(19)
(11)EP 3 288 084 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 17186417.6

(22)Date of filing:  16.08.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01L 27/32(2006.01)
H01L 51/52(2006.01)
H01L 51/00(2006.01)

(54)

DISPLAY APPARATUS HAVING REDUCED DEFECTS

ANZEIGEVORRICHTUNG MIT REDUZIERTEN DEFEKTEN

AFFICHEUR AYANT UNE RÉDUCTION DE DÉFAUTS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.08.2016 KR 20160104990

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.02.2018 Bulletin 2018/09

(73)Proprietor: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
Gyeonggi-Do (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • CHOI, Yoonsun
    Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • KIM, Hyunchul
    Gyeonggi-do (KR)

(74)Representative: Mounteney, Simon James 
Marks & Clerk LLP 15 Fetter Lane
London EC4A 1BW
London EC4A 1BW (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 584 971
US-A1- 2014 306 941
US-B1- 9 287 329
EP-A1- 2 814 074
US-A1- 2015 382 446
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    1. Field



    [0001] One or more embodiments of the invention relate to a display apparatus, and more particularly, to a display apparatus capable of reducing occurrence of defects during manufacture or in subsequent use.

    2. Description of the Related Art



    [0002] In general, a display apparatus includes a display unit above a substrate. When such a display apparatus is at least partially bent, visibility at various angles may be improved or the size of a non-display area may be reduced.

    [0003] However, in a display apparatus according to the prior art, defects may occur at a bending portion or nearby, during manufacture or later use.
    Although different from the subject-matter of the present disclosure, background art includes: US9287329, US2014306941, US2015382446, EP2814074, and EP1584971. US9287329 describes a flexible display configured to allow bending of a portion or portions to reduce apparent border size and/or utilize the side surface of an assembled flexible display.
    US2014306941 describes a flexible display panel for suppressing a problem in which a crack such as disconnection on an internal circuit layer or the like is generated or a required warpage level is not attainable in a warped area while bending an edge portion thereof. The layer structure of a signal line portion for electrically connecting elements provided within a display area and a non-active area may be simplified, and a protective member may be formed thereon, thereby obtaining the effect of minimizing the damage of the layer structure due to bending.
    US2015382446 describes a flexible display configured to allow bending of a portion or portions to reduce apparent border size and/or utilize the side surface of an assembled flexible display.
    EP2814074 describes a flexible display device including a substrate being formed of a flexible material, a plurality of gate lines and a plurality of data lines crossing each other, a plurality of pads formed in a pad area of a non-display area, a plurality of links formed in a link area of the non-display area, a plurality of insulation films formed over the entire surface of the substrate, and a first bending hole formed in a bending area of the non-display area, the first bending hole passing through at least one of the insulation films disposed under the link, wherein the bending area is bent such that the pads are disposed on the lower surface of the substrate.
    EP1584971 describes a flat display device including a display region disposed between a substrate and a sealing substrate that are coupled together by a sealing member, an electrical element that is electrically coupled with the display region, and at least one reinforcing member that increases the strength of a region where it is located. The reinforcing member is mounted at least one side of the electrical element.

    SUMMARY



    [0004] One or more embodiments of the invention seek to provide a display apparatus capable of reducing occurrence of defects during manufacturing of the display apparatus or while in use after being manufactured.

    [0005] Additional aspects will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be apparent from the description, or may be learned by practice of the presented or other embodiments.

    [0006] The present invention concerns a display apparatus according to claim 1.

    [0007] An area of the first opening or the first recess may be greater than an area of the bending area. A length of the second opening or the second recess may be greater than a width of the bending area in a direction from the first area to the second area.

    [0008] A width of one of the first opening and the first recess may be greater than a length of one of the second opening and the second recess. The display apparatus may further include an additional organic material layer covering the first conductive layer and the organic material layer, wherein the additional organic material layer may include a third feature that is a third opening or a third recess, the third feature extending along the edge of the substrate to cross the bending axis so as to correspond to the second opening or the second recess.

    [0009] A length of one of the second opening and the second recess may be greater than a length of one of the third opening and the third recess.

    [0010] The additional organic material layer may cover a side of the second opening or the second recess. The display apparatus may further include a conductive remaining layer over at least a part of a side of the second opening or the second recess, wherein the additional organic material layer may cover the conductive remaining layer. The conductive remaining layer may include a same material as the first conductive layer.

    [0011] The display apparatus may further include a second conductive layer in the first area or the second area so as to be located on a layer different from a layer on which the first conductive layer is located, the second conductive layer being electrically connected to the first conductive layer. An elongation rate of the first conductive layer may be greater than an elongation rate of the second conductive layer.

    [0012] The organic material layer may include an additional opening or an additional recess extending along an edge of the substrate to cross the bending axis to be adjacent to the second opening or the second recess. A length of the additional opening or the additional recess may be less than a length of the second opening or the second recess, and the additional opening or the additional recess may cross a virtual line extending parallel with the bending axis and crossing a center of the bending area.

    [0013] The second opening or the second recess may have a first width at a first portion proximate to a center of the bending area and a second width remote from the first portion, the first width being greater than the second width.

    [0014] The organic material layer may further include an auxiliary opening or an auxiliary recess connected to the second opening or the second recess and extending in a direction crossing a direction in which the second opening or the second recess extends.

    [0015] The display apparatus may further include a bending protection layer filling the second opening or the second recess. The bending protection layer may cover the bending area.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0016] The above and/or other aspects of the invention will become apparent and more readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

    FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a part of the display apparatus of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is a schematic plan view of a part of the display apparatus of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along a line IV-IV of FIG. 3;

    FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment;

    FIG. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment;

    FIG. 7 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a part A of FIG. 6;

    FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along a line VIII-VIII of FIG. 3;

    FIG. 9 is a schematic plan view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment;

    FIG. 10 is a schematic plan view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment;

    FIG. 11 is a schematic plan view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment;

    FIG. 12 is a schematic plan view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment;

    FIG. 13 is a schematic plan view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment;

    FIG. 14 is a schematic plan view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment;

    FIG. 15 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along a line XV-XV of FIG. 14;

    FIG. 16 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment; and

    FIG. 17 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0017] Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to like elements throughout. In this regard, the present embodiments may have different forms and should not be construed as being limited to the descriptions set forth herein. Accordingly, the embodiments are merely described below, by referring to the figures, to explain aspects of the present description. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items. Expressions such as "at least one of," when preceding a list of elements, modify the entire list of elements and do not modify the individual elements of the list. All numerical values are approximate, and may vary. All examples of specific materials and compositions are to be taken as nonlimiting and exemplary only. Other suitable materials and compositions may be used instead.

    [0018] Hereinafter, the present disclosure will be described in detail by explaining preferred embodiments of the inventive concept with reference to the attached drawings. Like reference numerals in the drawings denote like elements.

    [0019] Sizes of components in the drawings may be exaggerated for convenience of explanation. In other words, since sizes and thicknesses of components in the drawings are arbitrarily illustrated for convenience of explanation, the following embodiments are not limited thereto, and the drawings are not necessarily to scale.

    [0020] In the following examples, an x-axis, a y-axis and a z-axis are not limited to three axes of the rectangular coordinate system, and may be interpreted in a broader sense. For example, the x-axis, the y-axis, and the z-axis may be perpendicular to one another, or may represent different directions that are not perpendicular to one another.

    [0021] In the following description expressions such as "may comprise", "may have", "may be provided" ... shall be construed as "comprises", "has", "is provided" ... insofar as these expressions relate to the features of independent claim 1.

    [0022] FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a display apparatus according to an embodiment, FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a part of the display apparatus of FIG. 1, and FIG. 3 is a schematic plan view of a part of the display apparatus of FIG. 1.

