(19)
(11)EP 3 295 754 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.12.2020 Bulletin 2020/50

(21)Application number: 16792867.0

(22)Date of filing:  20.04.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 72/14(2009.01)
H04W 28/02(2009.01)
H04L 1/18(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2016/004122
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/182221 (17.11.2016 Gazette  2016/46)

(54)

METHOD FOR DETERMINING RESULT OF TRANSMISSION FOR CONTENTION-BASED PUSCH IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND A DEVICE THEREFOR

VERFAHREN ZUR BESTIMMUNG DES ERGEBNISSES DER ÜBERTRAGUNG FÜR KONFLIKTBASIERTES PUSCH IN DRAHTLOSKOMMUNIKATIONSSYSTEM UND VORRICHTUNG DAFÜR

PROCÉDÉ DE DÉTERMINATION DU RÉSULTAT D'UNE TRANSMISSION POUR UN PUSCH SE BASANT SUR UN CONFLIT DANS UN SYSTÈME DE COMMUNICATION SANS FIL, ET DISPOSITIF ASSOCIÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 11.05.2015 US 201562159371 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
21.03.2018 Bulletin 2018/12

(73)Proprietor: LG Electronics Inc.
Yeongdeungpo-gu Seoul 07336 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • YI, Seungjune
    Seoul 06772 (KR)
  • LEE, Sunyoung
    Seoul 06772 (KR)

(74)Representative: Frenkel, Matthias Alexander 
Wuesthoff & Wuesthoff Patentanwälte PartG mbB Schweigerstrasse 2
81541 München
81541 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2010 111 029
US-A1- 2013 265 866
US-A1- 2011 243 080
  
  • ERICSSON: "Details of latency reduction alternatives", 3GPP DRAFT; R2-096759_DETAILS OF LATENCY REDUCTION ALTERNATIVES, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG2, no. Jeju, Korea; 20091109 - 20091113, 2 November 2009 (2009-11-02), XP050604808, [retrieved on 2009-11-02]
  • ERICSSON ET AL: "Contention based uplink transmissions", 3GPP DRAFT; R2-093812_CONTENTION_BASED_UPLINK, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, no. Los Angeles, USA; 20090623, 23 June 2009 (2009-06-23), XP050352029, [retrieved on 2009-06-23]
  • ERICSSON ET AL: "Latency improvement comparison", 3GPP DRAFT; R2-094825 (LATENCY IMPROVEMENTS COMPARISON), 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, no. Shenzhen, China; 20090818, 18 August 2009 (2009-08-18), XP050352833, [retrieved on 2009-08-18]
  • '3GPP; TSG RAN; E-UTRA and E-UTRAN; Overall description; Stage 2 (Release 12' 3GPP TS 36.300 V12.5.0 25 March 2015, XP055329047
  • '3GPP; TSG RAN; E-UTRA; MAC protocol specification (Release 12' 3GPP TS 36.321 V12.5.0 27 March 2015, XP055329048
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to a wireless communication system and, more particularly, to a method for determining result of transmission for contention-based PUSCH in a wireless communication system and a device therefor.

Background Art



[0002] As an example of a mobile communication system to which the present invention is applicable, a 3rd Generation Partnership Project Long Term Evolution (hereinafter, referred to as LTE) communication system is described in brief.

[0003] FIG. 1 is a view schematically illustrating a network structure of an E-UMTS as an exemplary radio communication system. An Evolved Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (E-UMTS) is an advanced version of a conventional Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) and basic standardization thereof is currently underway in the 3GPP. E-UMTS may be generally referred to as a Long Term Evolution (LTE) system. For details of the technical specifications of the UMTS and E-UMTS, reference can be made to Release 7 and Release 8 of "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network".

[0004] Referring to FIG. 1, the E-UMTS includes a User Equipment (UE), eNode Bs (eNBs), and an Access Gateway (AG) which is located at an end of the network (E-UTRAN) and connected to an external network. The eNBs may simultaneously transmit multiple data streams for a broadcast service, a multicast service, and/or a unicast service.

[0005] One or more cells may exist per eNB. The cell is set to operate in one of bandwidths such as 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10, 15, and 20 MHz and provides a downlink (DL) or uplink (UL) transmission service to a plurality of UEs in the bandwidth. Different cells may be set to provide different bandwidths. The eNB controls data transmission or reception to and from a plurality of UEs. The eNB transmits DL scheduling information of DL data to a corresponding UE so as to inform the UE of a time/frequency domain in which the DL data is supposed to be transmitted, coding, a data size, and hybrid automatic repeat and request (HARQ)-related information. In addition, the eNB transmits UL scheduling information of UL data to a corresponding UE so as to inform the UE of a time/frequency domain which may be used by the UE, coding, a data size, and HARQ-related information. An interface for transmitting user traffic or control traffic may be used between eNBs. A core network (CN) may include the AG and a network node or the like for user registration of UEs. The AG manages the mobility of a UE on a tracking area (TA) basis. One TA includes a plurality of cells.

[0006] Although wireless communication technology has been developed to LTE based on wideband code division multiple access (WCDMA), the demands and expectations of users and service providers are on the rise. In addition, considering other radio access technologies under development, new technological evolution is required to secure high competitiveness in the future. Decrease in cost per bit, increase in service availability, flexible use of frequency bands, a simplified structure, an open interface, appropriate power consumption of UEs, and the like are required.

[0007] Document (ERICSSON: "Details of latency reduction alternatives", 3GPP DRAFT; R2-096759_DETAILS OF LATENCY REDUCTION ALTERNATIVES, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG2, no. Jeju, Korea; XP050604808) discloses a principle of CB transmission that is to support fast and resource efficient transmission of small amounts of data in situations where unassigned uplink resources are available.

[0008] Document (ERICSSON ET AL: "Contention based uplink transmissions", 3GPP DRAFT; R2-093812_CONTENTION_BASED_UPLINK, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX; FRANCE, no. Los Angeles, USA; XP050352029) discloses a framework for contention based transmission in LTE. In the document the use of the PDCCH to assign uplink resources for contention based transmission allows flexible assignment of contention based and contention free resources on a per subframe level.

[0009] Document (ERICSSON ET AL: "Latency improvement comparison", 3GPP DRAFT; R2-094825 (LATENCY IMPROVEMENTS COMPARISON), 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX; FRANCE, no. Shenzhen, China; XP050352833) discloses methods to reduce a latency for synchronized UEs without a valid grant.

Disclosure of Invention


Technical Problem



[0010] An object of the present invention devised to solve the problem lies in a method and device for determining result of transmission for contention-based PUSCH in a wireless communication system. The technical problems solved by the present invention are not limited to the above technical problems and those skilled in the art may understand other technical problems from the following description.

Solution to Problem



[0011] The object of the present invention can be achieved by providing a method for User Equipment (UE) operating in a wireless communication system according to claim 1 and the UE according to claim 4. Preferred embodiments of the method are defined in the appended dependent claims.

[0012] In another aspect of the present invention, provided herein is a communication apparatus as set forth in the appended claims.

[0013] It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description of the present invention are exemplary and explanatory and are intended to provide further explanation of the invention as claimed.

Advantageous Effects of Invention



[0014] The invention is that the UE decides the transmission of the MAC PDU on CB grant is failed when the UE doesn't receive an ACK indication from the eNB until the timer expires.

[0015] It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that the effects achieved by the present invention are not limited to what has been particularly described hereinabove and other advantages of the present invention will be more clearly understood from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0016] The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiment(s) of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principle of the invention.

FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a network structure of an Evolved Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (E-UMTS) as an example of a wireless communication system;

FIG. 2A is a block diagram illustrating network structure of an evolved universal mobile telecommunication system (E-UMTS), and FIG. 2B is a block diagram depicting architecture of a typical E-UTRAN and a typical EPC;

FIG. 3 is a diagram showing a control plane and a user plane of a radio interface protocol between a UE and an E-UTRAN based on a 3rd generation partnership project (3GPP) radio access network standard;

FIG. 4 is a view showing an example of a physical channel structure used in an E-UMTS system;

FIG. 5 is a block diagram of a communication apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is an example for a diagram for performing contention based transmission;

FIG. 7 is an example for a diagram for performing contention based SR procedure;

FIG. 8 is an example for a diagram for performing contention based transmission;

FIG. 9 is a diagram for MAC structure overview in a UE side;

FIG. 10 illustrates ACK/NACK (A/N) timing (or HARQ timing);

FIG. 11 is a conceptual diagram for determining result of transmission for contention-based PUSCH in a wireless communication system according to embodiments of the present invention;

FIG. 12 is an example for determining result of transmission for contention-based PUSCH in a wireless communication system according to embodiments of the present invention; and

FIG. 13 is a conceptual diagram for determining result of transmission for contention-based PUSCH in a wireless communication system according to embodiments of the present invention.


Best Mode for Carrying out the Invention



[0017] Universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS) is a 3rd Generation (3G) asynchronous mobile communication system operating in wideband code division multiple access (WCDMA) based on European systems, global system for mobile communications (GSM) and general packet radio services (GPRS). The long-term evolution (LTE) of UMTS is under discussion by the 3rd generation partnership project (3GPP) that standardized UMTS.

[0018] The 3GPP LTE is a technology for enabling high-speed packet communications. Many schemes have been proposed for the LTE objective including those that aim to reduce user and provider costs, improve service quality, and expand and improve coverage and system capacity. The 3G LTE requires reduced cost per bit, increased service availability, flexible use of a frequency band, a simple structure, an open interface, and adequate power consumption of a terminal as an upper-level requirement.

[0019] Hereinafter, structures, operations, and other features of the present invention will be readily understood from the embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. Embodiments described later are examples in which technical features of the present invention are applied to a 3GPP system.

[0020] Although the embodiments of the present invention are described using a long term evolution (LTE) system and a LTE-advanced (LTE-A) system in the present specification, they are purely exemplary. Therefore, the embodiments of the present invention are applicable to any other communication system corresponding to the above definition. In addition, although the embodiments of the present invention are described based on a frequency division duplex (FDD) scheme in the present specification, the embodiments of the present invention may be easily modified and applied to a half-duplex FDD (H-FDD) scheme or a time division duplex (TDD) scheme.

[0021] FIG. 2A is a block diagram illustrating network structure of an evolved universal mobile telecommunication system (E-UMTS). The E-UMTS may be also referred to as an LTE system. The communication network is widely deployed to provide a variety of communication services such as voice (VoIP) through IMS and packet data.

[0022] As illustrated in FIG. 2A, the E-UMTS network includes an evolved UMTS terrestrial radio access network (E-UTRAN), an Evolved Packet Core (EPC) and one or more user equipment. The E-UTRAN may include one or more evolved NodeB (eNodeB) 20, and a plurality of user equipment (UE) 10 may be located in one cell. One or more E-UTRAN mobility management entity (MME)/system architecture evolution (SAE) gateways 30 may be positioned at the end of the network and connected to an external network.

[0023] As used herein, "downlink" refers to communication from eNodeB 20 to UE 10, and "uplink" refers to communication from the UE to an eNodeB. UE 10 refers to communication equipment carried by a user and may be also referred to as a mobile station (MS), a user terminal (UT), a subscriber station (SS) or a wireless device.

[0024] FIG. 2B is a block diagram depicting architecture of a typical E-UTRAN and a typical EPC.

[0025] As illustrated in FIG. 2B, an eNodeB 20 provides end points of a user plane and a control plane to the UE 10. MME/SAE gateway 30 provides an end point of a session and mobility management function for UE 10. The eNodeB and MME/SAE gateway may be connected via an S1 interface.

[0026] The eNodeB 20 is generally a fixed station that communicates with a UE 10, and may also be referred to as a base station (BS) or an access point. One eNodeB 20 may be deployed per cell. An interface for transmitting user traffic or control traffic may be used between eNodeBs 20.

[0027] The MME provides various functions including NAS signaling to eNodeBs 20, NAS signaling security, AS Security control, Inter CN node signaling for mobility between 3GPP access networks, Idle mode UE Reachability (including control and execution of paging retransmission), Tracking Area list management (for UE in idle and active mode), PDN GW and Serving GW selection, MME selection for handovers with MME change, SGSN selection for handovers to 2G or 3G 3GPP access networks, Roaming, Authentication, Bearer management functions including dedicated bearer establishment, Support for PWS (which includes ETWS and CMAS) message transmission. The SAE gateway host provides assorted functions including Per-user based packet filtering (by e.g. deep packet inspection), Lawful Interception, UE IP address allocation, Transport level packet marking in the downlink, UL and DL service level charging, gating and rate enforcement, DL rate enforcement based on APN-AMBR. For clarity MME/SAE gateway 30 will be referred to herein simply as a "gateway," but it is understood that this entity includes both an MME and an SAE gateway.

[0028] A plurality of nodes may be connected between eNodeB 20 and gateway 30 via the S1 interface. The eNodeBs 20 may be connected to each other via an X2 interface and neighboring eNodeBs may have a meshed network structure that has the X2 interface.

[0029] As illustrated, eNodeB 20 may perform functions of selection for gateway 30, routing toward the gateway during a Radio Resource Control (RRC) activation, scheduling and transmitting of paging messages, scheduling and transmitting of Broadcast Channel (BCCH) information, dynamic allocation of resources to UEs 10 in both uplink and downlink, configuration and provisioning of eNodeB measurements, radio bearer control, radio admission control (RAC), and connection mobility control in LTE_ACTIVE state. In the EPC, and as noted above, gateway 30 may perform functions of paging origination, LTE-IDLE state management, ciphering of the user plane, System Architecture Evolution (SAE) bearer control, and ciphering and integrity protection of Non-Access Stratum (NAS) signaling.

[0030] The EPC includes a mobility management entity (MME), a serving-gateway (S-GW), and a packet data network-gateway (PDN-GW). The MME has information about connections and capabilities of UEs, mainly for use in managing the mobility of the UEs. The S-GW is a gateway having the E-UTRAN as an end point, and the PDN-GW is a gateway having a packet data network (PDN) as an end point.

[0031] FIG. 3 is a diagram showing a control plane and a user plane of a radio interface protocol between a UE and an E-UTRAN based on a 3GPP radio access network standard. The control plane refers to a path used for transmitting control messages used for managing a call between the UE and the E-UTRAN. The user plane refers to a path used for transmitting data generated in an application layer, e.g., voice data or Internet packet data.

[0032] A physical (PHY) layer of a first layer provides an information transfer service to a higher layer using a physical channel. The PHY layer is connected to a medium access control (MAC) layer located on the higher layer via a transport channel. Data is transported between the MAC layer and the PHY layer via the transport channel. Data is transported between a physical layer of a transmitting side and a physical layer of a receiving side via physical channels. The physical channels use time and frequency as radio resources. In detail, the physical channel is modulated using an orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) scheme in downlink and is modulated using a single carrier frequency division multiple access (SC-FDMA) scheme in uplink.

[0033] The MAC layer of a second layer provides a service to a radio link control (RLC) layer of a higher layer via a logical channel. The RLC layer of the second layer supports reliable data transmission. A function of the RLC layer may be implemented by a functional block of the MAC layer. A packet data convergence protocol (PDCP) layer of the second layer performs a header compression function to reduce unnecessary control information for efficient transmission of an Internet protocol (IP) packet such as an IP version 4 (IPv4) packet or an IP version 6 (IPv6) packet in a radio interface having a relatively small bandwidth.

[0034] A radio resource control (RRC) layer located at the bottom of a third layer is defined only in the control plane. The RRC layer controls logical channels, transport channels, and physical channels in relation to configuration, re-configuration, and release of radio bearers (RBs). An RB refers to a service that the second layer provides for data transmission between the UE and the E-UTRAN. To this end, the RRC layer of the UE and the RRC layer of the E-UTRAN exchange RRC messages with each other.

[0035] One cell of the eNB is set to operate in one of bandwidths such as 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10, 15, and 20 MHz and provides a downlink or uplink transmission service to a plurality of UEs in the bandwidth. Different cells may be set to provide different bandwidths.

