(19)
(11)EP 3 287 445 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 16861183.8

(22)Date of filing:  08.01.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C07D 231/20(2006.01)
C07D 403/10(2006.01)
C07D 413/10(2006.01)
C07D 417/10(2006.01)
A01N 43/56(2006.01)
C07D 401/10(2006.01)
C07D 403/14(2006.01)
C07D 413/14(2006.01)
C07D 417/14(2006.01)
A01N 47/06(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2016/070453
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/075910 (11.05.2017 Gazette  2017/19)

(54)

PYRAZOLONE COMPOUND OR SALT THEREOF, PREPARATION METHOD THEREFOR, HERBICIDE COMPOSITION AND USE THEREOF

PYRAZOLONVERBINDUNG ODER SALZ DAVON, HERSTELLUNGSVERFAHREN DAVON, HERBIZIDZUSAMMENSETZUNG UND VERWENDUNG DAVON

COMPOSÉ DE PYRAZOLONE OU SON SEL, SON PROCÉDÉ DE PRÉPARATION, COMPOSITION HERBICIDE ET SON UTILISATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 06.11.2015 CN 201510750677

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.02.2018 Bulletin 2018/09

(73)Proprietor: Qingdao Kingagroot Chemical Compounds Co., Ltd
Qingdao, Shandong 266000 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LIAN, Lei
    Qingdao Shandong 266000 (CN)
  • ZHENG, Yurong
    Qingdao Shandong 266000 (CN)
  • HE, Bin
    Qingdao Shandong 266000 (CN)
  • PENG, Xuegang
    Qingdao Shandong 266000 (CN)
  • JIN, Tao
    Qingdao Shandong 266000 (CN)
  • CUI, Qi
    Qingdao Shandong 266000 (CN)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-96/26206
WO-A1-97/46530
CN-A- 1 175 951
US-A- 4 414 392
WO-A1-97/41106
CN-A- 1 036 202
CN-A- 105 218 449
US-A- 4 557 753
  
     
    Remarks:
    The file contains technical information submitted after the application was filed and not included in this specification
     
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical field



    [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of pesticides, particularly relates to a pyrazolone compound or a salt thereof, a preparation method therefor, a herbicidal composition and use thereof.

    Background technology



    [0002] There exist more than 30,000 kinds of weeds in the world, wherein about 1,800 kinds of weeds can cause great economic losses. According to statistics, the potential crops yield loses 12% in average every year in the world due to weed infestation (even though the crops have been treated with hand or mechanical weeding). Hand or mechanical weeding consumes large labor forces and energy resources, but still leads to unsatisfactory effects; the weed infestation cannot be solved completely until the application of chemical weed control methods. Chemical weed control methods are convenient, economical and effective, thus have been an indispensable part of modern agricultural technology, and also promoted the innovation of cultivation technology. In addition, herbicides are widely used in weed control of non-agricultural lands, such as forests, grasslands, urban green areas, industrial sites, roadsides (railways, highways or airports), banks, dams and ponds, etc. Therefore, developing efficient, safe and economical pesticide herbicides is one of the most important missions for guaranteeing agricultural production.

    [0003] The pyrazolone compounds are characterized by high efficacy, low toxicity and variety of structures, and are mainly used as herbicides. Most of the commercialized pyrazolone herbicides are hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD) inhibitors. They are widely used due to the systemic translocation and low toxicity to mammals, etc. Among the pyrazolone herbicides, 4-pyrazolone compounds, such as pyrazolynate, pyrazoxyfen, benzofenap and wheat herbicide pyrasulfotole, etc., are compounds in which the pyrazole ring are substituted at the 4-position by multi-substitued benzoyl groups.

    [0004] Patents such as WO9741106, JP56061362, WO2002094792 and WO2008125214 have disclosed a series of pyrazolone herbicides and the preparation methods thereof. In order to design and synthesize more efficient herbicides with broader activity spectrum, on the basis of studies on the pyrazolone herbicides, the present invention synthesizes a class of novel pyrazolone compounds with herbicidal activities. WO97/46530 discloses pyrdinyl and pyrazolylphenyl ketones and WO96/26206 describes pyrazol-4-yl-benzoyl derivatives useful as herbicides.

    Contents of the Invention



    [0005] The object of the present invention is to provide a pyrazolone compound and a salt thereof according to claim 1, preparation method therefor according to claim 5, a herbicidal composition according to claim 8 and herbicidal use in pesticide field according to claim 10. Preferred embodiments are defined in subclaims 2-4, 6-7, 9 and 11-13. The compound provided in the present invention has a good efficacy, is easy to use and of low cost.

    [0006] To achieve the above mentioned object, the present invention provides the following technical solution:
    A pyrazolone compound as shown in formula I, or a salt thereof:

    wherein,

    R1R2N represents substituted or unsubstituted 3-8 membered nitrogen-containing heterocyclic group containing 1-3 heteroatoms; preferably, R1R2N represents pyrazolyl substituted by halogen, alkyl or alkoxyl, or substituted or unsubstituted 4-8 membered lactam group containing 0-2 atoms selected from O, S and N; more preferably, R1R2N represents a group selected from butyrolactam group

    valeroalctam group

    caprolactam group

    oenantholactam group

    piperazinone group

    morpholinone group

    thiomorpholinone group

    imidazole group

    and pyrazolyl

    each of which is unsubstituted or substituted on ring by one or more groups selected from fluorine, chlorine, methyl, ethyl, methoxyl and ethoxyl; or,

    R1 and R2 each represent hydrogen, C1-8 alkyl, substituted alkyl containing 1-4 heteroatoms, alkenyl, alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted C1-4 acyl, unsubstituted C3-6 cycloalkyl or C3-6 cycloalkyl substituted by C1-4 alkyl; preferably, one of R1 and R2 represents C1-4 acyl containing O, S or N, which is unsubstituted or substituted with halogen, and the other one represents hydrogen, C1-8 alkyl, substituted alkyl (such as C1-8 alkyl) containing 1-4 heteroatoms, alkenyl, alkynyl, unsubstituted C3-6 cycloalkyl or C3-6 cycloalkyl substituted by C1-4 alkyl; more preferably, R1 represents acetyl, fluoroacetyl, difluoroacetyl, trifluoroacetyl, methoxy acetyl, ethoxy acetyl, methoxy propionyl or ethoxy propionyl, and R2 represents hydrogen or a group selected from methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, pentyl and cyclopropyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by one or more groups selected from fluorine, methoxyl, ethyoxyl, propoxy, butoxy and methoxyethoxy;

    R3 represents hydrogen, C1-4 alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, unsubstituted C3-6 cycloalkyl or C3-6 cycloalkyl substituted by C1-4 alkyl; preferably, R3 represents hydrogen, methyl, ethyl or cyclopropyl;

    R4 represents methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl or cyclopropyl; preferably, R4 represents methyl, ethyl or isopropyl;

    X represents hydrogen, -S(0)nR6, -R7, or substituted or unsubstituted 3-8 membered heterocyclic group containing 1-4 heteroatoms, wherein, n represents 1, 2 or 3, R6 represents substituted or unsubstituted alkyl or aryl, R7 represents substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, aryl, alkyl acyl or aroyl; preferably, X represents hydrogen, -SO2R6 or -(C=O)R8, wherein, R6 represents substituted or unsubstituted alkyl or aryl, R8 represents alkoxy, aryloxy, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl or aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted 3-8 membered heterocyclic group containing 1-4 heteroatoms (for example, N-alkylpyrazole group

    which is unsubstituted or substituted on ring by one or more groups selected from methyl, ethyl, methoxyl or ethoxyl.)



    [0007] The terms "heterocycle" or "heterocyclic group" refer to 3-10 membered aromatic or nonaromatic heterocyclic ring containing 1-4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S, or 4-10 membered ring compound having a structure of lactone, cyclic ether or lactam. Bicyclic groups are also within the terms. Hence "heterocyclic group" contains "heteroaromatic group" and dihydro analogues and tetrahydro analogues thereof. The heterocyclic substituents could be linked through carbon atoms or heteroatoms. The term "heteroaromatic group" refers to a stable monocyclic or bicyclic group that has up to 7 atoms in each ring, wherein the heteroaromatic group may comprise an aromatic ring containing 1-4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S. The heteroaromatic group within the definition includes but is not limited to: acridinyl, carbazolyl, cinnolinyl, quinoxalinyl, pyrazolyl, indolyl, benzotriazolyl, thienyl, furyl, benzothienyl, benzofuryl, quinolyl, isoquinolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, indolyl, pyrazinyl, pyridazinyl, pyridyl, pyrimidyl, pyrryl and tetrahydroquinolyl. Similar to the definition of the heterocyclic group, "heteroaromatic group" should also be understood as including all the N-oxide derivatives of any nitrogen-containing heteroaromatic group.

    [0008] The salt refers to an agriculturally acceptable salt, preferably an acid addition salt prepared by reacting the compound of the invention with a chemically acceptable acid, or a salt prepared by reacting a hydroxyl pyrazole compound having an acidic group with an alkali compound. Wherein, the acid is preferably selected from inorganic acids (such as hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid or hydrobromic acid, etc.) and organic acids (such as oxalic acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid, malic acid, tartaric acid, citric acid or benzoic acid, etc.); the alkali compound is preferably selected from sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and potassium bicarbonate, etc. The above described agriculturally accepted salt is easy to be separated and can be purified by conventional methods, such as solvent extraction, dilution, recrystallization, column chromatography and thin-layer chromatography preparation, etc.

    [0009] Also disclosed is a method for preparing the pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof, which comprises the following steps:
    1. (1) a compound of formula II is reacted with an excessive amount of compound R1R2NH to prepare a compound of formula III;
    2. (2) the compound of formula III is reacted with compound X-A to obtain the compound of formula I;
    wherein A represents halogen, methylsulfonyl or p-tosyl, and the reaction route is as follows:



    [0010] The step (1) and (2) are conducted in an aprotic solvent in the presence of a base; at a reaction temperature of -30 °C-180 °C, preferably -5 °C -90 °C.

    [0011] The solvent is acetonitrile, diethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, DMF or DMSO, preferably acetonitrile, tetrahydrofuran or DMF; the base is sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, triethylamine, DIPEA or DBU, preferably NaH, triethylamine or potassium carbonate.

    [0012] Also disclosed is a herbicidal composition which comprises a herbicidally effective amount of at least one pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof.

    [0013] The herbicidal composition also comprises a preparation auxiliary.

    [0014] Also disclosed is a method for controlling a harmful plant, which comprises a step of applying a herbicidally effective amount of at least one pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof or the herbicidal composition to the plant or an area with the harmful plant.

    [0015] Use of at least one pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof or the herbicidal composition in controlling a harmful plant, preferably, the pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof is applied to control the harmful plant in a desirable crop, preferably, the desirable crop is a genetically modified crop or a crop treated by a genome editing technique.

    [0016] The compounds of the formula I according to the invention have an outstanding herbicidal activity against a broad spectrum of economically important monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous harmful plants. The active compounds also act efficiently on perennial weeds which produce shoots from rhizomes, root stocks or other perennial organs and which are difficult to control. In this context, it is generally immaterial whether the substances are applied pre-sowing, pre-emergence or post-emergence. Specifically, examples may be mentioned of some representatives of the monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous weed flora which can be controlled by the compounds according to the invention, without these being a restriction to certain species. Examples of weed species on which the active compounds act efficiently are, from amongst the monocotyledons, Avena, Lolium, Alopecurus, Phalaris, Echinochloa, Digitaria, Setaria and also Cyperus species from the annual sector and from amongst the perennial species Agropyron, Cynodon, Imperata and Sorghum, and also perennial Cyperus species.

    [0017] In the case of the dicotyledonous weed species, the spectrum of action extends to species such as, for example, Galium, Viola, Veronica, Lamium, Stellaria, Amaranthus, Sinapis, Ipomoea, Sida, Matricaria and Abutilon from amongst the annuals, and Convolvulus, Cirsium, Rumex and Artemisia in the case of the perennial weeds. The active compounds according to the invention also effect outstanding control of harmful plants which occur under the specific conditions of rice growing such as, for example, Echinochloa, Sagittaria, Alisma, Eleocharis, Scirpus and Cyperus. If the compounds according to the invention are applied to the soil surface prior to germination, then the weed seedlings are either prevented completely from emerging, or the weeds grow until they have reached the cotyledon stage but then their growth stops, and, eventually, after three to four weeks have elapsed, they die completely. If the compounds according to the invention are applied to the soil surface prior to germination, then the weed seedlings are either prevented completely from emerging, or the weeds grow until they have reached the cotyledon stage but then their growth stops, and, eventually, after three to four weeks have elapsed, they die completely. In particular, the compounds according to the invention exhibit excellent activity against Apera spica venti, Chenopodium album, Lamium purpureum, Polygonum convulvulus, Stellaria media, Veronica hederifolia, Veronica persica, Viola tricolor and against Amaranthus, Galium and Kochia species.

    [0018] Although the compounds according to the invention have an excellent herbicidal activity against monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous weeds, crop plants of economically important crops such as, for example, wheat, barley, rye, rice, corn, sugarbeet, cotton and soya, are not damaged at all, or only to a negligible extent. In particular, they have excellent compatibility in cereals, such as wheat, barley and corn, in particular wheat. For these reasons, the present compounds are highly suitable for selectively controlling undesired plant growth in plantings for agricultural use or in plantings of ornamentals.

    [0019] Owing to their herbicidal properties, these active compounds can also be employed for controlling harmful plants in crops of known or still to be developed genetically engineered plants. The transgenic plants generally have particularly advantageous properties, for example resistance to certain pesticides, in particular certain herbicides, resistance to plant diseases or causative organisms of plant diseases, such as certain insects or microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria or viruses. Other particular properties relate, for example, to the quantity, quality, storage-stability, composition and to specific ingredients of the harvested product. Thus, transgenic plants having an increased starch content or a modified quality of the starch or those having a different fatty acid composition of the harvested produce are known.

    [0020] The use of the compounds of the formula I according to the invention or their salts in economically important transgenic crops of useful and ornamental plants, for example of cereal, such as wheat, barley, rye, oats, millet, rice, maniok and corn, or else in crops of sugarbeet, cotton, soya, rapeseed, potato, tomato, pea and other vegetable species is preferred. The compounds of the formula I can preferably be used as herbicides in crops of useful plants which are resistant or which have been made resistant by genetic engineering toward the phytotoxic effects of the herbicides.

    [0021] Conventional ways for preparing novel plants which have modified properties compared to known plants comprise, for example, traditional breeding methods and the generation of mutants. Alternatively, novel plants having modified properties can be generated with the aid of genetic engineering methods (see, for example, EP-A 0 221 044, EP-A 0 131 624). For example, there have been described several cases of
    genetically engineered changes in crop plants in order to modify the starch synthesized in the plants (for example WO 92/11376, WO 92/14827, WO 91/19806),
    transgenic crop plants which are resistant to certain herbicides of the glufosinate- (cf., for example, EP-A 0 242 236, EP-A 0 242 246) or glyphosate-type (WO 92/00377), or of the sulfonylurea-type (EP-A 0 257 993, U.S. Pat. No. 5,013,659),
    transgenic crop plants, for example cotton, having the ability to produce Bacillus thuringiensis toxins (Bt toxins) which impart resistance to certain pests to the plants (EP-A 0 142 924, EP-A 0 193 259),
    transgenic crop plants having a modified fatty acid composition (WO 91/13972).

