(19)
(11)EP 3 299 926 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/45

(21)Application number: 17163001.5

(22)Date of filing:  27.03.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G06F 1/16  (2006.01)

(54)

A METHOD OF DETECTING THE IN-LIQUID STATE OF A MOBILE DEVICE, RELATED IN-LIQUID DETECTION SYSTEM, MOBILE DEVICE AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

VERFAHREN ZUR DETEKTION DES ZUSTANDS EINER MOBILEN VORRICHTUNG IN FLÜSSIGKEIT, ZUGEHÖRIGES IN-FLÜSSIGKEIT-DETEKTIONSSYSTEM, MOBILE VORRICHTUNG UND COMPUTERPROGRAMMPRODUKT

PROCÉDÉ DE DÉTECTION DE L'ÉTAT DANS UN LIQUIDE D'UN DISPOSITIF MOBILE, SYSTÈME DE DÉTECTION DANS LE LIQUIDE ASSOCIÉ, DISPOSITIF MOBILE ET PRODUIT-PROGRAMME D'ORDINATEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 27.09.2016 IT 201600096685

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.03.2018 Bulletin 2018/13

(73)Proprietor: STMicroelectronics S.r.l.
20864 Agrate Brianza (MB) (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • ALESSI, Mr. Enrico Rosario
    I-95127 Catania (IT)
  • SPINELLA, Mr. Giuseppe
    I-95033 Biancavilla (Catania) (IT)

(74)Representative: Meindl, Tassilo et al
Buzzi, Notaro & Antonielli d'Oulx Corso Vittorio Emanuele ll, 6
10123 Torino
10123 Torino (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2015/113170
US-A1- 2009 201 390
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] Embodiments of the present disclosure relate to techniques for determining whether a mobile device, such as a mobile phones or a wearable device, is immersed in a liquid, so called in-liquid detection.

    Background



    [0002] Nowadays mobile devices, such as mobile phones or tablets, do not comprise merely communication modules, such as 2G/3G or 4G mobile transceivers and/or Wi-Fi transceivers, but comprise also a set of sensors such as:
    • position sensors, including e.g. a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver, such as a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver;
    • one or more accelerometers, such as tri-axial accelerometers and/or gyroscopes;
    • other environmental sensors, such as temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure and/or magnetic sensors.


    [0003] These sensing and communication modules have usually low-power, low latency and high accuracy and permit the development and use of location and context-aware services. For example, currently more than 1 million of applications, so called Apps, are available through the main application stores for mobile devices and the applications having location and context enabled features are growing in number.

    [0004] Generally, the ability to discriminate the user's activity and/or user's location depends on the type of primitive information/sensor data provided by the various sensors of the mobile device. For example, the application installed on the mobile device may be configured to process the sensor data in order to determine the activities the user of the mobile device is performing, e.g. in order to determine whether the user is stationary, walking, fast walking, running, using a bicycle or vehicle, shopping, watching TV, sleeping, waking-up, etc. Generally, the application may monitor, elaborate and/or store the sensor data and/or propose some tasks.

    [0005] This has even lead to the development of wearable mobile devices, such as smart-watches or fitness bracelets, which represent a subgroup of mobile device possibly not even including a mobile communication module, and which often include sensors adapted to monitor physical parameters of the user, such as the heartbeat, blood pressure, etc.

    [0006] Currently, most mobile devices do not include in-liquid sensors, i.e. sensors for determining whether the mobile device is immersed in a liquid, such as water.

    [0007] Generally, a lot of mobile devices comprise a so called Liquid Contact Indicators (LCI). These LCIs are primarily one-time chemical indicators, e.g. based on sticker papers that changes color when in contact with a liquid, such as water. Typically, these indicators are built with a manufacturer signature for avoiding reproduction and are often arranged in the headphone connector, the dock connector, near the SIM-card slot or underneath the battery cover, e.g. near the battery contacts. These LCIs are commonly found in most types of mobile devices, such as mobile phones, portable music players, laptop computers, and other types of electronics and are basically used to indicate that the mobile device has been immersed in water and the warranty should not be valid anymore.

    [0008] However, such chemical indicators may not be used as in-liquid sensors, because the indicators are unable to determine whether the mobile device has been removed from the liquid. For example, the indicators may not be used to provide additional environmental information and/or information concerning the user's activity, such as swimming. Possible other applications for in-liquid sensors may include the automatic adaption of the camera white-balance algorithm within the mobile device when diving.

    [0009] Moreover, chemical indicators are often controversial, because some consumers claim they are unreliable and used to deny warranty coverage for devices that have not suffered water damage but have merely been exposed for longer periods to a high humidity level.

    [0010] Accordingly, the present invention relates to a method of detecting the in-liquid state of a mobile device. In this context, documents US 2009/201390 A1 and WO 2015/113170 A1 may be of interest.

    Summary



    [0011] In view of the above, it is an objective of the various embodiments of the present disclosure to provide improved solutions for detecting the in liquid state of a mobile device. The present invention is defined by the independent claims. Further aspects of the invention are defined in the dependent claims. Embodiments which do not fall within the scope of the claims do not describe part of the present invention.

    [0012] According to one or more embodiments, one or more of the above objectives is achieved by means of a method of detecting the in-liquid state of a mobile device having the features specifically set forth in the claims that follow. Embodiments moreover concern a related in-liquid detection system, mobile device and computer program product.

    [0013] The claims are an integral part of the technical teaching of the disclosure provided herein.

    [0014] As mentioned in the foregoing, various embodiments of the present disclosure relate to a detection system configured to detect the in-liquid state of a mobile device.

    [0015] In various embodiments, the detection system comprises at least an optical sensor configured to generate a first signal comprising a plurality of color components being indicative of the intensity of the ambient light at different wavelengths, and a pressure sensor configured to generate a second signal being indicative of the ambient pressure.

    [0016] In various embodiments, the detection system comprises moreover a processing system configured to generate an in-liquid state signal as a function of the first and the second signal.

    [0017] For example, in various embodiments, the processing system receives the first signal and determines a first plausibility index indicating whether it is likely that the mobile device has performed an air/liquid transition as a function of the variations of at least two color components of the first sensor signal.

    [0018] In various embodiments, the processing system receives also the second signal and determines a second plausibility index indicating whether it is likely that the mobile device has performed an air/liquid transition as a function of the variations of the second signal.

