(19)
(11)EP 3 294 008 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
16.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/38

(21)Application number: 17186395.4

(22)Date of filing:  11.04.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 48/14(2009.01)
H04W 84/12(2009.01)

(54)

METHOD FOR ESTABLISHING ASSOCIATION BETWEEN STATION AND ACCESS POINT, AND DEVICE

VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG EINER ASSOZIATION ZWISCHEN EINER STATION UND EINEM ZUGANGSPUNKT SOWIE VORRICHTUNG

PROCÉDÉ POUR ÉTABLIR UNE ASSOCIATION ENTRE UNE STATION ET UN POINT D'ACCÈS ET DISPOSITIF


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.04.2012 CN 201210132882

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.03.2018 Bulletin 2018/11

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
16153764.2 / 3094135
13781466.1 / 2844025

(73)Proprietor: HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • WU, Tianyu
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • LI, Changle
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • LIN, Hang
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Maiwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH 
Elisenhof Elisenstraße 3
80335 München
80335 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 784 947
  
  • WU TIANYU (HUAWEI): "Service Type Indication ; 11-12-0612-00-00ah-service-type-indication ", IEEE SA MENTOR; 11-12-0612-00-00AH-SERVICE-TYPE-INDICATION , IEEE-SA MENTOR, PISCATAWAY, NJ USA, vol. 802.11ah, 14 May 2012 (2012-05-14), pages 1-7, XP068039102,
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] Embodiments of the present invention relate to communications technologies, and in particular, to a method for establishing an association between a station STA and an access point AP in a wireless local area network, and a station device and an access point device for implementing the method.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Two major types of services, that is, a sensor (sensor) service and an offloading (offloading) service, that are completely different exist in a current wireless local area network standard (for example, 802.11ah), and their characteristics and network requirements are greatly different. The sensor (sensor) service may also be referred to as a sensor type service. Characteristics of the sensor service are that a duty cycle (duty cycle) is long, a transmitted packet is short, and the sensor service is mainly an uplink service. Characteristics of the offloading service are that a duty cycle is short, many burst services exist, a transmitted packet is long, and the offloading service is mainly a downlink service. These two types of services are different; in addition, one of the two types of services, for example, the sensor service, may be further subcategorized into a plurality of types. For example, sensors of a plurality of applications, such as, an electricity meter, a water meter, and a fire alarm, may exist in a network, and different types of sensor services obviously have different characteristics and requirements. It is necessary to consider discriminately providing different types of services for different types of services in the network, so as to meet requirements of various types of services. For example, according to service type differences, an access point (Access Point, AP) may determine different maximum idle periods (Max Idle Period), provide different frame header compression methods, determine different DTIM intervals, allocate AIDs, and the like.

[0003] However, currently, a service type is mostly indicated in a signal SIG field, where one bit in the SIG field is used to indicate a service type to which currently transmitted data belongs, so as to indicate whether the service is a sensor service or an offloading service, but subcategorization cannot be further performed. For example, the Sensor service may be categorized into an electricity meter service, a water meter service, a medical sensor service, and the like according to service types, or may be subcategorized according to lengths of duty cycles. The offloading service may be categorized into a delay-sensitive service, such as a video or an audio, and a delay-insensitive service, such as file download.

SUMMARY



[0004] The invention is defined by the appended set of claims.

[0005] Embodiments of the present invention provide a method for establishing an association between a STA and an AP, where a SIG field is used to indicate a service type and the service type can be subcategorized, to improve system performance.

[0006] A method for establishing an association between a STA and an AP includes:

sending, by the STA, an association request frame to the AP, where the association request frame includes a service type element, and the service type element is used for indicating a sensor sensor service type, an offloading offloading service type, or another service type to which the STA belongs, where the sensor service type includes a first sensor service or a second sensor service, and the offloading service type includes a first offloading service or a second offloading service; and

receiving, by the STA, an association response frame sent by the AP, where the association response frame is a response of the AP to the association request frame, and the service type element is used by the AP to determine a service type to which the STA belongs.



[0007] Further, an embodiment of the present invention further provides another method for establishing an association between a STA and an AP, and the method includes:

receiving, by the AP, an association request frame sent by the STA, where the association request frame includes a service type element, and the service type element is used for indicating a sensor service type, an offloading service type, or another service type to which the STA belongs, where the sensor service type includes a first sensor service or a second sensor service, and the offloading service type includes a first offloading service or a second offloading service;

determining, by the AP according to the service type element in the association request frame, a service type to which the STA belongs, and generating an association response frame; and

sending, by the AP, the association response frame to the STA.



[0008] Further, an embodiment of the present invention further provides a station STA, and the STA includes:

a transmit circuit, configured to send an association request frame to an AP by using an antenna, where the association request frame includes a service type element, and the service type element is used for indicating a sensor sensor service type, an offloading offloading service type, or another service type to which the STA belongs, where the sensor service type includes a first sensor service or a second sensor service, and the offloading service type includes a first offloading service or a second offloading service; and

a receive circuit, configured to receive, by using the antenna, an association response frame sent by the AP, where the association response frame is a response of the AP to the association request frame, and the service type element is used by the AP to determine a service type to which the STA belongs.



[0009] Another access point includes:

a receive circuit, configured to receive, by using an antenna, an association request frame sent by a STA, where the association request frame includes a service type element, and the service type element is used for indicating a sensor service type, an offloading service type, or another service type to which the STA belongs, where the sensor service type includes a first sensor service or a second sensor service, and the offloading service type includes a first offloading service or a second offloading service;

a processing unit, configured to determine, according to the service type element in the association request frame, a service type to which the STA belongs, and generate an association response frame; and

a sending circuit, configured to send the association response frame to the STA by using the antenna.



