(19)
(11)EP 3 326 241 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
14.04.2021 Bulletin 2021/15

(21)Application number: 16745382.8

(22)Date of filing:  22.07.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01Q 9/28(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2016/043681
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/015608 (26.01.2017 Gazette  2017/04)

(54)

ANTENNA WITH HOURGLASS-COUPLER FOR WIDE PATTERN-BANDWIDTH SECTOR

ANTENNE MIT SANDUHRKOPPLER FÜR BANDBREITENABSCHNITT MIT BREITEM MUSTER

ANTENNE À COUPLEUR EN SABLIER POUR SECTEUR DE LARGEUR DE BANDE À MOTIF LARGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 23.07.2015 US 201514807648

(43)Date of publication of application:
30.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/22

(73)Proprietor: Cisco Technology, Inc.
San Jose, CA 95134 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • MCGOUGH, Erin Patrick
    San Jose, California 95134 (US)
  • LUTMAN, Thomas Goss
    San Jose, California 95134 (US)

(74)Representative: Noble, Nicholas et al
Kilburn & Strode LLP Lacon London 84 Theobalds Road
London WC1X 8NL
London WC1X 8NL (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2014/114932
US-A1- 2012 075 162
  
  • EBRAHIMI E ET AL: "A reconfigurable narrowband antenna integrated with wideband monopole for cognitive radio applications", ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION SOCIETY INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM, 2009. APSURSI '09. IEEE, IEEE, PISCATAWAY, NJ, USA, 1 June 2009 (2009-06-01), pages 1-4, XP031535685, ISBN: 978-1-4244-3647-7
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] Embodiments presented herein generally relate to an antenna, and more specifically, a feed structure of a dipole antenna.

BACKGROUND



[0002] To provide wireless connectivity and communication between devices in a wireless network, antennas may be used to efficiently radiate (transmit) or receive desired signals to and from other elements of the network. A dipole antenna is one class of antenna that is widely used for signal transmission. In general, it is important to design a printed dipole antenna with a high impedance bandwidth. Parasitic elements may be used to obtain a sector-type radiation pattern for the dipole antenna.

[0003] US 2012/075162 A1 describes a modular plug-in antenna array capable of low cost and automated manufacturing.

[0004] WO 2014/114932 A1 describes a dipole antenna array including at least one dipole antenna sub-array, wherein the dipole sub-array includes a plurality of coplanar antenna units.

[0005] Pages 1-4 of a non-patent document by EBRAHIMI E ET AL entitled "A reconfigurable narrowband antenna integrated with wideband monopole for cognitive radio applications", ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION SOCIETY INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM, 2009. APSURSI '09. IEEE, PISCATAWAY, NJ, USA, published on 1 June 2009 (2009-06-01) describes an antenna consisting of a wideband and a narrowband radiating element, wherein the wideband element is an hour glass shaped monopole which is fed by a coplanar waveguide.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0006] So that the manner in which the above-recited features of the present disclosure can be understood in detail, a more particular description of the disclosure, briefly summarized above, may be had by reference to embodiments, some of which are illustrated in the appended drawings. It is to be noted, however, that the appended drawings illustrate only typical embodiments of this disclosure and are therefore not to be considered limiting of its scope, for the disclosure may admit to other equally effective embodiments.

[0007] Figure 1 illustrates a dipole antenna including an hourglass shaped coupler, according to certain embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0008] Figures 2A and 2B illustrate a front view and back view of a substrate having a dipole antenna with an hourglass shaped coupler, according to certain embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0009] Figure 3 illustrates the current distribution of the dipole antenna of Figure 1, according to certain embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0010] Figure 4 illustrates a system having a transceiver to transmit and receive signals via a dipole antenna having an hourglass shaped coupler, according to certain embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0011] Figure 5 illustrates a perspective view of the system of Figure 4, according to certain embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0012] Figure 6 illustrates the elevation radiation pattern of the system of Figure 4, according to certain embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0013] Figure 7 illustrates the radiation pattern from a first side of the system of Figure 4 in the azimuth plane, according to certain embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0014] Figure 8 illustrates the radiation pattern from a second side of the system of Figure 4 in the azimuth plane, according to certain embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0015] To facilitate understanding, identical reference numerals have been used, where possible, to designate identical elements that are common to the figures. It is contemplated that elements disclosed in one embodiment may be beneficially utilized on other embodiments without specific recitation.

