(19)
(11)EP 3 303 206 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.10.2019 Bulletin 2019/41

(21)Application number: 16723464.0

(22)Date of filing:  11.05.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B63B 21/16  (2006.01)
B66D 1/30  (2006.01)
F16H 55/30  (2006.01)
B66D 1/36  (2006.01)
B63B 21/22  (2006.01)
B66B 7/06  (2006.01)
B66D 1/72  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/GB2016/051354
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/193662 (08.12.2016 Gazette  2016/49)

(54)

GYPSY FOR WINDLASS AND METHOD FOR ITS MANUFACTURE

KETTENNUSS FÜR ANKERWINDE UND VERFAHREN ZU DEREN HERSTELLUNG

BARBOTIN DE GUINDEAU ET SON PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 29.05.2015 GB 201509246

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.04.2018 Bulletin 2018/15

(73)Proprietor: LEWMAR LIMITED
Havant, Hampshire PO9 1JJ (GB)

(72)Inventors:
  • SMITH, Nigel Christopher
    Warsash Hampshire SO31 9FD (GB)
  • WILSON, Sean Daniel
    Portsmouth Hampshire PO3 5AT (GB)
  • ROBERTS, Philip David
    Fareham Hampshire PO14 1SS (GB)
  • PALMER, Andrew
    Portsmouth Hampshire PO2 0JT (GB)

(74)Representative: Mewburn Ellis LLP 
City Tower 40 Basinghall Street
London EC2V 5DE
London EC2V 5DE (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2009/131463
US-A1- 2008 153 645
US-A- 5 271 608
US-A1- 2011 198 547
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND TO THE INVENTION


    Field of the invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a gypsy, for example for marine applications such as hauling and/or veering anchor rode on a windlass, and to a method for manufacturing a gypsy.

    Related art



    [0002] Windlasses are known for use on marine craft for hauling and veering anchor rode (the line and/or chain to which the anchor of the marine craft is attached). An example of a known windlass is shown in US-B-6,394,421. Such a windlass includes a gypsy (in which a line or chain executes only a maximum of a single turn between inward and outward runs). When the anchor is dropped, it is desirable that the anchor rode can pay out freely under the weight of the anchor. However, to haul in the anchor, a drive mechanism of the windlass engages the gypsy, which can then rotate to haul in the anchor.

    [0003] In order to ensure reliable engagement of chain links by the gypsy over just one turn, typically the gypsy presents chain link pockets, sized and spaced around a chain-engagement region of the gypsy to engage with the chain of the anchor rode.

    [0004] A windlass gypsy, such as in the windlass disclosed in US-B-6,394,421, is formed from a metal such as brass or stainless steel, the material being selected for durability and strength in marine environments. In view of the relatively complex shape of the chain link pockets, it is necessary to cast and subsequently machine the gypsy in at least two parts. This is relatively cost intensive and time intensive.

    [0005] A windlass having a gypsy made from moulded polymer has been known - an example being the Simpson-Lawrence Horizon 400.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0006] The present inventor has realised that traditional metal gypsies such as used in US-B-6,394,421 could be improved. In particular, in operation such gypsies are noisy in view of the metal-on-metal contact between the chain and the gypsy during hauling and veering of the anchor rode. US 5271608A describes a windlass comprising a gypsy according to the preamble of claim 1.

    [0007] As explained above, there is an example of a known windlass with a moulded polymer gypsy. However, the present inventor considers that such an approach is not widely accepted in view of problems of wear of the rope grip features, located at the line-engagement region, radially inwardly from the chain-engagement region.

    [0008] Furthermore, the present inventor considers that it would be of interest to improve the gypsy manufacturing process, in terms of cost and efficiency.

    [0009] The present invention has been devised in order to address at least one of the above problems. Preferably, the present invention reduces, ameliorates, avoids or overcomes at least one of the above problems.

    [0010] In a general aspect, the present invention adapts the prior art by forming the chain-engagement region of the gypsy from a polymeric material and the line-engagement region from a metal material.

    [0011] Accordingly, in a first preferred aspect, the present invention provides a gypsy, adapted for mounting in a windlass for rotation for hauling and/or veering anchor rode, wherein the gypsy has a chain-engagement region comprising chain link pockets sized and spaced around the chain-engagement region to engage with chain of the anchor rode, and a line-engagement region with an array of rope grip features spaced around the line-engagement region, wherein the chain-engagement region of the gypsy is formed from a polymeric material and the line-engagement region is formed from a metal material.

