(19)
(11)EP 3 309 848 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
18.04.2018 Bulletin 2018/16

(21)Application number: 17200933.4

(22)Date of filing:  18.01.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01L 33/48(2010.01)
H05K 1/02(2006.01)
F21V 17/12(2006.01)
H01L 25/075(2006.01)
H05K 3/30(2006.01)
F21Y 105/00(2016.01)
F21Y 103/33(2016.01)
F21K 9/90(2016.01)
H01L 33/64(2010.01)
F21V 7/05(2006.01)
H05K 3/32(2006.01)
H01L 33/62(2010.01)
F21K 99/00(2016.01)
F21Y 115/10(2016.01)
F21Y 105/10(2016.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 29.01.2010 JP 2010018719

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
14180793.3 / 2854187
11736889.4 / 2515354

(71)Applicant: Japan Aviation Electronics Industry, Limited
Tokyo 150-0043 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • KANNO, Hideyuki
    Tokyo, 150-0043 (JP)

(74)Representative: Prüfer & Partner mbB Patentanwälte · Rechtsanwälte 
Sohnckestraße 12
81479 München
81479 München (DE)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 09-11-2017 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
 


(54)LED DEVICE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND LIGHT-EMITTING APPARATUS


(57) The LED device (27') has a LED bare chip (25) mounted directly on a metal contact (28), and supplies power to the bare chip and conducts heat from the bare chip via the metal contact.




Description

Technical Field



[0001] This invention relates to a device (hereinafter referred to as an "LED device") using a light-emitting diode (hereinafter referred to as "LED") bare chip, a method of manufacturing the LED device, and a light-emitting apparatus using the LED device.

Background Art



[0002] In recent years, the increase in LED output has been achieved. Following it, LED devices using LED bare chips being semiconductor components have been used also in general illumination, car headlamps, and so on which require large quantities of light. However, since the LED device also consumes large power for obtaining a large quantity of light, there has arisen a problem of heat generation which occurs as a result of the large power consumption. That is, since the LED bare chip is weak against heat, it is necessary to effectively dissipate the heat particularly from the bare chip.

[0003] JP-A-2004-199896 (Patent Document 1) discloses an LED illumination system which is increased in heat dissipation. This LED illumination system will be briefly described with reference to Fig. 24. A heat transfer layer 2 made of diamond is provided on a substrate 1, a conductive layer 3 having predetermined patterns is formed on the heat transfer layer 2, LED chips 4 are placed at predetermined positions on the conductive layer 3, electrodes 7 and 8 of the LED chips 4 are electrically connected to terminals 5 and 6 of the conductive layer 3, and lower surfaces of the LED chips 4 are in contact with heat contact portions 9 of the conductive layer 3, thereby enhancing heat dissipation.

Prior Art Document


Patent Document



[0004] Patent Document 1: JP-A-2004-199896

Summary of the Invention


Problem to be Solved by the Invention



[0005] However, with the structure in which the heat transfer layer made of diamond is provided on the substrate as in Patent Document 1, the substrate itself becomes expensive. Besides, since it is necessary to provide the wiring on the heat transfer layer, this also causes a further increase in cost.

[0006] Further, since the substrate provided with the heat transfer layer is essential, if the LED chips are mounted on a substrate having no heat transfer layer, the cooling effect of the LED chips cannot be expected. Consequently, the LED chip attaching object is limited in terms of heat dissipation.

[0007] It is therefore an object of this invention to provide an LED device that solves the above-mentioned problems.

Means for Solving the Problem



[0008] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided an LED device characterized in that an LED bare chip is mounted directly on a metal contact and power supply to the bare chip and heat conduction from the bare chip are carried out through the metal contact.

[0009] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of manufacturing the above-mentioned LED device, characterized by preparing a lead frame formed with a pair of metal contacts, forming a device body by insert-molding the pair of metal contacts with the plastic, mounting the bare chips on the pair of metal contacts to form the LED device on the lead frame, and then cutting the metal contacts to separate the LED device from the lead frame.

[0010] According to still another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a light-emitting apparatus characterized by comprising the above-mentioned LED device and a connector adapted to be attached to an attaching object and capable of fitting the metal contacts, wherein power is supplied to the bare chips from the attaching object through the connector and the metal contacts and heat of the bare chips is transmitted to the attaching object through the metal contacts and the connector to carry out heat dissipation.