    [0023] As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, a substrate 100 in the display apparatus according to the embodiment includes a bending area BA extending in a first direction (+y direction). The bending area BA is between a first area 1A and a second area 2A in a second direction (+x direction) crossing the first direction. In addition, the substrate 100 is bent about a bending axis BAX extending in the first direction (+y direction) as shown in FIG. 1. The substrate 100 may include various materials having flexible or bendable characteristics, e.g., polymer resins such as polyethersulphone (PES), polyacrylate, polyetherimide (PEI), polyethylene naphthalate (PEN), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), polyarylate (PAR), polyimide (PI), polycarbonate (PC), and cellulose acetate propionate (CAP). The substrate 100 may have a multi-layered structure including two layers having one or more of the above polymer resins, as well as a barrier layer including an inorganic material such as silicon oxide, silicon nitride, and silicon oxynitride between the two layers.

    [0024] In FIG. 1, the substrate 100 has a constant width in a y-axis direction throughout the first area 1A, the bending area BA, and the second area 2A, but is not limited thereto. For example, as shown in FIG. 3, the substrate 100 may have a width varying in the y-axis direction within the first area 1A. In this case, a narrower width of the substrate 100 within the first area 1A may be equal to the width of the substrate within the bending area BA or in the second area 2A, as shown in FIG. 3.

    [0025] The first area 1A includes a display area DA. The first area 1A may further include a part of a non-display area outside the display area DA, in addition to the display area DA, as shown in FIG. 2. The second area 2A may also include the non-display area.

    [0026] In the display area DA of the substrate 100, a thin film transistor (TFT) 210 electrically connected to a display device 300 may be located in addition to the display device 300, as shown in FIG. 2. In FIG. 2, an organic light-emitting device is located in the display area DA as the display device 300. Electric connection of the organic light-emitting device to the TFT 210 may be understood as a pixel electrode 310 being electrically connected to the TFT 210.

    [0027] The TFT 210 may include a semiconductor layer 211 including amorphous silicon, polycrystalline silicon, or an organic semiconductor material. The TFT 210 may also include a gate electrode 213, a source electrode 215a, and a drain electrode 215b. In order to ensure insulation between the semiconductor layer 211 and the gate electrode 213, a gate insulating layer 120 may be formed between the semiconductor layer 211 and the gate electrode 213, wherein the gate insulating layer 120 includes an inorganic material such as silicon oxide, silicon nitride, and/or silicon oxynitride. In addition, an interlayer insulating layer 130 may be on the gate electrode 213, and the source electrode 215a and the drain electrode 215b may be on the interlayer insulating layer 130, wherein the interlayer insulating layer 130 includes an inorganic material such as silicon oxide, silicon nitride, and/or silicon oxynitride. The insulating layers including the inorganic material may be formed by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) or atomic layer deposition (ALD). This will be applied to other embodiments and modifications thereof that will be described later.

    [0028] A buffer layer 110 may be between the TFT 210 having the above structure and the substrate 100. The buffer layer 110 may include an inorganic material such as silicon oxide, silicon nitride, and/or silicon oxynitride. The buffer layer 110 may improve smoothness of the upper surface of the substrate 100, or prevent or reduce infiltration of impurities from the substrate 100 into the semiconductor layer 211 of the TFT 210.

    [0029] A planarization layer 140 may be arranged on the TFT 210. For example, as shown in FIG. 2, when the organic light-emitting device is on the TFT 210, the planarization layer 140 may planarize an upper portion of the TFT 210. The planarization layer 140 may include, for example, an organic material such as acryl, benzocyclobutene (BCB), and hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO). In FIG. 2, although the planarization layer 140 has a single-layered structure, the planarization layer 140 may be variously modified. For example, the planarization layer 140 may have a multi-layered structure. In addition, as shown in FIG. 2, the planarization layer 140 may have an opening outside the display area DA, so that a part of the planarization layer 140 in the display area DA and a part of the planarization layer 140 in the second area 2A may be physically separate from each other. Thus, impurities from outside may not reach the display area DA via the planarization layer 140.

    [0030] In the display area DA of the substrate 100, the display device 300 may be on the planarization layer 140. The display device 300 may be an organic light-emitting device including the pixel electrode 310, an opposite electrode 330, and an intermediate layer 320 between the pixel electrode 310 and the opposite electrode 330 and including an emission layer. The pixel electrode 310 may contact one of the source electrode 215a and the drain electrode 215b via an opening formed in the planarization layer 140 and may be electrically connected to the TFT 210, as shown in FIG. 2.

    [0031] A pixel defining layer 150 may be on the planarization layer 140. The pixel defining layer 150 includes openings corresponding respectively to sub-pixels, that is, at least an opening exposing a center portion of the pixel electrode 310, to define pixels. Also, in the example shown in FIG. 2, the pixel defining layer 150 increases a distance between an edge of the pixel electrode 310 and the opposite electrode 330 above the pixel electrode 310 so as to prevent an arc from being generated at the edge of the pixel electrode 310. The pixel defining layer 150 may include an organic material, for example, PI or HMDSO.

    [0032] The intermediate layer 320 of the organic light-emitting device may include low-molecular weight organic materials or polymer materials. When the intermediate layer 320 includes a low-molecular weight organic material, the intermediate layer 320 may include a hole injection layer (HIL), a hole transport layer (HTL), an emission layer (EML), an electron transport layer (ETL), and an electron injection layer (EIL) in a single or multiple-layered structure, and examples of organic materials may include copper phthalocyanine (CuPc), N,N'-Di(naphthalene-1-yl)-N,N'-diphenyl-benzidine (NPB), and tris-8-hydroxyquinoline aluminum (Alq3). The low-molecular weight organic materials may be deposited by a vacuum deposition method.

    [0033] When the intermediate layer 320 includes a polymer material, the intermediate layer 320 may include an HTL and an EML. Here, the HTL may include poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (PEDOT), and the EML may include a poly-phenylenevinylene (PPV)-based or polyfluorene-based polymer material. The intermediate layer 320 above may be formed by a screen printing method, an inkjet printing method, or a laser induced thermal imaging (LITI) method.

    [0034] However, the intermediate layer 320 is not limited to the above example, and may have various structures. In addition, the intermediate layer 320 may include a layer that is integrally formed across a plurality of pixel electrodes 310, or a layer that is patterned to correspond to each of the plurality of pixel electrodes 310.

    [0035] The opposite electrode 330 is arranged above the display area DA, and as shown in FIG. 2, may cover the display area DA. That is, the opposite electrode 330 may be integrally formed with respect to a plurality of organic light-emitting devices, so as to correspond to a plurality of pixel electrodes 310.

    [0036] Since the organic light-emitting device may be easily damaged by external moisture or oxygen, an encapsulation layer 400 may cover the organic light-emitting device to protect the organic light-emitting device. The encapsulation layer 400 covers the display area DA, and may also extend outside the display area DA. The encapsulation layer 400 may include a first inorganic encapsulation layer 410, an organic encapsulation layer 420, and a second inorganic encapsulation layer 430, as shown in FIG. 2.

    [0037] The first inorganic encapsulation layer 410 covers the opposite electrode 330, and may include silicon oxide, silicon nitride, and/or silicon oxynitride. If desired, other layers such as a capping layer may be arranged between the first inorganic encapsulation layer 410 and the opposite electrode 330. Since the first inorganic encapsulation layer 410 is shaped according to its underlying structures, the first inorganic encapsulation layer 410 may have an uneven upper surface. The organic encapsulation layer 420 covers the first inorganic encapsulation layer 410, and unlike the first inorganic encapsulation layer 410, the organic encapsulation layer 420 may have an even or substantially flat upper surface. In more detail, the organic encapsulation layer 420 may substantially have an even upper surface at a portion corresponding to the display area DA. The organic encapsulation layer 420 may include at least one material selected from PET, PEN, PC, PI, polyethylene sulfonate, polyoxymethylene, polyarylate, and hexamethyldisiloxane. The second inorganic encapsulation layer 430 covers the organic encapsulation layer 420, and may include silicon oxide, silicon nitride, and/or silicon oxynitride. The second inorganic encapsulation layer 430 may contact the first inorganic encapsulation layer 410 at an edge thereof outside the display area DA, in order not to expose the organic encapsulation layer 420 to the outside.