[0010] In the embodiments of the present invention, a STA and an AP cooperate to establish an association by sending a association request frame and responding with an association response frame. After the association is established, it is considered that a link is established, and the STA and the AP can communicate with each other. In the embodiments of the present invention, a service type element is added to the association request frame, so as to indicate a specific sensor service type, offloading service type, or hybrid service type, and a service type of the STA is indicated by means of subcategorization. In addition, it is avoided that a SIG field is used to carry a service type indication, thereby saving an information overhead.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0011] 

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an application system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an association request frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a general format of a service type element in an association request frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a flowchart of a method for establishing an association between a STA and an AP according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a flowchart of another method for establishing an association between a STA and an AP according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of another format of a service type element in an association request frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of still another format of a service type element in an association request frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of a frame header format of a sensor service; and

FIG. 9 is a general schematic structural diagram of an access point device according to an embodiment of the present invention.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0012] The following clearly and describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the described embodiments are merely a part rather than all of the embodiments of the present invention.

[0013] An embodiment of the present invention provides a method for establishing an association between a station (Station, STA) and an AP. In the method in this embodiment of the present invention, the STA may notify the AP of a subcategorized service type to which the STA belongs, so that a network can adapt to requirements of different types of services. Referring to FIG. 1, a wireless local area network includes stations STAs and an access point AP, and in a specific Internet of Things scenario, a station STA may be integrated on a specific instrument, such as a water meter or an electricity meter. The STA and the AP can perform wireless communication after establishing an association; and then related operating data on the instrument, such as the electricity meter or the water meter, may be sent to the AP, and the electricity meter or the water meter may also receive information or data sent by the AP.

[0014] An association request frame used in the method for establishing an association between a STA and an AP in this embodiment of the present invention is shown in FIG. 2. In the association request frame, in addition to a field that is commonly defined, an element (element) is added in this embodiment of the present invention. For example, the last column is used for indicating a service type to which a STA sending the association request frame belongs, where the element may be referred to as a service type element (Service type element). Further, refer to FIG. 3 for a general format of the Service type element in this embodiment of the present invention. The service type element includes: an element identifier (Element ID) field, a length (Length) field, and an information (Information) field with a variable length, where a length of each of the element identifier field and the length field is one byte in this embodiment. The Element ID field is used for indicating an identifier of the element, and a system allocates a specific Element ID to each type of element. Element IDs defined in a standard are numbered from 0 to 126, where numbers 17 to 31, 45, 47, 49, and 51 to 126 are currently reserved. Therefore, the service type element (Service type element) added in this embodiment of the present invention may use an ID, which is reserved in the standard and is not allocated, as an element identifier. That is, a numerical value may be selected from 17 to 31, 45, 47, 49, and 51 to 126. The Length field uses a length of one byte to indicate the number of bytes occupied by the Information field, and the Length field in the Service type element in this embodiment is used for indicating the number of bytes occupied by a Service Type field. The Information field in the Service type element in this embodiment is the service type (Service Type) field and is used for indicating the service type to which the STA sending the association request belongs, where a sensor service type, an offloading offloading service type, or a hybrid service type may be indicated, and a specific type of the sensor service (or the offloading service) may be distinguished. A length of the field may be designed variable, and a plurality of indication manners may be considered to ensure that data of different service types can be indicated.

[0015] Refer to FIG. 4 for a flowchart of a method for establishing an association between a STA and an AP according to an embodiment of the present invention. The method in this embodiment on a STA side includes:

S401: The STA sends an association request frame to the AP, where the association request frame includes a service type element, and the service type element is used for indicating a sensor service type, an offloading service type, or another service type to which the STA belongs, where the sensor service type includes a first sensor service or a second sensor service, and the offloading service type includes a first offloading service or a second offloading service.

S402: The STA receives an association response frame sent by the AP, where the association response frame is a response of the AP to the association request frame, and the service type element is used by the AP to determine a service type to which the STA belongs.



[0016] Refer to FIG. 5 for a flowchart of another method for establishing an association between a STA and an AP according to an embodiment of the present invention. The method in this embodiment of the present invention on an AP side includes:

S501: The AP receives an association request frame sent by the STA, where the association request frame includes a service type element, and the service type element is used for indicating a sensor service type, an offloading service type, or another service type to which the STA belongs, where the sensor service type includes a first sensor service or a second sensor service, and the offloading service type includes a first offloading service or a second offloading service.

S502: The AP determines, according to the service type element in the association request frame, a service type to which the STA belongs, and generates an association response frame.

S503: The AP sends the association response frame to the STA.



[0017] A STA and an AP cooperate to establish an association by sending a association request frame and responding with an association response frame. After the association is established, it is considered that a link is established, and the STA and the AP can communicate with each other. In this embodiment of the present invention, a service type element is added to the association request frame, so as to indicate a specific sensor service type, offloading service type, or hybrid service type, and a service type of the STA is indicated by means of subcategorization. In addition, it is avoided that a SIG field is used to carry a service type indication, thereby saving an information overhead.

[0018] Further, the AP receives the association request of the STA; learns, according to the Service type element in the received association request frame, the service type to which the STA belongs; and generates an association identifier (association identifier, AID) to be allocated to the STA. The AP places, in the association response frame, the AID to be allocated to the STA and responds to the STA with the association response frame, where the AID is an identity of the STA.

[0019] Further, a mapping table between an AID and a service type is generated in the AP, and the AID to be allocated to the current STA and the service type of the STA are added to the mapping table. The AP may perform network optimization by using the mapping table.

[0020] In the foregoing method, a frame structure is modified, and a Service type element is added to an association request frame to indicate a service type to which a STA sending the association request belongs. The Service type element, that is, an element used for indicating a service type, uses one byte in a Service Type field to indicate the service type to which the STA sending the association request belongs.

[0021] This embodiment of the present invention relates to a method for establishing an association between a STA and an AP in a wireless local area network, especially in an 802.11 ah scenario. In this embodiment of the present invention, in a process of establishing an association between an AP and a STA, the STA notifies the AP of a service type to which the STA belongs, and the AP may establish a mapping table according to STAs of different service types in the network and AIDs allocated by the AP to these STAs. Therefore, the AP can use a related optimization solution according to the information, to adapt to characteristics of STAs of different types in the network and ensure that requirements of the STAs of different service types in the network can be met.