[0036] Downlink transport channels for transmission of data from the E-UTRAN to the UE include a broadcast channel (BCH) for transmission of system information, a paging channel (PCH) for transmission of paging messages, and a downlink shared channel (SCH) for transmission of user traffic or control messages. Traffic or control messages of a downlink multicast or broadcast service may be transmitted through the downlink SCH and may also be transmitted through a separate downlink multicast channel (MCH).

[0037] Uplink transport channels for transmission of data from the UE to the E-UTRAN include a random access channel (RACH) for transmission of initial control messages and an uplink SCH for transmission of user traffic or control messages. Logical channels that are defined above the transport channels and mapped to the transport channels include a broadcast control channel (BCCH), a paging control channel (PCCH), a common control channel (CCCH), a multicast control channel (MCCH), and a multicast traffic channel (MTCH).

[0038] FIG. 4 is a view showing an example of a physical channel structure used in an E-UMTS system. A physical channel includes several subframes on a time axis and several subcarriers on a frequency axis. Here, one subframe includes a plurality of symbols on the time axis. One subframe includes a plurality of resource blocks and one resource block includes a plurality of symbols and a plurality of subcarriers. In addition, each subframe may use certain subcarriers of certain symbols (e.g., a first symbol) of a subframe for a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH), that is, an L1/L2 control channel. In FIG. 4, an L1/L2 control information transmission area (PDCCH) and a data area (PDSCH) are shown. In one embodiment, a radio frame of 10 ms is used and one radio frame includes 10 subframes. In addition, one subframe includes two consecutive slots. The length of one slot may be 0.5 ms. In addition, one subframe includes a plurality of OFDM symbols and a portion (e.g., a first symbol) of the plurality of OFDM symbols may be used for transmitting the L1/L2 control information. A transmission time interval (TTI) which is a unit time for transmitting data is 1ms.

[0039] A base station and a UE mostly transmit/receive data via a PDSCH, which is a physical channel, using a DL-SCH which is a transmission channel, except a certain control signal or certain service data. Information indicating to which UE (one or a plurality of UEs) PDSCH data is transmitted and how the UE receive and decode PDSCH data is transmitted in a state of being included in the PDCCH.

[0040] For example, in one embodiment, a certain PDCCH is CRC-masked with a radio network temporary identity (RNTI) "A" and information about data is transmitted using a radio resource "B" (e.g., a frequency location) and transmission format information "C" (e.g., a transmission block size, modulation, coding information or the like) via a certain subframe. Then, one or more UEs located in a cell monitor the PDCCH using its RNTI information. And, a specific UE with RNTI "A" reads the PDCCH and then receive the PDSCH indicated by B and C in the PDCCH information.

[0041] FIG. 5 is a block diagram of a communication apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0042] The apparatus shown in FIG. 5 can be a user equipment (UE) and/or eNB adapted to perform the above mechanism, but it can be any apparatus for performing the same operation.

[0043] As shown in FIG. 5, the apparatus may comprises a DSP/microprocessor (110) and RF module (transmiceiver; 135). The DSP/microprocessor (110) is electrically connected with the transciver (135) and controls it. The apparatus may further include power management module (105), battery (155), display (115), keypad (120), SIM card (125), memory device (130), speaker (145) and input device (150), based on its implementation and designer's choice.

[0044] Specifically, FIG. 5 may represent a UE comprising a receiver (135) configured to receive a request message from a network, and a transmitter (135) configured to transmit the transmission or reception timing information to the network. These receiver and the transmitter can constitute the transceiver (135). The UE further comprises a processor (110) connected to the transceiver (135: receiver and transmitter).

[0045] Also, FIG. 5 may represent a network apparatus comprising a transmitter (135) configured to transmit a request message to a UE and a receiver (135) configured to receive the transmission or reception timing information from the UE. These transmitter and receiver may constitute the transceiver (135). The network further comprises a processor (110) connected to the transmitter and the receiver. This processor (110) may be configured to calculate latency based on the transmission or reception timing information.

[0046] FIG. 6 is an example for a diagram for performing contention based transmission.

[0047] One simple but efficient method for latency reduction for typical internet traffic in an unloaded or partially-loaded network is Pre-allocation. Pre-allocation is a form of pre-scheduling that provides the UE with an opportunity to send UL packets without requiring the UE to send a scheduling request. The scheduling request procedure when in-sync takes 10ms, and this makes it impossible for LTE to support the original RAN latency requirement of 10ms round trip (2x 5ms one way) delay defined in the original LTE requirement specification 25.913 unless UL resources are pre-scheduled for the terminal.

[0048] Pre-allocation provides resource block grants to UEs in case they have something to transmit when those resource blocks are not used for actual traffic from other UEs. One possibility for the network is to trigger such pre-allocation of UL resources using downlink packets that are likely to require some acknowledgement from the UE (e.g. a Ping or TCP ACK). More generalized schemes can also be considered.

[0049] Note that Pre-allocation is different from other forms of pre-scheduling such as Semi-persistent scheduling. Pre-allocation uses the PDCCH to grant UL resources when not used by actual traffic. On the other hand semi-persistent scheduling provides a regular allocation to the UE without repetitive scheduling on the PDCCH.

[0050] Meanwhile, the goal with Contention Based (CB) transmission is to allow uplink synchronized UEs to transmit uplink data without sending Scheduling Request in advance. That would reduce both the latency and the signaling overhead. For small data packets, there could be a tradeoff point where a small packet is more efficiently transmitted on a CB channel, compared to a scheduled one.

[0051] A general property of CB channels is that the error rate increases, since data packets may collide with each other. Collisions reduce the maximum throughput of the channel and the throughput becomes sensitive to the offered load. If the offered load is allowed to increase beyond the channel capacity, the collision probability increases rapidly, the system becomes unstable and the throughput decreases. It is therefore of prime importance that CB transmissions do not interfere with Contention Free (CF) uplink transmissions, and that the eNB has effective and fast means of allocating the resources for CB transmission.

[0052] One way to achieve the above is to allow CB transmission only in uplink Resource Blocks that have not been reserved for CF uplink transmission. Dynamic assignment of uplink Resource Blocks for CB transmission can be achieved by using the Downlink Physical Control CHannel (PDCCH). By using the PDCCH, CB grants can be assigned to unused resources on a per subframe basis, so that scheduling of uplink CF transmissions is not affected. In this way, a static assignment of CB resources can be avoided, and CB resources can be dynamically assigned, depending on the uplink load.

[0053] Contention Based Radio Network Temporary Identifiers (CB-RNTI) are introduced to identify the CB uplink grants on the PDCCH. The CB uplink grants could have the same format as for Rel-8 UEs, i.e. specify Resource Blocks, Modulation and Coding Scheme and Transport Format to be used for the uplink CB transmission. Rel-10 UEs may listen for CB uplink grants addressed to these CB-RNTIs in addition to grants addressed to their dedicated C-RNTI. The available CB-RNTIs in a cell could be either broadcasted or signaled to each UE during RRC connection setup. The scheme is backwards compatible, since pre Rel-10 UEs would not decode the grants addressed to CB-RNTIs.

[0054] As a common resource is used, a unique UE identifier is needed in the MAC PDU to identify the UE. The C-RNTI MAC Control Element can be added to each MAC PDU transmitted on a CB uplink resource.

[0055] A UE should only be allowed to transmit on CB uplink grants if it does not have a dedicated CF grant. The UE should only be allowed to use CB resources for a limited number of subframes, to improve collision resolution. In parallel to the CB transmission, the UE can also transmit a Scheduling Request to request contention free resources. Note however that in order to maintain the single carrier uplink property, these cannot be transmitted in the same subframe.

[0056] The contention based transmission scheme could be as shown in FIG. 6.

[0057] Regarding FIG. 6, the eNodeB informs UE of available CB-RNTIs either by broadcast or dedicated signaling (A). The UE receives the CB-RNTIs and starts monitoring PDCCH for available CB grant (B). The eNodeB schedules a CB grant on the PDCCH (C), and the UE detects a CB grant and performs L2&L1 processing of the data to be transmitted (D). The UE transmits the data on PUSCH using the CB grant (E).

