(19)
(11)EP 3 301 263 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 16290192.0

(22)Date of filing:  03.10.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F01D 9/06(2006.01)

(54)

TURBINE EXHAUST STRUCTURE OF PARTICULAR DESIGN

BESONDERE GESTALTUNG EINER TURBINENABGASSTRUKTUR

STRUCTURE D'ÉCHAPPEMENT DE PARTICULIÈRE CONCEPTION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
04.04.2018 Bulletin 2018/14

(73)Proprietor: General Electric Technology GmbH
5400 Baden (CH)

(72)Inventor:
  • Santais, Frederic
    Boulogne Billancourt 92100 (FR)

(74)Representative: BRP Renaud & Partner mbB Rechtsanwälte Patentanwälte Steuerberater 
Königstraße 28
70173 Stuttgart
70173 Stuttgart (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2005 072 157
US-A1- 2007 014 671
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention generally relates to power plant steam turbines and more particularly to a turbine exhaust structure, and even more particularly to an intermediate-pressure exhaust end, a part of a high-and-intermediate-pressure (HIP) module.

    [0002] Typically, a power plant steam turbine is a device which converts thermal energy of pressurized steam to mechanical energy. The thermal energy is obtained by the production of steam by a boiler. The resulting steam flow is thus supplied to the steam turbine at the required pressure and temperature.

    [0003] The turbine converts the steam flow into a torque which is used for driving a rotor of an electric generator for the production of electrical energy. Particularly, the rotor of the electric generator is driven by means of a turbine shaft that interconnects the rotor with the steam turbine.

    [0004] Generally, steam turbines comprise at least one high-pressure casing, at least one intermediate-pressure casing and at least one low-pressure casing.

    [0005] For example, Figure 1a shows a specific HIP casing 10 comprising an intermediate-pressure exhaust structure 11 connected to a combined high-pressure/intermediate pressure casing 12 thanks a vertical flange connection 13.

    [0006] As shown in Figure 1b, intermediate-pressure casings usually comprise an upper element 14 and a lower element 15 which are connected to each other by means of a horizontal bolted flange. Each of the two elements 14, 15 comprises two outlets 16, 17 and 18, 19 such that two outlets are arranged on the left-hand side and two outlets are provided on the right hand side. Each outlet is connected to an exhaust pipe 20, 21, 22 and 23. More particularly, the pipe 20, 21 is connected to the outlet 16, 17 thanks to a fabricated part 201, 211, said part 201, 211 comprising an elbow. The pipes are of specific design since the two pipes 20, 22 on the left-hand side are connected to each other and the two pipes 21, 23 on the right-hand side are also connected to each other. Thus, it is said that the intermediate-pressure casings comprise two Y-shaped exhaust pipes 24, 25. Moreover, each of the two Y-shaped exhaust pipes 24 and 25 is connected to a further pipe 26, 27.

    [0007] The fabricated parts 201, 211 are connected to the upper element 14 thanks to connecting upper flanges 28 and 29, and to pipes 20, 21 thanks to connecting horizontal flanges 28a and 29a. The connecting upper flanges 28, 29 and the connecting horizontal flanges 28a and 29a have to be dismantled for the purpose of maintenance of the HIP casing 10, and have to be properly retightened thereafter. This configuration makes the opening of said HIP casing 10 difficult. Indeed, once the dismantling of the connecting upper flanges 28 and 29 and of the connecting horizontal flanges 28a and 29a is done, it is always difficult to retighten them suitably. Besides being difficult, these maintenance operations take a long time.

    [0008] In addition, the design of these intermediate-pressure casings requires the manufacture of Y-shaped pipes which are configured to be connected to other pipes. This task is complex and is associated to high costs.

    [0009] In US 2007/014671 it is suggested to form a pipe for a steam turbine of a centrifugal casting material to achieve resistance against higher temperatures and improve reliability of the pipe. As a pipe material, a centrifugal casting material normalized to contain uniform and finer crystal grains is employed. The centrifugal casting material is made of steel having a columnar structure in the radial direction with the crystal grain size number of 5 or more in a plane perpendicular to the radial direction. The steel includes 0.05-0.5% by mass C, not more than 1.0% Si, 0.05-1.5% Mn, 0.01-2.5% Ni, 8.0-13.0% Cr, 0.05-2.5% Mo, not more than 3.0% W, 0.05-0.35% V, 0.01-0.5% Nb, not more than 5% Co, 0.01-0.1% N, not more than 0.03% B, and not more than 0.05% Al.