    [0019] In various embodiments, the processing system may then determine the in-liquid state signal as a function of the first and the second plausibility indexes. For example, in case both the first and the second plausibility indexes indicate that it is likely that the mobile device has performed an air/liquid transition, the processing system may set the in-liquid state signal to a given value indicating that the mobile device has performed an air/liquid transition.

    [0020] For example, in various embodiments, the first and the second plausibility index indicate whether it is likely that the mobile device has been immersed in or removed from a liquid. Accordingly, in case both the first and the second plausibility indexes indicate that it is likely that the mobile device has been immersed in the liquid, the processing system may set the in-liquid state signal to a first value indicating that the mobile device has been immersed in the liquid. Conversely, in case both the first and the second plausibility indexes indicate that it is likely that the mobile device has been removed from the liquid, the processing system may set the in-liquid state signal to a second value indicating that the mobile device has been removed from the liquid.

    [0021] In various embodiments, the processing system may determine the first plausibility index by comparing the variations of at least two color components of the first sensor signal with respective predetermined threshold values.

    [0022] In addition or in alternative, the processing system may compare the variation of a lower frequency color component of the first sensor signal with the variation of a higher frequency color component of the first sensor signal. For example, in this case, the processing system may set the first plausibility index to a given value indicating that it is likely that the mobile device has performed an air/liquid transition when the lower frequency color component exhibits a stronger relative variation than the higher frequency color component. For example, in various embodiments, the processing system may evaluate these variations by calculating the ratio between the lower frequency color component and the higher frequency color component and comparing the variation of the ratio with a predetermined threshold value.

    [0023] Similarly, the processing system may set the second plausibility index to a given value indicating that it is likely that the mobile device has performed an air/liquid transition when the second signal has a variation exceeding a given threshold.

    [0024] Generally, the processing system may also receive one or more further signals from one or more further sensors and determine one or more further plausibility indexes indicating whether it is likely that the mobile device has performed an air/liquid transition. In this case, the in-liquid state signal may also be determined as a function of these one or more further plausibility indexes. For example, the further sensor(s) may be a position sensor, one or more accelerometers and/or a humidity sensor.

    [0025] In various embodiments, the in-liquid state signal may be used to determine a user's activity, such as swimming. The in-liquid state signal may also be used to activate one or more gas or volatile organic compounds sensors and/or for performing a white balancing of a camera of the mobile device.

    Brief description of the figures



    [0026] Embodiments of the present disclosure will now be described with reference to the annexed drawings, which are provided purely by way of non-limiting example and in which:
    • Figure 1 shows an embodiment of a mobile device;
    • Figure 2 shows a first embodiment of an in-liquid detection system using an optical sensor and a pressure sensor;
    • Figures 3 schematically shows the optical attenuation behavior of water;
    • Figure 4 shows an embodiment of a method of detecting the in-liquid state of a mobile device as a function of the data acquired from an optical sensor and a pressure sensor; and
    • Figures 5 and 6 show further embodiments of in-liquid detection systems.

    Detailed Description



    [0027] In the following description, numerous specific details are given to provide a thorough understanding of embodiments. The embodiments can be practiced without one or several specific details, or with other methods, components, materials, etc. In other instances, well-known structures, materials, or operations are not shown or described in detail to avoid obscuring aspects of the embodiments.

    [0028] Reference throughout this specification to "one embodiment" or "an embodiment" means that a particular feature, structure, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment is included in at least one embodiment. Thus, the appearances of the phrases "in one embodiment" or "in an embodiment" in various places throughout this specification are not necessarily all referring to the same embodiment. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, or characteristics may be combined in any suitable manner in one or more embodiments.

    [0029] The headings provided herein are for convenience only and do not interpret the scope or meaning of the embodiments.

    [0030] Figure 1 shows an embodiment of a mobile device 10. Generally, the mobile device 10 comprises one or more processors 102 connected to one or more memories 104. In various embodiments, the mobile device 10 comprises at least one of a communication interface 106 and/or a user interface 110, such as a display and keyboard, or a touchscreen.

    [0031] For example, the communication interface 106 may comprise at least one of:
    • a mobile communication module 106a, such as 2G, 3G and/or 4G mobile communication module, such as a GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications), GPRS (General Packet Radio Service), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), HSPA (High-Speed Packet Access), CDMA2000 and/or LTE (Long Term Evolution) transceiver;
    • a WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) transceiver 106b, such as a Wi-Fi transceiver in accordance with the IEEE 802.11 standard;
    • a wireless short range communication module 106c, such as a Bluetooth, Near Filed Communication (NFC) and/or Infrared transceiver; and/or
    • a communication module 106d for communication via a cable, such as a USB (Universal Serial Bus) transceiver or an Ethernet communication module.


    [0032] Those of skill in the art will appreciate that also other communication interfaces may be used, including those used for exchanging data with a memory card.

    [0033] In various embodiments, the mobile device 10 comprises at least one sensor 108. Specifically, in various embodiment, the mobile device comprises at least one in-liquid sensor 108a. Generally, the mobile device 10 may comprise also other sensors, such as:
    • a position sensor 108b, such as a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver, such as a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver;
    • one or more accelerometers 108c, such as tri-axial accelerometers and/or gyroscopes;
    • other environmental sensors 108d, such as luminosity, temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure and/or magnetic sensors.
    • sensors 108e adapted to monitor physical parameters of the user, such as the heartbeat, blood pressure, etc.


    [0034] For example, typical mobile devices 10 are:
    • a mobile phone comprising at least a mobile communication module 106a and a user interface 110,
    • a smart watch comprising a communication interface 106, such as wireless short range communication module 106c, and a small touch screen 110, and
    • a fitness bracelet possibly comprising one or more sensors 108e and either a communication interface 106, such as wireless short range communication module 106c, or a user interface.


    [0035] Those of skill in the art will appreciate that the distinction between these categories of mobile devices 10 is nowadays becoming weak, because e.g. also smart-watches may comprise sensors 108e, thereby behaving as fitness bracelets.

    [0036] In various embodiments, the memory 104 may contain an operating system OS, such as iOS®, Android® or Windows Mobile®, being executed by the processor 102 and which manages the general functions of the mobile device 10, such as the management of the user interface 110 and/or the communication via the interface(s) 106.