[0058] In the proposed form, the CB transmission is supported only for synchronized UEs. In this form, changes to the current specifications are expected to be small and would mainly affect the MAC and RRC specifications. As presented in section 3, there is a perceivable gain in e.g. TCP performance.

[0059] Extending the concept to also cover unsynchronized UEs would require substantial changes to the physical layer specifications. For unsynchronized UEs, the transmissions would not fit within the subframe borders, and there would be a need for guard times to avoid overlapping transmissions. Also some form of preamble would be needed to synchronize the eNB receiver. The gain of extending CB transmission scheme to unsynchronized UEs is expected to be small. The gain for synchronized UEs comes from repetitions of the 6 ms difference. For unsynchronized UEs, this would come only once per transaction, as after this the UE would be synchronized. Therefore, we do not consider CB transmissions from unsynchronized UEs to be a worthwhile solution.

[0060] FIG. 7 is an example for a diagram for performing contention based SR procedure.

[0061] In Rel-8, the SR resource and sequence is allocated to a UE via RRC signaling. Of course shorter SR periodicities come at the cost of higher PUCCH resource consumption. The theoretical SR capacity is 18 UEs per PRB, if 180 UEs are supported, the number of PRB equals 180/18 = 10. If 10MHz bandwidth is assumed with 1ms SR period, 20% resource will be used for SR, which is a heavy control channel burden. Hence we propose to consider sharing the SR resource among more than one UE.

[0062] FIG. 7 illustrates how SR could be shared. The eNB configures the same SR resource for several UEs through RRC signaling (S701). The UE(s) sends SR to the eNB using the configured SR resource (S703). If there is no collision SR, the eNB allocates a PUSCH grant (S705). The UE transmits the uplink data on the PUSCH (S707).

[0063] Two options can be considered to enable sharing SR.

[0064] Option1 is that the UL Grant is addressed to a new SR-RNTI (Shared SR RNTI), configured per group of sharing UEs. Option 2 is that PUCCH Format 1a and/or Format 1b is used for SR. For example, when Format 1a is used, 2 UEs can be identified; with for Format 1b, 4UEs can be identified. After the eNB receives the SR using format 1a and/or 1b, it can allocate a regular UL grant to the identified UE.

[0065] We now discuss the handling when more than one UE uses the same PUCCH-SR resource in a TTI (collision).

[0066] For option1, the eNB may not be able to tell when a PUCCH-SR collision happens; it grants resources for UL transmission and more than one UE uses it. The PUSCH transmission will fail. The eNB could in this case provide grants to the C-RNTIs of each UE sharing that resource or do nothing. The UE may send SR again if no UL grant is received after sending SR, but needs to apply some (random or UE specific) delay, to avoid continued collision with another UE that would have sent an SR at the same time. The efficiency of such solution depends on the collision probability and degree of robustness of the selected MCS in UL grant: (i.e. if the MCS is quite robust, a first non-colliding transmission is often decoded successfully, so a failed transmission could be assumed caused by a collision.).

[0067] For option2, SR collisions likely results in DTX detection at eNB, so no uplink grant is given. The UE behavior can be similar as for option 1. It could be further studied if the eNB can differentiate between receiving a collision or receiving high interference. If the eNB can differentiate, it could allocate UL resource for all the UEs sharing the collided resource separately, which helps to reduce the access delay caused by backoff after collision.

[0068] Based on above analysis, it seems option2 provides simpler and more resource efficient SR collision processing mechanism than option1. In addition, no new SR-RNTI is needed in option2.

[0069] Both options are inefficient in case PUCCH-SR collision occurs, but again, if SR period is short and few UEs share it, the collision probability remains low.

[0070] The sharing PUCCH-SR procedure is compared with CB-PUSCH and we conclude that CB-PUSCH provides best delay performance when the eNB has unused PUSCH resource. When the network is loaded, sharing SR is preferred.

[0071] FIG. 8 is an example for a diagram for performing contention based transmission.

[0072] There might be 3ms difference between contention based transmission and 1ms SR period with the assumption of contention based resource is available every TTI, because UE does not need to transmit the dedicated-SR (D-SR) and wait for eNB to response. The same performance could be achieved with dedicated pre-allocation, but it would be very costly to allocate dedicated resources for every UE in every TTI. SR associated contention based transmission offers an interesting compromise, in which the pre-allocated resource is shared and identification of the UEs making use of it is done via the D-SR. The basic procedure of SR associated contention based transmission is shown in FIG. 8.

[0073] The eNB configures the UE with D-SR and shared resource (S801). Upon UL data arrival, UE sends SR and the TB on the shared resource "simultaneously" without waiting for dedicated UL grant (S803). The eNB can identify the UEs using the contention based resource based on the received SR. When eNB receives more than one SR linked to same resource, which means collision happens, ACK the TB no matter it is correctly decoded or not and give dedicated grant to each UE sent the SR, i.e. fall back to R8/9; (The ACKed TB would rely on RLC retransmission for collision case). When the eNB only receives one SR linked to the same resource, no collision, NACK if the TB is not correctly decoded, ACK otherwise. Thus from UE perspective, normal R8/9 HARQ is still applicable (S805).

[0074] Adaptive retransmission with different resource is possible as UE is identified with the SR which will reduce the load on the contention based resource (S807).

[0075] Meanwhile, resource usage efficiency was one of the main concerns raised on contention based transmission on PUSCH because very conservative MCS needs to be used to guarantee the coverage. A contention based resource for a TB of the mostly mentioned typical TCP ACK use case, taking into account RLC header (at least 1-2 bytes)+MAC header with one more byte to be added for UE identity and possible BSR (2-4 bytes), would need 3-4 PRBs (16 bits TBS for one PRB with most conservative MCS); while if dedicated grant with proper MCS (at most 712 bits TBS for one PRB), much less resource is needed to accommodate the TB. If several contention based resources are to be reserved to reduce collision probability, the capacity for dedicated grant would be significantly impacted, which makes the 3ms latency reduction optimization a rather expensive one.

[0076] Furthermore, normal HARQ operation probably cannot work because retransmission from UE upon receiving NACK does not help or even makes the situation worse if the decoding failure is because of collision, and it is difficult (if not impossible) for the eNB to make soft combining of the TB transmitted on the contention based resource; while ACK cannot be interpreted as ACK because it could be an ACK for other UEs. No HARQ makes resource efficiency worse as even more conservative MCS would be required to ensure the TB can be decoded within only one transmission for cell edge UE.

[0077] FIG. 9 is a diagram for MAC structure overview in a UE side.

[0078] The MAC layer handles logical-channel multiplexing, hybrid-ARQ retransmissions, and uplink and downlink scheduling. It is also responsible for multiplexing/demultiplexing data across multiple component carriers when carrier aggregation is used.

[0079] The MAC provides services to the RLC in the form of logical channels. A logical channel is defined by the type of information it carries and is generally classified as a control channel, used for transmission of control and configuration information necessary for operating an LTE system, or as a traffic channel, used for the user data. The set of logical channel types specified for LTE includes Broadcast Control Channel (BCCH), Paging Control Channel (PCCH), Common Control Channel (CCCH), Dedicated Control Channel (DCCH), Multicast Control Channel (MCCH), Dedicated Traffic Channel (DTCH), Multicast Traffic Channel (MTCH).

[0080] From the physical layer, the MAC layer uses services in the form of transport channels. A transport channel is defined by how and with what characteristics the information is transmitted over the radio interface. Data on a transport channel is organized into transport blocks. In each Transmission Time Interval (TTI), at most one transport block of dynamic size is transmitted over the radio interface to/from a terminal in the absence of spatial multiplexing. In the case of spatial multiplexing (MIMO), there can be up to two transport blocks per TTI.

[0081] Associated with each transport block is a Transport Format (TF), specifying how the transport block is to be transmitted over the radio interface. The transport format includes information about the transport-block size, the modulation-and-coding scheme, and the antenna mapping. By varying the transport format, the MAC layer can thus realize different data rates. Rate control is therefore also known as transport-format selection.

