(19)
(11)EP 3 322 327 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 16747455.0

(22)Date of filing:  14.07.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61B 5/00(2006.01)
A61B 5/0408(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2016/066802
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/009430 (19.01.2017 Gazette  2017/03)

(54)

METHODS FOR ADAPTIVE NOISE QUANTIFICATION IN DYNAMIC BIOSIGNAL ANALYSIS

VERFAHREN ZUR ADAPTIVEN RAUSCHQUANTIFIZIERUNG IN DER DYNAMISCHEN BIOSIGNALANALYSE

PROCÉDÉS DE QUANTIFICATION ADAPTATIVE DU BRUIT DANS UNE ANALYSE DYNAMIQUE DE BIOSIGNAUX


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 14.07.2015 US 201562192504 P
14.07.2015 ES 201531026

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/21

(73)Proprietor: Smart Solutions Technologies, S.L.
280043 Madrid (ES)

(72)Inventors:
  • AGUSTIN, Maciá Barber
    280043 Madrid (ES)
  • XAVIER, Ibáñez Català
    280043 Madrid (ES)

(74)Representative: Grund, Martin 
Grund Intellectual Property Group Patentanwalt und Solicitor PartG mbB Postfach 44 05 16
80754 München
80754 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2011 184 297
US-A1- 2014 100 432
US-A1- 2012 022 844
  
  • BYUNG-HOON KO ET AL: "Motion artifact reduction in electrocardiogram using adaptive filtering based on half cell potential monitoring", THE EFFECT OF APPLIED COMPRESSIVE LOADING ON TISSUE-ENGINEERED CARTILAGE CONSTRUCTS CULTURED WITH TGF-BETA3, IEEE, 28 August 2012 (2012-08-28), pages 1590-1593, XP032463231, ISSN: 1557-170X, DOI: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346248
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

RELATED APPLICATIONS



[0001] This application claims priority and is entitled to the filing date of U.S. provisional application serial number 62/192,504 - filed on July 14, 2015 - and further claims priority and is entitled to the filing date of ES application number P201531026 - also filed on July 14, 2015.

BACKGROUND



[0002] The subject of this patent application relates generally to biosignal analysis, and more particularly to a system and associated methods for adaptive noise quantification in dynamic biosignal analysis.

[0003] By way of background, biosignal sensors are commonly used to acquire biological signals which are used extensively in the assessment of various clinical physiological conditions - for example, without limitation, in the monitoring of a cardiac condition. Sensors are traditionally placed in contact with the skin of an individual, such as photodiode sensors (i.e., photopletismography) or voltage sensors (i.e., electrocardiography), and the physiological signals which result are examined. Some other sensors, such as magnetic sensors (i.e., magnetoencephalography) do not need to be in direct contact with the skin but rather merely in sufficient proximity to the skin. Such data may be used to monitor and/or evaluate the health and/or physical state of the wearer of such sensors.

[0004] While using such a sensor can provide an accurate measurement of a signal, there are several factors that can affect the signal quality, including, without limitation, stability, noise and/or sensibility. These limitations are due, at least in part, to factors related to relative movements between the biosignal sensor and the user which result in motion artifacts that corrupt the biosignal. This can be exacerbated when a sensor is included in a wearable device. In such a situation, the sensor needs to be integrated in a wearable - such as a garment, for example - in a minimally invasive manner that allows, for example, without limitation, flexibility and comfort to an individual's body; especially in movement. At the same time, the sensor must also be capable of measuring a signal accurately. Thus, motion artifacts are an inherent problem of biosignal sensing in the context of wearable devices and it is necessary to dispose of the proper tools to analyze the biosignal in this adverse situation. Thus, being able to estimate the signal-to-noise ratio of a biosignal is greatly important since making analysis decisions on noisy signals can lead to interpretative mistakes. For example, document US2012/022844 describes a method of noise quantification in biosignal analysis.

[0005] Aspects of the present invention fulfill these needs and provide further related advantages as described in the following summary.

SUMMARY



[0006] Aspects of the present invention teach certain benefits in construction and use which give rise to the exemplary advantages described.

