(19)
(11)EP 3 286 122 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 16730409.6

(22)Date of filing:  21.06.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B66B 7/04(2006.01)
B66B 11/04(2006.01)
B66B 9/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2016/064259
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/207136 (29.12.2016 Gazette  2016/52)

(54)

ELECTRIC LINEAR MOTOR

ELEKTRISCHER LINEARMOTOR

MOTEUR LINÉAIRE ÉLECTRIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.06.2015 WO PCT/EP2015/064535

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.02.2018 Bulletin 2018/09

(60)Divisional application:
18160994.2 / 3372547
20153140.7

(73)Proprietor: Kone Corporation
00330 Helsinki (FI)

(72)Inventors:
  • PETROV, Ilya
    00330 Helsinki (FI)
  • PUROSTO, Tero
    00330 Helsinki (FI)
  • HAKALA, Tero
    00330 Helsinki (FI)
  • RATIA, Jouni
    00330 Helsinki (FI)

(74)Representative: Glück Kritzenberger Patentanwälte PartGmbB 
Hermann-Köhl-Strasse 2a
93049 Regensburg
93049 Regensburg (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2014/113006
JP-A- H0 891 741
JP-A- H04 197 980
JP-A- 2013 086 950
WO-A1-2015/084366
JP-A- H0 952 668
JP-A- 2002 101 682
US-A- 5 141 082
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Background of the invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to an electric linear motor having a linear stator extending along an environment, e.g. an elevator shaft in a building or long the path of an escalator, moving sidewalk or moving ramp. The motor carries a mover which comprises the rotor components of the electric motor as e.g. windings and/or permanent magnets. Thus, the mover moving along with an element to be moved and the linear stator mounted along the environment form a linear motor. Such kind of motors are per se known. A disadvantage of these motors is caused by the fact that the linear stator comprising windings and/or permanent magnets are quite expensive, particularly if higher elevator shafts are considered with a length of e.g. 50 m or more. Furthermore, the weight of such a linear stator adds up considerably when used already for a mid-rise elevator.

    [0002] The WO 2005/084366 A1 discloses an electric linear motor according to the preamble of claim 1.

    Summary of the invention



    [0003] It is therefore object of the present invention to provide an electric linear motor which is comparably cheap to manufacture and which is adapted also for long movement paths.

    [0004] This object is solved with an electric linear motor according to claim 1. Preferred embodiments of the invention are subject-matter of the dependent claims. Embodiments of the invention are also shown in the description and in the drawings. The inventive content may also consist of several separate inventions, especially if the invention is considered in the light of explicit or implicit subtasks or with respect to advantages achieved. In this case, some of the attributes contained in the claims below may be superfluous from the point of view of separate inventive concepts. The features of different embodiments of the invention can be applied in connection with other embodiments within the scope of the basic inventive concept.

    [0005] According to the invention, the electric linear motor comprises at least one linear stator designed to be located in a fixed correlation to an environment, particularly in a building. Further the motor comprises at least one mover designed for connection with an element to be moved and co-acting for movement along the stator. The motor comprises a stator beam extending in the longitudinal direction of the stator supporting said at least one stator, which stator beam has at least one side face carrying ferromagnetic poles of said stator spaced apart by a pitch (d), and which mover comprises at least one counter-face facing said side face(s) of the stator beam, in which counter-face electro-magnetic components of the mover are located, as e.g. mover irons, windings and permanent magnets are located.

    [0006] The advantage of the present invention is therefore that the linear stator only needs ferromagnetic poles which can be for example stator teeth formed in a side face of a stator rod made of ferromagnetic material, for example made of iron or an iron-containing alloy. Via this means, the stator beam supporting the linear stator can be made more lightweight and can thus be used e.g. for high elevators, particularly for elevators with a height of more than 50 m, preferably of more than 100 m. This linear motor concept is therefore adapted for any high-rise applications as this solution does not need any elevator ropes which are an obstacle in the design of high-rise elevators because of the correlated weight. Of course the linear motor can also be used for other applications with long movement tracks as e.g. escalators, moving sidewalks and moving ramps. Preferably, the stator beam comprises a support structure for at least two stators and at least one fastening element to fix the support structure to the elevator shaft. The advantage of this construction is that the motor force can be doubled up as the stator beam now comprises two stators and a correspondingly larger force generating surface of the linear motor.

    [0007] Preferably, the stator beam in the environment, e.g. elevator shaft and the mover of the element, e.g. elevator car form guide means for the travel of the element to be moved in the environment. Usually an elevator car is guided with guide rollers along guide rails extending vertically in the elevator shaft. This common technology can advantageously been omitted if the stator beam of the linear motor itself together with the mover form the guide means for the element with respect to the stator beam. This can be done e.g. in one alternative by providing guide faces on the stator beam which co-act with corresponding guide means (e.g. rollers) at the mover or element to be moved which is connected with the mover. Preferably the guide means is provided by the stator poles and the electro-magnetic components of the linear motor. This provides a kind of magnetic guide similar to a magnetic monorail as known in high-velocity trains.

    [0008] Thus, most preferably the ferromagnetic stator poles of the stator beam and the electro-magnetic components of the mover form a magnetic bearing for the guide and suspension of the element to be moved.

    [0009] Preferably the movers are centralized around the respective stators beams by means of the magnetic bearing formed by the stators and the electro-magnetic components of the mover(s). The windings of the mover are controlled such that air gap is maintained between stator side faces and the mover counter-faces. By this means the stator beam and mover form the combined drive as well as the guide of the element to be moved, e.g. elevator car in the environment, e.g. elevator shaft. Thus the element is free from separate guide means as guide rollers or guide surfaces co-acting with any kind of guide rails to be used in connection with the linear stator.

    [0010] In a preferred embodiment of the invention the mover has separate magnetic bearing coils which are controlled independent of electro-magnetic mover components of the linear motor. The purpose of the separate magnetic bearing coils is only, to regulate the air gap of the linear motor. The magnetic bearing coils of the mover co-act with the linear stator, preferably with the stator iron, to correct any deviations in length/thickness of the air gap. Preferably they are disposed as an extension to the mover, above and below the electro-magnetic mover components, i.e. the linear motor coils / magnets.

