(19)
(11)EP 3 301 305 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 17193943.2

(22)Date of filing:  29.09.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F04D 19/00(2006.01)
F04D 29/38(2006.01)

(54)

REVERSIBLE FLOW FAN

UMKEHRBARER STRÖMUNGSVENTILATOR

VENTILATEUR À FLUX RÉVERSIBLE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 29.09.2016 JP 2016191950

(43)Date of publication of application:
04.04.2018 Bulletin 2018/14

(73)Proprietor: Sanyo Denki Co., Ltd.
Tokyo 170-8451 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • Yamazaki, Yoshihisa
    Tokyo, 170-8451 (JP)

(74)Representative: Mathys & Squire 
Mathys & Squire Europe LLP Theatinerstraße 7
80333 München
80333 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 3 043 077
US-A- 5 616 004
WO-A1-2014/024654
US-A1- 2012 213 650
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    1. Technical Field



    [0001] This disclosure relates to a reversible flow fan.

    2. Description of the Related Art



    [0002] A blast fan is an apparatus that generates an airflow to be used for cooling, for example, an electronic component. Performance of the blast fan depends on a capacity for causing the airflow to pass through. As the capacity for causing the airflow to pass through is increased, a noise tends to increase. In view of this, various devices are provided for achieving both the performance as the blast fan and the noise reduction.

    [0003] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2006-316787 discloses a technique relating the devices. The technique has an object to provide a heat radiation fan, a fan frame structure of the heat radiation fan, and a heat radiation system. The heat radiation fan has a smoothly curved enlarged portion. The curved enlarged portion is configured to reduce a noise generated by a friction of an airflow and a frame wall portion of the fan frame. Then, the curved enlarged portion is configured to ensure stabilization and concentration of the airflow to enhance the performance. The fan frame structure of the heat radiation device disclosed in this literature includes a pillar-shaped passage 216 that guides the airflow from one opening to the other opening. Furthermore, the pillar-shaped passage 216 disposed on the at least one opening side has an inner peripheral wall that has a smoothly curved enlarged portion F. The curved enlarged portion F expands in a radial direction and outward (see ABSTRACT).

    SUMMARY



    [0004] A reversible flow fan includes: an impeller that includes blade portions; and rear-edge curved portions disposed on surfaces on rear edge sides of the blade portions in a normal rotation direction of the impeller. The rear-edge curved portions are convexly curved from a center of the impeller toward directions of outer peripheral portions of the blade portions in airflow directions during a reverse rotation of the impeller.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0005] 

    Fig. 1 is a front view illustrating an exemplary configuration of an impeller (vane) used for a blast fan according to a first embodiment of this disclosure;

    Fig. 2 is a side view illustrating the exemplary configuration of the impeller (the vane) used for the blast fan according to the first embodiment;

    Fig. 3 is a front view corresponding to Fig. 1;

    Fig. 4 is a drawing for describing a shape of a rear-edge curved portion of a rear edge of a second blade portion in more detail, and a drawing illustrating near a dotted line in Fig. 3 including a cross section viewed from an arrow H direction;

    Fig. 5 is a drawing indicating a relation between a rotation speed of a blast fan and a sound pressure level when a rear-edge curved portion is disposed on a rear edge of a blade portion, and a drawing comparing a blast fan (a comparative example) without the rear-edge curved portion with a blast fan with the rear-edge curved portion according to the first embodiment;

    Fig. 6 is a front view illustrating an exemplary configuration of an impeller (vane) used for a blast fan according to a second embodiment of this disclosure, and a drawing corresponding to Fig. 3 in the first embodiment;

    Fig. 7 is a drawing illustrating the exemplary configuration of the impeller (the vane) used for the blast fan according to the second embodiment of this disclosure, a drawing illustrating near a dotted line in Fig. 6 including a cross section viewed from an arrow I direction, and a drawing corresponding to Fig. 4 in the first embodiment;

    Fig. 8 is a drawing indicating a relation between a rotation speed of a blast fan and a sound pressure level when a front-edge curved portion is disposed on a front edge of a blade portion, and a drawing comparing a blast fan (a comparative example) without the front-edge curved portion with a blast fan with the front-edge curved portion according to the second embodiment;

    Fig. 9 is a drawing indicating air flow-static pressure characteristics of a blast fan according to a third embodiment of this disclosure and a blast fan (a comparative example) without any of the rear-edge curved portion and the front-edge curved portion; and

    Fig. 10 is a drawing indicating a comparison result of frequency characteristics during a reverse rotation between the blast fan according to the third embodiment of this disclosure and the blast fan (the comparative example) without any of the rear-edge curved portion and the front-edge curved portion.


    DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



    [0006] In the following detailed description, for purpose of explanation, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the disclosed embodiments. It will be apparent, however, that one or more embodiments may be practiced without these specific details. In other instances, well-known structures and devices are schematically shown in order to simplify the drawing.

    [0007] Blast fans include a type referred to such as a reversible flow fan. The fan of this type is configured to rotate a motor in two directions of a normal rotation (a fluid moves to a back surface side) and a reverse rotation (the fluid moves to a front surface side) so as to use both airflows in the two directions. It is sometimes necessary for the reversible flow fan to equivalently have performance during the normal rotation and performance during the reverse rotation. Similarly, it is sometimes preferred that noise characteristics during the normal rotation and noise characteristics during the reverse rotation are equivalent.

    [0008] The technique disclosed in above Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2006-316787 is to reduce noise. However, the technique seems not to assume the motor rotations in the two directions of the normal rotation and the reverse rotation, as for example disclosed in US2012213650. Accordingly, it is considered that the technique disclosed in the document JP2006316787 has difficulty in reducing the noise characteristics during the reverse rotation of the reversible flow fan.

    [0009] It is one object of this disclosure to reduce the noise characteristics during the reverse rotation of the reversible flow fan. It is another object of this disclosure to make the noise characteristics during the normal rotation and the noise characteristics during the reverse rotation close to one another.

    [0010] A reversible flow fan according to an aspect of the present disclosure includes: an impeller that includes blade portions; and rear-edge curved portions disposed on surfaces on rear edge sides of the blade portions in a normal rotation direction of the impeller. The rear-edge curved portions are convexly curved from a center of the impeller toward directions of outer peripheral portions of the blade portions in airflow directions during a reverse rotation of the impeller.

    [0011] The rear-edge curved portion may have an inflection point of the rear edge as a position where a curvature of the rear-edge curved portion varies, and the inflection point may be positioned on a position apart from the center of the impeller by 70% to 90% of a length from the center of the impeller to the outer peripheral portion of the blade portion.

    [0012] An inclined angle of the rear-edge curved portion in a direction of the impeller center with respect to the inflection point may be in a range of -5° to +5°, and an inclined angle of the rear-edge curved portion in a direction of the outer peripheral portion of the impeller with respect to the inflection point may be in a range of+15° to +30°.

    [0013] A reversible flow fan according to another aspect of the present embodiment includes: an impeller that includes blade portions; and front-edge curved portions disposed on surfaces on front edge sides of the blade portions in a normal rotation direction of the impeller. The front-edge curved portions are concavely curved from a center of the impeller toward directions of outer peripheral portions of the blade portions in airflow directions during a reverse rotation of the impeller.

    [0014] The front-edge curved portion may have an inflection point of the front edge as a position where a curvature of the front-edge curved portion varies, and the inflection point may be positioned on a position apart from the center of the impeller by 70% to 90% of a length from the center of the impeller to the outer peripheral portion of the blade portion.

    [0015] An inclined angle of the front-edge curved portion in a direction of the impeller center with respect to the inflection point may be in a range of -5° to +5°, and an inclined angle of the front-edge curved portion in a direction of the outer peripheral portion of the impeller with respect to the inflection point may be in a range of+15° to +30°.

    [0016] This reversible flow fan may further include: rear-edge curved portions disposed on surfaces on rear edge sides of the blade portions in the normal rotation direction of the impeller. The rear-edge curved portions are convexly curved from the center of the impeller toward the directions of outer peripheral portions of the blade portions in the airflow directions during the reverse rotation of the impeller.

    [0017] With the reversible flow fan according to the above aspects of this disclosure, the noise characteristics during the reverse rotation ensure being reduced. The noise characteristics during the normal rotation and the noise characteristics during the reverse rotation ensure being made close to one another.

    [0018] In the reversible flow fan, during the reverse rotation, a spoke that supports a motor is positioned on a suction side of a vane. In view of this, during the reverse rotation, a sound pressure level tends to significantly increase compared with during the normal rotation.

    [0019] Therefore, the reversible flow fan (hereinafter referred to as a "blast fan" according to the embodiment proposes a blade shape of the vane for ensuring the noise reduction during the reverse rotation.

    First Embodiment



    [0020] Fig. 1 is a front view illustrating an exemplary configuration of an impeller (vane) 120 used for a blast fan according to a first embodiment of this disclosure. Fig. 2 is a side view of the impeller 120. Both Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are drawings illustrating the blade shapes of the vanes. An arrow 142 indicates a direction of a flow of a fluid (air) during the normal rotation of the impeller 120. An arrow 141 indicates a direction of the flow of the fluid (air) during the reverse rotation of the impeller 120. That is, Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 define the respective portions.

