(19)
(11)EP 3 290 789 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 17188448.9

(22)Date of filing:  29.08.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F21V 29/00(2015.01)
F21V 29/83(2015.01)
F21Y 115/10(2016.01)
F21V 29/507(2015.01)
F21V 29/89(2015.01)

(54)

LUMINAIRE INCLUDING A HEAT DISSIPATION STRUCTURE

LEUCHTE MIT EINER WÄRMEABLEITUNGSSTRUKTUR

LUMINAIRE COMPRENANT UNE STRUCTURE DE DISSIPATION DE CHALEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.08.2016 US 201662381409 P
24.04.2017 US 201715494573

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.03.2018 Bulletin 2018/10

(73)Proprietor: GE Lighting Solutions, LLC
Cleveland, OH 44112 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • DUBUC, Eden
    Lachine, Québec H8T 3M6 (CA)
  • SPIVOCK, Robert David
    Lachine, Québec H8T 3M6 (CA)

(74)Representative: FRKelly 
27 Clyde Road
Dublin D04 F838
Dublin D04 F838 (IE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 789 893
WO-A1-2012/168845
DE-A1-102011 086 789
US-A1- 2015 267 899
EP-A2- 0 457 645
WO-A1-2016/108138
US-A1- 2013 294 093
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    I. TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to luminaires. More particularly, the present disclosure relates luminaires including heat dissipation structures.

    I. BACKGROUND



    [0002] In greenhouses, luminaires that are used to shine light on specimens must be compact in order to avoid shadowing the specimens during daytime. In other words, the luminaires must obstruct as little sunlight as possible, in order to maximize the specimens' exposure. Furthermore, greenhouse luminaires must be able provide ample illumination in the absence of sunlight. The latter constraint usually means that high intensity light sources (e.g. high power LEDs) must be used, which require large thermal management components to dissipate heat and keep the luminaires cool. These large thermal management components can render the luminaires bulky and cause excessive shadowing. EP2789893A1 discloses a lighting device that includes a heat sink having an optical transmittance, a light source module including a substrate disposed on the heat sink and a light emitting device disposed on the substrate, and a cover which is disposed on the light source module (and outwardly emits a part of light from the light source module. WO2012168845A1 discloses cooling system comprising a heat sink made of thermally conductive material and comprising an open cavity extending along a main axis. DE102011086789A1 discloses the cooling body for a semiconductor lighting device. EP0457645A2 discloses a device comprising a light bulb positioned inside a reflector made of a transparent material with a selectively reflective surface capable of reflecting the visible radiation generated by the bulb whilst at the same time allowing heat radiation to pass through it.

    [0003] WO2016108138 discloses a heat dissipation device comprising a baffle and an optional disk (2); wherein the heat dissipation device is defined by one or more of the baffle being a multilayer baffle comprising an inner layer (20) and an outer layer (21), wherein the in-plane thermal conductivity of the inner layer is greater than the in-plane thermal conductivity of the outer layer, wherein the through-plane thermal conductivity of the inner layer is greater than the through-plane thermal conductivity of the outer layer; the disk (2) being present, wherein the disk (2) is a thermally conductive disk; and the baffle having a tapered wall thickness.

    [0004] US2013294093 discloses a lighting apparatus including a body, a light emitting unit having at least one LED provided over the body, an enclosure provided over the body to enclose the light emitting unit, and an electric module provided in the body and electrically connected to the light emitting unit. The body may include a first heat sink having a first cavity and a second heat sink having a second cavity. The first heat sink may be positioned in the second cavity such that an outer surface of the first heat sink is adjacent to an inner surface of the second heat sink. The first heat sink and the second heat sink are formed of different materials and a conductivity of the first heat sink may be different than a conductivity of the second heat sink.

    II. SUMMARY



    [0005] The present disclosure provides a luminaire assembly as detailed in claim 1. Avantageous features are provided in dependent claims.

    [0006] The embodiments featured herein help solve or mitigate the above noted issues as well as other issues known in the art. Specifically, in luminaire design, there is a tradeoff between power requirements and luminaire form factor. The embodiments provide apparatuses and assembly methods for mitigating the power-to-form factor tradeoff.