    [0011] Preferably, the two stators are located at opposite sides of the stator beam so that horizontal forces between the stator beam and the mover are eliminated or at least essentially reduced.

    [0012] In the most preferred embodiment of the invention, the movers are centralized around the respective stators by means of a magnetic bearing, which can e.g. be formed by the electro-magnetic components of the stator and mover of the linear motor. Via said magnetic bearing a constant air gap is maintained between stator and mover counterfaces.

    [0013] In an embodiment of the invention, the stator beam may also comprise guide surfaces for guide rollers located at the mover(s).

    [0014] Preferably, the elevator motor of the invention is a flux-switching permanent magnet motor which is for example shown in US 2013/0249324 A1. Such a motor is cost-effective, provides high thrust and can operate well even under fault conditions.

    [0015] Preferably, the stator beam has at least two side faces with stator poles having the same pitch and wherein the pitch of the stator poles of both side faces is preferably in length direction of the stator mutually offset, either by a half pitch, preferably, all 4 stators are offset by ¼ pitch relative to each other. Via this embodiment, the cogging torque of this 3-phase linear motor is reduced, so that the effectivity of the motor is better and the movement is smoother.

    [0016] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the stator beam has a polygonal cross-section and has several side faces carrying ferromagnetic stator poles, which side faces are connected via corners. This solution offers the advantage that several stators can be located in connection with the stator beam which several stators are configured to co-act with a corresponding number of counter-faces located in one or several movers connected with the elevator car. Via this means, the drive force, i.e. power of the motor, can essentially be increased whereas horizontal forces can essentially be reduced.

    [0017] In a preferred embodiment of the invention the cross-section of the stator beam is preferably rectangular, particularly square. In this case, four side faces are obtained carrying ferromagnetic stator poles, whereby the stators of the opposite side faces may have the same pitch as well as the same position of the stator poles whereas the side faces located rectangular to each other have the same pitch but are offset in length direction of the stator preferably by a half pitch. With this embodiment, the particularly horizontal faces perpendicular to the side faces are eliminated and on the other hand by the offset of the pitch of the rectangular side faces, the torque ripple of the elevator motor are reduced to a half so that the motor operates more effectively and runs smoother.

    [0018] Preferably, the mover has a C-profile or U-Profile surrounding the stator beam. These profiles allow the easy surrounding of the stator beam in a way that the counter-faces of the mover are oriented with a small air gap opposite to the corresponding side faces of the stator beam. On the other hand, the opening in the C- or U-profile is configured to adapt the fastening elements of the stator beam at the shaft wall or any construction fixed in the elevator shaft. In some embodiments, the mover takes short piece of stator beam, which remains inside the mover when car moves to adjacent shaft.

    [0019] The advantage of a U-profile is also that the U-profile can be detached from the stator beam when moved horizontally in the direction of the base member of the U-profile.

    [0020] Preferably, the movers are configured for a rucksack suspension of the element(s) with the guide rails and stator beams located on the shaft sides of the environment. This solution allows the releasing of the movers from the stator beams and of the guide rails by corresponding mechanisms. Preferably, the mover has on one side mountings for the element, e.g. elevator car and on its counter side guide rollers facing the stator beam(s). The guiding of the element can therefore be realized via an electro-magnetic guide field established between stator and mover and/or via conventional guide means, e.g. guide rollers or guide shoes, running along the stator beam(s).

    [0021] In an embodiment of the invention the stator beam can be formed by the stator itself, e.g. by a stator rod. In one embodiment of the invention the stator beam can e.g. be formed by a square metal rod having teeth on two opposite sides.

    [0022] Preferably, a conductor rail or bus bar is located along the length of moving path of the element to be moved. In this case the mover has at least one contactor, preferably with contact rollers, connecting the conductor rail or bus bar. Conventionally, an elevator car is connected via car cables to an elevator control which car cables hang between the elevator car and a fixing part connected to the elevator shaft. As now the element to be moved, e.g. elevator car might able to be released form the stator (e.g. in an escalator when the pallets approach the return point to the return track), the connection of the mover to the stator beam might not be kept. Therefore, the connection via a bus bar or conductor rail located along the movement path is preferable as on one hand, this connection is independent of the length of the path.

    [0023] In a preferred embodiment the mover is held releasably to the stator so that the linear motor can be used for applications (escalators, moving ramps or multi-shaft (loop) elevators) where a connection between mover and stator cannot be upheld for the entire length of the travel of the element to be moved.

    [0024] Furthermore, the initiating and releasing of the electric connection between the bus bar and the contactor of the elevator car is easy to realize based on the movement of the element away from the stator beam. Therefore, the bus bar is located preferably at the shaft side opposite to side where the mover is removed from the stator beam.

    [0025] In this case, the connector of the mover is pressed against the bus bar or conductor rail located in connection with the environment or with the stator beam. Preferably, the contactor is supported on the mover or element via a support element which comprises a spring means to bias the contactor against the conductor rail or bus bar which ensures a proper electric contact during the travel of the element along the stator beam.

    [0026] Preferably, the mover also has a power source as for example a battery or an accumulator, which is preferably also configured as back-up power source for the mover. The power back up is preferably designed for the electro-magnetic power elements of the motor connected with the mover as e.g. windings or permanent magnets. Thus, with this power source, all electric loads of the mover can be fed. These loads are in case of an elevator car also the lightings, ventilation, door drives and of any IO devices of the elevator car as for example car display panels, loudspeakers, displays, etc. Furthermore, the power of a wireless data connection with any kind of conveyor control can be supplied with the power source.

    [0027] In this case, preferably the operation of the mover always runs via the power source whereby the power source is loaded via the conductor rail as long as the contactors of the mover are in contact with the conductor rail or bus bar. Via this means, it is ensured that the mover keeps working in any case of power failure. The capacity of the power source is preferably sufficient to drive the mover to a predetermined location in the traveling path, in case of an elevator e.g. to the next landing in the elevator shaft.

    [0028] In an alternative preferred embodiment, the power supply from the shaft to mover is implemented with coupled coils principle, whereby a primary coil being mounted to the environment or stator beam whereas a secondary coil is moving with the car. When the mover arrives at a certain position, primary and secondary are coupled and power is fed from primary to secondary to a battery mounted to the mover. The primary coil may be located in every stopping floor.