    [0021] As illustrated in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the impeller (the vane) 120 according to the embodiment includes, for example, a blade mounting portion 125, a first blade portion 130a, a second blade portion 130b, and a third blade portion 130c. The blade mounting portion 125 houses a motor (not illustrated). Furthermore, to the blade mounting portion 125, a blade (the first blade portion 130a, the second blade portion 130b and the third blade portion 130c) is mounted. The first blade portion 130a, the second blade portion 130b, and the third blade portion 130c are disposed (mounted) on a side surface of the blade mounting portion 125. An arrow 170 indicates a reverse rotation direction of the impeller 120.

    [0022] Fig. 3 is a drawing corresponding to Fig. 1. Fig. 4 illustrates an exemplary shape of a rear edge 133r of the second blade portion 130b in more detail. That is, Fig. 4 is a drawing illustrating near a dotted line in Fig. 3 including a cross section viewed from an arrow H direction. The first blade portion 130a and the third blade portion 130c have configurations similar to the second blade portion 130b.

    [0023] Fig. 3 illustrates the entire impeller (the vane) 120 from a top. As illustrated in Fig. 3, the second blade portion 130b has a circumferential apex a on a rear edge side (133r), the circumferential apex a is positioned on a reference line B. The reference line B passes through, for example, a middle between a blade outer peripheral portion C of the second blade portion 130b and a portion (a blade inner peripheral portion A of the second blade portion 130b) of the blade mounting portion 125 contacting the second blade portion 130b. The blade outer peripheral portion C, the reference line B, and the blade inner peripheral portion A are positioned, for example, on a blade surface of a cross section of the second blade portion 130b.

    [0024] The reference line B is positioned on a position, for example, apart from a center of the impeller 120 by 70% to 90% of a length from the center of the impeller 120 to the blade outer peripheral portion C.

    [0025] Fig. 4 illustrates a cross section near a rear edge in the normal rotation direction of the second blade portion 130b. As illustrated in Fig. 4, the second blade portion 130b has a convex shape (a convex surface) on a blade surface as a surface on a negative pressure side during the reverse rotation.

    [0026] A position A' illustrated in Fig. 4 is, for example, an intersection point of the cross section of the second blade portion 130b with the blade inner peripheral portion (a position of a blade base) A. A position B' illustrated in Fig. 4 is, for example, an intersection point of the cross section of the second blade portion 130b with the reference line B. A position C' illustrated in Fig. 4 is, for example, an intersection point of the cross section of the second blade portion 130b with the blade outer peripheral portion C.

    [0027] Assume that a position where a displacement is maximum between the position A' and the position B' is a position D. An angle θ1 between a reference line connecting the position A' to the position D and a reference line X extending from the position A' in a direction perpendicular to a direction of a rotation axis of the impeller 120 is, for example, between -5° and +5°. That is, an inclined angle of a rear-edge curved portion (described below) in a center direction of the impeller 120 with respect to a first inflection point (described below) may be in a range of -5° to +5°.

    [0028] On the other hand, an angle (θ2) between a reference line connecting the position B' to the position C' and a reference line X' extending from the position B' in the direction perpendicular to the direction of the rotation axis of the impeller 120 is, for example, between 15° and 30°. Here, the circumferential apex a (see Fig. 3) on the reference line B as a position where a curvature of the blade surface significantly varies is referred to as a rear-edge inflection point (a first inflection point). That is, an inclined angle of the rear-edge curved portion (described below) in a direction of the outer peripheral portion of the impeller 120 with respect to the first inflection point may be in a range of+15° to +30°.

    [0029] With the above configuration, the rear edge 133r (the surface on the rear edge side) in the normal rotation direction of the second blade portion 130b of the impeller (the vane) 120 includes a rear-edge curved portion (a first curved portion (curved surface)) 133b. The first blade portion 130a and the third blade portion 130c have similar configurations. That is, a rear edge (a surface on a rear edge side) in the normal rotation direction of the first blade portion 130a includes a rear-edge curved portion (a first curved portion) 133a. A rear edge (a surface on a rear edge side) in the normal rotation direction of the third blade portion 130c includes a rear-edge curved portion (a first curved portion) 133c.

    [0030] Thus, the first to the third blade portions 130a to 130c of the impeller (the vane) 120 include convexly curved portions (the rear-edge curved portions 133a to 133c) on the rear edge sides in the normal rotation direction of the impeller 120. The rear-edge curved portions 133a to 133c are convexly curved from the center of the impeller (the vane) toward the directions of the outer peripheral portions of the first to the third blade portions 130a to 130c in an airflow direction during the reverse rotation (in an airflow direction in the reverse rotation direction) of the impeller 120. The rear-edge curved portions 133a to 133c are disposed to reduce a noise in the case of the reverse rotation of the impeller (the vane) 120. The rear-edge curved portions 133a to 133c have curved heights (dimensions of convex) of, for example, 1.6 mm.