    [0038] As described above, since the encapsulation layer 400 includes the first inorganic encapsulation layer 410, the organic encapsulation layer 420, and the second inorganic encapsulation layer 430, even if there is a crack in the encapsulation layer 400 in the above multi-layered structure, the crack may be disconnected between the first inorganic encapsulation layer 410 and the organic encapsulation layer 420 or between the organic encapsulation layer 420 and the second inorganic encapsulation layer 430. As such, the likelihood of forming a path through which external moisture or oxygen may infiltrate into the display area DA may be reduced.

    [0039] A polarization plate 520 may be attached on the encapsulation layer 400 via an optically clear adhesive (OCA) 510. The polarization plate 520 may reduce reflection of external light. For example, when external light that passes through the polarization plate 520 is reflected by an upper surface of the opposite electrode 330 and then passes through the polarization plate 520 again, the external light passes through the polarization plate 520 twice and a phase of the external light may be changed. Therefore, a phase of reflected light is different from the phase of the external light entering the polarization plate 520 and thus destructive interference occurs. Accordingly, reflection of external light may be reduced and visibility may be improved. The OCA 510 and the polarization plate 520 may cover an opening in the planarization layer 140, as shown in FIG. 2. The display apparatus according to one or more embodiments may not necessarily include the polarization plate 520, and if desired, the polarization plate 520 may be omitted or replaced by other elements. For example, the polarization plate 520 may be omitted, and a black matrix and a color filter may be used to reduce reflection of external light.

    [0040] In addition, the buffer layer 110, the gate insulating layer 120, and the interlayer insulating layer 130 including the inorganic material may be collectively referred to as an inorganic insulating layer. The inorganic insulating layer may include a first feature that is a first opening corresponding to the bending area BA, as shown in FIG. 2. That is, the buffer layer 110, the gate insulating layer 120, and the interlayer insulating layer 130 may respectively include openings 110a, 120a, and 130a corresponding to the bending area BA. That the first opening corresponds to the bending area BA may denote that the opening overlaps the bending area BA. Here, an area of the first opening may be greater than that of the bending area BA. To do this, in FIG. 2, a width OW of the first opening is greater than a width BAw of the bending area BA. Here, the area of the first opening may be defined as the smallest area among areas of the openings 110a, 120a, and 130a, of the buffer layer 110, the gate insulating layer 120, and the interlayer insulating layer 130. In FIG. 2, the area of the first opening is defined by an area of the opening 110a in the buffer layer 110.

    [0041] After forming the opening 110a in the interlayer insulating layer 110, the opening 120a of the gate insulating layer 120 and the opening 130a of the interlayer insulating layer 130 may be simultaneously formed. When the TFT 210 is formed, in order for the source electrode 215a and the drain electrode 215b to contact the semiconductor layer 211, contact holes penetrating through the gate insulating layer 120 and the interlayer insulating layer 130 have to be formed. Thus, the opening 120a of the gate insulating layer 120 and the opening 130a of the interlayer insulating layer 130 may be simultaneously formed when forming the contact holes. Accordingly, an internal surface of the opening 120a of the gate insulating layer 120 and an internal surface of the opening 130a of the interlayer insulating layer 130 may form a single continuous surface as shown in FIG. 2.

    [0042] The display apparatus according to the embodiment includes an organic material layer 160 at least partially filling the first opening of the inorganic insulating layer. In FIG. 2, the organic material layer 160 completely fills the first opening. In addition, the display apparatus according to the embodiment includes a first conductive layer 215c, and the first conductive layer 215c extends from the first area 1A to the second area 2A across the bending area BA and above the organic material layer 160. The first conductive layer 215c may also extend over an inorganic insulating layer such as the interlayer insulating layer 130, where the organic material layer 160 is not provided. The first conductive layer 215c may be formed simultaneously with the source electrode 215a or the drain electrode 215b by using the same material as that of the source electrode 215a or the drain electrode 215b.

    [0043] As described above, although FIG. 2 shows a state in which the display apparatus is not bent for convenience of description, the display apparatus according to the embodiment is actually in a state in which the substrate 100 is bent at the bending area BA, as shown in FIG. 1. To do this, the display apparatus is manufactured so that the substrate 100 is flat, as shown in FIG. 2, and after that, the substrate 100 is bent at the bending area BA so that the display apparatus may have the shape as shown in FIG. 1. Here, when the substrate 100 is bent at the bending area BA, tensile stress may be induced in the first conductive layer 215c. However, in the display apparatus according to the embodiment, the occurrence of defects in the first conductive layer 215c during the bending process may be prevented or reduced.

    [0044] If the inorganic insulating layers such as the buffer layer 110, the gate insulating layer 120, and/or the interlayer insulating layer 130 do not include openings corresponding to the bending area BA, but continuously extend from the first area 1A to the second area 2A, and if the first conductive layer 215c is on such an inorganic insulating layer, large tensile stress is applied to the first conductive layer 215c during bending of the substrate 100. In particular, since the inorganic insulating layer has a greater hardness than that of the organic material layer, cracks are likely to form in the inorganic insulating layer in the bending area BA, and when a crack occurs in the inorganic insulating layer, a crack may also occur in the first conductive layer 215c on the inorganic insulating layer and thus the probability of generating defects such as disconnections in the first conductive layer 215c increases greatly.

    [0045] However, according to the display apparatus of the embodiment, the inorganic insulating layer includes the first opening corresponding to the bending area BA, and the part of the first conductive layer 215c which corresponds to the bending area BA is on the organic material layer 160 that at least partially fills the first opening. Since the inorganic insulating layer includes the first opening corresponding to the bending area BA, the possibility of cracks occurring in the inorganic insulating layer is greatly decreased, and the organic material layer 160 is less likely to have cracks due to characteristics of the organic material. Therefore, the occurrence of cracks in the portion of the first conductive layer 215c on the organic material layer 160 may be prevented or reduced, wherein the portion of the first conductive layer 215c corresponds to the bending area BA. Since the organic material layer 160 has a lower hardness than that of an inorganic material layer, the organic material layer 160 may absorb the tensile stress generated due to the bending of the substrate 100 so as to reduce concentration of the tensile stress in the first conductive layer 215c.

    [0046] In FIG. 2, the inorganic insulating layer has the first opening, but is not limited thereto. For example, the inorganic insulating layer may have a first feature that is a first recess, rather than the first opening. For example, the buffer layer 110 may not include the opening 110a unlike the example shown in FIG. 2, but may extend in continuous manner from the first area 1A to the second area 2A across the bending area BA. Then, the gate insulating layer 120 and the interlayer insulating layer 130 may only include the openings 120a and 130a. In this case, the buffer layer 110, the gate insulating layer 120, and the interlayer insulating layer 130, which include the inorganic material, may be collectively referred to as an inorganic insulating layer, and in this case, the inorganic insulating layer may be understood to have the first recess corresponding to the bending area BA. In addition, the organic material layer 160 may at least partially fill the first recess.

    [0047] In the above case, since the inorganic insulating layer has the first recess corresponding to the bending area BA, a thickness of the inorganic insulating layer is reduced in the bending area BA, and accordingly, the substrate 100 may be more easily bent. In addition, since the organic material layer 160 is in the bending area BA and the first conductive layer 215c is above the organic material layer 160, damage to the first conductive layer 215c during the bending operation may be effectively prevented. An example in which the inorganic insulating layer includes the first opening is described in the above embodiments and other embodiments that will be described later, or modified examples thereof for convenience of description, but the inorganic insulating layer may instead include the first recess as described above.

