(19)
(11)EP 3 288 835 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.10.2023 Bulletin 2023/43

(21)Application number: 16787218.3

(22)Date of filing:  29.04.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B65B 43/04(2006.01)
B65B 41/16(2006.01)
B65B 51/02(2006.01)
B65B 47/06(2006.01)
B65B 43/10(2006.01)
B65B 41/06(2006.01)
B65B 51/10(2006.01)
B31B 70/81(2017.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
A47G 21/00; B65D 65/14; B65D 65/22; B65D 75/525; A47G 21/001; B31B 70/008; B31B 70/262; B31B 2155/0014; B31B 70/8131
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2016/030046
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/176554 (03.11.2016 Gazette  2016/44)

(54)

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FORMING PACKAGES

VERFAHREN UND SYSTEM ZUR HERSTELLUNG VON PACKUNGEN

PROCÉDÉ ET SYSTÈME POUR FORMER DES EMBALLAGES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 29.04.2015 US 201562179172 P
08.05.2015 US 201562179480 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.03.2018 Bulletin 2018/10

(73)Proprietor: Graphic Packaging International, LLC
Atlanta, GA 30328 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • WALSH, Joseph, C.
    Boulder, CO 80301 (US)

(74)Representative: Grättinger Möhring von Poschinger Patentanwälte Partnerschaft mbB 
Wittelsbacherstrasse 2b
82319 Starnberg
82319 Starnberg (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 729 828
DE-B- 1 147 379
JP-A- 2008 105 707
US-A- 2 114 625
US-A- 4 627 223
US-A- 5 772 569
US-A1- 2014 128 235
DE-A1- 1 810 965
GB-A- 632 554
NL-C- 87 840
US-A- 2 134 057
US-A- 5 282 349
US-A1- 2004 074 947
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    CROSS-REFERENCED TO RELATED APPLICATIONS



    [0001] This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/179,172, filed on April 29, 2015, and U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/179,480, filed on May 8, 2015.

    BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE



    [0002] The present disclosure generally relates to reinforced packages for holding products and to methods of forming the packages. More specifically, the present disclosure is directed to methods and systems for forming the packages including a liner having a gusseted bottom portion and a reinforcing construct attached to the liner.

    [0003] Bags or liners, such as paper or plastic bags, traditionally have been used for the packaging and transport of products from bulk materials such as rice or sand to larger items. Bags or liners generally are inexpensive and easy to manufacture and can be formed in different configurations and sizes, and can be used for storage and transport of a wide variety of products. In particular, in the Fast Food industry, bags or liners are frequently used for packaging of prepared food items, such as sandwiches, etc. Currently, there is a growing demand for bags or liners or similar packages for use in packaging various products, including sandwiches, French fries, and other prepared food items, for presentation to consumers. However, it is equally important that the costs of such packages necessarily must be minimized as much as possible. While various packages designs including reinforcing or supporting materials have been developed, often, the manufacture of such specialty bags or liners having reinforcing layers or materials supplied thereto has required multiple stages or operations, which can significantly increase the cost of manufacture of such packages.

    [0004] US 2,114,625 A discloses a method of forming reinforced packages and a corresponding system, the method comprising: forming an attached web by adhering a construct to a web of material; moving the attached web in a downstream direction through at least a web edge forming assembly, the moving the attached web comprising moving the construct with the web of material; at least partially forming a folded web by folding at least a portion of the web of material as the attached web moves through a web folding assembly; and forming a reinforced product comprising a liner and the construct by separating the liner from a remainder of the folded web, the construct being adhered to the liner. GB 632,554 A, DE 18 10 965 A and NL 87 840 C disclose similar methods and systems for forming reinforced packages. These prior art systems and methods, however, still leave room for improvement.

    SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE



    [0005] In general, one aspect of the invention is directed to a method of forming reinforced packages as per claim 1.

    [0006] In another aspect, the invention is generally directed to a system for forming reinforced packages as per claim 14.

    [0007] Additional aspects, features, and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description and accompanying figures.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0008] Those skilled in the art will appreciate the above stated advantages and other advantages and benefits of various additional embodiments reading the following detailed description of the embodiments with reference to the below-listed drawing figures.

    [0009] According to common practice, the various features of the drawings discussed below are not necessarily drawn to scale. Dimensions of various features and elements in the drawings may be expanded or reduced to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the invention.

    Fig. 1 is an exterior view of a reinforced package including a folded construct and a liner according to an exemplary embodiment of the disclosure.

    Fig. 2 is a plan view of an exterior side of a blank or construct used to form the folded construct of Fig. 1 according to the exemplary embodiment of the disclosure

    Fig. 3 is a plan view of a portion of a web of material for forming the liner of Fig. 1 according to the exemplary embodiment of the disclosure.

    Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the reinforced package of Fig. 1 according to the exemplary embodiment of the disclosure.

    Fig. 5 is a perspective view showing a food item disposed in a pouch of the reinforced package of Fig. 4 according to the exemplary embodiment of the disclosure.

    Figs. 6 and 7 are perspective views showing the folding of the reinforced package of Fig. 5 according to the exemplary embodiment of the disclosure.

    Fig. 8 is a schematic illustration of a system and method of forming reinforced packages according to the exemplary embodiment of the disclosure.

    Figs. 9-13 are perspective views of a carton feeder, an adhesive applicator, and an attachment assembly of the system of Fig. 5 schematically showing the carton feeder, the adhesive applicator, and the attachment assembly feeding constructs and attaching the constructs to a web of material to form an attached web according to the exemplary embodiment of the disclosure.

    Figs. 14-16 are perspective views of a we edge forming assembly of the system of Fig. 5 schematically showing the web edge forming assembly forming a folded web according to the exemplary embodiment of the disclosure.

    Figs. 17 and 18 perspective views of a construct forming assembly of the system of Fig. 5 schematically showing the construct forming assembly folding the constructs over the folded web according to the exemplary embodiment of the disclosure.

    Fig. 19 is a perspective view of a heat sealer assembly of the system of Fig. 5 schematically showing the heat sealer assembly sealing at least a portion of the folded web according to the exemplary embodiment of the disclosure.

    Figs. 20 and 21 are perspective views of a cutter assembly and a conveyor assembly of the system of Fig. 5 schematically showing the cutting of the attached web into individual reinforced packages according to the exemplary embodiment of the disclosure.



    [0010] Corresponding parts are designated by corresponding reference numbers throughout the drawings.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS



    [0011] The present disclosure generally relates to a system and method of forming reinforced packages for holding products such as food products or other articles. Packages according to the present disclosure can accommodate articles of any shape. The packages can comprise a bag, liner, or wrap material comprising a relatively flexible material attached to a reinforcing construct comprising a relatively rigid material (e.g., paperboard). The bags or liners can generally be made from a paper, plastic or other stock material and can be attached to the reinforcing construct. In one embodiment, the liners comprise polyethylene material or any other suitable heat-sealable material. The reinforcing construct can be of varying widths and can extend about or beyond ends of the liner, and will provide support for the liners upon loading with a product or article or series of articles therein. In some embodiments, the reinforcing construct can be folded with their liners around the food product or article contained in the liner and can provide relative rigidity to the resulting package.

    [0012] Fig. 1 illustrates a reinforced package generally indicated at 7 for containing a food product F (Fig. 5), according to one embodiment of the disclosure. The package 7 includes a folded construct 9 formed from a construct or blank 3 (Fig. 2) and a liner 5 attached to the construct. Fig. 1 shows the exterior surface of the folded construct 9 with a portion of the liner 5 behind the folded construct, and the hidden features of the liner 5 in Fig. 1 are shown in phantom. In one embodiment, the folded construct 9 wraps around the food product that is contained or wrapped in the liner 5 (Figs. 5-7). In some embodiments, the construct 9 is used to carry the food product and reinforce the package 7. The package 7 can contain the food product that can be a fast-food item (e.g., sandwich, burrito, wrap, taco, etc.) or any other food item. In one embodiment, the liner 5 can comprises a flexible sheet of material, for example, paper, a polymer film, metallic foil, etc., that may be suitable for forming a flexible package, such as a pouch, or may otherwise be suitable for wrapping the food product. The construct 3 and folded construct 9 can comprise a reinforcing sheet comprising a dimensionally stable and/or somewhat rigid or stiff material (e.g., paperboard) that may be suitable for being folded into a desired structure and substantially maintain its configuration, while providing some inherent degree of flexibility to the package 7. The construct 9 can have locking features for securing the construct to the food product in a locked arrangement and features for facilitating forming of the construct around the food product.

    [0013] The package 7. the construct 3, the liner 5, and the folded construct 9 are shown and described in one exemplary embodiment of the disclosure, and the package 7 can be formed by one embodiment of the system and method of the present disclosure. Further embodiments of blanks, liners, constructs, and packages that are applicable to the present disclosure and that can be formed by one embodiment of the system and method of the present disclosure are included in U.S. Patent Application No. 14/919,072, filed October 21, 2015. Various other designs and embodiments of the blank, liner, folded construct, and package could also be suitable for formation by one embodiment of the system and method of the present disclosure.

    [0014] As shown in Fig. 2, the construct or blank 3 has a lateral axis L1 and a longitudinal axis L2. The blank 3 can include a first portion 8 at a first end 12 and a second portion 10 proximate to a second end 14. A plurality of lateral fold lines 11 can extend across the width of the blank 3 at the second end 10 generally near the second longitudinal end 14 of the blank. The fold lines 11 can form independently moveable end panels 13a, 13b, 13c in the second portion 10 of the blank 3. Another lateral fold line 29 can extend adjacent the first portion 8 of the blank. As shown in Fig. 2, the blank 3 includes a male locking feature 15 at the first longitudinal end 12 of the blank. In one embodiment, the male locking feature 15 has a curved cut 21 that extends from the generally curved edges of the blank 3. In one embodiment, the cut 21 can at least partially form a male locking tab 31 of the male locking feature 15. In the illustrated embodiment, the second portion 10 of the blank 3 can include a female locking feature 23 that can include a plurality of openings 25 having curved cuts at respective corners of the openings. The male locking tab 31 can be shaped for being received in a selected one of the openings 25 of the female locking feature 23 so that the male locking tab 31 at least partially interlocks with the respective female locking opening 25. The blank 3 including at least the male locking tab 15 and the female locking feature 23 could have other features and could be otherwise shaped, arranged, positioned, and/or configured without departing from the disclosure.