    [0029] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the power source can be located in the DC intermediate circuit of the frequency converter forming the electric drive of the mover.

    [0030] The electric linear motor is preferably configured for any kind of passenger conveyor as e.g. elevator, escalator, moving ramp etc.

    [0031] Preferably, at least two parallel stator beams are located in the (each) elevator shaft and at least two movers are located parallel to each other and in a horizontal distance, whereby each of these movers co-act with one of the stator beams. Via this arrangement, the driving force is doubled up as now two movers are provided in parallel for the movement of the element, e.g. elevator car. Furthermore, the suspension of the element is better balanced between the several stator beams.

    [0032] Furthermore, preferably, the at least two movers located in succession which doubles up the moving force in connection with only one stator.

    [0033] Preferably, the ferromagnetic poles of the stator are formed by teeth provided on a side face of a ferromagnetic stator rod, which teeth are spaced apart by teeth gaps. Such a ferromagnetic stator rod is for example a rod comprised of iron or iron alloy to which the teeth structure has been milled in a side face of said rod, which teeth structure then forms a side face of the stator beam. Such a stator rod is easy to produce and can be easily supported in the stator beam of the present invention, eventually forming the stator beam.

    [0034] The stator beam may be connected via fastening elements to the elevator shaft, which fastening elements are connected to at least one corner or to one side of the stator beam.

    [0035] The stator poles may be stator teeth are embodied in a stator bar or rod. In this case the stator beam preferably comprises a support structure for at least two stator bars and fastening elements to fix the support structure.

    [0036] The teeth gaps between the stator teeth are preferably filled with a polymer material to provide together with the teeth a smooth side face of the stator beam, avoiding the accumulation of dirt.

    [0037] The counter-face of the mover is preferably arranged in a recess or through-hole of the mover which recess or through-hole surrounds the stator beam in the horizontal cross-section at least partially.

    [0038] A conveyor comprising the linear motor may have an emergency unit configured to control the mover to a predetermined location. This could be advantageous in elevators to release trapped passengers.

    [0039] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the stator(s) does not have any permanent magnets and as well as no magnetizing coils or windings either.

    [0040] Following expressions are used as a synonym: element - element to be moved - elevator car; environment - elevator shaft- escalator track; stator poles - stator teeth; windings - coils.

    [0041] For the skilled person it is obvious that components mentioned in connection with the present invention can be provided one one-fold or multi-fold according to the needs. For example, one stator beam can co-act with three movers located above each other at the element to be moved. Furthermore, two stator beams may be located at a wall of the environment or even more than two stator beams as e.g. three or four stator beams.

    Brief description of the drawings



    [0042] The invention is now described hereinafter with respect to the enclosed drawing. In this drawing
    Fig. 1
    shows a side view of an elevator shaft with a linear elevator motor according to the invention comprising two parallel stator beams,
    Fig. 2
    shows a horizontal cross-section of the parts of the elevator motor and the guide rails in the area between the elevator car and the shaft wall of Fig. 1,
    Fig. 3
    shows a cross-section through a stator beam and a mover of Fig. 4,
    Fig. 4
    shows a schematic drawing of the function of a switching permanent magnet motor (FSPM) used as the elevator motor,
    Fig. 5
    shows a side view of an elevator having two elevator shafts which are connected at their upper and lower ends with horizontal passages,
    Fig. 6
    shows a horizontal cross-section of the connecting part between the shaft wall and an elevator car at the mover position, having a U-profile mover not according to the invention and a contactor contacting a bus bar located at the elevator shaft wall,
    Fig. 7
    shows a horizontal cross-section of the connecting part between the shaft wall and an elevator car at the car guide position, showing a guide element of the elevator car with two pivoted guide rollers which guide element is running along guide surfaces of the stator beam of Fig. 6,
    Fig. 8
    shows a schematic side view of an elevator system having two elevator shafts which are connected with horizontal passages at each elevator floor whereby the landing doors are located in the area of the horizontal passages between each shaft, and
    Fig. 9
    shows a horizontal moving mechanism with shaft-side horizontal guide tracks and a car-side horizontal moving means comprising rollers co-acting with the horizontal guide tracks.

    Description of the preferred embodiments



    [0043] It is emphasized that identical parts or parts with the same functionality are designated by the same reference numbers in all figures.

    [0044] Fig. 1 shows an elevator 10 comprising an elevator shaft 12 wherein an elevator car 16 moves up and down as an element to be moved. The elevator 10 has a linear elevator motor 14. The linear elevator motor 14 comprises stators 50 (see Fig. 3) located in a side face of a stator beam 18 which is mounted with fastening elements 20 to a shaft wall 22 of the elevator shaft 12. In this example the elevator 10 has two parallel stator beams 18, which can be seen in Fig. 2.

    [0045] The elevator car 16 comprises two movers 24, 26 located one above the other. The lower mover 24 is located in the lower half of the elevator car whereas the upper mover 26 is located in the upper half of the elevator car. These two movers 24, 26 comprise electro-magnetic components as e.g. irons, windings and permanent magnets 70, 71, 72, 74, 76 (Fig. 4) which co-act with stator poles 52 located in the side faces of the stator beam 18, formed by stator teeth. Accordingly, the elevator car travels upwards and downwards via corresponding control of both movers 24, 26 co-acting with the stator beams 18.

    [0046] Of course, the elevator car has a corresponding set of two movers 24, 26 for each vertical stator beam 18 so that the elevator car 16 has in total four movers, two lower movers 24 and two upper movers 26 to co-act with two stator beams 18.

    [0047] Of course, each stator beam 18 may have one or several stators 50 as it is shown in Figs. 2 and 3.

    [0048] Although it is preferred that the stator beams 18 and movers 24, 26 of the elevator 10 of Fig. 1 also form an electro-magnetic guide for the elevator car 16 so that any guide rollers and guide rails can be omitted, Fig. 2 shows in one embodiment optional car guides 32, 34 of the elevator car 16 co-acting with optional guide rails 28 running vertically along the shaft wall 22 of Fig. 1. The shaft wall 22 comprises two parallel guide rails 28, 30 co-acting with corresponding car guides 32, 34. Each car guide 32, 34 has a set of guide rollers co-acting with the car guide rails 28, 30. As these car guides 32, 34 in connection with the car guide rails 28, 30 are configured for a rucksack type suspension, the corresponding guide system 28, 30, 32, 34 is configured to keep the car 16 horizontally in connection with the shaft wall 22 as these both car guide rails 28, 30 are the only guide rails of the elevator car 16 in the shaft 12. The vertical stator beams 18 as well as the movers 24, 26 of the elevator car 16 are shown in more detail in Fig. 3. Generally, guide rails with a round cross-section may be used which are surrounded by rollers of the car guide, thereby fixing the car horizontally in connection with the guide rail.

