(19)
(11)EP 3 316 246 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
12.08.2020 Bulletin 2020/33

(21)Application number: 17198001.4

(22)Date of filing:  24.10.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G09G 3/36(2006.01)
G02F 1/1333(2006.01)

(54)

DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY WALL

ANZEIGETAFEL UND ANZEIGEWAND

PANNEAU ET PAROI D'AFFICHAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.10.2016 TW 105135079

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/18

(73)Proprietor: AU Optronics Corporation
Hsin-Chu (TW)

(72)Inventors:
  • HUANG, Sheng-Miao
    Hsin-Chu (TW)
  • HUANG, Yu-Sheng
    Hsin-Chu (TW)

(74)Representative: Jakelski & Althoff Patentanwälte PartG mbB 
Patentanwälte Partnerschaftsgesellschaft Mollenbachstraße 37
71229 Leonberg
71229 Leonberg (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2015/192384
US-A1- 2016 093 244
US-A1- 2015 097 837
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relate to a display panel and a display wall.

    Description of Related Art



    [0002] To meet various modern requirements on image frames, technologies of display apparatuses continue to be innovated. For example, by means of forming a display wall with a plurality of display panels, a display apparatus with a size greater than a size of a display panel can be formed. Further, the number of display panels may be increased according to requirements, and therefore, a size of a display wall may be increased according to requirements.

    [0003] To further improve features of display apparatuses, the related art painstakingly develops the display apparatuses. How a display apparatus having preferred features may be provided is one of the current research and development issues, and is an object to be achieved in the related art.

    [0004] The US 2016/0093244 A1 describes a display panel having an array of display pixels including central display pixels near a center of the array and perimeter display pixels along a perimeter of the array, so to say near the edge of the array. In one embodiment, the width between the perimeter pixels is increasing towards the edge of the array, but the sizes of the pixels remain constant. In another embodiment, the emission aperture of the perimeter pixels increases towards the edge of the array, but the widths between the centers of the perimeter pixels remain constant.

    [0005] The US 2015/0097837 A1 describes a display panel including a display layer having an array of pixels, which are separated from another by spacing regions. Each array of pixels includes core pixels and peripheral pixels surrounding the core pixels. The core pixels have a common first size and a first core separation pitch and the peripheral pixels have a common second size and a second core separation pitch, wherein the first core pixel size is greater than the second peripheral size and the first core separation pitch is smaller than the second peripheral separation pitch.

    SUMMARY



    [0006] Specific embodiments of the present invention provide a display panel, so as to enable electronic elements on a substrate to be configured more flexibly.

    [0007] According to the present invention, a display panel comprises a substrate, a plurality of pixels, and a black matrix. The pixels are disposed on the substrate. The black matrix is disposed between the pixels. The black matrix comprises a first sub-portion, a second sub-portion, and a third sub-portion, the first sub-portion, the second sub-portion, and the third sub-portion are disposed side by side, the first sub-portion has a first width, the second sub-portion has a second width, the third sub-portion has a third width, and the first width, the second width, and the third width are in an ascending order.

    [0008] According to the present invention, the substrate has an edge, the pixels comprise a plurality of first row pixels, a plurality of second row pixels, and a plurality of third row pixels, the first row pixels, the second row pixels, and the third row pixels are disposed side by side, a fourth distance exists between the first row pixels and the edge, a fifth distance exists between the second row pixels and the edge, a sixth distance exists between the third row pixels and the edge, the fourth distance, the fifth distance, and the sixth distance are in a descending order, the first row pixels are disposed at one side of the first sub-portion, the second row pixels are disposed at one side of the second sub-portion, the third row pixels are disposed at one side of the third sub-portion, the first row pixels have a fourth width, the second row pixels have a fifth width, the third row pixels have a sixth width, and the fourth width, the fifth width, and the sixth width are in an ascending order.

    [0009] In one or more implementations of the present invention, the display panel further comprises an integrated circuit. The integrated circuit is disposed on the substrate, and disposed below the first portion, the second portion, or the third portion, wherein the integrated circuit is electrically connected to at least one of the pixels.

    [0010] In one or more implementations of the present invention, the integrated circuit is a gate driver or a data driver, the gate driver is configured to provide pulses for the pixels to enable and update the pixels, and the data driver is configured to provide, when the pixels are updated, pixel data corresponding to the pixels.