Effect of the Invention



[0011] According to this invention, it is possible to provide an LED device of a simple structure that is excellent in heat dissipation of an LED chip and that improves the cause of high cost, and a light-emitting apparatus using such an LED device.

Brief Description of the Drawings



[0012] 

Fig. 1 is a process explanatory diagram for explaining a method of manufacturing LED devices according to an embodiment of this invention.

Fig. 2 is an exploded view of a light-emitting apparatus including the LED device shown in Fig. 1 (d) and a socket connector for connecting it.

Fig. 3 is an assembled view of the light-emitting apparatus shown in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a perspective view showing another example of the mounting structure of a socket connector along with the LED device.

Fig. 6 is a perspective view showing still another example of the mounting structure of a socket connector along with the LED device.

Fig. 6A is an exploded perspective view showing a modification of the socket connector shown in Fig. 6, along with the LED device and an attaching object.

Fig. 6B is an external perspective view showing a state where the LED device is attached to the attaching object by the socket connector of Fig. 6A.

Fig. 6C is an enlarged cross-sectional view of Fig. 6B.

Fig. 7 is a perspective view showing still another example of the mounting structure of a socket connector along with the LED device.

Fig. 8 is a perspective view for explaining one example of the layout and connection of LED bare chips in an LED device.

Fig. 9 is a perspective view for explaining another example of the layout and connection of LED bare chips in an LED device.

Fig. 10 is a perspective view for explaining still another example of the layout and connection of LED bare chips in an LED device.

Fig. 11 is a perspective view of an LED device according to another embodiment of this invention.

Fig. 12 is a perspective view showing only the main part of the LED device of Fig. 11 by cutting out part of it.

Fig. 13 shows a modification of the light-emitting apparatus, wherein (a) is a perspective view thereof in a disassembled state, (b) is a perspective view thereof in an assembled state, and (c) is a side view thereof in the assembled state.

Fig. 14 shows another modification of the light-emitting apparatus, wherein (a) is a perspective view thereof under assembly from its back surface side, (b) is a perspective view thereof under assembly from its front surface side, (c) is a perspective view thereof in an assembled state from its front surface side, and (d) is a side view thereof in the assembled state.

Fig. 15 is a perspective view showing still another modification of the light-emitting apparatus.

Fig. 16 is a perspective view for explaining one example of a connection method that can be used for the light-emitting apparatus of Fig. 15.

Fig. 17 is a perspective view for explaining another example of a connection method that can be used for the light-emitting apparatus of Fig. 15.

Fig. 18 is a perspective view for explaining still another example of a connection method that can be used for the light-emitting apparatus of Fig. 15.

Fig. 19 is a perspective view showing still another modification of the light-emitting apparatus.

Fig. 20 is a perspective view showing still another modification of the light-emitting apparatus.

Fig. 21 shows still another modification of the light-emitting apparatus, wherein (a) is a perspective view thereof in a disassembled state and (b) is a perspective view thereof in an assembled state.

Fig. 22 is a perspective view of still another modification of the light-emitting apparatus in a disassembled state.

Fig. 23 shows still another modification of the light-emitting apparatus, wherein (a) is a perspective view thereof under assembly, (b) is a perspective view thereof in a state where the assembly has been further advanced, and (c) is a perspective view thereof in an assembly completed state.

Fig. 24 is a cross-sectional view for explaining an LED illumination system disclosed in Patent Document 1 (JP-A-2004-199896).


Mode for Carrying Out the Invention



[0013] Referring first to Fig. 1, a description will be given of a method of manufacturing LED devices according to an embodiment of this invention.

[0014] In the manufacture of the LED devices, a metal lead frame 21 having a shape shown in Fig. 1 (a) is prepared. The lead frame 21 is integrally formed with a number of metal pieces 22 of a predetermined shape which will be metal contacts in a later process. The metal pieces 22 respectively form pairs which are arranged in a matrix on the lead frame 21.

