(19)
(11)EP 3 323 587 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 17205968.5

(22)Date of filing:  27.04.2013
(27)Previously filed application:
 27.04.2013 PCT/CN2013/074917
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B29C 49/56  (2006.01)
B29C 49/36  (2006.01)
B29C 49/48  (2006.01)
B29C 33/20  (2006.01)
B29C 33/26  (2006.01)

(54)

A BOTTLE BLOWING MACHINE

FLASCHENBLASMASCHINE

MACHINE DE SOUFFLAGE DE BOUTEILLES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 19.03.2013 CN 201310088430

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/21

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
13878760.1 / 2977176

(73)Proprietor: Jiangsu Newamstar Packaging Machinery Co., Ltd
Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu 215624 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • DONG, Hailong
    Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu 215624 (CN)
  • CHU, Xingan
    Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu 215624 (CN)
  • YANG, Xinliang
    Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu 215624 (CN)
  • HE, Deping
    Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu 215624 (CN)

(74)Representative: De Vries & Metman 
Overschiestraat 180
1062 XK Amsterdam
1062 XK Amsterdam (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-U1-202004 017 530
US-A1- 2012 177 771
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to the field of processing equipment of a beverage bottle, and more particularly to a bottle blowing machine.

    Description of the Related Art



    [0002] Generally a bottle blowing machine comprises a mould opening and closing mechanism and a bottom mould positioning mechanism. A conventional mould opening and closing mechanism comprises a machine frame, a fixed mould plate and a moving mould plate which are mounted on the machine frame. A mould locking mechanism is provided at the joint of the fixed mould plate and the moving mould plate. The moving mould plate is L-shaped and driven by a mould opening and closing air cylinder. The mould opening and closing air cylinder drives a spline, and the spline drives a moving mould plate gear mounted on a gear shaft, and the gear shaft is connected with the moving mould plate and mounted on a support frame.

    [0003] A conventional bottom mould positioning mechanism, for example, a bottom mould locking mechanism of a linear bottle blowing machine as disclosed in patent publication No. CN201755911U, comprises a mould mounting plate, a bottle mould, a bottom mould, an actuating mechansim, a positioning mechanism and a supporting seat. The end of the cavity of the bottle mould is sleeved with the bottom mould which is connected with the actuating mechanism. The positioning mechanism is horizontally disposed on the support seat and comprises a positioning block air cylinder and a positioning block connected with each other. The actuating mechanism comprises a bottom mould mounting plate and a bottom mould elevating air cylinder. An upper surface of the bottom mould mounting plate is connected with the bottom mould, and a lower surface of the bottom mould mounting plate is connected with the bottom mould elevating air cylinder which is mounted on a support frame.

    [0004] Thus, in the prior art, the mould opening and closing mechanism and the bottom mould positioning mechanism are complicated in configuration and bulky, and each mechanism is self-driven, thereby leading to the inconvenience of operation and high cost.

    [0005] Futher devices are known from US 2012/177771 A1 and DE202004017530U1. US 2012/177771 A1 relates to a device for blow-molding containers, the device comprising a structure and a platform mounted to rotate on the structure about an axis of rotation, the platform being provided with blower members and with molds that are mounted under the blower members, each of which comprises a stationary mold portion and a movable mold portion that is movable by control means between an open position and a closed position for the mold, wherein the device includes blocking members for blocking the molds in the closed state, each blocking member comprising a strut mounted on the platform to move between a retracted position and a blocking position. DE202004017530U1 relates to a tool clamp for a blow molding machine, wherein, when a moving tool frame(402) and a fixed tool frame(401) are closed against each other they form a chamber surrounding a movable tool halves(501,502), contact surfaces(7) between the closed tool frames and tool halves are arc-shaped, the chamber is round to accommodate the moving(502) and fixed tool halves, positioning blocks(8) cranked outwards from the tool halves engage in corresponding holes(9) in the moving frame(402) and fixed frame(401), ring-shaped securing blocks(10) screwed onto the tool frames hold the positioning blocks in their respective holes.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0006] An object of the invention is to provide an improved linkage of mould opening and closing and bottom mould positioning.

    [0007] In order to solve the above technical problem, the following technical solution is utilized in the invention.

    [0008] A bottle blowing machine, comprising

    a machine frame;

    a mould opening and closing assembly having a mould opening state and a mould closing state, which comprises a bottom mould movable relative to the machine frame in up-down direction, a fixed mould plate fixedly disposed on the machine frame, and a moving mould plate rotatable relative to the machine frame; and

    a bottom mould positioning assembly for fixing the bottom mould with the machine frame of the bottle blowing machine;
    when the mould opening and closing assembly is in the mould closing state, the moving mould plate is engaged with the fixed mould plate, and the moving mould plate, the fixed mould plate and the bottom mould together enclose to provide a cavity;

    wherein the bottom mould positioning assembly comprises:

    a plurality of sliding blocks slidably disposed on the machine frame;

    multiple swing members swingably disposed on the machine frame for driving the sliding of the plurality of sliding blocks; and

    a rotation member rotatable relative to the machine frame for driving the swinging of the swing members relative to the machine frame during its' rotation, the moving mould plate and the rotation member respectively are fixedly connected on a rotation shaft which is driven by a power source to rotate around an axis of rotation;
    wherein when the mould opening and closing assembly is in the mould closing state, the plurality of sliding blocks are inserted between the bottom mould and the machine frame and contact against the bottom mould, when the mould opening and closing assembly is in the mould opening state, the plurality of sliding blocks are detached from the bottom mould. The rotation shaft drives the moving mould plate and the rotation member to rotate, and the rotation of the rotation member is converted into the sliding of the sliding blocks by means of the swing members, and thus the mould closing and the positioning of the bottom mould in the mould closing state are synchronously achieved, vice versa, the mould opening and the releasing of the bottom mould in mould opening state also can be synchronously achieved.