[0007] The invention is set out in the appended set of claims. The embodiments and/or examples of the following description which are not covered by the appended claims are considered as not being part of the present invention.

[0008] The present invention solves the problems described above by providing an adaptive noise quantification methods for use in the dynamic biosignal analysis. In at least one embodiment, not forming part of the invention the system includes an at least one biosignal sensor positioned and configured for obtaining data related to select vitals of the user, and transmitting said data as an at least one biosignal, and an at least one motion sensor positioned and configured for obtaining data related to a motion level of the user, and transmitting said data as an at least one motion signal. An at least one computing device is configured for receiving and processing the at least one biosignal and motion signal. A current motion stage of the user is determined based on the motion signal. A select at least one vital is extracted from suitable portions of the biosignal. A noise descriptor set formed by at least one of a morphological descriptor set and an environmental descriptor set. A noise estimator generates a noise level estimation of the biosignal based on the noise descriptor set and the motion stage of the user. A noise level of the biosignal is then calculated based on the noise level estimation of the select at least one vital.

[0009] Other features and advantages of aspects of the present invention will become apparent from the following more detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, which illustrate, by way of example, the principles of aspects of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0010] The accompanying drawings illustrate aspects of the present invention. In such drawings:

Figure 1 is a simplified schematic view of an exemplary adaptive noise quantification system;

Figure 2 is a schematic of exemplary signals captured by each of a motion sensor and biosignal sensor of the adaptive noise quantification system, and

Figure 3 is a flow diagram of an exemplary method for adaptive noise quantification in dynamic biosignal analysis, in accordance with at least one embodiment.



[0011] The above described drawing figures illustrate aspects of the invention in at least one of its exemplary embodiments, which are further defined in detail in the following description. Features, elements, and aspects of the invention that are referenced by the same numerals in different figures represent the same, equivalent, or similar features, elements, or aspects, in accordance with one or more embodiments.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0012] Turning now to Fig. 1, there is shown a simplified schematic view of an exemplary adaptive noise quantification system 20. The system 20 provides, an at least one computing device 22 configured for receiving and processing select data obtained by an at least one sensor array 23 comprising each of an at least one biosignal sensor 24 in communication with the computing device 22, and an at least one motion sensor 26 in communication with the computing device 22. Additionally, in at least one embodiment, an at least one data storage device 28 is in communication with the computing device 22 and configured for storing said data obtained by the at least one biosignal sensor 24 and motion sensor 26, along with certain other data as discussed further below. In at least one embodiment, the computing device 22 and data storage device 28 are one and the same unit.

[0013] At the outset, it should be noted that communication between each of the at least one computing device 22, at least one biosignal sensor 24, at least one motion sensor 26, and at least one data storage device 28 may be achieved using any wired- or wireless-based communication protocol (or combination of protocols) now known or later developed. As such, the present invention should not be read as being limited to any one particular type of communication protocol, even though certain exemplary protocols may be mentioned herein for illustrative purposes.

[0014] In at least one embodiment, the biosignal sensor 24 is positioned and configured for obtaining select data related to certain vitals of a user on which the biosignal sensor 24 is positioned. For example, in one such embodiment, the biosignal sensor 24 is an electrocardiogram ("ECG") sensor positioned and configured for obtaining data related to the user's heart activity (i.e., electrical activity of the user's heart). In still further embodiments, the at least one biosignal sensor 24 may be any other type of sensor or combination of sensors - now known or later developed - capable of obtaining data related to desired vitals of the user and which might be susceptible to unwanted noise. Thus, while the present system 20 and associated methods are herein discussed in the context of ECG sensors and the user's heart activity for illustrative purposes, the scope of the present invention should not be read as being so limited. In at least one embodiment, the motion sensor 26 is positioned and configured for obtaining select data related to the user's motion level (i.e., at rest, low level of motion, medium level of motion, high level of motion, etc.), the purpose of which is explained further below. For example, in one such embodiment, the motion sensor 26 is a microelectromechanical system ("MEMS") tri-axial accelerometer.