[0082] To support priority handling, multiple logical channels, where each logical channel has its own RLC entity, can be multiplexed into one transport channel by the MAC layer. At the receiver, the MAC layer handles the corresponding demultiplexing and forwards the RLC PDUs to their respective RLC entity for in-sequence delivery and the other functions handled by the RLC. To support the demultiplexing at the receiver, a MAC is used. To each RLC PDU, there is an associated sub-header in the MAC header. The sub-header contains the identity of the logical channel (LCID) from which the RLC PDU originated and the length of the PDU in bytes. There is also a flag indicating whether this is the last sub-header or not. One or several RLC PDUs, together with the MAC header and, if necessary, padding to meet the scheduled transport-block size, form one transport block which is forwarded to the physical layer.

[0083] In addition to multiplexing of different logical channels, the MAC layer can also insert the so-called MAC control elements into the transport blocks to be transmitted over the transport channels. A MAC control element is used for inband control signaling-for example, timing-advance commands and random-access response. Control elements are identified with reserved values in the LCID field, where the LCID value indicates the type of control information.

[0084] Furthermore, the length field in the sub-header is removed for control elements with a fixed length.

[0085] The MAC multiplexing functionality is also responsible for handling of multiple component carriers in the case of carrier aggregation. The basic principle for carrier aggregation is independent processing of the component carriers in the physical layer, including control signaling, scheduling and hybrid-ARQ retransmissions, while carrier aggregation is invisible to RLC and PDCP. Carrier aggregation is therefore mainly seen in the MAC layer, where logical channels, including any MAC control elements, are multiplexed to form one (two in the case of spatial multiplexing) transport block(s) per component carrier with each component carrier having its own hybrid-ARQ entity.

[0086] There is one HARQ entity at the MAC entity for each Serving Cell with configured uplink, which maintains a number of parallel HARQ processes allowing transmissions to take place continuously while waiting for the HARQ feedback on the successful or unsuccessful reception of previous transmissions.

[0087] When the physical layer is configured for uplink spatial multiplexing, there are two HARQ processes associated with a given TTI. Otherwise there is one HARQ process associated with a given TTI.

[0088] At a given TTI, if an uplink grant is indicated for the TTI, the HARQ entity identifies the HARQ processes for which a transmission should take place. It also routes the received HARQ feedback (ACK/NACK information), MCS and resource, relayed by the physical layer, to the appropriate HARQ processes.

[0089] For each TTI, the HARQ entity shall identify the HARQ processes associated with this TTI. And for each identified HARQ process, if an uplink grant has been indicated for this process and this TTI:
  • if the received grant was not addressed to a Temporary C-RNTI on PDCCH and if the NDI provided in the associated HARQ information has been toggled compared to the value in the previous transmission of this HARQ process; or
  • if the uplink grant was received on PDCCH for the C-RNTI and the HARQ buffer of the identified process is empty; or
  • if the uplink grant was received in a Random Access Response, the UE shall obtain the MAC PDU to transmit from the Msg3 buffer if there is a MAC PDU in the Msg3 buffer and the uplink grant was received in a Random Access Response. Or, the UE shall obtain the MAC PDU to transmit from the "Multiplexing and assembly" entity if there isn't the MAC PDU in the Msg3 buffer and the uplink grant was received in the Random Access Response.


[0090] And the UE shall deliver the MAC PDU and the uplink grant and the HARQ information to the identified HARQ process, and instruct the identified HARQ process to trigger a new transmission.

[0091] Else, the UE shall deliver the uplink grant and the HARQ information (redundancy version) to the identified HARQ process, and instruct the identified HARQ process to generate an adaptive retransmission.

[0092] Else, if the HARQ buffer of this HARQ process is not empty, the UE shall instruct the identified HARQ process to generate a non-adaptive retransmission.

[0093] When determining if NDI has been toggled compared to the value in the previous transmission the MAC entity shall ignore NDI received in all uplink grants on PDCCH for its Temporary C-RNTI.

[0094] Each HARQ process is associated with a HARQ buffer.

[0095] Each HARQ process shall maintain a state variable CURRENT_TX_NB, which indicates the number of transmissions that have taken place for the MAC PDU currently in the buffer, and a state variable HARQ_FEEDBACK, which indicates the HARQ feedback for the MAC PDU currently in the buffer. When the HARQ process is established, CURRENT_TX_NB shall be initialized to 0.

[0096] The sequence of redundancy versions is 0, 2, 3, 1. The variable CURRENT_IRV is an index into the sequence of redundancy versions. This variable is up-dated modulo 4.

[0097] New transmissions are performed on the resource and with the MCS indicated on PDCCH or Random Access Response. Adaptive retransmissions are performed on the resource and, if provided, with the MCS indicated on PDCCH. Non-adaptive retransmission is performed on the same resource and with the same MCS as was used for the last made transmission attempt.

[0098] The MAC entity is configured with a Maximum number of HARQ transmissions and a Maximum number of Msg3 HARQ transmissions by RRC: maxHARQ-Tx and maxHARQ-Msg3Tx respectively. For transmissions on all HARQ processes and all logical channels except for transmission of a MAC PDU stored in the Msg3 buffer, the maximum number of transmissions shall be set to maxHARQ-Tx. For transmission of a MAC PDU stored in the Msg3 buffer, the maximum number of transmissions shall be set to maxHARQ-Msg3Tx.

[0099] When the HARQ feedback is received for this TB, the HARQ process shall set HARQ_FEEDBACK to the received value.

[0100] If the HARQ entity requests a new transmission, the HARQ process shall set CURRENT_TX_NB to 0, set CURRENT_IRV to 0, store the MAC PDU in the associated HARQ buffer, store the uplink grant received from the HARQ entity, set HARQ_FEEDBACK to NACK, and generate a transmission as described below.

[0101] If the HARQ entity requests a retransmission, the HARQ process shall increment CURRENT_TX_NB by 1. And if the HARQ entity requests an adaptive retransmission, the UE shall store the uplink grant received from the HARQ entity, set CURRENT_IRV to the index corresponding to the redundancy version value provided in the HARQ information, set HARQ_FEEDBACK to NACK, and generate a transmission as described below. Else if the HARQ entity requests a non-adaptive retransmission, if HARQ_FEEDBACK = NACK, the UE shall generate a transmission as described below.

[0102] To generate a transmission, if the MAC PDU was obtained from the Msg3 buffer; or if there is no measurement gap at the time of the transmission and, in case of retransmission, the retransmission does not collide with a transmission for a MAC PDU obtained from the Msg3 buffer in this TTI, the HARQ process shall instruct the physical layer to generate a transmission according to the stored uplink grant with the redundancy version corresponding to the CURRENT_IRV value, increment CURRENT_IRV by 1. In addition, the UE shall set HARQ_FEEDBACK to ACK at the time of the HARQ feedback reception for this transmission only if there is a measurement gap at the time of the HARQ feedback reception for this transmission and if the MAC PDU was not obtained from the Msg3 buffer.

[0103] After performing above actions, the HARQ process then shall flush the HARQ buffer if CURRENT_TX_NB = maximum number of transmissions-1.

[0104] FIG. 10 illustrates ACK/NACK (A/N) timing (or HARQ timing).

[0105] Referring to FIG. 10, a UE may receive one or more PDSCH signals in M DL subframes (SFs) (S1002_0 to S1002_M-1) (M≥1). Each PDSCH signal may include one or more (e.g., 2) transport blocks (TBs) according to a transmission mode. Although not shown in FIG. 10, a PDCCH signal indicating SPS release may also be received in steps S1002_0 to S1002_M-1. When a PDSCH signal and/or SPS release PDCCH signal are present in the M DL subframes, the UE transmits an ACK/NACK in one UL subframe corresponding to the M DL subframes through a procedure for ACK/NACK transmission (e.g. ACK/NACK (payload) generation, ACK/NACK resource allocation, etc.) (S1004). The ACK/NACK includes acknowledgement information on the PDSCH signal and/or SPS release PDCCH signal of steps S1002_0 to S1002_M-1.

