(19)
(11)EP 3 300 307 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.08.2020 Bulletin 2020/35

(21)Application number: 16190319.0

(22)Date of filing:  23.09.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04L 12/28  (2006.01)
H04L 12/803  (2013.01)
H04L 12/54  (2013.01)

(54)

HYBRID NETWORK ACCESS FOR CLIENT DEVICES CONNECTED TO A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

HYBRIDNETZWERKZUGRIFF FÜR CLIENT-VORRICHTUNGEN, DIE AN EIN TELEKOMMUNIKATIONSNETZWERK ANGESCHLOSSEN SIND

ACCÈS AU RÉSEAU HYBRIDE POUR LES APPAREILS CLIENTS CONNECTÉS À UN RÉSEAU DE TÉLÉCOMMUNICATIONS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.03.2018 Bulletin 2018/13

(73)Proprietor: Deutsche Telekom AG
53113 Bonn (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • KOLBE, Hans-Jörg
    64295 Darmstadt (DE)
  • HAAG, Thomas
    63110 Rodgau (DE)

(74)Representative: Schwöbel, Thilo K. et al
Kutzenberger Wolff & Partner Waidmarkt 11
50676 Köln
50676 Köln (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 375 797
US-A1- 2015 295 728
US-A1- 2014 355 536
  
  • BONAVENTURE UCLOUVAIN C PAASCH APPLE O ET AL: "Use Cases and Operational Experience with Multipath TCP; draft-ietf-mptcp-experience-06.txt", USE CASES AND OPERATIONAL EXPERIENCE WITH MULTIPATH TCP; DRAFT-IETF-MPTCP-EXPERIENCE-06.TXT, INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE, IETF; STANDARDWORKINGDRAFT, INTERNET SOCIETY (ISOC) 4, RUE DES FALAISES CH- 1205 GENEVA, SWITZERLAND, 29 August 2016 (2016-08-29), pages 1-35, XP015115057, [retrieved on 2016-08-29]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

BACKGROUND



[0001] The present invention relates a method for providing hybrid network connectivity to at least one client device being connected to a telecommunications network using a customer premises equipment device or functionality, wherein the network connectivity is provided using a hybrid internet protocol connection between at least two internet protocol edge devices, on the one hand, and the customer premises equipment device or functionality, on the other hand, allowing for the transmission of data packets, both in uplink direction from the customer premises equipment device or functionality to at least one of the internet protocol edge devices, and in downlink direction from at least one of the internet protocol edge devices to the customer premises equipment device or functionality.

[0002] Furthermore, the present invention relates to a telecommunications network for providing hybrid network connectivity to at least one client device being connected to the telecommunications network using a customer premises equipment device or functionality, wherein the network connectivity is provided using a hybrid internet protocol connection between at least two internet protocol edge devices, on the one hand, and the customer premises equipment device or functionality, on the other hand, allowing for the transmission of data packets, both in uplink direction from the customer premises equipment device or functionality to at least one of the internet protocol edge devices, and in downlink direction from at least one of the internet protocol edge devices to the customer premises equipment device or functionality.

[0003] Additionally, the present invention relates to a logical or physical central office point of delivery for providing hybrid network connectivity to at least one client device being connected to a telecommunications network using a customer premises equipment device or functionality, wherein the network connectivity is provided using a hybrid internet protocol connection between at least two internet protocol edge devices, on the one hand, and the customer premises equipment device or functionality, on the other hand, allowing for the transmission of data packets, both in uplink direction from the customer premises equipment device or functionality to at least one of the internet protocol edge devices, and in downlink direction from at least one of the internet protocol edge devices to the customer premises equipment device or functionality.

[0004] Additionally, the present invention relates to a system for providing hybrid network connectivity to at least one client device being connected to a telecommunications network using a customer premises equipment device or functionality, wherein the system comprises the telecommunications network, a logical or physical central office point of delivery, and the customer premises equipment device or functionality, wherein the network connectivity is provided using a hybrid internet protocol connection between at least two internet protocol edge devices, on the one hand, and the customer premises equipment device or functionality, on the other hand, allowing for the transmission of data packets, both in uplink direction from the customer premises equipment device or functionality to at least one of the internet protocol edge devices, and in downlink direction from at least one of the internet protocol edge devices to the customer premises equipment device or functionality.

[0005] Furthermore, the present invention relates to a program and a computer program product for providing hybrid network connectivity to at least one client device being connected to a telecommunications network using a customer premises equipment device or functionality.

[0006] The exchange of packetized information in broadband communication systems or telecommunications networks, both in fixed-line as in wireless communication systems (or fixed-line communication networks and mobile communication networks) has already grown dramatically and probably will also grow in the future due to the rapid spread of different data services in such communication networks.

[0007] The present invention generally relates to the area of providing network access to client devices being connected to a telecommunications network. Typically, such client devices use a network connectivity link provided by a customer premises equipment device that connects the client device to a telecommunications network. Such network connectivity to a telecommunications network is typically required in order to provide internet-based services and applications to the client devices to fulfill people's needs in areas such as communication, banking, shopping, information, education and entertainment. Hence, high performance internet access solutions are an important prerequisite. Currently, in most cases, residential customers use wireline technologies (such as DSL or DOCSIS) for Internet access, whereas mobile customers use cellular technologies (such as GSM, UMTS or LTE).

[0008] Telecommunications service providers continuously seek to provide ever more bandwidth in access networks in order to cater for enhanced bandwidth (or bit rate) needs (or needs regarding other quality-of-service parameters, such as low latency, low bit error probability, etc.) of their customers. This lead to the development of multiple technologies for grouping local links (e.g. ATM IMA (Asynchronous Transfer Mode Inverse Multiplexing for ATM) or Ethernet LAG (Link Aggregation)) as well as for providing link bundling / aggregation across multiple network domains by enabling such bundling on higher network layers (e.g. multilink PPP (Point to Point Protocol). As the internet protocol is considered to be or to become the common protocol layer upon which communication services are provided, approaches exist for providing internet protocol connectivity access over multiple access links, i.e. providing such a bundling of different access links on the internet protocol layer. Hybrid access schemes (e.g. developed in the Broadband Forum) are an example thereof, where an access line in the fixed line domain is bundled together with a radio link in order to provide more aggregate bandwidth or a higher overall bit rate. The resulting bundled link provides the internet protocol connectivity. US 2015/2395728 A1 discloses a method for network controlled optimization of a hybrid access traffic management for a residential user connected via a hybrid access home gateway, which provides at least two different network links with different technology to a core network. EP 2 375 797 A1 discloses a gateway device for simultaneously connecting a device to a plurality of networks, at least one of which being a mobile telecommunications network.

[0009] However, the implementation of known hybrid access schemes is comparatively complex and involves a lot of redundancy regarding different functions, such as, e.g., the use of a plurality of internet protocol addresses as well as typically three internet protocol edge functions (for instance and in case of a hybrid access scheme bundling a DSL (digital subscriber line) or fixed line internet protocol access with a mobile (LTE, Long Term Evolution) access, internet protocol edge functionality is provided by the packet gateway (P-GW), the broadband network gateway (BNG), as well as by the hybrid access gateway (HAG)).

SUMMARY



[0010] An object of the present invention is to provide a technically simple, effective and cost effective solution for providing hybrid network connectivity to at least one client device being connected to a telecommunications network, typically using a customer premises equipment device or functionality. A further object of the present invention is to provide a corresponding telecommunications network, a corresponding user equipment, and a corresponding system comprising a telecommunications network, and the logical or physical central office point of delivery.

[0011] The object of the present invention is achieved by a method according to claim 1.

[0012] It is thereby advantageously possible according to the present invention that function redundancy as well as complexity in realizing a hybrid access scheme can be avoided, and, hence, a more simple and robust hybrid access solution provided.

[0013] According to the present invention, hybrid network connectivity is provided to at least one client device that is connected to a telecommunications network. The client device can be any communication device such as a personal portable or desktop computing device, a (video or audio) streaming device, a television device, a smart phone, a tablet computing device, or any other device that is connectable either using a wireline or cable connection, or by using a wireless link such as a WLAN (wireless local area network) or WiFi connection, a Bluetooth connection or any other low range or cellular wireless access technology. In case that the hybrid network connectivity involves using a fixed line internet protocol access to the telecommunications network (such as a digital subscriber line or fixed line access using an optical communication network), a customer premises equipment device is typically used, i.e. a hardware device, providing the connectivity towards the telecommunications network, which the client device or plurality of client devices is or are locally connected to. Especially in case of the client device providing the functionality of being connected to the telecommunications network via a wireless access technology, the functionality of the customer premises equipment device (of providing network connectivity to the telecommunications network) can also be implemented in the client device itself; however, also in this case, the customer premises equipment functionality needs to be provided, even though, in this case, no dedicated hardware device or "box" is used but rather a hardware and/or software module within the client device.

