(19)
(11)EP 3 321 137 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 16821394.0

(22)Date of filing:  05.07.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60R 19/04(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2016/069858
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/006925 (12.01.2017 Gazette  2017/02)

(54)

BUMPER REINFORCEMENT AND VEHICLE PROVIDED WITH SAME

STOSSFÄNGERVERSTÄRKUNG UND FAHRZEUG DAMIT

RENFORT DE PARE-CHOCS ET VÉHICULE LE COMPORTANT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 08.07.2015 JP 2015137098

(43)Date of publication of application:
16.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/20

(73)Proprietor: Nippon Steel Corporation
Tokyo 100-8071 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KOGA, Atsuo
    Tokyo 100-8071 (JP)
  • NAKAZAWA, Yoshiaki
    Tokyo 100-8071 (JP)

(74)Representative: J A Kemp LLP 
14 South Square Gray's Inn
London WC1R 5JJ
London WC1R 5JJ (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-98/11267
WO-A1-2014/146922
DE-C1- 4 413 641
US-A- 5 154 462
US-A1- 2015 102 614
WO-A1-2014/142733
DE-A1-102013 015 420
JP-A- 2007 521 173
US-A1- 2003 020 291
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a bumper reinforcement, and a vehicle including the bumper reinforcement.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] A body of a vehicle such as an automobile includes various structural members. One of such structural members includes a bumper reinforcement (hereinafter, also referred to as a "BR"). A BR, which is also called as a bumper beam, is attached to a front part of the vehicle. The BR may also be attached to a rear part of the vehicle. This is for the purpose of bearing a load upon collision, thereby ensuring safety of humans in the vehicle. Typically, the BR is constituted by combining a panel made of a steel sheet and having a hat-shaped cross section with a closing plate (hereinafter, also referred to as a "CP") which is made of a planar steel sheet. A flange part of the panel and the CP are superposed on each other, and the superposed part is joined by welding.

    [0003] Both anti-collision performance and light-weightedness are demanded for the BR at the same time. In other words, improvement of energy absorption efficiency (EA/mass) is demanded for the BR. The energy absorption efficiency is a value obtained by dividing the absorbed energy of the BR by the weight of the BR. To cope with such demands, conventionally, there have been proposed BRs in which the shape of the panel having a hat-shaped cross section is advantageously contrived.

    [0004] National Publication of International Patent Application No. 2007-521173 (Patent Literature 1) discloses a bumper beam which includes a panel having a reinforced part in a central area in its lengthwise direction. The reinforced part is provided in at least one flange part of the two flange parts. The reinforced part protrudes in a curved fashion from an edge of the flange part. Patent Literature 1 describes that providing the reinforced part in a part of the panel can improve energy absorption performance of the entire bumper beam.

    [0005] Japanese Patent Application Publication No. 2011-219001 (Patent Literature 2) discloses a BR which includes a panel having a concave-shaped bead in a flange part. The concave-shaped bead makes up a passage which provides communication between the inside and outside of the BR. Patent Literature 2 describes that providing a bead in the flange part of the panel allows a coating liquid to flow into the BR at the time of production of a vehicle body, while ensuring strength of the BR.

    [0006] US 5,154,462 discloses a bumper reinforcement, comprising: a first member including a first part extending in a direction, two first flange parts and two first upstanding parts; and a second member including a top plate part extending in the direction, two vertical wall parts respectively connected to two side edges of the top plate part along the direction, two second flange parts respectively connected to the two vertical wall parts, and two second upstanding parts respectively connected to side edges of the two second flange parts along the direction, the second upstanding parts provided so as to correspond to the first upstanding parts, wherein
    the two second flange parts of the second member and the two first flange parts of the first part of the first member are joined together, and
    the first upstanding part stands up on a side of the second member, and
    the first upstanding part and the second upstanding part are integrated together.

    CITATION LIST


    PATENT LITERATURE



    [0007] 

    Patent Literature 1: National Publication of International Patent Application No. 2007-521173

    Patent Literature 2: Japanese Patent Application Publication No. 2011-219001


    SUMMARY OF INVENTION


    TECHNICAL PROBLEM



    [0008] In order to successfully achieve both anti-collision performance and light-weightedness at the same time, conventionally, in addition to advantageously contriving the shape of the panel, measures to increase the material strength of the BR have been adopted.

    [0009] However, as the material strength increases, break-off at a joined part between the panel and the CP becomes more likely to occur. The causes thereof are as follows. First, due to additive elements for improving the material strength, the strength of the joined part by welding decreases locally. Secondly, if the amount of deformation of the BR due to a collision load is constant, as the material strength increases, the load to act on the joined part increases.

    [0010] FIG. 9A and 9B are schematic diagrams to show one example of deformation behavior of a BR, which induces break-off of the joined part. In the example shown in FIGS. 9A and 9B, the BR is constituted by a CP 81 and a panel 82. The BR is disposed such that the CP 81 faces toward the outside of the vehicle. Therefore, a collision load is inputted from the CP 81 side. FIG. 9A is a cross sectional view of the BR attached to a vehicle when viewed from sideward of the vehicle. FIG. 9B is a plan view of the BR attached to the vehicle when viewed from upward of the vehicle.

