(19)
(11)EP 3 323 271 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 16724744.4

(22)Date of filing:  14.04.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H05B 1/02  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/PL2016/050012
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/010898 (19.01.2017 Gazette  2017/03)

(54)

HEATER CONTROL SYSTEM

HEIZSTEUERUNGSSYSTEM

SYSTÈME DE COMMANDE DE DISPOSITIF DE CHAUFFAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 14.07.2015 PL 41312715

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/21

(73)Proprietor: VTS Spolka Z Ograniczona Odpowiedzialnoscia
80-309 Gdansk (PL)

(72)Inventor:
  • SIEK, Tadeusz
    81-198 Suchy Dwor (PL)

(74)Representative: AOMB Polska Sp. z.o.o. 
Ul. Emilii Plater 53 21st Floor
00-113 Warsaw
00-113 Warsaw (PL)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-86/00689
US-A- 5 932 128
FR-A1- 2 369 771
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a heater control system. It is suitable for electric heaters used in ventilation and/or air conditioning systems.

    [0002] A number of solutions for systems controlling the heating devices in different applications is known. Among them we can mention systems specially adapted for power control of heaters in air handling and air conditioning units. They perform the function of switching on and off electric heaters using solid-state relays which are controlled by a signal from the control system. In known control systems of heaters with two-state solid state relays there is a PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) controller, between the host controller and the relay, which, depending on the signal from the host controller, gives to the relays the appropriate signals controlling heaters time on and off.

    [0003] Polish patent description PL 194636 B1 discloses a system for automatically controlling operation of shaft heaters connected to the electronic device for temperature measurement. It has electromagnetic relays and auxiliary relays in which the controlling coils and the set of contacts are connected in a suitable manner with the contacts of the temperature measuring devices, a timer, a switching on circuit board, a circuit board back-up systems and power circuits.

    [0004] Patent application US 2002/0096511 A1 describes a temperature control apparatus for electric heating equipment. It comprises solid state relays connected between an AC power supply and the electric heating equipment connected with the controller. The controller comprises a processor with data interface and a display, powered by a rectifier circuit with the AC adapter. Analog inputs are connected to the heating elements temperature sensors and the input rectifier circuit. The central processing unit outputs control signals for switching the relays. Solid state relays provide input AC voltage continuously or intermittently by cutting one cycle of waveform from the waveform of the input AC voltage.

    [0005] European patent application EP 2 365 732 A1 describes a system and a method for controlling power applied to a heating element. The system comprises an AC voltage supply, a rectifier to provide adequate voltage, the controller with PWM modulator and the DC voltage modulator to achieve a certain level of voltage and supply the analog voltage to the heating element, based on the pulse-width modulation signal. The system also has a user interface, a temperature sensor, a microcontroller connected to the modulator voltage and a feedback circuit between the modulator voltage and the microcontroller. In this system, the set target temperature is compared with the measured actual temperature and the pulse-width modulation signal is modulated on the base of the temperature comparison result. Next the signal is modulated based on the encoded result of the comparison of the expected and actual value of the DC voltage and the expected DC value encoded in the signal pulse-width modulated is changed, based on the comparison result of temperature and/or voltage comparison result.

    [0006] WO 86/00689 A2 discloses an electric hot-water apparatus produces with heating resistances in heating channels a base power and, with three heating resistances in heating channels, an adjustable power. This adjustable power is controlled by a regulating device via triacs.

    [0007] US 5 932 128 A discloses a heater control system having electric heating elements powered from a three-phase alternating current source through solid state relays connected to a controller and provided with safety switch assembly wherein each of the heating elements is connected to a separate proportional control solid state relay.

    [0008] The invention relates to a heater control system having electric heating elements powered from a three-phase alternating current source through solid state relays connected to a controller and provided with a safety switch assembly according to the invention is characterized in that each of the heating elements is connected to the separate proportional control solid state relay and all of the proportional control solid state relays are connected to the controller through a control signal follower.

    [0009] Preferably the control signal follower is an operational amplifier, an input of which is connected to an analog output of the controller of low amperage, and an output is connected to a control input of each of three heating elements connected in a symmetric delta configuration.

    [0010] Preferably the control signal follower is supplied from an external source.

    [0011] An advantage of the present invention is more effective controlling of the heating elements by using the proportional control solid state relays by one standard industrial controller.

    [0012] An embodiment of the heater control system according to the invention is illustrated in the drawing, in which Fig. 1 shows a configuration of supply and control, and Fig. 2 shows a configuration of a control signal follower.

    [0013] In the exemplary embodiment, the heater control system is designed to the ventilation heater having three heating elements G connected in a symmetric delta configuration supplied from the three-phase power system AC 400 V, 50 Hz. The system is equipped with a main switch Q and a safety switch assembly consisting of the electromagnetic contactor K1 combined with thermostat A and pressure switch B. The thermostat A measures the temperature inside the heater - if it exceeds a certain value, the disconnection of power supply occurs. Using a pressure switch B a static pressure fan measurement is implemented - if the fan is not working, the power will not turn on. Each of the three heating elements G is connected to the separate proportional control solid state relay K2, K3, K4. The control input of each of the proportional control solid state relays is connected to the output of the operational amplifier which is a control signal follower W, the input of which is connected to the analog output controller S of a low current efficiency.

