(19)
(11)EP 3 326 311 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 16745426.3

(22)Date of filing:  15.07.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04L 1/00(2006.01)
H04L 25/49(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2016/066910
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/013018 (26.01.2017 Gazette  2017/04)

(54)

TRANSMITTER FOR TRANSMITTING A DATA TRANSMISSION SIGNAL AND RECEIVER FOR RECEIVING THE DATA TRANSMISSION SIGNAL EACH OF WHICH CAN SWITCH BETWEEN CODING AND/OR MODULATION SCHEMES IN DEPENDENCY OF AN ADDITIONAL INFORMATION SIGNAL

SENDER ZUM AUSSENDEN EINES DATENÜBERTRAGUNGSSIGNALS UND EMPFÄNGER ZUM EMPFANG EINES DATENÜBERTRAGUNGSSIGNALS, WELCHE JEWEILS KODIER- UND/ODER MODULATIONSSCHEMEN IN ABHÄNGIGKEIT EINES ZUSÄTZLICHEN INFORMATIONSSIGNALS UMSCHALTEN

ÉMETTEUR POUR TRANSMETTRE UN SIGNAL DE TRANSMISSION DE DONNÉES ET RÉCEPTEUR POUR RECEVOIR LE SIGNAL DE TRANSMISSION DE DONNÉES CHACUN POUVANT SÉLECTIONNER DES SCHÉMAS DE CODAGE ET / OU MODULATION EN FONCTION D'UN SIGNAL D'INFORMATION ADDITIONNEL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 17.07.2015 IT UB20152257

(43)Date of publication of application:
30.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/22

(73)Proprietor: Institut für Rundfunktechnik GmbH
80939 München (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • KUNERT, Clemens
    85774 Unterföhring (DE)
  • LIPFERT, Herman
    82041 Oberhaching (DE)
  • PETERSEN, Swen
    81241 München (DE)

(74)Representative: Koplin, Moritz et al
Anne-Conway-Straße 1
28359 Bremen
28359 Bremen (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 289 181
WO-A2-03/001681
EP-A1- 2 031 781
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Description introduction



    [0001] The invention relates to a transmitter for the transmission of a data transmission signal within a transmission area in accordance with the claim preamble 1. The invention also relates to a receiver for receiving the data transmission signal.

    [0002] A transmitter from the claim preamble 1 is known from US-20100260045A. In this document, a transmitter is described that is capable, inter alia, of modulating the information containing signal to be emitted using various modulation schemes dependent on the conditions of transmission in the transmission area and/or to encode according to various coding schemes, depending on good or bad reception conditions.

    Short description of the invention



    [0003] The purpose of the invention is the proposal of a transmitter and a receiver wherein the transmitter is equipped with a coding and/or modulation unit with an additional mode of operation and the receiver is also capable of working with the transmitter in this additional mode of operation.
    The transmitter for the invention is therefore defined according to the notes in the claim 1. The receiver for the invention is therefore defined according to the claim 10.
    Positive examples of the transmitter design are defined by the claims 2 to 9. Positive examples of the receiver design are defined by the claims 11 to 13. The additional information signal is a digital additional information signal, and the changes in the MCS scheme occur on a bit basis of the digital additional information signal. That means that for each bit in the digital additional information signal, it is decided whether a change in the MCS scheme should occur or not, in dependence of the bit value of that bit of the digital additional information signal.
    The invention relates to the following information.
    A transmitter and a receiver that are linked and exchange any modulation signal with each other (e.g. language, video, audio data) are linked on the physical layer (PHY) at specified points in time with entirely pre-defined modulation and coding schemes (MCS). The chosen MCS depends upon the receiver's reception conditions as well as the current conditions on the transmission channel. An important measure to determine this is the Signal-to-Interference-and-Noise Ratio - SINR - at the reception area.
    In bidirectional connections (e.g. mobile phone connection to mobile transmission station), the receiving device constantly reports its reception conditions (at specified time intervals), whereupon the transmitter adjusts its MCS for the connection to the receiving device in such a way as to ensure the modulation signal is also received correctly by the receiving device (i.e. the signal is decoded correctly). For example, if the reception conditions in the location of the receiver deteriorate, the transmitter will adjust its MCS towards "more robust modulation". This will reduce the transmissible net data rate. However, if the reception conditions in the location of the receiver improve, the transmitter will adjust its MCS towards "higher-order modulation", increasing the transmissible net data rate. If the reception conditions in the location of the receiver remain the same over a certain period of time, then there will also be no change in the MCS in transmission from transmitter to receiver.
    The invention then concerns the implementation of MCS changes (variations in the modulation and/or coding schemes) on the transmitter side in order to transmit specific data (additional information). The data/additional information is in the form of a binary sequence of bits (logic 0 and logic 1). The MCS will then be modified according to the bit sequence of the additional information (AI) in such a way that the robustness, based on the current MCS (as it has recently been selected for transmission without MCS variation from the transmission system), is first modified towards higher robustness and then back to the previous MCS.
    For example: The MCS 64-QAM 3/4 is selected for transmission in a radio cell in order to ensure error-free reception at the receiving device if the cell is expanded. Now, for a specified, short time, depending on the additional information to be transmitted, the MCS will switch first to MCS 64-QAM 2/3 and then back to 64-QAM-3/4, and according to the bit sequence of the additional information, back and forth between these MCS until the data are completely reproduced. Disturbances in the transmission quality of the modulation data (video, audio, data) as a result of the modulated additional data will be avoided by always modulating to a "more robust MCS" relative to the current MCS.
    Because transferal from the transmitter to the receiver entails a superimposition as part of the change in modulation and coding schemes, once triggered by the reception conditions and then another created by the transmission of the additional information, errors can occur on the receiver side during AI transmission. In the case of AI data that can be transmitted several times and repeatedly (identifiers, distress calls, etc.), this does not present a problem because the data will be received several times. The use of a suitable error protection mechanism (EPM) on the additional information's bit sequence can provide for error-free decoding, even of non-repeating additional information on the receiver side. But EPM also offers further, additional error protection for AI data that is transmitted several times and repeatedly.

