(19)
(11)EP 3 291 368 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 17184457.4

(22)Date of filing:  02.08.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01Q 1/22(2006.01)
H01Q 7/00(2006.01)
H01Q 9/26(2006.01)
H01Q 9/06(2006.01)
H01Q 5/364(2015.01)

(54)

RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION (RFID) TAG DEVICE AND RELATED METHODS

VORRICHTUNG FÜR FUNKFREQUENZIDENTIFIZIERUNGSETIKETT (RFID) UND ZUGEHÖRIGE VERFAHREN

DISPOSITIF D'ÉTIQUETTE D'IDENTIFICATION DE FRÉQUENCE RADIO (RFID) ET PROCÉDÉS ASSOCIÉS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 02.09.2016 US 201662383226 P
30.03.2017 US 201715474938

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.03.2018 Bulletin 2018/10

(60)Divisional application:
20165230.2

(73)Proprietor: Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC
Phoenix, AZ 85008 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • Davis, Timothy Jordan
    Phoenix, AZ 85213 (US)

(74)Representative: Manitz Finsterwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltspartnerschaft mbB 
Martin-Greif-Strasse 1
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2015/037667
CN-U- 203 012 771
US-A1- 2012 018 524
CN-A- 104 978 600
US-A1- 2005 024 287
US-B1- 6 285 342
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    1. Technical Field



    [0001] Aspects of this document relate generally to radio frequency devices, such as antennas for radiating frequencies. More specific implementations involve ultra-high frequency (UHF) radio frequency identification (RFID) tags and antennas used for sensing temperature.

    2. Background



    [0002] Conventionally, RFID technology is used to send and receive identifying information using radio waves. RFID tags generally include a chip, memory to store electronic information, and an antenna to transmit the stored data. CN203012771U relates to a RFID tag having an antenna including meander lines attached to an insulating film. The impedance characteristics of the antenna are changed by adjusting the width and length of the meander lines. US2012/018524A1 relates to a transponder with a surface acoustic wave piezoelectric device, wire bonds, an antenna element and an antenna substrate. The acoustic wave piezoelectric device is attached directly onto the antenna substrate and wire bonded to the antenna element at the other side of the substrate. US2005/024287A1 relates to a RFID tag attached to an object and comprising an antenna and an integrated circuit for providing object information to a separate reader. The antenna is U-shaped comprising two parallel meanderline transmission lines each terminated at a first end to the integrated circuit. A shorting bar is connected between the pair of meanderline transmission lines at the first ends to match the antenna impedance with an integrated circuit impedance. WO2015/037667A1 relates to a first antenna section and a second antenna section, which are both connected to an IC chip via a circuit section formed of a wiring meandering. US685342B1 relates to an RFID tag with an antenna on one side of a dielectric substrate and a ground plane on the other side of the substrate, where the antenna comprises meandering lines and frequency tuning stubs.

    SUMMARY



    [0003] An example of an antenna used in systems disclosed herein may include a meandering T-matching structure, a first meandering feed line coupled to the meandering T-matching structure, a first radiating part coupled to the first meandering feed line, a second meandering feed line coupled to the meandering T-matching structure, and a second radiating part coupled to the meandering feed line. A gap physically separates the first meandering feed line and the second meandering feed line.

    [0004] Implementations of antennas may include one, all, or any of the following:

    [0005] The first meandering feed line may include a first frequency tuning stub.

    [0006] The second meandering feed line may include a second frequency tuning stub.

    [0007] One of the first radiating part and the second radiating part may include a power transfer portion.

    [0008] An implementation of a radio frequency identification (RFID) tag is defined in claim 1 and includes a dielectric substrate including a first side and a second side, a ground plane coupled to the first side of the dielectric substrate, wherein the ground plane includes a metal exclusion region, and an antenna coupled to the second side of the dielectric substrate. The antenna is coupled to the metal exclusion region through a first via and a second via in the dielectric substrate, and an integrated circuit is coupled to the first side of the dielectric substrate.

    [0009] Implementations of RFID tags may include one, all, or any of the following:

    [0010] The dielectric substrate may be 3.2 millimeters thick.

    [0011] The dielectric substrate may be 1.6 millimeters thick.

    [0012] The antenna may include a meandering T-matching structure.

    [0013] The antenna may include a first frequency tuning stub and a second frequency tuning stub.

