(19)
(11)EP 3 293 128 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/30

(21)Application number: 16870911.1

(22)Date of filing:  13.10.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B65D 90/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2016/011487
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/095015 (08.06.2017 Gazette  2017/23)

(54)

CONTAINER BINDING DEVICE

BEHÄLTERBINDEVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE LIAISON DE CONTENEURS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 03.12.2015 KR 20150171693

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.03.2018 Bulletin 2018/11

(73)Proprietor: Korea Railroad Research Institute
Uiwang-si, Gyeonggi-do 16105 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • KIM, Hag Seoung
    Hwaseong-si Gyeonggi-do 18420 (KR)
  • KWON, Yong Jang
    Seoul 07967 (KR)
  • KIM, Young Joo
    Anyang-si Gyeonggi-do 13922 (KR)
  • KANG, Sung Wook
    Seoul 06337 (KR)
  • RHEE, Young Ho
    Suwon-si Gyeonggi-do 16506 (KR)

(74)Representative: Manitz Finsterwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltspartnerschaft mbB 
Martin-Greif-Strasse 1
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 818 429
JP-A- 2010 052 757
KR-B1- 100 904 591
US-A- 3 752 511
DE-A1- 10 226 432
KR-B1- 100 850 584
KR-Y1- 200 299 022
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a locking device for containers.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] In general, a container includes four corner beams as supports and panels each having a predetermined area as six surfaces, i.e., front, rear, left, right, top, and bottom surfaces, between the supports and interlocked and assembled by welding or using a fastening means such as rivet to form a space therein for transport or storage of freight.

    [0003] In a container, a corner fitting is positioned at each corner. The corner fitting is used to fasten a container to a container transport device when the container is moved to a predetermined position and also used to fix containers positioned adjacent to each other.

    [0004] Further, when stored or transported on a ship or the like, multiple containers are stacked and loaded in multiple stages in a vertical direction. In this case, the containers stacked in a vertical direction are fixed using a container locking device at each corner fitting, so that the containers cannot fall down by swings of the ship or external shocks.

    [0005] As for a conventional container locking device, a main body is positioned between container corner fittings and upper and lower fastening units connected to the main body are inserted and fixed to a lower corner fitting of an upper end container and an upper corner fitting of a lower end container, respectively, to connect and fix the upper end container and the lower end container.

    [0006] Therefore, if the conventional container locking device is used when multiple containers are stacked vertically to be stored or transported on a ship or truck, the main body of the locking device is positioned between the containers and thus unnecessarily requires a space.

    [0007] Further, as for foldable containers used for improving the efficiency in transport and storage of empty containers without freight, multiple folded containers are grouped in a bundle in order not to make an unnecessary space when transported and stored.

    [0008] Furthermore, when multiple containers are stacked using the conventional container locking device, it is difficult to visually check whether or not the container locking device is properly fastened, and, thus, there is a risk of safety accident.

    [0009] Moreover, as for the conventional container locking device, a fastening fixing device can be released even by a small shock during storage and transport, and, thus, special attention thereto is required when containers are transported and stored.

    [0010] In this regard, Korean Patent Laid-open Publication No. 10-2010-0090715 (entitled "Container connector") discloses a case positioned between containers, a shaft rotatably inserted through the case, an upper cone provided on an upper end of the shaft and inserted into a lower corner casting of an upper end container, a lower cone provided on a lower end of the shaft and inserted into an upper corner casting of a lower end container, a shaft rotation operating means configured to rotate the shaft in a first rotation direction by manual operation, a return spring configured to return the shaft, and a shaft rotation stopping means configured to stop the shaft at a predetermined rotational position by manual operation. A locking device according to the preamble of claim 1 is known from US 3,752,511 A.

    DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION


    PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED BY THE INVENTION



    [0011] It is an object of the invention to solve the above-described problem of the conventional technology and provide a locking device for containers which is excellent in space utilization when containers are stacked, maintains a fastening state even under external shock, and makes it possible to visually check the fastening state from the outside.

    MEANS FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEMS



    [0012] As a means for solving the above-described technical problem, a locking device in accordance with claim 1 is provided.

    EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION



    [0013] According to the aspects of the present disclosure, a locking device for containers is fully inserted and fixed to a hole formed in a corner fitting of a container, and, thus, a space is not formed by the locking device between the container and a container vertically adjacent thereto. Therefore, it is possible to maximize space utilization.

    [0014] Further, a user can more stably maintain a fastening state of containers even under shock applied to the containers and a locking device for containers by using a fastening fixing unit and can also visually check the fastening state of containers at long range. Therefore, it is possible to suppress safety accidents in advance.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0015] 

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a container.

    FIG. 2 is a diagram provided to explain a container locking device to be used for a collapsible container in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of area A in FIG. 2.

    FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a container locking device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of a container locking device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 6 is an exemplary view illustrating connection of a container locking device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 7 provides a front view and a side view of a container locking device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 8 provides a front view and a side view illustrating a status where a container locking device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure is inserted into a corner fitting of a container.

    FIG. 9 is an exemplary view illustrating an operation of a container locking device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a fastening fixing unit in accordance with a first exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 11 is an exemplary view illustrating connection of the fastening fixing unit and a container locking device in accordance with the first exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 12 is an exemplary view illustrating an operation of the fastening fixing unit in accordance with the first exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 13 is a diagram provided to restrict the size of the fastening fixing unit in accordance with the first exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 14 is a perspective view of a fastening fixing unit in accordance with a second exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 15 is an exemplary view illustrating connection of the fastening fixing unit and a container locking device in accordance with the second exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 16 is a perspective view of a fastening fixing unit in accordance with a third exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 17 is an exemplary view illustrating connection of the fastening fixing unit and a container locking device in accordance with the third exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.


    MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION



    [0016] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present disclosure will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings so that the present disclosure may be readily implemented by those skilled in the art. However, it is to be noted that the present disclosure is not limited to the embodiments but can be embodied in various other ways. In drawings, parts irrelevant to the description are omitted for the simplicity of explanation, and like reference numerals denote like parts through the whole document.

    [0017] Through the whole document, the term "connected to" or "coupled to" that is used to designate a connection or coupling of one element to another element includes both a case that an element is "directly connected or coupled to" another element and a case that an element is "electronically connected or coupled to" another element via still another element.

    [0018] Through the whole document, the term "on" that is used to designate a position of one element with respect to another element includes both a case that the one element is adjacent to the another element and a case that any other element exists between these two elements.

    [0019] Further, through the whole document, the term "comprises or includes" and/or "comprising or including" used in the document means that one or more other components, steps, operation and/or existence or addition of elements are not excluded in addition to the described components, steps, operation and/or elements unless context dictates otherwise. Through the whole document, the term "about or approximately" or "substantially" is intended to have meanings close to numerical values or ranges specified with an allowable error and intended to prevent accurate or absolute numerical values disclosed for understanding of the present disclosure from being illegally or unfairly used by any unconscionable third party. Through the whole document, the term "step of" does not mean "step for".

    [0020] The present disclosure relates to a container locking device 100.

    [0021] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a container, FIG. 2 is a diagram provided to explain a container locking device to be used for a collapsible container in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of area A in FIG. 2, FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a container locking device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of a container locking device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, FIG. 6 is an exemplary view illustrating connection of a container locking device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, FIG. 7 provides a front view and a side view of a container locking device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, FIG. 8 provides a front view and a side view illustrating a status where a container locking device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure is inserted into a corner fitting of a container, FIG. 9 is an exemplary view illustrating an operation of a container locking device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a fastening fixing unit in accordance with a first exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, FIG. 11 is an exemplary view illustrating connection of the fastening fixing unit and a container locking device in accordance with the first exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, FIG. 12 is an exemplary view illustrating an operation of the fastening fixing unit in accordance with the first exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, FIG. 13 is a diagram provided to restrict the size of the fastening fixing unit in accordance with the first exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, FIG. 14 is a perspective view of a fastening fixing unit in accordance with a second exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, FIG. 15 is an exemplary view illustrating connection of the fastening fixing unit and a container locking device in accordance with the second exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, FIG. 16 is a perspective view of a fastening fixing unit in accordance with a third exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, and FIG. 17 is an exemplary view illustrating connection of the fastening fixing unit and a container locking device in accordance with the third exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

    [0022] Prior to a container locking device 100 of the present disclosure, a container 300 will be described with reference to FIG. 1.

    [0023] The container 300 is manufactured to have a cubic shape, and includes a lower panel 301, an upper panel 302 provided in parallel with the lower panel 301 lateral panels 303 connected to the upper panel 302 and the lower panel 301 along a longitudinal direction of the upper panel 302 and the lower panel 301, and a front panel 304 and a rear panel 305 connected to the upper panel 302 and the lower panel 301 along a transverse direction thereof. Further, the container 300 includes corner fittings 306 and 307 at its corners, respectively.

    [0024] The corner fittings 306 and 307 include upper corner fittings 306 positioned at the respective corners of the upper panel 302 and lower corner fittings 307 positioned at the respective corners of the lower panel 301.

    [0025] If the containers 300 are stored or transported as stacked, a device for connecting the container 300 and the container 300 and fixing them not to fall down by external vibrations or shocks is needed.

    [0026] Referring to FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, the container locking device 100 of the present disclosure may be inserted into a lower corner fitting 312 of a first container 310 positioned on an upper end (hereinafter, referred to as "first container 310") and an upper corner fitting 321 of a second container 320 positioned on a lower end (hereinafter, referred to as "second container 320"), and, thus, the first container 310 and the second container 320 can be fastened to each other. In other words, each container locking device 100 of the present disclosure may be positioned between four lower corner fittings 312 respectively positioned at corners of a lower panel of the first container 310 and four upper corner fittings 321 respectively positioned at corners of an upper panel of the second container 320, and, thus, the first container 310 and the second container 320 can be fastened to each other. That is, the first container 310 and the second container 320 can be connected to each other by four container locking devices 100.

    [0027] Further, if multiple collapsible containers are stacked as folded and then transported and stored in a bundle as illustrated in FIG. 2, the container locking device 100 of the present disclosure may connect the folded collapsible containers to each other.

    [0028] For example, an upper part of the container locking device 100 of the present disclosure may be inserted into the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310 and a lower part thereof may be inserted into the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320, and, thus, the first container 310 and the second container 320 can be connected to each other.

    [0029] Further, the present container locking device 100 may connect multiple collapsible containers stacked as folded to make a bundle. For example, the present container locking device 100 may connect folded collapsible containers to each other to make the total height of multiple collapsible containers connected as folded similar to the height of an unfolded container.

    [0030] Furthermore, the present container locking device 100 further includes a fastening fixing unit 150 to suppress unfastening caused by rotation of an upper cone 130 and a lower cone 140 of the container locking device 100. Details thereof will be described later.

    [0031] Hereinafter, the container locking device 100 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure (hereinafter, referred to as "present container locking device 100") will be described in detail with reference to FIG. 4 to FIG. 8.

    [0032] Referring to FIG. 4 and FIG. 5, the present container locking device 100 includes: a housing 110 including a base part 111 having a plate shape, a protrusion 112 protruded upwards from an upper surface of the base part 111, and a through hole 113 formed by penetrating the base part 111 and the protrusion 112 in a vertical direction; a connection part 120 rotatably inserted into the through hole 113 of the housing 110; the upper cone 130 positioned on the connection part 120 and inserted into a lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310; and the lower cone 140 positioned under the connection part 120 and inserted into an upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320.

