(19)
(11)EP 3 290 700 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.01.2021 Bulletin 2021/02

(21)Application number: 17179905.9

(22)Date of filing:  06.07.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F04B 17/00(2006.01)
F04B 43/04(2006.01)

(54)

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF FLUID CONTROL DEVICE

FLUIDSTEUERUNGSVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE RÉGULATION DE FLUIDES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 05.09.2016 TW 105128592

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.03.2018 Bulletin 2018/10

(73)Proprietor: Microjet Technology Co., Ltd
Hsinchu (TW)

(72)Inventor:
  • HAN, Yung-Lung
    Science-Based Industrial Park, Hsinchu (TW)

(74)Representative: 2K Patentanwälte Blasberg Kewitz & Reichel 
Partnerschaft mbB Schumannstrasse 27
60325 Frankfurt am Main
60325 Frankfurt am Main (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 3 109 472
CN-U- 205 383 064
DE-A1- 19 918 694
US-A1- 2013 209 279
US-A1- 2015 114 222
CN-B- 102 536 755
CN-U- 206 092 351
US-A1- 2013 178 752
US-A1- 2014 377 099
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to a manufacturing method of a fluid control device, and more particularly to a manufacturing method of a fluid control device with a deformable base. Such methods are e.g. known from US 2014/377099 A1 and EP 3 109 472 A1.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] With the advancement of science and technology, fluid control devices are widely used in many sectors such as pharmaceutical industries, computer techniques, printing industries or energy industries. Moreover, the fluid control devices are developed toward elaboration and miniaturization. The fluid control devices are important components that are used in for example micro pumps, micro atomizers, printheads or industrial printers for transporting fluid. Therefore, it is important to provide an improved structure of the fluid control device.

    [0003] FIG. 1A is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a portion of a conventional fluid control device. FIG. 1B is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating an assembling shift condition of the conventional fluid control device. The main components of the conventional fluid control device 100 comprise a substrate 101 and a piezoelectric actuator 102. The substrate 101 and the piezoelectric actuator 102 are stacked on each other, assembled by any well known assembling means such as adhesive, and separated from each other by a gap 103. In an ideal situation, the gap 103 is maintained at a specified depth. More particularly, the gap 103 specifies the interval between an alignment central portion of the substrate 101 and a neighborhood of a central aperture of the piezoelectric actuator 102. In response to an applied voltage, the piezoelectric actuator 102 is subjected to deformation and a fluid is driven to flow through various chambers of the fluid control device 100. In such way, the purpose of transporting the fluid is achieved.

    [0004] The piezoelectric actuator 102 and the substrate 101 of the fluid control device 100 are both flat-plate structures with certain rigidities. Thus, it is difficult to precisely align these two flat-plate structures to make the specified gap 103 and maintain it. If the gap 103 was not maintained in the specified depth, an assembling error would occur. Further explanation is exemplified as below. Referring to FIG. 1B, the piezoelectric actuator 102 is inclined at an angle θ by one side as a pivot. Most regions of the piezoelectric actuator 102 deviate from the expected horizontal position by an offset, and the offset of each point of the regions is correlated positively with its parallel distance to the pivot. In other words, slight deflection can cause a certain amount of deviation. As shown in FIG. 1B, one indicated region of the piezoelectric actuator 102 deviates from the standard by d while another indicated region can deviate by d'. As the fluid control device is developed toward miniaturization, miniature components are adopted. Consequently, the difficulty of maintaining the specified depth of the gap 103 has increased. The failure of maintaining the depth of the gap 103 causes several problems. For example, if the gap 103 is increased by d', the fluid transportation efficiency is reduced. On the other hand, if the gap 103 is decreased by d', the distance of the gap 103 is shortened and is unable to prevent the piezoelectric actuator 102from readily being contacted or interfered by other components during operation. Under this circumstance, noise is generated, and the performance of the fluid control device is reduced.

    [0005] Since the piezoelectric actuator 102 and the substrate 101 of the fluid control device 100 are flat-plate structures with certain rigidities, it is difficult to precisely align these two flat-plate structures. Especially when the sizes of the components are gradually decreased, the difficulty of precisely aligning the miniature components is largely enhanced. Under this circumstance, the performance of transferring the fluid is deteriorated, and the unpleasant noise is generated.

    [0006] Therefore, there is a need of providing an improved fluid control device in order to eliminate the above drawbacks.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0007] The present invention provides a fluid control device. The fluid control device has a miniature substrate and a miniature piezoelectric actuator. Since the substrate is deformable, a specified depth between a flexible plate of the substrate and a vibration plate of the piezoelectric actuator is maintained. Consequently, the assembling error is reduced, the efficiency of transferring the fluid is enhanced, and the noise is reduced. That is, the fluid control device of the present invention is more user-friendly.

    [0008] In accordance with an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a manufacturing method of a fluid control device. Firstly, a housing, a piezoelectric actuator and a deformable substrate are provided. The piezoelectric actuator includes a piezoelectric element and a vibration plate. The deformable substrate includes a flexible plate and a communication plate. The vibration plate has a first surface and an opposing second surface. A bulge is formed on the second surface of the vibration plate. The flexible plate includes a movable part. Then, the flexible plate and the communication plate are stacked on each other and coupled, and a preformed synchronous deformation process is implemented by applying at least one external force to an outer portion of the deformable substrate. Consequently, a preformed synchronously-deformed structure is defined by the flexible plate and the communication plate collaboratively. Then, the housing, the piezoelectric actuator and the deformable substrate are sequentially stacked and coupled. The preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate is aligned with the bulge of the vibration plate. Consequently, a specified depth between the movable part of the flexible plate and the bulge of the vibration plate is defined.

