(19)
(11)EP 3 299 092 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 15892297.1

(22)Date of filing:  14.07.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B21D 28/02  (2006.01)
B21D 43/05  (2006.01)
B65G 25/02  (2006.01)
B21K 1/74  (2006.01)
B21D 28/04  (2006.01)
B21D 43/10  (2006.01)
B21K 27/04  (2006.01)
B21K 1/76  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2015/083935
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/183919 (24.11.2016 Gazette  2016/47)

(54)

FORK TRIMMING DEVICE PROVIDED WITH FULL-AUTOMATIC FORK CONVEYING SYSTEM

MIT VOLLAUTOMATISCHEM GABELFÖRDERSYSTEM AUSGESTATTETE GABELENTGRATUNGSVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF D'ÉBAVURAGE DE FOURCHE AVEC SYSTÈME DE TRANSPORT ENTIÈREMENT AUTOMATIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.05.2015 CN 201510253658

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.03.2018 Bulletin 2018/13

(73)Proprietor: Luo, Rong
Suzhou, Jiangsu 215000 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LU, Hui
    Suzhou Jiangsu 215000 (CN)
  • ZHAO, Baolin
    Suzhou Jiangsu 215000 (CN)
  • LUO, Rong
    Suzhou Jiangsu 215000 (CN)

(74)Representative: Hellmich, Wolfgang 
European Patent and Trademark Attorney Lortzingstrasse 9 / 2. Stock
81241 München
81241 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 049 223
CN-U- 202 079 157
CN-U- 204 093 994
KR-A- 20110 099 377
CN-A- 103 302 199
CN-U- 203 316 553
CN-U- 204 770 083
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to an equipment for manufacturing a steering yoke of an automobile steering system, and more particularly, to an equipment for cutting a steering yoke, which equipment is provided with an automatic transporting system.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] As shown in Fig. 1, a steering yoke 90 used in an automobile steering system comprises a rod portion 91 and a fork portion 92. According to existing manufacturing technique, the edge of tip 923 of the fork portion 92 is to be cut into arc shape, and the two pairs of diagonal edges of the inner side of the fork portion 92 are to be cut into chamfer (can also be called trimming), Fig. 2 shows the shape of the one pair of the diagonal edges 921 and edge 922 after being cut. Current manufacturing process uses blanking press machine for cutting the tip of fork portion and the two pair of diagonal edges of yoke 90.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0003] The technical problems that the present invention intends to solve: in the current art, an operator needs to manually move unprocessed yoke to a first type blanking press machine, once the first blanking press machine cuts off the tip of the yoke, the operator yet, has to again, manually move the yoke to a second type blanking press machine to cut off the inner diagonal edges of the yoke, finally, after that, the operator has to manually remove the processed yoke from the second type blanking press machine; thus, during the process, the operator is burdened with a large amount of lifting work, and that the efficiency of the cutting process is hindered.

    [0004] The present invention offers the following solution:
    a steering yoke cutting equipment with automatic transporting system which comprises: a first type blanking press machine for cutting the tip of the fork portion of the yoke, a second type blanking press machine for cutting the two pairs of diagonal edges of the inner side of the fork portion of the yoke, a yoke input mechanism, an intermediate transporting mechanism and a yoke output mechanism.

    [0005] The first type blanking press machine comprises a blanking press mechanism and a clamping mechanism; the blanking press mechanism comprises a punching head for cutting the edges of the yoke, a blanking press activation device for driving the punching head to move levelly, and a blanking press guiding device for guiding the movement of the punching head; the clamping mechanism comprises a receiving piece, a receiving assembly, and a downward press head, the center of the receiving piece is provided with a vertically opened yoke receiving hole, the side wall of the receiving piece is provided with a passage that allows the punching head to go through, the downward press head is arranged directly above of the yoke receiving hole, the downward press head is driven by a downward press cylinder, and the downward press cylinder is fixed onto a chassis.

    [0006] The second type blanking press machine comprises a first second type blanking press machine and a second second type blanking press machine, the first and the second second type blanking press machine both comprise a blanking press mechanism and a clamping mechanism; the blanking press mechanism comprises a punching head for cutting the edges of the yoke, a blanking press activation device for driving the punching head to move levelly, and a blanking press guiding device for guiding the movement of the punching head; the clamping mechanism comprises a receiving piece, a receiving assembly, and a downward press head, the center of the receiving piece is provided with a vertically opened yoke receiving hole, the side wall of the receiving piece is provided with a passage that allows the punching head to go through, the downward press head is arranged directly above of the yoke receiving hole, the downward press head is driven by a downward press cylinder, and the downward press cylinder is fixed onto a chassis.

    [0007] The intermediate transporting mechanism comprises a chassis, a pair of parallel tracks transversely fixed onto the chassis, a first sliding piece slidably mounted on the parallel tracks, a second sliding piece slidably mounted on the parallel tracks, a first mechanical hand, a second mechanical hand, a third mechanical hand, a fourth mechanical hand, a first cylinder, and a second cylinder; the first mechanical hand, the second mechanical hand and the third mechanical hand are fixed mounted on the first sliding piece , the fourth mechanical hand is fixed mounted on the second sliding piece, the first mechanical hand, the second mechanical hand, the third mechanical hand and the fourth mechanical hand 48 are sequentially and transversely arranged, the first sliding piece is fixedly connected with a piston rod of the first cylinder, the second sliding piece is fixedly connected with a piston rod of the second cylinder, and the first cylinder and the second cylinder are fixedly mounted on the chassis; the intermediate transporting mechanism is used for transporting an unprocessed yoke from the yoke input mechanism to the first type blanking press machine, then to the first second type blanking press machine, then to the second second type blanking press machine, and then finally to the yoke output mechanism.

    [0008] In the above described intermediate transporting mechanism, the first mechanical hand, the second mechanical hand, the third mechanical hand all comprise a first lifting cylinder, a first extending cylinder, a first clamping cylinder and a pair of first claws; the first lifting cylinder is fixedly
    mounted on the first sliding piece, the first extending cylinder is fixedly mounted on a piston of the first lifting cylinder, the first clamping cylinder is fixedly mounted on a piston rod of the first extending cylinder, the first extending cylinder drives the first clamping to move levelly, the first clamping cylinder moves levelly in a perpendicular direction to the pair of parallel tracks, the first clamping cylinder is a double piston cylinder, and the pair of first claws are fixedly mounted on the double pistons of the first clamping cylinder; the first clamping cylinder through a sliding piece is fixedly mounted on a piston rod of the first extending cylinder, the sliding piece is fixedly connected with the piston rod of the first extending cylinder, and a cylinder body of the first extending cylinder is provided with a sliding slot that couples with the sliding piece.

    [0009] In the above described intermediate transporting mechanism, the fourth mechanical hand comprises a fourth lifting cylinder, a fourth extending cylinder, a fourth clamping cylinder, and a pair of fourth claws; the fourth lifting cylinder is fixedly mounted on the second sliding piece, the fourth extending cylinder is fixedly mounted on a piston of the fourth lifting cylinder, the fourth clamping cylinder is fixedly mounted on a piston rod of the fourth extending cylinder, the fourth extending cylinder drives the fourth clamping to move levelly, the first clamping cylinder moves levelly in a perpendicular direction to the pair of parallel tracks, the fourth clamping cylinder is a double piston cylinder, and the pair of fourth claws are fixedly mounted on the double pistons of the fourth clamping cylinder; the fourth clamping cylinder through a sliding piece is fixedly mounted on a piston rod of the fourth extending cylinder, the sliding piece is fixedly connected with the piston rod of the fourth extending cylinder, and a cylinder body of the fourth extending cylinder is provided with a sliding slot that couples with the sliding piece.

    [0010] The yoke input mechanism comprises a fixing panel, a first supporting frame, a first lifting device, a first level pushing device, and a fifth mechanical hand; the first fixing panel is levelly arranged, the first fixing panel is provided with a pair of parallel first sliding slots, the first sliding slots run through the first fixing panel on the top and bottom planes; the first supporting frame is fixedly mounted on the top plane of the first fixing panel, the first supporting frame is provided with multiple sets of same height Y shaped forks, and the first supporting frame is arranged in between the pair of first sliding slots; the first lifting device comprises a first lifting cylinder arranged below the first fixing panel, two sets of vertically arranged first supporting rods that move in sync with the first lifting cylinder, a pair of first lifting frames, the two sets of first supporting rods are respectively interposed in the pair of first sliding slots, the pair of first lifting frames are respectively fixedly mounted on the top plane of the two sets of first supporting rods, the pair of first lifting frames are respectively arranged at two sides of the first supporting frame, and the first lifting frame is provided with multiple sets of first Y shaped pieces; the first level pushing device comprises a levelly arranged first pushing cylinder, a first moving panel fixedly connected with a piston rod of the first pushing cylinder, the first pushing cylinder is fixedly mounted on the first fixing panel, and the first moving panel is provided with a guiding hole, the first supporting rod is interposed in the guiding hole; the fifth mechanical hand is a rotating mechanical hand, the fifth mechanical hand is installed on the chassis of the intermediate transporting mechanism, and the fifth mechanical hand is arranged above of the first supporting frame, close to one end of the pair of parallel tracks.

    [0011] In the above described yoke input mechanism, the fifth mechanical hand comprises a fifth linear cylinder, a fifth rotation cylinder, a fifth extending cylinder and a pair of fifth claws; the fifth extending cylinder is a double piston cylinder, the pair of fifth claws are respectively fixedly mounted on the double pistons of the fifth extending cylinder, and the pair of fifth claws are arranged opposite to each other; the fifth extending cylinder is fixedly mounted on a rotating part of the fifth rotation cylinder, the fifth rotation cylinder is fixedly mounted on a piston rod of the fifth linear cylinder, the fifth linear cylinder drives the fifth rotation cylinder to lifting and the fifth linear cylinder is fixedly mounted on the chassis 41 of the intermediate transporting mechanism.