[0014] According to the present invention, the network connectivity is provided using a hybrid internet protocol connection between at least two internet protocol edge devices, on the one hand, and the customer premises equipment device (or the customer premises equipment functionality in case it is realized within the client device), on the other hand. This allows for the transmission of data packets, both in uplink direction from the customer premises equipment device (or customer premises equipment functionality) to at least one of the internet protocol edge devices, and in downlink direction from at least one of the internet protocol edge devices to the customer premises equipment device (or customer premises equipment functionality). Hence, the hybrid internet protocol connection comprises a primary connection path (between one of the internet protocol edge devices and the customer premises equipment device or functionality) and at least one secondary connection path (between the other of the internet protocol edge devices and the customer premises equipment or functionality). The hybrid access or the hybrid internet protocol connection according to the present invention may include more than one access path and it may use multiple diverse access technologies (such as, e.g. a fixed line access such as a digital subscriber line, and a mobile or wireless access such as an LTE access) but can also use the same access technologies, i.e. the primary path and the secondary path may use the same access technology (such as, e.g., two (or more) different wireless LTE accesses, or two (or more) digital subscriber lines).

[0015] According to the present invention, both the first internet protocol edge device and the second internet protocol edge device are realized as network functions within a logical or physical central office point of delivery. This means that the first and second internet protocol edge devices are advantageously co-located in a data center (or logical or physical central office point of delivery) to optimize packet paths; in case of a fixed line access being bundled with a wireless (cellular) access technology, this typically means that the broadband network gateway (BNG) (or first internet protocol edge device) and the packet gateway (P-GW) (or second internet protocol edge device) are co-located in the same data center. Especially thereby, it is advantageously possible to remove and/or offload redundant functionality provided for in conventional hybrid access connectivity schemes, as well as to reduce the amount of internet protocol addresses used for such hybrid connections.

[0016] According to the method of the present invention, in a first step, the primary connection path is established between the first internet protocol edge device and the customer premises equipment device (or customer premises equipment functionality), the establishment of the primary connection path involving the assignment of an internet protocol address to the hybrid internet protocol connection to be generated. In a second step, subsequent to the first step, the at least one secondary connection path is established between the second internet protocol edge device and the customer premises equipment device or functionality, wherein the at least one secondary connection path is using - at least in essence - the same internet protocol address as the primary connection path. The wording "at least in essence the same internet protocol address" is to be understood that, in case that the internet protocol address used for both the primary connection path and the at least one secondary connection path corresponds to an IPv4 internet protocol address, the internet protocol address used is identical for both paths. In case, however, that the internet protocol address used for both the primary connection path and the at least one secondary connection path corresponds to an IPv6 internet protocol address, it is - according to a first alternative embodiment of the present invention - also possible and preferred to use the identical (or the same) internet protocol address, however, it is - according to a second alternative embodiment of the present invention - also possible and preferred to use two different internet protocol addresses that are very similar.

[0017] According to the present invention and at least regarding data packets transmitted in downlink direction towards the customer premises equipment device (or customer premises equipment functionality), a load balancing functionality is used as a network function within the logical or physical central office point of delivery or as part of another network function within the logical or physical central office point of delivery. Cumulatively or alternatively (to using a load balancing functionality), during or after establishing the primary connection path, a path establishment information is transmitted, using the primary connection path, from the first internet protocol edge device to the customer premises equipment device, wherein the path establishment information is used to establish the at least one secondary connection path.

[0018] According to the present invention, it is advantageously possible to address the following issues: enabling the use of the same internet protocol address to the customer; routing traffic in an optimized way, providing a central gateway for traffic from the wide area network; and providing smart load balancing mechanisms to enable efficient use of the resources.

[0019] By means of providing - within the logical or physical central office point of delivery - a single gateway that bundles traffic from all involved access links, it is advantageously possible to have (or use) the same internet protocol address for the hybrid access link as a whole, i.e. for each component or connection path.

[0020] Furthermore, it is advantageously possible according to the present invention to apply an auto-provisioning of additional (connection) paths based on the primary connection path (or created session), or based on any other connection path. Thereby, it is, e.g., advantageously possible to establish - according to the first and second step of the inventive method - the primary connection path, and, by means of transmitting the path establishment information using the primary connection path, as well the secondary connection path. In such a situation,

-- either an additional connection path (such a tertiary or a further second connection path) might be established (likewise by means of transmitting (further) path establishment information, either by using the primary connection path, or the secondary connection path, or both), resulting in the hybrid internet protocol connection comprising three connections paths,

-- or one of the primary or secondary connection paths might be removed (such as user and/or network triggered, or caused by a failure or a timeout event), resulting in only having one connection path activated; in case that the (previously) primary connection path is removed, the (previously) secondary connection path is considered to be the "new" primary connection path, i.e. in case of establishing a "new" secondary connections path, this previously secondary connection paths acts as or is used as the primary connection path according to the first and second step of the method according to the present invention.



[0021] The telecommunications network according to the present invention might be a fixed-line telecommunications network or a mobile communication network but preferably is a telecommunications network having both aspects (or parts) of a fixed-line telecommunications network (or being a fixed-line telecommunications network in such parts) and aspects (or parts) of a mobile communication network (or being a mobile communication network in such parts); such networks are also known under the term fixed-mobile-convergence networks (FMC networks).

[0022] According to the present invention, the at least one secondary connection path is established between the customer premises equipment device (or customer premises equipment functionality) and the second internet protocol edge device, using the path establishment information in order to find the second internet protocol edge device,
wherein the path establishment information comprises at least one out of a user credential information, a session token, an access point name information, and an access point name instance information. According to an embodiment of the present invention, the path establishment information comprises at least one out of the user credential information, the session token, the access point name information, and the access point name instance information in order to allow for an implicit authentication information of the customer premises equipment device or functionality.

[0023] Thereby, it is advantageously possible that to realize the auto-provisioning functionality according to the present invention. Furthermore, it is to be understood that more than two connection paths are able to be realized according to the present invention.

[0024] According to further embodiments of the present invention,

-- the primary connection path is a fixed line access connection and the first internet protocol edge device is a broadband network gateway, and wherein the at least one secondary connection path is a mobile access connection and the second internet protocol edge device is a packet gateway, or

-- the primary connection path is a mobile access connection and the first internet protocol edge device is a packet gateway, and wherein the at least one secondary connection path is a fixed line access connection and the second internet protocol edge device is a broadband network gateway, or

-- the primary connection path is a mobile access connection and the first internet protocol edge device is a packet gateway, and wherein the at least one secondary connection path is a mobile access connection and the second internet protocol edge device is a further packet gateway, or

-- the primary connection path is a fixed line access connection and the first internet protocol edge device is a broadband network gateway, and wherein the at least one secondary connection path is a fixed line access connection and the second internet protocol edge device is a broadband network gateway.



[0025] Thereby, it is advantageously possible that any combination of access technologies or methods of the primary and secondary connections paths are able to be realized.

[0026] Furthermore, according to an embodiment of the present invention, the internet protocol address, used by the customer premises equipment device or functionality with regard to both the primary connection path and the at least one secondary connection path, is validated at the internet protocol edge device or devices serving all connection paths beyond the primary connection path, using at least one out of the following:

-- a database request using a token information towards an internet protocol address database,

-- using a push request from the first internet protocol edge device,

-- a token or other additional parameter included in the tunnel setup messages.



[0027] Thereby, it is advantageously possible to easily and effectively implement the inventive method.

[0028] According to a further embodiment of the present invention, - regarding data packets transmitted in uplink direction towards the customer premises equipment device or functionality - a further load balancing functionality is implemented in the customer premises equipment device (or customer premises equipment functionality).

[0029] According to still a further embodiment of the present invention, the load balancing functionality, the first internet protocol edge device, and the second internet protocol edge device are realized as separate network functions within the logical or physical central office point of delivery.

[0030] Additionally, according to a further embodiment of the present invention the first internet protocol edge device and the second internet protocol edge device are realized as separate network functions within the logical or physical central office point of delivery, and wherein the load balancing functionality is realized as part of the network function of either the first or the second internet protocol edge device.

[0031] By means of these different embodiments of the present invention, a flexible and effective implementation of the invention is advantageously possible.

[0032] Additionally, a further embodiment of the present invention relates to the load balancing functionality being realized by means of using - in addition to using the internet protocol address, or part thereof, used for the primary connection path and for the at least one secondary connection path - the layer 4 port information indicating to use the primary connection path or a secondary connection path, wherein the port information is set by the customer premises equipment device or functionality during Layer 4 session setup by means of re-writing the according source port header fields, enabling the load balancer function for packets towards the IP edge functions to route packets towards the respective IP edges based on simple pre-configured rules by looking up the destination port information,
wherein especially the load balancer function is realized by configuring flow rules in the switching network elements that connect the IP edge functions with the network, effectively implementing load balancing based on layer 4 port ranges inside the switching network or by configuring such flow rules in a dedicated load balancer function.

[0033] According to a further embodiment of the present invention, the first internet protocol edge device, the second internet protocol edge device, and the load balancing functionality are realized in one integrated network function within the logical or physical central office point of delivery.

[0034] Furthermore, the present invention relates to a telecommunications network according to claim 11.

[0035] Furthermore, the present invention relates to a logical or physical central office point of delivery according to claim 12.

[0036] Additionally, the present invention relates to a system according to claim 13.

[0037] Still additionally, the present invention relates to a computer program according to claim 14.

[0038] Furthermore, the present invention relates to a computer-readable storage medium according to claim 15.