    [0031] Fig. 5 indicates a relation between a rotation speed of a blast fan and a sound pressure level when the rear-edge curved portions 133a, 133b, and 133c are disposed on the first to the third blade portions 130a, 130b, and 130c of the impeller (the vane) 120 respectively. Fig. 5 indicates a comparison of a blast fan (a comparative example) without the rear-edge curved portion with a blast fan (a working example 1) with the rear-edge curved portions 133a to 133c according to the embodiment. As illustrated in Fig. 5, it is found that the rear-edge curved portions disposed on the first to the third blade portions 130a to 130c of the impeller (the vane) 120 reduce the sound pressure level during the reverse rotation by approximately 3 dB.

    Second Embodiment



    [0032] A description will be given of a second embodiment of this disclosure. An underlying configuration of the blast fan is similar to the first embodiment. Like reference numerals designate substantially identical configurations, positions, and the like to those of the above-described first embodiment, and therefore descriptions will be omitted in some cases.

    [0033] Fig. 6 is a drawing corresponding to Fig. 3 in the first embodiment. Fig. 7 is a drawing corresponding to Fig. 4 in the first embodiment.

    [0034] In the first embodiment, the rear-edge curved portion 133b is disposed on the rear edge 133r in the normal rotation direction of the second blade portion 130b. Instead of the rear-edge curved portion 133b, in this embodiment, a front-edge curved portion (a second curved portion) 135b is disposed on a front edge 133f (a surface on a front edge side) in the normal rotation direction of the second blade portion 130b. The first blade portion 130a and the third blade portion 130c have similar configurations. That is, a front-edge curved portion (a second curved portion) 135a is disposed on a front edge (a surface on a front edge) in the normal rotation direction of the first blade portion 130a. A front-edge curved portion (a second curved portion) 135c is disposed on a front edge (a surface on a front edge) in the normal rotation direction of the third blade portion 130c.

    [0035] Fig. 7 illustrates a shape of the front edge 133f of the second blade portion 130b in more detail as an example. Then, Fig. 7 is a drawing illustrating near a dotted line in Fig. 6 including a cross section viewed from an arrow I direction.

    [0036] Fig. 6 illustrates the entire impeller 120 from a top. As illustrated in Fig. 6, the second blade portion 130b has a circumferential apex b on a front edge side positioned on a reference line B. The reference line B passes through, for example, a middle between a blade outer peripheral portion C of the second blade portion 130b and a portion (a blade inner peripheral portion A of the second blade portion 130b) of the blade mounting portion 125 contacting the second blade portion 130b.

    [0037] The reference line B is positioned on a position, for example, apart from a center of the impeller 120 by 70% to 90% of a length from the center of the impeller 120 to the blade outer peripheral portion C.

    [0038] Fig. 7 illustrates a cross section near a front edge in the normal rotation direction of the second blade portion 130b. As illustrated in Fig. 7, the second blade portion 130b has a depressed shape (a depressed surface) on a blade surface as a surface on a negative pressure side during the reverse rotation.

    [0039] Assume that a position where a displacement is maximum between a position A' and a position B' is a position D. An angle θ1 between a reference line connecting the position A' to the position D and a reference line X extending from the position A' in a direction perpendicular to a direction of a rotation axis of the impeller 120 is, for example, between -5° and +5°. That is, an inclined angle of a front-edge curved portion (described below) in a center direction of the impeller 120 with respect to a second inflection point (described below) may be in a range of -5° to +5°.

    [0040] On the other hand, an angle (θ2) between a reference line connecting the position B' to a position C' and a reference line X' extending from the position B' in the direction perpendicular to the direction of the rotation axis of the impeller 120 is, for example, between 15° and 30°. Here, the circumferential apex b on the reference line B as a position where a curvature of the blade surface significantly varies is referred to as a front-edge inflection point (a second inflection point). That is, an inclined angle of the front-edge curved portion (described below) in a direction of the outer peripheral portion of the impeller 120 with respect to the second inflection point may be in a range of+15° to +30°.

    [0041] With the above configuration, the front edge side (133f) in the normal rotation direction of the second blade portion 130b of the impeller (the vane) 120 includes a front-edge curved portion (a second curved portion (curved surface)) 135b. Similarly, the first blade portion 130a has a front edge side in the normal rotation direction where a front-edge curved portion (a second curved portion (curved surface)) 135a is disposed, and the third blade portion 130c has a front edge side in the normal rotation where a front-edge curved portion (a second curved portion (curved surface)) 135c is disposed.

