(19)
(11)EP 3 293 018 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 17189029.6

(22)Date of filing:  01.09.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60C 9/18(2006.01)
B60C 13/02(2006.01)
B60C 13/00(2006.01)

(54)

HEAVY-DUTY TIRE

REIFEN FÜR SCHWERLASTFAHRZEUG

PNEU POUR FONCTIONNEMENT INTENSIF


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.09.2016 JP 2016176949

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.03.2018 Bulletin 2018/11

(73)Proprietor: Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.
Kobe-shi, Hyogo-ken (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • KAGIMOTO, Shuji
    Kobe-shi, Hyogo (JP)

(74)Representative: Manitz Finsterwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltspartnerschaft mbB 
Martin-Greif-Strasse 1
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1- 4 429 796
JP-A- 2009 160 989
US-A1- 2015 290 983
JP-A- 2009 096 447
US-A1- 2013 075 006
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a heavy-duty tire capable of improving heat dissipation and heat resistance.

    Background Art



    [0002] For example, JP 2009-96447 has proposed a structure in which fin-like projections extending in a tire radial direction for generating turbulent flow is provided on a surface of a tire sidewall of a heavy-duty tire to be mounted on a truck, a bus, or the like, with the fin-like projections projecting at a height of 3 to 20 mm from the tire sidewall.

    [0003] In such a tire, as the tire rolls, air flowing along the surface of the tire sidewall is disturbed when it gets over the projection for generating turbulent flow and then the turbulent flow is generated. This turbulent flow hits the surface of the tire sidewall, thereby improves cooling efficiency, therefore, it is possible that temperature rise of the tire is suppressed. Other similar examples of tall fins, ridges, projections and the like that are provided on the sidewalls of prior art tires can be seen in JP 2009-160989 A and DE 44 29 796 A1.

    [0004] However, when the fin-shaped projections for generating the turbulent flow are provided on a heavy-duty tire which is often used to run on uneven ground, the projections for generating the turbulent flow are likely to hit rocks, curbstones or the like on the ground during running or at the time of parking, etc. Thereby, there is a problem that tire damage such as rubber chipping (fin folding) tends to occur.

    [0005] US 2013/0075006 A1 shows a pneumatic tire whose sidewall is also provided with a pattern of fins for generating turbulent flow that extend in a radial direction of the tire. However, instead of a fin that continuously extends in the radial direction, this document shows a plurality of overlapping v-shaped or chevron-shaped protrusions that are arranged to form a radial fin. Adjacent fins are disposed so as to overlap each other in the tire circumferential direction and the tire radial direction.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0006] An object of the present invention is to provide a heavy-duty tire having improved heat resistance by increasing the heat dissipation while suppressing the tire damage such as rubber chipping.

    [0007] Claim 1 provides a heavy-duty tire according to the present invention.

    [0008] In one embodiment, it is possible that in a tire meridian section, a contour line of the tire sidewall comprises an upper side region extending curvedly in a convex arc shape and radially outwardly from a tire maximum width position, and a buttress region extending curvedly in a concave arc shape between an outer edge in the tire radial direction of the upper side region and a tread edge. In this case, it is preferred that the outer edge in the tire radial direction of the serration is positioned on an inner side in the tire radial direction of the outer edge in the tire radial direction of the upper side region.

    [0009] In another embodiment, it is preferred that the serration is divided into a plurality of serration fields in the tire circumferential direction by non-serrated portions extending in a belt-like shape and obliquely at an angle in a range of from 30 to 60 degrees with respect to the tire circumferential direction, and surfaces of the non-serrated portions are located on a same level as deepest portions of the serration.

    [0010] In this specification, unless otherwise noted, the dimensions and the like of the tire are values specified in a 5%-pressure state defined below. The 5%-pressure state means a state in which the tire is mounted on a standard rim and inflated to 5% of a standard pressure. Further, the "standard rim" is a wheel rim specified for the concerned tire by a standard included in a standardization system on which the tire is based, for example, the "normal wheel rim" in JATMA, "Design Rim" in TRA, and "Measuring Rim" in ETRTO. The "standard pressure" is air pressure specified for the concerned tire by a standard included in a standardization system on which the tire is based, for example, the "maximum air pressure" in JATMA, maximum value listed in the "TIRE LOAD LIMITS AT VARIOUS COLD INFLATION PRESSURES" table in TRA, and "INFLATION PRESSURE" in ETRTO.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0011] 

    Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a heavy-duty tire as an embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 2 is a side view of the tire showing a serration.

    Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view perpendicular to longitudinal directions of ridges.

    Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view for explaining an outline of a tire sidewall.


    Description of the Preferred Embodiment



    [0012] An embodiment of the present invention will now be described in conjunction with accompanying drawings.

    [0013] As shown in Fig. 1, a heavy-duty tire 1 of the present embodiment comprises a carcass 6 extending from a tread portion 2 to bead cores 5 of bead portions 4 via sidewall portions 3 and a belt layer 7 disposed on an outer side of the tread portion 2 in a tire radial direction and inside of the tread portion 2. Note that in this specification, only a right half of the heavy-duty tire 1 in a tire axial direction is illustrated in the figures.

    [0014] The carcass 6 is formed of one or more carcass plies 6A (one carcass ply in this embodiment) in which steel carcass cords are arranged at an angle of 70 to 90 degrees with respect to a tire circumferential direction. The carcass ply 6A comprises a ply main body portion 6a extending between the bead cores 5 and ply turned up portions 6b turned up around the bead cores 5 from inside to outside in the tire axial direction at both ends of the ply main body portion 6a.

    [0015] The belt layer 7 at least includes first, second, and third belt plies 7A, 7B, and 7C arranged in this order from a side of the carcass 6 toward the outside in the tire radial direction. In this embodiment, a case is shown where a fourth belt ply 7D is arranged radially outside the third belt ply 7C.

    [0016] In the first belt ply 7A, steel belt cords are arranged, for example, at an angle of 45 to 70 degrees with respect to the tire circumferential direction, for example. In the second to fourth belt plies 7B to 7D, the belt cords are arranged, for example, at an angle of 10 to 35 degrees with respect to the tire circumferential direction, for example. Further, the belt cords of the second belt ply 7B and the third belt ply 7C are arranged in an opposite direction to each other with respect to the tire circumferential direction. Thereby, between the belt plies 7A to 7C, a truss structure in which the belt cords cross each other is formed, therefore, the tread portion 2 is strongly reinforced.

    [0017] Belt cushion rubber 15 having a triangular cross-sectional shape is disposed between an outer end portion of the belt layer 7 in the tire axial direction and the carcass 6. The belt cushion rubber 15 is made of low elasticity rubber (for example, rubber having a complex modulus of elasticity E* in a range of from 2.0 to 6.0 MPa), therefore, stress concentration at the outer end portion of the belt layer 7 is relieved and peeling damage is suppressed.

    [0018] The complex modulus of elasticity E* is measured by using a viscoelasticity spectrometer according to Japanese Industrial Standard JIS-K6394 under a condition of an initial strain of 10%, an amplitude of ± 1%, a frequency of 10 Hz, a deformation mode of tensile, and a temperature of 70 degrees Celsius.

    [0019] In each of the bead portions 4, a bead apex rubber 8, a bead reinforcing layer 9 and a clinch rubber 10 are disposed.

    [0020] Each of the bead apex rubbers 8 has a triangular cross-sectional shape, and is disposed between the ply turned up portion 6b and the ply main body portion 6a so as to extend radially outwardly from the bead core 5. In this embodiment, the bead apex rubber 8 comprises an inner apex portion 8A made of highly elastic rubber (for example, rubber having a complex elastic modulus E* in a range of from 20 to 70 MPa) disposed on an inner side in the tire radial direction and an outer apex portion 8B made of rubber having lower elasticity than the inner apex portion 8A (for example, rubber having a complex elastic modulus E* in a range of 2.0 to 6.0 MPa) disposed on an outer side in the tire radial direction. The inner apex portion 8A is made of the highly elastic rubber, therefore, bead rigidity is increased, and the outer apex portion 8B is made of the rubber having low elasticity, therefore, the stress concentration at an end of the ply turned up portions 6b is relieved, thereby, peeling of the end of the ply is suppressed.