[0022] Further, the Information field in the Service type element in this embodiment of the present invention is the Service Type field and is used for indicating the service type to which the STA sending the association request belongs. The Service Type field uses one byte to indicate the service type to which the STA currently sending the association request frame belongs. For example, 00000000 is used to indicate that the service type to which the STA currently sending the association request frame belongs is a first-type sensor service, such as a periodic service; 00000001 indicates that the service type to which the STA currently sending the association request frame belongs is a second-type sensor service, such as a medical sensor service; 10000000 indicates that the service type to which the STA currently sending the association request frame belongs is a first-type offloading service, such as a delay-sensitive service; 10000001 indicates that the service type to which the STA currently sending the association request frame belongs is a second-type offloading service, such as a delay-insensitive service; 11000000 indicates that the STA belongs to another type of service, that the STA supports transmission of the first-type and second-type sensor services, and the like. One byte used herein can effectively indicate a plurality of service types, and not only can indicate a single type of service, but also can indicate another type of service, such as a hybrid type of service. One byte may have 256 indications. In a specific implementation, refer to the following table for an indication method of a service type:
Service TypeCategory
0-127 Sensor service
128-191 Offloading service
192-255 Another type of service


[0023] Further, in a case in which there are not many service types, the service type field in the Service Type element may use a bitmap to indicate a service type. Referring to FIG. 6, one byte has 8 bits bit 0 to bit 7, where each bit indicates one service type. When a bit is 1, it indicates that the association request frame indicates the service type, or the association request frame indicates a service type whose value is 1 in the service type field. For example, if a value of the service type field is 00100000, it indicates that the service type of the STA sending the association request frame including the service type field is a third-type Sensor service.

[0024] In the present invention, a frame structure is modified in a process of establishing an association between a STA and an AP in the existing 802.11, and a Service type element is added to an association request frame to indicate a service type to which the STA sending the association request belongs. In the present invention, the Service type element uses a two-level indication method, where one byte is used in a Service Type field to indicate the service type to which the STA sending the association request belongs, and one byte is used in a Subtype field to indicate subcategorization of the service type.

[0025] Further, refer to FIG. 7 for another schematic structural diagram of a Service type element according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0026] An Information field in the Service type element in this embodiment includes a Service Type field and a Subtype field, used for indicating a service type to which a STA sending an association request belongs. One byte in the Service Type field in this embodiment is used to indicate a first-level service type to which the STA currently sending the association request frame belongs. For example, 00000000 is used to indicate that the service type to which the STA currently sending the association request frame belongs is a sensor type service; 00000001 indicates that the service type to which the STA currently sending the association request frame belongs is a offloading type service; and 00000010 indicates that the service type to which the STA currently sending the association request frame belongs is a hybrid type service of the sensor type service and the offloading type service. Other 3 to 255 bits are reserved. The Subtype field indicates subcategorization of the types of services in the Service type field. If information in the Service Type field indicates the sensor type service, 00000000 in the Subtype field indicates a first-type sensor service, 00000001 indicates a second-type sensor service, and the like. If information in the Service Type field indicates the Offloading service, 00000000 in the Subtype field indicates a first-type offloading service, 00000001 indicates a second-type offloading service, and the like. If information in the Service Type field indicates the hybrid type service, 00000000 in the Subtype field indicates a first-type hybrid service, 00000001 indicates a second-type hybrid service, and the like.

[0027] Further, in this embodiment of the present invention, an AID allocation method is determined on the basis that the STA indicates the service type of the STA to the AP. The AP may allocate different continuous AID sections to STAs of different service types. For example, a continuous AID is allocated to a STA with an excessively long duty cycle; in this way, it is highly probable that all bits in this AID section are 0s in a TIM (traffic indication map, traffic indication map) in a beacon (beacon frame), thereby improving efficiency of TIM compression. Alternatively, STAs whose duty cycles are synchronous are allocated to a continuous AID; in this way, continuous Is likely occur in this AID section in a TIM, thereby also improving efficiency of a TIM compression algorithm.

[0028] Further, in this embodiment of the present invention, a method for compressing a sensor service frame header is provided on the basis that the STA indicates, to the AP, the service type to which the STA belongs.

[0029] A major service of a sensor type node is an uplink service from a STA to an AP in a single hop. Therefore, it may be considered to use a compressed frame header for this type of service.

[0030] First, in a process of establishing an association between the STA and the AP, the STA indicates, to the AP, the service type to which the STA belongs. When a STA that belongs to the sensor service type needs to transmit uplink data to the AP, a used format of a frame header is shown in FIG. 8, a compressed frame header is used, an RA and a TA are deleted, and others are reserved, where an address 1 (Address 1) indicates a sending address, namely, an SA; and an address 2 (Address 2) indicates a destination address, namely, a DA.

[0031] In the present invention, a frame structure is modified in a process of establishing an association between a STA and an AP in the existing 802.11, and a Service type element is added to an association request frame to indicate a service type to which the STA sending the association request belongs. In the present invention, a method for querying for data of a service type in a network is provided on the basis that the STA indicates, to the AP, the service type to which the STA belongs, so as to ensure that the data of the service type can be preferentially accessed.

[0032] First, in a process of establishing an association between the STA and the AP, the STA indicates, to the AP, the service type to which the STA belongs. When the AP needs to query data of a STA of a service type, for example, query data of all STAs of an electricity meter type service in a network, the AP broadcasts a query frame in the network, where a format of the frame is as follows:
FC frame control Duration duration Service Type service type FCS frame check sequence


[0033] The Duration indicates duration required by the query, that is, duration in which a STA of another type not to be queried needs to back off. The Service Type indicates a service type to be queried.

[0034] A STA in the network receives the broadcasted query frame; determines, according to the Service Type and a type of the STA, whether data of the STA is queried; and if not, backs off according to the Duration, where uplink data transmission is not performed during the backoff, and backoff time is time obtained by adding the Duration and a SIFS; and if the Service Type type matches that of the STA, starts to perform contention-based data transmission according to a DCF mechanism.

