(19)
(11)EP 3 330 246 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 15905232.3

(22)Date of filing:  11.12.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C07C 29/128  (2006.01)
C07C 43/10  (2006.01)
B01J 29/78  (2006.01)
C07C 41/14  (2006.01)
C07C 31/20  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2015/097160
(87)International publication number:
WO 2017/054321 (06.04.2017 Gazette  2017/14)

(54)

METHOD FOR DIRECTLY PREPARING GLYCOL DIMETHYL ETHER AND CO-PRODUCING ETHYLENE GLYCOL FROM ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER

VERFAHREN ZUR DIREKTEN HERSTELLUNG VON GLYCOLDIMETHYLETHER UND CO-PRODUKTION VON ETHYLENGLYCOL AUS ETHYLENGLYCOL-MONOMETHYLETHER

PROCÉDÉ POUR LA PRÉPARATION DIRECTE D'ÉTHER DIMÉTHYLIQUE GLYCOL ET LA CO-PRODUCTION D'ÉTHYLÈNE GLYCOL À PARTIR D'ÉTHER MONOMÉTHYLIQUE DE L'ÉTHYLÈNE GLYCOL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.09.2015 CN 201510639716

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.06.2018 Bulletin 2018/23

(73)Proprietor: Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Dalian , Liaoning 116023 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • SHI, Lei
    Dalian Liaoning 116023 (CN)
  • NI, Youming
    Dalian Liaoning 116023 (CN)
  • ZHU, Wenliang
    Dalian Liaoning 116023 (CN)
  • LIU, Yong
    Dalian Liaoning 116023 (CN)
  • LIU, Hongchao
    Dalian Liaoning 116023 (CN)
  • LIU, Zhongmin
    Dalian Liaoning 116023 (CN)

(74)Representative: Ter Meer Steinmeister & Partner 
Patentanwälte mbB Nymphenburger Straße 4
80335 München
80335 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 1 184 461
CN-A- 104 250 206
JP-A- S60 120 829
US-A1- 2004 044 253
CN-A- 1 762 947
JP-A- S6 011 438
US-A- 4 579 980
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of chemistry and industrial chemistry, specifically, the present invention refers to a method for directly preparing glycol dimethyl ether and co-producing ethylene glycol from ethylene glycol monomethyl ether.

    Background



    [0002] Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether, namely 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME), is a color less and transparent liquid with an ether smell at normal temperature. It is an aprotic polar solvent with excellent properties, which has a relatively steady nature, and is difficult to participate in a reaction, and is miscible with water and most low carbon (C1-C6) alcohols, ketones and esters at any ratios. It also has a relative strong dissolving capacity to alkali metal compounds. Therefore, it can be the ideal solvent for many organic synthetic reactions. At the same time, it is also widely used as cleaning agent compound, used as additive in textile printing and dyeing, ink painting and fuel. It is also used for synthesizing organic compounds, medical intermediates and the like.

    [0003] Methods for preparing ethylene glycol dimethyl ether recorded mainly includes: (1) A process of 1,2-dichloroethane reacting with methanol is disclosed in US3699174, in which the metals or metallic oxides of Groups I to V and some transition metals of Groups VI to VIII are respectively used as the catalyst, and the major products are ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and methyl ethyl ether; wherein the percent conversion of the raw material 1,2-dichloroethane is 50% and the selectivity for ethylene glycol dimethyl ether is 24.6%, and the selectivity for dichloromethyl ethyl ether is 46.9%. This process generates many by-products and the yield of the products is not so high; wherein the selectivity for 1,4-dioxane is more than 20%. (2) A process of oxidative coupling reaction of dimethyl ether is disclosed in Japanese patent 60-12089, in which the dimethyl ether is directly oxidized on the surface of the catalyst to obtain ethylene glycol dimethyl ether. However, because that oxygen was added into the reaction system, and dimethyl ether and the product of ethylene glycol dimethyl ether are both flammable substances, there are underlying dangers in this process route. (3) A reaction between dimethyl ether and ethylene oxide is disclosed in US4146736, in which a solid acid catalyst is employed and the percent conversion of the raw material ethylene oxide is nearly 100%, and the selectivity for the product ethylene glycol dimethyl ether is around 65% to 70%, and the selectivity for diethylene glycol dimethyl ether is 15% to 20%, and the sum of the selectivity for tri-, tetra-, pent- ethylene glycol dimethyl ether is around 10%, and the selectivity for 1,4-dioxane is 5% to 7%. However, there are relatively more byproducts in this reaction, and relatively more 1,4-dioxane is generated. (4) Japanese patent 55-104221 has disclosed a method for preparing ethylene glycol dimethyl ether from the dehydration reaction between methanol and ethylene glycol or ethylene glycol monomethyl ether at a reaction temperature of 200 °C to 300 °C; wherein the selectivity for ethylene glycol dimethyl ether in the products is 25%, and the selectivity for diethylene glycol dimethyl ether is 8%, the selectivity for diethylene glycol monomethyl ether is 15%, and there is 1,4-dioxane generated in the process too. (5) US4321413 has disclosed a method for preparing ethylene glycol dimethyl ether at a reaction temperature of 180°C using ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and dimethyl ether as raw materials; wherein the percent conversion of raw material ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is 55.4%, and the selectivity for ethylene glycol dimethyl ether in the product is 62.4%, and the selectivity for 1,4-dioxane is 20% and the selectivity for diethylene glycol dimethyl ether is 16.5%. (6) CN104250206A has disclosed a method for preparing ethylene glycol ether, wherein ethylene glycol and low carbon fatty alcohol are used to prepare ethylene glycol ether in the presence of an acid catalyst, and the solid acid catalyst employed is molecular sieve or zeolite, and the reaction temperature is 20 °C to 250 °C, and the reaction pressure is 0.1 MPa to 10 MPa.

    [0004] JP S60-120829 A discloses a process for preparing a dialkyl ether of a polyalkylene glycol efficiently from a monoalkyl ether of the above-mentioned polyalkylene glycol, by using a heteropolyacid and/or an acid salt thereof as a catalyst. A compound of formula I (R1-O-(R2O)n-H, R1 is a C1-4 alkyl which may have a hetero atom or a substituent group containing the hetero atom; R2 is a C1-4 alkylene which may have a hetero atom or a substituent group containing the hetero atom; n is a positive number of 0-4) is heated in the presence of a heteropolyacid and/or an acid salt thereof in which the central atom is preferably selected from B, Si, P, As, Ti and Ge and the coordination atom is Mo or W at 1:12 atomic ratio between the central atom and the coordination atom, particularly monosodium dodecatungstate and/or monosodium dodecatungstophosphate, to afford advantageously the aimed compound of formula II (R1-O-(R2O)m-R1, m is a positive number <= n).