[0015] Proceeding to Fig. 1 (b), engineering plastic is molded or insert-molded for each pair of the metal pieces 22, thereby forming a device body 23 of a predetermined shape which partially covers the metal pieces 22. In this event, a recess 24 is formed in an upper surface of the device body 23 so that end portions of the paired metal pieces 22 are exposed at positions adjacent to each other at the bottom of the recess 24.

[0016]  Proceeding to Fig. 1 (c), two LED bare chips (light-emitting elements) 25 are fixedly mounted in the recess 24 of each device body 23 by Au-Sn eutectic soldering or the like. In this event, the single bare chip 25 is placed in contact with the end portion of each metal piece 22 and, further, later-described conductive wires are electrically connected between the metal pieces 22 and the bare chips 25 and between the bare chips 25, respectively. In this manner, a number of LED devices 27 are formed on the lead frame 21.

[0017] Thereafter, portions, coupled to the lead frame 21, of the metal pieces 22 are cut, thereby separating the LED devices 27 from the lead frame 21. In this manner, the LED devices 27, one of which is shown in Fig. 1 (d), can be relatively easily manufactured in large number. Finally, resin is filled into the recesses 24 of the device bodies 23 and cured.

[0018] Herein, referring particularly to Fig. 1 (d), the manufactured LED device 27 will be described.

[0019] The LED device 27 includes a pair of metal contacts 28 formed by the metal pieces 22 shown in Fig. 1 (a). While the metal contacts 28 are insert-molded to the device body 23, each metal contact 28 has one end exposed in the recess 24 of the device body 23 and the other end protruding downward from a lower surface of the device body 23 so as to form a plate-shaped terminal portion 29.

[0020] In the LED device 27, the bare chips 25 are placed in direct contact with the metal contacts 28, respectively. Accordingly, it is configured that power supply to the bare chips 25 and heat conduction from the bare chips 25 are carried out through the metal contacts 28. Further, since the LED device 27 has the pair of metal contacts 28 and the bare chip 25 is mounted, in equal number, on each of the paired metal contacts 28, the heat conduction from the bare chips 25 are uniformly dispersed to the paired metal contacts 28 and therefore excellent heat dissipation can be expected.

[0021] As described above, since the metal contacts 28 are each used to conduct both heat and electricity, it is possible to provide the LED device which is simple in structure and inexpensive.

[0022] Referring next to Figs. 2 to 4, a description will be given of a light-emitting apparatus using the LED device 27 shown in Fig. 1 (d).

[0023] This light-emitting apparatus comprises the LED device 27 and a socket connector 31 which is capable of fitting and releasing the LED device 27. The socket connector 31 comprises an insulating housing 32 made of plastic or the like and a number of metal springs 33 made of a material with a high thermal conductivity and attached to the housing 32. The housing 32 has two elongated holes 34 that respectively receive therein the two terminal portions 29 of the LED device 27.

[0024] The metal springs 33 are provided in plurality, for example, in the number of five, corresponding to each elongated hole 34 of the housing 32 and are arranged at intervals in the longitudinal direction of each elongated hole 34. Each metal spring 33 has a contact portion 35 disposed in the elongated hole 34 and a connecting portion 36 led out from the contact portion 35 to the outside of the housing 32. The connecting portions 36 are divided so as to correspond to one or the other of the two elongated holes 34 and are respectively connected to two interconnections 38, which are formed on an attaching object 37 such as a board, using a technique such as reflow soldering. In this manner, the socket connector 31 can be surface-mounted on the attaching object 37.

[0025] When the LED device 27 is fitted to the socket connector 31, the terminal portions 29 of the metal contacts 28 are inserted into the elongated holes 34 so as to be brought into contact with the plurality of contact portions 35 in a lump which are disposed therein. As a result, heats separately transmitted to the two metal contacts 28 from the two bare chips 25 are respectively dispersed to the plurality of metal springs 33 and further transmitted to the attaching object 37 through the connecting portions 36. Accordingly, excellent heat dissipation can be expected. Simultaneously, there are formed electrical paths each of which reaches the bare chip 25 from the interconnection 38 of the attaching object 37 through the metal springs 33 and the metal contact 28. Accordingly, it is possible to supply power to each bare chip 25 through the metal springs 33 and the metal contact 28.