    [0014] An implementation of a radio frequency identification (RFID) tag is defined in claim 5 and includes a dielectric substrate including a first side and a second side, a ground plane coupled to the first side of the dielectric substrate, wherein the ground plane includes a metal exclusion region, and an antenna coupled to the second side of the dielectric substrate. The antenna includes a meandering T-matching structure, a first meandering feed line coupled to the meandering T-matching structure, a first radiating part coupled to the first meandering feed line, a second meandering feed line coupled to the meandering T-matching structure, and a second radiating part coupled to the second meandering feed line. A gap physically separates the first meandering feed line and the second meandering feed line. The antenna is coupled to the metal exclusion region through a first via and a second via, the first via positioned at a first side of the gap and the second via positioned at a second side of the gap. The RFID tag also includes an integrated circuit coupled to the dielectric substrate.

    [0015] Implementations of RFID tags may include one, all, or any of the following:

    [0016] The integrated circuit may be coupled to the first side of the dielectric substrate.

    [0017] The integrated circuit may be coupled to the second side of the dielectric substrate.

    [0018] The integrated circuit may span the gap between the first meandering feed line and the second meandering feed line.

    [0019] The antenna may include a first frequency tuning stub coupled to the first meandering feed line.

    [0020] The antenna may include a second frequency tuning stub coupled to the second meandering feed line.

    [0021] The dielectric substrate may be 3.2 millimeters thick.

    [0022] The dielectric substrate may be 1.6 millimeters thick.

    [0023] The foregoing and other aspects, features, and advantages will be apparent to those artisans of ordinary skill in the art from the DESCRIPTION and DRAWINGS, and from the CLAIMS.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0024] Implementations will hereinafter be described in conjunction with the appended drawings, where like designations denote like elements, and:

    FIG. 1 is a perspective see through view of a radio frequency identification (RFID) tag;

    FIG. 2 is a magnified view of a frequency tuning stub implementation as illustrated in FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is a magnified see through view of a gap in the antenna implementation of FIG. 1 with vias coupling the antenna to a metal exclusion region through a substrate;

    FIG. 4 is a magnified see through view of a T-matching structure implementation illustrated in FIG. 1;

    FIG. 5 is a bottom partial see through view of an RFID tag implementation with an integrated circuit (IC) on the same side of the substrate as a metal exclusion region;

    FIG. 6 is a magnified view of the IC illustrated in FIG. 5;

    FIG. 7 is a perspective see through view of an RFID tag implementation with an IC implementation located on the same side of the substrate as the antenna;

    FIG. 8 is a magnified view of the IC implementation of FIG 7;

    FIG. 9 is a schematic showing two RFID tags coupled to temperature sensors in use in an RFID temperature sensing system implementation;

    FIG. 10 is an illustration of the far-field gain response of the RFID tag implementation illustrated in FIG. 1 with an associated table showing the corresponding gain values;

    FIG. 11 is a chart showing the frequencies that correspond with the nominal impedance for various antenna implementations like those disclosed herein; and

    FIG. 12 is a chart showing the minimum read power measurements of three different RFID tags using an antenna implementation like those disclosed herein, each having a different physical length.


    DESCRIPTION



    [0025] This disclosure, its aspects and implementations, are not limited to the specific components, assembly procedures or method elements disclosed herein. Many additional components, assembly procedures and/or method elements known in the art consistent with the intended radio frequency identification (RFID) tag device will become apparent for use with particular implementations from this disclosure. Accordingly, for example, although particular implementations are disclosed, such implementations and implementing components may comprise any shape, size, style, type, model, version, measurement, concentration, material, quantity, method element, step, and/or the like as is known in the art for such RFID tag devices, and implementing components and methods, consistent with the intended operation and methods.

    [0026] Referring to FIG. 1, a perspective see through view of an RFID tag is illustrated. The RFID tag 2 include an antenna 4. The antenna 4 illustrated in FIG. 1 is a dipole antenna. In particular implementations, the antenna may be symmetrical. Symmetry, as used in this document, may refer to reflectional symmetry, rotational symmetry, translational symmetry, or any combination of all or part of these symmetries. In other implementations, the antenna may not have symmetry.

    [0027] In implementations with a dipole antenna, the antenna 4 includes a first dipole arm 6 and a second dipole arm 8. In various implementations, like the implementation illustrated by FIG. 1, the first dipole arm 6 may include a first meandering feed line 10 and the second dipole arm 8 may include a second meandering feed line 12. In various implementations, the first meandering feed line 10 and the second meandering feed line 12 may include any number of bends within the meandering portion of the meandering feed lines. The first meandering feed line 10 and the second meandering feed line 12 may be symmetrical with respect to each other or may be asymmetrical in various implementations.