[0039] These and other characteristics, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, which illustrate, by way of example, the principles of the invention. The description is given for the sake of example only, without limiting the scope of the invention. The reference figures quoted below refer to the attached drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0040] 

Figure 1 schematically illustrates a telecommunications network according to the present invention, having a fixed line part and a mobile (or cellular) part, and, hence, providing the possibility for user equipments or client devices to use different access technologies, wherein a logical or physical central office point of delivery is handling different access possibilities.

Figure 2 schematically illustrates a logical or physical central office point of delivery.

Figure 3 schematically illustrates a primary connection path and a secondary connection path (as examples for a plurality of possible connection paths - especially also more than two) of a user or a customer premises equipment device (or customer premises equipment functionality) using a hybrid internet protocol connection according to the present invention.

Figure 4 schematically shows the primary and secondary connection paths in uplink direction.

Figures 5 and 6 schematically show different load balancing schemes between the primary and secondary connection paths in downlink direction.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0041] The present invention will be described with respect to particular embodiments and with reference to certain drawings but the invention is not limited thereto but only by the claims. The drawings described are only schematic and are nonlimiting. In the drawings, the size of some of the elements may be exaggerated and not drawn on scale for illustrative purposes.

[0042] Where an indefinite or definite article is used when referring to a singular noun, e.g. "a", "an", "the", this includes a plural of that noun unless something else is specifically stated.

[0043] Furthermore, the terms first, second, third and the like in the description and in the claims are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a sequential or chronological order. It is to be understood that the terms so used are interchangeable under appropriate circumstances and that the embodiments of the invention described herein are capable of operation in other sequences than described or illustrated herein.

[0044] In Figure 1, a telecommunications network 100 according to the present invention is schematically shown, having a fixed line part and a mobile (or cellular) part (schematically illustrated by means of base station entities 150), and, hence, providing the possibility for user equipments or client devices 51, 52 to use different access technologies. The telecommunications network 100 comprises at least one logical or physical central office point of delivery 110 that is preferably realized within a data center and that is handling different access possibilities of the client devices 51, 52 to network functionalities 190 provided by the telecommunications network 100 or via the telecommunications network 100. The client devices 51, 52 are connected to the logical or physical central office point of delivery 110 by means of a customer premises equipment device 50 or by means of a customer premises equipment functionality that might be built in the client devices 51, 52.

[0045] Figure 2 schematically illustrates a logical or physical central office point of delivery 100, especially comprising a plurality of access ports 121, 122, 123, 124, 125. Typically, these access ports 121, 122, 123, 124, 125are provided to connect the logical or physical central office point of delivery 110 to customer access lines. However, one or a plurality of these access ports 121, 122, 123, 124, 125 can also be provided to connect the logical or physical central office point of delivery 110 to the backbone network 190 or the wide area network. Furthermore, the logical or physical central office point of delivery 110 comprises network functions 111, 112, 113, 114, especially realized as virtual network functions (also called VNF). Such network functions or virtual network functions 111, 112, 113, 114, e.g., realize internet protocol edge devices or internet protocol edge device functionalities such as packet gateway (P-GW) functionalities and/or broadband network gateway (BNG) functionalities.

[0046] Figure 3 schematically illustrates

-- a primary connection path 210 between a first virtual network function 111, realizing a first internet protocol edge device 111, and the customer premises equipment device 50 (or customer premises equipment functionality 50 within the client device, which is not depicted in Figure 3), and

-- a secondary connection path 220 between a second virtual network function 112 realizing a second internet protocol edge device 112, and likewise the customer premises equipment device 50 (or customer premises equipment functionality 50 within the client device).

The primary and secondary connection paths 210, 220 are examples for a plurality of possible connection paths - especially also more than two - of the user or the customer premises equipment device 50 (or customer premises equipment functionality 50) using a hybrid internet protocol connection according to the present invention. A database functionality 119 is used to establish the primary connection path 210, wherein the secondary connection path 220 is established by transmitting path establishment information using the primary connection path 210.

[0047] Figure 4 schematically shows the primary and secondary connection paths 210, 220 in uplink direction: Within the logical or physical central office point of delivery 110, the flow of data packets of both connection paths 210, 220 goes through the respective internet protocol edge device 111, 112, as well as through a wide area network port 125.

[0048] Figures 5 and 6 schematically illustrate different possibilities regarding handling of the downlink direction of both the primary and the secondary connection path 210, 220, especially highlighting different load balancing schemes between the primary and secondary connection paths 210, 220: In Figure 5, an embodiment is shown where a load balancing functionality 126 is realized as a virtual network function independent from both the first internet protocol edge device 111 and the second internet protocol edge device 112. Data packets in downlink direction having (or using) the internet protocol address common to both the primary and secondary connection paths 210, 220 need to go through the load balancing functionality 126. According to an alternative embodiment of the present invention, shown in Figure 6, the load balancing functionality 126 is realized as a functionality within (or as part of) the virtual network function of the second internet protocol edge device 112 (but, alternatively (but not represented in Figure 6), the load balancing functionality 126 could also be realized within (or as part of) the virtual network function of the first internet protocol edge device 111). Again, data packets in downlink direction having (or using) the internet protocol address common to both the primary and secondary connection paths 210, 220 need to go through the load balancing functionality 126, i.e. in the example shown in Figure 6, the first connection path 210 is commonly routed (with the second connection path 220) between the wide area network access port 125 and the load balancing functionality 126. According to still a further embodiment (not shown in Figures 5 or 6) the load balancing functionality 126 as well as both internet protocol edge devices 111, 112 could be integrated into one virtual network function within the logical or physical central office point of delivery 110.

[0049] According to the present invention, a common use case relates to bundling a fixed line connection and a cellular connection, especially an LTE connection. In a very common setup, on the LTE patch, the end device (or client devices 51, 52) connects to the base station entity 150 such as an eNodeB, and the base station entity tunnels the data packets using GTP (GPRS (General Packet Radio System) Tunneling Protocol) to the SGW (Serving Gateway). The SGW tunnels the data packets using another GTP-leg to the PGW (Packet Gateway). The PGW that is chosen depends on the APN (Access Point Name). According to the present invention, the PGW does act as internet protocol edge device 111, 112. On the fixed side, the end device (or client device 51, 52) attaches via cable or WiFi or WLAN to the home gateway (or customer premises equipment device 50) that sets up a PPPoE (Point to point protocol over Ethernet) tunnel to the BNG (Broadband Network Gateway). Similar to the PGW, the BNG acts as internet protocol edge device 111, 112. Using PPPoE is the most common example but IPoE (internet protocol over ethernet) is possible as well (cf. e.g., BBF TR-146).

[0050] According to the present invention, it is advantageously possible to realize a hybrid internet protocol connection by means of which it is possible to provide enhance quality-of-service parameters, especially enhanced bandwidth. However, other use cases include to be able to provide more redundancy (i.e. mole resiliency within the telecommunications network 100) and/or a faster time-to-market (as in the example where an LTE access is provided first (e.g. more or less immediately upon buying a subscription), and a fixed line access is provided once the physical connection is able to be established (e.g. after a home gateway device has be shipped to the user or customer).

[0051] Furthermore, it is especially preferred to realize the co-called CORD principle (Central Office Re-architected as a Data Center), wherein internet protocol edge devices 111, 112 or internet protocol edge functions/functionalities can become deployed in rather small data centers very close to the actual access nodes. CORD provides computing power to implement functions as well as a programmable switch back plane to interconnect between these functions and the upstream nodes.

[0052] In an embodiment using PPP (point to point protocol) and GTP (GPRS Tunneling Protocol), the PGW terminates the GTP tunnel that carriers the subscriber's traffic transmitted over LTE (e.g. the primary connection path 210) and the BNG carries the traffic transported over fixed line access (e.g. the secondary connection path 220, or vice versa). Especially, both functions run on commodity hardware servers inside the CORD central office point of delivery 110. The central office point of delivery 110 establishes Layer-2 connectivity between the nodes on the access side outside the central office point of delivery 110 and the VNFs inside the central office point of delivery 110. The hybrid (internet protocol) connection is set up as follows:
The home gateway (or customer premises equipment device 50) establishes a PPPoE connection to the BNG as (first) internet protocol edge device 111. PPPoE gets routed through the central office point of delivery 110 according to configurations dynamically provided. In case a load balancer functionality 126 is in place, the first internet protocol edge device 111 (BNG) needs to configure the load balancer (functionality) 126 to send downstream packets with this IP address to it. The home gateway or customer premises equipment device 50 gets assigned an IP address (or subnet) that can be used to access the internet / IP network on the wired area network side (WAN side). In addition, the home gateway (or customer premises equipment device 50) receives user credentials as well as the APN name (access point name) or related routing information to reach the second internet protocol edge device 112 (i.e. the PGW) co-located with the first internet protocol edge device 111 (i.e. the BNG) within the central office point of delivery 110. This information is made available before this step or created on-demand and will be stored in a local database of the central office point of delivery 110. The home gateway (or customer premises equipment device 50) connects to the LTE radio network and uses the credentials learned before (i.e. the path establishment information) - or those of a SIM card located within either the customer premises equipment device 50 or the client device 51, 52 - to authenticate to the network. As APN, it provides the APN name learned during the fixed line network attachment. The SGW will thus be able to direct the GTP tunnel to the correct PGW using standard 3GPP mechanisms (e.g. DNS name resolution). In case a load balancer 126 is in place, the PGW needs to configure the load balancer to send downstream packets with this IP address to it.