DESCRIPTION OF EXAMPLE EMBODIMENTS


OVERVIEW



[0016] One embodiment presented in this disclosure is a dipole antenna. The dipole antenna generally includes a first conductive layer including a first portion and a second portion, wherein the first portion is connected to a first trace in the first layer, a width of the first portion flares out from a connection point to the first trace in a first direction, the second portion is electrically isolated from the first trace and a width of the second portion flares out from a location closest to the first portion in a second direction, and where the second direction is opposite the first direction. The dipole antenna may also include a second conductive layer, including a third portion and a fourth portion, wherein the third portion is connected to a second trace in the second layer, a width of the third portion flares out from a connection point to the second trace in the second direction, the fourth portion is electrically isolated from the second trace and a width of the fourth portion flares out from a location closest to the third portion in the first direction, and the first and second layers are separated by an insulator, wherein the second portion is electrically floating, and the fourth portion is electrically floating.

EXAMPLE EMBODIMENTS



[0017] In general, a printed dipole antenna may be designed to achieve a high impedance bandwidth. The impedance of an antenna is a measure of the antenna's current consumption with reference to a voltage of a signal applied to the antenna for signal transmission which changes with frequency. Thus, the impedance bandwidth refers to the range of frequencies over which the antenna can properly radiate or receive energy based on the impedance of the antenna.

[0018] A dipole antenna may include at least one parasitic element, which may be used to shape the radiation pattern of the dipole antenna. That is, the parasitic element may be used to obtain a sector-type radiation pattern. However, including the parasitic element to obtain the sector-type radiation pattern may result in a reduction of the impedance bandwidth of the antenna. Moreover, the parasitic elements may increase H-plane pattern variation over the operating spectrum of the antenna.

[0019] These unwelcome consequences of pattern shaping at a single frequency (e.g., center frequency) are exacerbated as the operating frequency of the antenna moves away from the center frequency. This may be due to different signal feeding approaches such as the use of narrow-band baluns and couplers, or an unbalanced feed. These feeding approaches either have less impedance bandwidth than the radiating element of the dipole antenna itself or yield undesirable field interactions between the element and the transmission line which result in a modified current distribution on the dipole and pattern distortion.

[0020] Embodiments of the present disclosure provide a feeding technique via an hour glass shaped coupler that produces the proper dipole mode over a broad frequency range. Certain embodiments of the present disclosure may be implemented in the design of a wide-beam sector having about 160 degrees of H-Plane beamwidth. The resulting element may have an impedance bandwidth greater than 40% (including a 1.4 to 1 Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) over the 5 GHz wireless local area network (WLAN) band) and 2 GHz of radiation pattern bandwidth.

[0021] Figure 1 illustrates a dipole antenna 100 having an hourglass shaped coupler 102, in accordance with certain embodiments of the present disclosure. In one embodiment, the hourglass coupler 102 effectively behaves as a variable capacitor to cancel out the dipole antenna's input reactance, as will be described in more detail herein. As illustrated, the dipole antenna 100 includes a first conductive layer 108 and second conductive layer 110 which each include an hourglass shaped coupler 102. For example, the first layer 108 includes a first portion 104 of conductive material that is connected to a trace 106 at a connection point 112. At this connection point 112, a width of the first portion 104 of conductive material may be the same as the width of the trace 106. However, the width of the first portion 104 of conductive material flares out in a direction extending away from the connection point 112. That is, the width of the first portion 104 increases in a direction towards an end point 114 of the first portion 104.

[0022] In certain embodiments, the length 126 of the first portion 104 may range from one eighth to one twentieth of a wave length (λ) (e.g. , the operating wave length of a modulating signal used to drive the dipole antenna 100). In certain embodiments, the width of the first portion 104 increases towards the end point 114 up to a maximum width 124, and the width 124 may be maintained along the remaining length. For example, the width 124 of the first portion 104 may increase (or flare) for the first one to three sixteenths of an inch along its length 126 but then remains constant for the remaining length 126. In certain embodiments, the maximum width 124 may range from three to six percent of λ.