    [0009] Preferably, a through-hole is opened on each of the rotation member and the moving mould plate for the rotation shaft extending through the rotation member and the moving mould plate from bottom to top.

    [0010] More preferably, a swing arm is connected on a lower end of the rotation shaft, and a power source drives the rotation of the rotation shaft by the swing arm.

    [0011] Preferably, the plurality of sliding blocks comprises a first sliding block and a second sliding block located at two opposite sides of the bottom mould. The bottom mould positioning assembly also comprises a first guide rail and a second guide rail fixedly disposed on the machine frame, the first sliding block is slidably disposed on the first guide rail, and the second sliding block is slidably disposed on the second guide rail. Thus, the bilateral positioning of the bottom mould is achieved by means of the two sliding blocks.

    [0012] Still more preferably, the multiple swing members comprise a first swing member and a second swing member which respectively are rotatably connected with the machine frame. The first swing member and the second swing member respectively and correspondingly drive the sliding of the first sliding block and the second sliding block. Thus, the sliding of the two sliding blocks are controlled separately by the swinging of the two swing members, this will simplify controlling means.

    [0013] Preferably, a first sliding groove is opened on the first swing member at a distance from the connecting position of the first swing member with the machine frame, and a second sliding groove is opened on the second swing member at a distance from the connecting position of the second swing member with the machine frame, a first projection and a second projection respectively are formed on an upper surface of the first sliding block and the second sliding block, the first projection is slidably inserted into the first sliding groove, and the second projection is slidably inserted into the second sliding groove. The portions of the two swing members where the sliding grooves are opened respectively form a transmission fork configuration, and the swing members control the sliding of the sliding blocks by means of the transmission fork configurations.

    [0014] More preferably, the rotation member has a first guiding surface and a second guiding surface on its' side surface, a first protrusion protruding towards the rotation member is formed on the first swing member, a second protrusion protruding towards the rotation member is formed on the second swing member. When the rotation member rotates relative to the machine frame, the first guiding surface slidably contacts with the first protrusion, the second guiding surface slidably contacts with the second protrusion, and the distance between the contact position of the first guiding surface with the first protrusion and the axis of rotation of the rotation member and the distance between the contact position of the second guiding surface with the second protrusion and the axis of rotation of the rotation member respectively change with the rotation of the rotation member. This change in distance will produce a guiding effect such that the protrusions will move and the two swing members swing correspondingly.

    [0015] More preferably, an elastic member is arranged between each of the swing members and the machine frame for providing a restoring force for the swing members. For example, in the course of rotation of the rotating member, when the contact positions of the protrusions with the guiding surfaces get farther and farther away from the second axis, the swing members are pushed by the rotating member to swing. Otherwise, in the course of rotation of the rotating member, when the contact positions of the protrusion and the guiding surfaces get nearer and nearer to the second axis, an external force is required to drive the swing members to swing, and the elastic member hereby is used for providing such an external force. Certainly, the external force can be provided in other ways, for example, the swing members are driven by the rotating member.

    [0016] In a preferable embodiment, the mould opening and closing assembly also comprises a locking mechanism for locking the fixed mould plate with the moving mould plate in the mould closing state. The locking mechanism comprises: at least one first connecting convex platform formed on the moving mould plate, a pin hole being opened on the first connecting convex platform; a second connecting convex platform formed on the fixed mould plate for cooperating with the first connecting convex platform, a mounting hole being opened on the second connecting convex platform, and a locking pin movably or extendably inserted into the mounting hole of the second connecting convex platform. A connecting shaft extends through the fixed mould plate, and the connecting shaft is connected with the locking pin in a transmission way. When the mould opening and closing assembly is in the mould closing state, the locking pin extends through the second connecting convex platform and into the pin hole to lock the moving mould plate with the fixed mould plate, in such a way that the locking pin is allowed to be detached from the pin hole and enter into mounting hole of the second connecting convex platform when the moving mould plate is needed to be opened relative to the fixed mould plate.

    [0017] In a particular embodiment, the machine frame comprises a support frame, an upper frame located above the support frame and an upright frame fixedly connected between the support frame and the upper frame, both the mould opening and closing assembly and bottom mould positioning assembly are located above the support frame, a through-hole is opened on the support frame, the rotation shaft rotatably extends through the through-hole such that a lower portion of the rotation shaft extends below the support frame. One end of the first swing member and one end of the second swing member respectively are rotatably connected with the support frame, and the guide rails as described before respectively are fixedly provided on the support frame. Based on such a design, the power source, the actuating mechanisms located between the power source and the rotation shaft and the like, can be arranged below the support frame, such that the space below the support frame can be reasonably utilized, and the configuration of the whole bottle blowing machine is more compact.

    [0018] More preferably, an upper end of the rotation shaft is rotatably connected with the upper frame.