[0015] With continued reference to Fig. 1, in at least one embodiment, the at least one biosignal sensor 24 is positioned on a wearable device, such as garment or other accessory being worn by the user, such as described in at least U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2013/0338472. In still further embodiments, the at least one biosignal sensor 24 may be appropriately positioned in contact with (or proximal to) the user using any other means now known or later developed. Similarly, the at least one motion sensor 26 may be appropriately positioned in contact with (or proximal to) the user using any means now known or later developed. As mentioned above, in at least one embodiment, both the at least one biosignal sensor 24 and at least one motion sensor 26 form the sensor array 23, which should be disposed in such a way that the motion data generated by the at least one motion sensor 26 reflects the motion of the at least one biosignal sensor 24. In at least one embodiment, the computing device 22 is also removably engagable with the user - either directly with the user's body or with a wearable device, such as garment or other accessory being worn by the user. In at least one such embodiment, the motion sensor 26 is positioned within the computing device 22. In at least one further such embodiment, the biosignal sensor 24 is positioned within the computing device 22. In an alternate embodiment, the computing device 22 is positioned elsewhere - either still local to the user or remotely, or even divided, with some of the functional units implemented in a computing device 22 local to the user and other units implemented in remote computer work stations.

[0016] In at least one embodiment, the computing device 22 contains the hardware and software necessary to carry out the exemplary methods for performing adaptive noise quantification in dynamic biosignal analysis as described herein. In at least one embodiment, the computing device 22 provides a biosignal preprocessing module 30, a biosignal processing module 32, and a biosignal analysis module 34, each residing in memory 38 on the computing device 22 (Fig. 1). As discussed further below, in at least one such embodiment, the biosignal preprocessing module 30 is configured for receiving a raw biosignal 40 captured by the biosignal sensor 24, discarding any portion of the biosignal 40 that is determined to be unsuitable for use, and preprocessing the suitable portions; the biosignal processing module 32 is configured for receiving the preprocessed biosignal 40 from the biosignal preprocessing module 30, extracting from the biosignal 40 the desired vitals and calculating the user's current motion level; and the biosignal analysis module 34 is configured for receiving the vitals from the biosignal processing module 32, calculating a noise descriptor set 42 for the vitals and, by using the noise descriptor set 42 and the user's current motion level, estimating a noise level 54 of the biosignal 40. It should be noted that the term "memory" is intended to include any type of electronic storage medium (or combination of storage mediums) now known or later developed, such as local hard drives, solid state drives, RAM, flash memory, secure digital ("SD") cards, external storage devices, network or cloud storage devices, integrated circuits, etc. Furthermore, the various components of the computing device 22 may reside in memory on a single computing device 22, or may separately reside on two or more computing devices 22 in communication with one another. It should also be noted that while the exemplary methods for performing adaptive noise quantification in dynamic biosignal analysis are described herein as being carried out by the above-mentioned modules 30-34, in further embodiments, the below-described functionality may be carried out by more or less modules. Thus, the present system 20 should not be read as being limited to the particular modules 30-34, and their respective functions, described herein; but rather, should be read as generally covering the methods described herein.

[0017] In use, the system 20 utilizes a method for estimating and quantifying the amount of noise - herein referred to as the noise level 54 - that is contaminating the biosignal 40 captured by the biosignal sensor 24, which takes advantage of the fact that the biosignal 40 contains some repetitive events, the vitals, which tend to be highly redundant or repetitive, while noise tends to be random. Noise is essentially random and is mainly provoked by slight and fast displacements of the biosignal sensor 24 from its position relative to the user's body. These displacements are caused by movements of the user. Furthermore, similar motion levels - and similar movements - tend to have similar noise behavior, thereby allowing the system 20 to identify and distinguish different motion stages and, in turn, make better noise estimations.