    [0048] The display apparatus according to the embodiment may include second conductive layers 213a and 213b, in addition to the first conductive layer 215c. The second conductive layers 213a and 213b are located above the first area 1A or the second area 2A to be located at a different layer from that of the first conductive layer 215c, and may be electrically connected to the first conductive layer 215c. In FIG. 2, the second conductive layers 213a and 213b are at the same layer, that is, on the gate insulating layer 120, and use the same material as that of the gate electrode 213. In addition, the first conductive layer 215c contacts the second conductive layers 213a and 213b via contact holes in the interlayer insulating layer 130. In addition, the second conductive layer 213a is in the first area 1A, and the second conductive layer 213b is in the second area 2A.

    [0049] The second conductive layer 213a in the first area 1A may be electrically connected to the TFT 210 in the display area DA, and accordingly, the first conductive layer 215c may be electrically connected to the TFT 210 in the display area DA via the second conductive layer 213a. The second conductive layer 213b in the second area 2A may also be electrically connected to the TFT 210 of the display area DA, via the first conductive layer 215c. As such, the second conductive layers 213a and 213b that are outside the display area DA may be electrically connected to the elements in the display area DA, or may extend toward the display area DA so that at least some parts of the second conductive layers 213a and 213b may be located in the display area DA.

    [0050] As described above, although FIG. 2 shows a state in which the display apparatus is not bent for convenience of description, the display apparatus according to the embodiment is actually in a state in which the substrate 100 is bent at the bending area BA, as shown in FIG. 1. To do this, the display apparatus is manufactured so that the substrate 100 is flat, as shown in FIG. 2, and after that, the substrate 100 is bent at the bending area BA so that the display apparatus may have the shape as shown in FIG. 1. Here, while the substrate 100 is bent at the bending area BA, tensile stress may be applied to the elements in the bending area BA.

    [0051] Therefore, the first conductive layer 215c crossing over the bending area BA includes a material having high elongation rate, so that defects such as cracks in the first conductive layer 215c or disconnection of the first conductive layer 215c may be prevented. In addition, the second conductive layers 213a and 213b, including a material having an elongation rate lower than that of the first conductive layer 215c and electrical/physical characteristics different from those of the first conductive layer 215c, are formed in the first area 1A or the second area 2A, and thus, an efficiency of transferring electric signals in the display apparatus may be improved or a defect rate during the manufacturing processes of the display apparatus may be reduced.

    [0052] For example, the second conductive layers 213a and 213b may include molybdenum, and the first conductive layer 215c may include aluminum. The first conductive layer 215c and the second conductive layers 213a and 213b may have multi-layered structures, if desired. For example, the first conductive layer 215c may have a multi-layered structure such as a titanium layer/aluminum layer/titanium layer structure, and the second conductive layers 213a and 213b may each have a multi-layered structure such as a molybdenum layer/titanium layer structure. However, one or more embodiments are not limited thereto, that is, the first conductive layer 215c may extend to the display area to be electrically connected directly to the source electrode 215a, the drain electrode 215b, or the gate electrode 213 of the TFT 210.

    [0053] In addition, as shown in FIG. 2, the organic material layer 160 may cover an internal surface of the first opening of the inorganic insulating layer. As described above, since the first conductive layer 215c may include the same material as, and may be formed simultaneously with, the source electrode 215a and the drain electrode 215b, a conductive layer may be formed on the interlayer insulating layer 130 over an entire surface of the substrate 100 and may be patterned to form the source electrode 215a, the drain electrode 215b, and the first conductive layer 215c. If the organic material layer 160 does not cover the inner side surfaces of the opening 110a in the buffer layer 110, the opening 120a in the gate insulating layer 120, or the opening 130a in the interlayer insulating layer 130, the conductive material of the conductive layer may not be removed from, but may remain on, these inner side surfaces. In this case, the remaining conductive material may cause shorts between different conductive layers.

    [0054] Therefore, when the organic material layer 160 is formed, the organic material layer 160 may cover the inner side surface of the first opening in the inorganic insulating layer. If the organic material layer 160 includes a second feature that is a second opening 160a that will be described later, in order to make the organic material layer 160 cover the internal surface of the first opening in the inorganic insulating layer, a width OW of the inorganic insulating layer in a direction from the first area 1A towards the second area 2A may be greater than a length d of the second opening 160a of the organic material layer 160 in a direction in which the second opening 160a extends.

    [0055] In FIG. 2, the organic material layer 160 is shown to have a largely constant thickness, but the organic material layer 160 may have a thickness that varies depending on locations therein, so that an upper surface of the organic material layer 160 may have a gradual curve near edges of the opening 110a in the buffer layer 110, the opening 120a in the gate insulating layer 120, and the opening 130a in the interlayer insulating layer 130. Accordingly, remaining conductive material that should have been removed may be prevented during patterning the conductive layer in order to form the source electrode 215a, the drain electrode 215b, and the first conductive layer 215c.

    [0056] In addition, a bending protection layer (BPL) 600 may be located outside the display area DA. That is, the BPL 600 may be located above the first conductive layer 215c, corresponding at least to the bending area BA.

    [0057] When a stack structure is bent, there is a stress neutral plane in the stack structure. If there is no BPL 600, when the substrate 100 is bent, excessive tensile stress may be applied to the first conductive layer 215c in the bending area BA, because the location of the first conductive layer 215c may not correspond to a stress neutral plane. However, by forming the BPL 600 and adjusting a thickness and a modulus of the BPL 600, a location of the stress neutral plane in the structure including the substrate 100, the first conductive layer 215c, and the BPL 600 may be adjusted. Therefore, the stress neutral plane may be adjusted to be around the first conductive layer 215c via the BPL 600, and thus, the tensile stress applied to the first conductive layer 215c may be reduced or a compressive stress may be applied to the first conductive layer 215c. The BPL 600 may include acryl. When compressive stress is applied to the first conductive layer 215c, the possibility of damaging the first conductive layer 215c is much less than when tensile stress is applied to the first conductive layer 215c.

    [0058] In FIG. 4, an end surface of the BPL 600 facing an edge of the substrate 100 (+y direction) does not coincide with an end surface of the substrate 100, but is located on a top surface of the substrate 100. However, one or more embodiments are not limited thereto, that is, the end surface of the BPL 600 may correspond to the end surface of the substrate 100 (see FIG. 15). Otherwise, unlike the example shown in FIG. 4, an additional BPL that is spaced apart from the BPL 600 to be located closer to the edge of the substrate 100 (+y direction) may be provided. This may be understood that the BPL 600 has an opening that penetrates through the BPL in an up-and-down direction, similarly to the second opening 160a of the organic material layer 160 which will be described later.

    [0059] In particular, when a plurality of display units are formed on a mother substrate and then the mother substrate is cut to simultaneously manufacture a plurality of display apparatuses, the BPL 600 may be formed before the cutting process. In this case, the BPL is also cut when the mother substrate is cut, and accordingly, the end surface of the BPL 600 may correspond to the end surface of the substrate 100. The cutting may be performed by irradiating a laser beam to the mother substrate.

    [0060] In addition, in FIG. 2, an upper surface of the BPL 600 in a direction towards the display area DA (-x direction) corresponds to an upper surface of the polarization plate 520 (in the +z direction), but is not limited thereto. For example, an end of the BPL 600 in the direction towards the display area DA (-x direction) may partially cover an upper surface at the edge of the polarization plate 520. Otherwise, the end of the BPL 600 in the direction towards the display area DA (-x direction) may not contact the polarization plate 520 and/or the OCA 510. In the latter case, during or after forming the BPL 600, movement of gas generated from the BPL 600 in a direction toward the display area DA (-x direction), which risks degrading the display device 300, may be prevented.