    [0019] Due to the above technical solution, the present invention has the following advantages as compared with the prior art: the linkage of the mould opening and closing assembly and the bottom mould positioning assembly are driven by one rotation shaft. Thus, the driving is achieved by a simple configuration, and the whole device of the invention has simple structure and convenient operation and small volume.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0020] 

    Fig.1 is a assembly drawing of a mould opening and closing assembly and a bottom mould assembly and other parts according to the invention, wherein the mould opening and closing is in the mould closing state;

    Fig.2 is a assembly drawing of a mould opening and closing assembly and a bottom mould assembly and other parts according to the invention, wherein the mould opening and closing assembly is in the mould opening state;

    Fig.3 is a top view of the bottom mould positioning mechanism in mould opening state according to one embodiment of the invention, ;

    Fig.4 is a top view of the bottom mould positioning mechanism of fig.3 in the mould closing state.
    wherein: 1. a bottom mould; 2. a fixed mould plate; 3. a moving mould plate; 4. a first connecting convex platform; 5. a pin hole; 6. a second connecting convex platform; 7. a connecting shaft; 8. a locking pin; 9. a first torsional spring; 10. a second torsional spring; 21. a rotation shaft; 22. a swing arm; 31. a support frame; 32. an upper frame; 33. an upright frame; 41. a rotation member; 42. a first sliding block; 43. a second sliding block; 44. a first swing member; 45. a second swing member; 46. a first guide rail; 47. a second guide rail; 51. a first guiding surface; 52. a second guiding surface; 53. a first protrusion; 54. a second protrusion; 55. a first projection; 56. a second projection; 57. a first sliding groove; 58. a second sliding groove.


    Description of the Preferred Embodiments



    [0021] The present invention will be described hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings. It is to be noted, however, that the drawings are given only for illustrative purpose and therefore not to be considered as limiting of its scope, for the invention may admit to other equally effective embodiments.

    [0022] Fig.1-2 show a mould opening and closing assembly, a bottom mould positioning assembly and a linkage for them, all of which are mounted on a bottle blowing machine for use. The structure of the bottle blowing machine is well known in the art, and the other parts of the bottle blowing machine are not involved in the invention, thus, the bottle blowing machine is partially shown in the invention, instead of the whole structure.

    [0023] The mould opening and closing assembly comprises a bottom mould 1 movable relative to a machine frame in up-down direction, a fixed mould plate 2 disposed on the machine frame of the bottle blowing machine, and a moving mould plate 3 cooperating with the fixed mould plate 2. The mould opening and closing assembly has a mould opening state and a mould closing state, when in the mould closing state, the bottom mould 1, the fixed mould plate 2 and the moving mould plate 3 together enclose to provide a cavity, and the moving mould plate 3 is engaged with the fixed mould plate 2, as shown in fig.1. It can be seen from the fig.2 that, the fixed mould plate 2 and the moving mould plate 3 respectively are provided with a mould (not indicated by a reference number), and the moulds on the fixed mould plate 2 and the moving mould plate 3 cooperate with each other to shape up a bottle.

    [0024] The mould opening and closing assembly also comprises a locking mechanism for locking the fixed mould plate 2 with the moving mould plate 3 in the mould closing state. At least one first connecting convex platform 4 is provided on the moving mould plate 3, a second connecting convex platform 6 is disposed on the fixed mould plate 2, in the embodiment shown in fig.2, there are three first connecting convex platforms 4, a notch is formed between adjacent two first connecting convex platforms 4. There are three second connecting convex platforms 6, a notch also is formed between adjacent two first connecting convex platforms 4. The first connecting convex platforms 4 and the second connecting convex platforms 6 are staggered with each other, such that a connecting convex platform of them corresponds to a notch of the other one, and the moving mould plate 3 and the fixed mould plate 2 are cooperated and connected with each other in closing state by means of the connecting convex platforms. A pin hole 5 is opened on each first connecting convex platform 4, and preferably the pin hole 5 extends through the first connecting convex platform 4 in up-down direction. A mounting hole (not shown by a reference number) is opened on each second connecting convex platform 6, and a locking pin 8 is movably or extendably provided in the mounting hole, and the quantity of the locking pins 8 is the same as that of the second connecting convex platforms 6. A connecting shaft 7 extends through the fixed mould plate 2, and the connecting shaft 7 is connected with the locking pin 8 in a transmission way. The connecting shaft 7 and locking pin 8 shown in fig.2 are parallel to each other, and the connecting shaft 7 is connected with the locking pin 8 by a connecting rod in a transmission way, and one lowest locking pin 8 is directly connected with a driving block. When in the mould closing, the first connecting convex platforms 4 of the moving mould plate 3 are inserted into the notches of the second connecting convex platforms 6 of the fixed mould plate 2, the driving block is pulled upwards, such that the connecting shaft 7 is driven by the driving block, and the connecting shaft 7 drives the locking pins 8 to extend through the second connecting convex platforms 6 and into the pin holes 5, and thus the moving mould plate 3 and the fixed mould plate 2 are locked with each other. When the mould opening is desired, the locking pins 8 are driven by the connecting shaft 7 to leave the pin holes 5 and enter into the mounting holes of the second connecting convex platforms 6, such that the moving mould plate 3 can be separated from the fixed mould plate 2.

    [0025] Fig.s 3-4 more clearly illustrates the structure of a bottom mould positioning assembly.

    [0026] Referring to fig.s 2 and 3-4, the bottom mould positioning assembly comprises a rotation member 41, multiple swing members cooperating with the rotation member 41 and a plurality of sliding blocks slidable in horizontal direction. One end of each of the multiple swing members is rotatably connected with the machine frame, and the other end is connected with one of the plurality of sliding blocks. Specifically, the sliding blocks comprises a first sliding block 42 and a second sliding block 43 located at two opposite sides of the bottom mould 1, the multiple swing members comprise a first swing member 44 and a second swing member 45 rotatably connected with the machine frame.