[0023] The dipole antenna 100 also comprises a second portion 116 of conductive material that is electrically floating (e.g., is electrically isolated from the trace106 and the first portion 104). The width of the second portion 116 flares out in a similar fashion as the first portion 104 except in the opposite direction. That is, the width of the second portion 116 increases in a direction towards an end point 118 of the second portion 116, up to a maximum width 128. The flaring of the first and second portions 104, 116 form what is referred to herein as the hour glass shape. In certain embodiments, the second portion 116 may be on the same plane as the first portion 104. As illustrated, a length 130 of the second portion 116 may be longer than a length 126 of the first portion 104. In certain embodiments, the length 130 of the second portion 116 may be about a quarter of λ after accounting for circuit board material. In certain embodiments, the width of the second portion 116 increases towards the end point 118 up to a maximum width 128, and the width 128 may be maintained along the remaining length. For example, the width 128 of the second portion 116 may increase (or flare) for the first one to three sixteenths of an inch along its length 130 but then remains constant for the remaining length 130. In certain embodiments, the maximum width 128 may range from three to six percent of λ.

[0024] The second conductive layer 110 of the antenna 100 is separated from the first conductive layer 108 by an insulator. For example, the first layer 108 may be on one side of a substrate (not shown), and the second layer 110 may be disposed on the other side of the substrate. The second conductive layer 110 includes a third portion 120 of conductive material that is formed opposite to the second portion 116. A width of the third portion 120 flares out in a similar (or same) fashion to the second portion 116, but the third portion 120 may have a shorter length (e.g., from a connection point of the third portion 120 to the trace124 towards an end point 132) than the second portion 116. In one embodiment, the length of third portion 120 on the second layer 110 may be approximately equal to the length of the first portion 104 on the first layer 108. The third portion 120 is connected to a second trace 124 which is also disposed on the second layer 110. As illustrated, the third portion 120 of conductive material on the second layer 110 may be directly opposite to the second portion of conductive material 116 on the first layer 108.

[0025] The second layer 110 also includes a fourth portion 122 of conductive material which is electrically floating (e.g., electrically isolated from the trace 124, the third portion of conductive material 120, and the elements (e.g., first and second portions 104, 116) on the first layer 108). The width of the fourth portion 122 flares out in a similar (or same) manner as the first portion 104 and may be directly opposite the first portion 104. While Figure 1 illustrates the first, second, third, and fourth portions 104, 116, 120, 122 flaring out in a continuous manner, the width of the first, second, third, and fourth portions 104, 116, 120, 122 may also flare out in a discrete manner (e.g., according to a step function).

[0026] In certain aspects, the portions of the conductive materials 104, 116, 120, 122 that flare out may have a semicircle shape. Similar to the first and second portions, the width of the third and fourth portions 120, 122 may increase towards the end points 132, 134, respectively, up to a maximum width (not shown), and the maximum width may be maintained along the remaining length of the third and fourth portions 120, 122.

[0027] As illustrated, a length of the fourth portion 122 towards an end point 134 may be longer than the length of the first portion 104 and the third portion 120. In certain embodiments, during operation of the antenna 100, the first trace 106 may be coupled to a modulating signal (e.g., from a frequency synthesizer of a transmitter), and the second trace 124 may be coupled to a reference voltage potential. In certain embodiments, the gap 136 between the first and second portions may be less than 30 mils, or less than 1% of λ.

[0028] The hourglass coupler 102 as illustrated in Figure 1 cancels out the input reactance of a half-wavelength dipole over a wide band. For example, the input impedance of an infinitesimally thin unloaded half-wavelength dipole is approximately 73 + j42.5 [Ohms]. The input reactance of the half-wavelength dipole may increase as a function of frequency because the electrical length of the dipole may extend past a half-wavelength. Thus, a distributed element (variable) capacitor may be placed at the dipole terminals to cancel out the dipole's input reactance. The hourglass coupler 102 as illustrated in Figure 1 effectively behaves as a variable capacitor (e.g., a printed distributed capacitor) to cancel out the dipole's input reactance. Its capacitance increases with frequency because the electrical length of the coupler also increases with frequency (e.g., the electrical surface area of the plates increases with frequency). The width of the dipole and the shape of the coupler 102 may determine the operating bandwidth of the element (e.g., dipole antenna 100). By curving the coupler and widening the element (e.g., flaring out a width of the first, second, third, and fourth portions 104, 116, 120, 122), large impedance bandwidths may be achievable.