    [0061] As shown in FIG. 2, if the upper surface of the BPL 600 in a direction towards the display area DA (-x direction) coincides with the upper surface of the polarization plate 520 in the +z direction, if the end of the BPL 600 in the display area DA direction (-x direction) partially covers the upper surface at the end of the polarization plate 520, or if the end of the BPL 600 in the display area DA direction (-x direction) contacts the OCA 510, a thickness of the BPL 600 corresponding to the display area DA (-x direction) may be greater than that of the other portions in the BPL 600. Since a liquid phase material or a paste-type material may be applied and hardened to form the BPL 600, a volume of the BPL 600 may be reduced through the hardening process. Here, if the portion of the BPL 600 corresponding to the display area DA (-x direction) is in contact with the polarization plate 520 and/or the OCA 510, the portion of the BPL 600 is fixed at the location, and thus, a volume reduction occurs in the remaining portion of the BPL 600. Therefore, the thickness of the BPL 600 corresponding or proximate to the display area DA (-x direction) may be greater than that of the rest of the BPL 600.

    [0062] In addition, the organic material layer 160 in the display apparatus according to the embodiment includes the second opening 160a extending along an edge of the substrate 100 as shown in FIG. 3. In FIG. 3, the organic material layer 160 includes second openings 160a that extend proximate to the edges of the substrate 100. Since the organic material layer 160 has the second openings 160a, occurrence of defects during manufacturing the display apparatus or using the display apparatus that is manufactured may be reduced.

    [0063] Although FIG. 3 shows a state in which the substrate 100 is not bent for convenience of description, the display apparatus according to the embodiment is actually bent at the bending area BA, as shown in FIG. 1. Therefore, the bending area BA is located at an edge of the display apparatus. During the manufacturing processes or afterward, shock may be applied to the bending area BA. In particular, shock is more likely to be applied to an edge of the bending area BA in the +y direction or -y direction, and in this case, as shown in FIG. 4 that is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along a line IV-IV of FIG. 3, crack CR may occur in the organic material layer 160 due to external shock. If such a crack CR reaches a center portion of the bending area BA, cracks may also occur in wires such as the first conductive layer 215c, generating defects in the display apparatus.

    [0064] However, according to the display apparatus of the embodiment, the organic material layer 160 includes the second openings 160a as described above. The second openings 160a extend along the edges of the substrate 100 (in the +x direction when viewed as if the substrate 100 is not bent). Therefore, even if the crack CR occurs at the edge of the organic material layer 160 as shown in FIG. 4, the crack CR may not reach the center portion of the bending area BA, but may be stopped by the second openings 160a. As such, even if shock is applied to an outer portion of the bending area BA during manufacturing processes or afterward, generation of defects due to cracks in the display apparatus may be prevented or reduced.

    [0065] In order to promote defect prevention or reduction effects throughout the entire bending area BA, a length d of the second opening 160a in its lengthwise direction (see FIG. 3) may be greater than the width BAw of the bending area BA from the first area 1A to the second area 2A. As such, occurrence of cracks in the entire bending area BA due to shock applied to the edge of the substrate 100 may be prevented or reduced.

    [0066] In addition, the second openings 160a of the organic material layer 160 may not necessarily penetrate through the organic material layer 160 as above. For example, as shown in FIG. 5 that is a schematic cross-sectional view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment, the organic material layer 160 may include a second feature that is a second recess 160a, rather than the second opening. In this case, propagation of cracks CR generated in the organic material layer 160 towards the center portion of the bending area BA may be effectively prevented by the second recess 160a. The above and other descriptions of the second opening may be applied to the second recess 160a.

    [0067] Moreover, as shown in FIG. 6 that is a schematic cross-sectional view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment, in addition to the organic material layer 160 including the second opening 160a, the planarization layer 140 above the organic material layer 160 may also include a third feature that is a third opening 140a corresponding to the second opening 160a. The third opening 140a of the planarization layer 140 may extend along an edge of the substrate 100 like the second opening 160a of the organic material layer 160. That is, similar to the second opening 160a shown in FIG. 3, the planarization layer 140 may have third openings 140a extending along the edges of the substrate 100.

    [0068] The third openings 140a extend along the edge of the substrate 100 (in the +x direction when viewed as if the substrate 100 is not bent). Therefore, as shown in FIG. 6, even if crack CR occurs at the edge of the organic material layer 160 and/or the planarization layer 140, the crack CR may not reach the center portion of the bending area BA, but may be stopped around the second opening 160a and the third opening 140a. As such, even if shock is applied to the outer portion of the bending area BA during manufacturing processes or utilizing processes after manufacturing, defects caused by cracks in the display apparatus may be prevented or reduced.

    [0069] In order to promote defect prevention or reduction effects throughout the entire bending area BA, a length of the third opening 140a of the planarization layer 140 may be greater than the width BAw of the bending area BA from the first area 1A to the second area 2A. As such, occurrence of cracks in the entire bending area BA due to shock applied to the edge of the substrate 100 may be prevented or reduced.

    [0070] The planarization layer 140 may not necessarily have the third opening 140a penetrating through the planarization layer 140 as above. That is, the planarization layer 140 may include a third feature that is a third recess, not the third opening 140a. This is also applied to the above-described embodiments, embodiments that will be described later, or modified examples thereof. In addition, the embodiment may be variously modified, for example, the organic material layer 160 may not include the second opening 160a or the second recess 160a and the planarization layer 140 may only include the third opening 140a or the third recess. This is also applied to the above-described embodiments, embodiments that will be described later, or modified examples thereof.

    [0071] As described above, when the organic material layer 160 has the second opening 160a and the planarization layer 140 has the third opening 140a, the BPL 600 may at least partially fill the second opening 160a or at least partially fill the third opening 140a. The BPL 600 may not only fill the second opening 160a or the third opening 140a at least partially, but may also cover the bending area BA.

    [0072] As described above, the BPL 600 adjusts the location of a stress neutral plane. If the BPL 600 does not fill the second opening 160a or the third opening 140a, the stress neutral plane is located at an intermediate portion between the upper and lower surfaces of the substrate 100 under the second opening 160a or the third opening 140a, and peripheral portions thereof. Accordingly, when the substrate 100 is bent, compressive stress is applied to a part, e.g., from a center portion toward the lower surface, of the substrate 100, but tensile stress is applied to a part, e.g., from the center portion toward the upper surface, of the substrate 100. Accordingly, cracks or tears may occur between the center portion and the upper surface of the substrate 100. However, the BPL 600 fills at least partially the second opening 160a or the third opening 140a so as to adjust the location of the stress neutral plane, and thus, occurrence of defects in the substrate 100 may be prevented or reduced. Even if a crack CR occurs in the organic material layer 160 and/or the planarization layer 140, the second opening 160a or the third opening 140a may prevent or reduce propagation of the crack CR toward the center portion of the bending area BA.

    [0073] In addition, as shown in FIG. 6, the planarization layer 140 may cover an internal side surface of the second opening 160a in the organic material layer 160. As described above, the first conductive layer 215c may be simultaneously formed with the source electrode 215a and the drain electrode 215b by using the same material as that of the source and drain electrodes 215a and 215b. To accomplish this, a conductive layer is formed above the organic material layer 160 and/or the interlayer insulating layer 130 throughout almost the entire surface of the substrate 100, and is then patterned to form the source electrode 215a, the drain electrode 215b, and the first conductive layer 215c. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 7 that is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a part A of FIG. 6, a conductive material may remain on the internal side surface of the second opening 160a in the organic material layer 160, and thus, a conductive remaining layer 215c' may remain at least partially along the internal side surface of the second opening 160a.

    [0074] The conductive remaining layer 215c' may cause shorts between two different conductive layers, or cause defects. For example, when the pixel electrode 310 (see FIG. 2) is formed, a material for forming the pixel electrode 310 may agglomerate around the conductive remaining layer 215c'. This is because, if the conductive remaining layer 215c' includes aluminum and the pixel electrode 310 includes silver (Ag), this silver may react with aluminum to form a lump around the conductive remaining layer 215c'.