    [0012] The yoke output mechanism comprises a second fixing panel, a second supporting frame, a second lifting device, a second level pushing device, and a sixth mechanical hand ; the second fixing panel is levelly arranged; the second supporting frame is fixedly mounted on the second fixing panel, the second supporting frame is provided with multiple sets of same height Y shaped forks, and the second supporting frame is arranged in between the pair of second sliding slots; the second lifting device comprises a second lifting cylinder arranged below the second fixing panel, two sets of vertically arranged second supporting rods that move in sync with the second lifting cylinder, a pair of second lifting frames, the two sets of second supporting rods are respectively interposed in the pair of second sliding slots, the pair of second lifting frames are respectively fixedly mounted on the top plane of the two sets of second supporting rods, the pair of second lifting frames are respectively arranged at two sides of the second supporting frame, and the second lifting frame is provided with multiple sets of second Y shaped pieces; the second level pushing device comprises a levelly arranged second pushing cylinder, a second moving panel fixedly connected with a piston rod of the second pushing cylinder, the second pushing cylinder is fixedly mounted on the second fixing panel, and the second moving panel is provided with a guiding hole, the second supporting rod is interposed in the guiding hole; the fifth mechanical hand is a rotating mechanical hand, the sixth mechanical hand is installed on second fixing panel, and the sixth mechanical hand is arranged at the second supporting frame, close to one end of the pair of parallel tracks.

    [0013] In the above described yoke output mechanism, the sixth mechanical hand comprises a sixth linear cylinder, a sixth rotation cylinder, a sixth extending cylinder and a pair of sixth claws; the sixth extending cylinder is a double piston cylinder, the pair of sixth claws are respectively fixedly mounted on the double pistons of the sixth extending cylinder and the pair of sixth claws are arranged opposite to each other; the sixth extending cylinder is fixedly mounted on a rotating part of the sixth rotation cylinder, the sixth rotation cylinder is fixedly mounted on a piston rod of the sixth linear cylinder, the sixth linear cylinder drives the sixth rotation cylinder to lifting, the sixth linear cylinder is fixedly mounted on the second fixing panel and at one end of the second supporting frame, and the sixth rotation cylinder is arranged above of the second supporting frame.

    [0014] The yoke input mechanism and the yoke output mechanism are respectively arranged at each end of the parallel tracks, the first type blanking press machine, the first second type blanking press machine and the second second blanking press machine are arranged sequentially and transversely between the yoke input mechanism and the yoke output mechanism, and close to the pair of parallel tracks; the distance between the yoke input mechanism and the first type blanking press machine equals the distance between the first type blanking press machine and the first second type blanking press machine; the distance between the first type blanking press machine and the first second type blanking press machine equals the distance between the first second type blanking press machine and the second second type blanking press machine; the distance between the first mechanical hand and the second mechanical hand equals the distance between the second mechanical hand and the third mechanical hand; and the distance between the yoke input mechanism and the first type blanking press machine equals the distance between the first mechanical hand and the second mechanical hand.

    [0015] In actual operation, the present invention provides the following operation process:

    First, the yoke input mechanism is in initial operating state, a multiple number of yokes are placed levelly on the first supporting frame, each yoke is supported by a set of first Y shaped fork, each end of the yoke extends out of the first supporting frame in a certain distance, the first pushing cylinder is in zero position, and the first lifting cylinder is fully extended;

    second, beginning of operation, the first pushing cylinder is in zero position, the first lifting cylinder returns to zero position, the first lifting cylinder lifts the first lifting frame by the first supporting rod, the first lifting frame located at the two sides of the first supporting frame holds and lifts the yoke by its two end through the first Y shaped piece;

    third, the first pushing cylinder is fully extended, the first lifting cylinder remains in zero position, the first pushing cylinder pushes the first moving panel to move, the first moving panel pushes and moves the first supporting rod, the first supporting rod moves the first lifting device forward, as such, the yoke is lifted and pushed to the above of the next position;

    fourth, the first pushing cylinder remains in fully extended state, the first lifting cylinder is fully extended, the yoke on the first supporting frame falls into the next position, or as, any one of the yokes on the first supporting frame is moved forward to the next Y shaped fork by the current Y shaped fork; and

    fifth, the first pushing cylinder returns to zero position, the first lifting cylinder is fully extended, at this time, the first lifting device and the first level pushing device are returning to initial states.

    Sixth, the yoke input mechanism conveys each yoke forward in a continuous motion, the fifth mechanical hand grabs the forefront yoke on the first supporting frame and turns the yoke 90 degree to an upright position;

    Seventh, the intermediate transferring mechanism is in initial state, the first mechanical hand is located above of the yoke input mechanism, the second mechanical hand is located above of the first type blanking press machine, the third mechanical hand is located above of the first second type blanking press machine, and the fourth mechanical hand 48 is located above of the yoke output mechanism.

    Eighth, the first mechanical hand moves downward and grabs the yoke to be processed from the fifth mechanical hand; at the same time, the second mechanical hand moves downward and grabs the yoke that tip portion has been cut into arc shape; at the same time, the third mechanical hand moves downward and grabs the yoke that the pair of diagonal edges have been cut from first second type blanking press machine; and the first mechanical hand, the second mechanical hand and the third mechanical hand moves upward once the appropriate yoke has been grabbed.

    Ninth, the first cylinder extends to drive the first sliding piece to move transversely on the guide track, the first mechanical hand, the second mechanical hand and the third mechanical hand are simultaneously moving transversely, the first mechanical hand moves to above of the first type blanking press machine, the second mechanical moves to above of the first second type blanking press machine, and the third mechanical hand moves to above of the second second type blanking press machine; the first mechanical hand moves downward and loads the grabbed yoke into the first type blanking press machine, at the same time, the second mechanical hand moves downward and loads the grabbed yoke into the first second type blanking press machine and the third mechanical hand moves downward and loads the grabbed yoke into the second second type blanking press machine; and the first mechanical hand, the second mechanical hand and the third mechanical hand move upward once the yokes have been loaded.

    Tenth, the first extending cylinder returns to zero position and the first sliding piece moves transversely backward on the guide track, he first mechanical hand, the second mechanical hand and the third mechanical hand are simultaneously moving transversely backward, the first mechanical hand returns to above of the yoke input mechanism, the second mechanical hand returns to above of the first type blanking press machine, and the third mechanical hand returns to above of the first second type blanking press machine; at the same time, the second cylinder returns to zero position and allows the second sliding piece to move on the guide track, and the fourth mechanical hand moves to above of the second second type blanking press machine.

    Eleventh, the first mechanical hand, the second mechanical hand and the third mechanical hand repeats eighth step; at the same time, the fourth mechanical hand moves downward to grab the processed yoke from the second second type blanking press machine; the first mechanical hand, the second mechanical hand, the third mechanical hand, and the fourth mechanical hand moves upward once the appropriate yoke has been grabbed.

    Twelfth, the first mechanical hand, the second mechanical hand and the third mechanical hand repeats ninth step; at the same time, the fourth mechanical hand moves to above of the yoke output mechanism, and the sixth mechanical hand of the yoke output mechanism grabs the yoke from the fourth mechanical hand.

    Thirteenth, the yoke output mechanism is in initial state, the second pushing cylinder is in zero position, and the second lifting cylinder is fully extended; begins work, the sixth mechanical hand turns the yoke grabbed from the fourth mechanical hand 90 degree, and places the yoke on the second Y shaped fork on the second supporting frame, the two ends of the placed yoke extend out of the second supporting frame in a certain distance;

    fourteenth, the second pushing cylinder is in zero position, the second lifting cylinder moves and returns to zero position, the second lifting cylinder lifts the second lifting frame through the second supporting rod, and the second lifting frame located on two sides of the second supporting frame lift and hold the yoke by its two ends through the second Y shaped fork;

    fifteenth, the second pushing cylinder is fully extended, the second lifting cylinder is in zero position, the second pushing cylinder pushes the second moving panel to move, the second moving panel pushes the second supporting rod to move, the second supporting rod drives the second lifting device to move, as such, the yoke is lifted and pushed to the above of the next position;

    sixteenth, the second pushing cylinder remains fully extended, the second lifting cylinder is fully extended, the yoke on the second supporting frame falls into the next position, or as any one of the yokes on the second supporting frame is moved forward to the next Y shaped fork by the current Y shaped fork; and

    seventeenth, the second pushing cylinder returns to zero position, the second lifting cylinder is fully extended, at this time, the second lifting device and the second level pushing device return to initial state.


    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0016] 

    Fig. 1 is a structural view of the yoke 90 in the automobile steering system;

    Fig. 2 is a structural view the yoke in Fig. 1 after the diagonal edges have been cut;

    Fig. 3 is an overall structural view of the steering yoke cutting equipment with automatic transporting system in the present invention;

    Fig. 4 is a top plane view of Fig. 3;

    Fig. 5 is a bottom plane view of Fig. 4;

    Fig. 6 is a left side view of Fig. 5

    Fig. 7 is a right side view of Fig. 5;

    Fig. 8 is a structural view of the intermediate transporting mechanism in Fig. 3;

    Fig. 9 is a structural view of the first, second and third mechanical hand;

    Fig. 10 is a structural view of the yoke input mechanism in Fig. 3;

    Fig. 11 is a top right side structural view of the yoke input mechanism in Fig. 10;

    Fig. 12 is a structural view of the yoke output mechanism in Fig. 3; and

    Fig. 13 is a bottom right side structural view of the yoke output mechanism in Fig. 12.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0017] As shown in Fig. 3, an equipment for cutting a steering yoke and provided with an automatic transporting system is disclosed. It comprises: a first type blanking press machine 10 for cutting the tip of the fork portion 92 of the yoke 90, a second type blanking press machine 20 for cutting the two pairs of diagonal edges of the inner side of the fork portion 92 of the yoke 90, a yoke input mechanism 30, an intermediate transporting mechanism 40 and a yoke output mechanism 50.