    [0011] When a collision load is inputted from the CP 81 side, as shown in FIG. 9A, the flange part of the panel 82 deforms in an advancing direction of the collision load. Moreover, as shown in FIG. 9B, the CP 81 deflects in a wavy fashion. As a result of this, a peel force is generated in the joined part. When the joined portion is discontinuous such as, for example, a joined part by spot welding, the peel force is concentrated on the joined part, causing the joined part to be broken off in an early stage. Moreover, when the joined portion is continuous such as, for example, a joined part by laser welding, localization of peel force is suppressed, and suppressing effect against break-off of the joined part can be expected. However, there will be no effect to suppress the deformation itself of the BR, which induces break-off of the joined part. Therefore, when the material strength is increased without change of sheet thickness, or when the sheet thickness is increased without change of the material strength, peel force, which is not less than resistant force, is generated in the joined part, leading to break-off of the joined part.

    [0012] According to techniques of Patent Literatures 1 and 2, deformation of the flange part as shown in FIG. 9A may be able to be suppressed. However, it is not possible to suppress deflection of the CP as shown in FIG. 9B. Therefore, it is difficult to avoid break-off of the joined part even with the techniques of Patent Literatures 1 and 2.

    [0013] If a break-off occurs in a joined part, the load which the BR itself can endure decreases, and energy absorption will decrease. For that reason, it becomes difficult to sufficiently achieve effects of strength enhancement of the material.

    [0014] The present invention has been made in view of the above described situations. One object of the present invention is to provide a bumper reinforcement and a vehicle, which can suppress break-off of a joined part upon collision, and sufficiently absorb collision load.

    SOLUTION TO PROBLEM



    [0015] A bumper reinforcement according an embodiment of the present invention includes a first member, and a second member. The first member includes a flat sheet part, and two first upstanding parts. The flat sheet part extends in a direction. The first upstanding parts are respectively connected to two side edges of the flat sheet part along the direction, and are provided in a part or all of the side edges of the flat sheet part. The second member includes a top plate part, two vertical wall parts, two flange parts, and two second upstanding parts. The top plate part extends in the direction. The vertical wall parts are respectively connected to two side edges of the top plate part along the direction. The flange parts are respectively connected to the two vertical wall parts. The second upstanding parts are provided so as to be respectively connected to side edges of the two flange parts along the direction, and to correspond to the first upstanding parts. The two flange parts of the second member are joined with the flat sheet part of the first member. The first upstanding parts stand up on a side of the second member. The first upstanding part and the second upstanding part are not integrated together

    [0016] Moreover, a vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention includes the above described bumper reinforcement in the front part or rear part thereof. Then, the first member is disposed facing toward the outside of the vehicle.

    ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS OF INVENTION



    [0017] A bumper reinforcement and a vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention enables to suppress break-off of a joined part upon collision, and to sufficiently absorb a collision load.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0018] 

    [FIG. 1] FIG. 1 is a perspective view to show one example of a bumper reinforcement of the present embodiment.

    [FIG. 2A] FIG. 2A is a cross sectional view of the bumper reinforcement of the present embodiment.

    [FIG. 2B] FIG. 2B is an enlarged sectional view of a part of the bumper reinforcement shown in FIG. 2A.

    [FIG. 3] FIG. 3 is a cross sectional view to schematically show the bumper reinforcement of the present embodiment, which has been used for investigation relating to break-off of a joined part.

    [FIG. 4] FIG. 4 is a diagram to show results of investigation relating to break-off of the joined part by the bumper reinforcement of the present embodiment.

    [FIG. 5] FIG. 5 is a perspective view to show another example of the bumper reinforcement of the present embodiment.

    [FIG. 6A] FIG. 6A is a cross sectional view to schematically show a bumper reinforcement of Example.

    [FIG. 6B] FIG. 6B is a cross sectional view to schematically show a bumper reinforcement of Comparative Example 1.

    [FIG. 6C] FIG. 6C is a cross sectional view to schematically show a bumper reinforcement of Comparative Example 2.

    [FIG. 7] FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram to show an outline of a 3-point bending crush test.

    [FIG. 8] FIG. 8 is a diagram in which results of the 3-point bending crush test are summarized.

    [FIG. 9A] FIG. 9A is a schematic diagram to show one example of deformation behavior of a bumper reinforcement, which induces break-off of the joined part, and is a cross sectional view of the bumper reinforcement when viewed from sideward of the vehicle.

    [FIG. 9B] FIG. 9B is a plan view of the bumper reinforcement shown in FIG. 9A, when viewed from upward of the vehicle.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0019] In order to solve the above described problems, the inventors of the present invention have conducted diligent research, resulting in obtaining the following findings. A causal factor of occurrence of break-off of a joined part of the bumper reinforcement is out-of-plane deformation in the surrounding of the joined part due to compressive force generated in the lengthwise direction of a BR upon collision. For that reason, if it is possible to suppress out-of-plane deformation in the surrounding of a joined part upon collision, it becomes possible to suppress break-off of the joined part, thereby improving anti-collision safety. To suppress out-of-plane deformation in the surrounding of the joined part, it is only necessary to improve the rigidity of the two members (panel and CP) constituting the BR.

    [0020] Specifically, for a long-size panel having a hat-shaped cross section (corresponding to the second member), an upstanding part (second upstanding part) is provided on a side edge along the lengthwise direction in the flange part of the panel, so as to stand up from the side edge. As a result of this, a ridge part along the lengthwise direction is made up in the panel, thus improving the rigidity of the panel. Further, regarding a long-size CP (corresponding to first member) to which a collision load is to be inputted, an upstanding part (first upstanding part) is provided in the side edge along the lengthwise direction in the CP, so as to stand up from the side edge. As a result of this, a ridge part along the lengthwise direction is made up in the CP, thereby improving the rigidity of the CP. Increases in the rigidity of both the panel and the CP (particularly, the rigidity of the side edge parts of the both) will suppress deformation in the vicinity of the joined part upon collision. As a result of that, it becomes possible to mitigate load generated at a joined part, thereby suppressing break-off of the joined part.