    [0022] Numerous molecular biological techniques which allow the preparation of novel transgenic plants having modified properties are known in principle; see, for example, Sambrook et al., 1989, Molecular Cloning, A Laboratory Manual, 2nd ed. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.; or Winnacker "Gene und Klone" [Genes and Clones], VCH Weinheim, 2nd edition 1996, or Christou, "Trends in Plant Science" 1 (1996) 423-431). In order to carry out such genetic engineering manipulations, it is possible to introduce nucleic acid molecules into plasmids which allow a mutagenesis or a change in the sequence to occur by recombination of DNA sequences. Using the abovementioned standard processes it is possible, for example, to exchange bases, to remove partial sequences or to add natural or synthetic sequences. To link the DNA fragments with each other, it is possible to attach adaptors or linkers to the fragments.

    [0023] Plant cells having a reduced activity of a gene product can be prepared, for example, by expressing at least one appropriate antisense-RNA, a sense-RNA to achieve a cosuppression effect, or by expressing at least one appropriately constructed ribozyme which specifically cleaves transcripts of the abovementioned gene product.

    [0024] To this end it is possible to employ both DNA molecules which comprise the entire coding sequence of a gene product including any flanking sequences that may be present, and DNA molecules which comprise only parts of the coding sequence, it being necessary for these parts to be long enough to cause an antisense effect in the cells. It is also possible to use DNA sequences which have a high degree of homology to the coding sequences of a gene product but which are not entirely identical.

    [0025] When expressing nucleic acid molecules in plants, the synthesized protein can be localized in any desired compartment of the plant cells. However, to achieve localization in a certain compartment, it is, for example, possible to link the coding region with DNA sequences which ensure localization in a certain compartment. Such sequences are known to the person skilled in the art (see, for example, Braun et al., EMBO J. 11 (1992), 3219-3227; Wolter et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85 (1988), 846-850; Sonnewald et al., Plant J. 1 (1991), 95-106).

    [0026] The transgenic plant cells can be regenerated to whole plants using known techniques. The transgenic plants can in principle be plants of any desired plant species, i.e. both monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants. In this manner, it is possible to obtain transgenic plants which have modified properties by overexpression, suppression or inhibition of homologous (=natural) genes or gene sequences or by expression of heterologous (=foreign) genes or gene sequences.

    [0027] When using the active compounds according to the invention in transgenic crops, in addition to the effects against harmful plants which can be observed in other crops, there are frequently effects which are specific for the application in the respective transgenic crop, for example a modified or specifically broadened spectrum of weeds which can be controlled, modified application rates which can be used for the application, preferably good combinability with the herbicides to which the transgenic crops are resistant, and an effect on the growth and the yield of the transgenic crop plants. The invention therefore also provides for the use of the compounds according to the invention as herbicides for controlling harmful plants in transgenic crop plants.

    [0028] In addition, the substances according to the invention have outstanding growth-regulating properties in crop plants. They engage in the plant metabolism in a regulating manner and can this be employed for the targeted control of plant constituents and for facilitating harvesting, for example by provoking desiccation and stunted growth. Furthermore, they are also suitable for generally regulating and inhibiting undesirable vegetative growth, without destroying the plants in the process. Inhibition of vegetative growth plays an important role in many monocotyledon and dicotyledon crops because lodging can be reduced hereby, or prevented completely.

    [0029] The compounds according to the invention can be applied in the customary formulations in the form of wettable powders, emulsifiable concentrates, sprayable solutions, dusts or granules. The invention therefore also provides herbicidal compositions comprising compounds of the formula I. The compounds of the formula I can be formulated in various ways depending on the prevailing biological and/or chemico-physical parameters. Examples of suitable formulation options are: wettable powders (WP), water-soluble powders (SP), water-soluble concentrates, emulsifiable concentrates (EC), emulsions (EW), such as oil-in-water and water-in-oil emulsions, sprayable solutions, suspension concentrates (SC), oil- or water-based dispersions, oil-miscible solutions, dusts (DP), capsule suspensions (CS), seed-dressing compositions, granules for broadcasting and soil application, granules (GR) in the form of microgranules, spray granules, coating granules and adsorption granules, water-dispersible granules (WG), water-soluble granules (SG), ULV formulations, microcapsules and waxes. These individual formulation types are known in principle and are described, for example, in Winnacker-Kuhler, "Chemische Technologie" [Chemical Technology], Volume 7, C. Hauser Verlag Munich, 4th. Edition 1986; Wade van Valkenburg, "Pesticide Formulations", Marcel Dekker, N.Y., 1973; K. Martens, "Spray Drying" Handbook, 3rd Ed. 1979, G. Goodwin Ltd. London.

    [0030] The necessary formulation auxiliaries, such as inert materials, surfactants, solvents and other additives, are likewise known and are described, for example, in Watkins, "Handbook of Insecticide Dust Diluents and Carriers", 2nd Ed., Darland Books, Caldwell N.J., H. v. Olphen, "Introduction to Clay Colloid Chemistry"; 2nd Ed., J. Wiley & Sons, N.Y.; C. Marsden, "Solvents Guide"; 2nd Ed., Interscience, N.Y. 1963; McCutcheon's "Detergents and Emulsifiers Annual", MC Publ. Corp., Ridgewood N.J.; Sisley and Wood, "Encyclopedia of Surface Active Agents", Chem. Publ. Co. Inc., N.Y. 1964; Schonfeldt, "Grenzflchenaktive thylenoxidaddukte" [Surface-active ethylene oxide adducts], Wiss. Verlagsgesell., Stuttgart 1976; Winnacker-Kuchler, "Chemische Technologie" [Chemical Technology], Volume 7, C. Hauser Verlag Munich, 4th Edition 1986.

    [0031] Wettable powders are preparations which are uniformly dispersible in water and which contain, in addition to the active compound and as well as a diluent or inert substance, surfactants of ionic and/or nonionic type (wetting agents, dispersants), for example polyethoxylated alkyl phenols, polyethoxylated fatty alcohols, polyethoxylated fatty amines, fatty alcohol polyglycol ethersulfates, alkanesulfonates, alkylbenzenesulfonates, sodium ligninsulfonate, sodium 2,2'-dinaphthylmethane-6,6'-disulfonate, sodium dibutyinaphthalenesulfona-te or else sodium oleoylmethyltaurinate. To prepare the wettable powders, the herbicidally active compounds are finely ground, for example in customary apparatus such as hammer mills, fan mills and air-jet mills, and are mixed simultaneously or subsequently with the formulation auxiliaries.

    [0032] Emulsifiable concentrates are prepared by dissolving the active compound in an organic solvent, for example butanol, cyclohexanone, dimethylformamide, xylene or else relatively high-boiling aromatic compounds or hydrocarbons or mixtures of the solvents, with the addition of one or more surfactants of ionic and/or nonionic type (emulsifiers). Examples of emulsifiers which can be used are calcium alkylarylsulfonates, such as Ca dodecylbenzenesulfonate, or nonionic emulsifiers, such as fatty acid polyglycol esters, alkylaryl polyglycol ethers, fatty alcohol polyglycol ethers, propylene oxide-ethylene oxide condensation products, alkyl polyethers, sorbitan esters, for example sorbitan fatty acid esters or polyoxyethylene sorbitan esters, for example polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid esters.

    [0033] Dusts are obtained by grinding the active compound with finely divided solid substances, for example talc, natural clays, such as kaolin, bentonite and pyrophyllite, or diatomaceous earth. Suspension concentrates can be water- or oil-based. They can be prepared, for example, by wet milling using commercially customary bead mills, with or without the addition of surfactants as already mentioned above, for example, in the case of the other formulation types.

    [0034] Emulsions, for example oil-in-water emulsions (EW), can be prepared for example by means of stirrers, colloid mills and/or static mixers using aqueous organic solvents and, if desired, surfactants as already mentioned above, for example, in the case of the other formulation types.

    [0035] Granules can be prepared either by spraying the active compound onto adsorptive, granulated inert material or by applying active-compound concentrates to the surface of carriers such as sand, kaolinites or granulated inert material, by means of adhesive binders, for example polyvinyl alcohol, sodium polyacrylate or else mineral oils. Suitable active compounds can also be granulated in the manner which is customary for the preparation of fertilizer granules, if desired as a mixture with fertilizers. Water-dispersible granules are generally prepared by the customary processes, such as spray-drying, fluidized-bed granulation, disk granulation, mixing using high-speed mixers, and extrusion without solid inert material.

    [0036] For the preparation of disk, fluidized-bed, extruder and spray granules, see for example processes in "Spray-Drying Handbook" 3rd ed. 1979, G. Goodwin Ltd., London; J. E. Browning, "Agglomeration", Chemical and Engineering 1967, pages 147 ff.; "Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook", 5th Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York 1973, pp. 8-57. For further details on the formulation of crop protection products, see for example G. C. Klingman, "Weed Control as a Science", John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, 1961, pages 81-96 and J. D. Freyer, S. A. Evans, "Weed Control Handbook", 5th Ed., Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1968, pages 101-103.

    [0037] The agrochemical formulations generally contain from 0.1 to 99% by weight, in particular from 0.1 to 95% by weight, of active compound of the formula I. In wettable powders the concentration of active compound is, for example, from 10 to 90% by weight, the remainder to 100% by weight consisting of customary formulation constituents. In emulsifiable concentrates the concentration of active compound can be from 1 to 90%, preferably from 5 to 80%, by weight. Formulations in the form of dusts contain from 1 to 30% by weight of active compound, preferably most commonly from 5 to 20% by weight of active compound, while sprayable solutions contain from 0.05 to 80%, preferably from 2 to 50%, by weight of active compound. In the case of water-dispersible granules the content of active compound depends partly on whether the active compound is in liquid or solid form and on the granulation auxiliaries, fillers, etc. that are used. In water-dispersible granules the content of active compound, for example, is between 1 and 95% by weight, preferably between 10 and 80% by weight.

    [0038] In addition, said formulations of active compound may comprise the tackifiers, wetting agents, dispersants, emulsifiers, penetrants, preservatives, antifreeze agents, solvents, fillers, carriers, colorants, antifoams, evaporation inhibitors and pH and viscosity regulators which are customary in each case.

    [0039] Based on these formulations it is also possible to produce combinations with other pesticidally active substances, for example insecticides, acaricides, herbicides and fungicides, and also with safeners, fertilizers and/or growth regulators, for example in the form of a ready-mix or tank mix.

    [0040] Suitable active compounds which can be combined with the active compounds according to the invention in mixed formulations or in a tank mix are, for example, known active compounds as described in for example World Herbicide New Product Technology Handbook, China Agricultural Science and Farming Techniques Press, 2010.9 and in the literature cited therein. For example the following active compounds may be mentioned as herbicides which can be combined with the compounds of the formula I (note: the compounds are either named by the "common name" in accordance with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) or by the chemical names, if appropriate together with a customary code number): acetochlor, butachlor, alachlor, propisochlor, metolachlor, s-metolachlor, pretilachlor, propachlor, ethachlor, napropamide, R-left handed napropamide, propanil, mefenacet, diphenamid, diflufenican, ethaprochlor, beflubutamid, bromobutide, dimethenamid, dimethenamid-P, etobenzanid, flufenacet, thenylchlor, metazachlor, isoxaben, flamprop-M-methyl, flamprop-M-propyl, allidochlor, pethoxamid, chloranocryl, cyprazine, mefluidide, monalide, delachlor, prynachlor, terbuchlor, xylachlor, dimethachlor, cisanilide, trimexachlor, clomeprop, propyzamide, pentanochlor, carbetamide, benzoylprop-ethyl, cyprazole, butenachlor, tebutam, benzipram, 1379, dichlofluanid, naproanilide, diethatyl-ethyl, naptalam, flufenacet, benzadox, chlorthiamid, chlorophthalimide, isocarbamide, picolinafen, atrazine, simazine, prometryn, cyanatryn, simetryn, ametryn, propazine, dipropetryn, SSH-108, terbutryn, terbuthylazine, triaziflam, cyprazine, proglinazine, trietazine, prometon, simetone, aziprotryne, desmetryn, dimethametryn, procyazine, mesoprazine, sebuthylazine, secbumeton, terbumeton, methoprotryne, cyanatryn, ipazine, chlorazine, atraton, pendimethalin, eglinazine, cyanuric acid, indaziflam, chlorsulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, bensulfuron methyl, chlorimuron-ethyl, tribenuron-methyl, thifensulfuron-methyl, pyrazosulfuron-ethyl, mesosulfuron, iodosulfuron-methyl sodium, foramsulfuron, cinosulfuron, triasulfuron, sulfometuron methyl, nicosulfuron, ethametsulfuron-methyl, amidosulfuron, ethoxysulfuron, cyclosulfamuron, rimsulfuron, azimsulfuron, flazasulfuron, monosulfuron, monosulfuron-ester, flucarbazone-sodium, flupyrsulfuron-methyl, halosulfuron-methyl, oxasulfuron, imazosulfuron, primisulfuron, propoxycarbazone, prosulfuron, sulfosulfuron, trifloxysulfuron, triflusulfuron-methyl, tritosulfuron, sodium metsulfuron methyl, flucetosulfuron, HNPC-C, orthosulfamuron, propyrisulfuron, metazosulfuron, acifluorfen, fomesafen, lactofen, fluoroglycofen, oxyfluorfen, chlornitrofen, aclonifen, ethoxyfen-ethyl, bifenox, nitrofluorfen, chlomethoxyfen, fluorodifen, fluoronitrofen, furyloxyfen, nitrofen, TOPE, DMNP, PPG1013, AKH-7088, halosafen, chlortoluron, isoproturon, linuron, diuron, dymron, fluometuron, benzthiazuron, methabenzthiazuron, cumyluron, ethidimuron, isouron, tebuthiuron, buturon, chlorbromuron, methyldymron, phenobenzuron, SK-85, metobromuron, metoxuron, afesin, monuron, siduron, fenuron, fluothiuron, neburon, chloroxuron, noruron, isonoruron, 3-cyclooctyl-1, thiazfluron, tebuthiuron, difenoxuron, parafluron, methylamine tribunil, karbutilate, trimeturon, dimefuron, monisouron, anisuron, methiuron, chloreturon, tetrafluron, phenmedipham, phenmedipham-ethyl, desmedipham, asulam, terbucarb, barban, propham, chlorpropham, rowmate, swep, chlorbufam, carboxazole, chlorprocarb, fenasulam, BCPC, CPPC, carbasulam, butylate, benthiocarb, vernolate, molinate, triallate, dimepiperate, esprocarb, pyributicarb, cycloate, avadex, EPTC, ethiolate, orbencarb, pebulate, prosulfocarb, tiocarbazil, CDEC, dimexano, isopolinate, methiobencarb, 2,4-D butyl ester, MCPA-Na, 2,4-D isooctyl ester, MCPA isooctyl ester, 2,4-D sodium salt, 2,4-D dimethyla mine salt, MCPA-thioethyl, MCPA, 2,4-D propionic acid, high 2,4-D propionic acid salt, 2,4-D butyric acid, MCPA propionic acid, MCPA propionic acid salt, MCPA butyric acid, 2,4,5-D, 2,4,5-D propionic acid, 2,4,5-D butyric acid, MCPA amine salt, dicamba, erbon, chlorfenac, saison, TBA, chloramben, methoxy-TBA, diclofop-methyl, fluazifop-butyl, fluazifop-p-butyl, haloxyfop-methyl, haloxyfop-P, quizalofop-ethyl, quizalofop-p-ethyl, fenoxaprop-ethy, fenoxaprop-p-ethyl, propaquizafop, cyhalofop-butyl, metamifop, clodinafop-propargyl, fenthiaprop-ethyl, chloroazifop-propynyl, poppenate-methyl, trifopsime, isoxapyrifop, paraquat, diquat, oryzalin, ethalfluralin, isopropalin, nitralin, profluralin, prodinamine, benfluralin, fluchloraline, dinitramina, dipropalin, chlornidine, methalpropalin, dinoprop, glyphosate, anilofos, glufosinate ammonium, amiprophos-methyl, sulphosate, piperophos, bialaphos-sodium, bensulide, butamifos, phocarb, 2,4-DEP, H-9201, zytron, imazapyr, imazethapyr, imazaquin, imazamox, imazamox ammonium salt, imazapic, imazamethabenz-methyl, fluroxypyr, fluroxypyr isooctyl ester, clopyralid, picloram, trichlopyr, dithiopyr, haloxydine, 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol, thiazopyr, fluridone, aminopyralid, diflufenzopyr, triclopyr-butotyl, Cliodinate, sethoxydim, clethodim, cycloxydim, alloxydim, clefoxydim, butroxydim, tralkoxydim, tepraloxydim, buthidazole, metribuzin, hexazinone, metamitron, ethiozin, ametridione, amibuzin, bromoxynil, bromoxynil octanoate, ioxynil octanoate, ioxynil, dichlobenil, diphenatrile, pyraclonil, chloroxynil, iodobonil, flumetsulam, florasulam, penoxsulam, metosulam, cloransulam-methyl, diclosulam, pyroxsulam, benfuresate, bispyribac-sodium, pyribenzoxim, pyriftalid, pyriminobac-methyl, pyrithiobac-sodium, benzobicylon, mesotrione, sulcotrione, tembotrione, tefuryltrione, bicyclopyrone, ketodpiradox, isoxaflutole, clomazone, fenoxasulfone, methiozolin, fluazolate, pyraflufen-ethyl, pyrazolynate, difenzoquat, pyrazoxyfen, benzofenap, nipyraclofen, pyrasulfotole, topramezone, pyroxasulfone, cafenstrole, flupoxam, aminotriazole, amicarbazone, azafenidin, carfentrazone-ethyl, sulfentrazone, bencarbazone, benzfendizone, butafenacil, bromacil, isocil, lenacil, terbacil, flupropacil, cinidon-ethyl, flumiclorac-pentyl, flumioxazin, propyzamide, MK-129, flumezin, pentachlorophenol, dinoseb, dinoterb, dinoterb acetate, dinosam, DNOC, chloronitrophene, medinoterb acetate, dinofenate, oxadiargyl, oxadiazon, pentoxazone, Flufenacet, fluthiacet-methyl, fentrazamide, flufenpyr-ethyl, pyrazon, brompyrazon, metflurazon, kusakira, dimidazon, oxapyrazon, norflurazon, pyridafol, quinclorac, quinmerac, bentazone, pyridate, oxaziclomefone, benazolin, clomazone, cinmethylin, ZJ0702, pyribambenz-propyl, indanofan, sodium chlorate, dalapon, trichloroacetic acid, monochloroacetic acid, hexachloroacetone, flupropanate, cyperquat, bromofenoxim, epronaz, methazole, flurtamone, benfuresate, ethofumesate, tioclorim, chlorthal, fluorochloridone, tavron, acrolein, bentranil, tridiphane, chlorfenpropmethyl, thidiarizonaimin, phenisopham, busoxinone, methoxyphenone, saflufenacil, clacyfos, chloropon, alorac, diethamquat, etnipromid, iprymidam, ipfencarbazone, thiencarbazone-methyl, pyrimisulfan, chlorflurazole, tripropindan, sulglycapin, prosulfalin, cambendichlor, aminocyclopyrachlor, rodethanil, benoxacor, fenclorim, flurazole, fenchlorazole-ethyl, cloquintocet-mexyl, oxabetrinil, MG/91, cyometrinil, DKA-24, mefenpyr-diethyl, furilazole, fluxofenim, isoxadifen-ethyl, dichlormid, halauxifen-methyl, DOW848, UBH-509, D489, LS 82-556, KPP-300, NC-324, NC-330, KH-218, DPX-N8189, SC-0744, DOWCO535, DK-8910, V-53482, PP-600, MBH-001, KIH-9201, ET-751, KIH-6127 and KIH-2023.