    [0018] As shown in Fig. 3, the first type blanking press machine 10 which comprising a blanking press mechanism 11 and a clamping mechanism; the blanking press mechanism which comprising a punching head for cutting the edges of the yoke, a blanking press activation device for driving the punching head to move levelly, and a blanking press guiding device for guiding the movement of the punching head; the clamping mechanism which comprising a receiving piece 12, a receiving assembly, and a downward press head 13, the center of the receiving piece is provided with a vertically opened yoke receiving hole, the side wall of the receiving piece is provided with a passage that allows the punching head to go through, the downward press head is arranged directly above of the yoke receiving hole, the downward press head is driven by a downward press cylinder, and the downward press cylinder is fixed onto a chassis 42.

    [0019] In combination of Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the second type blanking press machine 20 which comprising a first second type blanking press machine 21 and a second second type blanking press machine 22, the first and the second second type blanking press machine both which comprising a blanking press mechanism 201 and a clamping mechanism; the blanking press mechanism 201 which comprising a punching head for cutting the edges of the yoke, a blanking press activation device for driving the punching head to move levelly, and a blanking press guiding device for guiding the movement of the punching head; the clamping mechanism which comprising a receiving piece 202, a receiving assembly, and a downward press head 203, the center of the receiving piece 202 is provided with a vertically opened yoke receiving hole, the side wall of the receiving piece is provided with a passage that allows the punching head to go through, the downward press head is arranged directly above of the yoke receiving hole, the downward press head is driven by a downward press cylinder, and the downward press cylinder is fixed onto a chassis 42.

    [0020] In combination of Fig. 3 - Fig. 6 and Fig. 8, the intermediate transporting mechanism 40 which comprising a chassis 41, a pair of parallel tracks 42 transversely fixed onto the chassis 41, a first sliding piece 431 slidably mounted on the parallel tracks 42, a second sliding piece 432 slidably mounted on the parallel tracks 42, a first mechanical hand 45, a second mechanical hand 46, a third mechanical hand 47, a fourth mechanical hand 48, a first cylinder 441, and a second cylinder 442; the first mechanical hand 45, the second mechanical hand 46 and the third mechanical hand are fixed mounted on the first sliding piece 461, the fourth mechanical hand 48 is fixed mounted on the second sliding piece 432, the first mechanical hand 45, the second mechanical hand 46, the third mechanical hand 47 and the fourth mechanical hand 48 are sequentially and transversely arranged, the first sliding piece 431 is fix connected with a piston rod of the first cylinder 441, the second sliding piece 432 is fix connected with a piston rod of the second cylinder 442, and the first cylinder 441 and the second cylinder 442 are fixed mounted on the chassis 41; the intermediate transporting mechanism 40 is used for transporting unprocessed yoke from yoke input mechanism 30 to the first type blanking press machine 10, then to the first second type blanking press machine 21, then to the second second type blanking press machine 22, and then finally to the yoke output mechanism 50.

    [0021] In the above described intermediate transporting mechanism 40, as shown in Fig. 9, the first mechanical hand 45, the second mechanical hand 46, the third mechanical hand 47 which all comprising a first lifting cylinder 451, a first extending cylinder 452, a first clamping cylinder 453 and a pair of first claws 454; the first lifting cylinder 451 is fixed mounted on the first sliding piece 431, the first extending cylinder 452 is fix mounted on a piston of the first lifting cylinder 451, the first clamping cylinder 453 is fix mounted on a piston rod of the first extending cylinder 452, the first extending cylinder 452 drives the first clamping 453 to move levelly, the first clamping cylinder 453 moves levelly in a perpendicular direction to the pair of parallel tracks 42, the first clamping cylinder 453 is a double piston cylinder, and the pair of first claws are fixed mounted on the double pistons of the first clamping cylinder 453; the first clamping cylinder 453 through a sliding piece 455 is fix mounted on a piston rod of the first extending cylinder 452, the sliding piece 455 is fix connected with the piston rod of the first extending cylinder 452, and a cylinder body of the first extending cylinder 452 is provided with a sliding slot that couples with the sliding piece 455.

    [0022] In the above described intermediate transporting mechanism 40, the fourth mechanical hand 48 which comprising a fourth lifting cylinder, a fourth extending cylinder, a fourth clamping cylinder, and a pair of fourth claws; the fourth lifting cylinder is fix mounted on the second sliding piece, the fourth extending cylinder is fix mounted on a piston of the fourth lifting cylinder, the fourth clamping cylinder is fix mounted on a piston rod of the fourth extending cylinder, the fourth extending cylinder 452 drives the fourth clamping 453 to move levelly, the first clamping cylinder 453 moves levelly in a perpendicular direction to the pair of parallel tracks, the fourth clamping cylinder is a double piston cylinder, and the pair of fourth claws are fixed mounted on the double pistons of the fourth clamping cylinder; the fourth clamping cylinder through a sliding piece is fix mounted on a piston rod of the fourth extending cylinder, the sliding piece is fix connected with the piston rod of the fourth extending cylinder, and a cylinder body of the fourth extending cylinder is provided with a sliding slot that couples with the sliding piece.

    [0023] In combination of Fig. 10 and Fig. 11, the yoke input mechanism 30 which comprising a fixing panel 31, a first supporting frame 32, a first lifting device 33, a first level pushing device 34, and a fifth mechanical hand 35; the first fixing panel 31 is levelly arranged, the first fixing panel 31 is provided with a pair of parallel first sliding slots 310, the first sliding slots 310 run through the first fixing panel 31 on the top and bottom planes; the first supporting frame 32 is fixed mounted on the top plane of the first fixing panel 31, the first supporting frame 32 is provided with multiple sets of same height Y shaped forks 321, and the first supporting frame 32 is arranged in between the pair of first sliding slots 310; the first lifting device 33 which comprising a first lifting cylinder 331 arranged below the first fixing panel 31, two sets of vertically arranged first supporting rods 332 that move in sync with the first lifting cylinder 331, a pair of first lifting frames 333, the two sets of first supporting rods 332 are respectively interposed in the pair of first sliding slots 310, the pair of first lifting frames 333 are respectively fix mounted on the top plane of the two sets of first supporting rods 332, the pair of first lifting frames 333 are respectively arranged at two sides of the first supporting frame 32, and the first lifting frame 333 is provided with multiple sets of first Y shaped pieces 334; the first level pushing device 34 which comprising a levelly arranged first pushing cylinder 341, a first moving panel 342 fix connected with a piston rod of the first pushing cylinder 341, the first pushing cylinder 341 is fixed mounted on the first fixing panel 31, and the first moving panel 342 is provided with a guiding hole, the first supporting rod 332 is interposed in the guiding hole; as shown in Fig. 4, the fifth mechanical hand 35 is a rotating mechanical hand, the fifth mechanical hand is installed on the chassis 41 of the intermediate transporting mechanism 40, and the fifth mechanical hand 35 is arranged above of the first supporting frame 32, close to one end of the pair of parallel tracks 42.

    [0024] In the above described yoke input mechanism 30, the fifth mechanical hand 35 which comprising a fifth linear cylinder, a fifth rotation cylinder, a fifth extending cylinder and a pair of fifth claws; the fifth extending cylinder is a double piston cylinder, the pair of fifth claws are respectively fix mounted on the double pistons of the fifth extending cylinder, and the pair of fifth claws are arranged opposite to each other; the fifth extending cylinder is fix mounted on a rotating part of the fifth rotation cylinder, the fifth rotation cylinder is fix mounted on a piston rod of the fifth linear cylinder, the fifth linear cylinder drives the fifth rotation cylinder to lifting and the fifth linear cylinder is fix mounted on the chassis 41 of the intermediate transporting mechanism.

    [0025] In combination of Fig. 12 and Fig. 13, the yoke output mechanism 50 which comprising a second fixing panel 51, a second supporting frame 52, a second lifting device 53, a second level pushing device 54, and a sixth mechanical hand 55; the second fixing panel 51 is levelly arranged; the second supporting frame 52 is fix mounted on the second fixing panel 51, the second supporting frame 52 is provided with multiple sets of same height Y shaped forks 521, and the second supporting frame 52 is arranged in between the pair of second sliding slots 510; the second lifting device 53 which comprising a second lifting cylinder 531 arranged below the second fixing panel 51, two sets of vertically arranged second supporting rods 532 that move in sync with the second lifting cylinder 531, a pair of second lifting frames 533, the two sets of second supporting rods 532 are respectively interposed in the pair of second sliding slots 510, the pair of second lifting frames 533 are respectively fix mounted on the top plane of the two sets of second supporting rods 532, the pair of second lifting frames 533 are respectively arranged at two sides of the second supporting frame 52, and the second lifting frame 533 is provided with multiple sets of second Y shaped pieces 534; the second level pushing device 54 which comprising a levelly arranged second pushing cylinder 541, a second moving panel 542 fix connected with a piston rod of the second pushing cylinder 541, the second pushing cylinder 541 is fixed mounted on the second fixing panel 51, and the second moving panel 542 is provided with a guiding hole, the second supporting rod 532 is interposed in the guiding hole; as shown in Fig. 4, the fifth mechanical hand 55 is a rotating mechanical hand, the sixth mechanical hand is installed on second fixing panel 51, and the sixth mechanical hand 55 is arranged at the second supporting frame 52, close to one end of the pair of parallel tracks 42.

    [0026] In the above described yoke output mechanism 50, as shown in Fig. 13, the sixth mechanical hand 55 which comprising a sixth linear cylinder 551, a sixth rotation cylinder 552, a sixth extending cylinder 553 and a pair of sixth claws 554; the sixth extending cylinder 553 is a double piston cylinder, the pair of sixth claws 554 are respectively fix mounted on the double pistons of the sixth extending cylinder 553, and the pair of sixth claws 554 are arranged opposite to each other; the sixth extending cylinder 553 is fix mounted on a rotating part of the sixth rotation cylinder 552, the sixth rotation cylinder 552 is fix mounted on a piston rod of the sixth linear cylinder 551, the sixth linear cylinder 551 drives the sixth rotation cylinder 552 to lifting, the sixth linear cylinder 551 is fix mounted on the second fixing panel 51 and at one end of the second supporting frame 52, and the sixth rotation cylinder 552 is arranged above of the second supporting frame 52.