    [0011] In one or more implementations of the present invention, the display panel has a bezel area, the bezel area has a seventh width, and the seventh width is about a half of the third width.

    [0012] In one or more implementations of the present invention, the first sub-portion is L-shaped, the second sub-portion is L-shaped, and the third sub-portion is L-shaped, and two arms of each L have a same width.

    [0013] In one or more implementations of the present invention, aperture ratios of the first pixels, the second pixels, and the third pixels are the same.

    [0014] According to still another implementations of the present invention, a display comprises the foregoing display panels, wherein the display panels are arrayed to form the display wall.

    [0015] In one or more implementations of the present invention, a ratio of the first width to the fourth width, a ratio of the second width to the fifth width, and a ratio of the third width to the sixth width are the same.

    [0016] In the foregoing implementations of the present invention, by means of enabling a first width, a second width, and a third width to be in an ascending order, naked eyes can hardly distinguish differences between different portions of a black matrix. Meanwhile, widths of a first sub-portion, a second sub-portion, and a third sub-portion are greater than a general width of the black matrix, and therefore, an electronic element with a relatively large volume (for example, an integrated circuit) can be disposed below the first sub-portion, the second sub-portion, or the third sub-portion without affecting a display effect, thereby enabling electronic elements on a substrate to be configured more flexibly. Meanwhile, many electronic elements can be configured below the first sub-portion, the second sub-portion, or the third sub-portion, and therefore, the many electronic elements do not have to be disposed on a bezel of a display panel, so that the display panel may be implemented as a narrow bezel display panel or a bezel-less display panel.

    [0017] Further, in a specific embodiment of the present invention, when display panels are used to form a display, by means of an increase in a width of pixels (for example, third pixels) adjacent to a bezel, a diffraction effect generated by third-pixels adjacent to bezel areas of two adjacent display panels causes difficulties for naked eyes to distinguish a distance between the adjacent display panels. Therefore, because naked eyes can hardly distinguish distances between display panels, the display looks more like an integral portion than a plurality of different divided portions.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0018] The disclosure will become more fully understood from the detailed description given herein below for illustration only, and thus not limitative of the disclosure, and wherein:

    FIG. 1 is a top view of a display panel according to an implementation of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a top view of a portion of the display panel according to FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is a sectional view taking along a line 3 according to FIG. 2;

    FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a distance between centers of pixels, a viewing distance, and an angular resolution;

    FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a circuit of the display panel according to the implementation of the present invention;

    FIG. 6 is a top view of a display panel according to another implementation of the present invention;

    FIG. 7 is a top view of a portion M2 of the display panel according to FIG. 6;

    FIG. 8 is a top view of another portion of the display panel according to FIG. 6; and

    FIG. 9 is a top view of a portion of a display panel according to still another implementation of the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0019] A plurality of implementations of the present invention are disclosed below with reference to accompanying drawings. To clarify the description, many practical details are described in the following description. However, it should be understood that these practical details are not intended to limit the present invention. That is, in some implementations of the present invention, the practical details are not necessary. In addition, to simplify the drawings, some conventional structures and elements are schematically illustrated in the drawings.

    [0020] FIG. 1 is a top view of a display panel 100 according to an implementation of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a top view of a portion M1 of the display panel 100 according to FIG. 1. Different implementations of the present invention provide a display panel 100. The display panel 100 may be a narrow bezel display panel or a bezel-less display panel.

    [0021] As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the display panel 100 includes a substrate 110, a plurality of pixels 130, and a black matrix 120. The pixels 130 are disposed on the substrate 110. The black matrix 120 is disposed between the pixels 130. The black matrix 120 includes a first sub-portion 122, a second sub-portion 124, and a third sub-portion 126. The first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, and the third sub-portion 126 are disposed side by side along a first direction H (the first direction H may be a horizontal direction), the first sub-portion 122 has a first width W1 along the first direction H, the second sub-portion 124 has a second width W2, the third sub-portion 126 has a third width W3. The first width W1, the second width W2, and the third width W3 are in an ascending order. That is, the first width W1 is greater than the second width W2, which is greater than the third width W3. The first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, and the third sub-part 126 may be sequential adjacent sub-portions, or another sub-portion exists between the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, and the third sub-portion 126.