    [0021] The bumper reinforcement and the vehicle of the present invention have been completed based on the above described findings.

    [0022] The BR according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a first member, and a second member. The first member includes a flat sheet part and two first upstanding parts. The flat sheet part extends in a direction. The first upstanding part is connected to each of the two side edges of the flat sheet part along the direction. Further, the first upstanding part is provided in all of, or a part of the side edge of the flat sheet part. The second member includes a top plate part, two vertical wall parts, two flange parts, and two second upstanding parts. The top plate part extends in the direction. The vertical wall parts are respectively connected to the two side edges of the top plate part along the direction. The flange parts are respectively connected to the two vertical wall parts. The second upstanding parts are respectively connected to side edges of the two flange parts along the direction. Further, the second upstanding parts are provided so as to correspond to the first upstanding parts. The two flange parts of the second member are joined with the flat sheet part of the first member. The first upstanding parts stand up on a side of the second member.

    [0023] Here, the first member corresponds to a long-size closing plate. The second member corresponds to a long-size panel. In a typical example, the first member is made of metal sheet (examples: cold-rolled steel sheet, hot-rolled steel sheet, hot-dip galvanized steel sheet, alloyed hot-dip galvanized steel sheet, aluminum sheet, etc.). The second member is made of metal sheet (examples: cold-rolled steel sheet, hot-rolled steel sheet, hot-dip galvanized steel sheet, alloyed hot-dip galvanized steel sheet, aluminum sheet, etc.). The material qualities of the first member and the second member may be the same or different. The first member can be formed into an appropriate shape by press working. The second member can be formed into an appropriate shape by press working. The press working may be cold working, or may also be hot stamping in which quenching is performed concurrently with forming. However, processing method for obtaining the first and second members may be, not limited to press working, other processing methods (example: bending, etc.). Joining of the two flange parts of the second member with the flat sheet part of the first member may be performed by resistance spot welding. Such joining may be performed by welding such as laser welding, and may also be performed by adhesives.

    [0024] The BR is attached to the front part or the rear part of a vehicle. Then, the first member is disposed facing toward the outside of the vehicle. In other words, the second member is disposed facing toward the inside of the vehicle. In this case, the second member is attached to the body of the vehicle, and collision load is inputted to the first member side.

    [0025] The above described a direction means the lengthwise direction of the BR. In terms of the BR being attached to the vehicle, the above described a direction means a left and right direction (vehicle width direction). The first upstanding part may be provided on all of the two side edges of the flat sheet part in the first member, or on a part of the side edges. In a typical example of an aspect in which the first upstanding part is provided on a part of the side edge of the flat sheet part, the first upstanding part is provided in a central area in the lengthwise direction. The second upstanding part may be provided on all of the side edges of the two flange parts in the second member, or on a part of the side edges. In a typical example of an aspect in which the second upstanding part is provided on a part of the side edge of the flange part, the second upstanding part is provided in the central area in the lengthwise direction so as to correspond to the position of the first upstanding part. Note that, the region where the first upstanding part is provided does not necessarily need to coincide with the region of the second upstanding part, and may be larger than the region of the second upstanding part.

    [0026] According to the BR of the present embodiment, a first upstanding part is provided on a side edge along the lengthwise direction in the first member (CP). Further, a second upstanding part is provided on the side edge along the lengthwise direction in the flange part of the second member (panel) so as to correspond to the first upstanding part. As a result of this, ridge parts along the lengthwise direction are made up on the side edges of both the first member and the second member, thereby improving rigidity of the both. For that reason, deformation in the vicinity of the joined part is suppressed upon collision. As a result of that, it is possible to mitigate load generated in a joined part, thereby suppressing break-off of the joined part. Therefore, the BR can sufficiently absorb collision load.

    [0027] Further, when joining between the first member and the second member is performed by spot welding, there are also advantages as follows. It becomes possible to reduce the strength demanded for the joined part. For that reason, the number of welding parts (welding spots) can be reduced. Moreover, the nugget diameter of welding parts can be decreased. Therefore, workability necessary for the joining (spot welding) will be improved.

    [0028] In the BR of the present embodiment, it is preferable to adopt the following configurations. The first upstanding part includes a first ridge part adjacent to the flat sheet part, and a first flat part adjacent to the first ridge part. The second upstanding part includes a second ridge part adjacent to the flange part, and a second flat part adjacent to the second ridge part. In a cross section across the direction, a gap (hereinafter, also referred to as a "gap between upstanding parts") between a boundary between the second ridge part and the second flat part, and a boundary between the first ridge part and the first flat part is not less than 0 mm and less than 9 mm.

    [0029] The gap between upstanding parts is preferably as close to zero as possible. Most preferable condition is that the boundary between the second ridge part and the second flat part, and the boundary between the first ridge part and the first flat part are in contact with each other. This is because, as the gap between upstanding parts decreases, the suppression effect against break-off of the joined part increases. On the other hand, an excessively large gap between upstanding parts will decrease the suppression effect against break-off of the joined part. In this case, as the result of the width of the first member being increased, the weight of the first member increases, and thus the weight of the entire BR increases. Moreover, when the gap between upstanding parts is not less than 9 mm, there is a risk that break-off of a joined part may occur. Therefore, the gap between upstanding parts is preferably not more than 0 mm and less than 9 mm.

    [0030] In the case of that BR, it is preferable to further adopt the following configurations. In a cross section across the direction, the lengths of the first and second flat parts are not less than 5 mm.