[0035] In this embodiment of the present invention, STAs of different types of services are scheduled to ensure that a type of service can be preferentially accessed, so that an AP obtains data in time. Under the precondition that a service type is indicated, another potential optimized modification solution may be used, for example, scheduling optimization.

[0036] An embodiment of the present invention further provides a device for implementing the foregoing method, which may be an access point AP device or a station STA device in a wireless local area network. The AP and STA devices can implement steps and procedures in the foregoing method embodiments, or in other words, the devices can establish association between the AP and the STA according to the foregoing method embodiments, where all the steps, procedures, and functions can be implemented on the devices.

[0037] Embodiments of the present invention may be applied to an access point AP base station or a station (terminal) in a wireless local area network. FIG. 9 shows an embodiment of an access point device. However, in some wireless local area networks, the device is an access point or a station; and may be an access point in different specific communication, and may be a station in subsequent communication. In this embodiment, a device 30 includes a transmit circuit 302, a receive circuit 303, a power controller 304, a decoding processor 305, a processing unit 306, a memory 307, and an antenna 301. The processing unit 306 controls an operation of the device 30, and the processing unit 306 may also be referred to as a CPU. The memory 307 may include a read-only memory and a random access memory, and provides an instruction and data to the processing unit 306. A part of the memory 307 may further include a non-volatile random access memory (NVRAM). In a specific application, the device 30 may be built in or may be a wireless communications device, such as a mobile phone; and may further include a carrier that contains the transmit circuit 302 and the receive circuit 303, so as to allow data transmission and reception between the device 30 and a remote location. The transmit circuit 302 and the receive circuit 303 may be coupled to the antenna 301. Components of the device 30 are coupled together by using a bus system 3100, where in addition to a data bus, the bus system 3100 includes a power bus, a control bus, and a status signal bus. However, for clear description, various types of buses in the figure are marked as the bus system 3100. The device 30 may further include the processing unit 306 configured to process a signal, and further include the power controller 304 and the decoding processor 305.

[0038] The methods disclosed in the foregoing embodiments of the present invention may be applied to the decoding processor 305, or in other words, may be implemented by the decoding processor 305. The decoding processor 305 may be an integrated circuit chip and has a signal processing capability. In an implementation process, the steps in the foregoing methods may be implemented by using a hardware integrated logic circuit in the decoding processor 305, or instructions in the form of software. These instructions may cooperate with the processor 306 for implementation and control. In practice, the decoding processor 305 may be integrated with the processor 306 or combined with the processor 306 to serve as a processing unit, configured to execute the methods disclosed in the embodiments of the present invention. The decoding processor or the processor may be a general processor, a digital signal processor (DSP), an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC), a field-programmable gate array (FPGA), another programmable logic component, a discrete gate, a transistor logic component, or a discrete hardware component, which can implement or execute the methods, steps, and logic block diagrams disclosed in the embodiments of the present invention. The general processor may be a microprocessor, or the processor may also be any conventional processor, decoder, or the like. The steps in the methods disclosed in the embodiments of the present invention may be directly implemented by a hardware decoding processor, or may be implemented by combining hardware and software modules in the decoding processor. The software module may be located in a mature storage medium in the art, such as a random access memory, a flash memory, a read-only memory, a programmable read-only memory, an electrically erasable programmable memory, or a register. The storage medium is located in the memory 307, and the decoding processor reads information in the memory 307 and implements the steps of the foregoing methods in combination with hardware of the modules 301 to 307.

[0039] A station and an access point in the embodiments of the present invention are configured to implement the foregoing method embodiments, and all the steps, procedures, or functions in the method embodiments can be implemented on the devices. The access point or station devices establish an association by using the foregoing methods. The methods are specifically implemented by the station and the access point in the embodiments.

[0040] A station in an embodiment of the present invention includes:

a transmit circuit, configured to send an association request frame to an AP by using an antenna, where the association request frame includes a service type element, and the service type element is used for indicating a sensor sensor service type, an offloading offloading service type, or another service type to which the STA belongs, where the sensor service type includes a first sensor service or a second sensor service, and the offloading service type includes a first offloading service or a second offloading service; and

a receive circuit, configured to receive, by using the antenna, an association response frame sent by the AP, where the association response frame is a response of the AP to the association request frame, and the service type element is used by the AP to determine a service type to which the STA belongs.



[0041] Further, the service type element in the association request frame transmitted by the transmit circuit includes: an element identifier field, a length field, and an information field, where the element identifier field is used for recording an element identifier of the service type element, the length field is used for identifying a length of the information field, the information field indicates, by using a mapping relationship between a value of the information field and a service type, the service type to which the STA belongs, and the service type includes the sensor service type, the offloading service type, or a hybrid service type. Alternatively, the service type element in the association request frame transmitted by the transmit circuit includes: an element identifier field, a length field, and an information field, where the element identifier field is used for recording an element identifier of the service type element, the length field is used for identifying a length of the information field, the information field is used for indicating, in a bitmap manner, the service type to which the STA belongs, and the service type includes the sensor service type, the offloading service type, or a hybrid service type, where the information field comprises n bits, and the service type to which the STA belongs is a service type corresponding to a bit whose value is 1. Alternatively, the service type element in the association request frame transmitted by the transmit circuit includes: an element identifier field, a length field, and an information field, where the element identifier field is used for recording an element identifier of the service type element, the length field is used for identifying a length of the information field, the information field is used for indicating the service type to which the STA belongs, and the information field includes a service type Service Type field and a subtype Subtype field, where the Service Type field is used for indicating a first-level service type to which the STA currently sending the association request frame belongs, the Subtype field indicates a subcategorized type of the first-level service type in the Service type field, and the first-level service type includes the sensor service type, the offloading service type, or the hybrid service type. The service type element in the association request frame transmitted by the transmit circuit includes the Subtype field, and the indicating, by the Subtype field, a subcategorized type of the first-level service type in the Service type field includes: indicating, by a mapping relationship between a value of the Service type field and a service type, the subcategorized type of the first-level service type; or indicating, by the Service type field, the subcategorized type of the first-level service type in a bitmap bitmap manner.