    [0022] Specifically, the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, and the third sub-portion 126 of the black matrix 120 are elongated. It may be understood that the specific implementations of the black matrix 120 described above are merely illustrative, and are not intended to limit the present invention. A person of ordinary skill in the art can flexibly select a specific implementation of the black matrix 120 according to actual requirements.

    [0023] FIG. 3 is a sectional view taking along a line 3 according to FIG. 2. As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, the display panel 100 further includes an integrated circuit 140. The integrated circuit 140 is disposed on the substrate 110, and disposed below the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, or the third sub-portion 126 (in FIG. 3, the integrated circuit 140 is disposed below the third sub-portion 126). The integrated circuit 140 is electrically connected to at least one of the pixels 130. The term "connected" in the instant specification may include the implementations of directly or indirectly connected.

    [0024] FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a circuit of the display panel 100 according to the implementation of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 5, the display panel 100 further includes scan lines 910, data lines 920, active elements 930, and pixel electrodes 940. Each of the active elements 930 may be a transistor, and is electrically connected to a scan line 910, a data line 920, and a pixel electrode 940. The active element 930 is electrically connected to a connection point 915 of the scan line 910. The integrated circuit 140 is disposed between the connection points 915. The integrated circuit 140 is electrically connected to adjacent connection points 915. Specifically, the integrated circuit 140 may be a buffer circuit and is configured to enhance signals of the scan lines 910.

    [0025] It should be understood that the specific implementation of the display panel 100 illustrated above is merely illustrative, and in another implementation, the integrated circuit 140 may be replaced by integrated cabling.

    [0026] By means of the first width W1, the second width W2, and the third width W3 in an ascending order, the naked eye can hardly distinguish differences between different portions of the black matrix 120. Meanwhile, the widths of the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, and the third sub-portion 126 are greater than a general width of the black matrix 120, and therefore, an electronic element with a relatively large volume (for example, the integrated circuit 140) can be disposed below the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, or the third sub-portion 126 without affecting a display effect, thereby enabling electronic elements on the substrate 110 to be configured more flexibly. Meanwhile, many electronic elements can be configured below the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, or the third sub-portion 126, and therefore, the many electronic elements do not have to be disposed on a bezel of the display panel 100, so that the display panel 100 may be implemented as a narrow bezel display panel or a bezel-less display panel.

    [0027] Specifically, the integrated circuit 140 may be a gate driver or a data driver, the gate driver is configured to provide pulses for the pixels 130 to enable and update the pixels130, and the data driver is configured to provide, when the pixels 130 are updated, pixel data corresponding to the pixels 130. It should be understood that the specific implementations of the integrated circuit 140 described above are merely illustrative, and are not intended to limit the present invention. A person of ordinary skill in the art can flexibly select a specific implementation of the integrated circuit 140 according to actual requirements.

    [0028] Specifically, the pixels 130 include a plurality of first pixels 131 (in this implementation, the first pixels 131 are the first row pixels), a plurality of second pixels 133 (in this implementation, the second pixels 133 are the second row pixels), and a plurality of third pixels 135 (in this implementation, the third pixels 135 are the third row pixels). The first pixels 131, the second pixels 133, and the third pixels 135 are disposed side by side along the first direction H. The first pixels 131 are disposed at one side of the first sub-portion 122, the second pixels 133 are disposed at one side of the second sub-portion 124, and the third pixels 135 are disposed at one side of the third sub-portion 126. The first pixels 131 have a fourth width W4 along the first direction H, the second pixels 133 have a fifth width W5 along the first direction H, and the third pixels 135 have a sixth width W6 along the first direction H. The fourth width W4, the fifth width W5, and the sixth width W6 are in an ascending order. The first pixels 131, the second pixels 133, and the third pixels 135 may be sequential and adjacent pixels, or other pixels may exist between the first pixels 131, the second pixels 133, and the third pixels 135.

    [0029] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a distance D between centers of pixels P, a viewing distance L, and an angular resolution θ, where B is a black matrix, and P is a pixel. As shown in FIG. 4, in accordance with the Rayleigh criterion, in a case in which the viewing distance L is fixed, the greater the distance D between centers of the pixels is, the larger the angular resolution θ is (θ = tanθ). In other words, due to the diffraction effect of light, the greater widths of the pixels P (that is, the greater distance D between centers of the pixels) makes it harder for the naked eye to distinguish an object located between two pixels P.