[0106] Although the ACK/NACK is basically transmitted on a PUCCH, if there is PUSCH transmission at ACK/NACK transmission timing, the ACK/NACK is transmitted on a PUSCH. If a plurality of CCs are configured for the UE, the PUCCH is transmitted only in a PCC, and the PUSCH is transmitted in a scheduled CC. A variety of PUCCH formats may be used for ACK/NACK transmission. Furthermore, a variety of schemes such as ACK/NACK bundling, ACK/NACK channel selection, etc. may be used to reduce the number of ACK/NACK bits to be transmitted in the PUCCH format.

[0107] In the prior art, the UE transmits UL data via dedicated UL resource, and the UE can know the transmission result based on the HARQ feedback. However, for Contention Based PUSCH (CB-PUSCH) transmission, the UE cannot know the transmission result because multiple UEs can transmit UL data on the same CB-PUSCH resource and HARQ feedback cannot distinguish UEs that transmit UL data on the CB-PUSCH resource.

[0108] The UE has to know the transmission result on CB-PUSCH as early as possible in order to perform retransmission of the UL data quickly.

[0109] FIG. 11 is a conceptual diagram for determining result of transmission for contention-based PUSCH in a wireless communication system according to embodiments of the present invention.

[0110] The UE is configured with Contention Based grant (CB grant) in one or more subframes (S1101). The CB grant means a grant configured to the UE with an opportunity to send UL packets without requiring the UE to send a scheduling request. The CB grant is a time-frequency resource on which at least two UEs are allowed to transmit a MAC PDU to the eNB. That is, the CB grant is resource shared with two or more UEs.

[0111] Preferably, the CB grant is used only for synchronized UEs in order to transmit uplink data without sending Scheduling Request in advance.

[0112] Preferably, the CB grant correspond to uplink resources only that have not been reserved for dedicated uplink transmission (i.e., the dedicated uplink transmission is performed using conventional uplink grant) so that transmissions based on the CB grant do not interfere with dedicated uplink transmission.

[0113] The UE transmits CB-PUSCH using the CB grant (S1103).

[0114] For the eNB to know which UE transmits CB-PUSCH on CB grant, the UE includes its identifier, e.g. C-RNTI, in the MAC PDU transmitted on CB grant.

[0115] The UE starts a CB-timer when the UE transmits the CB-PUSCH using the CB grant (S1105).

[0116] Preferably, a value of the CB-timer is configured by RRC. The eNB can signal the value of the CB-timer to the UE by the RRC message.

[0117] Preferably, the value of the CB-timer is configured per CB grant or per UE.

[0118] The UE keeps monitoring ACK indication from the eNB in each subframe while the CB-timer is running (S1107).

[0119] If the UE receives an ACK indication from the eNB while the CB-timer is running, the UE decides that the transmission of the CB-PUSCH on the CB grant is successful, and stops and/or resets the CB-timer (S1109).

[0120] When the UE receives an ACK indication from the eNB, the UE discards the CB-PUSCH transmitted on CB grant, and generates a new CB-PUSCH to be transmitted on CB grant (S1111).

[0121] If the UE does not receive an ACK indication from the eNB until the CB-timer expiry, the UE decides that the transmission of the CB-PUSCH on the CB grant is failed, retransmits the CB-PUSCH and resets the CB-timer (S1113).

[0122] When the UE decides that the CB-PUSCH transmission using CB grant is failed, the UE retransmits the CB-PUSCH using CB grant or the UE initiates Buffer Status Reporting (BSR), Scheduling Request (SR), or Random Access (RA) procedure to obtain UL grant (S1115).

[0123] Preferably, when the UE retransmits the CB-PUSCH on a CB grant.

[0124] Preferably, the ACK indication of the CB-PUSCH is provided by one of following forms: i) reception of PDCCH masked by CB-RNTI. There is a one-to-one mapping relationship between CB-RNTI and CB grant. The mapping relationship is configured by RRC, ii) reception of PDCCH masked by C-RNTI, or, iii) reception of PDCCH masked by C-RNTI, and corresponding PDSCH includes UL grant for new transmis sion.

[0125] FIG. 12 is an example for determining result of transmission for contention-based PUSCH in a wireless communication system according to embodiments of the present invention.

[0126] The eNB configures CB grant for a group of UEs. CB grant is configured in at least one subframes with a fixed size (S1201).

[0127] The UE generates a MAC PDU and transmits the MAC PDU to the eNB using CB grant (S1203) and the timer starts (S1205). But the transmission of the MAC PDU is failed.

[0128] The UE monitors an ACK indication transmitted by the eNB while the timer is running and considers that the MAC PDU transmission using the CB grant is failed if the UE doesn't receive the ACK indication from the eNB until the timer expires (S1207).

[0129] The UE re-transmits the MAC PDU to the eNB using a CB grant (S1209).

[0130] FIG. 13 is a conceptual diagram for determining result of transmission for contention-based PUSCH in a wireless communication system according to embodiments of the present invention.

[0131] The UE is configured with Contention Based grant (CB grant) in one or more subframes (S1301). The CB grant means a grant configured to the UE with an opportunity to send UL packets without requiring the UE to send a scheduling request. The CB grant is a time-frequency resource on which at least one UE is allowed to transmit a MAC PDU to the eNB. That is, the CB grant is resource shared with two or more UEs.

[0132] Preferably, the CB grant is used only for synchronized UEs in order to transmit uplink data without sending Scheduling Request in advance.

[0133] Preferably, the CB grant correspond to uplink resources only that have not been reserved for dedicated uplink transmission (i.e, the dedicated uplink transmission is performed using conventional uplink grant) so that transmissions based on the CB grant do not interfere with dedicated uplink transmission.

[0134] For the eNB to know which UE transmits CB-PUSCH using CB grant, the UE includes its identifier, e.g. C-RNTI, in the MAC PDU transmitted on CB grant.

[0135] The eNB configures to UE with any of the subframes mapped to the subframe where the CB-PUSCH transmission is performed (S1303).

[0136] The UE transmits CB-PUSCH using the CB grant (S1305), and monitors an ACK indication from the eNB in any of the subframes mapped to the subframe where the CB-PUSCH transmission is performed (S1307).

[0137] Preferably, each CB grant is associated with ACK indication transmitted on one or more specific subframes. The specific subframes are configured by RRC. The eNB can signal the specific subframes for each CB grant by the RRC message. The specific subframes are any of the subframes mapped to the subframe where the CB-PUSCH transmission is performed.

[0138] If the UE receives an ACK indication from the eNB in one of the specific subframes, the UE decides that the transmission of the CB-PUSCH on the CB grant is successful, and stops and/or resets the CB-timer (S1309).

[0139] When the UE receives an ACK indication from the eNB, the UE discards the CB-PUSCH transmitted using CB grant, and generates a new MAC PDU to be transmitted on CB grant (S1311).

[0140] If the UE does not receive an ACK indication from the eNB in any of the specific subframes, the UE decides that the transmission of the CB-PUSCH on the CB grant is failed, retransmits the CB-PUSCH and resets the CB-timer (S1313).

[0141] When the UE decides that the CB-PUSCH transmission using CB grant is failed, the UE retransmits the CB-PUSCH using CB grant or the UE initiates Buffer Status Reporting (BSR), Scheduling Request (SR), or Random Access (RA) procedure to obtain UL grant (S1315).

[0142] Preferably, when the UE retransmits the CB-PUSCH using the CB grant.

[0143] Preferably, the ACK indication of the CB-PUSCH is provided by one of following forms: i) reception of PDCCH masked by CB-RNTI. There is a one-to-one mapping relationship between CB-RNTI and CB grant. The mapping relationship is configured by RRC, ii) reception of PDCCH masked by C-RNTI, or, iii) reception of PDCCH masked by C-RNTI, and corresponding PDSCH includes UL grant for new transmis sion.