    [0027] In combination of Fig. 3 - Fig. 6, the yoke input mechanism 30 and the yoke output mechanism 50 are respectively arranged at each end of the parallel tracks 42, the first type blanking press machine 10, the first second type blanking press machine 20 and the second second blanking press machine 22 are arranged sequentially and transversely between the yoke input mechanism 30 and the yoke output mechanism 50, and close to the pair of parallel tracks 42; the distance between the yoke input mechanism 30 and the first type blanking press machine 10 equals the distance between the first type blanking press machine and the first second type blanking press machine; the distance between the first type blanking press machine 10 and the first second type blanking press machine 21 equals the distance between the first second type blanking press machine 21 and the second second type blanking press machine 22; the distance between the first mechanical hand 45 and the second mechanical hand 46 equals the distance between the second mechanical hand 46 and the third mechanical hand 47; and the distance between the yoke input mechanism 30 and the first type blanking press machine 10 equals the distance between the first mechanical hand 45 and the second mechanical hand 46.

    [0028] In actual operation, the present invention provides the following operation process:

    First, the yoke input mechanism 30 is in initial operating state, a multiple number of yokes 90 are placed levelly on the first supporting frame 32, each yoke is supported by a set of first Y shaped fork 321, each end of the yoke extends out of the first supporting frame 32 in a certain distance, the first pushing cylinder 341 is in zero position, and the first lifting cylinder 331 is fully extended;

    second, beginning of operation, the first pushing cylinder 341 is in zero position, the first lifting cylinder 331 returns to zero position, the first lifting cylinder 331 lifts the first lifting frame 333 by the first supporting rod 332, the first lifting frame 333 located at the two sides of the first supporting frame 32 holds and lifts the yoke by its two ends through the first Y shaped piece 334;

    third, the first pushing cylinder is fully extended, the first lifting cylinder remains in zero position, the first pushing cylinder 341 pushes the first moving panel 342 to move, the first moving panel 342 pushes and moves the first supporting rod 332, the first supporting rod 332 moves the first lifting device 33 forward, as such, the yoke is lifted and pushed to the above of the next position;

    fourth, the first pushing cylinder 341 remains in fully extended state, the first lifting cylinder 331 is fully extended, the yoke on the first supporting frame 32 falls into the next position, or as, any one of the yokes on the first supporting frame 32 is moved forward to the next Y shaped fork by the current Y shaped fork; and

    fifth, the first pushing cylinder 341 returns to zero position, the first lifting cylinder 331 is fully extended, at this time, the first lifting device and the first level pushing device are returning to initial states.

    Sixth, the yoke input mechanism 30 conveys each yoke forward in a continuous motion, the fifth mechanical hand 35 (Fig. 4) grabs the forefront yoke on the first supporting frame and turns the yoke 90 degree to an upright position;

    Seventh, the intermediate transferring mechanism is in initial state, the first mechanical hand 45 is located above of the yoke input mechanism 10, the second mechanical hand 46 is located above of the first type blanking press machine 20, the third mechanical hand 47 is located above of the first second type blanking press machine 31, and the fourth mechanical hand 48 is located above of the yoke output mechanism 50, as shown in Fig. 10.

    Eighth, the first mechanical hand 45 moves downward and grabs the yoke to be processed from the fifth mechanical hand 35; at the same time, the second mechanical hand 46 moves downward and grabs the yoke that tip portion has been cut into arc shape; at the same time, the third mechanical hand 47 moves downward and grabs the yoke that the pair of diagonal edges have been cut from first second type blanking press machine 31; and the first mechanical hand 45, the second mechanical hand 46 and the third mechanical hand 47 moves upward once the appropriate yoke has been grabbed.

    Ninth, the first cylinder 441 extends to drive the first sliding piece 431 to move transversely on the guide track 42, the first mechanical hand 45, the second mechanical hand 46 and the third mechanical hand 47 are simultaneously moving transversely, the first mechanical hand 45 moves to above of the first type blanking press machine 20, the second mechanical 46 moves to above of the first second type blanking press machine 31, and the third mechanical hand 7 moves to above of the second second type blanking press machine 32; the first mechanical hand 45 moves downward and loads the grabbed yoke into the first type blanking press machine 20, at the same time, the second mechanical hand 46 moves downward and loads the grabbed yoke into the first second type blanking press machine 31 and the third mechanical hand 47 moves downward and loads the grabbed yoke into the second second type blanking press machine 32; and the first mechanical hand 45, the second mechanical hand 46 and the third mechanical hand 47 move upward once the yokes have been loaded, as shown in Fig. 11.

    Tenth, the first extending cylinder 441 returns to zero position and the first sliding piece 431 moves transversely backward on the guide track 42, he first mechanical hand 45, the second mechanical hand 46 and the third mechanical hand 47 are simultaneously moving transversely backward, the first mechanical hand 45 returns to above of the yoke input mechanism 10, the second mechanical hand 46 returns to above of the first type blanking press machine 20, and the third mechanical hand 47 returns to above of the first second type blanking press machine 31; at the same time, the second cylinder 442 returns to zero position and allows the second sliding piece 432 to move on the guide track 42, and the fourth mechanical hand 48 moves to above of the second second type blanking press machine 32, as shown in Fig. 12.

    Eleventh, the first mechanical hand 45, the second mechanical hand 46 and the third mechanical hand 47 repeats eighth step; at the same time, the fourth mechanical hand 48 moves downward to grab the processed yoke from the second second type blanking press machine 32; the first mechanical hand 45, the second mechanical hand 46, the third mechanical hand 47, and the fourth mechanical hand 48 moves upward once the appropriate yoke has been grabbed.

    Twelfth, the first mechanical hand 45, the second mechanical hand 46 and the third mechanical hand 47 repeats ninth step; at the same time, the fourth mechanical hand 48 moves to above of the yoke output mechanism 50, and the sixth mechanical hand 50 of the yoke output mechanism 50 grabs the yoke from the fourth mechanical hand.

    Thirteenth, the yoke output mechanism 50 is in initial state, the second pushing cylinder 541 is in zero position, and the second lifting cylinder 531 is fully extended; begins work, the sixth mechanical hand 55 turns the yoke grabbed from the fourth mechanical hand 90 degree, and places the yoke on the second Y shaped fork 521 on the second supporting frame 52, the two ends of the placed yoke extend out of the second supporting frame in a certain distance;

    fourteenth, the second pushing cylinder 541 is in zero position, the second lifting cylinder 531 moves and returns to zero position, the second lifting cylinder 531 lifts the second lifting frame 533 through the second supporting rod 532, and the second lifting frame located on two sides of the second supporting frame lift and hold the yoke by its two ends through the second Y shaped fork 531;

    fifteenth, the second pushing cylinder 541 is fully extended, the second lifting cylinder 531 is in zero position, the second pushing cylinder 541 pushes the second moving panel 542 to move, the second moving panel 542 pushes the second supporting rod to move, the second supporting rod drives the second lifting device to move, as such, the yoke is lifted and pushed to the above of the next position;

    sixteenth, the second pushing cylinder remains fully extended, the second lifting cylinder is fully extended, the yoke on the second supporting frame falls into the next position, or as any one of the yokes on the second supporting frame is moved forward to the next Y shaped fork by the current Y shaped fork; and

    seventeenth, the second pushing cylinder returns to zero position, the second lifting cylinder is fully extended, at this time, the second lifting device and the second level pushing device return to initial state.




    Claims

    1. Equipment for cutting a steering yoke, and provided with an automatic transporting system, the equipment comprising:

    a first type blanking press machine (10) for cutting the tip of the fork portion (92) of the yoke (90), a second type blanking press machine (20) for cutting the two pairs of diagonal edges of the inner side of the fork portion (92) of the yoke (90); the second type blanking press machine (20) comprising a first second type blanking press machine (21) and a second second type blanking press machine (22);

    characterized by further comprising:

    - a yoke input mechanism (30), an intermediate transporting mechanism (40) and a yoke output mechanism (50); wherein

    - the intermediate transporting mechanism (40) comprises a chassis (41), a pair of parallel tracks (42) transversely fixed onto the chassis (41), a first sliding piece (431) slidably mounted on the parallel tracks (42), a second sliding piece (432) slidably mounted on the parallel tracks (42), a first mechanical hand (45), a second mechanical hand (46), a third mechanical hand (47), a fourth mechanical hand (48), a first cylinder (441), and a second cylinder (442); the first mechanical hand (45), the second mechanical hand (46) and the third mechanical hand (47) are fixedly mounted on the first sliding piece (461), the fourth mechanical hand (48) is fixedly mounted on the second sliding piece (432), the first mechanical hand (45), the second mechanical hand (46), the third mechanical hand (47) and the fourth mechanical hand (48) are sequentially and transversely arranged, the first sliding piece (431) is fixedly connected with a piston rod of the first cylinder (441), the second sliding piece (432) is fixedly connected with a piston rod of the second cylinder (442), and the first cylinder (441) and the second cylinder (442) are fixedly mounted on the chassis (41); the intermediate transporting mechanism (40) being thus adapted for transporting unprocessed yoke from yoke input mechanism (30) to the first type blanking press machine (10), then to the first second type blanking press machine (21), then to the second second type blanking press machine (22), and then finally to the yoke output mechanism (50);

    - the yoke input mechanism (30) comprises a fixing panel (31), a first supporting frame (32), a first lifting device (33), a first level pushing device (34), and a fifth mechanical hand (35); the first fixing panel (31) is levelly arranged, the first fixing panel (31) is provided with a pair of parallel first sliding slots (310), the first sliding slots (310) run through the first fixing panel (31) on the top and bottom planes; the first supporting frame (32) is fixedly mounted on the top plane of the first fixing panel (31), the first supporting frame (32) is provided with multiple sets of same height Y shaped forks (321), and the first supporting frame (32) is arranged in between the pair of first sliding slots (310); the first lifting device (33) comprises a first lifting cylinder (331) arranged below the first fixing panel (31), two sets of vertically arranged first supporting rods (332) that move in sync with the first lifting cylinder (331), and a pair of first lifting frames (333), the two sets of first supporting rods (332) are respectively interposed in the pair of first sliding slots (310), the pair of first lifting frames (333) are respectively fixedly mounted on the top plane of the two sets of first supporting rods (332), the pair of first lifting frames (333) are respectively arranged at two sides of the first supporting frame (32), and the first lifting frame (333) is provided with multiple sets of first Y shaped pieces (334); the first level pushing device (34) comprises a levelly arranged first pushing cylinder (341), a first moving panel (342) fixedly connected with a piston rod of the first pushing cylinder (341), the first pushing cylinder (341) is fixedly mounted on the first fixing panel (31), and the first moving panel (342) is provided with a guiding hole, the first supporting rod (332) is interposed in the guiding hole; the fifth mechanical hand (35) is a rotating mechanical hand, the fifth mechanical hand is installed on the chassis (41) of the intermediate transporting mechanism (40), and the fifth mechanical hand (35) is arranged above of the first supporting frame (32), close to one end of the pair of parallel tracks (42);