[0029] Figure 2A illustrates the first layer 108 of antenna 100 of Figure 1 on an insulative substrate 202, in accordance with certain embodiments of the present disclosure. As illustrated, the trace106 is on the first layer 108. The trace106 is connected to the first portion of conductive material 104 at one end, and to an impedance matching portion 204 at the other end. That is, the impedance matching portion 204 may be configured to match an input resistance of the antenna 100 by adjusting dimensions of the conductive material (e.g., a resistive element) in the impedance matching portion 204. The impedance matching portion 204 also includes a shunt stub 208 used to match a reactance of the antenna 100. To do so, the reactive properties of the stub 208 may be adjusted by, for example, adjusting the stub's physical length in relation to the wavelength of signal transmission using antenna 100. As illustrated, the impedance matching portion 206 may be made of conductive material on the first layer 108.

[0030] Figure 2B illustrates the second layer 110 of antenna 100 of Figure 1 on a substrate 202, in accordance with certain embodiments of the present disclosure. As illustrated, the second layer 110 includes the third portion of conductive material 120 and the fourth portion of conductive material 122. The third portion 120 is coupled to the trace124 which is coupled to another impedance matching portion 206. Similar to impedance matching portion 204 of Figure 2A on the first layer 108, the impedance matching portion 206 is used for matching the input impedance of the antenna 100, and may have a shunt stub 210. As illustrated, the impedance matching portion 206 may be made of conductive material on the first layer 108.

[0031] The first trace106 may be coupled with a modulating signal (e.g., modulating signal on a coax cable 212) through the impedance matching portion 204 and the second trace124 may be coupled with a reference voltage potential (e.g., reference voltage potential of the coax cable 212) through the impedance matching portion 206. As illustrated, the reference voltage potential of the coax cable 212 may be coupled with the impedance matching portion 204 through the substrate 202.

[0032] Figure 3 illustrates the current distribution of the antenna 100, in accordance with certain embodiments of the present disclosure. The antenna 100 including the hourglass coupler 102 shapes the current at the feed point to produce the proper current distribution over a wide band, resulting in improved radiation pattern bandwidth. The current on each coupling section contains a strong axial vector component. At a specific design frequency (e.g., 5.5 GHz), the series impedance of one of the coupling sections may be small

which may improve capacitive coupling. The high electric field in the gap between the poles of the antenna 100 (e.g., gap between the first and fourth portions 104, 122, and the second and third portions 116, 120) and the current shaping accomplished by the coupler yield improved axial current distribution at the design frequency. The number of possible current paths may be increased by widening the dipole and shaping the coupler 102. Near the lower end of an operating frequency range (e.g., 4-7 GHz) the series impedance of the coupler 102 increases, forcing the current to the outer edge of the coupler 102. This effectively extends the current path with little modification to the current distribution or the input impedance.

[0033] Figure 4 illustrates a system 400 including a transmitter 402 configured to drive the antenna 100 of Figure 1 for signal transmission, in accordance with certain embodiments of the present disclosure. In certain embodiments, the system 400 may include a receiver (not shown) for signal reception using antenna 100. The antenna 100 may be spaced a free-space quarter wavelength from a parasitic reflector 404, used to shape the radiation pattern of the antenna 100. Thus, the design of the antenna 100 may first account for the loading effect of the substrate (e.g., using Jaisson's approximation) in order to calculate the length of a half-wavelength dipole at a design frequency (e.g., which may be 4-7 GHz), based on which the location of the parasitic reflector may be determined.