    [0012] In a second preferred aspect, the present invention provides a process for manufacturing a gypsy, for mounting in a windlass for rotation for hauling and/or veering anchor rode, wherein the gypsy has a chain-engagement region comprising chain link pockets sized and spaced around the chain-engagement region to engage with chain of the anchor rode, a line-engagement region with an array of rope grip features spaced around the line-engagement region, the process including the steps:

    forming the line-engagement region of the gypsy from a metal material; and

    forming the chain-engagement region of the gypsy from a polymeric material.



    [0013] As will be understood, the use of a polymeric material in this manner allows the reduction or avoidance of metal-on-metal contact between the gypsy and the chain of the anchor rode. Furthermore, the use of a metal material for the line-engagement region allows the reduction or avoidance of erosion of the rope grip features through contact with the rope of the anchor rode.

    [0014] The first and/or second aspect of the invention may have any one or, to the extent that they are compatible, any combination of the following optional features.

    [0015] Preferably, the gypsy has a composite form. In this case, a core part or parts of the gypsy may be formed from a metal material. For example, the core part may be formed from brass or stainless steel. The chain-engagement region of the gypsy may then be formed over the core part. A particularly preferred approach is to form the chain-engagement region of the gypsy by moulding using the polymeric material.

    [0016] Suitable moulding processes include injection moulding, in which the core part is held in a suitable mould and precursor polymeric material is injected into a space formed adjacent the core part and solidified (e.g. by cooling or curing or both).

    [0017] Preferably at the interface between the core part and the chain-engagement region of the gypsy, there are formed keying features in the core part. These assist in the secure attachment of the chain-engagement region with the core part.

    [0018] Preferably, the core part is formed from a first core part and a second core part. The first core part and the second core part are fastened together through holes in each of the first and second core parts to form the core part. Preferably the first core part and the second core part are bolted or screwed together. The core part may for example be formed by forging. Optionally, the forged part may then be machined. Alternatively the core part can be machined from a starting workpiece, and/or it may be cast.

    [0019] The core part preferably engages with a shaft of the windlass. This is advantageous, in view of the high loads experienced by this part of the gypsy.

    [0020] The core part preferably engages with a brake of the windlass. The brake of the windlass is preferably capable of disengagement, in order to allow free fall of the anchor. The brake may be operable using a clutch, for example a cone clutch adapted to be received in a correspondingly shaped recess in the core part, disposed symmetrically around the axis of rotation of the gypsy.

    [0021] Additionally, the core part preferably provides the line-engagement region. In the complete gypsy, the line-engagement region is located radially inwardly from the chain-engagement region of the gypsy. The line-engagement region is intended to engage with rope of the anchor rode, in contrast with the intention that the chain of the anchor rode engages with the chain-engagement region of the gypsy. The line-engagement region is therefore provided with an array of rope grip features, spaced around the line-engagement region. The line-engagement region preferably has a narrower maximum axial extent than the chain-engagement region, the chain of the anchor rode thereby being prevented from entering the line-engagement region.

    [0022] Preferably, the polymeric material has lower density than the core part of the gypsy. In this way, compared with a metal gypsy of the same overall size and shape, the gypsy of the present invention can be of lighter weight. Preferably, the polymeric material is 30 % glass filled Nylon (PA66 GR30).

    [0023] The chain-engagement region may have one or more strengthening ribs formed. These may define between them voids, resulting in a lower overall weight for the same overall size of gypsy. These ribs and voids are preferably formed at a surface of the gypsy other than the surface of the chain link pockets.

    [0024] In use, the windlass can be a vertical or horizontal windlass. Vertical or horizontal refers to the orientation of the drive shaft of the windlass.

    [0025] Further optional features of the invention are set out below.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0026] Embodiments of the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

    Fig. 1 shows a schematic perspective view of a gypsy according to an embodiment of the invention.

    Fig. 2 shows a schematic side view of a gypsy according to an embodiment of the invention.

    Fig. 3 shows a schematic top view of a gypsy according to an embodiment of the invention.