[0042] An access point in an embodiment of the present invention includes:

a receive circuit, configured to receive, by using an antenna, an association request frame sent by a STA, where the association request frame includes a service type element, and the service type element is used for indicating a sensor service type, an offloading service type, or another service type to which the STA belongs, where the sensor service type includes a first sensor service or a second sensor service, and the offloading service type includes a first offloading service or a second offloading service;

a processing unit, configured to determine, according to the service type element in the association request frame, a service type to which the STA belongs, and generate an association response frame; and

a sending circuit, configured to send the association response frame to the STA by using the antenna.



[0043] Further, the processing unit is further configured to, after determining, according to the service type element in the association request frame, the service type to which the STA belongs, generate an association identifier AID to be allocated to the STA, and place the AID in the association response frame, where the AID is an identity of the STA. Further, the processing unit is further configured to record, in a mapping table between an AID and a service type, the AID to be allocated to the STA, where the mapping table is used for optimizing scheduling of the STA.

[0044] Except the specifically provided circuits, units, and modules in the station and the access point in the embodiments of the present invention, general modules may be correspondingly configured according to a system requirement, so as to form mature devices.

[0045] In the embodiments of the present invention, a STA and an AP cooperate to establish an association by sending a association request frame and responding with an association response frame. After the association is established, it is considered that a link is established, and the STA and the AP can communicate with each other. In the embodiments of the present invention, a service type element is added to the association request frame, so as to indicate a specific sensor service type, offloading service type, or hybrid service type, and a service type of the STA is indicated by means of subcategorization. In addition, it is avoided that a SIG field is used to carry a service type indication, thereby saving an information overhead.


Claims

1. A method for establishing an association between a station, STA, and an access point, AP, wherein the STA and the AP communicate with each other according to a wireless local area network standard, and the method comprises:

sending (S401), by the STA, an association request frame to the AP, wherein the association request frame comprises a service type element, and the service type element is used for indicating a sensor service type, an offloading service type, or another service type to which the STA belongs; and

receiving (S402), by the STA, an association response frame sent by the AP, wherein the association response frame is a response of the AP to the association request frame, and the service type element is used by the AP to determine a service type to which the STA belongs;

wherein the service type element comprises:
an element identifier field, a length field, and an information field, wherein the element identifier field is used for recording an element identifier of the service type element, the length field is used for identifying a length of the information field, the information field indicates, by using a mapping relationship between a value of the information field and a service type, the service type to which the STA belongs, and the service type comprises the sensor service type and the offloading service type.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the service type element comprises:
the element identifier field, the length field, and the information field, wherein the element identifier field is used for recording the element identifier of the service type element, the length field is used for identifying the length of the information field, the information field is used for indicating, in a bitmap manner, the service type to which the STA belongs, and the service type comprises the sensor service type and the offloading service type, wherein the information field comprises n bits, and the service type to which the STA belongs is a service type corresponding to a bit whose value is 1.
 
3. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 2, wherein a length of the element identifier field is one byte, a length of the length field is one byte, and the information field is a field with a variable length.
 
4. The method according to claim 2, wherein n is 8.
 
5. A method for establishing an association between a station, STA and an access point, AP, wherein the STA and the AP communicate with each other according to a wireless local area network standard, and the method comprises:

receiving (S501), by the AP, an association request frame sent by the STA, wherein the association request frame comprises a service type element, and the service type element is used for indicating a sensor service type, an offloading service type, or another service type to which the STA belongs;

determining (S502), by the AP according to the service type element in the association request frame, a service type to which the STA belongs, and generating an association response frame; and

sending (S503), by the AP, the association response frame to the STA;

wherein the service type element comprises:
an element identifier field, a length field, and an information field, wherein the element identifier field is used for recording an element identifier of the service type element, the length field is used for identifying a length of the information field, the information field indicates, by using a mapping relationship between a value of the information field and a service type, the service type to which the STA belongs, and the service type comprises the sensor service type and the offloading service type.


 
6. The method according to claim 5, wherein after the determining, by the AP according to the service type element in the association request frame, a service type to which the STA belongs, the AP generates an association identifier, AID to be allocated to the STA, and places the AID in the association response frame, wherein the AID is an identity of the STA.
 
7. The method according to claim 6, wherein the AP records, in a mapping table between an AID and a service type, the AID to be allocated to the STA, wherein the mapping table is used for optimizing scheduling of the STA.
 
8. A station, STA, wherein the station and an access point, AP, communicate with each other according to a wireless local area network standard, and the STA comprises:

a transmit circuit, configured to send an association request frame to the AP by using an antenna, wherein the association request frame comprises a service type element, and the service type element is used for indicating a sensor sensor service type, an offloading offloading service type, or another service type to which the STA belongs; and

a receive circuit, configured to receive, by using the antenna, an association response frame sent by the AP, wherein the association response frame is a response of the AP to the association request frame, and the service type element is used by the AP to determine a service type to which the STA belongs;

wherein the service type element in the association request frame transmitted by the transmit circuit comprises: an element identifier field, a length field, and an information field, wherein the element identifier field is used for recording an element identifier of the service type element, the length field is used for identifying a length of the information field, wherein the information field indicates, by using a mapping relationship between a value of the information field and a service type, the service type to which the STA belongs, and the service type comprises the sensor service type and the offloading service type.


 
9. The station according to claim 8, wherein the service type element in the association request frame transmitted by the transmit circuit comprises: an element identifier field, a length field, and an information field, wherein the element identifier field is used for recording an element identifier of the service type element, the length field is used for identifying a length of the information field, the information field is used for indicating, in a bitmap manner, the service type to which the STA belongs, and the service type comprises the sensor service type,and the offloading service type, wherein the information field comprises n bits, and the service type to which the STA belongs is a service type corresponding to a bit whose value is 1.
 