    [0033] Referring to FIG. 6, connection holes 1312 and 1321 are bored in an upper surface of the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320 and a lower surface of the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310, respectively, so that the present container locking device 100 can be inserted thereto.

    [0034] In other words, the upper cone 130 and the protrusion 112 of the present container locking device 100 may be inserted into the connection hole 1312 of the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310 and the lower cone 140 may be inserted into the connection hole 1321 of the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320. Further, the base part 111 may be inserted into the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320 and extended to the inside of the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310.

    [0035] More specifically, referring to FIG. 6, the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320 may be positioned under the present container locking device 100 and the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310 may be positioned on the present container locking device 100.

    [0036] Further, the upper corner fitting 321 may have a predetermined space therein and include the connection hole 1321 bored in the upper surface formed in parallel with the upper panel 302, a front hole 2321 bored in a front surface formed in parallel with the front panel 304 and the rear panel 305, and a lateral hole 3321 bored in a lateral surface formed in parallel with the lateral panels 303.

    [0037] Furthermore, the lower corner fitting 312 may have a predetermined space therein and include the connection hole 1312 bored in the lower surface formed in parallel with the lower panel 301, a front hole 2312 bored in a front surface formed in parallel with the front panel 304 and the rear panel 305, and a lateral hole 3312 bored in a lateral surface formed in parallel with the lateral panels 303.

    [0038] The connection hole 1321 formed in the upper surface of the upper corner fitting 321 may be formed to have a greater width in a longitudinal direction than a width in a transverse direction. Further, a width of the lower cone 140 in a longitudinal direction may be smaller than the width of the connection hole 1321 in the longitudinal direction and greater than the width of the connection hole 1321 in the transverse direction. Therefore, the lower cone 140 may be inserted into the space within the upper corner fitting 321 through the connection hole 1321 and rotated to be fastened to the upper corner fitting 321.

    [0039] Further, the lower cone 140 may be formed to be gradually narrowed toward the bottom thereof and thus can be easily inserted into the connection hole 1321 of the upper corner fitting 321.

    [0040] The connection hole 1312 formed in the lower surface of the lower corner fitting 312 may be formed to have a greater width in a longitudinal direction than a width in a transverse direction. Further, a width of the upper cone 130 in a longitudinal direction may be smaller than the width of the connection hole 1312 in the longitudinal direction and greater than the width of the connection hole 1312 in the transverse direction. Therefore, the upper cone 130 may be inserted into the space within the lower corner fitting 312 through the connection hole 1312 and rotated to be fastened to the lower corner fitting 312.

    [0041] Further, the upper cone 130 may be formed to be gradually narrowed toward the top thereof and thus can be easily inserted into the connection hole 1312 of the lower corner fitting 312.

    [0042] The above-described "longitudinal direction" may refer to the 2 o'clock and 8 o'clock directions in FIG. 6, and the above-described "transverse direction" may refer to the 4 o'clock and 10 o'clock directions in FIG. 6.

    [0043] Referring to FIG. 8, an upper portion of the base part 111 is inserted into the connection hole 1312 of the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310, and a lower portion of the base part 111 is inserted and fixed to the connection hole 1321 of the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320.

    [0044] In other words, if the first container 310 is stacked on the second container 320, the base part 111 can be fully inserted into the connection holes 1312 and 1321 of the corner fittings 312 and 321. Therefore, the upper surface of the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320 can be brought into close contact with the lower surface of the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310 and the containers can be fastened to each other without an empty space, and, thus, it is possible to maximize space utilization.

    [0045] Further, since the base part 111 is inserted into the connection hole 1312 of the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310 and the connection hole 1321 of the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320, it is possible to suppress forward and backward and left and right movements of the containers and thus possible to securely fasten the containers.

    [0046] Referring to FIG. 4 to FIG. 5, the upper cone 130 may include an upper protrusion 131 protruded upwards on its end, and the lower cone 140 may include a lower protrusion 141 protruded downwards on its end.

    [0047] For example, the upper protrusion 131 may have a cylindrical shape with a flat upper surface, and the lower protrusion 141 may have a cylindrical shape with a flat lower surface.

    [0048] When the lower cone 140 is inserted into the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320, the lower protrusion 141 may be brought into contact with an internal lower surface of the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320 and thus may support the container locking device to stably stand upright and may support the upper portion of the base part 111 to be partially protruded toward an upper portion of the upper corner fitting 321.

    [0049] When the upper cone 130 is inserted into the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310, the upper protrusion 131 may be brought into contact with an internal upper surface of the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310 and thus may suppress inclination of the containers or deviation of the container locking device 100 from a predetermined position by vibrations or shocks even when the containers are not fastened by the container locking device 100.

    [0050] Referring to FIG. 7, an upper edge and a lower edge of the base part 111 may be chamfered along the circumference. Therefore, the base part 111 can be easily inserted into the connection hole 1312 of the lower corner fitting 312 and the connection hole 1321 of the upper corner fitting 321.

    [0051] Referring to FIG. 4 to FIG. 5, the present container locking device 100 may include a rotation locked part 121 positioned on a circumferential surface of the connection part 120 and a rotation locking groove 114 to which the rotation locked part 121 is inserted and which is formed on a circumferential surface of the protrusion 112.

    [0052] Referring to FIG. 7, the rotation locked part 121 may penetrate the rotation locking groove 114 to be connected to the connection part 120, and the rotation locking groove 114 may be positioned on a flat surface perpendicular to a rotation axis of the connection part 120 along the circumferential surface of the protrusion 112 and may be formed at an angle of 90 degrees.

    [0053] Therefore, the connection part 120 can be rotated to the left and right by 90 degrees around the rotation axis, and as the connection part 120 is rotated, the upper cone 130 and the lower cone 140 can be rotated.