    [0028] The first dipole arm may include a first frequency tuning stub 14. In various implementations, the frequency tuning stub may be coupled to or part of an end portion of the dipole arm that is near the outer perimeter of the antenna, a middle portion of the dipole arm, or an end portion of the dipole arm that is near the center of the antenna. Referring to FIG. 2, a magnified view of a frequency tuning stub of FIG. 1 is illustrated. The first frequency tuning stub 14 may extend from the first dipole arm 6. The tuning stub may vary in size

    [0029] Referring back to FIG. 1, the second dipole arm 8 may include a second frequency tuning stub 16. In various implementations, the frequency tuning stub 16 may be coupled to or part of an end portion of the dipole arm that is near the outer perimeter of the antenna, a middle portion of the dipole arm, or an end portion of the dipole arm that is near the center of the antenna. The second frequency tuning stub 16 may extend from the second dipole arm 8. The tuning stub may vary in size. The first frequency tuning stub 14 and the second frequency tuning stub 16 may be symmetrical with respect to each other, and/or they may be located in the antenna in a position that allows the first dipole arm 6 to be symmetrical to the second dipole arm 8.

    [0030] By including a frequency tuning stub, fine tuning of resonant frequency response is possible. Longer stubs lead to lower resonant frequencies and shorter stubs lead to higher resonant frequencies. The frequency tuning stub provides another degree of freedom when altering/adjusting/calibrating the antenna for a particular frequency band or radio frequency integrated circuit (RFIC). The second frequency tuning stub 16 may be similar to or the same as the first frequency tuning stub 14. Use of a frequency tuning stub may permit the antenna to be used, during manufacturing, to determine what the range of RF frequencies that the ultimate RFID device will respond to. This capability, to tune the antenna during manufacturing to a fixed RF frequency range may improve device performance and reliability over the long term (as no additional tuning components that may fail over time are involved).

    [0031] The antenna 4 may include a gap 18 that physically separates the first dipole arm 6 from the second dipole arm 8. Gap 18 represents a physical break in the material forming the first dipole arm 6 from the material of the second dipole arm 8. Gap 18 also likewise physically separates the first meandering feed line 10 from the second meandering feed line 12. Referring to FIG. 3, a magnified view of the gap shown in FIG. 1 is illustrated. The gap may vary in dimension as a function of package size and other package design variables.

    [0032] Referring back to FIG. 1, the antenna 4 includes a T-matching network 20 to adjust the impedance and provide a conjugate match to a RFIC for maximum power transfer. The T-matching structure 20 may be coupled to both the first dipole arm 6 and the second dipole arm 8. In various implementations, the T-matching network may be, by non-limiting example, a straight rectangular T-matching structure, a circular T-matching structure, a double T-matching structure, or, as illustrated in FIG. 1, a meandering T-matching structure 22. Referring to FIG. 4, a magnified view of the T-matching structure of FIG. 1 is illustrated. In implementations with a meandering T-matching structure, the meandering T-matching structure 22 may include any number of bends. In various implementations, the T-matching structure may include the same, more, or fewer number of bends as the bends in the first meandering feed line or in the second meandering feed line. The bends may provide a wide range of conjugate matches to be used with an RFIC. The meandering T-matching structure 22 may be symmetrical about the middle of the meandering T-matching structure 22.

    [0033] Referring back to FIG. 1, the antenna 4 may include a first radiating part 24 and a second radiating part 26. The first radiating part 24 and the second radiating part 26 may transmit and/or receive signals. In various implementations, the first radiating part 24 may be coupled to the first meandering feed line 10. In others, the second radiating part 26 may be coupled to the second meandering feed line 12. The first radiating part 24 and the second radiating part 26 may be symmetrical with respect to one another.

    [0034] In various implementations, the first radiating part 24 and/or the second radiating part 26 may include a power transfer portion. In such implementations, the first meandering feed line 10 or the second meandering feed line 12 may provide power from the power transfer portion to an integrated circuit (IC). In this way, the IC is provided with the power to operate through the RF signal being received from an RF transmitter, which may provide power on a temporary basis (in the case of transient RF signals) or long-term basis (in the case of steady RF signals).

    [0035] In various implementations not forming part of the claimed invention, the antenna 4 may include a loop 28 which couples the outermost portions of the antenna together and forms a perimeter around the inner portions of the antenna. The loop 28 may be a rectangular loop and may directly couple the first radiating part 24 with the second radiating part 26, couple the first radiating part 24 with the T-matching structure 22, and couple the second radiating part 26 with the T-matching structure 22. In other implementations, however, the loop may not directly connect any one of these structures together.