[0026] According to this light-emitting apparatus, since the socket connector 31 can be mounted on the attaching object 37 in the state where the LED device 27 is not fitted, it is possible to prevent heat damage to the LED device 27 due to the reflow soldering and to prevent connection failure of the LED device 27 due to the occurrence of solder cracks after the mounting. Further, since the socket connector 31 which is capable of fitting and releasing the LED device 27 is used, it is possible to easily replace the LED device 27. Further, since contraction due to the difference in linear expansion coefficient between the LED device 27 and the solder is relaxed by spring contacts of the metal springs 33, a highly reliable connection function is achieved.

[0027] While the description has been given above of the example in which the socket connector 31 is mounted on the attaching object 37 by connecting the plurality of connecting portions 36 to the interconnections 38, the socket connector 31 can also be mounted on the attaching object 37 by each of the structures shown in Figs. 5 to 7.

[0028] In Fig. 5, connecting portions respectively provided to a plurality of metal springs 33 of a socket connector 31 are integrally formed together in advance, thereby obtaining a single connection plate 36'. Then, the connection plates 36' are fixed to an attaching object 37 by tightening screws 41, thereby electrically connecting the connection plates 36' to interconnections 38 on the attaching object 37.

[0029] In Fig. 6, connecting portions respectively provided to a plurality of metal springs 33 of a socket connector 31 are integrally formed together in advance, thereby obtaining a single connection plate 36'. Consequently, the socket connector 31 is formed without using the above-mentioned housing 32. Then, the connection plates 36' are fixed to an attaching object 37 using socket welding 42, thereby electrically connecting the connection plates 36' to interconnections 38 on the attaching object 37.

[0030] It is of course possible to use the above-mentioned housing 32 also in the socket connector 31 shown in Fig. 6. An example using the housing 32 is shown in Figs. 6A to 6C.

[0031] Also in Fig. 7, connecting portions respectively provided to a plurality of metal springs 33 of a socket connector 31 are integrally formed together in advance, thereby obtaining a single connection plate 36'. Consequently, the socket connector 31 is formed without using the above-mentioned housing 32. Then, the connection plates 36' are fixed to an attaching object 37 using socket caulking 43, thereby electrically connecting the connection plates 36' to interconnections 38 on the attaching object 37.

[0032] While the description has been given above of the example in which the connection plates 36' are connected to the interconnections 38 on the attaching object 37, the connection plates 36' may alternatively be joined to electrically independent metal plates.

[0033] It is of course possible to use the above-mentioned housing 32 also in the socket connector 31 shown in Fig. 7.

[0034] Referring next to Figs. 8 to 10, a description will be given of some examples of the layout and connection of bare chips 25 in an LED device 27.

[0035] In an LED device 27 of Fig. 8, two bare chips 25 are respectively mounted with respect to two metal contacts 28. The two bare chips 25 are electrically connected to each other by a conductive wire 44. Further, the two bare chips 25 are each electrically connected to the corresponding metal contact 28 by a conductive wire 45.

[0036] In an LED device 27 of Fig. 9, four bare chips 25 are mounted with respect to two metal contacts 28 such that the two bare chips 25 are mounted on each metal contact 28. The two bare chips 25 mounted on one of the metal contacts 28 and the two bare chips 25 mounted on the other of the metal contacts 28 are electrically connected to each other by conductive wires 46. Further, the four bare chips 25 are each electrically connected to the corresponding metal contact 28 by a conductive wire 47.

[0037] In an LED device 27 of Fig. 10, six bare chips 25 are mounted with respect to two metal contacts 28 such that the three bare chips 25 are mounted on each metal contact 28. The six bare chips 25 are each electrically connected to the two metal contacts 28 by conductive wires 48 and 49.