    [0009] The above contents of the present invention will become more readily apparent to those ordinarily skilled in the art after reviewing the following detailed description and accompanying drawings, in which:

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0010] 

    FIG. 1A is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a portion of a conventional fluid control device;

    FIG. 1B is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating an assembling shift condition of the conventional fluid control device;

    FIG. 2 is a flowchart illustrating a manufacturing method of a fluid control device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3A is a schematic cross-sectional view of the fluid control device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3B is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating the action of the fluid control device of FIG. 3A;

    FIG. 4A is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a first example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device;

    FIG. 4B is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a second example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device;

    FIG. 4C is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a third example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device;

    FIG. 4D is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a fourth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device;

    FIG. 5A is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a fifth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device;

    FIG. 5B is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a sixth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device;

    FIG. 5C is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a seventh example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device

    FIG. 5D is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating an eighth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device;

    FIG. 6A is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a ninth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device;

    FIG. 6B is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a tenth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device;

    FIG. 6C is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating an eleventh example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device;

    FIG. 6D is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a twelfth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device; and

    FIG. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a thirteenth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT



    [0011] The present invention will now be described more specifically with reference to the following embodiments. It is to be noted that the following descriptions of preferred embodiments of this invention are presented herein for purpose of illustration and description only. It is not intended to be exhaustive or to be limited to the precise form disclosed.

    [0012] The present invention provides a manufacturing method of a fluid control device. The fluid control device can be used in many sectors such as pharmaceutical industries, energy industries computer techniques or printing industries for transporting fluids.

    [0013] FIG. 2 is a flowchart illustrating a manufacturing method of a fluid control device according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3A is a schematic cross-sectional view of the fluid control device according to an embodiment of the present invention. Please refer to FIGS. 2 and 3A. In a step S31, a housing 26, a piezoelectric actuator 23 and a deformable substrate 20 are provided. The piezoelectric actuator 23 comprises a vibration plate 230 and a piezoelectric element 233. The vibration plate 230 has a first surface 230b and an opposing second surface 230a. Moreover, a bulge 230c is formed on the second surface 230a of the vibration plate 230. In this embodiment, the vibration plate 230 has a square flexible film structure. The piezoelectric element 233 has a square shape. The side length of the piezoelectric element 233 is not larger than the side length of the vibration plate 230. Moreover, the piezoelectric element 233 is attached on the first surface 230b of the vibration plate 230. By applying a voltage to the piezoelectric element 233, the piezoelectric element 233 is subjected to deformation to result in curvy vibration of the vibration plate 230. The piezoelectric actuator 23 further comprises an outer frame 231 and at least one bracket 232. The vibration plate 230 is enclosed by the outer frame 231. The profile of the outer frame 231 matches the profile of the vibration plate 230. That is, the outer frame 231 is a square hollow frame. Moreover, the at least one bracket 232 is connected between the vibration plate 230 and the outer frame 231 for elastically supporting the vibration plate 230. The deformable substrate 20 comprises a communication plate 21 and a flexible plate 22. The communication plate 21 has an outer surface 21a. The communication plate 21 comprises at least one inlet 210, at least one convergence channel 211 and a central cavity 212. The inlet 210 runs through the communication plate 21. A fist end of the convergence channel 211 is in communication with the inlet 210, while a second end of the convergence channel 211 is in communication with the central cavity 212. The flexible plate 22 comprises a movable part 22a and a fixed part 22b. The fixed part 22b is fixed on the communication plate 21 in order to connect the flexible plate 22 with the communication plate 21. The movable part 22a is aligned with the central cavity 212. A central aperture 220 is formed within the movable part 22a and aligned with the central cavity 212 of the communication plate 21. The housing 26 comprises at least one outlet 261. Furthermore, the housing 26 can be a single plate or a frame consists of a bottom plate and a sidewall structure 260. The sidewall structure 260extends from the peripheral of the bottom plate. An accommodation space is defined by the bottom plate and the sidewall structure 260 collaboratively. The piezoelectric actuator 23 is disposed within the accommodation space. The piezoelectric actuator 23 and the deformable substrate 20 are covered by the housing 26. In addition, a temporary storage chamber A is formed between the housing 26 and the piezoelectric actuator 23 for temporarily storing the fluid. The outlet 261 is in communication with the temporary storage chamber A. Consequently, the fluid can be discharged to exterior of the housing 26 from interior of the housing 26 through the outlet 261.

    [0014] In a step S32, the flexible plate 22 and the communication plate 21 are stacked on each other and coupled with each other. Then, a preformed synchronous deformation process is implemented by applying one or more external force to an outer portion of the deformable substrate 20. The outer portion may be at least one surface of the flexible plate 22 or at least one surface of the communication plate 21. As a consequence, a preformed synchronously-deformed structure is defined by the flexible plate 22 and the communication plate 21 collaboratively. Preferably but not exclusively, the external force is a contact force. By applying the external force to the outer portion of the deformable substrate 20, the deformable substrate 20 is subjected to synchronous deformation and the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is consequently formed (see FIG. 4A to 7). In addition, a mark (not shown) caused by the external force may be formed on a surface of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure.

    [0015] In a step S33, the housing 26, the piezoelectric actuator 23 and the deformable substrate 20 are sequentially stacked on each other, and coupled with each other to be combined afterward. The preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is aligned with the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Consequently, there is a specified depth δ defined between the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 and the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. In this step, the piezoelectric actuator 23 is covered by the housing 26 (see FIG. 3A).

    [0016] Please refer to FIG. 3A. The deformable substrate 20 shown in FIG. 3A has not been subjected to the synchronous deformation, while FIG. 3A is used for describing the stacked structure of the fluid control device 2. After the piezoelectric actuator 23 is received within an accommodation space 26a of the housing 26, the deformable substrate 20 or the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is combined with the piezoelectric actuator 23 and collectively received within the accommodation space 26a, therefore sealing the bottom of the piezoelectric actuator 23. In the process of assembling, the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 and the bulge 230c of the piezoelectric actuator 23 are aligned. Moreover, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is bent in the direction toward or away the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230 so that the specified depth δ is defined between the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 and the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Consequently, the fluid control device 2 with the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is produced.

