(19)
(11)EP 3 320 229 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.01.2021 Bulletin 2021/03

(21)Application number: 16739247.1

(22)Date of filing:  27.06.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F16H 7/02  (2006.01)
F16D 21/04  (2006.01)
A01D 69/06  (2006.01)
F16H 9/04  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2016/000889
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/006161 (12.01.2017 Gazette  2017/02)

(54)

A BELT DRIVE SYSTEM

RIEMENANTRIEBSSYSTEM

SYSTÈME D'ENTRAÎNEMENT À COURROIE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 08.07.2015 US 201562190138 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
16.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/20

(73)Proprietor: AGCO Corporation
Duluth, GA 30096 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • WILLIAMS, Nicholas
    Hesston, KS 67062-0969 (US)
  • VEER, Andrew, Mark
    Hesston, KS 67062-0969 (US)

(74)Representative: AGCO Intellectual Property Department 
AGCO Limited Abbey Park Stoneleigh
Kenilworth, Warwickshire CV8 2TQ
Kenilworth, Warwickshire CV8 2TQ (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 2 798 944
US-A1- 2014 148 286
WO-A1-01/31218
US-B2- 6 773 367
  
  • KREBS R ET AL: "Neuer Ottomotor mit Direkteinspritzung und Doppelaufladung von Volkswagen. Teil 1: Konstruktive Gestaltung", MTZ - MOTORTECHNISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT, SPRINGER, vol. 66, no. 11, 1 November 2005 (2005-11-01), pages 844-856, XP001519227, ISSN: 0024-8525
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Field of the Invention



[0001] The present invention relates to a belt drive system for a vehicle, in particular a selectable belt drive system for an agricultural vehicle such as a harvester.

Background of the Invention



[0002] Belt drive systems are often used in vehicles such as combine harvesters to provide rotating motion to vehicle components. Such systems generally comprise a rotating driver pulley connected to a driven pulley via a belt. The driven pulley may be connected to the component to be rotated via a shaft or similar element.

[0003] It is common for combine harvesters to include driven systems which require a change in operating speed for improved material handling, performance, or efficiency. Many manufacturers have implemented two-speed belt drives to meet this requirement as an economical alternative to multi-ratio gearboxes. These drives are comprised of two driver and driven pulleys with either end, driver or driven, fixed upon a shaft and the opposite mounted upon supporting bearings. These pulleys are connected by belts which are tensioned in a normal manner to deliver two different effective ratios or speeds at the driven end. The two individual driven pulleys may be selectively engaged with the corresponding shaft by a shift collar, to transmit the desired output ratio/speed at the driven shaft. An example of such a shiftable two-speed belt drive system can be seen in US 6,773,367.

[0004] A problem with such prior art systems is that when a driven pulley is engaged to rotate the driven shaft, the bearings which support the driven pulley and/or driven shaft are statically loaded when supporting the maximum loads induced by the drive belt. That is, when the pulley is engaged to rotate the shaft, the bearings at the interface between the shaft and the pulley do not rotate, and are held in a stationary position. This then causes the rolling elements (e.g. balls, rollers, etc.) within the bearings to undergo repeated loading while stationary, which can lead to false brinelling of the concerned elements. Such false brinelling of bearing systems can result in premature failure of the supporting bearings, requiring costly service and repair of the belt drive system.

[0005] It is an object of the invention to provide a belt drive system which addresses the above issue.

Summary of the Invention



[0006] Accordingly, there is provided a belt drive system for a vehicle, the belt drive system comprising:

at least one pulley;

a shaft rotatable about an axis; and

a shift collar provided on said shaft to selectively engage with said at least one pulley, such that said at least one pulley is drivably engaged with said shaft,

characterized in that the belt drive system further comprises a fixed housing, wherein said at least one pulley is rotatably provided on said fixed housing.



[0007] As the pulley is provided on the fixed housing, the pulley will rotate relative to the housing regardless of the engagement status of the pulley with the shaft. Accordingly, the interface between the pulley and the housing experiences dynamic loading for all rotating conditions of the pulley - the bearings supporting each pulley continue to turn when selectively engaged with the shaft. This prevents damage or failure at the interface due to static loading of the interface of the pulley, e.g. due to false brinelling, leading to improved bearing longevity.

[0008] In a preferred embodiment, there is provided a belt drive system for a vehicle, the belt drive system comprising:

at least one driven pulley;

an output shaft rotatable about an axis; and

a shift collar provided on said output shaft to selectively engage with said at least one driven pulley to drive said output shaft,

wherein the belt drive system further comprises a fixed housing, wherein said at least one driven pulley is rotatably provided on said fixed housing.



[0009] While the system is preferably provided to allow selective engagement of a driven pulley with an output shaft of a belt drive system, it will be understood that the invention may also be used to provide for selective engagement of a driver pulley with a rotating input shaft of a belt drive system. In this case, it will be understood that a reference to a driven pulley or to an output shaft may, with regard to such an alternative configuration, equally apply for an embodiment directed to selective engagement of a driver pulley to an input shaft used to drive such a driver pulley.