    [0030] As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, in the foregoing implementation, the object between two pixels is the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, or the third sub-portion 126 of the black matrix 120. Because the first width W1 of the first sub-portion 122, the second width W2 of the second sub-portion 124, and the third width W3 of the third sub-portion 126 are in an ascending order, if the fourth width W4 of the first pixels 131, the fifth width W5 of the second pixels 133, and the sixth width W6 of the third pixels 135 are in an ascending order accordingly, in a case in which the distances between centers of pixels increase with the increase in the widths of pixels, the angular resolution θ also increases. Therefore, the naked eye can hardly distinguish the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, or the third sub-portion 126 having a relatively large width.

    [0031] For example, in a case in which the distance D between centers of pixels is 1180 µm, and the viewing distance L is 2 m, it can be known from experiments that if the width of the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, or the third sub-portion 126 is less than 270 µm, the naked eye can hardly distinguish the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, or the third sub-portion 126.

    [0032] Besides, aperture ratios of the first pixels 131, the second pixels 133, and the third pixels 135 are the same (the aperture ratio is defined as a ratio of a light-transmitting area in a pixel other than a wire distribution area and a transistor area to a total area of the pixel, or a ratio of a light-transmitting or light-emitting area in a pixel to a total area of the pixel). By means of the identical aperture ratios of different pixels, brightness received by the naked eye per unit area is substantially the same for different portions of the display panel 100, and therefore, brightness unevenness of the display panel 100 is not observed by the naked eye.

    [0033] In this implementation, the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, the third sub-portion 126, the first pixels 131, the second pixels 133, and the third pixels 135 are disposed at a relatively central area of the display panel 100, but the present invention is not limited thereto. In another implementation, the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, the third sub-portion 126, the first pixels 131, the second pixels 133, and the third pixels 135 may be disposed at an edge area of the display panel 100.

    [0034] FIG. 6 is a top view of a display panel 101 according to another implementation of the present invention. FIG. 7 is a top view of a portion M2 of the display panel 101 according to FIG. 6. The following mainly introduces differences between the display panel 101 of this implementation and the aforementioned display panel 100. Besides, in this implementation, the display panel 101 may be a narrow bezel display panel.

    [0035] As shown in FIG. 6 and FIG. 7, a plurality of display panels 101 is arrayed to form a display wall 200. In other words, the display wall 200 includes a plurality of display panels 101.

    [0036] Specifically, a substrate 110 of a display panel has edges 119 (including horizontal edges 119 and vertical edges 119). A first distance G1 exists between a first pixel 131 and an edge 119 (including horizontal edges 119 and vertical edges 119), a second distance G2 exists between a second pixel 133 and the edge 119 (including horizontal edges 119 and vertical edges 119), and a third distance G3 exists between a third pixel 135 and the edge 119 (including horizontal edges 119 and vertical edges 119), the first distance G1, the second distance G2, and the third distance G3 are in a descending order (to provide clear identification, dots with different densities are separately used to identify the first pixels 131, the second pixels 133, and the third pixels 135, the densities of the dots for identifying the first pixels 131, the second pixels 133, and the third pixels 135 are in an ascending order).

    [0037] In this implementation, some of the first pixels 131 are arranged as a column, some of the first pixels 131 are arranged as a row, some of the second pixels 133 are arranged as a column, some of the second pixels 133 are arranged as a row, some of the third pixels 135 are arranged as a column, and some of the third pixels 135 are arranged as a row. A person skilled in the art may understand that the column and the row herein do not refer to that elements of a column or a row shall be completely located at a same straight line.

    [0038] Further, in a first pixel 131, a second pixel 133, and a third pixel 135 that are located in a same column or a same row, an area of the first pixel 131 is less than an area of the second pixel 133, and an area of the second pixel 133 is less than an area of the third pixel 135.

    [0039] Specifically, in this implementation, the black matrix 120 includes a first portion 121, a second portion 123, and a third portion 125. The first portion 121 is disposed at one side of the first pixels 131, the second portion 123 is disposed at one side of the second pixels 133, the third portion 125 is disposed at one side of the third pixels 135, the first portion 121 has a first width W1, the second portion 123 has a second width W2, the third portion 125 has a third width W3, and the first width W1, the second width W2, and the third width W3 are in an ascending order.