    [0036] The RFID tag device 2 includes a substrate. The substrate may be a dielectric substrate 30 with a first side 32 and a second side 34. As illustrated in FIG. 1, the first side 32 is illustrated as the bottom of the substrate 30 and the second side 34 is illustrated as the top of the substrate 30. The substrate illustrated in FIG. 1 is rectangular, but in various implementations, the substrate may have other shapes, including, by non-limiting example, circular, square, triangular, or any other closed shape. In implementations with a meandering T-matching structure, the antenna may be tuned to work properly with a variety of dielectric substrates made of various materials and having various thicknesses. In one implementation, a dielectric substrate that is 3.2 millimeters thick may be used with an implementation of an antenna like that illustrated as antenna 4. Specifically, in particular implementations, the substrate used may be a 3.2 millimeter thick substrate made of FR-4. In other implementations, the substrate may be 1.6 millimeters thick. Specifically, substrates that are 1.6 millimeters thick may be substrates marketed under the tradename RO4350™ by Rogers Corporation of Chandler, Arizona. In still other implementations, the dielectric substrate 30 may include other materials and/or have other thicknesses than described above.

    [0037] The RFID tag may include a ground plane coupled to the first side 32 of the substrate 30. In various implementations, the ground plane may be a metallic or conductive material. The ground plane may include a metal exclusion region 36 coupled to the first side 32 of the substrate 30. In various implementations, the metal exclusion regions may include mounting pads which may couple to vias. The mounting pads within the metal exclusion region are directly coupled to the first side of the substrate 30, while in other implementations the mounting pads within the metal exclusion region 36 are not directly coupled to the first side 32 of the substrate. Referring back to FIG. 3, a magnified view of the metal exclusion region 36 is illustrated. The metal exclusion region 36 may vary in size and shape. In various implementations, the distance from the ground plane coupled to the first side 32 of the substrate 30 to the mounting pads within the metal exclusion regions may vary. A second order effect on the conjugate match to the RFIC may be created by varying this distance from the ground plane. The mounting pads within the metal exclusion region 36 may be coupled to the antenna 4 through a first via 38 that goes through the material of the substrate 30 and through a second via 40 that goes through the substrate 30. The first via 38 may utilize the metal exclusion region 36 to form a conjugate match of the first dipole arm 6 near the gap 18 to an RFIC. The second via 40 may utilize the metal exclusion region 36 to form a conjugate match 36 of the second dipole arm 8 near the gap 18 to an RFIC.

    [0038] Referring to FIG. 5, a bottom partial see through view of an RFID tag with an integrated circuit (IC) on the same side of the substrate as the metal exclusion region is illustrated. FIG. 6 is a magnified view of the IC of FIG. 5 at the area marked 4B in FIG. 5. In various implementations, an IC 42 may be coupled to the first side 32 of the substrate. The IC 42 electrically communicates with antenna 4 through vias 38 and 40.

    [0039] Referring to FIG. 7, a perspective see through view of an RFID tag with an IC on the same side of the substrate as the antenna is illustrated. FIG. 8 is a magnified view of the IC of FIG. 7 at the area marked 3B in FIG. 7. In the implementation illustrated by FIGS. 7 and 8, an IC 44 may be coupled to a second side 34 of the dielectric substrate 30. In such implementations, the IC 44 may span the gap 18 between the first meandering feed line and the second meandering feed line. The IC 44 may also be directly coupled to the antenna 4, specifically directly to the first dipole arm 6 and the second dipole arm 8. The IC 44 may be bonded to the substrate through the first dipole arm 6 and the second dipole arm 8 in various implementations. In others, additional bonding material, including electrically/thermally conductive and/or non-conductive materials may be used to further secure the IC to the substrate.

    [0040] In various implementations, the RFID tag may be used as a component in a system for sensing temperature. FIG. 9 is a schematic showing two RFID tags in use in such a system implementation. A first RFID tag 46 used as a temperature sensor may be placed on an insulator 48. A second RFID tag 50 used as a temperature sensor may be placed on a busbar 52. In other implementations, the RFID tags may be placed on and measure the temperature of any additional system components. In the implementation illustrated by FIG. 9, the RFID tags, the insulator 48, and the busbar 52 are all within an equipment enclosure 54. A radio frequency (RF) antenna 56 is also be placed within the equipment enclosure 54 to wirelessly communicate with/power the first RFID tag 46 and the second RFID tag 50. An RFID interrogator 58 may be placed outside the equipment enclosure 54 to read the information provided by the RFID tags through the RF antenna 56. In the implementation illustrated by FIG. 9, two RFID tags were used, however, in other systems a single RFID tag may be used or more than two RFID tags may be used.