    [0037] In various embodiments, the memory 104 may also contain one or more applications APP being executed by the operating system OS. For example, in various embodiment, the mobile device 10 comprises at least one application APP which, when executed by the processor 102, elaborates the sensor data provided by the sensor(s) 108. For example, a fitness application may acquire the sensor data from a position sensor 108b, an accelerometers 108c and the sensor(s) 108e in order to monitor the physical activity of the user. Conversely, a navigation application may acquire the sensor data from a position sensor 108b and possibly the accelerometers 108c in order to monitor the position and movement of the user.

    [0038] Generally, also the operating system OS may acquire the sensor data from the sensor(s) 108, e.g. in order to pre-elaborate the sensor data, e.g. in order to compute an absolute position information from the data provided by the position sensor 108b or for determining inclination information of the mobile device 10 based on the data provided by the accelerometers 108c. Moreover, in various embodiments, the operating system OS may directly use the sensor data, e.g. in order to adapt the luminosity of the display 110 based on the data provided by a luminosity sensor 108d.

    [0039] As mentioned in the foregoing, in various embodiments the mobile device 10 comprises an in-liquid sensor 108a.

    [0040] Accordingly, in various embodiments, a waterproof mobile device 10, such as a wearable device, may comprise an application configured to monitor the user's activity, such as swimming, as a function of the in-liquid information provided by the sensor 108a. Conversely, the operating system OS of a mobile phone may be configured to use the in-liquid information, similar to a LCI, in order to set a flag that the mobile device 10 has been immersed in a liquid. Those of skill in the art will appreciate that the in-liquid information may also be used for other purposes, such as for human safety or indoor navigation applications.

    [0041] Figure 2 shows a first embodiment of an in-liquid sensor 108a and respective detection system.

    [0042] In the embodiment considered, the sensor 108a comprises two physical sensors 1080 and 1082.

    [0043] In the embodiment considered, the first sensor is an optical light sensor 1080 configured to detect the intensity of the ambient light at two or more different wavelengths, i.e. for two different colors. For example, in various embodiments, the optical light sensor 1080 is a light sensor configured to detect the luminosity at least at three different wavelengths, such as a RGB (red-green-blue) color sensor. Accordingly, the sensor 1080 may be a modern ambient light sensor (ALS) providing RGB information. In various embodiments, the light sensor 1080 may also monitor the ultra-violet (UV) spectrum.

    [0044] In various embodiments, the second sensor 1082 is a water resistant pressure sensor. Generally, the atmospheric pressure 108d of the mobile device may be used for this purpose.

    [0045] In the embodiment considered, the signals generated by the sensors 1080 and 1082 are fed to an analog front-end 1084. For example, the analog front-end 1084 may amplify and/or filter the signals generated by the sensors 1080 and 1082, and/or perform an analog-to-digital conversion. Thus, generally, the analog front-end 1084 provides a first (analog or digital) sensor signal RGB being indicative for the intensity and color of the ambient light and a second (analog or digital) sensor signal P being indicative for the ambient pressure.

    [0046] In the embodiment considered, the signals RGB and P are provided to the in-liquid detection module 200 configured to determine a signal IL_S being indicative of the in-liquid state of the mobile device 10 as a function of the signals RGB and P.

    [0047] Generally, the module 200 may be any analog and/or digital hardware and/or software processing module. For example, in various embodiments, the module 200 may be a software module executed within the operating system OS or an application APP. Instead, for continuous in-liquid detection applications, an analog and/or digital low power hardware module is preferable.

    [0048] Generally, the inventors have observed that an attenuation of the received light will occur when the mobile device 10 is immersed in water, i.e. when a transition occurs from air to water.

    [0049] For this reason, in various embodiment, the module 200 determines the signal IL_S as a function of the variation of two or more of the spectral components detected by the optical sensor 1080, e.g.:
    • in case a negative gradient occurs in all spectral components, it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been immersed in a liquid, and
    • in case a positive gradient occurs in all spectral components, it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been removed from the liquid, i.e. a transition from water to air occurs.


    [0050] In various embodiment, the in-liquid detection module 200 may also generate an in-liquid trigger signal IL_T indicating that a state change of the signal IL_S occurred. For example, this trigger signal IL_S may be used by the operating system OS or an application APP in order to start some task.

    [0051] Evidently, a similar attenuation of the signal RGB occurs when the ambient light conditions change rapidly. However, the inventors have observed that water behaves as a selective filter for light radiation, such as sunlight.

    [0052] Figure 3 shows in this regard schematically the absorption behavior of water for red R (650-780 nm), orange O (585-650 nm), yellow Y (575-585 nm), green G (490-575 nm) and blue B (380-490 nm) light. Specifically, the first wavelengths absorbed are the longer, less energetic wavelengths in the red region of the spectrum, while the blue and UV wavelengths penetrate the farthest into the water. For this reason, different colors are visible at various water depths and the deep water appears of a blue color. Evidently, many factors influence how light penetrates water, such as the amount of light available and light angle, the turbidity of the water, etc. However, still the various spectral components have different absorption characteristics.

    [0053] Accordingly, in order to improve the reliability of the in-liquid detection, the module 200 may compare the variations of the various spectral components. For example, in various embodiment, the module 200 is configured for calculating one or more ratios between the various spectral components of the signal RGB and determined the signal IL_S as a function of the variations of these one or more ratios.

    [0054] For example, in various embodiments, the in-liquid detection module 200 uses the ratio RBR between the blue B and the red R components, and:
    • in case a strong positive gradient occurs in the ratio RBR (i.e. the red component R has a sudden and stronger attenuation than the blue component B), it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been immersed in a liquid, and
    • in case a strong negative gradient occurs in the ratio RBR (i.e. the stronger attenuation of the red component R is removed), it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been removed from the liquid.


    [0055] For example, in pure water, the red/blue ratio may exhibit a change of about 20% in a water depth of 5-7cm.

    [0056] The inventors have observed that a similar change of the spectral components may also occur when the user enters a room with a particular illumination profile.

    [0057] Accordingly, in various embodiments, the sensor data of the second sensor 1082 are used in order to reduce the risk of false detections.

    [0058] Specifically, in various embodiments, the second sensor 1082 is a waterproof pressure sensor. Generally, an atmospheric pressure sensor is usually calibrated in order to sense the barometric pressure in the air. However, a fast change in the medium density (much higher in water than in air; e.g. at sea level the density of water is about 816 times greater than the density of air) will occur when an in-liquid transition occurs. An in-liquid transition will thus lead to a rapid variation in the sensed pressure signal P.