[0010] It will be understood that the shaft may be a solid shaft or a drum or similar tubular element.

[0011] Preferably, said at least one pulley is rotatably provided on said fixed housing using bearings. The bearings are provided such that said bearings are dynamically loaded when said shift collar is engaged with said at least one driven pulley to drive said output shaft, or when the input shaft is engaged to drive said at least one driver pulley.

[0012] As the pulley is provided on the fixed housing using a set of bearings, the bearings will continually experience dynamic loading, i.e. rotation, due to the relative movement between the rotating pulley and the fixed housing. Accordingly, false brinelling due to static loading of the bearings during shaft rotation is prevented.

[0013] It will be understood that the shift collar is disengageable from said at least one driven pulley, to remove drive from said shaft. In an alternative aspect, it will be further understood that the shift collar is disengageable from said at least one driver pulley, to remove drive from the driver pulley from the input shaft.

[0014] It will be understood that the shaft may be provided as a cantilevered element, or may be supported at both ends of the shaft.

[0015] The use of shaft bearings allows for the shaft to be closely supported by the housing, and to allow for the shaft to rotate about an axis within the fixed housing. The housing defines a tubular channel, wherein at least a portion of the shaft is received within the tubular channel and is free to rotate about an axis within the channel.

[0016] Preferably, the fixed housing comprises a first fixed end and a second free end, the first fixed end arranged to be secured to a fixed frame of a vehicle, wherein said shaft extends through the fixed housing and projects from said second free end of the fixed housing.

[0017] Preferably, the fixed housing comprises a flared section at said first fixed end, arranged to be mounted to a fixed frame. The flared section is arranged to be concentric with said shaft.

[0018] The flared section allows the fixed housing to be easily attached to a fixed frame of a vehicle, and additionally provides for an even distribution of loading from the fixed housing and any supported elements to the vehicle frame. The flared section is preferably provided as a frustoconical section.

[0019] Preferably, said at least one pulley is provided on said fixed housing at said second free end of said housing.

[0020] Preferably, the shift collar is moveable on said shaft between at least one engaged position wherein the shift collar is engaged with said at least one pulley, and a neutral position, wherein the shift collar is not engaged with said at least one pulley.

[0021] Preferably, the shift collar is arranged to be moveable on said shaft along a portion of the length of said shaft.

[0022] Preferably, the shaft and the shift collar comprise elements cooperatively engageable to connect the shift collar to the shaft for cooperative rotation of the shaft and the shift collar. It will be understood that the elements may comprise any suitable mating features, e.g. a lug style coupler.

[0023] Preferably, the shaft and the at least one pulley comprise elements cooperatively engageable to connect the at least one pulley to the shift collar when the shift collar is in said at least one engaged position, for rotation of the shift collar by the at least one pulley. It will be understood that the elements may comprise any suitable mating features, e.g. a lug style coupler.

[0024] Preferably, the shift collar comprises external splines arranged to couple with engagement splines provided on the at least one pulley.

[0025] Preferably, the shift collar comprises a detent mechanism to selectively hold the shift collar in place on said shaft.

[0026] The detent mechanism is arranged to hold the shift collar in place when the shift collar is in the at least one engaged position or in the neutral position.

[0027] In a preferred embodiment, the belt drive system comprises:

a first pulley; and

a second pulley,

said first pulley rotatably provided on said fixed housing using first bearings,

said second pulley rotatably provided on said first pulley using second bearings,

wherein said shift collar is selectively engageable with said first pulley or said second pulley to engage the pulley with the shaft.



[0028] The first and second pulleys are provided as driven pulleys to be arranged coaxial with an output shaft, wherein a shift collar is selectively engageable with the first driven pulley or the second driven pulley to drive the output shaft. In an additional or alternative aspect, the first and second pulleys are provided as driver pulleys to be arranged coaxial with an input shaft, wherein a shift collar is selectively engageable with the first driver pulley or the second driver pulley to be driven by the input shaft.

[0029] The system is arranged such that the first and second bearings are dynamically loaded when the first and second pulleys are rotated, regardless of shift collar engagement with the first or second pulleys. It will be understood that the first and second bearings may be dynamically loaded during rotation of the first pulley only.

[0030] It will be further understood that the first pulley and the second pulley are arranged to rotate at different speeds, ensuring that the first and second bearings will be dynamically loaded, or rotating, for all conditions when the pulleys are driven. The pulleys may be provided in different dimensions, or may be driven at different speeds from separate driver pulleys, or a combination thereof.

[0031] Additional driver or driven pulleys may be provided to be selectively engageable with an appropriate shift collar. In this case, the additional pulleys may be rotatably provided on the fixed housing, or on the first, second, or any other additional pulley. Accordingly, a series of multiple pulleys may be provided, wherein the interface of each pulley is dynamically loaded for all stages of pulley rotation, for example to prevent false brinelling of pulley bearings.