    [0054] In other words, referring to FIG. 8, in a state where the upper cone 130 is inserted into the connection hole 1312 of the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310 and the lower cone 140 is inserted into the connection hole 1321 of the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320, the connection part 120 can be rotated between a locking position at which the cones cannot be separated from the connection holes 1312 and 1321 and a release position at which the cones can be separated from the connection holes 1312 and 1321.

    [0055] For example, as illustrated in FIG. 9, in order to rotate the upper cone 130 and the lower cone 140 from the release position to the locking position, a user may insert a rod-shaped tool through the front holes 2312 and 2321 to push one end of the upper cone 130 or lower cone 140 and thus rotate the upper cone 130 and the lower cone 140.

    [0056] Further, in order to rotate the upper cone 130 and the lower cone 140 from the locking position to the release position, the user may insert the rod-shaped tool through the lateral holes 3312 and 3321 to push one end of the upper cone 130 or lower cone 140 and thus rotate the upper cone 130 and the lower cone 140.

    [0057] The fastening fixing unit 150 in accordance with a first exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure will be described with reference to FIG. 10.

    [0058] After the present container locking device 100 is fastened to the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320 and the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310, the fastening fixing unit 150 may be inserted and fixed to the front hole 2312 or 2321 of the upper corner fitting 321 or the lower corner fitting 312 to fix the upper cone 130 or the lower cone 140 not to be rotated.

    [0059] The fastening fixing unit 150 includes a front plate 151 having a rectangular shape, a first inclined plate 152 and a second inclined plate 153 respectively extended from both ends of the front plate 151 and bent inwards, a first rear plate 154 extended from the first inclined plate 152 and bent inwards in parallel with the front plate 151, a second rear plate 155 extended from the second inclined plate 153 and bent inwards in parallel with the front plate 151, and a bending fixing part 157 positioned on an outer surface of each of the first rear plate 154 and the second rear plate 155 and which may be bent into a "¬" shape.

    [0060] The above-described "inwards" refers to a direction in which an inner surface of the fastening fixing unit 150 is positioned.

    [0061] The fastening fixing unit 150 is formed to be gradually decreased in width from the rear plates 154 and 155 toward the front plate 151, and may have, for example, a trapezoidal shape.

    [0062] Referring to FIG. 13, a distance L from the front plate 151 to the rear plates 154 and 155 may satisfy the following Equation 1.

    L: Distance from the front plate to the rear plates

    A: Distance from a front surface 133 of the upper cone 130 or a front surface 143 of the lower cone 140 rotated to the locking position to an inner surface 2314 of a front portion of the upper corner fitting 312 or an inner surface 2324 of the lower corner fitting 321

    B: Distance from a side surface 135 of the upper cone 130 or a side surface 145 of the lower cone 140 rotated to the release position to the inner surface 2314 of the front portion of the upper corner fitting 312 or the inner surface 2324 of the lower corner fitting 321



    [0063] Accordingly, if the fastening fixing unit 150 is fixed to the front hole 2312 or 2321 of the upper corner fitting 321 or the lower corner fitting 312, the front plate 151 may be brought into contact with a front surface 133 of the upper cone 130 or a front surface 143 of lower cone 140 and the rear plates 154 and 155 may be brought into an inner surface 2324 of the upper corner fitting 321 or an inner surface 2314 of lower corner fitting 312 to fix the upper cone 130 and the lower cone 140 not to be rotated.

    [0064] The fastening fixing unit 150 may be formed of a material having a predetermined elasticity and thus may be deformed by force applied to a grip part 156, which will be described later, and inserted into the front hole 2312 or 2321 of the upper corner fitting 321 or the lower corner fitting 312 and then may be returned to its original form by removing the force and fixed to the front hole 2312 or 2321.

    [0065] Referring to FIG. 11, the fastening fixing unit 150 may be fixed to the front hole 2312 of the lower corner fitting 312.

    [0066] In other words, the fastening fixing unit 150 may be inserted through the front hole 2312 of the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container and then deformed into a "⊏" shape by the first rear plate 154 and the bending fixing part 157 or the second rear plate 155 and the bending fixing part 157 and the "⊏"-shaped fastening fixing unit 150 may be fixed to the front hole 2312 of the lower corner fitting 312, but is not limited thereto. The fastening fixing unit 150 may be fixed to the front hole 2321 of the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container.

    [0067] Referring to FIG. 13, a distance M from one end of the bending fixing part 157 to a bent portion of the bending fixing part 157 may satisfy the following Equation 2.

    M: Distance from one end of the bending fixing part to the bent portion of the bending fixing part

    C: Thickness of the front hole 2312 of the upper corner fitting 312 or the front hole 2321 of the lower corner fitting 321

    D: Difference in distance from a front surface 133 of the upper cone 130 or a front surface 143 of the lower cone 140 rotated to the locking position and a side surface 135 of the upper cone 130 or a side surface 145 of the lower cone 140 rotated to the release position to the inner surface 2314 of the front portion of the upper corner fitting 312 or an inner surface 2324 of a front portion of the lower corner fitting 321



    [0068] Accordingly, the fastening fixing unit 150 can be securely fixed to the front hole 2312 of the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container.

    [0069] Referring to FIG. 12, the first rear plate 154 and the second rear plate 155 may include the grip part 156 of which ends are bent outwards.

    [0070] The above-described "outwards" refers to a direction in which an outer surface of the fastening fixing unit 150 is positioned.

    [0071] Further, when the user applies force to the grip part 156 inwards, the first inclined plate 152 and the second inclined plate 153 are contracted inwards around the portions in contact with the front plate 151, and, thus, the fastening fixing unit 150 can be easily inserted into the front holes 2312 and 2321 of the corner fittings 312 and 321.

    [0072] The fastening fixing unit 150 in accordance with a second exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure will be described with reference to FIG. 14 and FIG. 15.

