(19)
(11)EP 3 315 016 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.07.2022 Bulletin 2022/30

(21)Application number: 17198450.3

(22)Date of filing:  26.10.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A01F 15/08(2006.01)
A01B 79/00(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
A01B 79/005; G06F 16/29; A01F 15/08; G06Q 50/02

(54)

ROUND BALER AND METHOD OF CREATING A YIELD MAP FOR SUCH A ROUND BALER

RUNDBALLENPRESSE UND VERFAHREN ZUR ERSTELLUNG EINER ERTRAGSKARTE FÜR SOLCH EINE RUNDBALLENPRESSE

PRESSE À BALLES RONDES ET PROCÉDÉ DE CRÉATION D'UNE CARTE DE RENDEMENT POUR UNE TELLE PRESSE À BALLES RONDES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 31.10.2016 US 201662415173 P
07.06.2017 US 201715616298

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/18

(73)Proprietor: Deere & Company
Moline, IL 61265 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • Derscheid, Daniel
    68163 Mannheim (DE)

(74)Representative: Reichert, Christian 
John Deere GmbH & Co. KG Mannheim Regional Center Global Intellectual Property Services John-Deere-Straße 70
68163 Mannheim
68163 Mannheim (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 634 491
DE-A1-102009 002 439
US-A1- 2014 090 903
EP-A1- 2 974 594
US-A1- 2007 245 704
US-A1- 2015 257 340
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present disclosure relates to mapping yields for an agricultural harvesting machine.

    Background



    [0002] Agricultural balers gather, compress, and shape crop material into a bale. Agricultural round balers create round or cylindrical bales. A baler that produces small rectangular bales is often referred to as a square baler. Another type of baler is one that produces large rectangular bales, often referred to as large square baler. Both round bales and square or rectangular bales can be bound with wrap, netting, strapping, wire, or twine. There is a need to accurately determine crop or harvest yield across an entire field in smaller increments than on a per bale basis.

    [0003] DE 195 43 343 A1 describes a rectangular baler with a load sensor for sensing the load on elements of the baler feeding crop into a baling chamber, a position determining system and a force sensor sensing the weight of the finished bale. Based on the weight of the entire bale and the signals of the load sensor, the yield for the respective locations on which the crop has been collected are calculated. This arrangement requires special sensors for the load on the crop feeding elements, which are not necessarily representing the true yield since crop properties, like moisture and thickness of the stalks, influence the force required for driving the feeding elements.

    [0004] US 2007/0245704 A1 describes another rectangular baler with a sensor for a finished bale and a position determining system. The events in which flakes of crop material are transferred from a pre-compression chamber into a baling chamber are recorded, and the yield for the respective locations on which crop has been collected is calculated based upon the weight of the finished bale and the flake events. The flake event is triggered by a pre-compression sensor in the form of a spring-loaded door that pivots, in response to crop material in a duct achieving a desired density, the flake event.

    [0005] EP 2 974 594 A1 describes a round baler in which the yield of a particular field is determined by monitoring the crop flow into the baler and/or by monitoring the number of bales produced per distance travelled.

    Summary



    [0006] The present disclosure includes a system which accurately determines incremental crop or harvest yields for an individual bale. In some implementations, the system accurately determines incremental crop or harvest yields for a round bale.

    [0007] A round baler includes a bale chamber having one or more bale forming apparatus which form a round bale in the bale chamber; a size sensor which measures a plurality of diameters of the bale as the bale increases in size from a partial bale to a completed bale; a force sensor which measures a ending weight of the completed bale; and a location determining device which establishes a plurality of locations of the round baler corresponding to the plurality of diameters of the bale. A controller of the round baler can determine a plurality of yields for the bale by correlating changes in the plurality of diameters of the bale with the ending weight of the completed bale and generating a map by correlating the plurality of yields with the plurality of locations.

    [0008] The round baler may further determine an area harvested for the bale by aggregating the plurality of locations. The baler may further divide the area harvested into a plurality of portions, and determine the yield for each of the plurality of portions by correlating the change in the plurality of diameters of the bale with each of the plurality of portions. The round baler may further determine the plurality of yields by multiplying an incremental volumetric change of the partial bale by an average density of the completed bale and then dividing the result by a portion of the area harvested corresponding to the incremental volumetric change.