[0032] Preferably, said first pulley comprises a mounting flange arranged about and substantially concentric with said shaft, wherein said second pulley is rotatably provided on said mounting flange.

[0033] The mounting flange provides an extension of the first pulley to which the second pulley can be easily mounted. Preferably, the mounting flange extends from the first pulley in a direction substantially parallel to the axis of rotation of the shaft.

[0034] Preferably, said mounting flange is arranged about and substantially concentric with a portion of said fixed housing, wherein said mounting flange is rotatably supported by the portion of said fixed housing, e.g. using at least one set of bearings.

[0035] By providing a rotating coupling between the mounting flange and the fixed housing, the load of the second pulley can be easily transferred through the mounting flange to the underlying supporting housing.

[0036] Preferably, the shift collar is moveable between:

a first engaged position, wherein the shift collar is engaged with the first pulley;

a second engaged position, wherein the shift collar is engaged with the second pulley; and

a neutral position, wherein the shift collar is disengaged from both the first and second pulleys.



[0037] Preferably, the shift collar is provided with external splines, wherein the said external splines are arranged to couple with first mating splines provided on the first pulley when the shift collar is in said first engaged position, and said external splines are arranged to couple with second mating splines provided on the second pulley when the shift collar is in said second engaged position.

[0038] The use of a separate plate which can be coupled to the second pulley allows for ease of assembly of the system, allowing for components of the system to be built up in stages from one side of the system.

[0039] There is also provided a vehicle, preferably a harvester, comprising a belt drive system as described above.

[0040] Preferably, the belt drive system is arranged as part of a material handling system of a harvester.

Detailed Description of the Invention



[0041] Embodiments of the invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a representative side view of a combine harvester having a belt drive system according to the invention;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged side view of a belt drive system according to the invention, and

Figs. 3-5 show cross-sectional views of a portion of a belt drive system according to the invention in first, second, and third states.



[0042] Fig. 1 shows an agricultural vehicle in the form of a combine harvester 10. The harvester 10 is provided with a belt drive system 12 for use in a material handling system of the harvester 10. The belt drive system 12 comprises a driver pulley 14 which is rotated by a connected drive system 16. The drive system 16 rotates an input driver shaft 17, to which the driver pulley 14 is mounted. The driver pulley 14 is coupled with a.driven pulley 18 via an endless belt 20 which is provided around the pulleys 14,18. A belt tensioner 22 is provided in contact with the belt 20 to ensure the belt 20 is maintained in position on the pulleys 14,18 during use. The driven pulley 18 is rotated under action of the driver pulley 14, and is used to provide rotation to suitable components of the harvester 10. For example, the driven pulley 18 may be coupled with a rotary chopper, a conveyor, an auger, an impeller, a rotary drum, etc. The belt drive system 12 may comprise a single set of belt-coupled driver and driven pulleys, or the system may comprise a plurality of different pulley sets to provide for multiple speed operation.

[0043] An enlarged view of a two-speed belt drive system 24 according to an aspect of the invention is shown in Fig. 2. In this embodiment, the belt drive system 24 comprises a first driver pulley 26 and a second driver pulley 28. The driver pulleys 26,28 are provided on and concentric with a common rotating shaft 30 which is coupled with a suitable drive system (not shown). The belt drive system 24 further comprises a first driven pulley 32 and a second driven pulley 34 which are arranged to be concentric with a suitable output shaft 36. It will be understood that the output shaft may be a solid shaft, a tubular shaft, or any suitable drum or roller.

[0044] The first driver pulley 26 is coupled with the first driven pulley 32 using a first endless belt 38, provided around the pulleys 26,32. The second driver pulley 28 is coupled with the second driven pulley 34 using a second endless belt 40, provided around the pulleys 28,34. The belt drive system 24 is provided with a belt tensioner apparatus 42, which is arranged to apply belt tensioners 44,46 against the respective first and second belts 38,40 to tension and maintain the belts in position on the pulleys 26,28,32,34. It will be understood that the first and second driven pulleys 32,34 are arranged to be driven at different rotational speeds.

[0045] Figs. 3-5 illustrate a series of cross-sectional views of a section of the belt drive system 24 of Fig. 2, taken through the first and second driven pulleys 32,34 along a portion of the length of the shaft 36. The shaft 36 extends through a portion of a fixed frame 48 of a vehicle and is free to rotate about axis A. As described above in reference to Fig. 1, the shaft 36 is arranged to be coupled with a component to be rotated (not shown) in the vehicle, e.g. a rotary chopper, a conveyor, an auger, an impeller, a rotary drum, etc.

[0046] A fixed housing 50 is attached to the fixed frame 48. The fixed housing 50 is bolted to the fixed frame 48 at a first end 50a of the housing 50 using bolts 52 or any other suitable attachment elements, the fixed housing 50 projecting from the fixed frame 48 to a second free end 50b. The fixed housing 50 defines an internal channel 54 extending from the first end 50a to the second end 50b through which the shaft 36 extends. The shaft 36 is supported by shaft bearings 55 provided within the fixed housing 50. While the illustrated embodiments show a single set of bearings 55 provided in the channel 54, it will be understood that the shaft 36 may be supported by multiple separate bearings within the channel 54.