    Short description of diagrams.



    [0004] The invention is represented in more detail using some implementation examples in the diagram description that follows. In these diagrams:

    Fig. 1 is an implementation example of a transmitter according to the invention,

    Fig. 2 is an implementation example of the transmitter's coding and/or modulation scheme,

    Fig. 3 is a second implementation example of the transmitter's coding and/or modulation scheme,

    Fig. 4 is an implementation example of a receiver according to the invention,

    Fig. 5 is a second implementation example of a receiver according to the invention,

    Fig. 6 is a second implementation example of a transmitter according to the invention,

    Fig. 7 is an implementation example of the transmitter's coding and/or modulation scheme according to Fig. 6,

    Fig. 8 is an application of the MCS conversion process according to the invention for an additional information signal that is pre-coded using a Manchester Code, and

    Fig. 9 is an implementation example of the MCS conversion process according to the invention, wherein an additional information signal is enclosed in the data transmission signal using (n=) 4 MCS schemes.


    Detailed description of diagrams



    [0005] In a coding and modulation scheme in a transmitter, there are always two separate signal processing levels implemented one after the other on the information signal that is to be transmitted. However, a transmitter's coding and modulation schemes are always given together for this transmitter.

    [0006] A 'modulation scheme' refers to the modulation of a signal, i.e. how it is modulated and transmitted from a transmitter into a carrier. There are various modulation processes; BPSK, QPSK, QAM etc. The most common process used in communications engineering is currently quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) - in which modulation takes on a power of 4 (4^n) - which is most easily understood using the four quadrants in the IQ constellation diagram - 4^1 -> 4QAM/42-> 16-QAM/43 -> 64-QAM/4^4 -> 256-QAM/4^5 -> 1024-QAM etc.

    [0007] A "coding scheme" (also called a code rate) is error protection coding. The code rate of the error protection coding always gives the ratio of useful bits to total bits (useful bits + error correction bits) and therefore can never be larger than one (1). For example: the code rate 3/4 means that 4 bits total contain 3 bits of information and one protection bit. Or: a code rate of 5/6 means that 6 bits total contain 5 bits of information and one protection bit.

    [0008] Fig. 1 shows an implementation example of a transmitter. The transmitter 100 is equipped with an input 102 to receive the information signal (IS) to be sent. Input 102 is coupled with an error protection coding unit 104 using an input terminal. The IS is error protection coded into the error protection coding unit 104 and the error protection coded information signal is given to an output terminal. The output terminal of the error protection coding unit 104 is coupled with a modulation unit 106 using an input terminal. The modulation unit 106 modulates the error protection coded information signal into a modulated information signal, which is given to an output 108 as a data transmission signal via the output terminal of the modulation unit 106. The data transmission signal can then (after a corresponding conversion from digital to analogue) be transmitted in the transmission area using an antenna 110.

    [0009] The transmitter is further equipped with a control unit 112. The control unit 112 controls the error protection coding unit 104 and the modulation unit 106 using control signals 114 or 116, which are supplied on the control input of the error protection coding unit 104 or on a control input of the modulation unit 106 and thereby control the transmitter's 100 coding and/or modulation scheme (MCS). The control unit 112 controls the error protection coding unit and the modulation unit 106 under the influence of an additional information signal AI, which is supplied via a second input 120 in the transmitter to an input terminal of the control unit 112 and derives control signals 114 and 116 from this.
    The additional information signal could, as an example, be a warning broadcast signal.