    [0009] A method of creating a yield map for a round baler includes forming a bale in a bale chamber; measuring a plurality of diameters of the bale as the bale increases in size from a partial bale to a completed bale; determining a plurality of locations of the round baler corresponding to the plurality of diameters; measuring a ending weight of the bale upon completion; determining a plurality of yields for the bale by correlating the plurality of diameters of the bale with the ending weight of the bale; and generating a map by correlating the plurality of yields with the plurality of locations.

    [0010] The method may further include determining an area harvested for the completed bale by aggregating the plurality of locations; dividing the area harvested into a plurality of regions; and determining the yield for each of the plurality of regions by correlating the change in the plurality of diameters with each of the plurality of regions. The method may further include determining an area harvested for the completed bale via the plurality of locations; and
    determining each of the plurality of yields by multiplying an incremental volumetric change of the partial bale by an average density of the completed bale and then dividing the result by a portion of the area harvested corresponding to the incremental volumetric change.

    [0011] These and other features will become apparent from the following detailed description and accompanying drawings, wherein various features are shown and described by way of illustration. The present disclosure is capable of other and different configurations and its several details are capable of modification in various other respects, all without departing from the scope of the present disclosure. Accordingly, the detailed description and accompanying drawings are to be regarded as illustrative in nature and not as restrictive or limiting.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0012] The detailed description of the drawings refers to the accompanying figures in which:

    FIGURE 1 is a side view of an agricultural harvesting machine;

    FIGURE 2 is a rear view an agricultural harvesting machine, according to one embodiment;

    FIGURE 3A is a side view of an agricultural harvesting machine, according to one embodiment;

    FIGURE 3B is a schematic view of a crop package measurement system, according to one embodiment;

    FIGURE 4 is a view of a yield map, according to one embodiment;

    FIGURE 5A is a graph of an increase in dimensions of an individual bale, according to one embodiment;

    FIGURE 5B is a graph of the yields for multiple portions of an individual bale, according to one embodiment;

    FIGURE 6 is a flow chart for a method of determining the yield for a portion of a completed bale, according to one embodiment; and

    FIGURE 7 is a flow chart for a method of determining the yield for a portion of a completed bale, according to one embodiment.



    [0013] Like reference numerals are used to indicate like elements throughout the several figures.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0014] The embodiments disclosed in the above drawings and the following detailed description are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the disclosure to these embodiments. Rather, there are several variations and modifications which may be made without departing from the scope of the present disclosure.

    [0015] FIGURE 1 illustrates an agricultural harvesting machine 100, such as a baler, according to one embodiment. Although a round baler is shown, this disclosure can also be applied to other balers and harvesting machines. The agricultural harvesting machine 100 may be coupled to an agricultural vehicle, such as a tractor, which provides power to the agricultural harvesting machine 100, or the agricultural harvesting machine 100 may be self-propelled. The agricultural harvesting machine 100 may be combined or integrated with a cotton harvester, a combine, or other harvesting machines. For ease of reference, the remaining description will refer to the agricultural harvesting machine 100 as a baler. The baler 100 may include an electronic control unit 180, or ECU, having one or more microprocessorbased electronic control units or controllers, which perform calculations and comparisons and execute instructions. The ECU 180 may include a processor, a core, volatile and nonvolatile memory, digital and analog inputs, and digital and analog outputs. The ECU 180 may connect to and communicate with various input and output devices including, but not limited to, switches, relays, solenoids, actuators, light emitting diodes (LED's), liquid crystal displays (LCD's) and other types of displays, radio frequency devices (RFD's), sensors, and other controllers. The ECU 180 may receive communication or signals, via electrically or any suitable electromagnetic communication, from one or more devices, determine an appropriate response or action, and send communication or signals to one or more devices. The ECU 180 can be a programmable logic controller, also known as a PLC or programmable controller. The ECU 180 may connect to a baler 100 electronic control system through a data bus, such as a CAN bus, or the ECU 180 can be a part of the baler 100 electronic control system.