    [0041] For use, the formulations which are presented in commercially available form are, if appropriate, diluted in the customary manner, for example using water in the case of wettable powders, emulsifiable concentrates, dispersions and water-dispersible granules. Products in the form of dusts, granules for soil application or broadcasting and sprayable solutions are usually not further diluted with other inert substances prior to use. The application rate of the compounds of the formula I required varies with the external conditions, such as temperature, humidity, the nature of the herbicide used. It can vary within wide limits, for example between 0.001 and 1.0 kg/ha or more of active substance, but it is preferably between 0.005 and 750 g/ha, in particular between 0.005 and 250 g/ha.

    Specific Mode for Carrying out the Invention



    [0042] The following embodiments are used to illustrate the present invention in detail and should not be taken as any limit to the present invention. The scope of the invention would be explained through the Claims.

    [0043] The method for preparing the compound of the invention will be explained in detail in the following program and embodiment. The material is commercial available or prepared through known method reported in the literature or shown in the route. Those skilled in the art should understand that the compound of the invention can also be synthesized by other synthetic route. Although the detailed material and reaction condition in the synthetic route have been explicated in the following text, it is still easy to be replaced by other similar material and condition. Isomer of the compound, for example, that produced with the variation of the preparation method of the present invention is included in the scope of the present invention. In addition, the following preparation method can be further modified according to the disclosures of the present invention by using common chemical method known to those skilled in the art. For example, protect suitable group in the process of the reaction, etc.

    [0044] In view of economic and variety of the compound, the following method of application can be used to improve further understanding of the preparation method of the present invention. The specific material, class and condition have been determined to be further explication of the present invention, not to be any limit of the reasonable scope thereof. Reagents of the following synthetic compound showed in the table can either be purchased from the market or easily prepared by those skilled in the art. Wherein the condition of 1HNMR is as follows: 1H-NMR is determined by AVANCE AV-500 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), TMS is the internal standard. The mass spectrum is determined by Shimadzu-2010A mass spectrometer.

    Exemplary embodiment for preparation of the intermediate (A-1∼4);


    1. Synthesis of (2-chloro-3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-(5-hydroxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-methanone (A-1);



    [0045] 



    [0046] 115g of 40% methylhydrazine solution was mixed with 400ml of water, and cooled to 0-5 °C, then slowly dropped in with 216g of Diethyl ethoxymethylenemalonate (A-1-1) with stirring. The reaction mixture was refluxed for 6 hours after the addition, and then cooled to room temperature (RT) to precipitate large amount of solid. The crude product was collected by sucking filtration. The obtained crude product was recrystalized with ethanol to obtain 75g of white solid (A-1-2) with 44.1% yield and 97.02% HPLC purity.

    [0047] 22g of NaOH was dissolved in 300ml of water, and added with 42.5g of intermediate (A-1-2) with stirring. The mixture was stirred for 3 hours at 40 °C, then cooled to RT and added with 55ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid, and then heated to reflux and reacted for 3 hours. The solvent was removed by evaporation. The residue was added into 200ml of absolute ethyl alcohol and stirred thoroughly. The insoluble substance was removed by filtration. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give 24g of off-white solid (A-1-3) with 98.0% yield and 96.50% HPLC purity.

    [0048] 5.1g of 2-chloro-3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoic acid (A-1-4) was mixed with 10ml of thionyl chloride, the mixture was stirred at reflux for 1 hour, and then evaporated to remove excessive thionyl chloride to obtain 5.5g of 2-chlore-3-fluorine-4-trifluoromethylphenylformyl chloride (A-1-5) as a light yellow liquid with yield of 100%. The product was used in next reaction directly without purification.

    [0049] 9ml of triethylamine and 2.5g of 2-methyl-2H-pyrazol-3-ol (A-1-3) were dissolved in 30ml of 1,2-dichloroethane, and cooled to -5 °C. A solution of 5.5g of 2-chloro-3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl chloride (A-1-5) prepared above in 20ml of 1,2- dichloroethane was added dropwise, the temperature was controlled to no higher than 5 °C. After the addition, the reaction mixture was stirred at RT overnight. To the reaction mixture was added diluted hydrochloric acid to adjust pH to 2∼3. The organic phase was separated, washed successively with water and saturated sodium chloride solution, dried and concentrated to obtain 6g of yellow solid (A-1) with 86.9% yield and 95.10% HPLC purity.

    2. The Synthesis of (2-chloro-3-fluoro-4- trifluoromethylphenyl)-(5-hydroxy-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-methanone (A-2):



    [0050] 



    [0051] 9ml of triethylamine and 2.4g of 2,5-dimethyl-2H-pyrazol-3-ol (A-2-1) were dissolved in 20ml of 1,2-dichloroethane, and cooled to -5 °C. A solution of 5.2g of 2-chloro-3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl chloride (A-1-5) prepared above in 5ml of 1,2- dichloroethane were added dropwise. The temperature was controlled to no higher than 5°C. After the addition, the reaction solution was stirred at RT for 2 hours. 1 ml of acetone cyanohydrin was added into the reaction solution, heated to 50∼60 °C and stirred overnight. The reaction was cooled to RT., diluted hydrochloric acid was added to adjust pH to 2∼3, then separated. The organic phase was washed successively with water and saturated sodium chloride solution, dried and concentrated to obtain 4.3g of yellow solid (A-2) with 63.7% yield and 98.28% HPLC purity.

    3. The Synthesis of (2-chloro-3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-(5-hydroxy-1-methyl-3-cyclopropyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-methanone (A-3):



    [0052] 



    [0053] 48g of sodium tert-butoxide was added into 500ml of toluene, cooled to 10°C, and added dropwise with 225g of dimethyl carbonate. 75.7g cyclopropyl ethanone was added dropwise after stirring for 30 minutes. The temperature of the reaction was controlled to no higher than 15 °C. The reaction solution was stirred for a further 30 min after the addition, then heated to 75 °C and reacted overnight. The reaction solution was poured into 500ml of ice water after cooling to RT, hydrochloric acid was used to adjust pH to 1∼2. The obtained mixture was separated, the organic phase was washed successively with water and saturated sodium chloride solution, dried and concentrated to obtain 83g of orange grease (A-3-2) with 60% yield and 93% purity.

    [0054] 115g of 40% methylhydrazine solution and 140g of intermediate (A-3-2) were mixed with 500ml of ethyl alcohol. The mixture was stirred and reflux for 4 hours and then cooled to RT. The volatilizable substances were evaporated by decompression. The residue was recrystallized in alcohol-acetic acid to to obtain 50g of yellow solid (A-3-3) with yield of 40.2% and HPLC purity of 95%.

    [0055] 10g of triethylamine and 9.3g of 2-methyl-5-cyclopropyl pyrazol-2H-3-ol (A-3-3) were dissolved in 50ml of 1,2-dichloroethane and cooled to -5 °C. A solution of 16.1g of 2-chloro-3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl chloride (A-1-5) prepared above in 25ml of 1,2-dichloroethane was added dropwise, the temperature was controlled to no higher than 5 °C. After the addition, the solution was stirred at RT for 2 hours. 9g of triethylamine and 1 ml of acetone cyanohydrins were added, then heated to 50∼60 °C and stirred overnight. The reaction solution was cooled to RT., hydrochloric acid was added to adjust pH to 2-3 and separated. The organic phase was washed successively with water and saturated sodium chloride solution, dried and concentrated to obtain 20g of yellow solid (A-3) with 89.2% yield and 99.30% HPLC purity.

    4. The synthesis of 1-methyl-5-ethyoxyl-pyrazole-4-formic acid (A-4).



    [0056] 



    [0057] 17g of 1-methyl-5-hydroxyl-pyrazole-4-ethyl formate (A-1-2) was dissolved in 150ml of DMF. 13.8g of anhydrous potassium carbonate was added under stirring and then 16.5g of bromoethane was added dropwise. After the addition, the reaction solution was stirred overnight. The reaction solution was poured into 1.5L of water and stirred thoroughly, then extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with water and saturated sodium chloride solution successively, dried and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain 19.8g of orange grease (A-4-1) with the yield of 100%. The product was used directly to the next step of reaction without purification.

    [0058] 8g of NaOH was dissolved in 50ml of water. 19g of 1-methyl-5-ethyoxyl-pyrazole-4-ethyl formate (A-4-1) was added slowly at RT. The reaction solution was stirred overnight at RT, and then 3N hydrochloric acidwas added to adjust pH to 2∼3. Ethyl acetate was added into the solution and extracted. The organic phase was washed with water and saturated sodium chloride solution successively, dried and concentrated to obtain 13g of white solid (A-4) with the yield of 79.7% and HPLC purity of 95.3%.