    [0075] Therefore, as shown in FIG. 7, since the planarization layer 140 covers the internal side surface of the second opening 160a in the organic material layer 160 so as to cover the conductive remaining layer 215c', the conductive remaining layer 215c' may not be exposed. As such, occurrence of defects during manufacturing processes may be prevented or reduced. Since the conductive remaining layer 215c' may be generated when the first conductive layer 215c is formed as described above, the conductive remaining layer 215c' may include at least some of the materials included in the first conductive layer 215c. As described above, the first conductive layer 215c may include titanium or aluminum, and if desired, may have a multi-layered structure including titanium layer/aluminum layer/titanium layer. Therefore, the conductive remaining layer 215c' may also include titanium, aluminum, or a mixture or a compound thereof.

    [0076] FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along a line VIII-VIII of FIG. 3. As shown in FIG. 8, the length d (see FIG. 3) of the second opening 160a in the organic material layer 160 may be greater than the length of the third opening 140a in the planarization layer 140. Thus, as described above with reference to FIG. 7, the planarization layer 140 may cover the conductive material that may remain on the internal side surface of the second opening 160a.

    [0077] In the above description, a case where the organic material layer 160 includes the second opening 160a is described, but one or more embodiments are not limited thereto. As shown in FIG. 9 that is a schematic plan view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment, the organic material layer 160 may include an additional opening 160b or an additional recess. The additional opening 160b or the additional recess may extend along the edge of the substrate 100 adjacent to the second opening 160a. As described above, since the organic material layer 160 includes the additional opening 160b or the additional recess in addition to the second opening 160a, propagation of the crack CR (see FIGS. 4 to 6) towards the center portion of the bending area BA may be blocked twice.

    [0078] In addition, although FIG. 9 shows a state in which the substrate 100 is not bent for convenience of description, the display apparatus according to the embodiment is actually bent at the bending area BA, as shown in FIG. 1. Therefore, unlike that shown in FIG. 9, the bending area BA is located at the edge of the display apparatus, and in particular, a virtual line IL that is in parallel with the bending axis BAX (see FIG. 1) and crosses a center of the bending area BA, is located at the edge of the display apparatus. Therefore, external shock may be applied to the portion of the bending area BA on which the virtual line IL is located. Accordingly, the additional opening 160b or the additional recess of the organic material layer 160 is located to cross the virtual line IL, so as to doubly prevent crack CR from proceeding towards the center portion of the bending area BA. That is, although a length of the additional opening 160b or the additional recess may be less than that of the second opening 160a, the additional opening 160b or the additional recess may still cross the virtual line IL.

    [0079] Otherwise, in order to achieve similar effects to the above, as shown in FIG. 10 that is a schematic plan view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment, the second opening 160a in the organic material layer 160 may have a variable width. That is, the second opening 160a may have a greater width at a portion crossing the virtual line IL that is parallel with the bending axis BAX (see FIG. 1) and crossing the center of the bending area BA, than that of at least one other portion. The greater the width of the second opening 160a is, the less the possibility of propagating the crack CR at that location. Also, as shown in FIG. 11 that is a schematic plan view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment, the second opening 160a extends along the edge of the substrate 100, but an intermediate portion of the second opening 160a in a length direction thereof is curved towards the center of the bending area BA so that the second opening 160a may have a meniscus shape.

    [0080] As shown in FIG. 12 that is a schematic plan view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment, the organic material layer 160 may further include an auxiliary opening 160c or an auxiliary recess. The auxiliary opening 160c or the auxiliary recess may be connected to the second opening 160a and may extend in a direction crossing the lengthwise direction of the second opening 160a. The organic material layer 160 may have a plurality of auxiliary openings 160c or a plurality of auxiliary recesss, and in this case, the auxiliary openings 160c or the auxiliary recesss may be located alternately at opposite sides of the second opening 160a in the direction in which the second opening 160a extends.

    [0081] Also, as shown in FIG. 13 that is a schematic plan view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment, the second opening 160a of the organic material layer 160 extends along the edge of the substrate 100, and a plurality of islands of the organic material layer 160 may be located therein.

    [0082] In addition, it is described above that the second opening or the second recess extends along the edge of the substrate 100, but one or more embodiments are not limited thereto. In addition, the second opening or the second recess may not be formed in the organic material layer 160, but may be formed in another portion. That is, when the substrate 100 including the bending area BA between the first area 1A and the second area 2A is bent about the bending axis BAX and the first conductive layer 215c extends from the first area 1A to the second area 2A through the bending area BA, the insulating layer disposed between the substrate 100 and the first conductive layer 215c may have a first opening or a first recess that extends in a direction crossing the bending axis BAX to correspond to a portion between the edge of the substrate 100 and the first conductive layer 215c at the bending area BA. Here, if the display apparatus includes a plurality of first conductive layers 215c, the portion between the edge of the substrate 100 and the first conductive layer 215c may be understood as a portion between the edge of the substrate 100 and a first conductive layer among the plurality of first conductive layers 215c which is closest to the edge of the substrate 100.

    [0083] FIG. 14 is a schematic plan view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment, and FIG. 15 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along a line XV-XV of FIG. 14. The display apparatus according to the embodiment is different from the display apparatus according to the previous embodiment illustrated with reference to FIG. 3 in view of a shape of a second opening 160a' in the organic material layer 160. As shown in FIGS. 14 and 15, the second opening 160a' of the organic material layer 160 may extend to the end of the substrate 100 (in the +y direction or -y direction).

    [0084] In this case, the planarization layer 140, that is, an additional organic material layer, may extend to the edge of the substrate 100 so as to fill the extended second opening 160a' of the organic material layer 160. In particular, as shown in FIG. 15, a side end surface of the planarization layer 140 and a side end surface of the BPL 600 roughly correspond to a side end surface of the substrate 100, and thus, the edge of the substrate 100 may be sufficiently supported by the planarization layer 140 and/or the BPL 600 even when the organic material layer 160 includes the second opening 160a'. As such, even if the substrate 100 that is flexible or bendable is very small in thickness, unintentional deformation of the substrate 100 may be effectively prevented.

    [0085] In addition, as shown in FIG. 16 that is a schematic cross-sectional view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment, similar to the organic material layer 160, a third opening 140a' of the planarization layer 140 may extend to the end of the substrate 100 (in the +y direction or -y direction). In this case, the side end surface of the BPL 600 roughly corresponds to the side end surface of the substrate 100, and thus, the BPL 600 may sufficiently support the edge of the substrate 100 even when the organic material layer 160 includes the extended second opening 160a' and the planarization layer 140 includes the extended third opening 140a'. As such, even if the substrate 100 that is flexible or bendable is very small in thickness, unintentional deformation of the substrate 100 may be effectively prevented.

    [0086] As shown in FIG. 17 that is a schematic cross-sectional view of a part of a display apparatus according to an embodiment, the organic material layer 160 may extend to the edge of the substrate 100 and the planarization layer 140 has a third opening 140a' that may extend to the end of the substrate 100 (in the +y direction or -y direction). In this case, the side end surface of the BPL 600 may roughly correspond to the side end surface of the substrate 100.

    [0087] In FIGS. 15 to 17, the organic material layer 160 includes the second opening 160a' extending to the edge of the substrate 100 or the planarization layer 140 includes the third opening 140a' extending to the edge of the substrate 100, but one or more embodiments are not limited thereto. For example, the organic material layer 160 may include a second recess extending to the edge of the substrate 100, and the planarization layer 140 may include a third recess extending to the edge of the substrate 100.

    [0088] According to one or more embodiments, the display apparatus capable of reducing generation of defects during or after manufacturing may be implemented. However, the scope of the inventive concept is not limited to the above effects.