    [0015] According to the illustrated embodiment, Fig. 3 shows a portion of a web of material 101 (e.g., see Fig. 8) that can be formed into the liner 5. As shown in Figs. 1 and 3, the liner 5 and/or the web of material 101 can include a bottom marginal portion 45 connected to a central portion 46 by a gusset 52 with folds 50. Scrap portions 56 can be removed from the gusset 52, the bottom marginal portion 45, and the central portion 56 during formation of the package 7 as described in more detail below so that the liner 5 has rounded corners. As shown in Fig. 3, the liner 5 can include seal features 54, which can include adhesive (e.g., a heat activated glue) for at least partially sealing the end portions of the pouch 48 as described below in more detail. Alternatively, the web of material 101 can comprise a heat sealable material (e.g., a thermoplastic) and the seal features 54 could be sealed by raised features on a heat sealer, for example.

    [0016] In the illustrated embodiment, the gusset 52 can include three folds 50 in the liner 5 so that two gusset panels 51 are foldably connected to the respective bottom marginal portion 45 and central portion 46 along respective folds 50, and so that the gusset panels 51 are foldably connected to one another along the intermediate fold 50. In one embodiment, the folds 50 can be generally perpendicular to the longitudinal axis L2 and to the length of the blank 3 as shown in Fig. 1. As shown in Fig. 3, the folds 50 could be formed in the web 101 prior to forming the liner 5 and the package 7. Alternatively, the folds 50 could be formed in the web during the formation of the liner 5. The web of material 101 and/or the liner 5 could be otherwise shaped, arranged, positioned, and/or configured without departing from the disclosure. For example, one or more of the seal features 54 could be omitted. In an alternative embodiment, the gusset 52 could be omitted and the bottom marginal portion 45 of the liner 5 could be foldably connected to the central portion 45 along a fold 50.

    [0017] As shown in Figs. 1 and 4, and as described in more detail below with reference to Figs. 8-21, package 7 can be formed, for example, by attaching the blank 3 to the web of material 101, folding the web of material 101 to form a pouch 48, folding the blank 3 to form the folded construct 9, sealing the ends of the pouch at the seal features 54, and separating the liner 5 from a remainder of the web. In one embodiment, and as described in more detail below with reference to Figs. 8 and 14-16, the pouch 48 can be formed in the web of material 101 by folding the bottom marginal portion 45 over the central portion 46 and folding the gusset 52 inwardly so that the gusset panels 51 are disposed between the bottom marginal portion 45 and the central portion 46 of the web 101. In the illustrated embodiment, and as described in more detail below with reference to Figs. 8, 17, and 18, the folded construct 9 can be formed by folding one or more of the end panels 13a, 13b, 13c along the respective fold lines 11 over the bottom marginal portion 45 and the gusset 52 of the web. For example, as shown in Fig 1, the end panels 13a, 13b can be folded with respect to the end panel 13c and the remainder of the blank 3 over the pouch 48. In one embodiment, one or more of the end panels 13a, 13b, 13c can be at least partially adhered to the web 101 and/or the liner 5. In one embodiment, and as described in more detail below with reference to Figs. 8 and 19, the ends of the pouch 38 can be sealed by sealing (e.g., heat sealing) the folded bottom marginal portion 45, gusset 52, and central portion 46 of the web 101 together at at least the seal features 54. In the illustrated embodiment, the pouch 48 is oriented to be generally transverse to the longitudinal length of the blank 3 (e.g., along the width of the blank) and disposed on the second portion 10 adjacent the panel 13c. In one embodiment, the panels 13a, 13b, 13c serve as a convenient place to hold the food item F when the package is partially unwrapped for holding and/or consuming at least a portion of the food item. The package 7, including the liner 5 and/or the construct 9, could be otherwise formed without departing from the disclosure. For example, the blank 3 could be attached to the web 101 so that the length of the blank is generally parallel to the pouch 48.

    [0018] As shown in Fig. 4. the pouch 48 can be opened such as by folding the unsealed portion of the bottom marginal portion 45 (e.g., between the seal features 54) upwardly and expanding the gusset 52. In addition, the end panels 13a, 13b, 13c of the construct 9 can be folded with respect to one another along the fold lines 11 as the pouch 48 is opened. As shown in Fig. 5, a food item F can be inserted at least partially into the pouch 48. The gusset 52 can expand and the end panels 13a, 13b, 13c can fold with respect to one another as needed to accommodate the size of the food product F in one embodiment. As shown in Fig. 6. the sides of the liner 5 can be folded over the food item F and one or more of the end panels 13a, 13b, 13c. As shown in Fig. 7, the first portion 8 of the blank 5 can be folded over the second portion 10 and the food item F, the top marginal portion of the liner 5 folding over the food item F as well at least partially enwrap the food product. Accordingly, Fig. 7 shows the package 7 including the liner 5 and the construct 9 wrapped around the food item F to enclose the food item, and the first portion 8 of the construct 9 overlaps the second portion 10 of the construct.

    [0019] As shown in Fig. 7, the male locking tab 31 can be inserted into a selected female locking opening 25 of the female locking feature 23 based on the size of the food product and the tightness of the fit of the construct 9 around the food product. In one embodiment, the fold lines 11 and the end panels 13a, 13b, 13c facilitate the formation of the pouch 48 by allowing the liner 5 to expand and hold the food product F. Additionally, the lateral fold lines 11, 29 can help the construct 9 to at least partially conform to the shape of the food item F. The package 7 could be fonned by additional or different steps without departing from the disclosure. Additionally, the first portion 8 and the second portion 10 of the construct 9 can be otherwise engaged and/or secured to one another. For example, in addition or alternatively to the male locking feature 15 and the female locking feature 23, the first portion 8 and the second portion 10 could be secured together by an adhesive (e.g., an adhesive sticker, retack glue, and/or tape) or any other suitable securing method.

    [0020] Fig. 8 generally illustrates an example embodiment and various example components of a system and method 100 for forming the reinforced packages (e.g., reinforced packages 7) in accordance with the disclosure. In the illustrated embodiment, the packaging system 100 attaches the web of material 101 for forming the liners 5 of the packages 7 to the constructs 3, which can be folded to form folded constructs 9, and the attached constructs and web move through a respective packaging system or machine 100 from an upstream end 103 to a downstream end 105 generally in a machine direction M, and are formed into the individual packages by various portions and components of the system as discussed further below. The system and method 100 of the present disclosure can have similar or identical features, methods, processes, and/or components as the system and methods disclosed in U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/179,172, filed April 29, 2015, and U.S. Patent Application No. 15/142,103, filed April 29, 2016.

    [0021] As illustrated in Fig. 8, in one embodiment 100 of the system and method for manufacturing reinforced packages 7, the web of liner material 101, which can include paper, polyethylene or other material including flexible and heat-sealable materials, is fed from a roll or supply 102. The liner material 101 can be unprinted or preprinted with various designs, lettering, labels or other graphics and can be perforated, printed roll stock that can include patterned adhesive 104 (e.g., a heat activated adhesive) that is positioned to facilitate forming the web 101 into the liners 5 having bottom end portions 45 that overlap main or central portions 46 of the liner and have pouches 48, gussets 52, and sealed regions 54. The patterned adhesive 104 is shown schematically in Fig. 8. In an alternative embodiment, the adhesive 104 could be applied to the web of material 101 after it is unrolled from the supply 102. The adhesive 104 could be disposed on the web in seal areas forming seal features (e.g., seal features 54 described above). As noted above, the gussets 52 or other features of the liners 5 can be omitted or modified without departing from the disclosure.

    [0022] In one embodiment, a carton feeder 107 is positioned at the upstream end 103 of the system 100 and includes a stack 108 of constructs 3 that are fed to a blank conveyor 109. The blank conveyor 109 moves the constructs 3 in the machine direction M towards the web 101 of bag material. In one embodiment, the carton feeder 107 is a pick and place type carton feeder, as shown in Fig. 8, that includes an arm 110 that picks a construct 3 from the stack 108 and transfers it to the blank conveyor 109. A pick and place type carton feeder is further shown in Figs. 5, 6A, and 6B of U.S. Patent Application No. 15/142,103, filed April 29, 2016. Alternatively, as shown in Figs. 9-11 and 13, the carton feeder 107 could be replaced by a belt driven carton feeder 207 that conveys a construct 3 from the stack at relatively higher speeds than the pick and place type carton feeder 107. The carton feeder could comprise other types of feeders such as mechanisms that convey blanks 3 directed from a blank cutting station, or any other suitable types of feeders or other mechanisms without departing from the disclosure. For example, the upstream end 103 of the system 100 could include inline printing machines and processes that print graphics and other features on the roll of paperboard material and die cutters or other cutting machines and processes that cut the printed roll directly into blanks 3 that are directly fed from the die cutters to the blank conveyor 109. Any other suitable processes and apparatus for processing the blanks 3 could be included without departing from the scope of this disclosure.