    [0027] The bottom mould positioning assembly also comprises a first guide rail 46 and a second guide rail 47 fixedly disposed on the machine frame, and the first sliding block 42 and the second sliding block 43 respectively slide along the first guide rail 46 and the second guide rail 47.

    [0028] A first projection 55 and a second projection 56 respectively are formed on an upper surface of the first sliding block 42 and the second sliding block 43, a first sliding groove 57 and a second sliding groove 58 respectively are formed on other end of the first swing member 44 and the second swing member 45, the first projection 55 is slidably inserted into the first sliding groove 57, and the second projection 56 is slidably inserted into the second sliding groove 58.
    a first guiding surface 51 and a second guiding surface 52 are provided on the rotation member 41, a first protrusion 53 and a second protrusion 54 respectively are provided on the first swing member 44 and the second swing member 45. When the rotation member 41 rotates, the first protrusion 53 slides along the first guiding surface 51, and the second protrusion 54 slides along the second guiding surface 52, as shown in fig.s 3-4.

    [0029] Preferably, a first torsional spring 9 is arranged between the first swing member 44 and the machine frame, a second torsional spring 10 is arranged between the second swing member 45 and the machine frame, the two torsional springs respectively provide a restoring force for the two swing members.

    [0030] When the first protrusion 53 moves away from the axis of rotation of the rotation shaft 21 under the guiding of the first guiding surface 51, the first swing member 44 is pushed by the rotation member 41 to rotate. When the contact position of the first guiding surface 51 with the first protrusion 53 becomes nearer and nearer to the axis of rotation of the rotation shaft 21, the first torsional spring 9 provides an applied force for the first swing member 44 such that the first swing member 44 swings. The swinging principle of the second swing member 45 is the same as that of the first swing member 44.

    [0031] The rotation member 41 and the moving mould plate 3 are fixedly connected with the rotation shaft 21 which is driven by a power source to rotate around an axis of rotation. In the embodiment shown in fig.s 1-4, the rotation shaft 21 is configured as a cylinder, and its' shaft axis is the axis of rotation thereof. The rotation shaft 21 extends through the rotation member 41 and the moving mould plate 3 from down to up and drives them to rotate. It is required that the rotation shaft 21 drives the moving mould 3 to move towards or leave the fixed mould plate 2, thus, the rotation shaft 21 alternatively rotates between the positive direction and negative direction.

    [0032] In the embodiment shown in fig.s 1-2, a swing arm 22 is connected on the lower end of the rotation shaft 21, and a power source drives the rotation of the rotation shaft 21 by means of the swing arm 22.
    when the mould closing is desired, the power source drives the swing arm 22 to drive the rotation of the rotation shaft 21 in positive direction, such that the moving mould plate 3 rotates with the rotation of the rotation shaft 21 and draws close to the fixed mould plate 2, meanwhile, the rotation member 41 also rotates with the rotation shaft 21, the first protrusion 53 slide along the first guiding surface 51, the second protrusion 54 slide along the second guiding surface 52. The first swing member 44 swings under the pushing of the rotation member 41 or under the applied force of the first torsional spring 9, and the second swing member 45 swings under the pushing of the rotation member 41 or under the applied force of the second torsional spring 10, such that the first sliding block 42 and the second sliding block 43 respectively slide along the first guide rail 46 and the second guide rail 47, until the two sliding blocks are inserted between the bottom mould 1 and the machine frame and contact against the bottom mould 1 below the bottom mould 1, so that the bottom mould 1 is positioned.

    [0033] When the mould opening is desired, the rotation shaft 21 reversely rotates relative to the opposite direction, the moving mould plate 3 is opened relative to the fixed mould plate 2, and the rotation member 41 also inversely and synchronously rotates, the two sliding blocks respectively are driven by the first swing member 44 and the second swing member 45 to move away from the bottom mould 1. The term "positive direction" and "negative direction" mentioned herein and throughout the invention are described only for illustrating two kinds of movement in opposite directions, and not strictly corresponding to the clockwise or anti-clockwise direction. In the embodiment shown in fig.s 1-4, the "positive direction" corresponds to the anti-clockwise direction, and the "negative direction" corresponds to the clockwise direction.

    [0034] It can be seen from the above description that, the linkage of the mould opening and closing and bottom mould positioning is achieved by means of the above structure.

    [0035] When in the mould closing state, a gap is formed between the bottom mould 1 and the machine frame, the first sliding block 42 and the second sliding block 43 respectively slide along the first guide rail 46 and the second guide rail 47 towards the gap and insert into the gap, and contact against with the bottom mould 1 and machine frame. The machine frame comprises a support frame 31, an upper frame 32 located above the support frame 31 and an upright frame 33 fixedly connected between the support frame 31 and the upper frame 32. Both the mould opening and closing assembly and bottom mould positioning assembly are located above the support frame 31. A cam 11 is located below the support frame 31, one end of each of the first swing member and the second swing member is rotatably connected with the support frame 31, and the first guide rail 46 and the second guide rail 47 respectively are fixedly disposed on the support frame 31. A through-hole is opened on the support frame 31 for the rotation shaft 21 rotating therein, and the rotation shaft 21 is rotatable within the through-hole. The upper end of the rotation shaft 21 is rotatably connected with the upper frame 32. The above embodiment is described for illustrating the technical concept and features of the invention, the aim is intended to enable a person skilled in the art to appreciate the content of the invention and further implement it, and the protecting scope of the invention can not be limited hereby.