    [0017] FIG. 3B is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating the action of the fluid control device of FIG. 3A. Please refer to FIGS. 3A and 3B. After the communication plate 21, the flexible plate 22 and the piezoelectric actuator 23 are coupled to be combined together, a convergence chamber is defined by partial flexible plate 22 including the central aperture 220 within, and the central cavity 212 of the communication plate 21 collaboratively. There is a gap h between the flexible plate 22 and the outer frame 231 of the piezoelectric actuator 23. Preferably but not exclusively, a medium (e.g., a conductive adhesive) is filled in the gap h. Consequently, the flexible plate 22 and the outer frame 231 of the piezoelectric actuator 23 are connected with each other through the medium. At the same time, the specified depth δ is defined between the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 and the bulge 230c of the piezoelectric actuator 23. When the vibration plate 230 of the piezoelectric actuator 23 vibrates, the fluid in a compressible chamber B defined between the flexible plate 22 and the piezoelectric actuator 23 is compressed, while the specified depth δ reduces due to the transformation of the flexible plate 22. Consequently, the pressure and the flow rate of the fluid are increased. The specified depth δ is a proper distance that is sufficient to reduce the contact interference between the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 and the bulge 230c of the piezoelectric actuator 23, thus reducing the noise generation. Moreover, the convergence chamber defined by the flexible plate 22 and the central cavity 212 of the communication plate 21 is in communication with the compressible chamber B through the central aperture 220.

    [0018] When the fluid control device 2 is enabled, the piezoelectric element 233 of the piezoelectric actuator 23 is actuated in response to an applied voltage. Consequently, the vibration plate 230 of the piezoelectric actuator 23 vibrates along a vertical direction in a reciprocating manner. When the vibration plate 230 vibrates upwardly in response to the applied voltage, since the flexible plate 22 is light and thin, the flexible plate 22 vibrates simultaneously because of the resonance of the vibration plate 230. More especially, the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 is subjected to a curvy deformation. The central aperture 220 is located near or located at the center of the flexible plate 22. Since the vibration plate 230vibrates upwardly, the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 correspondingly moves upwardly, making an external fluid introduced by the at least one inlet 210, through the at least one convergence channel 211, into the convergence chamber positioned in the central cavity 212 of the communication plate 21. After that, the fluid is transferred upwardly to the compressible chamber B through the central aperture 220 of the flexible plate 22. As the flexible plate 22 is subjected to deformation, the volume of the compressible chamber B is compressed such that it enhances the kinetic energy of the fluid therein and makes it flow to the bilateral sides, and then transferred upwardly through the vacant space between the vibration plate 230 and the bracket 232. As the vibration plate 230 vibrates downwardly, the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 correspondingly moves downwardly and subjected to the downward curvy deformation because of the resonance of the vibration plate 230. Meanwhile, less fluid is converged to the convergence chamber in the central cavity 212 of the communication plate 21. Since the piezoelectric actuator 23vibrates downwardly, the volume of the compressible chamber B is increased. Above-mentioned actions depicted in FIG. 3B are repeatedly done so as to expand or compress the compressible chamber B, thus enlarging the amount of inhalation or discharge of the fluid.

    [0019] As mentioned above, the deformable substrate 20 is made by stacking and coupling the communication plate 21 and the flexible plate 22. The preformed synchronously-deformed structure is defined by the communication plate 21 and the flexible plate 22 collaboratively. Specifically, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is defined by a synchronously-deformed region of the communication plate 21 and a synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate 22 collaboratively. When one of the communication plate 21 and the flexible plate 22 is subjected to deformation, another is also subjected to deformation synchronously. Moreover, the deformation shape of the communication plate 21 and the deformation shape of the flexible plate 22 are identical. As a result, after the corresponding surfaces of the communication plate 21 and the flexible plate 22 are contacted with and positioned on each other, there is merely little interval or parallel offset happened therebetween.

    [0020] As previously described, the piezoelectric actuator and the substrate of the conventional fluid control device are flat-plate structures with certain rigidities. Consequently, it is difficult to precisely align these two flat-plate structures and make them separated by the specified gap (i.e., maintain the specified depth). That is, the misalignment of the piezoelectric actuator and the substrate could readily occur. In accordance with the present invention, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is defined in response to the synchronous deformation of the communication plate 21 and the flexible plate 22. Moreover, the function of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is similar to the function of the substrate of the conventional technology. More especially, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure defined by the communication plate 21 and the flexible plate 22 has various implementation examples. In these implementation examples, a compressible chamber B corresponding to the specified depth δ (i.e., a specified gap between the preformed synchronously-deformed structure and the vibration plate 230 of the piezoelectric actuator 23) is maintained according to the practical requirements. Consequently, the fluid control device 2 is developed toward miniaturization, and the miniature components are adopted. Due to the preformed synchronously-deformed structure, it is easy to maintain the specified gap between the deformable substrate and the vibration plate. As previously described, the conventional technology has to precisely align two large-area flat-plate structures. In accordance with the feature of the present invention, the area to be aligned reduces because the deformable substrate 20 has the synchronously-deformed structure and is a non-flat-plate structure. The shape of the synchronously-deformed structure is not restricted. For example, the synchronously-deformed structure has a curvy shape, a conical shape, a curvy-surface profile or an irregular shape. Compared with aligning two large areas of the two flat plates, aligning one small area of a non-flat-plate with a flat plate is much easier, and therefore reduces assembling errors. Under this circumstance, the performance of transferring the fluid is enhanced and the noise is reduced.

    [0021] Preferably but not exclusively, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure has a curvy shape, a conical shape, a curvy-surface profile or an irregular shape. Some examples of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure will be described as follows.