    [0023] As shown in Figs. 8-13, the blank conveyor 109 includes two spaced apart belts or tracks 111 with lugs 113 for engaging a series of constructs 3 and conveying the constructs in the machine direction M. A lug 113 on one of the spaced apart lug belts 111 cooperates with a lug 113 on the other lug belt 111 to convey a respective construct 3 in the blank conveyor 109. In the illustrated embodiment, the lug belts 111 can be endless belts, each with a plurality of the lugs 113 spaced along the respective belt. In one embodiment, the lugs 113 can be spaced on the lug belts 111 by approximately the width of the liners 5 in the reinforced packages 7. The blank conveyor 109 receives the constructs 3 from the carton feeder 107 (Fig. 8) or the carton feeder 207 (Figs. 9-13) and moves the series of constructs 3 from the carton feeder 107 or 207 to an attachment assembly 115 of the packaging system 100 wherein the web of material 101 is attached to the constructs 3 by adhesive. As shown in Figs. 9-11 and 13, the blank conveyor 109 can include one or more stop bars 112 or other suitable features that can engage the constructs 3 as the lug belts 111 move the constructs 3 past the stop bar 112. Accordingly, as the lug belts 111 move the constructs 3 downstream, the stop bar 112 can hold the constructs 3 until respectively adjacent lugs 113 move downstream on the respective belts 111 to engage an upstream end of the construct 3. Accordingly, in one example, the constructs 3 can be properly positioned for attachment to the web of material 101 in the attachment assembly 115. Subsequently, the lugs 1 13 can push the respective constructs 3 toward the attachment assembly 115.

    [0024] In one embodiment, a construct 3 on the blank conveyor 9 can be engaged by the stop bar 112 and two lugs 113 can engage the upstream edge of the construct 3 to push the construct 3 downstream past the stop bar 112 as shown in Fig. 9. As the construct 3 moves downstream on the blank conveyor 109, a subsequent construct can be ejected from the carton feeder 207 (Fig. 10), and can be guided onto the lug belts 111 (Fig. 11). The subsequent construct 3 may move on the belts 111 (e.g., due to friction), but the construct 3 can engage the stop bar 112, which can retain the construct 3 until subsequent lugs 113 engage the subsequent construct 3. Meanwhile, the downstream construct 3 can continue to be pushed downstream by the lugs 113. Accordingly, in one embodiment, the constructs 3 can be spaced apart on the blank conveyor 109. The constructs 3 could alternatively be received and/or positioned on the blank conveyor 109 without departing from the disclosure.

    [0025] In one embodiment, the attachment region 115 of the system 100 includes an adhesive applicator 116 (Figs. 8-13) for applying adhesive to the constructs 3. In one embodiment, the adhesive applicator 116 can include one or more adhesive outlets 116a mounted on a frame 116b above the blank conveyor 109 so that the adhesive applicator 116 can apply an adhesive (e.g., adhesive 118 shown schematically in Figs. 10-12) to the upper surfaces of the constructs 3 as they pass under the adhesive applicator 116 and prior to engaging the constructs 3 with the web of material 101. As shown in Figs. 8, 12, and 13, the web of material 101 can be unrolled from the roll 102 over one or more rollers and directed to move in the machine direction M over (e.g., generally parallel to) the lug belts 111 so that the web of material 101 can be brought into contact with the constructs 3 in the attachment assembly 115. In the illustrated embodiment, the attachment assembly 115 can include an adhesive compression nip roller 117 (Figs. 8, 12, and 13) downstream from the adhesive applicator 116 over the web of material 101. An opposing nip roller or other surface (not shown) can be disposed below the constructs 3. Accordingly, the nip rollers can receive the web of material 101 and the constructs 3 and press the web of material 101 against the constructs 3 to adhesively attach the web to the constructs via the adhesive 118, for example. In one embodiment, the nip roller 117 and the opposing roller can be disposed between the lug belts 111 so that the lugs 113 can pass by the rollers. The construct 3 can be attached to the web 101 by other suitable mechanisms without departing from the disclosure.

    [0026] In one embodiment, as shown in Figs. 8 and 14, the web 101 with constructs 3 attached (hereinafter the attached web W') travels from the blank conveyor 109 through a series of rollers 121, 123 and to a web edge forming assembly 125 (Figs. 14-16) of the system 100. The web edge forming assembly 125 can include web folding features for forming the web of material 101 into a folded 101'. In one embodiment, the web edge forming assembly 125 includes a forming roll 126 and guides that form and shape the web 101 into the folded web 101' wherein the bottom portion 45 overlaps the main portion 46 of the folded web 101' and the gusset 52 is formed between the bottom portion 45 and the main portion 46 (e.g., as shown in Figs. 1, 4, 15, and 16). In one embodiment, as shown in Figs. 14-16, the web edge forming assembly 125 can include a forming roll 126, guide rollers 128, 128a, an inner forming plate 129, and an outer guide plate 130 that form and shape the web 101 into the folded web 101' having the side gussets 52 and fold lines 50 (e.g., Figs. 1, 3, and 4). As shown in Figs. 14 and 15, the forming roll 126 can engage the main portion 46 of the web of material 101, and the marginal bottom portion 45 of the web of material 101 can fold upwardly at the forming roll 126 to the guide rollers 128. In the illustrated embodiment, the guide rollers 128 can direct the marginal bottom portion 45 over the inner forming plate 129 and adjacent the outer guide plate 130. Additional guide rollers 128a (Figs. 15 and 16) can help direct the main portion 46 of the folded 101'. In one embodiment, the inner forming plate 129 can be spaced apart from the main portion 46 of the folded web so that the gusset portion 52 extends generally vertically between the main portion 46 and the marginal bottom portion 45 and adjacent to the outer guide plate 130. Accordingly, the marginal bottom portion 45of the folded web 101' is engaged between the inner forming plate 129 and the guide rollers 128 to move the marginal bottom portion from being generally planar with the main portion 46 (e.g., upstream from the forming roll 126) to being at least partially overlapped with and extending over the main portion 46 downstream from the forming roll 128.

    [0027] In the illustrated embodiment, the gussets 52 of the folded web 101' can be formed by the inner forming plate 129 (Figs. 15 and 16), the outer guide plate 130 (Figs. 15 and 16), and a flexible plate 132 (Fig. 16) disposed downstream from the inner forming plate and the outer guide plate. In one embodiment, the inner forming plate 129 can be angled downwardly so that the upstream end of the inner forming plate 129 (Figs. 14 and 15) is spaced farther from the main portion 46 of the folded web 101' than the downstream end of the forming plate (Fig. 16). Additionally the outer guide plate 130 can include an inwardly-directly horizontal plate 130a. The outer guide plate 130 with the horizontal plate 130a can be angled inwardly so that the outer guide plate 130 is spaced outwardly from the folded web 101' at the upstream end of the web edge forming assembly 125 (Figs. 14 and 15), and so that the horizontal plate 130a engages the gusset portion 52 of the folded web 101' and pushes it inwardly between the bottom portion 45 and the main portion 46 of the folded web as the inner forming plate 129 lowers the bottom portion 45. Accordingly, in one embodiment, as the attached web W' moves in the machine direction M, the inner forming plate 129 can lower the bottom portions 45 toward the main portion 46 of the folded web 101' while the horizontal plate 130a pushes the gusset portion 52of the folded web 101' inwardly (e.g., folds the gusset panels 51 along the folds 50). As shown in Fig. 16, as the folded web 101' moves downstream from the inner forming plate 129 and the outer guide plate 130, the gusset panels 51 overlap one another between the main portion 46 and the bottom portion 45. The flexible plate 132 can apply downward pressure on the folded web 101' to help form the folds 50 of the gusset 52 and/or to generally flatten the folded web 101'. The web edge forming assembly 125 could be otherwise configured without departing from the disclosure.

    [0028] In one embodiment, the attached web W' moves from the web edge forming assembly 125 to a construct folding assembly 131 of the system 100. In one embodiment, the carton forming assembly 131 includes construct folding features (Figs. 17 and 18) that position the various flaps and panels of the construct 3. The construct folding assembly 131 can include an adhesive applicator 135 that applies adhesive to the portion of the construct 3 (e.g., end panel 13a as shown in Fig. 17) that will overlap the bottom portion 45 of the liner 5 and be attached to the bottom portion. In one embodiment the construct forming assembly 131 includes a series of folders that position the various flaps and panels of the construct 3. In the embodiment of Fig. 8 only one or more of the end panels 13a, 13b, 13c that overlap the bottom portion 45 of the liner 5 is folded to be in face-to-face contact and adhesively attached to the bottom portion, but the carton folding assembly 131 could position or fold other portions of the construct 3 without departing from the disclosure. Also, the construct forming assembly 131 could include a carton adhesive applicator for applying adhesive to the construct 3 so that panels or portions of the construct can be overlapped and adhered to together as the attached web W' moves through the construct forming assembly 131. As shown in Fig. 8, the features of the construct folding assembly 131 can at least partially overlap with the web edge forming assembly 125 so that the adhesive applicator 135 can apply glue to the constructs 3 and the constructs 3 can be folded as the folded web 101' is formed. Alternatively, as shown in Figs. 17 and 18, the glue can be applied to the constructs 3 and the constructs 3 can be folded downstream from the web edge forming assembly 125.