    [0016] With reference to FIGURES 1 and 2, the baler 100 may move across a field and gather and process crop material to form a crop package, such as a bale B. The baler 100 may then eject the bale B from the rear of the baler 100. The baler 100 can include a frame 102 supported on one or more ground engaging devices or wheels 104. The baler 100 can include a draft tongue 106 coupled to the frame 102 at one end with a hitch arrangement 108 at the other end configured to couple the baler 100 to an agricultural vehicle (not shown). The baler 100 can include a pair of side walls 110 fixed to the frame 102. The baler 100 can include a discharge gate 112 pivotally mounted about a pivot arrangement 114. The discharge gate 112 can include a pair of side walls 116. The discharge gate 112 is selectively operable for moving between a lowered baling position and an opened discharge position. As depicted, the baler 100 is of variable size chamber bales including a plurality of longitudinally extending side-by-side belts 118 supported on a plurality of rollers 120. A bale forming chamber 122 is defined by the side walls 110, 116, the rollers 120, and the belts 118.

    [0017] As the baler 100 moves through a field, a pickup mechanism 124 feeds crop material 126 from the ground surface into a crop inlet 128 of the bale forming chamber 122, which rolls the crop material 38 in spiral fashion into a cylindrical bale B. The pick-up mechanism 124 may include various pick-up apparatus including, but not limited to, tines, forks, augers, conveyors, baffles, a cutter or pre-cutter assembly, or any combination of the preceding. A belt tensioning device 130 maintains the appropriate tension in the belts 118. The belt tensioning device 130 rotates around pivot 132 as the bale B increases in size. The position of the belt tensioning device 130 provides an indication of bale size. A bale dimension sensor 134 (e.g., potentiometer) can be coupled to the pivot point 132 of the tensioning device 130 and can provide an electrical signal correlating with the size of the bale (e.g., diameter) to an Electronic Control Unit (ECU) 180. The ECU 180 is provided for electronically controlling and monitoring a number of functions of the baler 100. For example, the ECU 180, in addition to monitoring bale size and other functions, can further be configured to trigger a twine or wrapping cycle, open and close the discharge gate, initiate bale discharge, control the application of preservative to the bale, and communicate crop moisture content and other bale related information to the operator. When the bale B attains a predetermined size, the baler 100 wraps the bale B with twine, net wrap, or other appropriate wrapping material from a wrapping arrangement 138. The baler 100 then discharges the bale B by opening the discharge gate 112, for example by actuation of gate cylinders, which permits the completed bale B to be discharged from the baler 100 onto the ground or an accumulator.

    [0018] With continuing reference to FIGURES 1 and 2, the baler 100 can include one or more load or force sensors 140 (e.g., load cell) for sensing a weight of the bale B during and after bale formation in the baling chamber 122. The baler 100 can include a load cell 140A on the tongue 106 adjacent to the hitch 108. The baler 100 can also include load cells 140B and 140C which are positioned between the baler frame 102 and the axle 103. The load cells 140 can produce a signal varying with their deflection, thereby providing an indication of bale weight. The baler 100 may also include one or more distance sensors 146 to measure the size of the bale B in the bale forming chamber 122, which will be discussed in more detail below. The baler 100 may include a position sensor 142, for example a GPS satellite antenna, an inclination sensor 144, and one or more load cells 140 in communication with the ECU 180. The position sensor 142 can provide real-time location information of the baler 100. The inclination sensor 144 can provide incline, slope, or gradient information of the baler 100.

    [0019] With reference to FIGURES 3A and 3B, the baler 100 may include one or more distance sensors 146, for example any non-contact sensor such as an ultrasonic, radar, microwave, laser, or other distance measuring apparatus. The distance sensors 146 can be positioned near the rear upper portion of the discharge gate 112. In the embodiment depicted, three sensors 146 are arranged along the width W of the baler 100, with one located near each edge region of the bale B and one located near the center region of the bale B. The one or more sensors 146 detect the spacing or distance between the bale B and the sensor 146. As the bale B increases in size, shown as B' and B", the one or more sensors 146 detect or sense the change in size and communicate these measurements via signals to the ECU 180. The sensors 146 can provide measurement information regarding the change in size for each region of the bale B. The ECU 180 controls a display arrangement 190 positioned in the operator cab of the agricultural tractor. The measurement values of the sensors 146 can be displayed on the display arrangement 190 in three fields, each of which represents a region of the bale B. The measured values may be provided in graphical, representative, or numerical form.