    [0010] Fig. 2 shows an implementation example of how the transmitter's coding and modulation scheme could change over time under the influence of the additional information signal. If there is no additional information signal to transmit, the information signal to be transmitted that is supplied at input 102 will be coded and modulated with a coding and modulation scheme of, for example, 16-QAM3/4. This means that under the influence of the control signal 114, the error protection coding unit 104 adds one error protection bit to three information bits. Under the influence of the control signal 116, the modulation unit 106 modulates the information signal that has been error protection coded in this way with 16-QAM modulation. This is shown in Fig. 2 for the time t < t1.
    If an additional information signal, AI, must be transmitted, the coding and modulation scheme is altered as follows. In this implementation example, the additional information signal is given as a digital (binary) signal in Fig. 2, namely by the series of bits in zeros and ones: 1001011011001010011011.....
    This series of bits in ones and zeros is essentially the sequence of a series of bytes (8-bit-long words) B1, B2, B3, ... of the additional information signal.
    As Fig. 2 demonstrates, the coding and modulation scheme are altered in that for a bit equal to logic '1', the coding and modulation scheme changes to 16-QAM 2/3. For logic '0' bits, the coding and modulation scheme changes back to 16-QAM 3/4.
    This means that modulation 16-QAM remains unchanged, but the error protection coding changes under the influence of the additional information signal between the code rate 3/4 and 2/3.
    As shown in Fig. 2, if no additional information signal is to be transmitted, i.e. for times t < t1, the coding and modulation scheme is 16-QAM 3/4. This coding and modulation scheme means a specified robustness of data transmission and therefore a specified transmission area in which receivers can receive the data transmission signal without error as far as possible. In the time intervals in which the additional information signal is transmitted, the second coding and modulation scheme is: 16-QAM 2/3. This coding and modulation scheme means a greater robustness of data transmission than 16-QAM 3/4 and therefore a somewhat larger transmission area in which receivers can receive the data transmission signal without error as far as possible. This is advantageous, therefore, because the change in coding and/or modulation scheme in the time intervals in which an additional data signal is transferred does not negatively affect the size of the desired transmission area because the 16-QAM 2/3 scheme is used, i.e. the useful signal transmission itself is not affected.

    [0011] Fig. 3 shows another implementation example of how the transmitter's coding and modulation scheme could change over time under the influence of the additional information signal. If there is no additional information signal to transmit, the information signal to be transmitted that is supplied at input 102 will be modulated with a modulation scheme of, for example, 16-QAM. This means that according to the invention, the error protection coding unit 104 has no significance in this case, and may be configured to a specified error protection coding (code rate) or may even be absent. Under the influence of the control signal 116, the modulation unit 106 modulates any information signal that has been error protection coded in this way with 16-QAM modulation. This is shown in Fig. 3 for the time t < t1.
    If an additional information signal, AI, must be transmitted, the coding and modulation scheme is altered as follows. In this implementation example, the additional information signal is given as a digital (binary) signal again, as in Fig 2.
    As Fig. 3 demonstrates, the coding and modulation scheme are altered by changing the modulation scheme to 8-QAM for a bit equal to logic '1'. For logic '0' bits, the modulation scheme changes back to 16-QAM.
    As shown in Fig. 3, if no additional information signal is to be transmitted, i.e. for times t < t1, the modulation scheme is 16-QAM. This modulation scheme means a specified robustness of data transmission and therefore a specified transmission area in which receivers can receive the data transmission signal without error as far as possible. In the time intervals in which the additional information signal is transmitted, the second modulation scheme is 8-QAM. This modulation scheme means a greater robustness of data transmission than 16-QAM and therefore a larger transmission area in which receivers can receive the data transmission signal without error as far as possible. As can be seen from the description to the Figs. 2 and 3, the additional information signal is a digital additional information signal, and the changes in the MCS scheme occur on a bit basis of the digital additional information signal. That means that for each bit in the digital additional information signal, it is decided whether a change in the MCS scheme should occur or not, in dependence of the bit value of that bit of the digital additional information signal. This is advantageous, therefore, because the change in modulation scheme in the time intervals in which an additional data signal is transferred does not negatively affect the size of the desired transmission area because the 8-QAM scheme is used, i.e. the useful signal transmission itself is not affected.

    [0012] Fig. 4 shows an implementation example of a receiver 400 for receiving the transmitter's data transmission signals from Fig. 1. The data transmission signal is received with an antenna and forwarded to an input 404 of the receiver 400. Input 404 is coupled with a demodulation unit 406 using an input terminal. An output terminal of demodulation unit 406 is coupled with an error correction unit 408 using an input terminal. An output terminal of the error correction unit 408 is coupled with an output 416. Furthermore, a control unit 412 is provided to control the demodulator unit 406 and the error correction unit 408, so that the data transmission signal that is received can be demodulated and/or error-corrected using the correct demodulation and/or decoding scheme.
    The control unit 412 is configured to determine with which coding and/or modulation scheme the transmission signal is coded and/or modulated. In the case of the implementation example from Fig. 2, the control unit 412 determines that the transmission signal is coded and modulated with either 16-QAM 3/4 or 16-QAM 2/3. The control unit 412 uses this to generate two control signals 420 and 422 to control the demodulator unit 406 and the error correction unit 422, so that demodulation and error correction are carried out correctly and a replica of the transmitted information signal is received.
    In the time intervals in which an additional information signal is transmitted through a change in the coding and/or modulation scheme, the control unit can additionally derive the transmitted additional information signal from these changes to the coding and/or modulation schemes and pass them on at an output 418.
    In the case of the implementation example from Fig. 3, the control unit 412 determines that the transmission signal is modulated with either 16-QAM or 8-QAM. The control unit 412 uses this to generate a control signal 422 to control the demodulator unit 406, so that demodulation is carried out correctly and a replica of the transmitted information signal is received. As mentioned in the description to Fig. 3, this similarly means here that according to the invention, the error correction unit 408 is of no importance in this case and may be configured to a specified error correction value or may even be absent.