    Fig. 4 shows a view of section X-X from Fig. 3.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS, AND FURTHER OPTIONAL FEATURES OF THE INVENTION



    [0027] Figs. 1 to 3 show a gypsy according to an embodiment of the invention in various orientations. Fig. 4 shows a section X-X through the gypsy as indicated in Fig. 3. The same reference numbers are used for the same features in the different drawings, and some reference numbers are omitted from various drawings where they are used and explained elsewhere.

    [0028] Fig. 1 shows a gypsy according to an embodiment of the invention comprising a core part 10, and a chain-engagement region 12. The chain-engagement region 12 of the embodiment comprises a first chain-engagement part 14 and a second chain-engagement part 16. The chain-engagement region comprises chain link pockets 18, which are formed in the chain-engagement region parts 14, 16. The chain-engagement region 12 formed by the first and second chain-engagement parts 14, 16 is made from a polymeric material. Preferably, the polymeric material is 30 % glass filled Nylon (PA66 GR30) however the skilled person will appreciate that other polymers having suitable mechanical properties and being suitable for use in a marine environment may be used.

    [0029] By forming the chain-engagement region 12 from a polymer, the gypsy can run more quietly than a gypsy fabricated entirely from metal. As will be understood, the use of a polymeric material in this manner allows the reduction or avoidance of metal-on-metal contact between the gypsy and the chain of the anchor rode.

    [0030] The chain link pockets 18 are shaped and spaced around the chain-engagement region 12 in order to engage with chain links of an anchor rode. By forming chain link pockets 18 in the chain-engagement region of the gypsy, the gypsy ensures reliable engagement of the anchor rode with the gypsy over one turn of the gypsy. When the gypsy is assembled, the chain link pockets on each chain-engagement section are aligned to oppose each other.

    [0031] The core part 10 includes a bore 17 for engaging with a shaft of the windlass. Holes 19 are modified for attaching two halves of the gypsy together with screws, bolts, pins or other suitable fasteners.

    [0032] Preferably the core part 10 includes a brake-engagement section for engaging with a brake (not shown) of the windlass. The brake of the windlass is capable of being disengaged from the gypsy, in order to allow free rotation of the gypsy, for example under the free fall of an anchor. More preferably the brake is operable using a cone clutch. In such a case, the core part 10 incudes a corresponding frusto-conical recess 15 shaped around the axis of rotation of the gypsy to accommodate the cone clutch.

    [0033] The core part 10 is made from a metal material, preferably from brass or stainless steel. By manufacturing the core part 10 from metal, a hard wearing running surface is provided for the cone and shaft of the gypsy. This is well suited for resisting the typical forces experienced by a gypsy in a marine environment. Preferably the polymeric material used for the chain-engagement region 12 has a lower density than the metal material used for the core part 10. This reduces the overall weight of the gypsy compared to fabricating it entirely from the metal material.

    [0034] As shown in Fig. 2 the core part 10 can be constructed from a separate first core part 20 and second core part 22. The first and second parts 20, 22 are then attached together by fasteners through holes 19. Preferably, the first and second core parts 20, 22 are bolted or screwed together. In an alternative embodiment, the core part 10 is formed as a single part.

    [0035] The core part 10 includes a line-engagement region 24 for engaging with the rope of an anchor rode. The line-engagement region 24 is located radially inwards from the chain-engagement region 12 of the gypsy. The line-engagement region 24 includes an array of rope grip features 26 in order to provide increased grip on the rope as it is wound round the gypsy. In the present embodiment the rope grip features 26 are raised linear or spiral ridges from the line-engagement region 24. The rope grip features are spaced around each of the first and second core parts 20, 22. It will be appreciated that any feature suitable for increasing the friction between the rope and the line-engagement region 26 could be used as a rope grip feature. By forming the rope grip features 26 from the metal material of the core part 10, a hard wearing surface is provided which reduces or avoids the erosion of the rope grip features 26 due to contact with the rope of the anchor rode.

    [0036] Fig. 4 shows a view of section X-X from Fig. 3. At the interface between the metallic core part 10 and the polymeric chain-engagement parts 14, 16 of the gypsy, there are formed keying features 30 in the core part 10 and interlocking tabs 32 in the chain-engagement parts 14, 16. It will be appreciated that other similar interlocking features would be suitable for assisting in the secure attachment of the chain-engagement region to the core part.