    [0020] With reference to FIGURES 4, 5A, and 5B crop or harvest yield can be determined for a finite or predetermined area of a field and displayed as yield map 150. As shown in FIGURE 4, the larger area 152 represents the area harvested to generate a single bale B. The larger area 152 includes several smaller areas 154, which represent portions or regions of the area harvested corresponding to portions or sections of the single bale B. As the bale B is being generated, changes in the size of the bale (e.g., radius, diameter, volume, etc.) can be measured and stored, for example with bale dimension sensor 134, distance sensors 146, or both as depicted in FIGURE 1. Alternatively or additionally, changes in the weight of the bale can be measured and stored, for example with one or more force sensors 140. While the baler 100 is moving across a field and generating a bale B, the dynamic weight measurement can fluctuate due to movement of the baler 100 in a vertical direction in response to the terrain or topography of the field. Even with these fluctuations, the dynamic weight measurements can still provide relative or comparative measurements as the bale B increases in size. When the bale B has attained a predetermined size or weight, the bale generation is considered complete. The size and weight of the completed bale B can be measured before exiting the baler 100. This final or ending measurement can occur when the baler 100 is stationary, which can provide a more accurate measurement regarding the weight.

    [0021] FIGURE 5A illustrates the growth of bale B in the bale forming chamber 122 as an increasing amount of area is harvested. The growth of the bale B, measured by size or weight or both, varies based upon the amount or quantity of crop material being harvested for a predetermined area. The amount or quantity of crop material can vary during the generation of an individual bale B. As shown in this example, the rate of change in the bale dimension, size or weight or both, varies during the generation of an individual bale B. The change in size of the bale B can be determined by the change in volume of the bale B represented by

    where r2 is the larger radius of the bale, r1 is the smaller radius of the bale, and W is the width of the bale, or

    where d2 is the larger diameter of the bale, d1 is the smaller diameter of the bale, and W is the width of the bale. When the generation of the bale B is complete, the bale B is weighed and then ejected from the baler 100. The average density of the entire bale B can then be determined by the equation

    where m is the mass of the bale and Vt is the volume of the completed or entire bale. For any portion or region of the area harvested for the completed bale, the yield can be determined by multiplying the change in volume of the bale (Vc) for the portion of the area harvested for the bale (Ap) by the average density of the entire bale (ρt), and then divided by the portion of the area harvested for the bale which created the change in volume represented by



    [0022] FIGURE 5B illustrates the yield rates for different portions or sections of the bale. As shown in this example embodiment, the area harvested for a single bale (At) was divided into ten portions or regions (Ap), and the yield for each portion of the area harvested was calculated based upon the incremental volumetric change of the bale (Vc) for that portion of the area harvested. The yield for each portion (Yp) is determined by multiplying an incremental volumetric change of the partial bale (Vc) by an average density of the completed bale (ρt) and then dividing the result by a portion of the area harvested during the incremental volumetric change Ap.

    [0023] For example, if the completed bale weighed 900 kg (1,984 lbs) with a width of 1.5 m (4.9 ft) and a diameter of 1.8 m (5.9 ft), then the volume would be

    and the average density of the entire bale would be



    [0024] Additionally, if the area harvested At was 1 acre, or 4,047 m2, then the yield for the bale would be



    [0025] Further, if the predetermined portion or region of the area harvested for the portion or section of the individual bale was 250 m2, which caused the bale to increase in diameter from 1.0 m to 1.1 m, then the change in volume would be

    and the yield for the predetermined portion or region of the area harvested would be



    [0026] For this example, the yield for the portion or section of the bale represented by the change in diameter from 1.0 m to 1.1 m

    is larger than the average yield for the entire bale

    .

    [0027] For another example using the same completed bale, if the predetermined portion of the area harvested for portion or section of the individual bale was 200 m2, which caused the bale to increase in diameter from 0.5 m to 0.6 m, then the change in volume would be

    and the yield for the predetermined portion or region of the area harvested would be



    [0028] For this example, the yield for the portion of the bale represented by the change in diameter from 1.0 m to 1.1 m

    is smaller than the average yield for the entire bale

    .

    [0029] FIGURE 6 illustrates a method of determining the yield for a portion of an entire or completed bale, which may be implemented in one or more of the embodiments described herein and depicted in the various FIGURES. At step 200, the method starts.

