(19)
(11)EP 3 317 050 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
18.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/51

(21)Application number: 16730324.7

(22)Date of filing:  13.06.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B25F 5/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2016/063474
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/001176 (05.01.2017 Gazette  2017/01)

(54)

ELECTRIC POWER TOOL

ELEKTRISCH BETRIEBENES WERKZEUG

OUTIL À MOTEUR ÉLECTRIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.06.2015 SE 1550912

(43)Date of publication of application:
09.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/19

(73)Proprietor: Atlas Copco Industrial Technique AB
105 23 Stockholm (SE)

(72)Inventor:
  • JOHANSSON, Karl, Göran
    132 37 Saltsjö-Boo (SE)

(74)Representative: Tholin, Thomas 
Atlas Copco Industrial Technique AB Patent Department
105 23 Stockholm
105 23 Stockholm (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-U1- 9 015 886
US-A1- 2011 197 719
US-A- 5 398 454
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The invention relates to an electric power tool with an electric motor that is connected to an output shaft via a power transmission. Such a power tool is known from US5398454A1.

    Background



    [0002] Electric torque delivering power tools, such as screw drivers, are used in a wide variety of applications. Different applications set different demands with respect to performance parameters such as speed and torque level. Therefore, there is a desire to produce electric power tools in a modular shape such that components such as the motor and reduction gearings may be exchanged for different ones within the existing tool housing, without the necessity of time consuming and costly adaptations.

    [0003] Modular power tools typically include a casing that is adapted to receiving different motors and/or different gearings depending on specific needs or applications. A problem related to such power tools is however that the power transmission is normally not so easily adapted to the different modules. Normally, the power transmission is produced as rigid as possible so as to transmit the torque in a best manner with as little losses as possible. This may result in a power transmission with poor tolerances for axial un-alignment, whereby harmful stress may be created along the power transmission or in the motor or output shaft. Further such power transmission is not configured to be replaced or adapted for different applications, Hence, there is a need of a power tool with a power transmission that allows for flexible adaptation to modules of different sizes and that provides a reliable power transmission with an acceptable tolerance to axial un-alignment of components involved in the power transmission.

    Summary of the invention



    [0004] An object of the invention is to provide an electric power tool that makes it possible to replace parts of the power tool as modules while at the same time providing an efficient and reliable power transmission.

    [0005] This object is achieved by the invention according to claim 1, which relates to an electric power tool comprising an electric motor connected to a motor gear; an output shaft connected to an input gear; a coupling that connects the motor gear to the input gear; and a housing that houses the motor, motor gear, coupling and input gear. The coupling includes a shaft portion and two connective portions arranged at opposite ends of the shaft portion for connection to the motor gear and input gear, respectively, wherein at least one of the motor gear and the input gear has a cambered profile allowing a tilting movement of the coupling with respect to the axial position of the one of the motor gear and the input gear that has a cambered profile.

    [0006] This arrangement has an improved tolerance to axial un-alignment of components involved in the power transmission with respect to conventional arrangements.

    [0007] Further, with this arrangement the coupling may be easily adapted to different modules of different length by simply replacing the shaft portion of the coupling with a shaft portion of a different length.

    [0008] Other features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the independent claims and from the detailed description of the shown embodiment.

    Short description of the drawings



    [0009] In the following detailed description reference is made to the accompanying drawings, of which:

    Fig. 1 shows a power tool according to a specific embodiment of the invention;

    Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the power transmission of the power tool in fig. 1;

    Fig. 3 is a perspective cut view of a coupling in accordance with the invention; and

    Fig. 4 is an exploded view of a coupling in accordance with the invention.


    Detailed description of the shown embodiment of the invention



    [0010] In fig. 1 a power tool according to a specific embodiment of the invention is shown. The shown power tool 10 is an electric torque delivering power tool that includes a motor 11, which is connected via a power transmission including a reduction gear 12 to an output shaft 13. A bit holder 14 is arranged on the outer end of the output shaft 13 for insertion of a screw or nut connectable bit.

    [0011] The power transmission further includes a motor gear 15 that is driven by the motor 11 and connected via a coupling 17 to an input gear 16 of the reduction gear 12. A housing 18 is arranged to house the motor 11 and the power transmission. The output shaft 13 extends through a front end of the housing 18. In the shown embodiment a torsion spring 19 is arranged to take up reaction forces between the reduction gear 12 and the housing 18. The shown torsion spring 19 is a helical spring that is tightly fitted inside a tubular portion of the housing 18.