    [0031] It is only necessary that the length of the first and second flat parts (hereinafter, also referred to as "flat part length") is more than 0 mm. However, an excessively small flat part length will decrease the suppression effect against break-off of the joined part. Therefore, the flat part length is preferably not less than 5 mm. The upper limit of the flat part length is not particularly limited. However, an excessively large flat part length will increase the weight of the first and second member, and thus the weight of the entire BR increases. Therefore, the preferable upper limit of the flat part length is about 15 mm.

    [0032] In the BR of the present embodiment, it is preferable to adopt the following configurations. The tensile strength of at least one of the first member and the second member is not less than 1180 MPa.

    [0033] However, the tensile strengths of the first and second members are not particularly limited. If the tensile strength of at least one of the first member and the second member is not less than 1180 MPa, advantageous effects of the present embodiment will be effectively exhibited. More preferably, the tensile strengths of both the first member and the second member are not less than 1180 MPa. Forming the first and second members by hot stamping will result in that the tensile strengths of those members are 1470 MPa to 2500 MPa.

    [0034] A vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention is provided with the above described BR in a front part of rear part thereof. And the first member is disposed facing toward the outside of the vehicle. According to the vehicle of the present embodiment, as described above, it is possible to suppress break-off of the joined part of the BR upon collision, thus sufficiently absorbing collision load.

    [0035] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

    [0036] FIG. 1 is a perspective view to show an example of the BR of the present embodiment. FIGS. 2A and 2B are each a cross sectional view of the BP of the present embodiment. The cross section herein refers to a cross section across the lengthwise direction of the BR. Specifically, FIGS. 2A and 2B are cross sectional views of a BR attached to the vehicle viewed from sideward of the vehicle. Among these figures, FIG. 2A shows the entire area of a cross section. FIG. 2B shows a part of a cross section. FIG. 2B shows side edge parts of the first and second members including the first and second upstanding parts in the BR of the present embodiment.

    [0037] As shown in FIGS. 1 to 2B, a bumper reinforcement 10 of the present embodiment includes a first member 1 and a second member 2. The first member 1 is made of steel sheet, and corresponds to a long-size closing plate. The second member 2 is made of steel sheet and corresponds to a long-size panel. These first and second members 1 and 2 are formed by press working.

    [0038] The first member 1 includes a flat sheet part 11 and two first upstanding parts 12. The flat sheet part 11 and the first upstanding part 12 extend in a direction, that is, in the lengthwise direction of the BR 10. In terms of the BR 10 being attached to the vehicle, the flat sheet part 11 and the first upstanding part 12 extend in a vehicle width direction (see the double-pointed arrow in FIG. 1). Therefore, the two side edges of the flat sheet part 11 extend along the lengthwise direction of the BR 10. The first upstanding parts 12 are connected to all of the two side edges of the flat sheet part 11. Each first upstanding part 12 is bent from the side edge of the flat sheet part 11, and stands up with respect to the flat sheet part 11. Such first member 1 has a generally C-shaped cross section in which side edge parts are bent.

    [0039] Note that the flat sheet part 11 may be strictly flat-shaped, or may be curved to some extent. Moreover, the flat sheet part 11 may be provided with unevenness or holes.

    [0040] The second member 2 includes a top plate part 24, two vertical wall parts 22, two flange parts 21, and two second upstanding parts 23. The top plate part 24, the vertical wall parts 22, the flange parts 21 and the second upstanding parts 23 extend in the lengthwise direction of the BR 10 (vehicle width direction). Therefore, the two side edges of the top plate part 24 extend along the lengthwise direction of the BR 10. The vertical wall parts 22 are connected to all of the two side edges of the top plate part 24. The flange parts 21 are respectively connected to the two vertical wall parts 22. The flange parts 21 are substantially parallel with the top plate part 24. The side edges of the flange part 21 extend along the lengthwise direction of the BR 10. The second upstanding part 23 is connected to all of the side edges of the two flange parts 21. The second upstanding part 23 is bent from the side edge of the flange part 21 and stands up with respect to the flange part 21. Such second member 2 has a generally hat-shaped cross section in which side edge parts are bent.

    [0041] Note that the top plate part 24 and the vertical wall parts 22 may be strictly flat-shaped, or may be curved to some extent. Moreover, the top plate part 24 and the vertical wall parts 22 may be provided with unevenness or holes.

    [0042] The first member 1 and the second member 2 are integrated by being joined by welding. Specifically, two flange parts 21 of the second member 2, and the flat sheet part 11 of the first member 1 are superposed on each other, and the superposed parts are joined by spot welding. A joined part 3 between the first member 1 and the second member 2 is made up along a lengthwise direction (vehicle width direction) of the BR 10 (see FIG. 1). In this way, the BR 10 having a closed cross section is assembled.

    [0043] In the BR 10 of the present embodiment, the first upstanding part 12 stands up toward the second member 2 side. The second upstanding part 23 is disposed on the inner side of the first upstanding part 12.

    [0044] The BR 10 is attached to a front part of a vehicle. In this case, the first member 1 is disposed facing forward (the outside) of the vehicle. Therefore, the first upstanding part 12 protrudes toward rearward (the inside) of the vehicle, and a collision load is inputted to the first member 1 side (see the void arrow in FIG. 2A). The two vertical wall parts 22 of the second member 2 lie substantially parallel with the direction of collision load. On the other hand, when the BR 10 is attached to the rear part of the vehicle, the first member 1 is disposed facing toward rearward (the outside) of the vehicle.

    [0045] As shown in FIG. 2B, the first upstanding part 12 of the first member 1 includes a first ridge part R1 adjacent to the flat sheet part 11, and a first flat part F1 adjacent to the first ridge part R1. Specifically, by providing the first upstanding part 12 in the first member 1, the first ridge part R1 along the lengthwise direction is made up on the side edge part of the first member 1. Further, the first flat part F1 standing up with respect to the flat sheet part 11 is made up.