    [0073] The fastening fixing unit 150 in accordance with the second exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure may further include a cone mounting part 159 which is connected to the front plate 151, formed into a "⊏" shape, and inserted into the upper protrusion 131 of the upper cone 130 and of which a lower surface is brought into contact with an upper portion of the upper cone 130.

    [0074] If the fastening fixing unit 150 in accordance with the second exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure is fixed to the front hole 2321 of the upper corner fitting 321, the cone mounting unit 159 may be inserted into the upper protrusion 131 and the lower surface of the cone mounting unit 159 may be brought in contact with the upper portion of the upper cone 130, and, thus, the fastening fixing unit 150 can be fixed without being sagged downwards by gravity.

    [0075] The fastening fixing unit 150 in accordance with a third exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure will be described with reference to FIG. 16 and FIG. 17.

    [0076] After the present container locking device 100 is fastened to the upper corner fitting 321 of the second container 320 and the lower corner fitting 312 of the first container 310, the fastening fixing unit 150 in accordance with the third exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure may be inserted and fixed to the lateral hole 3312 or 3321 of the upper corner fitting 321 or the lower corner fitting 312 to fix the upper cone 130 or the lower cone 140 not to be rotated.

    [0077] To this end, the fastening fixing unit 150 in accordance with the third exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure may further include a cone insertion part 158 which is connected to the front plate 151 and formed into a "⊏" shape and to which the upper cone 130 or lower cone 140 is inserted.

    [0078] In other words, if the fastening fixing unit 150 in accordance with the third exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure is fixed to the lateral hole 3312 or 3321 of the upper corner fitting 321 or the lower corner fitting 312, the upper cone 130 positioned under the upper protrusion 131 or the lower cone 140 positioned on the lower protrusion 141 may be inserted into the cone insertion part 158 to fix the upper cone 130 and the lower cone 140 not to be rotated.

    [0079] An outer circumferential surface of the fastening fixing unit 150 may be painted in a different color from a container.

    [0080] Therefore, if multiple containers are stacked, it is possible to easily distinguish a part which is fastened by the present container locking device 100 and the other part which is not fastened by the present container locking device 100.

    [0081] For example, a container may be entirely painted orange and the fastening fixing unit 150 may be painted blue. As such, the container and the fastening fixing unit 150 may be painted in complementary colors.

    [0082] Accordingly, when the fastening fixing unit 150 is inserted and fixed to the corner fitting of the container, the fastening fixing unit 150 can be more distinctly and clearly seen against the color of the container.

    [0083] The above description of the present disclosure is provided for the purpose of illustration, and it would be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made without changing technical conception and essential features of the present disclosure. Thus, it is clear that the above-described embodiments are illustrative in all aspects and do not limit the present disclosure. For example, each component described to be of a single type can be implemented in a distributed manner. Likewise, components described to be distributed can be implemented in a combined manner.

    [0084] The scope of the present disclosure is defined by the following claims rather than by the detailed description of the embodiment. It shall be understood that all modifications and embodiments conceived from the meaning and scope of the claims and their equivalents are included in the scope of the present disclosure.
    EXPLANATION OF REFERENCE NUMERALS
    100: Container locking device  
    110: Housing  
    111: Base part 112: Protrusion
    113: Through hole 114: Rotation locking groove
    120: Connection part 121: Rotation locked part
    130: Upper cone 131: Upper protrusion
    140: Lower cone 141: Lower protrusion
    150: Fastening fixing unit  
    151: Front plate 152: First inclined plate
    153:Second inclined plate 154: First rear plate
    155: Second rear plate 156: Grip part
    157: Bending fixing part 158: Cone insertion part
    159: Cone mounting part  
    300: Container 301: Lower panel
    302: Upper panel 303: Lateral panel
    304: Front panel 305: Rear panel
    306: Upper corner fitting 307: Lower corner fitting
    310: First container 311: Upper corner fitting
    312: Lower corner fitting 1312: Connection hole
    2312: Front hole 3312: Lateral hole
    320: Second container 321: Upper corner fitting
    1321: Connection hole 2321: Front hole
    3321: Lateral hole 322: Lower corner fitting



    Claims

    1. A locking device (100) for fastening an upper first container (310) having lower corner fittings (312) positioned at respective corners of a lower panel (301) on top of a lower second container (320) having upper corner fittings (321) positioned at respective corners of an upper panel (302), comprising
    a housing (110) including a base part (111), a protrusion (112) protruded upwards from an upper surface of the base part (111), and a through hole (113) formed by penetrating the base part (111) and the protrusion in a vertical direction;
    a connection part (120) rotatably inserted into the through hole (113) of the housing (110);
    an upper cone (130) positioned on the connection part (120) and configured to be inserted into one of the lower corner fittings (312) of the first container (310) ;
    a lower cone (140) positioned under the connection part (120) and configured to be inserted into one of the upper corner fittings (321) of the second container; and
    a fastening fixing unit (150) which is configured to be inserted into said one of the lower corner fittings (312) or upper corner fittings (321) to suppress rotation of the upper cone (130) or lower cone (140),
    characterized in that
    the fastening fixing unit (150) includes a front plate (151) having a rectangular shape; a first inclined plate (152) and a second inclined plate (153) respectively extended from both ends of the front plate (151) and bent inwards; a first rear plate (154) extended from the first inclined plate (152) and bent inwards in parallel with the front plate (151); a second rear plate (155) extended from the second inclined plate (153) and bent inwards in parallel with the front plate (151); and a bending fixing part (157) positioned on an outer surface of each of the first rear plate (154) and the second rear plate (155) and bent outwards,
    wherein the fastening fixing unit (150) is formed to be gradually decreased in width from the rear plates (154, 155) toward the front plate (151), and
    wherein the fastening fixing unit (150) is configured to be fixed to a front hole (2312, 2321) of the upper corner fitting (321) or the lower corner fitting (312), the front plate (151) being brought into contact with one surface of the upper cone (130) or lower cone (140) and the rear plates (154, 155) being brought into contact with an inner surface of the upper corner fitting (321) or lower corner fitting (312) to fix the upper cone (130) and the lower cone (140) not to be rotated.
     