    [0042] Thus, the first to the third blade portions 130a to 130c of the impeller (the vane) 120 include concavely curved portions (the front-edge curved portions 135a to 135c) on the front edge sides in the normal rotation direction of the impeller 120. The front-edge curved portions 135a to 135c are concavely curved from the center of the impeller (the vane) toward the directions of the outer peripheral portions of the first to the third blade portions 130a to 130c in an airflow direction during the reverse rotation (in an airflow direction in the reverse rotation direction) of the impeller 120. The front-edge curved portions 135a to 135c are disposed to reduce a noise in the case of the reverse rotation of the impeller (the vane) 120. The front-edge curved portions 135a to 135c have curved heights (dimensions of concave) of, for example, 2.2 mm.

    [0043] Fig. 8 indicates a relation between a rotation speed of a blast fan and a sound pressure level when the front-edge curved portions 135a, 135b, and 135c are disposed on the first to the third blade portions 130a, 130b, and 130c of the impeller (the vane) 120 respectively. Fig. 8 indicates a comparison of a blast fan (a comparative example) without the front-edge curved portion with a blast fan (a working example 2) with the front-edge curved portions 135a to 135c according to the embodiment. As illustrated in Fig. 8, it is found that the front-edge curved portions disposed on the first to the third blade portions 130a to 130c of the impeller (the vane) 120 reduce the sound pressure level during the reverse rotation by approximately 1 dB.

    Third Embodiment



    [0044] A description will be given of a third embodiment of this disclosure. An underlying configuration of the blast fan is similar to the first embodiment and the second embodiment. Like reference numerals designate substantially identical configurations, positions, and the like to those of the above-described first and second embodiments, and therefore descriptions will be omitted in some cases.

    [0045] In an impeller 120 according to the third embodiment, the first to the third blade portions 130a to 130c include both the rear-edge curved portions (see Fig. 3 and Fig. 4) indicated in the first embodiment and the front-edge curved portions (see Fig. 6 and Fig. 7) indicated in the second embodiment.

    [0046] Fig. 9 is a drawing indicating air flow-static pressure characteristics of a blast fan (a working example 3) according to the third embodiment and a blast fan (a comparative example) without any of the rear-edge curved portion and the front-edge curved portion.

    [0047] As illustrated in Fig. 9, the working example 3 and the comparative example have similar air flow-static pressure characteristics. This confirms that whether or not the rear-edge curved portion and the front-edge curved portion are disposed is less likely to make a difference on the air flow-static pressure characteristics. That is, disposing the rear-edge curved portion and the front-edge curved portion causes almost no change on blowing characteristics of the blast fan.
    [Table 1]
     Comparative ExampleWorking Example 3
    During Normal Rotation 39 dB 39 dB
    During Reverse Rotation 47 dB 43 dB


    [0048] Table 1 indicates sound pressure level characteristics of the working example 3 and the comparative example. Fig. 10 indicates a comparison result of frequency characteristics during the reverse rotation between the working example 3 and the comparative example. Table 1 indicates that disposing the rear-edge curved portion and the front-edge curved portion decreases the sound pressure level during the reverse rotation from 47 dB to 43 dB by approximately 4 dB.

    [0049] Table 1 and Fig. 10 indicate that the sound pressure levels of frequency components caused by the vane during the reverse rotation ensure being reduced.

    [0050] As described above, according to the embodiment, the difference of the sound pressure level between during the normal rotation and during the reverse rotation ensures being decreased. While the difference of the sound pressure level is great at 8 dB(A) in the comparative example, the difference of the sound pressure level ensures being decreased to 4 dB(A) with the embodiment. That is, according to the embodiment, the noise characteristics during the normal rotation and the noise characteristics during the reverse rotation ensure being made equivalent.

    [0051] In the above embodiments, this disclosure is not limited to the configurations or the like illustrated in the attached drawings. These configurations can be appropriately modified within a range of the advantageous effects of this disclosure to be provided. The above embodiments can be appropriately modified without departing from the spirit of the disclosure.

    [0052] For example, the shape of the curved portion may be a continuous inclined shape.

    [0053] The respective components of this disclosure may be arbitrarily selected. An aspect that includes the selected components is included within the technical scope of this disclosure.

    [0054] The embodiments of this disclosure are applicable to a reversible blower fan.

    [0055] Fig. 4 is also a drawing illustrating a cross section H in Fig. 3 for describing the shape of the rear edge 133r of the second blade portion 130b as an example in more detail. Fig. 4 (the cross section in Fig. 3) H also illustrates the convex shape (the convex surface) of the blade surface that is on the negative pressure side during the reverse rotation. Fig. 7 is also a drawing illustrating a cross section I in Fig. 6 for describing the shape of the front edge 133f of the second blade portion 130b as an example in more detail. The cross section I in Fig. 7 also illustrates the concave of the blade surface that is on the negative pressure side during the reverse rotation.