    [0041] In implementations where the RFID tag is used for sensing temperature, the structure of the RFID tag as described above increases both the accuracy and the speed of the response time of the temperature sensor. The response time of detecting a temperature change using the IC may be shortened from seconds to milliseconds. Furthermore, the necessity for temperature offset due to the insulative nature of the substrate may also eliminated. Further, there is less interference with the temperature reading from ambient temperatures. All of the foregoing effects may increase the accuracy of the temperature sensor.

    [0042] For the sensor implementations illustrated in FIG.9, the temperature sensing accuracy is +/-0.3 degrees Celsius when measuring temperatures between 0 - 50 degrees Celsius, and +/- 1 degree Celsius when measuring temperatures between - 40 - 0 degrees Celsius and 50 - 80 degrees Celsius.

    [0043] The RFID tags may be used to monitor the temperature of computer servers, monitor power lines, power distribution system components, or monitor any other device or system where temperature is important. Further, due to the structure of the RFID tag as described above, the RFID tag may be used on metal or highly conductive surfaces. Thus, this application may be useful in any application where a temperature of a metallic object needs constant remote monitoring.

    [0044] In other implementations, the RFID tag and antenna may be used in applications different from temperature sensing, such as, by non-limiting example, tracking applications, inventory management, and access control applications. This may be done through using an antenna like those disclosed herein with and IC coupled with/containing another sensor type, such as a pressure, flow, current, or other sensor.

    [0045] FIG. 10 is an illustration of the far-field gain response of the RFID tag implementation illustrated in FIG. 1 with an associated table showing the corresponding gain values in dB. In a color version of FIG. 10, red would be represented by 60, yellow would be represented by 62, green would be represented by 64, and blue would be represented by 66.

    [0046] FIG. 11 is a chart showing the frequencies that correspond with the nominal impedance. A first curve 70 shows the real component of the nominal impedance of the RFID device of FIG. 1. The second curve 68 illustrates the imaginary component of the nominal impedance of the RFID tag. As can be seen from the chart, the RFID device has an optimal nominal impedance between the frequencies of 902 MHZ and 928 MHZ.

    [0047] FIG. 12 is a chart showing the minimum read power measurements of three different RFID tags, each with a different overall length. A first RFID tag 72 included a design marketed under the name RO61. The read power using the first RFID tag is at a minimum between approximately 865 MHZ and 888 MHZ. A second RFID tag 74 included a design marketed under the name RO63. As can be seen, the read power using the second RFID tag is at a minimum between approximately 890 MHZ and 910 MHZ. A third RFID tag 76 included a design marketed under the name RO65. The read power using the third RFID tag is at a minimum between approximately 910 MHZ and 935 MHZ. This data indicates that the effect of the design length can be used to alter the operational frequency to any specific regional band within but not limited to the ultra-high frequency (UHF) operating band, while the shape of the curve remains relatively stable across the different designs. This indicates that antenna designs like those disclosed here may be versatile and easily modified to meet any specific geographic band needs.

    [0048] In various implementations, the RFID tag includes a dielectric substrate 3.2 millimeters thick. In other implementations, the RFID tag includes a dielectric substrate 1.6 millimeters thick.

    [0049] In places where the description above refers to particular implementations of antennas, RFID tags and implementing components, sub-components, methods and sub-methods, it should be readily apparent that a number of modifications may be made and that these implementations, implementing components, sub-components, methods and sub-methods may be applied to other antennas and RFID tags.