    [0007] Sated otherwise, there is a need to create the smallest, lightest, and most thermally efficient luminaire for greenhouse applications. Thermal hardware fabricated via extrusion are typically complex to use because their geometry has typically been in two dimensions. Furthermore, an assembly of multiple extrusions can generate multiple heat transfer interface which reduce the thermal efficacy. Moreover, casting designs can have less efficient thermal conduction, and they can be heavy.

    [0008] Some of the embodiments featured herein provide overmolded fins on extruded metal cores, thus circumventing the aforementioned issues. Specifically, some of the embodiments provide large thermal management hardware without compromising form factor, which means that an exemplary luminaire according to the teachings set forth herein can deliver enough power for greenhouse applications, without shadowing specimens placed directly underneath the luminaire.

    [0009] For example, one embodiment provides a luminaire assembly including a hollow core and an overmolded thermal dissipation structure disposed over the hollow core. Another exemplary embodiment provides a method for assembling a luminaire. The method includes providing an overmolded thermal dissipation structure on an extruded hollow core configured to support a platform having a light source disposed thereon.

    [0010] Additional features, modes of operations, advantages, and other aspects of various embodiments are described below with reference to the accompanying drawings. It is noted that the present disclosure is not limited to the specific embodiments described herein. These embodiments are presented for illustrative purposes only. Additional embodiments, or modifications of the embodiments disclosed, will be readily apparent to persons skilled in the relevant art(s) based on the teachings provided.

    III. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0011] Illustrative embodiments may take form in various components and arrangements of components. Illustrative embodiments are shown in the accompanying drawings, throughout which like reference numerals may indicate corresponding or similar parts in the various drawings. The drawings are only for purposes of illustrating the embodiments and are not to be construed as limiting the disclosure. Given the following enabling description of the drawings, the novel aspects of the present disclosure should become evident to a person of ordinary skill in the relevant art(s).

    FIG. 1 illustrates an assembly of a luminaire in accordance with several aspects described herein.

    FIG. 2 illustrates a perspective view of an overmold in accordance with several aspects described herein.

    FIG. 3 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a core in accordance with several aspects described herein.

    FIG. 4 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a luminaire in accordance with several aspects described herein.

    FIG. 5 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a luminaire in accordance with several aspects described herein.

    FIG. 6 depicts a flow chart of a method in accordance with several aspects described herein.


    IV. DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0012] While the illustrative embodiments are described herein for particular applications, it should be understood that the present disclosure is not limited thereto. Those skilled in the art and with access to the teachings provided herein will recognize additional applications, modifications, and embodiments within the scope thereof and additional fields in which the present disclosure would be of significant utility.

    [0013] FIG. 1 illustrates a luminaire assembly 100, according to an exemplary embodiment. The luminaire assembly 100 includes an overmolded thermal dissipation structure 101 that is molded directly on a hollow core 106. The overmolded thermal dissipation structure 101 can be made from a molding process, such as die cast molding or the like, directly on the hollow core 106, which itself can be made from a metal extrusion process.

    [0014] The overmolded thermal dissipation structure 101 includes a plurality of fins 102; some or all of the fins can be equally spaced. In general, the spacing between the fins are dictated by the application at hand, i.e. by the thermal dissipation and air flow constraints that govern the application in which the luminaire assembly 100 is intended for. In other words, while the fins are shown in FIG. 1 to have a fixed spacing 104 between them, other distances between the fins can be used without departing from the scope of the present disclosure.

    [0015] The overmolded heat dissipation structure 101 is configured to cool the electronics (not shown) supported by a platform 108 of the hollow core 106. This is achieved by dissipating heat originating from the electronics via sidewalls of the hollow core 106. The plurality of fins 102, as configured, provide an air flow pattern that promotes heat dissipation and the electronics' cooling. The hollow core 106 further includes a cavity 110 through which electrical wiring (not shown) that interfaces with the electronics on the platform 108 can pass.

    [0016] In some embodiments, the hollow core 106 and the overmolded thermal dissipation structure 101 are made of the same material. According to the invention, they are made of aluminum. In other non-claimed embodiments, they are made of copper or can be made from materials that have substantially the same coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE).

