(19)
(11)EP 3 286 291 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
03.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/23

(21)Application number: 16726169.2

(22)Date of filing:  20.04.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C11D 3/38(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2016/052230
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/170479 (27.10.2016 Gazette  2016/43)

(54)

PRODUCT FOR CLEANING, SANITIZING AND HYGIENIZATION

PRODUKT ZUR REINIGUNG, DESINFEKTION UND HYGIENISIERUNG

PRODUIT DE NETTOYAGE, D'ASSAINISSEMENT ET DE DÉSINFECTION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME

(30)Priority: 22.04.2015 IT UB20150028

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.02.2018 Bulletin 2018/09

(73)Proprietor: Copma S.C.A.R.L.
44100 Ferrara (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • RODOLFI, Alberto
    44042 Cento (Ferrara) (IT)
  • CASELLI, Elisabetta
    44123 Ferrara (IT)

(74)Representative: Dall'Olio, Christian et al
INVENTION S.r.l. Via delle Armi, 1
40137 Bologna
40137 Bologna (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 967 578
US-A1- 2013 184 196
EP-A2- 0 414 304
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to the technical field of cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization, in particular of surfaces.

    [0002] Currently, to the possibility of controlling and eliminating chemical and/or microbial contamination which can be dangerous for people's health is being given always more importance.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART



    [0003] The traditional, currently used products and methods for cleaning and sanitizing are not more satisfying both for the occurrence of multi-resistant microbial species (so called "superbugs") and for avoiding the use of chemical antimicriobial disinfectant substances with high environmental impact.

    [0004] This is to be related to the incapacity of traditional (chemically formulated) detergents and hygienization means to act against the re-contamination of the surfaces treated.

    [0005] Such re-contamination is ultimately the main responsible for infections associated to contaminant microorganisms (bacteria and fungi) which can be transmitted by contact with the contaminated surfaces.

    [0006] Another drawback of traditional detergents/hygienization means relates to the incapacity to control the occurrence of antibiotics multi-resistant bacterial species. On the contrary, the use of determined substances (and the selective pressure exerted on contaminant microorganisms) is at times directly correlated to the selection of resistant microbial species, which is highly undesirable since potentially associated to the development of infections which are more dangerous for people's health since difficult to be eradicated by means of pharmacological therapy.

    [0007] In the hospital field, it is noted that the infections represent one of the more frequent complications of hospitalization (5% - 15% of all the hospitalized patients) since the boundary and furniture surfaces act as receptacle for microorganisms, thus increasing the risk of contamination by direct and/or indirect contact with the patient.

    [0008] Currently, there are known products for cleaning and sanitizing of surfaces today used by the Applicant in the use of the system known with the trade name "Probiotic Cleaning Hygien System" (PCHS), in which probiotic bacteria spores, in particular of Bacillus genus, are introduced in a mix with detergent, sanitizer and hygienizing action.

    [0009] Such products use a "bio-control" approach based on the fact that the probiotic (not pathogenic) microorganisms can colonize the surfaces to be cleaned and hygienized, thus competing with the proliferation of other species potentially dangerous for people's health.

    [0010] Bacillus genus bacteria represent a great group of sporogenic gram-positive bacteria, ubiquitous in nature and occurring also in the human intestine.

    [0011] The spores formed by the Bacillus bacteria can remain vital for very long periods, thanks to their resistance to drying, heat and many chemical substances, and therefore are ideal for probiotic applications in the sanitizing field.

    [0012] In addition, it is to highlighted that, from a safety point of view, the pathogenic risk of the Bacillus species occurring in the products used in the PCHS application is considered low/null (nonpathogenic).

    [0013] The Applicant has shown that the products for cleaning and sanitizing of the type used in the application of the PCHS owe their action on the one hand to the base mix detergent/sanitizer/hygienization means, which according to EC regulations contains nonionic surfactants (5-15%), cationic surfactants (<5%), amphoteric surfactants (<5%) in environmentally sustainable concentrations and is responsible for the immediate cleaning action.