    [0030] At step 202, the baler 100 commences the generation of new bale B.

    [0031] At step 204, the baler 100 measures the growth or increase in dimensions of the bale B from beginning to completion of the bale generation. The ECU 180 can perform these measurements based upon communication with one or more sensors.

    [0032] At step 206, the baler 100 determines and tracks the area harvested corresponding to the change in bale dimensions and the area harvested for generation of the bale. The ECU 180 can perform this operation based upon communication with one or more sensors. Steps 204 and 206 can occur concurrently.

    [0033] At step 208, the baler 100 measures the dimensions of the completed bale B. The ECU 180 can perform these measurements based upon communication with one or more sensors.

    [0034] At step 210, the baler 100 determines the yield for the area harvested for the completed bale B, and for any predetermined portion or region of the area harvested. The ECU 180 can perform these yield determinations and generate a yield map 150.

    [0035] At step 212, determining the yield for a portion of a completed bale has occurred, according to one embodiment. In other embodiments, one or more of these steps or operations may be omitted, repeated, or re-ordered and still achieve the desired results.

    [0036] FIGURE 7 illustrates a method of determining the yield for a portion of an entire or completed bale, which may be implemented in one or more of the embodiments described herein and depicted in the various FIGURES. At step 300, the method starts.

    [0037] At step 302, the ECU 180 determines whether the baler 100 has commenced the generation of a new bale B via communication with one or more sensors. If no, the method repeats step 302. If yes, then the method continues with step 304

    [0038] At step 304, the ECU 180 determines the growth or increase in dimensions of the bale B from beginning to completion of the bale generation via communication with one or more sensors.

    [0039] At step 306, the ECU 180 determines the portion of the area harvested corresponding to the change in bale dimensions and the area harvested for the generation of the bale via communication with one or more sensors. The ECU 180 can perform steps 204 and 206 concurrently.

    [0040] At step 308, the ECU 180 determines whether the baler 100 has completed the generation of the new bale B via communication with one or more sensors. If no, the method returns to step 304. If yes, then the method continues with step 310.

    [0041] At step 310, the ECU 180 determines the dimensions of the completed bale B via communication with one or more sensors.

    [0042] At step 312, the ECU 180 determines the yield for the area harvested for the completed bale B, and for any predetermined portions of the area harvested. The ECU 180 can determine a plurality of yields for the bale by correlating changes in the plurality of dimensions of the bale with the ending weight of the completed bale. The ECU 180 can determine the plurality of yields by multiplying an incremental volumetric change of the partial bale by an average density of the completed bale and then divide the result by a portion of the area harvested corresponding to the incremental volumetric change.

    [0043] The ECU 180 can then generate a yield map 150 including the yields for the predetermined portions of the area harvested. The ECU 180 can determine the area harvested for the bale by aggregating the plurality of locations. The ECU 180 can then divide the area harvested for the bale into a plurality of regions and determine the yield for each of the plurality of regions by correlating the change in the plurality of dimensions of the bale with each of the plurality of regions.

    [0044] At step 314, determining the yield for a portion of a completed bale has occurred, according to one embodiment. In other embodiments, one or more of these steps or operations may be omitted, repeated, or re-ordered and still achieve the desired results.

    [0045] Without in any way limiting the scope, interpretation, or application of the claims appearing below, a technical effect of one or more of the example embodiments disclosed herein is the yield determination for a portion of a bale. Another technical effect of one or more of the example embodiments disclosed herein is the yield determination for a portion of the area harvested corresponding to an individual bale. Another technical effect of one or more of the example embodiments disclosed herein is multiple yield determinations for an individual bale.

    [0046] The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments or implementations and is not intended to be limiting of the disclosure. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It will be further understood that the any use of the terms "has," "have," "having," "include," "includes," "including," "comprise," "comprises," "comprising," or the like, in this specification, identifies the presence of stated features, integers, steps, operations, elements, and/or components, but does not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or groups thereof.

    [0047] The references "A" and "B" used with reference numerals herein are merely for clarification when describing multiple implementations of an apparatus.

    [0048] One or more of the steps or operations in any of the methods, processes, or systems discussed herein may be omitted, repeated, or re-ordered and are within the scope of the present disclosure.