    Claims

    1. A radio frequency identification, RFID, tag (2) comprising:
    a dielectric substrate (30) comprising a first side (32) and a second side (34);

    a ground plane coupled to a first side (32) of the dielectric substrate (30), wherein the ground plane comprises a metal exclusion region (36);

    an antenna (4) coupled to the second side (34) of the dielectric substrate (30), the antenna (4) comprising:

    a first dipole arm (6) including a first meandering feed line (10);

    a second dipole arm (8) including a second meandering feed line (12);

    a meandering T-matching structure (22) coupled to both the first dipole arm (6) and the second dipole arm (8), wherein the first meandering feed line (10) and the second meandering feed line (12) are coupled to the meandering T-matching structure (22);

    a first radiating part (24) coupled to the first meandering feed line (10); and

    a second radiating part (26) coupled to the second meandering feed line (12),

    wherein a gap physically separates the first meandering feed line (10) and the second meandering feed line (12),

    wherein the antenna (4) is coupled to the metal exclusion region (36) through a first via (38) and a second via (49) in the dielectric substrate (30); and

    an integrated circuit (42) coupled to the first side (32) of the dielectric substrate (30);

    wherein the antenna (4) comprises a first frequency tuning stub (14) and a second frequency tuning stub (16).


     
    2. The RFID tag (2) of claim 1, wherein one of the first radiating part (24) and the second radiating part (26) comprises a power transfer portion.
     
    3. The RFID tag (2) of claim 1, wherein the dielectric substrate (30) is 3.2 millimeters thick.
     
    4. The RFID tag (2) of claim 1, wherein the dielectric substrate (30) is 1.6 millimeters thick.
     
    5. A radio frequency identification, RFID, tag (2) comprising:

    a dielectric substrate (30) comprising a first side (32) and a second side (34);

    a ground plane coupled to a first side (32) of the dielectric substrate (30), wherein the ground plane comprises a metal exclusion region (36);

    an antenna (4) coupled to the second side (34) of the dielectric substrate (30), the antenna (4) comprising:

    a first dipole arm (6) including a first meandering feed line (10);

    a second dipole arm (8) including a second meandering feed line (12);

    a meandering T-matching structure (22) coupled to both the first dipole arm (6) and the second dipole arm (8), wherein the first meandering feed line (10) and the second meandering feed line (12) are coupled to the meandering T-matching structure (22);

    a first radiating part (24) coupled to the first meandering feed line (10); and

    a second radiating part (26) coupled to the second meandering feed line (12),

    wherein a gap physically separates the first meandering feed line (10) and the second meandering feed line (12),

    wherein the antenna (4) is coupled to the metal exclusion region (34) through a first via (38) and a second via (38), the first via (38) positioned at a first side of the gap and the second via positioned at a second side of the gap; and

    an integrated circuit (42) coupled to the dielectric substrate (30);

    wherein the antenna (4) further comprises a first frequency tuning stub (14) coupled to the first meandering feed line (10).


     
    6. The RFID tag (2) of claim 5, wherein one of the first radiating part (24) and the second radiating part (26) comprises a power transfer portion.
     
    7. The RFID tag (2) of claim 5, wherein the integrated circuit (42) is coupled to the first side (32) of the dielectric substrate (30).
     
    8. The RFID tag (2) of claim 5, wherein the integrated circuit (42) is coupled to the second side (34) of the dielectric substrate (30).
     
    9. The RFID tag (2) of claim 8, wherein the integrated circuit (42) spans the gap between the first meandering feed line (10) and the second meandering feed line (12).
     
    10. The RFID tag (2) of claim 5, wherein the antenna (4) further comprises a second frequency tuning stub (16) coupled to the second meandering feed line (12).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Radiofrequenz-Identifikations-Tag, RFID-Tag, (2) umfassend:

    ein dielektrisches Substrat (30) mit einer ersten Seite (32) und einer zweiten Seite (34);

    eine mit einer ersten Seite (32) des dielektrischen Substrats (30) gekoppelte Masseebene, wobei die Masseebene einen Metallausschlussbereich (36) umfasst;

    eine Antenne (4), die mit der zweiten Seite (34) des dielektrischen Substrats (30) gekoppelt ist, wobei die Antenne (4) umfasst:

    einen ersten Dipolarm (6) mit einer ersten mäanderförmigen Zuleitung (10);

    einen zweiten Dipolarm (8) mit einer zweiten mäanderförmigen Zuleitung (12);

    eine mäanderförmige T-Abgleichstruktur (22), die sowohl mit dem ersten Dipolarm (6) als auch mit dem zweiten Dipolarm (8) gekoppelt ist, wobei die erste mäanderförmige Zuleitung (10) und die zweite mäanderförmige Zuleitung (12) mit der mäanderförmigen T-Abgleichstruktur (22) gekoppelt sind;

    ein erstes strahlendes Teil (24), das mit der ersten mäanderförmigen Zuleitung (10) gekoppelt ist; und

    ein zweites strahlendes Teil (26), das mit der zweiten mäanderförmigen Zuleitung (12) gekoppelt ist,

    wobei eine Lücke die erste mäanderförmige Zuleitung (10) und die zweite mäanderförmige Zuleitung (12) physisch trennt,

    wobei die Antenne (4) mit dem Metallausschlussbereich (36) über ein erstes Via (38) und ein zweites Via (49) in dem dielektrischen Substrat (30) gekoppelt ist; und

    eine integrierte Schaltung (42), die mit der ersten Seite (32) des dielektrischen Substrats (30) gekoppelt ist;

    wobei die Antenne (4) einen ersten Frequenzabstimmungsstummel (14) und einen zweiten Frequenzabstimmungsstummel (16) aufweist.