[0018] In at least one embodiment, as illustrated in the exemplary schematic of Fig. 2 and the flow diagram of Fig. 3, a motion signal 44 is captured by the motion sensor 26 and transmitted to the computing device 22 (302), where it is analyzed to determine a current motion stage 46 of the user (304) - i.e., the wearer of at least the motion sensor 26 and biosignal sensor 24. As mentioned above, in at least one embodiment, the motion sensor 26 is positioned and configured for obtaining select data related to the user's motion level (i.e., at rest, low level of motion, medium level of motion, high level of motion, etc.). Thus, in at least one embodiment, the motion stage 46 of the user is comprised of at least the user's motion level. In at least one embodiment, the computing device 22 extracts the necessary portions of the motion signal 44 and passes them to a classification function that determines the motion stage 46. In at least one such embodiment, where the motion sensor 26 is a MEMS tri-axial accelerometer, the motion sensor 26 measures accelerations in each of an orthogonal X, Y and Z direction and transmits the data, via the communication protocol, to the computing device 22. Using that data, the computing device 22 is able to calculate various parameters, including but not limited to a motion index ("MI") or a median absolute deviation ("MAD"). In a bit more detail, in at least one embodiment, the motion index is a 1-second window integration of the modulus of the X, Y, Z vector without gravitational influence (i.e., a high pass filtering of accelerometry components) using the following formula:

Relatedly, in at least one embodiment, the mean absolute deviation is derived using the following formula:



[0019] Thus, in at least one embodiment, the classification function used to determine the motion stage 46 is a threshold function dependent on previous parameters calculated in predefined intervals of time.

[0020] With continued reference to Fig. 3, in at least one embodiment, the biosignal 40 is captured by the biosignal sensor 24 and is also transmitted to the computing device 22 (306), where it is analyzed to determine and obtain the relevant vitals of the user. In at least one such embodiment, where the biosignal sensor 24 is an ECG sensor or the like, the biosignal sensor 24 senses and transmits raw ECG data, via the communication protocol, to the computing device 22. As mentioned above, in at least one embodiment, the biosignal 40 is first received by the biosignal preprocessing module 30, where any portion of the biosignal 40 determined to be unsuitable for use (i.e., saturated, etc.) is discarded (308). Additionally, any remaining portions of the biosignal 40 are improved by filtering any baseline, power line or high frequency interferences (310).

[0021] The biosignal processing module 32 then extracts from the preprocessed biosignal 40 the desired vitals (312). In at least one embodiment, where the biosignal sensor 24 is an ECG sensor or the like, the vitals are the heart beats that the biosignal processing module 32 is configured to detect.

[0022] The biosignal analysis module 34 then calculates a noise descriptor set 42 for each vital extracted by the biosignal processing module 32. In at least one embodiment, where the biosignal sensor 24 is an ECG sensor or the like, the biosignal analysis module 34 obtains the noise descriptor set 42 for each heart beat, which will be used, together with the corresponding motion stage 46, to estimate the noise level 54 of the beat. In a bit more detail, in at least one embodiment, each noise descriptor set 42 is comprised of at least of one a morphological descriptor set ("MDS") 50, which describes the vitals, and an environmental descriptor set ("EDS") 52, which describes the environment context of the vitals. In at least one such embodiment, the biosignal analysis module 34 calculates three parameters related to the morphological descriptor set 50 (314): a maximum second derivative ("Max2Der"), a derivative zero crosses ("DerivZX"), and a derivative asymmetry ("DerivAsym"). The Max2Der parameter is the maximum value of the absolute second derivative. As the second derivative describes the variation of the slope of the biosignal 40, the maximum absolute value characterizes the concavity/convexity of the biosignal 40; thus, high values indicate sharp peaks, such as spikes. The DerivZX parameter is the zero crosses count of the first derivative, modified by nullifying all values with an absolute value lower than ten percent (10%) of the maximum absolute value. This parameter is high when the biosignal 40 has too many oscillations, such as when the biosignal 40 is very noisy. The DerivAsym parameter is the ratio between the integral of the second half of the absolute derivative and the integral of the first half. In at least one embodiment, for each noise descriptor set 42, the biosignal analysis module 34 also calculates the environmental descriptor set 52 (316), to be used by the computing device 22. For example, one such parameter of the environmental descriptor set 52 is related to adjacent heart beat segments in the biosignal 40 - when a given heart beat is adjacent to or near a relatively noisy segment in the biosignal 40, such is typically indicative of a transition from a very noisy portion of the biosignal 40 to a relatively clean portion of the biosignal 40. Another exemplary parameter of the environmental descriptor set 52 is related to the amplitude of a given heart beat - relatively lower amplitudes tend to be more suitable to having a low signal-to-noise ratio. Another exemplary parameter of the environmental descriptor set 52 is the similarity of the vital to the neighbor vitals, since noisy vitals are less similar to its neighbors and non-noisy vitals should be almost identical. Thus, in at least one embodiment, the noise descriptor set 42 is constructed by grouping both the morphological descriptor set 50 and environmental descriptor set 52 (i.e., { [MDS] , [EDS] }.