    [0014] On the other hand, the presence of probiotics prevents the re-conolization of surfaces by contaminant microorganisms, and is responsible for keeping the hygienic condition of surfaces stable, thus reducing strongly and stably the number and quantity of potentially pathogenic microbial species on the surfaces of hospitals [Vandini et al., 2014 - Hard surface biocontrol in hospitals using microbial-based cleaning products. PLoS One 9, e108598].

    [0015] Moreover, the PCHS has shown to be able to reduce strongly the number of antibiotics resistant bacterial species as well, thus avoiding to select or induce resistant species [Caselli et al., 2016 - Impact of a Probiotic-Based Cleaning Intervention on the Microbiota Ecosystem of the Hospital Surfaces: Focus on the Resistome Remodulation. PLoS One 11, e0148857].

    [0016] Since it is a system based on the biologic mechanism of competitive antagonism between probiotic and microbial contaminants, extended treatments are needed, for example at least 30 days of application, to reach a stable reduction of the microbial count.

    [0017] After such an extended period, the probiotic-based detergents are able to inhibit the occurrence of pathogens on the surface of about 90%, in comparison to the surfaces treated with traditional chemical products [Vandini et al., 2014].

    [0018] US2013/1841196 A1 and EP1967578 A1 disclose cleaning and disinfecting compositions which are used or are useful for cleaning and disinfecting toilet surfaces. Said compositions comprising surfactant and probiotic bacteria spores of the Bacillus family. The compositions adhere to the treated surface and the probiotic bacteria spores inhibit the formation and growth of undesidered micro-organism on the treated surface.

    [0019] EP0414304 A2 discloses the use of bacteriofages to prevent or control the growthof hygienically undesiderable bacteria and the use of disinfection composition comprising said bacteriofages for disinfection hard surfaces, such as toilet surfaces.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0020] Aim of the present invention is to solve said problems by providing a product for cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization able to act particularly rapidly and efficiently against any microbial species, of multi-resistant type as well.

    [0021] Another aim of the invention is to provide a product for cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization with extremely limited environmental impact.

    [0022] Another aim of the invention is to provide a product for cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization for treatment of surfaces.

    [0023] The above described aims are obtained by means of a products for cleaning, sanitizing and hyginization realized according to claim 1.

    [0024] According to particular embodiments the product for cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization object of the invention, comprises one or more of the following features, considered singularly or in combination:
    • the concentration of nonionic surfactants is between 0,001-30%, preferably between 5-15%;
    • the concentration of cationic surfactants is between 0,001-15%, preferably between 0,001-5%;
    • the concentration of amphoteric surfactants is between 0,001-15%, preferably between 0,001-5%;
    • the concentration of probiotic bacteria spores is between 102-109 spores/ml, preferably between 106-107 spores/ml;
    • the concentration of bacteriophage elements is between 103-109 PFU/ml, preferably between 106-107 PFU/ml;
    • the probiotic bacteria are of the Bacillus genus;
    • the probiotic bacteria are of the Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus megaterium and Bacillus pumilis species;
    • the bacteriophage elements comprise bacteriophages of the Caudovirales family and/or Microviridae family and/or Leviviridae family and/or Inoviridae family and/or Tectiviridae family and/or Corticoviridae family;
    • the product for cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization is used for treatment of surfaces.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0025] The features of the invention will be highlighted in the following as a way of example in the description of some preferred, but not limiting embodiments.

    [0026] The inventive, proposed product for cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization comprises:
    • a base solution with sanitizer and/or hygienizant action containing at least a surfactant chosen among the nonionic surfactants, cationic surfactants and amphoteric surfactants,
    • probiotic bacteria spores mixed to such base solution;
    • bacteriophage elements mixed to such base solution and having bactericidal action on predetermined undesired bacterial species, such bacteriophage elements in cooperation with probiotic bacteria spores being able to carry out a combined and synergistic action against harmful microorganisms.


    [0027] Nonionic surfactants can occur in the base solution with a concentration between 0,001-30%, preferably between 5-15%.

    [0028] Cationic surfactants can occur in the base solution with a concentration between 0,001-15%, preferably between 0,001-5%;
    Amphoteric surfactants can occur in the base solution with a concentration between 0,001-15%, preferably between 0,001-5%.