    Preparation of target compounds of the invention:



    [0059] The following table presents a series of compounds with the following structure prepared according to the methods of the present invention, using the compounds prepared via the above mentioned methods as raw material.

    compound IDR1R2N=R3=R4=X=HNMR
    001

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.41 (d, J=8.0Hz, 1H), 6.56 (d, J=8.0Hz, 1H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.06 (s, 3H).
    002

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 9.87 (s, 1H), 7.77 (d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.45 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.05 (s 6H).
    003

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.79 (d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.48 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 6.25 (s, 1H), 3.48 (s, 3H), 2.18 (s 3H).
    004

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.77 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.46 (s, 3H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.02 (s 6H).
    005

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.74 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.56 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 6.39 (t, J=54.0Hz, 1H), 4.71-4.22 (m, 2H), 3.53 (s, 3H), 2.25 (s, 3H), 2.02 (s, 3H).
    006

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.76 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.44 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 4.44-4.39 (m, 2H), 3.55 (s, 3H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.06 (s, 3H), 1.45-0.91 (m, 7H).
    007

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.77 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.46 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.80-3.60 (m, 7H), 3.55 (s, 3H), 2.47 (s, 3H), 2.04 (s, 3H).
    008

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.75 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.43 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 4.45-4.39 (m, 2H), 3.55 (s, 3H), 3.39-3.36 (m, 2H), 3.31 (s, 3H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.06 (s, 3H), 1.66-1.60 (m, 2H).
    009

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.75 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.43 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 4.45-4.39 (m, 2H), 3.54 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.39-3.36 (m, 2H), 3.32 (s, 3H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.06 (s, 3H), 1.66-1.33 (m, 5H).
    010

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.75 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.43 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 4.45- 4.39 (m, 2H), 3.39- 3.22 (m, 6H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.06 (s, 3H), 1.66-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.18 (d, J=7.0Hz, 6H).
    011

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.75 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.43 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 4.45-4.39 (m, 2H), 3.39-3.30 (m, 7H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.06 (s, 3H), 1.68-1.51 (m, 6H), 1.02 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    012

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.75 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.43 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 4.45-4.39 (m, 2H), 3.39-3.26 (m, 12H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.06 (s, 3H), 1.66-1.54 (m, 2H).
    013

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.78 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.45 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 4.45 (s, 2H), 3.55 (s, 3H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 3.39 (s, 3H).
    014

    H Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.70-3.60 (m, 2H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.44 (t, J=6.5 Hz, 2H), 2.35-2.18 (m, 2H).
    015

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.95 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.42 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.70-3.60 (m, 5H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.44 (t, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.38-2.20 (m, 2H), 1.35 (t, J=7.0Hz, 3H).
    016

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.70-3.60 (m, 2H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.49 (s, 3H), 2.40 (t, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.35-2.18 (m, 2H).
    017

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.33 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.80 (s, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J= 7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.70-3.60 (m, 2H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.44 (t, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.36-2.21 (m, 2H).
    018

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.71 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 3.54 (s, 1H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.44 (t, J= 6.5Hz, 2H), 2.35-2.20 (m, 5H).
    019

    Me Me EtSO2- [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.71 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 3.54 (s, 1H), 3.45 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.44 (t, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.35-2.20 (m, 5H), 1.35 (t, J=7.0Hz, 3H).
    020

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.83 (s, 3H), 3.71 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 3.54 (s, 1H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.44 (t, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.35-2.20 (m, 5H).
    021

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.40 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.72-3.70 (m, 4H), 3.54 (s, 1H), 3.48 (s, 3H), 2.44 (t, J= 6.5Hz, 2H), 2.35-2.20 (m, 5H), 1.33 (t, J=7.0Hz, 3H).
    022

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.33 (s, 1H), 7.89-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.83 (s, 3H), 3.54-3.50 (m, 2H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.44 (t, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.35-2.15 (m, 5H).
    023

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.14 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.71 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 3.54 (s, 1H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.46-2.20 (m, 10H).
    024

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.92 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.63 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 4.99-4.86 (m, 1H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 3.46 (s, 3H), 2.56-2.01 (m, 7H).
    025



    Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.83 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.61 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.70-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.60-2.44 (m, 3H), 2.35- 2.20 (m, 2H), 1.41-0.61 (m, 4H).
    026



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.88-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.61 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 4.42 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.70-3.54 (m, 5H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.60-2.55 (m, 2H), 2.44-2.20 (m, 3H), 1.41-0.61 (m, 4H), 1.35 (t, J=6.5 Hz, 3H).
    027



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.83 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.61 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.70-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.60-2.55 (m, 2H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.35-2.20 (m, 3H), 1.41-0.61 (m, 4H).
    028



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.33 (s, 1H), 7.85-7.82 (m, 2H), 7.61 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.70-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.45-2.09 (m, 5H), 1.41-0.61 (m, 4H).
    029

    H Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.39-3.32 (m, 5H), 2.25-2.11 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H).
    030

    H Me Ac- [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.39-3.32 (m, 5H), 2.25-2.06 (m, 5H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H).
    031

    H Me EtSO2- [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.39-3.32 (m, 7H), 2.25-2.11 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H), 1.33 (t, J=7.0Hz, 3H).
    032

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.95 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.41 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.71 (s, 3H), 3.39-3.32 (m, 5H), 2.25-2.11 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H), 1.35 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H).
    033

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.33 (s, 1H), 7.88-7.84 (m, 2H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.39-3.31 (m, 5H), 2.46-2.43 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H).
    034

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.11 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.39-3.31 (m, 5H), 2.46-2.43 (m, 5H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H).
    035

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.65 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.46 (s, 1H), 3.39-3.31 (m, 5H), 2.46- 2.43 (m, 5H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H).
    036

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.65 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.46 (s, 1H), 4.35 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.39-3.31 (m, 5H), 2.46-2.43 (m, 5H), 1.68-1.30 (m, 7H).
    037

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.98 (s, 1H), 7.65 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (s, 1H), 4.41 (q, J=7.0Hz, 2H), 3.71 (s, 3H), 3.39-3.32 (m, 8H), 2.25-2.11 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H), 1.35 (t, J=7.0Hz, 3H).
    038

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.65 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.46 (s, 1H) 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.39-3.31 (m, 8H), 2.46-2.43 (m, 5H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H).
    039

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.33 (s, 1H), 7.85 (s, 1H), 7.65 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (s, 1H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.39-3.31 (m, 5H), 2.46- 2.35 (m, 5H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H).
    040

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.66 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.45 (s, 1H), 3.51-3.32 (m, 7H), 2.86- 2.66 (m, 2H), 2.52 (s, 3H).
    041

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.33 (s, 1H), 7.85 (s, 1H), 7.65 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (s, 1H), 3.88 (s, 3H), 3.53-3.30 (m, 7H), 2.90- 2.66 (m, 2H), 2.50 (s, 3H).
    042

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.65 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.45 (s, 1H), 3.66-3.32 (m, 9H), 2.55 (s, 3H).
    043

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.35 (s, 1H), 7.86 (s, 1H), 7.66 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (s, 1H), 3.91 (s, 3H), 3.72-3.30 (m, 9H), 2.53 (s, 3H).
    044

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.64 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.44 (s, 1H), 3.75-3.37 (m, 9H), 2.52 (s, 3H).
    045

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.38 (s, 1H), 7.88 (s, 1H), 7.67 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (s, 1H), 3.95 (s, 3H), 3.81-3.38 (m, 9H), 2.50 (s, 3H).
    046



    Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.68 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.46 (s, 1H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 3.39-3.28 (m, 2H), 2.92- 2.86 (m, 1H), 2.46-2.35 (m, 2H), 1.68-0.61 (m, 8H).
    047



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (s, 1H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 3.39-3.22 (m, 2H), 2.92- 2.86 (m, 1H), 2.46-2.43 (m, 5H), 1.68-0.61 (m, 8H).
    048



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.96 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.46 (s, 1H), 4.40 (q, J=7.0Hz, 2H), 3.75 (s, 3H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 3.39-3.31 (m, 2H), 2.92-2.86 (m, 1H), 2.46-2.43 (m, 2H), 1.68-0.61 (m, 11H).
    049



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.33 (s, 1H), 7.85-7.68 (m, 2H), 7.46 (s, 1H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 3.39-3.28 (m, 2H), 2.92-2.86 (m, 1H), 2.46-2.43 (m, 2H), 1.68- 0.61 (m, 8H).
    050

    H Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.60-3.52 (m, 5H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68- 1.40 (m, 4H), 1.35-1.24 (m, 2H).
    051

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.96-7.85 (m, 2H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J= 7.5Hz, 1H), 4.45 (q, J=7.0Hz, 2H), 3.70 (s, 3H), 3.60-3.51 (m, 5H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.24 (m, 9H).
    052

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 3.60-3.55 (m, 5H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.22 (m, 6H),
    053

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.35 (s, 1H), 7.88-7.83 (m, 2H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.60-3.52 (m, 5H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.24 (m, 6H).
    054

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.60-3.50 (m, 5H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68- 1.24 (m, 6H).
    055

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.21 (q, J=7.0Hz, 2H), 3.60-3.55 (m, 5H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.18 (m, 9H).
    056

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.93-7.85 (m, 2H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.42 (q, J=7.0Hz, 2H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 3.60-3.55 (m, 5H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H), 1.35-1.24 (m, 5H).
    057

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.35 (s, 1H), 7.80-7.62 (m, 2H), 7.55 (d, J= 7.5Hz, 1H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.60-3.55 (m, 5H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.24 (m, 6H).
    058

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.14 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 3.60-3.55 (m, 5H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.24 (m, 6H).
    059



    Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.76 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.60-3.55 (m, 5H), 2.90-2.75 (m, 1H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H), 1.35-0.61 (m, 6H).
    060



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.96 (s, 1H), 7.76 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.39 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 3.60-3.55 (m, 5H), 2.90-2.75 (m, 1H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H), 1.35-0.61 (m, 9H).
    061



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.29 (s, 1H), 7.83 (s, 1H), 7.76 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.60-3.55 (m, 5H), 2.90-2.75 (m, 1H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H), 1.35-0.61 (m, 6H).
    062



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.13 (s, 1H), 7.76 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 3.60-3.55 (m, 5H), 2.90-2.75 (m, 1H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H), 1.35-0.61 (m, 6H).
    063

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.98-7.71 (m, 3H), 7.20-7.18 (m, 2H), 3.68 (s, 3H), 2.47 (s, 3H).
    064

    H Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.96-7.71 (m, 5H), 6.57 (s, 1H), 3.72(s, 3H).
    065

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.95-7.70 (m, 5H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 4.40 (q, J=7.0Hz, 2H), 3.70 (s, 3H), 3.63 (s, 3H), 1.33 (t, J= 7.0Hz, 3H).
    066

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.95-7.70 (m, 6H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 3.63 (s, 3H), 2.63 (s, 3H).
    067

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.96-7.71 (m, 5H), 6.57 (s, 1H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 3.72(s, 3H), 2.46 (s, 3H).
    068

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.96-7.71 (m, 4H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 3.66(s, 3H), 2.46 (s, 3H).
    069

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.96-7.69 (m, 4H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 4.25 (q, J= 7.0Hz, 2H), 3.64(s, 3H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 1.35 (t, J=7.0Hz, 3H).
    070

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.35 (s, 1H), 7.96-7.71 (m, 5H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.66 (s, 3H), 2.46 (s, 3H).
    071

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.96-7.69 (m, 5H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 4.42 (q, J= 7.0Hz, 2H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 3.66 (s, 3H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 1.35 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H).
    072

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.96-7.71 (m, 4H), 6.54 (s, 1H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 2.40 (s, 3H).
    073



    Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.92-7.63 (m, 4H), 6.58 (m, 1H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 2.72-2.58 (m, 1H), 1.42-0.65 (m, 4H).
    074



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.95-7.63 (m, 5H), 6.58 (m, 1H), 4.41 (q, J= 7.0Hz, 2H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 2.72-2.58 (m, 1H), 1.42-0.65 (m, 7H).
    075



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.92-7.63 (m, 4H), 6.58 (m, 1H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 2.72-2.58 (m, 1H), 2.40 (s, 3H), 1.42-0.65 (m, 4H).
    076



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.35 (s, 1H), 7.92-7.63 (m, 5H), 6.58 (m, 1H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 2.72-2.58 (m, 1H), 1.42-0.62 (m, 4H).
    077

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.69-7.60 (m, 1H), 6.58-6.22 (m, 1H), 3.51-3.31 (m, 3H), 2.41-2.23 (m, 6H).
    078

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.88-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.69-7.60 (m, 1H), 6.55-6.21 (m, 1H), 4.21-4.09 (m, 2H), 3.51-3.31 (m, 3H), 2.41-2.23 (m, 6H), 1.39-1.29 (m, 3H).
    079

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.89-7.81 (m, 2H), 7.71 (s, 1H), 6.35 (s, 1H), 4.18 (s, 3H), 3.51 (s, 3H), 2.44 (s, 3H).
    080

    H Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.95-7.55 (m, 4H), 3.63 (s, 3H), 2.11 (s, 3H).
    081

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.95-7.55 (m, 5H), 4.44 (q, J=7.0Hz, 2H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 3.63 (s, 3H), 2.11 (s, 3H), 1.35 (t, J= 7.0Hz, 3H).
    082

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.96-7.55 (m, 4H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.63 (s, 3H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.11 (s, 3H).
    083

    H Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.35 (s, 1H), 8.05 (s, 1H), 7.98-7.51 (m, 5H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.61 (s, 3H), 2.10 (s, 3H).
    084

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.69-7.60 (m, 2H), 3.56 (s, 3H), 2.23 (s, 3H), 2.12 (s, 3H).
    085

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.70-7.61 (m, 2H), 3.82-3.56 (m, 5H), 2.25 (s, 3H), 2.13 (s, 3H), 1.28 (t, J=7.0Hz, 3H).
    086

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.95 (s, 1H), 7.85-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.69-7.58 (m, 2H), 4.41 (q, J=7.0Hz, 2H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 3.54 (s, 3H), 2.23 (s, 3H), 2.13 (s, 3H), 1.35 (t, J=7.0Hz, 3H).
    087

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.35 (s, 1H), 7.85-7.80 (m, 3H), 7.69-7.60 (m, 2H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.56 (s, 3H), 2.25 (s, 3H), 2.13 (s, 3H).
    088

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.86-7.78 (m, 2H), 7.69-7.58 (m, 2H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 3.56 (s, 3H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 2.22 (s, 3H), 2.12 (s, 3H).
    089



    Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.81-7.63 (m, 3H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 2.92-2.58 (m, 1H), 2.13 (s, 3H), 1.42-0.65 (m, 4H).
    090



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.13 (s, 1H), 7.81-7.63 (m, 3H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 2.92-2.58 (m, 1H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.15 (s, 3H), 1.44-0.60 (m, 4H).
    091



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.32 (s, 1H), 7.84 (s, 1H), 7.80-7.62 (m, 3H), 7.55 (s, 1H), 3.83 (s, 3H), 3.53 (s, 3H), 2.90-2.55 (m, 1H), 2.11 (s, 3H), 1.40-0.60 (m, 4H).
    092



    Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.95 (s, 1H), 7.81-7.63 (m, 3H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 4.40 (q, J=7.0Hz, 2H), 3.71 (s, 3H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 2.92-2.58 (m, 1H), 2.14 (s, 3H), 1.45-0.62 (m, 7H).
    093

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=8.0Hz, 1H), 7.71 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 6.21 (s, 1H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 1.96 (s, 3H).
    094

    Me Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.12 (s, 1H), 7.81 (d, J=8.0Hz, 1H), 7.69 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 6.09 (s, 1H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.56 (s, 3H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.23 (s, 6H), 1.86 (s, 3H).
    095

    Me Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.98 (s, 1H), 7.79 (s, 1H), 7.82 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.65 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.85 (s, 3H).
    096

    H Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.88 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.72 (s, 1H), 7.59 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.99 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.80-3.69 (m, 2H), 2.44-2.21 (m, 4H), 1.41 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    097

    H Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.89 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (s, 1H), 7.56 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.03 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.88 (s, 3H), 3.73-3.60 (m, 2H), 2.47 (s, 3H), 2.41 (t, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.35-2.18 (m, 2H), 1.39 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    098

    Me Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.99 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.71 (d, J=8.0Hz, 1H), 3.54 (s, 1H), 2.44 (t, J= 6.5Hz, 2H), 2.35-2.20 (m, 5H), 1.40 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    099

    Me Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.86 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.12-3.94 (m, 5H), 3.74 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 3.56 (s, 1H), 2.48-2.18 (m, 10H), 1.36 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    100

    Et Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.90 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.61 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.78-3.42 (m, 5H), 3.21 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.38-2.10 (m, 4H), 1.31 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    101

    Et Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.19 (s, 1H), 7.91 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.60 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.95 (s, 3H), 3.78-3.42 (m, 5H), 3.21 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 2.38-2.10 (m, 4H), 1.31 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    102

    Et Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.88 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.56 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.99 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.78-3.40 (m, 2H), 3.20 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.39-2.10 (m, 4H), 1.36- 1.15 (m, 6H).
    103

    Et Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.86 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.56 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 4.02-3.90 (m, 5H), 3.81-3.41 (m, 2H), 3.21 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 2.39-2.05 (m, 4H), 1.36-1.18 (m, 6H).
    104



    Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.83 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.61 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 3.99 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.70-3.54 (m, 2H), 2.60- 2.44 (m, 3H), 2.35-2.20 (m, 2H), 1.44-0.59 (m, 7H).
    105



    Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.83 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.61 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.00 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.70-3.54 (m, 2H), 2.60-2.50 (m, 2H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.35-2.20 (m, 3H), 1.41-0.61 (m, 7H).
    106