[0047] The fixed housing 50 comprises a tapered or frustoconical profile at the first end 50a of the housing 50, to allow for ease of attachment of the housing 50 to the frame 48, and also to allow for more event distribution of load forces from the housing 50 to the attached frame 48. The fixed housing 50 further comprises a generally tubular profile at the second end 50b of the housing 50.

[0048] The first driven pulley 32 is rotatably mounted on the second end 50b of the fixed housing 50, and is arranged concentric with and rotatable around axis A. The first driven pulley 32 is supported on first bearings 56 positioned at the tubular portion of the second end 50b of the fixed housing 50. The first driven pulley 32 further comprises a mounting flange or collar 58 which projects from a surface of the pulley 32 in a direction substantially parallel to the tubular portion of the second end 50b of the fixed housing 50, away from the fixed frame 48. The mounting flange 58 is rotatably supported on the fixed housing 50 by the first bearings 56 and additionally at the second end 50b of the housing 50 using a set of flange bearings 60.

[0049] The second driven pulley 34 is rotatably mounted on the mounting flange 58 of the first driven pulley 32, and is arranged concentric with and rotatable around axis A. The second driven pulley 34 is supported on second bearings 62 positioned on the mounting flange 58 of the first driven pulley 32.

[0050] A first mounting plate 64 in the form of a circular plate having a central aperture is secured to a free end of the mounting flange 58, concentric with the axis A. The first mounting plate 64 is arranged such that a portion of the mounting plate 64 abuts a portion of the second bearings 62. Accordingly, the first mounting plate 64 acts to hold the second bearing 62 in place on the mounting flange 58. In addition, a second mounting plate 66 in the form of a circular plate having a central aperture is secured to the second driven pulley 34, concentric with the axis A. The shaft 36 is arrange to extend through the central apertures of the first and second mounting plates 64,66.

[0051] A shift collar 68 is provided on the shaft 36. The shift collar 68 is moveable along a portion of the length of the shaft 36, parallel to axis A. It will be understood that the position of the shift collar 68 is adjusted along the length of the shaft 36 using any suitable system, e.g. a suitable actuator connected to the shift collar 68. It will be understood that the adjustment of the location of the shift collar 68 may be controlled from an electronic control unit (ECU) arranged to control operation of the system, based on received inputs e.g. control inputs, sensor readings, etc., The adjustment may also be performed by way of a manual actuation of the shift collar 68 along the length of the shaft 36, e.g. using an appropriate operator control level coupled with the shift collar 68.

[0052] The shift collar 68 is provided with internal splines (70, Figs. 4 & 5) arranged on an internal surface of the shift collar 68, the internal splines 70 arranged to couple with shaft splines (72, Fig. 3) provided on the surface of the shaft 36, such that the shift collar 68 is coupled with the shaft 36. The shift collar 68 further comprises external splines 74 provided on an external surface of the shift collar 68. While the embodiment illustrated comprises internal and external mating splines, it will be understood that any suitable coupling system may be use which can provide for suitable torque transfer between the components of the system.

[0053] The movement of the shift collar 68 allows for the shaft 36 to be selectively driven by either the first or the second driven pulley 32,34, or to be placed into a neutral condition.

[0054] In Fig. 3, the shift collar 68 is arranged in a first engaged position, wherein the external splines 74 of the shift collar 68 are arranged to couple with first mating splines (76, Figs. 4 & 5) provided on the first mounting plate 64. In this position, the shift collar 68 is coupled with the first driven pulley 32, such that the shaft 36 is rotated at the speed of rotation of the first driven pulley 32.

[0055] In Fig. 4, the shift collar 68 is moved along the shaft 36 in a direction away from the fixed frame 48, such that the external splines 74 of the shift collar 68 are disengaged from the first mating splines 76 of the first mounting plate 64. The shift collar 68 is brought to a second engaged position, wherein the external splines 74 of the shift collar 68 are arranged to couple with second mating splines (78, Figs. 4 & 5) provided on the second mounting plate 66. In this position, the shift collar 68 is coupled with the second driven pulley 34, such that the shaft 36 is rotated at the speed of rotation of the second driven pulley 34.

[0056] In Fig. 5, the shift collar 68 is moved further along the shaft 36 such that the external splines 74 of the shift collar 68 are disengaged from the second mating splines 78 of the second mounting plate 66. The shift collar 68 is brought to a neutral position, wherein the external splines 74 of the shift collar 68 are disengaged from the first and second driven pulleys 32,34. Accordingly, the shaft 36 is un-driven by the pulleys 32,34, and shaft rotation may freewheel or be braked to a stop.