[0038] In Fig. 8, the two LED bare chips are connected in series while, in Fig. 9, the two LED bare chips are connected in series so that two series structures are arranged side by side. In Fig. 10, the six LED bare chips are connected in parallel. In this manner, the wiring configuration may be suitably determined. While the description has been given of the case where the LED device 27 has two plus and minus terminals (has two terminal portions 29), the same number of bare chips may be mounted on each contact likewise even in the case of four terminals or six terminals. The reason is that, by distributing the generated heat from the bare chips 25 in the LED device 27 equally by the number of terminal portions 29, the heat can be uniformly transmitted from the terminal portions 29 to the attaching object 37 such as a mounting board or a housing. That is, by providing the same number of bare chips 25 on each of the paired metal contacts 28, the generated heat from the bare chips 25 can be equally distributed to the terminal portions 29. In this manner, by equally distributing the generated heat from the bare chips 25 to the terminal portions 29, it is possible to prevent the localization of heat and thus to reduce the difference in stress to be generated so that the reliability is improved. Assuming that the number of terminal portions 29 of the LED device 27 is n (n≥2), the number of bare chips 25 that are mounted in the LED device 27 becomes a multiple of n.

[0039] Figs. 11 and 12 show an LED device 27' according to another embodiment of this invention. This LED device 27' has four terminal portions 29. Out of the four terminal portions 29, the two are minus terminals and the other two are plus terminals. That is, the single LED device 27' has the two plus terminals and the two minus terminals. In this manner, by providing the plurality of plus terminals and the plurality of minus terminals, it is possible to individually control LEDs that emit different colors of light, which is convenient for adjusting the color.

[0040] Fig. 13 shows a modification of the light-emitting apparatus. The same reference symbols are assigned to those portions having the same functions, thereby omitting an explanation thereof.

[0041] In a socket connector 31 used in the light-emitting apparatus of Fig. 13, portions of metal springs 33 are held by a housing 32. As shown in (a), the socket connector 31 is mounted on a surface of an attaching object 37 such as a board using a mounter and the other portions of the metal springs 33 are respectively connected to two interconnections 38, which are disposed to be spaced apart from each other, of the attaching object 37 using a technique such as reflow soldering.

[0042] Then, as shown in (b) and (c), an LED device 27 is fitted to the socket connector 31. The relationship between the LED device 27 and the socket connector 31 may be the same as one of the various examples described above.

[0043] Fig. 14 shows another modification of the light-emitting apparatus. The same reference symbols are assigned to those portions having the same functions, thereby omitting an explanation thereof.

[0044] Also in a socket connector 31 used in the light-emitting apparatus of Fig. 14, portions of metal springs 33 are held by a housing 32. A through hole 51 is formed in an attaching object 37 from its front to back. Using this through hole 51, the socket connector 31 is mounted on the attaching object 37. That is, as shown in (a), the socket connector 31 is inserted down into the through hole 51 in a posture which is upside down as compared with that in Fig. 13 (a), and the other portions of the metal springs 33 are respectively connected to two interconnections 38, which are disposed to be spaced apart from each other, of the attaching object 37 using a technique such as reflow soldering.

[0045] After mounting the socket connector 31 on the attaching object 37 as described above, the attaching object 37 is turned over as shown in (b) and then an LED device 27 is fitted to the socket connector 31 as shown in (c) and (d). The relationship between the LED device 27 and the socket connector 31 may be the same as one of the various examples described above.

[0046] According to the light-emitting apparatus of Fig. 14, it is possible to reduce the dimension in a thickness direction of the attaching object 37.

[0047] Fig. 15 shows still another modification of the light-emitting apparatus. The same reference symbols are assigned to those portions having the same functions, thereby omitting an explanation thereof.

[0048] The light-emitting apparatus of Fig. 15 uses two electrically independent metal plates 52 as attaching objects and interconnections. Between these metal plates 52, a plurality of socket connectors 31 each having an LED device 27 connected thereto are mounted in a bridging state. Further, metal springs 33 of each socket connector 31 are connected to the metal plates 52 by a suitable connection method. One example of the suitable connection method is so-called bus bar mounting.

[0049] As another example of the suitable connection method, laser welding portions 53 shown in Fig. 16, screwing portions 54 shown in Fig. 17, and caulking portions 55 shown in Fig. 18 can be used alone or in combination thereof.

[0050] Fig. 19 shows still another modification of the light-emitting apparatus. The same reference symbols are assigned to those portions having the same functions, thereby omitting an explanation thereof.