    [0056] In the case of Fig. 3 illustrating the entire impeller (the vane) 120 viewed from a top, the circumferential apex a of the rear edge side (133r) of the blade 130b may be positioned on the reference line B passing through the middle between the blade outer peripheral portion C and the blade mounting portion A. In the case of Fig. 6 illustrating the entire impeller 120 viewed from a top, the circumferential apex b of the front edge side of the blade 130b may be positioned on the reference line B passing through the middle between the blade outer peripheral portion C and the blade mounting portion A.

    [0057] The reference line B may be positioned at the position between 70% and 90% of a diameter of the blade outer peripheral portion from the center of the impeller 120. Assume that a position where a displacement is maximum between A and B is D, and the angle θ1 between the reference line connecting the blade base A' to the D and the reference line X extending perpendicular from A' may be between -5° and +5°. On the other hand, the angle between the reference line connecting B' to C' and the reference line X' extending perpendicular from B' may be between 15° and 30°.

    [0058] On the rear edge side (133r) in the reverse rotation direction of the impeller (the vane) 120, the rear-edge curved portion (the first curved portion (curved surface)) 133b (similarly, 133a and 133c) may be disposed.

    [0059] The inflection point (the first inflection point) of the rear edge may be the circumferential apex a on the position B where the curvature of the blade surface significantly varies. The inflection point (the second inflection point) of the front edge may be the circumferential apex b on the position B where the curvature significantly varies.

    [0060] The reversible flow fan according to the embodiment may be the following first to seventh reversible flow fans.

    [0061] The first reversible flow fan includes a rear-edge curved portion (a first curved portion, a curved surface, and an inclined surface) disposed on a surface. The surface is disposed on a rear edge side of an impeller in a normal rotation direction of the impeller (a vane). The rear-edge curved portion is convexly curved from a center of the impeller (the vane) toward a direction of a blade outer peripheral portion in an airflow direction in a reverse rotation direction.

    [0062] In the second reversible flow fan according to the first reversible flow fan, an inflection point of a rear edge as a position where a curvature of the rear-edge curved portion varies is positioned at between 70% and 90% of a diameter of the blade outer peripheral portion from the center of the impeller.

    [0063] In the third reversible flow fan according to the second reversible flow fan, an inclined angle in a direction of the center of the impeller with respect to the inflection point of the rear edge is -5° to +5°. An inclined angle in a direction of the outer peripheral portion of the impeller with respect to the inflection point of the rear edge is +15° to +30°.

    [0064] The fourth reversible flow fan includes a front-edge curved portion (a second curved portion, a curved surface, and an inclined surface) disposed on a surface. The surface is disposed on a front edge side of an impeller in a normal rotation direction of the impeller (vane). The front-edge curved portion is concavely curved from a center of the impeller (vane) toward a direction of a blade outer peripheral portion in an airflow direction in a reverse rotation direction.

    [0065] In the fifth reversible flow fan according to the fourth reversible flow fan, an inflection point of a front edge as a position where a curvature of the front-edge curved portion varies is positioned at between 70% and 90% of a diameter of the blade outer peripheral portion from the center of the impeller.

    [0066] The sixth reversible flow fan is the fifth reversible flow fan, and the inclined angle in the impeller center direction with respect to the inflection point of the front edge is -5° to +5°, and the inclined angle in the impeller outer peripheral portion direction with respect to the inflection point of the front edge is +15° to +30°.

    [0067] The seventh reversible flow fan includes a rear-edge curved portion and a front-edge curved portion. The rear-edge curved portion is disposed on a surface. The surface is disposed on a rear edge side of an impeller (vane) in a normal rotation direction of the impeller (vane). The rear-edge curved portion is convexly curved from a center of the impeller (vane) toward a direction of a blade outer peripheral portion in an airflow direction in a reverse rotation direction. The front-edge curved portion is disposed on a surface. The surface is disposed on a front edge side of the impeller (vane) in the normal rotation direction of the impeller (vane). The front-edge curved portion is concavely curved from the center of the impeller (vane) toward the direction of the blade outer peripheral portion in the airflow direction in the reverse rotation direction.

    [0068] The foregoing detailed description has been presented for the purposes of illustration and description. Many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. It is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the subject matter described herein to the precise form disclosed. Although the subject matter has been described in language specific to structural features and/or methodological acts, it is to be understood that the subject matter defined in the appended claims is not necessarily limited to the specific features or acts described above. Rather, the specific features and acts described above are disclosed as example forms of implementing the claims appended hereto.


    Claims

    1. A reversible flow fan comprising:

    an impeller (120) that includes blade portions (130a to 130c); and

    rear-edge curved portions (133a to 133c) disposed on surfaces on rear edge sides of the blade portions in a normal rotation direction of the impeller, wherein

    the rear-edge curved portions are convexly curved from a center of the impeller toward directions of outer peripheral portions of the blade portions in airflow directions during a reverse rotation of the impeller.