    [0010] US 2005/072157 suggests a steam turbine plant in which a turbine casing containing a turbine is constituted of an upper-half casing and a lower-half casing. Nozzles are provided to the upper-half casing and a steam supplied through main steam piping lines are deliveried into the upper-half casing. Main steam pipes for supplying a steam from respective main valves to the respective nozzles are each formed so as to be dividable in a position out of the installation area of the upper-half casing.

    [0011] In view of the foregoing, the present invention aims at providing a turbine exhaust structure permitting to overcome the above drawbacks and which is easier to maintain as well as being economical to manufacture.

    [0012] In one embodiment, the turbine exhaust structure comprises:
    • a casing divided into a first element and a second element, said second element being connected to the first element,
    • at least one connecting pipe configured to be connected to a second pipe,
    the second element comprising at least one outlet, the connecting pipe being provided with a first end, having a first section, and a second end, having a second section,
    the outlet of the second element being connected to the first end of the connecting pipe, the second end of the connecting pipe being configured to be connected to the second pipe, no pipe being connected to the first element. The casing has a central aperture. The central aperture extends from a first face to a second opposite face of the casing, the section of a first face central aperture being larger than the section of a second opposite face central aperture.

    [0013] Such a turbine exhaust structure is configured to be connected to the combined high-pressure/intermediate-pressure casing 12 as shown in Figure 1a.

    [0014] Advantageously, the first element is connected to the second element along a horizontal joint plane.

    [0015] Preferably, the first element is an upper element and the second element is a lower element.

    [0016] According to one embodiment, the second element comprises at least two outlets, preferably two outlets, each connected to a connecting pipe.

    [0017] Preferentially, the second element is connected to the connecting pipe thanks to a welded connection.

    [0018] Advantageously, the length of the turbine exhaust structure varies from 6 to 12 meters, preferably from 9 to 10 meters. The width of the turbine exhaust structure may vary from 2 to 6 meters, preferably from 3 to 4 meters. The height of the turbine exhaust structure may vary from 6 to 12 meters, preferably from 8 to 9 meters.

    [0019] Preferably, the second pipe is an elbow pipe.

    [0020] Advantageously, the turbine exhaust structure is a fabricated structure.

    [0021] In another embodiment, the turbine exhaust structure is an intermediate pressure exhaust end.

    [0022] Another object of the invention relates to a high-and-intermediate-pressure casing comprising a high-pressure casing and a turbine exhaust structure according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0023] Other features and advantages of the present invention will appear from the following description, given only by way of examples and in view of the following drawings in which:
    • Figure 1a is an isometric view of a HIP casing used in a known steam turbine;
    • Figure 1b is a schematic view of an intermediate-pressure exhaust end used in a known steam turbine;
    • Figure 2 is an isometric view of a high-and-intermediate-pressure casing comprising a turbine exhaust structure according to one embodiment of the invention;
    • Figure 3 is a vertical flange connection side isometric view of a turbine exhaust structure according to an embodiment of the invention; and
    • Figure 4 is a rear pedestal side isometric view of a turbine exhaust structure according to an embodiment of the invention.


    [0024] Reference is first made to Figure 2 which discloses a HIP casing 31 according to an embodiment of the invention. The high-and-intermediate-pressure casing 31 comprises a turbine exhaust structure 30, which is an intermediate-pressure exhaust end 30, and a combined high-pressure/intermediate-pressure casing 32, said casing 32 being connected to the turbine exhaust structure 30 thanks to a vertical flange connection 33.

