(19)
(11)EP 3 319 791 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/36

(21)Application number: 16821962.4

(22)Date of filing:  07.07.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B32B 5/18(2006.01)
F16L 58/14(2006.01)
F16L 59/02(2006.01)
F16L 58/10(2006.01)
B32B 9/04(2006.01)
B32B 17/06(2006.01)
C03C 11/00(2006.01)
F16L 59/14(2006.01)
F16L 59/04(2006.01)
F16L 55/033(2006.01)
B32B 3/10(2006.01)
B32B 1/08(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2016/041290
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/007905 (12.01.2017 Gazette  2017/02)

(54)

CELLULAR GLASS CORROSION UNDER INSULATION SYSTEM

ZELLGLASKORROSION UNTER ISOLATIONSSYSTEM

CORROSION DE VERRE CELLULAIRE SOUS UN SYSTÈME D'ISOLATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 07.07.2015 US 201562189442 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
16.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/20

(73)Proprietor: Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LLC
Toledo, OH 43659 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • BADGER, Steven, Robert
    Pittsburgh, PA 15239 (US)

(74)Representative: Cabinet Beau de Loménie 
158, rue de l'Université
75340 Paris Cedex 07
75340 Paris Cedex 07 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 418 080
US-A- 3 959 541
US-A1- 2003 213 525
GB-A- 949 230
US-A- 4 623 585
US-B1- 6 403 180
  
  • 'Foamglas Insulation Systems' February 2009, PITTSBURGH COMING USA, XP009508214
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

BACKGROUND



[0001] This application discloses an invention which is related, generally and in various embodiments, to cellular glass insulation systems.

[0002] Cellular glass may be fabricated into sections for various applications such as insulating industrial and commercial pipes as well as insulating vessels. While insulating these applications provides the necessary purpose of energy conservation or process control, other problems may arise. For instance, corrosion under insulation (CUI) may occur under cellular glass insulation where moisture has been allowed to migrate between the cellular glass insulation and the pipes or vessels which are typically comprised of metal. The temperature range for CUI generally occurs between 32° F (0° C) and 400° F (204° C). This includes liquid water that is trapped under the cellular glass insulation and has not been allowed to evaporate or be removed from the system. Patent literature includes GB 949, 230 which relates to thermal insulation for pipes or hollow cylindrical bodies using foamed glass.

[0003] US 2003/0213525 A1 discloses an insulation system for pipe comprising an insulation layer surrounding the outer surface of the pipe and comprising cellular glass;

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0004] The invention is a cellular glass corrosion under insulation system according to claim 1. According to the invention, a foam is utilized to fill an annular spacer between the cellular glass insulation and the pipe or vessel being insulated. The foam, when compressed in the annular space, limits the intrusion of moisture under the surface of the cellular glass insulation, thereby eliminating or greatly reducing the risk of CUI. The preferred foam composition utilized will not degrade over the CUI temperature range. In addition, the foam and cellular glass insulation system has several other key attributes including the attenuation of sound. In particular, the foam can be placed either at the annular space of the metal and cellular glass insulation, between an inner and outer layer of the cellular glass insulation, or both at the annular space as well as between the layers of the cellular glass insulation. In addition, the densities of the products can be modified to produce the desired sound attenuation properties.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0005] For the invention to be clearly understood and readily practiced, the invention will be described in conjunction with the following figures, wherein like reference characters designate the same or similar elements, which figures are incorporated into and constitute a part of the specification, wherein:

FIG. 1a is a perspective view of a single layer system.

FIG. 1b is an end view of a single layer system having a single cellular glass insulation layer with curved quarter segments.

FIG. 1c is an end view of a single layer system having a single cellular glass insulation layer with curved half segments

FIG. 2a is a perspective view of a double layer system.

FIG. 2b is an end view of a double layer system having two cellular glass insulation layers with curved quarter segments.