    [0005] In the methods for preparing ethylene glycol dimethyl ether disclosed above, either multiple reactants are employed as the raw materials bring complicated reaction process and complicated by-products, or the reaction condition is too harsh, such as a high reaction temperature. Moreover, there is by-product of 1,4-dioxane existing in all these methods. In addition, when the by-product is dissolved in waste water, it will be hard to be removed using physical separation methods, and the by-product is hard to be biodegraded in nature. At the same time, the by-product may enter human or animal bodies through inhalation, ingestion or skin absorption. When it is cumulated, it will do harm to human or animal bodies because it cannot be metabolic educed.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0006] To overcome one or all of the above drawbacks, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a method for directly preparing glycol dimethyl ether and co-producing ethylene glycol with a relatively high selectivity in which the starting material is simple, at the same time, there is substantially or completely no production of by-product 1,4-dioxane that causes pollution to the environment and is harmful to the human body or animal bodies generated in the reaction.

    [0007] Therefore, the present invention provides a method for directly preparing glycol dimethyl ether and co-producing ethylene glycol from ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, which comprises: passing a feedstock containing a raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and a carrier gas through a reactor loaded with a solid acid catalyst to produce glycol dimethyl ether and ethylene glycol, at a reaction temperature range from 40°C to 150°C and a reaction pressure range from 0.1 MPa to 15.0 MPa; wherein a carrier gas is an optional inactive gas; and the feedstock contains water whose volume concentration in the feedstock is in a range from 0% to 95%; and the weight hourly space velocity of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is in a range from 0.05h-1 to 5.0h-1; and the volume concentration of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether in the feedstock is in a range from 1% to 100%; and the volume concentration of the carrier gas in the feedstock is in a range from 0% to 99%, wherein the solid acid catalyst is an acidic molecular sieve catalyst or an acidic resin catalyst.

    [0008] In a preferred embodiment, the water is introduced by being added to the ethylene glycol mono methyl ether.

    [0009] The solid acid catalyst is an acidic molecular sieve catalyst or an acidic resin catalyst; preferably, the structure type of the acidic molecular sieve is MWW, FER, MFI, MOR, FAU or BEA.

    [0010] In a preferred embodiment, the acidic molecular sieve is one or more molecular sieves selected from the group consisting of MCM-22 molecular sieve, ferrierite molecular sieve, ZSM-5 molecular sieve, mordenite molecular sieve, Y molecular sieve and β molecular sieve.

    [0011] In a preferred embodiment, the atom ratio of Si to Al in the MCM-22 molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 100; the atom ratio of Si to Al in the ferrierite molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 100; the atom ratio of Si to Al in the ZSM-5 molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 100; the atom ratio of Si to Al in the mordenite molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 50; the atom ratio of Si to Al in the Y zeolite molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 3 to 50; and the atom ratio of Si to Al in the β molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 100.

    [0012] In a preferred embodiment, the acidic molecular sieve catalyst comprises one or more metals selected from the group consisting of alkali metal, alkaline earth metal and rare earth metal; and the mass fraction of the metal is in a range from 0.1% to 10%; preferably, the mass fraction of the metal is in a range from 0.1% to 4%; and the acidic molecular sieve catalyst comprises one or more binders selected from the group consisting of aluminium oxide and silicon oxide, and the mass fraction of the binder is in a range from 1% to 40%.

    [0013] In a preferred embodiment, the acidic resin catalyst is one or more resins selected from the group consisting of benzenesulfonic acid resin, para-toluenesulfonic acid resin, perfluorosulfonic acid resin and strong acidic cation exchange resin; preferably, the acidic resin catalyst is perfluorosulfonic acid resin Nafion.

    [0014] In a preferred embodiment, the reaction temperature is in a range from 50 °C to 150 °C, and the reaction pressure is in a range from 3.0MPa to 8.0MPa, and the weight hourly space velocity of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is in a range from 0.3 h-1 to 2.0 h-1.

    [0015] In a preferred embodiment, the inactive gas is one or more gases selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, helium and argon, and the volume concentration of the carrier gas in the feedstock is in a range from 1% to 99%.

    [0016] In a preferred embodiment, the reactor is a fixed bed reactor or a tank reactor.

    [0017] In the method of the present invention, using a solid acid as a catalyst and ethylene glycol monomethyl ether as a raw material, under a low temperature condition, glycol dimethyl ether and ethylene glycol are prepared directly with high selectivity. The product is simple and there are less side reactions existing in the method, and the selectivity for the target products of ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and ethylene glycol can reach 50% of the theoretical value. Moreover, there is substantially or completely no production of by-product 1,4-dioxane that causes pollution to the environment and is harmful to the human body or animal bodies.

    Detailed Description of the Embodiment



    [0018] The present application provides a method for directly and efficiently preparing glycol dimethyl ether and co-producing ethylene glycol from ethylene glycol monomethyl ether under a low temperature condition on a solid acid catalyst. More specifically, the method of the present invention comprises passing a feedstock containing a raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and a carrier gas through a reactor loaded with a solid acid catalyst to produce glycol dimethyl ether and ethylene glycol, at a reaction temperature range from 40°C to 150°C and a reaction pressure range from 0.1 MPa to 15.0 MPa; wherein a carrier gas is an optional inactive gas; and the feedstock contains water whose volume concentration in the feedstock is in a range from 0% to 95%; and the weight hourly space velocity of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is in a range from 0.05h-1 to 5.0h-1; and the volume concentration of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether in the feedstock is in a range from 1% to 100%; and the volume concentration of the carrier gas in the feedstock is in a range from 0% to 99%, wherein the solid acid catalyst is an acidic molecular sieve catalyst or an acidic resin catalyst.