    [0029] The base solution can contain one or more of said nonionic, cationic and amphoteric surfactants in the indicated concentrations.

    [0030] Probiotic bacteria spores can occur in the base solution with a concentration between 102-109 spores/ml, preferably between 106-107 spores/ml.

    [0031] Bacteriophage elements specifically directed against bacteria persistent on the contaminated surfaces can occur in the base solution with a concentration between 103-109 PFU/ml, preferably between 106-107 PFU/ml.

    [0032] Concerning the probiotic bacteria, as a way of not limiting example, they can be of the Bacillus genus, for example they can be the Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus megaterium and Bacillus pumilus species.

    [0033] It is clear that any other probiotic bacteria can be used according to the undesired bacterial species to be fought.

    [0034] Advantageously the bacteriophage elements can be chosen, as an alternative or in combination, according to the bacterial species to be fought among the following families: Caudovirales, Microviridae, Leviviridae, Inoviridae, Tectiviridae, Corticoviridae.

    [0035] As it is known the bacteriophage elements of Caudovirales family comprise also the Myoviridae, Siphoviridae, Podoviridae families.

    [0036] The proposed product for cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization, in the preferred above described embodiments is particularly indicated for treatment of surfaces, comprising the treatment of inner surfaces of pipes for circulation of fluids for food use (for example water).

    [0037] The action of bacteriophages is specific, since specific types of lytic bacteriophages kill specific types of bacteria, thus carrying out a potentially very efficient and targeted action in fighting directly against undesired bacteria.

    [0038] It is also to be highlighted how the use of specific bacteriophages avoids the risk of damage of Bacillus probiotics, which thus can keep their activity intact and efficient.

    [0039] The use of bacteriophages in products for cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization is particularly indicated since they are quite stable in different conditions of temperatures, pH and environmental salinity, and so they can be added to detergents diluted without loosing activity.

    [0040] Lab experimental tests have been carried out which highlight the synergistic effect deriving from the combined use of probiotic bacteria and bacteriophage elements in comparison to the single use of probiotic bacteria or bacteriophage elements.

    Test n° 1 (single use of probiotic bacteria)



    [0041] The activity of PCHS detergents containing probiotics has been widely evaluated in the field, where it has shown to be able to reduce the microbial count of about 90% more with respect to the traditional detergents, by means of daily use extended for about 1 month.

    [0042] After a period of 2 months the reduction of contaminant count is stably low both for what concerns bacteria and fungi [Caselli et al., 2016].

    [0043] In the following figures, it is to be noted the antimicrobial action (bacteria and fungi) of the detergent based only on probiotics.

    [0044] The development of contamination by Staphylococcus aureus (as example of gram-positive bacteria), Enterobacteriaceae spp. (as example of gram-negative bacteria) and Candida albicans (as example of fungi) was measured in the field, by application of Rodac plates of culture medium specific for the bacterial and fungi species indicated.






    Test n° 2 (single use of bacteriophages)



    [0045] In the following figures, it is to be noted the antibacterial action of bacteriophages on surfaces contaminated by specific target bacteria.

    [0046] The development of contamination by Staphylococcus aureus (as example of gram-positive bacteria), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (as example of gram-negative bacteria) and Candida albicans (as example of fungi) was measured in vitro, on experimental models of surfaces of nonporous and sterile material (single fired ceramics 24 cm2).

    [0047] The surfaces have been contaminated with a known quantity of microorganism (102 CFU/24 cm2) and in the following treated by application of increasing concentrations of specific bacteriophages (103, 104, 105 PFU respectively) with ratio 10:1, 100:1 and 1000:1 to the target bacteria in culture.

    [0048] For fungi it was used the combination of bacteriophages used against gram positive and gram negative bacteria.

    [0049] The residual contamination was evaluated after 1, 3, 6 hours by application of Rodac plates of culture medium specific for the bacterial and fungi species indicated.

    [0050] The results are expressed as average values ± S.D. of samples in duplicate in three independent experiments.

    [0051] It can be noted that already after 1 hour, and at the lowest concentration, the bacteriophages are able to eliminate more than 90% of bacterial cells against which they are specifically directed.