    H Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.01 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.39-3.32 (m, 2H), 2.25-2.07 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.31 (m, 7H).
    107

    H Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.11 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (s, 1H), 7.54 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.99 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.42-3.31 (m, 2H), 2.46-2.40 (m, 5H), 1.68-1.30 (m, 7H).
    108

    Me Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.65 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.46 (s, 1H), 4.02 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.39-3.31 (m, 2H), 2.46-2.41 (m, 5H), 1.68-1.32 (m, 7H).
    109

    Me Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.47 (s, 1H), 4.05 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.41-3.30 (m, 5H), 2.46-2.43 (m, 5H), 1.68-1.30 (m, 7H).
    110

    Et Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.68 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.49 (s, 1H), 3.41-3.30 (m, 7H), 2.45- 2.33 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.30 (m, 7H).
    111

    Et Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.19 (s, 1H), 7.66 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.45 (s, 1H), 4.02 (s, 3H), 3.40-3.28 (m, 7H), 2.48-2.38 (m, 5H), 1.68-1.28 (m, 7H).
    112

    Et Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.71 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.50 (s, 1H), 4.15-4.02 (m, 4H), 3.39- 3.21 (m, 2H), 2.46-2.25 (m, 4H), 1.68-1.30 (m, 8H).
    113

    Et Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.19 (s, 1H), 7.71 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.50 (s, 1H), 4.15-4.02 (m, 7H), 3.39-3.28 (m, 2H), 2.46-2.28 (m, 7H), 1.68-1.30 (m, 8H).
    114



    Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.68 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.46 (s, 1H), 4.00 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.39-3.31 (m, 2H), 2.92-2.86 (m, 1H), 2.46-2.31 (m, 2H), 1.68-0.61 (m, 11H).
    115



    Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.46 (s, 1H), 4.12-3.95 (m, 5H), 3.39-3.31 (m, 2H), 2.92-2.81 (m, 1H), 2.52-2.43 (m, 5H), 1.68-0.61 (m, 11H).
    116

    H Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.02 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.60-3.50 (m, 2H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 4H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H), 1.35 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    117

    H Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.70 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.10-4.01 (m, 5H), 3.60-3.51 (m, 2H), 2.53 (s, 3H), 2.26-2.01 (m, 4H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H), 1.35 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    118

    Me Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.00 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.60-3.50 (m, 2H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 4H), 1.68-1.24 (m, 7H).
    119

    Me Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.14 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.08-3.96 (m, 5H), 3.60-3.51 (m, 2H), 2.52 (s, 3H), 2.38 (s, 3H), 2.28-2.03 (m, 4H), 1.69-1.26 (m, 7H).
    120

    Et Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.60-3.55 (m, 5H), 2.69 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.24 (m, 9H).
    121

    Et Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.21 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.02 (s, 3H), 3.60-3.55 (m, 5H), 2.69 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.51 (s, 3H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.24 (m, 9H).
    122

    Et Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.01 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.60-3.55 (m, 2H), 2.69 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.27-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.69- 1.25 (m, 12H).
    123

    Et Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.21 (s, 1H), 7.86 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.06-3.95 (m, 5H), 3.60-3.52 (m, 2H), 2.69 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.24 (m, 12H).
    124



    Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.76 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.99 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.60-3.55 (m, 2H), 2.90- 2.75 (m, 1H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H), 1.37-0.61 (m, 9H).
    125



    Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.13 (s, 1H), 7.76 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.99 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 3.60-3.52 (m, 2H), 2.90-2.75 (m, 1H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.25-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.40 (m, 4H), 1.38-0.61 (m, 9H).
    126

    H Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.96-7.71 (m, 5H), 6.57 (s, 1H), 3.97 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 1.35 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    127

    H Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.96-7.71 (m, 5H), 6.57 (s, 1H), 4.01 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 1.33 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    128

    Me Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.96-7.71 (m, 4H), 6.56 (m, 1H), 4.00 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 1.33 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    129

    Me Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.96-7.71 (m, 4H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 3.99 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 2.40 (s, 3H), 1.32 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    130

    Et Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.02-7.76 (m, 4H), 6.61 (m, 1H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 3.15 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 1.34 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    131

    Et Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.21 (s, 1H), 8.02-7.76 (m, 4H), 6.61 (m, 1H), 4.05 (s, 3H), 3.58 (s, 3H), 3.15 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H), 1.34 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    132

    Et Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.02-7.76 (m, 4H), 6.61 (m, 1H), 3.96 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.15 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 1.36-1.30 (m, 6H).
    133

    Et Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.25 (s, 1H), 8.02-7.70 (m, 4H), 6.61 (m, 1H), 4.05-3.90 (m, 5H), 3.17 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H), 1.38-1.30 (m, 6H).
    134



    Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.92-7.63 (m, 4H), 6.58 (m, 1H), 3.98 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.72-2.58 (m, 1H), 1.42-0.65 (m, 7H).
    135



    Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.92-7.63 (m, 4H), 6.58 (m, 1H), 4.00 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 2.72-2.58 (m, 1H), 2.40 (s, 3H), 1.42-0.65 (m, 7H).
    136

    H Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.95-7.55 (m, 4H), 4.00 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.11 (s, 3H), 1.35 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    137

    H Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.95-7.50 (m, 4H), 3.99 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.12 (s, 3H), 1.33 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    138

    Me Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.85-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.69-7.60 (m, 2H), 3.99 (q, j=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.23 (s, 3H), 2.12 (s, 3H), 1.36 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    139

    Me Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.85-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.69-7.60 (m, 2H), 3.98 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.20 (s, 3H), 2.10 (s, 3H), 1.32 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    140

    Et Me H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.88-7.81 (m, 2H), 7.71-7.61 (m, 2H), 3.68 (s, 3H), 3.18 (q, j=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.12 (s, 3H), 1.36 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    141

    Et Me

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.21 (s, 1H), 7.88-7.81 (m, 2H), 7.71-7.61 (m, 2H), 4.02 (s, 3H), 3.68 (s, 3H), 3.18 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H), 2.12 (s, 3H), 1.36 (t, J=6.5Hz, 3H).
    142

    Et Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.88-7.81 (m, 2H), 7.71-7.61 (m, 2H), 4.00 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.18 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.12 (s, 3H), 1.36 (m, 6H).
    143

    Et Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.22 (s, 1H), 7.88-7.81 (m, 2H), 7.71-7.61 (m, 2H), 4.05-3.96 (m, 5H), 3.18 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H), 2.12 (s, 3H), 1.36 (m, 6H).
    144



    Et H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.81-7.63 (m, 3H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 4.05 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 2.92-2.58 (m, 1H), 2.13 (s, 3H), 1.42-0.65 (m, 7H).
    145



    Et

    [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 8.13 (s, 1H), 7.81-7.63 (m, 3H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 4.05 (q, J=6.5Hz, 2H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 2.92-2.58 (m, 1H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.13 (s, 3H), 1.42-0.65 (m, 7H).
    146





    H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.70 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.47 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 4.02-3.83 (m, 5H), 2.95-2.88 (m, 1H), 2.50-2.38 (m, 2H), 1.70-0.65 (m, 12H).
    147





    H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.74 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.50 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 4.05-3.85 (m, 3H), 3.00-2.89 (m, 1H), 2.50-2.38 (m, 2H), 1.68-0.65 (m, 14H).
    148





    H [DMSO-d6, 500 MHz] δ 7.70 (d, J=7.5Hz, 1H), 7.48 (s, 1H), 4.01-.86 (m, 2H), 2.52-2.01 (m, 6H), 1.69-0.50 (m, 10H).

    Embodiments of the representative compounds are as follows:


    1. The preparation of compound 002



    [0060] 



    [0061] 7g of acetamide was dissolved in 100ml of DMF and cooled to 0°C. 5g of 60% NaH was added and stirred for 1 hour followed by an addition of 15g of intermediate (A-2). The reaction solution was heated to 55 °C and stirred until the raw materials were completely consumed. Then cooled to RT. DMF was removed under reduced pressure. Diluted hydrochloric acid was added to the residue to adjust pH to 2-3 and precipitate solid. The solid was collected by sucking filtratiion. The filter cake was dried to obtain 14g of off-white solid (002) with yield of 82.8% and HPLC purity of 99.03%.

    2. The preparation of compound 001



    [0062] 



    [0063] 3g of intermediate (002), 40ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid and 30ml of water were mixed with 10ml of 95% ethanol, then stirred at reflux for 4 hours. The solvent was removed by evaporation to obtain 2.9g of faint yellow solid (001) with 98.0% yield and 91.41% HPLC purity.

    3. The preparation of compound 004



    [0064] 



    [0065] 0.8g of N-methyl acetamide was dissolved into 10ml of DMF and cooled to 0°C. 0.5g of 60% NaH was added, and the reaction solution was stirred for 1 hour. Then 1.5g of intermediate (A-2) was added. The reaction solution was heated to 55 °C and stirred until the raw materials were completely consumed. Then cooled to RT and DMF was remove under reduced pressure. Diluted hydrochloric acid was added to the residue to adjust pH to 2∼3 and precipitate solid. The solid was collected by sucking filtration. The filter cake was dried to obtain 1.1g of faint yellow solid (004) with yield of 62.7% and HPLC purity of 72.19%.

    4. The preparation of compound 018



    [0066] 

    0.5g of 60% NaH was added to 10ml of DMF and cooled to 0°C. 1.1g of 2- pyrrolidone was added. The reaction solution was stirred for 1 hour followed by an addition of 1.5g of intermediate (A-2). The reaction solution was heated to 55∼60°C and reacted for 3 hours, then cooled to RT. Diluted hydrochloric acid was added to the reaction solution to adjust pH to 2∼3. The solution was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with water and saturated sodium chloride solution, dried and concentrated to obtain 1.3g of faint yellow solid (018) with yield of 71.9% and HPLC purity of 96.02%.

    5. The preparation of compound 021.



    [0067] 



    [0068] 5g of intermediate (A-4) was mixed with 15ml of sulfoxide chloride and stirred at reflux for 1 hour. The excessive sulfoxide chloride was removed under reduced pressure to obtain 5g of faint yellow liquid (A-4-2). The yield is 90.4%. The crude product was used directly for further reaction without purification.

    [0069] 2g of intermediate (018) was dissolved in 10ml of DMF, and 1.4g of anhydrous potassium carbonate was added, then stirred at RT for 2 hours. 2ml of DMF solution dissolved with 1g of intermediate (A-4-2) was added dropwise and stirred overnight at RT after the addition. To the reaction solution was added with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with water, 5% hydrochloric acid, 5% potassium carbonate solution, water and saturated sodium chloride solution successively, dried and concentrated to obtain 2.2g of yellow solid (021) with yield of 79.6% and HPLC purity of 85.38%.

    6. The preparation of compound 021



    [0070] 



    [0071] 2g of intermediate (018) was dissolved in 10ml of acetonitrile and 1.5g of triethylamine was added. Then cooled to 0 °C and 2ml of acetonitrile solution dissolved with 1g of intermediate (A-4-2) was added dropwise, and stirred overnight at RT after the addition. Water was added to the reaction solution and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with water, 5% hydrochloric acid, 5% potassium carbonate solution, water and saturated sodium chloride solution successively, dried and concentrated to obtain 2.1g of yellow solid (021) with yield of 75.8% and HPLC purity of 83.10%.

    7. The preparation of compound 021.



    [0072] 



    [0073] 2g of intermediate (018) was dissolved in 10ml of acetonitrile, then cooled to 0 °C followed by an addition of 0.5g of 60% NaH. 2ml of acetonitrile solution with 1g of intermediate (A-4-2) was added dropwise after being stirred for 1 hour. The reaction solution was then stirred overnight at RT. The reaction solution was added with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with water, 5% hydrochloric acid, 5% potassium carbonate solution, water and saturated sodium chloride solution successively, dried and concentrated to obtain 2.1g of yellow solid (021) with yield of 75.8% and HPLC purity of 80.15%.

    8. The preparation of compound 068.



    [0074] 



    [0075] 0.8g of pyrazole was dissolved in 10ml of acetonitrile. Then cooled to 0°C followed by an addition of 0.5g of 60% NaH, and stirred for 1 hour. The reaction solution was added with 1.5g of intermediate (A-2) and then stirred overnight at RT. Hydrochloric acid was added to the reaction solution to adjust pH to 2∼3 and precipitate solid. The solid was collected by sucking filtration, then dried to give 1.8g of white solid (068) with yield of 99% and HPLC purity of 96.90%.

    9. The preparation of compound 070.



    [0076] 



    [0077] 5g of 1-methylpyrazole-4-formic acid was mixed with 10ml of sulfoxide chloride. The mixture was stirred at reflux for 1 hour. Excessive sulfoxide chloride was removed by reduced pressure distillation to obtain 5g of dark brown solid (A-5-2). The yield is 86.0%. The product was used directly for the next step reaction without purification.

    [0078] 1.9g of intermediate (068) was dissolved in 10ml of DMF followed by an addition of 1.4g of anhydrous potassium carbonate. The mixture was stirred at RT for 2 hours, then 2ml of DMF solution with 0.8g of (A-5-2) was added, and then stirred overnight at RT. The reaction solution was added with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with water, 5% hydrochloric acid, 5% potassium carbonate solution, water and saturated sodium chloride solution successively, dried and concentrated to obtain 2.0g of yellow solid (070) with yield of 81.1 % and HPLC purity of 74.87%.

    10. The preparation of compound 095.



    [0079] 



    [0080] 1.2g of intermediate (068) was dissolved in 12ml of water. 5ml of sodium hypochlorite solution was added dropwise slowly with stirring. Then stirred for 1 hour at RT. Diluted hydrochloric acid was added to adjust pH to 2∼3, and extracted with dichloroethane. The organic phase was washed with water and saturated sodium chloride solution, dried and concentrated to obtain 0.4g of yellow solid (095) with yield of 30.7% and HPLC purity of 82.63%.

    Biological activity evaluation:



    [0081] The activity level standard of harmful plant destruction (i.e. growth control rate) is as follows:

    Level 10: completely dead;

    Level 9: above 95% growth control rate;

    Level 8: above 90% growth control rate;

    Level 7: above 80% growth control rate;

    Level 6: above 70% growth control rate;

    Level 5: above 60% growth control rate;

    Level 4: above 50% growth control rate;

    Level 3: above 20% growth control rate;

    Level 2: 5%-20% growth control rate;

    Level 1: below 5% growth control rate;



    [0082] The above described growth control rate is fresh weight control rate.