[0053] Depending on network configuration, the APN name might not be sufficient to identify the exact instance of the PGW. In such a case, an additional field or the use of one of the existing fields in the tunnel setup messages comprises such additional information (being part of the path establishment information).

[0054] Upon reception of the GTP tunnel setup request, the PGW will derive information on the internet protocol address that is to be assigned to the home gateway (or customer premises equipment device 50) over the LTE path. The PGW will assign the same internet protocol address as the BNG previously did (for the primary connection path 210) to the home gateway 50.

[0055] The internet protocol address to be used for the secondary connection path 220 may be learned via one of the following procedures:

-- Query the database using any kind of token/information included during the attachment request of the home gateway / customer premises equipment device 50;

-- Learning the Token/internet protocol address combination via a push request from the BNG;

-- Validating an internet protocol address included in the attach request using the token or other additional parameters included in the tunnel setup messages.



[0056] Having performed these steps, the home gateway or customer premises equipment device 50 has received the same internet protocol address on both upstream interfaces. Thus, it is allowed to use this internet protocol address on both of them. Load balancing mechanisms inside the home gateway 50 may distribute the traffic. Separation of the access networks according to state of the art technology (separate networks, virtual networks using e.g. VLAN, MLPS or SDN is possible). Advantageously according to the present invention, there is no need for additional tunneling mechanisms such as e.g. GRE over IP as in some conventional deployments.

[0057] The first and second internet protocol edge devices 111, 112 both claim to give access to a device behind them (from the perspective of the telecommunications network 100) having the same internet protocol address. Hence, a mechanism to steer the traffic in downstream (or downlink) direction (i.e. from the telecommunications network 100 towards the home gateway or customer premises equipment device 50) is required. As - according to the present invention - all the concerned internet protocol addresses are assigned to the same logical or physical central office point of delivery 110 (and routing updates towards the wide area network, i.e. the telecommunications network 100, have assured this), the data packets will therefore reach the logical or physical central office point of delivery 110 at the WAN port 125.

[0058] One solution resides in realizing the load balancing functionality 126 (or load balancer) as a virtual network function (cf. Figure 5): The BNG 111 instructs a load balancer virtual network function to act as central entry point for the incoming downlink traffic (from the wide area network port 125). While upstream (or uplink) traffic may bypass it, the downstream traffic needs to traverse this load balancing function 126. Upstream traffic is just being sent to the egress port. The flow rules in the backplane switching fabric of the logical or physical central office point of delivery 110 need to allow PGW 112 and BNG 111 to reach the wide area network port 125 via tunnels or - even easier - allow internet protocol packets with any source address to be injected to the fabric. On the reverse path (i.e. in downlink direction), the load balancer virtual network function 126 establishes tunnels to both internet protocol edge devices 111, 112 (virtual network functions) and the sends the packets according to the balancing logic across both connection paths 210, 220. The required tunnels for each internet protocol address may to be provisioned at the load balancer once an internet protocol session is set up. As alternative, they could also be statically pre-provisioned. Tunnels may be used per internet protocol address but can also be used per internet protocol edge (BNG / PGW) instance. The load balancer 126 acts as single point where the internet protocol address is anchored. The load balancer 126 might also be included in the upstream traffic path. By doing so, it may learn the load balancing applied by the home gateway device 50 based on e.g. inspecting 5-tuples of the internet protocol packets and automatically create the according downstream traffic load balancing rules. The home gateway may facilitate this by using a port re-write function.

[0059] According to an alternative solution, one internet protocol edge node takes over, i.e. the load balancer (or load balancing functionality 126) becomes embedded in one of the IP edge nodes 111, 112, either BNG or P-GW: This facilitates the routing inside the logical or physical central office point of delivery 110 since the internet protocol address is always anchored in the one of the internet protocol edge devices (such as, e.g., the BNG) hosting the load balancing functionality 126.

[0060] According to a further alternative, the load balancing functionality 126 is realized by means of the switch fabric (not explicitly shown in the Figures): The load balancing policy or functionality is programmed in the switches themselves, and no load balancing virtual network function is needed any more. This solution requires flow rules that go beyond having a rule for super-nets. As an example, in the case of a BNG hosting an IP address 1.1.1.1 from the address pool 1.1.1.0/24, the forwarding table entry in the switching back plane would be only one since all addresses in the range could become covered by the address pool's /24 address. According to one embodiment of this solution, the load balancing rules are classified based on criteria that are programmed on the backplane such as, e.g., a source port range (for the two internet protocol edge devices 111, 112). The result thereof is that the FIB table entries simply double in size (when two internet protocol edge devices are used instead of only one). In an example, for downstream routes, the single edge "Dest 1.1.1.0/24 -> BNG" is replaced by a load balancing entries "Dest 1.1.1.0/24, dest port 0-32000 -> BNG" and "Dest 1.1.1.0/24, dest port 32000-64000 -> PGW". One possibility to achieve this is to require the home gateway 50 to intercept traversing TCP/UDP packets and to re-write the source ports in case they are random source ports and/or not well-known ones to either make packets traverse patch A or B (i.e. the first connection path 210 or the second connection path 220).

[0061] The IP address. We wrote mostly IP address but this also works for IP networks in the same way.

[0062] Even though the present invention mainly focuses on using a central office point of delivery and its switching fabric, it is possible to implement the present invention also in a distributed system across multiple sites.

[0063] Further, for a redundant deployment, the IP edges may be located in physically as well as logically separated PODs. That would allow for redundancy e.g. on a per-rack level inside one location (two logical PODs) or even geographically. In that case, the load balancer that anchors the IP address or network needs to be taken out of the PODs. Note that per-rack separation is still feasible in case the switching backplane is shared. In that case, no load balancer is required.


Claims

1. Method for providing hybrid network connectivity to at least one client device (51, 52) being connected to a telecommunications network (100) using a customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), wherein the network connectivity is provided using a hybrid internet protocol connection between at least two internet protocol edge devices, on the one hand, and the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), on the other hand, allowing for the transmission of data packets, both in uplink direction from the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) to at least one of the internet protocol edge devices, and in downlink direction from at least one of the internet protocol edge devices to the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), wherein both the first internet protocol edge device (111) and the second internet protocol edge device (112) are realized as network functions within a logical or physical central office point of delivery (110),
the hybrid internet protocol connection comprising a primary connection path (210) and at least one secondary connection path (220), wherein the method comprises the following steps:

-- in a first step, the primary connection path (210) is established between the first internet protocol edge device (111) and the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), the establishment of the primary connection path (210) involving the assignment of an internet protocol address to the hybrid internet protocol connection to be generated,

-- in a second step, subsequent to the first step, the at least one secondary connection path (220) is established between the second internet protocol edge device (112) and the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), the at least one secondary connection path (220) using the same internet protocol address as the primary connection path (210),

wherein - regarding data packets transmitted in downlink direction towards the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) - a load balancing functionality (126) is used as a network function within the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110) or as part of another network function within the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110), and
wherein, during or after establishing the primary connection path (210), a path establishment information is transmitted, using the primary connection path (210), from the first internet protocol edge device (111) to the customer premises equipment device (50), wherein the path establishment information is used to establish the at least one secondary connection path (220),
wherein the at least one secondary connection path (210) is established between the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) and the second internet protocol edge device (112), using the path establishment information in order to find the second internet protocol edge device (112),
wherein the path establishment information comprises at least one out of a user credential information, a session token, an access point name information, and an access point name instance information.
 
2. Method according to claim 1, wherein at least one out of the user credential information, the session token, the access point name information, and the access point name instance information comprised in the path establishment information are further used in order to allow for an implicit authentication information of the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50).
 
3. Method according to one of the preceding claims,

-- wherein the primary connection path (210) is a fixed line access connection and the first internet protocol edge device (111) is a broadband network gateway, and wherein the at least one secondary connection path (220) is a mobile access connection and the second internet protocol edge device (112) is a packet gateway, or

-- wherein the primary connection path (210) is a mobile access connection and the first internet protocol edge device (111) is a packet gateway, and wherein the at least one secondary connection path (220) is a fixed line access connection and the second internet protocol edge device (112) is a broadband network gateway, or

-- wherein the primary connection path (210) is a mobile access connection and the first internet protocol edge device (111) is a packet gateway, and wherein the at least one secondary connection path (220) is a mobile access connection and the second internet protocol edge device (111) is a further packet gateway, or

-- wherein the primary connection path (210) is a fixed line access connection and the first internet protocol edge device (111) is a broadband network gateway, and wherein the at least one secondary connection path (220) is a fixed line access connection and the second internet protocol edge device (111) is a broadband network gateway.


 
4. Method according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the internet protocol address, used by the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) with regard to both the primary connection path (210) and the at least one secondary connection path (220), is validated at the internet protocol edge device or devices (111, 112) serving all connection paths beyond the primary connection path (210), using at least one out of the following:

-- a database request using a token information towards an internet protocol address database,

-- using a push request from the first internet protocol edge device (111),

-- a token or other additional parameter included in the tunnel setup messages.