     
    2. The reversible flow fan according to claim 1, wherein
    the rear-edge curved portion has an inflection point (a) of the rear edge as a position where a curvature of the rear-edge curved portion varies, and
    the inflection point is positioned on a position apart from the center of the impeller by 70% to 90% of a length from the center of the impeller to the outer peripheral portion of the blade portion.
     
    3. The reversible flow fan according to claim 2, wherein
    an inclined angle (θ1) of the rear-edge curved portion in a direction of the impeller center with respect to the inflection point is in a range of -5° to +5°, and
    an inclined angle (θ2) of the rear-edge curved portion in a direction of the outer peripheral portion of the impeller with respect to the inflection point is in a range of +15° to +30°.
     
    4. A reversible flow fan comprising:

    an impeller (120) that includes blade portions (130a to 130c); and

    front-edge curved portions (135a to 135c) disposed on surfaces on front edge sides of the blade portions in a normal rotation direction of the impeller, wherein

    the front-edge curved portions are concavely curved from a center of the impeller toward directions of outer peripheral portions of the blade portions in airflow directions during a reverse rotation of the impeller.


     
    5. The reversible flow fan according to claim 4, wherein
    the front-edge curved portion has an inflection point (b) of the front edge as a position where a curvature of the front-edge curved portion varies, and
    the inflection point is positioned on a position apart from the center of the impeller by 70% to 90% of a length from the center of the impeller to the outer peripheral portion of the blade portion.
     
    6. The reversible flow fan according to claim 5, wherein
    an inclined angle (θ1) of the front-edge curved portion in a direction of the impeller center with respect to the inflection point is in a range of -5° to +5°, and
    an inclined angle (θ2) of the front-edge curved portion in a direction of the outer peripheral portion of the impeller with respect to the inflection point is in a range of+15° to +30°.
     
    7. A reversible flow fan according to claim 4, further comprising:

    rear-edge curved portions (133a to 133c) disposed on surfaces on rear edge sides of the blade portions in the normal rotation direction of the impeller, wherein

    the rear-edge curved portions are convexly curved from the center of the impeller toward the directions of outer peripheral portions of the blade portions in the airflow directions during the reverse rotation of the impeller.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Umkehrventilator, der Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Laufrad (120), das Schaufelabschnitte (130a bis 130c) umfasst; und

    gekrümmte Hinterkantenabschnitte (133a bis 133c), die auf Oberflächen an Hinterkantenseiten der Schaufelabschnitte in einer normalen Drehrichtung des Laufrads angeordnet sind, wobei die

    gekrümmten Hinterkantenabschnitte von einer Mitte des Laufrads in Richtung der äußeren Umfangsabschnitte der Schaufelabschnitte in Luftströmungsrichtungen während einer Rückwärtsdrehung des Laufrads konvex gekrümmt sind.


     
    2. Umkehrventilator nach Anspruch 1, wobei
    der gekrümmte Hinterkantenabschnitt einen Wendepunkt (a) der Hinterkante als eine Position aufweist, an der eine Krümmung des gekrümmten Hinterkantenabschnitts variiert, und
    der Wendepunkt an einer Position positioniert ist, die von der Mitte des Laufrads um 70% bis 90% einer Länge von der Mitte des Laufrads zum äußeren Umfangsabschnitt des Schaufelabschnitts entfernt ist.
     
    3. Umkehrventilator nach Anspruch 2, wobei
    ein Neigungswinkel (θ1) des gekrümmten Hinterkantenabschnitts in Richtung der Laufradmitte in Bezug auf den Wendepunkt in einem Bereich von -5 ° bis +5 ° liegt und
    ein Neigungswinkel (θ2) des gekrümmten Hinterkantenabschnitts in Richtung des äußeren Umfangsabschnitts des Laufrads in Bezug auf den Wendepunkt in einem Bereich von +15 ° bis +30 ° liegt.
     
    4. Umkehrventilator, der Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Laufrad (120), das Schaufelabschnitte (130a bis 130c) umfasst; und

    gekrümmte Vorderkantenabschnitte (135a bis 135c), die auf Oberflächen an Vorderkantenseiten der Schaufelabschnitte in einer normalen Drehrichtung des Laufrads angeordnet sind, wobei

    gekrümmten Vorderkantenabschnitte von einer Mitte des Laufrads in Richtung der äußeren Umfangsabschnitte der Schaufelabschnitte in Luftströmungsrichtungen während einer Rückwärtsdrehung des Laufrads konkav gekrümmt sind.


