(19)
(11)EP 3 326 708 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 16827760.6

(22)Date of filing:  15.07.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B01D 53/50(2006.01)
B01D 53/18(2006.01)
B01D 53/30(2006.01)
B01D 53/34(2006.01)
B01F 3/04(2006.01)
B01D 53/14(2006.01)
B01D 53/78(2006.01)
B01F 5/10(2006.01)
B01D 53/79(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2016/071045
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/014200 (26.01.2017 Gazette  2017/04)

(54)

WET TYPE FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING WET TYPE FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION DEVICE

NASSRAUCHGASENTSCHWEFELUNGSVORRICHTUNG UND VERFAHREN ZUM BETRIEB DER NASSRAUCHGASENTSCHWEFELUNGSVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE TYPE HUMIDE DE DÉSULFURATION DE GAZ DE COMBUSTION ET PROCÉDÉ D'EXPLOITATION D'UN DISPOSITIF DE TYPE HUMIDE DE DÉSULFURATION DE GAZ DE COMBUSTION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 23.07.2015 JP 2015145818

(43)Date of publication of application:
30.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/22

(73)Proprietor: Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, Ltd.
Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 220-8401 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KAGAWA, Seiji
    Tokyo 108-8215 (JP)
  • KAMIYAMA, Naoyuki
    Tokyo 108-8215 (JP)
  • YOSHIMOTO, Takashi
    Tokyo 108-8215 (JP)
  • USHIKU, Tetsu
    Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 220-8401 (JP)
  • SUGITA, Satoru
    Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 220-8401 (JP)

(74)Representative: Henkel & Partner mbB 
Patentanwaltskanzlei, Rechtsanwaltskanzlei Maximiliansplatz 21
80333 München
80333 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 029 579
JP-A- H09 327 616
JP-A- S62 204 828
JP-A- 2007 007 612
JP-A- 2009 172 541
JP-A- H08 950
JP-A- H11 104 448
JP-A- S62 262 728
JP-A- 2009 006 245
JP-B2- H0 691 940
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus and an operation method for a wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus.

    Background



    [0002] For example, desulfurization facilities are installed in a thermal power station and the like for removing sulfur oxides in flue gas generated when fuel oil, coal, and the like are subjected to combustion using a combustor. Examples of the desulfurization facilities include a wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus that brings flue gas into contact with an absorbent (liquid including a calcium compound such as limestone) in an absorber to absorb sulfur oxides in the flue gas into the absorbent, and generates gypsum as a by-product by oxidizing the absorbent after being brought into contact with the flue gas and performing solid-liquid separation.

    [0003] In this wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus, a sulfur dioxide (SO2) as a sulfur compound (hereinafter, also referred to as "S-containing compound") in the flue gas to be introduced is brought into contact with the absorbent to transfer the SO2 to the absorbent, and the flue gas is cleaned. The SO2 transferred to the absorbent becomes a sulfite ion in the absorbent.

    [0004] The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus introduces air into the absorbent, oxidizes the sulfite ion in the absorbent into a sulfate ion, processes the sulfate ion in the absorbent thereafter, and collects the processed sulfate ion as gypsum, for example. In the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus, as a device for supplying air for oxidation into a tank, used is a water flow oxidation device that supplies the absorbent and air to an absorbent storage tank that stores the absorbent.

    [0005] As this water flow oxidation device, developed is a gas-liquid mixing device that performs oxidation and stirring within the absorbent storage tank using jetting water streams jetted from a plurality of jet air spargers (JASs) (Patent Literature 1).

    [0006] JP H11 104448 A relates to a wet flue-gas desulfurization apparatus and method for reducing the amount of hazardous substances discharged from the wet flue-gas desulfurization apparatus.

    Citation List


    Patent Literature



    [0007] Patent Literature 1: Japanese Laid-open Patent Publication No. 2009-6245

    Summary


    Technical Problem



    [0008] In the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus including the water flow oxidation device disclosed in Patent Literature 1, SO2 concentration in flue gas and an amount of the flue gas to be introduced vary. For example, when an operation load is small such as a case of operation at night, the SO2 concentration in the flue gas is lower than a condition of a basic plan of the original design. In such a case, if the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus is operated similarly to a case of normal operation, oxygen may be supplied more than necessary from the water flow oxidation device (peroxidation state). In the peroxidation state, a refractory peroxide (for example, tetravalent selenium becomes hexavalent selenium) is disadvantageously generated.

    [0009] The present invention has been made in view of such a situation, and provides a wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus that can be efficiently operated while keeping desulfurization performance, and an operation method for the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus.

    Solution to Problem



    [0010] A wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the invention is defined in claim 1.

    [0011] With the configuration described above, by adjusting any one or both of the jetting amount of the absorbent jetted from the water flow oxidation device and the supply amount of the air supplied to the water flow oxidation device on the basis of any one or both of the rate of the sulfur compound included in the flue gas and the rate of the sulfur compound in the absorbent in the absorbent storage tank, an amount of air to be introduced into the absorbent storage tank can be reduced, and an oxygen excessive state can be prevented.

    [0012] The control device is configured to execute any one or both of control for varying the number of operations of the water flow oxidation devices and control for varying a circulation amount of the absorbent circulated into the water flow oxidation device.

    [0013] With the configuration described above, by executing any one or both of control for varying the number of operating water flow oxidation devices and control for varying the circulation amount of the absorbent that circulates into the water flow oxidation device, an amount of air to be introduced into the absorbent storage tank can be reduced, and an oxygen excessive state can be prevented.

    [0014] In the configuration described above, it is configured to execute control for varying an amount of the air supplied to the water flow oxidation device with a valve.

    [0015] With the configuration described above, by executing control for varying the amount of the air to be supplied to the water flow oxidation device using the valve, the amount of the air to be introduced into the absorbent storage tank can be reduced, and the oxygen excessive state can be prevented.

    [0016] The control device is configured to reduce the number of operations of the water flow oxidation devices when the rate of the sulfur compound included in the flue gas or the rate of the sulfur compound in the absorbent within the absorbent storage tank is lower than a predetermined threshold set in advance.

    [0017] With the configuration described above, when the rate of the sulfur compound in the absorbent is lower than the predetermined threshold set in advance, the amount of the air to be introduced can be reduced by reducing the number of the water flow oxidation devices in operation for jetting the air, and the oxygen excessive state can be prevented.

    [0018] In some embodiments with the configuration described above, the absorbent circulation line includes a plurality of circulation pumps, and when the rate of the sulfur compound included in the flue gas or the rate of the sulfur compound in the absorbent within the absorbent storage tank is lower than the predetermined threshold set in advance, the control device is configured to stop operations of some of the circulation pumps to reduce the circulation amount of the absorbent.

    [0019] With the configuration described above, when the rate of the sulfur compound is lower than the predetermined threshold set in advance, by stopping some of operations of the plurality of circulation pumps and reducing the circulation amount of the absorbent, the amount of absorbent to be introduced into the water flow oxidation device can be reduced, the amount of air to be introduced can be reduced, and the oxygen excessive state can be prevented.

    [0020] In some embodiments with the configuration described above, included are a plurality of air supply lines that supply air to the respective water flow oxidation devices, and valves that are arranged in the respective air supply lines and adjust the supply amount of the air, wherein when the rate of the sulfur compound included in the flue gas or the rate of the sulfur compound in the absorbent within the absorbent storage tank is lower than the predetermined threshold set in advance, the control device is configured to execute closing some of the valves or adjusts a degree of opening of the valves to reduce the amount of the air supplied to the water flow oxidation device.

    [0021] With the configuration described above, when the rate of the sulfur compound is lower than the predetermined threshold set in advance, by closing some of the plurality of valves or adjusting the degree of opening of the valves to reduce the amount of the air to be supplied to the water flow oxidation device, the amount of air to be introduced into the water flow oxidation device can be reduced, and the oxygen excessive state can be prevented.

    [0022] In some embodiments with the configuration described above, the water flow oxidation device is configured to include a connection part connected to an absorbent branch line that branches part of the absorbent from the absorbent circulation line, a liquid supply passage that communicates with the connection part and includes a flow channel narrow part formed inside, and an air supply passage having an opening in a downstream area of the flow channel narrow part within the liquid supply passage.

    [0023] With the configuration described above, when the absorbent flowed in from the connection part passes through the flow channel narrow part, the flow of the introduced absorbent generates a negative pressure region in a downstream area of the flow channel narrow part, a jet flow is jetted from a distal end side while suctioning the air supplied from the air supply passage via the opening due to a contracted flow effect, minute air is introduced into the absorbent storage tank, and stirring in the absorbent storage tank is facilitated.

    [0024] In some embodiments with the configuration described above, in stopping the operations of the water flow oxidation devices, the control device is configured to stop the operations of any of the water flow oxidation devices at intervals of every predetermined number in an arrangement direction of the water flow oxidation devices.

    [0025] With the configuration described above, by performing reduced operation such that the operation of any of the water flow oxidation devices is stopped at intervals of every predetermined number, stirring caused by a jet flow in the absorbent storage tank can be made uniform.

    [0026] In some embodiments with the configuration described above, it is configured to include an oxidation-reduction potential meter that measures oxidation-reduction potential within the absorbent storage tank, wherein the control device obtains the rate of the sulfur compound in the absorbent within the absorbent storage tank based on a measured value of the oxidation-reduction potential measured with the oxidation-reduction potential meter.

    [0027] With the configuration described above, by obtaining the rate of sulfur compound based on the oxidation-reduction potential, and performing reduced operation when the rate of the sulfur compounds exceeds an appropriate range and the peroxidation state is caused, the oxygen excessive state is prevented from being caused in the absorbent storage tank.

    [0028] In some embodiments with the configuration described above, the control device is configured to adjust any one or both of the jetting amount of the absorbent jetted from the water flow oxidation device and the supply amount of the air supplied to the water flow oxidation device based on at least one of values of a boiler load, inlet SO2 concentration, outlet SO2 concentration, and a desulfurization ratio, and the rate of the sulfur compound in the absorbent within the absorbent storage tank

    [0029] With the configuration described above, by adjusting any one or both of the jetting amount of the absorbent jetted from the water flow oxidation device and the supply amount of the air supplied to the water flow oxidation device on the basis of at least one of values of a boiler load, inlet SO2 concentration, outlet SO2 concentration, and desulfurization ratio, and the rate of the sulfur compound in the absorbent within the absorbent storage tank, the amount of air to be introduced into the absorbent storage tank is reduced, and the oxygen excessive state is prevented.

    [0030] In some embodiments with the configuration described above, it is configured to include a stirring device within the absorbent storage tank, wherein the stirring device is started/stopped by the control device.

    [0031] With the configuration described above, stirring within the absorbent storage tank is facilitated by the stirring device.

    [0032] In some embodiments with the configuration described above, it is configured to include a blower that supplies the air to the water flow oxidation device, wherein, when the rate of the sulfur compound included in the flue gas or the rate of the sulfur compound in the absorbent is higher than the threshold, the control device increases the supply amount of the air supplied from the blower to the water flow oxidation device.

    [0033] With the configuration described above, air is forcibly supplied from the outside with the blower, so that oxidizing ability within the absorbent storage tank is improved.

    [0034] In some embodiments with the configuration described above, it is configured to include a blower that supplies the air to the water flow oxidation device, wherein, in adjusting the supply amount of the air supplied to the water flow oxidation device, when the rate of the sulfur compound included in the flue gas or the rate of the sulfur compound in the absorbent is lower than a threshold, the control device reduces the supply amount of the air supplied from the blower to the water flow oxidation device.

    [0035] With the configuration described above, by reducing the supply amount of the air to be supplied to the water flow oxidation device from the blower when the rate of the sulfur compound included in the flue gas or the rate of the sulfur compound in the absorbent is lower than the threshold, the control device reduces the amount of air to be introduced into the absorbent storage tank and prevents the oxygen excessive state from being caused.

    [0036] An operation method for a wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the invention is defined in claim 10.

    [0037] With the configuration described above, by adjusting any one or both of the jetting amount of the absorbent jetted from the water flow oxidation device and the supply amount of the air to be supplied to the water flow oxidation device on the basis of the rate of the sulfur compound, the amount of air to be introduced into the absorbent storage tank can be reduced, and the oxygen excessive state can be prevented.

    Advantageous Effects of Invention



    [0038] With a wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to at least one of embodiments of the present invention, by adjusting any one or both of the jetting amount of the absorbent jetted from the water flow oxidation device and the supply amount of the air to be supplied to the water flow oxidation device on the basis of the rate of the sulfur compound included in the flue gas or the rate of the sulfur compound in the absorbent within the absorbent storage tank of an absorber of the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus, an amount of air to be introduced into the absorbent storage tank can be reduced, an oxygen excessive state can be prevented, and an appropriate operation state can be maintained.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0039] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating a wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to a first embodiment.

    FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a circulation line system for absorbent on an absorbent extracting side according to the first embodiment.

    FIG. 3 is a plane schematic diagram of the circulation line system for absorbent according to the first embodiment.

    FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram illustrating an example of a water flow oxidation device according to the first embodiment.

    FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating an opening/closing state of a valve in a normal operation and a reduced operation in accordance with a boiler load.

    FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating a relation between the boiler load and the number of operating water flow oxidation devices.

    FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram illustrating another wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the first embodiment.

    FIG. 8 is a plane schematic diagram of a circulation line system for absorbent in the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus illustrated in FIG. 7.

    FIG. 9 is a plane schematic diagram of a circulation line system for absorbent in another wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the first embodiment.

    FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram illustrating another wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the first embodiment.

    FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram illustrating a wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to a second embodiment.

    FIG. 12A is an explanatory diagram illustrating a relation between an ORP value and the number of operating water flow oxidation devices (oxygen amount).

    FIG. 12B is an explanatory diagram illustrating a relation between the ORP value and an amount of sulfur compounds.

    FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram illustrating a wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to a third embodiment.

    FIG. 14 is a plane schematic diagram of a circulation line system for absorbent according to the third embodiment.

    FIG. 15 is a plane schematic diagram of a circulation line system for absorbent in another wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the third embodiment.

    FIG. 16 is a schematic diagram illustrating a wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to a fourth embodiment.

    FIG. 17 is a plane schematic diagram of a circulation line system for absorbent in the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the fourth embodiment.

    FIG. 18 is a plane schematic diagram of a circulation line system for absorbent in another wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the fourth embodiment.

    FIG. 19 is a graph obtained by adjusting a boiler load and an amount of air.

    FIG. 20 is a diagram illustrating an opening/closing state of an air valve in a normal operation and a reduced operation in accordance with a boiler load.

    FIG. 21 is a graph obtained by adjusting the boiler load and the amount of air using an air adjusting valve.

    FIG. 22A is a diagram illustrating an opening/closing state of an opening/closing valve in a normal operation and a reduced operation in accordance with a boiler load.

    FIG. 22B is a diagram illustrating an opening/closing state of an air valve in a normal operation and a reduced operation in accordance with a boiler load.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0040] The following describes some embodiments of the present invention in detail with reference to the drawings. The present invention is not limited to the following embodiments.

    First embodiment



    [0041] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating a wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to a first embodiment of the present invention. As illustrated in FIG. 1, a wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus (hereinafter, referred to as a "desulfurization apparatus") 10A is supplied with flue gas generated when fuel is subjected to combustion using a combustor such as a boiler, and reduces or removes sulfur oxide from the supplied flue gas.

    [0042] The desulfurization apparatus 10A includes an absorber 11, a gas introduction unit 13a, an absorbent jetting unit 15, a plurality of water flow oxidation devices 20, an absorbent supplying unit 25, a demister 30, a gas discharging unit 13b, a sulfur detection unit 35, a control device 40, an absorbent circulation line L11, a desulfurization wastewater discharging line L12, a gypsum discharging line L13, a separated liquid returning line L14, a plurality of circulation pumps P, and a plurality of opening/closing valves V. The desulfurization apparatus 10A according to the first embodiment is a desulfurization apparatus using a limestone-gypsum method, and limestone slurry (aqueous solution obtained by dissolving limestone powder in water) is used as the absorbent 14.

    [0043] The absorber 11 removes a sulfur oxide in flue gas 12 with absorbent 14. The absorber 11 includes an absorbent storage tank 11A and a flue gas passage 11B. The absorbent storage tank 11A stores the absorbent 14. The flue gas passage 11B is arranged on an upper side in a vertical direction of the absorbent storage tank 11A. The flue gas 12 passes through the flue gas passage 11B.

    [0044] The gas introduction unit 13a is arranged on an upper side of the absorber 11, that is, a side wall 11a of the flue gas passage 11B of the absorber 11. The gas introduction unit 13a introduces the flue gas 12 generated in the combustor into the absorber 11. The absorbent jetting unit 15 is arranged inside the flue gas passage 11B. The absorbent jetting unit 15 includes a spray unit 15a that sprays the absorbent 14. The spray unit 15a sprays the absorbent 14 upward in the vertical direction.

    [0045] The absorbent circulation line L11 connects the absorbent storage tank 11A with the absorbent jetting unit 15. The circulation pump P is arranged in the absorbent circulation line L11. Although FIG. 1 illustrates one circulation pump P, a plurality of circulation pumps P are arranged in some embodiments.

    [0046] The desulfurization apparatus 10A forms a flow from the absorbent storage tank 11A toward the absorbent jetting unit 15 in the absorbent circulation line L11 with the circulation pump P to supply the absorbent 14 in the absorbent storage tank 11A to the absorbent jetting unit 15. The absorbent 14 supplied to the absorbent jetting unit 15 is jetted from the spray unit 15a to the flue gas passage 11B. The absorbent 14 jetted from the spray unit 15a is also referred to as jetted liquid 14a.

    [0047] The following describes a circulation line system for circulating the absorbent 14 in the absorber 11 by extracting the absorbent 14 in the absorbent storage tank 11A of the absorber 11 to be supplied by the absorber 11 with reference to FIGs. 2 and 3. FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the circulation line system for the absorbent on an absorbent extracting side. FIG. 3 is a plane schematic diagram of the circulation line system for the absorbent. FIG. 2 illustrates a portion for supplying the absorbent 14 to the absorbent jetting unit 15 from a portion for extracting the absorbent 14 which is arranged on a side wall 11b side opposed to the side wall 11a in the circulation line system. FIG. 3 illustrates a portion for supplying the absorbent 14 to the water flow oxidation device 20 which is arranged on the side wall 11a side from a portion for extracting the absorbent 14 which is arranged on the side wall 11b side in the circulation line system. FIG. 3 does not illustrate a portion connected to the absorbent jetting unit 15 of the absorbent circulation line L11.

    [0048] In the present embodiment, the absorbent circulation line L11, and the water flow oxidation device 20 and the gas introduction unit 13a are arranged on opposed wall surfaces of the absorber 11, but arrangement positions are not limited thereto. The absorbent circulation line L11, the water flow oxidation device 20, and the gas introduction unit 13a may be arranged on the same surface. In a case in which the absorber 11 has a long shape in one direction on a horizontal plane, it is preferable to arrange the absorbent circulation line L11, the water flow oxidation device 20, and the gas introduction unit 13a on a wall surface on a long side.

    [0049] As illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3, the circulation line system for the absorbent 14 includes the absorbent circulation line L11, and an absorbent supply line L22 and an absorbent branch line L23 (L23-1 to L23-6) for supplying part of the absorbent 14 in the absorbent circulation line L11 to the water flow oxidation device 20. As illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3, the desulfurization apparatus 10A includes three circulation pumps P (P1 to P3) and a plurality of spray units 15a. The absorbent circulation line L11 supplies the absorbent 14 in the absorbent storage tank 11A to the spray units 15a using the three circulation pumps P (P1 to P3). The absorbent circulation line L11 includes three extracting lines L11-1 to L11-3, collective piping L20, and four absorbent jetting lines L21 (L21-1 to L21-4). The number of extracting lines L11-1 to L11-3 and the number of absorbent jetting lines L21 (L21-1 to L21-4) may be adjusted in accordance with the number of circulation pumps P and the arrangement of the spray units 15a.

    [0050] One end of each of the extracting lines L11-1 to L11-3 is connected to the side wall 11b opposed to the side wall 11a on which the gas introduction unit 13a of the absorber 11 is arranged, and the other end thereof is connected to the collective piping L20. The circulation pumps P (P1 to P3) are respectively arranged in the extracting lines L11-1 to L11-3. The circulation pumps P (P1 to P3) supply the absorbent 14 to the collective piping L20 from the absorbent storage tank 11A via the arranged extracting lines L11-1 to L11-3. The collective piping L20 is piping in which the absorbent 14 supplied from the extracting lines L11-1 to L11-3 is collected. The collective piping L20 has a diameter larger than those of the extracting lines L11-1 to L11-3. The collective piping L20 according to the present embodiment has a U-shape. The collective piping L20 supplies the absorbent 14 supplied from the extracting lines L11-1 to L11-3 to other connected piping. The absorbent jetting lines L21 (L21-1 to L21-4) are connected to the collective piping L20, and the spray units 15a are arranged therein.

    [0051] The desulfurization apparatus 10A extracts the absorbent 14 in the absorbent storage tank 11A to the outside via the extracting lines L11-1 to L11-3, and supplies the absorbent 14 to the collective piping L20. The absorbent 14 supplied to the collective piping L20 is supplied to the absorbent jetting lines L21-1 to L21-4 and the absorbent supply line L22 branched from the collective piping L20. The absorbent 14 supplied to the absorbent jetting lines L21-1 to L21-4 is jetted toward a top side of the absorber from each of the spray units 15a in a fountain-like manner as the jetted liquid 14a.

    [0052] Next, as illustrated in a circulation line system diagram of FIG. 3, the absorbent supply line L22 is connected to the collective piping L20, and part of the absorbent 14 of the collective piping L20 flows therein. In the present embodiment, one end of each of the six absorbent branch lines L23 (L23-1 to L23-6) is connected to the absorbent supply line L22, and the other end thereof is connected to the water flow oxidation device 20 (20-1 to 20-6). The absorbent branch line L23 connects the absorbent supply line L22 to the water flow oxidation device 20, and supplies the absorbent 14 from the absorbent supply line L22 to the water flow oxidation device 20. First to sixth opening/closing valves V1 (V1-1 to V1-6) are arranged in the absorbent branch lines L23-1 to L23-6, respectively. The opening/closing valve V1 switches between opening and closing to switch between supplying and not supplying the absorbent 14 to the water flow oxidation device 20 from the absorbent supply line L22. As illustrated in FIG. 1, the absorbent supply line L22 is preferably arranged at a position on an upper side with respect to a liquid surface of the absorbent 14 in the absorbent storage tank 11A. Due to this, in a case in which supply of the absorbent 14 to the water flow oxidation device 20 is stopped when the circulation pumps P (P1 to P3) are stopped (the desulfurization apparatus is stopped), the absorbent 14 can be naturally discharged from the piping. For another example, in a case of using the limestone-gypsum method, slurry liquid circulates, so that occurrence of precipitation of gypsum 23 can be prevented in the piping for supplying to the water flow oxidation device 20 when the circulation pump is stopped.

    [0053] As illustrated in a circulation line system diagram of FIG. 3, in the present embodiment, distal ends of the six absorbent branch lines L23-1 to L23-6 are connected to the six water flow oxidation devices 20-1 to 20-6, respectively, and each of a plurality of (in the present embodiment, six) air supply lines L24-1 to L24-6 is connected to an air supply passage 54 of an opening 53. The blower is not arranged on an end side of the air supply lines L24-1 to L24-6, so that air 21 is introduced by itself due to a contracted flow effect. This is a self-supply type air introduction method for naturally introducing the air 21 due to only the contracted flow effect instead of forcing the air into the water flow oxidation device 20 from the outside using an air forcing device such as a blower, for example. A forcing type air introduction method for arranging the blower will be described later.

    [0054] The following describes an example of the water flow oxidation device with reference to FIG. 4. FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram illustrating an example of the water flow oxidation device according to the first embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 4, the water flow oxidation device 20 according to the first embodiment is a gas-liquid mixing and stirring device including a connection part 50 connected to the absorbent branch line L23, a liquid supply passage 52 communicating with the connection part 50 and including a flow channel narrow part 51 formed therein, and the air supply passage 54 including the opening 53 in a downstream area of the flow channel narrow part 51 inside the liquid supply passage 52.

    [0055] In the water flow oxidation device 20, a flow of the absorbent 14 supplied into the liquid supply passage 52 generates a negative pressure region 55 in a downstream area of the flow channel narrow part 51, and is jetted as a jet flow 56 from a distal end side of the water flow oxidation device 20 while suctioning the air 21 supplied from the air supply passage 54 via the opening 53 due to the contracted flow effect. The jet flow 56 jets the absorbent 14 to reach the side wall 11b opposed to a jetting port of the water flow oxidation device 20. Accordingly, the water flow oxidation device 20 supplies the jet flow 56 including bubbles of the air 21 into the absorbent storage tank 11A.