    [0019] In the present invention, unless otherwise specified, all of the above mentioned volume concentrations of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, the carrier gas and the water are based on their total volume existing in the reaction system. For example, when there is only the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether existing in the reaction system, the volume concentration of the ethylene glycol monomethyl ether shall be 100%; while when there are the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and the carrier gas existing in the reaction system, each volume concentration of them is based on the total volume of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and the carrier gas; and when there are the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, carrier gas and water existing in the reaction system, each volume concentration of them is based on the total volume of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, carrier gas and water.

    [0020] In the present invention, the feeding manners of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether may be listed as follows:

    The first manner is that when there is no a carrier gas existing, the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether in liquid state is directly pumped into the reactor,

    such as a fixed bed reactor, using a feeding pump, such as a constant flow pump, at a certain flow rate, such as a flow rate in a range from 0.1 mL/min to 10 mL/min, to realize the feeding process.



    [0021] The second manner is that when there is a carrier gas existing, the saturated vapor of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is carried by an inactive gas acting as the carrier gas, such as N2, into a fixed bed reactor, at different water-bath temperatures (40-80 °C). Preferably, the flow rate of the carrier gas is in a range from 10 mL/min to 50 mL/min. The mole of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether entering the reactor in unit time can be calculated from the saturated vapor pressure and the N2 flow rate. The calculating method of the saturated vapor pressure of the raw material of ethylene glycol dimethyl ether at different temperatures is shown as follows,

    wherein, p1∗ and p2* respectively represents the saturated vapor pressures of the raw material of ethylene glycol dimethyl ether at different temperatures; Δ VapHm represents the molar enthalpy of vaporization of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (39.48KJ/mol); T1 and T2 respectively represent the different temperatures (the unit is K); the saturated vapor pressure at 253K is 3.968 kPa, and thus the saturated vapor pressure of the raw material of ethylene glycol dimethyl ether at any temperature can be calculated.

    [0022] The solid acid catalyst employed in the present invention is acidic molecular sieve catalyst or acidic resin catalyst; more preferably, the structure type of the acidic molecular sieve is MWW, FER, MFI, MOR, FAU or BEA.

    [0023] Furthermore preferably, the acidic molecular sieve employed in the present invention is one or more molecular sieves selected from the group consisting of MCM-22 molecular sieve, ferrierite molecular sieve, ZSM-5 molecular sieve, mordenite molecular sieve, Y molecular sieve and β molecular sieve.

    [0024] Preferably, in the present invention, the atom ratio of Si to Al in the MCM-22 molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 100; the atom ratio of Si to Al in the ferrierite molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 100; the atom ratio of Si to Al in the ZSM-5 molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 100; the atom ratio of Si to Al in the mordenite molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 50; the atom ratio of Si to Al in the Y molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 3 to 50; and the atom ratio of Si to Al in the β molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 100.

    [0025] Preferably, in the present invention, the acidic resin catalyst may be any resin containing sulfonic acid functional group, such as benzenesulfonic acid resin, para-toluenesulfonic acid resin, perfluorosulfonic acid resin; more preferably, the acidic resin catalyst is one or more resins selected from the group consisting of perfluorosulfonic acid resin Nafion and strong acidic cation exchange resin.

    [0026] Preferably, in the present invention, the reaction temperature is in a range from 50 °C to 150 °C; more preferably the reaction temperature is in a range from 80 °C to 150 °C; and the reaction pressure is in a range from 3 MPa to 8 MPa, and the weight hourly space velocity of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is in a range from 0.3 h-1 to 2.0 h-1.

    [0027] Preferably, in the present invention, the carrier gas is one gas or a mixed gas containing more gases selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, helium and argon; more preferably, the weight hourly space velocity of the carrier gas is in a range from 50.0 h-1 to 12000.0 h-1, and further more preferably, the weight hourly space velocity of the carrier gas is in a range from 600.0 h-1 to 5000.0 h-1.

    [0028] Preferably, in the present invention, the reactor is a fixed bed reactor or a tank reactor, which can realize continuous reaction; preferably, the reactor is a fixed bed reactor.

    [0029] Without being limited by any theory, in the reactions of the present invention, chemical reactions of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether that may occur on the surface of the catalyst are shown as the following Formulas I to IX:



















    [0030] Specifically, when at a relatively lower reaction temperature, as shown in Formula I, a self-disproportionation reaction occurs by a great quantity of the raw material of ethylene glycol mono methyl ether, generating ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and ethylene glycol; and meanwhile, as shown in Formula II, an intermolecular dehydration also may occur by the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, generating diethylene glycol dimethyl ether and water with a molar ratio of 1:1.

    [0031] With the reaction temperature gradually increasing, as shown in Formula III and Formula IV, an intermolecular dehydration occurs by the generated ethylene glycol and the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, generating diethylene glycol monomethyl ether; meanwhile a self-dehydration may occur by a small quantity of ethylene glycol, generating diethylene glycol. Moreover, as shown in Formula V, a transetherification reaction occurs by the generated diethylene glycol dimethyl ether and the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, generating diethylene glycol monomethyl ether and ethylene glycol dimethyl ether. While as shown in Formula VI, a self-disproportionation reaction may occur by the generated diethylene glycol monomethyl ether, generating diethylene glycol dimethyl ether and diethylene glycol.

    [0032] However, with the reaction temperature further increasing, as shown in Formulas VII to IX, a intramolecular dehydration occurs by the generated diethylene glycol dimethyl ether, diethylene glycol monomethyl ether and diethylene glycol, generating 1,4-dioxane and bring a great rise of the selectivity for by-product 1,4-dioxane.

    [0033] Therefore, it can be seen from the above reaction processes that, the reaction products that may be obtained from the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether are ethylene glycol dimethyl ether, ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol monomethyl ether, water, diethylene glycol dimethyl ether, diethylene glycol and 1,4-dioxane, and a very small amount of methanol and dimethyl ether.

    [0034] For the present invention, it is ideal that only the reaction shown in Formula I occurs, namely only ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and ethylene glycol are generated. For this purpose, the inventors of the present invention went into an intensive study and discovered that, controlling the temperature to be in a range of 40°C to 150 °C is very crucial to make only the reactions of Formula I and Formula II occur. Because when the temperature is below than 40°C, the reaction cannot occur or occurs in a very low reaction rate, and the yield of the target product is relatively low; while when the reaction temperature is over 150°C, the reactions of Formula III to Formula VII increase, which causes the increase of the by-products, and especially causes the generation of a large amount of by-product 1,4-dioxane. On the other hand, for the purpose of reducing the reaction shown in Formula II, the presence of water in the reaction system of the present invention may be preferred, which can be seen from the equilibrium of reaction. Because water is a product of the reaction of Formula II, when water is pre-existing, the reaction of Formula II shall be inhibited or reduced. The water can be introduced by being added to the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether or being carried by the carrier gas, or may exist in the reactor itself.