 
5. Method according to one of the preceding claims, wherein - regarding data packets transmitted in uplink direction towards the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50)- a further load balancing functionality is implemented in the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50).
 
6. Method according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the load balancing functionality (126), the first internet protocol edge device (111), and the second internet protocol edge device (112) are realized as separate network functions within the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110).
 
7. Method according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the first internet protocol edge device (111) and the second internet protocol edge device (112) are realized as separate network functions within the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110), and wherein the load balancing functionality (126) is realized as part of the network function of either the first or the second internet protocol edge device (111, 112).
 
8. Method according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the load balancing functionality (126) is realized by means of using - in addition to using the internet protocol address, or part thereof, used for the primary connection path (210) and for the at least one secondary connection path (220) - the layer 4 port information indicating to use the primary connection path (210) or a secondary connection path (220), wherein the port information is set by the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) during Layer 4 session setup by means of re-writing the according source port header fields, enabling the load balancer function for packets towards the IP edge functions to route packets towards the respective IP edges based on simple pre-configured rules by looking up the destination port information,
wherein the load balancer function is realized by configuring flow rules in the switching network elements that connect the IP edge functions with the network, effectively implementing load balancing based on layer 4 port ranges inside the switching network or by configuring such flow rules in a dedicated load balancer function.
 
9. Method according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the first internet protocol edge device (111), the second internet protocol edge device (112), and the load balancing functionality (126) are realized in one integrated network function within the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110).
 
10. Method according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the internet protocol address used for both the primary connection path (210) and the at least one secondary connection path (220) corresponds to an IPv4 internet protocol address or to at least parts of an IPv6 internet protocol address.
 
11. Telecommunications network (100) for providing hybrid network connectivity to at least one client device (51, 52) being connected to the telecommunications network (100) using a customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), wherein the telecommunications network (100) comprises at least one logical or physical central office point of delivery (110), wherein the network connectivity is provided using a hybrid internet protocol connection between at least two internet protocol edge devices, on the one hand, and the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), on the other hand, allowing for the transmission of data packets, both in uplink direction from the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) to at least one of the internet protocol edge devices, and in downlink direction from at least one of the internet protocol edge devices to the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50),
wherein both the first internet protocol edge device (111) and the second internet protocol edge device (112) are realized as network functions within a logical or physical central office point of delivery (110),
the hybrid internet protocol connection comprising a primary connection path (210) and at least one secondary connection path (220), wherein the telecommunications network (100) is configured such that:

-- the primary connection path (210) is established between the first internet protocol edge device (111) and the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), the establishment of the primary connection path (210) involving the assignment of an internet protocol address to the hybrid internet protocol connection to be generated,

-- the at least one secondary connection path (220) is established between the second internet protocol edge device (112) and the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), the at least one secondary connection path (220) using the same internet protocol address as the primary connection path (210), wherein - regarding data packets transmitted in downlink direction towards the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) - a load balancing functionality (126) realized as a network function within the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110) or as part of another network function within the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110), and

wherein, during or after establishing the primary connection path (210), a path establishment information is transmitted, using the primary connection path (210), from the first internet protocol edge device (111) to the customer premises equipment device (50), wherein the path establishment information is used to establish the at least one secondary connection path (220), wherein the at least one secondary connection path (210) is established between the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) and the second internet protocol edge device (112), using the path establishment information in order to find the second internet protocol edge device (112),
wherein the path establishment information comprises at least one out of a user credential information, a session token, an access point name information, and an access point name instance information.
 
12. Logical or physical central office point of delivery (110) for providing hybrid network connectivity to at least one client device (51, 52) being connected to a telecommunications network (100) using a customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), wherein the network connectivity is provided using a hybrid internet protocol connection between at least two internet protocol edge devices, on the one hand, and the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), on the other hand, allowing for the transmission of data packets, both in uplink direction from the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) to at least one of the internet protocol edge devices, and in downlink direction from at least one of the internet protocol edge devices to the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50),
wherein both the first internet protocol edge device (111) and the second internet protocol edge device (112) are realized as network functions within the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110),
the hybrid internet protocol connection comprising a primary connection path (210) and at least one secondary connection path (220), wherein the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110) is configured such that:

-- the primary connection path (210) is established between the first internet protocol edge device (111) and the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), the establishment of the primary connection path (210) involving the assignment of an internet protocol address to the hybrid internet protocol connection to be generated,

-- the at least one secondary connection path (220) is established between the second internet protocol edge device (112) and the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), the at least one secondary connection path (220) using the same internet protocol address as the primary connection path (210), wherein - regarding data packets transmitted in downlink direction towards the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) - a load balancing functionality (126) realized as a network function within the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110) or as part of another network function within the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110), and

wherein, during or after establishing the primary connection path (210), a path establishment information is transmitted, using the primary connection path (210), from the first internet protocol edge device (111) to the customer premises equipment device (50), wherein the path establishment information is used to establish the at least one secondary connection path (220), wherein the at least one secondary connection path (210) is established between the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) and the second internet protocol edge device (112), using the path establishment information in order to find the second internet protocol edge device (112),
wherein the path establishment information comprises at least one out of a user credential information, a session token, an access point name information, and an access point name instance information.
 
13. System for providing hybrid network connectivity to at least one client device (51, 52) being connected to a telecommunications network (100) using a customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), wherein the system comprises the telecommunications network (100), a logical or physical central office point of delivery (110), and the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), wherein the network connectivity is provided using a hybrid internet protocol connection between at least two internet protocol edge devices, on the one hand, and the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), on the other hand, allowing for the transmission of data packets, both in uplink direction from the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) to at least one of the internet protocol edge devices, and in downlink direction from at least one of the internet protocol edge devices to the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50),
wherein both the first internet protocol edge device (111) and the second internet protocol edge device (112) are realized as network functions within the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110),
the hybrid internet protocol connection comprising a primary connection path (210) and at least one secondary connection path (220), wherein the system is configured such that:

-- the primary connection path (210) is established between the first internet protocol edge device (111) and the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), the establishment of the primary connection path (210) involving the assignment of an internet protocol address to the hybrid internet protocol connection to be generated,

-- the at least one secondary connection path (220) is established between the second internet protocol edge device (112) and the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50), the at least one secondary connection path (220) using the same internet protocol address as the primary connection path (210), wherein - regarding data packets transmitted in downlink direction towards the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) - a load balancing functionality (126) realized as a network function within the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110) or as part of another network function within the logical or physical central office point of delivery (110), and

wherein, during or after establishing the primary connection path (210), a path establishment information is transmitted, using the primary connection path (210), from the first internet protocol edge device (111) to the customer premises equipment device (50), wherein the path establishment information is used to establish the at least one secondary connection path (220), wherein the at least one secondary connection path (210) is established between the customer premises equipment device or functionality (50) and the second internet protocol edge device (112), using the path establishment information in order to find the second internet protocol edge device (112),
wherein the path establishment information comprises at least one out of a user credential information, a session token, an access point name information, and an access point name instance information.
 
14. Computer program comprising instructions which, when the program is executed by a computer, cause the computer to carry out all the steps of the method according to any of claims 1 to 10.
 
15. Computer-readable storage medium comprising instructions which, when executed by a computer, cause the computer to carry out all the steps of the method according to any of claims 1 to 10.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zum Bereitstellen einer hybriden Netzkonnektivität für mindestens eine Client-Vorrichtung (51, 52), die mit einem Telekommunikationsnetz (100) verbunden ist, unter Verwendung einer Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50),
wobei die Netzkonnektivität unter Verwendung einer hybriden Internet-Protokoll-Verbindung zwischen mindestens zwei Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtungen einerseits und der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) andererseits bereitgestellt wird, was die Übertragung von Datenpaketen sowohl in Uplink-Richtung von der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) zu mindestens einer der Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtungen als auch in Downlink-Richtung von mindestens einer der Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtungen zu der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) ermöglicht,
wobei sowohl die erste Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) als auch die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) als Netzfunktionen innerhalb einer logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) realisiert werden,
wobei die hybride Internet-Protokoll-Verbindung einen primären Verbindungspfad (210) und mindestens einen sekundären Verbindungspfad (220) umfasst,
wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

- in einem ersten Schritt wird der primäre Verbindungspfad (210) zwischen der ersten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) und der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) hergestellt, wobei die Herstellung des primären Verbindungspfades (210) die Zuweisung einer Internet-Protokoll-Adresse zu der generierten hybriden Internet-Protokoll-Verbindung umfasst,

- in einem zweiten Schritt, im Anschluss an den ersten Schritt, wird der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (220) zwischen der zweiten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) und der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) hergestellt, wobei der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (220) dieselbe Internet-Protokoll-Adresse wie der primäre Verbindungspfad (210) verwendet,

wobei - in Bezug auf Datenpakete, die in Downlink-Richtung zu der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) übertragen werden - eine Lastausgleichsfunktionalität (126) als eine Netzfunktion innerhalb der logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) oder als Teil einer anderen Netzfunktion innerhalb der logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) verwendet wird, und
wobei während oder nach der Herstellung des primären Verbindungspfades (210) eine Pfadherstellungsinformation unter Verwendung des primären Verbindungspfades (210) von der ersten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) zu der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung (50) übertragen wird,
wobei die Pfadherstellungsinformation verwendet wird, um den mindestens einen sekundären Verbindungspfad (220) herzustellen,
wobei der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (210) zwischen der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität 50) und der zweiten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) unter Verwendung der Pfadherstellungsinformation hergestellt wird, um die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) zu finden,
wobei die Pfadherstellungsinformation mindestens eines von einer Benutzerlegitimierungsinformation, einem Sitzungs-Token, einer Zugangspunktnamen-Information und einer Zugangspunktnamen-Instanzinformation umfasst.
 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei mindestens eines der Benutzerlegitimierungsinformation, des Sitzungs-Tokens, der Zugangspunktnamen-Information und der Zugangspunktnamen-Instanzinformation, die in den Pfadherstellungsinformation des Pfades enthalten sind, des Weiteren verwendet werden, um eine implizite Authentifizierungsinformation der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) zu ermöglichen.
 