    [0022] Please refer to FIGS. 4A and 4C. FIG. 4A is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a first example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device. FIG. 4C is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a third example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device. In the examples of FIGS. 4A and 4C, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is defined by the entire communication plate 21 and the entire flexible plate 22 collaboratively. That is, the synchronously-deformed region of the flexible 22 includes the movable part 22a and the region beyond the movable part 22a. The deformation direction of the example of FIG. 4A and the deformation direction of the example of FIG. 4C are opposite. As shown in FIG. 4A, the outer surface 21a of the communication plate 21 of the deformable substrate 20 is bent in the direction toward the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Moreover, the movable part 22a and the region beyond the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 are also bent in the direction toward the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. The bent communication plate 21 and the bent flexible plate 22 define the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20. As shown in FIG. 4C, the outer surface 21a of the communication plate 21 of the deformable substrate 20 is bent in the direction away from the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Simultaneously, the movable part 22a and the region beyond the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 are also bent in the direction away from the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. As a consequence, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is defined. Under this circumstance, the specified depth δ is defined and maintained between the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 and the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Consequently, the fluid control device 2 with the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is produced.

    [0023] Please refer to FIGS. 5A and 5C. FIG. 5A is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a fifth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device. FIG. 5C is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a seventh example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device. In the examples of FIGS. 5A and 5C, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is a conical synchronously-deformed structure that is defined by the entire communication plate 21 and the entire flexible plate 22 collaboratively. That is, the synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate 22 includes the movable part 22a and the region beyond the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22. The deformation direction of the example of FIG. 5A and the deformation direction of the example of FIG. 5C are opposite. As shown in FIG. 5A, the outer surface 21a of the communication plate 21 of the deformable substrate 20 is bent in the direction toward the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Moreover, the movable part 22a and the region beyond the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 are also bent in the direction toward the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. As a consequence, the conical synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is defined. As shown in FIG. 5C, the outer surface 21a of the communication plate 21 of the deformable substrate 20 is bent in the direction away from the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Moreover, the movable part 22a and the region beyond the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 are also bent in the direction away from the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. As a consequence, the conical synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is defined. Under this circumstance, the specified depth δ is defined and maintained between the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 and the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Consequently, the fluid control device 2 with the conical synchronously-deformed structure is produced.

    [0024] Please refer to FIGS. 6A and 6C. FIG. 6A is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a ninth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device. FIG. 6C is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating an eleventh example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device. In the examples of FIGS. 6A and 6C, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is a convex synchronously-deformed structure that is defined by the entire communication plate 21 and the entire flexible plate 22 collaboratively. That is, the convex synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate 22 includes the movable part 22a and the region beyond the movable part 22a. The deformation direction of the example of FIG. 6A and the deformation direction of the example of FIG. 6C are opposite. As shown in FIG 6A, the outer surface 21a of the communication plate 21 of the deformable substrate 20 is bent in the direction toward the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Moreover, the movable part 22a and the region beyond the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 are also bent in the direction toward the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. As a consequence, the convex synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is defined. As shown in FIG. 6C, the outer surface 21a of the communication plate 21 of the deformable substrate 20 is bent in the direction away from the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Moreover, the movable part 22a and the region beyond the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 are also bent in the direction away from the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. As a consequence, the convex synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is defined. Under this circumstance, the specified depth δ is defined and maintained between the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 and the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Consequently, the fluid control device 2 with the convex synchronously-deformed structure is produced.

    [0025] Alternatively, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is defined by a part of the communication plate 21 and a part of the flexible plate 22 collaboratively. That is, the synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate 22 includes the region of the movable part 22a only, and the scale of the synchronously-deformed region of the communication plate 21 corresponds to the synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate 22. In addition, the synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 includes but not limited to a curvy structure, a conical structure and a convex structure.

    [0026] Please refer to FIGS. 4B and 4D. FIG. 4B is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a second example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device. FIG. 4D is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a fourth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device. In the examples of FIGS. 4B and 4D, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is defined by a part of the communication plate 21 and a part of the flexible plate 22 collaboratively. The synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate 22includes the region of the movable part 22a only, and the synchronously-deformed region of the communication plate 21 corresponds to the synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate 22. That is, the synchronously-deformed structures of FIGS. 4B and 4D are produced by partially deforming the deformable substrate 20. The deformation direction of the example of FIG. 4B and the deformation direction of the example of FIG. 4D are opposite. As shown in FIG. 4B, the outer surface 21a of the communication plate 21 of the deformable substrate 20 is partially bent in the direction toward the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Moreover, the region of the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 is also partially bent in the direction toward the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. As a consequence, the partially-bent synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is defined. As shown in FIG 4D, the outer surface 21a of the communication plate 21 of the deformable substrate 20 is partially bent in the direction away from the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Moreover, the region of the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 is also partially bent in the direction away from the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. As a consequence, the partially-bent synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is defined. Under this circumstance, the specified depth δ is defined and maintained between the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 and the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. That is, the specified depth δ between the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 and the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230 is maintained. Consequently, the fluid control device 2 with the partially-bent synchronously-deformed structure is produced.

    [0027] Please refer to FIGS. 5B and 5D. FIG. 5B is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a sixth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device. FIG. 5D is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating an eighth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device. In the examples of FIGS. 5B and 5D, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is defined by a part of the communication plate 21 and a part of the flexible plate 22 collaboratively. The synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate 22 includes the region of the movable part 22a only, and the synchronously-deformed region of the communication plate 21 corresponds to the synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate 22. That is, the synchronously-deformed structures of FIGS. 5B and 5D are produced by partially deforming the deformable substrates 20 to conical synchronously-deformed structures. The deformation direction of the example of FIG. 5B and the deformation direction of the example of FIG. 5D are opposite. As shown in FIG. 5B, the outer surface 21a of the communication plate 21 of the deformable substrate 20 is partially bent in the direction toward the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Moreover, the region of the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 is also partially bent in the direction toward the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. As a consequence, the conical synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is defined. As shown in FIG. 5D, the outer surface 21a of the communication plate 21 of the deformable substrate 20 is partially bent in the direction away from the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Moreover, the region of the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 is also partially bent in the direction away from the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. As a consequence, the conical synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is defined. Under this circumstance, the specified depth δ is defined and maintained between the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 and the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Consequently, the fluid control device 2 with the conical synchronously-deformed structure is produced.