    [0035] In the present invention, the products were detected and identified by gas chromatography analysis. Therefore, "substantially or completely no production of by-product 1,4-dioxane" in this text means that 1,4-dioxane exists at an amount which cannot be detected by the above mentioned gas chromatography.

    Examples



    [0036] The present invention is further illustrated in combination with specific Examples as follows. It should be understood that, these Examples are only used for illustrate the present invention but not to limited the scope thereof.

    [0037] Unless otherwise specified, the raw materials and catalysts employed in the Examples of the present invention are commercial purchased and directly used.

    [0038] Analytic method in the Examples is listed as follows:
    The raw material and the products are both detected by gas chromatography Agilent 7890 equipped with a 50 meter HP-FFAP capillary column.

    [0039] In the Examples and Comparative Examples of the present invention, the reaction conditions are as follows:
    Using a fix bed reactor, the loading mass of the catalyst is in a range from 1g to 10g, and the reaction temperature is in a range from 40°C to 250°C (wherein the temperatures higher than 150°C are used in the Comparative Examples of the present invention), and the reaction pressure is in a range from 0.1MPa to 10MPa; raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether enters the reactor through two manners.

    Example 1



    [0040] H-β molecular sieve (Si/Al=16) was pressed under a pressure of 40 MPa, then crushed and sieved to 20-40 mesh to obtain a catalyst for use. 1g of the catalyst was loaded into the fixed bed reactor and pretreated. The pretreatment conditions of the catalyst are listed as follows: the flow rate of N2 was 30ml/min, and the temperature was raised from 25 °C to 500 °C in 150 min, and then kept at 500°C for 180 min.

    [0041] The raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether was carried into the reactor by N2 at a water-bath temperature of 60°C; wherein the flow rate of N2 was 30ml/min, and the reaction pressure was 0.5 MPa.

    [0042] The variations of percent conversion of the raw materials and the selectivity for the products with temperature are shown in Table 1.
    Table 1: Reactivity of raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and the selectivity for the products at different temperatures on the H-β molecular sieve catalyst.
    Reaction temperature (°C)Percentage Conversion (%)Selectivity (%)
    Ethylene glycol monomethyl etherDimethyl etherMethanolEthylene glycol dimethyl etherEthylene glycol1,4-dioxaneDiethylene glycolDiethylene glycol dimethyl etherDiethylene glycol monomethyl ether
    40 6 0 0 50 50 0 0 0 0
    50 12 0 0 50 50 0 0 0 0
    70 19 0 0 50 50 0 0 0 0
    90 38 0 0.1 50 30 0 6 4.6 9.4
    110 59 0.1 0.2 50 20 0 12 4.2 13.8
    120 68 0.1 0.3 50 6.1 0 20 3.5 18
    130 72 0.5 1 50 2.8 0 17.9 3.1 18.7
    140 92 1 1 50 2 0 14.1 1.9 18
    150 100 9 2 50 0.6 0 2.1 0.2 3.1
    170 100 31 3 4 0 62 0 0 0
    190 100 32 3 0 0 65 0 0 0
    220 100 34 0 0 0 66 0 0 0
    250 100 34 0 0 0 66 0 0 0
    Reaction conditions: reaction pressure is 0.5 MPa, mass of the catalyst is 1g, water bath temperature


    [0043] It can be seen from Table 1 that, when using a H-β molecular with a Si to Al ratio of 16 as the catalyst, with the reaction temperature rising from 40°C to 150°C, the percent conversion of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether increases gradually, and when the temperature reaches 150°C, the percent conversion of the raw material can reach 100%; and when the reaction temperature is below than 150°C, there is no 1,4-dioxane generated in the products. When the reaction temperature is in a relatively low range from 50°C to 80°C, a self-disproportionation reaction mainly occurs by the raw material, generating ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and diethylene glycol; when the reaction temperature is in a range from 90°C to 150°C, the ethylene glycol may react with the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether by a dehydration reaction, generating diethylene glycol monomethyl ether, or a self-dehydration reaction may occur by ethylene glycol, generating diethylene glycol. When the reaction temperature is over 150°C, although the percent conversion of the raw material is still kept at 100%, the reactions in the above mentioned Formula III to Formula IX increase, and thus the reaction products are dimethyl ether, methanol, ethylene glycol, 1,4-dioxane, diethylene glycol, diethylene glycol dimethyl ether and diethylene glycol monomethyl ether; wherein the selectivity for 1,4-dioxane raises sharply due to an intramolecular dehydration occurs respectively in diethylene glycol monomethyl ether molecules and diethylene glycol molecules, generating 1,4-dioxane. It can be seen from Table 1 that, using a H-β molecular with a Si to Al ratio of 16 as the catalyst, at the reaction temperature range and reaction pressure range in the present invention, the selectivity for ethylene glycol dimethyl ether is 50% and the selectivity for ethylene glycol is in a range from 0.6% to 50%, and there is no 1,4-dioxane generated at all.

    Example 2



    [0044] H-Y molecular sieve (Si/Al=10.6) was pressed under a pressure of 40 MPa, then crushed and sieved to 20-40 mesh to obtain a catalyst for use. 1g of the catalyst was loaded into the fixed bed reactor and pretreated. The pretreatment conditions are listed as follows: the flow rate of N2 was 30ml/min, and the temperature was raised from 25 °C to 500 °C in 150 min, and then kept at 500°C for 180 min.

    [0045] The raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether was carried into the reactor by N2 at a water-bath temperature of 60°C; wherein the flow rate of N2 was 30ml/min, and the reaction pressure was 0.5 MPa.