    - the yoke output mechanism (50) comprises a second fixing panel (51), a second supporting frame (52), a second lifting device (53), a second level pushing device (54), and a sixth mechanical hand (55); the second fixing panel (51) is levelly arranged; the second supporting frame (52) is fixedly mounted on the second fixing panel (51), the second supporting frame (52) is provided with multiple sets of same height Y shaped forks (521), and the second supporting frame (52) is arranged in between the pair of second sliding slots (510); the second lifting device (53) comprises a second lifting cylinder (531) arranged below the second fixing panel (51), two sets of vertically arranged second supporting rods (532) that move in sync with the second lifting cylinder (531) and a pair of second lifting frames (533), the two sets of second supporting rods (532) are respectively interposed in the pair of second sliding slots (510), the pair of second lifting frames (533) are respectively fixedly mounted on the top plane of the two sets of second supporting rods (532), the pair of second lifting frames (533) are respectively arranged at two sides of the second supporting frame (52), and the second lifting frame (533) is provided with multiple sets of second Y shaped pieces (534); the second level pushing device (54) comprises a levelly arranged second pushing cylinder (541) and a second moving panel (542) fixedly connected with a piston rod of the second pushing cylinder (541), the second pushing cylinder (541) is fixedly mounted on the second fixing panel (51), and the second moving panel (542) is provided with a guiding hole, the second supporting rod (532) is interposed in the guiding hole; the fifth mechanical hand (55) is a rotating mechanical hand, the sixth mechanical hand is installed on second fixing panel (51), and the sixth mechanical hand (55) is arranged at the second supporting frame (52), close to one end of the pair of parallel tracks (42); and

    - the yoke input mechanism (30) and the yoke output mechanism (50) are respectively arranged at each end of the parallel tracks (42), the first type blanking press machine (10), the first second type blanking press machine (21) and the second second blanking press machine (22) are arranged sequentially and transversely between the yoke input mechanism (30) and the yoke output mechanism (50), and close to the pair of parallel tracks (42); the distance between the yoke input mechanism (30) and the first type blanking press machine (10) equals the distance between the first type blanking press machine (10) and the first second type blanking press machine (21); the distance between the first type blanking press machine (10) and the first second type blanking press machine (21) equals the distance between the first second type blanking press machine (21) and the second second type blanking press machine (22); the distance between the first mechanical hand (45) and the second mechanical hand (46) equals the distance between the second mechanical hand (46) and the third mechanical hand (47); and the distance between the yoke input mechanism (30) and the first type blanking press machine (10) equals the distance between the first mechanical hand (45) and the second mechanical hand (46).


     
    2. The equipment as claimed in claim 1, wherein the sixth mechanical hand (55) comprises a sixth linear cylinder (551), a sixth rotation cylinder (552), a sixth extending cylinder (553) and a pair of sixth claws (554); the sixth extending cylinder (553) is a double piston cylinder, the pair of sixth claws (554) are respectively fixedly mounted on the double pistons of the sixth extending cylinder (553), and the pair of sixth claws (554) are arranged opposite to each other; the sixth extending cylinder (553) is fixedly mounted on a rotating part of the sixth rotation cylinder (552), the sixth rotation cylinder (552) is fixedly mounted on a piston rod of the sixth linear cylinder (551), the sixth linear cylinder (551) drives the sixth rotation cylinder (552) to lifting, the sixth linear cylinder (551) is fixedly mounted on the second fixing panel (51) and at one end of the second supporting frame (52), and the sixth rotation cylinder (552) is arranged above of the second supporting frame (52).
     
    3. The equipment as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the fifth mechanical hand (35) comprises a fifth linear cylinder, a fifth rotation cylinder, a fifth extending cylinder and a pair of fifth claws; the fifth extending cylinder is a double piston cylinder, the pair of fifth claws are respectively fixedly mounted on the double pistons of the fifth extending cylinder, and the pair of fifth claws are arranged opposite to each other; the fifth extending cylinder is fixedly mounted on a rotating part of the fifth rotation cylinder, the fifth rotation cylinder is fixedly mounted on a piston rod of the fifth linear cylinder, the fifth linear cylinder drives the fifth rotation cylinder to lifting and the fifth linear cylinder is fixedly mounted on the chassis (41) of the intermediate transporting mechanism.
     
    4. The equipment as claimed in one of the preceding claims, wherein the first mechanical hand (45), the second mechanical hand (46), the third mechanical hand (47) all comprise a first lifting cylinder (451), a first extending cylinder (452), a first clamping cylinder (453) and a pair of first claws (454); the first lifting cylinder (451) is fixedly mounted on the first sliding piece (431), the first extending cylinder (452) is fixedly mounted on a piston of the first lifting cylinder (451), the first clamping cylinder (453) is fixedly mounted on a piston rod of the first extending cylinder (452), the first extending cylinder (452) drives the first clamping cylinder (453) to move levelly, the first clamping cylinder (453) moves levelly in a perpendicular direction to the pair of parallel tracks (42), the first clamping cylinder (453) is a double piston cylinder, and the pair of first claws (454) are fixedly mounted on the double pistons of the first clamping cylinder (453); the first clamping cylinder (453) through a sliding piece (455) is fixedly mounted on a piston rod of the first extending cylinder (452), the sliding piece (455) is fixedly connected with the piston rod of the first extending cylinder (452), and a cylinder body of the first extending cylinder (452) is provided with a sliding slot that couples with the sliding piece (455).
     
    5. The equipment as claimed in one of the preceding claims, wherein the fourth mechanical hand (48) comprises a fourth lifting cylinder, a fourth extending cylinder, a fourth clamping cylinder, and a pair of fourth claws; the fourth lifting cylinder is fixedly mounted on the second sliding piece, the fourth extending cylinder is fixedly mounted on a piston of the fourth lifting cylinder, the fourth clamping cylinder is fixedly mounted on a piston rod of the fourth extending cylinder, the fourth extending cylinder drives the fourth clamping cylinder to move levelly, the fourth clamping cylinder moves levelly in a perpendicular direction to the pair of parallel tracks, the fourth clamping cylinder is a double piston cylinder, and the pair of fourth claws are fixedly mounted on the double pistons of the fourth clamping cylinder; the fourth clamping cylinder through a sliding piece is fixedly mounted on a piston rod of the fourth extending cylinder, the sliding piece is fixedly connected with the piston rod of the fourth extending cylinder, and a cylinder body of the fourth extending cylinder is provided with a sliding slot that couples with the sliding piece.
     
    6. The equipment as claimed in one of the preceding claims, wherein the first type blanking press machine (10) comprises a blanking press mechanism (11) and a clamping mechanism; the blanking press mechanism comprises a punching head for cutting the edges of the yoke, a blanking press activation device for driving the punching head to move levelly, and a blanking press guiding device for guiding the movement of the punching head; the clamping mechanism comprises a receiving piece (12), a receiving assembly, and a downward press head (13), the center of the receiving piece (12) is provided with a vertically opened yoke receiving hole, the side wall of the receiving piece is provided with a passage that allows the punching head to go through, the downward press head is arranged directly above of the yoke receiving hole, the downward press head is driven by a downward press cylinder, and the downward press cylinder is fixed onto a chassis (42).
     
    7. The equipment as claimed in one of the preceding claims, wherein the first and the second second type blanking press machine both comprise a blanking press mechanism (201) and a clamping mechanism; the blanking press mechanism (201) comprises a punching head for cutting the edges of the yoke, a blanking press activation device for driving the punching head to move levelly, and a blanking press guiding device for guiding the movement of the punching head; the clamping mechanism comprises a receiving piece (202), a receiving assembly, and a downward press head (203), the center of the receiving piece (202) is provided with a vertically opened yoke receiving hole, the side wall of the receiving piece is provided with a passage that allows the punching head to go through, the downward press head is arranged directly above of the yoke receiving hole, the downward press head is driven by a downward press cylinder, and the downward press cylinder is fixed onto a chassis (42).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ausrüstung zum Schneiden eines Steuergabelkopfs, die mit einem automatischen Transportsystem versehen ist, wobei die Ausrüstung folgendes umfasst:

    eine Schneidpressmaschine des ersten Typs (10) zum Schneiden der Spitze des Gabelabschnitts (92) des Gabelkopfs (90), eine Schneidpressmaschine des zweiten Typs (20) zum Schneiden der beiden Paare diagonaler Kanten der Innenseite des Gabelabschnitts (92) des Gabelkopfs (90); wobei die Schneidpressmaschine des zweiten Typs (20) eine erste Schneidpressmaschine des zweiten Typs (21) und eine zweite Schneidpressmaschine des zweiten Typs (22) umfasst,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie ferner:

    - einen Gabelkopfzuführungsmechanismus (30), einen Zwischentransportmechanismus (40) und einen GabelkopfAusgabemechanismus (50) umfasst; wobei