    [0049] According to Fig. 3 the vertical stator beam 18 comprises a metal support structure 40 with a square cross-section. On each side the support structure 40 carries a metal stator rod 50 comprising stator teeth 52, which form the four side faces 42, 44, 46, 48 of the stator beam 18. Each of these stator rods (or bars) 50 with the stator teeth 52 forms a stator of the linear motor 14 so that the stator beam 18 shown in Fig. 3 comprises four stators. The stator teeth 52 co-act with windings 74, 76 (Fig. 4) and mover irons 70,72 and permanent magnets 71 located along counter-faces 54 in the four arms 56, 58, 60, 62 of the C-type profile of the mover 24, 26. This C-type profile of the mover surrounds the stator beam 18 but leaves an opening 64 for the adaption of the fastening elements 20, as the mover 24, 26 travels along the shaft 12.

    [0050] The stator rods 50 on all four side faces 42, 44, 46, 48 have the same pitch d. Anyway, the first and third side face 42, 46 of the stator beam also have an identical teeth position in vertical direction whereas the second and fourth side face 44, 48 have the same pitch but the teeth position is vertically offset with respect to the stator teeth 52 on the first and third side face 42, 46 by a ¼ pitch.

    [0051] Via this arrangement, it is ensured that on one hand, the horizontal forces between the stators 50 on opposite sides eliminate each other whereas the vertical offset of the pitches of the side faces oriented rectangular leads to a better efficiency and a smoother run of the elevator motor, as a moving step of such a motor 14 is a half pitch. By the fact that four stators 50 are located within the stator beam 18 the force generated between the movers 24, 26 and the stator beam 18 is multiplied by four, thereby achieving less horizontal ripples and a smoother movement of the movers 24, 26 with respect to the vertical stator beam 18.

    [0052] Fig. 4 shows the operation principle of the flux switching permanent magnet motor formed by the movers 24, 26 and the stators 50 in the stator beam 18. The stator rod 50 comprises stator teeth 52 which are spaced apart by teeth gaps 53. The pitch d of the stator teeth 52 is identical throughout the length of the stator rod 50. The stator in the stator beam 18 in a longer vertical shaft 12 can be comprised of one single stator rod 50 with a corresponding length or by several stator rods 50 located one above each other, according to the required shaft length. In the connecting areas of stator rods located above each other the pitch d has to be maintained.

    [0053] The mover 24, 26 comprises on each counter-face 54 a succession of two mover irons 70, 72 between which one thin magnet 71 is located. This package of mover irons 70, 72 and magnet 71 is followed by two windings 74, 76 which are controlled as to produce a magnetic field with opposite direction. This succession 70, 71, 72, 74, 76 of mover irons, permanent magnets and windings is repeated according to the length of the mover. The movement of the mover 24, 26 with respect to the stator rod is accomplished by controlling the both windings 74, 76 to switch the flux direction to the opposite so that with each switching, the mover 24, 26 moves half of the pitch d of the stator teeth 52. Thus, the mover 24, 26 can be controlled to move according to the arrows in upwards or downwards direction with respect to the stator rod 50.

    [0054] Fig. 5 shows an elevator 100 having two elevator shafts 102, 104 which are connected by an upper horizontal passage 106 at the top end of both shafts 102, 104 as well as a lower horizontal passage 108 at the bottom end of both elevator shafts 102, 104. Thus, the both elevator shafts 102, 104 with the upper and lower horizontal passage 106, 108 form a closed loop whereby the movement of the elevator cars 16a-16d is only allowed in one direction according to the arrows shown in the figure. By this measure it is ensured that cars run only in one direction in each of the shafts which lead to a higher transport capacity and to an easier control of the cars in the shaft.

    [0055] In both elevator shafts 102, 104, vertical stator beams 18, 114 e.g. according to one of the previous embodiments, or according to Figs. 6 and 7 are located which co-act with movers 24, 26 located at the elevator cars 16a-16d. Each shaft 102, 104 may comprise preferably two, three or four parallel stator beams 18, 114. The figure shows landing doors 110 located in the first elevator shaft 102 as well as in the second elevator shaft 104. The cars 16a-16d are horizontally moved in the horizontal passages 106, 108 in a not specified manner by horizontal moving mechanisms, e.g. those shown in connection with Figs. 8 and 9.

    [0056] Both elevator shafts are cut out along the cutting line 112 for clarity reasons, as normally this concept is preferably designed for high-rise elevators having 20 floors or more. Accordingly, the two shafts 102, 104 are able to accommodate a much larger number of elevator cars than the four cars 16a-16d shown in the figure. Each car 16a-16d is able to move largely independent of the others within the two shafts 102, 104 except the fact that collisions between cars have to be avoided. By the fact that in the first elevator shaft 102 the elevator cars 16a-16d only drive downwards and in the second elevator shaft 104 only drive upwards, the probability of mutual affection is decreased. Furthermore, by this circular moving scheme, the transport capacity of both shafts is drastically increased on one hand because now the two elevator shafts may comprise much more elevator cars than in conventional systems and on the other hand, because in each elevator shaft, all elevator cars only move in the same direction, avoiding counter-movements of cars which reduce an economic shaft use and necessitate extensive anti-collision control.

    [0057] Fig. 6 shows a vertical stator beam 114 not according to the invention, which may be used in connection with the elevator 100 shown in Fig. 5 and with the elevator 200 shown in Fig. 8.