    [0056] As illustrated in FIG. 1, the desulfurization wastewater discharging line L12 connects the absorbent circulation line L11 with a solid-liquid separator 22. Part of the absorbent 14 flowing in the absorbent circulation line L11 flows into the desulfurization wastewater discharging line L12 as desulfurization wastewater 14A. The gypsum discharging line L13 is connected to the solid-liquid separator 22. The separated liquid returning line L14 connects the solid-liquid separator 22 with the absorbent storage tank 11A.

    [0057] Part of the absorbent 14 circulating in the absorber 11 via the absorbent circulation line L11 and the desulfurization wastewater discharging line L12 is supplied to the solid-liquid separator 22 as the desulfurization wastewater 14A. The solid-liquid separator 22 subjects the desulfurization wastewater 14A to solid-liquid separation. Specifically, the solid-liquid separator 22 separates the desulfurization wastewater 14A into separated liquid 14B as a liquid component and the gypsum 23 as a solid component. The gypsum 23 generated by subjecting the desulfurization wastewater 14A to solid-liquid separation with the solid-liquid separator 22 is discharged from the gypsum discharging line L13 to the outside. The separated liquid 14B generated by subjecting the desulfurization wastewater 14A to solid-liquid separation with the solid-liquid separator 22 is returned to the absorbent storage tank 11A via the separated liquid returning line L14.

    [0058] The demister 30 is arranged in the flue gas passage 11B which is on a downstream side with respect to the absorbent jetting unit 15 in a flowing direction of the flue gas 12. The demister 30 removes mist in the flue gas 12 in the flue gas passage 11B. The desulfurization apparatus 10A brings the absorbent 14 in the absorber 11 into gas-liquid contact with the flue gas 12 to remove the sulfur oxide in the flue gas 12 to be cleaned gas 32. The gas discharging unit 13b is connected to the flue gas passage 11B of the absorber 11. The gas discharging unit 13b discharges the cleaned gas 32 that has passed through the demister 30.

    [0059] The sulfur detection unit 35 obtains a rate (or concentration) of sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 in the absorbent storage tank 11A. The sulfur detection unit 35 may be equipment that calculates concentration of sulfur oxides in the flue gas 12 to be flowed on the basis of various pieces of information such as an operation condition of a combustor that generates the flue gas 12 or fuel for combustion, and indirectly calculates the rate (concentration) of the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 in the absorbent storage tank 11A on the basis of the calculation result and an operation condition of the desulfurization apparatus 10A. A predetermined amount of the absorbent 14 in the absorbent storage tank 11A is extracted, an acid (for example, sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid) is added to the absorbent 14, and pH is adjusted to be a predetermined value to decompose sulfite into sulfur dioxide to be deaerated. The deaerated sulfur dioxide is diluted to be a predetermined amount with inert gas, and concentration of the diluted gas is continuously detected by a measurement device such as an infrared spectroscope, for example. The sulfur detection unit 35 may be equipment that transmits a sulfur dioxide concentration signal to an operation unit, operates a sulfurous acid ion in the absorbent 14 within the absorbent storage tank 11A on the basis of values such as a dilution ratio and a sample collecting amount, and calculates the rate of the sulfur compounds.

    [0060] For another example, an inlet SO2 meter 36 is arranged in a flue gas duct of the gas introduction unit 13a, an outlet SO2 meter 37 is arranged in a flue gas duct of the gas discharging unit 13b, and the rate of sulfur compounds (S-containing compounds) in the absorbent 14 may be obtained from an amount of SO2 in the flue gas 12 and the cleaned gas 32 measured with the above meters or a desulfurization ratio converted from these values. However, the present invention is not limited thereto.

    [0061] The control device 40 controls the number of water flow oxidation devices 20 to be operated on the basis of the rate of sulfur compounds (S-containing compounds) in the absorbent 14 obtained with the sulfur detection unit 35. That is, the control device 40 controls the number of operating water flow oxidation devices 20 that jet the absorbent 14 and the air 21 on the basis of the rate of the sulfur compounds (S-containing compounds) in the absorbent 14 obtained with the sulfur detection unit 35. For example, when the rate of sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 is lower than a predetermined threshold set in advance (when an amount of sulfite ions is low), the control device 40 reduces the number of water flow oxidation devices 20 in operation, that is, reduces the number of operating water flow oxidation devices 20 that jet the absorbent 14 and the air 21.

    [0062] In addition to reduced operation in which the number of operating water flow oxidation devices 20 is reduced, the control device 40 may perform control for varying a jetting amount of the absorbent 14 jetted from the water flow oxidation device 20. The jetting amount of the absorbent 14 may be varied such that a flow rate adjusting valve, a variable pump, or the like are arranged and operated in the absorbent branch lines L23-1 to L23-6 branched from the absorbent supply line L22 for supplying part of the absorbent 14 to the water flow oxidation device 20. As a result, the jetting amount of the absorbent 14 can be adjusted while maintaining the number of operating water flow oxidation devices 20 without cutting down the operations of the water flow oxidation devices 20.

    [0063] In the present embodiment, adjustment of the jetting amount of the absorbent 14 jetted from the water flow oxidation device 20 performed by the control device 40 includes one or both of adjustment for reducing the operations of a plurality of water flow oxidation devices 20 to reduce the jetting amount of the absorbent 14 into the absorbent storage tank 11A, and adjustment for adjusting a supply amount of the absorbent 14 supplied to the water flow oxidation device 20 with a pump or a valve while continuing the operations of the water flow oxidation devices 20 to reduce the jetting amount into the absorbent storage tank 11A.

    [0064] Next, the following describes the entire operation of the desulfurization apparatus 10A according to an embodiment of the present invention. In the desulfurization apparatus 10A according to some embodiments, the flue gas 12 discharged from a combustor (not illustrated) is introduced into the absorber 11 through the gas introduction unit 13a. The flue gas 12 introduced into the absorber 11 is brought into contact with the jetted liquid 14a of the absorbent 14 as circulating limestone slurry, and SO2 in the flue gas 12 is removed by the absorbent 14.

    [0065] The absorbent 14 as limestone slurry is supplied from the absorbent supplying unit 25 to the absorbent storage tank 11A within a bottom part of the absorber 11. The absorbent 14 supplied to the absorbent storage tank 11A is sent to the plurality of spray units 15a inside the absorber 11 via the absorbent circulation line L11, and the jetted liquid 14a is jetted from the spray unit 15a toward the top side of the absorber 11 in a fountain-like manner. The circulation pumps P (P1 to P3) are arranged in the absorbent circulation line L11, and the absorbent 14 as limestone slurry is sent from the absorbent circulation line L11 to the spray unit 15a when the circulation pumps P (P1 to P3) are operated. By bringing ascending flue gas 12 introduced from the gas introduction unit 13a of the absorber 11 into gas-liquid contact with the jetted and falling limestone slurry, the sulfur oxide in the flue gas 12 is absorbed by the absorbent 14 to be separated and removed from the flue gas 12. The flue gas 12 cleaned by the absorbent 14 as limestone slurry is discharged as the cleaned gas 32 from the gas discharging unit 13b on the top side of the absorber 11, and released to the outside from a stack (not illustrated).

    [0066] Inside the absorber 11, the sulfur dioxide (SO2) in the flue gas 12 shows a reaction with the limestone slurry as represented by the following reaction formula (1).

            SO2 + CaCO3 → CaSO3 + CO2     (1)



    [0067] The limestone slurry that has absorbed SOx in the flue gas 12 is oxidized by the air 21 supplied from the water flow oxidation device 20 into the absorbent storage tank 11A on a bottom part side of the absorber 11, and shows a reaction with the air 21 as represented by the following reaction formula (2).

            CaSO3 + 1/2O2 + 2H2O → CaSO4·2H2O     (2)



    [0068] In this way, SOx in the flue gas 12 is captured in a form of gypsum (CaSO4·2H2O) in the absorber 11.

    [0069] As described above, the liquid stored in the absorbent storage tank 11A in the bottom part of the absorber 11 is pumped up to be used as the limestone slurry. In the absorbent 14 as the pumped-up limestone slurry, gypsum (CaSO4·2H2O) is mixed as represented by the reaction formulas (1) and (2) following the operation of the desulfurization apparatus 10A. In the following description, limestone-gypsum slurry (limestone slurry mixed with gypsum) for absorbing the sulfur dioxide is referred to as absorbent.

    [0070] The absorbent 14 used for desulfurization within the absorber 11 is circulated and reused in the absorbent circulation line L11, part of the absorbent 14 is discharged to the outside as the desulfurization wastewater 14A via the desulfurization wastewater discharging line L12 connected to the absorbent circulation line L11 to be separately sent to the solid-liquid separator 22, and is subjected to dehydration processing.

    [0071] The solid-liquid separator 22 separates the gypsum 23 as a solid matter in the desulfurization wastewater 14A and the separated liquid 14B as a liquid component. As the solid-liquid separator 22, for example, a belt filter, a centrifugal separator, and a decanter type centrifugal settler are used. Thus, the desulfurization wastewater 14A discharged from the absorber 11 is separated into the gypsum 23 as a solid matter and the separated liquid 14B as dehydrated filtrate by the solid-liquid separator 22. In this separation processing, mercuric chloride in the desulfurization wastewater 14A as part of the absorbent 14 is in a state of being absorbed by the gypsum 23, and separated together with the gypsum 23 from the liquid. The separated gypsum 23 is discharged to the outside of the system (out of the system). On the other hand, the separated liquid 14B from the solid-liquid separator 22 is supplied into the absorbent storage tank 11A of the absorber 11 as returned water via the separated liquid returning line L14. The desulfurization apparatus 10A supplies a predetermined amount of air 21 from the water flow oxidation device 20 into the absorbent storage tank 11A in the bottom part of the absorber 11 to oxidize the sulfite ions in the absorbent 14.

    [0072] The desulfurization apparatus 10A controls the operation of the water flow oxidation device 20 and the amount of the absorbent 14 circulating in the absorbent circulation line L11 on the basis of the rate of the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14. The desulfurization apparatus 10A sets a desired threshold range of the rate of the sulfur compounds, that is, an upper limit value and a lower limit value for the rate of the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 within the absorbent storage tank 11A. The threshold is, for example, defined on the basis of the rate of the sulfur compounds that can maintain desulfurization performance when the desulfurization apparatus 10A is operated with the highest efficiency in design. Specifically, the threshold is set on the basis of the rate of the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 in a state of performing processing for maintaining desulfurization performance at the time of maximum processing of required performance of the desulfurization apparatus 10A. The time of maximum processing of required performance of the desulfurization apparatus 10A means that a combustor is in a 100% operation state of a basic plan and combustion of fuel having a large amount of sulfur compounds (S-containing compounds) is subjected. The threshold may be set on the basis of the rate of sulfur compounds with which the desulfurization apparatus can be efficiently operated.

    [0073] The control device 40 varies the number of water flow oxidation devices 20 to be operated on the basis of the rate of the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 obtained with the sulfur detection unit 35. When the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 is equal to or lower than the lower limit of the threshold, the control device 40 closes some of the opening/closing valves V1 to stop supply of the absorbent 14 to the connected water flow oxidation device 20. When supply of the absorbent 14 to some of the water flow oxidation devices 20 is stopped and the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 is equal to or higher than the upper limit of the threshold, the control device 40 opens the closed opening/closing valves V1 to supply the absorbent 14 to the connected water flow oxidation device 20. The control device 40 controls opening and closing of the opening/closing valve V1 to adjust the jetting amount of the absorbent 14 jetted to the absorbent 14 stored in the absorbent storage tank 11A and an introduction amount of the air 21 accompanying with jetting of the absorbent 14.

    [0074] When the rate of the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 within the absorbent storage tank 11A is lower than the predetermined threshold, the control device 40 reduces an operation rate of the circulation pumps P (P1 to P3) to reduce the circulation amount of the circulating absorbent 14.

    [0075] By reducing the circulation amount of the absorbent 14 to be circulated and reducing the number of water flow oxidation devices 20 to be operated, the control device 40 can reduce fluctuation in the amount of the absorbent 14 to be supplied to one water flow oxidation device 20. Due to this, the introduction amount of the air 21 introduced into the absorbent storage tank 11A by one water flow oxidation device 20 can be prevented from fluctuating, and performance of circulating the absorbent 14 and performance of introducing the air 21 into the absorbent 14 of one water flow oxidation device 20 can be prevented from being deteriorated. As a result, the performance of the water flow oxidation devices 20 in operation can be maintained while reducing the entire introduction amount of the air 21 in accordance with the rate of the sulfur compound. Accordingly, the entire device can be efficiently operated while preventing excessive oxygen in the absorbent 14 within the absorbent storage tank 11A.