    [0040] More specifically, the first portion 121 is L-shaped (all the first pixels 131 form an L shape, for example, the L shape filled with a same material in FIG. 7, the first portion 121 is disposed at one side of the first pixels 131, and may be adjacent to the first pixels 131, and therefore, the first portion 121 is also L-shaped), the second portion 123 is L-shaped (all of the second pixels 133 form an L shape, for example, the L shape filled with a same material in FIG. 7, the second portion 133 may be adjacent to the second pixels 133, the second portion 123 is disposed at one side of the second pixels 133, and therefore, the second portion 123 is also L-shaped), and the third portion 125 is L-shaped (all of the third pixels 135 form an L shape, for example, the L shape filled with a same material in FIG. 7, the third portion 125 is disposed at one side of the third pixels 135, and may be adjacent to the third pixels 135, and therefore, the third portion 125 is also L-shaped). Further, two arms of each L (that is, the first portion 121, the second portion 123, and the third portion 125) have a same width.

    [0041] In addition, as shown in FIG. 7, the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, and the third sub-portion 126 of the black matrix 120 and the first portion 121, the second portion 123, and the third portion 125 of the black matrix 120 separately represent two different area division manners of the black matrix 120. In other words, the black matrix 120 may be divided into the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, and the third sub-portion 126 or be divided into the first portion 121, the second portion 123, and the third portion 125. In addition, the first width W1 of the first portion 121 is the same as the first width W1 of the first sub-portion 122, the second width W2 of the second portion 123 is the same as the second width W2 of the second sub-portion 124, and the third width W3 of the third portion 125 is the same as the third width W3 of the third sub-portion 126.

    [0042] Further, the display panel 101 has a bezel area 150, the bezel area 150 has a seventh width W7, and the seventh width W7 is a half of the third width W3.

    [0043] Therefore, as shown in FIG. 5 and FIG. 6, a distance between adjacent display panels 101 is two times the seventh width W7 (two times the width of the bezel area 150). Therefore, in a case that the widths of the first portion 121, the second portion 123, and the third portion 125 of the black matrix 120 and the widths of the first pixels 131, the second pixels 133, and the third pixels 135 are correspondingly designed, the naked eye can hardly distinguish the first portion 121, the second portion 123, and the third portion 125 with relatively large widths. Meanwhile, the distance between adjacent display panels 101 is substantially the same as the third width W3 of the third portion 125, and therefore, the diffraction effect generated by the third pixels 135 of two adjacent display panels causes difficulties for the naked eye to distinguish the bezel areas 150 of the adjacent display panels 101. Therefore, because the naked eye can hardly distinguish the bezel areas 150 of the display panels 101, the display wall 200 looks more like an integral portion than a plurality of different divided portions.

    [0044] FIG. 8 is a top view of another portion of the display panel 101 according to FIG. 6. As shown in FIG. 8, the foregoing paragraphs mainly discuss an integral visual effect that can be generated by two display panels 101 horizontally disposed side by side, but two display panels 101 vertically disposed side by side in FIG. 8 can generate a same integrated visual effect. However, the present invention is not limited thereto. FIG. 9 is a top view of a portion of a display panel 102 according to still another implementation of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 9, the foregoing mechanism may be adapted to a display 201 formed by two display panels 102 that are vertically disposed side by side. Alternatively, in another implementation, the foregoing mechanism may be adapted to a display formed by two display panels that are horizontally disposed side by side.

    [0045] Specifically, referring to FIG. 7, a fourth distance G4 exists between the first sub-portion 122 and the vertical edge 119, a fifth distance G5 exists between the second sub-portion 124 and the vertical edge 119, a sixth distance G6 exists between the third sub-portion 126 and the vertical edge 119, and the fourth distance G4, the fifth distance G5, and the sixth distance G6 are in a descending order.

    [0046] Specifically, the third pixels 135 are pixels in all the pixels 130 nearest to the edges 119.

    [0047] Specifically, the integrated circuit 140 (see FIG. 3) is disposed below the first portion 121, the second portion 123, or the third portion 125, and the integrated circuit 140 is electrically connected to at least one of the pixels 130.