    [0028] Please refer to FIGS. 6B and 6D. FIG. 6B is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a tenth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device. FIG. 6D is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a twelfth example of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device. In the examples of FIGS. 6B and 6D, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is defined by a part of the communication plate 21 and a part of the flexible plate 22 collaboratively. The synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate 22 includes the region of the movable part 22a only, and the synchronously-deformed region of the communication plate 21 corresponds to the synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate 22. That is, the preformed synchronously-deformed structures of FIGS. 6B and 6D are produced by partially deforming the deformable substrates 20 to the convex synchronously-deformed structures. The deformation direction of the example of FIG. 6B and the deformation direction of the example of FIG. 6D are opposite. As shown in FIG. 6B, the outer surface 21a of the communication plate 21 of the deformable substrate 20 is partially bent in the direction toward the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Moreover, the region of the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 is also partially bent in the direction toward the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. As a consequence, the convex synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is defined. As shown in FIG. 6D, the outer surface 21a of the communication plate 21 of the deformable substrate 20 is partially bent in the direction away from the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Moreover, the region of the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 is also partially bent in the direction away from the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. As a consequence, the convex synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is defined. Under this circumstance, the specified depth δ is defined and maintained between the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 and the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Consequently, the fluid control device 2 with the convex synchronously-deformed structure is produced.

    [0029] FIG. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating an example of the synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate of the fluid control device. The preformed synchronously-deformed structure also can be a curvy-surface synchronously-deformed structure, which is composed of plural curvy surfaces with different or identical curvatures. As shown in FIG. 7, the curvy-surface synchronously-deformed structure comprises plural curvy surfaces with different curvatures. A set of the plural curvy surfaces are formed on the outer surface 21a of the communication plate 21 of the deformable substrate 20, while another set of curvy surfaces corresponding to the former set are formed on the flexible plate 22. Under this circumstance, the specified depth δ is defined and maintained between the curvy-surface synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Consequently, the fluid control device 2 with the curvy-surface synchronously-deformed structure is produced.

    [0030] In some other embodiments, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is an irregular synchronously-deformed structure, which is produced by making two sets of identical irregular surfaces respectively on the communication plate 21 and the flexible plate 22 of the deformable substrate 20. Consequently, the irregular synchronously-deformed structure is defined by the communication plate 21 and the flexible plate 22. The preformed synchronously-deformed structure is bent in the direction toward or away the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Under this circumstance, the specified depth δ is defined and maintained between the synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230.

    [0031] It is noted that numerous modifications and alterations may be made while retaining the teachings of the invention. For example, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure may be varied according to the practical requirements.

    [0032] In some embodiments, the vibration plate 230 of the piezoelectric actuator 23 is not equipped with the bulge 230. That is, the second surface 230a of the vibration plate 230 is a flat surface. The gap between the deformable substrate 20 and the piezoelectric actuator 23 is equal to the distance between the flexible plate 22 of the deformable substrate 20 and the second surface 230a of the vibration plate 230. A preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate 20 is produced after the fluid control device is assembled, and a specified depth δ is defined and maintained between the preformed synchronously-deformed structure and the vibration plate 230. The specified depth δ is sufficient to reduce the contact interference between the flexible plate 22 and the vibration plate 230 of the piezoelectric actuator 23. Consequently, the efficiency of transferring the fluid is enhanced, and the noise is reduced.

    [0033] The shape of the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is not restricted. For example, the preformed synchronously-deformed structure has a curvy shape, a conical shape, a curvy-surface profile or an irregular shape.

    [0034] In the above embodiments, the fluid control device comprises the preformed synchronously-deformed structure. The specified depth δ is defined and maintained between the movable part 22a of the flexible plate 22 and the bulge 230c of the vibration plate 230. Due to the specified depth δ, the gap can be retained in an adequate range that is not too large to cause inefficiency of fluid transmission, and not too small to cause the contact interference between the flexible plate 22 and the piezoelectric actuator 23. That is, assembling errors of the fluid control device 2 reduces. Consequently, the efficiency of transferring the fluid is enhanced, and the noise is diminished.

    [0035] From the above descriptions, the present invention provides a fluid control device. Before the fluid control device is assembled, a preformed synchronous deformation process is implemented by applying at least one external force to the outer portion of the deformable substrate so as to form a preformed synchronously-deformed structure. After the preformed synchronously-deformed structure and the piezoelectric actuator are combined together, the specified depth between the movable part of the flexible plate and the bulge of the vibration plate is defined. The specified depth is sufficient to reduce the contact interference between the flexible plate and the piezoelectric actuator. Consequently, the efficiency of transferring the fluid is enhanced, and the noise is reduced. Since the specified depth is advantageous for increasing the efficiency of transferring the fluid and reducing the noise, the product yield is increased and the quality of the fluid control device is significantly enhanced.

    [0036] While the invention has been described in terms of what is presently considered to be the most practical and preferred embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention needs not be limited to the disclosed embodiments. On the contrary, it is intended to cover various modifications and similar arrangements included within the scope of the appended claims which are to be accorded with the broadest interpretation so as to encompass all such modifications and similar structures.


    Claims

    1. A manufacturing method of a fluid control device (2), comprising:

    (a) providing a housing (26), a piezoelectric actuator (23) and a deformable substrate (20), wherein the piezoelectric actuator (23) comprises a piezoelectric element (233) and a vibration plate (230), and the deformable substrate (20) comprises a flexible plate (22) and a communication plate (21), wherein the vibration plate (230) has a first surface (230b) and an opposing second surface (230a), a bulge (230c) is formed on the second surface (230b) of the vibration plate (230), and the flexible plate (22) comprises a movable part (22a);

    (b) stacking and coupling the flexible plate (22) and the communication plate (21) of the deformable substrate (20), and implementing a preformed synchronous deformation process by applying at least one external force to an outer portion of the deformable substrate (20), wherein after the at least one external force is applied, one of the communication plate (21) and the flexible plate (22) is subjected to deformation, and the other one thereof is also subjected to deformation synchronously, whereby part of the deformable substrate (20) is deformed to form a preformed synchronously-deformed structure defined by the deformed flexible plate (22) and the deformed communication plate (21) collaboratively; and

    (c) coupling the housing (26), the piezoelectric actuator (23) and the deformable substrate (20) which are sequentially stacked, wherein the preformed synchronously-deformed structure of the deformable substrate (20) is aligned with the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230) to define a specified depth (δ) between the movable part (22a) of the flexible plate (22) and the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230).