    [0049] While the above describes example embodiments of the present disclosure, these descriptions should not be viewed in a restrictive or limiting sense. Rather, there are several variations and modifications which may be made without departing from the scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A round baler (100) comprising:

    a bale chamber (122) having one or more bale forming apparatus (118) which form a round bale (B) in the bale chamber (122);

    a size sensor (134, 146) which measures a plurality of diameters of the bale (B) as the bale (B) increases in size from a partial bale (B) to a completed bale (B);

    a force sensor (140) which measures a ending weight of the bale (B) upon completion;

    a location determining device (142) which establishes a plurality of locations of the round baler (100) corresponding to the plurality of diameters of the bale (B); characterized in that the round baler (100) comprising

    a controller (180) configured to determine a plurality of yields for the bale (B) by correlating changes in the plurality of diameters of the bale (B) with the ending weight of the bale (B) and generate a map (150) by correlating the plurality of yields with the plurality of locations.


     
    2. The round baler (100) of claim 1, wherein the controller (180) is configured to determine an area harvested for the bale (B) by aggregating the plurality of locations, divide the area harvested into a plurality of portions, and determine the yield for each of the plurality of portions by correlating the change in the plurality of diameters of the bale (B) to each of the plurality of portions.
     
    3. The round baler (100) of claims 1 or 2, wherein the controller (180) is configured to determine an area harvested for the bale (B) by aggregating the plurality of locations, and determine each of the plurality of yields by multiplying an incremental volumetric change of the partial bale (B) by an average density of the completed bale (B) and then dividing the result by a portion of the area harvested corresponding to the incremental volumetric change.
     
    4. The round baler (100) of one of the claims 1 to 3, wherein the size sensor (134) measures the movement of a belt tensioning device (130) as the bale (B) increases in size.
     
    5. The round baler (100) of one of the claims 1 to 3, wherein the size sensor (146) is a non-contact sensor which measures the distance between the sensor and the bale (B) as the bale (B) increases in size.
     
    6. The round baler (100) of one of the claims 1 to 5, wherein the force sensor (140) is a plurality of load cells (140A, 140B) located between a baler frame (102) and one or more ground engaging devices.
     
    7. A method of creating a yield map (150) for a round baler (100) according to one of the claims 1 to 7, the method comprising:

    forming a bale (B) in the bale chamber (122);

    measuring a plurality of diameters of the bale (B) as the bale (B) increases in size from a partial bale (B) to a completed bale (B);

    determining a plurality of locations of the round baler (100) corresponding to the plurality of diameters;

    measuring a ending weight of the bale (B) upon completion;
    characterized in that

    determining a plurality of yields for the bale (B) by correlating the plurality of diameters of the bale (B) with the ending weight of the bale (B); and

    generating a map (150) by correlating the plurality of yields with the plurality of locations.


     
    8. The method of claim 7, further comprising:

    determining an area harvested for the completed bale (B) by aggregating the plurality of locations;

    dividing the area harvested into a plurality of regions; and

    determining the yield for each of the plurality of regions by correlating the change in the plurality of diameters with each of the plurality of regions.


     
    9. The method of claim 7 or 8, further comprising:

    determining an area harvested for the completed bale (B) by aggregating the plurality of locations; and

    determining each of the plurality of yields by multiplying an incremental volumetric change of the partial bale (B) by an average density of the completed bale (B) and then dividing the result by a portion of the area harvested corresponding to the incremental volumetric change.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Rundballenpresse (100), umfassend:

    eine Ballenkammer (122), die eine oder mehrere Ballenformungseinrichtungen (118) aufweist, die einen Rundballen (B) in der Ballenkammer (122) formen;

    einen Größensensor (134, 146), der eine Mehrzahl von Durchmessern des Ballens (B) misst, während der Ballen (B) von einem teilweisen Ballen (B) zu einem fertiggestellten Ballen (B) an Größe zunimmt;

    einen Kraftsensor (140), der ein Endgewicht des Ballens (B) bei Fertigstellung misst;

    eine Positionsbestimmungsvorrichtung (142), die eine Mehrzahl von Positionen der Rundballenpresse (100) feststellt, die der Mehrzahl von Durchmessern des Ballens (B) entsprechen; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Rundballenpresse (100) umfasst:

    eine Steuerung (180), die dazu ausgelegt ist, eine Mehrzahl von Erträgen für den Ballen (B) durch Korrelieren von Änderungen bei der Mehrzahl von Durchmessern des Ballens (B) mit dem Endgewicht des Ballens (B) zu bestimmen und eine Karte (150) durch Korrelieren der Mehrzahl von Erträgen mit der Mehrzahl von Positionen zu erzeugen.