[0051] The light-emitting apparatus of Fig. 19 uses, as attaching objects and interconnections, a plurality of, for example, seven, flat plate-shaped metal plates 56 which are formed by press working or the like and are electrically independent of each other. These metal plates 56 are disposed side by side in a circumferential direction to form a ring shape, a plurality of, for example, six, socket connectors 31 each having an LED device 27 connected thereto are mounted in a bridging state between the adjacent metal plates 56, and metal springs 33 are connected to the metal plates 56, thereby forming a series circuit. In this case, the two metal plates 56, located at both ends of the series circuit, of the seven metal plates 56 are each provided with a connecting portion 57 by bending and harness terminals 58 are fitted and connected to the connecting portions 57 so that the metal plates 56 can be fixed to the harness. The plurality of metal plates are arranged in the circumferential direction.

[0052] Each metal plate 56 (52) is not limited to the flat plate shape, but may be, for example, an angled member as shown in Fig. 20.

[0053]  Fig. 21 shows still another modification of the light-emitting apparatus. The same reference symbols are assigned to those portions having the same functions, thereby omitting an explanation thereof.

[0054] The light-emitting apparatus of Fig. 21 comprises a disc-shaped housing 61 made of an insulator, a first ring-shaped metal plate 62 disposed on a disc-shaped surface of the housing 61, a second polygonal metal plate 63 disposed on the disc-shaped surface of the housing 61 inward of the first metal plate 62, and a disc-shaped insulating reflector 64, as a separate component, having an outer diameter equal to that of the first metal plate 62. The first and second metal plates 62 and 63 serve as interconnections and both can be formed by press working or the like. Herein, it can also be said that the first and second metal plates 62 and 63 are arranged in a radial direction.

[0055] As shown in (a), an inner peripheral face of the first metal plate 62 faces an outer peripheral face of the second metal plate 63 with a substantially uniform gap therebetween on the disc-shaped surface of the housing 61 and therefore the first and second metal plates 62 and 63 are electrically independent of each other. A plurality of, for example, six, socket connectors 31 each having an LED device 27 connected thereto are placed in a bridging state between the first and second metal plates 62 and 63. Metal springs 33 of each socket connector 31 are in contact with the first and second metal plates 62 and 63.

[0056] In (a), further, the reflector 64 is overlaid on the first and second metal plates 62 and 63. In this event, the socket connectors 31 are respectively inserted into a plurality of holes 65 formed in the reflector 64. Further, the reflector 64 is tightly fixed to the housing 61 using screw rods 66 or the like. Consequently, by the reflector 64, the metal springs 33 of the socket connectors 31 are pressed to the first and second metal plates 62 and 63 so as to be electrically connected thereto and the positions of the socket connectors 31 are fixed.

[0057] In this manner, the light-emitting apparatus shown in (b) is obtained.

[0058] In Fig. 21, the six LED devices 27 and the six socket connectors 31 are used. However, the number of them may be suitably changed as in Fig. 22 which shows a case of three.

[0059] Fig. 23 shows still another modification of the light-emitting apparatus. The same reference symbols are assigned to those portions having the same functions, thereby omitting an explanation thereof.

[0060] The light-emitting apparatus of Fig. 23 comprises a rectangular plate-shaped housing 71 made of an insulator, two metal plates 72 adjacently disposed on a rectangular surface of the housing 71, and an insulating reflection sheet 73 covering the metal plates 72. The metal plates 72 can be formed by press working or the like and respectively have a plurality of semicircular recesses on their mutually facing sides. These semicircular recesses cooperatively form a plurality of substantially circular holes 74 when the two metal plates 72 are disposed adjacent to each other. The reflection sheet 73 has a plurality of small holes 75 which are in one-to-one correspondence with the holes 74.

[0061] As shown in (a), a plurality of socket connectors 31 each having an LED device 27 connected thereto are disposed so as to be spaced apart from each other on the rectangular surface of the housing 71. Then, the two metal plates 72 are adjacently disposed with a gap therebetween on the rectangular surface of the housing 71. Therefore, the two metal plates 72 are electrically independent of each other and are used as attaching objects and interconnections. Further, the metal plates 72 are tightly fixed to the housing 71 using screw rods 76 or the like. Consequently, the metal plates 72 are pressed to metal springs 33 of the socket connectors 31 so as to be electrically connected thereto and so as to fix the positions of the socket connectors 31.