    - der Zwischentransportmechanismus (40) ein Fahrgestell (41), ein Paar paralleler Schienen (42), die quer auf dem Fahrgestell (41) befestigt sind, ein erstes Gleitstück (431), das gleitend auf den parallelen Schienen (42) befestigt ist, ein zweites Gleitstück (432), das gleitend auf den parallelen Schienen (42) befestigt ist, eine erste mechanische Hand (45), eine zweite mechanische Hand (46), eine dritte mechanische Hand (47), eine vierte mechanische Hand (48), einen ersten Zylinder (441) und einen zweiten Zylinder (442) umfasst; wobei die erste mechanische Hand (45), die zweite mechanische Hand (46) und die dritte mechanische Hand am ersten Gleitstück (461) fest montiert sind, die vierte mechanische Hand (48) am zweiten Gleitstück (432) fest montiert ist, die erste mechanische Hand (45), die zweite mechanische Hand (46), die dritte mechanische Hand (47) und die vierte mechanische Hand (48) nacheinander und quer angeordnet sind, wobei das erste Gleitstück (431) fest mit einer Kolbenstange des ersten Zylinders (441) verbunden ist, das zweite Gleitstück (432) fest mit einer Kolbenstange des zweiten Zylinders (442) verbunden ist und der erste Zylinder (441) und der zweite Zylinder (442) fest auf dem Fahrgestell (41) montiert sind; wobei der Zwischentransportmechanismus (40) somit angepasst ist, den unbearbeiteten Gabelkopf von dem Gabelkopfzuführungsmechanismus (30) zu der Schneidpressmaschine des ersten Typs (10), dann zu der ersten Schneidpressmaschine des zweiten Typs (21) und dann zu der zweiten Schneidpressmaschine des zweiten Typs (22) und dann schließlich zum Gabelkopfausgabemechanismus (50) zu transportieren;

    - der Gabelkopfzuführungsmechanismus (30) eine Befestigungsplatte (31), einen ersten Tragrahmen (32), eine erste Hebevorrichtung (33), eine erste Gradschubvorrichtung (34) und eine fünfte mechanische Hand (35) umfasst;

    wobei die erste Fixierplatte (31) horizontal angeordnet ist, wobei die erste Fixierplatte (31) mit einem Paar paralleler erster Gleitschlitze (310) versehen ist,

    wobei die ersten Gleitschlitze (310) auf der oberen und unteren Ebene durch die erste Fixierplatte (31) verlaufen; wobei der erste Stützrahmen (32) fest auf der oberen Ebene der ersten Befestigungsplatte (31) montiert ist, wobei der erste Stützrahmen (32) mit mehreren Sätzen von Y-förmigen Gabeln (321) gleicher Höhe versehen ist und der erste Stützrahmen (32) zwischen dem Paar erster Gleitschlitze (310) angeordnet ist; wobei die erste Hubvorrichtung (33) einen ersten Hubzylinder (331), der unterhalb der ersten Befestigungsplatte (31) angeordnet ist, zwei Sätze von vertikal angeordneten ersten Tragstangen (332),

    die sich synchron mit dem ersten Hubzylinder (331) bewegen, und ein Paar erster Hubrahmen (333) umfasst und wobei die beiden Sätze erster Tragstangen (332) jeweils in dem Paar erster Gleitschlitze (310) eingefügt sind,

    das Paar erster Hubrahmen (333) jeweils fest auf der oberen Ebene der beiden Sätze erster Tragstangen (332) montiert ist, das Paar erster Hubrahmen (333) jeweils an beiden Seiten des ersten Tragrahmens (32) angeordnet ist und der erste Hubrahmen (333) mit mehreren Sätzen mit ersten Y-förmigen Stücken (334) versehen ist; wobei die erste Gradschubvorrichtung (34) einen horizontal angeordneten ersten Schubzylinder (341) und eine erste bewegliche Platte (342), die fest mit einer Kolbenstange des ersten Schubzylinders (341) verbunden ist umfasst, wobei der erste Schubzylinder (341) fest an der ersten Befestigungsplatte (31) angebracht ist und die erste bewegliche Platte (342) mit einem Führungsloch versehen ist, die erste Stützstange (332) in dem Führungsloch eingefügt ist; wobei die fünfte mechanische Hand (35) eine rotierende mechanische Hand ist, die fünfte mechanische Hand auf dem Fahrgestell (41) des Zwischentransportmechanismus (40) angebracht ist und

    die fünfte mechanische Hand (35) oberhalb des ersten Tragrahmens (32) nahe einem Ende des Paares paralleler Schienen (42) angeordnet ist; wobei

    - der Gabelkopfausgabemechanismus (50) eine zweite Befestigungsplatte (51), einen zweiten Tragrahmen (52), eine zweite Hebevorrichtung (53), eine zweite Gradschubvorrichtung (54) und eine sechste mechanische Hand (55) umfasst; wobei die zweite Befestigungsplatte (51) horizontal angeordnet ist; wobei der zweite Tragrahmen (52) fest an der zweiten Befestigungsplatte (51) angebracht ist, der zweite Tragrahmen (52) mit mehreren Sätzen gleichhoher Y-förmiger Gabeln (521) versehen ist und der zweite Tragrahmen (52) zwischen dem Paar zweiter Gleitschlitze (510) eingefügt ist; wobei die zweite Hubvorrichtung (53) einen zweiten Hubzylinder (531), der unterhalb der zweiten Befestigungsplatte (51) angeordnet ist, zwei Sätze vertikal angeordneter zweiter Tragstangen (532), die sich synchron mit dem zweiten Hubzylinder (531) bewegen, und ein Paar zweiter Hubrahmen (533) umfasst, wobei die beiden Sätze zweiter Tragstangen (532) jeweils in dem Paar zweiter Gleitschlitze (510) eingefügt sind, das Paar zweiter Hubrahmen (533) jeweils fest auf der oberen Ebene der beiden Sätze von zweiten Tragstangen (532) montiert ist, das Paar zweiter Hubrahmen (533) jeweils an beiden Seiten des zweiten Tragrahmens (52) angeordnet ist und der zweite Hubrahmen (533) mit mehreren Sätzen von Y-förmigen Stücken (534) versehen ist; wobei die zweite Gradschubvorrichtung (54) einen horizontal angeordneten zweiten Schubzylinder (541) und eine zweite bewegliche Platte (542), die fest mit einer Kolbenstange des zweiten Schubzylinders (541) verbunden ist, umfasst, wobei der zweite Schubzylinder (541) fest an der zweiten Befestigungsplatte (51) montiert ist und die zweite bewegliche Platte (542) mit einem Führungsloch versehen ist, die zweite Stützstange (532) in dem Führungsloch eingefügt ist; wobei die fünfte mechanische Hand (55) eine rotierende mechanische Hand ist, wobei die sechste mechanische Hand an der zweiten Befestigungsplatte (51) angebracht ist und die sechste mechanische Hand (55) am zweiten Tragrahmen (52) nahe einem Ende des Paares paralleler Schienen (42) angeordnet ist; und wobei

    - der Gabelkopfzuführungsmechanismus (30) und der Gabelkopfausgabemechanismus (50) jeweils an jedem Ende der parallelen Bahnen (42) angeordnet sind, wobei die erste Schneidpressmaschine des ersten Typs (10), die erste Schneidpressmaschine des zweiten Typs (21) und die zweite Schneidpressmaschine des zweiten Typs (22) nacheinander und quer zwischen dem Gabelkopfzuführungsmechanismus (30) und dem Gabelkopfausgabemechanismus (50) und nahe dem Paar paralleler Schienen (42) angeordnet sind; wobei der Abstand zwischen dem Gabelkopfzuführungsmechanismus (30) und der Schneidpressmaschine des ersten Typs (10) gleich dem Abstand zwischen der Schneidpressmaschine des ersten Typs (10) und der ersten Schneidpressmaschine des zweiten Typs (21) ist; wobei der Abstand zwischen der Schneidpressmaschine des ersten Typs (10) und der ersten Schneidpressmaschine des zweiten Typs (21) gleich dem Abstand zwischen der ersten Schneidpressmaschine des zweiten Typs (21) und der zweiten Schneidpressmaschine des zweiten Typs (22) ist; wobei der Abstand zwischen der ersten mechanischen Hand (45) und der zweiten mechanischen Hand (46) gleich dem Abstand zwischen der zweiten mechanischen Hand (46) und der dritten mechanischen Hand (47) ist; und wobei der Abstand zwischen dem Gabelkopfzuführungsmechanismus (30) und der Schneidpressmaschine des ersten Typs (10) gleich dem Abstand zwischen der ersten mechanischen Hand (45) und der zweiten mechanischen Hand (46) ist.


     
    2. Ausrüstung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die sechste mechanische Hand (55) einen sechsten linearen Zylinder (551), einen sechsten Rotationszylinder (552), einen sechsten ausfahrenden Zylinder (553) und ein Paar sechster Klauen (554) aufweist; wobei der sechste ausfahrbare Zylinder (553) ein Doppelkolbenzylinder ist, das Paar sechster Klauen (554) jeweils fest auf den Doppelkolben des sechsten ausfahrbaren Zylinders (553) montiert ist und das Paar sechster Klauen (554) einander gegenüberliegend angeordnet ist; wobei der sechste ausfahrbare Zylinder (553) fest an einem rotierenden Teil des sechsten Rotationszylinders (552) montiert ist, der sechste Rotationszylinder (552) fest an einer Kolbenstange des sechsten Linearzylinders (551) montiert ist, wobei der sechste Linearzylinder (551) den sechsten Rotationszylinder (552) zum Anheben antreibt, der sechste Linearzylinder (551) fest an der zweiten Befestigungsplatte (51) und an einem Ende des zweiten Tragrahmens (52) montiert ist und der sechste Rotationszylinder (552) oberhalb des zweiten Tragrahmens (52) angeordnet ist.
     
    3. Ausrüstung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die fünfte mechanische Hand (35) einen fünften linearen Zylinder, einen fünften Rotationszylinder, einen fünften ausfahrenden Zylinder und ein Paar fünfter Krallen aufweist; wobei der fünfte ausfahrbare Zylinder ein Doppelkolbenzylinder ist, das Paar fünfter Klauen jeweils fest an den Doppelkolben des fünften ausfahrbaren Zylinders angebracht ist und das Paar fünfter Klauen einander gegenüberliegend angeordnet ist; wobei der fünfte ausfahrbare Zylinder fest an einem rotierenden Teil des fünften Rotationszylinders montiert ist, wobei der fünfte Rotationszylinder fest an einer Kolbenstange des fünften Linearzylinders montiert ist, wobei der fünfte Linearzylinder den fünften Rotationszylinder zum Anheben antreibt und der fünfte Linearzylinder fest auf dem Fahrgestell (41) des Zwischentransportmechanismus montiert ist.
     