    [0059] In various embodiments, the module 200 is thus configured to determine the in-liquid state signal IL_S also as a function of the variation of the pressure signal P.

    [0060] Generally, also the variation of the pressure signal P is again only indicative for the in-liquid transition, because also other events may result in a sudden pressure change, such as entering a tunnel, etc. However, the inventors have observed that the combined use of an optical sensor 1080 and a pressure sensor 1082 significantly reduces the risk of false in-liquid detections. Moreover, such optical sensors 1080 and pressure sensor 1082 have a fast response compared to other types of sensors providing data being correlated with the in-liquid state of the mobile device 10, such as:
    • a humidity sensor, which has a rather slow response time;
    • two electrodes, which may detect the immersion immediately, but which are often unable to detect the exact moment when the mobile device 10 is removed from the liquid.


    [0061] Moreover, the optical sensor 1080 and the pressure sensor 1082 have the advantage that such sensors are commonly used in mobile devices and thus no additional hardware components may be required and the complete processing could be implemented with software.

    [0062] Figure 4 shows in this respect a possible method for detecting the in-liquid state IL_S of the mobile device 10 as a function of the signals RGB and P.

    [0063] After a start step 2000, the module 200 determines at a step 2002 the variations of at least two color components of the sensor signal RGB, i.e. the variation of the light received by the sensor 1080 at least for two wavelengths, and calculates a first plausibility index indicating that it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been immersed in and/or removed from a liquid as a function of the variations of at least two color components of sensor signal RGB.

    [0064] As mentioned in the foregoing, in various embodiments, the module may simply compare the variation of each of the at least two color components of sensor signal RGB with respective threshold values. In this case, the first plausibility index indicates that:
    1. a) it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been immersed in a liquid when each of the at least two color components of the sensor signal RGB has a negative absolute or relative variation exceeding a respective given negative threshold; and
    2. b) it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been removed from the liquid when each of the at least two color components of the sensor signal RGB has a positive absolute or relative variation exceeding a respective given positive threshold.


    [0065] In various embodiments, the thresholds are not fixed but the variations of at least two color components of sensor signal RGB are compared with each other.

    [0066] For example, in alternative or in addition, the module 200 may determine at the step 2002 the absolute or relative variation of a higher frequency color component, e.g. the highest frequency color component (e.g. the blue component B), with respect to the absolute or relative variation of a lower frequency color component, e.g. the lowest frequency color component (e.g. the red component R), such as the ratio RBR between the blue B and the red R components. In this case, the first plausibility index may indicate that:
    1. a) it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been immersed in a liquid when a positive variation of the ratio RBR exceeds a given positive threshold, i.e. the lower frequency color component exhibits a stronger relative decrease than the higher frequency color component; and
    2. b) it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been removed from the liquid when a negative variation of the ratio RBR exceeds a given negative threshold, i.e. the lower frequency color component exhibits a stronger relative increase than the higher frequency color component.


    [0067] Evidently, the behavior has to be inverted when the ratio is inverted, e.g. when the ratio RRB between the red R and the blue B component is used.

    [0068] Thus generally, the first plausibility index is determined by comparing the absolute and/or relative variations of at least two color components of sensor signal RGB with one or more fixed or dynamic threshold values, wherein the dynamic threshold of a given color component may be determined as a function of the value of another color component.

    [0069] At a step 2004, the in-liquid detection module 200 determines a second plausibility index indicating that it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been immersed in and/or removed from a liquid as a function of the variations of the pressure signal P.

    [0070] For example, as mentioned in the foregoing, the module 200 may simply compare the absolute or relative variation of the signal P with given threshold values. In this case, the second plausibility index may indicate that:
    1. a) it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been immersed in a liquid when the pressure signal P has a positive absolute or relative variation exceeding a respective given positive threshold; and
    2. b) it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been removed from the liquid when the pressure signal P has a negative absolute or relative variation exceeding a respective given negative threshold.


    [0071] Generally, also more complex calculations may be performed in the steps 2002 and 2004 for determining the first and second plausibility indexes as a function of the signals RGB and P. For example, reference can be made to document WO 2015/113170 A1, which discloses a solution for determining the immersion of a mobile device in a liquid as a function of a pressure signal and which is incorporated herein by reference for this purpose.

    [0072] Generally, the steps 2002 and 2004 may also be exchanged, i.e. the module 200 may first determine the variation of the pressure signal P and then the variation of the signal RGB. Moreover, also further verification steps may be introduced, e.g. in order to determine always the variation of a first signal (e.g. the pressure signal P) and the variation of a second signal (e.g. the signal RGB) only when a variation of the first signal has been determined.

    [0073] In a step 2006, the module 200 verifies the first and second plausibility indexes. Specifically, in various embodiment, the module 200 is configured for:
    • in case both the first and the second plausibility indexes indicate that it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been immersed in a liquid (output "IMM" of the verification step 2006), the module 200 proceeds to a step 2008, in which the in-liquid state signal IL_S is set to a given logic level indicating that the mobile device 10 has entered a liquid;
    • in case both the first and the second plausibility indexes indicate that it is likely that the mobile device 10 has been removed from the liquid (output "REM" of the verification step 2006), the module 200 proceeds to a step 2010, in which the in-liquid state signal IL_S is set to a given logic level indicating that the mobile device 10 has been removed from the liquid; and
    • in all other case (output "NO" of the verification step 2006), the module 200 does not change the in-liquid state signal IL_S.


    [0074] In all cases ("NO", "IMM", "REM") the module 200 proceeds to the step 2002 for performing a new detection cycle. Generally, a wait step may be introduced for monitoring the in-liquid state periodically, e.g. once every 20-500ms, e.g. once every 200ms.

    [0075] In the previous embodiments, the module 200 is configured to determine both, the immersion in and the removal from the liquid. However, generally, the in-liquid detection module 200 may also only detect the immersion e.g. in order to implement a liquid contact sensor. In this case, the in-liquid state signal IL_S, once having been asserted, may be stored in a nonvolatile memory.