3. Verfahren nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche,

- wobei der primäre Verbindungspfad (210) eine Festnetzzugangsverbindung ist und die erste Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) ein Breitbandnetz-Gateway ist, und wobei der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (220) eine mobile Zugangsverbindung ist und die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) ein Paket-Gateway ist, oder

- wobei der primäre Verbindungspfad (210) eine mobile Zugangsverbindung ist und die erste Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) ein Paket-Gateway ist, und wobei der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (220) eine Festnetzzugangsverbindung ist und die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) ein Breitbandnetz-Gateway ist, oder

- wobei der primäre Verbindungspfad (210) eine mobile Zugangsverbindung ist und die erste Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) ein Paket-Gateway ist, und wobei der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (220) eine mobile Zugangsverbindung ist und die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) ein weiterer Paket-Gateway ist, oder

- wobei der primäre Verbindungspfad (210) eine Festnetzzugangsverbindung ist und die erste Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) ein Breitbandnetz-Gateway ist, und

wobei der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (220) eine Festnetzzugangsverbindung ist und die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) ein Breitbandnetz-Gateway ist.
 
4. Verfahren nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Internet-Protokoll-Adresse, die durch die Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) sowohl in Bezug auf den primären Verbindungspfad (210) als auch auf den mindestens einen sekundären Verbindungspfad (220) verwendet wird, in der einen oder den mehreren Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtungen (111, 112), die alle Verbindungspfade jenseits des primären Verbindungspfades (210) bedienen, unter Verwendung von mindestens einem von Folgendem validiert wird:

- einer Datenbankanfrage unter Verwendung einer Token-Information an eine Internet-Protokoll-Adressdatenbank,

- unter Verwendung einer Push-Anfrage von der ersten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111),

- eines Tokens oder eines anderen zusätzlichen Parameter, der in den Tunneleinrichtungsnachrichten enthalten ist.


 
5. Verfahren nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei - in Bezug auf Datenpakete, die in Uplink-Richtung zu der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) übertragen werden - eine weitere Lastausgleichsfunktionalität in der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) implementiert wird.
 
6. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Lastausgleichsfunktionalität (126), die erste Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) und die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) als getrennte Netzfunktionen innerhalb der logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) realisiert werden.
 
7. Verfahren nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche,
wobei die erste Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) und die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) als getrennte Netzfunktionen innerhalb der logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) realisiert werden, und
wobei die Lastausgleichsfunktionalität (126) als Teil der Netzfunktion entweder der ersten oder der zweiten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111, 112) realisiert wird.
 
8. Verfahren nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche,
wobei die Lastausgleichsfunktionalität (126) mittels der Verwendung - zusätzlich zur Verwendung der Internet-Protokoll-Adresse, oder eines Teils davon, die für den primären Verbindungspfad (210) und für den mindestens einen sekundären Verbindungspfad (220) verwendet wird - der Layer-4-Port-Information realisiert wird, die angibt, den primären Verbindungspfad (210) oder einen sekundären Verbindungspfad (220) zu verwenden,
wobei die Port-Information durch die Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) während der Einrichtung der Layer-4-Sitzung mittels Überschreiben der entsprechenden Quellenport-Header-Felder eingerichtet wird, wodurch die Lastausgleicherfunktion für Pakete an die IP-Rand-Funktionen aktiviert wird, um Pakete in Richtung der jeweiligen IP-Ränder auf der Grundlage einfacher vorkonfigurierter Regeln durch Nachschlagen der Zielport-Information zu routen,
wobei die Lastausgleicherfunktion realisiert wird, indem Flussregeln in den Vermittlungsnetzelementen realisiert werden, welche die IP-Rand-Funktionen mit dem Netz verbinden, wobei der Lastausgleich effektiv auf der Grundlage von Layer-4-Port-Bereichen innerhalb des Vermittlungsnetzes implementiert wird, oder indem solche Flussregeln in einer dedizierten Lastausgleicherfunktion realisiert wird.
 
9. Verfahren nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei die erste Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111), die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) und die Lastausgleichsfunktionalität (126) in einer integrierten Netzfunktion innerhalb der logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) realisiert werden.
 
10. Verfahren nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Internet-Protokoll-Adresse, die sowohl für den primären Verbindungspfad (210) als auch für den mindestens einen sekundären Verbindungspfad (220) verwendet wird, einer IPv4-Internet-Protokoll-Adresse oder mindestens Teilen einer IPv6-Internet-Protokoll-Adresse entspricht.
 
11. Telekommunikationsnetz (100) zum Bereitstellen einer hybriden Netzkonnektivität für mindestens eine Client-Vorrichtung (51,52), die mit dem Telekommunikationsnetz (100) verbunden ist, unter Verwendung einer Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50),
wobei das Telekommunikationsnetz (100) mindestens eine logische oder physische Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) umfasst,
wobei die Netzkonnektivität unter Verwendung einer hybriden Internet-Protokoll-Verbindung zwischen mindestens zwei Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtungen einerseits und der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) andererseits bereitgestellt wird, was die Übertragung von Datenpaketen sowohl in Uplink-Richtung von der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) zu mindestens einer der Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtungen als auch in Downlink-Richtung von mindestens einer der Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtungen zu der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) ermöglicht,
wobei sowohl die erste Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) als auch die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) als Netzfunktionen innerhalb einer logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) realisiert werden,
wobei die hybride Internet-Protokoll-Verbindung einen primären Verbindungspfad (210) und mindestens einen sekundären Verbindungspfad (220) umfasst,
wobei das Mobilkommunikationsnetz (100) so eingerichtet ist, dass:

- der primäre Verbindungspfad (210) zwischen der ersten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) und der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität 50) hergestellt wird, wobei die Herstellung des primären Verbindungspfades (210) die Zuweisung einer Internet-Protokoll-Adresse zu der generierten hybriden Internet-Protokoll-Verbindung umfasst,

- der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (220) zwischen der zweiten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) und der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) hergestellt wird, wobei der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (220) dieselbe Internet-Protokoll-Adresse wie der primäre Verbindungspfad (210) verwendet,

wobei - in Bezug auf Datenpakete, die in Downlink-Richtung zu der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) übertragen werden - eine Lastausgleichsfunktionalität (126) als eine Netzfunktion innerhalb der logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) oder als Teil einer anderen Netzfunktion innerhalb der logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) verwendet wird, und
wobei während oder nach der Herstellung des primären Verbindungspfades (210) eine Pfadherstellungsinformation unter Verwendung des primären Verbindungspfades (210) von der ersten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) zu der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung (50) übertragen wird, wobei die Pfadherstellungsinformation verwendet wird, um den mindestens einen sekundären Verbindungspfad (220) herzustellen,
wobei der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (210) zwischen der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) und der zweiten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) unter Verwendung der Pfadherstellungsinformation hergestellt wird, um die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) zu finden,
wobei die Pfadherstellungsinformation mindestens eines von einer Benutzerlegitimierungsinformation, einem Sitzungs-Token, einer Zugangspunktnamen-Information und einer Zugangspunktnamen-Instanzinformation umfasst.
 