    [0037] Fig. 3 shows an axial view of the gypsy. The chain-engagement region 12 may have one or more strengthening ribs 34 formed. These define between them voids, resulting in a lower overall weight for the same overall size of gypsy. These ribs and voids are preferably formed at a surface of the gypsy other than the surface of the chain link pockets.

    [0038] A gypsy according to a preferred embodiment of the invention typically has a diameter of at least 100 mm at its maximum extent. A gypsy of 100 mm diameter according to the preferred embodiment has a maximum rated working load of 150 kg. A gypsy of 100 mm diameter would be expected to be used in a windlass with a motor capable of hauling a maximum load of 600 kg.

    [0039] A larger diameter gypsy according to an embodiment of this invention has a maximum rated working load of up to 250 kg. Such a larger diameter gypsy would be used in a windlass with a motor capable of hauling loads up to 1000 kg.

    [0040] The method for manufacturing a gypsy according to a preferred embodiment includes the step of forming core part 10 from a metallic material. The core part 10 may be made from a first core part 20 and a second core part 22 which are subsequently joined together, as explained above. Alternatively the core part 10 may be formed from a single piece. The core part 10 is preferably made by forging or stamping followed by machining. It will be appreciated that other manufacturing methods such as casting or machining from a workpiece are equally acceptable. By manufacturing the core part 10 from metal, a hard wearing running surface is provided for the recess 15 and bore 17 of the gypsy. Brass or stainless steel are suitable materials for operation in a marine environment.

    [0041] In the manufacture of the core part, an array of rope grip features 26 is formed at the line-engagement region. Given that these are formed in the metallic core part, the rope grip features are metallic. The rope grip features are formed spaced around the line-engagement region 24.

    [0042] The method of manufacture further includes the step of forming chain-engagement region 12 from a polymeric material. The chain-engagement region 12 comprises chain link pockets 18 sized and spaced around the chain-engagement region 12 to engage with the chain of the anchor rode. As will be understood, the use of a polymeric material in this manner allows the reduction or avoidance of metal-on-metal contact between the gypsy and the chain of the anchor rode.

    [0043] The core part 10 and the chain-engagement region 12 are attached together through keying features 30 in the core part 10. Preferably, the chain-engagement region 12 is formed by an injection moulding process in which the core part 10 is held in a suitable mould and precursor polymeric material is injected into a mould space formed adjacent the core part 10 and solidified (e.g. by cooling or curing or both). By using a moulding process to form the chain link pockets 18 in the chain-engagement region 12, relatively complex shapes can be formed economically, compared to fabricating the part from a metallic material. Alternatively, the chain-engagement region 12 may be formed separately by a moulding process and include interlocking tabs which interlock with corresponding features in the core part 10.

    [0044] The chain-engagement region 12 may be formed from a void-less polymer monolith, but preferably the chain-engagement region is moulded as a shell with suitable strengthening ribs 34 and corresponding voids.

    [0045] While the invention has been described in conjunction with the exemplary embodiments described above, many equivalent modifications and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art when given this disclosure. Accordingly, the exemplary embodiments of the invention set forth above are considered to be illustrative and not limiting. Various changes to the described embodiments may be made without departing from the scope of the invention.


    Claims

    1. A gypsy, adapted for mounting in a windlass for hauling and/or veering anchor rode, the gypsy comprising:

    a chain-engagement region (12) comprising chain link pockets (18) sized and spaced around the chain-engagement region (12) to engage with chain of the anchor rode;

    a line-engagement region (24) with an array of rope grip features (26) spaced around the line-engagement region (24),

    characterized in that

    the chain-engagement region (12) of the gypsy is formed from a polymeric material and the line-engagement region is formed from a metal material.


     
    2. A gypsy according to claim 1 further comprising a core part (10) or parts (20, 22) for engaging with the shaft of the windlass formed from the metal material.
     
    3. A gypsy according to claim 2 wherein the core part (10) or parts (20, 22) includes a cone shaped recess (15) disposed symmetrically around the axis of rotation of the gypsy for engaging with a cone clutch as part of a brake of the windlass
     
    4. A gypsy according to claim 2 or 3 wherein the core part (10) or parts (20, 22) provide the line-engagement region (24) and rope grip features (26).
     