[0034] Figure 5 illustrates the system 400 showing a perspective view of the parasitic reflector 404, in accordance with certain embodiments of the present disclosure. The dimensions of the parasitic reflector 404 may be optimized to achieve a specific beamwidth specification. The hourglass coupler 102 is then incorporated, which cancels out the input reactance of a half-wavelength dipole over a wide band and shapes the current at the feed point (e.g., feed point of the hourglass coupler 102) to produce the proper current distribution over the wide band improving radiation pattern bandwidth. Because the input impedance over much of the frequency range may be greater than 50 Ohms and may vary, a single step-up transformer may be used to rotate the input impedance. For example, the transmitter 402 may include the step-up transformer to step up the voltage of a signal for transmission using the antenna 100. At least one open shunt stub (e.g., stubs 208 and 210) may then be used to complete the impedance match. Although not required, it may be desirable to have the step-up transformer because the paired strip line used to provide the impedance transformation may be physically smaller than its 50 Ohm counterpart, which facilitates the transition to the coupler 102 and helps mitigate feed line effects.

[0035] Figure 6 illustrates the elevation radiation pattern of the system 400 of Figure 4 as seen from a first side, in accordance with embodiments of the present disclosure. The elevation pattern illustrates the radiation pattern of the system 400 in the y-direction that is perpendicular to a base plane of the parasitic reflector 404. As illustrated, the system 400 with the hourglass coupler 102 and the parasitic reflector 404 has a strong radiation pattern in the positive y-direction relative to the negative y-direction.

[0036] Figure 7 illustrates the azimuth plane radiation pattern of the system 400 of Figure 4 from another side that is rotated 90 degrees on the plane 602 with reference to Figure 6, in accordance with certain embodiments of the present disclosure. As illustrated, the system 400 with the hourglass coupler 102 has a strong radiation pattern in the positive y-direction with reference to the negative y-direction. Moreover, the radiation pattern strengths in the positive and negative x directions are about the same.

[0037] Figure 8 illustrates the azimuth plane radiation pattern of the system 400 of Figure 4 from a top side that is rotated 90 degrees on the plane 702 with reference to Figure 7, in accordance with certain embodiments of the present disclosure. As illustrated, the system 400 with the hourglass coupler 102 has about the same radiation pattern strength in the positive and negative x-direction that is parallel to the base plane of the parasitic reflector 404. Similarly, the radiation pattern positive and negative z directions are about the same. However, as illustrated, the radiation pattern in the x direction is stronger than the radiation pattern in the z direction.

[0038] In the preceding, reference is made to embodiments presented in this disclosure. However, the scope of the present disclosure is not limited to specific described embodiments. Instead, any combination of the described features and elements, whether related to different embodiments or not, is contemplated to implement and practice contemplated embodiments. Furthermore, although embodiments disclosed herein may achieve advantages over other possible solutions or over the prior art, whether or not a particular advantage is achieved by a given embodiment is not limiting of the scope of the present disclosure. Thus, the preceding aspects, features, embodiments and advantages are merely illustrative and are not considered elements or limitations of the appended claims except where explicitly recited in a claim(s).

[0039] The flowchart and block diagrams in the Figures illustrate the architecture, functionality and operation of possible implementations of systems or methods. It should also be noted that, in some alternative implementations, the functions noted in the block may occur out of the order noted in the figures. For example, two blocks shown in succession may, in fact, be executed substantially concurrently, or the blocks may sometimes be executed in the reverse order, depending upon the functionality involved.

[0040] In view of the foregoing, the scope of the present disclosure is determined by the claims that follow.


Claims

1. A dipole antenna (100), comprising:

a first conductive layer (108) comprising a first portion (104) and a second portion (116), wherein:

the first portion (104) is connected to a first trace (106) in the first conductive layer (108),

a width of the first portion (104) flares out from a connection point (112) to the first trace (106) in a first direction,

the second portion (116) is electrically isolated from the first trace (106) and a width of the second portion (116) flares out from a location closest to the first portion (104) in a second direction, wherein the second direction is opposite the first direction; and
a second conductive layer (110), comprising a third portion (120) and a fourth portion (122), wherein:

the third portion (120) is connected to a second trace (120) in the second conductive layer (110),

a width of the third portion (120) flares out from a connection point to the second trace (120) in the second direction,

the fourth portion (122) is electrically isolated from the second trace (120) and a width of the fourth portion (122) flares out from a location closest to the third portion (120) in the first direction, and

the first and second conductive layers (108, 110) are separated by an
insulator

wherein the second portion (116) is electrically floating, and the fourth portion (122) is electrically floating.
 