[0057] The system further comprises a detent mechanism in the form of a series of circumferential grooves (indicated at 80, Fig. 3) defined in the surface of the shaft 36, the grooves 80 corresponding to the locating of the shift collar 68 in place in one of the said first and second engaged positions or the neutral position. The grooves 80 may be provided to have any suitable cross-sectional shape, e.g. a V-shaped groove. A bias element (82, Fig. 4) is positioned in a channel defined in the internal surface of the shift collar 68, wherein the bias element 82 is partly received in one of the circumferential grooves 80 as the shift collar 68 is moved along the shaft 36, to releasably retain the shift collar 68 in one of the above-mentioned positions.

[0058] The bias element 82 may comprise any element suitable of releasably retaining the shift collar 68 in place on the shaft 36, e.g. at least one garter spring or other spring bias, a detent ball, a rubber ring, etc.

[0059] By providing the driven pulleys 32,34 as rotatably mounted directly to the fixed housing 50, or indirectly mounted to the fixed housing 50 via a mounting flange 58 of another pulley, the pulleys 32,34 are not mounted to the shaft 36 to which they are selectively engaged. Accordingly, the mounting interface of the pulleys 32,34, and in particular the bearings 56,60 used to mount the pulleys 32,34, are dynamically loaded (i.e. rotating) for all conditions of rotation of the pulleys 32,34, regardless of the engagement of the pulleys 32,34 with the shaft 36. This eliminates the effects of static loading on the bearings 56,60 during use of the system, preventing fatigue damage or failure of the bearings 56,60 due to false brinelling.

[0060] It will be understood that the invention may equally apply for the selective engagement of at least one driver pulley 14 with an input shaft 17, to allow for selective engagement of the at least one driver pulley 14 by the shaft 17 while ensuring dynamic loading of bearings used to support the driver pulley 14 on the shaft 17. In this case, it will be understood that the features of the embodiment as described above for the selective engagement of the driven pulley with the shaft may also be used for an embodiment having selective engagement of a driver pulley on a rotating input shaft, mutatis mutandis.

[0061] In addition, while the embodiment shown in Figs. 2-5 illustrates a two-speed belt driven system, it will be understood that the invention may also apply for single-belt systems, to prevent false brinelling of the bearings of such systems. Additionally, the invention may apply to belt-driven systems having more than two belts, wherein additional driven pulleys are provided to be selectively engageable with the shift collar. In this case, the additional driven pulleys may be rotatably provided on the fixed housing, or on the first, second, or any other additional driven pulley.


Claims

1. A belt drive system (12) for a vehicle, the belt drive system comprising:

at least one pulley (14, 26, 28, 32, 34);

a shaft (17, 30, 36) rotatable about an axis; and

a shift collar (68) provided on said shaft to selectively engage with said at least one pulley, such that said at least one pulley is drivably engaged with said shaft,

characterised in that the belt drive system further comprises a fixed housing (50), wherein said at least one pulley is rotatably provided on said fixed housing.


 
2. The belt drive system of claim 1, the belt drive system comprising:

at least one driven pulley (32, 34);

an output shaft (36) rotatable about an axis; and

a shift collar (68) provided on said output shaft to selectively engage with said at least one driven pulley to drive said output shaft,

wherein the belt drive system further comprises a fixed housing (50), wherein said at least one driven pulley is rotatably provided on said fixed housing.


 
3. The belt drive system of claim 1 or claim 2, the belt drive system comprising:

at least one driver pulley (26, 28);

an input shaft (17, 30) rotatable about an axis; and

a shift collar provided on said input shaft to selectively engage with said at least one driver pulley, such that said at least one driver pulley is driven by said input shaft,

wherein the belt drive system further comprises a fixed housing, wherein said at least one driver pulley is rotatably provided on said fixed housing.


 
4. The belt drive system of any one of claims 1-3, wherein said at least one pulley is rotatably provided on said fixed housing using bearings (56, 60).
 
5. The belt drive system of any one of claims 1-4, wherein the fixed housing comprises a first fixed end (50a) and a second free end (50b), the first fixed end arranged to be secured to a fixed frame (48) of a vehicle, wherein said shaft extends through the fixed housing and projects from said second free end of the fixed housing.
 
6. The belt drive system of claim 5, wherein the fixed housing comprises a flared section at said first fixed end, arranged to be mounted to a fixed frame.
 
7. The belt drive system of claim 5 or claim 6, wherein said at least one pulley is provided on said fixed housing at said second free end of said housing.
 
8. The belt drive system of any one of claims 1-7, wherein the shift collar is moveable on the shaft between at least one engaged position wherein the shift collar is engaged with said at least one pulley, and a neutral position, wherein the shift collar is not engaged with said at least one pulley.
 
9. The belt drive system of any one of claims 1-8, wherein the shaft and the shift collar comprise elements (70, 72, 74, 76) cooperatively engageable to connect the shift collar to the shaft, for cooperative rotation of the shaft and the shift collar.
 
10. The belt drive system of any one of claims 1-9, wherein the shaft and the at least one pulley comprise elements cooperatively engageable to connect the at least one pulley to the shift collar, for rotation of the shift collar with the at least one pulley.
 