     
    2. RFID-Tag (2) nach Anspruch 1, wobei entweder das erste strahlende Teil (24) oder das zweite strahlende Teil (26) einen Energieübertragungsabschnitt aufweist.
     
    3. RFID-Tag (2) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das dielektrische Substrat (30) 3,2 Millimeter dick ist.
     
    4. RFID-Tag (2) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das dielektrische Substrat (30) 1,6 Millimeter dick ist.
     
    5. Radiofrequenz-Identifikations-Tag, RFID-Tag, (2) umfassend:

    ein dielektrisches Substrat (30) mit einer ersten Seite (32) und einer zweiten Seite (34);

    eine mit einer ersten Seite (32) des dielektrischen Substrats (30) gekoppelte Masseebene, wobei die Masseebene einen Metallausschlussbereich (36) umfasst;

    eine Antenne (4), die mit der zweiten Seite (34) des dielektrischen Substrats (30) gekoppelt ist, wobei die Antenne (4) umfasst:

    einen ersten Dipolarm (6) mit einer ersten mäanderförmigen Zuleitung (10);

    einen zweiten Dipolarm (8) mit einer zweiten mäanderförmigen Zuleitung (12);

    eine mäanderförmige T-Abgleichstruktur (22), die sowohl mit dem ersten Dipolarm (6) als auch mit dem zweiten Dipolarm (8) gekoppelt ist, wobei die erste mäanderförmige Zuleitung (10) und die zweite mäanderförmige Zuleitung (12) mit der mäanderförmigen T-Abgleichstruktur (22) gekoppelt sind;

    ein erstes strahlendes Teil (24), das mit der ersten mäanderförmigen Zuleitung (10) gekoppelt ist; und

    ein zweites strahlendes Teil (26), das mit der zweiten mäanderförmigen Zuleitung (12) gekoppelt ist,

    wobei eine Lücke die erste mäanderförmige Zuleitung (10) und die zweite mäanderförmige Zuleitung (12) physisch trennt,

    wobei die Antenne (4) mit dem Metallausschlussbereich (34) über ein erstes Via (38) und ein zweites Via (38) gekoppelt ist, wobei das erste Via (38) an einer ersten Seite der Lücke und das zweite Via an einer zweiten Seite der Lücke angeordnet ist; und

    eine integrierte Schaltung (42), die mit dem dielektrischen Substrat (30) gekoppelt ist;

    wobei die Antenne (4) ferner einen ersten Frequenzabstimmungsstummel (14) aufweist, die mit der ersten mäanderförmigen Zuleitung (10) gekoppelt ist.


     
    6. RFID-Tag (2) nach Anspruch 5, wobei entweder das erste strahlende Teil (24) oder das zweite strahlende Teil (26) einen Energieübertragungsabschnitt aufweist.
     
    7. RFID-Tag (2) nach Anspruch 5, wobei die integrierte Schaltung (42) mit der ersten Seite (32) des dielektrischen Substrats (30) gekoppelt ist.
     
    8. RFID-Tag (2) nach Anspruch 5, wobei die integrierte Schaltung (42) mit der zweiten Seite (34) des dielektrischen Substrats (30) gekoppelt ist.
     
    9. RFID-Tag (2) nach Anspruch 8, wobei die integrierte Schaltung (42) die Lücke zwischen der ersten mäanderförmigen Zuleitung (10) und der zweiten mäanderförmigen Zuleitung (12) überspannt.
     