    [0013] As described in, for example, US-PS 5423059 or in EP 1076427A2, errors may occur during reception of transmission signals from a transmitter. Known receivers are configured for this purpose to determine whether a data transmission signal from a transmitter is received by the receiver with an error and to generate a feedback signal depending on these errors. This feedback signal is transmitted to the transmitter and the transmitter switches to a more robust coding and/or modulation scheme on the basis of this feedback signal.

    [0014] Fig. 5 shows a second implementation example of a receivers 500 according to the invention that is also configured to generate a feedback signal and to transmit the feedback signal to a transmitter.

    [0015] The receiver 500 according to Fig. 5 is formed in the same way as the transmitter 400 according to Fig. 4. Matching elements that are indicated in Fig. 4 with 4xy are given in Fig. 5 with 5xy. In addition to what it shown in Fig. 4, the receiver in Fig. 5 contains another device 514 to (in the way already discussed) generate a control signal depending on the scale of the error in the received data transmission signal, which device 514 is further configured to transmit the control signal as a feedback signal 530 to the transmitter using an antenna 536.

    [0016] Fig. 6 shows a second implementation example of a transmitter 600 according to the invention that is additionally configured to receive the feedback signal 630 that has been transmitted by the receiver 500 in Fig. 5 as a feedback signal 530.