    Claims

    1. A bottle blowing machine, comprising
    a machine frame;
    a mould opening and closing assembly having a mould opening state and a mould closing state, which comprises a bottom mould (1) movable relative to the machine frame in up-down direction, a fixed mould plate (2) fixedly disposed on the machine frame, and a moving mould plate (3) rotatable relative to the machine frame; and
    a bottom mould positioning assembly for fixing the bottom mould (1) with the machine frame of the bottle blowing machine; wherein
    when the mould opening and closing assembly is in the mould closing state, the moving mould plate (3) is engaged with the fixed mould plate (2), and the moving mould plate (3), the fixed mould plate (2) and the bottom mould (1) together enclose to provide a cavity;
    characterized in that
    the bottom mould positioning assembly comprises:

    a plurality of sliding blocks slidably disposed on the machine frame;

    multiple swing members swingably disposed on the machine frame for driving the sliding of the plurality of sliding blocks; anda rotation member (41) rotatable relative to the machine frame for driving the swinging of the swing members relative to the machine frame during its' rotation, the moving mould plate (3) and the rotation member (41) respectively being fixedly connected with a rotation shaft (21) which is driven by a power source to rotate around an axis of rotation;

    when the mould opening and closing assembly is in the mould closing state, the plurality of sliding blocks are inserted between the bottom mould (1) and the machine frame and contact against the bottom mould (1), when the mould opening and closing assembly is in the mould opening state, the plurality of sliding blocks are detached from the bottom mould (1).


     
    2. The bottle blowing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein a through-hole is opened on each of the rotation member (41) and the moving mould plate (3), and the rotation shaft (21) sequentially extending through the rotation member (41) and the moving mould plate (3) from bottom to top and connecting with them.
     
    3. The bottle blowing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein a swing arm (22) is connected on a lower end of the rotation shaft (21), and a power source driving the rotation of the rotation shaft (21) by the swing arm (22).
     
    4. The bottle blowing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the plurality of swing members comprise a first swing member (44) and a second swing member (45) which respectively are rotatably connected with the machine frame, and the first swing member (44) and the second swing member (45) respectively and correspondingly driving the sliding of the first sliding block (42) and the second sliding block (43).
     
    5. The bottle blowing machine as claimed in claim 4, wherein a first sliding groove (57) is opened on the first swing member (44) at a distance from the connecting position of the first swing member (44) with the machine frame, and a second sliding groove (58) is opened on the second swing member (45) at a distance from the connecting position of the second swing member (45) with the machine frame, a first projection (55) and a second projection (56) respectively being formed on an upper surface of the first sliding block (42) and the second sliding block (43), the first projection (55) being slidably inserted into the first sliding groove (57), and the second projection (56) being slidably inserted into the second sliding groove (58).
     
    6. The bottle blowing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the rotation member (41) has a first guiding surface (51) and a second guiding surface (52) on its' side surface, a first protrusion(53) protruding towards the rotation member (41) being formed on the first swing member (44), a second protrusion (54) protruding towards the rotation member (41) being formed on the second swing member (45), when the rotation member (41) rotates relative to the machine frame, the first guiding surface (51) slidably contacts with the first protrusion (53), the second guiding surface (52) slidably contacts with the second protrusion (54), and the distance between the contact position of the first guiding surface (51) with the first protrusion (53) and the axis of rotation and the distance between the contact position of the second guiding surface (52) with the second protrusion (54) and the axis of rotation respectively changing with the rotation of the rotation member (41).
     
    7. The bottle blowing machine as claimed in any of claim 1-6, wherein the mould opening and closing assembly also comprises a locking mechanism for locking the fixed mould plate (2) with the moving mould plate (3) in the mould closing state, the locking mechanism comprising:

    at least one first connecting convex platform (4) formed on the moving mould plate (3), a pin hole (5) being opened on the first connecting convex platform (4);

    a second connecting convex platform (6) formed on the fixed mould plate (2) for cooperating with the first connecting convex platform (4), a mounting hole being opened on the second connecting convex platform (6); and

    a locking pin (8) movably or extendably inserted into the mounting hole of the second connecting convex platform (6), a connecting shaft extending through the fixed mould plate (2), and the the connecting shaft being connected with the locking pin (8) in a transmission way, when the mould opening and closing assembly is in the mould closing state, the locking pin(8) extending through the second connecting convex platform (6) and into the pin hole (5) to lock the moving mould plate (3) with the fixed mould plate (2), in such a way that the locking pin (8) is allowed to be detached from the pin hole (5) and enter into the mounting hole of the second connecting convex platform (6).


     
    8. The bottle blowing machine as claimed in any of claims 1-6, wherein the machine frame comprises a support frame (31), an upper frame (32) located above the support frame (31) and an upright frame (33) fixedly connected between the support frame (31) and the upper frame (32), both the mould opening and closing assembly and bottom mould positioning assembly being located above the support frame (31), a through-hole being opened on the support frame (31), the rotation shaft (21) rotatably extending through the through-hole such that a lower portion of the rotation shaft (21) extending below the support frame (31).
     
    9. The bottle blowing machine as claimed in claim 8, wherein the first swing member and the second swing member respectively are rotatably connected with the support frame (31).
     
    10. The bottle blowing machine as claimed in claim 8, wherein an upper end of the rotation shaft (21) is rotatably connected with the upper frame (32).
     