[0062] Further, as shown in (b), the reflection sheet 73 is disposed on the metal plates 72. In this event, the LED devices 27 are respectively inserted into the holes 74 formed by the metal plates 72. In this manner, the light-emitting apparatus shown in (c) is obtained. According to this light-emitting apparatus, since the reflection sheet 73 is used, it is possible to effectively use the light of the LED devices 27.

[0063] Part or the whole of the above-mentioned embodiments can also be described as the following supplementary notes but is not limited thereto.

(Supplementary Note 1)



[0064] An LED device characterized in that an LED bare chip 25 is mounted directly on a metal contact 28 and power supply to the bare chip 25 and heat conduction from the bare chip 25 are carried out through the metal contact 28.

(Supplementary Note 2)



[0065] The LED device according to supplementary note 1, characterized by comprising a pair of metal contacts 28, wherein the bare chip 25 is provided, in equal number, on each of the pair of metal contacts 28. Or the LED device according to supplementary note 1, characterized by further comprising an additional metal contact, the metal contacts making a pair, wherein the bare chip is provided, in equal number, on each of the pair of metal contacts.

(Supplementary Note 3)



[0066] The LED device according to supplementary note 1 or 2, characterized by comprising a device body 23 made of plastic and insert-molded with the metal contact 28, wherein the metal contact 28has a terminal portion 29 protruding outward from the device body 23.

(Supplementary Note 4)



[0067] A method of manufacturing the LED device according to any one of supplementary notes 1 to 3, characterized by preparing a lead frame 21 formed with the pair of metal contacts 28, forming a device body by insert-molding the pair of metal contacts 28 with the plastic, mounting the bare chips 25 on the pair of metal contacts 28 to form the LED device on the lead frame 21, and then cutting the metal contacts 28 to separate the LED device from the lead frame 21.

(Supplementary Note 5)



[0068] A light-emitting apparatus characterized by comprising the LED device according to any one of supplementary notes 1 to 3 and a connector 31 adapted to be attached to an attaching object 37 and capable of fitting the metal contacts 28, wherein power is supplied to the bare chips 25 from the attaching object 37 through the connector 31 and the metal contacts 28 and heat of the bare chips is transmitted to the attaching object 37 through the metal contacts 28 and the connector 31 to carry out heat dissipation.

(Supplementary Note 6)



[0069] The light-emitting apparatus according to supplementary note 5, characterized by further comprising the attaching object 37, wherein a plurality of interconnections 38 are formed on a surface of the attaching object 37, the connector 31 is disposed in a bridging state between the interconnections 38, and the metal contacts 28 are connected to the interconnections 38.

(Supplementary Note 7)



[0070] The light-emitting apparatus according to supplementary note 5, characterized by further comprising, as the attaching object 37, a plurality of metal plates which are disposed adjacent to each other and are electrically independent of each other, wherein the connector 31 is disposed in a bridging state between the adjacent metal plates and the metal contacts 28 are connected to the metal plates.

(Supplementary Note 8)



[0071] The light-emitting apparatus according to supplementary note 7, characterized in that the plurality of metal plates are arranged parallel to each other.

(Supplementary Note 9)



[0072] The light-emitting apparatus according to supplementary note 7, characterized in that the plurality of metal plates are arranged in a circumferential direction.

(Supplementary Note 10)



[0073] The light-emitting apparatus according to supplementary note 7, characterized in that the plurality of metal plates are arranged in a radial direction.

(Supplementary Note 11)



[0074] The light-emitting apparatus according to any one of supplementary notes 6 to 10, characterized by further comprising a separate component that fixes the connector 31 to the attaching object 37.

(Supplementary Note 12)



[0075] The light-emitting apparatus according to supplementary note 11, characterized in that the separate component is insulating.

[0076] While this invention has been described with reference to the embodiments, this invention is not limited thereto. Various changes that can be understood by those skilled in the art can be made to the structures and details of this invention within the scope of this invention.

[0077] This application claims the benefit of priority from Japanese Patent Application No. 2010-18719, filed on January 29, 2010, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein in its entirety by reference.

Industrial Applicability



[0078] This invention is applicable to general illumination, streetlights, car backlights, and so on.