11. The belt drive system of claim 10, wherein the shift collar comprises external splines (74) arranged to couple with engagement splines (76) provided on the at least one pulley.
 
12. The belt drive system of any one of claims 1-11, wherein the shift collar comprises a detent mechanism (80) to selectively hold the shift collar in place on the shaft.
 
13. The belt drive system of any one of claims 1-12, wherein the belt drive system comprises:

a first pulley; and

a second pulley,

said first pulley rotatably provided on said fixed housing using first bearings,

said second pulley rotatably provided on said first pulley using second bearings,

wherein said shift collar is selectively engageable with said first pulley or said second pulley to engage the pulley with the shaft.


 
14. The belt drive system of claim 13, wherein said first pulley comprises a mounting flange arranged about and substantially concentric with the shaft, wherein said second pulley is rotatably provided on said mounting flange.
 
15. The belt drive system of claim 13 or claim 14, wherein the shift collar is moveable between:

a first engaged position, wherein the shift collar is engaged with the first pulley;

a second engaged position, wherein the shift collar is engaged with the second pulley; and

a neutral position, wherein the shift collar is disengaged from both the first and second pulleys.


 
16. The belt drive system of claim 15, wherein the shift collar is provided with external splines, wherein the said external splines are arranged to couple with first mating splines provided on the first pulley when the shift collar is in said first engaged position, and said external splines are arranged to couple with second mating splines provided on the second pulley when the shift collar is in said second engaged position.
 
17. A vehicle, preferably a combine harvester, comprising a belt drive system as claimed in any one of claims 1-16.
 


Ansprüche

1. Riemenantriebssystem (12) für ein Fahrzeug, wobei das Riemenantriebssystem das Folgende aufweist:

mindestens eine Riemenscheibe (14, 26, 28, 32, 34);

eine um eine Achse drehbare Welle (17, 30, 36); und

einen auf der Welle bereitgestellten Schaltkragen (68) zum selektiven in Eingriff Bringen mit der mindestens einen Riemenscheibe, sodass die mindestens eine Riemenscheibe antreibend mit der Welle in Eingriff steht,

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Riemenantriebssystem weiterhin ein feststehendes Gehäuse (50) aufweist, wobei die mindestens eine Riemenscheibe drehbar an dem feststehenden Gehäuse bereitgestellt ist.


 
2. Riemenantriebssystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Riemenantriebssystem das Folgende aufweist:

mindestens eine angetriebene Riemenscheibe (32, 34);

eine um eine Achse drehbare Ausgangswelle (36); und

einen auf der Ausgangswelle bereitgestellten Schaltkragen (68) zum selektiven in Eingriff Bringen mit der mindestens einen angetriebenen Riemenscheibe zum Antreiben der Ausgangswelle,

wobei das Riemenantriebssystem weiterhin ein feststehendes Gehäuse (50) aufweist, wobei die mindestens eine angetriebene Riemenscheibe drehbar an dem feststehenden Gehäuse bereitgestellt ist.


 
3. Riemenantriebssystem nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das Riemenantriebssystem das Folgende aufweist:

mindestens eine Antriebsriemenscheibe (26, 28);

eine um eine Achse drehbare Eingangswelle (17, 30); und

einen auf der Eingangswelle bereitgestellten Schaltkragen zum selektiven in Eingriff Bringen mit der mindestens einen Antriebsriemenscheibe, sodass die mindestens eine Antriebsriemenscheibe durch die Eingangswelle angetrieben ist,

wobei das Riemenantriebssystem weiterhin ein feststehendes Gehäuse aufweist, wobei die mindestens eine Antriebsriemenscheibe drehbar an dem feststehenden Gehäuse bereitgestellt ist.


 
4. Riemenantriebssystem nach mindestens einem der Ansprüche 1-3, wobei die mindestens eine Riemenscheibe unter Verwendung von Lagern (56, 60) drehbar an dem feststehenden Gehäuse bereitgestellt ist.
 
5. Riemenantriebssystem nach mindestens einem der Ansprüche 1-4, wobei das feststehende Gehäuse ein erstes feststehendes Ende (50a) und ein zweites freies Ende (50b) aufweist, wobei das erste feststehende Ende angeordnet ist, um an einem feststehenden Rahmen (48) eines Fahrzeugs befestigt zu werden, wobei sich die Welle durch das feststehende Gehäuse erstreckt und aus dem zweiten freien Ende des feststehenden Gehäuses herausragt.
 
6. Riemenantriebssystem nach Anspruch 5, wobei das feststehende Gehäuse einen ausgestellten Abschnitt an dem ersten feststehenden Ende aufweist, der angeordnet ist, um an einem feststehenden Rahmen montiert zu werden.
 
7. Riemenantriebssystem nach Anspruch 5 oder 6, wobei die mindestens eine Riemenscheibe an dem feststehenden Gehäuse an dem zweiten freien Ende des Gehäuses bereitgestellt ist.
 