FIG. 2c is an end view of a double layer system having two cellular glass insulation layers with curved half segments.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0006] Referring to FIGS, 1a to 1c, there is illustrated a single layer cellular glass insulation system generally designated by reference numeral 10 for a pipe 12 having a cellular glass insulation layer 14. A pipe and cellular glass insulation annular space or interface 16 is between an outer surface 18 of pipe 12 and an inner surface 20 of cellular glass insulation layer 14. A foam 22 fills the pipe and cellular glass insulation interface 16. Foam 22 limits water intrusion into pipe and cellular glass insulation interface 16 and attenuates sound. The preferred foam material does not degrade over the application temperature range. Example foam materials include silicone sponges, silicone foams, polyimide foams, nitrile foams, and melamine foams. A primary consideration when choosing the foam is the compressibility of the foam. The foam material should have a compression force of less than 2 psi (13789.5 Pa) at 25% compression utilizing ASTM D 1056 test procedure. Ideally, the foam material will have a 25% compression force rating per this test at less than 1 psi (6894.76 Pa). This property is significant in that it defines the compressibility of the foam between the rigid metal of the pipe and cellular glass insulation layer. A foam material that is difficult to compress will not perform as desired. The foam 22 may be open or closed celled. If the foam is open-celled, it must compress to a level that significantly limits moisture migration under the cellular glass insulation layer or it must include another CUI mitigating property such as a hydrophobe, corrosion inhibitor, or water resistant coating/finish. The foam 22 may contain a water resistant layer 23 (FIG. 1b) such as aluminum foil, stainless steel foil, or other spray applied product. An example of the spray applied product is a urethane or silicone coating. In addition, the foam may contain a hydrophobe to limit moisture migration through the foam and/or a corrosion inhibitor. The corrosion inhibitor will be either impregnated into the foam or sprayed on the surface in contact with metal.

[0007] Foam 22 may also be placed to attenuate sound The sound attenuation properties must be tested for the chosen foam material but testing has shown that a foam placed between the rigid cellular glass insulation layer and the metal of the pipe will lower and attenuate sound levels. Utilizing multiple layers of foams with the cellular glass insulation layer will give improved performance. In addition, the utilization of a higher density cellular glass insulation layer (8-15 pcf or 128.15 to 240.28 kg/m3) with the foam will provide improved performance for low frequency sounds. The cellular glass insulation layer 14 and foam 22 may either be applied in the field or applied prior to installation at the project site.

[0008] First cellular glass insulation layer 14 may either be curved segments, such as quarter segments 24 as shown FIG. 1b or two half clam shells, such as half segments 26 as shown in FIG. 1c. Joints 28 between edges of the segments 24, 26 may be sealed with a sealant 30 such as silicone.

[0009] Referring to FIGS. 2a to 2c, there is illustrated a double layer cellular glass insulation system generally designated by reference numeral 100 for a pipe 120 having a first cellular glass insulation layer 140 and a second cellular glass insulation layer 141. A pipe and cellular glass insulation interface 160 is between an outer surface 180 of pipe 120 and an inner surface 200 of first cellular glass insulation layer 140. A first foam 220 fills pipe and cellular glass insulation interface 160. A cellular glass insulation layer interface 161 is between an outer surface 181 of first cellular glass insulation layer 140 and an inner surface 201 of second cellular glass insulation layer 141. A second foam 221 fills cellular glass insulation layer interface 161. Like the embodiment of FIGS, 1b and 1c, cellular glass insulation layers 140 and 141 may either either have curved segments, such as quarter segments 240 as shown FIG. 2b or two half clam shells, such as half segments 260 as shown in FIG. 2c. Joints 280 are rotated such that the joints 280 on the cellular glass insulation layers 140 and 141 are not in the same radial position, but are offset to one another. Like the embodiment of FIGS, 1b and 1c, the embodiments of FIGS. 2a and 2b may include sealant 300 in joint 280 and a water resistant layer 230 on foam 220.

[0010] Although the present invention has been described in detail for the purpose of illustration, it is to be understood that such detail is solely for that purpose and that variations can be made therein by those in the art without departing from the scope of the claims.


Claims

1. A cellular glass corrosion under insulation system for an outer surface (18; 180) of a pipe (12; 120) comprising:

the pipe (12, 120);

a first insulation layer (14; 140) surrounding the outer surface (18; 180) of the pipe (12; 120), wherein the first insulation layer (14) has an outer surface (181) and an inner surface (20; 200), wherein the first insulation layer (14) comprises cellular glass;

characterised in that it also comprises

a first annular space (16) between the outer surface (18; 180) of the pipe (12; 120) and the inner surface (20; 200) of the first insulation layer (14; 140); and

a first foam (22; 220) filling the first annular space (16; 160) configured to limit water intrusion into the annular space (16; 160) and attenuate sound.