    [0046] Similarly, the second upstanding part 23 of the second member 2 includes a second ridge part R2 adjacent to the flange part 21, and a second flat part F2 adjacent to the second ridge part R2. Specifically, by providing the second upstanding part 23 in the second member 2, the second ridge part R2 along the lengthwise direction is made up on the side edge part of the second member 2. Further, the second flat part F2 standing up with respect to the flange part 21 is made up.

    [0047] According to the BR 10 of the present embodiment, a first ridge part R1 is made up on the side edge part of the first member 1 (CP). Further, a second ridge part R2 is made up on the side edge part of the second member 2 (panel). This results in increase of the rigidities of the first member 1 and the second member 2. Therefore, deformation of the vicinity of the joined part 3 upon collision is suppressed. As a result, it becomes possible to suppress break-off of the joined part 3. Therefore, the BR 10 can sufficiently absorb collision load.

    [0048] Here, regarding the first upstanding part 12 of the first member 1, it is preferable that an upstanding angle θ1 of the first flat part F1 with respect to the flat sheet part 11 is not less than 60° and less than 180°. Similarly, regarding the second upstanding part 23 of the second member 2, it is preferable that an upstanding angle θ2 of the second flat part F2 with respect to the flange part 21 is not less than 60° and less than 180°. A more preferable range of upstanding angles θ1 and θ2 is from not less than 75° to not more than 105°. If the upstanding angles θ1 and θ2 are within that range, suppression effect against break-off of the joined part 3 is effectively exhibited. The upstanding angle θ1 of the first flat part F1 and the upstanding angle θ2 of the second flat part F2 may be the same or different. Considering the formability of the first member 1 and the second member 2, and assembling workability of the BR 10, the most preferable upstanding angles θ1 and θ2 are 90°.

    [0049] Regarding the first upstanding part 12, a radius of curvature of the first ridge part R1 is preferably 0 to 10 mm. Similarly, regarding the second upstanding part 23, the radius of curvature of the second ridge part R2 is preferably 0 to 10 mm. A more preferable range of radius of curvature of the ridge parts R1 and R2 is 0 to 5 mm. If the radius of curvature is within that range, it is possible to effectively suppress break-off of the joined part 3. The radius of curvature of the first ridge part R1 and the radius of curvature of the second ridge part R2 may be the same, or different. Note that, the radii of curvature of the ridge parts R1 and R2 respectively means radii of curvature of contours on the inner peripheral side of the ridge parts R1 and R2.

    [0050] For the first upstanding part 12, a length (flat part length) h1 of the first flat part F1 may be more than 0 mm. Similarly, for the second upstanding part 23, a length (flat part length) h2 of the second flat part F2 may be more than 0 mm. More preferable lengths h1 and h2 are not less than 5 mm. Because excessively small lengths h1 and h2 will decrease suppression effect against break-off of the joined part 3. However, excessively large lengths h1 and h2 will result in increase in the weight of the entire BR 10. For that reason, upper limits of the lengths h1 and h2 are preferably about 15 mm.

    [0051] The length h1 of the first flat part F1 and the length h2 of the second flat part F2 may be the same, or different. However, if the difference between the lengths h2 and h1 is excessively large, significant difference occurs between deformation behaviors of the first upstanding part 12 and the second upstanding part 23 upon collision. This may cause the joined part 3 to be broken off. Therefore, a ratio (h2/h1) of the length h2 of the second flat part F2 and the length h1 of the first flat part F1 is preferably in a range of 0.6 to 1.67. A more preferable range of the ratio of length (h2/h1) is 0.7 to 1.4.

    [0052] As shown in FIG. 2B, a gap (gap between upstanding parts) d between a boundary between the second ridge part R2 and the second flat part F2, and a boundary between the first ridge part R1 and the first flat part F1 may be not less than 0 mm. Particularly, the gap d between upstanding parts is preferably as close to 0 as possible. Most preferable condition is a state in which both the boundaries are in contact (d = 0). This is because, as the gap d between upstanding parts decreases, the suppression effect against break-off of the joined part 3 increases. On the other hand, excessively large gap d will decrease suppression effect against break-off of the joined part 3. In this case, since the width of the first member 1 expands, the weight of the entire BR 10 increases. Hereinafter, results of investigation of effects of the gap d on the break-off of the joined part 3 are shown.

    [0053] FIG. 3 is a cross sectional view to schematically show the BR of the present embodiment, which has been used for the investigation relating to break-off of joined part. As shown in FIG. 3, as specimens, a plurality of BRs 10 constituted by the first member (CP) and the second member (panel) were prepared. In the plurality of specimens, the gap d between upstanding parts was variously varied. The first member and the second member are respectively formed by subjecting cold-rolled steel sheet to press working at a room temperature. The steel sheet had a sheet thickness of 2 mm, and a tensile strength of 1310 MPa. Joining of the first member and the second member was performed by welding using a single-phase alternating-current spot welding machine. In spot welding, welding pressure was 500 kgf, energization time was 20 cycles, and current value was 7.3 kA. In this way, a BR 10 having a total length of 1000 mm was fabricated.