     
    2. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein the preformed synchronous deformation process is implemented by applying the at least one external force to at least one surface of the flexible plate (22) of the deformable substrate (20).
     
    3. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein the preformed synchronous deformation process is implemented by applying the at least one external force to at least one surface of the communication plate (21) of the deformable substrate (20).
     
    4. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein a synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate (22) for defining the preformed synchronously-deformed structure includes the movable part (22a), the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is a curvy synchronously-deformed structure, and the specified depth (δ) is defined between the curvy synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230).
     
    5. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein a synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate (22) for defining the preformed synchronously-deformed structure includes the movable part (22a), the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is a conical synchronously-deformed structure, and the specified depth (δ) is defined between the conical synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230).
     
    6. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein a synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate (22) for defining the preformed synchronously-deformed structure includes the movable part (22a), the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is a convex synchronously-deformed structure, and the specified depth (δ) is defined between the convex synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230).
     
    7. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein a synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate (22) for defining the preformed synchronously-deformed structure includes the movable part (22a) and a region beyond the movable part (22a) of the flexible plate (22), and the specified depth (δ) is defined between the preformed synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230).
     
    8. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein a synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate (22) for defining the preformed synchronously-deformed structure includes the movable part (22a) and a region beyond the movable part (22a) of the flexible plate (22), the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is a curvy synchronously-deformed structure, and the specified depth (δ) is defined between the curvy synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230).
     
    9. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein a synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate (22) for defining the preformed synchronously-deformed structure includes the movable part (22a) and a region beyond the movable part (22a) of the flexible plate (22), the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is a conical synchronously-deformed structure, and the specified depth (δ) is defined between the conical synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230).
     
    10. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein a synchronously-deformed region of the flexible plate (22) for defining the preformed synchronously-deformed structure includes the movable part (22a) and a region beyond the movable part (22a) of the flexible plate (22), the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is a convex synchronously-deformed structure, and the specified depth (δ) is defined between the convex synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230).
     
    11. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is a curvy-surface synchronously-deformed structure composed of the communication plate (21) and the flexible plate (22), the curvy-surface synchronously-deformed structure comprises plural curvy surfaces with different curvatures, and the specified depth (δ) is defined between the curvy-surface synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230).
     
    12. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is a curvy-surface synchronously-deformed structure composed of the communication plate (21) and the flexible plate (22), the curvy-surface synchronously-deformed structure comprises plural curvy surfaces with an identical curvature, and the specified depth (δ) is defined between the curvy-surface synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230).
     
    13. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is an irregular synchronously-deformed structure composed of the communication plate (21) and the flexible plate (22), and the specified depth (δ) is defined between the irregular synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230).
     
    14. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, claim 2, claim 3, claim 4, claim 5, claim 6, claim 7, claim 8, claim 9, claim 10, claim 11, claim 12 or claim 13, wherein the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is a bent synchronously-deformed structure that is bent in a direction toward the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230), and the specified depth (δ) is defined between the bent synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230).
     
    15. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, claim 2, claim 3, claim 4, claim 5, claim 6, claim 7, claim 8, claim 9, claim 10, claim 11, claim 12 or claim 13, wherein the preformed synchronously-deformed structure is a bent synchronously-deformed structure that is bent in a direction away from the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230), and the specified depth (δ) is defined between the bent synchronously-deformed structure and the bulge (230c) of the vibration plate (230).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Herstellungsverfahren einer Fluidsteuervorrichtung (2), umfassend:

    (a) Bereitstellen eines Gehäuses (26), eines piezoelektrischen Aktors (23) und eines verformbaren Substrats (20), wobei der piezoelektrische Aktor (23) ein piezoelektrisches Element (233) und eine Vibrationsplatte (230) umfasst, und das verformbare Substrat (20) eine flexible Platte (22) und eine Kommunikationsplatte (21) umfasst, wobei die Vibrationsplatte (230) eine erste Oberfläche (230b) und eine gegenüberliegende zweite Oberfläche (230a) aufweist, eine Ausbuchtung (230c) auf der zweiten Oberfläche (230b) der Vibrationsplatte (230) ausgebildet ist, und die flexible Platte (22) ein bewegliches Teil (22a) umfasst;

    (b) Stapeln und Koppeln der flexiblen Platte (22) und der Kommunikationsplatte (21) des verformbaren Substrats (20) und Ausführen eines vorgeformten synchronen Verformungsvorgangs durch Aufbringen mindestens einer äußeren Kraft auf einen äußeren Abschnitt des verformbaren Substrats (20), wobei nach dem Aufbringen der mindestens einen äußeren Kraft eines von der Kommunikationsplatte (21) und der flexiblen Platte (22) einer Verformung unterworfen wird und das andere ebenfalls einer synchronen Verformung unterworfen wird, wodurch ein Teil des verformbaren Substrats (20) verformt wird, um eine vorgeformte synchron verformte Struktur zu bilden, die durch die verformte flexible Platte (22) und die verformte Kommunikationsplatte (21) gemeinsam definiert ist; und

    (c) Kopplung des Gehäuses (26), des piezoelektrischen Aktuators (23) und des verformbaren Substrats (20), die nacheinander gestapelt sind, wobei die vorgeformte synchron verformte Struktur des verformbaren Substrats (20) mit der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) ausgerichtet ist, um eine bestimmte Tiefe (δ) zwischen dem beweglichen Teil (22a) der flexiblen Platte (22) und der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) zu definieren.


     
    2. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der vorgeformte synchrone Verformungsprozess durch Aufbringen der mindestens einen äußeren Kraft auf mindestens eine Oberfläche der flexiblen Platte (22) des verformbaren Substrats (20) durchgeführt wird.
     