     
    5. Umkehrventilator nach Anspruch 4, wobei
    der gekrümmte Vorderkantenabschnitt einen Wendepunkt (b) der Vorderkante als eine Position aufweist, an der eine Krümmung des gekrümmten Vorderkantenabschnitts variiert, und
    der Wendepunkt an einer Position positioniert ist, die von der Mitte des Laufrads um 70% bis 90% einer Länge von der Mitte des Laufrads zum äußeren Umfangsabschnitt des Schaufelabschnitts entfernt ist.
     
    6. Umkehrventilator nach Anspruch 5, wobei
    ein Neigungswinkel (θ1) des gekrümmten Vorderkantenabschnitts in Richtung der Laufradmitte in Bezug auf den Wendepunkt in einem Bereich von -5 ° bis +5 ° liegt und
    ein Neigungswinkel (θ2) des gekrümmten Vorderkantenabschnitts in Richtung des äußeren Umfangsabschnitts des Laufrads in Bezug auf den Wendepunkt in einem Bereich von +15 ° bis +30 ° liegt.
     
    7. Umkehrventilator nach Anspruch 4, der Folgendes umfasst:

    gekrümmte Hinterkantenabschnitte (133a bis 133c), die auf Oberflächen an Hinterkantenseiten der Schaufelabschnitte in der normalen Drehrichtung des Laufrads angeordnet sind, wobei die

    gekrümmten Hinterkantenabschnitte von der Mitte des Laufrads in Richtung der äußeren Umfangsabschnitte der Schaufelabschnitte in den Luftströmungsrichtungen während der Rückwärtsdrehung des Laufrads konvex gekrümmt sind.


     


    Revendications

    1. Ventilateur à écoulement réversible comprenant :

    une roue (120) qui inclut des parties de pales (130a à 130c) ; et

    des parties courbées de bord arrière (133a à 133c) disposées sur des surfaces de côtés de bord arrière des parties de pale dans une direction de rotation normale de la pale, dans lequel

    les parties courbées de bord arrière sont courbées de manière convexe depuis un centre de la pale vers des directions de parties périphériques externes des parties de pale dans des directions d'écoulement d'air pendant une rotation inverse de la pale.


     
    2. Ventilateur à écoulement réversible selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    la partie courbée de bord arrière a un point d'inflexion (a) du bord arrière comme une position où une courbure de la partie courbée de bord arrière varie, et
    le point d'inflexion est positionné sur une position espacée du centre de la pale de 70 % à 90 % d'une longueur depuis le centre de la pale jusqu'à la partie périphérique externe de la partie de pale.
     
    3. Ventilateur à écoulement réversible selon la revendication 2, dans lequel
    un angle incliné (θ1) de la partie courbée de bord arrière dans une direction du centre de pale par rapport au point d'inflexion est compris dans la plage de -5° à +5°, et
    un angle incliné (θ2) de la partie courbée de bord arrière dans une direction de la partie périphérique externe de la pale par rapport au point d'inflexion est compris dans la plage de +15° à +30°.
     
    4. Ventilateur à écoulement réversible comprenant :

    une pale (120) qui inclut des parties de pale (130a à 130c) ; et

    des parties courbées de bord avant (135a à 135c) disposées sur des surfaces sur des côtés de bord avant des parties de pale dans une direction de rotation normale de la pale, dans lequel

    les parties courbées de bord avant sont courbées de manière concave depuis un centre de la pale vers des directions de parties périphériques externes des parties de pale dans des directions d'écoulement d'air pendant une rotation inverse de la pale.


     
    5. Ventilateur à écoulement réversible selon la revendication 4, dans lequel
    la partie courbée de bord avant a un point d'inflexion (b) du bord avant comme une position où une courbure de la position courbée de bord avant varie, et
    le point d'inflexion est positionné sur une position espacée du centre de la pale de 70 % à 90 % d'une longueur depuis le centre de la pale jusqu'à la partie périphérique externe de la partie de pale.
     
    6. Ventilateur à écoulement réversible selon la revendication 5, dans lequel
    un angle incliné (θ1) de la partie courbée de bord avant dans une direction du centre de pale par rapport au point d'inflexion est compris dans une plage de -5° à +5°, et
    un angle incliné (θ2) de la partie courbée de bord avant dans une direction de la partie périphérique externe de la pale par rapport au point d'inflexion est compris dans une plage de +15° à +30°.
     
    7. Ventilateur à écoulement réversible selon la revendication 4, comprenant en outre :
    des parties courbées de bord arrière (133a à 133c) disposées sur des surfaces sur des côtés de bord arrière des parties de pale dans la direction de rotation normale de la pale, dans lequel les parties courbées de bord arrière sont courbées de manière convexe depuis le centre de la pale vers les directions de parties périphériques externes des parties de pale dans les directions d'écoulement d'air pendant la rotation inverse de la pale.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description