    [0089] It should be understood that embodiments described herein should be considered in a descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation. Descriptions of features or aspects within each embodiment should typically be considered as available for other similar features or aspects in other embodiments.

    [0090] While one or more embodiments have been described with reference to the figures, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the following claims. Various features of the above described and other embodiments can be mixed and matched in any manner, to produce further embodiments consistent with the invention.


    Claims

    1. A display apparatus comprising:

    a substrate (100) comprising a bending area (BA) between a first area (1A) and a second area (2A), the substrate (100) being bent in the bending area (BA) about a bending axis (BAX);

    an inorganic insulating layer (110, 120, 130) over the substrate (100) and comprising a first feature (110a, 120a, 130a) that is a first opening or a first recess, the first feature (110a, 120a, 130a) being positioned to correspond to and overlap the bending area (BA);

    an organic material layer (160) located on the substrate (100) in the bending area (BA) and on the inorganic insulating layer (110, 120, 130) wherein the organic material layer (160) at least partially fills the first feature (110a, 120a, 130a) and covers the internal surface of the first features (110a, 120a, 130a) of the inorganic insulating layer (110, 120, 130); and

    a first conductive layer (215c) extending from the first area (1A) through the bending area (BA) to the second area (2A) in a direction crossing the bending axis (BAX) and located on the organic material layer (160),

    wherein the organic material layer (160) comprises a second feature (160a) that is a second opening or a second recess, the second feature (160a) extending along an edge of the substrate (100) to cross the bending axis (BAX).


     
    2. A display apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the area of the first feature (110a, 120a, 130a) is greater than the area of the bending area (BA).
     
    3. A display apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the length (d) of the second feature (160b) is greater than the width (BAw) of the bending area (BA) in a direction from the first area (1A) to the second area (2A).
     
    4. A display apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the width (OW) of the first feature (110a, 120a, 130a) is greater than the length (d) of the second feature (160a).
     
    5. A display apparatus according to claim 4, further comprising an additional organic material layer (140) covering the first conductive layer (215c) and the organic material layer (160), wherein the additional organic material layer (140) comprises a third feature (140a) that is a third opening or a third recess, the third feature (140a) extending along the edge of the substrate (100) to cross the bending axis (BAX) so as to correspond to the second feature (160a).
     
    6. A display apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the length (d) of the second feature (160a) is greater than the length of the third feature (140a).
     
    7. A display apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the additional organic material layer (140) covers a side of the second feature (160a).
     
    8. A display apparatus according to claim 7, further comprising a conductive remaining layer (215c') over at least a part of the side of the second feature (160a),
    wherein the additional organic material layer (140) covers the conductive remaining layer (215c').
     
    9. A display apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the conductive remaining layer (215c') comprises the same material as the first conductive layer (215c).
     
    10. A display apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a second conductive layer (213a, 213b) in the first area (1A) or the second area (2A) so as to be located on a layer different from a layer on which the first conductive layer (215c) is located, the second conductive layer (213a, 213b) being electrically connected to the first conductive layer (215c).
     
    11. A display apparatus according to claim 10, wherein the elongation rate of the first conductive layer (215c) is greater than the elongation rate of the second conductive layer (213a, 213b).
     
    12. A display apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the organic material layer (160) comprises an additional opening (160b) or an additional recess (160b) extending along an edge of the substrate (100) to cross the bending axis (BAX) to be adjacent to the second feature (160a).
     
    13. A display apparatus according to claim 12, wherein the length of the additional opening (160b) or the additional recess (160b) is less than the length (d) of the second feature (160a), and the additional opening (160b) or the additional recess (160b) crosses a virtual line (IL) extending parallel with the bending axis (BAX) and crossing a center of the bending area (BA).
     
    14. A display apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the second feature (160a) has a first width at a first portion proximate to a center of the bending area (BA), and a second width remote from the first portion, the first width being greater than the second width.
     
    15. A display apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the organic material layer (160) further comprises an auxiliary opening (160c) or an auxiliary recess (160c) connected to the second feature (160a) and extending in a direction crossing a direction in which the second feature (160a) extends.
     
    16. A display apparatus according to any preceding claim, further comprising a bending protection layer (600) filling the second feature (160a).
     
    17. A display apparatus according to claim 16, wherein the bending protection layer (600) covers the bending area (BA).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Anzeigevorrichtung, die Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Substrat (100), das einen Biegungsbereich (BA) zwischen einem ersten Bereich (1A) und einem zweiten Bereich (2A) umfasst, wobei das Substrat (100) in dem Biegungsbereich (BA) um eine Biegungsachse (BAX) gebogen ist,

    eine anorganische isolierende Schicht (110, 120, 130) über dem Substrat (100) und umfassend ein erstes Merkmal (110a, 120a, 130a), das eine erste Öffnung oder eine erste Aussparung ist, wobei das erste Merkmal (110a, 120a, 130a) so angeordnet ist, dass es dem Biegungsbereich (BA) entspricht und denselben überlappt,

    eine organische Materialschicht (160), die auf dem Substrat (100) in dem Biegungsbereich (BA) und auf der anorganischen isolierenden Schicht (110, 120, 130) angeordnet ist, wobei die organische Materialschicht (160) mindestens teilweise das erste Merkmal (110a, 120a, 130a) füllt und die Innenfläche der ersten Merkmale (110a, 120a, 130a) der anorganischen isolierenden Schicht (110, 120, 130) abdeckt, und

    eine erste leitfähige Schicht (215c), die sich von dem ersten Bereich (1A) durch den Biegungsbereich (BA) zu dem zweiten Bereich (2A) in einer Richtung, welche die Biegungsachse (BAX) kreuzt, erstreckt und auf der organischen Materialschicht (160) angeordnet ist,

    wobei die organische Materialschicht (160) ein zweites Merkmal (160a) umfasst, das eine zweite Öffnung oder eine zweite Aussparung ist, wobei sich das zweite Merkmal (160a) entlang einer Kante des Substrats (100) erstreckt, um die Biegungsachse (BAX) zu kreuzen.


     
    2. Anzeigevorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Bereich des ersten Merkmals (110a, 120a, 130a) größer ist als der Bereich des Biegungsbereichs (BA).
     
    3. Anzeigevorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Länge (d) des zweiten Merkmals (160b) größer ist als die Breite (BAw) des Biegungsbereichs (BA) in einer Richtung von dem ersten Bereich (1A) zu dem zweiten Bereich (2A).
     
    4. Anzeigevorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Breite (OW) des ersten Merkmals (110a, 120a, 130a) größer ist als die Länge (d) des zweiten Merkmals (160a).
     
    5. Anzeigevorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, die ferner eine zusätzliche organische Materialschicht (140) umfasst, welche die erste leitfähige Schicht (215c) und die organische Materialschicht (160) abdeckt, wobei die zusätzliche organische Materialschicht (140) ein drittes Merkmal (140a) umfasst, das eine dritte Öffnung oder eine dritte Aussparung ist, wobei sich das dritte Merkmal (140a) entlang der Kante des Substrats (100) erstreckt, um die Biegungsachse (BAX) zu kreuzen, um so dem zweiten Merkmal (160a) zu entsprechen.
     
    6. Anzeigevorrichtung nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Länge (d) des zweiten Merkmals (160a) größer ist als die Länge des dritten Merkmals (140a).
     
    7. Anzeigevorrichtung nach Anspruch 5, wobei die zusätzliche organische Materialschicht (140) eine Seite des zweiten Merkmals (160a) abdeckt.
     
    8. Anzeigevorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, die ferner eine leitfähige verbleibende Schicht (215c') über mindestens einem Teil der Seite des zweiten Merkmals (160a) umfasst, wobei die zusätzliche organische Materialschicht (140) die leitfähige verbleibende Schicht (215c') abdeckt.
     