    [0083] Monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous weed seeds and main crop seeds (i.e. wheat, corn, rice, soybean, cotton, oilseed, millet and sorghum.) were put into a plastic pot loaded with soil. Then covered with 0.5-2 cm soil, the seeds were allowed to grow in good greenhouse environment. The test plants were treated at 4-5 leaf stage 2-3 weeks after sowing. The test compounds of the invention were dissolved with acetone respectively, then added with 80 tween and diluted by certain amount of water to certain concentration. The solution was sprayed to the plants with a sprayer. Then the plants were cultured for 3 weeks in the greenhouse. The experiment result of weed controlling effect after 3 weeks was listed in table 1.
    Table 1: experiment on weed control effect in post-emergence stage
    Compound IDEchinochloaCrab grassGreen foxtailRorippa indicaIndian mallowBidens bipinnataCornWheatRice
    1 6 1 6 9 9 8   0 4
    2 8 4 7 9 10 8   5 7
    4 4 4 1 9 9 9   0 5
    5 10 2 5 10 10 10   0 7
    6 10 2 3 5 0 5   0 1
    8 10 3 10 0 3 10   0 0
    9 10 1 9 0 2 5   0 5
    10 6 1 5 0 0 5   0 0
    11 1 1 1 0 0 5   0 0
    12 9 1 2 0 10 10   0 0
    14 5 10 10 10 7 8 8 3 3
    15 5 9 10 9 8 8 9 2 2
    16 10 10 10 10 10 5 3 3 4
    17 6 10 10   10 5 4 1 7
    18 8 10 10 10 9 10   3  
    19 9 9 10 9 10 9   0 7
    20 10 10 10 9 10 9   0 8
    21 6 7 10   9   3 3 5
    23 10 10 10 10 10 10 5 4 4
    25 6 6 10 10 10 8 4 3 6
    26 6 10 10   10 5 4 4 8
    27 7 8 10 7 10 8 4 3 7
    28 5 4 1 10 10 7 1 0 1
    29 5 7 9 7 7 7 7 3 1
    30 5 8 9 10 6 5 9 4 1
    31 5 9 10 8 7 6 9 3 1
    32 9 10 10 10 10 6 4 1 8
    33 9 9 10 10 10 9 3 2 8
    34 10 10 5 10 9 4 3 1 3
    35 7 8 10 9 9 9   0 6
    36 7 5 10 5 5 6 0 3 8
    37 10 6 10 10 10 10 0 0 3
    38 9 6 10 10 10 2 0 1 6
    39 10 9 10 10 10 2 2   6
    46 6 6 10 10 10 2 4 0 5
    48 6 7 8 10 10 4 3 1 5
    49 6 6 9 10 10 4 2 3 7
    50 2 3 7 5 9 3 3 0 0
    51 6 5 0 10 10 2 2 0 1
    52 5 4 1 10 10 1 1 0 1
    54 6 1 5 9 9 9   0 4
    55 8 4 9 2 10 10 0 0 6
    56 5 3 1 10 10 5 0 0 3
    57 4 1 1 10 10 5 0 0 3
    58 4 1 1 10 10 4 1 0 2
    59 6 5 9 10 10   1 2 3
    60 5 3 1 10 10 7 0 0 1
    61 5 4 1 10 10 7 1 0 1
    62 7 8 3 10 10   1 3 5
    63 1 0 1 9 10 10   0  
    64 5 7 10 9 10 7 7 3 2
    65 7 8 10 9 9 7 9 3 3
    66 6 6 10   10 6 3 0 3
    67 7 7 10 10 10   3 0 3
    68 10 5 10 9 10 10   3 5
    69 6 3 10 0 10 10 0 0 5
    70 6 4 9 5 10 5 3 0 3
    71 6 4 8 10 10 7 1 0 1
    72 6 4 10 10 10   3 0 4
    73 5 5 10 7 10 2 3 1 8
    74 6 4 9 10 10 4 3 1 9
    75 6 4 10 10 10   3 2 7
    76 7 5 10   10 4 4 2 9
    77 10 4 7 10 10 9   0 6
    78 7 4 7 0 10 10 0 0 4
    80 5 6 10 7 7 8 3 2 1
    81 10 7 8 10 10 10 2 0 3
    82 10 6 10 10 9 4 3 0 3
    83 6 6 8   10 5 4 0 2
    84 10 8 10 9 10 10   0 7
    85 9 8 10 2 10 10 0 0 6
    86 5 4 2 10 10 6 0 0 2
    87 6 9 10   10 5 4 0 6
    88 10 9 10 10 10 4 0 0  
    89 5 1 2 9 10 3 1 0 1
    90 6 1 2 10 10   1 0 2
    91 6 2 7   10 5 1 1 6
    92 6 3 8 10 10 8 2 1 2
    93 5 2 2 0 5 5   0 0
    94 1 3 1 0 3 2 1 0 0
    95 1 1 1 0 0     0 6
    96 10 5 10 10 10 10 0 1 9
    97 10 3 10 10 10 10 1 1 7
    99 10 10 10 10 3 10 4 4 10
    100 10 3 10 10 9 9 2 2 10
    101 10 4 10 10 10 9 2 3 10
    104 10 9 10 10 10 7 4 5 10
    105 10 10 10 10 9 10 5 5 10
    106 10 6 3 5 7 6 3 3 9
    107 10 8 10 6 10 9 5 5 8
    110 9 2 10 10 9 5 0 2 10
    111 10 3 2 10 10 4 1 1 10
    112 10 6 5 2 5 1 3 3 7
    115 9 2 10 10 10 6 3 1 8
    117 10 3 10 5 9 10 0 0 9
    118 9 1 10 5 0 1 2 1 1
    119 10 5 9 10 3 5 3 1 6
    120 10 1 7 10 4 4 1 1 5
    121 10 4 9 10 5 3 1 1 6
    122 9 3 10 0 5 5 0 1 5
    123 10 3 6 3 10 7 4 1 7
    125 8 10 10 4 10 10 5 2 10
    127 10 3 10 10 10 10 1 1 7
    128 10 1 10 7 3 6 0 0 5
    129 10 0 10 10 3 9 3 1 6
    130 10 3 10 10 0 3 4 2 7
    131 10 3 10 10 10 10 4 0 10
    132 9 3 10 0 5 5 0 1 5
    133 10 2 8 4 10 8 4 2 8
    134 6 2 10 10 10 9 3 1 10
    136 10 7 10 10 10 10 1 1 10
    137 10 7 10 8 10 10 5 3 8
    138 10 5 10 10 0 5 2 1 7
    139 10 8 10 10 3 5 4 2 9
    140 8 1 7 10 10 8 0 0 10
    141 9 3 7 10 9 7 0 1 10
    142 10 2 6 3 5 5 3 2 7
    144 10 2 9 2 10 10 0 0 8
    145 10 4 8 1 4 10 0 1 9
    Note: 1) Blank represent untested data; 2) The application rate was 250g/ha of active ingredient, with 450kg/ha of adding water.


    [0084] It is indicated from the experiment that the compound of the present invention generally have good weed control efficacy, especially for major grass weeds such as echinochloa, crab grass and foxtail, etc. and major broadleaf weeds such as Indian mallow, rorippa indica and bidens bipinnata, etc., which are widely occurred in corn, rice and wheat fields, and have excellent commercial value. Above all, it is noted that the compound of the invention have extremely high activity to broadleaf weeds, which are resistant to ALS inhibitor, like rorippa indica, flixweed, shepherd's purse, corn gromwell, cleavers and chickweed, etc..

    [0085] With the application of ALS inhibitor herbicide (e.g. mesosulfuron, flucarbazone-sodium, pyroxsulam and chlorsulfuron, etc.) and ACCase inhibitor herbicide, herbicide resistant grass weeds in wheat field are increasing and bring about great challenge in China, Australia and Europe. Currently, most of the common herbicides exhibit the herbicidal activity by those two mechanisms. Thus seeking for new herbicides act through a different mechanism would bring new alternatives and has great social and commercial value. After screening, it is surprisingly to find that many compounds of the present invention have excellent control effect for alopecurus japonicas from Tianchang County of Anhui Province, China, which are both resistant to ALS inhibitor herbicide and ACCase inhibitor herbicides, and have good selectivity at the same time.

    [0086] The seeds of alopecurus japonicas, flixweed, shepherd's purse, corn gromwell, chickweed, beckmannia syzigachne, and annual ryegrass and wheat seeds were put into a plastic pot loaded with soil, and then covered with 0.5-2cm soil, the seeds were allowed to grow in good greenhouse environment. The test plants were treated at 4 leaf stage 2-3 weeks after sowing. The test compounds of the present invention were dissolved in acetone respectively, then added with methyl oleate emulsion and diluted by certain amount of water to certain concentration. The solution was sprayed to the plant with a sprayer. Then the plants were cultured for 4 weeks in greenhouse. The experiment result of weed controlling effect after 4 weeks was listed in table 2 and table 3.
    Table 2: Test results of alopecurus japonicas in part of wheat fields after applying 250g/ha of the active substance.
    Compound IDAlopecurus japonicasWheat
    1g/mu2g/mu4g/mu8g/mu2g/mu4g/mu8g/mu16g/mu32g/mu
    19 1 4 6 6 0 0 2 3 4
    20 1 6 6 8 1 3 3 4 4
    21 2 6 10 10 0 1 4 4 4
    23 1 6 8 10 1 2 3 4 4
    26 8 10 10 10 1 3 8 8 8
    27 6 10 10 10 1 4 4 4 5
    35 0 2 6 6 0 0 0 0 0
    46 6 9 10 10 0 0 0 0 1
    48 8 10 10 10 0 0 0 1 4
    49 8 9 10 10 0 1 1 3 3
    115 4 6 10 10 0 1 3 4 4
    Table 3: Test results of broadleaf weeds in part of wheat fields after applying 250g/ha of the active substance.
    Compound IDshepherd's purseflixweedcorn gromwellchickweedwheat
    5 10 10 10 10 0
    28 10 10 10 10 0
    37 10 10 10 10 0
    46 10 10 10 10 0
    51 10 10 10 10 0
    52 10 10 10 10 0
    56 10 10 10 10 0
    48 10 10 10 10 0
    58 10 10 10 10 0
    60 10 10 10 10 0
    61 10 10 10 10 0
    67 10 10 10 10 0
    71 10 10 10 10 0
    72 10 10 10 10 0
    81 10 10 10 10 0
    82 10 10 10 10 0
    86 10 10 10 10 0
    88 10 10 10 10 0
    90 10 10 10 10 0
    92 10 10 10 10 1
    96 10 10 10 10 1
    111 10 10 10 10 1
    119 10 10 10 10 1
    120 10 10 10 10 1
    121 10 10 10 10 1
    129 10 10 10 10 1
    131 10 10 10 10 0
    134 10 10 10 10 1
    138 10 10 10 10 1
    140 10 10 10 10 0
    141 10 10 10 10 1
    146 10 10 10 9 0
    147 10 10 10 9 0
    148 10 10 10 10 1
    Note: Weeds of alopecurus japonicas and beckmannia syzigachne are collected from Tianchang County of Anhui Province, China. They are tested to be resistant to labeled application rate of herbicides such as mesosulfuron and clodinafop, etc. Flixweed, shepherd's purse, corn gromwell and chickweed are collected from Jining of Shandong Province. They are tested to be resistant to labeled application rate of ALS inhibitor herbicides such as tribenuron-methyl and florasulam, etc.


    [0087] Transplanted rice safety evaluation and weed control effect evaluation in rice field:
    Rice field soil was loaded into a 1/1,000,000 ha pot. The seeds of echinochloa, scirpus juncoides, bidens tripartite and sagittaria trifolia were sowed and gently covered with soil, then left to stand still in greenhouse in the state of 0.5-1cm of water storage. The tuber of sagittaria trifolia was planted in the next day or 2 days later. It was kept at 3-4cm of water storage thereafter. The weeds were treated by dripping the WP or SC water diluents prepared according to the common preparation method of the compounds of the present invention with pipette homogeneously to achieve specified effective amount when echinochloa, scirpus juncoides and bidens tripartite reached 0.5 leaf stage and sagittaria trifolia reached the time point of primary leaf stage.

    [0088] In addition, the rice field soil that loaded into the 1/1,000,000 ha pot was leveled to keep water storage at 3-4cm depth. The 3 leaf stage rice (japonica rice) was transplanted at 3cm of transplanting depth the next day. The compound of the present invention was treated by the same way after 5 days of transplantation.

    [0089] The fertility condition of echinochloa, scirpus juncoides, bidens tripartite and sagittaria trifolia 14 days after the treatment of the compound of the invention and the fertility condition of rice 21 days after the treatment of the compound of the invention respectively with the naked eye. Evaluate the weed control effect with 1-10 activity standard level, which was presented in table 4.
    Table 4: The experiment result of transplanted rice field (125g/ha ai)
    Compound IDEchinochloaScirpus juncoidesSagittaria trifoliaBidens tripartiteRice
    1 10 10 9 8 0
    23 10 10 10 10 0
    25 9 10 10 8 0
    35 8 10 9 9 0
    37 10 10 10 10 2
    54 8 9 9 9 2
    65 9 9 9 8 3
    68 10 9 10 10 1
    71 10 10 10 8 0
    77 10 10 10 9 1
    81 10 10 10 10 1
    92 10 10 10 9 0
    128 10 10 8 6 1
    129 10 10 10 10 2
    Note: echinochloa, scirpus juncoides, sagittaria trifolia and bidens tripartite seeds are all collected from Heilongjiang Province, China. The weeds are tested to be resistant to conventional application rate of pyrazosulfuron-ethyl.


    [0090] At the same time, it is found after several tests that the compound of the present invention has good selectivity to many gramineae grass such as zoysia japonica, bermuda grass, tall fescue, bluegrass, ryegrass and seashore paspalum etc, and is able to control many important grass weeds and broadleaf weeds. The compound also shows excellent selectivity and commercial value in the tests on soybean, cotton, oil sunflower, potato, orchards and vegetables in different herbicide application methods.


    Claims

    1. A pyrazolone compound of formula l or a salt thereof:

    wherein, R1R2N represents substituted or unsubstituted 3-8 membered nitrogen-containing heterocyclic group containing 1-3 heteroatoms; or,

    R1 and R2 each represent hydrogen, C1-8 alkyl, substituted alkyl containing 1-4 heteroatoms, alkenyl, alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted C1-4 acyl, unsubstituted C3-6 cycloalkyl or C3-6 cycloalkyl substituted by C1-4 alkyl;

    R3 represents hydrogen, C1-4 alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, unsubstituted C3-6 cycloalkyl or C3-6 cycloalkyl substituted by C1-4 alkyl;

    R4 represents methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl or cyclopropyl;

    X represents hydrogen, -S(O)nR6, -R7 or substituted or unsubstituted 3-8 membered heterocyclic group containing 1-4 heteroatoms, wherein, n represents 1, 2 or 3, R6 represents substituted or unsubstituted alkyl or aryl, and R7 represents substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, aryl, alkyl acyl or aroyl.


     
    2. The pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof according to Claim 1, which is characterized in that,
    R1R2N represents pyrazolyl substituted by halogen, alkyl or alkoxy, or substituted or unsubstituted 4-8 membered lactam group containing 0-2 heteroatoms selected from O, S and N; or,
    one of R1 and R2 represents C1-4 acyl containing O, S or N, which is unsubstituted or substituted by halogen, and the other one represents hydrogen, C1-8 alkyl and substituted alkyl containing 1-4 heteroatoms, alkenyl, alkynyl, unsubstituted C3-6cycloalkyl or C3-6 cycloalkyl substituted by C1-4 alkyl;
    R3 represents hydrogen, C1-4 alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, unsubstituted C3-6 cycloalkyl or C3-6 cycloalkyl substituted by C1-4 alkyl;
    R4 represents methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl or cyclopropyl;
    X represents hydrogen, -S(O)nR6, -R7 or substituted or unsubstituted 3-8 membered heteroaryl containing 1-4 heteroatoms, wherein n represents 1, 2 or 3, R6 represents substituted or unsubstituted alkyl or aryl, and R7 represents substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, aryl, alkyl acyl or aroyl.
     