 
2. The cellular glass corrosion under insulation system of claim 1, further comprising:

a second insulation layer (141) surrounding the outer surface (181) of the first insulation layer (14; 140), wherein the second insulation layer (141) has an outer surface and an inner surface (201), wherein the second insulation layer (141) comprises cellular glass;

a second annular space (161) between the outer surface (181) of the first insulation layer (14; 140) and the inner surface (201) of the second insulation layer; and

a second foam (221) filling the second annular space (161) configured to limit water intrusion into the annular space (16; 160) and attenuate sound.


 
3. The cellular glass corrosion under insulation system of claim 1, wherein the first insulation layer (14; 140) comprises curved segments (24).
 
4. The cellular glass corrosion under insulation system of claim 3, wherein the curved segments (24; 240) are quarter segments.
 
5. The cellular glass corrosion under insulation system of claim 3, wherein the curved segments (24; 240) are half segments (26; 260).
 
6. The cellular glass corrosion under insulation system of claim 3, further comprising joints (28; 280) between the curved segments (24; 240), wherein the joints (28; 280) are closed with a sealant (30).
 
7. The cellular glass corrosion under insulation system of claim 2, wherein the first (14; 140) and second insulation layers (141) comprise curved segments (24; 240).
 
8. The cellular glass corrosion under insulation system of claim 6, wherein the curved segments are quarter segments (24; 240).
 
9. The cellular glass corrosion under insulation system of claim 6, wherein the curved segments are half segments (26; 260).
 
10. The cellular glass corrosion under insulation system of claim 7, further comprising joints (28; 280) between the curved segments (24; 240), wherein the joints (28; 280) are closed with a sealant (30).
 
11. The cellular glass corrosion under insulation system of claim 1, wherein the foam (22; 220) is closed cell.
 
12. The cellular glass corrosion under insulation system of claim 1, wherein the foam (22; 220) is open cell.
 
13. The cellular glass corrosion under insulation system of claim 1, further comprising a water resistant layer (230) on the foam (22; 220).
 
14. The cellular glass corrosion under insulation system of claim 1, wherein the foam (22; 220) comprises a material selected from silicone sponges, silicone foams, polyimide foams, nitrile foams, and melamine foams.
 


Ansprüche

1. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung für eine Außenfläche (18; 180) eines Rohrs (12; 120), umfassend:

das Rohr (12, 120),

eine erste Isolierschicht (14; 140), welche die Außenfläche (18; 180) des Rohrs (12; 120) umgibt, wobei die erste Isolierschicht (14) eine Außenfläche (181) und eine Innenfläche (20; 200) aufweist, wobei die erste Isolierschicht (14) Schaumglas umfasst, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es auch umfasst:

einen ersten ringförmigen Raum (16) zwischen der Außenfläche (18; 180) des Rohrs (12; 120) und der Innenfläche (20; 200) der ersten Isolierschicht (14; 140) und

einen ersten Schaum (22; 220), der den ersten ringförmigen Raum (16; 160) füllt und dazu ausgestaltet ist, das Eindringen von Wasser in den ringförmigen Raum (16; 160) zu begrenzen und Schall zu dämpfen.


 
2. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:

eine zweite Isolierschicht (141), welche die Außenfläche (181) der ersten Isolierschicht (14; 140) umgibt, wobei die zweite Isolierschicht (141) eine Außenfläche und eine Innenfläche (201) aufweist, wobei die zweite Isolierschicht (141) Schaumglas umfasst,

einen zweiten ringförmigen Raum (161) zwischen der Außenfläche (181) der ersten Isolierschicht (14; 140) und der Innenfläche (201) der zweiten Isolierschicht und

einen zweiten Schaum (221), der den zweiten ringförmigen Raum (161) füllt und dazu ausgestaltet ist, das Eindringen von Wasser in den ringförmigen Raum (16; 160) zu begrenzen und Schall zu dämpfen.


 
3. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die erste Isolierschicht (14; 140) gekrümmte Segmente (24) umfasst.
 
4. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung nach Anspruch 3, wobei die gekrümmten Segmente (24; 240) Viertelsegmente sind.
 
5. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung nach Anspruch 3, wobei die gekrümmten Segmente (24; 240) Halbsegmente (26; 260) sind.
 
6. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung nach Anspruch 3, ferner umfassend Verbindungen (28; 280) zwischen den gekrümmten Segmenten (24; 240), wobei die Verbindungen (28; 280) mit einem Versiegelungsmittel (30) verschlossen sind.
 
7. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung nach Anspruch 2, wobei die erste (14; 140) und die zweite Isolierschicht (141) gekrümmte Segmente (24; 240) umfassen.
 
8. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung nach Anspruch 6, wobei die gekrümmten Segmente Viertelsegmente (24; 240) sind.
 
9. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung nach Anspruch 6, wobei die gekrümmten Segmente Halbsegmente (26; 260) sind.
 
10. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung nach Anspruch 7, ferner umfassend Verbindungen (28; 280) zwischen den gekrümmten Segmenten (24; 240), wobei die Verbindungen (28; 280) mit einem Versiegelungsmittel (30) verschlossen sind.
 
11. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Schaum (22; 220) geschlossenzellig ist.
 
12. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Schaum (22; 220) offenzellig ist.
 
13. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend eine wasserbeständige Schicht (230) auf dem Schaum (22; 220).
 
14. Schaumglassystem gegen Korrosion unter der Isolierung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Schaum (22; 220) ein Material umfasst, das aus Silikonschwämmen, Silikonschäumen, Polyimidschäumen, Nitrilschäumen und Melaminschäumen ausgewählt ist.
 


Revendications

1. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire pour une surface extérieure (18 ; 180) d'un tuyau (12 ; 120) comprenant :

le tuyau (12 ; 120) ;

une première couche d'isolation (14 ; 140) entourant la surface extérieure (18 ; 180) du tuyau (12 ; 120), la première couche d'isolation (14) ayant une surface extérieure (181) et une surface intérieure (20 ; 200), et la première couche d'isolation (14) comprenant du verre cellulaire ;

caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend aussi

un premier espace annulaire (16) entre la surface extérieure (18 ; 180) du tuyau (12 ; 120) et la surface intérieure (20 ; 200) de la première couche d'isolation (14 ; 140) ; et

une première mousse (22 ; 220) remplissant le premier espace annulaire (16 ; 160) configurée pour limiter l'intrusion d'eau dans l'espace annulaire (16 ; 160) et atténuer le bruit.


 
2. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

une deuxième couche d'isolation (141) entourant la surface extérieure (181) de la première couche d'isolation (14 ; 140), la deuxième couche d'isolation (141) ayant une surface extérieure et une surface intérieure (201), et la deuxième couche d'isolation (141) comprenant du verre cellulaire ;

un deuxième espace annulaire (161) entre la surface extérieure (181) de la première couche d'isolation (14 ; 140) et la surface intérieure (201) de la deuxième couche d'isolation ; et

une deuxième mousse (221) remplissant le deuxième espace annulaire (161) configurée pour limiter l'intrusion d'eau dans l'espace annulaire (16 ; 160) et atténuer le bruit.


 
3. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la première couche d'isolation (14 ; 140) comprend des segments incurvés (24).
 
4. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire selon la revendication 3, dans lequel les segments incurvés (24 ; 240) sont des quarts de segments.
 
5. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire selon la revendication 3, dans lequel les segments incurvés (24 ; 240) sont des moitiés de segments (26 ; 260).
 
6. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire selon la revendication 3, comprenant en outre des joints (28 ; 280) entre les segments incurvés (24 ; 240), et dans lequel les joints (28 ; 280) sont fermés par un mastic (30).
 
7. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les première (14 ; 140) et deuxième (141) couches d'isolation comprennent des segments incurvés (24 ; 240).
 
8. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire selon la revendication 6, dans lequel les segments incurvés sont des quarts de segments (24 ; 240).
 
9. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire selon la revendication 6, dans lequel les segments incurvés sont des moitiés de segments (26 ; 260).
 
10. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire selon la revendication 7, comprenant en outre des joints (28 ; 280) entre les segments incurvés (24 ; 240), et dans lequel les joints (28 ; 280) sont fermés par un mastic (30).
 
11. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la mousse (22 ; 220) est à alvéoles fermés.
 
12. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la mousse (22 ; 220) est à alvéoles ouverts.
 
13. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une couche résistante à l'eau (230) sur la mousse (22 ; 220).
 
14. Système anti-corrosion sous isolation en verre cellulaire selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la mousse (22 ; 220) comprend un matériau choisi parmi les éponges de silicone, les mousses de silicone, les mousses de polyimide, les mousses de nitrile, et les mousses de mélamine.
 




Drawing

















Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description