    [0076] The following describes an example of control performed by the control device 40. In the following example, described is a case of calculating concentration of the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 on the basis of an operation state of a combustor that supplies the flue gas 12, specifically, an operation load thereof. That is, described is a case in which the sulfur detection unit 35 obtains the rate of SO2 concentration from the sulfur fluctuation information 39 on the basis of a state of a boiler load, and the control device 40 performs control while associating the boiler load with the number of water flow oxidation devices 20 to be operated. In the following example of control, the three circulation pumps P1 to P3 and the six water flow oxidation devices 20-1 to 20-6 are operated to perform desulfurization. However, the present invention is not limited thereto.

    [0077] For example, when 100% load operation is performed with the boiler load, this is an operation state in a basic plan, so that the sulfur compounds (SO2 concentration) in the flue gas 12 is not significantly fluctuated from an initial threshold (α0). Accordingly, the flue gas 12 includes the SO2 concentration of the initial threshold (α0). Thus, when the 100% load operation in the basic plan is performed with the boiler load, in the present embodiment, all of the three circulation pumps P1 to P3 and the six water flow oxidation devices 20-1 to 20-6 are operated to perform desulfurization.

    [0078] Thereafter, when the operation state with the planned 100% boiler load is continued, all of the three circulation pumps P1 to P3 and the six water flow oxidation devices 20-1 to 20-6 are kept being operated to continue desulfurization.

    [0079] On the other hand, when the operation is changed from the basic plan and the boiler load is lowered (for example, when operation is performed with 50% output of a planned operation, such as night operation), the sulfur compounds (SO2 concentration) become lower than the predetermined threshold (α1) set in advance. When the sulfur compounds (SO2 concentration) are lower than the predetermined threshold (α1) set in advance, the SO2 concentration as the sulfur compounds (S-containing compounds) in the flue gas 12 may decrease, and the concentration of the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 may decrease.

    [0080] Thus, in the present embodiment, the sulfur detection unit 35 checks the decrease of the sulfur compound concentration on the basis of boiler load lowering information, the control device 40 instructs to change the number of circulation pumps P (P1 to P3) in operation from three to two (for example, P1 and P2, P1 and P3, or P2 and P3 are operated), and the operation of the water flow oxidation devices 20 is caused to be a reduced operation.

    [0081] In the reduced operation, for example, the operations of the first, the third, and the fifth water flow oxidation devices 20-1, 20-3, and 20-5 are continued, and the operations of the second, the fourth, and the sixth water flow oxidation devices 20-2, 20-4, and 20-6 are stopped.

    [0082] FIG. 5 illustrates an example of the reduced operation. FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating an opening/closing state of a valve in a normal operation and reduced operation in accordance with the boiler load. As illustrated in FIG. 5, in a case of a planned operation (100% load operation), the first to the sixth opening/closing valves V1-1 to V1-6 are fully opened. On the other hand, in a case of a low load operation (1), the second, the fourth, and the sixth opening/closing valves V1-2, V1-4, and V1-6 are closed, and introduction of the absorbent 14 into the second, the fourth, and the sixth water flow oxidation devices 20-2, 20-4, and 20-6 is stopped. Even if the circulation amount of the absorbent 14 is lowered when the number of circulation pumps P (P1 to P3) in operation is changed from three to two, the reduced operation is performed by operating the first, the third, and the fifth water flow oxidation devices 20-1, 20-3, and 20-5, so that power of the jet flow 56 is not reduced.

    [0083] When the reduced operation is performed, a supply amount of the air 21 supplied from the first, the third, and the fifth water flow oxidation devices 20-1, 20-3, and 20-5 into the absorbent storage tank 11A is reduced. However, this is a low load operation, and concentration of sulfite ions in the absorbent 14 within the absorbent storage tank 11A is low, so that an amount of air for oxidizing sulfite ions into sulfate ions can be reduced, and as a result, the absorbent storage tank 11A can be prevented from being in a peroxidation state.

    [0084] As described above, even in a case in which a total amount of the absorbent 14 as circulating liquid to be supplied to the water flow oxidation device 20 is reduced when the reduced operation of the water flow oxidation devices 20 and the operations of a plurality of circulation pumps P are adjusted, the operations of some of the water flow oxidation devices 20 are stopped due to the reduced operation, so that a contracted flow function is prevented from being deteriorated when the absorbent 14 passes through the flow channel narrow part 51 by appropriately adjusting the amount of the absorbent 14 to be supplied to the water flow oxidation device 20. As a result, a supply amount of the jet flow 56 that becomes fine is not reduced. Accordingly, an intake amount of the air 21 of self-supply type is not reduced, so that oxidation performance is not deteriorated. Power of the jet flow 56 into the absorbent storage tank 11A is not reduced, so that stirring efficiency within the absorbent storage tank 11A is not deteriorated.

    [0085] As an example of the reduced operation of the water flow oxidation devices 20, devices of an odd number (1, 3, 5) among a plurality of devices are stopped, and devices of an even number (2, 4, 6) are operated to perform operation and stoppage at regular intervals. This is because, when an unbalanced reduced operation is performed such that the first, the second, and the third opening/closing valves V1-1, V1-2, and V1-3 are closed and the fourth, the fifth, and the sixth opening/closing valves V1-4, V1-5, and V1-6 are opened, the absorbent 14 jetted into the absorbent storage tank 11A is unevenly distributed, and inside stirring is insufficiently performed.

    [0086] The number of water flow oxidation devices 20 to be reduced is appropriately changed depending on the concentration of sulfite ions to be processed.

    [0087] In this way, the control device 40 preferably performs feedforward control, specifically, feedforward control for the circulation pumps P (P1 to P3) and the opening/closing valves V1 (V1-1 to V1-6) on the basis of the operation condition of the combustor such as the boiler load.

    [0088] The rate of the sulfur compounds in the flue gas 12 is fluctuated due to fluctuation in the amount of the sulfur compounds (S-containing compounds) in fuel to be supplied to the boiler (for example, change of a coal type), for example, in addition to fluctuation in the boiler load. The control device 40 may also perform feedforward control on the basis of the sulfur fluctuation information 39 including a piece of or two or more pieces of information such as a flow rate of a desulfurization ventilator (BUF), an air supply amount to the boiler, the inlet SO2 concentration in the flue gas 12 to be introduced into the absorber 11, the outlet SO2 concentration in the flue gas 12 discharged from the absorber 11, and the desulfurization ratio, in addition to the fluctuation in the boiler load.

    [0089] In the present embodiment, the inlet SO2 meter 36 is arranged in the flue gas duct of the gas introduction unit 13a, and the outlet SO2 meter 37 is arranged in the flue gas duct of the gas discharging unit 13b, but the arrangement thereof can be omitted. In a case in which the inlet SO2 meter 36 and the outlet SO2 meter 37 are arranged, the rate of the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 is obtained by the sulfur detection unit 35 on the basis of an SO2 amount in the flue gas 12 and the cleaned gas 32 measured by the inlet SO2 meter 36 and the outlet SO2 meter 37, or on the basis of a desulfurization ratio obtained from values of the SO2 amount as the sulfur fluctuation information 39.

    [0090] Accordingly, the sulfur detection unit 35 determines whether the rate of the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 within the absorbent storage tank 11A is lower than the predetermined threshold set in advance on the basis of the sulfur fluctuation information 39 including at least one of values such as the inlet SO2 concentration, the outlet SO2 concentration, and the desulfurization ratio except for the boiler load, and when the rate of the sulfur compounds is lower than the predetermined threshold, reduced operation of the water flow oxidation device 20 is performed to reduce the amount of air 21 to be introduced into the absorbent storage tank 11A and prevent the absorbent storage tank 11A from being in an oxygen excessive state.

    [0091] FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating a relation between the boiler load and the number of operating water flow oxidation devices. As illustrated in FIG. 6, when a plurality of water flow oxidation devices 20 are arranged, reduced operation at three stages can be performed by gradually controlling the opening/closing valve V1 by the control device 40 in accordance with a boiler operation load, and changing the number of operating water flow oxidation devices 20.

    [0092] As described above, with the desulfurization apparatus 10A according to the first embodiment, for example, when the boiler operation load is low (for example, a low load operation as a night operation) and the rate of the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 within the absorbent storage tank 11A is lower than the predetermined threshold set in advance, the air 21 for oxidation supplied to the absorbent storage tank 11A is reduced by reducing the circulation amount of the circulating absorbent 14 and reducing the operations of the water flow oxidation devices 20 accordingly, and the oxygen is prevented from being excessively supplied to cause a peroxidation state. As a result, the absorbent 14 within the absorbent storage tank 11A is prevented from being in the peroxidation state, for example, a refractory peroxide is prevented from being generated (for example, tetravalent selenium becomes hexavalent selenium) in the absorbent 14.

    [0093] In the above embodiment, the opening/closing valves V1-1 to V1-6 are controlled to perform the reduced operation using the opening/closing valves, but the present invention is not limited thereto. In place of the opening/closing valve, an adjusting valve may be used for adjusting a degree of opening of the valve by a predetermined amount.

    [0094] For example, as illustrated in FIG. 5 as the low load operation (2), the second, the fourth, and the sixth opening/closing valves V1-2, V1-4, and V1-6 are used as adjusting valves, a degree of opening of the adjusting valves is adjusted by the control device 40 to be closed by 50%, and 50% of the introduction amount of the absorbent 14 to the water flow oxidation devices 20-2, 20-4, and 20-6 is stopped. When the degree of opening is adjusted by 50%, a flow rate of the absorbent 14 introduced into the water flow oxidation devices 20-2, 20-4, and 20-6 is reduced, so that power of the jet flow 56 is reduced. However, since the amount of air is reduced, a peroxidation state can be prevented.

    [0095] FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram illustrating another wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the first embodiment. FIG. 8 is a plane schematic diagram of a circulation line system for absorbent in the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus illustrated in FIG. 7. A wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus 10B illustrated in FIG. 7 includes a stirring device 41 in addition to the components of the desulfurization apparatus 10A. The stirring device 41 is arranged on the side wall 11a of the absorbent storage tank 11A. That is, the stirring device 41 is arranged on the same surface as the water flow oxidation device 20. In the present embodiment, as illustrated in FIG. 8, the stirring device 41 is arranged between the water flow oxidation devices 20. The stirring device 41 includes, for example, a propeller, and can enhance stirring efficiency within the absorbent storage tank 11A by stirring the absorbent 14 at a position where the stirring device 41 is arranged.

    [0096] In the desulfurization apparatus 10B, stirring within the absorbent storage tank 11A can be significantly facilitated by arranging the stirring device 41. Accordingly, in a case in which power of the jet flow 56 is reduced and stirring efficiency is deteriorated, or a case in which more stirring is required, the stirring device 41 can stir the absorbent 14. With the desulfurization apparatus 10B, even in the reduced operation of closing the opening/closing valve V to stop supply of the absorbent 14 from some of the water flow oxidation devices 20, stirring efficiency is improved by arranging the stirring device 41 and performing the reduced operation to preferentially operate the water flow oxidation device 20 adjacent to the stirring device 41.

    [0097] FIG. 9 is a plane schematic diagram of a circulation line system for absorbent in another wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the first embodiment. The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus illustrated in FIG. 9 includes a blower 60 in addition to the components of the desulfurization apparatus 10A. The blower 60 is arranged on a side of an air introduction end of an air introduction line L25. The blower 60 has a system of forcibly blowing the air (oxygen) 21 into the air introduction line L25 from the outside when being operated, and forcibly introducing the air 21 into the water flow oxidation device 20.

    [0098] The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus illustrated in FIG. 9 causes the blower 60 to be operated to blow the air 21 into the air introduction line L25, and supplies more air 21 to the water flow oxidation device 20. By arranging the blower 60, the amount of the air 21 introduced into the water flow oxidation device 20 can be caused to be larger than the amount of the air 21 introduced into the absorbent storage tank 11A by itself due to the contracted flow effect. Accordingly, more air 21 can be supplied to the absorbent storage tank 11A, and oxidizing ability within the absorbent storage tank 11A can be improved. When the rate of the sulfur compounds included in the flue gas 12 or the rate of the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 is higher than the threshold, the control device 40 increases the supply amount of the air 21 supplied from the blower 60 to the water flow oxidation device 20 to improve oxidizing ability.