[0023] With continued reference to Figs. 2 and 3, with the motion stage 46 of the user determined (304), the computing system 22 uses an appropriate noise estimator 56 (318) to determine the noise level 54 of the biosignal 40 (320) using as input information the noise descriptor set 42 and the motion stage 46. In a bit more detail, in at least one such embodiment, the system 20 provides a plurality of noise estimators 56 with each being tailored and trained to model a different noise behavior for a particular motion stage 46; so each noise estimator 56 is specialized in estimating the noise level 54 of a particular motion stage 46. Additionally, the noise estimator 56 is preferably an at least one artificially intelligent system - such as a neural network - capable of estimating the noise level 54 based on the morphological descriptor set 50 and environmental descriptor set 52 associated with a given noise descriptor set 42 of the biosignal 40. The output of the noise estimator 56 is a noise level 54 estimation ("NL") for the biosignal 40, and a time-dependent noise level 54 function can be obtained for the biosignal 40. This function has a constant value calculated for each discrete unit of the vitals (such as a heart beat, where the biosignal sensor 24 is an ECG sensor or the like), so it is a time-dependent piecewise constant function. In at least one such embodiment, the function is defined as:



[0024] In at least one embodiment, once the noise level 54 for the biosignal 40 has been obtained, this information is stored (322) so that it can be used in different ways by subsequent processing algorithms, such as heart rate calculation methods or arrhythmia detection for example. Thus, the system 20 is capable of performing noise quantification methods on biosignals by analyzing the motion data associated with the user and dynamically adapting the biosignal assessment based on that motion, independently of the physical activity which is being performed by the user.

[0025] In closing, regarding the exemplary embodiments of the present invention as shown and described herein, it will be appreciated that a system not forming part of the invention and associated methods for adaptive noise quantification in dynamic biosignal analysis is disclosed. Because the principles of the invention may be practiced in a number of configurations beyond those shown and described, it is to be understood that the present disclosure is not in any way limited by the exemplary embodiments, but is generally directed to a system and associated methods for adaptive noise quantification in dynamic biosignal analysis and is able to take numerous forms to do so without departing from the scope of the invention. It will also be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the particular geometries and materials of construction disclosed, but may instead entail other functionally comparable structures or materials, now known or later developed, without departing from the scope of the invention. Furthermore, the various features of each of the above-described embodiments may be combined in any logical manner and are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

[0026] Groupings of alternative embodiments, elements, or steps of the present invention are not to be construed as limitations. Each group member may be referred to and claimed individually or in any combination with other group members disclosed herein. It is anticipated that one or more members of a group may be included in, or deleted from, a group for reasons of convenience and/or patentability. When any such inclusion or deletion occurs, the specification is deemed to contain the group as modified thus fulfilling the written description of all Markush groups used in the appended claims.

[0027] Unless otherwise indicated, all numbers expressing a characteristic, item, quantity, parameter, property, term, and so forth used in the present specification and claims are to be understood as being modified in all instances by the term "about." As used herein, the term "about" means that the characteristic, item, quantity, parameter, property, or term so qualified encompasses a range of plus or minus ten percent above and below the value of the stated characteristic, item, quantity, parameter, property, or term. Accordingly, unless indicated to the contrary, the numerical parameters set forth in the specification and attached claims are approximations that may vary. At the very least, and not as an attempt to limit the application of the doctrine of equivalents to the scope of the claims, each numerical indication should at least be construed in light of the number of reported significant digits and by applying ordinary rounding techniques. Notwithstanding that the numerical ranges and values setting forth the broad scope of the invention are approximations, the numerical ranges and values set forth in the specific examples are reported as precisely as possible. Any numerical range or value, however, inherently contains certain errors necessarily resulting from the standard deviation found in their respective testing measurements. Recitation of numerical ranges of values herein is merely intended to serve as a shorthand method of referring individually to each separate numerical value falling within the range. Unless otherwise indicated herein, each individual value of a numerical range is incorporated into the present specification as if it were individually recited herein.