    [0048] It should be understood that the foregoing specific implementation of the display panel 100 are merely illustrative, and in another implementation, the integrated circuit may be replaced by integrated cabling.

    [0049] In the foregoing implementation of the present invention, by means of enabling the first width W1, the second width W2, and the third width W3 to be in an ascending order, the naked eye can hardly distinguish differences between different portions of the black matrix 120. Meanwhile, the widths of the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, and the third sub-portion 126 are greater than the general width of the black matrix 120, and therefore, an electronic element (for example, the integrated circuit 140) with a relatively large volume may be disposed below the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, or the third sub-portion 126 without affecting a display effect. Therefore, electronic elements can be configured on the substrate 110 more flexibly. Meanwhile, many electronic elements can be configured below the first sub-portion 122, the second sub-portion 124, or the third sub-portion 126, and therefore, the many electronic elements do not have to be disposed on a bezel of the display panel 100, so that the display panel 100 may be implemented as a narrow bezel display panel or a bezel-less display panel.

    [0050] Further, when the display panels 100 are used to form the display wall 200, by means of an increase in the widths of pixels (for example, third pixels 135) adjacent to the bezel areas 150, a diffraction effect generated by the third-pixels 135 adjacent to the bezel areas of two adjacent display panels 100 causes difficulties for the naked eye to distinguish the bezel areas 150 of the adjacent display panels 100. Therefore, because the naked eye can hardly distinguish the bezel areas 150 of the display panels 100, the display wall 200 looks more like an integral portion than a plurality of different divided portions.


    Claims

    1. A display panel (100), comprising:

    a substrate (110) having an edge (119);

    a plurality of pixels (130), disposed on the substrate; and

    a black matrix (120), disposed between the pixels (130), wherein the black matrix (120) is characterized in that the black matrix (120) comprises a first sub-portion (122), a second sub-portion (124), and a third sub-portion (126) disposed side by side, the first sub-portion (122) has a first width (W1), the second sub-portion (124) has a second width (W2), and the third sub-portion (126) has a third width (W3), and the first width (W1), the second width (W2), and the third width (W3) are in an ascending order, the third sub-portion (126) is closer to the edge (119) than the second sub-portion (124), and the second sub-portion (124) is closer to the edge (119) than the first sub-portion (122); and

    wherein the pixels (130) comprise a plurality of first row pixels (131), a plurality of second row pixels (133), and a plurality of third row pixels (135),wherein the first row pixels (131) are disposed at one side of the first sub-portion (122) and have a fourth width (W4), the second row pixels (133) are disposed at one side of the second sub-portion (124) and have a fifth width (W5), the third row pixels (135) are disposed at one side of the third sub-portion (126) and have a sixth width (W6), the fourth width (W4), the fifth width (W5), and the sixth width (W6) are in an ascending order, the third row pixels (135) are closer to the edge (119) than the second row pixels (133), and the second row pixels (133) are closer to the edge (119) than the first row pixels (131),

    wherein the pixels (130) are characterized in that a ratio of the first width (W1) to the fourth width (W4), a ratio of the second width (W2) to the fifth width (W5), and a ratio of the third width (W3) to the sixth width (W6) are the same.


     
    2. The display panel (100) according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising:
    an integrated circuit (140), disposed on the substrate (110), and disposed below the first sub-portion (122), the second sub-portion (124) or the third sub-portion (126), wherein the integrated circuit (140) is electrically connected to at least one of the pixels (130).
     
    3. The display panel (100) according to claim 2, characterized in that the integrated circuit (140) is a gate driver or a data driver, the gate driver is configured to provide pulses for the pixels (130) to enable and update the pixels (130), and the data driver is configured to provide, when the pixels (130) are updated, pixel data corresponding to the pixels.
     
    4. The display panel (100) according to claim 1, characterized in that the display panel (100) has a bezel area (150), the bezel area (150) has a seventh width (W7), and the seventh width (W7) is about a half of the third width (W3).
     
    5. The display panel (100) according to claim 1, characterized in that the first sub-portion (122) is L-shaped, the second sub-portion (124) is L-shaped, and the third sub-portion (126) is L-shaped, and two arms of each L have a same width.
     