    [0017] The transmitter 600 according to Fig. 6 is formed in the same way as the transmitter 100 according to Fig. 1. Matching elements that are indicated in Fig. 1 with 1xy are given in Fig. 6 with 6xy. In addition to what is shown in Fig. 1, the transmitter in Fig. 6 contains another device 628 (e.g. another antenna) to receive the feedback signal 630. This feedback signal is also passed on to the control unit 612, also in order to control the transmitter's coding and/or modulation scheme.
    The transmitter's functioning according to Fig. 6 is further explained in Fig. 7. In normal operation and under good conditions for transmission, but when no additional information signal is to be transmitted, the transmitter 600 words with a coding and/or modulation scheme of, for example, 16-QAM 5/6. If an additional information signal AI1 is to be transmitted, at time t = t1, this additional information signal AI1 is transmitted by switching between coding and modulation schemes 16-QAM 5/6 and 16-QAM 3/4 in a way already described with Fig. 2. However, in this case, only the error protection coding changes between 5/6 (i.e. an error correction bit is transmitted with 5 information bits of the information signal to be transmitted) and 3/4 (i.e. an error correction bit is transmitted with 4 information bits of the information signal to be transmitted).
    Then, the transmitter 600 receives a feedback signal that informs it that the reception quality of the received transmission signal has reduced. In response to this, the control unit 612 switches the transmitter to a more robust coding and/or modulation scheme. This is shown in Fig. 7 at time t = t2, where the modulation scheme is converted from 16-QAM 5/6 to 8-QAM 5/6.
    If an additional information signal AI2 is to be transmitted again, at time t = t3, this additional information signal AI2 is transmitted by switching between coding and modulation schemes 8-QAM 5/6 and 8-QAM 3/4 again in a way already depicted in Fig. 2. In this case, the error protection coding changes again between 5/6 and 3/4.
    Then, the transmitter 600 receives a feedback signal again that informs it that the reception quality of the received transmission signal has reduced further. In response to this, the control unit 612 switches the transmitter to an even more robust coding and/or modulation scheme. This is shown in Fig. 7 at time t = t4, where the modulation scheme is converted from 8-QAM 5/6 to 4-QAM 5/6.
    If an additional information signal AI3 is to be transmitted again, at time t = t5, this additional information signal AI3 is transmitted by switching between coding and modulation schemes 4-QAM 5/6 and 4-QAM 3/4 again in a way already described with Fig. 2. In this case, the error protection coding changes again between 5/6 and 3/4.
    However, a conversion of the modulation and coding scheme may take place because of poorer reception within the transmission time of an information signal, such as at time tx, see Fig. 7. This can lead to bit errors during decoding of the AI signal. For example, an MCS conversion from 16-QAM 5/6 to 16-QAM 3/4 at time tx can be interpreted erroneously as a 'bit change' in the AI signal as a result of deteriorating reception on the receiver side, even though NO bit change has occurred in the AI signal at this time. To avoid these errors, in particular in additional information signals that are not transmitted repeatedly (in this case, a bit error may be detected because of the multiple transmission), additional error protection is implemented on the additional information signal. The additional information signal (AI) can be provided with Forward Error Correction for the AI signal (FECZI) before it is "modulated" into the useful signal by the MCS change. For example, a protection bit may be added for every 3 useful bits in the AI signal, corresponding to a coderate_AI of 3/4.
    Synchronization in transmission of the additional information signal between transmitter and receiver must be ensured. There is an opportunity here to select a fixed bit clock that is known to both the transmitter and the receiver. This means it is possible for the receiver to recognize longer zero and one sequences in the additional information signal data bits (in this case there will not always be a change in the MCS scheme from bit to bit).
    A second opportunity is the use of a special differential phase modulation (phase shift keying) for the AI signal, see Fig 8. Differential Manchester code has the following coding specification:
    • When transmitting a logic 0, the clock signal is not inverted (turned 180° during the phase) for output relative to previous phasing
    • When transmitting a logic 1, the clock signal is inverted (turned 180°) for output relative to previous phasing
    The clock can be recovered in the receiver from the transmitted "differential Manchester" coded AI signal. As applied in this invention, this means that any time a phase change occurs in differential Manchester code, the MCS scheme changes correspondingly, as described above, between MCS 1 and MCS 2. Or the inverse: the MCS is always changed correspondingly when the phase changes. The exact bit sequence of the additional information can be derived at the receiver from the recovered clock and the times of the phase changes (MCS changes).
    Fig. 9 shows an implementation example of the MCS conversion process according to the invention, wherein an additional information signal is enclosed in the data transmission signal using (n=) 4 MCS schemes.
    The additional information signal that is to be transmitted is, again, the digital (binary) signal that was already given in Fig. 2, namely, the series of 0 and 1 bits: 1001011011001010011011.....
    Two consecutive bits are always taken together. There are four possibilities for two bits: 00, 01, 10 and 11. As shown in Fig. 9, if no additional information signal is to be transmitted, i.e. for times t < t1, the coding and modulation scheme is 64-QAM 3/4. This coding and modulation scheme means a specified robustness of data transmission and therefore a specified transmission area in which receivers can receive the data transmission signal without error as far as possible. The first two-bit word of the additional information signal '10' causes a new change in the MCS scheme from 64-QAM 3/4 to 16-QAM 3/4. Two two-bit words of the additional information signal '01' follow this. This causes a change in the MCS scheme from 16-QAM 3/4 to 64-QAM 2/3. Following this is another two-bit word '10', which causes a change in the MCS scheme from 64-QAM 2/3 to 16-QAM 3/4. Following this is a two-bit word '11', which leads to a change from 16-QAM 3/4 to 16-QAM 1/2. Following this is a two-bit word '00', which leads to a change from 16-QAM 1/2 to 64-QAM 3/4.
    This process leads to a lower change frequency between the different MCS schemes in comparison with the conversion process discussed in Fig. 2. This is advantageous because the MCS change scheme must then be interfered with less than if every bit change were to lead to an MCS change. A higher FEC could also be used, which would generate additional protection bits, also generating a few more MCS changes, but this could then be better managed because of the lower change rate.
    It should also be noted that the invention is not limited to the example implementations discussed here. The invention also bears upon examples of implementation that differ from these examples in ways that are not crucial to the invention. For instance, n (the number of different MCS schemes) could differ from that described. For a number of n equal to, for example, three, a ternary additional information signal would have to be accommodated through changes between the three different MCS schemes in the data transmission signal. The invention also has applications in single-frequency networks (SFNs). Because the MCS does not usually change in SFNs, it is obvious when the MCS scheme does change that an additional information signal is being transmitted. The additional error correction mentioned above would then not be necessary and the transmission system would then become simpler (and therefore cheaper).


    Claims

    1. A transmitter (100) for transmitting a data transmission signal in a reception area, the transmitter being provided with an input (102) for receiving an information signal (IS) to be transmitted, a coding and/or modulation unit (104,106) for coding and/or modulating the information signal with a certain coding and/or modulation scheme into the data transmission signal, and an output (108) for supplying the data transmission signal, the coding and/or modulation unit (104,106,112) is adapted to code and/or modulate the information signal with n different coding and/or modulation schemes, where n is an integer for which holds: n > 2, characterised in that it is further adapted to switch between these n coding and/or modulation schemes in dependency of an additional information signal (ZI) to be transmitted, wherein the switching overs between the n coding and/or modulation schemes represent the additional information signal.
     
    2. The transmitter of claim 1, wherein the coding and/or modulation unit is provided with an input (120) for receiving the additional information signal (ZI).
     
    3. The transmitter of claim 1 or 2, wherein the coding and/or modulation unit is adapted to code and/or modulate the information signal with two different coding and/or modulation schemes in dependency of a binary additional information signal to be transmitted.
     