10. An access point, AP, wherein the access point and a station, STA, communicate with each other according to a wireless local area network standard, and the AP comprises:

a receive circuit, configured to receive, by using an antenna, an association request frame sent by the STA, wherein the association request frame comprises a service type element, and the service type element is used for indicating a sensor service type, an offloading service type, or another service type to which the STA belongs;

a processing unit, configured to determine, according to the service type element in the association request frame, a service type to which the STA belongs, and generate an association response frame; and

a sending circuit, configured to send the association response frame to the STA by using the antenna;

wherein the service type element comprises:
an element identifier field, a length field, and an information field, wherein the element identifier field is used for recording an element identifier of the service type element, the length field is used for identifying a length of the information field, the information field indicates, by using a mapping relationship between a value of the information field and a service type, the service type to which the STA belongs, and the service type comprises the sensor service type and the offloading service type.


 
11. The access point according to claim 10, wherein the processing unit is further configured to, after determining, according to the service type element in the association request frame, the service type to which the STA belongs, generate an association identifier, AID to be allocated to the STA, and place the AID in the association response frame, wherein the AID is an identity of the STA.
 
12. The access point according to claim 10, wherein the processing unit is further configured to record, in a mapping table between an AID and a service type, the AID to be allocated to the STA, wherein the mapping table is used for optimizing scheduling of the STA..
 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zum Aufbauen einer Zuordnung zwischen einer Station, STA, und einem Zugangspunkt, AP, wobei die STA und der AP gemäß einer Norm für drahtlose lokale Netze miteinander kommunizieren und das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

Senden (S401) durch die STA eines Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmens zum AP, wobei der Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmen ein Diensttypelement umfasst und das Diensttypelement zum Angeben eines Sensordiensttyps, eines Auslagerungsdiensttyps oder eines weiteren Diensttyps, dem die STA angehört, verwendet wird; und

Empfangen (S402) durch die STA eines Zuordnungsantwortrahmens, der durch den AP gesendet wurde, wobei der Zuordnungsantwortrahmen eine Antwort des AP auf den Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmen ist und das Diensttypelement durch den AP verwendet wird, um einen Diensttyp zu bestimmen, dem die STA angehört;

wobei das Diensttypelement Folgendes umfasst:
ein Elementkennungsfeld, ein Längenfeld und ein Informationsfeld, wobei das Elementkennungsfeld zum Aufzeichnen einer Elementkennung des Diensttypelements verwendet wird, das Längenfeld zum Identifizieren einer Länge des Informationsfelds verwendet wird, das Informationsfeld unter Verwendung einer Abbildungsbeziehung zwischen einem Wert des Informationsfelds und einem Diensttyp den Diensttyp angibt, dem die STA angehört, und der Diensttyp den Sensordiensttyp und den Auslagerungsdiensttyp umfasst.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Diensttypelement Folgendes umfasst:
das Elementkennungsfeld, das Längenfeld und das Informationsfeld, wobei das Elementkennungsfeld zum Aufzeichnen der Elementkennung des Diensttypelements verwendet wird, das Längenfeld zum Identifizieren der Länge des Informationsfelds verwendet wird, das Informationsfeld zum Angeben in einer Bitmap-Weise des Diensttyps, dem die STA angehört, verwendet wird und der Diensttyp den Sensordiensttyp und den Auslagerungsdiensttyp umfasst und wobei das Informationsfeld n Bit umfasst und der Diensttyp, dem die STA angehört, ein Diensttyp ist, der einem Bit entspricht, dessen Wert 1 ist.
 
3. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 2, wobei eine Länge des Elementkennungsfelds ein Byte ist, eine Länge des Längenfelds ein Byte ist und das Informationsfeld ein Feld mit einer variablen Länge ist.
 
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei n gleich 8 ist.
 
5. Verfahren zum Aufbauen einer Zuordnung zwischen einer Station, STA, und einem Zugangspunkt, AP, wobei die STA und der AP gemäß einer Norm für drahtlose lokale Netze miteinander kommunizieren und das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

Empfangen (S501) durch den AP eines Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmens, der durch die STA gesendet wurde, wobei der Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmen ein Diensttypelement umfasst und das Diensttypelement zum Angeben eines Sensordiensttyps, eines Auslagerungsdiensttyps oder eines weiteren Diensttyps, dem die STA angehört, verwendet wird;

Bestimmen (S502) durch den AP gemäß dem Diensttypelement im Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmen eines Diensttyps, dem die STA angehört, und Erzeugen eines Zuordnungsantwortrahmens und

Senden (S503) durch den AP des Zuordnungsantwortrahmens zur STA;

wobei das Diensttypelement Folgendes umfasst:
ein Elementkennungsfeld, ein Längenfeld und ein Informationsfeld, wobei das Elementkennungsfeld zum Aufzeichnen einer Elementkennung des Diensttypelements verwendet wird, das Längenfeld zum Identifizieren einer Länge des Informationsfelds verwendet wird, das Informationsfeld unter Verwendung einer Abbildungsbeziehung zwischen einem Wert des Informationsfelds und einem Diensttyp den Diensttyp angibt, dem die STA angehört, und der Diensttyp den Sensordiensttyp und den Auslagerungsdiensttyp umfasst.


 
6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei nach dem Bestimmen durch den AP gemäß dem Diensttypelement im Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmen eines Diensttyps, dem die STA angehört, der AP eine Zuordnungskennung, AID, erzeugt, die der STA zugeordnet werden soll, und die AID im Zuordnungsantwortrahmen anordnet, wobei die AID eine Identität der STA ist.
 
7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei der AP in einer Abbildungstabelle zwischen einer AID und einem Diensttyp die AID, die der STA zugeordnet werden soll, aufzeichnet, wobei die Abbildungstabelle verwendet wird, um die Planung der STA zu optimieren.
 