    [0052] The treatments with only bacteriophages has the drawback to be directed against only bacteria specifically recognized by bacteriophages, and so in case of contamination by bacterial species other than the ones against which the bacteriophages are specifically directed, a re-contamination of the treated surface can occur which is due to the fact that the bacteriophages are, by definition, specific for a bacterial species, and so not able to attack other bacterial species, much less to attack fungi species.

    [0053] These drawbacks of bacteriophages are overcome by adding probiotics, which have instead a slower but generalized action regardless of the bacterial or fungi species occurring.

    Test n° 3 (combined use of probiotic bacteria and bacteriophages)



    [0054] In the following figures, it is to be noted the effect of the combined and synergistic antimicrobial action obtained by the contemporaneous occurrence of probiotic bacteria and bacteriophages on surfaces contaminated by the specific microbes shown.

    [0055] The development of contamination by Staphylococcus aureus (as example of gram-positive bacteria), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (as example of gram-negative bacteria) and Candida albicans (as example of fungi) was measured in vitro, on experimental models of surfaces of nonporous and sterile material (single fired ceramics 24 cm2).

    [0056] The surfaces have been contaminated with a known quantity of microorganism (103 CFU/24 cm2) and in the following treated by application of a solution containing probiotic bacteria (103 PFU/ml) and specific bacteriophages (104 PFU/ml).

    [0057] For fungi it was used the combination of bacteriophages used against gram positive and gram negative bacteria.

    [0058] The residual contamination was evaluated after 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks by application of Rodac plates of culture medium specific for the bacterial and fungi species indicated. The results are expressed as average values ± S.D. of samples in duplicate in three independent experiments.






    Comparison of the tests carried out



    [0059] In the following figure, it is shown the direct comparison of the antimicrobial action of the three treatments on the contamination by Staphylococcus aureus, measured in vitro on experimental models of surfaces of nonporous and sterile material (single fired ceramics 24 cm2).

    [0060] The surfaces have been contaminated with a known quantity of S. aureus (103 CFU/24 cm2) and in the following treated by application of a solution containing only probiotic bacteria (103 PFU/ml), only specific bacteriophages (104 PFU/ml), or the combination of probiotics and bacteriophages at the concentrations indicated.

    [0061] The residual contamination was evaluated after 1, 2, 3, and 7 days by application of Rodac plates of culture medium specific for Staphylococcus aureus.

    [0062] The results are expressed as average values ± S.D. of samples in duplicate in three independent experiments.



    [0063] From the experimental tests carried out, it is to be noted easily how the contemporaneous occurrence of Bacillus probiotics and anti-pathogenic bacteriophages increases remarkably the efficacy of the product for cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization, thanks to their synergistic action carried out against the various harmful microorganisms.

    [0064] On the one hand bacteriophages reduce the contaminant count extremely rapidly but they have a time limited action and are not able to avoid re-contamination.

    [0065] On the other hand, probiotics reduce the contaminant count slowly by constantly, thanks to the competitive mechanisms, thus inhibiting the re-contamination.

    [0066] The contemporaneous occurrence of probiotics and bacteriophages guarantees the rapidity of antimicrobial action and at the same time the inhibition of re-contamination, thus guaranteeing a rapid and time stable reduction of pathogens.

    [0067] The realization of a product for cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization which contains at the same time Bacillus probiotics and anti-pathogenic bacteriophages is clearly advantageous with respect to the traditional products, in that it guarantees an extremely rapid and immediate reduction of the contaminant bacterial count.

    [0068] This is due to the combined and synergistic action carried out by the bacteriophage elements which are able to kill the target bacteria in few hours, and by probiotic bacteria which are able to colonize the objects treated persistently, by taking rapidly the place of pathogens.

    [0069] Therefore the occurrence of bacteriophages represents a strengthening of the antibacterial action of the traditional product based on Bacillus probiotics with respect to the pathogens, thus easing and increasing the action of probiotics, which result active on fungi as well.

    [0070] This guarantees an immediate effect in the initial step of cleaning, sanfication and hygienization treatment, thus allowing the probiotic bacteria to determine, in faster times than the traditional products, a low, stable and lasting in time presence of potentially pathogenic bacteria in the objects treated.