    [0029] As shown in Figs. 17 and 18, the adhesive applicator can apply adhesive (e.g., an adhesive 136 shown schematically in Fig. 17) to the construct 3 (e.g., to at least one of the end panels 13a, 13b, 13c) so that one or more of the end panels 13a, 13b, 13c can be overlapped and adhered to at least the bottom portion 45 of the folded web 101' (Fig. 18) to form the construct 3 into the folded construct 9 as the attached web W' moves through the carton forming assembly 131. In the illustrated embodiment, the construct forming assembly 131 can include folding plates including an outer wedge plate 133a, an inner guide plate 133b, and a forming plate 134. As shown in Figs. 17 and 18, the inner guide plate 133b can extend over the construct 3 (e.g., adjacent and inward of one of the fold lines 11 - Fig. 2), and the outer wedge plate 133a can push one or more of the end panels 13a, 13b, 13c upwardly to extend generally vertically between the outer wedge plate 133a and the inner guide plate 133b, folding the construct 3 at at least one of the fold lines 11 in one embodiment. As shown in Figs. 17 and 18, the forming plate 134 can have an inner edge that is angled inwardly to further fold the end panel(s) 13a, 13b, 13c downwardly over the folded web 101'. Additionally, the forming plates 134 can press the end panels against the folded web so that the adhesive 136 can attach the end panel(s) to the tube. The construct forming assembly 131 could be omitted or could be otherwise configured without departing from the disclosure. For example, the construct forming assembly 131 could use forming belts instead of or in addition to the folding plates shown in Figs. 17 and 18. Alternatively, the construct 3 could be left unfolded in the package 7 by the system 100 and could be folded later (e.g., by another process and system and/or by a user wrapping a food item F in the package 7).

    [0030] As shown in Figs. 8 and 19, the attached web W' moves from the carton forming assembly 131 through two drive rollers 136, 137 and into a rotary heat sealer assembly 139 that is downstream from the drive rollers. In one embodiment, the attached web W' moves upward from the drive rollers 136, 137 to the rotary bag sealer assembly 139 that includes a heat seal roller 141 and a pair of heat seal arms 143. In one embodiment, the roller 141 generally can have a cylindrical shape with a curved outer surface 144, and the heat seal arms 143 each can have a curved inner surface 146 that is generally complementary with the outer surface 144 of the roller 141. As the attached web W' moves over the roller 141, the heat seal arms 143 can be pressed against the roller 141 so that at least a portion of the attached web W' (e.g., the overlapped bottom portion 45, gusset 52, and main portion 46 of the folded web 101') is pressed between the outer surface 144 and the inner surfaces 146. At least one of the roller 141 and the heat seal arms 143 can be heated in order to activate the heat activated adhesive 104 to bond the overlapped bottom portion 45, gusset 52, and main portion 46 of the folded web 101' and at least partially seal the ends of the pouch 48 at the seal features 54 (e.g., Figs. 4 and 5). Alternatively, the web of material 101 can comprise a heat sealable material (e.g., a polyethylene laminate or other suitable thermoplastic) in combination with or alternatively to the heat activated adhesive. For example, the heat seal roller 141 can include a pattern of raised features (not shown) on the outer surface 144. The raised features could be arranged and the rotation of the heat seal roller can be timed such that the raised features are generally in registration with the seal features 54 on the folded web 101' as the folded web moves over the heat seal roller and engages the outer surface 144. In this embodiment, the seal features 54 can be pressed between the inner surfaces 146 of the heat seal arms 143 and the raised features on the outer surface 144 of the heat seal roller 141, and heat can be applied to the seal features 54 by the heat seal arms 143 and/or the roller 141. Accordingly, the overlapping layers of the folded web 101' (e.g., portions of the central portion 46, the gusset panels 51, and/or the marginal portion 45) generally can be sealed together where the seal features 54 are in registration with the raised features of the roller 141. In one embodiment, the portions of the folded web 101' that are not in registration with the raised features of the roller 141 generally are not sealed.

    [0031] The rotary heat sealer assembly 139 could have other components or be otherwise configured. For example, the rotary heat sealer assembly could be similar to the rotary bag sealer assembly disclosed in U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/179,172 and U.S. Patent Application No. 15/142,103 and could have a heat seal arm and/or a roller with a square or rectangular cross-sectional shape so that the roller includes four edges or corners around the circumference of the roller that engage the attached web W', with the heat seal arm in contact with the roller to join the layers of overlapped material. Further, the rotary heat sealer assembly 139 could be omitted or could be otherwise shaped, arranged, and/or configured without departing from the disclosure. For example, the pouch 48 could be left unsealed or could be sealed by another system and/or process.

    [0032] In one embodiment, the system 100 includes scrap cutting assembly 145 (schematically shown in Fig. 8) that trims and shapes the attached web W' to have the desired shape of the liner. For example, the assembly 145 can be a rotary die scrap cutting assembly that includes an upper or cutting roller 147 and a lower roller 149 that cooperate to trim the web material 101 of the attached web W' to remove the scrap portions 56 (e.g., Fig. 3) of the package 7. Alternatively, the cutting assembly 145 could trim one or more portions of the construct 3 or folded construct 9, as needed, or alternative shapes and scrap portions of the web material without departing from the disclosure. The cutting assembly 145 could include other apparatus or methods for cutting and/or trimming the web material 101, and the cutting assembly 145 could be omitted without departing from the disclosure.

    [0033] As shown in Fig. 9, the system 100 includes a vacuum scrap removal system 150 (schematically shown in Fig. 8) downstream of the scrap cutting assembly 145. The vacuum scrap removal system 150 removes the scrap portions 56 from the attached web W' by a vacuum conveyor that pulls the scrap portions into a removal chute 152. The vacuum scrap removal system 150 could be other than a vacuum system and could be omitted or could be otherwise shaped, arranged, and/or configured without departing from the disclosure.

    [0034] In one embodiment, the system 100 includes a rotary cutting assembly 151 (schematically shown in Fig. 8) downstream from the rotary bag sealer assembly 139, the rotary die scrap cutter 145, and the vacuum scarp removal system 152. The rotary cutting assembly 151 includes a cutting roller 153 and a base roller 155 that cut the attached web W' into the individual packages 7. The attached web W' is cut and separated into individual packages 7 by cutting the folded web 101' at the location corresponding to the side edges of the package 7. The attached web W' can be cut and formed into the packages 7 by other mechanisms without departing from the disclosure. Further, the rotary cutting assembly 151 could be omitted or could be otherwise shaped, arranged, and/or configured without departing from the disclosure.

    [0035] In one embodiment, as shown in Fig. 20, the scrap cutting assembly 145 and the rotary cutting assembly 151 can be combined in a cutting assembly 251. As shown in Fig. 20, the cutting assembly 251 can include a cutting roller 253 with a cutting edge 257 that can both remove the scrap portions 56 of the folded web 101' and separate the liner 5 of a package 7 from the remainder of the folded web W'. A vacuum conveyor or other system could be disposed under or adjacent the rotary cutting assembly 251 to dispose of the scrap portions 56. The rotary cutting assembly 251 could be omitted or could be otherwise shaped, arranged, and/or configured without departing from the disclosure.

    [0036] In one embodiment, a conveyor assembly 161 is located downstream of the rotary cutting assembly 151 (Fig. 8) or 251 (Figs. 20 and 21) at the downstream end 105 of the system 100 to transport the separate packages 7 for collection and further handling and/or packaging for shipping to a customer. Other collection, conveying, or discharge mechanisms can be included in the system 100 without departing from this disclosure. In one embodiment, a user can add a food item F to the package 7 and wrap the package around the food item as described above after the package is output from the system and method 100 (e.g., after the package 7 is shipped to the customer).

    [0037] The system 100 for forming the reinforced packages 7 of the present disclosure form the packages in a highly efficient manner by first attaching the web 101 to the blanks 3 to form the attached web W', and then forming the folded web 101' from the web 101 including the bottom gusset 52. In one embodiment, the blank 3 is then folded during or after forming the folded web 101' and bottom gusset 52 to form the folded construct 9. Alternatively, the construct 3 is not folded by the system 100. The attached web W' including the folded web 101' and the construct 3 or the folded construct 9 is then further processed to form the sealed features 54 and the pouch 48 of the folded web 101' and to cut and separate the liner 5 with the construct 3 or the folded construct 9 attached thereto from the remainder of the attached web W' to form the individual reinforced packages 7. The system 100 of the present disclosure is more efficient than other systems that separately form and shape the liners 5 having the pouches 48 and attach the formed liners to the blanks 3 in that once the blanks 3 are attached to the web 101 to create the attached web W' of the system 100 of the present disclosure, the blanks move with the web 101 in an aligned manner and twisting or turning of the blanks during processing is prevented by the secure attachment to the web. Furthermore, alignment of the separate blanks 3 and the cut and formed liners 5 is no longer needed as the packages 7 formed by the system 100 are formed from the attached web W' including the blanks 3 attached to the web 101.

    [0038] Generally, as described herein, liners can be formed from a paper stock material, although various plastic or other liner materials also can be used, and can be lined or coated with a desired material. The constructs, blanks, and/or reinforcing sleeves described herein can be made from a more rigid material such as a clay-coated natural kraft ("CCNK"). Other materials such various card-stock, paper, plastic or other synthetic or natural materials also can be used to form the components of the packages described herein.

    [0039] In general, the blanks of the present disclosure may be constructed from paperboard having a caliper so that it is heavier and more rigid than ordinary paper. The blank can also be constructed of other materials, such as cardboard, or any other material having properties suitable for enabling the carton to function at least generally as described above. The blank can be coated with, for example, a clay coating. The clay coating may then be printed over with product, advertising, and other information or images. The blanks may then be coated with a varnish to protect information printed on the blanks. The blanks may also be coated with, for example, a moisture barrier layer, on either or both sides of the blanks. The blanks can also be laminated to or coated with one or more sheet-like materials at selected panels or panel sections.

    [0040] As an example, a tear line can include: a slit that extends partially into the material along the desired line of weakness, and/or a series of spaced apart slits that extend partially into and/or completely through the material along the desired line of weakness, or various combinations of these features. As a more specific example, one type tear line is in the form of a series of spaced apart slits that extend completely through the material, with adjacent slits being spaced apart slightly so that a nick (e.g., a small somewhat bridging-like piece of the material) is defined between the adjacent slits for typically temporarily connecting the material across the tear line. The nicks are broken during tearing along the tear line. The nicks typically are a relatively small percentage of the tear line, and alternatively the nicks can be omitted from or torn in a tear line such that the tear line is a continuous cut line. That is, it is within the scope of the present disclosure for each of the tear lines to be replaced with a continuous slit, or the like. For example, a cut line can be a continuous slit or could be wider than a slit without departing from the present disclosure.