    [0058] The vertical stator beam 114 comprises five side faces 116, 118, 120, 122, 124. The first side face 116 directed to the elevator car 16a-16d as well as the fourth and fifth side face 122, 124 directed to the shaft wall 22 are guide faces co-acting with guide rollers of a car guide 140 as shown in Fig. 7. The second side face 118 and the third side face 120 of the vertical stator beam 114 comprise stator rods 50 with stator teeth 52 which co-act with permanent magnets and windings 70, 71, 72, 74, 76 located in the counter-faces 54 of a mover 126 of the elevator car 16a-16d. The mover 126 is embodied as a U-profile which is mounted with a mounting element 128 to the elevator car 16a-16d. The mounting element may also be a screw or a bolt or the like such that the U-profile 126 is directly mounted to the car 16a-16d, eventually with a dampening layer in-between. As the two stator rods 50 on the second and third side faces 118, 120 of the vertical stator beam 114 are opposed to each other, the horizontal forces between the stators 50 of the vertical stator beam 114 and the components 70, 71, 72, 74, 76 of the mover 126 are compensated. On the other hand, the shaft wall 22 comprises a bus bar 130 with four vertically running connector rails 132 from which three connector rails 132 are the three phases of an AC mains network and one of the vertical connector rails 132 is a control connector connecting the elevator car with the elevator control. The elevator car comprises a contactor 134 which is pressed via a telescopic spring support 136 against the elevator car 16a-16d. Via this contactor 134, the elevator car 16a-16d is provided with electric power for the operation of the mover 126 as well as for all further car components needing electric power, as e.g. doors, I/O, lighting etc..

    [0059] The vertical stator beam 114 of Fig. 6 has the advantage that it does not only support the stators 50 of the electric motor 14 of the elevator but it also provides the guide faces 116, 122, 124 to guide the car in the shaft 12, 102, 104 in connection with a car guide 32, 34, 140. The car guide 140 comprises three guide rollers 142, 144, 146 which are running on the three guide faces 116, 122, 124 of the vertical stator beam 114. The second and third guide roller 144, 146 located adjacent the shaft wall 22 are supported on pivot arms 148 which are pivotally hinged on a pivoting mechanism 150 as to be moved away from the corresponding guide surfaces 122, 124 of the vertical stator beam 114. Via this means, the vertical stator beams 114 can be released from the contact with the car guides 32, 34 by moving the car horizontally away from the shaft wall 22. As also the mover 126 is according to Fig. 6 a U-profile open to the shaft wall 22, also the mover 126 can be moved away from the vertical stator beam 114 in a horizontal direction away from the elevator shaft wall 22. Thus, the elevator cars 16a-16d can be released from the corresponding vertical stator beams 114 when moved with the horizontal moving mechanism in the upper and lower horizontal passage 106, 108 of Fig. 5, e.g. as shown in Figs. 8 and 9.

    [0060] Fig. 8 shows a second embodiment of an elevator 200 whereby the vertical stator beams 114 correspond to the stator beams shown in Figs. 6 and 7 and the car guides 140 of the cars 16a-16d of Fig. 8 (not shown in Fig. 8) correspond preferably to the car guides 140 shown in Fig. 7. The elevator 200 of Fig. 8 comprises two elevator shafts 202, 204 which are preferably no longer separated by shaft walls. Instead, at each elevator floor, horizontal guide tracks (see also Fig. 9) 206 are extending horizontally along horizontal passages 208 located between the two elevator shafts 202, 204 whereby the term "elevator shaft" in this connection designates the vertical moving paths of the elevator cars 16a-16d in this elevator 200. The two remaining shaft walls 22 which are opposite to the horizontal passages 208 do not only comprise the vertical stator beams 114 but also the vertical bus bars 130 of Fig. 6 which are not shown for clarity reasons, as Fig. 8 focuses on the horizontal moving mechanism 205. The horizontal moving mechanism 205 comprises the horizontal guide tracks 206 on each elevator floor and a horizontal moving means 210 located on top of each elevator car 16a-16d. The horizontal moving means 210 of the elevator car comprises support rollers 212 which can be moved between a retracted position and an operational position wherein the support rollers 212 run on the horizontal guide tracks 206.

    [0061] The moving pattern of the elevator cars in the elevator car 200 corresponds to that of Fig. 5 which means that in the first elevator shaft 202, the elevators all move in the same direction, i.e. upwards, whereas in the second elevator shaft 204 all elevator cars 16a-16d move downwards. Therefore, also in this elevator 200, a kind of circular movement is achieved whereby the circular movement can be shortened as the elevator cars can travel from one elevator shaft 202, 204 into the other at each elevator floor via the horizontal moving mechanism 205 comprising the horizontal guide tracks 206 and the horizontal moving means 210 of the elevator car.

    [0062] The function of the horizontal moving mechanism 205 based on the interaction between the horizontal guide tracks 206 and the horizontal moving means 210 of the elevator car 16a-16d is described in more detail with respect to Fig. 9. The elevator car 16a-16d comprises a car control 214 having a wireless transmission means 216 for wireless communication with the elevator control. Furthermore, the elevator car 16a-16d comprises a power source 218, preferably an accumulator, which feeds the movers 24, 26; 126 of the elevator car 16, 16a-16d as well as all other electrical components connected to the elevator car. The horizontal moving means 210 comprises of four roller arrangements 220. Each roller arrangement 220 comprises a mounting base 222 on which a support arm 224 is pivotally hinged. The support arm 224 can be moved between a retracted position (shown on the left side of the figure) and an operational position (shown on the right side) in which the support roller 212 runs on top of the horizontal guide track 206. Connected with the support arm 224 is a drive member 226 on which the support roller is supported. The drive member comprises an electric motor which is configured to rotate the support roller 212 on the horizontal guide track 206. It is self-evident that any operation of the pivot mechanism in the mounting base 222 can be prohibited when the support roller is currently positioned in the retracted position shown on the left side as well as in the operational position of the support roller 212 on the horizontal guide track 206. Therefore a locking mechanism (not shown) is preferably provided to lock the corresponding positions.

    [0063] It is further clear for the skilled person that the retracted and operational position of the support roller 212 is controlled in synchronization with the initiation and releasing of the contact between the movers 126 and the corresponding vertical stator beams 114. Via this arrangement, it is ensured that the car is always supported in vertical direction either by the force of the mover 126 on the vertical stator beam 114 or by the support of the support rollers 212 on the horizontal guide tracks 206.