    6. The display panel (100) according claim 1, characterized in that aperture ratios of the first pixels (131), the second pixels (133), and the third pixels (135) are the same.
     
    7. A display wall (200), characterized by comprising:
    a plurality of display panels (100) according claim 1, wherein the display panels (100) are arranged in an array to form the display wall (200).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Anzeigetafel (100), umfassend:

    ein Substrat (110) mit einer Kante (119);

    eine Mehrzahl von Pixeln (130), die auf dem Substrat angeordnet sind; und

    eine Schwarzmatrix (120), die zwischen den Pixeln (130) angeordnet ist, wobei die Schwarzmatrix (120) dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass die Schwarzmatrix (120) einen ersten Teilabschnitt (122), einen zweiten Teilabschnitt (124) und einen dritten Teilabschnitt (126) umfasst, die nebeneinander angeordnet sind, wobei der erste Teilabschnitt (122) eine erste Breite (W1) aufweist, der zweite Teilabschnitt (124) eine zweite Breite (W2) aufweist und der dritte Teilabschnitt (126) eine dritte Breite (W3) aufweist, und die erste Breite (W1), die zweite Breite (W2) und die dritte Breite (W3) in einer aufsteigenden Reihenfolge sind, wobei der dritte Teilabschnitt (126) näher an der Kannte (119) liegt als der zweite Teilabschnitt (124) und der zweite Teilabschnitt (124) näher an der Kante (119) liegt als der erste Teilabschnitt (122); und

    wobei die Pixel (130) eine Mehrzahl von Pixeln einer ersten Reihe (131), eine Mehrzahl von Pixeln einer zweiten Reihe (133) und eine Mehrzahl von Pixeln einer dritten Reihe (135) umfassen, wobei die Pixel der ersten Reihe (131) an einer Seite des ersten Teilabschnitts (122) angeordnet sind und eine vierte Breite (W4) aufweisen, die Pixel der zweiten Reihe (133) an einer Seite des zweiten Teilabschnitts (124) angeordnet sind und eine fünfte Breite (W5) aufweisen, die Pixel der dritten Reihe (135) an einer Seite des dritten Teilabschnitts (126) angeordnet sind und eine sechste Breite (W6) aufweisen, wobei die vierte Breite (W4), die fünfte Breite (W5) und die sechste Breite (W6) in einer aufsteigenden Reihenfolge sind, wobei die Pixel der dritten Reihe (135) näher an der Kante (119) liegen als die Pixel der zweiten Reihe (133), und die Pixel der zweiten Reihe (133) näher an der Kante (119) liegen als die Pixel der ersten Reihe (131),

    wobei die Pixel (130) dadurch gekennzeichnet sind, dass ein Verhältnis der ersten Breite (W1) zu der vierten Breite (W4), ein Verhältnis der zweiten Breite (W2) zu der fünften Breite (W5) und ein Verhältnis der dritten Breite (W3) zu der sechsten Breite (W6) gleich sind.


     
    2. Anzeigetafel (100) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie ferner umfasst:
    eine integrierte Schaltung (140), die auf dem Substrat (110) angeordnet ist und unterhalb des ersten Teilabschnitts (122), des zweiten Teilabschnitts (124) oder des dritten Teilabschnitts (126) angeordnet ist, wobei die integrierte Schaltung (140) mit wenigstens einem der Pixel (130) elektrisch verbunden ist.
     
    3. Anzeigetafel (100) nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die integrierte Schaltung (140) ein Gate-Treiber oder ein Datentreiber ist, wobei der Gate-Treiber konfiguriert ist, um Impulse für die Pixel (130) bereitzustellen, um die Pixel (130) zu aktivieren und zu aktualisieren, und der Datentreiber konfiguriert ist, um, wenn die Pixel (130) aktualisiert werden, den Pixeln zugeordnete Pixeldaten bereitzustellen.
     
    4. Anzeigetafel (100) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Anzeigetafel (100) einen Einfassungsbereich (150) aufweist, wobei der Einfassungsbereich (150) eine siebte Breite (W7) aufweist und die siebte Breite (W7) etwa die Hälfte der dritten Breite (W3) beträgt.
     
    5. Anzeigetafel (100) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der erste Teilabschnitt (122) L-förmig ist, der zweite Teilabschnitt (124) L-förmig ist und der dritte Teilabschnitt (126) L-förmig ist, und zwei Arme jedes L die gleiche Breite aufweisen.
     