    2. The locking device (100) of Claim 1,
    wherein an upper portion of the base part (111) is configured to be inserted into the lower corner fitting (312) of the first container (310), and a lower portion of the base part (111) is configured to be inserted into the upper corner fitting (321) of the second container (320).
     
    3. The locking device (100) of Claim 1,
    wherein the base part (111) is chamfered along an upper edge and a lower edge.
     
    4. The locking device (100) of Claim 1,
    wherein the upper cone (130) includes:

    an upper protrusion (131) protruded upwards on its end, and

    the lower cone (140) includes:
    a lower protrusion (141) protruded downwards on its end.


     
    5. The locking device (100) of Claim 1, further comprising:

    a rotation locked part (121) positioned on a circumferential surface of the connection part (120); and

    a rotation locking groove (114) to which the rotation locked part (121) is inserted and which is formed on a circumferential surface of the protrusion (112).


     
    6. The locking device (100) of Claim 1,
    wherein the first rear plate (154) and the second rear plate (155) include a grip part (156) of which ends are bent outwards.
     
    7. The locking device (100) of Claim 1,
    wherein the fastening fixing unit (150) satisfies, in use, the following Equation 1:

    L: Distance from the front plate (151) to the rear plates (154, 155)

    A: Distance from a front surface (133) of the upper cone (130) or a front surface (143) of the lower cone (140) rotated to a locking position to an inner surface (2314) of the upper corner fitting (312) or an inner surface (2324) of the lower corner fitting (321)

    B: Distance from a side surface (135) of the upper cone (130) or a side surface (145) of the lower cone (140) rotated to a release position to the inner surface (2314) of the upper corner fitting (312) or the inner surface (2324) of the lower corner fitting (321).


     
    8. The locking device (100) of Claim 1,
    wherein the fastening fixing unit (150) satisfies, in use, the following Equation 2:

    M: Distance from one end of the bending fixing part (157) to a bent portion of the bending fixing part (157)

    C: Thickness of the front hole (2312) of the upper corner fitting (312) or the front hole (2321) of the lower corner fitting (321)

    D: Difference in distance from a front surface (133) of the upper cone (130) or a front surface (143) of the lower cone (140) rotated to a locking position and a side surface (135) of the upper cone (130) or a side surface (145) of the lower cone (140) rotated to a release position to an inner surface (2314) of a front portion of the upper corner fitting (312) or an inner surface (2324) of a front portion of the lower corner fitting (321).


     
    9. The locking device (100) of Claim 1,
    wherein the fastening fixing unit (150) further includes:
    a cone mounting part (159) which is connected to the front plate (151), formed into a "⊏" shape, and which is configured to be inserted into an upper protrusion of the upper cone (130) and of which, in use, a lower surface is brought into contact with an upper portion of the upper cone (130).
     
    10. The locking device (100) of Claim 1,
    wherein the fastening fixing unit (150) further includes:
    a cone insertion part (158) which is connected to the front plate (151) and formed into a "⊏" shape and to which, in use, the upper cone (130) or lower cone (140) is inserted.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verriegelungsvorrichtung (100) zum Befestigen eines oberen ersten Behälters (310), der untere Eckpassstücke (312) aufweist, die an jeweiligen Ecken einer unteren Tafel (301) positioniert sind, an einem Oberteil eines unteren zweiten Behälters (320), der obere Eckpassstücke (321) aufweist, die an jeweiligen Ecken einer oberen Tafel (302) positioniert sind, umfassend:

    ein Gehäuse (110), das ein Basisteil (111), einen Vorsprung (112), das von einer oberen Fläche des Basisteils (111) nach oben vorragt, und ein Durchgangsloch (113) aufweist, das durch Durchdringen des Basisteils (111) und des Vorsprungs in einer vertikalen Richtung gebildet ist;

    ein Verbindungsteil (120), das drehbar in das Durchgangsloch (113) des Gehäuses (110) eingesetzt ist;

    einen oberen Konus (130), der an dem Verbindungsteil (120) positioniert und zum Einsetzen in eines der unteren Eckpassstücke (312) des ersten Behälters (310) konfiguriert ist;

    einen unteren Konus (140), der unter dem Verbindungsteil (120) positioniert und zum Einsetzen in eines der oberen Eckpassstücke (321) des zweiten Behälters konfiguriert ist; und

    eine Befestigungsfixiereinheit (150), die zum Einsetzen in die unteren Eckpassstücke (312) oder oberen Eckpassstücke (321) konfiguriert ist, um eine Drehung des oberen Konus (130) oder des unteren Konus (140) zu unterdrücken,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Befestigungsfixiereinheit (150) eine vordere Platte (151), die eine rechtwinklige Form aufweist; eine erste schräggestellte Platte (152) und eine zweite schräggestellte Platte (153), die sich jeweils von beiden Enden der vorderen Platte (151) erstrecken und einwärts gebogen sind; eine erste rückwärtige Platte (154), die sich von der ersten schräggestellten Platte (152) erstreckt und einwärts parallel zu der vorderen Platte (151) gebogen ist; eine zweite rückwärtige Platte (155), die sich von der zweiten schräggestellten Platte (153) erstreckt und einwärts parallel zu der vorderen Platte (151) gebogen ist; und ein Biegefixierteil (157) aufweist, das an einer Außenfläche von jeder der ersten rückwärtigen Platte (154) und der zweiten rückwärtigen Platte (155) positioniert und auswärts gebogen ist,

    wobei die Befestigungsfixiereinheit (150) so geformt ist, dass ihre Breite allmählich von den rückwärtigen Platten (154, 155) zu der vorderen Platte (151) abnimmt, und

    wobei die Befestigungsfixiereinheit (150) zur Fixierung an einem vorderen Loch (2312, 2321) des oberen Eckpassstücks (321) oder des unteren Eckpassstücks (312) konfiguriert ist, wobei die vordere Platte (151) in Kontakt mit einer Fläche des oberen Konus (130) oder des unteren Konus (140) gebracht ist und die rückwärtigen Platten (154, 155) mit einer Innenfläche des oberen Eckpassstückes (321) oder des unteren Eckpassstückes (312) in Kontakt gebracht ist, um den oberen Konus (130) und den unteren Konus (140) so zu fixieren, dass sie nicht gedreht werden.