    [0076] As mentioned before, in various embodiment, the in-liquid detection module 200 may generate a trigger signal IL_T indicating that a state change of the signal IL_S occurred. For example, in various embodiments, this trigger signal IL_T is asserted in the steps 2008 and 2010, i.e. when the in liquid state signal IL_S changes.

    [0077] In various embodiments, the module 200 may also only detect air/liquid transitions (i.e. transitions from air to liquid or from liquid to air), i.e. the steps 2008 and 2010 may be combined.

    [0078] For example, in various embodiments, the module 200 may determine at the step 2002 a first plausibility index indicating that it is likely that the mobile device 10 has performed an air/liquid transition as a function of the variations of at least two color components of said first sensor signal (RGB). For example, the first plausibility index may indicate:
    1. a) it is likely that the mobile device 10 has performed an air/liquid transition when the variation of the ratio RBR is greater than a given threshold; and
    2. b) it is likely that the mobile device 10 has not performed an air/liquid transition when the variation of the ratio RBR is smaller than the given threshold.


    [0079] Similarly, the module 200 may determine at the step 2004 a second plausibility index indicating that it is likely that the mobile device 10 has performed an air/liquid transition as a function of the variations of the pressure signal P. For example, the second plausibility index may indicate that:
    1. a) it is likely that the mobile device 10 has performed an air/liquid transition when the variation of the pressure signal P is greater than a given threshold; and
    2. b) it is likely that the mobile device 10 has not performed an air/liquid transition when the variation of the pressure signal P is smaller than a given threshold.


    [0080] Accordingly, also in this case, the module 200 may verify the first and second plausibility indexes at the step 2006. Specifically, in various embodiment, the module 200 is configured for:
    • in case both the first and the second plausibility indexes indicate that it is likely that the mobile device 10 has performed an air/liquid transition, the module 200 may proceed to the step 2008, in which the in-liquid state signal IL_S is set to a given logic level indicating that the mobile device 10 has performed an air/liquid transition; and
    • in all other case (output "NO" of the verification step 2006), the module 200 does not change the in-liquid state signal IL_S or sets the in-liquid state signal IL_S to a given logic level indicating that the mobile device 10 has not performed an air/liquid transition.


    [0081] Accordingly, in various embodiments, the in-liquid state signal IL_S may be set when a transition occurs. In this case, the in-liquid state signal IL_S may be reset once the signal IL_S has been read.

    [0082] For example, the detection of the transitions may be sufficient for monitoring the user's swimming activity.

    [0083] In various embodiments (see e.g. Figure 2), the in-liquid state signal IL_S and possibly the in-liquid trigger signal IL_S are fed to a processing module 202 configured, e.g., to monitor, verify and/or elaborate the in-liquid state signal IL_S. Generally, the module 202 may be any analog and/or digital hardware and/or software processing module. For example, in various embodiments, the module 200 is a digital software module implemented within the operating system OS and/or an application APP.

    [0084] For example, in various embodiments, the module 202 may be an application APP installed on the mobile device configured for determining the user's activity as a function of given pattern of the in-liquid state signal IL_S. In various embodiments, the module 202 may be a camera application configured to regulate the white balancing of the camera of the mobile device 10 as a function of in-liquid state signal IL_S.

    [0085] Generally, the module 202 may also take into account the signal RGB, e.g. in order to estimate the attenuation of the various spectral components (e.g. for performing the automatic white balancing function of the camera), and/or the signal P, e.g. in order to estimate the water depth.

    [0086] For example, in case the module 200 detects only the air/liquid transitions, the module 202 may take into account the signals RGB and/or P in order to evaluate in line with the previous description whether an air-to-liquid or liquid-to-air transition occurred. Generally, the module 202 may also determine an initial state. For example, the user can decide the initial state based on the application setting or the module 202 may determine the initial state automatically, e.g. as a function of the pressure signal P, because few centimeters of water cause a change in the measured pressure usually being out the possible pressure values on the earth surface.

    [0087] Based on the initial state and the detected transitions, the module 202 may then decide if the next transition is towards air or liquid, and so on for the next transitions.

    [0088] As shown in Figure 5, the processing module 202 may also take into account sensor data provided by other sensors 108, for example in order to monitor the user's activity. Moreover, the module 202 may also acquire data from a real-time clock (RTC), e.g. in order to log the user's activity.

    [0089] Other possible applications may include an automatic activation of other sensors depending on the user context. For example, in various embodiments, the mobile device 10 may be configured to activate a gas and/or Volatile organic compounds (VOC) sensor(s) based on the in-liquid state signal IL_S, e.g. when the signal IL_S indicates a transition from water to air.

    [0090] The embodiments described in the foregoing are thus based on the analysis of the attenuation of the chromatic components of the ambient light that depends of the wavelength/color of the light, because low frequency components have a stronger attenuation in water.

    [0091] Evidently, the optical sensor 1080 will not provide meaningful data when there is no ambient light. Usually this is not a problem when monitoring the user's activity, because it is less likely that the user will, e.g., perform swimming activity in this case.

    [0092] Thus generally, as shown in Figure 5, the in-liquid detection within the in-liquid detection module 200 may be improved by taking into account also sensor data provided by other sensors 108, such as a humidity sensor and/or an accelerometer. For example, reference can be made again to document WO 2015/113170 A1 which discloses various embodiments for determining the in-liquid state without an optical sensor, and which is incorporated herein by reference for this purpose.

    [0093] Similarly, as shown in Figure 6, the in-liquid detection module 200 may also use the data from the real-time clock 112. For example, once having determined that the user is outdoor (e.g. based on the user's position as indicated by the sensor 100b), the module 200 may compensate the signal RGB in order to take into account the variation of the sunlight during a day.

    [0094] Of course, without prejudice to the principle of the invention, the details of construction and the embodiments may vary widely with respect to what has been described and illustrated herein purely by way of example, without thereby departing from the scope of the present invention, as defined by the ensuing claims.