2. The antenna (100) of claim 1, wherein the first and second conductive layers (108, 110) are parallel layers spaced apart by an insulative substrate.
 
3. The antenna (100) of claim 2, wherein at least a portion of the first trace (106) that connects to the first portion (104) in the first conductive layer (108) is directly opposite at least a portion of the second trace (124) that connects to the third portion (120) on the second conductive layer (110).
 
4. The antenna (100) of claim 1, wherein the first portion (104) of the first conductive layer (108) is directly opposite the fourth portion (122) of the conductive second layer (110).
 
5. The antenna (100) of claim 1, wherein the second portion (116) of the first conductive layer (108) is directly opposite the third portion (120) of the second conductive layer (110).
 
6. The antenna of claim 1, wherein the second portion has a length extending in the second direction that is greater than a length of the first portion extending in the first direction, and the fourth portion has a length extending in the first direction that is greater than the length of the third portion extending in the second direction.
 
7. The antenna (100) of claim 6, wherein the length of the first portion (104) is approximately equal to the length of the third portion (120) and the length of the second portion (116) is approximately equal to the length of the fourth portion (122).
 
8. The antenna (100) of claim 1, wherein the first trace (106) is coupled to a modulating signal, and the second trace (124) is coupled to a reference voltage potential.
 
9. The antenna (100) of claim 1, wherein the first and second traces (106, 124) include at least one resistive element configured to match an input resistance of the antenna to a desired resistance.
 
10. The antenna (100) of claim 1, wherein a capacitance between the first and second portions (104, 116) changes based on an operating frequency of the antenna (100) and a capacitance between the third and fourth portions (120, 122) changes based on the operating frequency of the antenna (100).
 
11. The antenna (100) of claim 10, wherein the capacitance between the first and second portions (104, 116) and the capacitance between the third and fourth portions (120, 122) increase as the operating frequency increases.
 
12. The antenna (100) of claim 1, wherein at least a portion of the first portion (104) has a semicircle shape, and at least a portion of the second portion (116) has a semicircle shape.
 
13. The antenna (100) of claim 1, wherein the first and second portions (104, 116) have an hourglass shape and the third and fourth portions (120, 124) have an hourglass shape.
 
14. The antenna of claim 1, wherein the second conductive layer forms a mirror image of the first trace (108), the first portion (104), and the second portion (116) on the first conductive layer (108).
 
15. An apparatus for wireless communication, comprising: a transmitter (402) configured to provide a modulating signal to a dipole antenna (100) according to any preceding claim for signal transmission via a first trace (106), wherein a reference potential for the modulating signal is coupled to a second trace (124).
 


Ansprüche

1. Dipolantenne (100), die aufweist:

eine erste leitende Schicht (108), die einen ersten Abschnitt (104) und einen zweiten Abschnitt (116) aufweist, wobei:

der erste Abschnitt (104) mit einer ersten Spur (106) in der ersten leitenden Schicht (108) verbunden ist;

eine Breite des ersten Abschnitts (104) sich von einem Verbindungspunkt (112) zu der ersten Spur (106) in einer ersten Richtung aufweitet,

der zweite Abschnitt (116) von der ersten Spur (106) elektrisch isoliert ist und eine Breite des zweiten Abschnitts (116) von einer Stelle, die am nächsten zu dem ersten Abschnitt (104) ist, sich in einer zweiten Richtung aufweitet, wobei die zweite Richtung der ersten Richtung entgegengesetzt ist; und

eine zweite leitende Schicht (110), die einen dritten Abschnitt (120) und einen vierten Abschnitt (122) aufweist, wobei:

der dritte Abschnitt (120) mit einer zweiten Spur (120) in der zweiten leitenden Schicht (110) verbunden ist,

eine Breite des dritten Abschnitts (120) sich von einem Verbindungspunkt zu der zweiten Spur (120) in der zweiten Richtung aufweitet,

der vierte Abschnitt (122) von der zweiten Spur (120) elektrisch isoliert ist und eine Breite des vierten Abschnitts (122) von einer Stelle, die am nächsten zu dem dritten Abschnitt (120) ist, sich in der ersten Richtung aufweitet, und

die ersten und zweiten leitenden Schichten (108, 110) durch einen Isolator voneinander getrennt sind,

wobei der zweite Abschnitt (116) elektrisch potentialfrei ist und der vierte Abschnitt (122) elektrisch potentialfrei ist.