     
    2. Verriegelungsvorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein oberer Abschnitt des Basisteils (111) zum Einsetzen in das untere Eckpassstück (312) des ersten Behälters (310) konfiguriert ist und ein unterer Abschnitt des Basisteils (111) zum Einsetzen in das obere Eckpassstück (321) des zweiten Behälters (320) konfiguriert ist.
     
    3. Verriegelungsvorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei das Basisteil (111) entlang eines oberen Randes und eines unteren Randes abgeschrägt ist.
     
    4. Verriegelungsvorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei der obere Konus (130) umfasst:

    einen oberen Vorsprung (131), der an seinem Ende nach oben vorragt, und

    wobei der untere Konus (140) umfasst:
    einen unteren Vorsprung (141), der an seinem Ende abwärts vorragt.


     
    5. Verriegelungsvorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:

    ein Rotationsverriegelungsteil (121), das an einer Umfangsfläche des Verbindungsteils (120) positioniert ist; und

    eine Rotationsverriegelungsnut (114), in die das Rotationsverriegelungsteil (121) eingesetzt ist und die an einer Umfangsfläche des Vorsprungs (112) geformt ist.


     
    6. Verriegelungsvorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei die erste rückwärtige Platte (154) und die zweite rückwärtige Platte (155) ein Griffteil (156) aufweisen, dessen Enden nach außen gebogen sind.
     
    7. Verriegelungsvorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei die Befestigungsfixiereinheit (150) im Gebrauch die folgende Gleichung 1 erfüllt:

    L: Distanz von der vorderen Platte (151) zu der rückwärtigen Platte (154, 155)

    A: Distanz von einer vorderen Fläche (133) des oberen Konus (130) oder einer vorderen Fläche (143) des unteren Konus (140), die zu einer Verriegelungsposition gedreht ist, zu einer Innenfläche (2314) des oberen Eckpassstückes (312) oder einer Innenfläche (2324) des unteren Eckpassstückes (321),

    B: Distanz von einer Seitenfläche (135) des oberen Konus (130) oder einer Seitenfläche (145) des unteren Konus (140), der zu einer Freigabeposition gedreht ist, zu der inneren Fläche (2314) des oberen Eckpassstückes (312) oder der Innenfläche (2324) des unteren Eckpassstückes (321).


     
    8. Verriegelungsvorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei die Befestigungsfixiereinheit (150) im Gebrauch die folgende Gleichung 2 erfüllt:

    M: Distanz von einem Ende des Biegefixierteils (157) zu einem gebogenen Abschnitt des Biegefixierteils (157)

    C: Dicke des vorderen Loches (2312) des oberen Eckpassstückes (312) oder des vorderen Loches (2321) des unteren Eckpassstückes (321)

    D: Differenz der Distanz von einer vorderen Fläche (133) des oberen Konus (130) oder einer vorderen Fläche (143) des unteren Konus (140), der in eine Verriegelungsposition gedreht ist, und einer Seitenfläche (135) des oberen Konus (130) oder einer Seitenfläche (145) des unteren Konus (140), der in einer Freigabeposition gedreht ist, zu einer Innenfläche (2314) eines vorderen Abschnittes des oberen Eckpassstückes (312) oder einer Innenfläche (2324) eines vorderen Abschnittes des unteren Eckpassstückes (321).


     
    9. Verriegelungsvorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei die Befestigungsfixiereinheit (150) ferner umfasst:
    ein Konusmontageteil (159), das mit der vorderen Platte (151) verbunden ist, in eine "⊏"-Form geformt ist und das zum Einsetzen in einen oberen Vorsprung des oberen Konus (130) konfiguriert ist, und dass im Gebrauch eine untere Fläche in Kontakt mit einem oberen Abschnitt des oberen Konus (130) gebracht ist.
     