    11. The bottle blowing machine as claimed in any of claims 1-6, wherein an elastic member is arranged between each of the swing members and the machine frame.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Flaschenblasmaschine, aufweisend:

    einen Maschinenrahmen;

    eine öffnende und schließende Formwerkzeuganordnung mit einem Formwerkzeug-Öffnungszustand und einem Formwerkzeug-Schließzustand, die aufweist: ein unteres Formwerkzeug (1), das relativ zu dem Maschinenrahmen in einer Aufwärts-Abwärts-Richtung bewegbar ist, eine fixierte Formwerkzeugplatte (2), die unbeweglich an dem Maschinenrahmen angeordnet ist, und eine bewegliche Formwerkzeugplatte (3), die relativ zu dem Maschinenrahmen drehbar ist; und

    eine das untere Formwerkzeug positionierende Anordnung zum Fixieren des unteren Formwerkzeugs (1) mit dem Maschinenrahmen der Flaschenblasmaschine;

    wobei

    wenn die öffnende und schließende Formwerkzeuganordnung in dem Formwerkzeug-Schließzustand ist, die bewegliche Formwerkzeugplatte (3) im Eingriff mit der stationären Formwerkzeugplatte (2) ist, und die bewegliche Formwerkzeugplatte (3), die stationäre Formwerkzeugplatte (2) und das untere Formwerkzeug (1) zusammen einen Hohlraum umschließen;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die das untere Formwerkzeug positionierende Anordnung aufweist:

    mehrere Gleitblöcke, die gleitfähig an dem Maschinenrahmen angeordnet sind;

    mehrere Schwingelemente, die schwingfähig an dem Maschinenrahmen angeordnet sind, um das Gleiten der mehreren Gleitblöcke anzutreiben; und

    ein Drehelement (41), das relativ zu dem Maschinenrahmen drehbar ist, um während seiner Drehung das Schwingen der Schwingelemente relativ zu dem Maschinenrahmen anzutreiben, wobei die bewegliche Formwerkzeugplatte (3) und das Drehelement (41) jeweils fest mit einem Drehschaft (21) verbunden sind, der von einer Energiequelle angetrieben wird, um sich um eine Drehachse zu drehen;

    wenn die öffnende und schließende Formwerkzeuganordnung in dem Formwerkzeug-Schließzustand ist, die mehreren Gleitblöcke zwischen dem unteren Formwerkzeug (1) und dem Maschinenrahmen eingerückt sind und in Kontakt mit dem unteren Formwerkzeug (1) sind,

    wenn die öffnende und schließende Formwerkzeuganordnung in dem Formwerkzeug-Öffnungszustand ist, die mehreren Gleitblöcke von dem unteren Formwerkzeug (1) weggerückt sind.


     
    2. Flaschenblasmaschine nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein Durchgangsloch sowohl an dem Drehelement (41) als auch an der beweglichen Formwerkzeugplatte (3) ausgespart ist, und der Drehschaft (21) sich von unten nach oben durch das Drehelement (41) und dann durch die bewegliche Formwerkzeugplatte (3) erstreckt und mit ihnen verbunden ist.
     
    3. Flaschenblasmaschine nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein Schwingarm (22) an einem unteren Ende des Drehschafts (21) angebracht ist und eine Energiequelle die Drehung des Drehschafts (21) mit Hilfe des Schwingarms (22) antreibt.
     
    4. Flaschenblasmaschine nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mehreren Schwingelemente ein erstes Schwingelement (44) und ein zweites Schwingelement (45) aufweisen, die jeweils mit dem Maschinenrahmen drehbar verbunden sind, und das erste Schwingelement (44) und das zweite Schwingelement (45) jeweils und entsprechend das Gleiten des ersten Gleitblocks (42) und des zweiten Gleitblocks (43) antreiben.
     
    5. Flaschenblasmaschine nach Anspruch 4, wobei an dem ersten Schwingelement (44) in einem Abstand von der Verbindungsposition des ersten Schwingelements (44) mit dem Maschinenrahmen eine erste Gleitrille (57) ausgespart ist, und an dem zweiten Schwingelement (45) in einem Abstand von der Verbindungsposition des zweiten Schwingelements (45) mit dem Maschinenrahmen eine zweite Gleitrille (58) ausgespart ist, ein erster Vorsprung (55) und ein zweiter Vorsprung (56) an einer oberen Oberfläche des ersten Gleitblocks (42) bzw. des zweiten Gleitblocks (43) gebildet sind, der erste Vorsprung (55) gleitfähig in die erste Gleitrille (57) eingesetzt ist und der zweite Vorsprung (56) gleitfähig in die zweite Gleitrille (58) eingesetzt ist.
     
    6. Flaschenblasmaschine nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Drehelement (41) an seiner Seitenfläche eine erste Führungsfläche (51) und eine zweite Führungsfläche (52) hat, ein zum Drehelement (41) hin vorspringender erster Vorsprung (53) an dem ersten Schwingelement (44) gebildet ist, ein zum Drehelement (41) hin vorspringender zweiter Vorsprung (54) an dem zweiten Schwingelement (45) gebildet ist, wobei, wenn das Drehelement (41) sich relativ zu dem Maschinenrahmen dreht, die erste Führungsfläche (51) im gleitfähigen Kontakt mit dem ersten Vorsprung (53) ist, die zweite Führungsfläche (52) im gleitfähigen Kontakt mit dem zweiten Vorsprung (54) ist, und der Abstand zwischen der Kontaktposition der ersten Führungsfläche (51) mit dem ersten Vorsprung (53) und der Drehachse bzw. der Abstand zwischen der Kontaktposition der zweiten Führungsfläche (52) mit dem zweiten Vorsprung (54) und der Drehachse sich mit Drehung des Drehelements (41) ändern.
     