    3. The pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof according to Claim 1 or Claim 2, which is characterized in that,
    R1R2N represents pyrazolyl substituted by halogen, alkyl or alkoxy, or substituted or unsubstituted 4-8 membered lactam group containing 0-2 heteroatoms selected from O, S and N; or
    one of R1 and R2 represents C1-4 acyl containing O, S or N, which is unsubstituted or substituted by halogen, and the other one represents hydrogen, C1-8 alkyl, substituted C1-8 alkyl containing 1-4 heteroatoms, unsubstituted C3-6 cycloalkyl or C3-6 cycloalkyl substituted by C1-4 alkyl;
    R3 represents hydrogen, methyl, ethyl or cyclopropyl;
    R4 represents methyl, ethyl or isopropyl;
    X represents hydrogen, -SO2R6, or -(C=O)R8, wherein R6 represents substituted or unsubstituted alkyl or aryl, R8 represents alkoxy, aryloxy, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl or aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted 3-8 membered heterocyclic group containing 1-4 heteroatoms.
     
    4. The pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof according to Claim 1 or Claim 2, which is characterized in that,
    R1R2N represents a group selected from butyrolactam group, valeroalctam group, caprolactam group, oenantholactam group, piperazinone group, morpholinone group, thiomorpholinone group, imidazolyl and pyrazolyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted on ring by one or more groups selected from fluorine, chlorine, methyl, ethyl, methoxyl and ethoxyl; or
    R1 represents acetyl, fluoroacetyl, difluoroacetyl, trifluoroacetyl, methoxy acetyl, ethoxy acetyl, methoxy propionyl or ethoxy propionyl, R2 represents hydrogen or a group selected from methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, pentyl and cyclopropyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by one or more groups selected from fluorine, methoxyl, ethyoxyl, propoxy, butoxy and methoxyethoxy;
    R3 represents hydrogen, methyl, ethyl or cyclopropyl;
    R4 represents methyl, ethyl or isopropyl;
    X represents hydrogen, -SO2R6, -(C=O)R8, wherein R6 represents substituted or unsubstituted alkyl or aryl, R8 represents alkoxy, aryloxy, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl or aryl, unsubstituted N-alkylpyrazolyl or N-alkylpyrazolyl substituted on ring by one or more groups selected from methyl, ethyl, methoxyl and ethoxyl.
     
    5. The pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof according to claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from

    compound IDR1R2N-R3R4X
    001

    Me Me H
    002

    Me Me H
    003

    Me Me H
    004

    Me Me H
    005

    Me Me H
    006

    Me Me H
    007

    Me Me H
    008

    Me Me H
    009

    Me Me H
    010

    Me Me H
    011

    Me Me H
    012

    Me Me H
    013

    Me Me H
    014

    H Me H
    015

    H Me

    016

    H Me

    017

    H Me

    018

    Me Me H
    019

    Me Me EtSO2-
    020

    Me Me

    021

    Me Me

    022

    Me Me

    023

    Me Me

    024

    Me Me H
    025



    Me H
    026



    Me

    027



    Me

    028



    Me

    029

    H Me H
    030

    H Me Ac-
    031

    H Me EtSO2-
    032

    H Me

    033

    H Me

    034

    H Me

    035

    Me Me H
    036

    Me Me

    037

    Me Me

    038

    Me Me

    039

    Me Me

    040

    Me Me H
    041

    Me Me

    042

    Me Me H
    043

    Me Me

    044

    Me Me H
    045

    Me Me

    046



    Me H
    047



    Me

    048



    Me

    049



    Me

    050

    H Me H
    051

    H Me

    052

    H Me

    053

    H Me

    054

    Me Me H
    055

    Me Me

    056

    Me Me

    057

    Me Me

    058

    Me Me

    059



    Me H
    060



    Me

    061



    Me

    062



    Me

    063

    Me Me H
    064

    H Me H
    065

    H Me

    066

    H Me

    067

    H Me

    068

    Me Me H
    069

    Me Me

    070

    Me Me

    071

    Me Me

    072

    Me Me

    073



    Me H
    074



    Me

    075



    Me

    076



    Me

    077

    Me Me H
    078

    Me Me

    079

    Me Me H
    080

    H Me H
    081

    H Me

    082

    H Me

    083

    H Me

    084

    Me Me H
    085

    Me Me

    086

    Me Me

    087

    Me Me

    088

    Me Me

    089



    Me H
    090



    Me

    091



    Me

    092



    Me

    093

    Me Me H
    094

    Me Me

    095

    Me Me H
    096

    H Et H
    097

    H Et

    098

    Me Et H
    099

    Me Et

    100

    Et Me H
    101

    Et Me

    102

    Et Et H
    103

    Et Et

    104



    Et H
    105



    Et

    106

    H Et H
    107

    H Et

    108

    Me Et H
    109

    Me Et

    110

    Et Me H
    111

    Et Me

    112

    Et Et H
    113

    Et Et

    114



    Et H
    115



    Et

    116

    H Et H
    117

    H Et

    118

    Me Et H
    119

    Me Et

    120

    Et Me H
    121

    Et Me

    122

    Et Et H
    123

    Et Et

    124



    Et H
    125



    Et

    126

    H Et H
    127

    H Et

    128

    Me Et H
    129

    Me Et

    130

    Et Me H
    131

    Et Me

    132

    Et Et H
    133

    Et Et

    134



    Et H
    135



    Et

    136

    H Et H
    137

    H Et

    138

    Me Et H
    139

    Me Et

    140

    Et Me H
    141

    Et Me

    142

    Et Et H
    143

    Et Et

    144



    Et H
    145



    Et

    146





    H
    147





    H
    148





    H

     
    6. A method for preparing the pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof according to any one of Claims 1-5, comprising the following steps:

    (1) a compound of formula II is reacted with an excessive amount of compound R1R2NH to prepare a compound of formula III;

    (2) the compound of formula III is reacted with compound X-A to obtain the compound of formula I;

    wherein A represents halogen, methylsulfonyl or p-tosyl, and the reaction route is as follows:


     
    7. The method according to Claim 6, which is characterized in that, said step (1) and step (2) are conducted in an aprotic solvent in the presence of a base; at a reaction temperature of -30 °C - 180 °C, preferably -5 °C -90 °C.
     
    8. The method according to Claim 7, which is characterized in that, said solvent is acetonitrile, diethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, DMF or DMSO, preferably acetonitrile, tetrahydrofuran or DMF; said base is sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, triethylamine, DIPEA or DBU, preferably NaH, triethylamine or potassium carbonate.
     
    9. A herbicidal composition, which is characterized in that, it comprises a herbicidally effective amount of at least one pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof according to any one of Claims 1-5.
     
    10. The herbicidal composition according to Claim 9, which is characterized in that, it also comprises a preparation auxiliary.
     
    11. A method for controlling a harmful plant, comprising a step of applying a herbicidally effective amount of at least one pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof according to any one of Claims 1-5 or the herbicidal composition according to any one of Claims 9-10 to the plant or an area with the harmful plant.
     
    12. Use of the pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof according to any one of Claims 1-5 or the herbicidal composition according to any one of Claims 9-10 in controlling a harmful plant.
     
    13. Use according to Claim 12, which is characterized in that, said pyrazolone compound or the salt thereof is used to control the harmful plant in a desirable crop.
     
    14. Use according to Claim 13, which is characterized in that, said desirable crop is a genetically modified crop or a crop treated by a genome-editing technique.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Pyrazolonverbindung der Formel I oder ein Salz davon:

    wobei R1R2N eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte 3- bis 8-gliedrige stickstoffhaltige heterocyclische Gruppe mit 1 bis 3 Heteroatomen darstellt; oder

    R1 und R2 jeweils Wasserstoff, C1-8-Alkyl, substituiertes Alkyl mit 1-4 Heteroatomen, Alkenyl, Alkinyl, substituiertes oder unsubstituiertes C1-4-Acyl, unsubstituiertes C3-6-Cycloalkyl oder durch C1-4-Alkyl substituiertes C3-6-Cycloalkyl darstellen;

    R3 Wasserstoff, C1-4-Alkyl, Alkenyl, Alkinyl, unsubstituiertes C3-6-Cycloalkyl oder durch C1-4-Alkyl substituiertes C3-6-Cycloalkyl darstellt;

    R4 Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl, Isopropyl oder Cyclopropyl darstellt;

    X Wasserstoff, -S(O)nR6, -R7 oder eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte 3- bis 8-gliedrige heterocyclische Gruppe mit 1 bis 4 Heteroatomen darstellt, wobei n 1, 2 oder 3 darstellt, R6 substituiertes oder unsubstituiertes Alkyl oder Aryl darstellt und R7 substituiertes oder unsubstituiertes Alkyl, Aryl, Alkylacyl oder Aroyl darstellt.


     
    2. Pyrazolonverbindung oder das Salz davon nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    R1R2N Pyrazolyl, das durch Halogen, Alkyl oder Alkoxy substituiert ist, oder eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte 4-8-gliedrige Lactamgruppe mit 0-2 Heteroatomen, ausgewählt aus O, S und N, darstellt; oder
    eines von R1 und R2 ein C1-4-Acyl mit O, S oder N darstellt, das unsubstituiert oder durch Halogen substituiert ist, und das andere Wasserstoff, C1-8-Alkyl und substituiertes Alkyl mit 1-4 Heteroatomen, Alkenyl, Alkinyl, unsubstituiertes C3-6-Cycloalkyl oder durch C1-4-Alkyl substituiertes C3-6-Cycloalkyl darstellt;
    R3 Wasserstoff, C1-4-Alkyl, Alkenyl, Alkinyl, unsubstituiertes C3-6-Cycloalkyl oder durch C1-4-Alkyl substituiertes C3-6-Cycloalkyl darstellt;
    R4 Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl, Isopropyl oder Cyclopropyl darstellt;
    X Wasserstoff, -S(O)nR6, -R7 oder ein substituiertes oder unsubstituiertes 3- bis 8-gliedriges Heteroaryl mit 1 bis 4 Heteroatomen darstellt, wobei n 1, 2 oder 3 darstellt, R6 substituiertes oder unsubstituiertes Alkyl oder Aryl darstellt und R7 substituiertes oder unsubstituiertes Alkyl, Aryl, Alkylacyl oder Aroyl darstellt.
     
    3. Pyrazolonverbindung oder das Salz davon nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    R1R2N Pyrazolyl, das durch Halogen, Alkyl oder Alkoxy substituiert ist, oder eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte 4-8-gliedrige Lactamgruppe mit 0-2 Heteroatomen, ausgewählt aus O, S und N, darstellt; oder
    eines von R1 und R2 ein C1-4-Acyl mit O, S oder N darstellt, das unsubstituiert oder durch Halogen substituiert ist, und das andere Wasserstoff, C1-8-Alkyl, substituiertes C1-8-Alkyl mit 1-4 Heteroatomen, unsubstituiertes C3-6-Cycloalkyl oder durch C1-4-Alkyl substituiertes C3-6-Cycloalkyl darstellt;
    R3 Wasserstoff, Methyl, Ethyl, oder Cyclopropyl darstellt;
    R4 Methyl, Ethyl oder Isopropyl darstellt;
    X Wasserstoff, -S(O)nR6, oder -(C=O)R8 darstellt, wobei R6 substituiertes oder unsubstituiertes Alkyl oder Aryl darstellt, R8 Alkoxy, Aryloxy, substituiertes oder unsubstituiertes Alkyl oder Aryl oder eine substituierte oder unsubstituierte 3-8-gliedrige heterocyclische Gruppe mit 1-4 Heteroatomen darstellt.
     
    4. Pyrazolonverbindung oder das Salz davon nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    R1R2N eine Gruppe darstellt, die aus der Butyrolactamgruppe, der Valeroalctamgruppe, der Caprolactamgruppe, der Önantholactamgruppe, der Piperazinongruppe, der Morpholinongruppe, der Thiomorpholinongruppe, Imidazolyl und Pyrazolyl ausgewählt ist, wobei jede dieser Gruppen unsubstituiert oder am Ring durch eine oder mehrere Gruppen, ausgewählt aus Fluor, Chlor, Methyl, Ethyl, Methoxyl und Ethoxyl, substituiert ist; oder
    R1 Acetyl, Fluoracetyl, Difluoracetyl, Trifluoracetyl, Methoxyacetyl, Ethoxyacetyl, Methoxypropionyl oder Ethoxypropionyl darstellt, R2 Wasserstoff oder eine Gruppe ausgewählt aus Methyl, Ethyl, Propyl, Butyl, Pentyl und Cyclopropyl darstellt, wobei jede dieser Gruppen unsubstituiert oder durch eine oder mehrere Gruppen ausgewählt aus Fluor, Methoxyl, Ethyoxyl, Propoxy, Butoxy und Methoxyethoxy substituiert ist;
    R3 Wasserstoff, Methyl, Ethyl oder Cyclopropyl darstellt;
    R4 Methyl, Ethyl oder Isopropyl darstellt;
    X Wasserstoff, -SO2R6, -(C=O)R8 darstellt, wobei R6 substituiertes oder unsubstituiertes Alkyl oder Aryl darstellt, R8 Alkoxy, Aryloxy, substituiertes oder unsubstituiertes Alkyl oder Aryl, unsubstituiertes N-Alkylpyrazolyl oder N-Alkylpyrazolyl, das am Ring durch eine oder mehrere Gruppen, ausgewählt aus Methyl, Ethyl, Methoxyl und Ethoxyl, substituiert ist, darstellt.
     