    [0041] In accordance with the exemplary embodiments, a fold line can be any substantially linear, although not necessarily straight, form of weakening that facilitates folding there along. More specifically, but not for the purpose of narrowing the scope of the present disclosure, fold lines include: a score line, such as lines formed with a blunt scoring knife, or the like, which creates a crushed or depressed portion in the material along the desired line of weakness; a cut that extends partially into a material along the desired line of weakness, and/or a series of cuts that extend partially into and/or completely through the material along the desired line of weakness; and various combinations of these features. In situations where cutting is used to create a fold line, typically the cutting will not be overly extensive in a manner that might cause a reasonable user to incorrectly consider the fold line to be a tear line.

    [0042] The above embodiments may be described as having one or more panels adhered together by glue during erection of the carton embodiments. The term "glue" is intended to encompass all manner of adhesives commonly used to secure carton panels in place.

    [0043] The foregoing description of the disclosure illustrates and describes various embodiments. As various changes could be made in the above construction without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense. Furthermore, the scope of the present disclosure covers various modifications, combinations, alterations, etc., of the above-described embodiments. Additionally, the disclosure shows and describes only selected embodiments, but various other combinations, modifications, and environments are within the scope of the disclosure as expressed herein, commensurate with the above teachings, and/or within the skill or knowledge of the relevant art. Furthermore, certain features and characteristics of each embodiment may be selectively interchanged and applied to other illustrated and non-illustrated embodiments of the disclosure.


    Claims

    1. A method of forming reinforced packages (7), the method comprising:

    forming an attached web (W') by adhering a construct (3) to a web of material (101);

    moving the attached web (W') in a downstream direction (M) through at least a web edge forming assembly (125) and a construct forming assembly (131), the moving the attached web (W') comprising moving the construct (3) with the web of material (101);

    at least partially forming a folded web (101') by folding at least a portion of the web of material (101) as the attached web (W') moves through the web edge forming assembly (125);

    forming a folded construct (9) by folding at least a portion of the construct (3) to extend at least partially over the folded web (101') as the attached web (W') moves through the construct forming assembly (131); and

    forming a reinforced package (7) comprising a liner (5) and the folded construct (9) by separating the liner (5) from a remainder of the folded web (101'), the folded construct (9) being adhered to the liner (5).


     
    2. The method of claim 1, wherein the at least partially forming the folded web (101') comprises forming a pouch (48), and the method further comprises at least partially forming at least one sealed area (54) adjacent the pouch (48), comprising forming the at least one sealed area (54) in the folded web (101') of material (101) before the separating the liner (5) from the remainder of the folded web (101'), the forming the at least one sealed area (54) comprises moving at least a portion of the attached web (W') between a heat seal roller (141) and a heat seal arm (143).
     
    3. The method of claim 2, wherein the heat seal roller (141) is generally cylindrical, the heat seal arm (143) comprises a curved surface (146) disposed proximate the heat seal roller (141), the forming the at least one sealed area (54) in the folded web (101') comprises rotating the heat seal roller (141) relative to the heat seal arm (143) with the attached web (W') engaging an outer surface (144) of the heat seal roller (141), pressing at least a portion of the curved surface (146) of the heat seal arm (143) against at least a portion of the outer surface (144) of the heat seal roller (141) with at least a portion of the folded web (101') disposed between the outer surface (144) of the heat seal roller (141) and the curved surface (146) of the heat seal arm (143) as the heat seal roller (141) rotates, and applying heat to the folded web (101') by heating at least one of the heat seal arm (143) and the heat seal roller (141).
     
    4. The method of claim 3, further comprising applying a heat-actuated adhesive (104) to at least a portion of the web of material (101) before the at least partially forming the folded web (101'), wherein the applying heat to the folded web (101') at least partially activates the heat-actuated adhesive (104) to form the at least one sealed area (54).
     
    5. The method of claim 1, further comprising depositing the construct (3) onto a conveyor (109) before the forming the attached web (W'), the conveyor (109) comprising a plurality of lugs (113), at least one lug (113) engaging the construct (3) after the depositing the construct (3) on the conveyor (109), the at least one lug (113) moving the construct (3) in the downstream direction (M).
     
    6. The method of claim 5, wherein the conveyor (109) comprises two spaced apart lug belts (111), each comprising lugs (113) of the plurality of lugs (113).
     
    7. The method of claim 5, wherein the adhering the construct (3) to the web of material (101) comprises moving the construct (3) on the conveyor (109) to an adhesive applicator (116), applying adhesive (118) to at least a portion of the construct (3) by operating the adhesive applicator (116), and moving the construct (3) on the conveyor (109) to an attachment assembly (115), the adhering the construct (3) to the web of material (101) further comprises bringing the web of material (101) into contact with the construct (3) so that the adhesive (118) applied to the construct (3) secures the construct (3) to the web of material (101) to form the attached web (W'), the method further comprising moving the attached web (W') away from the conveyor (109) over at least one roller (121, 123) to the web edge forming assembly (125).
     
    8. The method of claim 1, wherein the at least partially forming the folded web (101') comprises folding at least a marginal portion (45) of the web of material (101) to extend at least partially over a central portion (46) of the web of material (101), the web edge forming assembly (125) comprises at least one guide roller (128) and an inner forming plate (129) at least partially extending over the central portion (46) of the web of material (101), and the folding at least the marginal portion (45) of the web of material (101) comprises engaging the marginal portion (45) between the inner forming plate (129) and the at least one guide roller (128) so that the marginal portion (45) is moved from being generally planar with the central portion (46) upstream from the at least one guide roller (128) to extending over the central portion (46) downstream from the at least one guide roller (128).
     
    9. The method of claim 8, wherein the inner forming plate (129) is spaced apart from the central portion (46) of the web of material (101) at an upstream end of the web edge forming assembly (125) so that the folded web (101') comprises a gusset portion (52) extending from the central portion (46) to the marginal portion (45), and the at least partially forming the folded web (101') comprises moving the marginal portion (45) downwardly toward the central portion (46) as the folded web (101') is moved in the downstream direction (M) while pushing at least a portion of the gusset portion (52) inwardly to form a gusset (52) between the marginal portion (45) and the central portion (46) of the folded web (101').
     
    10. The method of claim 8, wherein the web edge forming assembly (125) further comprises a forming wheel (126) disposed upstream from the at least one guide roller (128) and the inner forming plate (129), the forming wheel (126) at least partially engaging the central portion (46) of the web of material (101) during at least a portion of the folding at least the marginal portion (45) of the web of material (101).
     
    11. The method of claim 1, wherein the construct (3) comprises at least an end panel (13a, 13b, 13c) foldably connected to a remainder of the construct (3), and the forming the folded construct (9) comprises folding at least the end panel (13a, 13b, 13c) relative to the remainder of the construct (3) so that the end panel (13a, 13b, 13c) at least partially overlaps the folded web (101').
     
    12. The method of claim 11, wherein the forming the folded construct (9) further comprises applying an adhesive (136) to at least the end panel (13a, 13b, 13c) by operating an adhesive applicator (135) prior to the folding at least the end panel (13a, 13b, 13c) so that the end panel (13a, 13b, 13c) is at least partially adhered to the folded web (101') after the folding at least the end panel (13a, 13b, 13c).
     
    13. The method of claim 11, wherein the at least partially forming the folded web (101') comprises at least partially forming a pouch (48) as the attached web (W') moves through the web edge forming assembly (125) by folding at least a marginal portion (45) of the web of material (101) to at least partially overlap a central portion (46) of the web of material (101), and the folding at least the end panel (13a, 13b, 13c) comprises positioning at least the end panel (13a, 13b, 13c) to at least partially overlap the pouch (48) of the folded web (101') as the attached web (W') moves through the construct forming assembly (131).
     
    14. A system (100) for forming reinforced packages (7), the system (100) comprising:

    an attachment assembly (115) receiving a web of material (101) and a construct (3), the attachment assembly (115) bringing the construct (3) into engagement with the web of material (101) for forming an attached web (W');

    a web edge forming assembly (125) disposed downstream from the attachment assembly (115), the web edge forming assembly (125) receiving the attached web (W') and comprising web folding features for folding at least a portion of the web of material (101) to at least partially form a folded web (101');

    a construct forming assembly (131) disposed downstream from the attachment assembly (115) and comprising folding features for folding at least a portion of the construct (3) over at least a portion of the folded web (101') to form a folded construct (9); and

    a cutting assembly (151, 251) comprising cutting features for separating a liner (5) from a remainder of the folded web (101') to at least partially form a reinforced package (7) comprising the liner (5) attached to the folded construct (9).


     
    15. The system (100) of claim 14, further comprising a sealer assembly (139) for forming at least one seal feature (54) in the folded web (101'), the sealer assembly (139) comprising a heat seal roller (141) and a heat seal arm (143), the heat seal roller (141) rotating relative to the heat seal arm (143), wherein the heat seal roller (141) is generally cylindrical, and the heat seal arm (143) comprises a curved surface (146) disposed proximate the heat seal roller (141) so that at least a portion of the folded web (101') is pressed between at least a portion of the heat seal arm (143) and at least a portion of an outer surface (144) of the heat seal roller (141) as the heat seal roller (141) is rotated.
     
    16. The system (100) of claim 14, further comprising a blank conveyor (109) for moving the construct (3) to the attachment assembly (115), the blank conveyor (109) comprising at least one lug belt (111) with at least one lug (113) for engaging the construct (3) and moving the construct (3) toward the attachment assembly (115), and an adhesive applicator (116), wherein the blank conveyor (109) is for moving the construct (3) at least partially through the adhesive applicator (116) and the attachment assembly (115), and the attachment assembly (115) comprises at least one nip roller (117), the adhesive applicator (116) being for applying adhesive (118) to the construct (3) and the at least one nip roller (117) being for pressing the construct (3) with the adhesive (118) against the web of material (101) as the blank conveyor (109) moves the construct (3) through the adhesive applicator (116) and the attachment assembly (115).
     