    7. Flaschenblasmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die öffnende und schließende Formwerkzeuganordnung außerdem einen Verriegelungsmechanismus aufweist, um in dem Formwerkzeug-Schließzustand die fixierte Formwerkzeugplatte (2) mit der beweglichen Formwerkzeugplatte (3) zu verriegeln, wobei der Verriegelungsmechanismus aufweist:

    mindestens eine erste konvexe Verbindungsplattform (4), die an der beweglichen Formwerkzeugplatte (3) gebildet ist, wobei ein Stiftloch (5) an der ersten konvexen Verbindungsplattform (4) ausgespart ist;

    eine zweite konvexe Verbindungsplattform (6), die an der fixierten Formwerkzeugplatte (2) gebildet ist, um mit der ersten konvexen Verbindungsplattform (4) zusammenzuwirken, wobei ein Befestigungsloch an der zweiten konvexen Verbindungsplattform (6) ausgespart ist; und

    einen Verriegelungsstift (8), der bewegbar oder ausfahrbar in das Befestigungsloch der zweiten konvexen Verbindungsplattform (6) eingesetzt ist, wobei sich ein Verbindungsschaft durch die stationäre Formwerkzeugplatte (2) erstreckt und der Verbindungsschaft in einer Transmissionsweise mit dem Verriegelungsstift (8) verbunden ist, wobei, wenn die öffnende und schließende Formwerkzeuganordnung in dem Formwerkzeug-Schließzustand ist, der Verriegelungsstift (8) sich durch die zweite konvexe Verbindungsplattform (6) und in das Stiftloch (5) hinein erstreckt, um die bewegliche Formwerkzeugplatte (3) mit der fixierten Formwerkzeugplatte (2) zu verriegeln, derart, dass dem Verriegelungsstift (8) ein Ausrücken aus dem Stiftloch (5) und ein Einrücken in das Befestigungsloch der zweiten konvexen Verbindungsplattform (6) erlaubt ist.


     
    8. Flaschenblasmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei der Maschinenrahmen einen Trägerrahmen (31), einen oberhalb des Trägerrahmens (31) angeordneten oberen Rahmen (32) und einen zwischen dem Trägerrahmen (31) und dem oberen Rahmen (32) fest angeschlossenen senkrechten Rahmen (33) aufweist, wobei sowohl die öffnende und schließende Formwerkzeuganordnung als auch die das untere Formwerkzeug positionierende Anordnung oberhalb des Trägerrahmens (31) angeordnet sind, wobei ein Durchgangsloch an dem Trägerrahmen (31) ausgespart ist und der Drehschaft (21) sich drehbar durch das Durchgangsloch erstreckt, derart, dass ein unterer Teil des Drehschafts (21) sich unterhalb des Trägerrahmens (31) erstreckt.
     
    9. Flaschenblasmaschine nach Anspruch 8, wobei das erste Schwingelement und das zweite Schwingelement jeweils drehbar mit dem Trägerrahmen (31) verbunden sind.
     
    10. Flaschenblasmaschine nach Anspruch 8, wobei ein oberes Ende des Drehschafts (21) mit dem oberen Rahmen (32) drehbar verbunden ist.
     
    11. Flaschenblasmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei ein elastisches Element zwischen jedem der Schwingelemente und dem Maschinenrahmen angeordnet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Machine de soufflage de bouteilles, comprenant

    un bâti de machine ;

    un ensemble d'ouverture et de fermeture de moule présentant un état d'ouverture de moule et un état de fermeture de moule, qui comprend un moule inférieur (1) mobile par rapport au bâti de machine dans une direction haut/bas, une plaque de moule fixe (2) fixement disposée sur le bâti de machine, et une plaque de moule mobile (3) rotative par rapport au bâti de machine ; et

    un ensemble de positionnement de moule inférieur pour fixer le moule inférieur (1) avec le bâti de machine de la machine de soufflage de bouteilles ; dans laquelle lorsque l'ensemble d'ouverture et de fermeture de moule est dans l'état de fermeture de moule, la plaque de moule mobile (3) est en prise avec la plaque de moule fixe (2), et la plaque de moule mobile (3), la plaque de moule fixe (2) et le moule inférieur (1) se rapprochent les uns des autres pour former une cavité ;
    caractérisée en ce que l'ensemble de positionnement de moule inférieur comprend :

    une pluralité de blocs coulissants disposés de manière coulissante sur le bâti de machine ;

    de multiples éléments oscillants disposés de manière oscillante sur le bâti de machine pour entraîner le coulissement de la pluralité de blocs coulissants ; et un élément de rotation (41) rotatif par rapport au bâti de machine pour entraîner l'oscillation des éléments oscillants par rapport au bâti de machine pendant sa rotation, la plaque de moule mobile (3) et l'élément de rotation (41) étant respectivement raccordés fixement à un arbre de rotation (21) qui est entraîné par une source de puissance pour tourner autour d'un axe de rotation ;
    lorsque l'ensemble d'ouverture et de fermeture de moule est dans l'état de fermeture de moule, la pluralité de blocs coulissants est insérée entre le moule inférieur (1) et le bâti de machine et entre en contact contre le moule inférieur (1), lorsque l'ensemble d'ouverture et de fermeture de moule est dans l'état d'ouverture de moule, la pluralité de blocs coulissants est détachée du moule inférieur (1).