    [0012] In figure 2 a sectional view of the power transmission of the power tool 10 is shown. In the shown embodiment the reduction gear 12 is a planetary gear driven by a sun gear 22 that is connected to the input gear 16 via a planet gear connection 33. An output gear 23 of the planetary gear is connected to the planet carrier (not shown) of the planetary gear. A gear rim (not shown) is arranged outside the planet carrier. The gear rim is arranged in a single bearing 24 with respect to the housing. Hence, the gear rim is not fixed to the housing, but is arranged to rotate against the action of the torsion spring 19. This is just an exemplary embodiment and the planetary gear may just as well be fully supported by the housing 18 and the torsion spring may be dispensed with. Inside of the torsion spring 19 the inventive coupling 17 that connects the motor gear 15 to the input gear 16 is shown.

    [0013] The coupling 17 is shown in detail in figures 3 and 4. It includes a shaft portion 25 and two connective portions 26 arranged at opposite ends of the shaft portion 25 for connection to the motor gear 15 and input gear 16, respectively. The motor gear 15 is connected to a motor shaft 28 that is driven by the motor and the input gear is connected to a reduction gear via a reduction gear connection 33.

    [0014] As is shown in figure 4 the motor gear 15 and the input gear 16 of the specific embodiment have cambered profiles allowing a tilting movement with respect to the axial position of the coupling 17. The cambered profile means that the toothed part of the gear has a radius that varies axially. The radius is as largest near the middle of the toothed gear and decreases in both directions from the maximum radius near the middle. The toothed gears 15 and 16 are to be arranged in meshing contact with the connective portions 26, which hence include a toothed or splined interior 32. The splined interior 32 includes straight splines with a same inner profile throughout its splined length. To achieve the best meshing interaction the curvature of the cambered teeth should have a part circular circumference that provides an equally good mesh with the splined interior 32 of the connective portions 26 irrespective of whether the connection is slightly tilted or perfectly straight.

    [0015] In the shown embodiment both the motor gear 15 and the input gear 16 have a cambered gear profile. An effect is however achieved as soon as only one of the motor gear 15 and the input gear 16 has a cambered gear profile, allowing a tilting movement of the coupling 17 with respect to the axial position of the one of the motor gear 15 and the input gear 16 that has a cambered profile.

    [0016] Both the connective portions 26 include splines for meshing connection to the motor gear 15 and input gear 16, respectively. Advantageously, the splined connective portions 26 of the coupling are plastic parts that are fitted inside the shaft portion 25. Preferably the connective portions 26 are produced with a tight tolerance so as to be press fitted inside the end openings of the shaft portion 25. An advantage of a press fitted arrangement is that no adhesive is needed.

    [0017] The shaft portion 25 may be tube shaped, but it may also, as in the shown embodiment comprise a solid midsection 27. The solid midsection 27 may function as an axial stop and support for the connective portions 26. Further though, each connective portion 26 may be provided with a rim 29 that also functions as an axial stop and support for the connective portions 26, such that the solid midsection 27 is not needed for that purpose.

    [0018] The rims 29 comprise recesses 30, in which guides 31 of the shaft portion 25 fit so as to lock the connective portions 26 and the shaft portion 25 from mutual rotation. The guides 31 may also include grip ends (not shown) for locking the connective portions 26 axially to the shaft portion 25. Typically though, such grip ends are not needed since the tight fit between the shaft portion 25 and the connective portions 26 is tight enough to guarantee that they will remain locked to each other.

    [0019] Above, the invention has been described with reference to a specific embodiment. The invention is however not limited to this embodiment. It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention comprises further embodiments within its scope of protection, which is defined by the following claims.


    Claims

    1. An electric power tool (10) comprising:

    - an electric motor (11) with a motor gear (15);

    - an output shaft (13) with an input gear (16);

    - a coupling (17) that connects the motor gear (15) to the input gear (16) ;

    - a housing (18) that houses the motor (11), motor gear (15), coupling (17) and input gear, characterised in that the coupling (17) includes a shaft portion (25) and two connective portions (26) arranged at opposite ends of the shaft portion for connection to the motor gear (15) and input gear (16), respectively, wherein both the motor gear (15) and the input gear (16) has a cambered profile allowing a tilting movement of the coupling (17) with respect to the axial position of the one of the motor gear (15) and the input gear (16) that has a cambered profile.


     
    2. The electric power tool according to claim 1, wherein both the connective portions (26) include splines for meshing connection to the motor gear (15) and input gear (16), respectively.
     
    3. The electric power tool according to claim 2, wherein the two opposed connective portions (26) of the coupling are plastic parts that are fitted inside the shaft portion (25).
     
    4. The electric power tool according to claim 3, wherein the shaft portion (25) is tube shaped.
     
    5. The electric power tool according to claim 4, wherein the connective portions (26) are press fitted inside the shaft portion (25) .
     