    [0046] The variations of percent conversion of the raw materials and the selectivity of the products with temperature are shown in Table 2.
    Table 2: Reactivity of raw material ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and the selectivity of the products at different temperatures on the H-Y molecular sieve catalyst.
    Reaction temperature (°C)Percentage Conversion (%)Selectivity (%)
    Ethylene glycol monomethyl etherDimethyl etherMethanolEthylene glycol dimethyl etherEthylene glycol1,4-dioxaneDiethylene glycolDiethylene glycol dimethyl etherDiethylene glycol monomethyl ether
    80 2 0 0 50 50 0 0 0 0
    110 3 0 0 50 48 0 0 0 2
    120 6 0 0 50 40 0 4 0 6
    150 10 0 0 50 22 0 10 0 13
    170 30 3 1 49 3 20 11 0 13
    200 80 12 2 31 0 55 0 0 0
    230 95 18 3 14 0 65 0 0 0


    [0047] Reaction conditions: reaction pressure is 0.5 MPa, mass of the catalyst is 1g, water bath temperature is 60°C, flow rate of N2 is 30 mL/min.

    [0048] It can be seen from Table 2 that, using a H-β molecular having a Si to Al ratio of 16 as the catalyst, when the reaction temperature is below than 150°C, the percent conversion of the raw material ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is lower than 10% and the major products are ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and ethylene glycol, indicating that when the reaction temperature is in a relatively low range from 80°C to 120°C, the raw material mainly occurred a self-disproportionation reaction mainly occurs by the raw material. When the reaction temperature is in a range from 120°C to 150°C, the ethylene glycol can react with raw material ethylene glycol monomethyl ether by a dehydration reaction, generating diethylene glycol monomethyl ether, or that a self-dehydration reaction may occur by ethylene glycol, generating diethylene glycol, causing the selectivities for ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and diethylene glycol in the products increased. However, when the reaction temperature is over 170°C, although the percent conversion of the raw material increases, for example, the percent conversion of the raw material can reach 80% at 200°C, the selectivity for ethylene glycol dimethyl ether in the products decreases sharply and the selectivities for dimethyl ether and 1,4-dioxane increase significantly. When the reaction temperature is 230°C, the selectivity for dimethyl ether is 18% and the selectivity for 1,4-dioxane is 65%. It can be seen from Table 2 that, using a H-Y molecular having a Si to A1 ratio of 10.6 as the catalyst, at the reaction temperature range and reaction pressure range in the present invention, the selectivity for the ethylene glycol dimethyl ether is 50% and the selectivity for ethylene glycol is in a range from 22% to 48%, and there is no 1,4-dioxane generated at all.

    Example 3



    [0049] H-β, H-Y, H-ZSM-5, H-MOR, F-FER molecular sieves with different Si to Al ratios respectively were pressed under a pressure of 40 MPa, then crushed and sieved to 20-40 mesh to obtain catalysts for use. 1g of each catalyst was respectively loaded into the fixed bed reactors and pretreated. The pretreatment conditions are listed as follows: the flow rate of N2 was 30ml/min, and the temperature was raised from 25 °C to 500 °C in 150 min, and then kept at 500°C for 180 min. The raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether was carried into the reactor by N2 at a water-bath temperature of 60°C; wherein the flow rate of N2 was 30ml/min. Space velocity, reaction pressure.

    [0050] The variations of percent conversion of the raw materials and the selectivity for the products of ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and 1,4-dioxane with temperature are shown in Table 3.
    Table 3: Reactivity of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether on molecular sieve catalysts with different topological structures and different Si to Al ratios, and the selectivity for the products of ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and 1,4-dioxane at different temperatures and different reaction pressure. (This table merely shows the selectivity for the major products, and the data of other products are not shown).
    Catalyst typeSi/AlReaction temperature(°C)Reaction pressure (Mpa)Percentage conversion (%)Selectivity (%)
    Ethylene glycol monomethyl etherEthylene glycol dimethyl ether1,4-dioxaneEhylene glycol
    H-β 5 130 0.5 42 50 0 3
    H-β 100 130 0.5 94 50 0 2.5
    H-β 30 130 5 86 56 0 2.6
    H-β 50 120 10 87 60 0 3.2
    H-Y 5 150 0.5 3 49 0 22
    H-Y 50 150 6 50 54 0 24
    H-ZSM-5 25 110 1 44 46 0 20
    H-ZSM-5 50 110 1 67 32 0 22
    H-MOR 14 140 6 39 48 0 25
    H-MOR 30 140 6 48 42 0 25
    H-FER 5 150 9 8 54 0 21
    H-FER 20 150 9 12 52 0 21


    [0051] Reaction conditions: mass of the catalyst is 1g, water bath temperature is 60°C, flow rate of N2 is 30 mL/min.

    [0052] It can be seen from Table 3 that, all those molecular sieves with different Si to Al ratios, i.e. H-β, H-Y, H-ZSM-5, H-MOR, F-FER molecular sieves, possess catalytic activity at the reaction temperature range and reaction pressure range in the present invention, and, and there is no 1,4-dioxane generated.

    Example 4



    [0053] 0.5 g of perfluorosulfonic acid resin (Nafion-H) was loaded into a fixed bed reactor and pretreated. The pretreatment conditions are listed as follows: the flow rate of N2 was 30ml/min, and the temperature was raised from 25 °C to 150 °C in 60min, and then kept at 150°C for 180 min.

    [0054] The raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether was carried into the reactor by N2 at a water-bath temperature of 60°C; wherein the flow rate of N2 was 30ml/min, and the reaction pressure was 0.5 MPa.

    [0055] The variations of percent conversion of the raw materials and the selectivity of the products with temperature are shown in Table 4.
    Table 4: Reactivity of raw material ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and the selectivity for the products at different temperatures on the Nafion-H catalyst. (This table merely shows the selectivity for the major products, and the data of other relevant products are not shown).
    Reaction temperature (°C)Percentage Conversion (%)Selectivity (%)
    Ethylene glycol monomethyl etherDimethyl etherMethanolEthylene glycol dimethyl etherEthylene glycol1,4-dioxaneDiethylene glycolDiethylene glycol dimethyl etherDiethylene glycol monomethyl ether
    50 8 0.1 0 15 2 0 8 55 14
    60 20 0.1 0 15 3 0 8 52 14
    80 45 0.1 0 14 4 0 8 50 14
    100 66 1 0 14 3 0 10 40 13
    120 88 4 0 10 3 0 10 34 14
    140 95 6 0 8 2 0 10 32 13
    150 100 8 0 3 3 0 8 28 11


    [0056] Reaction conditions: reaction pressure is 0.5 MPa, mass of the catalyst is 0.5 g, water bath temperature is 60°C, flow rate of N2 is 30 mL/min.