    [0017] FIG. 2 illustrates a perspective view 200 of the overmolded thermal dissipation structure 101. It is substantially V-shaped so that it can complementarily fit on the hollow core 106, which too, has a substantially V-shaped cross-section. However, while the hollow core 106 and the overmolded thermal dissipation structure 101 are each shown to be V-shaped, other shapes such as a square or a rectangular cross-sections can be used. One of ordinary skill in the art will readily understand that different shapes can yield different air flow and heat dissipation patterns but that other shapes fall within the scope of the present disclosure.

    [0018] The overmolded heat dissipation structure 101 includes an inner surface 202 that contacts the outer surface of the hollow core 106 when the latter is molded onto the former, as shown in FIG. 1. The overmolded heat dissipation structure 101 further includes a lip 204 that is used as a passive support for the hollow core 106 once the overmolded heat dissipation structure 101 is molded thereon.

    [0019] FIG. 3 illustrates a cross-sectional view 300 of the hollow core 106. As previously mentioned, in this non-limiting exemplary embodiment, the hollow core 106 has a substantially V-shaped cross-section (as shown upside down in FIG. 3). The hollow core 106 includes recesses 302 and 304 that can be used to mount an end cap on the hollow core 106 to close the cavity 110. Moreover, the platform 108 can be made when the hollow core 106 is extruded.

    [0020] FIGs. 4 and 5 illustrate cross-sectional views 400 and 500 of the luminaire assembly 100, each showing the overmolded heat dissipation structure 101 disposed on the hollow core 106. In FIG. 4, the cross-sectional view 400 shows how outer surfaces of the hollow core 106 mate with the inner surfaces of the overmolded heat dissipation structure 101. Moreover, FIG. 4 shows how the edges of the hollow core 106 rest on the lips 204 of the overmolded heat dissipation structure 101, thus providing a passive means for ensuring that the two parts are tightly fitted together after the over-molding process.

    [0021] Turning now to FIG. 5, the cross-sectional view 500 shows a complete view of the luminaire assembly 100, as it is fitted with a printed circuit board 502 that has disposed thereon a light source 504, which can include a plurality of light emitting diodes (LEDs). The luminaire assembly 100 can further include a lens 506 that is disposed beneath the hollow core 106, in a direction opposite to the overmolded heat dissipation structure 101. As shown in FIG. 5, the assembly provides an air flow pattern in the directions 508 and 510, which optimizes heat dissipation in the luminaire assembly 100.

    [0022] Having set forth various structural embodiments, a method 600 for assembling a luminaire consistent with these embodiments is now described with respect to FIG. 6. The method 600 begins at block 602, and it includes providing a hollow core fabricated by extrusion (block 604). At block 606, the method 600 includes over-molding a heat dissipation structure directly on top of the extruded hollow core. The method 600 then includes assembling the electronics onto a platform of the extruded hollow core (block 608), as shown in FIG. 5. The method 600 further includes, at block 610, assembling a lens onto the luminaire (see FIG. 5). The method 600 ends at block 612.

    [0023] The embodiments featured herein provide a light weight design with a single piece heat dissipation structure (i.e. a heat sink) requiring no assembly. Furthermore, the embodiments provide no variation in thermal conductivity, contrary to typical luminaires where dissimilar materials are used. Moreover, relatively less metal can be used when fabricating the exemplary luminaires, which can lead to lower fixture costs as well as lower shipping and installation costs.

    [0024] Furthermore, generally, some exemplary embodiments may include an assembly of an LED array on a printed circuit board (PCB), and subsequently, the PCB may be assembled on an extrusion having a cast overmold heat sink that includes a plurality of fins. Moreover, in some exemplary embodiments, an extrusion may act as a heat path to bring the heat to cast overmold fins. In other words, in some exemplary embodiments, the thermal fins need not be on a side of the extrusion's wall.

    [0025] Those skilled in the relevant art(s) will appreciate that various adaptations and modifications of the embodiments described above can be configured without departing from the scope of the disclosure. For example, other embodiments can include welding a fin system to an angled extruded core like the hollow core 106. Therefore, it is to be understood that, within the scope of the appended claims, the disclosure may be practiced other than as specifically described herein.