    Claims

    1. A method of detecting the in-liquid state of a mobile device (10), comprising the steps of:

    - receiving a first signal (RGB) comprising a plurality of color components being indicative of the intensity of the ambient light at different wavelengths and a second signal (P) being indicative of the ambient pressure;

    - determining (2002) a first plausibility index indicating whether it is likely that the mobile device (10) has performed an air/liquid transition as a function of the variations of at least two color components of said first sensor signal (RGB), wherein

    said determining (2002) a first plausibility index as a function of the variations of at least two color components of said first sensor signal (RGB) comprises:

    - comparing the variation of a lower frequency color component (R) of said first sensor signal (RGB) with the variation of a higher frequency color component (B) of said first sensor signal (RGB);

    - determining (2004) a second plausibility index indicating whether it is likely that the mobile device (10) has performed an air/liquid transition as a function of the variations of said second signal (P);

    - determining an in-liquid state signal (IL_S) as a function of said first and said second plausibility indexes, wherein in case both said first and said second plausibility indexes indicate that it is likely that the mobile device (10) has performed an air/liquid transition, said in-liquid state signal (IL_S) is set to a given value indicating that the mobile device (10) has performed an air/liquid transition.


     
    2. The method according to Claim 1, wherein said first plausibility index indicates that it is likely whether the mobile device (10) has been immersed in or removed from the liquid and said second plausibility index indicates whether it is likely that the mobile device (10) has been immersed in or removed from the liquid, the method comprising:

    - in case both said first and said second plausibility indexes indicate that it is likely that the mobile device (10) has been immersed in the liquid, setting said in-liquid state signal (IL_S) to a first value indicating that the mobile device (10) has been immersed in the liquid, and/or

    - in case both said first and said second plausibility indexes indicate that it is likely that the mobile device (10) has been removed from the liquid, setting said in-liquid state signal (IL_S) to a second value indicating that the mobile device (10) has been removed from the liquid.


     
    3. The method according to Claim 1 or Claim 2, wherein said comparing the variation of said lower frequency color component (R) of said first sensor signal (RGB) with the variation of said higher frequency color component (B) of said first sensor signal (RGB) comprises:

    - setting said first plausibility index to a given value indicating that it is likely that the mobile device (10) has performed an air/liquid transition when the lower frequency color component (R) exhibits a stronger relative variation than the higher frequency color component (B).


     
    4. The method according to any of the previous claims, wherein said comparing the variation of a lower frequency color component (R) of said first sensor signal (RGB) with the variation of a higher frequency color component (B) of said first sensor signal (RGB) comprises:

    - calculating the ratio between said lower frequency color component (R) and said higher frequency color component (B) of said first sensor signal (RGB); and

    - comparing the variation of said ratio with a predetermined threshold value.


     
    5. The method according to any of the previous claims, wherein said determining (2004) a second plausibility index indicating whether it is likely that the mobile device (10) has performed an air/liquid transition as a function of the variations of said second signal (P) comprises:

    a) setting said second plausibility index to a given value indicating that it is likely that the mobile device (10) has performed an air/liquid transition when said second signal (P) has a variation exceeding a given threshold.


     
    6. The method according to any of the previous claims, comprising:

    - receiving one or more third signals from one or more further sensors (108a-108e);

    - determining (2002) one or more third plausibility indexes indicating that it is likely that the mobile device (10) has performed an air/liquid transition as a function of the variations of said one or more third signals; and

    - determining said in-liquid state signal (IL_S) also as a function of said one or more third plausibility indexes.


     
    7. The method according to Claim 6, wherein said further sensor comprises at least one of:

    - a position sensor (108b);

    - one or more accelerometers (108c); and/or

    - a humidity sensor (108d).


     
    8. The method according to any of the previous claims, comprising at least one of:

    - determining a user's activity at least as a function of said in-liquid state signal (IL_S),

    - activating one or more gas or volatile organic compounds sensors as a function of said in-liquid state signal (IL_S), or

    - performing a white balancing of a camera of said mobile device (10) as a function of said in-liquid state signal (IL_S), and said first signal (RGB) and/or second signal (P).


     
    9. The method according to any of the previous claims, wherein said determining (2002) a first plausibility index as a function of the variations of at least two color components of said first sensor signal (RGB) comprises:

    - comparing the variations of at least two color components of said first sensor signal (RGB) with respective predetermined threshold values.


     
    10. A detection system for use in a mobile device comprising:

    - an optical sensor (1080; 1084) configured to generate said first signal (RGB) comprising a plurality of color components being indicative of the intensity of the ambient light at different wavelengths;

    - a pressure sensor (1082; 1084) configured to generate said second signal (P) being indicative of the ambient pressure; and

    - a processing system (200, 202) configured to implement the method according to any of the previous claims.


     
    11. A mobile device (10) comprising the detection system according to Claim 10.
     
    12. A computer-program product comprising instructions which, when the program is executed by the processing system of claim 10, cause the processing system to carry out the method according to any of Claims 1 to 9.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zur Detektion des Zustands einer mobilen Vorrichtung (10) in Flüssigkeit, umfassend die Schritte:

    - Empfangen eines ersten Signals (RGB), das eine Vielzahl von Farbkomponenten umfasst, die die Intensität des Umgebungslichts bei verschiedenen Wellenlängen anzeigen, und eines zweiten Signals (P), das den Umgebungsdruck anzeigt;

    - Bestimmen (2002) eines ersten Plausibilitätsindexes, der angibt, ob es wahrscheinlich ist, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) einen Luft-/Flüssigkeitsübergang in Abhängigkeit der Änderungen von mindestens zwei Farbkomponenten des ersten Sensorsignals (RGB) durchgeführt hat, wobei das Bestimmen (2002) eines ersten Plausibilitätsindex in Abhängigkeit der Änderungen von mindestens zwei Farbkomponenten des ersten Sensorsignals (RGB) umfasst:

    - Vergleichen der Änderung einer niedrigerfrequenten Farbkomponente (R) des ersten Sensorsignals (RGB) mit der Änderung einer höherfrequenten Farbkomponente (B) des ersten Sensorsignals (RGB);

    - Bestimmen (2004) eines zweiten Plausibilitätsindexes, der angibt, ob es wahrscheinlich ist, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) einen Luft-/Flüssigkeitsübergang in Abhängigkeit der Änderungen des zweiten Signals (P) durchgeführt hat;