    Example 5



    [0057] Benzenesulfonic acid resin, para-toluenesulfonic acid resin solid and perfluorosulfonic acid resin (Nafion-H) with different masses were loaded into a fixed bed reactor and pretreated. The pretreatment conditions are listed as follows: the flow rate of N2 was 30ml/min, and the temperature was raised from 60 °C to 130 °C in 60min, and then kept at 150°C for 180 min.

    [0058] The raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether was carried into the reactor by N2 at a water-bath temperature of 60°C; wherein the flow rate of N2 was 30ml/min.

    [0059] The variations of percent conversion of the raw materials and the selectivity for the products with reaction temperature and reaction pressure are shown in Table 5.
    Table 5: Reactivity of raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and the selectivity for the products ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and 1,4-dioxane at different temperatures and different reaction pressure on resin catalysts with different masses. (This table merely shows the selectivity for the major products, and the data of other relevant products are not shown).
    Catalyst typeMass of the Catalyst (g)Reaction temperature (°C)Reaction pressure (Mpa)Percentage conversion (%)Selectivity (%)
    Ethylene glycol monomethyl etherEthylene glycol dimethyl ether1,4-dioxaneEthylene glycol
    perfluorosulfonic acid resin 1 60 0.5 30 16 0 2.5
    perfluorosulfonic acid resin 3 60 5 52 24 0 2.7
    perfluorosulfonic acid resin 2 60 10 47 23 0 2.9
    benzenesulfonic acid resin 1 80 0.5 25 39 0 2.2
    benzenesulfonic acid resin 1 80 3 31 40 0 2.4
    benzenesulfonic acid resin 1 100 1 52 43 0 2.6
    benzenesulfonic acid resin 1 130 1 74 32 0 2.8
    para-toluenesulfonic acid resin 1 80 0.5 41 42 0 2.4
    para-toluenesulfonic acid resin 1 80 4 47 46 0 2.5
    para-toluenesulfonic acid resin 1 100 1 61 43 0 2.5
    para-toluenesulfonic acid resin 1 130 1 80 39 0 2.4


    [0060] Reaction conditions: water bath temperature is 60°C, flow rate of N2 is 30 mL/min.

    [0061] It can be seen from Table 5 that, using perfluorosulfonic acid resin, benzenesulfonic acid resin and para-toluenesulfonic acid resin solid as the catalysts, at the reaction temperature range and reaction pressure range in the present invention, the selectivity for ethylene glycol dimethyl ether is in a range from 16% to 46% and the selectivity for ethylene glycol is around 2.5%, and there is no 1,4-dioxane generated at all.

    Example 6



    [0062] H-β molecular sieve (Si/Al=10.6, the topological structure is H-BEA) was pressed under a pressure of 40 MPa, then crushed and sieved to 20-40 mesh to obtain a catalyst for use. 3g of each catalyst was loaded into a fixed bed reactor and pretreated. The pretreatment conditions are listed as follows: the flow rate of N2 was 30ml/min, and the temperature was raised from 25 °C to 500 °C in 150 min, and then kept at 500°C for 180 min.

    [0063] The raw material ethylene of glycol dimethyl ether was pumped into the reactor by a micro constant flow pump; wherein the flow rate was 0.03 mL/min, and the weight hourly space velocity was 0.6h-1, and the reaction pressure was 0.1MPa.

    [0064] The variations of percent conversion of the raw materials and the selectivity for the products with temperature are shown in Table 6.
    Table 6: Reactivity of raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and the selectivity for the products at different temperatures on the H-β catalyst (This table merely shows the selectivities for the major products, and the data of other relevant products are not shown).
    Reaction temperature (°C))Percentage conversion (%Selectivity (%)
    Ethylene glycol monomethyl etherDimethyl etherMethanolEthylene glycol dimethyl etherEthylene glycol1,4-dioxaneDiethylene glycolDiethylene glycol dimethyl etherDiethylene glycol monomethyl ether
    110 8 0 0 50 22 0 5 3 20
    120 20 0.1 0.18 50 6.6 0 13 4.52 18
    150 49 0.3 0.15 50 2.5 0 1.99 0.2 2.76


    [0065] Reaction conditions: reaction pressure was 0.1 MPa, space velocity was 0.6h-1, flow rate of N2 was 50 mL/min.

    [0066] It can be seen from Table 6 there is no 1,4-dioxane generated at all at the reaction temperature in a range from 110 °C to 150 °C. And with the reaction temperature rising, the percent conversion of raw material is significantly enhanced; and at the reaction temperature of 150 °C, the percent conversion of raw material can reach 49% and the selectivity for ethylene glycol dimethyl ether in the products is 52%. When the reaction temperature rising to 180°C, although the percent conversion of raw material is further enhanced, the selectivity for 1,4-dioxane also increases significantly.

    Example 7



    [0067] Using the same catalyst, pretreatment conditions and manner of feedstock being introduced into the reactor as in Example 6, and the volume ratios of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether to water respectively were 1:0.01, 1:0.1, 1:1, 1:4 and 1:10 (the volume concentrations of water respectively were 0.99%, 9.09%, 50.00%, 80.00% and 90.91%), and the weight hourly space velocity was 3.0 h-1.

    [0068] The variations of percent conversion of the raw materials and the selectivity for the products with temperature are shown in Table 7.
    Table 7: Reactivity of raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and the selectivity for the products at 110 °C on the H-β catalyst (This table merely shows the selectivity for the major products, and the data of other relevant products are not shown).
    Reaction Temperature (°C)Percentage conversion (%)Selectivity (%)
    Ethylene glycol monomethyl etherDimethyl etherEthylene glycol monomethyl etherDimethyl etherEthylene glycol monomethyl etherDimethyl etherEthylene glycol monomethyl etherDimethyl etherEthylene glycol monomethyl ether
    110 49 0.2 0.1 50 4.5 0 2.4 0.1 2.6
    110 50 0.1 0 50 6 0 4.3 0.1 4.5
    110 50 0 0 50 18 0 7 0 9
    110 52 0 0 50 20 0 9 0 12
    110 52 0 0 50 22 0 10 0 12


    [0069] Reaction conditions: reaction pressure was 0.1 MPa, space velocity was 3.0h-1, flow rate of N2 was 30 mL/min.