    5. A gypsy according to claim 4 wherein the line-engagement region (24) has a narrower maximum axial extent than the chain-engagement region (12).
     
    6. A gypsy according to any one of claims 2 to 5 wherein the polymeric material has lower density than the metal material of the core part (10) or parts (20, 22) of the gypsy.
     
    7. A gypsy according to any one of the preceding claims wherein the chain-engagement region (12) has one or more strengthening ribs (34) formed in it that define between them voids.
     
    8. A gypsy according to claim 7 wherein the ribs (34) and voids are formed at a surface of the gypsy other than the surface of the chain link pockets (18).
     
    9. A method of manufacturing a gypsy for mounting in a windlass for rotation for hauling and/or veering anchor rode, wherein the gypsy has a chain-engagement region (12) comprising chain link pockets (18) sized and spaced around the chain-engagement region (12) to engage with chain of the anchor rode, and a line-engagement region (24) comprising an array of rope grip features (26) spaced around the line-engagement region (24),
    characterized in that
    the process includes the steps:

    forming the line-engagement region (24) of the gypsy from a metal material; and

    forming the chain-engagement region (12) of the gypsy from a polymeric material.


     
    10. A method according to claim 9 further including the step of forming a core part (10) or parts (20, 22) of the gypsy from a metal material.
     
    11. A method according to claim 10 wherein the rode-engagement region is formed over the core part (10) by a moulding process.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Kettennuss, die für ein Anbringen in einer Ankerwinde zum Einholen und/oder Fieren einer Ankerleine geeignet ist, wobei die Kettennuss Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Ketteneingriffsregion (12), die Kettengliedtaschen (18) umfasst, die derart dimensioniert und um die Ketteneingriffsregion (12) herum voneinander beabstandet angeordnet sind, dass sie mit einer Kette der Ankerleine in Eingriff sind;

    eine Leineneingriffsregion (24) mit einer Anordnung von Seilgreifstrukturelementen (26), die um die Leineneingriffsregion (24) herum voneinander beabstandet angeordnet sind,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet,

    dass die Ketteneingriffsregion (12) der Kettennuss aus einem polymeren Material gebildet ist, und die Leineneingriffsregion aus einem Metallmaterial gebildet ist.


     
    2. Kettennuss gemäß Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend ein Kern-Teil (10) oder-Teile (20, 22) zum In-Eingriff-Bringen mit der Welle der aus dem Metallmaterial gebildeten Ankerwinde.
     
    3. Kettennuss gemäß Anspruch 2, wobei das Kern-Teil (10) oder die -Teile (20, 22) eine kegelförmig ausgebildete Vertiefung (15) umfassen, die um die Rotationsachse der Kettennuss symmetrisch angeordnet ist, mit einer Konuskupplung zum In-Eingriff-Bringen als Teil einer Bremse der Ankerwinde.
     
    4. Kettennuss gemäß Anspruch 2 oder 3, wobei das Kern-Teil (10) oder die -Teile (20, 22) die Leineneingriffsregion (24) und die Seilgreifstrukturelemente (26) bereitstellen.
     
    5. Kettennuss gemäß Anspruch 4, wobei die Leineneingriffsregion (24) eine schmälere maximale axiale Ausdehnung als die Ketteneingriffsregion (12) aufweist.
     
    6. Kettennuss gemäß einem der Ansprüche 2 bis 5, wobei das polymere Material eine geringere Dichte als das Metallmaterial des Kern-Teils (10) oder der-Teile (20, 22) der Kettennuss aufweist.
     
    7. Kettennuss gemäß einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, wobei die Ketteneingriffsregion (12) eine oder mehrere darin ausgebildete Verstärkungsrippen (34) aufweist, die zwischen sich Hohlräume definieren.
     
    8. Kettennuss gemäß Anspruch 7, wobei die Rippen (34) und die Hohlräume an einer Oberfläche der Kettennuss ausgebildet sind, die sich von der Oberfläche der Kettengliedtaschen (18) unterscheidet.
     