    17. The system (100) of claim 14, wherein web folding features of the web edge forming assembly (125) comprise at least one guide roller (128) and an inner forming plate (129) at least partially extending over a central portion (46) of the web of material (101), the at least one guide roller (128) being for guiding a marginal portion (45) of the web of material (101) over the inner forming plate (129) to at least partially form the folded web (101'), the web edge forming assembly (125) further comprises a forming wheel (126) disposed upstream from the at least one guide roller (128) and the inner forming plate (129), the forming wheel (126) being for at least partially engaging the central portion (46) of the web of material (101) during at least a portion of the folding the marginal portion (45) of the web of material (101).
     
    18. The system (100) of claim 14, wherein the construct forming assembly (131) comprises an adhesive applicator (135) for applying carton adhesive (136) to at least an end panel (13a, 13b, 13c) of the construct (3) and folding plates (133a, 133b, 134) for folding at least the end panel (13a, 13b, 13c) relative to a remainder of the construct (3) and positioning at least the end panel (13a, 13b, 13c) against the folded web (101').
     
    19. The system (100) of claim 14, wherein the cutting assembly (151, 251) comprises a cutting roller (153, 253) for cutting the folded web (101').
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zur Bildung verstärkter Verpackungen (7), wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Ausbilden einer befestigten Bahn (W') durch Anheften eines Konstrukts (3) an eine Materialbahn (101);

    Bewegen der befestigten Bahn (W') in einer stromabwärtigen Richtung (M) durch wenigstens eine Bahnkantenformungsanordnung (125) und eine Konstruktbildungsanordnung (131), wobei das Bewegen der befestigten Bahn (W') das Bewegen des Konstrukts (3) mit der Materialbahn (101) umfasst;

    wenigstens teilweises Ausbilden einer gefalteten Bahn (101') durch Falten wenigstens eines Abschnitts der Materialbahn (101), während sich die befestigte Bahn (W') durch die Bahnkantenformungsanordnung (125) bewegt;

    Ausbilden eines gefalteten Konstrukts (9) durch Falten wenigstens eines Abschnitts des Konstrukts (3), um sich wenigstens teilweise über die gefaltete Bahn (101') zu erstrecken, während sich die befestigte Bahn (W') durch die Konstruktbildungsanordnung (131) bewegt; und

    Ausbilden einer verstärkten Verpackung (7), die eine Auskleidung (5) und das gefaltete Konstrukt (9) umfasst, durch Trennen der Auskleidung (5) von einem Rest der gefalteten Bahn (101'), wobei das gefaltete Konstrukt (9) an der Auskleidung (5) befestigt ist.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das wenigstens teilweise Ausbilden der gefalteten Bahn (101') das Ausbilden eines Beutels (48) umfasst und wobei das Verfahren ferner das wenigstens teilweise Ausbilden wenigstens eines versiegelten Bereichs (54) neben dem Beutel umfasst (48), umfassend das Bilden des wenigstens einen versiegelten Bereichs (54) in der gefalteten Materialbahn (101') aus Material (101) vor dem Trennen der Auskleidung (5) vom Rest der gefalteten Materialbahn (101'), wobei das Ausbilden des wenigstens einen versiegelten Bereichs (54) das Bewegen wenigstens eines Abschnitts der befestigten Bahn (W') zwischen einer Heißsiegelwalze (141) und einem Heißsiegelarm (143) umfasst.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Heißsiegelwalze (141) im Allgemeinen zylindrisch ist und der Heißsiegelarm (143) eine gekrümmte Oberfläche (146) aufweist, die in der Nähe der Heißsiegelwalze (141) angeordnet ist, wobei das Ausbilden des wenigstens einen versiegelten Bereichs (54) in der gefalteten Bahn (101') das Drehen der Heißsiegelwalze (141) relativ zum Heißsiegelarm (143), wobei die befestigte Bahn (W') an einer Außenfläche (144) der Heißsiegelwalze (141) in Eingriff steht, das Drücken wenigstens eines Abschnitts der gekrümmten Oberfläche (146) des Heißsiegelarms (143) gegen wenigstens einen Abschnitt der Außenfläche (144) der Heißsiegelwalze (141), wobei wenigstens ein Abschnitt der gefalteten Bahn (101') zwischen der Außenfläche (144) der Heißsiegelwalze (141) und der gekrümmten Fläche (146) des Heißsiegelarms (143) angeordnet ist, wenn sich die Heißsiegelwalze (141) dreht, und das Anwenden von Wärme auf die gefaltete Bahn (101') durch Erwärmen von wenigstens einem von Heißsiegelarm (143) und Heißsiegelwalze (141) umfasst.
     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, das ferner das Aufbringen eines wärmeaktivierten Klebstoffs (104) auf wenigstens einen Abschnitt der Materialbahn (101) vor dem wenigstens teilweisen Ausbilden der gefalteten Bahn (101') umfasst, wobei das Anwenden von Wärme auf die gefaltete Bahn (101') den wärmeaktivierbaren Klebstoff (104) wenigstens teilweise aktiviert, um den wenigstens einen versiegelten Bereich (54) auszubilden.
     
    5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend das Ablegen des Konstrukts (3) auf einem Förderer (109) vor dem Ausbilden der befestigten Bahn (W'), wobei der Förderer (109) eine Vielzahl von Vorsprüngen (113) umfasst, wobei wenigstens einer der Vorsprünge (113) am Konstrukt (3) angreift, nachdem das Konstrukt (3) auf dem Förderer (109) abgelegt wurde, wobei der wenigstens eine Vorsprung (113) das Konstrukt (3) in die stromabwärtige Richtung (M) bewegt.
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Förderer (109) fünf voneinander beabstandete Vorsprungsbänder (111) umfasst, von denen jedes Vorsprünge (113) der Vielzahl von Vorsprüngen (113) umfasst.
     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei das Ankleben des Konstrukts (3) an die Materialbahn (101) das Bewegen des Konstrukts (3) auf dem Förderer (109) zu einem Klebstoffaufbringer (116), das Auftragen von Klebstoff (118) an wenigstens einem Abschnitt des Konstrukts (3) durch Betätigen des Klebstoffaufbringers (116) und das Bewegen des Konstrukts (3) auf dem Förderband (109) zu einer Befestigungsanordnung (115) umfasst, wobei das Ankleben des Konstrukts (3) an der Materialbahn (101) ferner das In-Kontakt-Bringen der Materialbahn (101) mit dem Konstrukt (3) umfasst, so dass der auf das Konstrukt (3) aufgetragene Klebstoff (118) das Konstrukt (3) an der Materialbahn (101) befestigt, um die befestigte Bahn (W') auszubilden, wobei das Verfahren ferner das Bewegen der befestigten Bahn ( W') weg vom Förderer (109) über wenigstens eine Walze (121, 123) zur Bahnkantenformungsanordnung (125) umfasst.
     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das wenigstens teilweise Ausbilden der gefalteten Bahn (101') das Falten wenigstens eines Randabschnitts (45) der Materialbahn (101) umfasst, um sich wenigstens teilweise über einen Mittelabschnitt (46) der Materialbahn (101) zu erstrecken, wobei die Bahnkantenformungsanordnung (125) wenigstens eine Führungswalze (128) und eine innere Formungsplatte (129), die sich wenigstens teilweise über den Mittelabschnitt (46) der Materialbahn (101) erstreckt, umfasst und das Falten wenigstens des Randabschnitts (45) der Materialbahn (101) das Eingreifen des Randabschnitts (45) zwischen der inneren Formungsplatte (129) und der wenigstens einen Führungswalze (128) umfasst, so dass der Randabschnitt (45) von einer allgemein mit dem Mittelabschnitt (46) ebenen Lage stromaufwärts von der wenigstens einen Führungswalze (128) in eine sich über den Mittelabschnitt (46) erstreckende Lage stromabwärts von der wenigstens einen Führungswalze (128) bewegt wird.
     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, wobei die innere Formungsplatte (129) vom Mittelabschnitt (46) der Materialbahn (101) an einem stromaufwärtigen Ende der Bahnkantenbildungsanordnung (125) beabstandet ist, so dass die gefaltete Bahn (101') einen Zwickelabschnitt (52) umfasst, der sich vom Mittelabschnitt (46) bis zum Randabschnitt (45) erstreckt, und wobei das wenigstens teilweise Ausbilden der gefalteten Bahn (101') das Bewegen des Randabschnitts (45) nach unten in Richtung des Mittelabschnitts (46) umfasst, während die gefaltete Bahn (101') in der stromabwärtigen Richtung (M) bewegt wird, während wenigstens ein Abschnitt des Zwickelabschnitts (52) nach innen gedrückt wird, um einen Zwickel (52) zwischen dem Randabschnitt (45) und dem Mittelabschnitt (46) der gefalteten Bahn (101') auszubilden.
     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Bahnkantenformungsanordnung (125) ferner ein Formungsrad (126) umfasst, das stromaufwärts von der wenigstens einen Führungswalze (128) und der inneren Formungsplatte (129) angeordnet ist, wobei das Formungsrad (126) während wenigstens eines Abschnitts des Faltens wenigstens des Randabschnitts (45) der Materialbahn (101) wenigstens teilweise in den Mittelabschnitt (46) der Materialbahn (101) eingreift.
     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Konstrukt (3) wenigstens ein Endfeld (13a, 13b, 13c), das faltbar mit einem Rest des Konstrukts (3) verbunden ist, umfasst und das Ausbilden des gefalteten Konstrukts (9) wenigstens das Falten des Endfeldes (13a, 13b, 13c) relativ zum Rest des Konstrukts (3) umfasst, so dass das Endfeld (13a, 13b, 13c) die gefaltete Bahn (101') wenigstens teilweise überlappt.
     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, wobei das Ausbilden des gefalteten Konstrukts (9) ferner das Auftragen eines Klebstoffs (136) auf wenigstens das Endfeld (13a, 13b, 13c) durch Betätigen eines Klebstoffaufbringers (135) vor dem Falten wenigstens des Endfeldes (13a, 13b, 13c), so dass das Endfeld (13a, 13b, 13c) nach dem Falten wenigstens des Endfeldes (13a, 13b, 13c) wenigstens teilweise mit der gefalteten Bahn (101') verklebt ist, umfasst.
     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, wobei das wenigstens teilweise Ausbilden der gefalteten Bahn (101') das wenigstens teilweise Ausbilden eines Beutels (48), während sich die befestigte Bahn (W') durch die Bahnkantenformungsanordnung (125) bewegt, durch Falten wenigstens eines Randabschnitts (45) der Materialbahn (101) umfasst, um wenigstens teilweise einen Mittelabschnitt (46) der Materialbahn (101) zu überlappen, und wobei das Falten wenigstens des Endfeldes (13a, 13b, 13c) das Anordnen wenigstens des Endfeldes (13a, 13b, 13c) umfasst, um den Beutel (48) der gefalteten Bahn (101') wenigstens teilweise zu überlappen, während sich die befestigte Bahn (W') durch die Konstruktbildungsanordnung (131) bewegt.
     