    [0021] Note that, each of the bead cores 5 has a hexagonal cross-sectional shape in which a plurality of bead wires is wound in multiple rows and multiple stages, and its radially inner surface has an approximately same angle as a rim seat of a tapered rim, that is, an angle of approximately 15 degrees with respect to a tire axial direction line.

    [0022] Each of the bead reinforcing layers 9 has a U-shaped cross section shape and includes an inner portion 9i disposed along an inner surface in the tire axial direction of the ply main body portion 6a and an outer portion 9o disposed along an outer surface in the tire axial direction of the ply turned up portions 6b, and a bottom portion 9A disposed on an inner side in the tire radial direction of the bead core 5. The bead reinforcing layer 9 is made of a single reinforcing ply in which steel reinforcing cords are arranged at an angle in a range of, for example, from 40 to 70 degrees with respect to the tire circumferential direction so that the reinforcing cords cross the carcass cords, therefore, bending rigidity is increased and the bead portions 4 are strongly reinforced.

    [0023] Each of the clinch rubbers 10 forms an outer skin of the bead portion 4 and prevents the rim slippage. The clinch rubber 10 includes a rising portion 10A extending radially outwardly from a bead heel (Bh) and a base portion 10B extending axially inwardly from the bead heel (Bh) to a bead toe (Bt). The rising portion 10A is exposed at least in a region in which the tire is in contact with a rim flange, and forms an outer surface of each of the bead portions 4. The base portion 10B forms a bottom surface of each of the bead portions 4. The clinch rubber 10 is formed of rubber having lower elasticity than the inner apex portion 8A (for example, rubber having the complex modulus of elasticity E* in a range of from 8 to 15 MPa). Sidewall rubber 3G made of rubber having lower elasticity than the clinch rubber 10 and the outer apex portion 8B is disposed radially outside the rising portion 10A of each of the clinch rubbers.

    [0024] The heavy-duty tire 1 has a so-called SOT (sidewall over tread) structure in which a radially outer end portion of each of the sidewall rubbers 3G covers each of outer side surfaces in the tire axial direction of a tread rubber 2G.

    [0025] As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, a surface (Ks) of a tire sidewall (K) of the heavy-duty tire 1 is provided with a serration 20 extending in a belt-like shape in the tire circumferential direction. Note that the tire sidewall (K) means a region including the bead portion 4 and the sidewall portion 3.

    [0026] As shown in Fig. 2, the serration 20 in this embodiment includes a plurality of (three in this embodiment) serration fields 20A extending in the tire circumferential direction and divided by non-serrated portions 21 extending in a belt-like shape at an angle θ in a range of from 30 to 60 degrees with respect to the tire circumferential direction. However, it is possible that the serration 20 is formed in an annular shape continuously extending in the tire circumferential direction without having the non-serrated portions 21.

    [0027] The serration 20 (or the serration fields 20A) is formed to have ridges 22 extending straight in the tire radial direction and arranged adjacently in the tire circumferential direction. As shown in Fig. 3, each of the ridges 22 has a rib shape protruding at a small height from the surface (Ks) with a small width.

    [0028] The serration 20 configured as such increases a surface area thereof due to fine irregularities formed by the ridges 22 and generates turbulent flow in air flowing along the surface (Ks). Thereby, heat dissipation effect of the tire is increased, therefore, it is possible that the heat resistance is improved. Note that the ridges 22 extending in the tire radial direction makes it possible to generate turbulent flow. Further, the serration 20 has the fine irregularities, therefore, it is possible that occurrence of tire damage such as the rubber chipping is suppressed.

    [0029] In a case where the serration 20 is divided into a plurality of the serration fields 20A as in this embodiment, the turbulent flow can be changed by the non-serrated portions 21 between the serration fields 20A, therefore, it is possible that the heat dissipation effect is further increased. It is preferred that surfaces of the non-serrated portions 21 are located on a same level as deepest portions 20S of the serration 20, that is, that surfaces of the non-serrated portions 21 have a same height as the surface (Ks) in a thickness direction of the tire.