    9. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Kettennuss zum Anbringen in einer Ankerwinde zur Rotation zum Einholen und/oder Fieren einer Ankerleine, wobei die Kettennuss eine Ketteneingriffsregion (12), die Kettengliedtaschen (18) umfasst, die derart dimensioniert und um die Ketteneingriffsregion (12) herum voneinander beabstandet angeordnet sind, dass sie mit einer Kette der Ankerleine in Eingriff sind, und eine Leineneingriffsregion (24), die eine Anordnung von Seilgreifstrukturelementen (26) umfasst, die um die Leineneingriffsregion (24) voneinander beabstandet angeordnet sind, aufweist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet,
    dass der Prozess die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    Ausbilden der Leineneingriffsregion (24) der Kettennuss aus einem Metallmaterial; und

    Ausbilden der Ketteneingriffsregion (12) der Kettennuss aus einem polymeren Material.


     
    10. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 9, ferner umfassend den Schritt des Ausbildens eines Kern-Teils (10) oder von -Teilen (20, 22) der Kettennuss aus einem Metallmaterial.
     
    11. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 10, wobei die Seileingriffsregion über dem Kernteil (10) durch ein Formverfahren ausgebildet wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Barbotin adapté pour être monté dans un guindeau pour tirer et/ou laisser filer une barre d'ancre, le barbotin comprenant :

    une région de mise en prise de chaîne (12) comprenant des poches de maillon de chaîne (18) dimensionnées et espacées autour de la région de mise en prise de chaîne (12) pour se mettre en prise avec la chaîne de la barre d'ancre ;

    une région de mise en prise de ligne (24) avec un groupe de caractéristiques de préhension de câble (26) espacées autour de la région de mise en prise de ligne (24),

    caractérisé en ce que :
    la région de mise en prise de chaîne (12) du barbotin est formée à partir d'un matériau polymère et la région de mise en prise de ligne est formée à partir d'un matériau métallique.


     
    2. Barbotin selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une partie (10) ou des parties (20, 22) de noyau pour se mettre en prise avec l'arbre du guindeau formé à partir du matériau métallique.
     
    3. Barbotin selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la partie (10) ou les parties (20, 22) de noyau comprennent un évidement en forme de cône (15) disposé symétriquement autour de l'axe de rotation du barbotin pour se mettre en prise avec un embrayage de cône comme faisant partie d'un frein du guindeau.
     
    4. Barbotin selon la revendication 2 ou 3, dans lequel la partie (10) ou les parties (20, 22) de noyau fournissent la région de mise en prise de ligne (24) et des caractéristiques de préhension de câble (26).
     
    5. Barbotin selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la région de mise en prise de ligne (24) a une étendue axiale maximum plus étroite que la région de mise en prise de chaîne (12).
     
    6. Barbotin selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 5, dans lequel le matériau polymère a une plus faible densité que le matériau métallique de la partie (10) ou des parties (20, 22) de noyau du barbotin.
     
    7. Barbotin selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la région de mise en prise de chaîne (12) a une ou plusieurs nervures de renforcement (34) formées dans cette dernière, qui définissent entre elles, des vides.
     
    8. Barbotin selon la revendication 7, dans lequel les nervures (34) et les vides sont formés au niveau d'une surface du barbotin différente de la surface des poches de maillon de chaîne (18).
     
    9. Procédé pour fabriquer un barbotin destiné à être monté dans un guindeau pour la rotation pour tirer et/ou laisser filer une barre d'ancre, dans lequel le barbotin a une région de mise en prise de chaîne (12) comprenant des poches de maillon de chaîne (18) dimensionnées et espacées autour de la région de mise en prise de chaîne (12) pour se mettre en prise avec la chaîne de barre d'ancre, et une région de mise en prise de ligne (24) comprenant un groupe de caractéristiques de préhension de câble (26) espacées autour de la région de mise en prise de ligne (24),
    caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend les étapes consistant à :

    former la région de mise en prise de ligne (24) du barbotin à partir d'un matériau métallique ; et

    former la région de mise en prise de chaîne (12) du barbotin à partir d'un matériau polymère.


     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 9, comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à former une partie (10) ou des parties (20, 22) de noyau du barbotin à partir d'un matériau métallique.
     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 10, dans lequel la région de mise en prise de barre est formée sur la partie de noyau (10) par un procédé de moulage.
     




    Drawing












    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description