[0028] The terms "a," "an," "the" and similar referents used in the context of describing the present invention (especially in the context of the following claims) are to be construed to cover both the singular and the plural, unless otherwise indicated herein or clearly contradicted by context. All methods described herein can be performed in any suitable order unless otherwise indicated herein or otherwise clearly contradicted by context. The use of any and all examples, or exemplary language (e.g., "such as") provided herein is intended merely to better illuminate the present invention and does not pose a limitation on the scope of the invention otherwise claimed. No language in the present specification should be construed as indicating any non-claimed element essential to the practice of the invention.

[0029] Specific embodiments disclosed herein may be further limited in the claims using consisting of or consisting essentially of language. When used in the claims, whether as filed or added per amendment, the transition term "consisting of" excludes any element, step, or ingredient not specified in the claims. The transition term "consisting essentially of" limits the scope of a claim to the specified materials or steps and those that do not materially affect the basic and novel characteristic(s). Embodiments of the present invention so claimed are inherently or expressly described and enabled herein.

[0030] It should be understood that the logic code, programs, modules, processes, methods, and the order in which the respective elements of each method are performed are purely exemplary. Depending on the implementation, they may be performed in any order or in parallel, unless indicated otherwise in the present disclosure. Further, the logic code is not related, or limited to any particular programming language, and may comprise one or more modules that execute on one or more processors in a distributed, non-distributed, or multiprocessing environment.

[0031] The methods as described above may be used in the fabrication of integrated circuit chips. The resulting integrated circuit chips can be distributed by the fabricator in raw wafer form (that is, as a single wafer that has multiple unpackaged chips), as a bare die, or in a packaged form. In the latter case, the chip is mounted in a single chip package (such as a plastic carrier, with leads that are affixed to a motherboard or other higher level carrier) or in a multi-chip package (such as a ceramic carrier that has either or both surface interconnections or buried interconnections). In any case, the chip is then integrated with other chips, discrete circuit elements, and/or other signal processing devices as part of either (a) an intermediate product, such as a motherboard, or (b) an end product. The end product can be any product that includes integrated circuit chips, ranging from toys and other low-end applications to advanced computer products having a display, a keyboard or other input device, and a central processor.

[0032] While aspects of the invention have been described with reference to at least one exemplary embodiment, it is to be clearly understood by those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited thereto. Rather, the scope of the invention is to be interpreted only in conjunction with the appended claims and it is made clear, here, that the inventor(s) believe that the claimed subject matter is the invention.


Claims

1. A method for adaptive noise quantification in dynamic biosignal analysis of a user, the method comprising the steps of:

transmitting to a computing device (22) an at least one motion signal (44) captured by an at least one motion sensor (26), the motion signal containing data related to a motion level of the user,

wherein the motion sensor is a tri-axial accelerometer;

transmitting to the computing device an at least one biosignal (40) captured by an at least one biosignal sensor (24), the biosignal containing data related to a select at least one vital of the user;

determining by the computing device (22) a motion stage (46) of the user based on the at least one motion signal;

wherein the motion stage is determined by a classification function being a threshold function using at least one of a motion index (MI) and a median absolute deviation (MAD) defined as:

and

discarding any portion of the biosignal determined to be unsuitable for use; extracting the select at least one vital from the remaining portions of the biosignal;

calculating, for each select at least one vital, a noise descriptor set comprising at least one of a morphological descriptor set (50) and an environmental descriptor set (52);

generating a noise level estimation (54) of the select at least one vital based on at least one of the noise descriptor set and the motion stage of the user;

calculating by the computing device (22) a noise level of the biosignal based on the noise level estimation of the select at least one vital; and

storing the noise level estimation at the computing device.