    10. Verriegelungsvorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei die Befestigungsfixiereinheit (150) ferner umfasst:
    ein Konuseinsetzteil (158), das mit der vorderen Platte (151) verbunden ist, in eine "⊏"-Form geformt ist und in das im Gebrauch der obere Konus (130) oder der untere Konus (140) eingesetzt ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de verrouillage (100) destiné à attacher un premier conteneur supérieur (310) ayant des montures de coin inférieures (312) positionnées à des coins respectifs d'un panneau inférieur (301) sur le dessus d'un second conteneur inférieur (320) ayant des montures de coin supérieures (321) positionnées à des coins respectifs d'un panneau supérieur (302), comprenant
    un boîtier (110) incluant une partie de base (111), une projection (112) se projetant vers le haut depuis une surface supérieure de la partie de base (111), et un trou traversant (113) formé en pénétrant la partie de base (111) et la projection dans une direction verticale ;
    une partie de connexion (120) insérée en rotation jusque dans le trou traversant (113) du boîtier (110) ;
    un cône supérieur (130) positionné sur la partie de connexion (120) et configuré pour être inséré jusque dans une des montures de coin inférieures (312) du premier conteneur (310) ;
    un cône inférieur (140) positionné sous la partie de connexion (120) et configuré pour être inséré jusque dans une des montures de coin supérieures (321) du second conteneur ; et
    une unité de fixation d'attache (150) qui est configurée pour être insérée jusque dans ladite une des montures de coin inférieures (312) ou des montures de coin supérieures (321) pour supprimer une rotation du cône supérieur (130) ou du cône inférieur (140),
    caractérisé en ce que
    l'unité de fixation d'attache (150) inclut une plaque avant (151) ayant une forme rectangulaire ; une première plaque inclinée (152) et une seconde plaque inclinée (153) s'étendant respectivement depuis les deux extrémités de la plaque avant (151) et cintrées vers l'intérieur ; une première plaque arrière (154) s'étendant depuis la première plaque inclinée (152) et cintrée vers l'intérieur parallèlement à la plaque avant (151) ; une seconde plaque arrière (155) s'étendant depuis la seconde plaque inclinée (153) et cintrée vers l'intérieur parallèlement à la plaque avant (151) ; et une partie de fixation de cintrage (157) positionnée sur une surface extérieure de chaque plaque parmi la première plaque arrière (154) et la seconde plaque arrière (155) et cintrée vers l'extérieur,
    dans lequel l'unité de fixation d'attache (150) est formée pour aller en diminuant graduellement en largeur depuis les plaques arrière (154, 155) vers la plaque avant (151), et
    dans lequel l'unité de fixation d'attache (150) est configurée pour être fixée à un trou avant (2312, 2321) de la monture de coin supérieure (321) ou de la monture de coin inférieure (312), la plaque avant (151) étant amenée en contact avec une surface du cône supérieur (130) ou du cône inférieur (140) et les plaques arrière (154, 155) étant amenées en contact avec une surface intérieure de la monture de coin supérieure (321) ou de la monture de coin inférieure (312) pour fixer le cône supérieur (130) et le cône inférieur (140) pour qu'ils ne soient pas mis en rotation.
     
    2. Dispositif de verrouillage (100) selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel une portion supérieure de la partie de base (111) est configurée pour être insérée jusque dans la monture de coin inférieure (312) du premier conteneur (310), et une portion inférieure de la partie de base (111) est configurée pour être insérée jusque dans la monture de coin supérieure (321) du second conteneur (320).
     
    3. Dispositif de verrouillage (100) selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel la partie de base (111) est chanfreinée le long d'un bord supérieur et d'un bord inférieur.
     
    4. Dispositif de verrouillage (100) selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel le cône supérieur (130) inclut :

    une projection supérieure (131) qui se projette vers le haut sur son extrémité, et

    le cône inférieur (140) inclut :
    une projection inférieure (141) qui se projette vers le bas sur son extrémité.


     
    5. Dispositif de verrouillage (100) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

    une partie verrouillée en rotation (121) positionnée sur une surface circonférentielle de la partie de connexion (120) ; et

    une rainure de verrouillage de rotation (114) jusque dans laquelle la partie verrouillée en rotation (121) est insérée et qui est formée sur une surface circonférentielle de la projection (112).


     
    6. Dispositif de verrouillage (100) selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel la première plaque arrière (154) et la seconde plaque arrière (155) incluent une partie de préhension (156) dont les extrémités sont cintrées vers l'extérieur.
     
    7. Dispositif de verrouillage (100) selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel l'unité de fixation d'attache (150) satisfait, en utilisation, l'équation 1 suivante :

    L: distance depuis la plaque avant (151) jusqu'aux plaques arrière (154, 155)

    A : distance depuis une surface avant (133) du cône supérieur (130) ou une surface avant (143) du cône inférieur (140) mis en rotation vers une position de verrouillage jusqu'à une surface intérieure (2314) de la monture de coin supérieure (312) ou une surface intérieure (2324) de la monture de coin inférieure (321)

    B : distance depuis une surface latérale (135) du cône supérieur (130) ou une surface latérale (145) du cône inférieur (140) mis en rotation vers une position de relâchement jusqu'à la surface intérieure (2314) de la monture de coin supérieure (312) ou la surface intérieure (2324) de la monture de coin inférieure (321).


     
    8. Dispositif de verrouillage (100) selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel l'unité de fixation d'attache (150) satisfait, en utilisation, l'équation 2 suivante :

    M : distance depuis une extrémité de la partie de fixation de cintrage (157) jusqu'à une portion cintrée de la partie de fixation de cintrage (157)

    C : épaisseur du trou avant (2312) de la monture de coin supérieure (312) ou du trou avant (2321) de la monture de coin inférieure (321)

    D : différence de distance depuis une surface avant (133) du cône supérieur (130) ou une surface avant (133) du cône inférieur (140) mis en rotation vers une position de verrouillage et une surface latérale (135) du cône supérieur (130) ou une surface latérale (145) du cône inférieur (140) mis en rotation vers une position de relâchement jusqu'à une surface intérieure (2314) d'une portion avant de la monture de coin supérieure (312) ou une surface intérieure (2324) d'une portion avant de la monture de coin inférieure (321).


     
    9. Dispositif de verrouillage (100) selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel l'unité de fixation d'attache (150) inclut en outre :
    une partie de montage de cône (159) qui est connectée à la plaque avant (151), formée en forme de « C », et qui est configurée pour être insérée jusque dans une projection supérieure du cône supérieur (130) et dont, en utilisation, une surface inférieure est amenée en contact avec une portion supérieure du cône supérieur (130).
     
    10. Dispositif de verrouillage (100) selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel l'unité de fixation d'attache (150) inclut en outre :
    une partie d'insertion de cône (158) qui est connectée à la plaque avant (151) et est formée en forme de « C » et jusque dans laquelle, en utilisation, le cône supérieur (130) ou le cône inférieur (140) est inséré.
     




    Drawing
























































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description