) inserted therein.


     
    9. The orthodontic bracket of claim 1, wherein the cover (160) comprises a cover top surface (168) and a cover sloped surface (170), and
    when the cover is coupled to the body (110), the cover sloped surface (170) contacts the body locking part (112) to stop a progress of the cover (160).
     
    10. The orthodontic bracket of claim 9, wherein any one of the cover top surface (168) and the cover sloped surface (170) has a cover recess (172) formed therein in intaglio.
     
    11. The orthodontic bracket of claim 1, wherein the guide part (130) has a smaller width than the body (110) and is arranged at a center of the body, and
    the cover (160) has a same width as the body.
     
    12. The orthodontic bracket of claim 1, wherein the hinge part (162) covers the guide recess (136).
     
    13. The orthodontic bracket of claim 1, wherein the cover locking part (174) covers a side surface of the body locking part (112).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Kieferorthopädische Klammer (100), umfassend:

    einen Körper (110), der konfiguriert ist, um an einem Zahn zu haften;

    eine Abdeckung (160), die mit dem Körper derart gekoppelt ist, dass die Abdeckung zu einer linearen und drehenden Bewegung fähig ist; und

    ein elastisches Element (150), das konfiguriert ist, um auf die Abdeckung zu drücken, um einen blockierten Zustand der Abdeckung zu bewahren,

    wobei der Körper (110) einen Führungsteil (130) und einen den Körper blockierenden Teil (112) umfasst, wobei der Führungsteil eine Führungsvertiefung (136) aufweist und der den Körper blockierende Teil konfiguriert ist, um an der Abdeckung (160) einzurasten,

    die Abdeckung (160) einen Scharnierteil (162) und einen die Abdeckung blockierenden Teil (174) umfasst, wobei der Scharnierteil einen Scharniervorsprung (164) aufweist, der konfiguriert ist, um in die Führungsvertiefung (136) eingefügt zu werden, um eine lineare und drehende Bewegung zu ermöglichen, wobei der die Abdeckung blockierende Teil (174) konfiguriert ist, um an dem den Körper blockierenden Teil (112) einzurasten,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein Ende der Führungsvertiefung (136) in einer Richtung des den Körper blockierenden Teils (112) offen ist.


     
    2. Kieferorthopädische Klammer nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Führungsvertiefung (136) in jeder von einer linken und einer rechten Seite des Führungsteils (130) gebildet ist, und
    die Abdeckung (160) ein Paar der Scharniervorsprünge (164) umfasst, die einander gegenüberstehen.
     
    3. Kieferorthopädische Klammer nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Führungsvertiefung (136) schräg gebildet ist.
     
    4. Kieferorthopädische Klammer nach Anspruch 1, wobei der den Körper blockierende Teil (112) einen Blockierungsvorsprung (118) und eine Abdeckungshaltevertiefung (114) umfasst, wobei die Abdeckungshaltevertiefung konfiguriert ist, um einen darin eingefügten Abschnitt der Abdeckung (160) aufzunehmen, und
    der die Abdeckung blockierende Teil (174) in die Abdeckungshaltevertiefung (114) eingefügt wird und an dem Blockierungsvorsprung (118) einrastet.
     
    5. Kieferorthopädische Klammer nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Blockierungsvorsprung (118) einen Einrastvorsprung (120) umfasst, und der die Abdeckung blockierende Teil (174) eine Einrastvertiefung (176) umfasst, die konfiguriert ist, um den darin eingefügten Einrastvorsprung aufzunehmen.
     
    6. Kieferorthopädische Klammer nach Anspruch 4, wobei in der Abdeckungshaltevertiefung (114) eine Vertiefung (142) zum Einfügen eines elastischen Elements gebildet ist, wobei die Vertiefung zum Einfügen eines elastischen Elements konfiguriert ist, um das darin eingefügte elastische Element (150) aufzunehmen.
     
    7. Kieferorthopädische Klammer nach Anspruch 1, wobei der den Körper blockierende Teil (112) eine Blockierungsvorsprungsschräge umfasst, und
    sich die Abdeckung (160) entlang der Blockierungsvorsprungsschräge nach unten bewegt, wenn die Abdeckung mit dem Körper (110) gekoppelt wird.
     
    8. Kieferorthopädische Klammer nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:

    ein elastisches Hilfselement (152), das konfiguriert ist, um elastisch auf die Abdeckung (160) zu drücken,

    wobei in dem Führungsteil (130) eine Vertiefung zum Einfügen eines elastischen Hilfselements gebildet ist, wobei die Vertiefung (142) zum Einfügen eines elastischen Hilfselements konfiguriert ist, um das darin eingefügte elastische Hilfselement (152) aufzunehmen.


     
    9. Kieferorthopädische Klammer nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Abdeckung (160) eine obere Abdeckungsfläche (168) und eine schräge Abdeckungsfläche (170) umfasst, und
    wenn die Abdeckung mit dem Körper (110) gekoppelt ist, die schräge Abdeckungsfläche (170) den den Körper blockierenden Teil (112) berührt, um ein Vorrücken der Abdeckung (160) zu unterbinden.
     