    - Bestimmen eines In-Flüssigkeit-Zustandssignals (IL_S) in Abhängigkeit des ersten und des zweiten Plausibilitätsindexes, wobei, falls sowohl der erste als auch der zweite Plausibilitätsindex anzeigen, dass es wahrscheinlich ist, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) einen Luft-/Flüssigkeitsübergang durchgeführt hat, das In-Flüssigkeit-Zustandssignal (IL_S) auf einen gegebenen Wert eingestellt wird, der anzeigt, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) einen Luft-/Flüssigkeitsübergang durchgeführt hat.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der erste Plausibilitätsindex anzeigt, dass es wahrscheinlich ist, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) in die Flüssigkeit eingetaucht oder aus der Flüssigkeit herausgenommen ist, und der zweite Plausibilitätsindex anzeigt, ob es wahrscheinlich ist, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) in die Flüssigkeit eingetaucht oder aus der Flüssigkeit herausgenommen ist, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    - falls sowohl der erste als auch der zweite Plausibilitätsindex anzeigen, dass es wahrscheinlich ist, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) in die Flüssigkeit eingetaucht ist, Einstellen des In-Flüssigkeit-Zustandssignals (IL_S) auf einen ersten Wert, der anzeigt, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) in die Flüssigkeit eingetaucht ist, und/oder

    - falls sowohl der erste als auch der zweite Plausibilitätsindex anzeigen, dass es wahrscheinlich ist, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) aus der Flüssigkeit herausgenommen ist, Einstellen des In-Flüssigkeit-Zustandssignals (IL_S) auf einen zweiten Wert, der anzeigt, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) aus der Flüssigkeit herausgenommen ist.


     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, wobei das Vergleichen der Änderung einer niedrigerfrequenten Farbkomponente (R) des ersten Sensorsignals (RGB) mit der Änderung einer höherfrequenten Farbkomponente (B) des ersten Sensorsignals (RGB) umfasst:

    - Einstellen des ersten Plausibilitätsindex auf einen gegebenen Wert, der anzeigt, dass es wahrscheinlich ist, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) einen Luft-/Flüssigkeitsübergang durchgeführt hat, wenn die niedrigerfrequente Farbkomponente (R) eine stärkere relative Abweichung als die höherfrequente Farbkomponente (B) aufweist.


     
    4. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Vergleichen der Änderung einer niedrigerfrequenten Farbkomponente (R) des ersten Sensorsignals (RGB) mit der Änderung einer höherfrequenten Farbkomponente (B) des ersten Sensorsignals (RGB) umfasst:

    - Berechnen des Verhältnisses zwischen der niedrigerfrequenten Farbkomponente (R) und der höherfrequenten Farbkomponente (B) des ersten Sensorsignals (RGB); und

    - Vergleichen der Änderung des Verhältnisses mit einem vorbestimmten Schwellenwert.


     
    5. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Bestimmen (2004) eines zweiten Plausibilitätsindexes, der angibt, ob es wahrscheinlich ist, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) einen Luft-/Flüssigkeitsübergang in Abhängigkeit der Änderungen des zweiten Signals (P) durchgeführt hat, umfasst:

    a) Einstellen des zweiten Plausibilitätsindex auf einen gegebenen Wert, der anzeigt, dass es wahrscheinlich ist, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) einen Luft-/Flüssigkeitsübergang durchgeführt hat, wenn das zweite Signal (P) eine Änderung aufweist, die einen bestimmten Schwellenwert überschreitet.


     
    6. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, umfassend:

    - Empfangen eines oder mehrerer dritter Signale von einem oder mehreren weiteren Sensoren (108a-108e);

    - Bestimmen (2002) eines oder mehrerer dritter Plausibilitätsindizes, die anzeigen, dass es wahrscheinlich ist, dass die mobile Vorrichtung (10) einen Luft-/Flüssigkeitsübergang in Abhängigkeit der Änderungen des einen oder der mehreren dritten Signale durchgeführt hat; und

    - Bestimmen des Flüssigzustandssignals (IL_S) ebenfalls in Abhängigkeit des einen oder der mehreren dritten Plausibilitätsindizes.


     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei der weitere Sensor mindestens eines von folgendem umfasst:

    - einen Positionssensor (108b);

    - einen oder mehrere Beschleunigungsmesser (108c); und/oder

    - einen Feuchtigkeitssensor (108d).


     
    8. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, umfassend mindestens eines von:

    - Bestimmen der Aktivität eines Benutzers mindestens in Abhängigkeit des In-Flüssigkeit-Zustandssignals (IL_S),

    - Aktivieren eines oder mehrerer Sensoren für Gase oder flüchtige organische Verbindungen in Abhängigkeit des In-Flüssigkeit-Zustandssignals (IL_S), oder

    - Durchführen eines Weißabgleichs einer Kamera der mobilen Vorrichtung (10) in Abhängigkeit des In-Flüssigkeit-Zustandssignals (IL_S) und des ersten Signals (RGB) und/oder zweiten Signals (P).


     
    9. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Bestimmen (2002) eines ersten Plausibilitätsindex in Abhängigkeit der Änderungen von mindestens zwei Farbkomponenten des ersten Sensorsignals (RGB) umfasst:

    - Vergleichen der Änderungen von mindestens zwei Farbkomponenten des ersten Sensorsignals (RGB) mit jeweiligen vorbestimmten Schwellenwerten.


     
    10. Detektionssystem zur Verwendung in einer mobilen Vorrichtung, umfassend:

    - einen optischen Sensor (1080; 1084), der dazu eingerichtet ist, das erste Signal (RGB) zu erzeugen, das eine Vielzahl von Farbkomponenten umfasst, die die Intensität des Umgebungslichts mit verschiedenen Wellenlängen anzeigen;

    - einen Drucksensor (1082; 1084), der dazu eingerichtet ist, das zweite Signal (P) zu erzeugen, das den Umgebungsdruck anzeigt; und

    - ein Verarbeitungssystem (200, 202), das dazu eingerichtet ist, das Verfahren gemäß einem der vorherigen Ansprüche zu implementieren.