    6. The electric power tool according to claim 5, wherein the connective portions (26) comprise recesses (30), in which guides (31) of the shaft portion (25) fit so as to lock the connective portions (26) and the shaft portion (25) from mutual rotation.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Elektrisch betriebenes Werkzeug (10), umfassend:

    - einen Elektromotor (11) mit einem Motorzahnrad (15);

    - eine Ausgangswelle (13) mit einem Eingangszahnrad (16);

    - eine Kupplung (17), die das Motorzahnrad (15) mit dem Eingangszahnrad (16) verbindet;

    - ein Gehäuse (18), das den Motor (11), das Motorzahnrad (15), die Kupplung (17) und das Eingangszahnrad beherbergt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Kupplung (17) einen Wellenabschnitt (25) und zwei an entgegengesetzten Enden des Wellenabschnitts angeordnete Verbindungsabschnitte (26) zur Verbindung mit dem Motorzahnrad (15) bzw. dem Eingangszahnrad (16) aufweist, wobei das Motorzahnrad (15) und das Eingangszahnrad (16) beide ein gewölbtes Profil aufweisen, das eine Kippbewegung der Kupplung (17) in Bezug auf die axiale Position des einen des Motorzahnrads (15) und des Eingangszahnrads (16) gestattet, das ein gewölbtes Profil aufweist.


     
    2. Elektrisch betriebenes Werkzeug nach Anspruch 1, wobei beide Verbindungsabschnitte (26) Keilprofile für eine Eingriffsverbindung mit dem Motorzahnrad (15) bzw. dem Eingangszahnrad (16) aufweisen.
     
    3. Elektrisch betriebenes Werkzeug nach Anspruch 2, wobei die zwei entgegengesetzten Verbindungsabschnitte (26) der Kupplung Kunststoffteile sind, die in dem Wellenabschnitt (25) eingepasst sind.
     
    4. Elektrisch betriebenes Werkzeug nach Anspruch 3, wobei der Wellenabschnitt (25) röhrenförmig ist.
     
    5. Elektrisch betriebenes Werkzeug nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Verbindungsabschnitte (26) mittels Presspassung in dem Wellenabschnitt (25) eingepasst sind.
     
    6. Elektrisch betriebenes Werkzeug nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Verbindungsabschnitte (26) Vertiefungen (30) umfassen, in denen Führungen (31) des Wellenabschnitts (25) eingepasst sind, um die Verbindungsabschnitte (26) und den Wellenabschnitt (25) gegen eine wechselseitige Drehung zu verriegeln.
     


    Revendications

    1. Outil à moteur électrique (10) comprenant :

    - un moteur électrique (11) avec un engrenage de moteur (15) ;

    - un arbre de sortie (13) avec un engrenage d'entrée (16) ;

    - un accouplement (17) qui relie l'engrenage de moteur (15) à l'engrenage d'entrée (16) ;

    - un carter (18) qui reçoit le moteur (11), l'engrenage de moteur (15), l'accouplement (17) et l'engrenage d'entrée, caractérisé par le fait que l'accouplement (17) comprend une partie arbre (25) et deux parties de liaison (26) disposées à des extrémités opposées de la partie arbre en vue d'une liaison à l'engrenage de moteur (15) et à l'engrenage d'entrée (16), respectivement, l'engrenage de moteur (15) et l'engrenage d'entrée (16) ayant tous les deux un profil bombé autorisant un mouvement d'inclinaison de l'accouplement (17) par rapport à la position axiale de l'un parmi l'engrenage de moteur (15) et l'engrenage d'entrée (16) qui a un profil bombé.


     
    2. Outil à moteur électrique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les parties de liaison (26) comprennent toutes les deux des cannelures en vue d'une liaison par engrènement à l'engrenage de moteur (15) et à l'engrenage d'entrée (16), respectivement.
     
    3. Outil à moteur électrique selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les deux parties de liaison opposées (26) de l'accouplement sont des pièces en matière plastique qui sont montées à l'intérieur de la partie arbre (25).
     
    4. Outil à moteur électrique selon la revendication 3, dans lequel la partie arbre (25) est en forme de tube.
     
    5. Outil à moteur électrique selon la revendication 4, dans lequel les parties de liaison (26) sont emmanchées à force à l'intérieur de la partie arbre (25).
     
    6. Outil à moteur électrique selon la revendication 5, dans lequel les parties de liaison (26) comprennent des évidements (30), dans lesquels des guides (31) de la partie arbre (25) sont montés de façon à verrouiller les parties de liaison (26) et la partie arbre (25) vis-à-vis d'une rotation mutuelle.
     




    Drawing









    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description