    [0099] In some embodiments, a plurality of circulation pumps P are arranged, and the amount of the circulating absorbent 14 is controlled by stopping the operation of some of the circulation pumps P. However, the present invention is not limited thereto. The circulation amount of the circulating absorbent 14 may be adjusted by changing an operation rate of the circulation pumps P. Alternatively, both of the number of circulation pumps P in operation and the operation rate may be changed. In a case of adjusting the operation rate of the circulation pump P, the number of circulation pumps P may be one.

    [0100] In some embodiments described above, the absorbent jetting unit 15 is a jetting unit having a fountain-like manner to allow the absorbent 14 that absorbs sulfur oxides in the flue gas 12 to be jetted upward from the spray unit 15a such as a spray nozzle and jetted droplets to fall down, but the present invention is not limited thereto. For example, the present invention can be applied to a jetting unit having a spray manner to allow the absorbent 14 to directly fall down as droplets from a spray nozzle and the like.

    [0101] FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram illustrating another wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the first embodiment. In some embodiments, a desulfurization apparatus 10C is what is called a grid tower type including a spray unit having a filler (grid) 80 within the absorber 11 of the desulfurization apparatus 10A in place of a spray unit having a fountain-like manner therewithin. An absorbent jetting unit 81 is connected to an end of the absorbent circulation line L11 to jet the absorbent 14. The absorbent 14 jetted from the absorbent jetting unit 81 is allowed to flow downward via the filler (grid) 80, and brought into contact with the flue gas 12 to absorb SO2.

    [0102] According to the present embodiment, by performing operation for changing the number of water flow oxidation devices 20 on the basis of the rate of the sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 within the absorbent storage tank 11A of the absorber 11 of the desulfurization apparatus 10C, an oxygen excessive state is prevented and an appropriate operation state can be maintained.

    [0103] The present invention is not limited to the desulfurization apparatus using the limestone-gypsum method, and can also be applied to a desulfurization apparatus having a problem of an oxygen excessive state of the absorbent 14 (for example, a seawater desulfurization apparatus).

    Second embodiment



    [0104] The following describes the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention with reference to the drawings. FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram illustrating the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the second embodiment. The same members as those in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and description thereof will be omitted.

    [0105] As illustrated in FIG. 11, a desulfurization apparatus 10D according to the second embodiment includes an oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) meter 18 in place of the sulfur detection unit 35 of the desulfurization apparatus 10A according to the first embodiment. The ORP meter 18 measures a value of oxidation-reduction potential (hereinafter, referred to as "ORP" in the second embodiment) within the absorbent storage tank 11A. The control device 40 of the desulfurization apparatus 10D measures the value of ORP with the ORP meter 18, and controls the number of water flow oxidation devices 20 to be operated or a jetting amount of the absorbent 14 and the air 21 from the water flow oxidation device 20 on the basis of the value of ORP. The control device 40 uses the value of ORP as a unit for obtaining a rate of sulfur components in the absorbent 14, and performs control on the basis of the value of ORP.

    [0106] For example, the control device 40 switches the operation state of the water flow oxidation device 20 on the basis of whether the value of ORP is in an appropriate range. As a result of measurement with the ORP meter 18, when the value exceeds the appropriate range and it is determined that a peroxidation state (oxygen excessive state) is caused in the absorbent storage tank 11A, the water flow oxidation devices 20 are thinned out similarly to the desulfurization apparatus 10A described in the first embodiment to cause the ORP value to fall within the appropriate range. By way of example, the number of water flow oxidation devices 20 to be operated is reduced. Accordingly, the reduced operation of the water flow oxidation device 20 is performed.

    [0107] The appropriate range of ORP is a range of ORP in which part of oxidized mercury ions collected in the absorbent 14 is prevented from becoming metal mercury and mercury is not scattered again, and mercury ions in the absorbent 14 is captured by the gypsum 23 and mercury ions are not accumulated in the absorbent 14. The appropriate range of ORP is determined for each plant. Typically, the appropriate range of ORP is a range equal to or higher than 50 mV and equal to or lower than 200 mV, more preferably a range equal to or higher than 50 mV and equal to or lower than 150 mV, and even more preferably a range equal to or higher than 80 mV and equal to or lower than 150 mV.

    [0108] The appropriate range of ORP varies depending on each plant or an operation condition, so that the appropriate range of ORP is determined in advance at the time of test operation. The appropriate range of ORP may be changed in some cases depending on fuel supplied to the boiler or load fluctuation in a boiler operation, so that the appropriate range of ORP may be determined each time when such fluctuation occurs. In a plant operation, one optimum value of ORP is selected within the appropriate range of ORP for operation.

    [0109] Reduced operation control based on the value of ORP is performed by the control device 40. The control device 40 performs reduced operation of the water flow oxidation device 20 that jets the jet flow 56 into the absorbent storage tank 11A on the basis of the value of ORP of the absorbent 14 within the absorbent storage tank 11A of the absorber 11 measured by the ORP meter 18.

    [0110] Specifically, the ORP value within the absorbent storage tank 11A is measured, and if the ORP value falls within the appropriate range, the operation is continued. If the ORP value exceeds the appropriate range, the control device 40 performs reduced operation of the water flow oxidation device 20. This operation control may be automatically performed, or may be manually performed by an operator.

    [0111] FIG. 12A is an explanatory diagram illustrating a relation between the ORP value and the number of operating water flow oxidation devices (oxygen amount). FIG. 12B is an explanatory diagram illustrating a relation between the ORP value and the amount of sulfur compounds.

    [0112] As illustrated in FIG. 12A, when the ORP value falls within the appropriate range, all the water flow oxidation devices 20 that are initially arranged are operated. When the ORP value is high and exceeds the appropriate range, it is determined that an oxygen excessive state is caused, and the reduced operation is performed by reducing the number of operating water flow oxidation devices. By stopping the operation of the water flow oxidation devices 20, supply of the air 21 drawn into the absorbent storage tank 11A accompanying with the absorbent 14 is stopped, an oxygen excessive state is prevented, and the appropriate operation state is maintained. When the ORP value exceeds the appropriate range, the rate of sulfur compounds is low as illustrated in FIG. 12B, so that the control device 40 performs reduced operation of the water flow oxidation device 20. Accordingly, an oxygen excessive state is prevented and the appropriate operation state is maintained.

    [0113] In this way, in the reduced operation, the ORP value obtained by the ORP meter 18 is feedback-controlled, the circulation pump P and the opening/closing valve V1 are gradually controlled by the control device 40, supply of the air 21 into the absorbent storage tank 11A is stopped, and an oxygen excessive state is prevented.

    [0114] Additionally, when the control device 40 performs cascade control combining the feedforward control with the boiler load and the feedback control with the ORP value, the valves V1-1 to V1-6 can be gradually controlled.

    [0115] As illustrated in FIG. 9, in a case of forcibly introducing the air with the blower 60, the following control can be further performed by the control device 40.

    [0116] First, in adjusting the supply amount of the absorbent 14 supplied to the water flow oxidation device 20, if sulfur compounds are equal to or lower than a threshold, the control device 40 performs reduced operation to reduce the supply amounts of the absorbent 14 and the air 21. In a case in which it is determined that the sulfur components are equal to or lower than the threshold, air supply is reduced and the operation is continued, and it is determined that a peroxidation state in which the ORP in the absorbent 14 is higher than the threshold is caused as a result of measurement of the ORP in the absorbent 14 with the ORP meter 18, control is performed for reducing the supply amount of the air 21 supplied from the blower 60 to the water flow oxidation device 20. Accordingly, an oxygen supply amount in the reduced operation can be further corrected.

    [0117] On the other hand, in a case in which the sulfur detection unit 35 determines that the rate of sulfur compounds is equal to or lower than the predetermined value, an oxygen deficient state can be checked online when the ORP value in the absorbent 14 becomes lower than the threshold by measuring the ORP value in the absorbent 14 using the ORP 18 as a result of fluctuation in the operation condition thereafter. In this case, to forcibly compensate for the air amount reduced by the reduced operation, the blower 60 is operated to forcibly increase the introduction amount of the air 21, and the ORP value can be caused to fall within the appropriate range.

    Third embodiment



    [0118] The following describes the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to a third embodiment of the present invention with reference to the drawings. FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram illustrating the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the third embodiment. FIG. 14 is a plane schematic diagram of the circulation line system for absorbent according to the third embodiment. The same members as the constituent members of the wet desulfurization apparatuses 10A and 10B according to the first embodiment and the second embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and description thereof will be omitted. In the first embodiment and the second embodiment, the amount of the air 21 introduced into the absorbent storage tank 11A is reduced and the absorbent storage tank 11A is prevented from being in an oxygen excessive state by controlling the circulation amount of the absorbent supplied to the water flow oxidation device 20 and the number of water flow oxidation devices 20 in operation. In the present embodiment, the amount of the air 21 introduced into the absorbent storage tank 11A is reduced by adjusting the air supply amount while keeping the circulation amount of the absorbent supplied to the water flow oxidation device constant.

    [0119] As illustrated in FIG. 13, a desulfurization apparatus 10E according to the third embodiment is obtained by arranging an air valve V11 for adjusting the introduction amount of the air 21 between the control device 40 and the air supply line L24 in the desulfurization apparatus 10A according to the first embodiment. Adjustment of the absorbent 14 by the control device 40 controlled in the first embodiment is not performed.

    [0120] As illustrated in FIG. 14, an air introduction line system includes the air supply line L25 that introduces the air 21 from the outside, and air supply lines L24 (L24-1 to L24-6) each branched from the air supply line L24 to supply the air 21 to the water flow oxidation device 20. The air supply lines L24 (L24-1 to L24-6) respectively include the air valves V11 (V11-1 to V11-6) for switching ON/OFF of introduction of the air 21. The number of air supply lines L24 and the number of air valves V11 are not limited.

    [0121] When the rate of sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 within the absorbent storage tank 11A is lower than a predetermined threshold set in advance, the control device 40 closes some air valves (for example, V11-1, V11-3, and V11-5) among a plurality of air valves V11 to reduce a total supply amount of the air 21 supplied to the water flow oxidation device 20. In this case, according to the present embodiment, the operations of the three circulation pumps P (P1 to P3) for circulating the absorbent 14 are not changed, and the circulation amount of the absorbent 14 from the absorbent supply line L22 to the water flow oxidation device 20 is kept constant.

    [0122] In the first embodiment and the second embodiment described above, the control device 40 adjusts the operations of the pumps P (P1 to P3) or reduces the number of water flow oxidation devices 20 to be operated on the basis of the rate of sulfur compounds (S-containing compounds) in the absorbent 14 obtained by the sulfur detection unit 35. In the present embodiment, the control device 40 does not control the operations of the pumps P (P1 to P3) and the number of water flow oxidation devices 20 to be operated, and controls opening/closing of a flow channel of the air drawn into the water flow oxidation device 20 by itself on the basis of the rate of sulfur compounds (S-containing compounds) in the absorbent 14 obtained by the sulfur detection unit 35.

    [0123] For example, when the rate of sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 is lower than the predetermined threshold set in advance (an amount of sulfite ions is low), the control device 40 closes some of the air valves V11 (V11-1 to V11-6), that is, performs control for not using some of the air valves V11 (V11-1 to V11-6). As a result, when the absorbent 14 is jetted from the water flow oxidation device 20, accompanying of the air 21 that is drawn in due to the contracted flow effect is prevented in the water flow oxidation device 20 in which some of the V11 (V11-1 to V11-6) are closed. However, the jetting amount of the absorbent 14 from the water flow oxidation device 20 is not reduced, so that stirring efficiency is not deteriorated. Accordingly, the amount of the air 21 introduced in accordance with jetting of the absorbent 14 can be adjusted while maintaining the number of the water flow oxidation devices 20 in operation.

    [0124] FIG. 19 is a graph obtained by adjusting the boiler load and the amount of air. As illustrated in FIG. 19, the air 21 is adjusted to be changed depending on the sulfur fluctuation information 39 such as the boiler load. That is, for example, when the boiler load is large, the amount of the air cannot be reduced, so that the air valves V11 (V11-1 to V11-6) in the air supply line L24 are not closed, but when the boiler load is small, the amount of the air is reduced by closing some of the valves V11 (V11-1 to V11-6).

    [0125] FIG. 20 illustrates an example of operation for reducing air introduction. FIG. 20 is a diagram illustrating an opening/closing state of the air valve in the normal operation and the reduced operation with the boiler load. As illustrated in FIG. 20, in a case of the planned operation (100% load operation), the first to the sixth air valves V11-1 to V11-6 are fully opened. On the other hand, in a case of the low load operation (1), the second, the fourth, and the sixth air valves V11-2, V11-4, and V11-6 are closed, and introduction of the air 21 into the second, the fourth, and the sixth water flow oxidation devices 20-2, 20-4, and 20-6 is stopped. The number of the operating circulation pumps P (P1 to P3) is three and all of the water flow oxidation devices 20 are operated, so that power of the jet flow 56 is not reduced.