    [0054] In the second member (panel) constituting the BR 10, the top plate part had a width of 80 mm, and the vertical wall part had a height of 60 mm. The total width of the second member, that is, the length from the side edge of one flange part to the side edge of the other flange part, was 120 mm. Moreover, each ridge part of the first upstanding part and the second upstanding part had a radius of curvature of 5 mm. Moreover, each flat part of the first upstanding part and the second upstanding part had an upstanding angle of 90°. Each flat part of the first upstanding part and the second upstanding part had a length of 10 mm. Moreover, the spacing between a plurality of welded parts (welded spots) made up along the lengthwise direction of the BR 10 was 30 mm. The nugget diameter of welded part was 6 mm. Changing of the gap d between upstanding parts was performed by changing the total width of the first member.

    [0055] Then, for a plurality of BRs 10 having different gaps d between upstanding parts, a 3-point bending crush test was conducted. Note that the essentials of this test were the same as those in the test of Examples described below. Results thereof are shown in FIG. 4.

    [0056] FIG. 4 is a diagram to show results of investigation on break-off of joined parts by the BR of the present embodiment. In FIG. 4, the abscissa indicates the gap d between upstanding parts, and the ordinate indicates the stroke of an impactor upon break-off of the joined part. As shown in FIG. 4, when the gap d between upstanding parts was not less than 9 mm, break-off of joined part occurred.

    [0057] This is considered to be due to the following reasons. As the gap d between upstanding parts increases, the distance between the first ridge part made up on the side edge part and a joined part between the first member and the second member increases. In other words, the distance between the first upstanding part and the joined part increases. For that reason, suppression of deformation in the vicinity of the joined part 3 in the first member will not effectively occur. As a result of that, suppression effects against break-off of joined parts decrease.

    [0058] Therefore, the gap d between the upstanding parts is preferably not less than 0 mm, and less than 9 mm. In another aspect, the distance between the first upstanding part 12 and the joined part 3 is preferably not less than 5 mm, and not more than 16.5 mm. Moreover, the distance between the second upstanding part 23 and the joined part 3 is preferably not less than 6 mm, and not more than 17.5 mm.

    [0059] In the BR 10 according to the invention, the first upstanding part 12 (first flat part F1) of the first member 1 and the second upstanding part 23 (flat part F2) of the second member 2 must not be joined. In other words, the first upstanding part 12 and the second upstanding part 23 must not be integrated together, even when they are in contact with each other.

    [0060] If the first upstanding part 12 and the second upstanding part 23 are integrated, when the BR 10 receives collision load, individual deformation of the first upstanding part 12 and the second upstanding part 23 is restricted, and deviation due to deformation of the both cannot be tolerated. For that reason, shear stress occurs in the joined part 3. As a result, possibility that the joined part 3 is broken off in an early stage increases.

    [0061] Note that in the examples shown in FIGS. 1 and 2A, the cross sectional shape of one first upstanding part 12 and the cross sectional shape of the other first upstanding part 12 are symmetric to each other. However, the cross sectional shapes of the both may be non-symmetric. Similarly, the cross sectional shape of one second upstanding part 23 and the cross sectional shape of the other second upstanding part 23 may be symmetric, or non-symmetric.

    [0062]  Moreover, in the examples shown in FIGS. 1 and 2A, the BR 10 is constituted by two members, which are the first member 1 and the second member 2. However, a third member may be provided as a reinforcement member between the first member 1 and the second member 2.

    [0063] FIG. 5 is a perspective view to show another example of the BR of the present embodiment. As shown in FIG. 5, in the present embodiment, the first and second upstanding parts 12 and 23 are provided in a central area in the lengthwise direction of the BR 10. Specifically, the first upstanding part 12 is provided on a part of each of the two side edges of the flat sheet part 11 in the first member 1. The second upstanding part 23 is provided on a part of each side edge of the two flange parts 21 in the second member 2 so as to coincide with the position of the first upstanding part 12. Such a BR 10 can even achieve similar effects to those by the above described BR 10.

    [0064] Typically, the BR attached to the vehicle body is supported at its both ends. Upon collision, the BR is often subjected to a high load at a furthest portion from the supporting point (a central part in the lengthwise direction of the BR). In this case, the central part in the lengthwise direction of the BR undergoes bending deformation. Therefore, there is a risk that the joined part is broken off at the central part in the lengthwise direction of the BR. Then, as shown in FIG. 5, providing the first and second upstanding parts 12 and 23 in a central area in the lengthwise direction of the BR 10 enables to restrain the weight of the BR 10 to a necessary minimum while suppressing break-off of the joined part. Therefore, the BR 10 shown in FIG. 5 is light weight, and can sufficiently absorb collision load. In the case of this BR 10, the first and second upstanding parts 12 and 23 are preferably provided at least within a region from -50 mm to +50 mm from the central part in the lengthwise direction of the BR 10.

    EXAMPLES



    [0065]  In order to confirm effects by the present embodiment, a 3-point bending crush test was conducted for three types of BRs: Example, Comparative Example 1, and Comparative Example 2, to evaluate collision performance of a BR.

    [0066] FIG. 6A is a cross sectional view to schematically show a BR of Example. FIG. 6B is a cross sectional view to schematically show a BR of Comparative Example 1. FIG. 6C is a cross sectional view to schematically show a BR of Comparative Example 2.

    [0067] As shown in FIG. 6A, in Example, a BR 50 constituted by a first member (CP) and a second member (panel) was prepared. This BR 50 is in conformity with the BR 10 shown in FIG. 1. The first member and the second member were, respectively, formed by subjecting a cold-rolled steel sheet to press working at a room temperature. The steel sheet had a thickness of 2 mm, and a tensile strength of 1310 MPa. Joining of the first member 1 and the second member 2 was performed by welding using a single-phase alternating-current spot welding machine. In spot welding, welding pressure was 500 kgf, energization time was 20 cycles, and current value was 7.3 kA. In this way, a BR 50 having a total length of 1000 mm was fabricated.