12. Logische oder physische Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) zum Bereitstellen einer hybriden Netzkonnektivität für mindestens eine Client-Vorrichtung (51, 52), die mit einem Telekommunikationsnetz (100) verbunden ist, unter Verwendung einer Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50),
wobei die Netzkonnektivität unter Verwendung einer hybriden Internet-Protokoll-Verbindung zwischen mindestens zwei Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtungen einerseits und der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) andererseits bereitgestellt wird, was die Übertragung von Datenpaketen sowohl in Uplink-Richtung von der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) zu mindestens einer der Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtungen als auch in Downlink-Richtung von mindestens einer der Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtungen zu der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) ermöglicht,
wobei sowohl die erste Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) als auch die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) als Netzfunktionen innerhalb der logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) realisiert werden,
wobei die hybride Internet-Protokoll-Verbindung einen primären Verbindungspfad (210) und mindestens einen sekundären Verbindungspfad (220) umfasst,
wobei die logische oder physische Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) so eingerichtet ist, dass:

- der primäre Verbindungspfad (210) zwischen der ersten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) und der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) hergestellt wird, wobei die Herstellung des primären Verbindungspfades (210) die Zuweisung einer Internet-Protokoll-Adresse zu der generierten hybriden Internet-Protokoll-Verbindung umfasst,

- der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (220) zwischen der zweiten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) und der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) hergestellt wird, wobei der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (220) dieselbe Internet-Protokoll-Adresse wie der primäre Verbindungspfad (210) verwendet,

wobei - in Bezug auf Datenpakete, die in Downlink-Richtung zu der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) übertragen werden - eine Lastausgleichsfunktionalität (126) als eine Netzfunktion innerhalb der logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) oder als Teil einer anderen Netzfunktion innerhalb der logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) verwendet wird, und wobei während oder nach der Herstellung des primären Verbindungspfades (210) eine Pfadherstellungsinformation unter Verwendung des primären Verbindungspfades (210) von der ersten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) zu der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung (50) übertragen wird, wobei die Pfadherstellungsinformation verwendet wird, um den mindestens einen sekundären Verbindungspfad (220) herzustellen,
wobei der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (210) zwischen der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) und der zweiten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) unter Verwendung der Pfadherstellungsinformation hergestellt wird, um die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) zu finden,
wobei die Pfadherstellungsinformation mindestens eines von einer Benutzerlegitimierungsinformation, einem Sitzungs-Token, einer Zugangspunktnamen-Information und einer Zugangspunktnamen-Instanzinformation umfasst.
 
13. System zum Bereitstellen einer hybriden Netzkonnektivität für mindestens eine Client-Vorrichtung (51, 52), die mit einem Telekommunikationsnetz (100) verbunden ist, unter Verwendung einer Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50),
wobei das System das Telekommunikationsnetz (100), eine logische oder physische Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) und die Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) umfasst,
wobei die Netzkonnektivität unter Verwendung einer hybriden Internet-Protokoll-Verbindung zwischen mindestens zwei Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtungen einerseits und der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) andererseits bereitgestellt wird, was die Übertragung von Datenpaketen sowohl in Uplink-Richtung von der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) zu mindestens einer der Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtungen als auch in Downlink-Richtung von mindestens einer der Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtungen zu der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) ermöglicht,
wobei sowohl die erste Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) als auch die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) als Netzfunktionen innerhalb der logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) realisiert werden,
wobei die hybride Internet-Protokoll-Verbindung einen primären Verbindungspfad (210) und mindestens einen sekundären Verbindungspfad (220) umfasst,
wobei das System so eingerichtet ist, dass:

- der primäre Verbindungspfad (210) zwischen der ersten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) und der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) hergestellt wird, wobei die Herstellung des primären Verbindungspfades (210) die Zuweisung einer Internet-Protokoll-Adresse zu der generierten hybriden Internet-Protokoll-Verbindung umfasst,

- der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (220) zwischen der zweiten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) und der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) hergestellt wird, wobei der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (220) dieselbe Internet-Protokoll-Adresse wie der primäre Verbindungspfad (210) verwendet, wobei - in Bezug auf Datenpakete, die in Downlink-Richtung zu der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) übertragen werden - eine Lastausgleichsfunktionalität (126) als eine Netzfunktion innerhalb der logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) oder als Teil einer anderen Netzfunktion innerhalb der logischen oder physischen Vermittlungsamt-Übergabestelle (110) verwendet wird, und

wobei während oder nach der Herstellung des primären Verbindungspfades (210) eine Pfadherstellungsinformation unter Verwendung des primären Verbindungspfades (210) von der ersten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (111) zu der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung (50) übertragen wird,
wobei die Pfadherstellungsinformation verwendet wird, um den mindestens einen sekundären Verbindungspfad (220) herzustellen,
wobei der mindestens eine sekundäre Verbindungspfad (210) zwischen der Kundenstandortausrüstungsvorrichtung oder -funktionalität (50) und der zweiten Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) unter Verwendung der Pfadherstellungsinformation hergestellt wird, um die zweite Internet-Protokoll-Rand-Vorrichtung (112) zu finden,
wobei die Pfadherstellungsinformation mindestens eines von einer Benutzerlegitimierungsinformation, einem Sitzungs-Token, einer Zugangspunktnamen-Information und einer Zugangspunktnamen-Instanzinformation umfasst.
 
14. Computerprogramm, das Instruktionen umfasst, die, wenn das Programm durch einen Computer ausgeführt wird, den Computer veranlassen, alle Schritte des Verfahrens nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10 auszuführen.
 
15. Computerlesbares Speichermedium, das Instruktionen umfasst, die, wenn sie durch einen Computer ausgeführt werden, den Computer veranlassen, alle Schritte des Verfahrens nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10 auszuführen.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé permettant d'assurer une connectivité de réseau hybride à au moins un dispositif client (51, 52) qui est connecté à un réseau de télécommunications (100) à l'aide d'un dispositif ou d'une fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), dans lequel la connectivité de réseau est assurée à l'aide d'une connexion hybride selon le protocole Internet entre au moins deux dispositifs périphériques à protocole Internet, d'une part, et le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), d'autre part, permettant la transmission de paquets de données, à la fois dans un sens de liaison montante depuis le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) vers au moins l'un des dispositifs périphériques à protocole Internet, et dans un sens de liaison descendante depuis au moins l'un des dispositifs périphériques à protocole Internet vers le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), dans lequel le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112) sont tous deux réalisés sous la forme de fonctions de réseau au sein d'un point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110),
la connexion hybride selon le protocole Internet comprenant un trajet de connexion primaire (210) et au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220), dans lequel le procédé comprend les étapes suivantes :

- dans une première étape, le trajet de connexion primaire (210) est établi entre le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) et le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), l'établissement du trajet de connexion primaire (210) impliquant l'assignation d'une adresse de protocole Internet à la connexion hybride selon le protocole Internet à réaliser,

- dans une seconde étape faisant suite à la première étape, l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) est établi entre le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112) et le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) utilisant la même adresse de protocole Internet que le trajet de connexion primaire (210),

dans lequel - concernant les paquets de données transmis dans le sens de liaison descendante vers le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) - une fonctionnalité d'équilibrage de charge (126) est utilisée en tant que fonction de réseau au sein du point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110) ou en tant que partie d'une autre fonction de réseau au sein du point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110), et
dans lequel, pendant ou après l'établissement du trajet de connexion primaire (210), des informations d'établissement de trajet sont transmises, à l'aide du trajet de connexion primaire (210), du premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) au dispositif d'équipement de locaux client (50), dans lequel les informations d'établissement de trajet sont utilisées pour établir l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220),
dans lequel l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (210) est établi entre le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112), à l'aide des informations d'établissement de trajet, afin de trouver le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112),
dans lequel les informations d'établissement de trajet comprennent une information de justificatif d'identité d'utilisateur et/ou un jeton de session et/ou une information de nom de point d'accès et/ou une information d'instance de nom de point d'accès.
 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'information de justificatif d'identité d'utilisateur et/ou le jeton de session et/ou l'information de nom de point d'accès et/ou l'information d'instance de nom de point d'accès compris(e)(s) dans les informations d'établissement de trajet est ou sont utilisé(e) (s) en outre afin de permettre une information d'authentification implicite du dispositif ou de la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50).
 
3. Procédé selon l'une des revendications précédentes,

- dans lequel le trajet de connexion primaire (210) est une connexion d'accès par ligne fixe et le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) est une passerelle de réseau à large bande, et dans lequel l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) est une connexion d'accès mobile et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112) est une passerelle de données par paquets, ou

- dans lequel le trajet de connexion primaire (210) est une connexion d'accès mobile et le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) est une passerelle de données par paquets, et dans lequel l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) est une connexion d'accès par ligne fixe et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112) est une passerelle de réseau à large bande, ou

- dans lequel le trajet de connexion primaire (210) est une connexion d'accès mobile et le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) est une passerelle de données par paquets, et dans lequel l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) est une connexion d'accès mobile et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) est une autre passerelle de données par paquets, ou

- dans lequel le trajet de connexion primaire (210) est une connexion d'accès par ligne fixe et le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) est une passerelle de réseau à large bande, et dans lequel l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) est une connexion d'accès par ligne fixe et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) est une passerelle de réseau à large bande.


 
4. Procédé selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'adresse de protocole Internet utilisée par le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) concernant à la fois le trajet de connexion primaire (210) et l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) est validée au niveau du dispositif ou des dispositifs périphérique(s) à protocole Internet (111, 112) desservant tous les trajets de connexion au-delà du trajet de connexion primaire (210), au moyen de ce qui suit :

- une interrogation de base de données à l'aide d'une information de jeton en direction d'une base de données d'adresses de protocole Internet, et/ou

- une demande de distribution sélective, en provenance du premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111), et/ou

- un jeton ou un autre paramètre supplémentaire inclus dans des messages d'établissement de tunnel.


 
5. Procédé selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel - concernant les paquets de données transmis dans un sens de liaison montante vers le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) - une autre fonctionnalité d'équilibrage de charge est mise en œuvre dans le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50).
 
6. Procédé selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la fonctionnalité d'équilibrage de charge (126), le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112) sont réalisés sous la forme de fonctions de réseau séparées au sein du point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110).
 