    [0064] It is not shown in the figures but is evident for the skilled person that the elevator car has a gripping device which grips the guide faces of guide rails or of the vertical stator beams 114 when the power of the power source 218 (and eventually in case of a power failure of the mains) goes off thus ensuring that the car cannot fall downwards when the movers are not energized any longer. When a failure of the power source should occur while the car is supported via the support rollers 212 on the horizontal guide tracks 206, nothing can happen as the operation position of the support rollers 212 on the horizontal guide tracks 206 is locked even in case of power off.

    [0065] Accordingly, also in this new multi-shaft multi-car arrangement of the invention, the safety of the elevator cars 16a-16d is always ensured independent whether the car is currently supported by the movers 126 and the vertical stator beams 114 or by the support rollers 212 on the horizontal guide tracks 206.

    [0066] The invention can be carried out within the scope of the appended patent claims. Thus, the above-mentioned embodiments should not be understood as delimiting the invention.

    List of reference numbers



    [0067] 
    10
    elevator
    12
    elevator shaft
    14
    elevator motor
    16
    elevator car
    18
    stator beam
    20
    fastening elements
    22
    shaft wall /shaft side
    24
    lower mover
    26
    upper mover
    28
    first guide rail
    30
    second guide rail
    32
    first car guide
    34
    second car guide
    40
    support structure
    42
    first side face
    44
    second side face
    46
    third side face
    48
    fourth side face
    50
    stator / stator rod
    52
    stator teeth
    53
    teeth gaps
    54
    counter face of mover
    56
    first arm of C-profile mover
    58
    second arm of C-profile mover
    60
    third arm of C-profile mover
    62
    fourth arm of C-profile mover
    70
    first mover iron
    71
    permanent magnet
    72
    second mover iron
    74
    first winding
    76
    second winding
    100
    elevator (second embodiment)
    102
    first elevator shaft
    104
    second elevator shaft
    106
    upper horizontal passage
    108
    lower horizontal passage
    110
    landing door
    114
    stator beam (second embodiment)
    116
    first side face (first guide face)
    118
    second side face
    120
    third side face
    122
    fourth side face (second guide face)
    124
    fifth side face (third guide face)
    126
    mover (second embodiment)
    128
    mounting element
    130
    bus bar
    132
    connector rails
    134
    contactor
    136
    spring support
    140
    car guide (second embodiment)
    142
    first guide roller, at the car side
    144
    second guide roller, at the shaft wall side
    146
    third guide roller, at the shaft wall side
    148
    pivot arm
    150
    pivoting mechanism
    200
    elevator (third embodiment)
    202
    first elevator shaft
    204
    second elevator shaft
    205
    horizontal moving mechanism
    206
    horizontal guide track
    208
    horizontal passage
    210
    horizontal moving means mounted to the elevator car
    212
    support roller
    214
    car control
    216
    wireless transmission means
    218
    power supply
    220
    roller arrangement
    222
    mounting base
    224
    support arm
    226
    drive member



    Claims

    1. Electric linear motor (14) comprising at least one linear stator (50) designed to be located in a fixed correlation to an environment, particularly building, and at least one mover (24, 26; 126) designed for connection with an element to be moved (16; 16a-16d) and co-acting to move along the stator,
    which motor comprises a stator beam (18; 114) supporting said at least one stator (50), which stator beam has at least one side face (42-48; 116-124) carrying ferromagnetic poles (52) of said stator spaced apart by a pitch (d), and which mover (24, 26; 126) comprises at least one counter-face (54) facing said side face(s) of the stator beam, in which counter-face electro-magnetic components (70, 71, 72, 74, 76) of the mover (24, 26; 126) are arranged to co-act with the ferromagnetic poles of the stator beam, characterized in
    that the mover (24, 26; 126) has a C-profile surrounding the stator beam (18; 114), and
    that the mover (24, 26) has four counter-faces (54) arranged in a rectangular configuration and facing the four side faces (42-48) of the stator beam (18), wherein preferably each of the counter-faces comprises the electro-magnetic components (70, 71, 72, 74, 76) of the mover and the opening in the C-profile is configured to accommodate (the) fastening element (20) of the stator beam.
     
    2. Electric linear motor (14) according to claim 1, wherein the stator (50) and the mover (24, 26; 126) form guide means for the travel of the element to be moved along the stator beam.
     
    3. Electric linear motor (14) according to claim 2, wherein the ferromagnetic stator poles (52) of the stator beam (114) and the electro-magnetic components of the mover (70, 71, 72, 74, 76) form a magnetic bearing for the guide and suspension of the element (16; 16a-d).
     
    4. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the mover has separate magnetic bearing coils which are controlled independent of electro-magnetic mover components (70, 71, 72, 74, 76) of the linear motor, which are controlled to regulate the air gap of the linear motor, which separate magnetic bearing coils co-act with the linear stator, preferably with the stator iron.
     
    5. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the stator beam (18; 114) comprises a support structure (40) for at least two stators (50) and at least one fastening element (20) to fix the support structure (40) to the environment (12; 102, 104; 202, 204).
     
    6. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the electric linear motor (14) is a flux-switching permanent magnet motor (FSPM).
     
    7. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the stator beam (18; 114) has at least two side faces (42-48; 116-124) with stator poles (52) having the same pitch (d) and wherein the position of the stator poles of both side faces in the length direction of the stator is preferably mutually offset.
     
    8. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the stator beam (18; 114) has a polygonal cross section and has several side faces (42-48; 116-124) carrying ferromagnetic poles, which side faces are connected via corners.
     
    9. Electric linear motor (14) according to claim 8, wherein the cross section of the stator beam (18) is rectangular, particularly square.
     
    10. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of claims 7 to 9 wherein the stator beam (18) has four side faces (42-48) with stator poles having the same pitch (d) and the pitch of the opposite side faces is identical whereas the pitch of the side faces extending in right angles is offset in length direction of the stator, preferably by a half pitch.
     
    11. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the mover is configured have one mounting side for a rucksack-suspension of the element.
     
    12. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the mover (126) is in a direction perpendicular to the stator beam releasable from the stator beam (114).
     
    13. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein a busbar (130) with conductor rails (132) is located along the length of the stator beam (114), and the mover of the element carried by it has at least one contactor (134), preferably with contact rollers, connecting the conductor rails.
     