    [0070] It can be seen from Table 7 that, when the reaction temperature is 110°C, the addition of water in the raw material significantly reduces the selectivity for diethylene glycol and diethylene glycol dimethyl ether in the products.

    [0071] The above said are only several Examples of the present application, and they do not limit the scope of the present application. Though the present application is disclosed with relatively preferred Examples above, it does not mean that the present application is limited by them. Any variations and optimizations made by the skilled in the art who is familiar with this major utilizing the above disclosed technical methods are all equal to the equivalent embodiments of the present application which is included in the scope of the technical methods of the present application.


    Claims

    1. A method for directly preparing glycol dimethyl ether and co-producing ethylene glycol from ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, which comprises: passing a feedstock containing a raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether and a carrier gas through a reactor loaded with a solid acid catalyst to produce glycol dimethyl ether and ethylene glycol, at a reaction temperature range from 40°C to 150°C and a reaction pressure range from 0.1 MPa to 15.0 MPa; wherein a carrier gas is an optional inactive gas; and the feedstock contains water whose volume concentration in the feedstock is in a range from 0% to 95%; and the weight hourly space velocity of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is in a range from 0.05h-1 to 5.0h-1; and the volume concentration of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether in the feedstock is in a range from 1% to 100%; and the volume concentration of the carrier gas in the feedstock is in a range from 0% to 99%,
    wherein the solid acid catalyst is an acidic molecular sieve catalyst or an acidic resin catalyst.
     
    2. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the water is introduced by being added to the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether.
     
    3. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the structure type of the acidic molecular sieve is MWW, FER, MFI, MOR, FAU or BEA.
     
    4. The method according to Claim 3, wherein the acidic molecular sieve is one or more molecular sieves selected from the group consisting of MCM-22 molecular sieve, ferrierite molecular sieve, ZSM-5 molecular sieve, mordenite molecular sieve, Y molecular sieve and β molecular sieve.
     
    5. The method according to Claim 4, wherein
    the atom ratio of Si to Al in the MCM-22 molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 100;
    the atom ratio of Si to Al in the ferrierite molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 100;
    the atom ratio of Si to Al in the ZSM-5 molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 100;
    the atom ratio of Si to Al in the mordenite molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 50;
    the atom ratio of Si to Al in the Y molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 3 to 50; and the atom ratio of Si to Al in the β molecular sieve Si/Al is in a range from 5 to 100.
     
    6. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the acidic molecular sieve catalyst comprises one or more metals selected from the group consisting of alkali metal, alkaline earth metal and rare earth metal; and the mass fraction of the metal is in a range from 0.1% to 10%; and the acidic molecular sieve catalyst comprises one or more binders selected from the group consisting of aluminium oxide and silicon oxide; and the mass fraction of the binder is in a range from 1% to 40%.
     
    7. The method according to Claim 6, wherein the mass fraction of the metal is in a range from 0.1% to 4%.
     
    8. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the acidic resin catalyst is one or more resins selected from the group consisting of benzenesulfonic acid resin, para-toluenesulfonic acid resin, perfluorosulfonic acid resin and strong acidic cation exchange resin.
     
    9. The method according to Claim 8, wherein the acidic resin catalyst is perfluorosulfonic acid resin Nafion.
     
    10. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the reaction temperature is in a range from 50 °C to 150 °C, and the reaction pressure is in a range from 3.0MPa to 8.0MPa, and the weight hourly space velocity of the raw material of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is in a range from 0.3 h-1 to 2.0 h-1.
     
    11. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the inactive gas is one or more gases selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, helium and argon, and the volume concentration of the carrier gas in the feedstock is in a range from 1% to 99%.
     
    12. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the reactor is a fixed bed reactor or a tank reactor.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zur direkten Herstellung von Glykoldimethylether und zur Koproduktion von Ethylenglykol aus Ethylenglykolmonomethylether, umfassend:

    Durchleiten eines Ausgangsmaterials, das ein Rohmaterial aus Ethylenglykolmonomethylether und ein Trägergas enthält, durch einen Reaktor, der mit einem festen Säurekatalysator beladen ist, um Glykoldimethylether und Ethylenglykol herzustellen, bei einer Reaktionstemperatur im Bereich von 40°C bis 150°C und

    einem Reaktionsdruck im Bereich von 0,1 MPa bis 15.0 MPa; wobei ein Trägergas ein optionales inaktives Gas ist; und das Ausgangsmaterial Wasser enthält, dessen Volumenkonzentration im Ausgangsmaterial in einem Bereich von 0% bis 95% liegt; und die stündliche Gewichts-Raum-Geschwindigkeit des Rohmaterials von Ethylenglykolmonomethylether in einem Bereich von 0,05h-1 bis 5,0h-1 liegt; und

    die Volumenkonzentration des Rohmaterials von Ethylenglykolmonomethylether im Ausgangsmaterial in einem Bereich von 1% bis 100% liegt; und die Volumenkonzentration des Trägergases im Ausgangsmaterial in einem Bereich von 0% bis 99% liegt,

    wobei der feste Säurekatalysator ein saurer Molekularsiebkatalysator oder ein saurer Harzkatalysator ist.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Wasser durch Zugabe zum Rohmaterial von Ethylenglykolmonomethylether eingeführt wird.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Strukturtyp des sauren Molekularsiebs MWW, FER, MFI, MOR, FAU oder BEA ist.
     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, wobei das saure Molekularsieb ein oder mehrere Molekularsiebe ist, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus MCM-22-Molekularsieb, Ferrierit-Molekularsieb, ZSM-5-Molekularsieb, Mordenit-Molekularsieb, Y-Molekularsieb und β-Molekularsieb.
     