 
2. The method of claim 1, further comprising the step of positioning the at least one motion sensor on a wearable device worn by the user.
 
3. The method of claim 2, wherein the step of positioning the at least one motion sensor further comprises the step of positioning an at least one tri-axial accelerometer on the wearable device worn by the user.
 
4. The method of claim 1, further comprising the step of positioning the at least one biosignal sensor on a wearable device worn by the user.
 
5. The method of claim 4, wherein the step of positioning the at least one biosignal sensor further comprises the step of positioning an at least one electrocardiogram sensor on the wearable device worn by the user.
 
6. The method of any preceding claim, further comprising the step of grouping the at least one motion signal based on motion stages, thereby allowing the computing device to more accurately estimate, identify and separate out noise while performing dynamic biosignal analysis.
 
7. The method of any preceding claim, further comprising the step of removing any baseline, power line, and high frequency interferences in the remaining portions of the biosignal.
 
8. The method of any preceding claim, further comprising the step of selecting an appropriate noise estimator (56), based on the motion stage of the user, for generating the noise level estimation of the biosignal.
 


Ansprüche

1. Ein Verfahren zur adaptiven Quantifizierung von Rauschen bei dynamischer Biosignal-Analyse eines Benutzers, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

Übertragen mindestens eines Bewegungssignals (44), das von mindestens einem Bewegungssensor (26) aufgenommen wurde, an ein Computer-Gerät (22), wobei das Bewegungssignal Daten enthält, die sich auf ein Bewegungslevel des Benutzers beziehen,

wobei der Bewegungssensor ein dreiaxiales Accelerometer ist;

Übertragen mindestens eines Biosignals (40), das von mindestens einem Biosignalsensor (24) aufgenommen wurde, an das Computer-Gerät, wobei das Biosignal Daten enthält, die sich auf mindestens eine ausgewählte Vitalfunktion des Benutzers beziehen;

Bestimmen des Bewegungszustands (46) des Benutzers auf Basis des mindestens einen Bewegungssignals durch das Computer-Gerät (22);

wobei der Bewegungszustand durch eine Klassifizierungsfunktion bestimmt wird, die eine Schwellenwertfunktion ist, unter Verwendung mindestens eines von einem Bewegungsindex (MI) und einer mittleren absoluten Abweichung (MAD), definiert als:

und

Verwerfen jegliches Anteils des Biosignals, der als unbrauchbar zur Verwendung bestimmt wurde;

Extrahieren der ausgewählten mindestens einen Vitalfunktion aus den restlichen Anteilen des Biosignals;

Berechnen eines Rausch-Deskriptor-Sets, das mindestens eins von einem morphologischen Deskriptor-Set (50) und einem Umwelt-Deskriptor-Set (52) umfasst, für jede mindestens eine ausgewählte Vitalfunktion;

Generieren einer Rauschlevel-Abschätzung (54) der ausgewählten mindestens einen Vitalfunktion auf Basis von mindestens von einem des Rausch-Deskriptor-Set und einem Bewegungszustand des Benutzers;

Berechnen eines Rauschlevels des Biosignals auf Basis der Rauschlevel-Abschätzung der ausgewählten mindestens einen Vitalfunktion durch das Computer-Gerät (22); und

Speichern der Rauschlevel-Abschätzung auf dem Computer-Gerät.


 
2. Das Verfahren von Anspruch 1, außerdem umfassend den Schritt des Positionierens des mindestens einem Bewegungssensors auf einer tragbaren Vorrichtung, die vom Benutzer getragen wird.
 
3. Das Verfahren von Anspruch 2, wobei der Schritt des Positionierens des mindestens einen Bewegungssensors außerdem den Schritt des Positionierens mindestens eines dreiaxialen Accelerometers auf der tragbaren Vorrichtung, die vom Benutzer getragen wird, umfasst.
 
4. Das Verfahren von Anspruch 1, außerdem umfassend den Schritt des Positionierens des mindestens einem Biosignalsensors auf einer tragbaren Vorrichtung, die vom Benutzer getragen wird.
 