    [0068] In the second member of the BR 50 of Example, the top plate part had a width of 80 mm, and the vertical wall part had a height of 60 mm. The second member had a total width of 120 mm. Moreover, the first upstanding part and the second upstanding part each had a length of 15 mm. Moreover, the ridge part of each of the first upstanding part and the second upstanding part had a radius of curvature R of 5 mm. The upstanding angle of the flat part of each of the first upstanding part and the second upstanding part was 90°. The flat part of each of the first upstanding part and the second upstanding part had a length of 10 mm. All of the gaps d between upstanding parts were 0 mm. Moreover, spacing of a plurality of welded spots made up along the lengthwise direction of the BR 50 was 30 mm. The nugget diameter of a welded part was 6 mm.

    [0069]  As shown in FIG. 6B, in Comparative Example 1, a BR 60 constituted by a first member (CP) and a second member (panel) was prepared. In this BR 60, neither the first upstanding part nor the second upstanding part of the BR 50 shown in FIG. 6A was provided. Otherwise, configurations were the same as those of the BR 50 shown in FIG. 6A.

    [0070] As shown in FIG. 6C, in Comparative Example 2, a BR 70 constituted by a first member (CP) and a second member (panel) was prepared. In this BR 70, the first upstanding part of the BR 50 shown in FIG. 6A was not provided. Otherwise, configurations were the same as those of the BR 50 shown in FIG. 6A.

    [0071] FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram to show an outline of a 3-point bending crush test. Note that reference symbol 53 in FIG. 7 shows a joined part by spot welding.

    [0072] As shown in FIG. 7, the BR 50 (60, 70) was supported at two points 92a and 92b from the second member (panel) side. The spacing between supporting points was 800 mm. An impactor 91 was caused to collide at the center in the lengthwise direction of the BR 50 from the first member (CP) side to crush the BR 50. The impactor 91 had a radius of curvature of 150 mm. Collision speed of the impactor 91 was 2500 mm/sec. Results thereof are shown in FIG. 8.

    [0073] FIG. 8 is a diagram in which results of the 3-point bending crush test are summarized. In FIG. 8, the stroke of the impactor is shown in the abscissa, and load acting on the impactor, that is, load to which the BR is subjected is shown in the ordinate. Further, after the test, the joined parts of the BRs 50, 60, and 70 were observed to confirm whether or not break-off had occurred.

    [0074] In the BR 50 of Example, no break-off of the joined part occurred. On the other hand, in the BR 60 of Comparative Example 1 and the BR 70 of Comparative Example 2, break-off of the joined part occurred.

    [0075]  Moreover, results shown in FIG. 8 reveal the following matters. While a maximum load of Example was 75 kN, the maximum load of Comparative Example 1 was 45 kN, and the maximum load of Comparative Example 2 was 62 kN. Therefore, it is seen that according to the BR of Example based on the present embodiment, the maximum load upon collision increases.

    [0076] Note that preparing a BR in which joining was performed by laser welding instead of spot welding, a similar test as described above was conducted. Further, preparing a BR in which joining was performed by an adhesive instead of spot welding, a similar test as described above was conducted. In these tests as well, the same trends as those described above were confirmed.

    [0077] The test results described so far have demonstrated that according to the BR and vehicle of the present embodiment, it is possible to suppress break-off of joined parts upon collision, and sufficiently absorb collision load.

    REFERENCE SIGNS LIST



    [0078] 
    10
    Bumper reinforcement
    1
    First member
    11
    Flat sheet part
    12
    First upstanding part
    2
    Second member
    21
    Flange part
    22
    Vertical wall part
    23
    Second upstanding part
    24
    Top plate part
    3
    Joined part



    Claims

    1. A bumper reinforcement (10), comprising:

    a first member (1) including a flat sheet part (11) extending in a direction, and two first upstanding parts (12) respectively standing up from two side edges of the flat sheet part (11) along the direction, the first upstanding parts (12) provided on all or a part of the side edges of the flat sheet part (11); and

    a second member (2) including a top plate part (24) extending in the direction, two vertical wall parts (22) respectively connected to two side edges of the top plate part (24) along the direction, two flange parts (21) respectively connected to the two vertical wall parts (22), and two second upstanding parts (23) respectively connected to side edges of the two flange parts (21) along the direction, the second upstanding parts (23) provided so as to correspond to the first upstanding parts (12), wherein

    the two flange parts (21) of the second member (2) and the flat sheet part (11) of the first member (1) are joined together,

    the first upstanding part (12) stands up on a side of the second member (2), and

    the first upstanding part (12) and the second upstanding part (23) are not integrated together.


     
    2. The bumper reinforcement (10) according to claim 1, wherein
    the first upstanding part (12) includes a first ridge part (R1) adjacent to the flat sheet part (11), and a first flat part (F1) adjacent to the first ridge part (R1),
    the second upstanding part (23) includes a second ridge part (R2) adjacent to the flange part (21), and a second flat part (F2) adjacent to the second ridge part (R2), and
    in a cross section across the direction, a gap d between a boundary between the second ridge part (R2) and the second flat part(F2), and a boundary between the first ridge part (R1) and the first flat part (F1) is not less than 0 mm and less than 9 mm.
     
    3. The bumper reinforcement (10) according to claim 2, wherein
    in the cross section, the first and second flat parts (F1, F2) each have a length of not less than 5 mm.
     
    4. The bumper reinforcement (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein
    at least one of the first member (1) and the second member (2) has a tensile strength of not less than 1180 MPa.
     