8. Station, STA, wobei die Station und ein Zugangspunkt, AP, gemäß einer Norm für drahtlose lokale Netze miteinander kommunizieren und die STA Folgendes umfasst:

eine Sendeschaltung, die konfiguriert ist zum Senden eines Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmens zum AP unter Verwendung einer Antenne, wobei der Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmen ein Diensttypelement umfasst und das Diensttypelement zum Angeben eines Sensordiensttyps, eines Auslagerungsdiensttyps oder eines weiteren Diensttyps, dem die STA angehört, verwendet wird; und

eine Empfangsschaltung, die konfiguriert ist zum Empfangen unter Verwendung der Antenne eines Zuordnungsantwortrahmens, der durch den AP gesendet wurde, wobei der Zuordnungsantwortrahmen eine Antwort des AP auf den Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmen ist und das Diensttypelement durch den AP verwendet wird, um einen Diensttyp zu bestimmen, dem die STA angehört;

wobei das Diensttypelement im Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmen, der durch die Sendeschaltung gesendet wird, Folgendes umfasst: ein Elementkennungsfeld, ein Längenfeld und ein Informationsfeld, wobei das Elementkennungsfeld zum Aufzeichnen einer Elementkennung des Diensttypelements verwendet wird, das Längenfeld zum Identifizieren einer Länge des Informationsfelds verwendet wird, wobei das Informationsfeld unter Verwendung einer Abbildungsbeziehung zwischen einem Wert des Informationsfelds und einem Diensttyp den Diensttyp angibt, dem die STA angehört, und der Diensttyp den Sensordiensttyp und den Auslagerungsdiensttyp umfasst.


 
9. Station nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Diensttypelement im Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmen, der durch die Sendeschaltung gesendet wird, Folgendes umfasst: ein Elementkennungsfeld, ein Längenfeld und ein Informationsfeld, wobei das Elementkennungsfeld zum Aufzeichnen einer Elementkennung des Diensttypelements verwendet wird, das Längenfeld zum Identifizieren einer Länge des Informationsfelds verwendet wird, das Informationsfeld zum Angeben in einer Bitmap-Weise des Diensttyps, dem die STA angehört, verwendet wird und der Diensttyp den Sensordiensttyp und den Auslagerungsdiensttyp umfasst und wobei das Informationsfeld n Bit umfasst und der Diensttyp, dem die STA angehört, ein Diensttyp ist, der einem Bit entspricht, dessen Wert 1 ist.
 
10. Zugangspunkt, AP, wobei der Zugangspunkt und eine Station, STA, gemäß einer Norm für drahtlose lokale Netze miteinander kommunizieren und der AP Folgendes umfasst:

eine Empfangsschaltung, die konfiguriert ist zum Empfangen unter Verwendung einer Antenne eines Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmens, der durch die STA gesendet wurde, wobei der Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmen ein Diensttypelement umfasst und das Diensttypelement zum Angeben eines Sensordiensttyps, eines Auslagerungsdiensttyps oder eines weiteren Diensttyps, dem die STA angehört, verwendet wird;

eine Verarbeitungseinheit, die konfiguriert ist zum Bestimmen gemäß dem Diensttypelement im Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmen eines Diensttyps, dem die STA angehört, und Erzeugen eines Zuordnungsantwortrahmens; und

eine Sendeschaltung, die konfiguriert ist zum Senden des Zuordnungsantwortrahmens zur STA unter Verwendung der Antenne;

wobei das Diensttypelement Folgendes umfasst:
ein Elementkennungsfeld, ein Längenfeld und ein Informationsfeld, wobei das Elementkennungsfeld zum Aufzeichnen einer Elementkennung des Diensttypelements verwendet wird, das Längenfeld zum Identifizieren einer Länge des Informationsfelds verwendet wird, das Informationsfeld unter Verwendung einer Abbildungsbeziehung zwischen einem Wert des Informationsfelds und einem Diensttyp den Diensttyp angibt, dem die STA angehört, und der Diensttyp den Sensordiensttyp und den Auslagerungsdiensttyp umfasst.


 
11. Zugangspunkt nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Verarbeitungseinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, nach dem Bestimmen gemäß dem Diensttypelement im Zuordnungsanforderungsrahmen des Diensttyps, dem die STA angehört, eine Zuordnungskennung, AID, zu erzeugen, die der STA zugeordnet werden soll, und die AID im Zuordnungsantwortrahmen anzuordnen, wobei die AID eine Identität der STA ist.
 
12. Zugangspunkt nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Verarbeitungseinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, in einer Abbildungstabelle zwischen einer AID und einem Diensttyp die AID, die der STA zugeordnet werden soll, aufzuzeichnen, wobei die Abbildungstabelle verwendet wird, um die Planung der STA zu optimieren.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé d'établissement d'une association entre une station, STA, et un point d'accès, AP, la STA et l'AP communiquant l'un avec l'autre conformément à une norme de réseau local sans fil, et le procédé comprenant :

l'envoi (S401), par la STA, d'une trame de requête d'association à l'AP, la trame de requête d'association comprenant un élément de type de service, et l'élément de type de service étant utilisé pour indiquer un type de service de capteur, un type de service de délestage, ou un autre service auquel appartient la STA ; et

la réception (S402), par la STA, d'une trame de réponse d'association envoyée par l'AP, la trame de réponse d'association étant une réponse de l'AP à la trame de requête d'association, et l'élément de type de service étant utilisé par l'AP pour déterminer un type de service auquel appartient la STA ;

dans lequel l'élément de type de service comprend :
un champ d'identifiant d'élément, une longueur de champ, et un champ d'information, dans lequel le champ d'identifiant d'élément est utilisé pour enregistrer un identifiant d'élément de l'élément de type de service, la longueur de champ est utilisée pour identifier une longueur du champ d'information, le champ d'information indique, à l'aide d'une relation de concordance entre une valeur du champ d'information et un type de service, le type de service auquel appartient la STA, et le type de service comprend le type de service de capteur et le type de service de délestage.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élément de type de service comprend :
le champ d'identifiant d'élément, la longueur de champ, et le champ d'information, dans lequel le champ d'identifiant d'élément est utilisé pour enregistrer l'identifiant d'élément de l'élément de type de service, la longueur de champ est utilisée pour identifier la longueur du champ d'information, le champ d'information est utilisé pour indiquer, sous forme de carte binaire, le type de service auquel appartient la STA, et le type de service comprend le type de service de capteur et le type de service de délestage, dans lequel le champ d'information comprend n bits, et le type de service auquel appartient la STA est un type de service correspondant à un bit dont la valeur est 1.
 
3. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 2, dans lequel une longueur du champ d'identifiant d'élément est un octet, une longueur de la longueur de champ est un octet, et le champ d'information est un champ de longueur variable.
 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel n est 8.
 
5. Procédé d'établissement d'une association entre une station, STA et un point d'accès, AP, la STA et l'AP communiquant l'un avec l'autre conformément à une norme de réseau local sans fil, et le procédé comprenant :

la réception (S501), par l'AP, d'une trame de requête d'association envoyée par la STA, la trame de requête d'association comprenant un élément de type de service, et l'élément de type de service étant utilisé pour indiquer un type de service de capteur, un type de service de délestage, ou un autre service auquel appartient la STA ;

la détermination (S502), par l'AP conformément à l'élément de type de service dans la trame de requête d'association, d'un type de service auquel appartient la STA, et la génération d'une trame de réponse d'association ; et

l'envoi (S503), par l'AP, de la trame de réponse d'association à la STA ;

dans lequel l'élément de type de service comprend :
un champ d'identifiant d'élément, une longueur de champ, et un champ d'information, dans lequel le champ d'identifiant d'élément est utilisé pour enregistrer un identifiant d'élément de l'élément de type de service, la longueur de champ est utilisée pour identifier une longueur du champ d'information, le champ d'information indique, à l'aide d'une relation de concordance entre une valeur du champ d'information et un type de service, le type de service auquel appartient la STA, et le type de service comprend le type de service de capteur et le type de service de délestage.


 
6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel après la détermination, par l'AP conformément à l'élément de type de service dans la trame de requête d'association, d'un type de service auquel appartient la STA, l'AP génère un identifiant d'association, AID destiné à être alloué à la STA, et place l'AID dans la trame de réponse d'association, l'AID étant une identité de la STA.
 
7. Procédé selon la revendication 6, dans lequel l'AP enregistre, dans une table de concordances entre un AID et un type de service, l'AID à allouer à la STA, la table de concordances étant utilisée pour optimiser l'ordonnancement de la STA.
 
8. Station, STA, la station et un point d'accès, AP, communiquant l'un avec l'autre conformément à une norme de réseau local sans fil, et la STA comprenant :

un circuit d'émission, configuré pour envoyer une trame de requête d'association à l'AP à l'aide d'une antenne, la trame de requête d'association comprenant un élément de type de service, et l'élément de type de service étant utilisé pour indiquer un type de service de capteur, un type de service de délestage, ou un autre service auquel appartient la STA ; et

un circuit de réception configuré pour recevoir, à l'aide de l'antenne, une trame de réponse d'association envoyée par l'AP, la trame de réponse d'association étant une réponse de l'AP à la trame de requête d'association, et l'élément de type de service étant utilisé par l'AP pour déterminer un type de service auquel appartient la STA ;

dans laquelle l'élément de type de service dans la trame de requête d'association transmise par le circuit de transmission comprend : un champ d'identifiant d'élément, une longueur de champ, et un champ d'information, dans laquelle le champ d'identifiant d'élément est utilisé pour enregistrer un identifiant d'élément de l'élément de type de service, la longueur de champ est utilisée pour identifier une longueur du champ d'information, dans laquelle le champ d'information indique, à l'aide d'une relation de concordance entre une valeur du champ d'information et un type de service, le type de service auquel appartient la STA, et le type de service comprend le type de service de capteur et le type de service de délestage.


 
9. Station selon la revendication 8, dans laquelle l'élément de type de service dans la trame de requête d'association émise par le circuit d'émission comprend : un champ d'identifiant d'élément, une longueur de champ, et un champ d'information, dans laquelle le champ d'identifiant d'élément est utilisé pour enregistrer un identifiant d'élément de l'élément de type de service, la longueur de champ est utilisée pour identifier une longueur du champ d'information, le champ d'information est utilisé pour indiquer, sous forme de carte binaire, le type de service auquel appartient la STA, et le type de service comprend le type de service de capteur, et le type de service de délestage, dans laquelle le champ d'information comprend n bits, et le type de service auquel appartient la STA est un type de service correspondant à un bit dont la valeur est 1.
 
10. Point d'accès, AP, le point d'accès et une station, STA, communiquant l'un avec l'autre conformément à une norme de réseau local sans fil, et l'AP comprenant :

un circuit de réception, configuré pour recevoir, à l'aide d'une antenne, une trame de requête d'association envoyée par la STA, la trame de requête d'association comprenant un élément de type de service, et l'élément de type de service étant utilisé pour indiquer un type de service de capteur, un type de service de délestage, ou un autre type de service auquel appartient la STA ;

une unité de traitement, configurée pour déterminer, conformément à l'élément de type de service dans la trame de requête d'association, un type de service auquel appartient la STA, et générer une trame de réponse d'association ; et

un circuit d'envoi, configuré pour envoyer la trame de réponse d'association à la STA à l'aide de l'antenne ;

dans lequel l'élément de type de service comprend :
un champ d'identifiant d'élément, une longueur de champ, et un champ d'information, dans lequel le champ d'identifiant d'élément est utilisé pour enregistrer un identifiant d'élément de l'élément de type de service, la longueur de champ est utilisée pour identifier une longueur du champ d'information, le champ d'information indique, à l'aide d'une relation de concordance entre une valeur du champ d'information et un type de service, le type de service auquel appartient la STA, et le type de service comprend le type de service de capteur et le type de service de délestage.


 
11. Point d'accès selon la revendication 10, dans lequel l'unité de traitement est configurée en outre pour, après la détermination, conformément à l'élément de type de service dans la trame de requête d'association, du type de service auquel appartient la STA, générer un identifiant d'association, AID à allouer à la STA, et placer l'AID dans la trame de réponse d'association, l'AID étant une identité de la STA.
 
12. Point d'accès selon la revendication 10, dans lequel l'unité de traitement est configurée en outre pour enregistrer, dans une table de concordances entre un AID et un type de service, l'AID à allouer à la STA, la table de concordance étant utilisée pour optimiser l'ordonnancement de la STA.
 




Drawing