    4. The transmitter of claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein, in case no additional information signal is to be transmitted, the coding and/or modulation unit is adapted to code and/or modulate the information signal with a certain first coding and/or modulation scheme having a certain robustness, and during transmission of the additional information signal, the coding and/or modulation unit is adapted to code and/or modulate the information signal with the first coding and/or modulation scheme and at least a second coding and/or modulation scheme, wherein the at least second coding and/or modulation scheme has a higher robustness than the first coding and/or modulation scheme.
     
    5. The transmitter of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the coding and/or modulation unit is adapted to code the information signal with at least two different coding schemes in dependency of the additional information signal to be transmitted, and that the coding and/or modulation unit is further adapted to modulate the coded information signal with a certain modulation scheme.
     
    6. The transmitter of claim 5, wherein the at least two coding schemes differ between each other by a next higher robustness.
     
    7. The transmitter of any one of the preceding claims 1 to 4, wherein the coding and/or modulation unit is adapted to code the information signal with a certain coding scheme, and the coding and/or modulation unit is further adapted to modulate the coded information signal with at least two different modulation schemes in dependency of the additional information signal to be transmitted.
     
    8. The transmitter of claim 7, wherein the at least two modulation schemes differ between each other by a next higher robustness.
     
    9. The transmitter of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the additional information signal is a warning broadcast signal.
     
    10. A receiver (400) for receiving a data transmission signal, the receiver being provided with an input (404) for receiving the data transmission signal, a demodulation and/or decoding unit (406,408) for demodulating and/or decoding the data transmission signal with a certain demodulation and/or decoding scheme into an information signal, and an output (410) for supplying the information signal, the demodulation and/or decoding unit (406,408,412) is adapted to demodulate and/or decode a data transmission signal which is in the form of an information signal which is coded and/or modulated with n coding and/or modulation schemes, where n is an integer for which holds: n > 2, characterised in that the receiver is further adapted to derive from the switching-overs between the n coding and/or modulation schemes of the received data transmission signal an additional information signal, and to supply the additional information signal to an output (418).
     
    11. The receiver as claimed in claim 10, wherein the receiver is provided with an arrangement (512) to detect whether a data transmission signal received by the receiver is a distorted data transmission signal, and to derive a control signal in dependency of the amount of distortion detected, and that the receiver is further provided with an arrangement (514) for generating a feedback signal in dependency of the control signal and to transmit the feedback signal (530) to a transmitter.
     
    12. A system, the system comprising the transmitter of any one of claims 1 to 9 and the receiver of claim 10, wherein the receiver is adapted to demodulate and/or decode the data transmission signal which has been transmitted by the transmitter.
     
    13. The system of claim 12, for demodulating and/or decoding a data transmission signal transmitted by the transmitter of claim 3, wherein the demodulation and/or decoding unit (406,408,412) is adapted to demodulate and/or decode the data transmission signal that has been coded and/or modulated with two coding and/or modulation schemes, and the receiver is further adapted to derive the binary additional information signal from the switching-overs between the two coding and/or modulation schemes.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Sender (100) zum Senden eines Datenübertragungssignals in einem Empfangsgebiet, wobei der Sender versehen ist mit: einem Eingang (102) zum Empfangen eines zu sendenden Informationssignals (IS), einer Codier- und/oder Modulationseinheit (104, 106) zum Codieren und/oder Modulieren des Informationssignals mit einem bestimmten Codier- und/oder Modulationsregime zu dem Datenübertragungssignal, und einem Ausgang (108) zum Ausgeben des Datenübertragungssignals, wobei die Codier- und/oder Modulationseinheit (104, 106, 112) dafür ausgelegt ist, das Informationssignal mit n verschiedenen Codier- und/oder Modulationsregimes zu codieren und/oder zu modulieren, wobei n eine ganze Zahl ist, für die n > 2 gilt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie des Weiteren dafür ausgelegt ist, zwischen diesen n Codier- und/oder Modulationsregimes in Abhängigkeit von einem zu sendenden zusätzlichen Informationssignal (ZI) zu wechseln, wobei das Wechseln zwischen den n Codier- und/oder Modulationsregimes das zusätzliche Informationssignal repräsentiert.
     
    2. Sender nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Codier- und/oder Modulationseinheit mit einem Eingang (120) zum Empfangen des zusätzlichen Informationssignals (ZI) versehen ist.
     
    3. Sender nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Codier- und/oder Modulationseinheit dafür ausgelegt ist, das Informationssignal in Abhängigkeit von einem zu sendenden binären zusätzlichen Informationssignal mit zwei verschiedenen Codier- und/oder Modulationsregimes zu codieren und/oder zu modulieren.
     
    4. Sender nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, wobei für den Fall, dass kein zusätzliches Informationssignal zu senden ist, die Codier- und/oder Modulationseinheit dafür ausgelegt ist, das Informationssignal mit einem bestimmten ersten Codier- und/oder Modulationsregime, das eine bestimmte Zuverlässigkeit besitzt, zu codieren und/oder zu modulieren, und die Codier- und/oder Modulationseinheit, während der Übertragung des zusätzlichen Informationssignals,- dafür ausgelegt ist, das Informationssignal mit dem ersten Codier- und/oder Modulationsregime und mindestens einem zweiten Codier- und/oder Modulationsregime zu codieren und/oder zu modulieren, wobei das mindestens zweite Codier- und/oder Modulationsregime eine höhere Zuverlässigkeit besitzt als das erste Codier- und/oder Modulationsregime.
     