8. Riemenantriebssystem nach mindestens einem der Ansprüche 1-7, wobei der Schaltkragen auf der Welle zwischen einer Eingriffsposition, in der sich der Schaltkragen mit der mindestens einen Riemenscheibe im Eingriff befindet, und einer Neutralposition beweglich ist, in der sich der Schaltkragen nicht im Eingriff mit der mindestens einen Riemenscheibe befindet.
 
9. Riemenantriebssystem nach mindestens einem der Ansprüche 1-8, wobei die Welle und der Schaltkragen Elemente (70, 72, 74, 76) aufweisen, die miteinander in Eingriff bringbar sind, um den Schaltkragen mit der Welle zu verbinden, um eine gemeinsame Drehung der Welle und des Schaltkragens zu erreichen.
 
10. Riemenantriebssystem nach mindestens einem der Ansprüche 1-9, wobei die Welle und die mindestens eine Riemenscheibe Elemente aufweisen, die miteinander in Eingriff bringbar sind, um die mindestens eine Riemenscheibe mit dem Schaltkragen zu verbinden, um eine Drehung des Schaltkragens mit der mindestens einen Riemenscheibe zu erreichen.
 
11. Riemenantriebssystem nach Anspruch 10, wobei der Schaltkragen eine Außenverzahnung (74) aufweist, die angeordnet ist, um mit einer an der mindestens einen Riemenscheibe bereitgestellten Eingriffsverzahnung gekoppelt zu werden.
 
12. Riemenantriebssystem nach mindestens einem der Ansprüche 1-11, wobei der Schaltkragen einen Rastmechanismus (80) aufweist, um den Schaltkragen selektiv auf der Welle festzuhalten.
 
13. Riemenantriebssystem nach mindestens einem der Ansprüche 1-12, wobei das Riemenantriebssystem das Folgende aufweist:

eine erste Riemenscheibe; und

eine zweite Riemenscheibe,

wobei die erste Riemenscheibe unter Verwendung von ersten Lagern drehbar an dem feststehenden Gehäuse bereitgestellt ist,

wobei zweite Riemenscheibe unter Verwendung von zweiten Lagern an der ersten Riemenscheibe bereitgestellt ist,

wobei der Schaltkragen selektiv mit der ersten Riemenscheibe oder der zweiten Riemenscheibe in Eingriff bringbar ist, um die Riemenscheibe mit der Welle in Eingriff zu bringen.


 
14. Riemenantriebssystem nach Anspruch 13, wobei die erste Riemenscheibe einen Montageflansch aufweist, der die Welle umgebend und im Wesentlichen konzentrisch zu dieser angeordnet ist, wobei die zweite Riemenscheibe drehbar an dem Montageflansch bereitgestellt ist.
 
15. Riemenantriebssystem nach Anspruch 13 oder 14, wobei der Schaltkragen zwischen dem Folgenden bewegbar ist:

einer ersten Eingriffsposition, in der sich der Schaltkragen mit der ersten Riemenscheibe im Eingriff befindet;

einer zweiten Eingriffsposition, in der sich der Schaltkragen mit der zweiten Riemenscheibe im Eingriff befindet; und

einer Neutralposition, in der der Schaltkragen von der ersten und zweiten Riemenscheibe getrennt ist.


 
16. Riemenantriebssystem nach Anspruch 15, wobei der Schaltkragen mit einer Außenverzahnung versehen ist, wobei die Außenverzahnung angeordnet ist, um mit einer ersten passenden Verzahnung gekoppelt zu werden, die an der ersten Riemenscheibe bereitgestellt ist, wenn sich der Schaltkragen in der ersten Eingriffsposition befindet, und die Außenverzahnung angeordnet ist, um mit einer zweiten passenden Verzahnung gekoppelt zu werden, die an der zweiten Riemenscheibe bereitgestellt ist, wenn sich der Schaltkragen in der zweiten Eingriffsposition befindet.
 
17. Fahrzeug, vorzugsweise ein Mähdrescher, mit einem Riemenantriebssystem nach mindestens einem der Ansprüche 1-16.
 


Revendications

1. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie (12) destiné à un véhicule, le dispositif d'entraînement par courroie comprenant :

au moins une poulie (14, 26, 28, 32, 34) ;

un arbre (17, 30, 36) pouvant tourner autour d'un axe ; et

un collier coulissant (68) agencé sur ledit arbre afin de se coupler sélectivement à ladite au moins une poulie, de telle sorte que ladite au moins une poulie peut être couplée de manière à être entraînée audit arbre,

caractérisé en ce que le dispositif d'entraînement par courroie comprend, en outre, un boîtier fixe (50), dans lequel ladite au moins une poulie est agencée de manière à pouvoir tourner sur ledit boîtier fixe.