    [0014] A control signal follower is 24 V voltage supplied from an external power source Z, in order not to overload the controller. Controller S according to one of the two common industry standards performs the analog output in the range of 0 - 10 V, low current efficiency. Each of the used proportional control solid state relays K2, K3, K4 requires a control current of 20 mA maximum value. Simultaneous control of three such relays requires a total control current of 60 mA maximum, which creates an excessive burden for a single controller S. A control signal follower W separates the controller S output of the control current load of the proportional control solid state relays K2, K3, K4 and strengthens the control signal being fed from the controller S. The system uses relays which are controlled by current signal 4-20 mA, and the control signal follower W is realized in the form of the operational amplifier in the system providing the input impedance of over 70 Ω of the output stage on the bipolar transistor with high current-carrying capacity. An analog signal according to the industry standard 0-10 V, max 1 mA is being fed from the controller S to the input of the control signal follower W, and its output signal is 0-10 V, max 100 mA, providing required for the simultaneous control of the three relays value of the control current in the range of 12-60 mA.

    [0015] The system according to the invention, by using proportional control solid state relays provides a more effective control of the heater heating elements extending their service life and the use of a control signal follower enables to control this type of relays by a typical industrial controller instead of a separate controller for each relay.


    Claims

    1. A heater control system having electric heating elements (G) powered from a three-phase alternating current source through solid state relays (K2, K3, K4) connected to a controller (S) and provided with a safety switch assembly, wherein each of the heating elements (G) is connected to a separate proportional control solid state relay (K2, K3, K4), characterized in that all the proportional control solid state relays (K2, K3, K4) are connected to the controller (S) through a control signal follower (W), wherein the control signal follower (W) comprises an operational amplifier, a first resistor, a second resistor, a third resistor, a fourth resistor, a fifth resistor and a bipolar transistor, wherein the first resistor is connected between the controller (S) and the non-inverting input of the operational amplifier, the second resistor is connected between the non-inverting input of the operational amplifier and the ground (0V), the third resistor is connected between the inverting input of the operational amplifier and the ground (0V), the fourth resistor is connected between the inverting input of the operational amplifier and the proportional control solid state relays (K2, K3, K4), the fifth resistor is connected between the output of the operational amplifier and the base of the bipolar transistor, the collector of the bipolar transistor is connected to the power supply (+24V) and the emitter of the bipolar transistor is connected to the proportional control solid state relays (K2, K3, K4).
     
    2. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the control signal follower (W) is supplied from an external source (Z).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein Heizsteuerungssystem mit elektrischen Heizelementen (G), die von einer dreiphasigen Wechselstromquelle über Festkörperrelais (K2, K3, K4) gespeist werden, die mit einer Steuereinheit (S) verbunden und mit einer Sicherheitsschalteranordnung versehen sind, wobei jedes der Heizelemente (G) mit einem separaten Proportionalsteuerungs-Festkörperrelais (K2, K3, K4) verbunden ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass alle Proportionalsteuerungs-Festkörperrelais (K2, K3, K4) über einen Steuersignalfolger (W) mit der Steuereinheit (S) verbunden sind, wobei der Steuersignalfolger (W) einen Operationsverstärker, einen ersten Widerstand, einen zweiten Widerstand, einen dritten Widerstand, einen vierten Widerstand, einen fünften Widerstand und einen Bipolartransistor umfasst, wobei der erste Widerstand zwischen der Steuereinheit (S) und dem nicht-invertierenden Eingang des Operationsverstärkers angeschlossen ist, der zweite Widerstand zwischen dem nicht invertierenden Eingang des Operationsverstärkers und der Masse (0V) angeschlossen ist, der dritte Widerstand zwischen dem invertierenden Eingang des Operationsverstärkers und der Masse (0V) angeschlossen ist, der vierte Widerstand zwischen dem invertierenden Eingang des Operationsverstärkers und den Proportionalsteuerungs-Festkörperrelais (K2, K3, K4) angeschlossen ist, der fünfte Widerstand zwischen dem Ausgang des Operationsverstärkers und der Basis des Bipolartransistors angeschlossen ist, der Kollektor des Bipolartransistors an die Stromversorgung (+24 V) angeschlossen und der Emitter des Bipolartransistors an die Proportionalsteuerungs-Festkörperrelais (K2, K3, K4) angeschlossen ist.
     
    2. Das System nach Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet dadurch, dass der Steuersignalfolger (W) von einer externen Quelle (Z) gespeist wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Un système de commande de chauffage comportant des éléments chauffants électriques (G) alimentés à partir d'une source de courant alternatif triphasé via des relais à l'état solide (K2, K3, K4) connectés à un contrôleur (S) et pourvus d'un ensemble interrupteur de sécurité, dans lequel chacun des éléments chauffants (G) est connecté à un relais à l'état solide de commande proportionnelle séparé (K2, K3, K4), caractérisé en ce que tous les relais à l'état solide de commande proportionnelle (K2, K3, K4) sont connectés au contrôleur (S) par l'intermédiaire d'un suiveur de signal de commande (W), dans lequel le suiveur de signal de commande (W) comprend un amplificateur opérationnel, une première résistance, une deuxième résistance, une troisième résistance, une quatrième résistance, une cinquième résistance et un transistor bipolaire, dans lequel la première résistance est connectée entre le contrôleur (S) et l'entrée non inverseuse de l'amplificateur opérationnel, la deuxième résistance est connectée entre l'entrée non inverseuse de l'amplificateur opérationnel et la masse (0V), la troisième résistance est connectée entre l'entrée inverseuse de l'amplificateur opérationnel et la masse (0V), la quatrième résistance est connectée entre l'entrée inverseuse de l'amplificateur opérationnel et les relais à l'état solide de commande proportionnelle (K2, K3, K4), la cinquième résistance est connectée entre le sortie de l'amplificateur opérationnel et la base du transistor bipolaire, le collecteur du transistor bipolaire est connecté à l'alimentation (+24V) et l'émetteur du transistor bipolaire est connecté aux relais à l'état solide de commande proportionnelle (K2, K3, K4).
     
    2. Le système selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le suiveur de signal de commande (W) est fourni par une source externe (Z).
     




    Drawing









    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description