    14. System (100) zum Ausbilden verstärkter Verpackungen (7), wobei das System (100) umfasst:

    eine Befestigungsanordnung (115), die eine Materialbahn (101) und ein Konstrukt (3) aufnimmt, wobei die Befestigungsanordnung (115) das Konstrukt (3) in Eingriff mit der Materialbahn (101) bringt, um eine befestigte Bahn (W') zu bilden;

    eine Bahnkantenformungsanordnung (125), die stromabwärts von der Befestigungsanordnung (115) angeordnet ist, wobei die Bahnkantenformungsanordnung (125) die befestigte Bahn (W') aufnimmt und Bahnfaltungsmerkmale zum Falten wenigstens eines Abschnitts der Materialbahn (101) umfasst, um wenigstens teilweise eine gefaltete Bahn (101') auszubilden;

    eine Konstruktbildungsanordnung (131), die stromabwärts von der Befestigungsanordnung (115) angeordnet ist und die Faltmerkmale zum Falten wenigstens eines Abschnitts des Konstrukts (3) über wenigstens einen Abschnitt der gefalteten Bahn (101') umfasst, um ein gefaltetes Konstrukt (9) auszubilden; und

    eine Schneidanordnung (151, 251), die Schneidmerkmale zum Trennen einer Auskleidung (5) von einem Rest der gefalteten Bahn (101') umfasst, um wenigstens teilweise eine verstärkte Verpackung (7) auszubilden, die die Auskleidung (5) befestigt am gefalteten Konstrukt (9) umfasst.


     
    15. System (100) nach Anspruch 14, ferner umfassend eine Versiegelungsanordnung (139) zum Bilden wenigstens eines Versiegelungsmerkmals (54) in der gefalteten Bahn (101'), wobei die Versiegelungsanordnung (139) eine Heißsiegelwalze (141) und einen Heißsiegelarm (143) umfasst, wobei sich die Heißsiegelwalze (141) relativ zum Heißsiegelarm (143) dreht, wobei die Heißsiegelwalze (141) allgemein zylindrisch ist und wobei der Heißsiegelarm (143) eine gekrümmte Oberfläche (146) umfasst, die in der Nähe der Heißsiegelwalze (141) angeordnet ist, so dass wenigstens ein Abschnitt der gefalteten Bahn (101') zwischen wenigstens einem Abschnitt des Heißsiegelarms (143) und wenigstens einem Abschnitt einer Außenfläche (144) der Heißsiegelwalze (141) zusammengedrückt wird, wenn die Heißsiegelwalze (141) gedreht wird.
     
    16. System (100) nach Anspruch 14, ferner umfassend einen Zuschnittförderer (109) zum Bewegen des Konstrukts (3) zu der Befestigungsanordnung (115), wobei der Zuschnittförderer (109) wenigstens ein Vorsprüngeband (111) mit wenigstens einem Vorsprung (113) zum Ergreifen des Konstrukts (3) und zum Bewegen des Konstrukts (3) in Richtung der Befestigungsanordnung (115) umfasst, und einen Klebstoffaufbringer (116), wobei der Zuschnittförderer (109) zum Bewegen des Konstrukts (3) wenigstens teilweise durch den Klebstoffaufbringer (116) und die Befestigungsanordnung (115) dient und wobei die Befestigungsanordnung (115) wenigstens eine Andruckwalze (117) umfasst, wobei der Klebstoffaufbringer (116) zum Auftragen des Klebstoffs (118) auf das Konstrukt (3) dient und die wenigstens eine Andruckwalze (117) dazu dient, das Konstrukt (3) mit dem Klebstoff (118) gegen die Materialbahn (101) zu drücken, während der Zuschnittförderer (109) das Konstrukt (3) durch den Klebstoffaufbringer (116) und die Befestigungsanordnung (115) bewegt.
     
    17. System (100) nach Anspruch 14, wobei die Bahnfaltungsmerkmale der Bahnkantenformungsanordnung (125) wenigstens eine Führungswalze (128) und eine innere Formungsplatte (129) umfassen, die sich wenigstens teilweise über einen Mittelabschnitt (46) der Materialbahn (101) erstrecken, wobei die wenigstens eine Führungswalze (128) dazu dient, einen Randabschnitt (45) der Materialbahn (101) über die innere Formungsplatte (129) zu führen, um wenigstens teilweise die gefaltete Bahn (101') auszubilden, wobei die Bahnkantenformungsanordnung (125) ferner ein Formungsrad (126) umfasst, das stromaufwärts von der wenigstens einen Führungswalze (128) und der inneren Formungsplatte (129) angeordnet ist, wobei das Formungsrad (126) zum wenigstens teilweise Eingreifen in den Mittelabschnitt (46) der Materialbahn (101) während wenigstens eines Abschnitts des Faltens des Randabschnitts (45) der Materialbahn (101) dient.
     
    18. System (100) nach Anspruch 14, wobei die Konstruktbildungsanordnung (131) einen Klebstoffaufbringer (135) zum Auftragen von Kartonklebstoff (136) auf wenigstens ein Endfeld (13a, 13b, 13c) des Konstrukts (3) und Faltplatten (133a, 133b, 134) zum Falten wenigstens der Endplatte (13a, 13b, 13c) relativ zu einem Rest des Konstrukts (3) und zum Anordnen wenigstens des Endfeldes (13a, 13b, 13c) gegen die gefaltete Bahn (101') umfasst.
     
    19. System (100) nach Anspruch 14, wobei die Schneidanordnung (151, 251) eine Schneidwalze (153, 253) zum Schneiden der gefalteten Bahn (101') umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de formation d'emballages renforcés (7), le procédé comprenant :

    la formation d'une bande fixée (W') par collage d'une structure (3) à une bande de matériau (101) ;

    le déplacement de la bande fixée (W') dans une direction aval (M) à travers au moins un ensemble de formation de bord de bande (125) et un ensemble de formation de structure (131), le déplacement de la bande fixée (W') comprenant le déplacement de la structure (3) avec la bande de matériau (101) ;

    la formation au moins partielle d'une bande pliée (101') par pliage d'une partie au moins de la bande de matériau (101) pendant le déplacement de la bande fixée (W') à travers l'ensemble de formation de bord de bande (125) ;

    la formation d'une structure pliée (9) par pliage d'une partie au moins de la structure (3) de manière à ce que celle-ci s'étende au moins partiellement sur la bande pliée (101') pendant le déplacement de la bande fixée (W') à travers l'ensemble de formation de structure (131) ; et

    la formation d'un emballage renforcé (7) comprenant une doublure (5) et la structure pliée (9) par séparation de la doublure (5) d'avec un reste de la bande pliée (101'), la structure pliée (9) étant collée à la doublure (5).


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la formation au moins partielle de la bande pliée (101') comprend la formation d'une poche (48), et le procédé comprend en outre la formation au moins partielle d'au moins une zone scellée (54) adjacente à la poche (48), comprenant la formation de l'au moins une zone scellée (54) dans la bande pliée (101') de matériau (101) avant la séparation de la doublure (5) d'avec le reste de la bande pliée (101'), la formation de l'au moins une zone scellée (54) comprend le déplacement d'une partie au moins de la bande fixée (W') entre un rouleau de thermoscellage (141) et un bras de thermoscellage (143) .
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le rouleau de thermoscellage (141) est généralement cylindrique, le bras de thermoscellage (143) comprend une surface incurvée (146) disposée à proximité du rouleau de thermoscellage (141), la formation de l'au moins une zone scellée (54) dans la bande pliée (101') comprend la rotation du rouleau de thermoscellage (141) par rapport au bras de thermoscellage (143) avec la bande fixée (W') engageant une surface extérieure (144) du rouleau de thermoscellage (141), la pression d'une partie au moins de la surface incurvée (146) du bras de thermoscellage (143) contre une partie au moins de la surface extérieure (144) du rouleau de thermoscellage (141) avec une partie au moins de la bande pliée (101') disposée entre la surface extérieure (144) du rouleau de thermoscellage (141) et la surface incurvée (146) du bras de thermoscellage (143) pendant la rotation du rouleau de thermoscellage (141), et l'application de chaleur sur la bande pliée (101') par chauffage de l'un au moins parmi le bras de thermoscellage (143) et le rouleau de thermoscellage (141).
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, comprenant en outre l'application d'une colle activée par la chaleur (104) sur une partie au moins de la bande de matériau (101) avant la formation au moins partielle de la bande pliée (101'), dans lequel l'application de chaleur sur la bande pliée (101') active au moins partiellement la colle activée par la chaleur (104) pour former l'au moins une zone scellée (54).
     