 
2. Antenne (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die ersten und zweiten leitenden Schichten (108, 110) parallele Schichten sind, die durch ein isolierendes Substrat voneinander getrennt sind.
 
3. Antenne (100) nach Anspruch 2, wobei wenigstens ein Abschnitt der ersten Spur (106), die mit dem ersten Abschnitt (104) in der ersten leitenden Schicht (108) verbunden ist, wenigstens einem Abschnitt der zweiten Spur (124), die mit dem dritten Abschnitt (120) an der zweiten leitenden Schicht (110) verbunden ist, direkt gegenüberliegt.
 
4. Antenne (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der erste Abschnitt (104) der ersten leitenden Schicht (108) dem vierten Abschnitt (122) der leitenden zweiten Schicht (110) direkt gegenüberliegt.
 
5. Antenne (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der zweite Abschnitt (116) der ersten leitenden Schicht (108) dem dritten Abschnitt (120) der zweiten leitenden Schicht (110) direkt gegenüberliegt.
 
6. Antenne nach Anspruch 1, wobei der zweite Abschnitt eine Länge hat, die sich in der zweiten Richtung erstreckt, und die größer ist als eine Länge des ersten Abschnitts, die sich in der ersten Richtung erstreckt, und der vierte Abschnitt eine Länge hat, die sich in der ersten Richtung erstreckt und die größer ist, als die Länge des dritten Abschnitts, die sich in der zweiten Richtung erstreckt.
 
7. Antenne (100) nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Länge des ersten Abschnitts (104) in etwa gleich der Länge des dritten Abschnitts (120) ist und die Länge des zweiten Abschnitts (116) in etwa gleich der Länge des vierten Abschnitts (122) ist.
 
8. Antenne (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die erste Spur (106) mit einem Modulationssignal verbunden ist und die zweite Spur (124) mit einem Referenzspannungspotential verbunden ist.
 
9. Antenne (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die ersten und zweiten Spuren (106, 124) wenigstens ein Widerstandselement aufweisen, das dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Eingangswiderstand der Antenne an einen gewünschten Widerstand anzupassen.
 
10. Antenne (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich eine Kapazität zwischen den ersten und zweiten Abschnitten (104, 116) basierend auf einer Betriebsfrequenz der Antenne (100) ändert und eine Kapazität zwischen den dritten und vierten Abschnitten (120, 122) basierend auf der Betriebsfrequenz der Antenne (100) ändert.
 
11. Antenne (100) nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Kapazität zwischen den ersten und zweiten Abschnitten (104, 116) und die Kapazität zwischen den dritten und vierten Abschnitten (120, 122) zunimmt, wenn die Betriebsfrequenz zunimmt.
 
12. Antenne (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei wenigstens ein Teil des ersten Abschnitts (104) eine Halbkreisform hat, und wenigstens ein Teil des zweiten Abschnitts (116) eine Halbkreisform hat.
 
13. Antenne (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die ersten und zweiten Abschnitte (104, 116) eine Sanduhrform haben und die dritten und vierten Abschnitte (120, 124) eine Sanduhrform haben.
 
14. Antenne nach Anspruch 1, wobei die zweite leitende Schicht ein Spiegelbild der ersten Spur (108), des ersten Abschnitts (104) und des zweiten Abschnitts (116) auf der ersten leitenden Schicht (108) bildet.
 
15. Vorrichtung zur Drahtloskommunikation, die aufweist: einen Sender (402), der dazu konfiguriert ist, ein Modulationssignal an eine Dipolantenne (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche zur Signalübertragung über eine erste Spur (106) zu liefern, wobei ein Referenzpotential für das Modulationssignal mit einer zweiten Spur (124) verbunden ist.
 