     
    2. Rundballenpresse (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Steuerung (180) dazu ausgelegt ist, einen für den Ballen (B) abgeernteten Bereich durch Aggregieren der Mehrzahl von Positionen zu bestimmen, den abgeernteten Bereich in eine Mehrzahl von Abschnitten zu unterteilen und den Ertrag für jeden der Mehrzahl von Abschnitten durch Korrelieren der Änderung bei der Mehrzahl von Durchmessern des Ballens (B) mit jedem der Mehrzahl von Abschnitten zu bestimmen.
     
    3. Rundballenpresse (100) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Steuerung (180) dazu ausgelegt ist, einen für den Ballen (B) abgeernteten Bereich durch Aggregieren der Mehrzahl von Positionen zu bestimmen und jeden der Mehrzahl von Erträgen durch Multiplizieren einer inkrementellen volumetrischen Änderung des teilweisen Ballens (B) mit einer durchschnittlichen Dichte des fertiggestellten Ballens (B) und dann Dividieren des Ergebnisses durch einen Abschnitt des abgeernteten Bereichs, der der inkrementellen volumetrischen Änderung entspricht, zu bestimmen.
     
    4. Rundballenpresse (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei der Größensensor (134) die Bewegung einer Riemenspannvorrichtung (130) misst, während der Ballen (B) an Größe zunimmt.
     
    5. Rundballenpresse (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei der Größensensor (146) ein berührungsloser Sensor ist, der den Abstand zwischen dem Sensor und dem Ballen (B) misst, während der Ballen (B) an Größe zunimmt.
     
    6. Rundballenpresse (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei der Kraftsensor (140) eine Mehrzahl von Lastzellen (140A, 140B) ist, die zwischen einem Ballenpressenrahmen (102) und einer oder mehreren den Boden angreifenden Vorrichtungen angeordnet sind.
     
    7. Verfahren zum Erstellen einer Ertragskarte (150) für eine Rundballenpresse (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Formen eines Ballens (B) in der Ballenkammer (122);

    Messen einer Mehrzahl von Durchmessern des Ballens (B), während der Ballen (B) von einem teilweisen Ballen (B) zu einem fertiggestellten Ballen (B) an Größe zunimmt;

    Bestimmen einer Mehrzahl von Positionen der Rundballenpresse (100), die der Mehrzahl von Durchmessern entsprechen;

    Messen eines Endgewichts des Ballens (B) bei Fertigstellung;
    gekennzeichnet durch

    Bestimmen einer Mehrzahl von Erträgen für den Ballen (B) durch Korrelieren der Mehrzahl von Durchmessern des Ballens (B) mit dem Endgewicht des Ballens (B); und

    Erzeugen einer Karte (150) durch Korrelieren der Mehrzahl von Erträgen mit der Mehrzahl von Positionen.


     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, ferner umfassend:

    Bestimmen eines für den fertiggestellten Ballen (B) abgeernteten Bereichs durch Aggregieren der Mehrzahl von Positionen;

    Unterteilen des abgeernteten Bereichs in eine Mehrzahl von Regionen; und

    Bestimmen des Ertrags für jede der Mehrzahl von Regionen durch Korrelieren der Änderung bei der Mehrzahl von Durchmessern mit jeder der Mehrzahl von Regionen.


     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, ferner umfassend:

    Bestimmen eines für den fertiggestellten Ballen (B) abgeernteten Bereichs durch Aggregieren der Mehrzahl von Positionen; und

    Bestimmen jedes der Mehrzahl von Erträgen durch Multiplizieren einer inkrementellen volumetrischen Änderung des teilweisen Ballens (B) mit einer durchschnittlichen Dichte des fertiggestellten Ballens (B) und dann Dividieren des Ergebnisses durch einen Abschnitt des abgeernteten Bereichs, der der inkrementellen volumetrischen Änderung entspricht.