    3. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der vorgeformte synchrone Verformungsprozess durch Aufbringen der mindestens einen äußeren Kraft auf mindestens eine Oberfläche der Kommunikationsplatte (21) des verformbaren Substrats (20) durchgeführt wird.
     
    4. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein synchron verformter Bereich der flexiblen Platte (22) zum Definieren der vorgeformten synchron verformten Struktur den beweglichen Teil (22a) umfasst, die vorgeformte synchron verformte Struktur eine gekrümmte synchron verformte Struktur ist und die spezifizierte Tiefe (δ) zwischen der gekrümmten synchron verformten Struktur und der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) definiert ist.
     
    5. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein synchron verformter Bereich der flexiblen Platte (22) zum Definieren der vorgeformten synchron verformten Struktur den beweglichen Teil (22a) umfasst, die vorgeformte synchron verformte Struktur eine konische synchron verformte Struktur ist und die spezifizierte Tiefe (δ) zwischen der konischen synchron verformten Struktur und der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) definiert ist.
     
    6. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein synchron verformter Bereich der flexiblen Platte (22) zum Definieren der vorgeformten synchron verformten Struktur den beweglichen Teil (22a) umfasst, die vorgeformte synchron verformte Struktur eine konvexe synchron verformte Struktur ist und die spezifizierte Tiefe (δ) zwischen der konvexen synchron verformten Struktur und der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) definiert ist.
     
    7. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei dem ein synchron verformter Bereich der flexiblen Platte (22) zum Definieren der vorgeformten synchron verformten Struktur den beweglichen Teil (22a) und einen Bereich jenseits des beweglichen Teils (22a) der flexiblen Platte (22) umfasst, und die spezifizierte Tiefe (δ) zwischen der vorgeformten synchron verformten Struktur und der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) definiert wird.
     
    8. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein synchron verformter Bereich der flexiblen Platte (22) zum Definieren der vorgeformten synchron verformten Struktur den beweglichen Teil (22a) und einen Bereich jenseits des beweglichen Teils (22a) der flexiblen Platte (22) umfasst, die vorgeformte synchron verformte Struktur eine gekrümmte synchron verformte Struktur ist, und die spezifizierte Tiefe (δ) zwischen der gekrümmten synchron verformten Struktur und der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) definiert ist.
     
    9. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei dem ein synchron verformter Bereich der flexiblen Platte (22) zum Definieren der vorgeformten synchron verformten Struktur den beweglichen Teil (22a) und einen Bereich jenseits des beweglichen Teils (22a) der flexiblen Platte (22) umfasst, die vorgeformte synchron verformte Struktur eine konische synchron verformte Struktur ist, und die spezifizierte Tiefe (δ) zwischen der konischen synchron verformten Struktur und der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) definiert ist.
     
    10. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein synchron verformter Bereich der flexiblen Platte (22) zum Definieren der vorgeformten synchron verformten Struktur den beweglichen Teil (22a) und einen Bereich jenseits des beweglichen Teils (22a) der flexiblen Platte (22) umfasst, die vorgeformte synchron verformte Struktur eine konvexe synchron verformte Struktur ist, und die spezifizierte Tiefe (δ) zwischen der konvexen synchron verformten Struktur und der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) definiert ist.
     
    11. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die vorgeformte synchron verformte Struktur eine synchron verformte Struktur mit gekrümmter Oberfläche ist, die aus der Kommunikationsplatte (21) und der flexiblen Platte (22) zusammengesetzt ist, die synchron verformte Struktur mit gekrümmter Oberfläche mehrere gekrümmte Oberflächen mit unterschiedlichen Krümmungen aufweist, und die spezifizierte Tiefe (δ) zwischen der synchron verformten Struktur mit gekrümmter Oberfläche und der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) definiert ist.
     
    12. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die vorgeformte synchron verformte Struktur eine synchron verformte Struktur mit gekrümmter Oberfläche ist, die aus der Kommunikationsplatte (21) und der flexiblen Platte (22) besteht, die synchron verformte Struktur mit gekrümmter Oberfläche mehrere gekrümmte Oberflächen mit identischer Krümmung aufweist, und die spezifizierte Tiefe (δ) zwischen der synchron verformten Struktur mit gekrümmter Oberfläche und der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) definiert ist.
     
    13. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die vorgeformte synchron verformte Struktur eine unregelmäßige synchron verformte Struktur ist, die aus der Kommunikationsplatte (21) und der flexiblen Platte (22) besteht, und die spezifizierte Tiefe (δ) zwischen der unregelmäßigen synchron verformten Struktur und der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) definiert ist.
     
    14. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, Anspruch 2, Anspruch 3, Anspruch 4, Anspruch 5, Anspruch 6, Anspruch 7, Anspruch 8, Anspruch 9, Anspruch 10, Anspruch 11, Anspruch 12 oder Anspruch 13, wobei die vorgeformte synchron verformte Struktur eine gebogene synchron verformte Struktur ist, die in Richtung auf die Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) gebogen ist, und die vorgegebene Tiefe (δ) zwischen der gebogenen synchron verformten Struktur und der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) definiert ist.
     