    [0126] In this case, it is preferable that the second, the fourth, and the sixth air valves V11-2, V11-4, and V11-6 are gradually closed. Accordingly, significant fluctuation in reduction of the air can be prevented.

    [0127] By performing such a reduced operation, supply of the air 21 supplied from the second, the fourth, and the sixth water flow oxidation devices 20-2, 20-4, and 20-6 into the absorbent storage tank 11A is stopped. However, the operation is a low load operation and the concentration of sulfite ions in the absorbent 14 within the absorbent storage tank 11A is low, so that the amount of the air to oxidize the sulfite ions into sulfate ions can be reduced, and as a result, the absorbent storage tank 11A is prevented from being in the peroxidation state.

    [0128] As an example of the reduced operation of the air to the water flow oxidation device 20, it is preferable to close the second, the fourth, and the sixth air valves V11-2, V11-4, and V11-6 having an even number among a plurality of valves, and open the first, the third, and the fifth air valves V11-1, V11-3, and V11-5 having an odd number to perform operation and stoppage at regular intervals. This is because, for example, when an unbalanced reduced operation is performed such that the first, the second, and the third air valves V11-1, V11-2, and V11-3 are closed and the fourth, the fifth, and the sixth air valves V11-4, V11-5, and V11-6 are opened, the air 21 jetted into the absorbent storage tank 11A is unevenly distributed, an oxidation effect is unevenly exhibited, and oxidation is insufficiently performed.

    [0129] The number of air valves V11 to be closed to reduce the air 21 is appropriately changed depending on the concentration of sulfite ions to be processed.

    [0130] In this way, the control device 40 preferably performs feedforward control, specifically, feedforward control for the air valves V11 (V11-1 to V11-6) on the basis of the operation condition of the combustor such as the boiler load. The reduced operation is performed by setting F(x) with the sulfur fluctuation information 39 such as the boiler load as feedforward to be able to perform control for gradually closing the air valves V11.

    [0131] For example, as illustrated in FIG. 20 as the low load operation (2), the second, the fourth, and the sixth air valves V11-2, V11-4, and V11-6 are used as adjusting valves, a degree of opening of the adjusting valves is adjusted by the control device 40 to be closed by 50% (half-opened by 50%), and 50% of the introduction amount of the air 21 to the second, the fourth, and the sixth water flow oxidation devices 20-2, 20-4, and 20-6 is stopped. When the degree of opening is adjusted by 50%, a drawn-in amount of the air 21 introduced into the second, the fourth, and the sixth water flow oxidation devices 20-2, 20-4, and 20-6 is reduced, so that power of the jet flow 56 is not changed and the amount of air is reduced by half. Accordingly, a peroxidation state can be prevented.

    [0132] In the embodiment described above, the air valves V11-1 to V11-6 are controlled to adjust introduction of the air being used as the ON/OFF valves, but the present invention is not limited thereto. In place of using the ON/OFF valve, an adjusting valve may be used to be able to adjust the degree of opening of the air valve V11 by a predetermined amount.

    [0133] FIG. 21 is a graph obtained by adjusting the boiler load and the amount of the air using an air adjusting valve. When supply of the air 21 is adjusted with the adjusting valve, the flow rate of the air can be linearly controlled in accordance with the boiler load differently from gradual adjustment as illustrated in FIG. 19.

    Arrangement of blower



    [0134] FIG. 15 is a plane schematic diagram of a circulation line system for absorbent in another wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the third embodiment. The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus illustrated in FIG. 15 includes the blower 60 in addition to the components of the desulfurization apparatus 10E. The blower 60 is arranged on a side of an air introduction end of the air introduction line L25. The blower 60 has a system of forcibly blowing the air (oxygen) 21 into the air introduction line L25 from the outside when being operated, and forcibly introducing the air 21 into the water flow oxidation device 20.

    [0135] A blow-off line L26 that forcibly release 21a the air 21 is connected to the air introduction line L25 between the blower 60 and the air supply line L24-6 close to the blower 60. A blow-off valve V21 that controls ON/OFF for release 21a of the air 21 is arranged in the blow-off line L26.

    [0136] The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus illustrated in FIG. 15 causes the blower 60 to be operated to forcibly blow the air 21 into the air introduction line L25, and supplies more air 21 to the water flow oxidation device 20. By arranging the blower 60, the amount of the air 21 introduced into the water flow oxidation device 20 can be caused to be larger than the amount of the air 21 that is introduced into the absorbent storage tank 11A by itself due to the contracted flow effect. Accordingly, more air 21 can be supplied to the absorbent storage tank 11A, and oxidizing ability within the absorbent storage tank 11A can be improved.

    [0137] The present embodiment is different from the desulfurization apparatus 10E illustrated in FIG. 14 in that the control device 40 adjusts the supply amount of the air that is forcibly supplied to the water flow oxidation device 20 by the blower 60 on the basis of the rate of sulfur compounds (S-containing compounds) in the absorbent 14 obtained by the sulfur detection unit 35. The air can be adjusted such that the supply amount of the air supplied to the water flow oxidation device 20 can be suppressed by adjusting the degree of opening of the blow-off valve V21.

    [0138] That is, for example, when the rate of sulfur compounds in the absorbent 14 is lower than the predetermined threshold set in advance (when the amount of sulfite ions is low), the control device 40 can suppress the supply amount of the air supplied to the water flow oxidation device 20 by adjusting the degree of opening of the blow-off valve V21.

    [0139] As a result, a total supply amount of the air is reduced when the absorbent 14 is jetted from the water flow oxidation device 20, so that the amount of the air 21 in the absorbent 14 jetted from the water flow oxidation device 20 is reduced. However, the jetting amount of the absorbent 14 from the water flow oxidation device 20 is constant and is not reduced, so that stirring efficiency is not deteriorated due to the absorbent 14. Accordingly, the amount of the air 21 forcibly introduced from the blower 60 in accordance with jetting of the absorbent 14 can be adjusted while maintaining the number of the water flow oxidation devices 20 in operation.

    [0140] Along with the adjustment of the blow-off valve V21, control may be performed for closing some of the air valves V11 (V11-1 to V11-6), that is, not using some of the air valves V11 (V11-1 to V11-6). As a result, when the absorbent 14 is jetted from the water flow oxidation device 20, the air 21 accompanying with the absorbent 14 is not introduced from the water flow oxidation device 20 in which some of the air valves V11 (V11-1 to V11-6) are closed. However, the jetting amount of the absorbent 14 from the water flow oxidation device 20 is not reduced, so that stirring efficiency is not deteriorated. Accordingly, the amount of the air 21 introduced in accordance with jetting of the absorbent 14 can be adjusted while maintaining the number of the water flow oxidation devices 20 in operation.

    [0141] Instead of adjusting the blow-off valve V21 and forcibly releasing the air 21 from the blow-off line L26, the operation load of the blower 60 may be changed to adjust the amount of the air supplied to the water flow oxidation device 20.

    Fourth embodiment



    [0142] The following describes the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention with reference to the drawings. FIG. 16 is a schematic diagram illustrating the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the fourth embodiment. FIG. 17 is a plane schematic diagram of a circulation line system for absorbent in the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the fourth embodiment.

    [0143] The same members as the constituent members of the wet desulfurization apparatus according to the first embodiment, the second embodiment, and the third embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and description thereof will be omitted. The desulfurization apparatus 10E according to the third embodiment reduces the amount of the air 21 introduced into the absorbent storage tank 11A by adjusting the air supply amount while keeping the circulation amount of the absorbent supplied to the water flow oxidation device constant. In the present embodiment, the jetting amount of the absorbent and the amount of the air are both adjusted.

    [0144] As illustrated in FIG. 16, the desulfurization apparatus 10F according to the fourth embodiment is obtained by arranging the air valve V11 for adjusting the introduction amount of the air 21 between the control device 40 and the air supply line L24 in the desulfurization apparatus 10A according to the first embodiment.

    [0145] The desulfurization apparatus 10F according to the present embodiment uses adjustment for varying supply of the air 21 to the water flow oxidation device 20 in addition to any one or both of adjustment for reducing the jetting amount of the absorbent 14 into the absorbent storage tank 11A by reducing the operations of a plurality of water flow oxidation devices 20 performed by the control device 40 on the basis of the rate of sulfur compounds (S-containing compounds) in the absorbent 14 obtained by the sulfur detection unit 35 as in the first embodiment, and adjustment for reducing the jetting amount into the absorbent storage tank 11A by adjusting the supply amount of the absorbent 14 supplied to the water flow oxidation device 20 with a pump or a valve while continuing the operations of the water flow oxidation devices 20. In this case, as described in the third embodiment, ON/OFF adjustment of the air valve V11 and optional adjustment using the air valve V11 as the adjusting valve are performed to change the amount of the air to the water flow oxidation device 20.

    [0146] As an example of the reduced operation, as illustrated in FIG. 22A, the first to the sixth opening/closing valves V1-1 to V1-6 for supplying the absorbent 14 are fully opened in a case of the planned operation (100% load operation). On the other hand, in a case of the low load operation (1), the second, the fourth, and the sixth opening/closing valves V1-2, V1-4, and V1-6 are closed, and introduction of the absorbent 14 into the second, the fourth, and the sixth water flow oxidation devices 20-2, 20-4, and 20-6 is stopped. Even when the circulation amount of the absorbent 14 is reduced because the number of the circulation pumps P (P1 to P3) in operation is changed from three to two, the reduced operation is performed by operating the first, the third, and the fifth water flow oxidation devices 20-1, 20-3, and 20-5, so that power of the jet flow 56 is not reduced.

    [0147] By performing the reduced operation, as illustrated in FIG. 22B, introduction of the air 21 is stopped in accordance with stoppage of the second, the fourth, and the sixth water flow oxidation devices 20-2, 20-4, and 20-6, and the air 21 is supplied only from the first, the third, and the fifth water flow oxidation devices 20-1, 20-3, and 20-5. Accordingly, the entire air supply amount is reduced. However, the operation of the boiler is a low load operation and the concentration of sulfite ions in the absorbent 14 within the absorbent storage tank 11A is low, so that the amount of the air to oxidize sulfite ions into sulfate ions can be reduced. As a result, in a case in which the operation of the boiler is a low load operation, introduction of the air 21 is controlled, the absorbent storage tank 11A is prevented from being in a peroxidation state, and an appropriate operation state can be maintained.

    [0148] The following describes, as a low load operation (3), a case in which the reduced operation is performed by operating the first, the third, and the fifth water flow oxidation devices 20-1, 20-3, and 20-5, and the operation is a low load operation. FIG. 22A is a diagram illustrating an opening/closing state of the opening/closing valve in the normal operation and the reduced operation with the boiler load, and FIG. 22B is a diagram illustrating an opening/closing state of the air valve in the normal operation and the reduced operation with the boiler load.

    [0149] In a case of the low load operation (1), as illustrated in FIG. 22A, the air 21 is introduced from the air supply lines L24-1, L24-3, and L24-5. In a case of the low load operation (3), as illustrated in FIG. 22B, the introduction amount of the air 21 can be further reduced by closing the third air valve V11-3.

    [0150] In a case in which, even when supply of oxygen is reduced in a state of the low load operation (1), and oxygen is excessive by being sufficiently present, then the oxygen excessive state can be solved by adjusting the air amount through the operation such as the low load operation (3) .

    [0151] FIG. 18 is a plane schematic diagram of a circulation line system for absorbent in another wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus according to the fourth embodiment. The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus illustrated in FIG. 18 includes the blower 60 in addition to the components of the desulfurization apparatus 10F. The blower 60 is arranged on a side of the air introduction end of an air introduction line L25. The blower 60 has a system of forcibly blowing the air (oxygen) 21 into the air introduction line L25 from the outside when being operated, and forcibly introducing the air 21 into the water flow oxidation device 20. In a case of a forcing type including the blower 60, as illustrated in FIG. 18, the blow-off valve V21 is adjusted or the air valves V11 are individually adjusted in addition to adjustment of the absorbent 14.

    [0152] In this case, by adjusting a ratio (flow rate ratio) between the jetting amount of the absorbent 14 from the water flow oxidation device 20 and the supply amount of the air 21 supplied to the water flow oxidation device 20 in changing the jetting amount and the supply amount in accordance with the sulfur fluctuation information 39 such as the boiler load, appropriate desulfurization performance corresponding to the boiler load can be maintained.