    6. Anzeigetafel (100) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Öffnungsverhältnisse der ersten Pixel (131), der zweiten Pixel (133) und der dritten Pixel (135) gleich sind.
     
    7. Anzeigewand (200), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie umfasst:
    eine Mehrzahl von Anzeigetafeln (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Anzeigetafeln (100) in einem Array angeordnet sind, um die Anzeigewand (200) auszubilden.
     


    Revendications

    1. Écran d'affichage (100), comprenant :

    un substrat (110) ayant un bord (119) ;

    une pluralité de pixels (130), disposés sur le substrat ; et

    une matrice noire (120), disposée entre les pixels (130), dans lequel la matrice noire (120) est caractérisée en ce que la matrice noire (120) comprend une première sous-partie (122), une deuxième sous-partie (124), et une troisième sous-partie (126) disposées côte à côte, la première sous-partie (122) a une première largeur (W1), la deuxième sous-partie (124) a une deuxième largeur (W2), et la troisième sous-partie (126) a une troisième largeur (W3), et la première largeur (W1), la deuxième largeur (W2), et la troisième largeur (W3) sont en ordre ascendant, la troisième sous-partie (126) est plus près du bord (119) que la deuxième sous-partie (124), et la deuxième sous-partie (124) est plus près du bord (119) que la première sous-partie (122) ; et

    dans lequel les pixels (130) comprennent une pluralité de pixels en première rangée (131), une pluralité de pixels en deuxième rangée (133), et une pluralité de pixels en troisième rangée (135), dans lequel les pixels en première rangée (131) sont disposés sur un côté de la première sous-partie (122) et ont une quatrième largeur (W4), les pixels en deuxième rangée (133) sont disposés sur un côté de la deuxième sous-partie (124) et ont une cinquième largeur (W5), les pixels en troisième rangée (135) sont disposés sur un côté de la troisième sous-partie (126) et ont une sixième largeur (W6), la quatrième largeur (W4), la cinquième largeur (W5), et la sixième largeur (W6) sont en ordre ascendant, les pixels en troisième rangée (135) sont plus près du bord (119) que les pixels en deuxième rangée (133), et les pixels en deuxième rangée (133) sont plus près du bord (119) que les pixels en première rangée (131),

    dans lequel les pixels (130) sont caractérisés en ce qu'un rapport ente la première largeur (W1) et la quatrième largeur (W4), un rapport entre la deuxième largeur (W2) et la cinquième largeur (W5), et un rapport entre la troisième largeur (W3) et la sixième largeur (W6) sont les mêmes.


     
    2. Écran d'affichage (100) selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce qu'il comprend en outre :
    un circuit intégré (140), disposé sur le substrat (110), et disposé en dessous de la première sous-partie (122), de la deuxième sous-partie (124) ou de la troisième sous-partie (126), dans lequel le circuit intégré (140) est électriquement connecté à au moins un des pixels (130).
     
    3. Écran d'affichage (100) selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que le circuit intégré (140) est un conducteur de grille ou un conducteur de données, le conducteur de grille est configuré pour fournir des impulsions pour les pixels (130) pour activer et mettre à jour les pixels (130), et le conducteur de données est configuré pour fournir, lorsque les pixels (130) sont mis à jour, des données de pixel correspondant aux pixels.
     
    4. Écran d'affichage (100) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que l'écran d'affichage (100) a une zone de cadran (150), la zone de cadran (150) a une septième largeur (W7), et la septième largeur (W7) est environ une moitié de la troisième largeur (3).
     
    5. Écran d'affichage (100) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la première sous-partie (122) est en forme de L, la deuxième sous-partie (124) est en forme de L, et la troisième sous-partie (126) est en forme de L, et deux bras de chaque L ont une même largeur.
     
    6. Écran d'affichage (100) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que des rapports d'ouverture des premiers pixels (131), des deuxièmes pixels (133), et des troisièmes pixels (135) sont les mêmes.
     
    7. Mur d'affichage (200), caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend :
    une pluralité d'écrans d'affichage (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les écrans d'affichage (100) sont agencés en un réseau pour former le mur d'affichage (200).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description