    [0030] If heights (hr) of the ridges 22 from the surface (Ks) are too low, the heat dissipation effect can not be sufficiently exerted, and conversely, if the heights (hr) are too high, cracks are likely to occur due to surface distortion caused by tire deformation. In accordance with the claims, the heights (hr) are in a range of from 0.2 to 1.0 mm, and the ridges 22 are configured to have a triangular cross-sectional shape or a trapezoidal cross-sectional shape. In this case, if angles α of the ridges on a side of tips thereof are too large, the heat dissipation effect tends to decrease, and conversely if they are too small, strength of the tire decreases, therefore, the cracks are likely to occur due to the surface distortion caused by the tire deformation. Accordingly, the angle α is in a range of from 30 to 60 degrees.

    [0031] According to the claims, pitches (D) between adjacent ridges 22 are in a range of from 2.0 to 6.0 times widths (w) of the ridges 22 on a same circumferential line. If the pitches (D) are greater than the above range, the surface area or the occurrence of the turbulent flow is adversely affected, therefore, the heat dissipation effect is decreased.

    [0032] From a viewpoint of the heat dissipation effect, it is preferred that the serration 20 is formed in a wider range of the tire. However, the heavy-duty tire 1 is loaded with a larger tire load than that of a tire for a passenger car and the like, therefore, very large surface distortion occurs in the surface (Ks) of the tire sidewall (K) on a side of the tread portion 2 and a side of the bead portions 4.

    [0033] Thereby, if a part of the serration 20 is positioned particularly on the side of the tread portion 2 and on the side of the bead portions 4, the cracks are likely to occur in the ridges 22 due to the surface distortion.

    [0034] Therefore, according to claim 1, as shown in Fig. 4, a height (Ha) from a bead base line (BL) in the tire radial direction of an outer edge 20a of the serration 20 is set to be in a range of from 50 to 80% of a tire section height (HO). Further, a height (Hb) from the bead base line (BL) in the tire radial direction of an inner edge 20b of the serration 20 is set to be in a range of from 10 to 30% of the tire section height (HO).

    [0035] If the height (Ha) is larger than 80% of the tire section height (HO), large distortion is generated on a side of the outer edge 20a of the serration 20, therefore, the cracks are likely to occur. Conversely, if the height (Ha) is less than 50% of the tire section height (H0), a formation range of the serration 20 becomes small, therefore, the heat dissipation effect cannot be exerted sufficiently.

    [0036] If the height (Hb) is less than 10% of the tire section height (H0), large distortion is generated on a side of the inner edge 20b of the serration 20, therefore, the cracks are likely to occur. Conversely, if the height (Hb) is larger than 30% of the tire section height (H0), the formation range of the serration 20 becomes small, therefore, the heat dissipation effect cannot be exerted sufficiently.

    [0037] Further, a surface of a buttress region K1B is curved in a concave arc shape in order to reduce weight of the heavy-duty tire 1 by reducing a rubber gauge thickness of the buttress region K1B.

    [0038] Specifically, as shown in Fig. 4, in a tire meridian section, a contour line K1 of the surface (Ks) of the tire sidewall (K) includes an upper side region K1U extending curvedly in a convex arc shape and outwardly in the tire radial direction from a tire maximum width position (M), and the buttress region K1B extending curvedly in a concave arc shape between an outer edge (P) in the tire radial direction of the upper side region K1U and a tread edge 2E. However, the buttress region is configured to extend curvedly in the convex arc shape, therefore, particularly large surface distortion is generated therein when the tire is loaded with a tire load. Thereby, if a part of the serration 20 is located in the buttress region K1B, even if the height (Ha) is not greater than 80% of the tire section height (H0), the cracks are likely to occur. Therefore, it is further preferred that the outer edge 20a of the serration 20 is located on an inner side in the tire radial direction of the outer edge (P) of the upper side region K1U.

    [0039] In the contour line K1 in this embodiment, a lower side region K1L between the tire maximum width position (M) and the bead heel (Bh) is curved in a convex arc shape.

    [0040] The convex arc means an arc having a center of curvature on an inner side of the tire and convex toward an outer side of the tire. Conversely, the concave arc means an arc having the center of curvature on the outer side of the tire and convex toward the inner side of the tire.

    [0041] In the heavy-duty tire 1, it is possible that a mark that is a letter, symbol, or the like representing a name of a manufacturer, product name, size, etc. of the tire is formed in the serration 20.