    5. Sender nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Codier- und/oder Modulationseinheit dafür ausgelegt ist, das Informationssignal in Abhängigkeit von dem zusätzlich zu sendenden Informationssignal mit mindestens zwei verschiedenen Codierungsregimes zu codieren, und wobei die Codier- und/oder Modulationseinheit des Weiteren dafür ausgelegt ist, das codierte Informationssignal mit einem bestimmten Modulationsregime zu modulieren.
     
    6. Sender nach Anspruch 5, wobei sich die mindestens zwei Codierungsregimes durch eine nächsthöhere Zuverlässigkeit voneinander unterscheiden.
     
    7. Sender nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei die Codier- und/oder Modulationseinheit dafür ausgelegt ist, das Informationssignal mit einem bestimmten Codierungsregime zu codieren, und die Codier- und/oder Modulationseinheit des Weiteren dafür ausgelegt ist, das zu codierende Informationssignal in Abhängigkeit von dem zusätzlich zu sendenden Informationssignal mit mindestens zwei verschiedenen Modulationsregimes zu modulieren.
     
    8. Sender nach Anspruch 7, wobei sich die mindestens zwei Modulationsregimes durch eine nächsthöhere Zuverlässigkeit voneinander unterscheiden.
     
    9. Sender nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei das zusätzliche Informationssignal ein Warn-Rundsendesignal ist.
     
    10. Empfänger (400) zum Empfangen eines Datenübertragungssignals, wobei der Empfänger versehen ist mit: einem Eingang (404) zum Empfangen des Datenübertragungssignals, einer Demodulations- und/oder Decodiereinheit (406, 408) zum Demodulieren und/oder Decodieren des Datenübertragungssignals mit einem bestimmten Demodulations- und/oder Decodierregime zu einem Informationssignal, und einem Ausgang (410) zum Ausgeben des Informationssignals, wobei die Demodulations- und/oder Decodiereinheit (406, 408, 412) dafür ausgelegt ist, ein Datenübertragungssignal zu demodulieren und/oder zu decodieren, das in Form eines Informationssignals vorliegt, das mit n Codier- und/oder Modulationsregimes codiert und/oder moduliert ist, wobei n eine ganze Zahl ist, für die n > 2 gilt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Empfänger des Weiteren dafür ausgelegt ist, aus den Wechseln zwischen den n Codier- und/oder Modulationsregimes des empfangenen Datenübertragungssignals ein zusätzliches Informationssignal abzuleiten und das zusätzliche Informationssignal an einen Ausgang (418) anzulegen.
     
    11. Empfänger nach Anspruch 10, wobei der Empfänger mit einer Anordnung (512) versehen ist, um zu detektieren, ob ein durch den Empfänger empfangenes Datenübertragungssignal ein verzerrtes Datenübertragungssignal ist, und um ein Steuersignal in Abhängigkeit vom Ausmaß der detektierten Verzerrung abzuleiten, und wobei der Empfänger des Weiteren mit einer Anordnung (514) versehen ist, um ein Rückkopplungssignal in Abhängigkeit von dem Steuersignal zu generieren und das Rückkopplungssignal (530) an einen Sender zu senden.
     
    12. System, wobei das System den Sender nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9 und den Empfänger nach Anspruch 10 umfasst, wobei der Empfänger dafür ausgelegt ist, das Datenübertragungssignal, das durch den Sender gesendet wurde, zu demodulieren und/oder zu decodieren.
     
    13. System nach Anspruch 12 zum Demodulieren und/oder Decodieren eines Datenübertragungssignals, das durch den Sender nach Anspruch 3 gesendet wird, wobei die Demodulations- und/oder Decodiereinheit (406, 408, 412) dafür ausgelegt ist, das Datenübertragungssignal, das mit zwei Codier- und/oder Modulationsregimes codiert und/oder moduliert wurde, zu demodulieren und/oder zu decodieren, und der Empfänger des Weiteren dafür ausgelegt ist, das binäre zusätzliche Informationssignal aus den Wechseln zwischen den beiden Codier- und/oder Modulationsregimes abzuleiten.
     


    Revendications

    1. Émetteur (100) destiné à émettre un signal de transmission de données dans une zone de réception, l'émetteur étant pourvu d'une entrée (102) destinée à recevoir un signal d'information (IS) à émettre, d'une unité de codage et/ou de modulation (104, 106) destinée à coder et/ou à moduler le signal d'information à l'aide d'un certain schéma de codage et/ou de modulation en signal de transmission de données, et d'une sortie (108) destinée à fournir le signal de transmission de données, l'unité de codage et/ou de modulation (104, 106, 112) est conçue pour coder et/ou moduler le signal d'information à l'aide de n schémas de codage et/ou de modulation différents, où n est un nombre entier pour lequel se vérifie : n > 2, caractérisé en ce qu'il est conçu en outre pour basculer entre ces n schémas de codage et/ou de modulation en fonction d'un signal d'information supplémentaire (ZI) à émettre, dans lequel les basculements entre les n schémas de codage et/ou de modulation représentent le signal d'information supplémentaire.
     