    [0071] The addition of specific bacteriophage elements to the base solution mixed to probiotic Bacillus spores allows advantageously to use the product in targeted way, answering to specific needs and/or situations of particular interest, as for example the reduction of one or more particularly occurring and/or harmful specific bacterial species.

    [0072] The occurrence of specific bacteriophage elements represents another safety means concerning the use of Bacillus probiotics bacteria since above all in the initial steps of attack, those microorganisms are destroyed which are potentially able to give to Bacillus undesirable characters by means of gene exchange.

    [0073] The presence in the inventive product of a greater number of bacteriophage elements families (Caudovirales, Microviridae, Leviviridae, Inoviridae, Tectiviridae and Corticoviridae) allows the same product to have a bactericidal action on a greater group of treatable bacterial species.

    [0074] The predetermined families of bacteriophage elements can be present in the product object of the invention both singularly and in combination, so that it is contemplated the possibility of diversified treatments according to the specific need.

    [0075] From what above described it is clear how the proposed product for cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization is able to act against any microbial species, of the multi-resistant type as well ("superbugs"), in a particularly rapid and efficient way with respect to the traditional products indicated in the preamble.

    [0076] The proposed product for cleaning, sanitizing and hyginization by comprising a base solution with sanitizer and/or hygienizing action to which probiotic bacteria and bacteriophage elements are mixed, has decidedly an extremely reduced environmental impact.

    [0077] Such product is particularly apt for treatment of surfaces and/or ambients comprising the treatment of inner surfaces of pipes for circulation of fluids for food use (for example water).


    Claims

    1. Product for cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization, comprising: a base solution with detergent, sanitizer and hygienizing action containing at least a surfactant chosen among nonionic surfactants, cationic surfactants and amphoteric surfactants; probiotic bacteria spores mixed to such base solution; characterized in that it further comprises bacteriophage elements mixed to such base solution and having bactericidal action on predetermined undesired bacterial species occurring on contaminated surfaces, such bacteriophages elements, in cooperation with the probiotic bacteria spores being able to carry out a combined and synergistic action against harmful microorganisms.
     
    2. Product according to claim 1, characterized in that the concentration of nonionic surfactants is between 0,001-30%, preferably between 5-15%, in that the concentration of cationic surfactants is between 0,001-15%, preferably between 0,001-5%, in that the concentration of amphoteric surfactants is between 0,001-15%, preferably between 0,001-5%.
     
    3. Product according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the concentration of probiotic bacteria spores mixed to the base solution is between 102-109 spores/ml, preferably between 106-107 spores/ml.
     
    4. Product according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the concentration of bacteriophage elements mixed to the base solution is between 103-109 PFU/ml, preferably between 106-107 PFU/ml.
     
    5. Product according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the probiotic bacteria are of the Bacillus genus.
     
    6. Product according to claim 5, characterized in that the probiotic bacteria are of the Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus megaterium and Bacillus pumilis species.
     
    7. Product according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the bacteriophage elements comprise bacteriophages of the Caudovirales family and/or Microviridae family and/or Leviviridae family and/or Inoviridae family and/or Tectiviridae family and/or Corticoviridae family.
     
    8. Use of a product for cleaning, sanitizing and hygienization according to any one of claims 1 to 7 for treatment of surfaces.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Produkt zur Reinigung, Desinfektion und Hygienisierung, umfassend: eine Basislösung mit Reinigungs-, Desinfektions- und Hygienisierungswirkung, die mindestens ein Tensid enthält, das ausgewählt ist aus nichtionischen Tensiden, kationischen Tensiden und amphoteren Tensiden; mit dieser Basislösung vermischte probiotische Bakteriensporen; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es ferner mit dieser Basislösung vermischte bakteriophage Elemente umfasst, die bakterizide Wirkung auf bestimmte unerwünschte Bakterienarten haben, die auf kontaminierten Oberflächen auftreten, wobei diese bakteriophagen Elemente in Zusammenwirkung mit den probiotischen Bakteriensporen in der Lage sind, eine kombinierte und synergistische Wirkung gegen schädliche Mikroorganismen auszuüben.
     