[0144] The embodiments of the present invention described hereinbelow are combinations of elements and features of the present invention. The elements or features may be considered selective unless otherwise mentioned. Each element or feature may be practiced without being combined with other elements or features. Further, an embodiment of the present invention may be constructed by combining parts of the elements and/or features. Operation orders described in embodiments of the present invention may be rearranged. Some constructions of any one embodiment may be included in another embodiment and may be replaced with corresponding constructions of another embodiment. It is obvious to those skilled in the art that claims that are not explicitly cited in each other in the appended claims may be presented in combination as an embodiment of the present invention or included as a new claim by subsequent amendment after the application is filed.

[0145] In the embodiments of the present invention, a specific operation described as performed by the BS may be performed by an upper node of the BS. Namely, it is apparent that, in a network comprised of a plurality of network nodes including a BS, various operations performed for communication with an MS may be performed by the BS, or network nodes other than the BS. The term 'eNB' may be replaced with the term 'fixed station', 'Node B', 'Base Station (BS)', 'access point', etc.

[0146] The above-described embodiments may be implemented by various means, for example, by hardware, firmware, software, or a combination thereof.

[0147] In a hardware configuration, the method according to the embodiments of the present invention may be implemented by one or more Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), Digital Signal Processors (DSPs), Digital Signal Processing Devices (DSPDs), Programmable Logic Devices (PLDs), Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), processors, controllers, microcontrollers, or microprocessors.

[0148] In a firmware or software configuration, the method according to the embodiments of the present invention may be implemented in the form of modules, procedures, functions, etc. performing the above-described functions or operations. Software code may be stored in a memory unit and executed by a processor. The memory unit may be located at the interior or exterior of the processor and may transmit and receive data to and from the processor via various known means.

[0149] Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the present invention may be carried out in other specific ways than those set forth herein without departing from essential characteristics of the present invention. The above embodiments are therefore to be construed in all aspects as illustrative and not restrictive. The scope of the invention should be determined by the appended claims, not by the above description, and all changes coming within the meaning of the appended claims are intended to be embraced therein.

Industrial Applicability



[0150] While the above-described method has been described centering on an example applied to the 3GPP LTE system, the present invention is applicable to a variety of wireless communication systems in addition to the 3GPP LTE system.


Claims

1. A method for a User Equipment, UE, operating in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:

configuring (S1101) a Contention Based uplink, CB UL, grant, wherein the configured CB UL grant is a grant configured to the UE with an opportunity to send UL packets without requiring the UE to send a scheduling request;

transmitting (S1103) a physical uplink shared channel, PUSCH, on the configured CB UL grant;

starting (S1105) a timer associated with the configured CB UL grant when the UE transmits the PUSCH on the configured CB UL grant;

determining (S1107) whether a hybrid automatic repeat request, HARQ, feedback associated with the PUSCH is received while the timer is running;

stopping (S1109) the timer based on a determination that the HARQ feedback is received while the timer is running; and

when the UE decides that the transmission of the PUSCH is negative acknowledged based on a determination that the HARQ feedback has not been received until the timer expires, retransmitting (S1115) the PUSCH on the configured CB UL grant,

wherein a value of the timer is configured via a radio resource control, RRC, message per configured CB UL grant, and

wherein the HARQ feedback including an Acknowledgement, ACK, indication is received through a physical downlink control channel, PDCCH, masked by a CB-Radio Network Temporary Identifier, RNTI, wherein there is a one-to-one mapping relationship between the CB-RNTI and the configured CB UL grant,

wherein the configured CB UL grant is related to a resource that is shared with two or more UEs.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the UE keeps monitoring the HARQ feedback from a base station in each subframe, while the timer is running.
 
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein, when the UE receives an ACK indication included in the HARQ feedback from a base station, the UE discards (S1111) a Medium Access Control Protocol Data Unit, MAC PDU, transmitted in the PUSCH on the configured CB UL grant, and generates a new MAC PDU to be transmitted in a new PUSCH on the configured CB UL grant.
 
4. A User Equipment, UE, operating in a wireless communication system, the UE comprising:

a Radio Frequency, RF, module; and

a processor configured to:

control the RF module,

configure a Contention Based uplink, CB UL, grant, wherein the configured CB UL grant is a grant configured to the UE with an opportunity to send UL packets without requiring the UE to send a scheduling request;

control the RF module to transmit a physical uplink shared channel, PUSCH, on the configured CB UL grant;

start a timer associated with the configured CB UL grant when the UE transmits the PUSCH on the configured CB UL grant;

determine whether a hybrid automatic repeat request, HARQ, feedback associated with the PUSCH is received while the timer is running;

stop the timer based on a determination that the HARQ feedback is received while the timer is running; and

when the UE decides that the transmission of the PUSCH is negative acknowledged based on a determination that the HARQ feedback has not been received until the timer expires, control the RF module to retransmit the PUSCH on the configured CB UL grant,

wherein a value of the timer is configured via a radio resource control, RRC, message per configured CB UL grant, and

wherein the HARQ feedback including an Acknowledgement, ACK, indication is received through a physical downlink control channel, PDCCH , nasked by a CB-Radio Network Temporary Identifier, RNTI, wherein there is a one-to-one mapping relationship between the CB-RNTI and the configured CB UL grant,

wherein the configured CB UL grant is related to a resource that is shared with two or more UEs.


 
5. The UE according to claim 4, wherein the UE keeps monitoring the HARQ feedback from a base station in each subframe, while the timer is running.
 
6. The UE according to claim 4, wherein when the UE receives an ACK indication included in the HARQ feedback from a base station, the UE discards a Medium Access Control Protocol Data Unit, MAC PDU, transmitted in the PUSCH on the configured CB UL grant, and generates a new MAC PDU to be transmitted in a new PUSCH on the configured CB UL grant.
 


Ansprüche

1. Ein Verfahren für ein Benutzerendgerät, UE, das in einem drahtlosen Kommunikationssystem arbeitet, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

Konfigurieren (S1101) einer Contention Based Uplink, CB UL, Gewährung, wobei die konfigurierte CB UL Gewährung eine für das UE konfigurierte Gewährung ist mit einer Möglichkeit, UL-Pakete zu senden, ohne dass das UE eine Scheduling-Anforderung senden muss;

Übertragen (S1103) eines physikalischen Uplink-Shared Channel, PUSCH, auf der konfigurierten CB UL Gewährung;

Starten (S1105) eines Zeitgebers, der mit der konfigurierten CB UL Gewährung in Zusammenhang steht, wenn das UE den PUSCH auf der konfigurierten CB UL Gewährung überträgt;

Bestimmen (S1107), ob eine hybride automatische Wiederholungsanforderungs, HARQ, -Rückmeldung in Zusammenhang mit dem PUSCH empfangen wird, während der Timer läuft;

Stoppen (S1109) des Zeitgebers auf der Grundlage einer Ermittlung, dass die HARQ-Rückmeldung empfangen wird, während der Zeitgeber läuft; und

wenn das UE entscheidet, dass die Übertragung des PUSCHs negativ bestätigt wird, basierend auf einer Ermittlung, dass das HARQ-Rückmeldung nicht empfangen worden ist, bis der Zeitgeber abläuft, erneutes Übertragen (S1115) der PUSCH auf der konfigurierten CB UL Gewährung,

wobei ein Wert des Zeitgebers über eine Funkressourcensteuerungs, RRC, - Nachricht pro konfigurierter CB UL Gewährung konfiguriert ist, und

wobei die HARQ-Rückmeldung einschließlich einer Bestätigung, ACK, -Anzeige über einen physikalischen Downlink-Steuerkanal, PDCCH, empfangen wird, der durch einen CB-Radio Network Temporary Identifier, RNTI, maskiert ist, wobei es eine Einszu-Eins-Abbildungsbeziehung zwischen dem CB-RNTI und de konfigurierten CB UL-Gewährung gibt,

wobei die konfigurierte CB UL Gewährung sich auf eine Ressource bezieht, die mit zwei oder mehr UEs geteilt wird.


 
2. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das UE die HARQ-Rückmeldung von einer Basisstation in jedem Teilrahmen überwacht, während der Zeitgeber läuft.
 
3. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei, wenn das UE eine ACK-Anzeige, die in der HARQ-Rückmeldung von einer Basisstation enthalten ist, empfängt, das UE eine Medium Access Control Protocol Data Unit, MAC PDU, die im PUSCH auf der konfigurierten CB UL Gewährung übertragen wird, verwirft (S1111) und eine neue MAC PDU erzeugt, die in einem neuen PUSCH auf der konfigurierten CB UL Gewährung übertragen wird.
 
4. Ein Benutzerendgerät, UE, das in einem drahtlosen Kommunikationssystem betrieben wird, wobei das US umfasst:

ein Hochfrequenz-, HF-, Modul; und

einen Prozessor, der konfiguriert ist:

das HF-Modul zu steuern,

eine Contention Based Uplink, CB UL, Gewährung zu konfigurieren, wobei die konfigurierte CB UL Gewährung eine für das UE konfigurierte Gewährung ist mit einer Möglichkeit, UL-Pakete zu senden, ohne dass das UE eine Scheduling-Anforderung senden muss;

das RF-Modul zu steuern, einen physikalischen Uplink Shared Channel, PUSCH, auf der konfigurierten CB UL Gewährung zu steuern;

einen Zeitgeber zu starten, der mit der konfigurierten CB UL Gewährung in Zusammenhang steht, wenn das UE den PUSCH auf der konfigurierten CB UL Gewährung überträgt;

zu ermitteln, ob eine hybride automatische Wiederholungsanforderungs, HARQ, Rückmeldung, die mit dem PUSCH in Zusammenhang steht, empfangen wird, während der Zeitgeber läuft;

den Zeitgeber auf der Grundlage der Ermittlung zu stoppen, dass die HARQ-Rückmeldung empfangen wird, während der Zeitgeber läuft; und

wenn das UE entscheidet, dass die Übertragung des PUSCHs negativ bestätigt wird, basierend auf der Ermittlung, dass die HARQ-Rückmeldung nicht empfangen worden ist, bis der Timer abläuft, das HF-Modul zu steuern, den PUSCH auf der konfigurierten CB UL Gewährung erneut zu senden,

wobei ein Wert des Zeitgebers über eine Funkressourcensteuerungs, RRC, - Nachricht pro konfigurierter CB UL Gewährung konfiguriert wird, und

wobei die HARQ-Rückmeldung einschließlich einer Bestätigungs, ACK, -Anzeige über einen physikalischen Downlink-Steuerkanal, PDCCH, empfangen wird, der durch einen CB-Radio Network Temporary Identifier, RNTI, maskiert ist, wobei es eine Einszu-Eins-Abbildungsbeziehung zwischen dem CB-RNTI und der konfigurierten CB UL Gewährung gibt,

wobei die konfigurierte CB UL Gewährung sich auf eine Ressource bezieht, die mit zwei oder mehr UEs geteilt wird.


 
5. Das UE nach Anspruch 4, wobei das UE die HARQ-Rückmeldung von einer Basisstation in jedem Teilrahmen überwacht, während der Zeitgeber läuft.
 
6. Das UE nach Anspruch 4, wobei, wenn das UE eine ACK-Anzeige empfängt, die in der HARQ-Rückmeldung von einer Basisstation enthalten ist, das UE eine Medium Access Control Protocol Data Unit, MAC PDU, die im PUSCH auf der konfigurierten CB-UL Gewährung übertragen wird, verwirft und eine neue MAC PDU erzeugt, die in einem neuen PUSCH auf der konfigurierten CB-UL Gewährung übertragen wird.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé pour un équipement utilisateur, UE, fonctionnant dans un système de communication sans fil, le procédé consistant à :

configurer (S1101) une attribution de liaison montante avec contention, CB UL, l'attribution de CB UL configurée étant une autorisation configurée pour l'UE avec une opportunité d'envoyer des paquets UL sans demander à l'UE d'envoyer une requête d'ordonnancement ;

transmettre (S1103) un canal physique partagé montant, PUSCH, sur l'attribution de CB UL configurée ;

lancer (S1105) un temporisateur associé à l'autorisation de CB UL configurée lorsque l'UE transmet le PUSCH sur l'autorisation CB UL configurée ;

déterminer (S1105) si un retour de requête automatique de répétition hybride, HARQ, associé au PUSCCH est reçu pendant le fonctionnement du temporisateur ;

arrêter (S1109) le temporisateur lorsqu'il est déterminé que le retour HARQ est reçu pendant le fonctionnement du temporisateur ; et

lorsque l'UE décide que la transmission du PUSCH présente un accusé de réception négatif sur la base d'une détermination que le retour HARQ n'a pas été reçu jusqu'à expiration du temporisateur, retransmettre (S1115) le PUSCH sur l'attribution de CB UL configurée,

une valeur du temporisateur étant configurée par l'intermédiaire d'un message de gestion des ressources radio, RRC, par autorisation de CB UL configurée, et

le retour HARQ comprenant une indication d'accusé de réception, ACK, étant reçu par le canal physique de contrôle descendant, PDCCH masqué par un identifiant temporaire de réseau radio CB, RNTI, une relation de mappage biunivoque étant présente entre le CB-RNTI et l'attribution de CB UL configurée,

l'attribution de CB UL se rapportant à une ressource qui est partagée avec au moins deux UE.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, l'UE continuant de surveiller le retour HARQ à partir d'une station de base dans chaque sous-trame pendant le fonctionnement du temporisateur.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, lorsque l'UE reçoit une indication ACK incluse dans le retour HARQ à partir d'une station de base, l'UE rejetant (S1111) une unité de données de protocole de contrôle d'accès au support, MAC PDU, transmise dans le PUSCH sur l'attribution de CB UL configurée, et générant une nouvelle MAC PDU à transmettre dans un nouveau PUSCH sur l'attribution de CB UL configurée.
 
4. Équipement utilisateur, UE, fonctionnant dans un système de communication sans fil, l'UE comprenant :

un module de radiofréquence, RF ; et

un processeur conçu pour :

commander le module RF,

configurer une attribution de liaison montante avec contention, CB UL, l'attribution de CB UL configurée étant une attribution configurée pour l'UE avec une opportunité pour envoyer les paquets UL sans demander à l'UE d'envoyer une requête d'ordonnancement ;

amener le module RF à transmettre un canal physique partagé montant, PUSCH, sur l'attribution de CB UL configurée ;

lancer un temporisateur associé à l'autorisation de CB UL configurée lorsque l'UE transmet le PUSCH sur l'autorisation CB UL configurée ;

déterminer si un retour de requête automatique de répétition hybride, HARQ, associé au PUSCCH est reçu pendant le fonctionnement du temporisateur ;

arrêter le temporisateur lorsqu'il est déterminé que le retour HARQ est reçu pendant le fonctionnement du temporisateur ; et

lorsque l'UE décide que la transmission du PUSCH présente un accusé de réception négatif sur la base d'une détermination que le retour HARQ n'a pas été reçu jusqu'à expiration du temporisateur, amener le module FR à retransmettre le PUSCH sur l'attribution de CB UL configurée,

une valeur du temporisateur étant configurée par l'intermédiaire d'un message de gestion des ressources radio, RRC, par autorisation de CB UL configurée, et

le retour HARQ comprenant une indication d'accusé de réception, ACK, étant reçu par le canal physique de contrôle descendant, PDCCH masqué par un identifiant temporaire de réseau radio CB, RNTI, une relation de mappage biunivoque étant présente entre le CB-RNTI et l'attribution de CB UL configurée,

l'attribution de CB UL se rapportant à une ressource qui est partagée avec au moins deux UE.


 
5. UE selon la revendication 4, l'UE continuant de surveiller le retour HARQ à partir d'une station de base dans chaque sous-trame pendant le fonctionnement du temporisateur.
 
6. UE selon la revendication 4, l'UE recevant une indication ACK incluse dans le retour HARQ en provenance de la station de base, l'UE rejetant une unité de données de protocole de contrôle d'accès au support, MAC PDU, transmise dans le PUSCH sur l'attribution de CB UL configurée, et générant une nouvelle MAC PDU à transmettre dans un nouveau PUSCH sur l'attribution de CB UL configurée.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Non-patent literature cited in the description