     


    Revendications

    1. Presse à balles rondes (100) comprenant :

    une chambre à balles (122) ayant un ou plusieurs appareils de formation de balles (118) qui forment une balle ronde (B) dans la chambre à balles (122) ;

    un capteur de taille (134, 146) qui mesure une pluralité de diamètres de la balle (B) à mesure que la balle (B) augmente en taille à partir d'une balle partielle (B) jusqu'à une balle achevée (B) ;

    un capteur de force (140) qui mesure un poids de fin de la balle (B) lors de l'achèvement ;

    un dispositif de détermination d'emplacements (142) qui établit une pluralité d'emplacements de la presse à balles rondes (100) correspondant à la pluralité de diamètres de la balle (B) ; caractérisée en ce que la presse à balles rondes (100) comprend

    un dispositif de commande (180) configuré pour déterminer une pluralité de rendements pour la balle (B) en corrélant des changements dans la pluralité de diamètres de la balle (B) avec le poids de fin de la balle (B) et générer une carte (150) en corrélant la pluralité de rendements avec la pluralité d'emplacements.


     
    2. Presse à balles rondes (100) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le dispositif de commande (180) est configuré pour déterminer une zone récoltée pour la balle (B) en agrégeant la pluralité d'emplacements, diviser la zone récoltée en une pluralité de portions, et déterminer le rendement pour chaque portion parmi la pluralité de portions en corrélant le changement dans la pluralité de diamètres de la balle (B) avec chaque portion parmi la pluralité de portions.
     
    3. Presse à balles rondes (100) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle le dispositif de commande (180) est configuré pour déterminer une zone récoltée pour la balle (B) en agrégeant la pluralité d'emplacements, et déterminer chaque rendement parmi la pluralité de rendements en multipliant un changement volumétrique incrémentiel de la balle partielle (B) par une densité moyenne de la balle achevée (B) et ensuite en divisant le résultat par une portion de la zone récoltée correspondant au changement volumétrique incrémentiel.
     
    4. Presse à balles rondes (100) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle le capteur de taille (134) mesure que le déplacement d'un dispositif de tension de courroie (130) à mesure la balle (B) augmente en taille.
     
    5. Presse à balles rondes (100) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle le capteur de taille (146) est un capteur sans contact qui mesure la distance entre le capteur et la balle (B) à mesure que la balle (B) augmente en taille.
     
    6. Presse à balles rondes (100) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, dans laquelle le capteur de force (140) est une pluralité de cellules de charge (140A, 140B) situées entre un cadre de presse à balles (102) et un ou plusieurs dispositifs de mise en prise avec le sol.
     
    7. Procédé pour créer une carte de rendements (150) pour une presse à balles rondes (100) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 7, le procédé comprenant :

    la formation d'une balle (B) dans la chambre à balles (122) ;

    la mesure d'une pluralité de diamètres de la balle (B) à mesure que la balle (B) augmente en taille à partir d'une balle partielle (B) jusqu'à une balle achevée (B) ;

    la détermination d'une pluralité d'emplacements de la presse à balles rondes (100) correspondant à la pluralité de diamètres ;

    la mesure d'un poids de fin de la balle (B) lors de l'achèvement ; caractérisé par

    la détermination d'une pluralité de rendements pour la balle (B) en corrélant de la pluralité de diamètres de la balle (B) avec le poids de fin de la balle (B) ; et

    la génération d'une carte (150) en corrélant la pluralité de rendements avec la pluralité d'emplacements.


     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, comprenant en outre :

    la détermination d'une zone récoltée pour la balle achevée (B) en agrégeant la pluralité d'emplacements ;

    la division de la zone récoltée en une pluralité de régions ; et

    la détermination du rendement pour chaque région parmi la pluralité de régions en corrélant le changement dans la pluralité de diamètres avec chaque région parmi la pluralité de régions.


     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 7 ou 8, comprenant en outre :

    la détermination d'une zone récoltée pour la balle achevée (B) en agrégeant la pluralité d'emplacements ; et

    la détermination de chaque rendement parmi la pluralité de rendements en multipliant un changement volumétrique incrémentiel de la balle partielle (B) par une densité moyenne de la balle achevée (B) et ensuite en divisant le résultat par une portion de la zone récoltée correspondant au changement volumétrique incrémentiel.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description