    [0025] It is worth noting that the combined high-pressure/intermediate-pressure casing 32 is identical to the combined high-pressure/intermediate-pressure casing 12 represented on Figure 1a. Indeed, the intermediate-pressure exhaust end 30 according to an embodiment of the present invention is configured to be connected to the different modules used in a known steam turbine. In other words, the interfaces of the intermediate-pressure exhaust end 30 are configured in such a way that the design of the other components constituting a known steam turbine, and intended to be associated to said intermediate-pressure exhaust end 30, does not need to be modified.

    [0026] For example, the vertical flange connection 33 is identical to the one used in an intermediate-pressure exhaust end of the prior art like the vertical flange connection 13.

    [0027] As illustrated on Figures 3 and 4, the intermediate-pressure exhaust end 30 comprises a casing 34 divided into a first element 35 and a second element 36, which is connected to the first element. The intermediate-pressure exhaust end 30 also comprises two connecting pipes 37, 38 which are configured to be connected to a second pipe 39 and 40. The second pipe 39, 40 is an elbow pipe.

    [0028] The second element 36 comprises two outlets 41, 42 (not shown) of rectangular cross section. The connecting pipe 37, 38 is provided with a first end 371, 381, having a first section, and a second end 372, 382, having a second section. Moreover, the second element 36 is connected to the connecting pipe 37, 38 thanks to a welded connection.

    [0029] The outlet 41, 42 is connected to the first end 371, 381 and the second end 372, 382 is configured to be connected to the second pipe 39, 40.

    [0030] As illustrated on Figures 3 and 4, the first element 35 is an upper element 35. The second element 36 is a lower element 36.

    [0031] It is to be noted that the casing 34 has a central aperture 43 which extends from a first face 341, shown on Figure 3, to a second opposite face 342 of the casing 34, shown on Figure 4. A first face central aperture 431 has a first section and a second face central aperture 432 has a second section. The first section of the first face central aperture 431 is larger than the second section of the second face central aperture 432.

    [0032] Moreover, the upper element 35 is connected to the lower element 36 along a horizontal joint plan by a plurality of studs and nuts 44 and also thanks to two supports 45 and 46 on the second opposite face 342, as shown on Figure 4.

    [0033] Besides, the casing 34 comprises a plurality of outer reinforcements 47 on both the upper element 35 and the lower element 36. The outer reinforcements 47 of the lower element 36 extend radially from both the first face central aperture 431 and the second face central aperture 432. The outer reinforcements 47 of the upper element 35 extend radially from the first face central aperture 431 to the second face central aperture 432 and vice versa. The casing 34 also comprises a plurality of inner reinforcements 48 (not shown) located inside said casing 34.

    [0034] In addition, the first face central aperture 431 of the casing 34 is configured to be connected with the combined high-pressure/intermediate-pressure casing 32 thanks to the vertical flange connection 33 and a plurality of studs and nuts 49, which are around the first face central aperture 431, and a sealing weld.

    [0035] As shown on Figures 2, 3 and 4, no pipe is connected to the upper element 35.

    [0036] Thus, such configuration makes the maintenance operations much easier as compared to the one of the intermediate-pressure casing 11 with the four outlets 16, 17, 18 and 19. Indeed, no pipe needs to be dismantled nor retightened. Specifically, the opening and closing of the HIP casing 31 is easier.

    [0037] Furthermore, the turbine exhaust end according to the present invention is very cost-efficient because it allows avoiding the use of Y-shaped pipes which are very difficult to manufacture, thereby reducing quantities of materials to be used. Indeed, it is estimated that the turbine exhaust end according to the present invention allows sparing around 15 tons of materials. Moreover, the turbine exhaust end according to the present invention is also very cost-efficient because said turbine exhaust end is a fabricated structure whereas the one described in Figure 1A is a foundry structure. This is particularly true with regard to large-scaled objects which are produced in small quantities.

    [0038] Besides, the interfaces of the intermediate-pressure exhaust end 30 are configured in such a way that the design of the other components constituting a known steam turbine, for example the diaphragms, and intended to be associated to said intermediate-pressure exhaust end 30, does not need to be modified.