     
    11. Eine mobile Vorrichtung (10), die das Detektionssystem nach Anspruch 10 umfasst.
     
    12. Computerprogrammprodukt, umfassend Anweisungen, die, wenn das Programm durch das Verarbeitungssystem nach Anspruch 10 ausgeführt wird, das Verarbeitungssystem veranlassen, das Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9 auszuführen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de détection de l'état plongé dans un liquide d'un dispositif mobile (10), comprenant les étapes suivantes :

    - recevoir un premier signal (RGB) comprenant une pluralité de composantes de couleur représentatives de l'intensité de la lumière ambiante à différentes longueurs d'ondes et un deuxième signal (P) représentatif de la pression ambiante ;

    - déterminer (2002) un premier indice de plausibilité qui indique si le dispositif mobile (10) est susceptible d'avoir réalisé une transition air-liquide en fonction des variations d'au moins deux composantes de couleur dudit premier signal de capteur (RGB), dans lequel ladite détermination (2002) d'un premier indice de plausibilité en fonction des variations d'au moins deux composantes de couleur dudit premier signal de capteur (RGB) comprend l'opération suivante :

    - comparer la variation d'une composante de couleur de fréquence basse (R) dudit premier signal de capteur (RGB) avec la variation d'une composante de couleur de fréquence haute (B) dudit premier signal de capteur (RGB) ;

    - déterminer (2004) un deuxième indice de plausibilité qui indique si le dispositif mobile (10) est susceptible d'avoir réalisé une transition air-liquide en fonction des variations dudit deuxième signal (P) ;

    - déterminer un signal d'état plongé dans un liquide (IL_S) en fonction desdits premier et deuxième indices de plausibilité, dans lequel, dans le cas où lesdits premier et deuxième indices de plausibilité indiquent tous les deux que le dispositif mobile (10) est susceptible d'avoir réalisé une transition air-liquide, ledit signal d'état plongé dans un liquide (IL_S) est réglé sur une valeur donnée qui indique que le dispositif mobile (10) a réalisé une transition air-liquide.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit premier indice de plausibilité indique que le dispositif mobile (10) est susceptible d'avoir été immergé ou retiré du liquide et ledit deuxième indice de plausibilité indique si le dispositif mobile (10) est susceptible d'avoir été immergé ou retiré du liquide, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

    - dans le cas où lesdits premier et deuxième indices de plausibilité indiquent tous les deux que le dispositif mobile (10) est susceptible d'avoir été immergé dans le liquide, régler ledit signal d'état plongé dans un liquide (IL_S) sur une première valeur qui indique que le dispositif mobile (10) a été immergé dans le liquide, et/ou

    - dans le cas où lesdits premier et deuxième indices de plausibilité indiquent tous les deux que le dispositif mobile (10) est susceptible d'avoir été retiré du liquide, régler ledit signal d'état plongé dans un liquide (IL_S) sur une deuxième valeur qui indique que le dispositif mobile (10) a été retiré du liquide.


     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel ladite comparaison de la variation de ladite composante de couleur de fréquence basse (R) dudit premier signal de capteur (RGB) avec la variation de ladite composante de couleur de fréquence haute (B) dudit premier signal de capteur (RGB) comprend l'opération suivante :

    - régler ledit premier indice de plausibilité sur une valeur donnée qui indique que le dispositif mobile (10) est susceptible d'avoir réalisé une transition air-liquide quand la composante de couleur de fréquence basse (R) présente une plus grande variation relative que la composante de couleur de fréquence haute (B).


     
    4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ladite comparaison de la variation d'une composante de couleur de fréquence basse (R) dudit premier signal de capteur (RGB) avec la variation d'une composante de couleur de fréquence haute (B) dudit premier signal de capteur (RGB) comprend les opérations suivantes :

    - calculer le rapport entre ladite composante de couleur de fréquence basse (R) et ladite composante de couleur de fréquence haute (B) dudit premier signal de capteur (RGB) ; et

    - comparer la variation dudit rapport avec une valeur de seuil prédéterminée.


     
    5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ladite détermination (2004) d'un deuxième indice de plausibilité qui indique si le dispositif mobile (10) est susceptible d'avoir réalisé une transition air-liquide en fonction des variations dudit deuxième signal (P) comprend l'opération suivante :

    a) régler ledit deuxième indice de plausibilité sur une valeur donnée qui indique que le dispositif mobile (10) est susceptible d'avoir réalisé une transition air-liquide quand ledit deuxième signal (P) a une variation qui dépasse un seuil donné.


     
    6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant les étapes suivantes :

    - recevoir un ou plusieurs troisièmes signaux d'un ou de plusieurs autres capteurs (108a-108e) ;

    - déterminer (2002) un ou plusieurs troisièmes indices de plausibilité qui indiquent que le dispositif mobile (10) est susceptible d'avoir réalisé une transition air-liquide en fonction des variations desdits un ou plusieurs troisièmes signaux ; et

    - déterminer ledit signal d'état plongé dans un liquide (IL_S) en fonction aussi desdits un ou plusieurs troisièmes indices de plausibilité.


     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 6, dans lequel ledit autre capteur au moins un élément parmi :

    - un capteur de position (108b) ;

    - un ou plusieurs accéléromètres (108c) ; et/ou

    - un capteur d'humidité (108d).


     
    8. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant au moins une étape parmi les étapes suivantes :

    - déterminer l'activité d'un utilisateur au moins en fonction dudit signal d'état plongé dans un liquide (IL_S),

    - activer un ou plusieurs capteurs de gaz ou de composés organiques volatils en fonction dudit signal d'état plongé dans un liquide (IL_S), ou

    - réaliser un réglage du niveau de blanc d'une caméra dudit dispositif mobile (10) en fonction dudit signal d'état plongé dans un liquide (IL_S), et dudit premier signal (RGB) et/ou deuxième signal (P).


     
    9. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ladite détermination (2002) d'un premier indice de plausibilité en fonction des variations d'au moins deux composantes de couleur dudit premier signal de capteur (RGB) comprend l'étape suivante :

    - comparer les variations d'au moins deux composantes de couleur dudit premier signal de capteur (RGB) avec des valeurs de seuil prédéterminées respectives.


     
    10. Système de détection destiné à être utilisé dans un dispositif mobile comprenant :

    - un capteur optique (1080 ; 1084) configuré pour générer ledit premier signal (RGB) comprenant une pluralité de composantes de couleur représentatives de l'intensité de la lumière ambiante à différentes longueurs d'ondes ;

    - un capteur de pression (1082 ; 1084) configuré pour générer ledit deuxième signal (P) qui est représentatif de la pression ambiante ; et

    - un système de traitement (200, 202) configuré pour mettre en Ĺ“uvre le procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.


     
    11. Dispositif mobile (10) comprenant le système de détection selon la revendication 10.
     
    12. Produit de programme informatique comprenant des instructions qui, lorsque le programme est exécuté par le système de traitement de la revendication 10, font exécuter par le système de traitement le procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9.
     




    Drawing












    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description