    2. Produkt nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Konzentration nichtionischer Tenside zwischen 0,001 und 30 %, vorzugsweise zwischen 5 und 15 % beträgt, dass die Konzentration kationischer Tenside zwischen 0,001 und 15 % beträgt, vorzugsweise zwischen 0,001 und 5 %, und dass die Konzentration amphoterer Tenside zwischen 0,001 und 15 % beträgt, vorzugsweise zwischen 0,001 und 5%.
     
    3. Produkt nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Konzentration der mit der Basislösung vermischten probiotischen Bakteriensporen zwischen 102 und 109 Sporen/ml, vorzugsweise zwischen 106 und 107 Sporen/ml beträgt.
     
    4. Produkt nach einem der Ansprüche von 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Konzentration der mit der Basislösung vermischten bakteriophagen Elemente zwischen 103 und 109 PFU/ml, vorzugsweise zwischen 106 und 107 PFU/ml beträgt.
     
    5. Produkt nach einem der Ansprüche von 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die probiotischen Bakterien der Gattung Bacillus angehören.
     
    6. Produkt nach Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die probiotischen Bakterien den Arten Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus megaterium und Bacillus pumilis angehören.
     
    7. Produkt nach einem der Ansprüche von 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die bakteriophagen Elemente Bakteriophagen der Ordnung Caudovirales und/oder der Familie Microviridae und/oder der Familie Leviviridae und/oder der Familie Inoviridae und/oder der Familie Tectiviridae und/oder der Familie Corticoviridae umfassen.
     
    8. Verwendung eines Produktes zur Reinigung, Desinfektion und Hygienisierung nach einem der Ansprüche von 1 bis 7 zur Behandlung von Oberflächen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Un produit de nettoyage, d'assainissement et de désinfection, comprenant : une solution de base avec action de détersion, d'assainissement et de désinfection contenant au moins un agent de surface choisi parmi les agents de surface non ioniques, les agents de surface cationiques et les agents de surface amphotères ; des spores de bactéries probiotiques mélangées à cette solution de base ; caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre des éléments bactériophages mélangés à cette solution de base et ayant une action bactéricide sur des espèces bactériennes indésirables prédéterminées présentes sur des surfaces contaminées, ces éléments bactériophages, en coopération avec les spores de bactéries probiotiques, étant capables d'exercer une action combinée et synergique contre des micro-organismes nuisibles.
     
    2. Le produit selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la concentration des agents de surface non ioniques est comprise entre 0,001 et 30 %, de préférence entre 5 et 15 %, en ce que la concentration des agents de surface cationiques est comprise entre 0,001 et 15 %, de préférence entre 0,001 et 5 %, en ce que la concentration des agents de surface amphotères est comprise entre 0,001 et 15 %, de préférence entre 0,001 et 5 %.
     
    3. Le produit selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que la concentration des spores de bactéries probiotiques mélangées à la solution de base est comprise entre 102 et 109 spores/ml, de préférence entre 106 et 107 spores/ml.
     
    4. Le produit selon l'une quelconque des revendications de 1 à 3, caractérisé en ce que la concentration des éléments bactériophages mélangés à la solution de base est comprise entre 103 et 109 UFP/ml, de préférence entre 106 et 107 UFP/ml.
     
    5. Le produit selon l'une quelconque des revendications de 1 à 4, caractérisé en ce que les bactéries probiotiques sont du genre Bacillus.
     
    6. Le produit selon la revendication 5, caractérisé en ce que les bactéries probiotiques sont des espèces Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus megaterium et Bacillus pumilis.
     
    7. Le produit selon l'une quelconque des revendications de 1 à 6, caractérisé en ce que les éléments bactériophages comprennent des bactériophages de l'ordre Caudovirales et/ou de la famille des Microviridae et/ou de la famille des Leviviridae et/ou de la famille des Inoviridae et/ou de la famille des Tectiviridae et/ou de la famille des Corticoviridae.
     
    8. Utilisation d'un produit de nettoyage, d'assainissement et de désinfection selon l'une quelconque des revendications de 1 à 7 pour le traitement de surfaces.
     






    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description