    Claims

    1. Turbine exhaust structure (30) comprising:

    - a casing (34) divided into a first element (35) and a second element (36), the second element (36) being connected to the first element (35),

    - at least one connecting pipe (37, 38) configured to be connected to a second pipe (39, 40),

    the second element (36) comprising at least one outlet (41, 42), the connecting pipe (37, 38) being provided with a first end (371), having a first section, and a second end (372), having a second section,
    the outlet (41, 42) of the second element (36) being connected to the first end (371) of the connecting pipe (37, 38), the second end (372) of the connecting pipe (37, 38) being configured to be connected to the second pipe (39, 40), wherein no pipe is connected to the first element (35),
    the casing (34) has a central aperture (43), wherein the central aperture (43) extends from a first face (341) to a second opposite face (342) of the casing (34), characterised in that the section of a first face central aperture (431) being larger than the section of a second opposite face central aperture (432).
     
    2. Turbine exhaust structure according to claim 1, wherein the first element (35) is connected to the second element (36) along a horizontal joint plane.
     
    3. Turbine exhaust structure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the first element (35) is an upper element (35) and the second element (36) is a lower element (36).
     
    4. Turbine exhaust structure according to any preceding claims, wherein the second element (36) comprises at least two outlets (41, 42), preferably two outlets (41, 42), each connected to a connecting pipe (37, 38).
     
    5. Turbine exhaust structure according to any preceding claims, wherein the second element (36) is connected to the connecting pipe (37, 38) thanks to a welded connection.
     
    6. Turbine exhaust structure according to any preceding claims, wherein the length of the turbine exhaust structure (30) varies from 6 to 12 meters, preferably from 9 to 10 meters.
     
    7. Turbine exhaust structure according to any preceding claims, wherein the width of the turbine exhaust structure (30) varies from 2 to 6 meters, preferably from 3 to 4 meters.
     
    8. Turbine exhaust structure according to any preceding claims, wherein the second pipe (39, 40) is an elbow pipe (39, 40).
     
    9. Turbine exhaust structure according to any preceding claims, wherein said turbine exhaust structure (30) is a fabricated structure.
     
    10. Turbine exhaust structure according to any preceding claims, wherein the turbine exhaust structure (30) is an intermediate-pressure exhaust end (30).
     
    11. High-and-intermediate-pressure casing (31) comprising a high-pressure casing (32) and a turbine exhaust structure (30) as defined in any preceding claims.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Turbinenaustrittsstruktur (30), umfassend:

    - ein Gehäuse (34), das in ein erstes Element (35) und ein zweites Element (36) unterteilt ist, wobei das zweite Element (36) mit dem ersten Element (35) verbunden ist,

    - mindestens ein Verbindungsrohr (37, 38), das zum Verbinden mit einem zweiten Rohr (39, 40) konfiguriert ist,

    wobei das zweite Element (36) mindestens einen Auslass (41, 42) umfasst, wobei das Verbindungsrohr (37, 28) mit einem ersten Ende (317), das einen ersten Abschnitt aufweist, und einem zweiten Ende (372) versehen ist, das einen zweiten Abschnitt aufweist,
    wobei der Auslass (41, 42) des zweiten Elements (36) mit dem ersten Ende (371) des Verbindungsrohrs (37, 38) verbunden ist, wobei das zweite Ende (372) des Verbindungsrohrs (37, 38) zum Verbinden mit dem zweiten Rohr (39, 40) konfiguriert ist, wobei kein Rohr mit dem ersten Element (35) verbunden ist,
    wobei das Gehäuse (34) eine zentrale Öffnung (43) aufweist, wobei sich die zentrale Öffnung (43) von einer ersten Fläche (341) zu einer zweiten entgegengesetzten Fläche (342) des Gehäuses (34) erstreckt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Querschnitt einer zentralen Öffnung (431) der ersten Fläche größer ist als der Querschnitt einer zentralen Öffnung (432) der zweiten entgegengesetzten Fläche.
     
    2. Turbinenaustrittsstruktur nach Anspruch 1, wobei das erste Element (35) entlang einer horizontalen Verbindungsebene mit dem zweiten Element (36) verbunden ist.
     
    3. Turbinenaustrittsstruktur nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das erste Element (35) ein oberes Element (35) ist und das zweite Element (36) ein unteres Element (36) ist.
     