    5. A vehicle, comprising the bumper reinforcement (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 4, in a front part or a rear part thereof, wherein
    the first member (1) is disposed facing toward an outside of the vehicle.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Stoßfängerverstärkung (10), umfassend:

    ein erstes Element (1), das ein flaches Blechteil (11), das sich in einer Richtung erstreckt, und zwei erste aufrechte Teile (12), die sich jeweils von zwei Seitenkanten des flachen Blechteils (11) entlang der Richtung erheben, beinhaltet, wobei die ersten aufrechten Teile (12) an allen oder einem Teil der Seitenkanten des flachen Blechteils (11) bereitgestellt sind; und

    ein zweites Element (2), das ein Deckplattenteil (24), das sich in der Richtung erstreckt, zwei vertikale Wandteile (22), die jeweils mit zwei Seitenkanten des Deckplattenteils (24) entlang der Richtung verbunden sind, zwei Flanschteile (21), die jeweils mit den zwei vertikalen Wandteilen (22) verbunden sind, und zwei zweite aufrechte Teile (23), die jeweils mit Seitenkanten der zwei Flanschteile (21) entlang der Richtung verbunden sind, beinhaltet, wobei die zweiten aufrechten Teile (23) bereitgestellt sind, um den ersten aufrechten Teilen (12) zu entsprechen, wobei

    die zwei Flanschteile (21) des zweiten Elements (2) und das flache Blechteil (11) des ersten Elements (1) zusammengefügt sind,

    sich das erste aufrechte Teil (12) auf einer Seite des zweiten Elements (2) erhebt und

    das erste aufrechte Teil (12) und das zweite aufrechte Teil (23) nicht zusammen integriert sind.


     
    2. Stoßfängerverstärkung (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei
    das erste aufrechte Teil (12) ein erstes Rippenteil (R1) benachbart zu dem flachen Blechteil (11) und ein erstes flaches Teil (F1) benachbart zu dem ersten Rippenteil (R1) beinhaltet,
    das zweite aufrechte Teil (23) ein zweites Rippenteil (R2) benachbart zu dem Flanschteil (21) und ein zweites flaches Teil (F2) benachbart zu dem zweiten Rippenteil (R2) beinhaltet und
    in einem Querschnitt durch die Richtung ein Spalt d zwischen einer Grenze zwischen dem zweiten Rippenteil (R2) und dem zweiten flachen Teil (F2) und einer Grenze zwischen dem ersten Rippenteil (R1) und dem ersten flachen Teil (F1) nicht weniger als 0 mm und weniger als 9 mm ist.
     
    3. Stoßfängerverstärkung (10) nach Anspruch 2, wobei
    im Querschnitt das erste und zweite flache Teil (F1, F2) jeweils eine Länge von nicht weniger als 5 mm haben.
     
    4. Stoßfängerverstärkung (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei
    mindestens eines des ersten Elements (1) und des zweiten Elements (2) eine Zugfestigkeit von nicht weniger als 1180 MPa hat.
     
    5. Fahrzeug, umfassend die Stoßfängerverstärkung (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, in einem Frontteil oder einem Heckteil davon, wobei
    das erste Element (1) einer Außenseite des Fahrzeugs zugewandt angeordnet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Renfort de pare-chocs (10), comprenant :

    un premier élément (1) comprenant une partie de tôle plate (11) s'étendant dans une direction, et deux premières parties verticales (12) respectivement dressés depuis deux bords latéraux de la partie de tôle plate (11) dans la direction, les premières parties verticales (12) disposées sur tout ou partie des bords latéraux de la partie de tôle plate (11) ; et

    un deuxième élément (2) comprenant une partie de plaque supérieure (24) s'étendant dans la direction, deux parties de paroi verticale (22) respectivement reliées à deux bords latéraux de la partie de plaque supérieure (24) dans la direction, deux parties de bride (21) respectivement reliées aux deux parties de paroi verticale (22), et deux deuxièmes parties verticales (23) respectivement reliées aux bords latéraux des deux parties de bride (21) dans la direction, les deuxièmes parties verticales (23) disposées de manière à correspondre aux premières parties verticales (12),

    les deux parties de bride (21) du deuxième élément (2) et la partie de tôle plate (11) du premier élément (1) étant reliées ensemble,

    la première partie verticale (12) étant dressée sur un côté du deuxième élément (2), et

    la première partie verticale (12) et la deuxième partie verticale (23) n'étant pas intégrées ensemble.


     
    2. Renfort de pare-chocs (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    la première partie verticale (12) comprend une première partie d'arête (R1) adjacente à la partie de tôle plate (11), et une première partie plate (F1) adjacente à la première partie d'arête (R1),
    la deuxième partie verticale (23) comprend une deuxième partie d'arête (R2) adjacente à la partie de bride (21), et une deuxième partie plate (F2) adjacente à la deuxième partie d'arête (R2), et
    dans une section transversale par rapport à la direction, un espacement d entre une limite entre la deuxième partie d'arête (R2) et la deuxième partie plate (F2), et une limite entre la première partie d'arête (R1) et la première partie plate (F1) n'est pas inférieure à 0 mm et inférieure à 9 mm.
     
    3. Renfort de pare-chocs (10) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel
    dans la section transversale, les première et deuxième parties plates (F1, F2) présentent chacune une longueur de pas moins de 5 mm.
     
    4. Renfort de pare-chocs (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel
    le premier élément (1) et/ou le deuxième élément (2) présentent une force de traction de pas moins de 1180 MPa.
     
    5. Véhicule, comprenant le renfort de pare-chocs (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans une partie avant ou une partie arrière de celui-ci, dans lequel
    le premier élément (1) est orienté vers un côté extérieur du véhicule.
     




    Drawing
































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description