    14. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the mover or the element (16; 16a-16d) to be moved has a power source (218), which is preferably configured as back-up power source for the mover (24, 26; 126).
     
    15. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of the preceding claims, being configured to be installed in a high rise elevator with a vertical length of more than 50 m, preferably more than 100 m.
     
    16. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein at least two parallel stator beams (18; 114) are located in the environment (12; 102, 104; each of which guiding at least one mover, whereby at least two movers (24, 26; 126) located parallel to each other are configured to be commonly connected to the element to be moved, each of the movers co-acting with one of the stator beams, respectively.
     
    17. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the ferromagnetic poles (52) are teeth provided on a side face (42-48; 116-124) of a ferromagnetic stator rod (50), which teeth (52) which are spaced apart by teeth gaps (53).
     
    18. Electric linear motor (14) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the stator(s) (50) does not have any permanent magnets and as well as no windings either.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) mit mindestens einem linearen Stator (50), der dazu ausgelegt ist, in einer festen Korrelation zu einer Umgebung, insbesondere einem Gebäude, angeordnet zu sein, und mindestens einem Mover (24, 26; 126), der dazu ausgelegt ist, mit einem zu bewegenden Element (16; 16a-16d) verbunden zu werden und der dazu beiträgt, sich entlang des Stators zu bewegen, wobei der Motor einen Statorträger (18; 114) umfasst, der den mindestens einen Stator (50) trägt, wobei der Statorträger mindestens eine Seitenfläche (42-48; 116-124) aufweist, die ferromagnetische Pole (52) des Stators trägt, die durch eine Neigung (d) beabstandet sind, und wobei der Mover (24, 26; 126) mindestens eine Gegenfläche (54) aufweist, die der/den Seitenfläche(n) des Statorträgers zugewandt ist/sind, wobei in dieser Gegenfläche elektromagnetische Komponenten (70, 71, 72, 74, 76) des Movers (24, 26; 126) so angeordnet sind, dass sie mit den ferromagnetischen Polen des Statorträgers zusammenwirken, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Mover (24, 26; 126) ein C-Profil aufweist, das den Statorträger (18; 114) umgibt, und dass der Mover (24, 26) vier Gegenflächen (54) aufweist, die in rechteckiger Konfiguration angeordnet sind und den vier Seitenflächen (42-48) des Statorträgers (18) zugewandt sind, wobei vorzugsweise jede der Gegenflächen die elektromagnetischen Komponenten (70, 71, 72, 74, 76) des Movers umfasst und die Öffnung im C-Profil zum Aufnehmen (des) Befestigungselements (20) des Statorträgers ausgebildet ist.
     
    2. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Stator (50) und der Mover (24, 26; 126) Führungsmittel für den Hub des zu bewegenden Elements entlang des Statorträgers bilden.
     
    3. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach Anspruch 2, wobei die ferromagnetischen Statorpole (52) des Statorträgers (114) und die elektromagnetischen Komponenten des Movers (70, 71, 72, 74, 76) ein Magnetlager für die Führung und Aufhängung des Elements (16; 16a-d) bilden.
     
    4. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Mover separate Magnetlagerspulen aufweist, die unabhängig von elektromagnetischen Mover-Komponenten (70, 71, 72, 74, 76) des Linearmotors gesteuert werden, die zum Regeln des Luftspaltes des Linearmotors gesteuert werden, wobei die separaten Magnetlagerspulen mit dem Linearstator, vorzugsweise mit dem Statoreisen, zusammenwirken.
     
    5. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Statorträger (18; 114) eine Stützstruktur (40) für mindestens zwei Statoren (50) und mindestens ein Befestigungselement (20) zum Befestigen der Stützstruktur (40) an der Umgebung (12; 102, 104; 202, 204) umfasst.
     
    6. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der elektrische Linearmotor (14) ein Fluss-Wechsel-Permanentmagnetmotor (FSPM, Flux-Switching Permanent Magnet Motor) ist.
     
    7. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Statorträger (18; 114) mindestens zwei Seitenflächen (42-48; 116-124) mit Statorpolen (52) gleicher Neigung (d) aufweist und wobei die Position der Statorpole beider Seitenflächen in Längsrichtung des Stators vorzugsweise gegenseitig versetzt ist.
     
    8. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Statorträger (18; 114) einen polygonalen Querschnitt aufweist und mehrere Seitenflächen (42-48; 116-124) mit ferromagnetischen Polen aufweist, die über Ecken verbunden sind.
     
    9. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach Anspruch 8, wobei der Querschnitt des Statorträgers (18) rechteckig, insbesondere quadratisch ist.
     
    10. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 9, wobei der Statorträger (18) vier Seitenflächen (42-48) mit Statorpolen gleicher Neigung (d) aufweist und die Neigung der gegenüberliegenden Seitenflächen identisch ist, während die Neigung der rechtwinklig verlaufenden Seitenflächen in Längsrichtung des Stators versetzt ist, vorzugsweise um eine halbe Neigung.
     
    11. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Mover konfiguriert ist, um eine Montageseite für eine Rucksack-Aufhängung des Elements aufzuweisen.
     
    12. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Mover (126) in einer Richtung senkrecht zum Statorträger angeordnet ist, der vom Statorträger (114) lösbar ist.
     
    13. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei eine Sammelschiene (130) mit Stromschienen (132) entlang der Länge des Statorträgers (114) angeordnet ist und der Mover des von ihm getragenen Elements mindestens ein Schütz (134), vorzugsweise mit Kontaktrollen, aufweist, das die Stromschienen verbindet.
     
    14. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Mover oder das zu bewegende Element (16; 16a-16d) eine Energiequelle (218) aufweist, die vorzugsweise als Notstromquelle für den Mover (24, 26; 126) konfiguriert ist.
     
    15. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, der konfiguriert ist, um in einen Hochhausaufzug mit einer vertikalen Länge von mehr als 50 m, vorzugsweise mehr als 100 m, eingebaut zu werden.
     
    16. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei mindestens zwei parallele Statorträger (18; 114) in der Umgebung (12; 102, 104) angeordnet sind, von denen jeder mindestens einen Mover führt, wobei mindestens zwei parallel zueinander angeordnete Mover (24, 26; 126) so konfiguriert sind, dass sie gemeinsam mit dem zu bewegenden Element verbunden sind, wobei jeder der Mover mit einem der Statorträger zusammenwirkt.
     