    10. RFID-Tag (2) nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Antenne (4) ferner einen zweiten Frequenzabstimmungsstummel (16) aufweist, der mit der zweiten mäanderförmigen Zuleitung (12) gekoppelt ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Étiquette d'identification par radiofréquence, RFID, (2) comprenant :

    un substrat diélectrique (30) comprenant une première face (32) et une seconde face (34) ;

    un plan de masse couplé à une première face (32) du substrat diélectrique (30), le plan de masse comprenant une région d'exclusion de métal (36) ;

    une antenne (4) couplée à la seconde face (34) du substrat diélectrique (30), l'antenne (4) comprenant :

    un premier bras de dipôle (6) incluant une première ligne d'alimentation en méandres (10) ;

    un second bras de dipôle (8) incluant une seconde ligne d'alimentation en méandres (12) ;

    une structure d'adaptation en T en méandres (22) couplée à la fois au premier bras de dipôle (6) et au second bras de dipôle (8), dans laquelle la première ligne d'alimentation en méandres (10) et la seconde ligne d'alimentation en méandres (12) sont couplées à la structure d'adaptation en T en méandres (22) ;

    une première partie rayonnante (24) couplée à la première ligne d'alimentation en méandres (10) ; et

    une seconde partie rayonnante (26) couplée à la seconde ligne d'alimentation en méandres (12),

    dans laquelle un espace sépare physiquement la première ligne d'alimentation en méandres (10) et la seconde ligne d'alimentation en méandres (12),

    dans laquelle l'antenne (4) est couplée à la région d'exclusion de métal (36) par un premier via (38) et un second via (49) dans le substrat diélectrique (30) ; et

    un circuit intégré (42) couplé à la première face (32) du substrat diélectrique (30) ;

    dans laquelle l'antenne (4) comprend un premier bout d'accord de fréquence (14) et un second bout d'accord de fréquence (16).


     
    2. Étiquette RFID (2) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'une de la première partie rayonnante (24) et de la seconde partie rayonnante (26) comprend une partie de transfert de puissance.
     
    3. Étiquette RFID (2) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le substrat diélectrique (30) a une épaisseur de 3,2 millimètres.
     
    4. Étiquette RFID (2) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le substrat diélectrique (30) a une épaisseur de 1,6 millimètre.
     
    5. Étiquette d'identification par radiofréquence, RFID, (2) comprenant :

    un substrat diélectrique (30) comprenant une première face (32) et une seconde face (34) ;

    un plan de masse couplé à une première face (32) du substrat diélectrique (30), le plan de masse comprenant une région d'exclusion de métal (36) ;

    une antenne (4) couplée à la seconde face (34) du substrat diélectrique (30), l'antenne (4) comprenant :

    un premier bras de dipôle (6) incluant une première ligne d'alimentation en méandres (10) ;

    un second bras de dipôle (8) incluant une seconde ligne d'alimentation en méandres (12) ;

    une structure d'adaptation en T en méandres (22) couplée à la fois au premier bras de dipôle (6) et au second bras de dipôle (8), dans laquelle la première ligne d'alimentation en méandres (10) et la seconde ligne d'alimentation en méandres (12) sont couplées à la structure d'adaptation en T en méandres (22) ;

    une première partie rayonnante (24) couplée à la première ligne d'alimentation en méandres (10) ; et

    une seconde partie rayonnante (26) couplée à la seconde ligne d'alimentation en méandres (12),

    dans laquelle un espace sépare physiquement la première ligne d'alimentation en méandres (10) et la seconde ligne d'alimentation en méandres (12),

    dans laquelle l'antenne (4) est couplée à la zone d'exclusion de métal (34) par un premier via (38) et un second via (38), le premier via (38) étant positionné d'un premier côté de l'espace et le second via étant positionné d'un second côté de l'espace ; et

    un circuit intégré (42) couplé au substrat diélectrique (30) ;

    dans laquelle l'antenne (4) comprend en outre un premier bout d'accord de fréquence (14) couplé à la première ligne d'alimentation en méandres (10).


     
    6. Étiquette RFID (2) selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle l'une de la première partie rayonnante (24) et de la seconde partie rayonnante (26) comprend une partie de transfert de puissance.
     
    7. Étiquette RFID (2) selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle le circuit intégré (42) est couplé à la première face (32) du substrat diélectrique (30).
     
    8. Étiquette RFID (2) selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle le circuit intégré (42) est couplé à la seconde face (34) du substrat diélectrique (30).
     
    9. Étiquette RFID (2) selon la revendication 8, dans laquelle le circuit intégré (42) couvre l'espace entre la première ligne d'alimentation en méandres (10) et la seconde ligne d'alimentation en méandres (12).
     
    10. Étiquette RFID (2) selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle l'antenne (4) comprend en outre un second bout d'accord de fréquence (16) couplé à la seconde ligne d'alimentation en méandres (12).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description