    4. Ausrüstung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei die erste mechanische Hand (45), die zweite mechanische Hand (46) und die dritte mechanische Hand (47) einen ersten Hubzylinder (451), einen ersten Ausfahrzylinder (452), einen ersten Klemmzylinder (453) und ein Paar erster Klauen (454) umfassen; wobei der erste Hubzylinder (451) fest auf dem ersten Gleitstück (431) montiert ist, der erste Ausfahrzylinder (452) fest auf einem Kolben des ersten Hubzylinders (451) montiert ist, der erste Klemmzylinder (453) fest auf einer Kolbenstange des ersten Ausfahrzylinders (452) montiert ist, wobei der erste Ausfahrzylinder (452) den ersten Klemmzylinder (453) antreibt, um sich horizontal zu bewegen und der erste Klemmzylinder (453) sich horizontal, senkrecht zu dem parallelen Paar Schienen (42) bewegt, der erste Klemmzylinder (453) ein Doppelkolbenzylinder ist und das Paar erster Klauen (454) fest auf den Doppelkolben des ersten Klemmzylinders (453) montiert ist; der erste Klemmzylinder (453) über ein Schiebestück (455) fest auf einer Kolbenstange des ersten Ausfahrzylinders (452) verbunden ist, das Schiebestück (455) fest mit der Kolbenstange des ersten Ausfahrzylinders (452) verbunden ist und ein Zylinderkörper des ersten Ausfahrzylinders (452) mit einem Gleitschlitz versehen ist, der mit dem Gleitstück (455) gekoppelt ist.
     
    5. Ausrüstung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei die vierte mechanische Hand (48) einen vierten Hubzylinder, einen vierten Ausfahrzylinder, einen vierten Klemmzylinder und ein Paar vierter Krallen aufweist; wobei der vierte Hubzylinder fest an dem zweiten Schiebestück montiert ist, der vierte Ausfahrzylinder fest an einem Kolben des vierten Hubzylinders montiert ist, der vierte Klemmzylinder fest an einer Kolbenstange des vierten Ausfahrzylinders montiert ist, der vierte Ausfahrzylinder den vierten Klemmzylinder antreibt, um sich horizontal zu bewegen, wobei der vierte Klemmzylinder sich horizontal in einer senkrechten Richtung zu dem Paar paralleler Schienen bewegt, wobei der vierte Klemmzylinder ein Doppelkolbenzylinder und das Paar vierter Klauen fest auf den Doppelkolben des vierten Klemmzylinders montiert ist; wobei der vierte Klemmzylinder über ein Schiebestück fest an einer Kolbenstange des vierten Ausfahrzylinders angebracht ist, wobei das Schiebestück fest mit der Kolbenstange des vierten Ausfahrzylinders verbunden ist und ein Zylinderkörper des vierten Ausfahrzylinders mit einem Gleitschlitz versehen ist, der mit dem Gleitstück gekoppelt ist.
     
    6. Ausrüstung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Schneidpressmaschine (10) des ersten Typs einen Schneidpressmechanismus (11) und einen Spannmechanismus aufweist; wobei der Schneidpressmechanismus einen Schneidkopf zum Schneiden der Kanten des Gabelkopfs, eine Schneidpressaktivierungsvorrichtung zum Antreiben des Schneidkopfs, sich horizontal zu bewegen und eine Schneidpressführungsvorrichtung zum Führen der Bewegung des Schneidkopfs umfasst; wobei der Schneidmechanismus ein Aufnahmeteil (12), eine Aufnahmebaugruppe und einen nach unten gerichteten Presskopf (13) umfasst, die Mitte des Aufnahmeteils (12) mit einem vertikal geöffneten Gabelkopfaufnahmeloch versehen ist, wobei die Seitenwand des Aufnahmeteils mit einem Durchgang versehen ist, durch den der Schneidkopf hindurchtreten kann, der abwärts gerichtete Presskopf direkt über dem Gabelkopfaufnahmeloch angeordnet ist, wobei der abwärts gerichtete Presskopf von einem abwärts gerichteten Presszylinder angetrieben wird und der abwärts gerichtete Presszylinder an einem Fahrgestell (42) befestigt ist.
     
    7. Ausrüstung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei die erste und die zweite Schneidpressmaschine des zweiten Typs jeweils einen Schneidpressmechanismus (201) und einen Spannmechanismus umfassen; wobei der Schneidpressmechanismus (201) einen Schneidkopf zum Schneiden der Kanten des Gabelkopfs, eine Schneidpressaktivierungsvorrichtung zum Antreiben des Schneidkopfs, sich horizontal zu bewegen und eine Schneidpressführungsvorrichtung zum Führen der Bewegung des Schneidkopfs umfasst; wobei der Spannmechanismus ein Aufnahmeteil (202), eine Aufnahmebaugruppe und einen nach unten gerichteten Presskopf (203) umfasst, die Mitte des Aufnahmeteils (202) mit einem vertikal geöffneten Gabelkopfaufnahmeloch versehen ist, die Seitenwand des Aufnahmeteils mit einem Durchgang versehen ist, durch den der Schneidkopf hindurchtreten kann, wobei der nach unten gerichtete Presskopf direkt über dem Gabelkopfaufnahmeloch angeordnet ist, wobei der nach unten gerichtete Presskopf von einem nach unten gerichteten Presszylinder angetrieben wird und der nach unten gerichtete Presszylinder an einem Fahrgestell (42) befestigt ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Équipement pour couper un étrier de direction et pourvu d'un système de transport automatique, l'équipement comprenant : une presse à découper de premier type (10) pour couper l'extrémité de la partie de fourche (92) de l'étrier (90), une presse à découper de second type (20) pour couper les deux paires d'arêtes diagonales du côté intérieur de la partie de fourche (92) de l'étrier (90) ; la presse à découper de second type (20) comprenant une première presse à découper de second type (21) et une seconde presse à découper de second type (22) ; caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre :

    - un mécanisme de saisie d'étrier (30), un mécanisme de transport intermédiaire (40) et un mécanisme de sortie d'étrier (50) ; dans lequel :

    - le mécanisme de transport intermédiaire (40) comprend un châssis (41), une paire de rails parallèles (42) fixés dans le plan transversal sur le châssis (41), une première pièce coulissante (431) fixée de façon coulissante sur les rails parallèles (42), une seconde pièce coulissante (432) fixée de façon coulissante sur les rails parallèles (42), une première main mécanique (45), une seconde main mécanique (46), une troisième main mécanique (47), une quatrième main mécanique (48), un premier cylindre (441) et un second cylindre (442); la première main mécanique (45), la seconde main mécanique (46) et la troisième main mécanique (47) sont maintenues fixement sur la première pièce coulissante (461), la quatrième main mécanique (48) est maintenue fixement sur la seconde pièce coulissante (432), la première main mécanique (45), la seconde main mécanique (46), la troisième main mécanique (47) et la quatrième main mécanique (48) sont agencées de façon successive et dans le plan transversal, la première pièce coulissante (431) est reliée fixement à une tige de piston du premier cylindre (441), la seconde pièce coulissante (432) est reliée fixement à une tige de piston du second cylindre (442) et le premier cylindre (441) et le second cylindre (442) sont maintenus fixement sur le châssis (41) ; le mécanisme de transport intermédiaire (40) étant donc conçu pour transporter l'étrier non transformé du mécanisme de saisie d'étrier (30) à la presse à découper de premier type (10) puis à la première presse à découper de second type (21), puis à la seconde presse à découper de second type (22) et pour finir au mécanisme de sortie d'étrier (50) ;

    - le mécanisme de saisie d'étrier (30) comprend un panneau de fixation (31), un premier cadre de support (32), un premier dispositif de levage (33), un premier dispositif de poussée horizontal (34) et une cinquième main mécanique (35) ; le premier panneau de fixation (31) est agencé horizontalement, le premier panneau de fixation (31) est pourvu d'une paire de premières fentes coulissantes (310) parallèles, les premières fentes coulissantes (310) s'étendent à travers le premier panneau de fixation (31) sur les plans supérieur et inférieur ; le premier cadre de support (32) est maintenu fixement sur le plan supérieur du premier panneau de fixation (31), le premier cadre de support (32) est pourvu de multiples ensembles de fourches en forme de Y (321) de même hauteur et le premier cadre de support (32) est agencé entre la paire de premières fentes coulissantes (310) ; le premier dispositif de levage (33) comprend un premier cylindre de levage (331) agencé en dessous du premier panneau de fixation (31), deux ensembles de premières tiges de support (332) agencées verticalement qui se déplacent de façon synchrone avec le premier cylindre de levage (331) et une paire de premiers cadres de levage (333), les deux ensembles de premières tiges de support (332) sont respectivement interposés dans la paire de premières fentes coulissantes (310), les cadres composant la paire de premiers cadres de levage (333) sont respectivement maintenus fixement sur le plan supérieur des deux ensembles de premières tiges de support (332), les cadres composant la paire de premiers cadres de levage (333) sont respectivement agencés au niveau des deux côtés du premier cadre de support (32) et le premier cadre de levage (333) est pourvu de multiples ensembles de premières pièces en forme de Y (334); le premier dispositif de poussée horizontal (34) comprend un premier cylindre de poussée (341) agencé horizontalement, un premier panneau mobile (342) relié fixement à une tige de piston du premier cylindre de poussée (341), le premier cylindre de poussée (341) est maintenu fixement sur le premier panneau de fixation (31) et le premier panneau mobile (342) est pourvu d'un trou de guidage, la première tige de support (332) est interposée dans le trou de guidage ; la cinquième main mécanique (35) est une main mécanique rotative, la cinquième main mécanique est installée sur le châssis (41) du mécanisme de transport intermédiaire (40) et la cinquième main mécanique (35) est agencée au-dessus du premier cadre de support (32), à proximité d'une extrémité de la paire de rails parallèles (42) ;