[0079] The present invention further relates to an LED device 27, 27' comprising: a pair of metal contacts 28; a device body 23 made of plastic by insert-molding the metal contacts 28 to have a recess 24 on an upper surface thereof, one ends of the pair of metal contacts 28 being exposed adjacent to each other at a bottom of the recess 24 of the device body 23, the other ends of the pair of metal contacts 28 protruding from a lower surface of the device body 23; and an LED bare chip 25 placed in the recess 24 of the device body 23 and mounted directly on the one ends of the pair of metal contacts 28, wherein power supply to the bare chip 25 and heat conduction from the bare chip 25 are carried out through the metal contacts 28.

[0080] The LED device 27, 27' may further comprise an additional metal contact 28, the metal contacts 28 making a pair, wherein the bare chip 25 is provided, in equal number, on each of the pair of metal contacts 28.

Description of Symbols



[0081] 
1
substrate
2
heat transfer layer
3
conductive layer
4
LED chip
5, 6
terminals of conductive layer
7, 8
electrodes of LED chip
9
heat contact portion of conductive layer
21
lead frame
22
metal piece
23
device body
24
recess
25
LED bare chip (light-emitting element)
27
LED device
27'
LED device
28
metal contact
29
terminal portion
31
socket connector (connector)
32
housing
33
metal spring
34
elongated hole
35
contact portion
36
connecting portion
36'
connection plate
37
attaching object
38
interconnection
41
screw
42
socket welding
43
socket caulking
44 to
49 conductive wires
51
through hole
52
metal plate
53
laser welding portion
54
screwing portion
55
caulking portion
56
metal plate
57
connecting portion
58
harness terminal
61
housing
62
first metal plate
63
second metal plate
64
reflector
65
hole
66
screw rod
71
housing
72
metal plate
73
reflection sheet
74
hole



Claims

1. An LED device (27') to be connected to a connector (31) having a plurality of metal springs (33) arranged to make two rows, the LED device (27') comprising:

a pair of metal contacts (28);

a device body (23) made of plastic by insert-molding the metal contacts (28) to have a recess (24) on an upper surface thereof, one ends of the pair of metal contacts (28) being exposed adjacent to each other at a bottom of the recess (24) of the device body (23), the other ends of the pair of metal contacts (28) protruding from a lower surface of the device body (23), each of the other ends forming a plurality of terminal portions (29) which are adjacent to each other to collectively make a plate shape perpendicular to the lower surface, the plate shape extending along the lower surface in accordance with a shape of each of the rows; and

LED bare chips (25) placed in the recess (24) of the device body (23) and mounted directly on the one ends of the pair of metal contacts (28), wherein power supply to the bare chips (25) and heat dissipation from the bare chips (25) are carried out through the metal contacts (28),

when the LED device (27') is connected to the connector (31), the other ends of the pair of metal contacts (28) come in contact with the rows of the metal springs (33), respectively, to effectively carry out the power supply and the heat dissipation.


 
2. The LED device (27') as claimed in claim 1, wherein each of the metal contacts (28) is divided into plural according to the terminal portions (29), the bare chips (25) being mounted directly on the one ends of the metal contacts (28), respectively.
 
3. The LED device (27') as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein each of the other ends forming two terminal portions (29) which are adjacent to each other to make the plate shape, each of the metal contacts (28) being divided into two according to the terminal portions (29), the bare chips (25) being mounted directly on the one ends of the metal contacts (28), respectively.
 
4. The LED device (27') as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, wherein the terminal portions (29) comprise a particular one configured to come in contact with plural ones of the metal springs (33).
 
5. The LED device (27') as claimed in any one of claims 1-4, wherein the connector (31) further has a housing (32) defining two elongated holes (34), the metal springs (33) being provided in plurality corresponding to each of the elongated holes (34), and
wherein the terminal portions (29) are formed to be insertable in the elongated holes (34), respectively, the plate shape are configured to be inserted into the elongated holes (34), the terminal portions (29) coming into contact with contact portions (35) of the metal springs (33) when the LED device (27') is connected to the connector (31).
 
6. The LED device (27') as claimed in any one of claims 1-5, wherein the terminal portions (29) extend parallel to each other on the lower surface.
 
7. The LED device (27') as claimed in any one of claims 1-6, wherein the bare chips (25) are provided, in equal number, on each of the metal contacts (28).
 




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Search report




Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description