    2. Émetteur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité de codage et/ou de modulation est pourvue d'une entrée (120) destinée à recevoir le signal d'information supplémentaire (ZI).
     
    3. Émetteur selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel l'unité de codage et/ou de modulation est conçue pour coder et/ou moduler le signal d'information à l'aide de deux schémas de codage et/ou de modulation différents, en fonction d'un signal d'information supplémentaire binaire à émettre.
     
    4. Émetteur selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3, dans lequel, dans le cas où aucun signal d'information supplémentaire n'est à émettre, l'unité de codage et/ou de modulation est conçue pour coder et/ou moduler le signal d'information à l'aide d'un certain premier schéma de codage et/ou de modulation possédant une certaine robustesse, et au cours de l'émission du signal d'information supplémentaire, l'unité de codage et/ou de modulation est conçue pour coder et/ou moduler le signal d'information à l'aide du premier schéma de codage et/ou de modulation et d'au moins un second schéma de codage et/ou de modulation, dans lequel l'au moins un second schéma de codage et/ou de modulation possède une robustesse supérieure à celle du premier schéma de codage et/ou de modulation.
     
    5. Émetteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'unité de codage et/ou de modulation est conçue pour coder le signal d'information à l'aide d'au moins deux schémas de codage différents, en fonction du signal d'information supplémentaire à émettre, et l'unité de codage et/ou de modulation est conçue en outre pour moduler le signal d'information codé à l'aide d'un certain schéma de modulation.
     
    6. Émetteur selon la revendication 5, dans lequel les au moins deux schémas de codage diffèrent l'un de l'autre par une robustesse immédiatement supérieure.
     
    7. Émetteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4 précédentes, dans lequel l'unité de codage et/ou de modulation est conçue pour coder le signal d'information à l'aide d'un certain schéma de codage, et l'unité de codage et/ou de modulation est conçue en outre pour moduler le signal d'information codé, à l'aide d'au moins deux schémas de modulation différents, en fonction du signal d'information supplémentaire à émettre.
     
    8. Émetteur selon la revendication 7, dans lequel les au moins deux schémas de modulation diffèrent l'un de l'autre par une robustesse immédiatement supérieure.
     
    9. Émetteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le signal d'information supplémentaire est un signal de diffusion d'avertissement.
     
    10. Récepteur (400) destiné à recevoir un signal de transmission de données, le récepteur étant pourvu d'une entrée (404) destinée à recevoir le signal de transmission de données, d'une unité de démodulation et/ou de décodage (406, 408) destinée à démoduler et/ou à décoder le signal de transmission de données à l'aide d'un certain schéma de démodulation et/ou de décodage en un signal d'information, et d'une sortie (410) destinée à fournir le signal d'information, l'unité de démodulation et/ou de décodage (406, 408, 412) est conçue pour démoduler et/ou décoder un signal de transmission de données qui se présente sous la forme d'un signal d'information qui est codé et/ou modulé à l'aide de n schémas de codage et/ou de modulation, où n est un nombre entier pour lequel se vérifie : n > 2, caractérisé en ce que le récepteur est conçu en outre pour déduire des basculements entre les n schémas de codage et/ou de modulation du signal de transmission de données reçu, un signal d'information supplémentaire, et pour fournir le signal d'information supplémentaire à une sortie (418).
     
    11. Récepteur tel que revendiqué dans la revendication 10, dans lequel le récepteur est pourvu d'un agencement (512) pour détecter si un signal de transmission de données reçu par le récepteur est un signal de transmission de données affecté de distorsion, et pour déduire un signal de commande en fonction de la grandeur de distorsion détectée, et le récepteur est pourvu en outre d'un agencement (514) destiné à produire un signal de réaction en fonction du signal de commande et à émettre le signal de réaction (530) vers un émetteur.
     
    12. Système, le système comprenant l'émetteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9 et le récepteur selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le récepteur est conçu pour démoduler et/ou décoder le signal de transmission de données qui a été émis par l'émetteur.
     
    13. Système selon la revendication 12, destiné à démoduler et/ou à décoder un signal de transmission de données émis par l'émetteur selon la revendication 3, dans lequel l'unité de démodulation et/ou de décodage (406, 408, 412) est conçue pour démoduler et/ou décoder le signal de transmission de données qui a été codé et/ou modulé à l'aide de deux schémas de codage et/ou de modulation, et le récepteur est conçu en outre pour déduire le signal d'information supplémentaire binaire, des basculements entre les deux schémas de codage et/ou de modulation.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description