Revendications

1. Antenne dipolaire (100), comprenant :

une première couche conductrice (108) comprenant une première portion (104) et une deuxième portion (116), dans laquelle :

la première portion (104) est reliée à une première trace (106) dans la première couche conductrice (108),

une largeur de la première portion (104) s'évase à partir d'un point de liaison (112) avec la première trace (106) dans une première direction,

la deuxième portion (116) est isolée électriquement de la première trace (106) et une largeur de la deuxième portion (116) s'évase à partir d'un emplacement plus proche de la première portion (104) dans une seconde direction, dans laquelle la seconde direction est opposée à la première direction ; et

une seconde couche conductrice (110), comprenant une troisième portion (120) et une quatrième portion (122), dans laquelle :

la troisième portion (120) est reliée à une seconde trace (124) dans la seconde couche conductrice (110),

une largeur de la troisième portion (120) s'évase à partir d'un point de liaison avec la seconde trace (124) dans la seconde direction,

la quatrième portion (122) est isolée électriquement de la seconde trace (124) et une largeur de la quatrième portion (122) s'évase à partir d'un emplacement plus proche de la troisième portion (120) dans la première direction, et

les première et seconde couches conductrices (108, 110) sont séparées par un isolant,

dans laquelle

la deuxième portion (116) est électriquement flottante et la quatrième portion (122) est électriquement flottante.


 
2. Antenne (100) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle les première et seconde couches conductrices (108, 110) sont des couches parallèles espacées par un substrat isolant.
 
3. Antenne (100) selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle au moins une portion de la première trace (106) qui est reliée à la première portion (104) dans la première couche conductrice (108) est directement opposée à au moins une portion de la seconde trace (124) qui est reliée à la troisième portion (120) sur la seconde couche conductrice (110).
 
4. Antenne (100) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la première portion (104) de la première couche conductrice (108) est directement opposée à la quatrième portion (122) de la seconde couche conductrice (110).
 
5. Antenne (100) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la deuxième portion (116) de la première couche conductrice (108) est directement opposée à la troisième portion (120) de la seconde couche conductrice (110).
 
6. Antenne selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la deuxième portion a une longueur s'étendant dans la seconde direction qui est supérieure à une longueur de la première portion s'étendant dans la première direction, et la quatrième portion a une longueur s'étendant dans la première direction qui est supérieure à la longueur de la troisième portion s'étendant dans la seconde direction.
 
7. Antenne (100) selon la revendication 6, dans laquelle la longueur de la première portion (104) est approximativement égale à la longueur de la troisième portion (120) et la longueur de la deuxième portion (116) est approximativement égale à la longueur de la quatrième portion (122).
 
8. Antenne (100) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la première trace (106) est couplée à un signal modulant, et la seconde trace (124) est couplée à un potentiel de tension de référence.
 
9. Antenne (100) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle les première et seconde traces (106, 124) comportent au moins un élément résistif configuré pour correspondre à une résistance d'entrée de l'antenne à une résistance souhaitée.
 
10. Antenne (100) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle une capacitance entre les première et deuxième portions (104, 116) change sur la base d'une fréquence de fonctionnement de l'antenne (100) et une capacitance entre les troisième et quatrième portions (120, 122) change sur la base de la fréquence de fonctionnement de l'antenne (100).
 
11. Antenne (100) selon la revendication 10, dans laquelle la capacitance entre les première et deuxième portions (104, 116) et la capacitance entre les troisième et quatrième portions (120, 122) augmentent lorsque la fréquence de fonctionnement augmente.
 
12. Antenne (100) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle au moins une portion de la première portion (104) a une forme de demi-cercle, et au moins une portion de la deuxième portion (116) a une forme de demi-cercle.
 
13. Antenne (100) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle les première et deuxième portions (104, 116) ont une forme de sablier et les troisième et quatrième portions (120, 122) ont une forme de sablier.
 
14. Antenne selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la seconde couche conductrice forme une image miroir de la première trace (108), la première portion (104), et la deuxième portion (116) sur la première couche conductrice (108).
 
15. Dispositif de communication sans fil, comprenant :
un émetteur (402) configuré pour fournir un signal modulant à une antenne dipolaire (100) selon une quelconque des revendications précédentes pour l'émission de signaux par le biais d'une première trace (106), dans lequel un potentiel de référence pour le signal modulant est couplé à une seconde trace (124).
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description