    - le mécanisme de sortie d'étrier (50) comprend un second panneau de fixation (51), un second cadre de support (52), un second dispositif de levage (53), un second dispositif de poussée horizontal (54) et une sixième main mécanique (55) ; le second panneau de fixation (51) est agencé horizontalement ; le second cadre de support (52) est maintenu fixement sur le second panneau de fixation (51), le second cadre de support (52) est pourvu de multiples ensembles de fourches en forme de Y (521) de même hauteur et le second cadre de support (52) est agencé entre la paire de secondes fentes coulissantes (510) ; le second dispositif de levage (53) comprend un second cylindre de levage (531) agencé en dessous du second panneau de fixation (51), deux ensembles de secondes tiges de support (532) agencées verticalement qui se déplacent de façon synchrone avec le second cylindre de levage (531) et une paire de seconds cadres de levage (533), les deux ensembles de secondes tiges de support (532) sont respectivement interposés dans la paire de secondes fentes coulissantes (510), les cadres composant la paire de seconds cadres de levage (533) sont respectivement maintenus fixement sur le plan supérieur des deux ensembles de secondes tiges de support (532), les cadres composant la paire de seconds cadres de levage (533) sont respectivement agencés au niveau des deux côtés du second cadre de support (52) et le second cadre de levage (533) est pourvu de multiples ensembles de secondes pièces en forme de Y (534) ; le second dispositif de poussée horizontal (54) comprend un second cylindre de poussée (541) agencé horizontalement et un second panneau mobile (542) relié fixement à une tige de piston du second cylindre de poussée (541), le second cylindre de poussée (541) est maintenu fixement sur le second panneau de fixation (51) et le second panneau mobile (542) est pourvu d'un trou de guidage, la seconde tige de support (532) est interposée dans le trou de guidage ; la cinquième main mécanique (55) est une main mécanique rotative, la sixième main mécanique est installée sur le second panneau de fixation (51) et la sixième main mécanique (55) est agencée au niveau du second cadre de support (52), à proximité d'une extrémité de la paire de rails parallèles (42) ; et

    - le mécanisme de saisie d'étrier (30) et le mécanisme de sortie d'étrier (50) sont respectivement agencés au niveau de chaque extrémité des rails parallèles (42), la presse à découper de premier type (10), la première presse à découper de second type (21) et la seconde presse à découper de second type (22) sont agencées de façon successive et dans le plan transversal entre le mécanisme de saisie d'étrier (30) et le mécanisme de sortie d'étrier (50) et à proximité de la paire de rails parallèles (42) ; la distance entre le mécanisme de saisie d'étrier (30) et la presse à découper de premier type (10) est égale à la distance entre la presse à découper de premier type (10) et la première presse à découper de second type (21) ; la distance entre la presse à découper de premier type (10) et la première presse à découper de second type (21) est égale à la distance entre la première presse à découper de second type (21) et la seconde presse à découper de second type (22) ; la distance entre la première main mécanique (45) et la seconde main mécanique (46) est égale à la distance entre la seconde main mécanique (46) et la troisième main mécanique (47) ; et la distance entre le mécanisme de saisie d'étrier (30) et la presse à découper de premier type (10) est égale à la distance entre la première main mécanique (45) et la seconde main mécanique (46).


     
    2. Équipement selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la sixième main mécanique (55) comprend un sixième cylindre linéaire (551), un sixième cylindre rotatif (552), un sixième cylindre d'extension (553) et une paire de sixièmes griffes (554) ; le sixième cylindre d'extension (553) est un cylindre à double piston, la paire de sixièmes griffes (554) est respectivement maintenue fixement sur les doubles pistons du sixième cylindre d'extension (553) et les griffes de la paire de sixièmes griffes (554) sont agencées à l'opposé les unes des autres ; le sixième cylindre d'extension (553) est maintenu fixement sur une partie rotative du sixième cylindre rotatif (552), le sixième cylindre rotatif (552) est maintenu fixement sur une tige de piston du sixième cylindre linéaire (551), le sixième cylindre linéaire (551) entraîne la levée du sixième cylindre rotatif (552), le sixième cylindre linéaire (551) est maintenu fixement sur le second panneau de fixation (51) et à une extrémité du second cadre de support (52), et le sixième cylindre rotatif (552) est agencé au-dessus du second cadre de support (52).
     
    3. Équipement selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la cinquième main mécanique (35) comprend un cinquième cylindre linéaire, un cinquième cylindre rotatif, un cinquième cylindre d'extension et une paire de cinquièmes griffes ; le cinquième cylindre d'extension est un cylindre à double piston, les griffes de la paire de cinquièmes griffes sont respectivement maintenues fixement sur les doubles pistons du cinquième cylindre d'extension et les griffes de la paire de cinquièmes griffes sont agencées à l'opposé les unes des autres ; le cinquième cylindre d'extension est maintenu fixement sur une partie rotative du cinquième cylindre rotatif, le cinquième cylindre rotatif est maintenu fixement sur une tige de piston du cinquième cylindre linéaire, le cinquième cylindre linéaire entraîne la levée du cinquième cylindre rotatif et le cinquième cylindre linéaire est maintenu fixement sur le châssis (41) du mécanisme de transport intermédiaire.
     
    4. Équipement selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la première main mécanique (45), la seconde main mécanique (46), la troisième main mécanique (47) comprennent toutes un premier cylindre de levage (451), un premier cylindre d'extension (452), un premier cylindre de serrage (453) et une paire de premières griffes (454) ; le premier cylindre de levage est maintenu fixement sur la première pièce coulissante (431), le premier cylindre d'extension (452) est maintenu fixement sur un piston du premier cylindre de levage (451), le premier cylindre de serrage (453) est maintenu fixement sur une tige de piston du premier cylindre d'extension (452), le premier cylindre d'extension (452) entraîne le premier cylindre de serrage (453) dans un déplacement horizontal, le premier cylindre de serrage (453) se déplace horizontalement dans une direction perpendiculaire à la paire de rails parallèles (42), le premier cylindre de serrage (453) est un cylindre à double piston et les griffes de la paire de premières griffes (454) sont maintenues fixement sur les doubles pistons du premier cylindre de serrage (453) ; le premier cylindre de serrage (453) traversant une pièce coulissante (455) est maintenu fixement sur une tige de piston du premier cylindre d'extension (452), la pièce coulissante (455) est reliée fixement à la tige de piston du premier cylindre d'extension (452) et un corps de cylindre du premier cylindre d'extension (452) est pourvu d'une fente coulissante couplée à la pièce coulissante (455).
     
    5. Équipement selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la quatrième main mécanique (48) comprend un quatrième cylindre de levage, un quatrième cylindre d'extension, un quatrième cylindre de serrage et une paire de quatrièmes griffes ; le quatrième cylindre de levage est maintenu fixement sur la seconde pièce coulissante, le quatrième cylindre d'extension est maintenu fixement sur un piston du quatrième cylindre de levage, le quatrième cylindre de serrage est maintenu fixement sur une tige de piston du quatrième cylindre d'extension, le quatrième cylindre d'extension entraîne le quatrième cylindre de serrage (453) dans un déplacement horizontal, le quatrième cylindre de serrage se déplace horizontalement dans une direction perpendiculaire à la paire de rails parallèles, le quatrième cylindre de serrage est un cylindre à double piston et les griffes de la paire de quatrièmes griffes sont maintenues fixement sur les doubles pistons du quatrième cylindre de serrage ; le quatrième cylindre de serrage traversant une pièce coulissante est maintenu fixement sur une tige de piston du quatrième cylindre d'extension, la pièce coulissante est reliée fixement à la tige de piston du quatrième cylindre d'extension et un corps de cylindre du quatrième cylindre d'extension est pourvu d'une fente coulissante couplée à la pièce coulissante.
     
    6. Équipement selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la presse à découper de premier type (10) comprend un mécanisme de presse à découper (11) et un mécanisme de serrage ; le mécanisme de presse à découper comprend une tête de poinçonnage pour couper les arêtes de l'étrier, un dispositif d'activation de presse à découper pour entraîner la tête de poinçonnage dans un déplacement horizontal et un dispositif de guidage de presse à découper pour guider le mouvement de la tête de poinçonnage ; le mécanisme de serrage comprend une pièce réceptrice (12), un ensemble récepteur et une tête de presse orientée vers le bas (13), le centre de la pièce réceptrice (12) est pourvu d'un trou de réception d'étrier ouvert verticalement, la paroi latérale de la pièce réceptrice est pourvue d'un passage qui permet le passage au travers de la tête de poinçonnage, la tête de presse orientée vers le bas est agencée directement au-dessus du trou de réception d'étrier, la tête de presse orientée vers le bas est entraînée par un cylindre de presse orienté vers le bas et le cylindre de presse orienté vers le bas est fixé sur un châssis (42).
     
    7. Équipement selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la première et la seconde presse à découper de second type comprenant toutes les deux un mécanisme de presse à découper (201) et un mécanisme de serrage ; le mécanisme de presse à découper (201) comprend une tête de poinçonnage pour couper les arêtes de l'étrier, un dispositif d'activation de presse à découper pour entraîner la tête de poinçonnage dans un déplacement horizontal et un dispositif de guidage de presse à découper pour guider le mouvement de la tête de poinçonnage ; le mécanisme de serrage comprend une pièce réceptrice (202), un ensemble récepteur et une tête de presse orientée vers le bas (203), le centre de la pièce réceptrice (202) est pourvu d'un trou de réception d'étrier ouvert verticalement, la paroi latérale de la pièce réceptrice est pourvue d'un passage qui permet le passage au travers de la tête de poinçonnage, la tête de presse orientée vers le bas est agencée directement au-dessus du trou de réception d'étrier, la tête de presse orientée vers le bas est entraînée par un cylindre de presse orienté vers le bas et le cylindre de presse orienté vers le bas est fixé sur un châssis (42).
     




    Drawing