     
    2. Machine de soufflage de bouteilles selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle un trou traversant est ouvert sur chacun de l'élément de rotation (41) et de la plaque de moule mobile (3), et l'arbre de rotation (21) s'étendant séquentiellement à travers l'élément de rotation (41) et la plaque de moule mobile (3) du bas vers le haut et se raccordant à ceux-ci.
     
    3. Machine de soufflage de bouteilles selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle un bras oscillant (22) est raccordé sur une extrémité inférieure de l'arbre de rotation (21), et une source de puissance entraînant la rotation de l'arbre de rotation (21) par le bras oscillant (22).
     
    4. Machine de soufflage de bouteilles selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la pluralité d'éléments oscillants comprend un premier élément oscillant (44) et un second élément oscillant (45) qui sont respectivement raccordés en rotation au bâti de machine, et le premier élément oscillant (44) et le second élément oscillant (45) entraînant de manière respective et correspondante le coulissement du premier bloc coulissant (42) et du second bloc coulissant (43).
     
    5. Machine de soufflage de bouteilles selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle une première rainure de coulissement (57) est ouverte sur le premier élément oscillant (44) à une distance de la position de raccordement du premier élément oscillant (44) par rapport au bâti de machine, et une seconde rainure de coulissement (58) est ouverte sur le second élément oscillant (45) à une distance de la position de raccordement du second élément oscillant (45) par rapport au bâti de machine, une première saillie (55) et une seconde saillie (56) étant respectivement formées sur une surface supérieure du premier bloc coulissant (42) et du second bloc coulissant (43), la première saillie (55) étant insérée de manière coulissante dans la première rainure de coulissement (57), et la seconde saillie (56) étant insérée de manière coulissante dans la seconde rainure de coulissement (58).
     
    6. Machine de soufflage de bouteilles selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'élément de rotation (41) présente une première surface de guidage (51) et une seconde surface de guidage (52) sur sa surface latérale, une première saillie (53) faisant saillie en direction de l'élément de rotation (41) étant formée sur le premier élément oscillant (44), une seconde saillie (54) faisant saillie en direction de l'élément de rotation (41) étant formée sur le second élément oscillant (45), lorsque l'élément de rotation (41) tourne par rapport au bâti de machine, la première surface de guidage (51) entre en contact de manière coulissante avec la première saillie (53), la seconde surface de guidage (52) entre en contact de manière coulissante avec la seconde saillie (54), et la distance entre la position de contact de la première surface de guidage (51) avec la première saillie (53) et l'axe de rotation et la distance entre la position de contact de la seconde surface de guidage (52) avec la seconde saillie (54) et l'axe de rotation changeant respectivement avec la rotation de l'élément de rotation (41).
     
    7. Machine de soufflage de bouteilles selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans laquelle l'ensemble d'ouverture et de fermeture de moule comprend également un mécanisme de verrouillage pour verrouiller la plaque de moule fixe (2) avec la plaque de moule mobile (3) dans l'état de fermeture de moule, le mécanisme de verrouillage comprenant : au moins une première plateforme convexe de raccordement (4) formée sur la plaque de moule mobile (3), un trou de broche (5) étant ouvert sur la première plateforme convexe de raccordement (4) ; une seconde plateforme convexe de raccordement (6) formée sur la plaque de moule fixe (2) pour coopérer avec la première plateforme convexe de raccordement (4), un trou de montage étant ouvert sur la seconde plateforme convexe de raccordement (6) ; et une broche de verrouillage (8) insérée de façon mobile ou extensible dans le trou de montage de la seconde plateforme convexe de raccordement (6), un arbre de raccordement s'étendant à travers la plaque de moule fixe (2), et l'arbre de raccordement étant raccordé à la broche de verrouillage (8) dans un mode de transmission, lorsque l'ensemble d'ouverture et de fermeture de moule est dans l'état de fermeture de moule, la broche de verrouillage (8) s'étendant à travers la seconde plateforme convexe de raccordement (6) et dans le trou de broche (5) pour verrouiller la plaque de moule mobile (3) avec la plaque de moule fixe (2), de sorte que la broche de verrouillage (8) puisse être détachée du trou de broche (5) et pénétrer dans le trou de montage de la seconde plateforme convexe de raccordement (6).
     
    8. Machine de soufflage de bouteilles selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans laquelle le bâti de machine comprend un bâti de support (31), un bâti supérieur (32) situé au-dessus du bâti de support (31) et un bâti vertical (33) fixement raccordé entre le bâti de support (31) et le bâti supérieur (32), l'ensemble d'ouverture et de fermeture de moule et l'ensemble de positionnement de moule inférieur étant tous deux situés au-dessus du bâti de support (31), un trou traversant étant ouvert sur le bâti de support (31), l'arbre de rotation (21) s'étendant en rotation à travers le trou traversant de sorte qu'une partie inférieure de l'arbre de rotation (21) s'étende sous le bâti de support (31).
     
    9. Machine de soufflage de bouteilles selon la revendication 8, dans laquelle le premier élément oscillant et le second élément oscillant sont respectivement raccordés en rotation au bâti de support (31).
     
    10. Machine de soufflage de bouteilles selon la revendication 8, dans laquelle une extrémité supérieure de l'arbre de rotation (21) est raccordée en rotation au bâti supérieur (32).
     
    11. Machine de soufflage de bouteilles selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans laquelle un élément élastique est agencé entre chacun des éléments oscillants et le bâti de machine.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description