7. Procédé selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112) sont réalisés sous la forme de fonctions de réseau séparées au sein du point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110), et dans lequel la fonctionnalité d'équilibrage de charge (126) est réalisée en tant que partie de la fonction de réseau soit du premier soit du second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111, 112).
 
8. Procédé selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la fonctionnalité d'équilibrage de charge (126) est réalisée moyennant l'utilisation - outre l'utilisation de l'adresse de protocole Internet, ou d'une partie de celle-ci, utilisée pour le trajet de connexion primaire (210) et pour l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) - de l'information de port de couche 4 indiquant d'utiliser le trajet de connexion primaire (210) ou un trajet de connexion secondaire (220), dans lequel l'information de port est définie par le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) au cours de l'établissement d'une session de couche 4 moyennant la réécriture des champs correspondants d'en-tête de port d'origine, l'activation de la fonction d'équilibrage de charge pour les paquets vers les fonctions terminales IP afin d'acheminer les paquets vers les bords IP respectifs sur la base de règles simples préalablement configurées, par consultation de l'information de port de destination,
dans lequel la fonction d'équilibrage de charge est réalisée par configuration de règles de flux dans les éléments de réseau de commutation qui connectent les fonctions terminales IP au réseau, mettant en œuvre de manière efficace l'équilibrage de charge sur la base de plages de ports de couche 4 à l'intérieur du réseau de commutation ou par configuration de telles règles de flux dans une fonction spécialisée d'équilibrage de charge.
 
9. Procédé selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111), le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112) et la fonctionnalité d'équilibrage de charge (126) sont réalisés en une fonction intégrée de réseau au sein du point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110).
 
10. Procédé selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'adresse de protocole Internet utilisée à la fois pour le trajet de connexion primaire (210) et pour l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) correspond à une adresse de protocole Internet IPv4 ou au moins à des parties d'une adresse de protocole Internet IPv6.
 
11. Réseau de télécommunications (100) permettant d'assurer une connectivité de réseau hybride à au moins un dispositif client (51, 52) qui est connecté au réseau de télécommunications (100) à l'aide d'un dispositif ou d'une fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), dans lequel le réseau de télécommunications (100) comprend au moins un point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110), dans lequel la connectivité de réseau est assurée à l'aide d'une connexion hybride selon le protocole Internet entre au moins deux dispositifs périphériques à protocole Internet, d'une part, et le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), d'autre part, permettant la transmission de paquets de données, à la fois dans un sens de liaison montante depuis le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) vers au moins l'un des dispositifs périphériques à protocole Internet, et dans un sens de liaison descendante depuis au moins l'un des dispositifs périphériques à protocole Internet vers le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50),
dans lequel le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112) sont tous deux réalisés sous la forme de fonctions de réseau au sein d'un point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110),
la connexion hybride selon le protocole Internet comprenant un trajet de connexion primaire (210) et au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220), dans lequel le réseau de télécommunications (100) est conçu de telle sorte que :

- le trajet de connexion primaire (210) soit établi entre le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) et le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), l'établissement du trajet de connexion primaire (210) impliquant l'assignation d'une adresse de protocole Internet à la connexion hybride selon le protocole Internet à réaliser,

- l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) soit établi entre le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112) et le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) utilisant la même adresse de protocole Internet que le trajet de connexion primaire (210), dans lequel - concernant les paquets de données transmis dans le sens de liaison descendante vers le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) - une fonctionnalité d'équilibrage de charge (126) est réalisée en tant que fonction de réseau au sein du point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110) ou en tant que partie d'une autre fonction de réseau au sein du point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110), et

dans lequel, pendant ou après l'établissement du trajet de connexion primaire (210), des informations d'établissement de trajet sont transmises, à l'aide du trajet de connexion primaire (210), du premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) au dispositif d'équipement de locaux client (50), dans lequel les informations d'établissement de trajet sont utilisées pour établir l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220), dans lequel l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (210) est établi entre le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112), à l'aide des informations d'établissement de trajet, afin de trouver le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112),
dans lequel les informations d'établissement de trajet comprennent une information de justificatif d'identité d'utilisateur et/ou un jeton de session et/ou une information de nom de point d'accès et/ou une information d'instance de nom de point d'accès.
 
12. Point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110) permettant d'assurer une connectivité de réseau hybride à au moins un dispositif client (51, 52) qui est connecté à un réseau de télécommunications (100) à l'aide d'un dispositif ou d'une fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), dans lequel la connectivité de réseau est assurée à l'aide d'une connexion hybride selon le protocole Internet entre au moins deux dispositifs périphériques à protocole Internet, d'une part, et le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), d'autre part, permettant la transmission de paquets de données, à la fois dans un sens de liaison montante depuis le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) vers au moins l'un des dispositifs périphériques à protocole Internet, et dans un sens de liaison descendante depuis au moins l'un des dispositifs périphériques à protocole Internet vers le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50),
dans lequel le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112) sont tous deux réalisés sous la forme de fonctions de réseau au sein du point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110),
la connexion hybride selon le protocole Internet comprenant un trajet de connexion primaire (210) et au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220), dans lequel le point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110) est conçu de telle sorte que :

- le trajet de connexion primaire (210) soit établi entre le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) et le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), l'établissement du trajet de connexion primaire (210) impliquant l'assignation d'une adresse de protocole Internet à la connexion hybride selon le protocole Internet à réaliser,

- l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) soit établi entre le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112) et le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) utilisant la même adresse de protocole Internet que le trajet de connexion primaire (210), dans lequel - concernant les paquets de données transmis dans le sens de liaison descendante vers le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) - une fonctionnalité d'équilibrage de charge (126) est réalisée en tant que fonction de réseau au sein du point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110) ou en tant que partie d'une autre fonction de réseau au sein du point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110), et

dans lequel, pendant ou après l'établissement du trajet de connexion primaire (210), des informations d'établissement de trajet sont transmises, à l'aide du trajet de connexion primaire (210), du premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) au dispositif d'équipement de locaux client (50), dans lequel les informations d'établissement de trajet sont utilisées pour établir l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220), dans lequel l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (210) est établi entre le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112), à l'aide des informations d'établissement de trajet, afin de trouver le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112),
dans lequel les informations d'établissement de trajet comprennent une information de justificatif d'identité d'utilisateur et/ou un jeton de session et/ou une information de nom de point d'accès et/ou une information d'instance de nom de point d'accès.
 
13. Système permettant d'assurer une connectivité de réseau hybride à au moins un dispositif client (51, 52) qui est connecté à un réseau de télécommunications (100) à l'aide d'un dispositif ou d'une fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), dans lequel le système comprend le réseau de télécommunications (100), un point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110) et le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), dans lequel la connectivité de réseau est assurée à l'aide d'une connexion hybride selon le protocole Internet entre au moins deux dispositifs périphériques à protocole Internet, d'une part, et le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), d'autre part, permettant la transmission de paquets de données, à la fois dans un sens de liaison montante depuis le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) vers au moins l'un des dispositifs périphériques à protocole Internet, et dans un sens de liaison descendante depuis au moins l'un des dispositifs périphériques à protocole Internet vers le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50),
dans lequel le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112) sont tous deux réalisés sous la forme de fonctions de réseau au sein du point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110),
la connexion hybride selon le protocole Internet comprenant un trajet de connexion primaire (210) et au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220), dans lequel le système est conçu de telle sorte que :

- le trajet de connexion primaire (210) soit établi entre le premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) et le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), l'établissement du trajet de connexion primaire (210) impliquant l'assignation d'une adresse de protocole Internet à la connexion hybride selon le protocole Internet à réaliser,

- l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) soit établi entre le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112) et le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50), l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220) utilisant la même adresse de protocole Internet que le trajet de connexion primaire (210), dans lequel - concernant les paquets de données transmis dans le sens de liaison descendante vers le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) - une fonctionnalité d'équilibrage de charge (126) est réalisée en tant que fonction de réseau au sein du point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110) ou en tant que partie d'une autre fonction de réseau au sein du point de livraison logique ou physique de centre de commutation (110), et

dans lequel, pendant ou après l'établissement du trajet de connexion primaire (210), des informations d'établissement de trajet sont transmises, à l'aide du trajet de connexion primaire (210), du premier dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (111) au dispositif d'équipement de locaux client (50), dans lequel les informations d'établissement de trajet sont utilisées pour établir l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (220), dans lequel l'au moins un trajet de connexion secondaire (210) est établi entre le dispositif ou la fonctionnalité d'équipement de locaux client (50) et le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112), à l'aide des informations d'établissement de trajet, afin de trouver le second dispositif périphérique à protocole Internet (112),
dans lequel les informations d'établissement de trajet comprennent une information de justificatif d'identité d'utilisateur et/ou un jeton de session et/ou une information de nom de point d'accès et/ou une information d'instance de nom de point d'accès.
 
14. Programme informatique comprenant des instructions qui, lorsque le programme est exécuté par un ordinateur, font effectuer à l'ordinateur toutes les étapes du procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10.
 
15. Support d'enregistrement lisible par ordinateur, comprenant des instructions qui, lorsqu'elles sont exécutées par un ordinateur, font effectuer à l'ordinateur toutes les étapes du procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10.
 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description