    9. Anzeigevorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei die leitfähige verbleibende Schicht (215c') das gleiche Material wie die erste leitfähige Schicht (215c) umfasst.
     
    10. Anzeigevorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, die ferner eine zweite leitfähige Schicht (213a, 213b) in dem ersten Bereich (1A) oder dem zweiten Bereich (2A) umfasst, so dass sie auf einer Schicht angeordnet ist, die sich von einer Schicht unterscheidet, auf der die erste leitfähige Schicht (215c) angeordnet ist, wobei die zweite leitfähige Schicht (213a, 213b) elektrisch mit der ersten leitfähigen Schicht (215c) verbunden ist.
     
    11. Anzeigevorrichtung nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Dehnungsrate der ersten leitfähigen Schicht (215c) größer ist als die Dehnungsrate der zweiten leitfähigen Schicht (213a, 213b).
     
    12. Anzeigevorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die organische Materialschicht (160) eine zusätzliche Öffnung (160b) oder eine zusätzliche Aussparung (160b) umfasst, die sich entlang einer Kante des Substrats (100) erstreckt, um die Biegungsachse (BAX) zu kreuzen, um dem zweiten Merkmal (160a) benachbart zu sein.
     
    13. Anzeigevorrichtung nach Anspruch 12, wobei die Länge der zusätzlichen Öffnung (160b) oder der zusätzlichen Aussparung (160b) geringer ist als die Länge (d) des zweiten Merkmals (160a) und die zusätzliche Öffnung (160b) oder die zusätzliche Aussparung (160b) eine virtuelle Linie (IL) kreuzt, die sich parallel mit der Biegungsachse (BAX) erstreckt und die eine Mitte des Biegungsbereichs (BA) kreuzt.
     
    14. Anzeigevorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das zweite Merkmal (160a) eine erste Breite an einem ersten Abschnitt, der einer Mitte des Biegungsbereichs (BA) angrenzend ist, und eine zweite Breite, entfernt von dem ersten Abschnitt, aufweist, wobei die erste Breite größer ist als die zweite Breite.
     
    15. Anzeigevorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die organische Materialschicht (160) ferner eine Hilfsöffnung (160c) oder eine Hilfsaussparung (106c) umfasst, die mit dem zweiten Merkmal (160a) verbunden ist und sich in einer Richtung erstreckt, die eine Richtung kreuzt, in der sich das zweite Merkmal (160a) erstreckt.
     
    16. Anzeigevorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, die ferner eine Biegungsschutzschicht (600) umfasst, die das zweite Merkmal (160a) füllt.
     
    17. Anzeigevorrichtung nach Anspruch 16, wobei die Biegungsschutzschicht (600) den Biegungsbereich (BA) abdeckt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif d'affichage, comprenant :

    un substrat (100) comprenant une zone de flexion (BA) entre une première zone (1A) et une deuxième zone (2A), le substrat (100) étant fléchi dans la zone de flexion (BA) autour d'un axe de flexion (BAX) ;

    une couche isolante inorganique (110, 120, 130) au-dessus du substrat (100) et comprenant une première caractéristique (110a, 120a, 130a) constituée par une première ouverture ou un premier évidement, la première caractéristique (110a, 120a, 130a) étant positionnée pour correspondre à la zone de flexion (BA) et chevaucher celle-ci ;

    un couche de matériau organique (160) agencée sur le substrat (100) dans la zone de flexion (BA) et sur la couche isolante inorganique (110, 120, 130), la couche de matériau organique (160) remplissant au moins en partie la première caractéristique (110a, 120a, 130a) et recouvrant la surface interne des premières caractéristiques (110a, 120a, 130a) de la couche isolante inorganique (110, 120, 130) ; et

    une première couche conductrice (215c) s'étendant de la première zone (1A) à travers la zone de flexion (BA) vers la deuxième zone (2A) dans une direction croisant l'axe de flexion (BAX) et agencée sur la couche de matériau organique (160) ;

    dans lequel la couche de matériau organique (160) comprend une deuxième caractéristique (160a) constituée par une deuxième ouverture ou un deuxième évidement, la deuxième caractéristique (160a) s'étendant le long d'un bord du substrat (100) afin de croiser l'axe de flexion (BAX).


     
    2. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la zone de la première caractéristique (110a, 120a, 130a) est plus grande que la zone de la zone de flexion (BA).
     
    3. Dispositif d'affichage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la longueur (d) de la deuxième caractéristique (160b) est supérieure à la largeur (BAw) de la zone de flexion (BA) dans une direction allant de la première zone (1A) vers la deuxième zone (2A).
     
    4. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la largeur (OW) de la première caractéristique (110a, 120a, 130a) est supérieure à la longueur (d) de la deuxième caractéristique (160a).
     
    5. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 4, comprenant en outre une couche de matériau organique additionnelle (140) recouvrant la première couche conductrice (215c) et la couche de matériau organique (160), la couche de matériau organique additionnelle (140) comprenant une troisième caractéristique (140a) constituée par une troisième ouverture ou un troisième évidement, la troisième caractéristique (140a) s'étendant le long du bord du substrat (100) pour croiser l'axe de flexion (BAX), de sorte à correspondre à la deuxième caractéristique (160a).
     
    6. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la longueur (d) de la deuxième caractéristique (160a) est supérieure à la longueur de la troisième caractéristique (140a).
     
    7. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la couche de matériau organique additionnelle (140) recouvre un côté de la deuxième caractéristique (160a) ;
     
    8. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 7, comprenant en outre une couche conductrice résiduelle (215c') sur au moins une partie du côté de la deuxième caractéristique (160a), dans lequel la couche de matériau organique additionnelle (140) recouvre la couche conductrice résiduelle (215c').
     
    9. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 8, dans lequel la couche conductrice résiduelle (215c') comprend le même matériau que la première couche conductrice (215c).
     
    10. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une deuxième couche conductrice (213a, 213b) dans la première zone (1A) ou la deuxième zone (2A) de sorte à être agencée sur une couche différente d'une couche sur laquelle est agencée la première couche conductrice (215c), la deuxième couche conductrice (213a, 213b) étant connectée électriquement à la première couche conductrice (215c).
     
    11. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le taux d'allongement de la première couche conductrice (215c) est supérieur au taux d'allongement de la deuxième couche conductrice (213a, 213b).
     
    12. Dispositif d'affichage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la couche de matériau organique (160) comprend une ouverture additionnelle (160b) ou un évidement additionnel (160b) s'étendant le long d'un bord du substrat (100) pour croiser l'axe de flexion (BAX) pour être adjacente à la deuxième caractéristique (160a).
     
    13. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 12, dans lequel la longueur de l'ouverture additionnelle (160b) ou de l'évidement additionnel (160b) est inférieure à la longueur (d) de la deuxième caractéristique (160a) et l'ouverture additionnelle (160b) ou l'évidement additionnel (160b) croise une ligne virtuelle (IL) s'étendant de manière parallèle à l'axe de flexion (BAX) et croisant un centre de la zone de flexion (BA).
     
    14. Dispositif d'affichage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la deuxième caractéristique (160a) a une première largeur au niveau d'une première portion proche d'un centre de la zone de flexion (BA), et une deuxième largeur en un point éloigné de la première position, la première largeur étant supérieure à la deuxième largeur.
     
    15. Dispositif d'affichage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la couche de matériau organique (160) comprend en outre une ouverture auxiliaire (160c) ou un évidement auxiliaire (160c) connecté à la deuxième caractéristique (160a) et s'étendant dans une direction croisant une direction dans laquelle s'étend la deuxième caractéristique (160a).
     
    16. Dispositif d'affichage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre une couche de protection de flexion (600) remplissant la deuxième caractéristique (160a).
     
    17. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 16, dans lequel la couche de protection de flexion (600) recouvre la zone de flexion (BA).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description