    4. Turbinenaustrittsstruktur nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das zweite Element (36) mindestens zwei Auslässe (41, 42) umfasst, vorzugsweise zwei Auslässe (41, 42), die jeweils mit einem Verbindungsrohr (37, 38) verbunden sind.
     
    5. Turbinenaustrittsstruktur nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das zweite Element (36) durch eine Schweißverbindung mit dem Verbindungsrohr (37, 38) verbunden ist.
     
    6. Turbinenaustrittsstruktur nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Länge der Turbinenaustrittsstruktur (30) von 6 bis 12 Metern, vorzugsweise von 9 bis 10 Metern variiert.
     
    7. Turbinenaustrittsstruktur nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Breite der Turbinenaustrittsstruktur (30) von 2 bis 6 Metern, vorzugsweise von 3 bis 4 Metern variiert.
     
    8. Turbinenaustrittsstruktur nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das zweite Rohr (39, 40) ein Rohrbogen (39, 40) ist.
     
    9. Turbinenaustrittsstruktur nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Turbinenaustrittsstruktur (30) eine gefertigte Struktur ist.
     
    10. Turbinenaustrittsstruktur nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Turbinenaustrittsstruktur (30) ein Zwischendruckaustrittsende (30) ist.
     
    11. Hoch- und Zwischendruckgehäuse (31) mit einem Hochdruckgehäuse (32) und einer Turbinenaustrittsstruktur (30), wie sie in einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche definiert ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Structure d'échappement de turbine (30) comprenant :

    - un carter (34) divisé en un premier élément (35) et un second élément (36), le second élément (36) étant raccordé au premier élément (35),

    - au moins un tuyau de raccordement (37, 38) configuré pour être raccordé à un second tuyau (39, 40),

    le second élément (36) comprenant au moins une sortie (41, 42), le tuyau de raccordement (37, 38) étant pourvu d'une première extrémité (371), ayant une première section, et une seconde extrémité (372), ayant une seconde section,
    la sortie (41, 42) du second élément (36) étant raccordée à la première extrémité (371) du tuyau de raccordement (37, 38), la seconde extrémité (372) du tuyau de raccordement (37, 38) étant configurée pour être raccordée au second tuyau (39, 40), dans laquelle aucun tuyau n'est raccordé au premier élément (35),
    le carter (34) a une ouverture centrale (43), dans laquelle l'ouverture centrale (43) s'étend d'une première face (341) à une seconde face opposée (342) du carter (34), caractérisée en ce que la section d'une première ouverture centrale de face (431) est plus grande que la section d'une seconde ouverture centrale de face opposée (432).
     
    2. Structure d'échappement de turbine selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le premier élément (35) est raccordé au second élément (36) le long d'un plan d'assemblage horizontal.
     
    3. Structure d'échappement de turbine selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle le premier élément (35) est un élément supérieur (35) et le second élément (36) est un élément inférieur (36).
     
    4. Structure d'échappement de turbine selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le second élément (36) comprend au moins deux sorties (41, 42), de préférence deux sorties (41, 42) raccordées chacune à un tuyau de raccordement (37, 38).
     
    5. Structure d'échappement de turbine selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le second élément (36) est raccordé au tuyau de raccordement (37, 38) grâce à un assemblage soudé.
     
    6. Structure d'échappement de turbine selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la longueur de la structure d'échappement de turbine (30) varie de 6 à 12 mètres, de préférence de 9 à 10 mètres.
     
    7. Structure d'échappement de turbine selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la largeur de la structure d'échappement de turbine (30) varie de 2 à 6 mètres, de préférence de 3 à 4 mètres.
     
    8. Structure d'échappement de turbine selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le second tuyau (39, 40) est un tuyau coudé (39, 40).
     
    9. Structure d'échappement de turbine selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle ladite structure d'échappement de turbine (30) est une structure fabriquée.
     
    10. Structure d'échappement de turbine selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la structure d'échappement de turbine (30) est une extrémité d'échappement de pression intermédiaire (30).
     
    11. Carter de pression haute et intermédiaire (31) comprenant un carter haute pression (32) et une structure d'échappement de turbine (30) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.
     




    Drawing




















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description