    10. Kieferorthopädische Klammer nach Anspruch 9, wobei in einer von der oberen Abdeckungsfläche (168) und der schrägen Abdeckungsfläche (170) eine Abdeckungsvertiefung (172) eingeprägt ist.
     
    11. Kieferorthopädische Klammer nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Führungsteil (130) eine kleinere Breite als der Körper (110) aufweist und in der Mitte des Körpers angeordnet ist, und
    die Abdeckung (160) die gleiche Breite wie der Körper aufweist.
     
    12. Kieferorthopädische Klammer nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Scharnierteil (162) die Führungsvertiefung (136) abdeckt.
     
    13. Kieferorthopädische Klammer nach Anspruch 1, wobei der die Abdeckung blockierende Teil (174) eine Seitenfläche des den Körper blockierenden Teils (112) abdeckt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Un bracket orthodontique (100) comprenant :

    un élément (110) configuré pour être collé à une dent ;

    un couvercle (160) couplé à l'élément de sorte que le couvercle soit capable d'un mouvement linéaire et rotatif ; et

    un élément élastique (150) configuré pour presser le couvercle afin de maintenir un état verrouillé du couvercle,

    dans lequel l'élément (110) comprend une partie de guidage (130) et une partie de verrouillage (112) de l'élément, la partie de guidage comportant un évidement de guidage (136), la partie de verrouillage de l'élément étant conçue pour s'enclencher sur le couvercle (160),

    le couvercle (160) comprend une partie formant charnière (162) et une partie de verrouillage (174) du couvercle, la partie formant charnière présentant une protubérance d'articulation (164) configurée pour être insérée dans l'évidement de guidage (136) et permettre un mouvement linéaire et en rotation, la partie de verrouillage (174) du couvercle étant configurée pour être verrouillée sur la partie de verrouillage (112) de l'élément,

    caractérisé en ce qu'une extrémité de l'évidement de guidage (136) est ouverte dans la direction de la partie de verrouillage (112) de l'élément.
     
    2. Le bracket orthodontique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'évidement de guidage (136) est formé dans chacun des côtés gauche et droit de la partie de guidage (130), et le couvercle (160) comprend une paire de protubérances d'articulation (164) se faisant face.
     
    3. Le bracket orthodontique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'évidement de guidage (136) qui est formé en pente.
     
    4. Le bracket orthodontique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie de verrouillage (112) de l'élément comprenant une saillie de verrouillage (118) et un évidement de support de couvercle (114), l'évidement de support de couvercle étant configuré pour recevoir en son sein une partie du couvercle (160) qui s'y insère, et
    la partie de verrouillage (174) du couvercle est insérée dans l'évidement du support de couvercle (114) et verrouillée sur la saillie de verrouillage (118).
     
    5. Le bracket orthodontique selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la saillie de verrouillage (118) comprenant une saillie de verrouillage (120) et la partie de verrouillage (174) du couvercle comprenant un évidement de verrouillage (176) configuré pour recevoir en son sein la saillie de verrouillage qui s'y insère.
     
    6. Le bracket orthodontique selon la revendication 4, dans lequel l'évidement de support de couvercle (114) présente un évidement d'insertion d'élément élastique (142) formé dans celui-ci, l'évidement d'insertion d'élément élastique étant configuré pour recevoir en son sein l'élément élastique (150) qui s'y insère.
     
    7. Le bracket orthodontique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie de verrouillage (112) de l'élément comprend une pente de saillie de verrouillage, et
    le couvercle (160) se déplace vers le bas le long de la pente de saillie de verrouillage lorsque le couvercle est couplé à l'élément (110).
     
    8. Le bracket orthodontique selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

    un élément élastique auxiliaire (152) configuré pour presser élastiquement le couvercle (160),

    dans lequel la partie de guidage (130) comporte un évidement d'insertion d'un élément élastique auxiliaire (142) formé en son sein, l'élément élastique auxiliaire (142) étant configuré pour recevoir en son sein l'élément élastique auxiliaire (152) qui s'y insère.


     
    9. Le bracket orthodontique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le couvercle (160) comprend une surface supérieure de couvercle (168) et une surface de couvercle inclinée (170), et lorsque le couvercle est couplé à l'élément (110), la surface du couvercle inclinée (170) vient en contact avec la partie de verrouillage (112) de l'élément pour arrêter la progression du couvercle (160).
     
    10. Le bracket orthodontique selon la revendication 9, dans lequel l'une ou l'autre de la surface supérieure de la couverture (168) et de la surface inclinée de la couverture (170) présente en son sein un évidement (172) de couverture formé en creux.
     
    11. Le bracket orthodontique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie de guidage (130) a une largeur inférieure à celle de l'élément (110) et est agencée au centre de l'élément, et le couvercle (160) présentant la même largeur que l'élément.
     
    12. Le bracket orthodontique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie formant charnière (162) recouvre l'évidement de guidage (136).
     
    13. Le bracket orthodontique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie de verrouillage (174) de couvercle recouvre une surface latérale de la partie de verrouillage (112) de l'élément.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description