    5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei
    das Atomverhältnis von Si zu Al im MCM-22-Molekularsieb Si/Al im Bereich von 5 bis 100 liegt;
    das Atomverhältnis von Si zu Al im Ferrierit-Molekularsieb Si/Al in einem Bereich von 5 bis 100 liegt;
    das Atomverhältnis von Si zu Al im Molekularsieb ZSM-5 Si/Al liegt im Bereich von 5 bis 100;
    das Atomverhältnis von Si zu Al im Mordenit-Molekularsieb Si/Al in einem Bereich von 5 bis 50 liegt;
    das Atomverhältnis von Si zu Al in dem Y-Molekularsieb Si/Al in einem Bereich von 3 bis 50 liegt; und
    das Atomverhältnis von Si zu Al im β Molekularsieb Si/Al in einem Bereich von 5 bis 100 liegt.
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der saure Molekularsiebkatalysator ein oder mehrere Metalle ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Alkalimetall, Erdalkalimetall und Seltenerdmetall umfasst; und der Massenanteil des Metalls in einem Bereich von 0,1 % bis 10 % liegt; und der saure Molekularsiebkatalysator ein oder mehrere Bindemittel ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Aluminiumoxid und Siliciumoxid umfasst; und der Massenanteil des Bindemittels in einem Bereich von 1 % bis 40 % liegt.
     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei der Massenanteil des Metalls in einem Bereich von 0,1% bis 4% liegt.
     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der saure Harzkatalysator ein oder mehrere Harze ist, die aus der Gruppe ausgewählt sind, die aus Benzolsulfonsäureharz, para-Toluolsulfonsäureharz, Perfluorsulfonsäureharz und stark saurem Kationenaustauscherharz besteht.
     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, wobei der saure Harzkatalysator Perfluorsulfonsäureharz Nafion ist.
     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Reaktionstemperatur in einem Bereich von 50°C bis 150°C und der Reaktionsdruck in einem Bereich von 3,0 MPa bis 8,0 MPa liegt und die stündliche Gewichts-Raum-Geschwindigkeit des Rohmaterials von Ethylenglykolmonomethylether in einem Bereich von 0,3 h-1 bis 2,0 h-1 liegt.
     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das inaktive Gas ein oder mehrere Gase aus der Gruppe Stickstoff, Helium und Argon ist und die Volumenkonzentration des Trägergases im Ausgangsmaterial in einem Bereich von 1 % bis 99 % liegt.
     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Reaktor ein Festbettreaktor oder ein Tankreaktor ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de préparation directe de l'éther diméthylique de glycol et de coproduction d'éthylène glycol à partir de l'éther monométhylique d'éthylène glycol, comprenant: le passage d'une charge d'alimentation contenant une matière première d'éther monométhylique d'éthylène glycol et un gaz porteur à travers un réacteur chargé d'un catalyseur acide solide pour produire de l'éther diméthylique de glycol et de l'éthylène glycol, dans une plage de température de réaction de 40°C à 150°C et une plage de pression de réaction de 0,1 MPa à 15.0 MPa ; dans lequel un gaz porteur est un gaz inactif facultatif; et la charge d'alimentation contient de l'eau dont la concentration en volume dans la charge d'alimentation est dans une gamme de 0% à 95%; et la vitesse spatiale horaire en poids de la matière première de l'éther monométhylique d'éthylène glycol est dans une gamme de 0,05 h-1 à 5,0 h-1; et la concentration en volume de la matière première de l'éther monométhylique d'éthylène glycol dans la charge d'alimentation est dans une gamme de 1% à 100%; et la concentration en volume du gaz porteur dans la charge d'alimentation est dans une gamme de 0% à 99%,
    dans lequel le catalyseur acide solide est un catalyseur acide à base de tamis moléculaire ou un catalyseur acide à base de résine.
     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, l'eau étant introduite en étant ajoutée à la matière première de l'éther monométhylique d'éthylène glycol.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, le type de structure du tamis moléculaire acide étant MWW, FER, MFI, MOR, FAU ou BEA.
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, le tamis moléculaire acide étant un ou plusieurs tamis moléculaires choisis dans le groupe constitué par le tamis moléculaire MCM-22, le tamis moléculaire ferriérite, le tamis moléculaire ZSM-5, le tamis moléculaire mordénite, le tamis moléculaire Y et le tamis moléculaire β.
     
    5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel

    le rapport atomique de Si à Al dans le tamis moléculaire MCM-22 Si/A1 est compris entre 5 et 100 ;

    le rapport atomique de Si à Al dans le tamis moléculaire de ferriérite Si/A1 est compris entre 5 et 100 ;

    le rapport atomique de Si à Al dans le tamis moléculaire ZSM-5 Si/A1 est compris entre 5 et 100 ;

    le rapport atomique de Si à Al dans le tamis moléculaire de mordénite Si/Al est compris entre 5 et 50 ;

    le rapport atomique de Si à Al dans le tamis moléculaire Y Si/Al est compris entre 3 et 50 ; et

    le rapport atomique de Si à Al dans le tamis moléculaire β Si/Al est compris entre 5 et 100.


     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 1, le catalyseur acide à base de tamis moléculaire comprenant un ou plusieurs métaux choisis dans le groupe constitué par un métal alcalin, un métal alcalino-terreux et un métal de terre rare ; et la fraction massique du métal étant dans une gamme de 0,1% à 10% ; et le catalyseur acide à base de tamis moléculaire comprenant un ou plusieurs liants choisis dans le groupe constitué par l'oxyde d'aluminium et l'oxyde de silicium ; et la fraction massique du liant étant dans une gamme de 1% à 40%.
     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 6, la fraction massique du métal se situant dans une plage de 0,1 % à 4 %.
     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 1, le catalyseur à base de résine acide étant une ou plusieurs résines choisies dans le groupe constitué par la résine d'acide benzènesulfonique, la résine d'acide para-toluènesulfonique, la résine d'acide perfluorosulfonique et la résine échangeuse de cations fortement acide.
     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 8, le catalyseur de résine acide étant une résine d'acide perfluorosulfonique Nafion.
     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 1, la température de réaction étant comprise entre 50°C et 150°C, et la pression de réaction étant comprise entre 3,0 MPa et 8,0 MPa, et la vitesse spatiale horaire en poids de la matière première de l'éther monométhylique d'éthylène glycol étant comprise entre 0,3 h-1 et 2,0 h-1.
     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 1, le gaz inactif étant un ou plusieurs gaz choisis dans le groupe constitué par l'azote, l'hélium et l'argon, et la concentration volumique du gaz porteur dans la matière première étant dans une gamme de 1 % à 99%.
     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 1, le réacteur étant un réacteur à lit fixe ou un réacteur à cuve.
     




    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description