    [0042] while detailed description has been made of the heavy-duty tire as an especially preferred embodiment of the present invention, the present invention can be embodied in various forms without being limited to the illustrated embodiment.

    working Example (Example)



    [0043] Heavy-duty Tires of size 315/80R22.5 having an internal structure shown in Fig. 1 were made by way of test according to the specification listed in Table 1. Then each of the test tires was tested for and evaluated in occurrence of the cracks in the serration 20, the heat dissipation, and rolling resistance. Note that the rubber chipping did not occur in any of the test tires.

    [0044] Each of the test tires has substantially the same specification except for the serration. Common specifications of the serration are as follows.

    Cross-sectional shape of the ridges: triangular shape

    Heights (hr) of the ridges: 0.4 mm

    Angle α of the ridges: 60 degrees



    [0045] The serration is divided into three serration fields by three non-serrated portions.
    Angle θ of the non-serrated portion: 40 degrees

    (1) Crack Occurrence:



    [0046] The test tires were subjected to a load test under the following measurement conditions, the cracks after running were observed, and lengths of the cracks (a total of the lengths of each cracks when multiple cracks occurred) were measured, calculated, and evaluated in 5 stages, wherein the larger the numerical value, the smaller the cracks, which is better.

    Rim: 9.00×22.5

    Tire pressure: 830 kPa

    Test car: 2WD-truck with maximum load capacity of 10 tons

    Loading condition: loaded to the maximum load capacity

    Running speed: 80 km/h

    Running distance: 10000 km


    (2) Heat dissipation:



    [0047] By using a drum tester, internal temperature of the sidewall portion (at the tire maximum width position) was measured after continuously running for 24 hours under the following measurement conditions, and the heat dissipation was indicated by an index based on reference 1 being 100, wherein the larger the numerical value, the better the heat dissipation.

    Rim: 9.00x22.5

    Tire pressure: 830 kPa

    Tire load: 36.77 kN

    Running speed: 100 km/h


    (3) Rolling resistance:



    [0048] By using a rolling resistance tester, the rolling resistance was measured under the following measurement conditions, and based on the results, the rolling resistance was indicated by an index based on the reference 1 being 100, wherein the smaller the numerical value, the smaller the rolling resistance, which is better.

    Rim: 9.00x22.5

    Tire pressure: 830 kPa

    Tire load: 36.77 kN

    Running speed: 80 km/h

    Table 1.
     Ref. 1Ex.1Ex.2Ex.3Ex.4Ex.5Ex.6Ex.7Ex.8Ex.9Ex.10Ex.11
    Presence or absence of Serration Absence Presence
    Height (Ha)/ Height (H0) [%] - 90 80 *1 70 50 40 90 70
    Height (Hb)/ Height (H0) [%] - 20 0 40 0 10 30
    Crack occurrence 5 2 3 4 4 4 4 1 4 2 2 4
    Heat dissipation 100 150 140 140 130 115 110 170 110 150 140 120
    Rolling resistance 100 50 60 60 70 85 90 30 90 50 60 80
    *1: Outer edge of serration and outer edge (inflection point) of upper side region are at same position. (80>Ha/H0>70)


    [0049] As shown in the table, it can be confirmed that the tires as the examples improved the heat dissipation while suppressing the tire damage such as the rubber chipping and therefore that it is possible that the heat resistance is improved.


    Claims

    1. A heavy-duty tire (1) comprising:

    a carcass (6) comprising a carcass ply (6A) extending between bead cores (5) of bead portions (4) via sidewall portions (3) and a tread portion (2) therebetween;

    a belt layer (7) comprising at least three belt plies disposed on an outer side of the carcass (6) in a tire radial direction and inside the tread portion (2); and

    a belt-like shaped serration (20) extending in a tire circumferential direction on an outer surface (Ks) of a tire sidewall (K), the serration (20) being formed of a plurality of radially extending ridges (22) arranged adjacently in the tire circumferential direction,

    wherein the heights (hr) of the ridges (22) from the outer surface (Ks) are in a range of from 0.2 to 1.0 mm, wherein the ridges (22) have a triangular or a trapezoidal cross-sectional shape with angles (α) of the ridges (22) on the side tips thereof are in a range of from 30 to 60 degrees, and wherein pitches (D) between adjacent ridges (22) along the same circumferential line are in a range of from 2.0 to 6.0 times the widths (w) of the ridges (22), and

    wherein, a height (Ha) from a bead base line (BL) to an outer edge (20a) of the serration (20) in the tire radial direction is in a range of from 50% to 80% of a tire section height (HO),wherein a height (Hb) from the bead base line (BL) to an inner edge of the serration (20) in the tire radial direction is in a range of from 10% to 30% of the tire section height (H0).