    5. Pyrazolonverbindung oder das Salz davon nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Verbindung ausgewählt ist aus

    VerbindungsnummerR1R2N-R3R4X
    001

    Me Me H
    002

    Me Me H
    003

    Me Me H
    004

    Me Me H
    005

    Me Me H
    006

    Me Me H
    007

    Me Me H
    008

    Me Me H
    009

    Me Me H
    010

    Me Me H
    011

    Me Me H
    012

    Me Me H
    013

    Me Me H
    014

    H Me H
    015

    H Me

    016

    H Me

    017

    H Me

    018

    Me Me H
    019

    Me Me EtSO2-
    020

    Me Me

    021

    Me Me

    022

    Me Me

    023

    Me Me

    024

    Me Me H
    025



    Me H
    026



    Me

    027



    Me

    028



    Me

    029

    H Me H
    030

    H Me Ac-
    031

    H Me EtSO2-
    032

    H Me

    033

    H Me

    034

    H Me

    035

    Me Me H
    036

    Me Me

    037

    Me Me

    038

    Me Me

    039

    Me Me

    040

    Me Me H
    041

    Me Me

    042

    Me Me H
    043

    Me Me

    044

    Me Me H
    045

    Me Me

    046



    Me H
    047



    Me

    048



    Me

    049



    Me

    050

    H Me H
    051

    H Me

    052

    H Me

    053

    H Me

    054

    Me Me H
    055

    Me Me

    056

    Me Me

    057

    Me Me

    058

    Me Me

    059



    Me H
    060



    Me

    061



    Me

    062



    Me

    063

    Me Me H
    064

    H Me H
    065

    H Me

    066

    H Me

    067

    H Me

    068

    Me Me H
    069

    Me Me

    070

    Me Me

    071

    Me Me

    072

    Me Me

    073



    Me H
    074



    Me

    075



    Me

    076



    Me

    077

    Me Me H
    078

    Me Me

    079

    Me Me H
    080

    H Me H
    081

    H Me

    082

    H Me

    083

    H Me

    084

    Me Me H
    085

    Me Me

    086

    Me Me

    087

    Me Me

    088

    Me Me

    089



    Me H
    090



    Me

    091



    Me

    092



    Me

    093

    Me Me H
    094

    Me Me

    095

    Me Me H
    096

    H Et H
    097

    H Et

    098

    Me Et H
    099

    Me Et

    100

    Et Me H
    101

    Et Me

    102

    Et Et H
    103

    Et Et

    104



    Et H
    105



    Et

    106

    H Et H
    107

    H Et

    108

    Me Et H
    109

    Me Et

    110

    Et Me H
    111

    Et Me

    112

    Et Et H
    113

    Et Et

    114



    Et H
    115



    Et

    116

    H Et H
    117

    H Et

    118

    Me Et H
    119

    Me Et

    120

    Et Me H
    121

    Et Me

    122

    Et Et H
    123

    Et Et

    124



    Et H
    125



    Et

    126

    H Et H
    127

    H Et

    128

    Me Et H
    129

    Me Et

    130

    Et Me H
    131

    Et Me

    132

    Et Et H
    133

    Et Et

    134



    Et H
    135



    Et

    136

    H Et H
    137

    H Et

    138

    Me Et H
    139

    Me Et

    140

    Et Me H
    141

    Et Me

    142

    Et Et H
    143

    Et Et

    144



    Et H
    145



    Et

    146





    H
    147





    H
    148





    H

     
    6. Verfahren zur Herstellung der Pyrazolonverbindung oder des Salzes davon nach einem der Ansprüche 1-5, umfassend die folgenden Schritte:

    (1) eine Verbindung der Formel II wird mit einer überschüssigen Menge der Verbindung R1R2NH umgesetzt, um eine Verbindung der Formel III herzustellen;

    (2) die Verbindung der Formel III wird mit der Verbindung X-A umgesetzt, um die Verbindung der Formel I zu erhalten;

    worin A Halogen, Methylsulfonyl oder p-Tosyl darstellt und der Reaktionsweg wie folgt ist:


     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass Schritt (1) und Schritt (2) in einem aprotischen Lösungsmittel in Gegenwart einer Base durchgeführt werden; bei einer Reaktionstemperatur von -30 °C -180 °C, vorzugsweise -5 °C - 90 °C.
     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Lösungsmittel Acetonitril, Diethylether, Tetrahydrofuran, DMF oder DMSO, vorzugsweise Acetonitril, Tetrahydrofuran oder DMF ist; die Base Natriumhydroxid, Kaliumhydroxid, Calciumhydroxid, Natriumcarbonat, Kaliumcarbonat, Natriumhydrogencarbonat, Kaliumhydrogencarbonat, Triethylamin, DIPEA oder DBU, vorzugsweise NaH, Triethylamin oder Kaliumcarbonat ist.
     
    9. Herbizidzusammensetzung, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie eine herbizid wirksame Menge mindestens einer Pyrazolonverbindung oder des Salzes davon nach einem der Ansprüche 1-5 enthält.
     
    10. Herbizidzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie auch ein Präparationshilfsmittel enthält.
     
    11. Verfahren zur Kontrolle einer Schadpflanze, umfassend einen Schritt des Aufbringens einer herbizid wirksamen Menge mindestens einer Pyrazolonverbindung oder des Salzes davon nach einem der Ansprüche 1-5 oder der Herbizidzusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 9-10 auf die Pflanze oder einen Bereich mit der schädlichen Pflanze.
     
    12. Verwendung der Pyrazolonverbindung oder ihres Salzes nach einem der Ansprüche 1-5 oder der Herbizidzusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 9-10 zur Kontrolle einer Schadpflanze.
     
    13. Verwendung nach Anspruch 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Pyrazolonverbindung oder das Salz davon zur Kontrolle der Schadpflanze in einer gewünschten Kulturpflanze verwendet wird.
     
    14. Verwendung nach Anspruch 13, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die gewünschte Kulturpflanze eine genetisch modifizierte Kulturpflanze oder eine durch eine Genom-Editiertechnik behandelte Kulturpflanze ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Composé pyrazolone de formule I ou sel de celui-ci :

    où R1R2N représente un groupe hétérocyclique azoté de 3 à 8 chaînons substitué ou non substitué contenant 1 à 3 hétéroatomes ; ou

    R1 et R2 représentent chacun un hydrogène, un alkyle en C1-8, un alkyle substitué contenant 1 à 4 hétéroatomes, un alcényle, un alcynyle, un acyle en C1-4 substitué ou non substitué, un cycloalkyle en C3-6 non substitué ou un cycloalkyle en C3-6 substitué par un alkyle en C1-4 ;

    R3 représente un hydrogène, un alkyle en C1-4, un alcényle, un alcynyle, un cycloalkyle en C3-6 non substitué ou un cycloalkyle en C3-6 substitué par un alkyle en C1-4 ;

    R4 représente un méthyle, éthyle, n-propyle, isopropyle ou cyclopropyle ;

    X représente un hydrogène, -S(O)nR6, -R7 ou un groupe hétérocyclique de 3 à 8 chaînons substitué ou non substitué contenant 1 à 4 hétéroatomes, où n représente 1, 2 ou 3, R6 représente un aryle ou un alkyle substitué ou non substitué et R7 représente un alkyle, aryle, alkylacyle ou aroyle substitué ou non substitué.


     
    2. Composé pyrazolone ou sel de celui-ci selon la revendication 1, qui est caractérisé en ce que
    R1R2N représente un pyrazolyle substitué par un halogène, un alkyle ou un alkoxy, ou un groupe lactame de 4 à 8 chaînons substitué ou non substitué contenant 0 à 2 hétéroatomes choisis parmi O, S et N ; ou
    l'un de R1 et R2 représente un acyle en C1-4 contenant O, S ou N, qui est non substitué ou substitué par un halogène, et l'autre représente un hydrogène, un alkyle en C1-8 et un alkyle substitué contenant 1 à 4 hétéroatomes, un alcényle, un alcynyle, un cycloalkyle en C3-6 non substitué ou un cycloalkyle en C3-6 substitué par un alkyle en C1-4 ;
    R3 représente un hydrogène, un alkyle en C1-4, un alcényle, un alcynyle, un cycloalkyle en C3-6 non substitué ou un cycloalkyle en C3-6 substitué par un alkyle en C1-4 ;
    R4 représente un méthyle, éthyle, n-propyle, isopropyle ou cyclopropyle ; X représente un hydrogène, -S(O)nR6, -R7 ou un groupe hétéroaryle de 3 à 8 chaînons substitué ou non substitué contenant 1 à 4 hétéroatomes, où n représente 1, 2 ou 3, R6 représente un aryle ou un alkyle substitué ou non substitué et R7 représente un alkyle, aryle, alkylacyle ou aroyle substitué ou non substitué.
     
    3. Composé pyrazolone ou sel de celui-ci selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, qui est caractérisé en ce que,
    R1R2N représente un pyrazolyle substitué par un halogène, un alkyle ou un alkoxy, ou un groupe lactame de 4 à 8 chaînons substitué ou non substitué contenant 0 à 2 hétéroatomes choisis parmi O, S et N ; ou
    l'un de R1 et R2 représente un acyle en C1-4 contenant O, S ou N, qui est non substitué ou substitué par un halogène, et l'autre représente un hydrogène, un alkyle en C1-8, un alkyle en C1-8 substitué contenant 1 à 4 hétéroatomes, un cycloalkyle en C3-6 non substitué ou un cycloalkyle en C3-6 substitué par un alkyle en C1-4 ;
    R3 représente un hydrogène, un méthyle, un éthyle ou un cyclopropyle ; R4 représente un méthyle, un éthyle ou un isopropyle ;
    X représente un hydrogène, -S(O)nR6, ou -(C=O)R8, où R6 représente un aryle ou un alkyle substitué ou non substitué, R8 représente un alkoxy, un aryloxy, un alkyle ou un aryle substitué ou non substitué, ou un groupe hétérocyclique de 3 à 8 chaînons substitué ou non substitué contenant 1 à 4 hétéroatomes.
     
    4. Composé pyrazolone ou sel de celui-ci selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, qui est caractérisé en ce que,
    R1R2N représente un groupe choisi parmi un groupe butyrolactame, un groupe valérolactame, un groupe caprolactame, un groupe œnantholactame, un groupe pipérazinone, un groupe morpholinone, un groupe thiomorpholinone, un imidazolyle et un pyrazolyle, chacun de ces groupes étant non substitué ou substitué sur le cycle par un ou plusieurs groupes choisis parmi fluor, chlore, méthyle, éthyle, méthoxyle et éthoxyle ; ou
    R1 représente un acétyle, un fluoroacétyle, un difluoroacétyle, un trifluoroacétyle, un méthoxyacétyle, un éthoxyacétyle, un méthoxypropionyle ou un éthoxypropionyle, R2 représente un hydrogène ou un groupe choisi parmi un méthyle, éthyle, propyle, butyle, pentyle et cyclopropyle, chacun de ces groupes étant non substitué ou substitué par un ou plusieurs groupes choisis parmi fluor, méthoxyle, éthyloxyle, proproxy, butoxy et méthoxyéthoxy ;
    R3 représente un hydrogène, un méthyle, un éthyle ou un cyclopropyle ; R4 représente un méthyle, un éthyle ou un isopropyle ;
    X représente un hydrogène, -S(O)nR6, -(C=O)R8, où R6 représente un aryle ou un alkyle substitué ou non substitué, R8 représente un alkoxy, un aryloxy, un alkyle ou un aryle substitué ou non substitué, un N-alkylpyrazolyle non substitué ou un N-alkylpyrazolyle substitué sur le cycle par un ou plusieurs groupes choisis parmi méthyle, éthyle, méthoxyle et éthoxyle.
     
    5. Composé pyrazolone ou sel de celui-ci selon la revendication 1, le composé étant choisi parmi

    ID du composéR1R2N-R3R4X
    001

    Me Me H
    002

    Me Me H
    003

    Me Me H
    004

    Me Me H
    005

    Me Me H
    006

    Me Me H
    007

    Me Me H
    008

    Me Me H
    009

    Me Me H
    010

    Me Me H
    011

    Me Me H
    012

    Me Me H
    013

    Me Me H
    014

    H Me H
    015

    H Me

    016

    H Me

    017

    H Me

    018

    Me Me H
    019

    Me Me EtSO2-
    020

    Me Me

    021

    Me Me

    022

    Me Me

    023

    Me Me

    024

    Me Me H
    025



    Me H
    026



    Me

    027



    Me

    028



    Me

    029

    H Me H
    030

    H Me Ac-
    031

    H Me EtSO2-
    032

    H Me

    033

    H Me

    034

    H Me

    035

    Me Me H
    036

    Me Me

    037

    Me Me

    038

    Me Me

    039

    Me Me

    040

    Me Me H
    041

    Me Me

    042

    Me Me H
    043

    Me Me

    044

    Me Me H
    045

    Me Me

    046



    Me H
    047



    Me

    048



    Me

    049



    Me

    050

    H Me H
    051

    H Me

    052

    H Me

    053

    H Me

    054

    Me Me H
    055

    Me Me

    056

    Me Me

    057

    Me Me

    058

    Me Me

    059



    Me H
    060



    Me

    061



    Me

    062



    Me

    063

    Me Me H
    064

    H Me H
    065

    H Me

    066

    H Me

    067

    H Me

    068

    Me Me H
    069

    Me Me

    070

    Me Me

    071

    Me Me

    072

    Me Me

    073



    Me H
    074



    Me

    075



    Me

    076



    Me

    077

    Me Me H
    078

    Me Me

    079

    Me Me H
    080

    H Me H
    081

    H Me

    082

    H Me

    083

    H Me

    084

    Me Me H
    085

    Me Me

    086

    Me Me

    087

    Me Me

    088

    Me Me

    089



    Me H
    090



    Me

    091



    Me

    092



    Me

    093

    Me Me H
    094

    Me Me

    095

    Me Me H
    096

    H Et H
    097

    H Et

    098

    Me Et H
    099

    Me Et

    100

    Et Me H
    101

    Et Me

    102

    Et Et H
    103

    Et Et

    104



    Et H
    105



    Et

    106

    H Et H
    107

    H Et

    108

    Me Et H
    109

    Me Et

    110

    Et Me H
    111

    Et Me

    112

    Et Et H
    113

    Et Et

    114



    Et H
    115



    Et

    116

    H Et H
    117

    H Et

    118

    Me Et H
    119

    Me Et

    120

    Et Me H
    121

    Et Me

    122

    Et Et H
    123

    Et Et

    124



    Et H
    125



    Et

    126

    H Et H
    127

    H Et

    128

    Me Et H
    129

    Me Et

    130

    Et Me H
    131

    Et Me

    132

    Et Et H
    133

    Et Et

    134



    Et H
    135



    Et

    136

    H Et H
    137

    H Et

    138

    Me Et H
    139

    Me Et

    140

    Et Me H
    141

    Et Me

    142

    Et Et H
    143

    Et Et

    144



    Et H
    145



    Et

    146





    H
    147





    H
    148





    H

     
    6. Procédé de préparation du composé pyrazolone ou du sel de celui-ci selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, comprenant les étapes suivantes :

    (1) un composé de formule II est mis à réagir avec un composé R1R2NH en excès pour préparer un composé de formule III ;

    (2) le composé de formule III est mis à réagir avec un composé X-A pour obtenir le composé de formule I ;

    où A représente un halogène, un méthylsulfonyle ou un p-tosyle, et la voie réactionnelle est la suivante :


     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 6, qui est caractérisée en ce que lesdites étapes (1) et (2) sont effectuées dans un solvant aprotique en présence d'une base ; à une température réactionnelle de -30 °C à 180 °C, de préférence de -5 °C à 90 °C.
     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, qui est caractérisé en ce que ledit solvant est l'acétonitrile, l'éther diéthylique, le tétrahydrofurane, le DMF ou le DMSO, de préférence l'acétonitrile, le tétrahydrofurane ou le DMF ; ladite base est l'hydroxyde de sodium, l'hydroxyde de potassium, l'hydroxyde de calcium, le carbonate de sodium, le carbonate de potassium, le bicarbonate de sodium, le bicarbonate de potassium, la triéthylamine, le DIPEA ou le DBU, de préférence NaH, la triéthylamine ou le carbonate de sodium.
     
    9. Composition herbicide, qui est caractérisée en ce que la composition comprend une quantité efficace pour un effet herbicide d'au moins un composé pyrazolone ou du sel de celui-ci selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5.
     
    10. Composition herbicide selon la revendication 9, qui est caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend un adjuvant de préparation.
     
    11. Procédé de lutte contre une plante nuisible, comprenant une étape consistant à appliquer une quantité efficace pour un effet herbicide d'au moins un composé pyrazolone ou du sel de celui-ci selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5 ou de la composition herbicide selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 10 sur la plante ou sur une zone où se trouve la plante nuisible.
     
    12. Utilisation du composé pyrazolone ou du sel de celui-ci selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5 ou de la composition herbicide selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 10 dans la lutte contre une plante nuisible.
     
    13. Utilisation selon la revendication 12, qui est caractérisée en ce que ledit composé pyrazolone ou sel de celui-ci est utilisé pour lutter contre la plante nuisible dans une culture souhaitable.
     
    14. Utilisation selon la revendication 13, qui est caractérisée en ce que ladite culture souhaitable est une culture génétiquement modifiée ou une culture traitée par une technique de modification de génome.
     






    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description