5. Das Verfahren von Anspruch 4, wobei der Schritt des Positionierens des mindestens einen Biosignalsensors außerdem den Schritt des Positionierens mindestens eines Elektrokardiogramm-Sensors auf der tragbaren Vorrichtung, die vom Benutzer getragen wird, umfasst.
 
6. Das Verfahren von einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, außerdem umfassend der Schritt des Gruppierens des mindestens einen Bewegungssignals auf Basis von Bewegungszuständen, wodurch dem Computer-Gerät erlaubt wird, während der Durchführung von dynamischer Biosignal-Analyse Rauschen genauer abzuschätzen, zu identifizieren und zu auszusortieren.
 
7. Das Verfahren von einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, außerdem umfassend den Schritt des Entfernens jeglicher Basislinien-, Stromleitungs- und Hochfrequenz-Interferenzen in den restlichen Anteilen des Biosignals.
 
8. Das Verfahren eines vorhergehenden Anspruchs, außerdem umfassend den Schritt des Auswählens eines geeigneten Rausch-Schätzers (56) auf Basis des Bewegungszustands des Benutzers, zur Generierung der Rauschlevel-Abschätzung des Biosignals.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de quantification adaptative de bruit en analyse dynamique de biosignaux d'un utilisateur, le procédé comprenant les étapes de :

transmission à un dispositif informatique (22) d'au moins un signal de mouvement (44) capturé par au moins un capteur de mouvement (26), le signal de mouvement contenant des données relatives à un niveau de mouvement de l'utilisateur,

dans lequel le capteur de mouvement est un accéléromètre triaxial ;

transmission au dispositif informatique d'au moins un biosignal (40) capturé par au moins un capteur de biosignal (24), le biosignal contenant des données relatives à au moins un signe vital sélectif de l'utilisateur ;

détermination par le dispositif informatique (22) d'un stade de mouvement (46) de l'utilisateur d'après l'au moins un signal de mouvement ;

dans lequel le stade de mouvement est déterminé par une fonction de classification qui est une fonction de seuil à l'aide d'au moins l'un d'un indice de mouvement (MI) et d'un écart absolu médian (MAD) défini par :

et

rejet de toute portion du biosignal déterminée comme étant inappropriée pour être utilisée ;

extraction de l'au moins un signe vital sélectif des portions restantes du biosignal ;

calcul, pour chaque au moins un signe vital sélectif, d'un jeu de descripteurs de bruit comprenant au moins l'un d'un jeu de descripteurs morphologiques (50) et d'un jeu de descripteurs environnementaux (52) ;

génération d'une estimation de niveau de bruit (54) de l'au moins un signe vital sélectif d'après au moins l'un du jeu de descripteurs de bruit et du stade de mouvement de l'utilisateur ;

calcul par le dispositif informatique (22) d'un niveau de bruit du biosignal d'après l'estimation de niveau de bruit de l'au moins un signe vital sélectif ; et

stockage de l'estimation de niveau de bruit au niveau du dispositif informatique.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre l'étape de positionnement de l'au moins un capteur de mouvement sur un dispositif portable porté par l'utilisateur.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel l'étape de positionnement de l'au moins un capteur de mouvement comprend en outre l'étape de positionnement d'au moins un accéléromètre triaxial sur le dispositif portable porté par l'utilisateur.
 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre l'étape de positionnement de l'au moins un capteur de biosignal sur un dispositif portable porté par l'utilisateur.
 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel l'étape de positionnement de l'au moins un capteur de biosignal comprend en outre l'étape de positionnement d'un au moins un capteur d'électrocardiogramme sur le dispositif portable porté par l'utilisateur.
 
6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre l'étape de regroupement de l'au moins un signal de mouvement d'après des stades de mouvement, permettant ainsi au dispositif informatique d'estimer, identifier et séparer plus précisément un bruit tout en réalisant une analyse dynamique de biosignaux.
 
7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre l'étape d'élimination de toute interférence de ligne de base, de ligne de puissance, et haute fréquence dans les portions restantes du biosignal.
 
8. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre l'étape de sélection d'un estimateur de bruit (56) approprié, d'après le stade de mouvement de l'utilisateur, en vue de générer l'estimation de niveau de bruit du biosignal.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description