     
    2. The heavy-duty tire (1) according to claim 1, wherein,
    in a tire meridian section, a contour line (K1) of the tire sidewall (K) comprises an upper side region (K1U) extending curvedly in a convex arc shape and radially outwardly from a tire maximum width position (M), and a buttress region (K1B) extending curvedly in a concave arc shape between an outer edge (P) in the tire radial direction of the upper side region (K1U) and a tread edge (2E).
     
    3. The heavy-duty tire (1) according to claim 2, wherein,
    the outer edge (20a) in the tire radial direction of the serration (20) is positioned on an inner side in the tire radial direction of the outer edge (P) in the tire radial direction of the upper side region (K1U).
     
    4. The heavy-duty tire (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein,
    the serration (20) is divided into a plurality of serration fields (20A) in the tire circumferential direction by non-serrated portions (21) extending in a belt-like shape and obliquely at an angle (θ) in a range of from 30 to 60 degrees with respect to the tire circumferential direction, and
    surfaces of the non-serrated portions (21) are located on a same level as deepest portions of the serration (20).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Schwerlastreifen (1), umfassend:

    eine Karkasse (6) mit einer Karkasslage (6A), die sich zwischen Wulstkernen (5) von Wulstabschnitten (4) über Seitenwandabschnitte (3) und einen dazwischen liegenden Laufflächenabschnitt (2) erstreckt;

    eine Gürtelschicht (7) mit mindestens drei Gürtellagen, die auf einer Außenseite der Karkasse (6) in einer Reifenradialrichtung und innerhalb des Laufflächenabschnitts (2) angeordnet sind; und

    eine gürtelartig geformte Verzahnung (20), die sich in einer Reifenumfangsrichtung an einer Außenfläche (Ks) einer Reifenseitenwand (K) erstreckt, wobei die Verzahnung (20) aus einer Vielzahl von sich radial erstreckenden Stegen (22) gebildet ist, die in der Reifenumfangsrichtung nebeneinander angeordnet sind,

    wobei die Höhen (hr) der Stege (22) von der Außenfläche (Ks) in einem Bereich von 0,2 bis 1,0 mm liegen, wobei die Stege (22) eine dreieckige oder trapezförmige Querschnittsform haben, wobei Winkel (α) der Stege (22) an ihren Seitenspitzen in einem Bereich von 30 bis 60 Grad liegen, und wobei die Teilungsabstände (D) zwischen benachbarten Stegen (22) entlang derselben Umfangslinie in einem Bereich des 2,0- bis 6,0-fachen der Breiten (W) der Stege (22) liegen, und

    wobei eine Höhe (Ha) von einer Wulstbasislinie (BL) zu einer Außenkante (20a) der Verzahnung (20) in der Reifenradialrichtung in einem Bereich von 50 % bis 80 % einer Reifenquerschnittshöhe (H0) liegt, wobei eine Höhe (Hb) von der Wulstbasislinie (BL) zu einer Innenkante der Verzahnung (20) in der Reifenradialrichtung in einem Bereich von 10 % bis 30 % der Reifenquerschnittshöhe (H0) liegt.


     
    2. Schwerlastreifen (1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei in einem Reifenmeridianquerschnitt eine Konturlinie (K1) der Reifenseitenwand (K) einen oberen Seitenbereich (K1U), der sich gekrümmt in der Form eines konvexen Bogens und radial nach außen von einer Position maximaler Reifenbreite (M) erstreckt, und einen Stützbereich (K1B) umfasst, der sich gekrümmt in der Form eines konkaven Bogens zwischen einer Außenkante (P) in der Reifenradialrichtung des oberen Seitenbereichs (K1U) und einer Laufflächenkante (2E) erstreckt.
     