    17. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die ferromagnetischen Pole (52) Zähne sind, die auf einer Seitenfläche (42-48; 116-124) einer ferromagnetischen Statorstange (50) vorgesehen sind, deren Zähne (52) durch Zahnlücken (53) beabstandet sind.
     
    18. Elektrischer Linearmotor (14) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der/die Stator(en) (50) keine Permanentmagnete und auch keine Wicklungen aufweist//en.
     


    Revendications

    1. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) comprenant au moins un stator linéaire (50) conçu pour être situé dans une corrélation fixe avec une ambiance, en particulier un bâtiment, et au moins un dispositif mobile (24, 26 ; 126) conçu pour être relié à un élément à déplacer (16 ; 16a à 16d) et co-agissant pour se déplacer le long du stator,
    lequel moteur comprend un faisceau de stator (18 ; 114) supportant ledit au moins un stator (50), lequel faisceau de stator présente au moins une face latérale (42 - 48 ; 116 - 124) portant des pôles ferromagnétiques (52) dudit stator espacés d'un pas (d), et lequel dispositif mobile (24, 26 ; 126) comprend au moins une contre-face (54) faisant face à ladite (auxdites) face(s) latérale(s) du faisceau de stator, dans laquelle contre-face des composants électromagnétiques (70, 71, 72, 74, 76) du dispositif mobile (24, 26 ; 126) sont agencés pour co-agir avec les pôles ferromagnétiques du faisceau de stator,
    caractérisé en ce que le dispositif mobile (24, 26 ; 126) présente un profil en C entourant le faisceau de stator (18 ; 114), et
    en ce que le dispositif mobile (24, 26) présente quatre contre-faces (54) agencées dans une configuration rectangulaire et faisant face aux quatre faces latérales (42 à 48) du faisceau de stator (18), dans lequel de préférence chacune des contre-faces comprend les composants électromagnétiques (70, 71, 72, 74, 76) du dispositif mobile et l'ouverture dans le profilé en C est configurée pour loger (le) élément de fixation (20) du faisceau de stator.
     
    2. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le stator (50) et le dispositif mobile (24, 26 ; 126) forment un moyen de guidage pour le déplacement de l'élément à déplacer le long du faisceau de stator.
     
    3. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les pôles ferromagnétiques de stator (52) du faisceau de stator (114) et les composants électromagnétiques (70, 71, 72, 74, 76) du dispositif mobile forment un palier magnétique pour le guidage et la suspension de l'élément (16 ; 16a-d).
     
    4. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le dispositif mobile présente des bobines de palier magnétique séparées qui sont commandées indépendamment des composants électromagnétiques (70, 71, 72, 74, 76) du dispositif mobile du moteur linéaire, lesquelles sont commandées pour réguler l'entrefer du moteur linéaire, lesquelles bobines de palier magnétique séparées co-agissent avec le stator linéaire, de préférence avec le fer du stator.
     
    5. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le faisceau de stator (18 ; 114) comprend une structure de support (40) pour au moins deux stators (50) et au moins un l'élément de fixation (20) pour fixer la structure de support (40) à l'ambiance (12 ; 102, 104 ; 202, 204).
     
    6. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le moteur linéaire électrique (14) est un moteur à aimants permanents à commutation de flux (FSPM).
     
    7. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le faisceau de stator (18 ; 114) présente au moins deux faces latérales (42 - 48 ; 116 - 124) avec des pôles de stator (52) qui présentent le même pas (d) et dans lequel les positions des pôles de stator des deux faces latérales dans la direction de la longueur du stator sont de préférence décalées mutuellement.
     
    8. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le faisceau de stator (18 ; 114) présente une coupe transversale polygonale et présente plusieurs faces latérales (42 - 48 ; 116 - 124) portant des pôles ferromagnétiques, lesquelles faces latérales sont reliées par de coins.
     
    9. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon la revendication 8, dans lequel la coupe transversale du faisceau de stator (18) est rectangulaire, en particulier carrée.
     
    10. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications 7 à 9, dans lequel le faisceau de stator (18) présente quatre faces latérales (42 à 48) avec des pôles de stator qui présentent le même pas (d) et le pas des faces latérales opposées est identique tandis que le pas des faces latérales s'étendant à angles droits est décalé dans la direction de la longueur du stator, de préférence d'un demi-pas.
     
    11. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le dispositif mobile est configuré pour avoir un côté de montage pour une suspension en forme de sac-à-dos de l'élément.
     
    12. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le dispositif mobile (126) est dans une direction perpendiculaire au faisceau de stator détachable du faisceau de stator (114).
     
    13. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel une barre omnibus (130) avec des rails de conducteur (132) est située le long de la longueur du faisceau de stator (114), et le dispositif mobile de l'élément porté par celui-ci présente au moins un contacteur (134), de préférence avec des rouleaux de contact, reliant les rails de conducteur.
     
    14. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le dispositif mobile ou l'élément à déplacer (16 ; 16a à 16d) présente une source d'alimentation (218), qui est de préférence configurée sous la forme d'une source d'alimentation de secours pour le dispositif mobile (24, 26 ; 126).
     
    15. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications précédentes, qui est configuré pour être installé dans un ascenseur de grande hauteur avec une longueur verticale supérieure à 50 m, de préférence supérieure à 100 m.
     
    16. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel au moins deux faisceaux de stator parallèles (18 ; 114) sont situés dans l'ambiance (12 ; 102, 104), chacun de ceux-ci guidant au moins un élément mobile, moyennant quoi au moins deux éléments mobiles (24, 26 ; 126) situés parallèlement l'un à l'autre son configurés pour être reliés de manière commune à l'élément à déplacer, chacun des éléments mobiles co-agissant avec un des faisceaux de stator, respectivement.
     
    17. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les pôles ferromagnétiques (52) sont des dents prévues sur une face latérale (42 - 48 ; 116 - 124) d'une tige de stator ferromagnétique (50), lesquelles dents (52) sont espacées par des trous (53) entre les dents.
     
    18. Moteur linéaire électrique (14) selon une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le(s) stator(s) (50) n'a (n'ont) pas d'aimants permanents et n'a (n'ont) pas non plus d'enroulements.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description