    Claims

    1. A luminaire assembly (100), comprising a hollow core (106) and an overmolded thermal dissipation structure (101) molded over the hollow core (106);
    characterised in that:

    the hollow core (106) includes an extruded metal;

    a printed circuit board (502) is assembled on the hollow core (106) and an LED light source (504) disposed on the printed circuit board (502); and

    the hollow core (106) and the overmolded thermal dissipation structure (101) each are made of aluminum.


     
    2. The luminaire assembly (100) of claim 1, wherein the overmolded thermal dissipation structure (101) includes a plurality of fins (102).
     
    3. The luminaire assembly (100) of any preceding claim, further comprising a platform (108) configured to hold the printed circuit board (502).
     
    4. The luminaire assembly (100) of claim 3, wherein the printed circuit board (502) is disposed on the platform (108).
     
    5. The luminaire assembly (100) of claim 1, wherein the hollow core (106) includes a cavity (110) configured to guide electrical wiring interfacing with the printed circuit board (502).
     
    6. The luminaire assembly (100) of any preceding claim, further comprising a lens mounted on the hollow core (106) opposite the overmolded thermal dissipation structure (101).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Leuchtenbaugruppe (100), die einen hohlen Kern (106) und eine überformte thermische Ableitungsstruktur (101) umfasst, die über den hohlen Kern (106) geformt ist;
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:

    der hohle Kern (106) ein stranggepresstes Metall beinhaltet;

    eine Leiterplatte (502) auf dem hohlen Kern (106) montiert ist und eine LED-Lichtquelle (504) auf der Leiterplatte (502) angeordnet ist; und

    der hohle Kern (106) und die überformte thermische Ableitungsstruktur (101) jeweils aus Aluminium gefertigt sind.


     
    2. Leuchtenbaugruppe (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die überformte thermische Ableitungsstruktur (101) eine Vielzahl von Rippen (102) beinhaltet.
     
    3. Leuchtenbaugruppe (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, die ferner eine Plattform (108) umfasst, die dazu konfiguriert ist, die Leiterplatte (502) zu halten.
     
    4. Leuchtenbaugruppe (100) nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Leiterplatte (502) auf der Plattform (108) angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Leuchtenbaugruppe (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der hohle Kern (106) einen Hohlraum (110) beinhaltet, der dazu konfiguriert ist, eine elektrische Installation zu führen, die mit der Leiterplatte (502) verbunden ist.
     
    6. Leuchtenbaugruppe (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, die ferner eine Linse umfasst, die an dem hohlen Kern (106) gegenüber der überformten thermischen Ableitungsstruktur (101) montiert ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble luminaire (100), comprenant une partie centrale creuse (106) et une structure de dissipation thermique surmoulée (101) moulée sur la partie centrale creuse (106) ;
    caractérisé en ce que :

    la partie centrale creuse (106) inclut un métal extrudé ;

    une carte de circuit imprimé (502) est assemblée sur la partie centrale creuse (106) et une source de lumière à DEL (504) disposée sur la carte de circuit imprimé (502) ; et

    la partie centrale creuse (106) et la structure de dissipation thermique surmoulée (101) sont chacune composées d'aluminium.


     
    2. Ensemble luminaire (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la structure de dissipation thermique surmoulée (101) inclut une pluralité d'ailettes (102).
     
    3. Ensemble luminaire (100) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, comprenant en outre une plateforme (108) configurée pour maintenir la carte de circuit imprimé (502).
     
    4. Ensemble luminaire (100) selon la revendication 3, dans lequel la carte de circuit imprimé (502) est disposée sur la plateforme (108).
     
    5. Ensemble luminaire (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie centrale creuse (106) inclut une cavité (110) configurée pour guider une interface de câblage électrique avec la carte de circuit imprimé (502).
     
    6. Ensemble luminaire (100) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, comprenant en outre une lentille montée sur la partie centrale creuse (106) en regard de la structure de dissipation thermique surmoulée (101).
     




    Drawing























    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description