    3. Schwerlastreifen (1) nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Außenkante (20a) in der Reifenradialrichtung der Verzahnung (20) an einer Innenseite in der Reifenradialrichtung der Außenkante (P) in der Reifenradialrichtung des oberen Seitenbereichs (K1U) positioniert ist.
     
    4. Schwerlastreifen (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei

    die Verzahnung (20) in der Reifenumfangsrichtung durch nichtverzahnte Abschnitte (21), die sich in einer gürtelartigen Form und schräg unter einem Winkel (θ) in einem Bereich von 30 bis 60 Grad bezüglich der Reifenumfangsrichtung erstrecken, in eine Vielzahl von Verzahnungsfeldern (20A) unterteilt ist, und

    Oberflächen der nichtverzahnten Abschnitte (21) sich auf der gleichen Höhe wie tiefste Abschnitte der Verzahnung (20) befinden.


     


    Revendications

    1. Pneumatique pour poids lourds (1) comprenant :

    une carcasse (6) comprenant une nappe de carcasse (6A) s'étendant entre des âmes de talon (5) de portions formant talons (4) via des portions formant parois latérales (3) et une portion formant bande de roulement (2) entre les deux ;

    une couche de ceinture (7) comprenant au moins trois nappes de ceinture disposées sur un côté extérieur de la carcasse (6) dans une direction radiale du pneumatique et à l'intérieur de la portion formant bande de roulement (2) ; et

    une dentelure (20) d'une forme similaire à une ceinture s'étendant dans une direction circonférentielle du pneumatique sur une surface extérieure (Ks) d'une paroi latérale du pneumatique (K), la dentelure (20) étant formée d'une pluralité de nervures (22) s'étendant radialement agencées de manière adjacente dans la direction circonférentielle du pneumatique,

    dans lequel les hauteurs (hr) des nervures (22) depuis la surface extérieure (Ks) sont dans une plage allant de 0,2 à 1,0 mm, dans lequel les nervures (22) ont une forme de section transversale triangulaire ou trapézoïdale avec des angles (α) des nervures (22) sur les bouts latéraux de celles-ci qui sont dans une plage allant de 30 à 60 degrés, et

    dans lequel des pas (D) entre des nervures adjacentes (22) le long de la même ligne circonférentielle sont dans une plage allant de 2,0 à 6,0 fois les largeurs (W) des nervures (22), et

    dans lequel une hauteur (Ha) depuis une ligne de base de talon (BL) jusqu'à un bord extérieur (20a) de la dentelure (20) dans la direction radiale du pneumatique est dans une plage allant de 50 % à 80 % d'une hauteur de section du pneumatique (H0), dans lequel une hauteur (Hb) depuis la ligne de base de talon (BL) jusqu'à un bord intérieur de la dentelure (20) dans la direction radiale du pneumatique est dans une plage allant de 10 % à 30 % de la hauteur de section du pneumatique (H0).


     
    2. Pneumatique pour poids lourds (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel,
    dans une section méridienne du pneumatique, une ligne de contour (K1) de la paroi latérale du pneumatique (K) comprend une région latérale supérieure (K1U) s'étendant de manière incurvée en forme d'arc convexe et radialement à l'extérieur depuis une position de largeur maximum du pneumatique (M), et une région de renforcement (K1B) s'étendant de manière incurvée en forme d'arc concave entre un bord extérieur (P) dans la direction radiale du pneumatique de la région latérale supérieure (K1U) et un bord de roulement (2E).
     
    3. Pneumatique pour poids lourds (1) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel,
    le bord extérieur (20a) dans la direction radiale du pneumatique de la dentelure (20) est positionné sur un côté intérieur dans la direction radiale du pneumatique du bord extérieur (P) dans la direction radiale du pneumatique de la région latérale supérieure (K1U).
     
    4. Pneumatique pour poids lourds (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel
    la dentelure (20) est divisée en une pluralité de champs de dentelure (20A) dans la direction circonférentielle du pneumatique par des portions non dentelées (21) s'étendant dans une forme similaire à une ceinture et en oblique sous un angle (θ) dans une plage allant de 30 à 60 degrés par rapport à la direction circonférentielle du pneumatique, et
    des surfaces des portions non dentelées (21) sont situées sur un même niveau que des portions les plus profondes de la dentelure (20).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description