    15. Herstellungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, Anspruch 2, Anspruch 3, Anspruch 4, Anspruch 5, Anspruch 6, Anspruch 7, Anspruch 8, Anspruch 9, Anspruch 10, Anspruch 11, Anspruch 12 oder Anspruch 13, wobei die vorgeformte synchron verformte Struktur eine gebogene synchron verformte Struktur ist, die in einer Richtung weg von der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) gebogen ist, und die spezifizierte Tiefe (δ) zwischen der gebogenen synchron verformten Struktur und der Ausbuchtung (230c) der Vibrationsplatte (230) definiert ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Un procédé de fabrication d'un dispositif de régulation de fluide (2), comprenant:

    (a) la fourniture d'un boîtier (26), d'un actionneur piézoélectrique (23) et d'un substrat déformable (20), dans lequel l'actionneur piézoélectrique (23) comprend un élément piézoélectrique (233) et une plaque vibrante (230), et le substrat déformable (20) comprend une plaque flexible (22) et une plaque de communication (21), dans lequel la plaque vibrante (230) a une première surface (230b) et une seconde surface opposée (230a), un renflement (230c) étant formé sur la seconde surface (230b) de la plaque vibrante (230), et la plaque flexible (22) comprend une partie mobile (22a);

    (b) empiler et coupler la plaque flexible (22) et la plaque de communication (21) du substrat déformable (20), et mettre en oeuvre un processus de déformation synchrone préformé en appliquant au moins une force externe sur une partie externe du substrat déformable (20), dans lequel postérieurement à l'application de la ou des forces externe(s), l'une parmi la plaque de communication (21) et de la plaque flexible (22) est soumise à une déformation, et l'autre est également soumise à une déformation synchrone, par lesquelles une partie du substrat déformable (20) se déforme pour former une structure déformée synchrone préformée définie par la plaque flexible déformée (22) et la plaque de communication déformée (21) en collaboration ; et

    (c) coupler le boîtier (26), l'actionneur piézoélectrique (23) et le substrat déformable (20) qui sont séquentiellement empilés, dans lequel la structure déformée synchrone préformée du substrat déformable (20) est alignée avec le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230) pour définir une profondeur spécifiée (δ) entre la partie mobile (22a) de la plaque flexible (22) et le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230).


     
    2. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le processus de déformation synchrone préformé est mis en œuvre en appliquant la ou les force(s) externe(s) sur au moins une surface de la plaque flexible (22) du substrat déformable (20).
     
    3. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le processus de déformation synchrone préformé est mis en œuvre en appliquant la ou les force(s) externe(s) sur au moins une surface de la plaque de communication (21) du substrat déformable (20).
     
    4. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une région déformée de manière synchrone de la plaque flexible (22) pour définir la structure préformée déformée de manière synchrone comprend la partie mobile (22a), la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée est une structure déformée de manière synchrone courbe, et la profondeur spécifiée (δ) est définie entre la structure déformée de manière synchrone courbe et le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230).
     
    5. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une région déformée de manière synchrone de la plaque flexible (22) pour définir la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée comprend la partie mobile (22a), la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée étant une structure déformée de manière synchrone conique, et la profondeur spécifiée (δ) étant définie entre la structure déformée de manière synchrone conique et le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230).
     
    6. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une région déformée de manière synchrone de la plaque flexible (22) pour définir la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée comprend la partie mobile (22a), la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée étant une structure déformée de manière synchrone convexe, et la profondeur spécifiée (δ) est définie entre la structure déformée de manière synchrone convexe et le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230).
     
    7. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une région déformée de manière synchrone de la plaque flexible (22) pour définir la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée comprend la partie mobile (22a) et une région au-delà de la partie mobile (22a) de la plaque flexible (22), et la profondeur spécifiée (δ) est définie entre la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée et le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230).
     
    8. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une région déformée de manière synchrone de la plaque flexible (22) pour définir la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée comprend la partie mobile (22a) et une région au-delà de la partie mobile (22a) de la plaque flexible (22), la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée étant une structure déformée de manière synchrone courbe, et la profondeur spécifiée (δ) est définie entre la structure déformée de manière synchrone courbe et le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230).
     
    9. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une région déformée de manière synchrone de la plaque flexible (22) pour définir la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée comprend la partie mobile (22a) et une région au-delà de la partie mobile (22a) de la plaque flexible (22), la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée étant une structure déformée de manière synchrone conique, et la profondeur spécifiée (δ) est définie entre la structure déformée de manière synchrone conique et le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230).
     
    10. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une région déformée de manière synchrone de la plaque flexible (22) pour définir la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée comprend la partie mobile (22a) et une région au-delà de la partie mobile (22a) de la plaque flexible (22), la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée étant une structure déformée de manière synchrone convexe, et la profondeur spécifiée (δ) est définie entre la structure déformée de manière synchrone convexe et le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230).
     
    11. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée est une structure déformée de manière synchrone à surface courbe composée de la plaque de communication (21) et de la plaque flexible (22), la structure déformée de manière synchrone à surface courbe comprenant plusieurs surfaces courbes ayant des courbures différentes, et la profondeur spécifiée (δ) étant définie entre la structure déformée de manière synchrone à surface courbe et le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230).
     
    12. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée est une structure déformée de manière synchrone à surface courbe composée de la plaque de communication (21) et de la plaque flexible (22), la structure déformée de manière synchrone à surface courbe comprend plusieurs surfaces courbes ayant une courbure identique, et la profondeur spécifiée (δ) est définie entre la structure déformée de manière synchrone à surface courbe et le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230).
     
    13. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la structure préformée déformée de manière synchrone est une structure déformée de manière synchrone irrégulière composée de la plaque de communication (21) et de la plaque flexible (22), et la profondeur spécifiée (δ) est définie entre les structure déformée de manière synchrone irrégulière et renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230).
     
    14. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, la revendication 2, la revendication 3, la revendication 4, la revendication 5, la revendication 6, la revendication 7, la revendication 8, la revendication 9, la revendication 10, la revendication 11, la revendication 12 ou la revendication 13, dans lequel la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée est une structure déformée de manière synchrone courbée suivant une direction vers le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230), et la profondeur spécifiée (δ) est définie entre la structure déformée de manière synchrone courbée et le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230).
     
    15. Le procédé de fabrication selon la revendication 1, la revendication 2, la revendication 3, la revendication 4, la revendication 5, la revendication 6, la revendication 7, la revendication 8, la revendication 9, la revendication 10, la revendication 11, la revendication 12 ou la revendication 13, dans lequel la structure déformée de manière synchrone préformée est une structure déformée de manière synchrone qui est courbée vers une direction s'éloignant du renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230), et la profondeur spécifiée (δ) est définie entre la structure déformée de façon synchrone courbée et le renflement (230c) de la plaque vibrante (230).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description