    Reference Signs List



    [0153] 

    10A, 10B, 10C, 10D, 10E, 10F Wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus (desulfurization apparatus)

    11 Absorber

    11a, 11b Side wall

    11A Absorbent storage tank

    11B Flue gas passage

    12 Flue gas

    13a Gas introduction unit

    13b Gas discharging unit

    14 Absorbent

    14a Jetted liquid

    15 Absorbent jetting unit

    15a Spray unit

    18 ORP meter

    20 Water flow oxidation device

    21 Air

    22 Solid-liquid separator

    23 Gypsum

    25 Absorbent supplying unit

    35 Sulfur detection unit

    39 Sulfur fluctuation information

    L11 Absorbent circulation line

    L12 Desulfurization wastewater discharging line

    L22 Absorbent supply line

    L24 Air supply line

    P (P1 to P3) Circulation pump

    V1 (V1-1 to V1-6) Opening/closing valve

    V11 (V11-1 to V11-6) Air valve




    Claims

    1. A wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus (10) comprising:

    an absorber (11) that includes an absorbent storage tank (11A) for storing an absorbent (14) and a flue gas passage (11B) through which flue gas (12) discharged from a combustor passes, the absorber (11) being configured to bring the flue gas (12) into contact with the absorbent (14) to cause the absorbent (14) to absorb a sulfur oxide included in the flue gas (12);

    a gas introduction unit (13a) that is arranged on an upper side wall of the absorber (11), and that is configured to introduce the flue gas (12) into the absorber (11);

    an absorbent jetting unit (15) that is arranged in the flue gas passage (11B), and that is configured to jet the absorbent (14) into a space of the absorber (11);

    an absorbent circulation line (L11) that is configured to supply the absorbent (14) to the absorbent jetting unit (15) from the absorbent storage tank (11A); an absorbent supply line (L22) and an absorbent branch line (L23) configured to supply part of the absorbent (14) in the absorbent circulation line (L11) to the water flow oxidation devices (20);

    a plurality of water flow oxidation devices (20) that are configured to jet part of the absorbent (14) branched and introduced from the absorbent circulation line (L11) into an inside of the absorbent storage tank (11A) together with air (21); and

    a control device (40) that is configured to adjust any one or both of the jetting amount of the absorbent (14) jetted from the water flow oxidation device (20) by executing any one or both of control for varying the number of the operating water flow oxidation devices (20) and control for varying a circulation amount of the absorbent (14) circulated into the water flow oxidation device (20), and the supply amount of the air (21) supplied to the water flow oxidation device (20) by executing control for varying an amount of the air (21) supplied to the water flow oxidation device (20) with an opening/closing valve (V) based on the concentration of the sulfur compound in the absorbent (14) within the absorbent storage tank (11A),

    wherein the control device (40) is configured to execute control for reducing the number of operating water flow oxidation devices (20) when the concentration of the sulfur compound in the absorbent (14) within the absorbent storage tank (11A) is lower than the predetermined threshold set in advance.


     
    2. The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus (10) according to claim 1, wherein:

    the absorbent circulation line (L11) includes a plurality of circulation pumps (P), and

    the control device (40) is configured to execute control for stopping operation of some of the circulation pumps (P) to reduce the circulation amount of the absorbent (14) when the concentration of the sulfur compound included in the absorbent (14) within the absorbent storage tank (11A) is lower than the predetermined threshold set in advance.


     
    3. The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus (10) according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising:

    a plurality of air supply lines (L24) that are configured to supply air (21) to the respective water flow oxidation devices (20); and

    a plurality of air valves (V11) that are arranged in the respective air supply lines (L24), and that are configured to adjust the supply amount of the air (21),

    wherein the control device (40) is configured to close some of the air valves (V11) or to adjust a degree of opening of the air valves (V11) to reduce the amount of air (21) supplied to the water flow oxidation device (20) when the concentration of the sulfur compound in the absorbent (14) within the absorbent storage tank (11A) is lower than the predetermined threshold set in advance.


     
    4. The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the water flow oxidation device (20) further comprises:

    a connection part (50) connected to an absorbent branch line (L23) that branches part of the absorbent (14) from the absorbent circulation line (L11) ;

    a liquid supply passage (52) that communicates with the connection part (50) and includes a flow channel narrow part (51) formed inside; and

    an air supply passage (57) having an opening in a downstream area of the flow channel narrow part (51) within the liquid supply passage (52).


     
    5. The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus (10) according to claim 1, wherein, in stopping the operations of the water flow oxidation devices (20), the control device (40) is configured to stop the operations of any of the water flow oxidation devices (20) at intervals of every predetermined number in an arrangement direction of the water flow oxidation devices (20).
     
    6. The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus (10) according any one of claims 1 to 5, comprising:

    an oxidation-reduction potential meter (18) that is configured to measure oxidation-reduction potential within the absorbent storage tank (11A),

    wherein the control device (40) is configured to obtain the concentration of the sulfur compound in the absorbent (14) within the absorbent storage tank (11A) based on a measured value of the oxidation-reduction potential measured with the oxidation-reduction potential meter (18).


     
    7. The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the control device (40) is configured to adjust any one or both of the jetting amount of the absorbent (14) jetted from the water flow oxidation device (20) and the supply amount of the air (21) supplied to the water flow oxidation device (20) based on at least one of values of a boiler load, inlet SO2 concentration, outlet SO2 concentration, and a desulfurization ratio, and the concentration of the sulfur compound in the absorbent (14) within the absorbent storage tank (11A).
     
    8. The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 7, further comprising:

    a stirring device (41) within the absorbent storage tank (11A),

    wherein the stirring device (41) is configured to be started/stopped by the control device (40).


     
    9. The wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus (10) according to claim 1, further comprising:

    a blower (60) that is configured to supply the air (21) to the water flow oxidation device (20), wherein,

    in adjusting the supply amount of the air (21) supplied to the water flow oxidation device (20), when the concentration of the sulfur compound in the absorbent (14) is lower than a threshold, the control device (40) is configured to reduce the supply amount of the air (21) supplied from the blower (60) to the water flow oxidation device (20).


     
    10. A method of operating the wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus (10) according to claim 1, the method comprising:

    in removing a sulfur oxide in flue gas (12) discharged from a combustor by bringing an absorbent (14) into contact with the sulfur oxide, the absorbent (14) circulating in an absorbent circulation line (L11) from an absorbent storage tank (11A) including a water flow oxidation device (20) that jets the absorbent (14) and air (21),

    adjusting any one or both of a jetting amount of the absorbent (14) jetted from the water flow oxidation device (20) by executing any one or both of control for varying the number of the operating water flow oxidation devices (20) and control for varying a circulation amount of the absorbent (14) circulated into the water flow oxidation device (20), and the supply amount of the air (21) supplied to the water flow oxidation device (20) by executing control for varying an amount of the air (21) supplied to the water flow oxidation device (20) with an opening/closing valve (V) based on a concentration of a sulfur compound in the absorbent (14) within the absorbent storage tank (11A),

    wherein control for reducing the number of operating water flow oxidation devices (20) is executed when the concentration of the sulfur compound in the absorbent (14) within the absorbent storage tank (11A) is lower than the predetermined threshold set in advance.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Vorrichtung zur nassen Rauchgasentschwefelung (10), umfassend:

    einen Absorber (11), welcher einen Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälter (11A) zum Bevorraten eines Absorptionsmittels (14) sowie einen Rauchgasdurchlass (11B), durch den ein aus einer Brennkammer ausgetragenes Rauchgas (12) hindurchtritt, beinhaltet, wobei der Absorber (11) derart konzipiert ist, dass er das Rauchgas (12) mit dem Absorptionsmittel (14) in Kontakt bringt, um auf diese Weise das Absorptionsmittel (14) ein in dem Rauchgas (12) enthaltenes Schwefeloxid absorbieren zu lassen;

    eine Gaseinbringungseinheit (13a), welche an einer oberen Seitenwand des Absorbers (11) angeordnet ist und welche derart konzipiert ist, dass sie das Rauchgas (12) in den Absorber (11) einbringt;

    eine Absorptionsmittelausstoßeinheit (15), welche in dem Rauchgasdurchlass (11B) angeordnet ist und welche derart konzipiert ist, dass sie das Absorptionsmittel (14) in einen Raumbereich des Absorbers (11) ausstößt;

    eine Absorptionsmittelzirkulationsleitung (L11), welche derart konzipiert ist, dass sie der Absorptionsmittelausstoßeinheit (15) das Absorptionsmittel (14) aus dem Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälter (11A) zuführt;

    eine Absorptionsmittelzuführleitung (L22) und eine Absorptionsmittelabzweigleitung (L23), welche derart konzipiert sind, dass sie den Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtungen (20) einen Teil des in der Absorptionsmittelzirkulationsleitung (L11) befindlichen Absorptionsmittels (14) zuführen;

    eine Vielzahl von Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtungen (20), welche derart konzipiert sind, dass sie einen Teil des aus der Absorptionsmittelzirkulationsleitung (L11) abgezweigten und eingebrachten Absorptionsmittels (14) zusammen mit Luft (21) in ein Inneres des Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälters (11A) ausstoßen; und

    eine Steuervorrichtung (40), welche derart konzipiert ist, dass sie eines oder beides ausgewählt aus der Ausstoßmenge an dem von der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) ausgestoßenen Absorptionsmittel (14) durch Ausführen von einem oder beiden ausgewählt aus einer Steuerung zur Variation der Anzahl an in Betrieb befindlichen Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtungen (20) und einer Steuerung zur Variation der Zirkulationsmenge an dem in die Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) zirkulierten Absorptionsmittel (14), und der Zufuhrmenge an der der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) zugeführten Luft (21) durch Ausführen einer Steuerung zur Variation der Menge an der der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) zugeführten Luft (21) mithilfe eines Öffnungs-/Schließventils (V) auf Grundlage der Konzentration der Schwefelverbindung in dem Absorptionsmittel (14) innerhalb des Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälters (11A) reguliert,

    wobei die Steuervorrichtung (40) derart konzipiert ist, dass sie eine Steuerung zur Verringerung der Anzahl an in Betrieb befindlichen Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtungen (20) ausführt, wenn die Konzentration der Schwefelverbindung in dem Absorptionsmittel (14) innerhalb des Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälters (11A) niedriger als der vorab festgelegte Grenzwert ist.


     
    2. Vorrichtung zur nassen Rauchgasentschwefelung (10) gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei:

    die Absorptionsmittelzirkulationsleitung (L11) eine Vielzahl von Zirkulationspumpen (P) beinhaltet, und

    die Steuervorrichtung (40) derart konzipiert ist, dass sie im Hinblick auf eine Verringerung der Zirkulationsmenge an Absorptionsmittel (14) eine Steuerung zum Beenden des Betriebs einiger der Zirkulationspumpen (P) ausführt, wenn die Konzentration der in dem Absorptionsmittel (14) enthaltenen Schwefelverbindung innerhalb des Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälters (11A) niedriger als der vorab festgelegte Grenzwert ist.


     
    3. Vorrichtung zur nassen Rauchgasentschwefelung (10) gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, weiterhin umfassend:

    eine Vielzahl von Luftzuführleitungen (L24), welche derart konzipiert sind, dass sie den jeweiligen Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtungen (20) Luft (21) zuführen; und

    eine Vielzahl von Luftventilen (V11), welche in den jeweiligen Luftzuführleitungen (L24) angeordnet sind und welche derart konzipiert sind, dass sie die Zufuhrmenge an Luft (21) regulieren,

    wobei die Steuervorrichtung (40) derart konzipiert ist, dass sie im Hinblick auf eine Verringerung der der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) zugeführten Menge an Luft (21) einige der Luftventile (V11) schließt oder den Öffnungsgrad der Luftventile (V11) reguliert, wenn die Konzentration der Schwefelverbindung in dem Absorptionsmittel (14) innerhalb des Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälters (11A) niedriger als der vorab festgelegte Grenzwert ist.


     
    4. Vorrichtung zur nassen Rauchgasentschwefelung (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) weiterhin umfasst:

    ein Verbindungsteil (50), welches mit einer einen Teil des Absorptionsmittels (14) aus der Absorptionsmittelzirkulationsleitung (L11) abzweigenden Absorptionsmittelabzweigleitung (L23) verbunden ist;

    einen Flüssigkeitszufuhrdurchlass (52), welcher mit dem Verbindungsteil (50) kommuniziert und eine im Inneren ausgebildete Strömungskanalengstelle (51) beinhaltet; und

    einen Luftzufuhrdurchlass (57) mit einer Öffnung in einem stromabwärtigen Bereich der Strömungskanalengstelle (51) innerhalb des Flüssigkeitszufuhrdurchlasses (52).