    5. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre le dépôt de la structure (3) sur un convoyeur (109) avant la formation de la bande fixée (W'), le convoyeur (109) comprenant une pluralité de taquets (113), au moins un taquet (113) engageant la structure (3) après le dépôt de la structure (3) sur le convoyeur (109), l'au moins un taquet (113) déplaçant la structure (3) dans la direction aval (M).
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le convoyeur (109) comprend deux courroies à taquets (111) espacées, comprenant respectivement des taquets (113) de la pluralité de taquets (113).
     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le collage de la structure (3) sur la bande de matériau (101) comprend le déplacement de la structure (3) sur le convoyeur (109) vers un applicateur de colle (116), l'application de colle (118) sur une partie au moins de la structure (3) par actionnement de l'applicateur de colle (116), et le déplacement de la structure (3) sur le convoyeur (109) vers un ensemble de fixation (115), le collage de la structure (3) sur la bande de matériau (101) comprend en outre la mise en contact de la bande de matériau (101) avec la structure (3) de manière à ce que la colle (118) appliquée sur la structure (3) fixe la structure (3) à la bande de matériau (101) pour former la bande fixée (W'), le procédé comprenant en outre le déplacement de la bande fixée (W') à distance du convoyeur (109) par le biais d'au moins un rouleau (121, 123) vers l'ensemble de formation de bord de bande (125) .
     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la formation au moins partielle de la bande pliée (101') comprend le pliage d'au moins une partie marginale (45) de la bande de matériau (101) de manière à ce que celle-ci s'étende au moins partiellement sur une partie centrale (46) de la bande de matériau (101), l'ensemble de formation de bord de bande (125) comprend au moins un rouleau de guidage (128) et une plaque de formation intérieure (129) s'étendant au moins partiellement sur la partie centrale (46) de la bande de matériau (101), et le pliage au moins de la partie marginale (45) de la bande de matériau (101) comprend l'engagement de la partie marginale (45) entre la plaque de formation intérieure (129) et l'au moins un rouleau de guidage (128) de telle façon que la partie marginale (45) généralement plane par rapport à la partie centrale (46) en amont de l'au moins un rouleau de guidage (128) s'étend à présent sur la partie centrale (46) en aval de l'au moins un rouleau de guidage (128).
     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 8, dans lequel la plaque de formation intérieure (129) est espacée de la partie centrale (46) de la bande de matériau (101) à une extrémité amont de l'ensemble de formation de bord de bande (125), de sorte que la bande pliée (101') comprend une partie de soufflet (52) s'étendant à partir de la partie centrale (46) vers la partie marginale (45), et la formation au moins partielle de la bande pliée (101') comprend le déplacement de la partie marginale (45) vers la bas vers la partie centrale (46) pendant le déplacement de la bande pliée (101') dans la direction aval (M) tandis qu'une partie au moins de la partie de soufflet (52) est poussée vers l'intérieur pour former un soufflet (52) entre la partie marginale (45) et la partie centrale (46) de la bande pliée (101').
     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'ensemble de formation de bord de bande (125) comprend en outre une roue de formation (126) disposée en amont de l'au moins un rouleau de guidage (128) et de la plaque de formation intérieure (129), la roue de formation (126) engageant au moins partiellement la partie centrale (46) de la bande de matériau (101) pendant une partie au moins du pliage au moins de la partie marginale (45) de la bande de matériau (101).
     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la structure (3) comprend au moins un panneau terminal (13a, 13b, 13c) relié de façon pliable à un reste de la structure (3), et la formation de la structure pliée (9) comprend le pliage de l'au moins un panneau terminal (13a, 13b, 13c) par rapport au reste de la structure (3) de manière à ce que le panneau terminal (13a, 13b, 13c) chevauche au moins partiellement la bande pliée (101') .
     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 11, dans lequel la formation de la structure pliée (9) comprend en outre l'application d'une colle (136) au moins sur le panneau terminal (13a, 13b, 13c) par actionnement d'un applicateur de colle (135) avant le pliage de l'au moins un panneau terminal (13a, 13b, 13c) de manière à coller au moins partiellement le panneau terminal (13a, 13b, 13c) sur la bande pliée (101') après le pliage de l'au moins un panneau terminal (13a, 13b, 13c).
     
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 11, dans lequel la formation au moins partielle de la bande pliée (101') comprend la formation au moins partielle d'une poche (48) tandis que la bande fixée (W') se déplace à travers l'ensemble de formation de bord de bande (125) par pliage au moins d'une partie marginale (45) de la bande de matériau (101) pour chevaucher au moins partiellement une partie centrale (46) de la bande de matériau (101), et le pliage au moins du panneau terminal (13a, 13b, 13c) comprend le positionnement au moins du panneau terminal (13a, 13b, 13c) de manière à chevaucher au moins partiellement la poche (48) de la bande pliée (101') tandis que la bande fixée (W') se déplace à travers l'ensemble de formation de structure (131) .
     
    14. Système (100) pour la formation d'emballages renforcés (7), le système (100) comprenant :

    un ensemble de fixation (115) recevant une bande de matériau (101) et une structure (3), l'ensemble de fixation (115) amenant la structure (3) en engagement avec la bande de matériau (101) pour former une bande fixée (W') ;

    un ensemble de formation de bord de bande (125) disposé en aval de l'ensemble de fixation (115), l'ensemble de formation de bord de bande (125) recevant la bande fixée (W') et comprenant des éléments de pliage de bande destinés à plier une partie au moins de la bande de matériau (101) pour former au moins partiellement une bande pliée (101') ;

    un ensemble de formation de structure (131) disposé en aval de l'ensemble de fixation (115) et comprenant des éléments de pliage destinés à plier une partie au moins de la structure (3) par-dessus une partie au moins de la bande pliée (101') afin de former une structure pliée (9) ; et

    un ensemble de coupe (151, 251) comprenant des éléments de coupe destinés à séparer une doublure (5) d'avec un reste de la bande pliée (101') pour former au moins partiellement un emballage renforcé (7) comprenant la doublure (5) fixée à la structure pliée (9).


     
    15. Système (100) selon la revendication 14, comprenant en outre un ensemble de scellage (139) destiné à former au moins un élément de scellage (54) dans la bande pliée (101'), l'ensemble de scellage (139) comprenant un rouleau de thermoscellage (141) et un bras de thermoscellage (143), le rouleau de thermoscellage (141) tournant par rapport au bras de thermoscellage (143), dans lequel le rouleau de thermoscellage (141) est généralement cylindrique, et le bras de thermoscellage (143) comprend une surface incurvée (146) disposée à proximité du rouleau de thermoscellage (141), de sorte qu'une partie au moins de la bande pliée (101') est comprimée entre une partie au moins du bras de thermoscellage (143) et une partie au moins d'une surface extérieure (144) du rouleau de thermoscellage (141) pendant la rotation du rouleau de thermoscellage (141) .
     
    16. Système (100) selon la revendication 14, comprenant en outre un convoyeur de découpe (109) destiné à déplacer la structure (3) vers l'ensemble de fixation (115), le convoyeur de découpe (109) comprenant au moins une courroie à taquets (111) avec au moins un taquet (113) destiné à engager la structure (3) et déplacer la structure (3) vers l'ensemble de fixation (115), et un applicateur de colle (116), dans lequel le convoyeur de découpe (109) est destiné à déplacer la structure (3) au moins partiellement à travers l'applicateur de colle (116) et l'ensemble de fixation (115), et l'ensemble de fixation (115) comprend au moins un rouleau de pincement (117), l'applicateur de colle (116) étant destiné à appliquer de la colle (118) sur la structure (3) et l'au moins un rouleau de pincement (117) étant destiné à presser la structure (3) avec la colle (118) contre la bande de matériau (101) pendant que le convoyeur de découpe (109) déplace la structure (3) à travers l'applicateur de colle (116) et l'ensemble de fixation (115) .
     
    17. Système (100) selon la revendication 14, dans lequel des éléments de pliage de bande de l'ensemble de formation de bord de bande (125) comprennent au moins un rouleau de guidage (128) et une plaque de formation intérieure (129) s'étendant au moins partiellement sur une partie centrale (46) de la bande de matériau (101), l'au moins un rouleau de guidage (128) étant destiné à guider une partie marginale (45) de la bande de matériau (101) sur la plaque de formation intérieure (129) pour former au moins partiellement la bande pliée (101'), l'ensemble de formation de bord de bande (125) comprend en outre une roue de formation (126) disposée en amont de l'au moins un rouleau de guidage (128) et de la plaque de formation intérieure (129), la roue de formation (126) étant destinée à engager au moins partiellement la partie centrale (46) de la bande de matériau (101) pendant une partie au moins du pliage de la partie marginale (45) de la bande de matériau (101).
     
    18. Système (100) selon la revendication 14, dans lequel l'ensemble de formation de structure (131) comprend un applicateur de colle (135) destiné à appliquer une colle à carton (136) au moins sur un panneau terminal (13a, 13b, 13c) de la structure (3) et des plaques de pliage (133a, 133b, 134) destinées à plier au moins le panneau terminal (13a, 13b, 13c) par rapport à un reste de la structure (3) et à positionner au moins le panneau terminal (13a, 13b, 13c) contre la bande pliée (101').
     
    19. Système (100) selon la revendication 14, dans lequel l'ensemble de coupe (151, 251) comprend un rouleau de coupe (153, 253) destiné à couper la bande pliée (101').
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description