 
2. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon la revendication 1, le dispositif d'entraînement par courroie comprenant :

au moins une poulie entraînée (32, 34) ;

un arbre de sortie (36) pouvant tourner autour d'un axe ; et

un collier coulissant (68) agencé sur ledit arbre de sortie de manière à se coupler sélectivement à ladite au moins une poulie entraînée afin d'entraîner ledit arbre de sortie,

dans lequel le dispositif d'entraînement par courroie comprend, en outre, un boîtier fixe (50), dans lequel ladite au moins une poulie entraînée est agencée de manière à pouvoir tourner sur ledit boîtier fixe.


 
3. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon la revendication 1 ou 2, le dispositif d'entraînement par courroie comprenant :

au moins une poulie d'entraînement (26, 28) ;

un arbre d'entrée (17, 30) pouvant tourner autour d'un axe ; et

un collier coulissant agencé sur ledit arbre d'entrée afin de se coupler sélectivement à ladite au moins une poulie d'entraînement, de telle sorte que ladite au moins une poulie d'entraînement est entraînée par ledit arbre d'entrée,

dans lequel le dispositif d'entraînement par courroie comprend, en outre, un boîtier fixe, dans lequel ladite au moins une poulie d'entraînement est agencée de manière à pouvoir tourner sur ledit boîtier fixe.


 
4. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel ladite au moins une poulie est agencée de manière à pouvoir tourner sur ledit boîtier fixe en utilisant des paliers (56, 60).
 
5. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le boîtier fixe comprend une première extrémité fixe (50a) et une seconde extrémité libre (50b), la première extrémité fixe étant agencée de manière à être fixée sur un châssis fixe (48) d'un véhicule, dans lequel ledit arbre s'étend à travers le boîtier fixe et s'étend à partir de ladite seconde extrémité libre du boîtier fixe.
 
6. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le boîtier fixe comprend une section évasée au niveau de ladite première extrémité fixe, formée de manière à être montée sur un châssis fixe.
 
7. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon la revendication 5 ou 6, dans lequel ladite au moins une poulie est agencée sur ledit boîtier fixe au niveau de ladite seconde extrémité libre dudit boîtier.
 
8. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel le collier coulissant peut être déplacé sur l'arbre entre au moins une position couplée dans laquelle le collier coulissant est couplé avec ladite au moins une poulie, et une position neutre, dans laquelle le collier coulissant n'est pas couplé avec ladite au moins une poulie.
 
9. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, dans lequel l'arbre et le collier coulissant comprennent des éléments (70, 72, 74, 76) pouvant être assemblés de manière à pouvoir coopérer afin de coupler le collier coulissant à l'arbre, dans le but d'assurer une rotation coopérative de l'arbre et du collier coulissant.
 
10. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, dans lequel l'arbre et la au moins une poulie comprennent des éléments pouvant être assemblés de manière à pouvoir coopérer afin de coupler la au moins une poulie au collier coulissant, de manière à assurer la rotation du collier coulissant avec la au moins une poulie.
 
11. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le collier coulissant comprend des cannelures externes (74) agencées afin de se coupler avec des cannelures de couplage (76) formées sur la au moins une poulie.
 
12. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, dans lequel le collier coulissant comprend un mécanisme de détente (80) afin de maintenir de manière sélective le collier coulissant en place sur l'arbre.
 
13. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 12, dans lequel le dispositif d'entraînement par courroie comprend :

une première poulie ; et

une seconde poulie,

ladite première poulie étant agencée de manière à pouvoir tourner sur ledit boîtier fixe en utilisant des premiers paliers,

ladite seconde poulie étant agencée de manière à pouvoir tourner sur ladite première poulie en utilisant des seconds paliers,

dans lequel ledit collier coulissant peut être couplé sélectivement à ladite première poulie ou à ladite seconde poulie afin de coupler la poulie avec l'arbre.


 
14. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon la revendication 13, dans lequel ladite première poulie comprend une bride de montage agencée autour de l'arbre et de manière sensiblement concentrique avec ce dernier, dans lequel ladite seconde poulie est agencée de manière à pouvoir tourner sur ladite bride de montage.
 
15. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon la revendication 13 ou 14, dans lequel le collier coulissant peut être déplacé entre :

une première position couplée, dans laquelle le collier coulissant est couplé avec la première poulie ;

une seconde position couplée, dans laquelle le collier coulissant est couplé avec la seconde poulie ; et

une position neutre, dans laquelle le collier coulissant est découplé à la fois des première et seconde poulies.


 
16. Dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon la revendication 15, dans lequel le collier coulissant comporte des cannelures externes, dans lequel lesdites cannelures externes sont agencées afin de se coupler avec des premières cannelures conjuguées agencées sur la première poulie lorsque le collier coulissant est dans ladite première position couplée, et lesdites cannelures externes sont agencées afin de se coupler avec des secondes cannelures conjuguées agencées sur la seconde poulie lorsque le collier coulissant est dans ladite seconde position couplée.
 
17. Véhicule, de préférence, une moissonneuse batteuse, comprenant un dispositif d'entraînement par courroie selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 16.
 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description