     
    5. Vorrichtung zur nassen Rauchgasentschwefelung (10) gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Steuervorrichtung (40) derart konzipiert ist, dass sie im Rahmen der Beendigung des Betriebs der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtungen (20) den Betrieb von irgendeiner der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtungen (20) in Intervallen einer jeden vorbestimmten Anzahl in einer Anordnungsrichtung der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtungen (20) beendet.
     
    6. Vorrichtung zur nassen Rauchgasentschwefelung (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, umfassend:

    ein Redoxpotenzialmessgerät (18), welches derart konzipiert ist, dass es das Redoxpotenzial innerhalb des Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälters (11A) misst,

    wobei die Steuervorrichtung (40) derart konzipiert ist, dass sie die Konzentration der Schwefelverbindung in dem Absorptionsmittel (14) innerhalb des Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälters (11A) auf Grundlage eines Messwerts des mithilfe des Redoxpotenzialmessgeräts (18) gemessenen Redoxpotenzials erhält.


     
    7. Vorrichtung zur nassen Rauchgasentschwefelung (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Steuervorrichtung (40) derart konzipiert ist, dass sie eines oder beides ausgewählt aus der Ausstoßmenge an dem aus der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) ausgestoßenen Absorptionsmittel (14) und der Zufuhrmenge an der der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) zugeführten Luft (21) auf Grundlage von zumindest einem der Werte ausgewählt aus der Dampferzeugerlast, der SO2-Konzentration am Einlass, der SO2-Konzentration am Auslass und der Entschwefelungsrate, und der Konzentration der Schwefelverbindung in dem Absorptionsmittel (14) innerhalb des Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälters (11A) reguliert.
     
    8. Vorrichtung zur nassen Rauchgasentschwefelung (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, weiterhin umfassend:

    eine Rührvorrichtung (41) innerhalb des Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälters (11A),

    wobei die Rührvorrichtung (41) derart konzipiert ist, dass sie mithilfe der Steuervorrichtung (40) eingeschaltet/ausgeschaltet wird.


     
    9. Vorrichtung zur nassen Rauchgasentschwefelung (10) gemäß Anspruch 1, weiterhin umfassend:

    eine Gebläsevorrichtung (60), welche derart konzipiert ist, dass sie der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) die Luft (21) zuführt,

    wobei die Steuervorrichtung (40) derart konzipiert ist, dass sie im Rahmen der Regulierung der Zufuhrmenge an der der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) zugeführten Luft (21) die Zufuhrmenge an der der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) aus der Gebläsevorrichtung (60) zugeführten Luft (21) verringert, wenn die Konzentration der Schwefelverbindung in dem Absorptionsmittel (14) niedriger als ein Grenzwert ist.


     
    10. Verfahren zum Betreiben der Vorrichtung zur nassen Rauchgasentschwefelung (10) gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    im Rahmen des Entfernens eines Schwefeloxids aus einem aus einer Brennkammer ausgetragenen Rauchgas (12) durch Inkontaktbringen eines Absorptionsmittels (14) mit dem Schwefeloxid, wobei das Absorptionsmittel (14) ausgehend von einem Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälter (11A), welcher eine das Absorptionsmittel (14) und Luft (21) ausstoßende Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) beinhaltet, in einer Absorptionsmittelzirkulationsleitung (L11) zirkuliert,

    Regulieren von einem oder beiden ausgewählt aus der Ausstoßmenge an dem von der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) ausgestoßenen Absorptionsmittel (14) durch Ausführen von einem oder beiden ausgewählt aus einer Steuerung zur Variation der Anzahl an in Betrieb befindlichen Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtungen (20) und einer Steuerung zur Variation der Zirkulationsmenge an dem in die Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) zirkulierten Absorptionsmittel (14), und der Zufuhrmenge an der der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) zugeführten Luft (21) durch Ausführen einer Steuerung zur Variation der Menge an der der Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtung (20) zugeführten Luft (21) mithilfe eines Öffnungs-/Schließventils (V) auf Grundlage der Konzentration einer Schwefelverbindung in dem Absorptionsmittel (14) innerhalb des Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälters (11A),

    wobei die Steuerung zur Verringerung der Anzahl an in Betrieb befindlichen Wasserstromoxidationsvorrichtungen (20) ausgeführt wird, wenn die Konzentration der Schwefelverbindung in dem Absorptionsmittel (14) innerhalb des Absorptionsmittelvorratsbehälters (11A) niedriger als der vorab festgelegte Grenzwert ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de désulfuration de gaz de combustion humide (10) comprenant :

    un absorbeur (11) qui comprend un réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A) pour stocker un absorbant (14) et un passage de gaz de combustion (11B) à travers lequel passe un gaz de combustion (12) déchargé depuis une chambre de combustion, l'absorbeur (11) étant configuré pour mettre le gaz de combustion (12) en contact avec l'absorbant (14) pour provoquer l'absorption par l'absorbant (14) d'un oxyde de soufre contenu dans le gaz de combustion (12) ;

    une unité d'introduction de gaz (13a) qui est disposée sur une paroi latérale supérieure de l'absorbeur (11), et qui est configurée pour introduire le gaz de combustion (12) dans l'absorbeur (11) ;

    une unité de pulvérisation d'absorbant (15) qui est disposée dans le passage de gaz de combustion (11B) et qui est configurée pour pulvériser l'absorbant (14) dans un espace de l'absorbeur (11) ;

    une ligne de circulation d'absorbant (L11) qui est configurée pour délivrer l'absorbant (14) à l'unité de pulvérisation d'absorbant (15) à partir du réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A) ; une ligne de délivrance d'absorbant (L22) et une ligne de dérivation d'absorbant (L23) configurées pour délivrer une partie de l'absorbant (14) dans la ligne de circulation d'absorbant (L11) aux dispositifs d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) ;

    une pluralité de dispositifs d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) qui sont configurés pour pulvériser une partie de l'absorbant (14) dérivé et introduit à partir de la ligne de circulation d'absorbant (L11) dans l'intérieur du réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A) conjointement avec de l'air (21) ; et

    un dispositif de commande (40) qui est configuré pour ajuster l'une quelconque ou les deux parmi la quantité de pulvérisation de l'absorbant (14) pulvérisé à partir du dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) en exécutant l'un quelconque ou les deux parmi une commande pour faire varier le nombre des dispositifs d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau en fonctionnement (20) et une commande pour faire varier la quantité en circulation de l'absorbant (14) ayant circulé dans le dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20), et la quantité de fourniture de l'air (21) fourni au dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) en exécutant une commande pour faire varier la quantité de l'air (21) fourni au dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) avec une vanne d'ouverture/fermeture (V) sur la base de la concentration du composé soufré dans l'absorbant (14) à l'intérieur du réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A),

    dans lequel le dispositif de commande (40) est configuré pour exécuter une commande pour réduire le nombre de dispositifs d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) quand la concentration du composé soufré dans l'absorbant (14) à l'intérieur du réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A) est inférieure à la valeur de seuil prédéterminée établie à l'avance.


     
    2. Dispositif de désulfuration de gaz de combustion humide (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel :

    la ligne de circulation d'absorbant (L11) comprend une pluralité de pompes de circulation (P), et

    le dispositif de commande (40) est configuré pour exécuter une commande pour arrêter le fonctionnement de certaines des pompes de circulation (P) pour réduire la quantité en circulation de l'absorbant (14) quand la concentration du composé soufré inclus dans l'absorbant (14) à l'intérieur du réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A) est inférieure à la valeur de seuil prédéterminée établie à l'avance.


     
    3. Dispositif de désulfuration de gaz de combustion humide (10) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant en outre :

    une pluralité de lignes de fourniture d'air (L24) qui sont configurées pour fournir de l'air (21) aux dispositifs d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) respectifs ; et

    une pluralité de vannes d'air (V11) qui sont disposées dans les lignes de fourniture d'air (L24) respectives, et qui sont configurées pour ajuster la quantité de fourniture de l'air (21),

    dans lequel le dispositif de commande (40) est configuré pour fermer certaines des vannes d'air (V11) ou pour ajuster le degré d'ouverture des vannes d'air (V11) pour réduire la quantité d'air (21) fourni au dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) quand la concentration du composé soufré dans l'absorbant (14) à l'intérieur du réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A) est inférieure à la valeur de seuil prédéterminée établie à l'avance.


     
    4. Dispositif de désulfuration de gaz de combustion humide (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel le dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) comprend en outre :

    une partie de connexion (50) connectée à une ligne de dérivation d'absorbant (L23) qui dérive une partie de l'absorbant (14) provenant de la ligne de circulation d'absorbant (L11) ;

    un passage de fourniture de liquide (52) qui communique avec la partie de connexion (50) et qui comprend une partie étroite de canal d'écoulement (51) formée à l'intérieur ; et

    un passage de fourniture d'air (57) ayant une ouverture dans une zone en aval de la partie étroite de canal d'écoulement (51) à l'intérieur du passage de fourniture de liquide (52).


     
    5. Dispositif de désulfuration de gaz de combustion humide (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel, dans l'arrêt du fonctionnement des dispositifs d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20), le dispositif de commande (40) est configuré pour arrêter le fonctionnement de n'importe lesquels des dispositifs d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) à des intervalles de chaque nombre prédéterminé dans la direction d'agencement des dispositifs d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20).
     
    6. Dispositif de désulfuration de gaz de combustion humide (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, comprenant :

    un potentiomètre d'oxydoréduction (18) qui est configuré pour mesurer le potentiel d'oxydoréduction à l'intérieur du réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A),

    dans lequel le dispositif de commande (40) est configuré pour obtenir la concentration du composé soufré dans l'absorbant (14) à l'intérieur du réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A) sur la base d'une valeur mesurée du potentiel d'oxydoréduction mesuré avec le potentiomètre d'oxydoréduction (18).


     
    7. Dispositif de désulfuration de gaz de combustion humide (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel le dispositif de commande (40) est configuré pour ajuster l'une quelconque ou les deux parmi la quantité de pulvérisation de l'absorbant (14) pulvérisé à partir du dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) et la quantité de fourniture de l'air (21) fourni au dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) sur la base d'au moins l'une des valeurs de la charge de chaudière, de la concentration de SO2 d'entrée, de la concentration de SO2 de sortie, et du taux de désulfuration, et de la concentration du composé soufré dans l'absorbant (14) à l'intérieur du réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A).
     
    8. Dispositif de désulfuration de gaz de combustion humide (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, comprenant en outre :

    un dispositif d'agitation (41) à l'intérieur du réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A),

    dans lequel le dispositif d'agitation (41) est configuré pour être démarré/arrêté par le dispositif de commande (40).


     
    9. Dispositif de désulfuration de gaz de combustion humide (10) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

    une soufflante (60) qui est configurée pour fournir l'air (21) au dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20),

    dans lequel, lors de l'ajustement de la quantité de fourniture de l'air (21) fourni au dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20), quand la concentration du composé soufré dans l'absorbant (14) est inférieure à un certain seuil, le dispositif de commande (40) est configuré pour réduire la quantité de fourniture de l'air (21) fourni par la soufflante (60) au dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'air (20).


     
    10. Procédé de fonctionnement d'un dispositif de désulfuration de gaz de combustion humide (10) de la revendication 1, le procédé comprenant :

    lors de l'élimination d'un oxyde de soufre dans un gaz d'échappement (12) déchargé depuis une chambre de combustion par mise en contact d'un absorbant (14) avec l'oxyde de soufre, l'absorbant (14) circulant dans une ligne de circulation d'absorbant (L11) depuis un réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A) comprenant un dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) qui pulvérise l'absorbant (14) et de l'air (21),

    l'ajustement de l'une quelconque ou les deux parmi la quantité de pulvérisation de l'absorbant (14) pulvérisé à partir du dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) par exécution de l'un quelconque ou des deux parmi une commande pour faire varier le nombre des dispositifs d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau en fonctionnement (20) et une commande pour faire varier la quantité en circulation de l'absorbant (14) ayant circulé dans le dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20), et la quantité de fourniture de l'air (21) fourni au dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) par exécution d'une commande pour faire varier la quantité de l'air (21) fourni au dispositif d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) avec une vanne d'ouverture/fermeture (V) sur la base de la concentration du composé soufré dans l'absorbant (14) à l'intérieur du réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A),

    dans lequel la commande pour réduire le nombre de dispositifs d'oxydation à écoulement d'eau (20) est exécutée quand la concentration du composé soufré dans l'absorbant (14) à l'intérieur du réservoir de stockage d'absorbant (11A) est inférieure à la valeur de seuil prédéterminée établie à l'avance.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description